Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

bulletin AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY Minerals report: tariffs, production summary | C/C aircraft brake systems | Meetings highlights AUGUST 2019 Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

FIRING YOUR IMAGINATION FOR 100 YEARS www.harropusa.com Ads from the 1960’s and 1970’s

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

5G—connecting smartphones through ceramics and glass The nascent 5G network is about more than faster videos and uploads—it holds significant potential for impact on the ceramic and glass materials that are involved in smartphone device design and infrastructure.

by April Gocha 26 Carbon fiber-reinforced carbon composites for aircraft brakes The demanding requirements of aircraft brake rotor systems require entirely different designs than passenger and sports cars—designs in which carbon fiber-reinforced carbon composites are particularly well-suited. by R. Gadow and M. Jiménez 28 35 Annual commodity summary indicates significant impacts due to trade war USGS Minerals Commodity Summary by Lisa McDonald Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems 5G technologies will soon reach the market. Ceramic materials will play an important role in realizing the technology.

by Michael D. Hill and David B. Cruickshank 20 cover story 1 American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 | www.ceramics.org contents ___ 9
8 N o ___ 6
feature articles department News & Trends ___ 3
Spotlight ___ 7
Research Briefs ___ 14
Ceramics in Biomedicine ___ 17
Ceramics in Manufacturing ___ 19
columns Business and Market View ___ 6
5G chipset market expected to witness tremendous growth over forecast period 2019–2024 by Sinha G. Gaurav Deciphering the Discipline ___ 48
An interdisciplinary venture: Oxidation studies on stressed SiC/SiC CMCs by Kaitlin Detwiler meetings Ceramics Expo recap ___ 38
25th International Congress on Glass (ICG 2019) recap ___ 39
Cements 2019 recap ___ 40
Clay 2019 recap ___ 41
3rd Annual Energy Harvesting Society Meeting (EHS 2019 ___ 41
Materials Science and Technology (MS&T19 ___ 42
resources Calendar ___ 44
Classified Advertising ___ 45
Display Ad Index .

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

2 www.ceramics.org | American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 online ___ 9
8 N o ___ 6
bulletin AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY American Ceramic Society Bulletin covers news and activities of the Society and its members, includes items of interest to the ceramics community, and provides the most current information concerning all aspects of ceramic technology, including R&D, manufacturing, engineering, and marketing. The American Ceramic Society is not responsible for the accuracy of information in the editorial, articles, and advertising sections of this publication. Readers should independently evaluate the accuracy of any statement in the editorial, articles, and advertising sections of this publication.

American Ceramic Society Bulletin (ISSN No. 0002-7812). ©2019. Printed in the United States of America. ACerS Bulletin is published monthly, except for February, July, and November, as a “dual-media” magazine in print and electronic formats (www.ceramics.org). Editorial and Subscription Offices: 550 Polaris Parkway, Suite 510, Westerville, OH 43082-7045. Subscription included with The American Ceramic Society membership. Nonmember print subscription rates, including online access: United States and Canada, 1 year $135; international, 1 year $150.* Rates include shipping charges. International Remail Service is standard outside of the United States and Canada.

International nonmembers also may elect to receive an electronic-only, email delivery subscription for $100. Single issues, January–October/November: member $6 per issue; nonmember $15 per issue. December issue (ceramicSOURCE): member $20, nonmember $40. Postage/handling for single issues: United States and Canada, $3 per item; United States and Canada Expedited (UPS 2nd day air), $8 per item; International Standard, $6 per item.

POSTMASTER: Please send address changes to American Ceramic Society Bulletin, 550 Polaris Parkway, Suite 510, Westerville, OH 43082-7045. Periodical postage paid at Westerville, Ohio, and additional mailing offices. Allow six weeks for address changes. ACSBA7, Vol. 98, No. 6, pp 1– 48. All feature articles are covered in Current Contents. Editorial and Production Eileen De Guire, Editor edeguire@ceramics.org Lisa McDonald, Science Writer Michelle Martin, Production Editor Tess Speakman, Senior Graphic Designer Editorial Advisory Board Darryl Butt, University of Utah Michael Cinibulk, Air Force Research Laboratory Fei Chen, Wuhan University of Technology, China Thomas Fischer, University of Cologne, Germany Kang Lee, Chair NASA Glenn Research Center Chunlei Wan, Tsinghua University, China Customer Service/Circulation ph: 866-721-3322 fx: 240-396-5637 customerservice@ceramics.org Advertising Sales National Sales Mona Thiel, National Sales Director mthiel@ceramics.org ph: 614-794-5834 fx: 614-794-5822 Europe Richard Rozelaar media@alaincharles.com ph: 44-(0)-20-7834-7676 fx: 44-(0)-20-7973-0076 Executive Staff Mark Mecklenborg, Executive Director and Publisher mmecklenborg@ceramics.org Eileen De Guire, Director of Technical Publications and Communications edeguire@ceramics.org Marcus Fish, Development Director Ceramic and Glass Industry Foundation mfish@ceramics.org Michael Johnson, Director of Finance and Operations mjohnson@ceramics.org Mark Kibble, Director of Information Technology mkibble@ceramics.org Sue LaBute, Human Resources Manager & Exec.

