BIRDWATCH IRELAND PROFILE

BIRDWATCH IRELAND PROFILE

BIRDWATCH IRELAND PROFILE

BirdWatch Ireland Profile Group Action Plans for Irish Birds

1 Table of Contents 1 Introduction to the Group Species Action Plans . . 1 2 Links to National & EU Biodiversity strategies . . 2 2.1 EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 . . 2 2.2 Ireland’s 2nd National Biodiversity Plan ‘Actions for Biodiversity 2011-2016 . . 2 3 Relevant plans and associated actions for BirdWatch Ireland . . 3 Appendix 1 – Summary Report of BirdWatch Ireland Actions . . 8

1 1 Introduction to the Group Species Action Plans BirdWatch Ireland has developed Group Species Action Plans for Irelands "priority, migratory and dispersed" birds based on their habitat requirements.

This summary has been produced to be read in conjunction with the individual Group Species Action plans. The process of developing these Action Plans was heavily reliant on stakeholder consultation throughout. Continued stakeholder input and support are key to implementing the action points (total of 455) within these Action Plans. In order to ensure successful implementation of these actions, it is also vital to achieve cross-departmental and sectorial cooperation. By achieving this, we will fulfil our international and national obligations and safeguard a vital part of Irish heritage for the future.

In total, 10 Group Species Action Plans have been developed covering the majority of landscapes in Ireland’s territories. Those which are relevant to BirdWatch Ireland are highlighted in bold. Table 1. The 10 Group Species Action Plans developed by BirdWatch Ireland and Stakeholders Number Group Species Action Plan Title 1 Dune and Machair Birds 2011 - 2020 2 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2011 - 2020 3 Lowland Farmland Birds 2011 - 2020 4 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds 2011 - 2020 5 Raised Bog Birds 2011 - 2020 6 Riparian Birds 2011 - 2020 7 Shore and Lagoon Birds 2011 - 2020 8 Upland Birds 2011 - 2020 9 Urban and Suburban Birds 2011 - 2020 10 Woodland and Scrub Birds 2011 - 2020 These plans encompass all regularly occurring and/or migratory species, including those listed as Birds of Conservation Concern in Ireland (Red/Amber lists)1 and Annex I of the European Birds Directive2 .

Each plan provides a framework to deliver action across four key themes. Each theme contains a number of overarching Targets which are then further broken down into individual Actions to achieve these aims (Figure 1).

1 Colhoun, K., & Cummins, S. (2013). Birds of Conservation Concern in Ireland 2014 - 2019 Irish Birds, 9 (4), 523-544. 2 The Birds Directive (2009/147/EC)

2 Figure 1. Schematic of each Group Species Action Plan. Note the number of Targets and Actions vary in each plan but the Themes (title and number) remain constant across all plans. For each action, its deadline, associated target deadline and the relevant Stakeholders are identified. The total number of relevant actions for BirdWatch Ireland is presented in Section 3 along with the breakdown of each individual plan and theme (See Appendix 1 or individual plans for full actions).

2 Links to National & EU Biodiversity strategies Linking the actions outlined in each Action Plan with the National and EU Plans for biodiversity is important and ensures a cohesive approach to conservation.

2.1 EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 The EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 aims to have:  Full implementation of current Nature Directives  Maintain and restore ecosystems and their services  Increase the contribution of agriculture and forestry to maintaining and enhancing biodiversity  Ensure the sustainable use of fisheries resources  Tighter controls on invasive alien species of plants and animals  Help reduce global biodiversity loss Progressing the aims as outlined in the Group Species Action Plans will be an important step in ensuring the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020 is correctly implemented.

2.2 Ireland’s 2nd National Biodiversity Plan: ‘Actions for Biodiversity 2011-2016’ Ireland’s 2nd National Biodiversity Plan ‘Actions for Biodiversity 2011-2016’ highlights the conservation of biodiversity in the wider countryside and in the marine environment (within and outside protected areas), increasing public awareness and participation, and improving our knowledge base on biodiversity as some of the key objectives. These action cross-over with some of the actions outlined in BirdWatch Ireland’s Group Species Action Plans. Plan Theme: Research and Monitoring Targets Actions Theme: Policy, Legislation Advocacy Targets Actions Theme: Species & Site Protection Targets Actions Theme: Education & Awareness Targets Actions

