AMERICA SPEAKS Poll Data Summary :: Volume 13 - Research!America

 
AMERICA
 SPEAKS
 Poll Data Summary :: Volume 13
a message from
                                    research!america’s
                                           leadership

Research!America is pleased to present America Speaks, Volume 13, a snapshot of newly released
and relevant polling we have commissioned to provide a window into Americans’ views on
issues related to biomedical and health research. On behalf of the 125 million Americans
represented by our alliance, we express our gratitude to the United Health Foundation for its
generous support of America Speaks.

The findings reveal strong public support for research to improve health and health care, and
yet there is a startling disconnect between the public’s views and the reality that government
support for medical research has not kept pace with inflation — much less scientific discovery and
the need to prevent, rather than wait to treat, so much of what ails us as a nation. In this context, it
is difficult to understand why we haven’t made research for health a higher national priority. To
the contrary, efforts to reign in government spending put research at unprecedented risk.                  Hon. John Edward Porter
                                                                                                                   ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ CHAIR
Americans recognize the value of research — in finding answers for incurable diseases,                         RESEARCH!AMERICA
maintaining our global competitiveness and boosting the economy — to the extent that more
than half say they would pay more in taxes if they knew the dollars were going to medical
research. That finding and much more is highlighted in this booklet.

Among polling results:

      ★    Nearly 60% of Americans say elected officials are not paying enough attention
           to combating deadly diseases.
      ★    85% of Americans are concerned about stagnant funding for medical research.
      ★    Nearly 60% of Americans believe medical progress will slip in the U.S. if
           another country takes the lead in science and innovation.
      ★    Nearly 60% doubt the U.S. will be considered the number one world leader in
           science and technology by the year 2020.
      ★    Nearly 70% say it’s important that the federal research and development tax
           credit is made permanent.
                                                                                                                     Mary Woolley
                                                                                                              ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ PRESIDENT
We encourage our nation’s leaders to heed public sentiment and put medical innovation on the                   RESEARCH!AMERICA
fast track, ramping up funding for research and shaping other public policy with an eye toward
strengthening, rather than stalling, our nation’s research enterprise.
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 1

                                                      washington .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .        4
                                                      & research

                                                      american leadership.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                           6
                                                      & competitiveness

                                                      research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    8
                                                      funding

                                                      research is.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .     10
                                                      close to home

                                                                                                                          12
contents
                                                      americans .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
                                                      weigh in on need
                                                      for research

                                                      methodology .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .             16
                                                      research!america .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                       17
                                                      board of directors

             Look for these
     indicators throughout
            this publication:

               new question                                       new question
      Not previously asked by Research!America.

             trend change
                                                                 trend change
  Indicates significant change from previous years.

               Due to rounding, the total may not
                  add to 100% on some charts.
hot topics
           WORLD                                TAXES &
         LEADERSHIP                            SPENDING

        An increasing number of             Most Americans say that the
  Americans doubt that the U.S.          U.S. is not spending enough on
       will remain number one in             medical research, either as a
   science and technology by the      percentage of total health funding
     year 2020. Yet a majority of          (only 5% is spent on research)
   Americans want our nation to             or of all government funding
     maintain world leadership in        (less than 2% goes to research).
 medical and health research; this         Consistently over the past two
  is a consistent poll finding over           decades, more than half of
                       many years.      Americans say they’re willing to
                                       pay $1 more in taxes if they were
                                      certain the money would be spent
                ★ ★ ★ ★ ★               for additional medical research.

                                                      ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 3

      SUPPORT FOR                           HEALTH ISSUES
       RESEARCH                              OF GREATEST
                                              CONCERN

       Support for federally funded            Twenty years ago, AIDS was
   basic research has been robustly       ranked the number one national
      positive for decades. Further,            health concern, followed by
     most Americans agree that it’s     cancer, the cost of health care and
important to fund clinical research     heart disease. Since then, research
       and research that focuses on          has helped save countless lives
 improving our health care system,         and continues to drive progress.
    as well as research that reduces       In 2012, the cost of health care
     health disparities and expands        is ranked number one, followed
     regulatory science. Americans       by obesity, cancer, mental health,
    overwhelmingly see research as               heart disease and diabetes.
part of the solution to what ails us.