Assistant slabute@ceramics.org Andrea Ross, Director of Meetings and Marketing aross@ceramics.org Kevin Thompson, Director of Membership kthompson@ceramics.org Officers Sylvia Johnson, President Tatsuki Ohji, President-Elect Michael Alexander, Past President Stephen Houseman, Treasurer Mark Mecklenborg, Secretary Board of Directors Mario Affatigato, Director 2018–2021 Kevin Fox, Director 2017–2020 Dana Goski, Director 2016–2019 John Kieffer, Director 2018–2021 Lynnette Madsen, Director 2016–2019 Sanjay Mathur, Director 2017–2020 Martha Mecartney, Director 2017–2020 Gregory Rohrer, Director 2015–2019 Jingyang Wang, Director 2018–2021 Stephen Freiman, Parliamentarian http://bit.ly/acerstwitter http://bit.ly/acerslink http://bit.ly/acersgplus http://bit.ly/acersfb http://bit.ly/acersrss www.ceramics.org Chemical map charts course to hundreds of new nitrides Exploratory synthesis of nitride materials can be a timeconsuming and risky venture.

A new map of ternary metal nitrides gives scientists a good idea of where to look for new nitrides.

As seen on Ceramic Tech Today... Also see our ACerS journals... Read more at www.ceramics.org/nitrides Read more at www.ceramics.org/journals Credit: Pixabay Ternary borosilicates as potential cladding glasses for semiconductor core optical fibers By I. Dmitrieva, P. Lopez-Iscoa, D. Milanese, and L. Petit International Journal of Applied Glass Science Crystalline IGZO ceramics (crystalline oxide semiconductor)–based devices for artificial intelligence By S. Yamazaki, S. Ohshita, M. Oota, et al. International Journal of Ceramic Engineering and Science Ultrathin ceramic nanowires for high interface interaction and energy density in PVDF nanocomposites By P.

Qu, X. Zhu, X. Peng, et al. International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology Data‐driven glass/ceramic science research: Insights from the glass and ceramic and data science/informatics communities By E. De Guire, L. Bartolo, R. Brindle, et al. Journal of the American Ceramic Society

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

3 American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 | www.ceramics.org news & trends After years of hype, 5G networks are beginning to tentatively open to the public. In April, three South Korean carriers and Verizon in the United States launched their 5G networks just hours apart from each other while Britain carrier EE followed with their launch at the end of May. British carriers Vodafone and Three UK plan to launch their networks in July and August, respectively, while the Chinese government is coordinating with three statebacked carriers to bring commercial 5G service to 40 Chinese cities in October.

These first 5G networks will initially operate in conjunction with existing 4G networks, but what makes 5G desirable is its ability to operate at frequencies above those currently in use by 4G networks. Now, 4G networks operate in the spectrum of frequencies below 6 GHz. However, as of today, networks strain under current demand in this range. 5G networks will help alleviate this crowding by operating in two different bands: a lower frequency below 6 GHz (for long-distance links), and a higher millimeter wave 20–100 GHz region (for super-fast communication in cities). Ideally, 5G will lead to higher data rates, low latency, and increased connectivity.

Creating devices that operate in the millimeter wave region, though, presents a materials challenge. For now, network carriers are most interested in millimeter wave frequencies in the 20 GHz and 30 GHz region because designing Credit: CNET, YouTube 5G promises to connect us to the internet at speeds faster than ever before— but will 5G disconnect us from receiving reliable weather forecasts?

Will 5G hinder weather forecasts? An ISO 9001:2015 certified company Furnace control systems are certified by Intertek UL508A compliant Custom solutions as sophisticated and unique as your process. Unveil yours today. Deltech Furnaces www.deltechfurnaces.com

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

www.ceramics.org | American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 4 news & trends PLANTS, CENTERS, AND FACILITIES Encirc invests in world’s first intelligent glass line and increased capacity U.K. glass container manufacturer and bottler Encirc is set to boost glass production capacity at its site in Elton, Cheshire by building a world-first ‘Industry 4.0-Ready’ glass production line.

The new line will see the plant’s hot end digitally connected to the cold end. https://www. glass-international.com Schott invests in its glass tubing manufacturing plant in India German technology group Schott invested an additional double-digit million-Euro figure into a new glass tank at its tubing manufacturing plant in Jambusar, India. The expansion follows recent investments at the site, including the construction of an additional tank facility last year. https://www.glass-international.com United States Steel to invest a billion dollars in new plant United States Steel Corp., Pittsburgh, will invest more than $1 billion to construct a new sustainable endless casting and rolling facility at its Edgar Thomson Plant in Braddock, Pa., and a cogeneration facility at its Clairton Plant in Clairton, Pa., both part of the company’s Mon Valley Works.

https://www.asminternational.org/ web/hts/news/newswire Dalmia Seven inaugurates ‘first-of-itskind’ monolithics production line in India Dalmia Seven (a JV between Dalmia Bharat Group and Seven Refractories of Business news Europe) inaugurated a new monolithics production line at its Katni, Madhya Pradesh manufacturing plant. The new production line is “first-of-its-kind” in India and equipped to manufacture a range of monolithic products. https:// www.foundry-planet.com ACQUISITIONS AND COLLABORATIONS Graphene Engineering Innovation Centre signs sixth Tier 1 partner Gerdau, a Brazilian steel company, is the sixth company to sign a Tier 1 partnership with Graphene Engineering Innovation Centre.

