ASOD - SUMMARY REPORT

1 2ND MEETING OF THE AIPA ADVISORY COUNCIL ON DANGEROUS DRUGS (AIPACODD) 12-15 MARCH 2019, CHIANG MAI, THAILAND Alternative Development towards a Drug-Free ASEAN Community ASOD SUMMARY REPORT THE THIRTY-NINTH MEETING OF THE ASEAN SENIOR OFFICIALS ON DRUG MATTERS (39TH ASOD) Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, 28-29 August 2018 INTRODUCTION 1. The Meeting was chaired by Mr. Jaffari Mahadi, Acting Director, Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) of Brunei Darussalam and attended by representatives from all ASEAN Member States and the ASEAN Secretariat. The Open Session was attended by representatives from People’s Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, Russia and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

The List of Delegates appears as ANNEX 1.

AGENDA ITEM 1: OPENING SESSSION 2. The Meeting was officiated by The Honourable Pehin Datu Lailaraja Major General (Retired) Dato Paduka Seri Haji Awang Halbi bin Haji Mohd Yussof, Minister of Defence II and Chairman of the National Security Committee of Brunei Darussalam. In his Opening Remarks, he urged ASEAN Member States to continue to stand united in their effort towards the region’s aspiration of a Drug-Free ASEAN for its people, particularly, in our preparation to reiterate ASEAN’s aspirations and zero-tolerance stance against drugs at the 62nd High-Level Segment of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in Vienna in 2019.

He emphasised the need for ASEAN to continue working closely with the Dialogue Partners especially in capacity building, exchange of information and intelligence. Cognisant of the drug scourge as one of the biggest challenges both regionally and internationally, he reaffirmed that it would be a noble task to ensure that ASEAN protects its people and community from the drug menace.

1.1. Transfer of Chairmanship of the 38th ASOD

2 3. Pol. Lt. Gen. Mr. Dong Dai Loc, Deputy Director General of Police General Department, Ministry of Public Security of Viet Nam, thanked all ASEAN Member States for their support during Viet Nam’s Chairmanship of ASOD. He highlighted several key deliverables during Viet Nam’s Chairmanship, which included the convening of the 38th ASOD and the adoption of key documents that included the ASEAN Cooperation to Tackle Illicit Drug Production and Trafficking in the Golden Triangle 2017-2019, the Terms of Reference (TOR) of the ASEAN and China Cooperative Operations in Response to Dangerous Drugs (ACCORD) and the Matrix of Monitoring for the first internal review of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016-2025.

It was also highlighted that the ASEAN Drug Monitoring (ADM) Report 2016 was launched and the 5th Intersessional Working Group on Law Enforcement (IWG on LE) was convened. As Chair of ASOD, Viet Nam shared that they also represented ASOD at several regional fora including the Tenth Coordinating Conference for the ASEAN PoliticalSecurity Community (10th ASCCO).

1.2. Welcome Remarks by Chairman of the 39th ASOD 4. In his Opening Remarks, Mr. Jaffari Mahadi acknowledged the efforts and role of Viet Nam as the Chair of the 38th ASOD, who successfully promoted and implemented initiatives that had benefited ASOD and the region. He hoped that the ASEAN Member States would continue to extend the same cooperation to Brunei Darussalam as the incumbent ASOD Chair and encouraged the ASEAN Member States to actively participate in the discussions at ASOD. His Remarks appears as ANNEX 2.

AGENDA ITEM 2: ADOPTION OF AGENDA 5. The Meeting adopted the Agenda, which appears as ANNEX 3.

AGENDA ITEM 3: BUSINESS ARRANGEMENTS 6. The Meeting noted the Tentative Programme of Activities, which appears as ANNEX 4. AGENDA ITEM 4: STATEMENTS BY HEADS OF DELEGATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS OF COUNTRY REPORTS 7. Overall, the Meeting noted that ASEAN drug cooperation has been very effective as demonstrated in ASEAN Member States’ Country Reports. It was reported that Methamphetamine remained the most abused and seized drug in most of the ASEAN Member States, followed by Heroin and Cannabis. The ASEAN Member States’ national drug control strategies and integrated measures, including legislation, demand and supply reduction strategies involving precursors control, community engagement and treatment and rehabilitation, were noted.

The ASEAN Member States further shared information on their bilateral, regional and international cooperation on combating the scourge of drugs. The Reports also stressed on the changing trends of drug trafficking and smuggling. The Country Presentations appear as ANNEX 5.

3 AGENDA ITEM 5: CONSIDERATION AND ADOPTION OF REPORTS OF THE ASOD WORKING GROUPS SESSION 8. Five working group sessions namely on Law Enforcement, Treatment and Rehabilitation, Alternative Development, Research and Preventive Education were held prior to the 39th ASOD Plenary. The Chairs of the respective WGs presented the recommendations to the Plenary and their recommendations were subsequently adopted. 5.1. Preventive Education (PDE) 9. The WG discussed on the past year’s activities and agreed that the deliverables from last year were achieved. The WG also agreed to further enhance their current effort by recommending to ASOD to consider the following: a.

