ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress

ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
1     A N C To da y
                                                                                                       RE A LEBOHA

                                      VOICE OF THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
                                      17 - 23 Ma y 2019                                                 AFRICA

ANC committed                                                                            The Union Buildings:
                                                   Let us all lend                        A Tale of Multiple
  to Gender                                        a hand to grow                             Narratives
    Parity                                          South Africa
                       2                                       7                                       10

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ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
2     A N C To da y


ANC committed to Gender
    The African National Congress convened
a       Special   National   Executive   committee
meeting (NEC) on Monday, the 13th of May
2019 at Irene in Tshwane to discuss the
nomination of its Premier candidates.

    In arriving at its decision, the NEC was guided
by the following principles and approaches:
gender parity; unity and stability in ANC
structures; youth and inter-generational mix
and experience.

    The NEC received three names per province
as recommended by the Provincial Executive
Committees in line with national conference
resolution of 2007, Polokwane.

    The NEC agreed on the following Premier

    ·       Eastern Cape – Oscar Mabuyane
    ·       Free State – Sisi Ntombela
    ·       Gauteng – David Makhura
    ·       KwaZulu Natal – Sihle Zikalala
    ·       Limpopo – Stan Mathabathe
    ·       Mpumalanga – Refilwe Mtsweni
    ·       Northern Cape - Zamani Saul

    Pertaining to the North West, the Premier
Candidate will be announced in due course
following internal engagements.

    The NEC further agreed that in provinces
where Premiers are men, then at least 60%
of the Provincial Executive Council must be
constituted by women. There was consensus
that in instances where the Premier is a woman
there shall be at least 50/50 representation
in the Provincial Executive Councils. In all
provincial legislatures, speakers shall be
women irrespective of whether the Premier
is male or female.           The NEC further took
a decision that young people must be
accommodated in the composition of all
Executive Councils,
ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
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                                                             Oscar Mabuyane is the son of the
                                                             Easter n Cape whose roots are
                                                             implanted in the Chris Hani District.
                                                             M abuyane has led student and youth
                                                             struggles from an early age, serving
                                                             both SASCO as Branch Chairperson
                                                             and the ANC Youth League as
                                                             Deputy Chairperson with humility
                                                             and dedication. His astute leadership
                                                             in the student movement saw him
                                                             elected as President of the SRC at the
                                                             renowned University of Fort Hare.

                                                             M abuyane holds a Bachelor of
                                                             Commerce degree and is currently
                                                             pursuing his Masters. He currently
                                                             serves as the Chairperson of the ANC
                                                             in the Easter n Cape after serving
                                                             two ter ms as the Easter n Cape ANC
                                                             Provincial Secretary between 2009
                                                             and 2017. The ANC has entrusted

           C DE L u ba ba lo O s c a r M a b u y a n e
                                                             him with the responsibility of MEC
                                                             for Finance, Economic Development,
                                                             Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

                                                             His leadership in the Ministry has
                                                             seen many in the Tourism Industry
                                                             calling him a Champion for Tourism.


                                                             Ntombela holds certificates in the
                                                             following fields: teaching, healthcare,
                                                             skills leadership, social work and ABET.
                                                             Ntombela has a wealth of knowledge
                                                             and expertise with both ANC
                                                             organisational work and in the public

                                                             She is currently Premier of the Free
                                                             State. Prior to that, she held positions
                                                             of MECs, Mayor and served as an MPL
                                                             and Chief Whip in the Free State.
                                                             Ntombela’s political positions included
                                                             the following: Treasurer and Branch
                                                             Chairperson; Convenor of Progressive
                                                             Women’s Movement; ANC National

     CD E S e f o r a Hixs on i a “ S i s i ” N tomb e l a
                                                             Executive Committee member; Deputy
                                                             President of the Women’s League and
                                                             Provincial Treasurer of the ANC in the

                F REE STATE
                                                             Free State.
ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
4   A N C To da y


                                                     D avi d Makh u r a i s t h e cu r re n t P re mi e r of
                                                     G a u t e n g an d t h e ch ai r pe r son of t h e ANC i n
                                                     G a u t e n g. Makh u r a h as se r ve d as t h e provi n ci al
                                                     s e cre t ar y (2 0 0 1 – 2 0 1 4 ) an d de pu t y ch ai r pe r son
                                                     ( 2 0 1 4 – 2 0 1 8 ) of t h e ANC i n Gau t e n g. H e i s al so
                                                     a tr u st e e of t h e Ah me d K at h r ada F ou n dat i on
                                                     a n d t h e Davi d Makh u r a C h ar i t y F u n d Tr u st .
                                                     M akh u r a w as bor n i n B u ysdor p i n Li mpopo. H e
                                                     h a s be e n pol i t i cal l y act i ve from h i s you t h . H e
                                                     p a r t i ci pat e d, se r ve d an d occu pi e d l e ade r sh i p
                                                     p o si t i on s i n you t h an d st u de n t pol i t i cs i n t h e
                                                     A z an i a S t u de n t Move me n t (AZ AS M), C on gre ss
                                                     o f S ou t h Afr i can S t u de n t s (C OS AS ) an d t h e
                                                     S ou t h Afr i can You t h C on gre ss. Du r i n g h i s t e n u re
                                                     a t Un i ve r si t y, Makh u r a h as be e n t h e se cre t ar y
                                                     g en e r al of S ou t h Afr i can Nat i on al S t u de n t s’
                                                     C o n gre ss (S ANS C O), S ou t h Afr i can S t u de n t s’
                                                     C o n gre ss (S AS C O) w h e re h e w as an act i vi st for
                                                     s t u de n t s. P r i or t o ou r fi r st de mocr at i c e l e ct i on s
                                                     a n d be fore t h e u n ban n i n g of t h e ANC , Makh u r a
                                                     w a s par t of t h e u n de rgrou n d n e t w or k of t h e
                                                     A fr i can Nat i on al C on gre ss (ANC ) an d S ou t h
                                                     A fr i can C ommu n i st P ar t y (S AC P ). H e w as t h e
                                                     N a t i on al Edu cat i on S e cre t ar y an d su bse qu e n t l y
                                                     t h e De pu t y Ge n e r al S e cre t ar y of t h e Nat i on al
                                                     E d u cat i on , H e al t h an d Al l i e d Wor ke r s’ Un i on
                                                     ( NEH AWU) be t w e e n 1 9 9 7 an d 2 0 0 1 . H e h as al so
                                                     b ee n a me mbe r of C OS AT U’s C e n t r al Exe cu t i ve
                                                     C o mmi t t e e .
                                                     M akh u r a h as a w e al t h of e xpe r i e n ce i n pu bl i c

                    CDE Da v i d M a k h u ra
                                                     a d mi n i st r at i on an d al so h ol ds a Mast e r of
                                                     S ci e n ce (MS c) de gre e i n P u bl i c P ol i cy an d
                                                     M an age me n t from t h e Un i ve r si t y of Lon don .

