ANC committed to Gender Parity - African National Congress
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1 A N C To da y RE A LEBOHA VOICE OF THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS SOUTH 17 - 23 Ma y 2019 AFRICA ANC committed The Union Buildings: Let us all lend A Tale of Multiple to Gender a hand to grow Narratives Parity South Africa 2 7 10 Communications@anc1912.org.za Follow us on @MyANC Connect with ANC Today and be part of the 011 376 1000 www.anctoday.org.za Follow Us @MyANC Twitter page conversation via our social media platforms. Follow @myanc_ on Instagram Visit our interactive ANC Website www.anc1912.org.za View @MyANC on YouTube CONNECT WITH US
2 A N C To da y EDIT OR IA L ANC committed to Gender Parity The African National Congress convened a Special National Executive committee meeting (NEC) on Monday, the 13th of May 2019 at Irene in Tshwane to discuss the nomination of its Premier candidates. In arriving at its decision, the NEC was guided by the following principles and approaches: gender parity; unity and stability in ANC structures; youth and inter-generational mix and experience. The NEC received three names per province as recommended by the Provincial Executive Committees in line with national conference resolution of 2007, Polokwane. The NEC agreed on the following Premier Candidates: · Eastern Cape – Oscar Mabuyane · Free State – Sisi Ntombela · Gauteng – David Makhura · KwaZulu Natal – Sihle Zikalala · Limpopo – Stan Mathabathe · Mpumalanga – Refilwe Mtsweni · Northern Cape - Zamani Saul Pertaining to the North West, the Premier Candidate will be announced in due course following internal engagements. The NEC further agreed that in provinces where Premiers are men, then at least 60% of the Provincial Executive Council must be constituted by women. There was consensus that in instances where the Premier is a woman there shall be at least 50/50 representation in the Provincial Executive Councils. In all provincial legislatures, speakers shall be women irrespective of whether the Premier is male or female. The NEC further took a decision that young people must be accommodated in the composition of all Executive Councils,
3 A N C To da y ANC PR EM I ER CA N D I D AT E S PROFILE Oscar Mabuyane is the son of the Easter n Cape whose roots are implanted in the Chris Hani District. M abuyane has led student and youth struggles from an early age, serving both SASCO as Branch Chairperson and the ANC Youth League as Deputy Chairperson with humility and dedication. His astute leadership in the student movement saw him elected as President of the SRC at the renowned University of Fort Hare. M abuyane holds a Bachelor of Commerce degree and is currently pursuing his Masters. He currently serves as the Chairperson of the ANC in the Easter n Cape after serving two ter ms as the Easter n Cape ANC Provincial Secretary between 2009 and 2017. The ANC has entrusted C DE L u ba ba lo O s c a r M a b u y a n e him with the responsibility of MEC for Finance, Economic Development, Environmental Affairs and Tourism. EASTERN CAPE His leadership in the Ministry has seen many in the Tourism Industry calling him a Champion for Tourism. PROFILE Ntombela holds certificates in the following fields: teaching, healthcare, skills leadership, social work and ABET. Ntombela has a wealth of knowledge and expertise with both ANC organisational work and in the public sector. She is currently Premier of the Free State. Prior to that, she held positions of MECs, Mayor and served as an MPL and Chief Whip in the Free State. Ntombela’s political positions included the following: Treasurer and Branch Chairperson; Convenor of Progressive Women’s Movement; ANC National CD E S e f o r a Hixs on i a “ S i s i ” N tomb e l a Executive Committee member; Deputy President of the Women’s League and Provincial Treasurer of the ANC in the F REE STATE Free State.
4 A N C To da y ANC PR EM I ER CA N D I D AT E S PROFILE D avi d Makh u r a i s t h e cu r re n t P re mi e r of G a u t e n g an d t h e ch ai r pe r son of t h e ANC i n G a u t e n g. Makh u r a h as se r ve d as t h e provi n ci al s e cre t ar y (2 0 0 1 – 2 0 1 4 ) an d de pu t y ch ai r pe r son ( 2 0 1 4 – 2 0 1 8 ) of t h e ANC i n Gau t e n g. H e i s al so a tr u st e e of t h e Ah me d K at h r ada F ou n dat i on a n d t h e Davi d Makh u r a C h ar i t y F u n d Tr u st . M akh u r a w as bor n i n B u ysdor p i n Li mpopo. H e h a s be e n pol i t i cal l y act i ve from h i s you t h . H e p a r t i ci pat e d, se r ve d an d occu pi e d l e ade r sh i p p o si t i on s i n you t h an d st u de n t pol i t i cs i n t h e A z an i a S t u de n t Move me n t (AZ AS M), C on gre ss o f S ou t h Afr i can S t u de n t s (C OS AS ) an d t h e S ou t h Afr i can You t h C on gre ss. Du r i n g h i s t e n u re a t Un i ve r si t y, Makh u r a h as be e n t h e se cre t ar y g en e r al of S ou t h Afr i can Nat i on al S t u de n t s’ C o n gre ss (S ANS C O), S ou t h Afr i can S t u de n t s’ C o n gre ss (S AS C O) w h e re h e w as an act i vi st for s t u de n t s. P r i or t o ou r fi r st de mocr at i c e l e ct i on s a n d be fore t h e u n ban n i n g of t h e ANC , Makh u r a w a s par t of t h e u n de rgrou n d n e t w or k of t h e A fr i can Nat i on al C on gre ss (ANC ) an d S ou t h A fr i can C ommu n i st P ar t y (S AC P ). H e w as t h e N a t i on al Edu cat i on S e cre t ar y an d su bse qu e n t l y t h e De pu t y Ge n e r al S e cre t ar y of t h e Nat i on al E d u cat i on , H e al t h an d Al l i e d Wor ke r s’ Un i on ( NEH AWU) be t w e e n 1 9 9 7 an d 2 0 0 1 . H e h as al so b ee n a me mbe r of C OS AT U’s C e n t r al Exe cu t i ve C o mmi t t e e . M akh u r a h as a w e al t h of e xpe r i e n ce i n pu bl i c CDE Da v i d M a k h u ra a d mi n i st r at i on an d al so h ol ds a Mast e r of S ci e n ce (MS c) de gre e i n P u bl i c P ol i cy an d M an age me n t from t h e Un i ve r si t y of Lon don . G AU TENG A t t h e 1 2 t h Me t ropol i s Wor l d C on gre ss h e l d i n C an ada (2 0 1 7 ), Makh u r a w as e l e ct e d C o - P re si de n t of t h e Me t ropol i s, t h e Wor l d A s soci at i on of t h e l arge st me t ropol i t an re gi on s a n d ci t i e s i n t h e gl obe . PROFILE Sihle Zikalala was bor n in Ndwedwe in KwaZulu-Natal. He joined the struggle for liberation at the tender age of 15. After the unbanning of the ANC, he was instrumental in revitalising the ANC and the ANCYL structures in KwaZulu-Natal. He holds a BA degree in Communication Science and an Honours degree in Business Administration from the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal (UKZN) in which he graduated cum laude. Zikalala is currently pursuing a Masters of Commerce degree. He is currently the ANC Chairperson in KwaZulu- Natal. CDE S i h l e Z i k a l a l a He served as the General Secretary of the ANC Youth League Provincial Secretary of the ANC in Kwa-Zulu K WAZUL U-NATAL Natal. He is the currently the MEC for Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs in the province.