Develop standardised evidence-based PDE models and prevention tools for ASEAN; b. Sustain engagements and assistance in data provision and capacity building activities in support of the ASEAN Training Centre for Preventive Drug Education (ATCPDE); c. Leverage existing ASEAN Member States’ PDE online resources and social media platforms to share best practices and PDE messages, which would support the design of PDE programs and activities of the ATCPDE d. Adopt a more pervasive social media campaign; and e. Greater engagement and collaboration with the community (including private sector and civil society partners.

The adopted Report of the WG on PE appears as ANNEX 6. 5.2. Treatment and Rehabilitation 10. The WG on Treatment and Rehabilitation recommended the following: a. Conduct more joint trainings; b. Pursue further discussion on the definition of minimum standard of care, on which the Philippines offered to host a workshop; and c. Organise an activity on accrediting the workforce in Treatment and Rehabilitation. The adopted Report of the WG on Treatment and Rehabilitation appears as ANNEX 7. 5.3. Law Enforcement (LE) 11. The WG on LE exchanged views on drug trafficking routes such as via postal and sea, West African syndicates, drug precursor controls, and emerging drugs.

The WG also discussed and agreed to reduce the frequency on the number of the IWG on LE and agreed to seek ASOD’s endorsement on their proposal. The WG welcomed Viet Nam’s offer to host the 4th ASITF. The adopted Report of the WG on LE appears as ANNEX 8.

5.4. Research

4 12. The WG on Research noted Thailand’s completion of the research portal hosted on the ASEAN-NARCO Website, which would act as the research repository for ASEAN Member States to share their research projects and information. The WG recommended ASEAN Member States to populate the repository by sharing their research activities through this repository. The adopted Report of the WG on Research appears as ANNEX 9. 5.5. Alternative Development (AD) 13. The WG on AD recommended to ASOD on several proposed activities: a. Continue to share experiences on monitoring and surveillance of illicit crop cultivation sites; b.

Collect, consolidate and share new and good model practices on alternative development; c. Sustain integrated rural and urban development and encourage the use of new technology for AD products; d. Reiterate the need for short-term, medium-term and long-term AD programmes; and e. Conduct study tours on existing AD projects among the ASEAN Member States to promote technology exchange.

The adopted Report of the WG on AD appears as ANNEX 10. AGENDA ITEM 6: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN ASEAN 14. The ASEAN Secretariat briefed the Meeting on recent developments in ASEAN. The Meeting noted the following key highlights: a) The ASEAN Leaders at their recent 32nd ASEAN Summit in Manila adopted and noted several deliverables, which were in line with Singapore’s priorities for ASEAN to strengthen its resilience and innovative capacities. These deliverables include the ASEAN Leaders’ Vision for a Resilient and Innovative ASEAN, the Concept Note of the ASEAN Smart Cities Network and the ASEAN Leaders’ Statement on Cybersecurity Cooperation.

The Leaders also recognised the importance for ASEAN to be prepared to meet the multi-faceted challenges in the region by maintaining its centrality, unity, uphold an open, inclusive and rulesbased regional architecture as well as increasing efforts in integration and Community building; b) Terrorism and violent extremism remained high on ASEAN’s agenda and received great attention from the Leaders. The Leaders looked forward to the finalisation of the ASEAN Plan of Action to Prevent and Counter the Rise of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism and welcomed the finalisation of the text of the Model ASEAN Extradition Treaty (MEAT) in March this year; c) In the economic pillar, the implementation of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blueprint 2025 continues to advance.

ASEAN is also enhancing its coordination to better prepare for the digital age, including through its work on trade facilitation and various other initiatives such as (i) the ASEAN Agreement on Electronic Commerce, (ii) the development of the ASEAN Digital Integration Framework to monitor the progress of ASEAN’s digital integration, and (iii) the proposed ASEAN Innovation Network to strengthen linkages between innovation ecosystems; and

5 d) On the socio-cultural front, the Leaders consistently and constantly emphasised the importance of bringing ASEAN to the people of our region and improving their lives through better access to opportunities. Toward this end, the focus is on our people by improving their well-being and welfare. The Leaders also adopted the ASEAN Declaration on Culture of Prevention (CoP) in November 2017, which was part of the effort to further enable ASEAN to comprehensively respond to, and address challenges that hamper sustainable human and social development in our region. Progress has also been made in areas of education, environment, climate change, disaster management and risk reduction as well as the promotion and protection of the rights of women, children, older persons, the disabled and migrant workers among others.

