2018 - 2020
Child Criminal Exploitation Strategy 2018-2020
    For the purposes of this strategy North East Lincolnshire utilises the definition of child criminal exploitation
    provided by the Home Office:

    “Child Criminal Exploitation occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce,
    control, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into any criminal activity (a) in exchange for
    something the victim needs or wants and/or (b) for the financial or other advantage of the perpetrator or facilitator and/
    or c) through violence or the threat of violence. The victim may have been criminally exploited even if the activity appears
    consensual. Child Criminal Exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use
    of technology.”

    The criminal exploitation of children includes a combination of:

    • Pull factors: children performing tasks for others resulting in them gaining accommodation, food, gifts, status
      or a sense of safety, money or drugs; often the hook is through the perpetrator supplying Class B drugs such
      as cannabis to the child or young person;

    • Push factors: children escaping from situations where their needs are neglected and there is exposure to
      unsafe individuals, where there is high family conflict or the absence of a primary attachment figure;                       IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT PERPETRATORS OF CCE MAY THEMSELVES BE CHILDREN
                                                                                                                                   WHO ARE CRIMINALLY EXPLOITED AND THAT THE VICTIMS OF CCE MAY ALSO BE AT RISK
    • Control: Brain washing, violence and threats of violence by those exploiting the child particularly when the
                                                                                                                                   OF BECOMING PERPETRATORS.
      child or young person is identified by the police, they are expected to take full responsibility for the offences
      for which they are charged – i.e. possession and supply of illegal substances.

    Many young people do not recognise that they are being exploited or that they are at risk. The majority of children
    who are vulnerable to criminal exploitation are male, however the possibilities of female involvement should
    not be dismissed.

    It is imperative that in recognising CCE as a priority, it is co-considered alongside children who go missing,
    Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) and modern day slavery as all are intrinsically linked.

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    Content                                         2018 - 2020
    Introduction						6