3 Key actions outlined in the National Biodiversity Plan are listed below. Any actions that have particular relevance to BirdWatch Ireland’s actions in the Group Species Action Plans are marked with an asterisk *.  Complete the designation process for Marine SPAs by 2014*  The further implementation of a range of EU Directives*  Implement existing species action or management plans for species under threat and review and update as necessary; develop and implement additional species action or management plans for a wider range of species under threat*  To continue and complete national measures to research and reduce adverse effects of marine fishers, aquaculture etc on biodiversity*  The development of measures in future rural development programmes for the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services and biodiversity accounting*  Measures to tackle the issue of invasive alien species*  The introduction of a biodiversity duty in legislation and the consolidation of the Wildlife Acts and to improve enforcement of wildlife law*  Adopt headline biodiversity indicators for Ireland*  The integration of biodiversity concerns into national accounting systems*  Enhance training, communication, cooperation between relevant sectors in support of biodiversity conservation*  The inclusion of biodiversity and ecosystem goods and services in relevant courses in secondary and third level education*  Enhanced cooperation with Northern Ireland on common issues * The information below details the profile of BirdWatch Ireland who has led in the production of the BirdWatch Ireland Group Species Action Plans.

3 Relevant plans and associated actions for BirdWatch Ireland A breakdown of each plan across the 4 themes is given below. The number of actions for each theme is graded according to their priority level (see Appendix 1 or individual plans for full actions). Dune and Machair Birds Action Plan The 35 actions listed under Action Plan on Dune and Machair Birds include 30 high priority and 5 medium priority actions (Table 2). The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below. Table 2. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Dune and Machair Plan Dune and Machair Birds Plan High priority Medium priority Low priority Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 14 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 6 2 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 5 2 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 5

4 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds Action plan A total of 34 actions are listed under Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds, 24 of which are high priority and 10 are medium priority (Table 3). The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below. Table 3. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Lake Fen and Turlough Plan Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 13 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 6 2 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 5 2 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 5 Lowland Farmland Birds Action Plan A total of 35 actions are listed under Lowland Farmland Birds, 29 of which are high priority, 5 are medium priority and 1 is low priority (Table 4).

The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below. Table 4. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Lowland Farmland Plan Lowland Farmland Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 14 1 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 7 1 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 4 2 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 4 1 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds Plan A total of 31 actions are listed under Marine and Sea Cliff Birds, 24 of which are high priority and 10 are medium priority. The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below.

Table 5. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Marine and Sea Cliff Plan Marine and Sea Cliff Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 14 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 5 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 5 2 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 4

5 Raised Bog Birds Plan A total of 33 actions are listed under Raised Bogs Birds, 27 of which are high priority and 6 are medium priority (Table 6). The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below. Table 6. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Raised Bog Plan Raised Bog Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 13 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 6 2 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 4 3 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 4 Riparian Birds Plan A total of 31 actions are listed under Riparian Birds, 26 of which are high priority and 5 are medium priority (Table 7).

The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below.

Table 7. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Riparian Plan Riparian Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 10 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 6 2 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 5 2 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 5 Shore & Lagoon Birds Plan A total of 31 actions are listed under Shore and Lagoon Birds, 26 of which are high priority and 5 are medium priority (Table 8). The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below. Table 8. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Shore and Lagoon Plan Shore & Lagoon Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 11 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 6 2 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 5 2 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 4

6 Upland Birds Plan A total of 33 actions are listed under Upland Birds, 25 of which are high priority and 7 are medium priority and 1 is low priority (Table 9). The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below. Table 9. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Upland Plan Upland Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 10 1 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 8 1 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 5 3 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 2 2 Urban and Suburban Birds Plan A total of 32 actions are listed under Urban and Suburban Birds, 22 of which are high priority and 9 are medium priority and 1 is low priority (Table 10).

The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below.

Table 10. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Urban and Suburban plan Urban and Suburban Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 6 7 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 7 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 6 2 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 3 Woodland and Scrub Birds Plan A total of 32 actions are listed under Woodland and Scrub Birds, 27 of which are high priority and 5 are medium priority (Table 11). The breakdown across the 4 themes is given below. Table 11. Action points and their priority level for BirdWatch Ireland in the Woodland and Scrub Plan Woodland and Scrub Birds Plan High Medium Low Theme 1: Research & Monitoring 12 1 Theme 2: Policy, Legislation & Advocacy 6 Theme 3: Species & Site Protection 6 2 Theme 4: Education & Awareness 3 2