                                                        ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
                 ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
4 :: A m e r i c a S p e a k s

                          “We … are all trying to look toward creating                                                                                                        “The investment we make [in the
                             that environment that will bring about this                                                                                                      National Institutes of Health] — in
                           incredible return that science has done for                                                                                                        the short term and the long term
                                   us in improving our lives, saving our lives                                                                                                — will not only have economic
                               and having an extraordinary impact on the                                                                                                      benefits, it will also have the
                      economy and the job situation in this country.”                                                                                                         human benefits.”

                                                                            House Majority Leader Eric Cantor (R-VA)                                                          House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (D-MD)
                                                                                                                                                            ★ ★ ★ ★ ★         ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

   washington
   & research
     Many Ways to Fuel the Economy                                                                                                                                       Officials Aren’t                       AGREE
                                                                                                                                                                                                       19
                                                                                                                                                                        Paying Enough
                                                                                                                                                                                                          %

                 new question

     How important a role does each of the following play in                                                                                                                Attention to
     creating jobs and fueling the economy?                                                                                                                             Deadly Diseases
                                                                                                                                                                                 new question
                                                                                                                                                                                                       59   %   DISAGREE
         supporting small businesses
                                                                                64   %
                                                                                                                   27      %
                                                                                                                                       4 1 3
                                                                                                                                       %        %       %

                                                                                                                                                                Do you agree or disagree that
         investing in education
                                                                       60   %
                                                                                                               29      %
                                                                                                                               5 3 3
                                                                                                                                   %        %           %      elected officials in Washington
         reducing the federal deficit                                                                                                                             are paying enough attention          22   %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                not sure
                                                                   59   %
                                                                                                              29 4 4
                                                                                                                   %           %        %
                                                                                                                                                    5   %
                                                                                                                                                               to combating the many deadly
         investing in energy                                                                                                                                   diseases that afflict Americans?
                                                              56   %
                                                                                                              32   %
                                                                                                                                   6 1 4
                                                                                                                                   %       %            %

         providing tax cuts
                                                     49   %
                                                                                                     34   %
                                                                                                                               10 3 4
                                                                                                                                   %        %           %

    *{
         investing in medical innovation
                                          44     %
                                                                                                 39   %
                                                                                                                               10 3 4
                                                                                                                                   %        %           %

         investing in infrastructure
                                        43   %
                                                                                                38
                                                                                                 %
                                                                                                                       9 3
                                                                                                                       %           %
                                                                                                                                                    7   %

         very            somewhat         not too                                        not important                                 not
         important 
                         importantimportant                              at all                                        sure

       Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in                                                                                               Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in
           partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.                                                                                                          partnership with Zogby Analytics in August 2012.
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 5

          Congress,                                                                                                 More than Half of
      Administration                                        32       %   very important
                                                                                                                  Americans Willing to                      54      %       yes
        Should Take                                                                                               Pay Tax for Research                                              trend change

          Action on                                                      somewhat                                    Would you be willing to pay
                                                                                                                                                                                    yes answers
                                                                                                                                                                                    increased
                                                            40           important
         Expanding
                                                                     %

                                                                                                                    $1 per week more in taxes if
                                                                                                                                                            28      %
                                                                                                                                                                            no
           Research                                                                                                  you were certain that all of
                                                                                                                   the money would be spent on
                                                            21
                   new question                                   %      not too
                                                                         important                                  additional medical research?
     How important is it that                                                                                                                                  19%
                                                                                                                                                                            not sure

   the president and the new                                             not important
                                                            5   %
                                                                         at all
     Congress take action on                                2 %
                                                                         not sure
expanding medical research                                                                                           Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
                                                                                                                         partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.
  in the first 100 days of the
             113th Congress?

    Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
        partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.
                                                                                                                        Important for                 48    %           very important

                                                                                                                      Elected Officials
                                                                                                                   to Listen to Health
                                                                                                                          Professionals               37                somewhat important
Research Ranks with Defense,
                                                                                                                                                           %

                                                                                                                       How important is it that
Taxes as Washington Priority                                                                                               elected officials at all
           new question
                                                                                                                                                      8 %               not too important
                                                                                                                     levels listen to advice from
Indicate the value you perceive that elected officials                                                              scientists and public health           1            not at all important

in Washington assign to each of the following:                                                                                      professionals?     7%
                                                                                                                                                                        not sure

      national defense
                                              48   %
                                                                            30
                                                                             %
                                                                                              14 5 3
                                                                                               %    %     %

                                                                                                                        Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
      tax reform                                                                                                            partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.