    Mission Statement					7

    Key principles					8

    Prevention and Early Intervention		   10

    Children and young people			          11

    Parental support					11

    The role of partner agencies			       7

    Children’s social care				7

    Police							8

    National Probation Service (NPS)			   8

    Support for Looked After Children		   9

    Young and Safe					9

    Health Services					10

    Education						10

    Voluntary Agencies					11

    Foundations						11

4                                                                 5
Mission Statement
                                                                                                                               Providing an appropriate response to child criminal          • Effective coordination by the LSCB
                                                                                                                               exploitation requires the combined efforts and skills
                                                                                                                               of a protective network for children and young people        • A clear communication strategy
                                                                                                                               and depends heavily on a multi-agency response.
                                                                                                                                                                                            • A clear link to the Families First Early Intervention
                                                                                                                               Their full involvement is vital if children and young          Strategy 2016 – 2018.
                                                                                                                               people are to be effectively supported and action
                                                                                                                                                                                            The purpose of the strategy is to ensure a local
                                                                                                                               is to be taken against perpetrators of Child Criminal
                                                                                                                                                                                            effective and coordinated response to children
                                                                                                                               Exploitation. All agencies should be alert to the risks of
    Introduction                                                                                                               child criminal exploitation and be able to take action
                                                                                                                                                                                            and young people at risk of CCE which identifies
                                                                                                                                                                                            potential risk early and seeks to reduce risk
    Tackling exploitation is one of the most important             It is therefore essential that all partner agencies act     and work together when an issue is identified.
                                                                                                                                                                                            and harm.
    challenges currently facing the Local Safeguarding             rigorously to reduce incidents of children and young
                                                                                                                               This joint working is underpinned by:
    Children’s Board (LSCB).                                       people going missing. In addition, robust efforts to                                                                     To achieve this we will:
                                                                   locate a child or young person if known to be missing
                                                                                                                               • A strong commitment from leaders and senior
    It is the responsibility of all partner agencies to identify   is required, and once located, agencies must ensure                                                                      • Focus and co-ordinate robust multi-agency resources
                                                                                                                                 managers with clear lines of accountability
    all children and young people at risk of exploitation in       that they have processes in place to assess why a child                                                                    in relation to the identification intervention and
    order to prevent them from becoming victims, and it            or young person went missing, what they experienced                                                                        support to those at risk of CCE.
                                                                                                                               • A clear governance, operational structure and
    is the responsibility of all partner agencies to protect       whilst missing and how any future risk of that child or       standalone action plan (which is overseen and driven
    and safeguard all children and young people who are            young person going missing could be reduced.                                                                             • Produce and implement effective guidance including
                                                                                                                                 by the LSCB Keeping Children Safe Group) defining
    experiencing exploitation from further harm.                                                                                                                                              assessment of risk which supports practitioners in
                                                                                                                                 the here and now and future plans and is aligned to
                                                                   Agencies have a responsibility to do what they can                                                                         recognising and responding appropriately to CCE.
                                                                                                                                 the LSCB Business Plan
    In order to meet this challenge, a shared                      to prevent children and young people becoming
    understanding of the problem and a shared                      victims of child exploitation. All staff should recognise                                                                • Develop and implement CCE training and awareness
                                                                                                                               • A clear alignment to the North East Lincolnshire
    responsibility to proactively address all areas of             when a child or young person is involved in or at risk                                                                     raising for practitioners.
                                                                                                                                 Outcomes Framework showing how the process
    exploitation is required. This will be achieved by             of exploitation as a result of training and by being          around reducing the risk of CCE contributes to the
    efficient working partnerships between agencies with           aware of the vulnerabilities and warning signs and                                                                       • Ensure that children and young people and the
                                                                                                                                 outcome that all people in North East Lincolnshire
    active coordination by the LSCB, in recognition that           risk indicators and should be aware of what action                                                                         wider community across North East Lincolnshire, in
                                                                                                                                 feel safe and are safe. This is clearly detailed within
    the most effective way to tackle this form of child            to take to ensure that the child or young person is                                                                        particular parents and carers, are aware of CCE and
                                                                                                                                 quarterly score cards presented to the Keeping
    exploitation is via a committed coordinated multi-             appropriately safeguarded.                                                                                                 its effects.
                                                                                                                                 Children Safe Group and LSCB Leadership Board.
    agency approach, in partnership with children, young
                                                                                                                                 Outcome Based Accountability is the golden                 • Ensure that children, young people and the
    people, families and communities.                              The local concerns around the presence of county lines
                                                                                                                                 thread throughout all performance in North East              community are made aware of the issues around
                                                                   activity is one that cannot be ignored in relation to CSE
                                                                                                                                 Lincolnshire.                                                exploitation.
    Partner agencies should focus on the child’s or young          and our strategies around it.
    person’s needs and recognise the fact that they are not
                                                                                                                               • Clear risk management and risk action planning             • Ensure the CCE strategy is aligned to the Child Sexual
    always aware, recognise or acknowledge that they may           Whilst CSE may not be the driving force in county
                                                                                                                                 process in tandem with safeguarding policy and               Exploitation, Early Intervention, Domestic Abuse,
    be in an exploitative situation. A needs-led, child and        lines gangs exploiting children, females who are
                                                                                                                                 practice                                                     Missing and Neglect strategies.
    family centred approach is needed alongside a focused          being groomed to hold or move drugs for gangs
    approach towards prevention, early identification and          become more accessible and are therefore at higher          • A shared understanding of the problem of child             • Aim to bring to justice the perpetrators of CCE and to
    intervention is central whilst proactively targeting,          risk of exploitation by members or being trafficked to        criminal exploitation                                        ensure that children and young people are properly
    disrupting and prosecuting individuals or groups who           other county locations or entering into relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                              safeguarded in the course of any proceedings in
    seek to exploit children and young people.                     with gang members. The link between the two is              • Clear information sharing agreements, protocols and
                                                                                                                                                                                              relation to modern day slavery.
                                                                   intrinsic and must be considered together where               guidance.
    There are strong links between children and young              there is County Lines activity evidenced. North East                                                                     • Capture the child’s voice.
    people being at risk of exploitation and other                 Lincolnshire recognises this and takes measures to          • Clear pathways for referral depending on the
    behaviours, in particular missing from home or care.           ensure a multi-facetted approach to the two issues.           threshold of need, as per the Child Concern Model.
    Significant evidence highlights that children and
    young people who go missing from home or care are                                                                          • Collective training and briefing sessions for all
    at increased risk of being at risk of, or experiencing                                                                       practitioners, elected members and the wider
    criminal exploitation and or sexual exploitation.                                                                            community