AGENDA ITEM 7: REPORT ON THE MONITORING OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE APSC BLUEPRINT 2025 AND ASEAN CROSSPILLAR ISSUES 15. The ASEAN Secretariat updated the Meeting on the implementation of the APSC Blueprint 2025. The ASEAN Secretariat also briefed the Meeting on the recommendations of the 10th ASCCO and the required follow-ups by ASOD. The Presentation appears as ANNEX 11. AGENDA ITEM 8:OUTCOMES OF THE ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED DURING THE 38TH ASOD CHAIRMANSHIP 8.1. Briefing on the Salient Outcomes of the 38th ASOD and the 5th Intersessional Meeting of the ASOD Working Group on Law Enforcement (IWG on LE) 16.

Viet Nam presented on the outcomes of the 38th ASOD, which included the adoption of key documents such as the ASEAN Cooperation to Tackle Illicit Drug Production and Trafficking in the Golden Triangle 2017-2019, the TOR of the ASEAN and China Cooperative Operations in Response to Dangerous Drugs (ACCORD) and the Matrix of Monitoring for the First Internal Review of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016-2025. 17. The Meeting also noted that the 5th IWG on LE was convened on 26-27 June 2018 in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. The WG deliberated on the current drug trafficking trends faced by ASEAN Member States and agreed to enhance cooperation in drug law enforcement, update the existing Lists of Focal Points of ASOD’s mechanisms, and collectively address the manufacturing and trafficking of illicit drugs in the Golden Triangle.

The Meeting took note that Brunei Darussalam and Thailand would take the lead on the internal review of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016-2025 and the ASEAN Cooperation Plan to Tackle Illicit Drug Production and Trafficking in the Golden Triangle 2017-2019 respectively. Discussion on the issue pertaining to the convening of the ASOD WG on LE twice a year, taking into account the required resources and redundancy of matters being discussed, also transpired. It was agreed that this matter would be further deliberated at the next ASOD WG on LE held during the course of the 39th ASOD.

The Summary Report of the 5th IWG on LE appears as ANNEX 12.

6 18. The Meeting agreed to the recommendation of the 5th IWG on LE to reduce the convening of the WG and Thailand would lead the review the WG on LE TOR. 8.2. The 3rd ASEAN Seaport Interdiction Task Force (ASITF) 19. The Meeting took note that the 3rd ASITF was convened on 14-16 August 2018 in Pattaya, Thailand and attended by all ASEAN Member States except for Lao PDR. Thailand reported that the ASEAN Member States discussed the current drug trafficking trends and key challenges faced, updated the List of ASITF Focal Points and agreed to seek ASOD’s guidance pertinent to the sequencing of the convening of the future 4th ASITF as currently it is not in the alphabetical order.

The draft Report of the 3rd ASITF appears as ANNEX 13.

20. The Meeting noted Viet Nam’s offer to host the 4th ASITF. 8.3. The 8th ASEAN Airport Interdiction Task Force (AAITF) 21. Cambodia informed the Meeting that the 8th AAITF would be held on 11-12 September 2018 in Siem Reap, Cambodia. 8.4. Reports on ASEAN-NARCO Activities 8.4.1. The 5th and 6th ASEAN Drug Monitoring Network (ADMN) Operational Workshop and the ADM Report 2017 22. Thailand briefed the Meeting that the 5th ADMN Operational Workshop was held on 7-9 March 2018 in Bangkok and the 6th ADMN Operational Workshop was held on 10-12 July 2018 in Chiang Rai. The main objective of the Workshops was to draft the ADM Report 2017 that was expected to be submitted to the 39th ASOD for endorsement and launch.

The Workshops also discussed the ADM Report System. Thailand’s presentation appears as ANNEX 14.

23. The Meeting recognised the work of the ADMN Operational Workshop in publishing ADM Report 2017 and noted the proposal to institutionalise its activities. The Meeting took note that the ASEAN Member States were encouraged to host one of the ADMN Operational Workshops in a year, while Thailand would continue to host another one. In this regard, the Meeting agreed that Thailand would develop a TOR for the Workshop to address issues such as mandate and modalities such as frequency of meeting, hosting, scope of work and reporting line. ASOD launched the ADM Report 2017 at the Opening Ceremony of the Meeting.

8.4.2. Consideration and Adoption of the ADMN Work Plan 2018- 2019 24. Thailand tabled the proposed Work Plan towards Phase 3 of the ADMN (2018- 2019) and the Meeting subsequently adopted the Work Plan, which appears as ANNEX 15. 8.4.3. ASEAN Workshop on Narcotic Crop Survey

7 25. The Meeting noted Thailand’s briefing that the Workshop was held on 19-22 March 2018 in Chiang Mai and attended by eight ASEAN Member States that faced narcotic crop cultivation. The Workshop shared experiences, best practices and national polices on narcotic crop surveys and supported the section VI on Alternative Development of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016-2025.

The Workshop also discussed the use of technology in narcotic crop surveys. The Workshop observed different experiences and practices of the Narcotic Crop Survey and agreed to continue to explore cooperation to enhance capacity building in this area.