                    G AU TENG
                                                     A t t h e 1 2 t h Me t ropol i s Wor l d C on gre ss
                                                     h e l d i n C an ada (2 0 1 7 ), Makh u r a w as e l e ct e d
                                                     C o - P re si de n t of t h e Me t ropol i s, t h e Wor l d
                                                     A s soci at i on of t h e l arge st me t ropol i t an re gi on s
                                                     a n d ci t i e s i n t h e gl obe .


                                                     Sihle Zikalala was bor n in Ndwedwe in
                                                     KwaZulu-Natal. He joined the struggle
                                                     for liberation at the tender age of
                                                     15. After the unbanning of the ANC,
                                                     he was instrumental in revitalising
                                                     the ANC and the ANCYL structures in

                                                     He holds a BA degree in
                                                     Communication Science and
                                                     an Honours degree in Business
                                                     Administration from the University
                                                     of Kwa-Zulu Natal (UKZN) in which
                                                     he graduated cum laude. Zikalala
                                                     is currently pursuing a Masters of
                                                     Commerce degree. He is currently
                                                     the ANC Chairperson in KwaZulu-

                     CDE S i h l e Z i k a l a l a
                                                     He served as the General Secretary
                                                     of the ANC Youth League Provincial
                                                     Secretary of the ANC in Kwa-Zulu

                                                     Natal. He is the currently the MEC for
                                                     Economic Development, Tourism and
                                                     Environmental Affairs in the province.
ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
5   A N C To da y



                                                       Stan Mathabatha grew up within the
                                                       ranks of the liberation movement and
                                                       joined MK at a very tender age. His
                                                       unwavering commitment to the course
                                                       of his people saw him rise through
                                                       the ranks to become part of the lead-
                                                       ership of Norther n Transvaal Youth
                                                       Congress (NOTYCO). He holds a Pri-
                                                       m ary Teachers Course, a BA Degree
                                                       from the University of the Wester n
                                                       Cape and Masters Degree in Develop-
                                                       m ent (MDev) from the University of
                                                       Limpopo’s Graduate School of Leader-

                                                       From 1992 to 1994, he served as the
                                                       Regional Treasurer of ANC in the then
                                                       Norther n Transvaal, now Limpopo
                                                       province. He has since served the
          C DE Ch u pu S ta n l e y Ma th a b a th a   ANC in various capacities in Limpopo.
                                                       In June 2018, Mathabatha was again

                    LI MPOPO
                                                       re-elected the Limpopo Provincial
                                                       Chairperson. He currently serves as
                                                       the Premier of Limpopo.

                                                       Refilwe Mtshweni attended her
                                                       primary school in Lynnville,
                                                       Emalahleni and completed
                                                       her secondary schooling in
                                                       Atteridgeville, Tshwane. She holds
                                                       a Human Resources Diploma and
                                                       has completed a Programme in
                                                       M anagement Development and
                                                       a Certificate in Leadership and
                                                       Gover nance.

                                                       Cde Refilwe Mtshweni is currently
                                                       serving as the Premier of
                                                       M pumalanga. She is the province’s
                                                       first female Premier since 1994.
                                                       She was previously the MEC of
                                                       Cooperative Gover nance and
                                                       Tr aditional Affairs (COGTA) in
                                                       M pumalanga. She has held positions
                                                       as an MPL, Deputy Chief Whip, Chair
                                                       and Deputy Chair of Committees
                                                       in the Mpumalanga Provincial

                                                       M tshweni has been involved in
                                                       political work across various ANC
                                                       structures. She has served as a
                                                       branch chairperson of the Women’s
                    CDE R e fi l w e Mts we n i        League, branch secretary, member of
                                                       the Provincial Executive Committee
                                                       of the ANC Youth League, Regional

          M PUMAL ANGA
                                                       Executive Member and Treasurer
                                                       of the ANC Nkangala region in
                                                       M pumalanga.
ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
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                                                 Dr Zamani Saul is the ANC premier
                                                 candidate for the Norther n Cape.

                                                 Dr Saul emerged through the
                                                 structures of the organisation from
                                                 Congress of South African Students
                                                 (COSAS), South African Student
                                                 Congress (SASCO), ANCYL to various
                                                 leadership positions in the Norther n
                                                 Cape. He is currently the Provincial
                                                 Chairperson of the ANC in the
                                                 Norther n Cape. He holds a B. Proc.
                                                 two Masters Degrees and a Doctor
                                                 of Laws. He is currently working on
                                                 his second Doctorate. Early in his
                                                 career, he worked as a candidate
                                                 attor ney and progressed to work as
                                                 the Regional Head of Social Security
                                                 in the Department of Social Services,
                                                 Head of Ministry in the Department
                                                 of Agriculture and Municipal Manager
                    CDE Dr. Z a ma n i S a u l   at the Pixley ka Seme District
                                                 M unicipality. Dr Saul possesses a

                                                 combination of both theoretical
                                                 and practical knowledge of public

ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
7    A N C To da y


Let us all lend a hand to grow South
D E A R M R P R E S I D E N T:

             he elections have                                              new job opportunities open up
             come      and     gone.                                        and prices of goods and services
             Your      organization,
             the African National
                                       Mr President, your                   becoming more affordable.