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Key principles
    The principles underpinning a multi-agency response to child criminal exploitation include:

    • Recognition - Criminal exploitation can include sexual, physical and emotional abuse, as well as, in some
      cases, neglect.

    • Children do not make informed choices to enter or remain in exploitative relationships, but do so from
      coercion, intimidation, violence, enticement, manipulation or desperation.

    • CCE covers a range of vulnerabilities which will need differing responses from a range of agencies; it is a multi
      causal issue that needs to be addressed within a multi-agency approach.

    • Locally it is recognised that CCE, county lines activity and Ending Youth Gang Violence issues and CSE are
      intrinsically linked and are therefore considered in tandem.

    • Criminally exploited children and young people should be treated as victims of modern day slavery under the         Prevention and Early Intervention
      category of forced labour and potentially trafficking and this should be used in mitigation during any criminal
                                                                                                                          The effects of child criminal exploitation are harmful and far reaching for children and young people and the
                                                                                                                          ultimate aim for the North East Lincolnshire Child Criminal Exploitation Strategy must be to prevent them from
    • A multi-agency network or risk assessment and management meeting/discussion should take place for all               being exploited in the first place.
      children and young people considered at risk of child criminal exploitation.
                                                                                                                          Action to tackle child criminal exploitation should be proactive, focussing on prevention, early identification and
    Child Protection Procedures should always be followed where:                                                          intervention, as well as on disrupting activity and prosecuting perpetrators. It is important for cases to be risk
                                                                                                                          managed so that interventions to safeguard children and young people are at the appropriate level according to the
    • The child or young person is at immediate risk of significant harm and/or has other additional vulnerabilities.     risk score. This process also supports and encourages the gathering of evidence to increase the chance of successful
                                                                                                                          criminal prosecutions of their perpetrators, thereby safeguarding potential future victims.
    • There is concern that the criminal exploitation is being facilitated by the child/young person’s parent/carer.
                                                                                                                          In order to help children and young people achieve good outcomes it is important to identify issues and problems
    • There is concern that a related or unrelated adult in a position of trust or responsibility to the child or young   early and to take prompt preventative action. Early intervention is likely to be far more effective than intervention
      person is organising or encouraging the exploitation.                                                               at a later stage when the impact on the child or young person’s health or development is likely to have escalated.
                                                                                                                          Prevention strategies should therefore be regarded as a key part of agencies’ approaches to child criminal
                                                                                                                          exploitation. Early identification that a child or young person is at risk of, or experiencing, exploitation and involving
                                                                                                                          their families early in interventions can be a key step in helping them achieve good outcomes.

                                                                                                                          Looked after children are particularly vulnerable to child criminal exploitation and going missing from home or care.
                                                                                                                          All care plans will take into account particular risks in relation to individual children.

                                                                                                                          Children and young people should be provided with preventative education at the earliest opportunity providing
                                                                                                                          them with critical thinking skills and knowledge in relation to safe and healthy relationships. This will help them to
                                                                                                                          avoid situations that put them at risk of child criminal exploitation and know who to turn to if they need advice and

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Children and young people
     It is paramount that the child or young person is kept at the heart of practice and their voice is heard throughout
     and that this can be evidenced for the duration of their experience.