7 Other Stakeholders – Total number of stakeholder actions assigned (n=2,254) across all 10 action plans. Stakeholder No. of High Priority Actions No. of medium priority actions No. of low priority actions National Parks & Wildlife Service - DAHG 333 78 3 BirdWatch Ireland 260 64 3 Dept. of Agriculture, Food & the Marine 121 25 1 Dept. of the Environment, Community, & Local Government 93 27 2 Royal Society for the Protection of Birds 69 16 1 Environmental Protection Agency 68 12 2 Coillte 61 6 Dept. of Communications, Energy & Natural Resources 61 2 2 Irish Raptor Study Group 61 5 National Biodiversity Data Centre 59 10 2 Other (includes all other stakeholders) 651 147 4 Total 1921 417 20

8 Appendix 1 – Summary Report of BirdWatch Ireland’s Actions Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Dune and Machair Birds 1 D1 The ecology & requirements of dune & machair birds is better understood High 2015 D1.1 Review current knowledge of the population, range, ecology & requirements of each bird species in this group 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D1 The ecology & requirements of dune & machair birds is better understood High 2015 D1.2 Identify where more research is required on dune & machair bird ecology & requirements & initiate a strategic approach to acquiring this data 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D1 The ecology & requirements of dune & machair birds is better understood High 2015 D1.3 Carry out sensitivity mapping to identify the most vulnerable bird areas 2012 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D2 The impacts of different activities on dune & machair birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 D2.4 Conduct research into the effects of recreation on dune & machair birds & identify mitigation measures where necessary 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D2 The impacts of different activities on dune & machair birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 D2.1 Carry out a review of the effects of agricultural & forestry practices on dune & machair birds identifying where these may be contributing to declines & initiate a programme of research to identify mitigation measures 2013 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D2 The impacts of different activities on dune & machair birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 D2.2 Monitor & evaluate the response of dune & machair bird populations to agri-environment & forestry measures & adapt measures as necessary to benefit the relevant species 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D2 The impacts of different activities on dune & machair birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 D2.3 Review &, where necessary, contribute to research on the effects of developments inc.

golf courses, housing, amenity areas, flood management etc. on dune & machair birds 2017

9 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Dune and Machair Birds 1 D3 The effects of alien species & predators on dune & machair birds are quantified High 2015 D3.1 Determine the role of alien invasive species &/or predators on the population trends of dune & machair birds at priority sites & review best practice for methods of control or eradication where this is deemed necessary for bird conservation 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of dune & machair birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 D4.2 Continue to monitor wintering waterfowl & waders through the Irish Wetland Bird Survey 1 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of dune & machair birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 D4.3 Develop a strategy to monitor terns on the west coast 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of dune & machair birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 D4.4 Conduct an All-Ireland breeding wader machair survey & tie into an All-Ireland breeding wader survey 2013 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of dune & machair birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 D4.5 Monitor other species in this group at appropriate time intervals 1 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of dune & machair birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 D4.6 Investigate the efficacy of using bird species as indicators for biodiversity 2012 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of dune & machair birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 D4.1 Develop a monitoring strategy for all of Ireland’s priority bird species 2013 Dune and Machair Birds 1 D5 The effects of climate change on dune & machair birds & their environment are better understood & appropriate conservation measures are identified Medium 2020 D5.1 Assess the likely impact of climate change on dune & machair birds & their habitats & identify appropriate adaptation measures for their long term conservation 2020

10 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Dune and Machair Birds 2 D6 Legislation is effective at protecting dune & machair birds & is properly enforced & resourced High 2017 D6.1 Review current legislation affecting the dune & machair environment (wildlife protection, development, recreation etc.) & identify a list of gaps which need to be filled for the effective protection of birds 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 2 D6 Legislation is effective at protecting dune & machair birds & is properly enforced & resourced High 2017 D6.2 Identify opportunities to fill these gaps & advise the importance of doing so to responsible parties to ensure effective protection is achieved 2017 Dune and Machair Birds 2 D7 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding dune & machair bird conservation High 2017 D7.1 Review current policy affecting the dune & machair environment (wildlife protection, agriculture & land-use, developments, recreation etc.) & identify a list of gaps which need to be filled for the effective protection of birds 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 2 D7 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding dune & machair bird conservation High 2017 D7.2 Identify opportunities to fill these gaps & advise the importance of doing so to responsible parties to ensure effective protection is achieved 2017 Dune and Machair Birds 2 D7 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding dune & machair bird conservation High 2017 D7.3 Develop ecologically sound land-use planning strategies using tools such as sensitivity mapping 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 2 D8 The most important bird sites in the dune & machair environment are identified & designated as per Ireland’s obligations under national & international commitments High 2020 D8.2 Produce (with appropriate consultation) & implement ornithological selection criteria for NHAs 2020 Dune and Machair Birds 2 D9 Hunting does not increase the chance of extinction of any dune & machair birds Medium 2015 D9.1 Review the hunting list & remove, if appropriate, particular bird species in consultation with relevant bodies 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 2 D9 Hunting does not increase the chance of extinction of any dune & machair birds Medium 2015 D9.2 Support current efforts within the hunting community to phase out lead shot & maintain an open dialogue on progress & timelines 1