8.4.4. Restructuring of the ASEAN-NARCO 26. Thailand informed the Meeting that the ASEAN-NARCO would be restructured through the setting up of a committee to review its activities and structure. Thailand explained that this restructuring would require approval from its Cabinet. The ASEAN Member States were also encouraged to provide information on anti-drug activities to be published on the ASEAN-NARCO website for visibility. 8.5. Other Meetings 8.5.1. The 17th ASEAN Integrated Narcotics Enforcement Programme (INEP) 27. The Meeting noted that the 17th INEP was held on 26-29 June in Singapore.

This five-day training programme was jointly conducted by Singapore CNB and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the AFP. The main objective of the Programme was to share best practices in adopting a holistic approach to deal with drug problems and transnational drug trafficking activities. Singapore informed the Meeting that the 18th INEP would be held in in 2019. The ASEAN Member States expressed their appreciation to Singapore in hosting the event and hoped that the activity would continue to be held.

8.5.2. The 10th Coordinating Conference for the ASEAN PoliticalSecurity Community (ASCCO) 28. The Meeting noted Viet Nam’s participation at the 10th ASCCO, which was held from 20-23 March 2018 at the ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta, Indonesia. As the previous Chair of ASOD, Viet Nam shared with the Meeting on the recommendations of the 10th Coordinating Conference for the APSC (ASCCO) and the required follow-ups by the ASOD. 8.5.3. The 13th Coordinating Conference on the ASEAN SocioCultural Community (SOC-COM) 29. As the previous Chair of ASOD, Viet Nam attended the 13th SOC-COM, which was held on 24-25 May 2018 at the ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta, Indonesia.

The Meeting noted that the Conference discussed priorities under the chairmanship of Singapore in 2018, with a focus on ASEAN Smart Cities Network (ASCN). The Conference exchanged views on ways to identify the lead pillar and relevant body under ASCC under each of the ASEAN Cross-Pillar issues. 8.5.4. The 1st AIPA Advisory Council on Dangerous Drugs (AIPACODD)

8 30. The Meeting noted the 1st AIPACODD was held from 18-21 June 2018 in Singapore. Viet Nam presented on two key resolutions that were adopted by the AIPACODD which were: a. The "Resolution on Securing a Drug-Free ASEAN Community for Future Generations"; and b. The "Resolution on the Terms of Reference on the AIPA Advisory Council on Dangerous Drugs". 31. The resolutions would be submitted for subsequent adoption at the 39th AIPA General Assembly, which would be held in Singapore in September 2018. AGENDA ITEM 9: ASOD PROJECT MATTERS 9.1. Completed Projects 9.1.1. ASEAN Training on Monitoring and Evaluation of PDE Programmes 32.

Philippines briefed the Meeting that the Training was successfully implemented on 4- 8 December 2017 in Manila. It was attended by all ASEAN Member States and had been beneficial to the ASEAN Member States’ PDE professionals. Action by: Philippines 9.1.2. The Third ASEAN Plus Three Narcotics Law Enforcement Training and Countering ATS and Other Narcotics Substances 33. The Meeting took note of Thailand’s briefing that the Training was implemented on 3- 16 July 2018 in Bangkok, Samut Prakan and Chiang Rai Provinces. Thailand highlighted that this is the last phase of the three phases under this project.

The Training was attended by the ASEAN Member States with the aim to train and develop skills of ASEAN and Plus Three countries narcotics law enforcement officers who are directly involved in countering Amphetamine-type Stimulants (ATS) and other narcotic substances.

Action by: Thailand 9.2. Status of Pending and Ongoing Projects 9.2.1. ASEAN PDE Resource Portal 34. Singapore updated the meeting that the prototype of the ASEAN PDE Resource Portal had been completed since February 2018 and could be accessed via www.aseanpde.org. 35. Singapore also encouraged the ASEAN Member States to contribute its PDE resources to the ASEAN PDE Portal. The resources could be in the form of digitised version of PDE materials, or sharing of activities that Member States had done in their PDE outreach so that PDE practitioners from other Member States could benefit from the sharing of activities and materials through the portal.

9 36. Singapore also announced that it would progressively distribute up to 1,000 green and white magnetic ribbon pins per Member States over the next two years, and kick started the process by distributing 500 ribbon pins to each Member State during the meeting. The pins were meant to supplement Member States’ existing PDE materials and promote ASEAN’s common symbol in drug prevention. Action by: ASEAN Member States and Singapore 9.2.2. Training on Capacity Building for ASEAN Airport Interdiction Task Force (AAITF) 37. Viet Nam informed the ASEAN Member States on the objectives of the Project that aimed to enhance the capacity of ASEAN Member States frontline officers at airports on airport drug interdiction.

It would also serve as a platform to enhance ties and would help form a network of professionals in AAITF work to discuss on effective airport interdiction strategies. The project proposal has been submitted to the ASEAN Secretariat and is pending its review.