     Children and young people may become involved for many reasons and commonly they may suffer with low self
     esteem. This can then make them vulnerable to unwittingly becoming involved in situations which ultimately
     exploit them. It is very common for children and young people not to recognise that they are being abused due to
     the grooming methods often used by the perpetrators.

     The needs of children and particularly of young people aged 16 and 17 years are likely to be overlooked for this
     reason. Although faced with limited choice, they may believe themselves to be acting voluntarily. It may take many
     weeks or months for practitioners who work with young people to build up their trust, and help them to recognise
     that they are being exploited.

     Parental support
     Child Criminal Exploitation can affect the whole family. As part of the grooming process, the perpetrator will
     deliberately seek to sever family relationships and instil a sense of distrsust by the child towards their family.
     The child might act violently or out of control, leading to possible problems at schools or with the police.
     Relationships or marriages can come under strain and parents’ own mental health can be seriously challenged.

     • Parents are the primary safe guarder of a child, with 90% of exploited children living at home. Parents are
       providing the 24/7 support when others are no longer there.

     • Parents and family carers are best placed to understand their child, to identify changes in behaviour and to
       intervene early when risks are identified.

     • Supported parents can explore their own feelings in a safe and non-judgemental environment.

     • Parents who are informed about CCE and grooming can begin to see why their child has become a changed
       person since the abuse started.