The collaboration will focus on anti-corrosion coatings, composites for the automotive industry, membranes, and energy storage devices. https://www. manchester.ac.uk/discover/news South Korea to establish joint nuclear research center in Saudi Arabia South Korea plans to set up a joint nuclear energy research center in Saudi Arabia, the South Korean Ministry of Science and Technology says. The agreement came at the bilateral nuclear commission meeting held in Riyadh, at which there was broad exchange on SMART, or the System-Integrated Modular Advanced Reactor program. https://www.middleeastmonitor.com MARKET TRENDS Global glass mold market to surpass US$1,042.0 million by 2027 The global glass mold market was valued at US$802.5 million in 2018, and is projected to exhibit a CAGR of 3% over the forecast period 2019–2027, in terms of revenue.

The growth is due to increasing demand for glass molds from various enduse industries such as food and beverage, healthcare, and others. https://apnews.com Significant growth foreseen by refractories during 2026 An XploreMR report forecasts that the global refractories market is expected to witness an attractive revenue growth over the period 2018–2026. There has been an increasing demand from the steel industry at a global level, which has driven refractories demand for various applications. https://www.xploremr.com Sprayed concrete market driven by tech-intensive processes in construction industry The global sprayed concrete market is expected to exhibit a 7.93% CAGR between 2018–2023, according to a Market Research Future report.

The market is driven by growing awareness of benefits offered by sprayed concrete over traditional pouring processes, and growing demand for new construction in developed and developing countries. https://www. globenewswire.com Global glass recycling market will grow at a CAGR of 5% during 2019–2023 Technavio’s research report on Global Glass Recycling Market for forecast period 2019–2023 estimates global glass recycling market size will grow by more than US$916 million, at a CAGR of more than 5%. The concept of green buildings is gaining popularity worldwide and is being increasingly adopted in developing countries.

https://apnews.com n materials that can process the lower end of the millimeter wave region is more immediately achievable than designing materials that can process frequencies in the region’s middle or higher end. But there is a problem with this plan— just because cell service does not use frequencies above 6 GHz does not mean those frequencies are “empty,” specifically frequencies in the 20–30 GHz range. Weather satellites work by detecting electromagnetic radiation emitted by the earth’s surface and atmosphere. When combined with other forms of information, such as photographs, meteorologists are able to predict what weather will look like in the near future.

This ability is essential to providing adequate warning to areas about to be hit by severe weather events, such as hurricanes. While ground and water vapor emit electromagnetic radiation all along the frequency spectrum, water vapor emits relatively strongly at 23.8 GHz. This sig-

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

5 American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 | www.ceramics.org www.optipro.com 585-265-0160 sales@optipro.com CUSTOMIZED FOR YOUR CERAMIC OR GLASS APPLICATION: X Travel: 500, 800, 1100, or 1200mm (larger custom machines available upon request) 3, 4, or 5 axis of motion (X, Y & Z standard, B & C optional) Advanced IntelliSonic™ technology Maintains peak ultrasonic machining performance Maintains peak ultrasonic machining performance OPTISONIC™ SERIES Ultrasonic Machining Centers Trusted Technology.

OptiSonic 550X OptiSonic 1150X ADVANCED CERAMICS MACHINING MADE EASY nal is still weak, though, and requires fine-tuned instruments to accurately pick it up.

And this signal is the reason the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA, and other parts of the scientific community currently are embroiled in a fight with the Federal Communications Commission. In March, FCC began auctioning frequencies in the millimeter wave region to mobile carriers preparing for 5G. And part of the spectrum auctioned by FCC begins at 24.25 GHz. In theory, signals at 24.25 GHz would not interfere with signals at 23.8 GHz. In practice, signals are like bell curves—a specific frequency has the strongest signal, but the signal tapers off over a range of frequencies.

This frequency spillover could have serious effects on weather forecasting. Acting NOAA administrator Neil Jacobs warned in a House Science Committee hearing on May 16, “[These out-of-band emissions] would degrade the forecast skill by up to 30 percent ... This would result in the reduction of hurricane track forecasts’ lead time by roughly two to three days.” The World Radiocommunication Conference, a major meeting of the world’s spectrum regulators, is set for the end of October, during which limits on out-of-band emissions will be negotiated. An internal United States Navy report warns the U.S.

could set a risky precedent: “[I]f the U.S. expands into the 24 GHz band, other countries will follow suit and thus impacts will eventually be worldwide, concentrated near densely-populated areas.” n Corporate Partner news Bomas celebrates their 60th anniversary Bomas Machine Specialties celebrates its 60th anniversary this year. Started in 1959 by Pat Annese to service the niche industry of ceramic machining, Bomas continues to provide advanced ceramics machining for wear applications in all types of environments. n Credit: Bomas From left, Joe Annese, president; Mark Annese, shop foreman; and Theresa Annese, operations.

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

www.ceramics.org | American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 6 business and market view The 5G chipset market for 5G chipset was valued $490 million in 2018 and is expected to reach nearly $10.9 billion in 2024, growing at a CAGR of 65.7% during the forecast period. The major factors driving 5G chipset growth are an increasing demand for the Internet of Things and Machine to Machine connections coupled with an ever-increasing demand for high-speed mobile data services and rapid development in automated devices.

  • Among all the deployment types of 5G technologies, smart phones held the highest share of the market in 2018 and commanded a market share of more than 54% in the global 5G chipset market. However, the other devices segment is expected to witness the fastest growth rate during the forecast period, growing at a CAGR of 70.2% from 2019 through 2024 (Table 1). One of the key areas the fifth generation of wireless networking technology is aimed at addressing is the Internet of Things (IoT). 5G technology promises to build a more IoT friendly ecosystem, with tremendous improvements over the current capabilities offered by 4G. A few industries where IoT and 5G can bring about disruptions include
  • Autonomous Vehicles: Sensors attached in self-driving or autonomous vehicles can generate vast amounts of data to help to assess traffic conditions, GPS location, temperature, and weather, among others;
  • Smart Cities: Wider applications in smart city management from traffic monitoring to waste management;
  • Healthcare: Service improvements as all sorts of medical devices are IoT enabled, assisted by 5G technology;
  • Retail: Customer experiences and engagement shaped through mobile phones; and
  • Logistics: Sophisticated IoT tracking sensors could completely transform logistics operations from end to end. Many elements of the current 5G technology are built on 4G networks, which means mobile operators can take an evolutionary approach to the overall infrastructure investment.