                                    32   %
                                                             27   %
                                                                                 22   %
                                                                                                   16 3
                                                                                                    %     %

*{
      medical and health research
                           27   %
                                                            31   %
                                                                                     25   %
                                                                                                   14 3
                                                                                                    %     %
                                                                                                              “In this time of severe budget constraints, Americans need to
      public education
                                                                                                                  know that today’s basic research is the engine that powers
                           26
                            %
                                                       27
                                                        %
                                                                                     29   %
                                                                                                   15 3
                                                                                                    %     %

                                                                                                               tomorrow’s therapeutic discoveries. They need to know that
*{
      science and math education
                  20   %
                                             26
                                              %
                                                                            33   %
                                                                                                   18 4
                                                                                                    %     %
                                                                                                                  basic research is the type of science that the private sector,
      very            somewhat          somewhat            very                 not
      important 
                      important unimportant unimportant  sure                             which requires rapid returns on investment, cannot afford
                                                                                                                to fund. They need to know that, because it is impossible to
                                                                                                                 predict whence the next treatment may emerge, the nation
                                                                                                                           must support a broad portfolio of basic research.”

                                                                                                                                                      Francis Collins, MD, PhD
                                                                                                                                      Director, National Institutes of Health
  Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in
        partnership with Zogby Analytics in August 2012.                                                                                                                           ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
6 :: A m e r i c a S p e a k s

                                   “In today’s changing economic landscape, science and technology are the
                                   new frontiers of American prosperity. The nation’s well-being and global
                                          competitiveness depend, more than ever before, on the steady stream
                                        of new ideas and the highly skilled science, technology, engineering and
                                   mathematical talent that the National Science Foundation supports, and
                                         particularly the young researchers that NSF so skillfully nurtures.”

                                                                                                           Subra Suresh, MS, ScD
                                                                                         Director, National Science Foundation

   american
                                                                                                                          ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

   leadership &
   competitiveness
           Over Half Doubt                                                        Almost Half
                                             41         united states                                          39       YES
            U.S. Leadership                                              Believes U.S. Doesn’t
                                                %                                                                   %

             in Science and                                                 Have Best Health
         Technology in 2020                  25     %   china              Care in the World                  48    %
                                                                                                                        NO
                         new question
                                                                             Do you believe the United
            In your view, which of the        5 %       india
                                                                         States has the best health care
          following will be considered        5 %       european union
                                                                                   system in the world?        13 %
                                                                                                                        not sure

        the number one world leader               1     brazil

         in science and technology in
                                             23     %
                                                        not sure
                        the year 2020?

            A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in
        partnership with Zogby Analytics, with support from United for   Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
                     Medical Research, in September 2012.                    partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 7

      Medical Progress                                strongly
                                                                                            Americans
                                            23   %

        Suffers if U.S.
                                                      agree
                                                                                      Feel Government                   70      %    YES

      Loses Innovation                                                               Should Encourage
            Leadership                      37   %
                                                         somewhat
                                                         agree
                                                                                        STEM Careers
                                                                                                    new question
                    new question                                                                                         17     %
                                                                                                                                     NO

 “Medical progress will slip in                                                       Do you believe the federal
                                                      somewhat                      government should increase
  the U.S. if another country               22   %
                                                      disagree                                                           13     %
                                                                                                                                     not sure
     takes the lead in science,                                               support for programs and policies
                                                      strongly                  that would increase the number
      technology and medical                7    %
                                                      disagree
                  innovation.”                                                 of young Americans who pursue
                                                                                  careers in science, technology,
                                            11
                                             %
                                                      not sure
                                                                                 engineering and mathematics?

                                                                               Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
                                                                                   partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.

  Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in
        partnership with Zogby Analytics in August 2012.
                                                                                            “Research, especially basic research in the
                                                                                           STEM fields, is critical to improving health
                                                                                                   and preventing disease long term.”