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The role of partner agencies                                                                                              Cases managed through the MAPPA framework
                                                                                                                               facilitates the safeguarding responsibilities of relevant
                                                                                                                                                                                           and managing risk and improving the awareness of
                                                                                                                                                                                           Criminal and Child Sexual Exploitation. Young people
     Children’s social care                                       child potentially in need. This training needs to be in      authorities and provides further accountability to          reports and research demonstrates that building
                                                                  line with Home Office standards, and in keeping with         a collaborative approach to the management of               effective relationships with care givers and support
     Children’s social care have the lead responsibility for      partner agencies protocols and guidance. Similarly           safeguarding practice.                                      services through positive experience, communication,
     responding to children and young people at high risk         training and guidance will be provided on how officers                                                                   sharing and role modelling is vital.
     of criminal exploitation and act in accordance with          can deal with offenders identified to be linked to CCE.      The need to take all actions necessary to safeguard
     their responsibilities under the Children Act 1989.                                                                       children is a priority within NPS delivery. The focus       Looked after children are proportionally more likely to
                                                                  Humberside Police have a duty to provide and share           and emphasis of the NPS is on managing risk to              be reported missing. The interplay between missing
     Following a referral Children’s social care have a duty,     intelligence to appropriate partner agencies in relation     children (with a corresponding focus on welfare in the      episodes and exploitation need to be considered and
     under Section 17 of the Children Act 1989, to ensure         to County Lines and potential OCG suspects and               context of risk management).                                assessed, including association groups, where children
     that the needs of all children and young people              groups which may act to reduce numbers of children                                                                       are located, any injuries or marks.
     who are involved in, or are at risk of, being criminally     at risk. Therefore alignment with Youth Offending            Through the NPS assessment process safeguarding is
     exploited are assessed and that appropriate multi-           Services, the council and the Early Intervention teams       a clear requirement within each Offender Assessment         Effective interagency planning for all looked after
     agency engagement and appropriate interventions are          are essential. There should be a support system in           System (OASys) and practitioners have the very clear        children needs to take into account risk and resilience
     undertaken.                                                  place at all times to ensure that any child or family that   expectation that sentence plans are constructed             and via using worry statements and safety plan with
                                                                  are deemed to be vulnerable and at risk are monitored        collaboratively with the offender and include specific      the young person consider how they are best kept
     Social workers will ensure that for ongoing or open          and supported until their risk level can be reduced.         objectives targeted at safeguarding.                        safe. Key strengths in North East Lincolnshire are the
     cases in children’s social care that children and young                                                                                                                               quality of the Children’s homes and part of this is the
     people’s needs are met, employing a multi-agency                                                                          The NPS promotes the fact that safeguarding is the          commitment to locating the children when they are
     approach. The risk of harm to the child or young             National Probation Service (NPS)                             responsibility of all members of staff and not limited      missing.
     person will be re-assessed in light of any emerging                                                                       to operational employees.
     information relating to criminal exploitation and any        The National Probation Service are responsible for                                                                       Managers from the homes contribute to safeguarding
                                                                  the management, assessment and rehabilitation of             This has been achieved through relevant training            meetings for individual children and strategically. The
     existing plans amended accordingly.
                                                                  predominantly high risk and MAPPA eligible offenders         and ensuring systems which support operations               homes are smaller to allow for better development of
     Long-term support for young people affected by               and supporting victims of crime.                             clearly identify those offenders which present a risk       relationships.
     criminal exploitation is provided, ensuring that they                                                                     to children and that all information is updated to
     are fully supported to reduce any further risk. If an        The promotion of safeguarding practice extends to all        be accurate and reflect current intervention and            The vulnerability of young people leaving care can
     existing plan exists, the plan to reduce the risk of         areas of service delivery.                                   assessment to manage safeguarding issues.                   increase due to the reduction in services immediately
     criminal exploitation will be incorporated into this                                                                                                                                  round them. Living alone could make them possible
                                                                  This includes:                                               The NPS is fully committed to the partnership               targets for cuckooing. Ensuring good planning
     plan. For example a child in need or a child protection
                                                                                                                               approach of the Child Criminal Exploitation group and       continues and that young people have a routine will
                                                                  The Pre-sentence stage to assess the risk of serious         is able to support colleagues through risk assessment       increase their resilience. Staying Put and Staying Close
                                                                  harm presented by an offender towards children and           and risk management practices.                              options are considered for young people.
     Children’s social care continues to work in partnership
                                                                  young people and the recommendation of sentencing
     with Humberside Police and the Local Safeguarding
                                                                  options to mitigate and reduce such risks.                                                                               A Sunday service provides a link to maintain contact
     Children Board (LSCB), coordinating, chairing and
     attending the multi-agency child exploitation (MACE)
                                                                                                                               Support for Looked After Children                           with young people, where they can eat and spent time
                                                                  Working directly with offender in the community and                                                                      casually with support staff. There are protocols in place
     meetings, promoting the sharing of intelligence across
                                                                  in prison through the statutory supervision framework        In most cases, young people enter care either because
     agencies to reduce the risk of criminal exploitation to                                                                                                                               with the local colleges and YPSS. 8 weekly homes visits
                                                                  to target their criminogenic needs and the associated        they have been abused or neglected or because
     vulnerable young people across the Authority.                                                                                                                                         are required to ensure safety and stability.
                                                                  risks to young people. This is achieved on a number          they have been rejected by their families or become
                                                                  of levels through accredited programme work, direct          estranged from their families which increases their

     Police                                                       case management and supervision, interventions               vulnerability.                                              Young and Safe
                                                                  which address domestic abuse, mental health issues,
                                                                  substance misuse and violent and sexual offending.           For older young people there may well be issues             The principal aim of the Youth Offending Service is to
     Humberside Police have a responsibility to recognise
                                                                                                                               relating to lack of stability and routine. Issues of        prevent offending by children and young persons by:
     and be able to identify children at risk of Child Criminal
                                                                  The NPS works on a statutory basis with victims of           self-worth and belonging can result in young people
     Exploitation – and to make the appropriate risk
                                                                  offences specified within Schedule 15 of the Criminal        being drawn to groups or individuals willing to devote      • Confronting young offenders with the
     assessments and referrals in order to safeguard that
                                                                  Justice Act 2003. This allows for the child’s voice          time and attention to them. The pull can be over a            consequences of their offending and helping them
     child from any further danger/exploitation.
                                                                  to be heard in respect of sentence planning, risk            period of time and carers and workers need to be              to develop a sense of personal responsibility.
     Alongside this – it is paramount that Humberside             management activities, the formation of licence              attuned to changes in their young people.
                                                                  conditions to manage any risks to children (which can                                                                    • Intervention which tackles the risk factors associated
     Police provide the necessary training and guidance to
                                                                  include no contact or supervised contact, exclusion          For this purpose the staff members and carers will            with offending - personal, family, social, educational,
     all officers regarding CCE and the risk factors to look
                                                                  zones, directed residence and prohibited activities).        need to understand their contribution in prevention           health, drugs, accommodation, peer group pressure,
     out for in order to identify and effectively deal with a

