2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 1 2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute Report Date: April 30, 2018 This report summarizes the membership and activities conducted by the University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute during the 2017-2018 academic year. MISSION & GOALS The University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (UT-EERI) aims to promote the advancement and study of earthquake engineering by creating a connected community of undergraduates, graduates, professors, industry members, and the community at large through Chapter activities.

The role of all EERI Graduate Members includes: (1) organizing relevant academic and industrial guest speakers on research, application, and emerging issues on seismic design, seismic analysis, earthquake risk, loss prevention, life safety, and several issues; (2) supporting the Undergraduate Seismic Design Competition (SDC) Team in preparation for the EERI Annual SDC; (3) being active in the EERI and U of T community through volunteer work and networking; and (4) advocating improved understanding of the impact of earthquakes on the physical, social, economic, political and cultural environments through these activities.

MEMBERSHIP The University of Toronto Student Chapter had a total of 34 members in 2017-2018, almost twice the number of members in 2016-2017, which was 18.

OFFICERS The Board consisted of the following members: Role Name EERI Member Number Email Student Status President Pedram Mortazavi 19368 pedram.mortazavi@mail.utoronto.ca EERI@utoronto.ca Graduate student Vice-President Anca-Christina Ferche 14626 Anca.jurcut@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate student Director- Finance Jeffrey Salmon 18744 jeff.salmon@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate student Director- Events Farbod Pakpour 19710 farbod.pakpour@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate student Director- Undergraduate Relations Luis Ardila Bothia 19688 l.ardila@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate student Board meetings were held once every two weeks.

During each meeting, the Chapter initiatives were discussed and planned. The following picture shows some of the graduate members of the UT-EERI, taken at the University of Toronto.

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 2 From left: Anca-Christina Ferche(Vice-President), Eden Lee, Brian Couture, Farbod Pakpour(Director-Events), Allan Kuan, Steve Chai, Pedram Mortazavi(President), Joshua Tapia, Chiyun Zhong ,Jeffrey Salmon(Director-Finance), Mohamed Sayed FACULTY & INDUSTRYADVISORS Industry Advisor: Amirahmad Fathieh (Young Professional Member) | afathieh@stephenson-eng.com Faculty Advisor: Professor Constantin Christopoulos | c.christopoulos@utoronto.ca MEMBERS A complete list of members is shown below.

Name EERI Member Number Email Student Status Pedram Mortazavi 19368 pedram.mortazavi@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Anca-Christina Ferche 14626 anca.jurcut@mail.utoronto Graduate Jeffrey Salmon 18744 jeff.salmon@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Farbod Pakpour 19710 farbod.pakpour@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Luis Ardila Bothia 19688 l.ardila@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Giorgio Proestos 18722 giorgio.proestos@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 3 Kyle Tousignant 18724 kyle.tousignant@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Allan Kuan 18823 allan.kuan@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Brian Couture 19410 brian.couture@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Ali Noormohamed 19437 ali.noormohamed@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Chiyun Zhong 19547 myron.zhong@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Joshua Tapia 19552 joshua.tapia@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Rafaela Sanchez 19557 rafaela.sanches@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Julia Dury 19562 julia.dury@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Kevin Jeswani 19700 kevin.jeswani@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Steve Chai 19877 steve_c90@hotmail.com Graduate Mohamed Sayed 20671 sayed.mohamed@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Man Ho Daniel Wai * daniel.wai@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Vipulanantham Manmatharajan * v.manmatharajan@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Edouardine-Pascale Ingabire * e.ingabire@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Faraz Valipoor Goodarzi * faraz.valipoorgoodarzi@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Eden Lee 20669 edenn.lee@mail.utoronto.ca Graduate Rahemeen Ahmed 19889 rahemeen.ahmed@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate Jenny Autillo 19771 jenny.autillo@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate Jiahong (Kevin) Bi 19364 kevin.bi@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate Theressa Chung-Hun 19772 theressa.chung.hun@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate Paul Go 19823 Paul2345426@gmail.com Undergraduate Shamim Khedri 19765 shamim.khedri@hotmail.com Undergraduate Amie Leung 20407 amie.leung@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate Liam Ma 20388 Liam.ma@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate Katherine Norris 19876 Katherinenorris2@gmail.com Undergraduate Mishael Nuh 19888 mishael.nuh@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate Daniel Pekar 19343 daniel.pekar@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate Eric Wang 20393 Ericdamon.wang@mail.utoronto.ca Undergraduate *Membership Number not available