The 5G technologies primarily require three major frequency ranges to operate: the lower frequency range (below 1 GHz); the high frequencies (1–6 GHz); and the very high frequencies (above 6 GHz). The below 3 GHz band held the largest share of the network infrastructure market globally in 2018 with a value of $56.81 million, and it is expected to reach $1.2 billion by 2024, growing at a CAGR of 65.2%. The fastest growing market, however, is forecast to be the 5–6 GHz spectrum band type. The 5–6 GHz spectrum band market for network infrastructure deployment type was valued at $5.64 million in 2018 and is expected to reach $135.32 million by 2024, growing at a CAGR of 67.9%.

The chipset market can be segmented into the following types: gallium nitride (GaN) based chipset, gallium arsenide (GaAs) based chipset, indium phosphide (InP) based chipset, silicon nitride (SiN) based chipset, silicon-based chipset, and others. Of these, GaN-based semiconductors are widely adopted across the world for its thermal efficient performance; GaAs-based chipsets have their application in the space and defense industries due to high radiation hardness; and SiNbased chipsets are mostly used in small amounts in comparison to other wafers that have silicon as the base material. Asia Pacific garnered the highest revenue in the 5G chipset market in 2018 at $334.23 million, and it is expected that it will continue to dominate the revenue share with a value of $7.2 billion in 2024.

However, the North America region held the second largest share of the global market and is expected to offer substantial market potential for the 5G chipset market, expanding at a CAGR of 66.1% during the forecast period from 2019 through 2024 to reach $2.2 billion in 2024 from $99.03 million in 2018. High demand for advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine-to-machine communication, and connected cars will provide huge opportunities for the development of the 5G chipset market in North America. About the author Sinha G. Gaurav is a research analyst for BCC Research. Contact Gaurav at analysts@bccresearch.com.

Resource S.G. Gaurav, “5G Chipset: Global Markets to 2024” BCC Research Report SMC117A, July 2019. www.bccresearch.com. n A regular column featuring excerpts from BCC Research reports on industry sectors involving the ceramic and glass industry.

5G chipset market expected to witness tremendous growth over forecast period 2019–2024 By Sinha G. Gaurav Table 1. Global market for 5G chipset by deployment type, through 2024 ($ millions) Deployment type 2018 2019 2024 CAGR%, 2018–2024 Network infrastructure 93.94 167.13 2,107.74 66.0 Smart gadgets 69.22 124.00 1,617.09 67.1 Smart phones 265.29 468.41 5,690.16 64.8 Routers/modems 43.25 77.09 980.16 66.3 Others 18.30 33.37 476.05 70.2 Total 490.00 870.00 10,871.20 65.7

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

7 American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 | www.ceramics.org acers spotlight SOCIETY AND DIVISION NEWS 2019-2020 ACerS officers The new slate of ACerS officers has been determined.

There were no contested offices and no write-in candidates, automatically making all nominees “elected.” ACerS rules eliminates the need to prepare a ballot or hold an election when only one name is put forward for each office. The new term will begin October 3, 2019, at the conclusion of the Annual Meeting/MS&T. ACerS President-elect To serve a one-year term October 3, 2019 to October 8, 2020 Dana Goski ACerS Board of Directors To serve three-year terms October 3, 2019 to October 2022 Helen Chan Monica Ferraris William Headrick Division and Class Officers To serve a one-year term October 3, 2019 to October 8, 2020, unless otherwise noted Art, Archaeology and Conservation Science Division Chair: Patricia Marie McGuiggan Vice chair: Glenn Gates Secretary: Marie Jackson Treasurer: Jamie Weaver Trustee: Ed Fuller Basic Science Division Chair: John Blendell Chair-elect: Kristen Brosnan Vice chair: Yiquan Wu Secretary: Wolfgang Rheinheimer Secretary-elect: Edwin García Bioceramics Division Chair: Roger Narayan Chair-elect: Julian Jones Vice chair: Ashutosh Goel Secretary: Bikramjit Basu Cements Division Chair: Denise Silva Chair-elect: Shiho Kawashima Secretary: Dimitri Feys Trustee: Maria Juenger Education and Professional Development Council Cochair: Janet Callahan Cochair: TBD Corporate Partner news Welcome ACerS newest Sapphire Corporate Partner: We are pleased to welcome the following Corporate Partners: – Ferro-Ceramic Grinding Inc.

GrainBound LLC – Ivoclar Vivadent AG – Lancaster Products – Paul O. Abbe – Sunrock Ceramics Company – Gorka Corporation – Jadco Manufacturing For more details contact Kevin Thompson at 614-794-5894 or kthompson@ceramics.org. n 8349-PEN Penn Tools Grindosonic 1/3 page ad (7" x 3") Accuracy is just a tap away.