5 A N C To da y ANC PR EM I ER CA N D I D AT E S PROFILE Stan Mathabatha grew up within the ranks of the liberation movement and joined MK at a very tender age. His unwavering commitment to the course of his people saw him rise through the ranks to become part of the lead- ership of Norther n Transvaal Youth Congress (NOTYCO). He holds a Pri- m ary Teachers Course, a BA Degree from the University of the Wester n Cape and Masters Degree in Develop- m ent (MDev) from the University of Limpopo’s Graduate School of Leader- ship. From 1992 to 1994, he served as the Regional Treasurer of ANC in the then Norther n Transvaal, now Limpopo province. He has since served the C DE Ch u pu S ta n l e y Ma th a b a th a ANC in various capacities in Limpopo. In June 2018, Mathabatha was again LI MPOPO re-elected the Limpopo Provincial Chairperson. He currently serves as the Premier of Limpopo. PROFILE Refilwe Mtshweni attended her primary school in Lynnville, Emalahleni and completed her secondary schooling in Atteridgeville, Tshwane. She holds a Human Resources Diploma and has completed a Programme in M anagement Development and a Certificate in Leadership and Gover nance. Cde Refilwe Mtshweni is currently serving as the Premier of M pumalanga. She is the province’s first female Premier since 1994. She was previously the MEC of Cooperative Gover nance and Tr aditional Affairs (COGTA) in M pumalanga. She has held positions as an MPL, Deputy Chief Whip, Chair and Deputy Chair of Committees in the Mpumalanga Provincial Legislature. M tshweni has been involved in political work across various ANC structures. She has served as a branch chairperson of the Women’s CDE R e fi l w e Mts we n i League, branch secretary, member of the Provincial Executive Committee of the ANC Youth League, Regional M PUMAL ANGA Executive Member and Treasurer of the ANC Nkangala region in M pumalanga.
6 A N C To da y ANC PR EM I ER CA N D I D AT E S PROFILE Dr Zamani Saul is the ANC premier candidate for the Norther n Cape. Dr Saul emerged through the structures of the organisation from Congress of South African Students (COSAS), South African Student Congress (SASCO), ANCYL to various leadership positions in the Norther n Cape. He is currently the Provincial Chairperson of the ANC in the Norther n Cape. He holds a B. Proc. two Masters Degrees and a Doctor of Laws. He is currently working on his second Doctorate. Early in his career, he worked as a candidate attor ney and progressed to work as the Regional Head of Social Security in the Department of Social Services, Head of Ministry in the Department of Agriculture and Municipal Manager CDE Dr. Z a ma n i S a u l at the Pixley ka Seme District M unicipality. Dr Saul possesses a N ORTHER N CAPE combination of both theoretical and practical knowledge of public administration. www.anc1912.org.za
7 A N C To da y COMME N T S & A N A LY S I S Let us all lend a hand to grow South Africa D E A R M R P R E S I D E N T: T he elections have new job opportunities open up come and gone. and prices of goods and services Your organization, the African National Mr President, your becoming more affordable. Congress, placed before the electorate a government has We remain confident that the lives of South Africans will set of undertakings underpinned made remarkable improve once the investments by the over-arching message of we are mobilising are fully growing South Africa together. progress over the realised, when our economy This message, Mr President, starts to grow irreversibly and resonated strongly with the last 25 years to the pace of job creation gains overwhelming majority of our people. Put simply, the vast reduce the levels of momentum. We are heartened to note majority of our people embraced this message with enthusiasm. poverty. However, that the ANC government is creating the necessary enabling Credit must go to you, Mr the reality is environment for domestic and President, as the face of our foreign business to invest. election campaign, the entire that many South We have improved investor zones and the black industrialists leadership collective, our confidence and promoted policy programme must proceed alliance partners, members, Africans still live certainty and consistency. unabated if we are to realize our supporters and volunteers Thanks Mr President for goal of expanding the country’s across the length and breadth in conditions of recognising the centrality of manufacturing sector, which has of the country for sparing neither strength nor effort in abject poverty. ESKOM in our collective efforts to grow the economy. The stark great capacity for job creation. Mr President, your government your collective determination The prices of basic reality is that should ESKOM has made remarkable progress to achieve a decisive victory. fail, our entire economy will fail. You criss-crossed the streets necessities such as As things stand, ESKOM poses over the last 25 years to reduce the levels of poverty. However, and valleys of land to spread a both fiscal and economic risks. message of an ANC that listens food, transport, fuel Reliable energy is critical to the reality is that many South and is determined to champion the growth and stability of any Africans still live in conditions their aspirations and electricity have economy. Thus, central to all our of abject poverty. The prices of The urgent task that confronts the entire movement immediately been devastating to efforts to revitalize the economy must be to bring Eskom to basic necessities such as food, transport, fuel and electricity following the national elections is to put all hands on deck to held many South African financial sustainability. Mr President, your government have been devastating to many South African households. grow South Africa. The socio- households. must be applauded for While significant progress economic ills that stubbornly identifying the small business stare all of us in the face remain sector as the engine of our has been made to uplift our poverty, unemployment and economy and the catalyst economy, many factors such economy and create jobs is to as the price of oil or the effects inequality. The clarion call is for for massive job creation. The remove unnecessary barriers to all of us to lend a hand towards National Development Plan of drought are beyond our work with domestic and foreign building a better South Africa articulates a vision of an control. Despite these economic and growing the economy. Our business to improve the ease of economy that is inclusive, difficulties, your government country desperately needs doing business in South Africa. equitable and fast growing, with It is heartening, Mr President, is doing a lot to reduce the an economy that is capable SMME contributing 90% of the to note that your government is cost of living. You are making of creating decent jobs that jobs by 2030. A healthy SMME can improve the quality of establishing an Infrastructure sector has the potential to the health care system more people’s lives and help reduce Fund which will mobilise all make a massive contribution to accessible to many more South the unacceptably high levels of government infrastructure the economy by creating more Africans; You have expanded poverty and unemployment. resources and draw in extra employment opportunities and free higher education