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 4 BUDGET & FINANCIALS During the 2017-2018 academic year, the Chapter completed the Centralized Process for Student Initiative Funding (CPSIF) at the University of Toronto. As a result, the Chapter was granted funding by several organizations. The sponsors are included in the following table: Sponsor Name/Organization Contact Person Amount Department of Civil and Mineral Engineering cori.hanson@ecf.utoronto.ca $300 You’re Next Career Network cori.hanson@ecf.utoronto.ca $500 Engineering Society cori.hanson@ecf.utoronto.ca $200 Engineering Alumni Association cori.hanson@ecf.utoronto.ca $200 CHAPTER ACTIVITIES The Chapter has completed the following activities in the 2017-2018 academic year, and has plans for 2017- 2018 academic year to expand the scope and success of its activities, to further foster the connectedness of U of T’s earthquake research community:  Regular Chapter Meetings – Bi-weekly  Campus recognition through ULife, a central website for listings for campus organizations and opportunities on all three campuses at U of T.

 Validation of Officer Positions on students’ Co-Curricular Records, which captures the skills and competencies learned through EERI on an official document.  Successful funding applications from Centralized Process for Student Initiative Funding (CPSIF).  UT-EERI Lecture Series: Prof. Dimitrios Konstantinidis – March 20th 2018  Graduate Research Day – Feb. 23th 2018  UT-EERI Workshop Series for Undergraduate Students: Introduction to Seismology and Seismic Hazard – October 26th 2018 (Delivered by UofT EERI’s Luis Ardila Bothia)  UT-EERI Workshop Series for Undergraduate Students: Code Based Seismic Design and intro to Structural Dynamics – February 16th 2018 (Delivered by UofT EERI’s Luis Ardila)  UT-EERI Workshop Series for Undergraduate Students: Application of Structural Dynamics to Earthquake Engineering – March 14th 2018 (Delivered by UofT EERI’s Luis Ardila)  Shake table testing of the preliminary structure designed by the undergraduate seismic design team.

 Outreach program and talk at the Rotherglen Elementary School on natural hazards and earthquakes.  Design and creation of a promotional poster for the Chapter, which will be used for UT-EERI’s events. More information on the completed activities are provided below. The Chapter has also begun approaching industry and academic speakers for future invited talks at the University of Toronto. The Chapter is planning to host an invited talk by Professor Jagmohan Humar, who is a distinguished research Professor at Carleton University and a member of the Standing Committee on Earthquake Design, in June of 2018.

The Chapter has also approached several potential speakers for the 2018-2019 academic year. Professors Andre Filiatrault, Professor James Ricles, and Professor Dimitrios Lignos have expressed their interest in giving a talk at the University of Toronto. Planning and arrangements for these talks will be carried out in the 2018-2019 academic year.

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 5 REGULAR CHAPTER MEETINGS Formal meetings for the Officers and Graduate Members were held this year on a bi-weekly basis. The meetings focused on planning and executing various Chapter activities. Although an initial action plan was discussed in the 2016-2017 academic year to increase the Chapter’s sustainability on the University level, its pursuit began in the 2017-2018 academic year. This included obtaining ULife and Co-Curricular recognition, and funding through CPSIF.

The primary function of the meetings was to allocate human resources either to: (i) hosting invited speaker events, (ii) working the Undergraduate SDC Team, (iii) doing outreach in the local community, or (iv) completing various administrative activities. Regular meeting minutes were kept to ensure that the Chapter was on track with completing their goals. The group also created a Google Drive account to better organize and manage the work being undertaken.

Campus Recognition through ULife The University of Toronto Earthquake Engineering Research Institute Student Chapter was officially recognized by the University of Toronto as a student club in the 2017-2018 academic year. This was achieved through a successful application to ULife, a central website for listings for campus organizations and opportunities on all three campuses at U of T. As a result, the Chapter was granted an official email address (EERI@utoronto.ca) and a website, which is currently under development. Information regarding the Chapter on the ULife website can be found at: https://www.ulife.utoronto.ca/organizations/view/id/127432.