             Congress,        placed
             before the electorate a
                                       government has                         We remain confident that the
                                                                            lives of South Africans will
set of undertakings underpinned        made remarkable                      improve once the investments
by the over-arching message of                                              we are mobilising are fully
growing South Africa together.         progress over the                    realised, when our economy
This message, Mr President,                                                 starts to grow irreversibly and
resonated strongly with the            last 25 years to                     the pace of job creation gains
overwhelming majority of our
people. Put simply, the vast           reduce the levels of                 momentum.
                                                                              We are heartened to note
majority of our people embraced
this message with enthusiasm.
                                       poverty. However,                    that the ANC government is
                                                                            creating the necessary enabling
  Credit must go to you, Mr            the reality is                       environment for domestic and
President, as the face of our                                               foreign business to invest.
election campaign, the entire          that many South                      We have improved investor             zones and the black industrialists
leadership        collective,    our                                        confidence and promoted policy        programme         must    proceed
alliance partners, members,            Africans still live                  certainty and consistency.            unabated if we are to realize our
supporters        and     volunteers                                          Thanks     Mr     President   for   goal of expanding the country’s
across the length and breadth          in conditions of                     recognising the centrality of         manufacturing sector, which has
of the country for sparing
neither strength nor effort in
                                       abject poverty.                      ESKOM in our collective efforts
                                                                            to grow the economy. The stark
                                                                                                                  great capacity for job creation.
                                                                                                                    Mr President, your government
your collective determination          The prices of basic                  reality is that should ESKOM
                                                                                                                  has made remarkable progress
to achieve a decisive victory.                                              fail, our entire economy will fail.
You criss-crossed the streets          necessities such as                  As things stand, ESKOM poses          over the last 25 years to reduce
                                                                                                                  the levels of poverty. However,
and valleys of land to spread a                                             both fiscal and economic risks.
message of an ANC that listens         food, transport, fuel                Reliable energy is critical to        the reality is that many South
and is determined to champion                                               the growth and stability of any       Africans still live in conditions
their aspirations                      and electricity have                 economy. Thus, central to all our     of abject poverty. The prices of
  The urgent task that confronts
the entire movement immediately        been devastating to                  efforts to revitalize the economy
                                                                            must be to bring Eskom to
                                                                                                                  basic necessities such as food,
                                                                                                                  transport, fuel and electricity
following the national elections
is to put all hands on deck to held
                                       many South African                   financial sustainability.
                                                                              Mr President, your government
                                                                                                                  have been devastating to many
                                                                                                                  South      African     households.
grow South Africa. The socio-          households.                          must      be     applauded      for
                                                                                                                  While      significant    progress
economic ills that stubbornly                                               identifying the small business
stare all of us in the face remain                                          sector as the engine of our           has been made to uplift our
poverty, unemployment and                                                   economy and the catalyst              economy, many factors such
                                       economy and create jobs is to                                              as the price of oil or the effects
inequality. The clarion call is for                                         for massive job creation. The
                                       remove unnecessary barriers to
all of us to lend a hand towards                                            National     Development      Plan    of drought are beyond our
                                       work with domestic and foreign
building a better South Africa                                              articulates a vision of an            control. Despite these economic
and growing the economy. Our           business to improve the ease of
                                                                            economy that is inclusive,            difficulties, your government
country       desperately      needs   doing business in South Africa.      equitable and fast growing, with
                                         It is heartening, Mr President,                                          is doing a lot to reduce the
an economy that is capable                                                  SMME contributing 90% of the
                                       to note that your government is                                            cost of living. You are making
of creating decent jobs that                                                jobs by 2030. A healthy SMME
can improve the quality of             establishing an Infrastructure       sector has the potential to           the health care system more
people’s lives and help reduce         Fund which will mobilise all         make a massive contribution to        accessible to many more South
the unacceptably high levels of        government          infrastructure   the economy by creating more          Africans; You have expanded
poverty and unemployment.              resources and draw in extra          employment opportunities and          free higher education to more
  Thanks       to   the    visionary   funding from the private sector.     generating higher production          needy students; You have
leadership of the ANC, we              The Fund will draw together a        volumes.The vision of the             increased the number of no-fee
now have a clear plan to grow          range of expertise to ensure         department is to see aradically       schools and expanding public
the economy and create jobs.           that projects are delivered          transformed economy through
                                       on time, within budget and                                                 employment programmes.
Informed by the reality that both                                           effective     development      and
                                       in     compliance     with   good                                            Yes,     Mr     President,   the
domestic and foreign investment                                             increased       participation    of
is needed to boost the economy         governance principles.                                                     economic legacy of apartheid
                                                                            SMMEs and cooperatives in the
and create jobs you launched             Mr        President,        your   mainstream economy.                   is stubborn and will take many
an ambitious investment drive          government’s         interventions     I am certain many struggling        years to be eradicated. But
last year during the investment        to break the back of anti-           small business owners will            working together, we have the
conference. To the chagrin of          competitive behavior and the         embrace your plan to expand           capacity to build, brick by brick,
our detractors, this investment        concentration of our economy in      the small business incubation         a growing and sustainable
drive is gathering momentum.           monopolies must be applauded.        programme and set aside more          inclusive economy for all.
We are now sitting with real           We shoulder a responsibility, as     government procurement spend
and     concrete      commitments      the ANC, to open up the economy      for small businesses. Should
of around R300 billion. If this        to new black players, to make        this be implement without
                                       the economy more competitive                                               Yours in the struggle
trend continues, the target of                                              prevarication or equivocation,
mobilizing R1.2 trillion over five     and more attractive to investors.    this intervention will be a game-     Pule Mabe
years is within reach.                 In the final analysis, the biggest   changer.                              National Spokesperson and
  Mr President, part of what           winners will be ordinary South         The      industrial     incentive   Head Department of Information
we need to do to grow the              Africans and consumers as the        schemes in special economic           and Publicity
ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
8     A N C To da y


The walk beyond the Long Walk
– A quadranscentennial review of the post-apartheid South Africa
By Professor Daniel Plaatjies

   25 years has passed since Madiba completed the long walk to              past, a better future South Africa.
freedom as South Africa received its formal baptism as a democracy in          At the dawn of its democracy, South Africa witnessed a golden-era
April 1994. Despite the various ceremonies marking the silver jubilee       of sustained real economic growth, averaging 3.6 per cent over 60
of our acquired freedom, we must remain mindful of the ongoing              consecutive quarters (or 15 years), in spite of the disruptions caused
socio-economic challenges that we still face. The long walk is not          on our economy from 1997 Asian Financial Crisis; 9-11th 2001 in the
yet over to undo the vestiges of the economic structure of racial           U.S. to the Iraq War in 2003. During this time, our country transformed
exclusivity. Much work remains to be done to reduce the widespread          from a modest nation, into an open, sophisticated economy based in
poverty, increasing inequality and persistently high unemployment           the tertiary sector. Today, the highest majority of South Africa’s GDP
plaguing our country. Here is a candid quadranscentennial review of         is comprised of finance, real estate and business services at 22 per
some of the significant changes in our economy and well-being, as           cent, followed by 16 per cent in general government services; 15 per
well as the performance of the government in meeting the challenges         cent in Wholesale, retail and motor trade; catering and accommodation,
as remnants of apartheid since. The goal is to inform and hopefully         and 13 per cent in manufacturing (see Figure 1).
chart, through introspecting and learning the economic facts of our

     Figure 1: gross domestic product by industry at constant 2010 prices (R billion)

     Source: Statistics South Africa, Stats SA (2018) and own calculations.

    The three key ingredients of economic growth, namely: labour in         and basic services (water, electricity, refuse and sanitation). Moreover,
terms of employment, capital in buildings and machinery and factor          the government exercised prudent fiscal management and reduced
productivity as the overall efficiency of production, all contributed       the national debt to its record-low at 25 per cent of GDP in 2008.
to this golden-era of development in South Africa (Figure 2). Most          Capital’s contribution to growth in terms of buildings and machinery
notably is the total factor productivity, which represents, amongst other   remained stable throughout this “golden-era” of economic growth.
things: technology, institutions, policies and governance, sustained           Figure 2: Contributions to economic growth – Q1 1994 - Q3 2018
the momentum of economic progression during the first 15 years of
our democracy. Labour’s contribution to growth,
albeit positive, was, however, insufficient to absorb
the faster-growing number of new entrants into
the labour force. As a result, unemployment
remains stubbornly high at over 25 per cent
(official definition), as well as inequality as the
gap between those who can taste the fruits of
development through employment and income,
and those who fell out of the mainstream continues
to widen. Thus, the poverty trap becomes literal
to its meaning in spite of the government’s shift
in expenditure towards vulnerable households
through social transfers, spending on education
and education and widened access to assets

                                                                                                                                continues on page 9
ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
9    A N C To da y


continued from page 8

The walk beyond the Long Walk
– A quadranscentennial review of the post-apartheid South Africa