                                                                                                            Rep. Dan Benishek, MD (R-MI)

Important to Make R&D                                         very
                                                                                                                                    ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
                                                     29   %
                                                              important
  Tax Credit Permanent
Since 1981, the federal government
has offered a tax credit to businesses
                                                     39   %   somewhat                   U.S. World
                                                              important
pursuing research and development                                                Leadership Matters                   65    %       statement a
           activities. This credit is not                                                         new question
    permanent, however, and has to                            not too
                                                     10  %
                                                              important    Which of the following statements
      be reconsidered regularly. This
      prevents businesses from being                          not at all     is closer to your view? Statement
                                                     5%
                                                              important                                               23    %
                                                                                                                                    statement b
  able to plan ahead when it comes                                              A: It is important that the U.S.
 to R&D spending. How important                                              is a leader in medical and health
                                                     17  %
                                                              not sure
   is it that the federal research and                                     research. Or Statement B: It does           12%
                                                                                                                                    not sure

     development tax credit is made                                              not matter where in the world
                           permanent?                                      medical and health research takes
                                                                                place — in today’s world, U.S.
                                                                            consumers will benefit regardless.

   Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in               Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in
       partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.                          partnership with Zogby Analytics in March 2012.
8 :: A m e r i c a S p e a k s

                                                                        “If you think research is expensive, try disease.”

                                                                                                                      Mary Lasker (1901-1994)
                                                                                                                                           ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

   research
   funding
              Majority Has                   7 %       very
                                                       positive
                                                                                        Wide Majority
                                                                                                                                            a great
       Negative Reaction to                            somewhat
                                                                               Concerned About Effects                        43       %
                                                                                                                                            concern

        Decreased Medical                    18  %
                                                       positive                   of Stagnant Funding
         Research Funding                                                                                  new question

                                                                                                                                            somewhat of
                           new question     37    %
                                                       somewhat
                                                       negative                           Science and technology are          42       %
                                                                                                                                            a concern

       After adjusting for inflation, the                                           responsible for about half of our
        amount of money spent by the                                          economic growth since World War II.                           not much of
                                            20     %   very
                                                       negative              Flat and decreasing federal investment           7    %
                                                                                                                                            a concern
       federal government on medical
                                                                             in research creates an uncertain future           2
                                                                                                                               %
                                                                                                                                            no concern
     and health research has declined
     over the past five years. Hearing       18  %
                                                       not sure                    for scientists. As a result, scientists    5    %        not sure

      this, what is your reaction to the                                         may leave their profession or move
                                                 >1    refused               abroad and use their scientific training
                   decline in spending?
                                                                                  in countries with strong and stable
                                                                                     investments in research. In your
                                                                                 judgment, what level of concern is
                                                                                            this to the United States?

        Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in           Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in
              partnership with Zogby Analytics in March 2012.                         partnership with Zogby Analytics in March 2012.
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 9

      Research is                16   %
                                                 federal
                                                 government
                                                                                 Nearly Half Say                     9 %
                                                                                                                             too much

       Funded by                                 state
                                                                            Government Funding
     Many Sectors                6
                                                                             of Medical Research
                                     %
                                                 government
                                                                                                                    27   %
                                                                                                                             about right
            new question
                                 11  %           industry
                                                                                    Isn’t Enough
   Which of the following        3%
                                                 academia/universities                         new question

is responsible for funding                       philanthropy
                                 2%

                                                                            Roughly one-and-a-half percent
    biomedical and health                                                                                           48   %
                                                                                                                             not enough
                                                                                 of government spending is
                 research?
                                 42      %
                                                 all of the above              allocated for biomedical and
                                                                             health research. Would you say
                                                                                           that amount is …
                                                                                                                    17   %   not sure
                                 20      %       not sure

   Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in                  Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
       partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.                           partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.