to more Thanks to the visionary funding from the private sector. generating higher production needy students; You have leadership of the ANC, we The Fund will draw together a volumes.The vision of the increased the number of no-fee now have a clear plan to grow range of expertise to ensure department is to see aradically schools and expanding public the economy and create jobs. that projects are delivered transformed economy through on time, within budget and employment programmes. Informed by the reality that both effective development and in compliance with good Yes, Mr President, the domestic and foreign investment increased participation of is needed to boost the economy governance principles. economic legacy of apartheid SMMEs and cooperatives in the and create jobs you launched Mr President, your mainstream economy. is stubborn and will take many an ambitious investment drive government’s interventions I am certain many struggling years to be eradicated. But last year during the investment to break the back of anti- small business owners will working together, we have the conference. To the chagrin of competitive behavior and the embrace your plan to expand capacity to build, brick by brick, our detractors, this investment concentration of our economy in the small business incubation a growing and sustainable drive is gathering momentum. monopolies must be applauded. programme and set aside more inclusive economy for all. We are now sitting with real We shoulder a responsibility, as government procurement spend and concrete commitments the ANC, to open up the economy for small businesses. Should of around R300 billion. If this to new black players, to make this be implement without the economy more competitive Yours in the struggle trend continues, the target of prevarication or equivocation, mobilizing R1.2 trillion over five and more attractive to investors. this intervention will be a game- Pule Mabe years is within reach. In the final analysis, the biggest changer. National Spokesperson and Mr President, part of what winners will be ordinary South The industrial incentive Head Department of Information we need to do to grow the Africans and consumers as the schemes in special economic and Publicity
8 A N C To da y DOMES T IC The walk beyond the Long Walk – A quadranscentennial review of the post-apartheid South Africa By Professor Daniel Plaatjies 25 years has passed since Madiba completed the long walk to past, a better future South Africa. freedom as South Africa received its formal baptism as a democracy in At the dawn of its democracy, South Africa witnessed a golden-era April 1994. Despite the various ceremonies marking the silver jubilee of sustained real economic growth, averaging 3.6 per cent over 60 of our acquired freedom, we must remain mindful of the ongoing consecutive quarters (or 15 years), in spite of the disruptions caused socio-economic challenges that we still face. The long walk is not on our economy from 1997 Asian Financial Crisis; 9-11th 2001 in the yet over to undo the vestiges of the economic structure of racial U.S. to the Iraq War in 2003. During this time, our country transformed exclusivity. Much work remains to be done to reduce the widespread from a modest nation, into an open, sophisticated economy based in poverty, increasing inequality and persistently high unemployment the tertiary sector. Today, the highest majority of South Africa’s GDP plaguing our country. Here is a candid quadranscentennial review of is comprised of finance, real estate and business services at 22 per some of the significant changes in our economy and well-being, as cent, followed by 16 per cent in general government services; 15 per well as the performance of the government in meeting the challenges cent in Wholesale, retail and motor trade; catering and accommodation, as remnants of apartheid since. The goal is to inform and hopefully and 13 per cent in manufacturing (see Figure 1). chart, through introspecting and learning the economic facts of our Figure 1: gross domestic product by industry at constant 2010 prices (R billion) Source: Statistics South Africa, Stats SA (2018) and own calculations. The three key ingredients of economic growth, namely: labour in and basic services (water, electricity, refuse and sanitation). Moreover, terms of employment, capital in buildings and machinery and factor the government exercised prudent fiscal management and reduced productivity as the overall efficiency of production, all contributed the national debt to its record-low at 25 per cent of GDP in 2008. to this golden-era of development in South Africa (Figure 2). Most Capital’s contribution to growth in terms of buildings and machinery notably is the total factor productivity, which represents, amongst other remained stable throughout this “golden-era” of economic growth. things: technology, institutions, policies and governance, sustained Figure 2: Contributions to economic growth – Q1 1994 - Q3 2018 the momentum of economic progression during the first 15 years of our democracy. Labour’s contribution to growth, albeit positive, was, however, insufficient to absorb the faster-growing number of new entrants into the labour force. As a result, unemployment remains stubbornly high at over 25 per cent (official definition), as well as inequality as the gap between those who can taste the fruits of development through employment and income, and those who fell out of the mainstream continues to widen. Thus, the poverty trap becomes literal to its meaning in spite of the government’s shift in expenditure towards vulnerable households through social transfers, spending on education and education and widened access to assets continues on page 9
9 A N C To da y DOMES T IC continued from page 8 The walk beyond the Long Walk – A quadranscentennial review of the post-apartheid South Africa the economy. As a result, a dark shadow has In terms of people’s well-being: inflation - However, as capital’s contribution to growth since been cast over South Africa’s economic which is the increase in the general price level was set to pick up towards the 2010 FIFA World prospect as the country’s real, long-term growth of goods and services - has stayed broadly Cup, the onset of the 2008/2009 financial decelerated, beleaguered by recessionary scares within the target bandwidth of three to six per crisis and its contagion effect of the burst and negative outlooks. Poverty, inequality cent. However, as economic growth remains bubble in U.S.’s mortgage sector disrupted and unemployment become exacerbated muted below one per cent, households’ real not just South Africa’s growth trajectory, but without tandem economic growth to create purchasing power and thus, welfare becomes also the entire world. Notwithstanding this employment opportunities to alleviate. The diminished. More alarmingly, the decomposition external shock, mistakes borne in bad politics financial, operational and governance crises of inflation over the last eight years (Figure 3) and self-interests eroded the practice of good of critical State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) shows that core inflation of necessities for the governance, undermining the government’s mired the country in stagnation and investment poor, namely: food, non-alcoholic beverages, legitimacy and trust of the people. During the last confidence in depression for capital. Despite housing utilities and public transport, health and decade, years of institutional decay combined fiscal countercyclical manoeuvres, which education, comprised much of the inflationary with incoherent policies and uncertainty have amassed national debt to over 50 per cent burden. caused significant damages to the structural of GDP in less than a decade, South Africa’s body on both the demand and supply sides of growth remained pedestrian stagnant. Figure 3: Bi-annual inflation contributions in item category, inflation rate (%) Source: Statistics South Africa, Stats SA (2018) and own calculations. 