                                                       the economy. As a result, a dark shadow has               In terms of people’s well-being: inflation -
   However, as capital’s contribution to growth        since been cast over South Africa’s economic          which is the increase in the general price level
was set to pick up towards the 2010 FIFA World         prospect as the country’s real, long-term growth      of goods and services - has stayed broadly
Cup, the onset of the 2008/2009 financial              decelerated, beleaguered by recessionary scares       within the target bandwidth of three to six per
crisis and its contagion effect of the burst           and negative outlooks. Poverty, inequality            cent. However, as economic growth remains
bubble in U.S.’s mortgage sector disrupted             and unemployment become exacerbated                   muted below one per cent, households’ real
not just South Africa’s growth trajectory, but         without tandem economic growth to create              purchasing power and thus, welfare becomes
also the entire world. Notwithstanding this            employment opportunities to alleviate. The            diminished. More alarmingly, the decomposition
external shock, mistakes borne in bad politics         financial, operational and governance crises          of inflation over the last eight years (Figure 3)
and self-interests eroded the practice of good         of critical State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs)            shows that core inflation of necessities for the
governance, undermining the government’s               mired the country in stagnation and investment        poor, namely: food, non-alcoholic beverages,
legitimacy and trust of the people. During the last    confidence in depression for capital. Despite         housing utilities and public transport, health and
decade, years of institutional decay combined          fiscal countercyclical manoeuvres, which              education, comprised much of the inflationary
with incoherent policies and uncertainty have          amassed national debt to over 50 per cent             burden.
caused significant damages to the structural           of GDP in less than a decade, South Africa’s
body on both the demand and supply sides of            growth remained pedestrian stagnant.

             Figure 3: Bi-annual inflation contributions in item category, inflation rate (%)

        Source: Statistics South Africa, Stats SA (2018) and own calculations.

   25 years on since Nelson              the key constraints affecting the        labour market dynamics; bolstering      value-for-money of every rand
Mandela’s long walk to freedom,          long-run growth in South Africa’s        confidence in capital investments;      spent.
the path ahead remains long and          future. While focusing on higher         and restoring governance in public         We have every reason to feel
narrow for us to achieve the vision      levels of economic growth is             institutions. Our entrusted citizens’   confident about our future.
of South Africa as set out in the        critical, the inclusivity of growth in   scarce resources shall be used to
Constitution:                            generating sustainable and sufficient    optimise welfare for its rightful,      Professor Daniel Plaatjies
   The realities set out in terms        quantum of employment matters.           original owners. To that end, an        PhD (Wits); MPhil (UWC); BSocSc
of labour dynamics, capital              With economic growth lagging,            exercise to improve public sector       Hons (UCT)
investments and productivity             the government will make every           productivity against the strict set     Chair of the Financial & Fiscal
here provided a brief and by no          effort to stimulate the economy          of costing criteria is currently        Commission
means an exhaustive report of            through supporting employment in         underway to ensure maximum
ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
10    A N C To da y


The DA & EFF’s Polit(R)ics of Fear, Lies
& (Un)Populism
An Analysis Of The Opposition Performance In The 2019 Elections

                 ith   the    2019   took approximately 2-3% of the         Johannesburg. Most importantly         polit(R)ics of fear by telling its
                 e l e c t i o n s   african working class and poor         its inability to plan for campaign     historical base voters i.e. the
                 having       been   vote as well as having possibly        without former President Zuma          white and coloured voters to
                 successfully        impacted on a lower voter              and equally to respond to the          keep the ANC and EFF out of
                 c o m p l e t e d   turnout in the african townships.      ‘’Ramaphoria factor‘’.                 the Western Cape. The implicit
                 and the dust        Thus, there impact must be seen          Why then did the DA support not      message was that the ANC was
slowly settling it is important      within the context of a broader        drop lower in the Western Cape
                                                                                                                   going to be in coalition with the
to not only evaluate the ANCs        co-      ordinated      opposition     as predicted by the 6 key polls,
campaign but to also analyze         strategy to chip away at the           yet it experienced drastic losses      EFF in the Western Cape and
the strengths and weaknesses         ANC support base.                      in Tshwane and Johannesburg            that colored and white voters
of the main opposition party           When assessing the overall           as reported by the CSIR analysis       would land and homes would
campaigns in order for the ANC       results of the major opposition        ? It would seem that in the last       be expropriated as well as the
to strengthen its campaign going     parties i.e. DA, EFF , IFP, FF+        3 months prior to the elections        threat of losing their social
forward. There were 47 political     ACDP etc. the outcome was not          the DA partly recovered from its       security benefits. In a previous
parties that campaigned against      surprising. All of the six major       shell-shocked state of political       article by NEC Sub- committee
the ANC (this included the DA        polling agencies predicted that        paralysis and purgatory due to         Head      of    Communications,
& EFF) of which 29 were new.         the DA support would decrease          the Ramphoria campaign. They           Nkenke Kekana he correctly
The majority of these parties        significantly whilst the EFF           realized that they were in danger      analysed that this message was
targeted the same base areas i.e.    would see a surge in support           of losing their base province as
                                                                                                                   strategically coordinated with
historically african working- and    as well as a moderate increase         many of their working class
                                                                                                                   the EFF’s tacit consent. The
middle-class wards that have         in support for the FF+ and the         coloured       metro voters were
historically voted for the ANC.      IFP. The only surprises were           threating to support De Lille’s        benefit for the EFF being that by
The only parties that contested      that firstly, the EFF growth           GOOD party as well as an               shrewdly implying that they were
the DA base voters i.e. whites,      although having increased by           increase in the coloured metro         going into coalition with the
coloureds and indians were the       4% since 2014 only increased           middle class and rural support         ANC which in fact never was the
Freedom Front+, ACDP and the         by moderate 2% since 2016.             for President Ramaphosa .              case, they would be able to win
new kid on the block GOOD. The       Secondly, the DA only dropped            Similarly, many of its white         over votes from a large sector of
former mainly contested in the       by 2% nationally rather than           Afrikaner support base were            potential supporters that were
historically white base wards        between 4 and 5%. Thirdly the          also     threatening     to    leave   uncomfortable with the EFF’s
and the latter GOOD focused          DA only dropped by 4% in the           for     the     Freedom      Front+    current alliance with the DA. That
on the historically coloured         Western Cape when all 6 polls          particularly in Gauteng due to         the DA was and is in coalition
working class and middle-class       had been consistently predicting       the DA’s ideological and policy
                                                                                                                   with the EFF in Johannesburg
urban areas . The ACDP seemed        that the DA would decrease             incoherence as it relates to broad
to straddle both.                    from the 59% it received in 2014       based economic empowerment             and Tshwane was conveniently
  Of the said 47 parties only 13     and 66% it received in 2016 to         and affirmative action. Thus, the      not mentioned in the Western
Parties managed to get seats in      between 44 and 51% in 2019.            DA urgently redeployed much            Cape. This message of fear
parliament Collectively they took    The only rational explanation for      of its resources to the Western        seemed to resonate with the
almost 43% of the vote with the      this lower than expected drop          Cape       including     reluctantly   overwhelming majority of white
EFF, IFP, UDM and COPE, taking       of 2% nationally is because            bringing out there right wing          voters and a reduced majority
about 20% of the support in the      the drop in the Western Cape           and conservative but popular           of coloured metro working class
african townships and ANC base       which is its base area fell short      leaders such as Zille and Leon         who initially indicated that they
areas. The DA, and FF+ took          of the polling targets.        More    to campaign in the last 3 weeks.       were not going to support the
more than 90% of the white vote      particularly so, since most of           Furthermore, as I predicted          DA. The EFFs attack on Indians
whilst the DA, ACDP and GOOD         the results indicate that the          in a previous article ‘’ The DA
                                                                                                                   also seemed to be part of a
collectively got the majority        DA experienced a significant           polit(r)ics of Fear’’,      the DA
                                                                                                                   nuanced fear tactic in tandem
of the coloured and indian           drop in the african townships          out of desperation ran a very
vote. . This election also saw       in Gauteng and that if this            powerful and nuanced negative          with the DA. The result was that
a plethora of smaller issue and      had been a local government            ‘’swart gevaar ‘’campaign in the       it was able to retain its working
sectoral specific parties such as    election the ANC would have            Western Cape whilst projecting         class indian base areas in KZN.
SRWP, ATA etc. contesting the        won back both Tshwane and              an image of good governance            The fear factor resulted in a very
elections and targeting mainly       Johannesburg as reported in the        using the Western Cape as an           high voter turnout within these
the african working class and        Business day yesterday.                example in the rest of the country.    constituencies. However,        its
poor i.e. the historical ANC           Why did the DA support drop ?        The ANC election team in the           xenophobic campaign aimed
base voter. The results indicate     The answers are well publicized        Western Cape unlike in Gauteng,        at african voters seemed to be
that the vast majority of them       . This included amongst others         regrettably was unable to              a dismal failure for now. The
( other than GOOD and ATM)           it’s   ideological     crisis,   its   effectively counter this narrative     opposition in general and the DA
did not gain sufficient votes        leadership crisis, its governance      nor did it effectively capitalise
                                                                                                                   fear tactics and EFF populism
to obtain a seat in parliament.      crisis, its handling of the water      on the crisis by strategically co
                                                                                                                   proved unpopular and were
Therefore, at face value, viewed     crisis in the City of Cape Town ,      ordinating its messaging with
individually they are regarded       the manner in which it handled         other opposition parties such as       unable to counter the positive
as insignificant but healthy for     the     De Lille saga and the          GOOD and Al Jamaa that were            effect of President Ramaphosa
our democracy and at worse,          numerous corruption and cadre          also threatening the DA base           on     the     ANC’s      electoral
irritants for the ANC. However,      deployment scandals where              areas. The DA was therefore            performance nationally.
when viewed collectively they        it governed in Tshwane and             able to effectively invoke its
11    A N C To da y