    Wide Range of
      Estimates on                       33       %   one
                                                      percent    }correct
                                                                  answer
                                                                                        “The NIH offers our best hope for treating or
      Government                                                                         curing debilitating diseases like heart disease,
Funding of Medical                                                                             cancer and diabetes and so many other
                                             17  %    five percent
          Research                                                                        illnesses that American families battle every
                 new question
                                                                                        day. It is also our best hope for containing the
      Just your best estimate,               15  %    ten percent
                                                                                       increasing health care costs associated with the
          what percentage of                          twenty-five                              aging of the Baby Boomer generation.”
     government spending is                  5%
                                                      percent

     allocated for biomedical
                                                                                                               Sen. Richard Burr (R-NC)
         and health research?            30       %   not sure
                                                                                                                                  ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

  Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
      partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.
1 0 :: A m e r i c a S p e a k s

             “The timeline of expectation of getting an idea from                           “Nonpartisan, peer-reviewed
           an idea stage into a marketplace on the life sciences                            social and behavioral research
        side is exponentially higher than it is on the IT/telecom                           is crucial in providing factual
         side. Who’s going to put the dough in on the front end?                            guidance to both the private and
           At some level, it has to be those public investments.”                           public sector.”

                                                              Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA)       Gary Becker, PhD, and James Heckman, PhD
                                                                           ★ ★ ★ ★ ★        ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

   research is
   close to home

               Quality of                                                               Only 1 in 5             8         1-10 states
                                       22
                                                                                                                  %
                                              %
                                                  yes, a great deal
           Life Has Been                                                                    Knows
                                                                                                                16        11-25 states
                Improved                                                                  Research
                                                                                                                      %

              by Medical                                                                Conducted                11
                                                                                                                  %
                                                                                                                          26-40 states
                                       44     %   yes, somewhat
                 Research                                                               Nationwide
                   new question                                                            new question
                                                                                                                10    %
                                                                                                                          more than 40 states

           Thinking of the last                                                     To the best of your         19    %
                                                                                                                          all states    }correct
                                                                                                                                         answer
         decade, would you say         24     %   no                              knowledge, would you
        that your quality of life                                                      say that medical
         has been improved by                                                       research in the U.S.        36    %   not sure
              medical research?          11
                                          %       not sure                              is conducted in:

          Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in         Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
                partnership with Zogby Analytics in August 2012.                    partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 1 1

                      “I think it’s incumbent upon all of us, because we’ve all used this word, ecosystem, to make sure that
               students, young people, all of us who are in the industry understand that it is not only interdependent, but
                 it is necessary, beneficial and can be rewarding no matter where you are in that process … All of it feeds
                                      together. And it shouldn’t be competitive, but rather it should be mutually supportive.”

                                                                              John Castellani, President and CEO, PhRMA

                                                                                                                          ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

      Research is                                                            Americans Willing
                            40       very important
       Important                                                               to Share Health
                                 %

                                                                                                                 66   %     yes

         to State                                                               Information to
      Economies             42   %   somewhat important
                                                                             Advance Research
                                                                                           new question
    How important do                                                                                             18 %       no

you think research and                                                      Assuming that appropriate
development is to your       9   %   not too important
                                                                        privacy protections were used,
      state’s economy?                                                   would you be willing to share           16 %
                                                                                                                            not sure
                                 1   not at all important
                                                                      your personal health information
                             9   %   not sure
                                                                         to advance medical research?

  Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in          Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
      partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.                   partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.

                                                                                                           the food and drug
                                                                                                           administration should
        Opinions Split                                                 Plurality Says                      move more quickly in
                                                                                                  38   %   order to get new
          on Whether                                                    FDA Should                         treatments to patients,
                                                                                                           even if it means
                                      46    %   yes                                                        there may be risks.
        Health Care is                                                   Move More
                                                                                                           the fda should act
       Based on Latest                                                 Quickly, Even                       more slowly in order
                                                                                                           to reduce risk, even if
                                                                                                  19
             Research                                                    If It Means
                                                                                                     %
                                                                                                           it means patients may
                                                                                                           wait longer for
                                                                                                           treatments.
      Do you believe that the         37    %   no
                                                                          More Risk
      health care services you                                      Which of the following
     receive are based on the                                                                     26   %
                                                                                                           neither
                                                                   statements comes closer
        best and most recent           17%
                                                not sure                     to your view?
           research available?
                                                                                                  17 %     not sure

  Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in          Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
      partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.                   partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.
1 2 :: A m e r i c a S p e a k s

                                                           “I believe investments in research and innovation have broad
                                                          economic benefits for our society. If we can invest in medical
                                                              research that creates jobs today and solves health care
                                                                                  challenges tomorrow, everyone wins.”