25 years on since Nelson the key constraints affecting the labour market dynamics; bolstering value-for-money of every rand Mandela’s long walk to freedom, long-run growth in South Africa’s confidence in capital investments; spent. the path ahead remains long and future. While focusing on higher and restoring governance in public We have every reason to feel narrow for us to achieve the vision levels of economic growth is institutions. Our entrusted citizens’ confident about our future. of South Africa as set out in the critical, the inclusivity of growth in scarce resources shall be used to Constitution: generating sustainable and sufficient optimise welfare for its rightful, Professor Daniel Plaatjies The realities set out in terms quantum of employment matters. original owners. To that end, an PhD (Wits); MPhil (UWC); BSocSc of labour dynamics, capital With economic growth lagging, exercise to improve public sector Hons (UCT) investments and productivity the government will make every productivity against the strict set Chair of the Financial & Fiscal here provided a brief and by no effort to stimulate the economy of costing criteria is currently Commission means an exhaustive report of through supporting employment in underway to ensure maximum
10 A N C To da y DOMES T IC The DA & EFF’s Polit(R)ics of Fear, Lies & (Un)Populism An Analysis Of The Opposition Performance In The 2019 Elections W ith the 2019 took approximately 2-3% of the Johannesburg. Most importantly polit(R)ics of fear by telling its e l e c t i o n s african working class and poor its inability to plan for campaign historical base voters i.e. the having been vote as well as having possibly without former President Zuma white and coloured voters to successfully impacted on a lower voter and equally to respond to the keep the ANC and EFF out of c o m p l e t e d turnout in the african townships. ‘’Ramaphoria factor‘’. the Western Cape. The implicit and the dust Thus, there impact must be seen Why then did the DA support not message was that the ANC was slowly settling it is important within the context of a broader drop lower in the Western Cape going to be in coalition with the to not only evaluate the ANCs co- ordinated opposition as predicted by the 6 key polls, campaign but to also analyze strategy to chip away at the yet it experienced drastic losses EFF in the Western Cape and the strengths and weaknesses ANC support base. in Tshwane and Johannesburg that colored and white voters of the main opposition party When assessing the overall as reported by the CSIR analysis would land and homes would campaigns in order for the ANC results of the major opposition ? It would seem that in the last be expropriated as well as the to strengthen its campaign going parties i.e. DA, EFF , IFP, FF+ 3 months prior to the elections threat of losing their social forward. There were 47 political ACDP etc. the outcome was not the DA partly recovered from its security benefits. In a previous parties that campaigned against surprising. All of the six major shell-shocked state of political article by NEC Sub- committee the ANC (this included the DA polling agencies predicted that paralysis and purgatory due to Head of Communications, & EFF) of which 29 were new. the DA support would decrease the Ramphoria campaign. They Nkenke Kekana he correctly The majority of these parties significantly whilst the EFF realized that they were in danger analysed that this message was targeted the same base areas i.e. would see a surge in support of losing their base province as strategically coordinated with historically african working- and as well as a moderate increase many of their working class the EFF’s tacit consent. The middle-class wards that have in support for the FF+ and the coloured metro voters were historically voted for the ANC. IFP. The only surprises were threating to support De Lille’s benefit for the EFF being that by The only parties that contested that firstly, the EFF growth GOOD party as well as an shrewdly implying that they were the DA base voters i.e. whites, although having increased by increase in the coloured metro going into coalition with the coloureds and indians were the 4% since 2014 only increased middle class and rural support ANC which in fact never was the Freedom Front+, ACDP and the by moderate 2% since 2016. for President Ramaphosa . case, they would be able to win new kid on the block GOOD. The Secondly, the DA only dropped Similarly, many of its white over votes from a large sector of former mainly contested in the by 2% nationally rather than Afrikaner support base were potential supporters that were historically white base wards between 4 and 5%. Thirdly the also threatening to leave uncomfortable with the EFF’s and the latter GOOD focused DA only dropped by 4% in the for the Freedom Front+ current alliance with the DA. That on the historically coloured Western Cape when all 6 polls particularly in Gauteng due to the DA was and is in coalition working class and middle-class had been consistently predicting the DA’s ideological and policy with the EFF in Johannesburg urban areas . The ACDP seemed that the DA would decrease incoherence as it relates to broad to straddle both. from the 59% it received in 2014 based economic empowerment and Tshwane was conveniently Of the said 47 parties only 13 and 66% it received in 2016 to and affirmative action. Thus, the not mentioned in the Western Parties managed to get seats in between 44 and 51% in 2019. DA urgently redeployed much Cape. This message of fear parliament Collectively they took The only rational explanation for of its resources to the Western seemed to resonate with the almost 43% of the vote with the this lower than expected drop Cape including reluctantly overwhelming majority of white EFF, IFP, UDM and COPE, taking of 2% nationally is because bringing out there right wing voters and a reduced majority about 20% of the support in the the drop in the Western Cape and conservative but popular of coloured metro working class african townships and ANC base which is its base area fell short leaders such as Zille and Leon who initially indicated that they areas. The DA, and FF+ took of the polling targets. More to campaign in the last 3 weeks. were not going to support the more than 90% of the white vote particularly so, since most of Furthermore, as I predicted DA. The EFFs attack on Indians whilst the DA, ACDP and GOOD the results indicate that the in a previous article ‘’ The DA also seemed to be part of a collectively got the majority DA experienced a significant polit(r)ics of Fear’’, the DA nuanced fear tactic in tandem of the coloured and