In addition, as part of the ULife application, a constitution was written for the Chapter in the 2017-2018 academic year. The constitution includes the long-term and short-term goals and missions of the Chapter, duties, descriptions, and rights of the executive team, and duties, descriptions, and rights of the general members. In addition, information regarding finances, termination of executives, elections, frequency of meetings, and amendments are included in the constitution.

The Chapter’s affiliation with ULife must and will be renewed every year, before the start of the new academic year. Validation of Officer Positions on Students’ Co-Corricular Records (CCR) As part of the new initiative to increase the Chapter’s sustainability on the University level, the application for validating the officer positions on CCR was completed. This captures the skills and competencies that the UT- EERI’s executive team learned through performing their duties, on an official document. Successful Funding Applications from CPSIF Another unprecedented initiative, in the 2017-2018 academic year, for the Chapter was to pursue funding in order to assist with Chapter’s goals and missions.

The funding agencies that provided the Chapter with funding in the 207-2018 academic year include the University of Toronto Civil Engineering Department, You’re Next Career, Engineering Society, and Engineering Alumni Association. These funds were helpful for several events this year including the Graduate Research Days Event, the invited talk by Professor Dimitrios Konstantinidis, and the outreach program and talk at the Rotherglen Elementary School. In order to spend the funds for the Chapter’s activities, the Chapter started a bank account as a nonprofit organization as well. UT-EERI Lecture Series: Prof.

Dimitrios Konstantinidis – March 20th 2018 In accordance with the direction established in our constitution, written in the 2017-2018 academic year, the main avenue and forum for the Chapter to achieve its goals is through lectures held by industry members and academics. This year, the Chapter invited Prof. Dimitrios Konstantinidis, from McMaster University to speak to the

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 6 department on “Recent Advances on the Seismic Response of Unanchored Contents in Conventional and Base-Isolated Buildings”. Professor Konstantinidis is an Associate Professor and the Chair in Effective Design of Structures in the Department of Civil Engineering at McMaster University. He is a technical committee member and contributor in codes and standards, including the Canadian Standards Association CSA S832 (Seismic Risk Reduction of Operational and Functional Components of Buildings) and CSA N289.1 (General Requirements for Seismic Design and Qualification of CANDU Nuclear Power Plants).

From left to right: Julia Dury, Steve Chai, Ryan Zhang, Professor D. Konstantinidis, Professor Oya Mercan, Pedram Mortazavi, Chiyun Zhong, Kevin Jeswani, Joshua Tapia, Jeffrey Salmon Professor Konstantinidis discussed some of the issues related to non-structural components in base-isolated buildings. The talk was well delivered and well attended, engaging an audience of undergraduate students, graduate students, industry professionals, and professors. One of the benefits of having great speakers and presenters as part of UT-EERI lecture series is that it provides insight not only into the topic being presented but also into the general process of conducting research.

Professor Konstantinidis showed a clear roadmap of how his research began, the conclusions drawn for this work, and a general direction of where the research is going. As is customary for high-calibre guest lecturers, we thanked Professor Konstantinidis with a gift from UT-EERI. The photograph shown above was taken after the lecture.

Graduate Research Days Event Graduate Research Day is an event at the University of Toronto, which is centered on recruiting top National and International Graduate Students to U of T Engineering. The Chapter exhibited at a booth during the event luncheon, spoke with prospective students about earthquake engineering research taking place at U of T, and provided information on the Chapter and its activities to recruit new members. Shake Table Testing of the UTSD Team Preliminary Structure Among the UT-EERI goals and mission, established in the Chapter’s constitution, is providing support for the undergraduate seismic design team.

Every academic year, preparation for the Undergraduate Seismic Design competition provides another mechanism for knowledge transfer between undergraduates and graduates. In this academic year, several meetings took place between the graduate and undergraduate members of the Chapter to co-ordinate the use of laboratory equipment, supervision, and shake-table testing of their wood structure. Several half days in the year were then dedicated to completing the test at the U of T Structural Testing Facility. The picture below was taken after one of the mock shake table tests.

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 7 Top from left to right: Luis Ardila Bothia, Jiahong Bi, Daniel Pekar, Paul Go, Pedram Mortazavi, and Brian Couture Bottom from Left to Right: Rahemeen Ahmed, Katherine Norris, and Theressa Chung-Hun UT-EERI Lecture Series for Undergraduate Students UT-EERI’s Luis Ardila Bothia Delivering a Lecture and Providing Hands-on Demonstrations during the Workshops Another form of support that the Chapter provided to the UTSD team was hosting several workshops on structural and earthquake engineering.