                                                                                                             Rep. Joseph Kennedy (D-MA)
                                                                                                                                   ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

   americans
   weigh in on need
   for research

                        Very                                                           Wide Majority                              very
                 Important to               48       %   very
                                                         important                      of Americans                 38       %
                                                                                                                                  important

               Fund Research                                                        Say Investment in
               on U.S. Health                                                      Regulatory Science                             somewhat
                                            39           somewhat                                                    46     %
                                                                                                                                  important
                 Care System                                                             is Important
                                                     %
                                                         important

        How important is it that our                     not too               How important would you say it
                                             5   %
                                                         important                                                    7   %
                                                                                                                                  not too
                                                                                                                                  important
        nation support research that                     not at all
                                                                            is that the U.S. invest in advancing
                                             2                                                                                    not at all
          focuses on improving how                       important               regulatory science to make the       3
                                               %

                                                                                                                                  important
                                                                                                                        %

            our health care system is        7   %       not sure                 drug and device development         6   %       don’t know
                        functioning?                                                   process more efficient for
                                                                              businesses and safer for patients?

           Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in           Source: Your Congress – Your Health Survey, March 2011
               partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.                  Charlton Research Company for Research!America
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 1 3

                  “There needs to be more research done.
                       We need a cure. I might be next.”
                                                                          Research is Part
                                          Wanda Richardson
                                       Alzheimer’s caregiver
                                                                           of the Solution                              54  %
                                                                                                                                  part of the
                                                                                                                                  solution

                                                      ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
                                                                         to Rising Health
                                                                               Care Costs
                                                                                                                                  part of the
        “We need more prevention investments, not less.                  When it comes to rising                        23  %
                                                                                                                                  problem

       Currently close to half of Americans have at least                health care costs, would
                                                                     you say research to improve
           one chronic disease. Together, these conditions
                                                                    health is part of the problem                       22  %
                                                                                                                                  not sure
       count for 75% of all health care spending and are                  or part of the solution?
       estimated to cost employers $73 billion a year. We
                        all pay the price for poor health.”

                                         Mary Pittman, DrPH
             President and CEO, Public Health Institute

                                                      ★ ★ ★ ★ ★                          Source: National Public Opinion Poll, October 2011,
                                                                                              Zogby Analytics for Research!America

   Nearly Half Say CER                                            Cost of Health Care is Most
                                                      cer will
    Will Be Beneficial for                 49    %    improve
                                                      health
                                                                  Critical Health Issue in America
    Health Care System                                care
                                                                  What would you say is the single most important health issue
                       new question                               facing the nation?
                                                      cer will
Comparative effectiveness research                    limit         cost of health care

         compares ways to prevent,          19  %     health
                                                      care                                                                              61   %

                                                      options       obesity
        diagnose, treat and monitor                                                                      18   %

                                                      cer will
   health conditions. This research                   have          cancer
                                            6 %
                                                      no impact                                  6   %

  analyzes two or more treatments                     on health
                                                                    mental health
                                                      care
   for the same health condition to                                              3   %

  determine which works best for a                                  heart disease
                                           26         not sure           2   %
                                                  %

 certain patient population. Which                                  diabetes
 of the following statements comes                                       2   %

                                                                    other
                closer to your view?                                                 4   %

                                                                    not sure
                                                                                         5   %

   Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in       Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted
       partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.                in partnership with Zogby Analytics in August 2012.
1 4 :: A m e r i c a S p e a k s

           Most Agree that                                                           Nearly Even                                   the goverment has no
                                          32
            Basic Research                              strongly agree
                                                                                         Split on                                  role in funding or
                                                %

                                                                                                                     40   %        conducting behavioral
                                                                                                                                   research since there
              is Necessary                                                           Government                                    is an individual choice.