indian drop in the african townships out of desperation ran a very vote. . This election also saw in Gauteng and that if this powerful and nuanced negative with the DA. The result was that a plethora of smaller issue and had been a local government ‘’swart gevaar ‘’campaign in the it was able to retain its working sectoral specific parties such as election the ANC would have Western Cape whilst projecting class indian base areas in KZN. SRWP, ATA etc. contesting the won back both Tshwane and an image of good governance The fear factor resulted in a very elections and targeting mainly Johannesburg as reported in the using the Western Cape as an high voter turnout within these the african working class and Business day yesterday. example in the rest of the country. constituencies. However, its poor i.e. the historical ANC Why did the DA support drop ? The ANC election team in the xenophobic campaign aimed base voter. The results indicate The answers are well publicized Western Cape unlike in Gauteng, at african voters seemed to be that the vast majority of them . This included amongst others regrettably was unable to a dismal failure for now. The ( other than GOOD and ATM) it’s ideological crisis, its effectively counter this narrative opposition in general and the DA did not gain sufficient votes leadership crisis, its governance nor did it effectively capitalise fear tactics and EFF populism to obtain a seat in parliament. crisis, its handling of the water on the crisis by strategically co proved unpopular and were Therefore, at face value, viewed crisis in the City of Cape Town , ordinating its messaging with individually they are regarded the manner in which it handled other opposition parties such as unable to counter the positive as insignificant but healthy for the De Lille saga and the GOOD and Al Jamaa that were effect of President Ramaphosa our democracy and at worse, numerous corruption and cadre also threatening the DA base on the ANC’s electoral irritants for the ANC. However, deployment scandals where areas. The DA was therefore performance nationally. when viewed collectively they it governed in Tshwane and able to effectively invoke its
11 A N C To da y OPINIO N The Union Buildings: A Tale of Multiple Narratives L By Busani Ngcaweni Article first appeared in The Star, 18 May 2014 ast Monday I checked in in this building, men and women building has assumed, a giant statue at the Union Buildings – representing the racial and of Nelson Mandela was unveiled where I ply my trade cultural tapestry of our land – on the Day of Reconciliation on at an unusual hour, gather to pursue a non-racial 16 December 2013, a mere few 07:30. This was more and democratic project. They days after the entombment of than an hour early use century-old boardrooms to our first democratically elected for a late sleeper. I worked until make decisions to send rescue President. Now thousands of my usual knock off time of 19:00. missions to Mozambique when local and international guests From the moment I checked in there are floods; to extend social visit the Union Buildings to pay until I logged off, I had to contend security to the needy; to build with some irritating noise outside, tribute and take “selfies” next to social and economic infrastructure, which could only be minimised by especially targeting the poor the giant monument. closing windows. However, closing regions of the country like my As for those of us privileged windows meant suspending one’s grandparents’ village of Ndwedwe, to work at the Union Buildings, yearning for the fresh Tshwane air thus altering the spatial economy. we now check in and sign out we enjoy daily in this rather cold These democratically elected knowing full well that there is a building. It is evident that Herbert century of this building reminds leaders gather here to ponder great ancestor looking over us, Baker never really observed the me that once upon a time a the advancement of a just and as if saying: “take care of this north-facing building rule when he group of men (yes they were men) equitable world order with Africa democracy and work harder towards designed the building, preferring gathered in the same building to taking centre stage. the achievement of a better life to prioritise the spectacular view take decisions and make laws that That is the post-apartheid face for all”. We have been freed from over climatic considerations. excluded the majority from the body of the monument called the Union politic of their own country. The the haunting thought of “who The noise came from heavy-duty Buildings, at the hill once used same building would house men might have occupied my office” trucks and dozens of workers toiling by Mzilikazi as his base for many who – motivated by racial hatred during the Sharpeville Massacre outside the building, preparing years before he moved and finally for the Presidential Inauguration – legalised racism, exclusion and in 1960 or as late as during the settled in present-day Bulawayo planned for Saturday May 25. under development. They took in Zimbabwe. Shobashobane carnage in 1995. The stage, camera and seating decisions to dispossess and kill It is a tale of two narratives, a “What role did he play in those pavilions are being installed at citizens inside and outside our true union of opposites, the then genocidal acts.” the Nelson Mandela Amphitheatre. borders. They fuelled civil wars triumph of white supremacy and Suddenly, this affirming thought At the bottom of the hill, in the in Mozambique and Angola. They colonialism, and now the triumph deafens the irritating noise of gardens, another set of workers rationalised racism, sugar-coating it of democracy and the ideal of offloading rigs. I reopen the are preparing the stage for the with science and religion. To them, national unity. window, wave at the men in red concert and the public-viewing the racial minority that benefited It will be too long to narrate all overalls, return to converse with the area of the inauguration. from colonialism and apartheid, the multiple stories of the meaning colleague speculating that perhaps As this observation unfolds, some the union of English and Afrikaner and symbolism of the Union by the time of the inauguration of rationalisation suddenly appears. socio-political interests, the Union Buildings in these limited pages. the sixth democratic government, Here is a young black man who Buildings was a symbol of a white Safe to say that all readers have his daughter would be navigating grew up in the unnavigable hills man’s triumph in the lands far to do to appreciate the emotion afield from his European origin. one of the Air Force jets that will of Ndwedwe and the shanty town behind this unmandated reflection It was a symbol of modernity, fly-past the Union Buildings with of Inanda gazing through the is to imagine every other decision window of a spectacular 101-year- European modernity. another democratically elected of the white minority regime taken old building concerned about To Dr JL Dube and Pixley ka Isaka here between 1913 and 1993. President in salute. the morning fresh breeze whose Seme who lived near where I grew Then they might get the picture. This is the story of multiple consumption is interrupted by up, studied and built the same Think of where the decision to narratives, the South