The workshops were open to all undergraduate students and were aimed to foster their interest in structural and earthquake engineering and to provide the UTSD team with the technical background necessary to prepare for the competitions. Three Chapter hosted three workshops, which are discussed below: Introduction to Seismology and Seismic Hazard – October 26th 2018 (Delivered by UofT EERI’s Luis Ardila Bothia) This workshop included an introduction to seismology and seismic hazard starting from the theory of plate tectonics to derivation of the response spectra for design.

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 8 Code Based Seismic Design and intro to Structural Dynamics – February 16th 2018 (Delivered by UofT EERI’s Luis Ardila) This workshop covered the basis behind the code-based seismic design approach. The lecture started with discussions about the design spectrum and the equivalent static force procedures, and finished with design examples and an introduction to structural dynamics.

Application of Structural Dynamics to Earthquake Engineering – March 14th 2018 (Delivered by UofT EERI’s Luis Ardila) In this workshop, the undergraduate students were introduced to structural dynamics and its application to structural and earthquake engineering with hands-on demonstrations.

Some of the topics that were covered include the equations of motion, the response of single-degree of freedom systems, and the Newmark’s method. The above pictures were taken during one of the workshops.

Outreach Program and Talk at the Rotherglen Elementary School Left: UT-EERI’s Graduate and Undergraduate Members Preparing Lecture/Equipment- Right: from left to right: Luis Ardila, Jeffrey Salmon, Pedram Mortazavi, Daniel Pekar, Joshua Tapia, and Julia Dury One of the main missions of the UT-EERI, as established in our constitution, is to raise awareness about natural hazards and earthquakes and their potential impact on our communities. As part of this mission, UT-EERI’s Luis Ardila Bothia, Jeffrey Salmon, and Julia Dury, were invited to the Rotherglen Elementary School to give a lecture on the design of structures for earthquakes and other natural hazards.

UT-EERI’s members showed grade 5 students the fundamentals behind earthquake engineering, specifically: how earthquakes are generated; how earthquakes generate loads in buildings and bridges; and different methods to design these structures for these loads. The elementary school students participated in different hands-on learning demonstration throughout the lecture. As a student group at the University of Toronto, UT-EERI takes pride in giving back to the community. We believe that other than raising public awareness on earthquake and natural hazards, such talks will generate interest in young students and will inspire them to form the next generation of earthquake engineers.

The generous funding that we received was used to cover the expenses associated with travelling and the costs of demonstration equipment.

The above pictures show the graduate and undergraduate members of the UT-EERI, preparing the slides and the demonstration equipment for the lecture. The pictures below show the members of the UT-EERI, while presenting at the Rotherglen Elementary School.

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 9 Left: UT-EERI’s Luis Ardila During hands-on Demonstrations. Right: UT-EERI’s Jeffrey Salmon and Julia Dury during the Lecture Design and Creation of a Poster UT-EERI’s Farbod Pakpour, the Chapter’s Director-Events, oversaw the effort to design and make a promotional poster for the Chapter.

The poster has been and will be used in all UT-EERI’s events. A picture of the poster is shown in the appendices.

SEISMIC DESIGN COMPETITION TEAM This year marks U of T’s third year competing in the EERI Seismic Design Competitions. The UTSD team is currently preparing for the competitions, which will be held from June 24th – June 29th, 2018. With directions from the faculty advisor, industry partners, and the graduate members of the UT-EERI, the UTSD team is using the lessons that were learned in previous competitions to improve the design and performance of the new structure. The graduate members of the UT-EERI have regular meetings with the UTSD team to provide feedback for their approach to the seismic design of the structure.

The graduate members of the UT-EERI provide additional support to the undergraduate seismic design team through preliminary shake table tests as well as workshops on earthquake engineering topics. The results of the competitions and the lessons learned will be included in next year’s annual report of UT-EERI.