The Union Buildings: A Tale of Multiple Narratives

By Busani Ngcaweni
                                                                                                      Article first appeared in The Star, 18 May 2014

               ast Monday I checked in                                           in this building, men and women         building has assumed, a giant statue
               at the Union Buildings                                            – representing the racial and           of Nelson Mandela was unveiled
               where I ply my trade                                              cultural tapestry of our land –         on the Day of Reconciliation on
               at an unusual hour,                                               gather to pursue a non-racial           16 December 2013, a mere few
               07:30. This was more                                              and democratic project. They            days after the entombment of
               than an hour early                                                use century-old boardrooms to           our first democratically elected
for a late sleeper. I worked until                                               make decisions to send rescue
                                                                                                                         President. Now thousands of
my usual knock off time of 19:00.                                                missions to Mozambique when
                                                                                                                         local and international guests
From the moment I checked in                                                     there are floods; to extend social
                                                                                                                         visit the Union Buildings to pay
until I logged off, I had to contend                                             security to the needy; to build
with some irritating noise outside,                                                                                      tribute and take “selfies” next to
                                                                                 social and economic infrastructure,
which could only be minimised by                                                 especially targeting the poor           the giant monument.
closing windows. However, closing                                                regions of the country like my             As for those of us privileged
windows meant suspending one’s                                                   grandparents’ village of Ndwedwe,       to work at the Union Buildings,
yearning for the fresh Tshwane air                                               thus altering the spatial economy.      we now check in and sign out
we enjoy daily in this rather cold                                               These democratically elected            knowing full well that there is a
building. It is evident that Herbert     century of this building reminds        leaders gather here to ponder           great ancestor looking over us,
Baker never really observed the          me that once upon a time a              the advancement of a just and           as if saying: “take care of this
north-facing building rule when he       group of men (yes they were men)        equitable world order with Africa       democracy and work harder towards
designed the building, preferring        gathered in the same building to        taking centre stage.                    the achievement of a better life
to prioritise the spectacular view       take decisions and make laws that          That is the post-apartheid face      for all”. We have been freed from
over climatic considerations.            excluded the majority from the body     of the monument called the Union
                                         politic of their own country. The                                               the haunting thought of “who
  The noise came from heavy-duty                                                 Buildings, at the hill once used
                                         same building would house men                                                   might have occupied my office”
trucks and dozens of workers toiling                                             by Mzilikazi as his base for many
                                         who – motivated by racial hatred                                                during the Sharpeville Massacre
outside the building, preparing                                                  years before he moved and finally
for the Presidential Inauguration        – legalised racism, exclusion and                                               in 1960 or as late as during the
                                                                                 settled in present-day Bulawayo
planned for Saturday May 25.             under development. They took            in Zimbabwe.                            Shobashobane carnage in 1995.
The stage, camera and seating            decisions to dispossess and kill           It is a tale of two narratives, a    “What role did he play in those
pavilions are being installed at         citizens inside and outside our         true union of opposites, the then       genocidal acts.”
the Nelson Mandela Amphitheatre.         borders. They fuelled civil wars        triumph of white supremacy and             Suddenly, this affirming thought
At the bottom of the hill, in the        in Mozambique and Angola. They          colonialism, and now the triumph        deafens the irritating noise of
gardens, another set of workers          rationalised racism, sugar-coating it   of democracy and the ideal of           offloading rigs. I reopen the
are preparing the stage for the          with science and religion. To them,     national unity.                         window, wave at the men in red
concert and the public-viewing           the racial minority that benefited         It will be too long to narrate all   overalls, return to converse with the
area of the inauguration.                from colonialism and apartheid,         the multiple stories of the meaning     colleague speculating that perhaps
  As this observation unfolds, some      the union of English and Afrikaner      and symbolism of the Union              by the time of the inauguration of
rationalisation suddenly appears.        socio-political interests, the Union    Buildings in these limited pages.       the sixth democratic government,
Here is a young black man who            Buildings was a symbol of a white       Safe to say that all readers have
                                                                                                                         his daughter would be navigating
grew up in the unnavigable hills         man’s triumph in the lands far          to do to appreciate the emotion
                                         afield from his European origin.                                                one of the Air Force jets that will
of Ndwedwe and the shanty town                                                   behind this unmandated reflection
                                         It was a symbol of modernity,                                                   fly-past the Union Buildings with
of Inanda gazing through the                                                     is to imagine every other decision
window of a spectacular 101-year-        European modernity.                                                             another democratically elected
                                                                                 of the white minority regime taken
old building concerned about               To Dr JL Dube and Pixley ka Isaka     here between 1913 and 1993.             President in salute.
the morning fresh breeze whose           Seme who lived near where I grew        Then they might get the picture.           This is the story of multiple
consumption is interrupted by            up, studied and built the same          Think of where the decision to          narratives, the South African story
the hustle and bustle of working         high school where I matriculated        raid Lesotho was taken; imagine         of change and continuity, of the
men and moving rigs.                     (Ohlange High), the Union Buildings     where the decision to stunt the         present as history and history as
  The moment suddenly turns              was a symbol of white supremacy         development of black people by          the future. Thus we say Happy 20th
emotional. The fifth democratic,         and African oppression. For our         destroying their education system       Anniversary to liberated South
peaceful and non-racial elections        generation it was a war room            was designed in 1948. This is where     Africa! Congratulations to all South
have just happened. Results have         for state-sponsored violence            the judges who sentenced Andrew         Africans who made democracy a
been announced. New Parliament           commanded by the likes of PW            Zondo and Solomon Mahlangu              living reality by voting on 7 May!
begins on 21 May and shortly             Botha and FW de Klerk. And so we        were appointed; starving our            Importantly, best wishes to all the
after the inauguration we will           sang: “Siyaya ePitol”. We grew up       country of talented young men
                                                                                                                         political parties that contested
have a new Cabinet responsible           wishing for the destruction of this     who could have contributed to
                                                                                                                         and won representation in our
for implementing a programme of          building, imagining a revolutionary     the socio-cultural and economic
                                         match from all corners of South                                                 fifth democratic elections. To
action premised on the ideal of                                                  life of this country.
building a non-racial, non-sexist,       Africa to dismantle this house             Page leap to May 2014, the same      the re-elected African National
united, democratic and prosperous        of bigoted men brick by brick.          building houses a government            Congress, may efforts to create
South Africa.                            We never imagined a radical             that extends bursaries to Further       the national democratic society
  The emotion intensify as the           nationalist like Nelson Mandela         Education and Training college          prosper!
office driver greets excitedly,          being inaugurated here.                 students, sends assistance to
sharing the good story that his            Came 1994, Mandela and his            drought-stricken countries in the
teenage daughter has been called         leadership collective decide that       continent, deploys peacekeeping         Views contained in this article are
for assessment by the SA Air             this very same symbol of racial         missions to central and east            personal views of the author and
Force, where she applied to train        chauvinism would be the seat of         Africa where the African Union          do not represent official positions
as engineer and pilot.                   the new democratic government.          is intervening.                         or policy of the ANC.
  Casting the eye into the past            As a twist of tale, since 1994           Befitting the new symbolism the
12    A N C To da y