African story the hustle and bustle of working high school where I matriculated raid Lesotho was taken; imagine of change and continuity, of the men and moving rigs. (Ohlange High), the Union Buildings where the decision to stunt the present as history and history as The moment suddenly turns was a symbol of white supremacy development of black people by the future. Thus we say Happy 20th emotional. The fifth democratic, and African oppression. For our destroying their education system Anniversary to liberated South peaceful and non-racial elections generation it was a war room was designed in 1948. This is where Africa! Congratulations to all South have just happened. Results have for state-sponsored violence the judges who sentenced Andrew Africans who made democracy a been announced. New Parliament commanded by the likes of PW Zondo and Solomon Mahlangu living reality by voting on 7 May! begins on 21 May and shortly Botha and FW de Klerk. And so we were appointed; starving our Importantly, best wishes to all the after the inauguration we will sang: “Siyaya ePitol”. We grew up country of talented young men political parties that contested have a new Cabinet responsible wishing for the destruction of this who could have contributed to and won representation in our for implementing a programme of building, imagining a revolutionary the socio-cultural and economic match from all corners of South fifth democratic elections. To action premised on the ideal of life of this country. building a non-racial, non-sexist, Africa to dismantle this house Page leap to May 2014, the same the re-elected African National united, democratic and prosperous of bigoted men brick by brick. building houses a government Congress, may efforts to create South Africa. We never imagined a radical that extends bursaries to Further the national democratic society The emotion intensify as the nationalist like Nelson Mandela Education and Training college prosper! office driver greets excitedly, being inaugurated here. students, sends assistance to sharing the good story that his Came 1994, Mandela and his drought-stricken countries in the teenage daughter has been called leadership collective decide that continent, deploys peacekeeping Views contained in this article are for assessment by the SA Air this very same symbol of racial missions to central and east personal views of the author and Force, where she applied to train chauvinism would be the seat of Africa where the African Union do not represent official positions as engineer and pilot. the new democratic government. is intervening. or policy of the ANC. Casting the eye into the past As a twist of tale, since 1994 Befitting the new symbolism the
12 A N C To da y OPINIO N Let’s not take the people of South Africa for granted! “The true facts are not always obvious. They often have to be looked for”. Oliver Tambo O By Mduduzi Mbada And Fezile Ngqobe n the evening of the especially by those who have been 11th of May 2019, the propagating for “generational Independent Electoral take-over” if they still have an Commission (IEC) interest of taking over the ANC declared the 2019 in the next five years. This new general elections free generation of ANC leaders should and fair whilst also acknowledging define its own mission by taking These ordinary South Africans we have seen leaders of the ANC some of the challenges experienced back the ANC to the people. The are looking forward to a better speaking out of tune with the during the voting process. Indeed, first and most important thing to future; where corruption and the people, including taking policy with more than 40 political parties do in this regard is to listen to many get rich quick schemes that decisions that do not appeal nor contesting these elections, it was what the people are saying. The turned some ANC friends and their address the ongoing problems of not going to be an easy ride for arrogance and time of telling the cronies into “instant millionaires” the people. the IEC. people that: “Conference has are a thing of the past. They are The ANC should concern itself The African National Congress elected me or elected certain yearning for better service delivery, with what the people think of its (ANC) was declared the winner people” must be understood in better governance and a growing choices and decisions. What society with almost 57% of the total the context of an ANC which is economy that creates more jobs. thinks about those the ANC puts vote. Many commentators and contesting political power and not The people are saying to the forward to lead, in government and pollsters predicted that the ANC in the context of ANC members ANC we need competent people to in society, matters a great deal. will win the elections but with a being the ultimate people who lead us, they are saying we need At all times the ANC must be on reduced majority. In general, the elect a political party into power. people that have the capability to ANC has dropped 12% since the The fundamental question remains, the side of the people and never catapult and change the current against them. It is not enough to 2009 elections. This raises the for those who want to take over situation to a better one, hence question of whether the ANC has the ANC, how would they strike consider exclusively the views the ANC’s notion of a better life been moving away from being the the balance between their ANC only of ANC members and its for all, not for those in leadership. trusted instrument or vehicle for the constitutionally elected positions fraternal structures. More people are saying we need people of South Africa to resolve and listening to the electorate going We must listen to the people, honest and ethical leaders, who their on-going challenges of poverty, forward? The arrogance of always including to the smallest of voices will not devour state resources unemployment and inequality. If referring to being elected by ANC if we are to continue to make the for personal gains. this significant drop and recent branches should give way to the ANC the best and most reliable The problem, however, is that electoral results are anything to art of listening to the electorate vehicle at the disposal of the the internal electoral process go by, the evidence suggests that or else the ANC will be history in people to resolve their ongoing of the ANC makes assumptions this may be the case – the ANC is the next local and national general challenges. that those that are elected in the no longer the trusted custodian elections. The outcome of the This is the only way we can structures will resonate with the of the aspirations of the people recent elections is an indication people. This must be changed. restore the hard-earned leadership of South Africa. The outcomes of that despite being elected by The people must be brought into of the South Africa society and the 2019 elections also represent branches, those branches will this process at an early stage together we can build a South what many argue to be the last not elect you into power but the because whilst they do not have Africa of our dreams. opportunity given to the ANC by people of South Africa many of membership cards of the ANC; the the people to continue building whom love the ANC but are not ANC also belongs to them since Views contained in this article are a national democratic society. part of the branches. It is the it is their votes that by and large personal views of the author and The message the electorate broader South African public that determine who governs. do not represent official positions is sending to the ANC needs to has the final say on who should This is important because there or policy of the ANC. be heeded and taken seriously govern South Africa. are a couple of examples where