Action by: ASEAN Secretariat 9.3. Withdrawn Projects 9.3.1. Strengthening the Joint Operational Capacity of ASEAN Member States to Investigate and Prosecute Drug-related Crimes in Southeast Asia 38. Thailand informed the Meeting that this project was withdrawn at the 5th IWG on LE held in June 2018 in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. Thailand clarified that the withdrawal of this project was due to changes in drug trends. 9.3.2. ASEAN Drug Profiling Data Development and Utilisation with Law Enforcement Intelligence 39. Thailand informed the Meeting that the project was withdrawn as there were other relevant projects being implemented and resource limitations in implementing it.

AGENDA ITEM 10: INTERNAL REVIEW OF THE ASEAN WORK PLAN ON SECURING COMMUNITIES AGAINST ILLICIT DRUGS 2016- 2025 40. The Meeting discussed on the first internal review of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016-2025 led by Brunei Darussalam and agreed to continue to provide their inputs to the Executive Summary and the Matrix of the Implementation of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016-2025. Inputs thus far were received from Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. The outcomes of the first internal review would be reported to the Sixth ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Drug Matters (6th AMMD).

10 41. The Meeting noted views that the assessment on national activities should be incorporated to the Matrix and that the ASEAN Member States were to provide their own summarised assessments of their national-level inputs to the Matrix. The Chair encouraged the ASEAN Member States to continue monitoring the progress of the implementation of their activities in correlation to the Work Plan. 42. The Executive Summary and the Matrix of the Implementation of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016-2025 appear as ANNEX 16 and 17.

AGENDA ITEM 11: PROGRESS REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ASEAN COOPERATION PLAN TO TACKLE ILLICIT DRUG PRODUCTION AND TRAFFICKING IN THE GOLDEN TRIANGLE 2017-2019 43.

The Meeting took note of Thailand’s briefing on the implementation of the ASEAN Cooperation Plan to Tackle Illicit Drug Production and Trafficking in the Golden Triangle 2017-2019 (ASEAN Cooperation Plan) which highlighted the following: a. The operation of the Work Plan will focus on the Golden Triangle, while also recognising that the problems in the Golden Triangle have also affected all ASEAN Member States; b. The ASEAN Member States who are members of Safe Mekong Operation in the eleven target areas of the Work Plan will continue to work on the implementation of the Work Plan while other ASEAN Member States were encouraged to provide support or capacity building to other Member States; and c.

The ASEAN Member States are expected to provide technical/academic support, assistance, operation cooperation and supportive measures. The activities of the Work Plan will include development of the management mechanism and national activities/operations.

44. Taking into account that the review of the ASEAN Cooperation Plan would be in 2019, Thailand highlighted that it would work closely with the ASEAN Secretariat on the review process. 45. The Meeting also noted Singapore’s contributions to the ASEAN Cooperation Plan, such as the donation of three patrol to the Safe Mekong Cooperation Centre (SMCC) to bolster the Centre’s patrolling effort, in addition to other technical assistance and capacity building activities rendered to SMCC since 2017. Action by: ASEAN Member States and Thailand

11 AGENDA ITEM 12: UNITED NATIONS (UN) COMMISSION ON NARCOTIC DRUGS (CND) 12.1.

Updates on the developments at the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) 46. Singapore highlighted that the 62nd CND would convene a high-level ministerial segment that would revisit the commitments set out in the 2009 Political Declaration and Plan of Action on International Cooperation towards an Integrated and Balanced Strategy to Counter the World Drug Problem that would affect the global policy on drug control. As the outcome of the 62nd CND would have an impact on how ASEAN Member States implement their anti-drug policies, Singapore underscored the importance of Member States in engaging their foreign ministries who would be carrying out negotiations at the key meetings, and monitoring the developments and discussions at the CND intersessional meetings in the lead-up to the 62nd CND to ensure that ASEAN’s collective interests were not compromised.

47. The Meeting acknowledged that there were attempts at the CND by external parties to legalise drugs and these parties have been exerting its influence on the ASEAN Member States to adopt the same approach, which would have a downstream effect on Member States’ drug enforcement policies, and run contrary to ASEAN’s drugfree aspirations. Thus, the ASEAN Member States were encouraged to reiterate the following ASEAN’s positions at other relevant United Nations bodies and fora as stated in the ASEAN Position Statement endorsed at the 4th AMMD held in Langkawi, Malaysia, namely: a. Zero-tolerance approach against drugs as ASEAN remained committed to realising its regional vision of a ‘Drug-Free ASEAN’; b.

Support the centrality of international drug control conventions as they formed be the basis for the world drug policy; c. Against legalisation of controlled drugs for non-medical and non-scientific use, in accordance with the UN drug conventions; d. Recognize that CND as the principal policy making body for international drug control – Recognise CND’s mandate as the main UN body for drug-related policies and UNODC’s drug programme; and e. Recognise the sovereign right of each country to implement the most appropriate approach to tackle its own drug problem. Singapore’s presentation appears as ANNEX 18.