The GrindoSonic® MK7 makes precise, reliable, non-destructive testing of material characteristics easy. Employing the Impulse Excitation technique, the MK7 can measure the elastic properties of a wide range of materials. With just a light tap, the result is displayed within a fraction of a second. It is simply the defacto universal standard for industrial quality control and research purposes.To find out more, visit our website, call, or email info@penntoolco.com. 1 -1 0 π/2 -π/2 “Tap” Amplitude F A n A n+1 Time penntoolco.com/grindosonic 800 526-4956 In memoriam Triplicane Parthasarathy Robert Baier James Cloud Eric “Lou” Vance Edwin Childs Thomas Prokopowicz Some detailed obituaries can also be found at www.ceramics.org/in-memoriam.

Bulletin - Ceramic materials for 5G wireless communication systems

8 www.ceramics.org | American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 acers spotlight Society and Division news (continued) Electronics Division Chair: Jon lhlefeld Chair-elect: Alp Sehirlioglu Vice chair: Claire Xiong Secretary: Jenny Andrew Secretary-elect: Ed Gorzkowski Trustee: Steven Tidrow Engineering Ceramics Division Chair: Surojit Gupta Chair-elect: Valerie Wiesner Vice chair/Treasurer: Hisayuki Suematsu Secretary: Palani Balaya Trustee: Michael Halbig Parliamentarian: Dileep Singh Glass & Optical Materials Division Chair: Jincheng Du Chair-elect: John Mauro Vice chair: Sabyasachi Sen Secretary: Gang Chen Manufacturing Division Chair: Matthew Creedon Chair-elect: Steven Jung Vice chair: William Headrick Secretary: Weston Wright Nuclear & Environmental Technology Division Division chair: Phil Edmondson Vice chair: Kyle Brinkman Secretary: Krista Carlson Advisor: Kevin Fox Refractory Ceramics Division (term begins March 2019) Chair: Ashley Hampton Vice chair: Steven Ashlock Secretary: Dawn Hill Trustee: Louis J.

Trostel, Jr. Structural Clay Products Division (term begins March 2019) Chair: Mike Walker Chair-elect: Jed Lee Vice chair: Holly Rohrer Secretary: Jim Krueger Trustee: John Dowdle n MS&T19 registration for ACerS Distinguished Life and Senior, Emeritus members ACerS again offers complimentary MS&T19 registration for Distinguished Life Members and reduced registration for Senior and Emeritus members. These special offers are only available through ACerS and are not offered on the MS&T registration site. Registration ACerS delegates visit European Ceramic Society leaders The ECerS conference took place in Torino, Italy, on June 16–20.

Left to right: Pavol Sajgalik, ECerS secretary and past president; Tatsuki Ohji, ACerS president-elect; Alex Michaelis, president, German Ceramic Society; Moritz von Witzleben, ECerS immediate past president; Anne Leriche, treasurer and ECerS past president; Sylvia Johnson, ACerS president; Francis Cambier, ECerS president elect; Jon Binner, ECerS president; Mark Mecklenborg, ACerS executive director; Richard Todd, senior editor, JECS. Volunteer Spotlight Stover ACerS is pleased to announce that Mr. Fred Stover has been selected for Volunteer Spotlight. Fred is currently the treasurer of the Michigan/ Northwest Ohio Section of ACerS.

Additionally, Fred was named a Fellow of The American Ceramic Society in 2012. For more information go to https://ceramics.org/stover. Hampton ACerS is pleased to announce that Ashley Hampton has been selected for Volunteer Spotlight as well. Hampton first joined ACerS in 2013 and volunteered at the Refractory Ceramics Division as program cochair of the 53rd Annual Symposium on Refractories in 2017. For more information go to https:// ceramics.org/hampton.

We extend our deep appreciation to Stover and Hampton for their service to our Society! n Johnson attended the International Workshop on Ceramics for Sustainable Society at the Guangdong University of Technology in Guangzhou, hosted by H-T Lin; CiCC-11, hosted by the organizers, and IMR in Shenyang hosted by Jingyang Wang. Johnson gave talks on the history of thermal protection systems at all three events. n President Sylvia Johnson attends conferences in China Sylvia Johnson, ACerS president (left) and Ruiping Gao, president of the Chinese Ceramic Society (right) forms are available at https://ceramics.

org/acers-spotlight/mst19-registrationsdistinguished-life-emeritus-and-seniormembers, and should be submitted to Erica Zimmerman at ezimmerman@ ceramics.org. n

  • 9 American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 | www.ceramics.org Mo-Sci offers a wide variety of custom glass solutions and will work with you to create tailored glass materials to match your application. Contact us today to discuss your next project. mo-sci.com/contact www.mo-sci.com
  • 573.364.2338 ISO 9001:2008
  • AS9100C Aworldleaderinbioactiveand customglasssolutions @moscicorp @MoSciCorp linkedin.com/company/moscicorp Names in the news The Pennsylvania State University alumnus Delbert Day, inventor, and materials scientist, (right) accepts a 2019 Distinguished Alumni Award, the highest honor the University bestows upon its alumni, from The Pennsylvania State University president Eric Barron (left), at a ceremony on May 31, 2019.

Credit: The Pennsylvania State University Harris Professor Vincent Harris leads new specialty section on Quantum Materials in Frontiers in Materials. Bandyopadhyay Amit Bandyopadhyay, Herman and Brita Lindholm Endowed Chair and professor in the School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Washington State University, has been named a Fellow of SME, the professional society of manufacturing engineers. Bose Susmita Bose, the Herman and Brita Lindholm Endowed Chair Professor in the School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Washington State University, has been named a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC).

n The Centre for Optics, Photonics and Lasers (COPL) at Université Laval, in Quebec City, Canada, hosted the first North American Summer School on Photonic Materials, June 16–21. From left to right: Younès Messaddeq, professor at COPL, International Congress on Glass president Alicia Durán; Kathleen Richardson, ACerS past president and COPL director Réal Vallée. Details of the school’s program, including lecture and experimental plans, can be found at www.nasspm.org.