13 A N C To da y OPINIO N ANC Youth Leaguers and their mission today I By China Dodovu n the wake of the election a generation that joined MK after outcomes of 09 May 2019 leading the 1976 student uprisings. which saw the ANC losing They were a breed of freedom fighters another 5%, it is pertinent who were brave and determined, to ask questions about and ready to confirm their part the ANC Youth League in the battle for freedom and to (ANCYL) and the role it played offer examples of unprecedented during this elections campaign. self-sacrifice. Cadres such as To answer this question, we must Ting Ting Masango, Solomon examine the past, present and Mahlangu, Barney Molokwane future role of the ANCYL. Most and Andrew Zondo are the core of Sadly, it has in fact failed to What makes it more sad is that its pertinently, what was the mission that generation. Their names are fulfill it, let alone to discover it. leaders have develop functional of its successive generations in indelibly imprinted in the annals It seems that since the dawn of blindness on their own defects the course of the struggle? Did of history. a new constitutional era in 1994, and can’t see the crisis it is facing. these generations fulfil or betrayed When the trumpet summons its unique character of militancy To compound its problems, their missions? And is the current the young lions to come forward has begun to slowly erode and in most of its structures including generation ANCYL leaders able to in the 1980s, its troop marshal, the last few years, the intensity its National Executive Committee emulate the verve, acumen and Peter Mokaba pooled the youth of of the erosion is disturbing. are operating beyond the terms tenacity of their predecessors? our land together to intensify the The 2019 general election results of their offices which have long struggle for freedom. The generation have shown that a sort of creeping expired and the ages of some of The ANC Youth League’s of the young lions responded to paralysis afflicts the ANCYL and its leaders surpass the acceptable mission – 1944-1994 Comrade OR Tambo’s call “to could soon become terminal unless limits of being called youth. Their When the ANCYL founders who render apartheid unworkable treated with utmost urgency. It equivalents are leading political included Anton Lembede, AP Mda, and the country ungovernable.” is not only on the sliding side of parties such as the EFF and DA, OR Tambo, Walter Sisulu, Nelson They executed their mission with morality but its counterpart and and daily hurl insults and direct Mandela, Congress Mbatha, Jordan precision and became a dynamo rival, the Economic Freedom vitriolic attacks against ANC Ngubane and Mxolisi Majombozi of militancy and activism to Fighters (EFF) has outmaneuvered leaders with no responses from congregated at the Bantu Social galvanize and defend the unity it in all respects. the ANCYL. Centre in Johannesburg in 1944, of the people until freedom was Instead of being the voice for The ANCYL leaders have their mission was to step up the won in 1994. young people and a champion failed to wake up, to put on their fight against racial segregation From 1944 to 1994, the ANC for their pressing needs, many thinking caps and to stop playing and radicalized the struggle for Youth League generations paid Youth Leaguers do more harm irresponsible games fraught with national liberation. supreme prizes and sacrificed to to its image, its rich history and politics of the belly, conspicuous They vowed to galvanize the bring freedom in our land. They its legacy by failing to maturely consumption, factional battles ANC - “a body of gentlemen with had an abiding love of their country engage in public discourse and and insulting elders. clean hands” - and they became and believed in the fundamental to mobilize young people for the Under Julius Malema, Ronald the brain trust and power station rights of every person to equality, overwhelming victory of the ANC. Lamola and the late Sindiso Magaxa, of the spirit of African nationalism. dignity and justice. The only conspicuously visible the ANCYL at least adopted a As such, by 1949, they had The post-apartheid era presented structure during the elections slogan “Economic Freedom in our persuaded the ANC to adopt a an opportunity for the ANCYL to was Amayanga-yanga under the life time”, which it championed militant program of defiance, redefine and rediscover itself. tutelage of the ANC Women’s relentlessly albeit recklessly until including mass action by strikes, This era constituted a radical League. it was dissolved and its leaders boycotts, civil disobedience and departure from defeating apartheid Unfortunately, most of the were either suspended or expelled. other tactics. They led from the to reconstruction and development. ANCYL leaders are notorious for To this day, the ANCYL still calls front in the Defiance Campaign In building that future for young their undigested articulations, for itself young lions. It is my assertion as volunteers. people, it was expected to confront pouring venom towards adults that the young lions generation The next generation of Youth and be a champion of issues such and employing stunts to label fulfilled its mission before 1994. Leaguers in the 1960s discovered as unemployment, HIV/AIDS, their detractors. The current generation is nameless, its mission by swelling the ranks education, teenage pregnancy During the #FeesMustFall signifying lack of creativity and of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), as and motherhood, child abuse and crisis which largely affected its innovation. pioneers in defense of the people, rape, drug and alcohol abuse, constituency, the ANCYL was The ANCYL members must take their future and freedom. The crime and violence, obesity and conspicuous by its absence. It this criticism to the heart and use story of this generation, known immoral values. became more silent when young it as a lucid and witty guide to as the Luthuli Detachment is Does the current generation women like Karabo Mokoena, resolve its troubling paradoxes. laced with discipline, bravery, have the capacity to build on Thembisile Yende and many other unshakable determination and this legacy? young women were cold-bloodedly political clarity. It is a story filled In the light of this rich history and murdered. with blood, sweat and tears, a the challenges facing the youth It is sad that the intellectual Views contained in this article are story filled with dreams, hopes and the country, does the current capital within the current leaders personal views of the author and and fears. generation of leaders have the has shrunk considerably and if do not represent official positions The Luthuli detachment was capacity to build on this legacy? not arrested now, the ANCYL will or policy of the ANC. followed by the June 16 detachment, head towards self-liquidation.
