APA Citation Style- 6th Edition


                               APA Citation Style- 6th Edition
                                                                                    (updated Dec 2013)

The examples on this list are for frequently used citation forms. For more
information, as well as how to use In Text Citations, please see:

American Psychological Association. (2010). Concise rules of APA style (6th ed.).
  Washington, DC: Author.

APA Style [Web log]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org

Art work            Dubuffet, J. (1954). The soul of Morvan [Wood and vine                    break URL
works of art from                                                                             before
                       sculpture]. Retrieved from http://hirshhorn.si.edu
websites                                                                                      punctuation

                    Van Gogh, V. (1885). The potato eaters [Painting].
                        Retrieved from http://www.vangoghgallery

Blog                Temasek Polytechnic Library. (2010, May 17). Why is                       can use
                                                                                              screen name
                       the TP Library so noisy? [Web log message].
                                                                                              or nickname
                       Retrieved from http://tpliblog.blogspot.com/2010                       for author

Book                Ingre, D. (2003). Survivor’s guide to technical writing.                  titles in
                       Mason, OH: South-Western Educational.

Book                McWilliams, M. (2008). Fundamentals of meal                               see Notes for
edition                                                                                       abbreviations
                      management (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:
                                                                                              for US states
                      Pearson Prentice Hall.

Book                Cantor, B., Grant, P., & Johnston, C. (Eds.). (2008).                     for one editor
with editors                                                                                  use (Ed.).
                       Automotive engineering: Lightweight, functional,
                       and novel materials. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor &                          if DOI exists,
                       Francis. doi:10.1000/182                                               include after

Book                Whitaker’s almanac. (2002). London, England:                              start with the
no author                                                                                     title, include
                       Whitaker & Sons.
                                                                                              country if not

                                    [Reference & Information Services, Temasek Polytechnic Library, Dec 2013]

Book              Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts.
same author &        (2003). Water talks? If only it could. Singapore:

Book              Amano, Y. (n.d.). Final fantasy: 20th anniversary                         APA has no
no date                                                                                     solution for
                    artbook. (n.p.): ACG Studio.
no place of                                                                                 no publisher
publication                                                                                 or place

eBook             Sempf, B. (2008). Visual Basic 2008 for dummies.                          give home
                                                                                            page URL of
                     Retrieved from http://www.books24x7.com
                                                                                            No publisher
                                                                                            or place of

Bible             ONLY in-text citations needed, e.g.                                       no need to
                                                                                            include in
                                                                                            reference list
                  It states quite clearly in the Bible that Sarah’s name
                  was Sarai (Gen. 17:15 King James version).

Brochure          Temasek Polytechnic Library. (2007). TP Library                           author &
                                                                                            publisher the
                     uncovered [Brochure]. Singapore: Author.

CD-ROM            Eastham, D. (1997). Inside JavaBeans [CD]. Herndon,
                     VA: MindQ.

Classical         ONLY in-text citations needed, e.g.                                       no need to
                                                                                            include in
Works                                                                                       reference list
                  The story of the Odyssey takes place after the sacking
                  of Troy (Homer, trans. 1900).

Facebook          Temasek Polytechnic Library. (n.d.). In Facebook [Fan                     no date
                     page]. Retrieved October 15, 2010 from

                  Temasek Polytechnic. (n.d.). In Facebook [Group
                     page]. Retrieved October 15, 2010 from

GMID /            Euromonitor International. (2010). Sweden: Country                        note: slightly
WARC                pulse. Retrieved from http://www.portal
                                                                                            from journal
                    .euromonitor.com                                                        & magazine
                  American Association of Advertising Agencies. (2009).
                    Tourism Queensland: The best job in the world.
                    Retrieved from http://www.warc.com

                                  [Reference & Information Services, Temasek Polytechnic Library, Dec 2013]

Final Year        Lin, Z., Chan, K. J., & Yeo, K. H. (2003/04).
Project              Development of a gladiator (Final year project
                      report No. IA03020). Singapore: Temasek
                      Polytechnic, Temasek Engineering School.