11 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Dune and Machair Birds 3 D10 Dune & machair birds outside of designated sites benefit from appropriate protection High 2017 D10.4 Where appropriate include dune & machair bird interests in national strategies or plans to address alien invasive species or predators issues 2017 Dune and Machair Birds 3 D10 Dune & machair birds outside of designated sites benefit from appropriate protection High 2017 D10.2 Ensure appropriately targeted & budgeted measures to benefit dune & machair birds & their habitats are included in agri- environment & other land-use (e.g.

forestry) schemes & payments in designated & non-designated sites 2013 Dune and Machair Birds 3 D11 All designated sites for dune & machair birds are managed appropriately with dedicated management plans High 2020 D11.3 Restore the population of breeding waders at important machair sites to 1985 levels, ensuring the habitats are protected & where necessary restored or enhanced 2020 Dune and Machair Birds 3 D12 The landscape integrity of the environment is improved through landscape scale protection & restoration Medium 2020 D12.2 Create & maintain wildlife corridors & stepping stones between dune & machair habitats & other suitable habitats wherever possible to facilitate movements between key sites 2020 Dune and Machair Birds 3 D12 The landscape integrity of the environment is improved through landscape scale protection & restoration Medium 2020 D12.1 Establish a landscape approach to conservation in an Irish context & identify aspects of the landscape that need protecting & restoring for dune & machair birds, develop an appropriate strategy to achieve this 2017 Dune and Machair Birds 3 D13 The single species actions for dune & machair birds are implemented High 2020 D13.1 Implement the Single Species Actions in Table 10 1 Dune and Machair Birds 3 D13 The single species actions for dune & machair birds are implemented High 2020 D13.2 Identify species requiring Single Species Action Plans & create & implement these 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 4 D14 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important for birds, the dune & machair environment & ecosystem services High 2017 D14.1 Develop, promote & distribute best-practice information (e.g.

leaflets/website/manuals) to raise awareness of how best to manage the dune & machair environment for birds & why this is important 2015

12 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Dune and Machair Birds 4 D14 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important for birds, the dune & machair environment & ecosystem services High 2017 D14.3 In conjunction with relevant stakeholder organisations, develop, promote & distribute best practice information for participants in recreational activities within dune & machair habitats & explain why this is important 2017 Dune and Machair Birds 4 D14 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important for birds, the dune & machair environment & ecosystem services High 2017 D14.4 Ensure those responsible for drawing up agri-environment plans for landowners receive regular & effective training in conservation management techniques & are aware of the conservation priorities in their areas 2013 Dune and Machair Birds 4 D15 The general public have a better understanding of the importance of dune & machair birds, the factors that affect them & the importance of a healthy environment High 2015 D15.1 Develop & implement an awareness strategy to educate the general public on the importance of the dune & machair environment for birds, biodiversity & ecosystem services & the public benefits these provide 2015 Dune and Machair Birds 4 D15 The general public have a better understanding of the importance of dune & machair birds, the factors that affect them & the importance of a healthy environment High 2015 D15.2 Develop & implement an awareness strategy to improve the understanding amongst dune & machair recreational users of the importance of these habitats for birds, biodiversity & ecosystem services 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L1 The ecology & requirements of lake, fen & turlough birds are better understood High 2015 L1.1 Review current knowledge of the population, ecology & requirements of each bird species in this group 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L1 The ecology & requirements of lake, fen & turlough birds are better understood High 2015 L1.2 Identify where more research is required on lake, fen & turlough bird ecology & requirements, & initiate a strategic approach to acquiring this data 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L1 The ecology & requirements of lake, fen & turlough birds are better understood High 2015 L1.3 Carry out sensitivity mapping to identify the most vulnerable bird areas 2012 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L2 The impacts of different activities on lake, fen & turlough birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 L2.1 Carry out a review of the effects of agricultural & forestry practices on lake, fen & turlough birds identifying where these may be contributing to declines, & initiate a programme of research to identify mitigation measures 2013