12.2. ASEAN Statement at the High Level Segment at the 62nd Session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in 2019 48. As the lead of this initiative, Brunei Darussalam briefed the Meeting on the draft ASEAN Position Statement, which was circulated on 2 August 2018 and appears as ANNEX 19. Upon this circulation, inputs from ASEAN Member States were received and the consolidated draft Statement as of 29 August 2018 appears as ANNEX 20.

49. The Meeting agreed to insert an additional component to the ASEAN Statement on alternative development and endorsed the ASEAN Statement, which appears as ANNEX 21.

12 AGENDA ITEM 13: PREPARATION OF THE 6TH AMMD 13.1. Date and Venue 50. As the incoming Chair of the AMMD, Viet Nam briefed the Meeting that the 6th AMMD would be held on 17-19 October 2018 in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. A Preparatory ASOD for the 6th AMMD would precede the 6th AMMD and it is scheduled to be held on 17 October 2018. Viet Nam briefed the Meeting on the Provisional Agenda of the 6th AMMD and the Preparatory ASOD and welcomed further inputs on both documents.

AGENDA ITEM 14: ENGAGEMENTS WITH DIALOGUE PARTNERSAND EXTERNAL PARTIES 14.1. Discussion on the Draft Guiding Criteria and Modalities in Engaging External Parties for the AMMD and Its Subsidiary Mechanisms 51. As a follow-up to the decision of the 38th ASOD, Viet Nam informed the Meeting that a draft Guiding Criteria and Modalities in Engaging External Parties for the AMMD and Its Subsidiary Mechanisms was developed and shared with the ASEAN Member States for inputs. The first draft Guiding Criteria appears as ANNEX 22 and the consolidated draft Guiding Criteria appears as ANNEX 23. 52. The ASEAN Members were invited to provide further inputs on the document to Viet Nam.

14.2. Nomenclature of ASOD + Dialogue Partners Consultations 53. The Meeting agreed to Brunei Darussalam’s proposal to rename all ASOD’s engagements with Dialogue Partners from ASOD-Dialogue Partner Coordination Meeting to ASOD+Dialogue Partner Consultation and it will be applicable from next year onwards. AGENDA ITEM 15: PREPARATION FOR ASOD COORDINATION MEETINGS WITH DIALOGUE PARTNERS 15.1. 5th ASOD-China Coordination Meeting 54. The Meeting agreed on the Provisional Agenda of the 5th ASOD-China Coordination Meeting which appears as ANNEX 24.

15.1.1. Updates on ACCORD Status 55. The ASEAN Secretariat presented to the Meeting on the Status of ACCORD Fund as per 31 July 2018 which amounts to USD 144,940.52.

The Report on the Status of ACCORD Fund appears as ANNEX 25. 15.1.2. Discussion on the Detail Mechanism for Tapping China’s Contribution to the ACCORD Fund Earmarked through the UNODC

13 56. The Meeting further highlighted the proposal from China on the Mechanism for Tapping China’s Contribution to the ACCORD Fund Earmarked through the UNODC that was circulated to the ASEAN Member States on 15 August 2018, which were, i) invite the UNODC to ASOD-China Coordination Meeting; ii) the UNODC collects cooperation priorities from the ASEAN Member States and China at the ASOD-China Coordination Meeting; iii) the UNODC develops and materialises one priority from the agreed priorities in the form of a concept note; iv) the UNODC circulates the concept note for approval at the next ASOD-China Coordination Meeting; and v) the UNODC implements the approved activity.

57. The Meeting noted and agreed on the option proposed by the ASEAN Secretariat when tapping ACCORD fund managed by the ASEAN Secretariat and China’s contribution earmarked to the UNODC. The proposal provides that ASEAN project proponent may submit two separate project proposals under one project theme. One proposal is to be submitted to the ASEAN Secretariat to tap the ACCORD Fund under the ACCORD Account maintained by the ASEAN Secretariat and the other is to be submitted to the UNODC to tap China’s contribution parked at the UNODC. In this regard, the proponent will have to create two separate project completion and financial reports according to each respective requirement.

This option is more straightforward with less complexity in the budgetary reporting at the conclusion of the project.

58. The Meeting noted the following concerns and queries from the ASEAN Member States on the five steps of China’s proposal. Issues regarding principal involvement of an external party to the ACCORD project may affect ASEAN’s role, ownership and centrality in its implementation; the possible proliferation and concession that ASEAN Member States may have to allow to other Dialogue Partners when inviting other third parties to ASOD Consultations; Clarification from the ASODChina Coordination Meeting on the submission of a project proposal that wishes to tap China’s Contribution to the ACCORD fund, i.e.

whether to submit the project directly to the UNODC or to the ASOD-China Consultation; and clarification on the role of ASEAN in China’s proposed five steps were captured from the discussion.