Let’s not take the people of South
Africa for granted!

  “The true facts are not
always obvious. They often
  have to be looked for”.
                        Oliver Tambo

By Mduduzi Mbada And Fezile Ngqobe

              n the evening of the      especially by those who have been
              11th of May 2019, the     propagating for “generational
              Independent Electoral     take-over” if they still have an
              Commission (IEC)          interest of taking over the ANC
              declared the 2019         in the next five years. This new
              general elections free    generation of ANC leaders should
and fair whilst also acknowledging      define its own mission by taking
                                                                                   These ordinary South Africans        we have seen leaders of the ANC
some of the challenges experienced      back the ANC to the people. The
                                                                                are looking forward to a better         speaking out of tune with the
during the voting process. Indeed,      first and most important thing to
                                                                                future; where corruption and the        people, including taking policy
with more than 40 political parties     do in this regard is to listen to
                                                                                many get rich quick schemes that        decisions that do not appeal nor
contesting these elections, it was      what the people are saying. The
                                                                                turned some ANC friends and their       address the ongoing problems of
not going to be an easy ride for        arrogance and time of telling the
                                                                                cronies into “instant millionaires”     the people.
the IEC.                                people that: “Conference has
                                                                                are a thing of the past. They are          The ANC should concern itself
  The African National Congress         elected me or elected certain
                                                                                yearning for better service delivery,   with what the people think of its
(ANC) was declared the winner           people” must be understood in
                                                                                better governance and a growing         choices and decisions. What society
with almost 57% of the total            the context of an ANC which is          economy that creates more jobs.         thinks about those the ANC puts
vote. Many commentators and             contesting political power and not         The people are saying to the         forward to lead, in government and
pollsters predicted that the ANC        in the context of ANC members           ANC we need competent people to         in society, matters a great deal.
will win the elections but with a       being the ultimate people who           lead us, they are saying we need        At all times the ANC must be on
reduced majority. In general, the       elect a political party into power.     people that have the capability to
ANC has dropped 12% since the              The fundamental question remains,                                            the side of the people and never
                                                                                catapult and change the current         against them. It is not enough to
2009 elections. This raises the         for those who want to take over         situation to a better one, hence
question of whether the ANC has         the ANC, how would they strike                                                  consider exclusively the views
                                                                                the ANC’s notion of a better life
been moving away from being the         the balance between their ANC                                                   only of ANC members and its
                                                                                for all, not for those in leadership.
trusted instrument or vehicle for the   constitutionally elected positions                                              fraternal structures.
                                                                                More people are saying we need
people of South Africa to resolve       and listening to the electorate going                                              We must listen to the people,
                                                                                honest and ethical leaders, who
their on-going challenges of poverty,   forward? The arrogance of always                                                including to the smallest of voices
                                                                                will not devour state resources
unemployment and inequality. If         referring to being elected by ANC                                               if we are to continue to make the
                                                                                for personal gains.
this significant drop and recent        branches should give way to the                                                 ANC the best and most reliable
                                                                                   The problem, however, is that
electoral results are anything to       art of listening to the electorate                                              vehicle at the disposal of the
                                                                                the internal electoral process
go by, the evidence suggests that       or else the ANC will be history in                                              people to resolve their ongoing
                                                                                of the ANC makes assumptions
this may be the case – the ANC is       the next local and national general                                             challenges.
                                                                                that those that are elected in the
no longer the trusted custodian         elections. The outcome of the                                                      This is the only way we can
                                                                                structures will resonate with the
of the aspirations of the people        recent elections is an indication       people. This must be changed.           restore the hard-earned leadership
of South Africa. The outcomes of        that despite being elected by           The people must be brought into         of the South Africa society and
the 2019 elections also represent       branches, those branches will           this process at an early stage          together we can build a South
what many argue to be the last          not elect you into power but the        because whilst they do not have         Africa of our dreams.
opportunity given to the ANC by         people of South Africa many of          membership cards of the ANC; the
the people to continue building         whom love the ANC but are not           ANC also belongs to them since          Views contained in this article are
a national democratic society.          part of the branches. It is the         it is their votes that by and large     personal views of the author and
  The message the electorate            broader South African public that       determine who governs.                  do not represent official positions
is sending to the ANC needs to          has the final say on who should            This is important because there      or policy of the ANC.
be heeded and taken seriously           govern South Africa.                    are a couple of examples where
13     A N C To da y