13 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L2 The impacts of different activities on lake, fen & turlough birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 L2.2 Monitor & evaluate the response of lake, fen & turlough bird populations to agri-environment & forestry measures & adapt measures as necessary to benefit the relevant species 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L2 The impacts of different activities on lake, fen & turlough birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 L2.3 Review &, where necessary, contribute to research on the effects of developments inc.

wind farms, transport links, housing etc. on lake, fen & turlough birds 2017 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L2 The impacts of different activities on lake, fen & turlough birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 L2.4 Conduct research into the effects of recreation & disturbance on lake, fen & turlough birds (motorised & non-motorised) to evaluate its severity & identify mitigation measures where necessary 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L3 The effects of alien species & predators on lake, fen & turlough birds are quantified High 2015 L3.1 Determine the role of alien invasive species &/or predators on the population trends of lake, fen & turlough birds at priority sites & review best practice for methods of control or eradication where this is deemed necessary for bird conservation 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of lake, fen & turlough birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 L4.6 Investigate the efficacy of using bird species as indicators for biodiversity 2012 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of lake, fen & turlough birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 L4.5 Monitor other species in this group at appropriate time intervals (e.g.

breeding Common Scoter) 1 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of lake, fen & turlough birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 L4.3 Setup a All-Ireland raptor monitoring scheme for all Irish raptors 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of lake, fen & turlough birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 L4.1 Develop a monitoring strategy for all of Ireland’s priority bird species 2013

14 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage of lake, fen & turlough birds & are conducted in a periodic & strategic fashion High 2015 L4.2 Continue to monitor breeding bird trends & the farmland bird index through the Countryside Bird Survey & wintering wildfowl & waders through the Irish Wetland Bird Survey 1 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 1 L5 The effects of climate change on lake, fen & turlough birds & their environment are better understood & appropriate conservation measures identified Medium 2020 L5.1 Assess the likely impact of climate change on lake, fen & turlough birds & their habitats & identify appropriate adaptation measures for their long term conservation 2020 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2 L6 Legislation is effective at protecting lake, fen & turlough birds & is properly enforced & resourced High 2020 L6.1 Review current legislation affecting the lake, fen & turlough environment (wildlife protection, water quality, developments, recreation etc.) & identify a list of gaps which need to be filled for the effective protection of birds 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2 L6 Legislation is effective at protecting lake, fen & turlough birds & is properly enforced & resourced High 2020 L6.2 Identify opportunities to fill these gaps & advise about the importance of doing so to responsible parties to ensure effective protection is achieved 2017 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2 L7 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding lake, fen & turlough bird conservation High 2017 L7.2 Identify opportunities to fill these gaps & advise the importance of doing so to responsible parties to ensure effective protection is achieved 2017 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2 L7 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding lake, fen & turlough bird conservation High 2017 L7.1 Review current policy affecting the lake, fen & turlough environment (wildlife protection, water quality, developments, recreation etc.) & identify a list of gaps which need to be filled for the effective protection of birds 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2 L7 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding lake, fen & turlough bird conservation High 2017 L7.3 Develop ecologically sound landuse planning strategies using tools such as sensitivity mapping 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2 L8 The most important bird sites in the lake, fen & turlough environment are identified & designated as per Ireland’s obligations under national & international commitments High 2020 L8.2 Produce (with appropriate consultation) & implement ornithological selection criteria for NHAs 2020

15 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2 L9 Hunting does not increase the chance of extinction of any lake, fen & turlough birds Medium 2015 L9.1 Review the hunting list & remove, if appropriate, particular bird species in consultation with relevant bodies 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 2 L9 Hunting does not increase the chance of extinction of any lake, fen & turlough birds Medium 2015 L9.2 Support current efforts within the hunting community to phase out lead shot & maintain an open dialogue on progress & timelines 1 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 3 L10 Lake, fen & turlough birds outside of designated sites benefit from appropriate protection High 2017 L10.2 Ensure appropriately targeted & costed measures to benefit lake, fen & turlough birds & their habitats are included in agri- environment & other landuse (e.g.