Images            Drake, R. (2007). Hello Kitty toaster [Digital image].                    break URL
from a website                                                                              before
                      Retrieved from http://www.slipperybrick.com

Journal           Marcason, W. (2010). Milk consumption and acne                            doi included
                    - is there a link? Journal of the American Dietetic
                                                                                            break URL or
                    Association, 110(1), 152. doi:0.1016/j.jada.2009                        DOI before
                    .11.011                                                                 punctuation

Journal           Watchararuji, K., Goto, M., Sasaki, M., & Shotipruk, A.                   vol. no. in
from a database                                                                             italics too
                    (2008). Value-added subcritical water hydrolysate
with a doi
                    from rice bran and soybean meal. Bioresource                            break URL or
                    Technology, 99(14), 6207-6213. doi:10.1016/j                            DOI before
                    .biortech.2007.12.021.                                                  punctuation

Journal           Hamilton, B. (2009). Transforming information literacy                    include URL
from a database                                                                             of database
                    for nowgen students. Knowledge Quest, 37(5), 48-
without a doi                                                                               provider
                    53. Retrieved from http://www.ebscohost.com

Journal           Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J-Y,                   list first 6
more than 7                                                                                 authors, and
                     Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L.,…Griffin, W. A. (2000).
authors                                                                                     then the last
                     An experimental evaluation of theory-based                             author
                     mother and mother-child programs for children of
                     divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical                            doi included
                     Psychology, 68, 843-856. doi:10.1037/0022-006X

Lecture            Tan, C. B. (2013). How to add correctly [Lecture                         treat as
Notes in             notes]. School of Applied Science, Temasek
class                Polytechnic, Singapore.                                                on’ no need
                                                                                            to include in
                                                                                            reference list

Lecture           Tan, C. B. (2013). When one plus one really equals
Notes –               two, week 3 notes [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved
online                from http://lms.tp.edu.sg

Magazine          Bollinger, C. (2008, June). We’re partners in health.                     see Notes for
monthly                                                                                     more on
                      Prevention, 60(6), 73.
                                                                                            journals &

                                  [Reference & Information Services, Temasek Polytechnic Library, Dec 2013]

Magazine          Paradise lost. (2008, May). Economist, 387(8580),                        use year &
weekly                                                                                     month
                     3-6. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com
no author
                                                                                           use home
                                                                                           page URL
Motion            Heyman, D. (Producer), & Columbus, C. (Director).
Picture              (2004). Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone
(movie)              [Motion picture]. United States: Warner Home

Motion            Brown, R. (Producer), & Wilson, J. (Director). (2006).
picture,             The basics of how to plan, write and give a winning
other                presentation [Motion picture]. Chicago, IL: JWA
(e.g.                Video.

Newspaper         Redds, S. (2009, January 29). Masters awards first                       newspaper
                                                                                           title in italics.
article              seawater plant tender. The Washington Gazette, p.
                                                                                           PN = Prime
                     PN13.                                                                 News section

Newspaper         Home quarantine and TTSH: Not to be feared. (2003,                       H = Home
article             May 2). The Straits Times [Singapore], p. H11.
no author

Newspaper         Nathan, D. (2003, February 22). Newater flows into                       add country
                                                                                           if there is
article              reservoirs. The Straits Times [Singapore].
                                                                                           more than
from database        Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com                              one
                                                                                           with the
                                                                                           same title

Poster            Ong, P. K. (2008, May). TP Library: Access
session              management for password authenticated online
                     resources. Poster session presented at the Library
                     Association of Singapore Conference, Singapore.

Proceedings       Wolff, E., Tu, M. T., & Lamersdorf, W. (2000). Using
or                   genetic algorithms to enable automated auctions.
Symposium            In K. Bauknecht, S. K. Madria, & G. Pernul (Eds.).
                     Electronic commerce and web technologies: First
                     International Conference, EC-Web 2000, London,
                     UK. September 2000 proceedings (pp. 389-398).
                     New York: Springer.

Quran             ONLY in-text citations needed, e.g.                                      no need to
                                                                                           include in
                  The Quran refers to a messenger speaking to Mary or                      reference list
                  Maryam (Quran 19:19, Sahih International version).


                                 [Reference & Information Services, Temasek Polytechnic Library, Dec 2013]

Sound             Stoltz, P. G. (Speaker). (1999). The science and
recording            practice of thriving on the edge [Cassette
                     Recording]. San Luis Obispo, CA: Peak learning.

Web page          Sherwood, K. D. (2007). Beginner’s guide to effective
                     email. Retrieved from http://www.webfoot.com

Web page          APA Citation Style 6th edition. (2010). Retrieved from                      include name
                                                                                              of university
from a              Red Deer College Library website: http://rdc
university          .libguides.com/apa

Wiki page         APA style. (2010). In Wikipedia. Retrieved April 9,                         only include
                                                                                              retrieval date
                    2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/APA_style
                                                                                              when a page