         Do you agree or disagree
                                          42        %   somewhat agree
                                                                                         Role in
                                                                                                                                   society bears much of
     with the following statement?                                                    Behavioral                                   the cost of unhealthy
                                                                                                                                   behavioral choices so
              “Even if it brings no                                                                                  41
         immediate benefits, basic
                                                                                       Research                       %
                                                                                                                                   it is valuable for the
                                                                                                                                   government to be
                                           11   %
                                                        somewhat disagree
                                                                                           new question
                                                                                                                                   involved in research
                                                                                                                                   to address it.
            scientific research that
          advances the frontiers of        6    %
                                                        strongly disagree                 Which of the
      knowledge is necessary and                                                       following comes               19   %
                                                                                                                                   not sure
       should be supported by the          10   %       not sure                          closer to your
             federal government.”                                                              opinion?

          Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted                  Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
            in partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.                       partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.

                                                             trend change
                                                             percentage saying

               Americans                                     “somewhat favor”
                                                             increases                   Important to
         Favor Expanding                  27    %
                                                        strongly favor              Conduct Research                          36   %   very
                                                                                                                                       important

              Funding for                                                                 to Eliminate
           ESC Research                                                             Health Disparities                                 somewhat
                                          34    %       somewhat favor                                                        38   %
                                                                                                                                       important
                 Do you favor or                                                         Studies show that certain
               oppose expanding                                                           health problems such as
              federal funding for                                                      diabetes, heart disease and                     somewhat
                                           11
                                            %           somewhat oppose                                                       10   %
                                                                                                                                       unimportant
                  research using                                                   infant mortality happen more
            embryonic stem cells?                                                      often among minorities or              5%
                                                                                                                                       very
                                                                                                                                       unimportant
                                          13    %       strongly oppose              citizens with lower incomes.
                                                                                    How important do you feel it              10  %    not sure
                                                                                 is to conduct medical or health
                                          15    %       not sure
                                                                                      research to understand and
                                                                                      eliminate these differences?

       Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted in                Source: A Research!America poll of likely voters conducted
             partnership with Zogby Analytics in August 2012.                           in partnership with Zogby Analytics in August 2012.
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 1 5

        Important for                             very
           the U.S. to               40     %
                                                  important

       Support Global
      Health Research                             somewhat
                                     38     %
                                                  important        “The issue of whether the United States should
   How important would you
   say it is that the U.S. work                                     be spending money on AIDS policy and global
   to improve health globally         10  %
                                                  not too
                                                  important
                                                                       health in light of this debt is something that
        through research and                                       comes up quite often. The first answer is it’s not
                                                  not at all
                    innovation?       4 %
                                                  important
                                                                     the reason why we have a debt. We don’t have
                                      9   %       not sure           a debt because of foreign aid … In fact if you
                                                                 zeroed out foreign aid it would do nothing for the
                                                                  debt, but it would be devastating not just for the
                                                                                world, but for America’s role in it.”

                                                                                           Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL)

 Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in                                               ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
     partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.

                                                                                           Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL)

                                                                           “Researchers know very little about TBI
        Americans:                    7   %        too much          [traumatic brain injury], and more research is
  More Investment                                                desperately needed to enhance our understanding
        Needed for                                                   of the disease and ultimately develop effective
                                     33            about right
  Military Veterans
                                              %

                                                                             treatments and prevention strategies.”
Would you say government
      investment in health                                                     Retired Army Gen. Peter Chiarelli

   research for the benefit                                                          CEO, One Mind for Research
                                     48       %    not enough
  of military veterans and                                                                                 ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
    service members is …

                                      12    %      not sure

Source: A Research!America poll of U.S. adults conducted in
    partnership with Zogby Analytics in December 2012.
1 6 :: A m e r i c a S p e a k s

               Research!America began commissioning polls in 1992 in an
               effort to understand public attitudes toward medical, health
               and scientific research. The results of Research!America’s
               polls have proven invaluable to our alliance of member
               organizations and, in turn, to the fulfillment of our mission to
               make research to improve health a higher national priority. In
               response to growing usage and demand, Research!America
               has expanded its portfolio, which includes state, national
               and issue-specific polling. Poll data is available by request
               or at www.researchamerica.org.

               ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
               Survey Methodology
               Online polls are conducted with a sample size of 800-1,052 adults (age 18+) and a maximum theoretical sampling
               error of +/- 3.2%. Data are demographically representative of adult U.S. residents. Polling in this publication was
               conducted by Zogby Analytics and Charlton Research Company.
A m e r i c a S p e a k s :: 1 7

                                                                                   research!america
                                                                                  board of directors
OFFICERS                                         *Victor J. Dzau, MD                            Hon. Kweisi Mfume
                                                 Chancellor for Health Affairs, Duke            U.S. Representative, 1987-1996
CHAIR                                            University; President and CEO, Duke
*Hon. John Edward Porter                         University Health System                       Elizabeth G. Nabel, MD
Partner, Hogan Lovells;                                                                         President, Brigham and Women’s
U.S. Representative, 1980-2001                   Joseph M. Feczko, MD                           Hospital; Professor, Harvard Medical
                                                                                                School; Former Director, National Heart,
VICE CHAIR                                       *Jay A. Gershen, DDS, PhD                      Lung and Blood Institute
*Martha N. Hill, PhD, RN                         President, Northeast Ohio Medical University
Dean of the School of Nursing, and                                                              *Herbert Pardes, MD
Professor of Nursing, Medicine & Public          † Carol W. Greider, PhD                        Executive Vice Chairman, Board of Trustees,
Health, Johns Hopkins University                 Professor, The Johns Hopkins University        NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
                                                 School of Medicine
PRESIDENT                                                                                       Sudip S. Parikh, PhD
*Mary Woolley                                    *Harry Johns                                   Vice President, Health Policy; Director,
CEO, Research!America                            President and Chief Executive Officer,         Center for Analytics & Public Health;
                                                 Alzheimer’s Association                        Battelle Health & Life Sciences, Battelle
SECRETARY                                                                                       Memorial Institute
*Georges C. Benjamin, MD                         *Jackie Lovelace Johnson
Executive Director, American Public              Chair of the Board, Lovelace Respiratory       John R. Seffrin, PhD
Health Association                               Research Institute                             Chief Executive Officer, American
                                                                                                Cancer Society
                                                 *Evan Jones
TREASURER
                                                 Managing Member, jVen Capital                  *Larry J. Shapiro, MD
*Mary J.C. Hendrix, PhD
                                                                                                Executive Vice Chancellor for Medical Affairs,
President and Scientific Director,
                                                 Elizabeth Baker Keffer                         Washington University in St. Louis
Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s
                                                 President, Atlantic LIVE and Quartz LIVE;
Hospital of Chicago Research Center
                                                 Senior Vice President/Group Publisher — Live   Ellen Sigal, PhD
                                                 Events, Atlantic Media Company                 Chairperson and Founder, Friends of
                                                                                                Cancer Research
BOARD MEMBERS
                                                 Hon. Patrick Kennedy
Tenley E. Albright, MD                           U.S. Representative, 1995-2011                 Laing Rogers Sisto
Director and Founder, MIT Collaborative                                                         Community Leader
Initiatives; Visiting Scientist, Massachusetts   Debra R. Lappin, JD
Institute of Technology; Lecturer in the         Counsel, FaegreBD Consulting                   *Jack T. Watters, MD
Program of Surgery, Harvard Medical School                                                      Vice President for External Medical
                                                 *Alan I. Leshner, PhD                          Affairs, Pfizer Inc
Nancy Brown                                      CEO, American Association for the
Chief Executive Officer, American                Advancement of Science                         Keith Yamamoto, PhD
Heart Association                                                                               Vice Chancellor for Research,
                                                 *Lucinda Maine, PhD, RPh                       University of California, San Francisco
*Hon. Michael N. Castle                          Executive Vice President & CEO, American
Partner, DLA Piper;                              Association of Colleges of Pharmacy            Elias A. Zerhouni, MD
U.S. Representative, 1993-2011                                                                  President, Global Research &
                                                 Mark McClellan, MD, PhD                        Development, Sanofi
Susan Dentzer                                    Director, Engelberg Center for Health Care
Editor-in-Chief, Health Affairs                  Reform; Senior Fellow, Economic Studies;
                                                 Leonard D. Schaeffer Chair in Health Policy    *Executive Committee Member
                                                 Studies; Brookings Institution                 † Nobel laureate
1101 King Street, Suite 520
Alexandria, Virginia 22314
703.739.2577
Fax 703.739.2372
www.researchamerica.org

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this publication is made possible through a grant from United Health Foundation.

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