forestry) schemes & payments in designated & non-designated sites 2013 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 3 L10 Lake, fen & turlough birds outside of designated sites benefit from appropriate protection High 2017 L10.3 Where appropriate include lake, fen & turlough bird interests in national strategies or plans to address alien invasive species or predator issues 2017 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 3 L10 Lake, fen & turlough birds outside of designated sites benefit from appropriate protection High 2017 L10.5 Implement mitigation measures where necessary to address recreational disturbance on lake, fen & turlough birds where they are under continuous pressure from these activities 2017 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 3 L12 The landscape integrity of the environment is improved through landscape scale protection & restoration Medium 2020 L12.1 Establish a landscape approach to conservation in an Irish context & identify aspects of the landscape that need protecting & restoring for lake, fen & turlough birds, & develop an appropriate strategy to achieve this 2017 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 3 L12 The landscape integrity of the environment is improved through landscape scale protection & restoration Medium 2020 L12.2 Create & maintain wildlife corridors & stepping stones between lake, fen & turlough habitats wherever possible to facilitate movements between key sites 2020 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 3 L13 The single species actions for lake, fen & turlough birds are implemented High 2020 L13.2 Identify species requiring Single Species Action Plans & create & implement these 2015

16 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 3 L13 The single species actions for lake, fen & turlough birds are implemented High 2020 L13.1 Implement the Single Species Actions in Table 10 1 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 4 L14 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important for birds, the lake, fen & turlough environment & ecosystem services Medium 2017 L14.1 Develop, promote & distribute best-practice information (e.g.

leaflets/website/manuals) to raise awareness of how best to manage the lake, fen & turlough environment for birds & their habitats & advocate why this is important 2017 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 4 L14 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important for birds, the lake, fen & turlough environment & ecosystem services Medium 2017 L14.3 In conjunction with relevant stakeholder organisations, develop, promote & distribute best practice information for participants in recreational activities within lake, fen & turlough habitats & explain why it is important 2017 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 4 L14 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important for birds, the lake, fen & turlough environment & ecosystem services Medium 2017 L14.4 Ensure those responsible for drawing up agri-environmental plans for landowners receive regular & effective training in conservation management techniques & are aware of the conservation priorities in their areas 2013 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 4 L15 The general public have a better understanding of the importance of lake, fen & turlough birds, the factors that affect them & the importance of a healthy environment Medium 2015 L15.1 Develop & implement an awareness strategy to educate the general public on the importance of the lake, fen & turlough environment for birds, biodiversity & ecosystem services & the public benefits these provide 2015 Lake, Fen and Turlough Birds 4 L15 The general public have a better understanding of the importance of lake, fen & turlough birds, the factors that affect them & the importance of a healthy environment Medium 2015 L15.2 Develop & implement an awareness strategy to improve the understanding amongst lake, fen & turlough recreational users of the importance of these habitats for birds, biodiversity & ecosystem services.

2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F1 The status, ecology & requirements of lowland farmland birds are better understood High 2015 F1.3 Carry out sensitivity mapping to identify the most vulnerable bird areas 2012 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F1 The status, ecology & requirements of lowland farmland birds are better understood High 2015 F1.2 Identify where more research is required on lowland farmland bird ecology & requirements, & initiate a strategic approach to acquiring this data 2015

17 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F1 The status, ecology & requirements of lowland farmland birds are better understood High 2015 F1.1 Review current knowledge of population, range, ecology & requirements of each bird species in this group 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F2 The impacts of different land-uses on lowland farmland birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 F2.1 Carry out a review of the effects of agricultural practices on priority birds identifying where these may be contributing to declines & initiate a programme of research to identify mitigation measures 2013 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F2 The impacts of different land-uses on lowland farmland birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 F2.2 Evaluate the benefits of existing agricultural practices on priority farmland birds where these species still occur 2013 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F2 The impacts of different land-uses on lowland farmland birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 F2.3 Monitor & evaluate the response of lowland farmland bird populations to agri-environment & forestry measures & adapt measures as necessary to benefit the relevant species 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F2 The impacts of different land-uses on lowland farmland birds are better understood & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2017 F2.4 Review & where necessary, contribute to research on the effects of new land-uses (wind farms & associated infrastructure, bio-crops, GMOs, etc.) on bird ecology 2017 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F3 The relationship between lowland farmland birds & predators & alien invasive species is better understood High 2015 F3.1 Determine the role of alien invasive species &/or predators on the population trends of birds at priority sites & review best practice for methods of control or eradication where this is deemed appropriate for bird conservation 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage for all priority birds in lowland farmland birds & are conducted in a strategic fashion High 2015 F4.2 Continue to monitor breeding farmland bird trends & the farmland bird index through the Countryside Bird Survey & wintering swans & geese through the Irish Wetland Bird Survey 1 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage for all priority birds in lowland farmland birds & are conducted in a strategic fashion High 2015 F4.6 Investigate the efficacy of using bird species as indicators for biodiversity 2012