Credit: Steeve Morency

10 www.ceramics.org | American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 AWARDS AND DEADLINES acers spotlight Deadlines for upcoming nominations August 15, 2019 Engineering Ceramics Division secretary nominations The ECD Nominating Committee invites nominations for the incoming 2019–2020 division secretary candidate. Nominees will be presented for approval at the ECD Annual Business Meeting at MS&T19 and included on the ACerS spring 2020 division officer ballot. Nominations and a short description of the candidate’s qualifications should be submitted to: Chair: Mrityunjay Singh, Aerospace Institute, NASA Glenn Research Center, mrityunjay@oai.org; Jingyang Wang, Institute of Metals Research, jywang@imr.ac.cn; or Andy Ericks, University of California Santa Barbara, aericks@ucsb.edu.

For more information, visit ceramics.org/divisions. Nominations for ACerS 2020 Class of Fellows ACerS 2020 Class of Fellows will be presented at the ACerS Annual Meeting at MS&T20.

Fellows should be “persons of good reputation who have reached their 35th birthday and who have been members of the Society for at least the past five years continuously at the established nomination deadline date. They shall prove qualified for elevation to the grade of Fellow by reason of outstanding contributions to the ceramic arts or sciences; through broad and productive scholarship in ceramic science and technology, by conspicuous achievement in ceramic industry or by outstanding service to the Society.” Contact Erica Zimmerman at ezimmerman@ceramics.org if you have any questions about the Fellows nomination process.

Visit http://ceramics. org/?awards=society-fellows to review the criteria for nomination and to download the nomination form. n September 1, 2019 Nominations for Varshneya Frontiers of Glass Lectures Submit nominations for the two Darshana and Arun Varshneya Frontiers of Glass lectures that will be presented at the GOMD meeting in May 2020 in New Orleans, La.

The Frontiers of Glass Science and the Frontiers of Glass Technology lectures are designed to encourage scientific and technical dialog in glass topics of significance that define new horizons, highlight new research concepts, or demonstrate the potential to develop products and processes for the benefit of humankind. Submit nominations to Erica Zimmerman at ezimmerman@ceramics. org. Additional information: http:// ceramics.org/?awards=darshana-and-arunvarshneya-frontiers-of-glass-lectures n January 15, 2020 ACerS and Morgan Advanced Materials Global Distinguished Doctoral Dissertation Award This award recognizes a distinguished doctoral dissertation in the ceramics and glass discipline.

The awardee must have been a member of the Global Graduate Researcher Network and have completed a doctoral dissertation as well as all other graduation requirements set by their institution for a doctoral degree within 12 months prior to the application deadline.

Nominations should be made by a person familiar with the student’s work such as the research supervisor. It is expected the student will collaborate in the preparation of the nomination package. The award is sponsored by Morgan Advanced Materials and will be presented at the Awards Banquet at the Society’s Annual Meeting. It consists of a $1,000 honorarium, certificate, and complimentary meeting registration at the Annual Meeting. For complete nomination instructions, visit: http://ceramics.org/ awards/global-distinguished-doctoraldissertation-award Submit nomination materials electronically or by mail.

If submitting electronically, send to Erica Zimmerman at ezimmerman@ceramics.org. Electronic nominations are preferred. n Congratulations to 2019 GOMD student poster awardees! The Glass & Optical Materials Division awarded best student poster prizes to the following students at its June meeting. Special thanks to Corning, Inc. for sponsoring the annual contest. 1st place María Helena Ramírez, Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil Unmasking the breakdown of the classical nucleation theory 2nd place Junjie Zhao, Zhejiang University, China Molecular dynamics simulation study of cooling rate effect on fluoride phase separated SiO2 -Al2 O3 -BaF2 glass 3rd place Kuo-Hao Lee, The Pennsylvania State University Crack initiation in an indented metallic glass with embedded nanoparticle Honorable Mentions Moritz Bernd Karl Fritzsche, Rheinische Friedrich-WilhelmsUniversität Bonn, Germany The interface-coupled dissolution-reprecipitation model of aqueous glass corrosion considering a solution boundary layer and inter-diffusion Zhen Zhang, University of Montpellier, France A comparative study of melt-formed and fracture surfaces of silicate glasses using large scale computer simulations n

11 American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 | www.ceramics.org Congratulations to the 10th Advances in CementBased Materials Meeting Poster Session and YouTube Video Contest Awardees Poster Session Awardees Robbie Damiani, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Mechanical property of foam concrete with recycled crumb rubber Christina Siakati, KU Levuen, Belgium Modelling the impact of chemical variability on the nanostructure of iron-rich slags Sarah Williams, University of Colorado Boulder Engineered living mortars: Structural hydrogel scaffolds that enhance microbial biocementation Baishakhi Bose, Purdue University Influence of silica-polyacrylamide hydrogel particles on the microstructure and mechanical properties of internally cured cement paste Aniruddha Baral, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Self-cleaning and NOx removal of photocatalytic cements YouTube Research Video Contest Awardees Karthik Pattaje, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Controlling 3D printable concrete with vibration Nima Hosseinzadeh, University of Miami Hydration, strength and shrinkage of cementitious materials mixed with brine n STUDENTS AND OUTREACH Your Valuable Partner in Material Science Tel: 1-520-514-1100, Fax: 1-520-747-4024 Email: sales@advaluetech.com 3158 S.