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low self-esteem, poor academic attainment etc.             • Attendance at relevant boards / risk management          and young people in North East Lincolnshire schools        courts as well as voluntary offenders, and collaborate
                                                                    panels to ensure that individual risk/ harm /            and academies. All education services to provide a         with the courts and probation to support individuals
     • Punishment proportionate to seriousness and                  exploitation levels are assessed.                        conduit to expert advice and guidance available to         to stop offending behaviour.
       persistence of offending, with a range of penalties                                                                   schools and academies in relation to identification
       available to the Courts (referral orders, Youth            • Developing the preventative agenda, providing            of those students at risk of CCE and offer appropriate     Foundations recognises that the young people who
       Rehabilitation Orders and Custody).                          education, training and awareness to schools,            support for students whose education is impacted           are using substances are at high risk of exploitation
                                                                    partners, parents and families.                          by CCE. All education support mechanisms within            and ensure that this is addressed throughout all
     • Encouraging reparation to victims or to the                                                                                                                                      work completed. The young people’s team go into
                                                                                                                             the Local Authority to give due consideration to the
       community by young offenders.                              • To develop group work programmes across                                                                             schools and colleges delivering group interventions
                                                                                                                             antecedent that CCE places on students in relation
                                                                    the partnership to support the prevention of                                                                        which tackle grooming, risks and prevention of child
                                                                                                                             to behaviour, attendance and engagement. Support
     • Reinforcing the responsibilities of parents.                 vulnerability of CCE.
                                                                                                                             the development of bespoke training for education/         criminal exploitation. This is also addressed in the
                                                                                                                             school/academy staff that aims to identify and             Comprehensive Assessment and direct work with
     • Working in partnership with a range of Criminal
                                                                                                                             support those students within NEL schools/academies        young people and their families (when necessary)
       Justice agencies.
                                                                                                                                                                                        covering – consequences of criminal behaviour
                                                                  Health Services                                            that are at risk of or subject to CCE. Actively support
     • Ensuring identified vulnerabilities such as Child                                                                     the development of a wider level of understanding of       involving substances and how substance misuse is
       Criminal Exploitation and Child Sexual Exploitation        All health providers and practitioners within both         CCE across NEL and facilitate this process through key     funded.
       are developed through the Youth Offending Service.         community and acute services whose role is to deliver      conduits including student focused services, head
                                                                                                                                                                                        Risk management plans are completed addressing
                                                                  services to children and their families should be aware    teachers forum, CP co-ordinators forum, governors
     There have been significant developments in                                                                                                                                        how this will be managed and risk reduced.
                                                                  of the guiding principles of identifying children and      forum, Behaviour and Attendance Collaborative (BAC),
     North East Lincolnshire in relation to Child Criminal                                                                                                                              Foundations take a multi-agency approach to
                                                                  young people who are at risk of criminal exploitation.     SENAG and all educational structures within and
     Exploitation, particularly in reference to young people                                                                                                                            managing risk working very closely with the Youth
                                                                                                                             involving North East Lincolnshire Council.
     involved in drug trafficking, county lines and modern        School nurses are key professionals in the delivery                                                                   Offending Service, Safeguarding Service, Early Help
     day slavery.                                                 of services to many of the young people who may            Steps taken:                                               and local educational providers.
                                                                  be affected by CCE. Requests for contraception,
     Partnerships have been formed to develop a multi-                                                                       • Overview of CCE in NEL provided to senior leaders        Foundations Young People’s Team keep the young
                                                                  pregnancy testing, support for health related concerns
     agency response which include practice development,                                                                     from all 10 secondary academies and PRU/AP provider        people at the heart of the practice at all times. The