18 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage for all priority birds in lowland farmland birds & are conducted in a strategic fashion High 2015 F4.5 Monitor other species in this group at appropriate time intervals 1 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage for all priority birds in lowland farmland birds & are conducted in a strategic fashion High 2015 F4.3 Setup an All-Ireland raptor monitoring scheme for all Irish raptors 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage for all priority birds in lowland farmland birds & are conducted in a strategic fashion High 2015 F4.1 Develop a monitoring strategy for all of Ireland’s priority bird species 2013 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F4 Species monitoring programmes provide sufficient coverage for all priority birds in lowland farmland birds & are conducted in a strategic fashion High 2015 F4.4 Conduct an All-Ireland breeding wader survey 2013 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F5 A better understanding of the effects of recreation on priority species is achieved Medium 2015 F5.1 Conduct research into the effects of recreation on lowland farmland birds to evaluate its severity & identify mitigation measures where necessary 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 1 F6 The effects of climate change on lowland farmland birds & their habitats is better understood & appropriate conservation measures are identified Low 2020 F6.1 Assess the likely impact of climate change on lowland farmland birds & their habitats & identify appropriate adaptation measures for their long term conservation 2020 Lowland Farmland Birds 2 F10 Hunting does not increase the chance of extinction of any lowland farmland birds Medium 2015 F10.1 Review the hunting list & remove, if appropriate, particular bird species in consultation with relevant bodies 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 2 F7 Legislation is effective at protecting lowland farmland birds & habitats is properly enforced & resourced High 2020 F7.1 Review current legislation affecting lowland farmland (wildlife, agriculture, forestry, water quality, energy, planning & development) & identify a list of gaps that need to be filled for the effective protection of lowland farmland birds & their habitats 2015

19 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lowland Farmland Birds 2 F7 Legislation is effective at protecting lowland farmland birds & habitats is properly enforced & resourced High 2020 F7.2 Identify opportunities to fill these gaps & advise about the importance of doing so to responsible parties to ensure effective protection is achieved 2017 Lowland Farmland Birds 2 F7 Legislation is effective at protecting lowland farmland birds & habitats is properly enforced & resourced High 2020 F7.3 Review & strengthen, where necessary, legislation concerning wildlife crime 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 2 F8 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding lowland farmland bird conservation High 2017 F8.1 Review current policy (e.g.

cross compliance, use of advisors, HNV, farmland afforestation, agri-environment schemes, etc.) affecting the lowland farmland environment & identify gaps that need to be addressed for the effective protection of birds & their 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 2 F8 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding lowland farmland bird conservation High 2017 F8.2 Identify opportunities to fill these gaps & advise about the importance of doing so to responsible parties to ensure effective protection is achieved 2017 Lowland Farmland Birds 2 F8 National policies fully address current gaps in policy regarding lowland farmland bird conservation High 2017 F8.3 Develop ecologically sound land-use planning strategies using tools such as sensitivity mapping 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 2 F9 The most important bird sites are designated as per Ireland’s obligations under national & international commitments High 2020 F9.2 Produce (with appropriate consultation) & implement ornithological selection criteria for NHAs 2020 Lowland Farmland Birds 3 F11 Lowland farmland birds outside of designated sites benefit from targeted & sensitive management High 2017 F11.2 Ensure appropriately targeted & costed measures to benefit farmland birds & their habitats are included in agri-environment & other land-use schemes & payments in designated & non- designated sites (e.g.