Chrysler Ave., Tucson, AZ 85713, U.S.A Quartz Sapphire Alumina Laser Machining Metallization High Purity Powders Http://www.advaluetech.com Engineered Solutions FOR POWDER COMPACTION COLD ISOSTATIC PRESSES Featuring Dry Bag Pressing HIGH SPEED PTX PRESSES Repeatable. Reliable. Precise. CNC HYDRAULIC AND ELECTRIC PRESSES Easy to Setup and Flexible for Simple to Complex Parts GLOBAL SUPPORT TEAM ON-SITE SERVICE POWDER COMPACTION SOLUTIONS 814.371.3015 press-sales@gasbarre.com www.gasbarre.com 4th Annual PCSA Creativity and Microstory Competition submissions ACerS President's Council of Student Advisors (PCSA) has organized an innovative-artistic initiative in the form of a creativity and microstory competition for students.

The microstory portion of the competition serves to encourage the harmonious coexistence of art and science in the ceramics and glass community. Students who dabble in ceramic and glass-related arts either for their research or just for fun are encouraged to share their talent. Find out more information about the PCSA Creativity and Microstory Competition by visiting www.ceramics.org/pcsacreative and submit your entries by July 31. n Outstanding Student Researcher Award The Outstanding Student Researcher Award recognizes exemplary student research related to the mission of the Nuclear and Environmental Technology Division.

Applicants must have an accepted abstract for MS&T19. It is strongly encouraged that

12 www.ceramics.org | American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 CeramTec High-Performance Ceramics open up new potentials in a wide range of applications worldwide, such as in medical technology, the automotive industry, electronics, energy and environmental technology, and mechanical and plant engineering. We will take you further. www.ceramtec.com Discover the potentials of Advanced Ceramics Students and outreach (cont.) acers spotlight undergraduate submissions present extracurricular projects only, i.e., research conducted outside the normal scope of one’s coursework. Instructions, templates, and examples can be found at: www.ceramics.

org/netd_osr. Applications will be accepted until July 31. n ACerS student tour to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Students will have an opportunity to attend a tour at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash., on Wednesday, October 2, 2019, during MS&T19. The ACerS student tour to PNNL will be an all-day event and is open to all MS&T19 student registrants.

Space is limited and registration is on a first come, first served basis. To register visit www.matscitech.org/students. NonU.S. citizens: All application materials must be submitted by August 2. If you have any questions, please contact Yolanda Natividad at ynatividad@ceramics.org. n NEW - PCSA Humanitarian Pitch Competition at MS&T19 The President’s Council of Student Advisors will host the Humanitarian Pitch Competition for students to pitch ideas to a panel of judges about how to use materials science to address a challenge that a community is experiencing. Teams may have up to four participants, both undergraduate and graduate students. Visit www.ceramics.org/pitchcomp for further details and submit your abstracts by September 1. n MS&T19 student contests The following are student contests at MS&T19 this year in Portland, Ore.:
  • Undergraduate Student Poster Contest
  • Undergraduate Student Speaking Contest
  • Graduate Student Poster Contest
  • Ceramic Mug Drop Contest
  • Ceramic Disc Golf Contest
  • NEW! Humanitarian Pitch Competition For more information on student activities at MS&T19, visit www.matscitech.org/students, or contact Yolanda Natividad at ynatividad@ ceramics.org. n
13 American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 | www.ceramics.org Ceramographic Competition and Roland B. Snow Award It is time to start working on your entry for the 2019 Ceramographic Exhibit & Competition, organized by the ACerS Basic Science Division. This unique competition, held at MS&T19 in September in Portland, Ore., is an annual poster exhibit that promotes the use of microscopy and microanalysis as tools in the scientific investigation of ceramic materials. The Roland B. Snow award is presented to the Best of Show winner of the competition. Winning entries are also featured on the back cover of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society. Read more about the rules of entry for this year’s competition here: www.ceramics.org/roland_b_snow_award n www.tevtechllc.com Tel. (978) 667-4557 100 Billerica Ave, Billerica, MA 01862 Fax. (978) 667-4554 sales@tevtechllc.com Custom Designed Vacuum Furnaces for:
  • CVD SiC Etch & RTP rings
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  • Sintering, Debind, Annealing Unsurpassed thermal and deposition uniformity Each system custom designed to suit your specific requirements Laboratory to Production Exceptional automated control systems providing improved product quality, consistency and monitoring Worldwide commissioning, training and service CGIF receives scholarship support from Allied Allied Mineral Products, headquartered in Columbus, Ohio, recently became the first corporate donor to support scholarships for the new two-year Ceramic Engineering Technology Program under development at Central Ohio Technical College (COTC) in Newark, Ohio. Allied’s executive vice president, Doug Doza, presented a $5,000 check to Marcus Fish, development director of CGIF, to build a scholarship fund for future students of the program.

The new Ceramic Engineering Technology program will be the only two-year degree program in the United States. The program is being developed through a publicprivate partnership between ACerS, The Edward Orton Jr. Ceramic Foundation, and COTC to build a skilled workforce for the ceramic industry. ACerS and the CGIF have committed to promote the program to industry partners, assist with fundraising for scholarships, and help with acquiring the necessary lab equipment and machinery. COTC is a fully accredited, public college dedicated to providing high-quality, accessible programs of technical education in response to current and emerging employment needs.