14 A N C To da y B OOK R E V I EW “Africa’s Cause Must Triumph. The Collected Writings of AP Mda” by Robert Edgar and Luyanda ka Msumza. (Best Red. 2018) Review by Thami Ka Plaatjie Robert Edgar and League at Fort Hare. Mid 1949, Mda was invited to address the Luyanda ka Msumzi Fort Hare community wherein he have accomplished made a lasting impression on most a massive feat by students such as Sobukwe, Joe Mathews, Nyathi Pokela, Ntsu producing a full Mokhehle, Duma Nokwe to name and comprehensive a few. The university staff was equally thrilled and it included Z.K. collection of the writings Mathews, Professor Dent, Cecil one of South African Ntloko, Mzamane to list a few. political luminaries in This book is a must read for all the person of Ashly patriots. It traces the resitence Peter Mda in a book struggle from the 1930’s to the titled Africa Cause Must 1980’s. The politics of the ICU, Non European Unity Movement Triumph. The Collected and its leading lights, Bhunga T Writings of A.P.Mda. politics, the Native Representative Council( NRC), the politics of the Communist Party his treasured collection and its natal strongman Champion scales all political heigths are also explored. The formation that have defined the of the ANC Youth League with activist life of Mda from Lembede at the helm with his the early 1930’s to the gusto and bravado, and tenstions mid 1980’s. The life with Dr Xuma and his subsequent of a endearing student, devout ignoble ousting at the Magasa Catholic, teacher, lecturer , avid Hall, Batho Location on the 16th debater, pan africanist and a December 1949 in Bloemfontein, colossal thinker is told through are all explained in illuminating the many letters, speeches., details from the personal accounts anecdotes that have been so of A.P.Mda. immaculately preserved. This It was at this very conference collectipn closes a crtical lacuna where Walter Sisulu , aged 37 in the politics of the emergence years was nominated by Lancelot of the ANC Youth League and the Guma and supported by Alan ideological tensions that soon led Nxumalo to ascend the position to the breakaway of Sobukwe. of Secretary General. This collectipn The political paroxysms of the 1960’s are captured with iconic Mda, by his own account, had Both Z.K.Mathews and A.P. had cautioned against the breakaway earlier declined nominations for the closes a crtical treatment. It was evident that there was no “Nihil obstat” in seeing that the Africanist had not presidency a fact that prompted lacuna in the the way of a radical generation yet mustered adequate strenght O.R. Tambo and Ntsu Mokhehle to secede on their own. to rush to Dr Moroka’s house in politics of the matching bodly towards freedom. The book is the authoritative This collection gives a detailed Thaba Nchu and convinced him account of the tumultuous politics to contest Xuma for the emergence of expression of the political, social of the 1950’s from a partisant presidency of the ANC. and philosophical zeitgeist of the eyewitness point of view. For Mda takes us on a long, tiresome, the ANC Youth 1930’s to the 1980’s. Our void is filled and our thirst is quenched. example, the machinations behind heroic, exhilarating and hazardous League and the Heavy leasons must be derived the formation of the ANC Youth yet fulfilling journery in the struggle League branch at Fort Hare in for freedom. His voice is matched ideological tensions lest their lives and sacrifices were 1959 are sketched in alarming by those of his peers in the many in vain. detail and vividness.Mda had letters of correspondence with them that soon led to A pure gem of serene thoughts earlier given instruction to where they speak for themseves. litered with political opulence and Godfrey Pitje to leave no stone Rare correspondence that comes the breakaway of laced with a fecundity of emergent unturned is working towards the to historic light is a Sobukwe. radical nationalist views of the establishment of the ANC Youth treasured welcome. ANC Youth League.
15 A N C To da y TH IS W EEK IN HIS T O RY 18 - 24 May 2019 18 May 1912. 18 May 1899. 20 May 1910. 21 May 1946. Hailey’s Comet passes 22 km from Earth, the closest in history. Comets are space snowballs of frozen gases, rock and dust that circle in a fixed pattern around the Sun. When frozen, they are the size of a small town. 20 May 20, 1935. An International Peace Confer- ence is convened at The Hague in the Netherlands. It adopts conven- tions on warfare and creates the Permanent Court of Arbitration, now the UN International Court Walter Ulyati Sisulu was born in of Justice (ICC). The case against the Engcobo area in Eastern Cape. South Africa about the adminis- Sisulu worked as a miner, baker’s tration of South West Africa was assistant, domestic helper and heard in this court. factory hand and was an active trade unionist before joining the 19 May 1930. ANC in 1940. He was one of the founders of the ANC Youth League, elected as its first treasurer in 1944. As a (albeit divided) participant He went on to become Secretary and contributor in the Second General of the ANC from 1949 to World War, South Africa faced 1954, as leader of the Defiance severe food shortages during the campaign and the adoption of the 1940s, with the poor especially Freedom Charter (1955), and was A special meeting of the League vulnerable. Wholesalers and oth- a founder of Umkhonto we Sizwe of Nations, the forerunner of the ers hoarded food and sold it at in 1961. A Rivonia trialist, he was United Nations is called for by exorbitant prices. A non-racial sentenced to life imprisonment Abyssinia (now Ethiopia), request- women’s organisation formed in in 1964, and served on Robben ing aid in defence against Italian 1946, the Cape Town Women’s Island until his release in 1989. aggression. Ethiopians, led by Food Committee, organised food After the unbanning of the ANC reigning Emperor Haile Selassie queues so that everybody could he chaired the Interim Leadership resisted this invasion of Musso- get food. Founders and leaders Core to rebuild the ANC. He was lini’s forces during what is known of the CTWFC included Katie elected as Deputy President at as the Second Italo-Ethiopian White, Dora Tamana, G Anthony, its 1991 Durban Conference, a War (1935-1940. Selassie was Hettie McLeod and Cissie Gool. position he held until the 1994 named Time magazine Man of On 21 May 1946 the women Conference, when he retired. the Year in 1935 for leading this stormed warehouses and other Walter Sisulu, according to ES resistance. This was the second places where food were hoarded Reddy, was “the organizational invasion by Italy, following their to demand that they be released genius of the ANC, …He was failed attempt in the First Italo- to the general population. These the moving spirit behind all the Ethiopian War (1895-1896) when protests were known as the ‘Rice great campaigns in the 1950’s, as White women won the right to Italy was defeated at the Battle of Strikes’. The Women’s Food Com- well as the transformation of the vote in South Africa, after decades Adwa by Ethiopian forces led by mittee mobilised women under the ANC in 1960-61 for underground of campaigning by suffragettes Emperor Menelik II. At the Battle slogan “Today we fight for food, work and armed struggle.” Sisulu from the Women’s Christian Tem- of Adwa, Menelik’s wife Empress tomorrow for the vote, and then passed away in 2003 perance Union formed in 1899 for Taytu Betul commanding a force freedom for all.” this purpose. of cannoneers at the frontline. Sources: SA History Online and O’Malley Archives
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