AEOS, NPWS FPS, Corncrake grant scheme) 2013 Lowland Farmland Birds 3 F11 Lowland farmland birds outside of designated sites benefit from targeted & sensitive management High 2017 F11.4 Where appropriate include farmland bird interests in national strategies or plans to address alien invasive species or predator issues 2017

20 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lowland Farmland Birds 3 F13 The landscape integrity of the lowland farmland environment is improved through landscape scale protection & restoration Medium 2020 F13.1 Establish a landscape approach to conservation in an Irish context & identify aspects of the landscape that need protecting & restoring for lowland farmland birds, develop an appropriate strategy to achieve this 2017 Lowland Farmland Birds 3 F13 The landscape integrity of the lowland farmland environment is improved through landscape scale protection & restoration Medium 2020 F13.2 Create & maintain wildlife corridors & stepping stones between farmland habitats wherever possible to facilitate species mobility & adaptation to climate change (inc.

hedgerows, mixed farming & set aside) 2020 Lowland Farmland Birds 3 F14 The single species actions for lowland farmland birds are implemented & single species Actions Plans created where necessary High 2020 F14.1 Implement the Single Species Actions in Table 10 1 Lowland Farmland Birds 3 F14 The single species actions for lowland farmland birds are implemented & single species Actions Plans created where necessary High 2020 F14.2 Identify species requiring Single Species Action Plans & create & implement these 2015 Lowland Farmland Birds 4 F15 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important & how best to carry this work out High 2017 F15.5 Ensure conservation practices for priority farmland birds are properly targeted & the positive benefits maximised on land where such measures are being implemented through the development of a panel of specialist advisors on the conservation of priority f 2012 Lowland Farmland Birds 4 F15 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important & how best to carry this work out High 2017 F15.3 In conjunction with relevant stakeholder organisations, develop, promote & distribute best-practice information for participants in relevant recreational activities within lowland farmland habitats & explain why this is important 2017 Lowland Farmland Birds 4 F15 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important & how best to carry this work out High 2017 F15.4 Ensure those responsible for drawing up agri-environment plans for landowners receive regular & effective training in conservation management techniques & are aware of the conservation priorities in their areas 2013 Lowland Farmland Birds 4 F15 Stakeholders have agreed on & are provided with best practice methodology for sustainable environmental use & the reasons this methodology is important & how best to carry this work out High 2017 F15.1 Develop, promote & distribute, to land managers, best-practice information (e.g.

leaflets/website/manuals) to raise awareness of how best to manage the land for farmland birds & why this is important 2015

21 Plan Theme ID Target ID Target description Priority Target Deadline Action ID Action description Action deadline Lowland Farmland Birds 4 F16 The general public have a better understanding of lowland farmland birds, their requirements & the factors that affect them including disturbance, poisoning & pollution Medium 2015 F16.1 Develop & implement an awareness strategy to educate the general public on the importance of the farmland environment for birds, biodiversity & ecosystem services & the public benefits they provide 2015 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds 1 M1 The ecology & requirements of marine & sea cliff birds is better understood High 2015 M1.2 Identify where more research is required on marine & sea cliff bird ecology & requirements & initiate a strategic approach to acquiring this data 2015 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds 1 M1 The ecology & requirements of marine & sea cliff birds is better understood High 2015 M1.4 Support the development of a marine biodiversity data management system that will serve as a portal to spatial & temporal data from different taxonomic groups to expand our knowledge base on Irelands marine environment & assist decision making 2015 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds 1 M1 The ecology & requirements of marine & sea cliff birds is better understood High 2015 M1.1 Review current knowledge of the population, ecology & requirements of each bird species in this group 2015 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds 1 M1 The ecology & requirements of marine & sea cliff birds is better understood High 2015 M1.3 Identify & monitor the most important marine areas for priority birds to inform the designation of Marine Protected Areas 2013 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds 1 M2 Studies of the impacts of different activities on marine & sea cliff birds are in place & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2015 M2.4 Conduct research into the effects of recreation (land & water based activities) & disturbance on marine & sea cliff birds & identify mitigation measures where necessary 2013 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds 1 M2 Studies of the impacts of different activities on marine & sea cliff birds are in place & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2015 M2.3 Conduct research into the requirements of a national emergency response to major oil spills or pollution events with the intention of creating a response plan 2013 Marine and Sea Cliff Birds 1 M2 Studies of the impacts of different activities on marine & sea cliff birds are in place & solutions to address impacts are being progressed High 2015 M2.2 Review & where necessary, contribute to research on the effects of offshore wind farms & other renewable energy technologies plus their associated infrastructure on bird mortality, productivity & foraging behaviour 2015

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