                                                                  and relationship issues may be made in “drop-in”
     identification, managing the risk of individuals                                                                        through secondary BAC, update of this information in       service recognises that all young people are at risk
                                                                  sessions or via Chat Health (telephone texting service).
     and workforce development. To assist with this the                                                                      place for spring term 2018 (end of January)                of child criminal exploitation. However we recognise
     Council’s Youth Offending services have dedicated the        Practitioners should remain vigilant to the history                                                                   that young people between the ages of 16 and 17 are
     below developments.                                          offered by young people and whether there are any          • Awareness of CCE agenda provided through LSCB            high risk, as they are moving from adolescence into
                                                                  inconsistencies or concerning information that needs       education sub group and update on development of           adulthood. Young people often either don’t recognise
     • NELC have seconded an allocated CCE link worker to         to be shared with colleagues in social care. In addition   CCE strategic plan discussed and disseminated with         or bypass the risks due to financial gain. The young
       provide a first point of access for all practitioners to   children and young people may present at their GPs         representatives from all phases of education within        people’s workers have weekly appointments with the
       report any concerns in relation to CCE and to offer        and the hospital with injuries associated with gang        this forum.                                                young people and are able to build positive working
       support, advice and guidance.                              activity including knife wounds.                                                                                      relationships. This enables them to have the difficult
                                                                                                                             • Training for staff working with within PRU and AP        conversations about child criminal exploitation and
     • Ensure intelligence sharing with Police and other          Whilst the majority of children who are criminally         settings in place for Spring term 2018 (end of January),   establish the child’s voice. Foundations also attend
       key partners to support building of a wider picture        exploited live at home research tells us that some LAC     this aims to offer bespoke advice, guidance and            the monthly MACE meeting where young people who
       of the issues the area faces in regards to OCG’s and       who are CCE are living independently (at aged 16) so       expertise to staff working with the most hard to reach     are highlighted as at risk are discussed and plans put
       County Lines.                                              will pose a greater challenge consideration to some of     and vulnerable students within NELC.                       in place to support them to reduce their risk.
                                                                  those small but significant groups.
     • To work directly with individuals and their families                                                                                                                             The Foundations adults team have excellent working
       identified at MACE and/ or is at risk of exploitation.                                                                                                                           relationships with the Probation Service. Fortnightly
       Targeted work which includes programmes such as
                                                                  It is imperative that channels of communication
                                                                  between health providers are maintained and that
                                                                                                                             Voluntary Agencies                                         Integrated Offender Management (IOM) meetings are
       ‘Which Way’.                                               relevant information is shared across all agencies                                                                    attended and a weekly clinic held at the probation
                                                                  involved.                                                                                                             Service completes direct work with adult service
     • Development of new and innovative programmes of                                                                                                                                  users. Young people on IOM are managed separately
                                                                                                                             Foundations Adults and young people’s team are
       direct work that tackle all areas of exploitation.                                                                                                                               from the adults and are seen at the Youth Offending
                                                                                                                             proactive in the prevention and intervention of child
                                                                                                                             criminal exploitation. Foundations work with both          Service. Direct work is completed with IOM service
     • Sharing of concerns with all required professionals        Education                                                                                                             users to educate them in appropriate relationships
       e.g. social workers in order to build safeguards for                                                                  young people and adult service users and have an
                                                                                                                             opportunity to engage both victims and perpetrators        with children and any information gained is fed into
       Children Families and the workforce.                       There should be a focus on disseminating information
                                                                                                                             of child criminal exploitation. They work with people      the IOM meetings, Youth Offending Service and
                                                                  around the risks and implications of CCE on children
                                                                                                                             who are mandated to attend their service through the       referred into CASS.

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