SDC Team Members A complete list of members is shown below. Name EERI Member Number Email Role Rahemeen Ahmed 19889 rahemeen.ahmed@mail.utoronto.ca Project Manager Jenny Autillo 19771 jenny.autillo@mail.utoronto.ca Architecture Co-Lead Jiahong (Kevin) Bi 19364 kevin.bi@mail.utoronto.ca Sponsorship Director Theressa Chung-Hun 19772 theressa.chung.hun@mail.utoronto.ca Media Communication Lead

2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

2017-2018 Annual Report, April 30, 2018 University of Toronto Student Chapter of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute page 10 Paul Go 19823 Paul2345426@gmail.com Construction Co-Lead Shamim Khedri 19765 shamim.khedri@hotmail.com Architecture Co-Lead Amie Leung 20407 amie.leung@mail.utoronto.ca General Member Liam Ma 20388 Liam.ma@mail.utoronto.ca General Member Katherine Norris 19876 Katherinenorris2@gmail.com Construction Co-Lead Mishael Nuh 19888 mishael.nuh@mail.utoronto.ca Design and Analysis Co-Lead Daniel Pekar 19343 daniel.pekar@mail.utoronto.ca Design and Analysis Co-Lead Eric Wang 20393 Ericdamon.wang@mail.utoronto.ca General Member SDC Team Financial Sponsors A list of financial sponsors for the SDC team.

Name Email Amount S-FRAME MarinosS@S-Frame.com $1000 CAST CONNEX m.gray@castconnex.com $1000 RJC Engineers mmoffatt@rjc.ca $1500 Walter P Moore info@walterpmoore.com $1000 Associated Engineering howards@ae.ca $300 PICCO Engineering info@picco-engineering.com $1000 ELECTION & ELECTION RESULTS An election for officers for the 2018-2019 academic year will be held in July 2018. The results will be announced to the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute at a later date.

LIST OF ATTACHMENTS Included at the end of this report are various attachments to supplement the information included above. A list of the attachments is included below:  Promotional poster for the EERI Lecture Series talk by Professor Dimitrios Konstantinidis.  Promotional poster for the Introduction to Earthquake Engineering workshop organized by EERI.  UT-EERI’s Poster for Networking Events.

Tuesday, March 20th 2018, 5:00 – 6:00 pm Bahen Centre, BA 1190 EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING LECTURE SERIES Earthquake Engineering Research Institute University of Toronto Chapter Seismic Response of Unanchored Contents in Conventional and Base-Isolated Buildings Dr.

Dimitrios Konstantinidis McMaster University

Recent Advances on the Seismic Response of Unanchored Contents in Conventional and Base-Isolated Buildings Dimitrios Konstantinidis, PhD Abstract During earthquakes, equipment and other building contents can shift, rock, or overturn. Past earthquake reconnaissance reports have highlighted that the disruption and damage associated with unanchored components can severely affect the functionality of critical facilities such as hospitals. Excessive displacements and overturning of large contents can result in injuries, blockage of egress route, and damage to the contents themselves or other components in their vicinity.

Compared to the seismic response of structural components and systems, and even anchored nonstructural elements, there has been limited research over the years on unanchored contents. This presentation will provide an overview of recent experimental and analytical studies on the seismic response of unanchored building contents, conducted at McMaster University. The focus will be on shake table tests of medical equipment supported on wheels/casters and analytical studies on the response of sliding and rocking building contents. The presentation will explore base isolation as a seismic risk mitigation technique for unanchored building contents, demonstrating its broad effectiveness but also identifying particular scenarios in which base isolation results in response amplification.

Dimitrios Konstantinidis is an Associate Professor and the Chair in Effective Design of Structures in the Department of Civil Engineering at McMaster University. He received his Bachelor’s (1999), Master’s (2001), and Ph.D. (2008) from the University of California, Berkeley, and was a Postdoctoral Fellow at UC Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory before joining McMaster University in 2011. His primary research interests include the mechanics of rubber bearings; seismic isolation; nonstructural components; and the seismic resilience of hospitals, nuclear power plants, and other critical facilities.

His work combines experimental testing, analytical methods, and numerical simulation for a wide range of purposes: gaining a deep understanding of behavior; providing an accurate characterization of response; proposing innovative seismic protection solutions; and providing recommendations for improved design codes and standards. He is a technical committee member and contributor in codes and standards, including the Canadian Standards Association CSA S832 (Seismic Risk Reduction of Operational and Functional Components of Buildings) and CSA N289.1 (General Requirements for Seismic Design and Qualification of CANDU Nuclear Power Plants).

Location: Bahen Centre BA 1190 Time: 5:00 pm – 6:00 pm