59. The Meeting agreed on the three ASEAN’s proposal in response to the five steps proposed by China, namely, i) request for technical guidelines to be developed to clarify the utilisation of China’s contribution in the ACCORD fund earmarked to the UNODC; ii) the technical guidelines need to clarify the role of ASEAN in the process of the utilisation of China’s contribution in the ACCORD fund earmarked to the UNODC; and iii) the technical guidelines be developed jointly by ASEAN and China. 15.2. 7th ASOD-ROK Coordination Meeting 60. The Meeting agreed on the Provisional Agenda of the 7th ASOD-ROK Coordination Meeting which appears as ANNEX 26.

15.3. 13th SOMTC + 3 WG on Narcotics 61. The Meeting agreed on the Provisional Agenda of the 13th SOMTC + 3 WG on Narcotics which appears as ANNEX 27. 15.4. 2nd ASOD-Russia Coordination Meeting

14 62. The Meeting agreed on the Provisional Agenda of the 2nd ASOD-Russia Coordination Meeting which appears as ANNEX 28. AGENDA ITEM 16: BRIEFING ON THE SALIENT OUTCOMES OF THE 39TH ASOD – OPEN SESSION 63. The Briefing was attended by all ASEAN Member States, China, ROK, Russia, and the UNODC. The Chair made a briefing on the salient outcomes of the 39th ASOD with following highlights: a.

The ASEAN Member States highlighted that combating illicit drugs trafficking is a shared responsibility and therefore, it necessitates a collective action. It was reported that both national and regional cooperation on addressing the drug problems have been progressing well, but more efforts needs to be undertaken; b. The ASEAN Secretariat briefed the Meeting on the recent developments in ASEAN and the implementation of the APSC Blueprint 2025 with focus on the work of ASOD; c. The Meeting discussed the first internal review of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016-2025 and agreed to continue to provide their inputs and would report its outcomes to the 6th AMMD; d.

The Meeting noted the updates of the implementation of the ASEAN Cooperation Plan to Tackle Illicit Drug Production and Trafficking in the Golden Triangle 2017-2019. The review of the Cooperation Plan would take place next year; e. The Meeting endorsed the ASEAN Statement for the 62nd CND High-Level Segment and agreed for the Chair to seek its adoption at the 6th AMMD; f. The Meeting noted that Viet Nam would host the 6th AMMD in October 2018 and agreed on the key matters to be discussed at the Meeting; g. At the sidelines of the Meeting, ASOD launched the ADM Report 2017; and h. Five working group sessions namely on Law Enforcement, Treatment and Rehabilitation, Alternative Development, Research and Preventive Education were held prior to the 39th ASOD Plenary and their recommendations were adopted by the 39th ASOD.

The Chair’s Briefing appears as ANNEX 29. AGENDA ITEM 17: PRESENTATION BY EXTERNAL PARTIES, REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS – OPEN SESSION 17.1. UNODC 64. In his presentation which appears as ANNEX 30, Mr. Jeremy Douglas, Regional Representative of the UNODC Bangkok Office, shared the Heroin and Methamphetamine assessment from the global and regional perspective. The presentation highlighted the significant surge in Methamphetamine seizures in the ASEAN region. It was noted that the UNODC had implemented 238 activities, trained 1500 officials from the region and set up thirteen new Border Liaison Office at the region in 2018.The UNODC further assessed that the Methamphetamine and Synthetic Drugs market would continue to expand and production would concentrate in areas with weak controls over precursor.

The Meeting further discussed the abuse

15 of prescription drugs as Fentanyl and Tramadol, which ASEAN Member States would need to be cautious of. 65. The Meeting noted the invitation to the Southeast Asia Regional Conference on Precursor Control to be held on 7-9 November 2018 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, coorganised by the Government of Myanmar and the UNODC. It was also noted that the level of representation to this Conference should be of high-level. The Meeting requested for more topics relevant to the region’s needs to be discussed at the Conference.

AGENDA ITEM 18: OTHER MATTERS 66. The Meeting discussed India’s participation at ASOD and agreed to continue to invite India to future ASOD Meetings.

67. The Meeting noted that the ASEAN Secretariat has been tasked to undertake a study to assess the readiness of ASEAN and individual ASEAN Member States in facing the fourth industrial revolution. The consolidated feedback would be used for further discussions at a special session on Industry 4.0 at the 9th Meeting of the Committee of the Whole for the ASEAN Economic Community in early 2019. ASOD were invited to provide their inputs to the study with a deadline of 18 October 2018. AGENDA ITEM 19: CONSIDERATION AND ADOPTION OF THE SUMMARY REPORT OF THE 39th ASOD 68. The Meeting agreed to adopt the Summary Report on an ad referendum basis.

The ASEAN Secretariat will prepare the first draft of the Report and will circulate it to ASEAN Member States for consideration and adoption.