ANC Youth Leaguers and their
mission today

By China Dodovu

         n the wake of the election       a generation that joined MK after
         outcomes of 09 May 2019          leading the 1976 student uprisings.
         which saw the ANC losing         They were a breed of freedom fighters
         another 5%, it is pertinent      who were brave and determined,
         to ask questions about           and ready to confirm their part
         the ANC Youth League             in the battle for freedom and to
(ANCYL) and the role it played            offer examples of unprecedented
during this elections campaign.           self-sacrifice. Cadres such as
  To answer this question, we must        Ting Ting Masango, Solomon
examine the past, present and             Mahlangu, Barney Molokwane
future role of the ANCYL. Most            and Andrew Zondo are the core of             Sadly, it has in fact failed to      What makes it more sad is that its
pertinently, what was the mission         that generation. Their names are          fulfill it, let alone to discover it.   leaders have develop functional
of its successive generations in          indelibly imprinted in the annals            It seems that since the dawn of      blindness on their own defects
the course of the struggle? Did           of history.                               a new constitutional era in 1994,       and can’t see the crisis it is facing.
these generations fulfil or betrayed        When the trumpet summons                its unique character of militancy          To compound its problems,
their missions? And is the current        the young lions to come forward           has begun to slowly erode and in        most of its structures including
generation ANCYL leaders able to          in the 1980s, its troop marshal,          the last few years, the intensity       its National Executive Committee
emulate the verve, acumen and             Peter Mokaba pooled the youth of          of the erosion is disturbing.           are operating beyond the terms
tenacity of their predecessors?           our land together to intensify the           The 2019 general election results    of their offices which have long
                                          struggle for freedom. The generation      have shown that a sort of creeping      expired and the ages of some of
  The ANC Youth League’s                  of the young lions responded to           paralysis afflicts the ANCYL and        its leaders surpass the acceptable
mission – 1944-1994                       Comrade OR Tambo’s call “to               could soon become terminal unless       limits of being called youth. Their
  When the ANCYL founders who             render apartheid unworkable               treated with utmost urgency. It         equivalents are leading political
included Anton Lembede, AP Mda,           and the country ungovernable.”            is not only on the sliding side of      parties such as the EFF and DA,
OR Tambo, Walter Sisulu, Nelson           They executed their mission with          morality but its counterpart and        and daily hurl insults and direct
Mandela, Congress Mbatha, Jordan          precision and became a dynamo             rival, the Economic Freedom             vitriolic attacks against ANC
Ngubane and Mxolisi Majombozi             of militancy and activism to              Fighters (EFF) has outmaneuvered        leaders with no responses from
congregated at the Bantu Social           galvanize and defend the unity            it in all respects.                     the ANCYL.
Centre in Johannesburg in 1944,           of the people until freedom was              Instead of being the voice for          The ANCYL leaders have
their mission was to step up the          won in 1994.                              young people and a champion             failed to wake up, to put on their
fight against racial segregation            From 1944 to 1994, the ANC              for their pressing needs, many          thinking caps and to stop playing
and radicalized the struggle for          Youth League generations paid             Youth Leaguers do more harm             irresponsible games fraught with
national liberation.                      supreme prizes and sacrificed to          to its image, its rich history and      politics of the belly, conspicuous
  They vowed to galvanize the             bring freedom in our land. They           its legacy by failing to maturely       consumption, factional battles
ANC - “a body of gentlemen with           had an abiding love of their country      engage in public discourse and          and insulting elders.
clean hands” - and they became            and believed in the fundamental           to mobilize young people for the           Under Julius Malema, Ronald
the brain trust and power station         rights of every person to equality,       overwhelming victory of the ANC.        Lamola and the late Sindiso Magaxa,
of the spirit of African nationalism.     dignity and justice.                      The only conspicuously visible          the ANCYL at least adopted a
As such, by 1949, they had                  The post-apartheid era presented        structure during the elections          slogan “Economic Freedom in our
persuaded the ANC to adopt a              an opportunity for the ANCYL to           was Amayanga-yanga under the            life time”, which it championed
militant program of defiance,             redefine and rediscover itself.           tutelage of the ANC Women’s             relentlessly albeit recklessly until
including mass action by strikes,         This era constituted a radical            League.                                 it was dissolved and its leaders
boycotts, civil disobedience and          departure from defeating apartheid           Unfortunately, most of the           were either suspended or expelled.
other tactics. They led from the          to reconstruction and development.        ANCYL leaders are notorious for            To this day, the ANCYL still calls
front in the Defiance Campaign            In building that future for young         their undigested articulations, for     itself young lions. It is my assertion
as volunteers.                            people, it was expected to confront       pouring venom towards adults            that the young lions generation
  The next generation of Youth            and be a champion of issues such          and employing stunts to label           fulfilled its mission before 1994.
Leaguers in the 1960s discovered          as unemployment, HIV/AIDS,                their detractors.                       The current generation is nameless,
its mission by swelling the ranks         education, teenage pregnancy                 During the #FeesMustFall             signifying lack of creativity and
of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), as             and motherhood, child abuse and           crisis which largely affected its       innovation.
pioneers in defense of the people,        rape, drug and alcohol abuse,             constituency, the ANCYL was                The ANCYL members must take
their future and freedom. The             crime and violence, obesity and           conspicuous by its absence. It          this criticism to the heart and use
story of this generation, known           immoral values.                           became more silent when young           it as a lucid and witty guide to
as the Luthuli Detachment is                Does the current generation             women like Karabo Mokoena,              resolve its troubling paradoxes.
laced with discipline, bravery,           have the capacity to build on             Thembisile Yende and many other
unshakable determination and              this legacy?                              young women were cold-bloodedly
political clarity. It is a story filled     In the light of this rich history and   murdered.
with blood, sweat and tears, a            the challenges facing the youth              It is sad that the intellectual      Views contained in this article are
story filled with dreams, hopes           and the country, does the current         capital within the current leaders      personal views of the author and
and fears.                                generation of leaders have the            has shrunk considerably and if          do not represent official positions
  The Luthuli detachment was              capacity to build on this legacy?         not arrested now, the ANCYL will        or policy of the ANC.
followed by the June 16 detachment,                                                 head towards self-liquidation.
14     A N C To da y


“Africa’s Cause Must Triumph. The Collected
Writings of AP Mda”
by Robert Edgar and Luyanda ka Msumza.
(Best Red. 2018)

Review by Thami Ka Plaatjie

  Robert Edgar and                         League at Fort Hare. Mid 1949,
                                           Mda was invited to address the
Luyanda ka Msumzi                          Fort Hare community wherein he
have accomplished                          made a lasting impression on most
a massive feat by                          students such as Sobukwe, Joe
                                           Mathews, Nyathi Pokela, Ntsu
producing a full                           Mokhehle, Duma Nokwe to name
and comprehensive                          a few. The university staff was
                                           equally thrilled and it included Z.K.
collection of the writings
                                           Mathews, Professor Dent, Cecil
one of South African                       Ntloko, Mzamane to list a few.
political luminaries in
                                             This book is a must read for all
the person of Ashly                        patriots. It traces the resitence
Peter Mda in a book                        struggle from the 1930’s to the
titled Africa Cause Must                   1980’s. The politics of the ICU,
                                           Non European Unity Movement
Triumph. The Collected                     and its leading lights, Bhunga