Abbreviation for U.S. States
ALABAMA              AL         KENTUCKY                      KY            OHIO                         OH
ALASKA               AK         LOUISIANA                     LA            OKLAHOMA                     OK
ARIZONA              AZ         MAINE                         ME            OREGON                       OR
ARKANSAS             AR         MARYLAND                      MD            PENNSYLVANIA                 PA
CALIFORNIA           CA         MASSACHUSETTS                 MA            RHODE ISLAND                 RI
COLORADO             CO         MICHIGAN                      MI            SOUTH CAROLINA               SC
CONNECTICUT          CT         MINNESOTA                     MN            SOUTH DAKOTA                 SD
DELAWARE             DE         MISSISSIPPI                   MS            TENNESSEE                    TN
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA DC         MISSOURI                      MO            TEXAS                        TX
FLORIDA              FL         MONTANA                       MT            UTAH                         UT
GEORGIA              GA         NEBRASKA                      NE            VERMONT                      VT
GUAM                 GU         NEVADA                        NV            VIRGIN ISLANDS               VI
HAWAII               HI         NEW HAMPSHIRE                 NH            VIRGINIA                     VA
IDAHO                ID         NEW JERSEY                    NJ            WASHINGTON                   WA
ILLINOIS             IL         NEW MEXICO                    NM            WEST VIRGINIA                WV
INDIANA              IN         NEW YORK                      NY            WISCONSIN                    WI
IOWA                 IA         NORTH CAROLINA                NC            WYOMING                      WY
KANSAS               KS         NORTH DAKOTA                  ND

ed.          -    edition                        p. (pp.)           -   p (pages)
Rev. ed.     -    Revised edition                Vol.               -   Volume
2nd ed.      -    second edition                 No.                -   Number
Ed. (Eds.)   -    Editor Editors                 Pt.                -   Part
Trans.       -    Translator(s)                  Tech. Rep.         -   Technical Report
n.d.         -    no date                        Suppl.             -   Supplement

                                    [Reference & Information Services, Temasek Polytechnic Library, Dec 2013]

Author Name Order

             o     Chinese          Lee Kuan Yew  Lee, K. Y.
                                    Chen Jialuo  Chen, J.
                                    Pan Shou  Pan, S.
                                    David Koh Thong Bee  Koh, D. T. B. (English initial first)

             o     Indian           Sudhir Ramchandran  Ramchandran, S.
                                    Lakshmy Anantha Krishnan  Krishnan, L. A.

             o     Malay            Mahathir bin Mohamad  Mahathir bin Mohamad
                                    Anwar Ibrahim  Anwar Ibrahim

             o     Myanmar          Aung San Suu Kyi  Aung San Suu Kyi
                                    Khin Dar Zin  Khin Dar Zin

             o     Vietnamese       Nguyen Thi Dieu  Nguyen, T. D.
                                    Trieu Thi Choi  Trieu, T. C.

             o     Western          Hillary Rodham Clinton  Clinton, H. R.
                                    Thomas Harris  Harris, T.
                                    Hugo Carrington III  Carrington, H., III.
                                    David Ashton Blake Jr  Blake, D. A., Jr.

1. Include the digital object identifier (DOI) if one has been assigned. See the
   YouTube video clip for a detailed explanation…
2. Look up a DOI by using the Guest Query form at CrossRef http://www.crossref.org
3. For journal and magazine articles online without a DOI, provide the URL of the
   journal or magazine’s home page.
4. With no journal or magazine home page, use URL for the database home page.


        all lines after the first of each entry in the reference list should be indented

Journals & Magazines – the Difference

                    Magazine                                                   Journal
 o       popular                                            o      scholarly*
 o       author usually a journalist or
         professional writer, sometimes not                 o      author usually an expert
         even named
 o       often no references                                o      references cited
 o       often many colorful images and
                                                            o      charts and tables
 o       short easy-to-understand articles                  o      longer articles with more jargon
 o       goal is to entertain and inform                    o      goal is scholarly* communication
                             *scholarly = containing a serious detailed study of a subject

                                         [Reference & Information Services, Temasek Polytechnic Library, Dec 2013]


[Abstract]                                        [Letter to the editor]
[Audio podcast]                                   [Monograph]
[Brochure]                                        [Motion picture]
[Bronze sculpture]                                [Painting]
[CD]                                              [Special issue]
[Computer software]                               [Special section]
[Data file]                                       [Supplemental material]
[Fan page]                                        [Video webcast]
[Group page]                                      [Web log message]
[Lecture notes]


   o   do not include words like Publishers, Publishing, Co., Inc.
   o   do not include publishers first names, e.g. for John Wiley, use Wiley
   o   if there are two publishers, use only the first one listed
   o   if there are two places of publication use only the first one listed
   o   no publisher or place of publication included when citing an eBook
   o   give the name and location of the publisher – include city and state or, outside the
       United States, city and country. e.g. London, England

                                   [Reference & Information Services, Temasek Polytechnic Library, Dec 2013]
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