In addition to the equipment and machinery needed for the new lab, donations for internships and scholarships are crucial. If you would like to provide a gift to the scholarship fund or would like a complete list of equipment needs, please contact Marcus Fish at 614-794-5863. n Credit: ACerS Allied’s Doug Doza (left) presents the check to Marcus Fish of the CGIF for the Ceramic Engineering Technology Program.

14 www.ceramics.org | American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 research briefs The many types of bricks Even though bricks have been used as building materials for thousands of years, many modern homeowners are surprised to find there are many types of bricks to choose from, and not all of these bricks are made of clay. Traditionally, brick refers to a small unit of building material consisting primarily of clay. The mineral content of the clay determines the brick’s color—clays rich with iron oxide turn reddish, while clays containing a lot of lime have a white or yellow hue.

In current times, the definition of brick has expanded to refer to any small rectangular building unit that joins to other units via cementitious mortar (larger building units are called blocks).

Clay is still one of the main brick materials, but other common materials are sand and lime, concrete, and fly ash. Sand lime bricks Calcium silicate bricks, popularly known as sand lime bricks, contain high amounts of sand—about 88–92%. The remaining 8–12% is mainly lime. Unlike traditional clay bricks, which are fired in kilns, sand lime bricks form when the constituent materials bond together by a chemical reaction that occurs as wet bricks dry under heat and pressure. Compared to other bricks, sand lime bricks are more uniform in color and texture, and they require less mortar. However, they cannot resist water nor fire for long periods of time, so they are not suitable for laying foundations or building furnaces.

Concrete bricks Compared to clay bricks, concrete bricks offer much more in the way of design options. Concrete bricks can be easily formed in a variety of shapes—squares, triangles, octagons—and pigment additive can change a concrete brick’s color. Additionally, concrete bricks have superior acoustic insulation compared to clay. These advantages make concrete a good choice for aesthetic purposes. However, for a sturdy material that lasts, clay bricks may be a better option. Concrete shrinks over time while clay expands, ultimately giving clay brick walls a tighter seal than walls made of concrete bricks.

Additionally, clay bricks have better thermal insulation, which can result in significant energy cost savings over time.

Fly ash bricks Fly ash is a byproduct of burning coal, and it can have harmful health and environmental impacts. As such, there are many ongoing efforts to keep fly ash from entering the environment, including careful disposal or reuse in other products, including bricks. Fly ash bricks consist mostly of fly ash and cement. They weigh less than concrete and clay bricks and, due to low absorption rates, withstand heat and water quite well. However, high concentrations of fly ash in the brick can result in extended set times and slower strength development during brick construction. n Credit: Cam Miller, Flickr (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) A brick can be a small red clay building unit—but it can be many other colors and materials as well.

Virtual substrate opens path to oxide films on silicon for application in 5G Researchers at The Pennsylvania State University found a way to grow thin films of complex oxides using a “virtual” substrate. Until now, the ability to use complex oxides as thin films for electronics and sensors has been stymied by either a slow growth rate or a lack of stoichiometry control. The researchers grew thick layers of complex oxides on top of a silicon wafer. This thick layer, referred to as a “virtual substrate,” is structurally and chemically compatible with the targeted complex oxide thin film layer, thus mimicking the function of a real bulk oxide substrate.

The researchers demonstrated growth rates of about two angstroms per second. For more information, visit https://www.mri.psu.edu/mri/news. n Antennas of flexible nanotube films an alternative for electronics Researchers at Rice University’s Brown School of Engineering tested antennas made of “shear-aligned” carbon nanotube films and discovered that not only were the conductive films able to match the performance of commonly used copper films, they could also be made thinner to better handle higher frequencies. The researchers said the new antennas could be suitable for 5G networks but also for aircraft, especially unmanned aerial vehicles, for which weight is a consideration; as wireless telemetry portals for downhole oil and gas exploration; and for future “internet of things” applications.

For more information, visit http://news.rice.edu. n Research News

  • 15 American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 98, No. 6 | www.ceramics.org Color-tunable gallium nitride LEDs A team of scientists from Lehigh University, West Chester University, Osaka University (Japan), and University of Amsterdam (Netherlands), recently developed a new technique to generate color-tunable LEDs. “This work could make it possible to tune between bright white and more comfortable warmer colors in commercial LEDs,” senior author Volkmar Dierolf says in a Lehigh University press release. “It could pave the way for monolithic integration for simple color tuning of a light bulb. It would also be beneficial for micro-LED displays, since it allows for higher density of pixels.”
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  • info@thermcraftinc.com +1.336.784.4800 5G-ready lithium nanotube battery with 2.5X run time Nokia Bell Labs developed a lithium nanotube-aided battery that promises as much as 2.5 times the longevity of today’s best alternatives, even in thin button-like form factors. According to the published study in science journal Nature Energy, they and researchers at Trinity College Dublin’s AMBER center developed thick new battery electrodes using a composite of carbon nanotubes and lithium storage materials. This design enables energy to be transferred at near-theoretical peak efficiency levels. As a result, the batteries charge quickly and make the most of whatever physical volume they consume. For more information, visit https://venturebeat.com. n Research News Credit: West Chester University Top row: A GaN:Eu LED, which can be tuned from red-yellow due to red and green light mixing from different Eu states. Middle and bottom rows: A GaN:Eu LED with added Si/Mg, which adds blue emission.
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