Writings of A.P.Mda.                       politics, the Native Representative
                                           Council( NRC), the
                                             politics of the Communist Party
            his treasured collection       and its natal strongman Champion
            scales all political heigths   are also explored. The formation
            that have defined the          of the ANC Youth League with
            activist life of Mda from      Lembede at the helm with his
            the early 1930’s to the        gusto and bravado, and tenstions
            mid 1980’s. The life           with Dr Xuma and his subsequent
of a endearing student, devout             ignoble ousting at the Magasa
Catholic, teacher, lecturer , avid         Hall, Batho Location on the 16th
debater, pan africanist and a              December 1949 in Bloemfontein,
colossal thinker is told through           are all explained in illuminating
the many letters, speeches.,               details from the personal accounts
anecdotes that have been so                of A.P.Mda.
immaculately preserved. This                 It was at this very conference
collectipn closes a crtical lacuna         where Walter Sisulu , aged 37
in the politics of the emergence           years was nominated by Lancelot
of the ANC Youth League and the            Guma and supported by Alan
ideological tensions that soon led         Nxumalo to ascend the position
to the breakaway of Sobukwe.               of Secretary General.                      This collectipn          The political paroxysms of the
                                                                                                            1960’s are captured with iconic
Mda, by his own account, had                 Both Z.K.Mathews and A.P. had
cautioned against the breakaway            earlier declined nominations for the
                                                                                     closes a crtical       treatment. It was evident that
                                                                                                            there was no “Nihil obstat” in
seeing that the Africanist had not         presidency a fact that prompted           lacuna in the          the way of a radical generation
yet mustered adequate strenght             O.R. Tambo and Ntsu Mokhehle
to secede on their own.                    to rush to Dr Moroka’s house in           politics of the        matching bodly towards freedom.
                                                                                                            The book is the authoritative
  This collection gives a detailed         Thaba Nchu and convinced him
account of the tumultuous politics         to contest Xuma for the                   emergence of           expression of the political, social
of the 1950’s from a partisant               presidency of the ANC.                                         and philosophical zeitgeist of the
eyewitness point of view. For                Mda takes us on a long, tiresome,
                                                                                     the ANC Youth          1930’s to the 1980’s. Our void is
                                                                                                            filled and our thirst is quenched.
example, the machinations behind           heroic, exhilarating and hazardous        League and the         Heavy leasons must be derived
the formation of the ANC Youth             yet fulfilling journery in the struggle
League branch at Fort Hare in              for freedom. His voice is matched         ideological tensions   lest their lives and sacrifices were
1959 are sketched in alarming              by those of his peers in the many                                in vain.
detail and vividness.Mda had               letters of correspondence with them       that soon led to          A pure gem of serene thoughts
earlier given instruction to               where they speak for themseves.                                  litered with political opulence and
Godfrey Pitje to leave no stone            Rare correspondence that comes
                                                                                     the breakaway of       laced with a fecundity of emergent
unturned is working towards the            to historic light is a                    Sobukwe.               radical nationalist views of the
establishment of the ANC Youth               treasured welcome.                                             ANC Youth League.
15     A N C To da y


18 - 24 May 2019
  18 May 1912.                             18 May 1899.                          20 May 1910.                           21 May 1946.

                                                                                  Hailey’s Comet passes 22 km
                                                                                from Earth, the closest in history.
                                                                                Comets are space snowballs of
                                                                                frozen gases, rock and dust that
                                                                                circle in a fixed pattern around
                                                                                the Sun. When frozen, they are
                                                                                the size of a small town.

                                                                                 20 May 20, 1935.
                                             An International Peace Confer-
                                          ence is convened at The Hague in
                                          the Netherlands. It adopts conven-
                                          tions on warfare and creates the
                                          Permanent Court of Arbitration,
                                          now the UN International Court
  Walter Ulyati Sisulu was born in        of Justice (ICC). The case against
the Engcobo area in Eastern Cape.         South Africa about the adminis-
Sisulu worked as a miner, baker’s         tration of South West Africa was
assistant, domestic helper and            heard in this court.
factory hand and was an active
trade unionist before joining the          19 May 1930.
ANC in 1940. He was one of the
founders of the ANC Youth League,
elected as its first treasurer in 1944.                                                                                 As a (albeit divided) participant
He went on to become Secretary                                                                                        and contributor in the Second
General of the ANC from 1949 to                                                                                       World War, South Africa faced
1954, as leader of the Defiance                                                                                       severe food shortages during the
campaign and the adoption of the                                                                                      1940s, with the poor especially
Freedom Charter (1955), and was                                                    A special meeting of the League    vulnerable. Wholesalers and oth-
a founder of Umkhonto we Sizwe                                                  of Nations, the forerunner of the     ers hoarded food and sold it at
in 1961. A Rivonia trialist, he was                                             United Nations is called for by       exorbitant prices. A non-racial
sentenced to life imprisonment                                                  Abyssinia (now Ethiopia), request-    women’s organisation formed in
in 1964, and served on Robben                                                   ing aid in defence against Italian    1946, the Cape Town Women’s
Island until his release in 1989.                                               aggression. Ethiopians, led by        Food Committee, organised food
After the unbanning of the ANC                                                  reigning Emperor Haile Selassie       queues so that everybody could
he chaired the Interim Leadership                                               resisted this invasion of Musso-      get food. Founders and leaders
Core to rebuild the ANC. He was                                                 lini’s forces during what is known    of the CTWFC included Katie
elected as Deputy President at                                                  as the Second Italo-Ethiopian         White, Dora Tamana, G Anthony,
its 1991 Durban Conference, a                                                   War (1935-1940. Selassie was          Hettie McLeod and Cissie Gool.
position he held until the 1994                                                 named Time magazine Man of            On 21 May 1946 the women
Conference, when he retired.                                                    the Year in 1935 for leading this     stormed warehouses and other
Walter Sisulu, according to ES                                                  resistance. This was the second       places where food were hoarded
Reddy, was “the organizational                                                  invasion by Italy, following their    to demand that they be released
genius of the ANC, …He was                                                      failed attempt in the First Italo-    to the general population. These
the moving spirit behind all the                                                Ethiopian War (1895-1896) when        protests were known as the ‘Rice
great campaigns in the 1950’s, as           White women won the right to        Italy was defeated at the Battle of   Strikes’. The Women’s Food Com-
well as the transformation of the         vote in South Africa, after decades   Adwa by Ethiopian forces led by       mittee mobilised women under the
ANC in 1960-61 for underground            of campaigning by suffragettes        Emperor Menelik II. At the Battle     slogan “Today we fight for food,
work and armed struggle.” Sisulu          from the Women’s Christian Tem-       of Adwa, Menelik’s wife Empress       tomorrow for the vote, and then
passed away in 2003                       perance Union formed in 1899 for      Taytu Betul commanding a force        freedom for all.”
                                          this purpose.                         of cannoneers at the frontline.

                                                                                                             Sources: SA History Online and O’Malley Archives
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