AGENDA ITEM 20: DATE AND VENUE OF THE 40TH ASOD 69. The Meeting welcomed Cambodia’s offer to host the 40th ASOD in 2019. The dates and venue of the Meeting would be communicated to the ASEAN Member States in due course. AGENDA ITEM 21: CLOSING REMARKS BY CHAIRMAN 70. In his Closing Remarks, the Chair highlighted key results of the Meeting and thanked all ASEAN Member States for their active contribution and support rendered towards Brunei Darussalam. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 71. The Meeting expressed gratitude and appreciation to the Chair for the effective chairmanship and the excellent arrangements made for the Meeting.

The Meeting also commended on the frank discussion and active participation of all the ASEAN Member States and the ASEAN Secretariat that contributed to the success of the Meeting.

16 ISSUES TO BE FOLLOWED UP No Key Decisions/Issues Timeline Follow-up By 1. Review of the TOR of the WG on LE. 40th ASOD Thailand 2. Review the project proposal “Training Seminar on Capacity Building for ASEAN Airport Interdiction Task Force” to the ASEAN Secretariat. Immediate ASEAN Secretariat 3. Develop a TOR for the ADMN Workshop 40th ASOD Thailand 4. Convey outcomes of the first internal review of the ASEAN Work Plan on Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs 2016 – 2025 to the 6th AMMD.

6th AMMD Brunei Darussalam 5. Review of the ASEAN Cooperation Plan to Tackle Illicit Drug Production And Trafficking In The Golden Triangle 2017-2019.

40th ASOD Thailand 6. Seek adoption of the ASEAN Statement. 6th AMMD Brunei Darussalam 7. Finalise the draft Guiding Criteria and Modalities in Engaging External Parties for the AMMD and Its Subsidiary Mechanisms. 6th AMMD Viet Nam 8. Rename all ASOD’s engagements with Dialogue Partners from ASOD-Dialogue Partner Coordination Meeting to ASOD+Dialogue Partner Consultation. 40th ASOD Cambodia and Viet Nam 9.

Develop technical guidelines on the utilisation of China’s Contribution to the ACCORD Fund Earmarked through the UNODC. 6th ASODChina Coordination Meeting ASOD Chair and China

17 2ND MEETING OF THE AIPA ADVISORY COUNCIL ON DANGEROUS DRUGS (AIPACODD) 12-15 MARCH 2019, CHIANG MAI, THAILAND Alternative Development towards a Drug-Free ASEAN Community ASOD EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. Drug Free ASEAN remains integral part of the ASEAN Community thus ASEAN Member States highlighted that combating illicit drug trafficking necessitates a collective action and is a shared responsibility.

2. ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Drug Matters (AMMD) provides political impetus and strategic guidance to regional efforts in combatting drug problems. ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters meeting (ASOD) takes lead on issues related to combating drug trafficking in this region.

3. The ASEAN Cooperation Plan to tackle Illicit Drug Production and Trafficking in the Golden Triangle 2017-2019. The review of the Cooperation Plan would take place this year. The objectives of this plan is to : a. To strengthen the cooperation among ASEAN Member States in tackling the illicit drug production and trafficking in the Golden Triangle in response to the ASEAN Work Plan 2016-2025; b. To intercept smuggling of illicit precursor chemicals into the drug production areas in the Golden Triangle; c. To prevent illicit drug trafficking from the Golden Triangle into ASEAN region. 4. The use of The Green and White Anti-Drug Abuse Ribbon signifies healthy, vitality and strength as an expression of ASEAN unity.

The symbol is currently used in preventive education activities and campaigns amongst the ASEAN region and it signifies for the youths and communities to be resilient against illegal drug use. 5. The ASEAN Airport Interdiction Task Force (AITF) and the ASEAN Seaport Interdiction Task Force (SITF) have also been established to enhance joint operations and investigations to disrupt the network of regional and international drug syndicates. A list of Focal Points to facilitate communication among airport and seaport interdiction officers in a timely manner is being maintained. 6. The ASEAN Drug Monitoring Network 2015 was launched in 2017.

It is established under the ASEAN Drug Monitoring (ADM) Project which is managed by the ASEAN Narcotics Cooperation Centre (ASEAN-NARCO) and supervised by the ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters (ASOD). The ADM Project is set up to facilitate cooperation among ASEAN Member States (AMS) in the areas of technical development and capacity building for data collection, sharing for drug control strategies and best practices, as well as serve as an early warning mechanism to AMS whenever new illicit drugs and drug trends are emerging in the region. 7. The 6th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Drug Matters adopted the ASEAN’s Joint Statement to be delivered at the High Level Segment of the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in March 2019.

The ASEAN’s Joint

18 Statement Draft identifies the central role of the CND and the fundamental role of the three International Conventions on drug control; asserted the joint commitment of ASEAN Member States towards the vision of a “drug-free ASEAN”, mutual respect for national sovereignty; resolutely opposed efforts to disseminate drug policies calling for drug legalization. The Meeting agreed that Viet Nam would deliver the Joint ASEAN Statement at the High Level Segment at the 62nd Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in 2019 on behalf of the ASEAN Member States.

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