CORK METROPOLITAN AREA - DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY 2040 - PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT - National Transport Authority
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Bonneagar Iompair Eireann Transport Infrastructure Ireland CORK METROPOLITAN AREA DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY 2040 - PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT LRT Cork City Council Black Ash Park & Ride Comhairle Cathairle Chaorcaí
PUBLIC CONSULTATION We would like to know you views on the draft Cork Metropolitan Area Transport Strategy and any items of interest or concern. All comments will be considered and will inform the finalisation of the Cork Metropolitan Area Transport Strategy. The public consultation will run from 15th May - 28th June 2019. Full details of the draft Cork Metropolitan Submissions Public Information Events Area Transport Strategy can be found at Submissions are welcomed from the public Public Information Events will be held the following link: up until 5pm, Friday 28th June 2019, send between 3pm - 8pm at the following www.nationaltransport.ie/public- your submission online, by email or post. locations on the following dates: consultations/current • Wednesday 5th June Website: Imperial Hotel, Cork City Consultation material will be available www.nationaltransport.ie/public- to view at Cork City Hall and Cork consultations/current • Thursday 6th June County Hall for the duration of the Oriel House Hotel, Ballincollig consultation period. Email: • Wednesday 12th June email@example.com Radisson Hotel, Little Island The complete set of CMATS background reports area as follows: Post: • Thursday 13th June • Baseline Conditions Report; Cork Metropolitian Area Transport Strategy, Carrigaline Court Hotel, Carrigaline • Planning Datasheet Development Report; National Transport Authority, • Wednesday 19th June • Demand Analysis Report; Dún Scéine, Blarney Castle Hotel, Blarney. • Transport Modelling Report; Harcourt Lane, • Transport Options Development Report; Dublin 2, D02 WT20. • Supporting Measures Report; • Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA); and • Appropriate Assessment (AA). Submissions will not be individually responded to but will be summarised in a consultation report which will be published on www.nationaltransport.ie/public-consultations/current All submissions made on the draft Cork Metropolitan Area Transport Strategy will be reviewed and relevant feedback incorporated into the final Strategy as appropriate. Submissions from individuals will be reported anonymously and feedback from organisations will be attributed to them. The NTA is committed to protecting the rights and privacy of individuals in compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation and the Data Protection Acts 1988 to 2018. By making a submission under this public consultation exercise, you are indicating your acknowledgement of and consent to the above.
CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 1 INTRODUCTION The Cork Metropolitan Area Transport CMATS represents a coordinated land It will inform the development of regional and Cork already performs Strategy (CMATS) 2040 (the “Strategy”) use and transport strategy for the Cork local planning, and associated investment well as a major urban has been developed by the National Transport Authority (NTA) in Metropolitan Area to cover the period up to 2040. The Strategy is considered to be flexible frameworks, including providing inputs to the Southern Assembly’s Regional Spatial centre in Ireland and collaboration with Transport Infrastructure with the ability to scale up public transport and Economic Strategy (RSES), the the City has positioned Ireland (TII), Cork City Council and capacity and frequencies as necessary along forthcoming Cork Metropolitan Area Cork County Council. CMATS agreed transport corridors. Strategic Plan (MASP) and the statutory itself as an emerging Development Plans of both Cork City medium-sized The Cork Metropolitan Area (CMA) is in the The Strategy takes its lead at national level Council and Cork County Council. European centre of midst of an exciting phase of development. from the National Planning Framework 2040 The recently-published National Planning and the National Development Plan 2018- CMATS will deliver an integrated transport growth and innovation. Framework (NPF) 2040 envisages that 2027 and builds upon previous transport network that addresses the needs of all Building on this potential Cork will become the fastest-growing city studies including Cork City Centre Movement modes of transport, offering better transport is critical to further region in Ireland with a projected 50% to Strategy, Cork Area Strategic Plan (CASP) choices, resulting in better overall network 60% increase of its population by 2040. and the Cork Metropolitan Cycle Network performance and providing capacity to enhancing Ireland’s Plan. The Strategy will provide a coherent meet travel demand and support economic metropolitan profile. This projected population and associated transport planning policy framework and growth. To achieve this vision, the guiding economic growth will result in a significant implementation plan around which other principles upon which CMATS is based is National Planning Framework 2040 increase in the demand for travel. agencies involved in land use planning, depicted in the graphic below. This demand needs to be managed and environmental protection, and delivery of planned for carefully in order to safeguard other infrastructure such as housing and and enhance Cork’s attractiveness to live, water can align their investment priorities. work, visit and invest in. Principle Principle Principle Principle Principle Principle 01 02 03 04 05 06 To support the future To prioritise To provide a high level To identify and protect To enhance the public To increase public growth of the CMA sustainable transport of public transport key strategic routes for realm through traffic transport capacity and through the provision and reduce car connectivity to key the movement of freight management and frequencies where of an efficient and safe dependency within destinations within high and services including transport interventions. needed to achieve the transport network. the CMA. demand corridors. the provision of a high strategy outcomes. level of freight access to the Port of Cork
2 CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT National Policy Some of the core principles of the NPF Other key national level Policy and Regional Policy CMATS is a Regional Level plan and is that have informed the development of Guidelines that CMATS must align At a regional level, the NPF 2040 directly informed by National Level (Tier-1) CMATS are: with include: recommends the development of RSESs policies. The most important and recent of NSO 1 – Compact Growth; National Mitigation Plan; and MASPs. The RSESs are to ensure better these documents are the NPF 2040 and NSO 2 – Enhanced Regional Investing in our Transport Future - co-ordination in planning and development the National Development Plan (NDP) Accessibility Road Network; Strategic policy matters across local authority 2018-2027. boundaries. As part of the RSES process, NSO 3 – Public Transport; Investment Framework for Land MASPs are required to provide more specific NSO 4 – Sustainable Mobility; Transport; Some of the key transport growth focus on city and metropolitan issues. The enablers relevant to the development of NSO 5 – A Strong Economy supported Spatial Planning and National Roads; draft RSES for the Southern Assembly the Strategy include: by Enterprise,Innovation and Skills; Design Manual for Urban Roads Region was published in December 2018. Delivery of large-scale regeneration NSO 6 – High-Quality International and Streets; projects for the provision of new Connectivity; Smarter Travel - A Sustainable Local Policy employment, housing and supporting NSO 7 – Enhanced Amenity and Future; and The third tier in the planning and policy infrastructure in Cork Docklands (City Heritage; Sustainable Urban Housing: Design hierarchy is local planning, which involves the Docks and Tivoli); Standards for New Apartments planning framework for the implementation NSO 8 – Transition to a Low Carbon Progressing sustainable development and Climate Resilient Society; and Guidelines for Planning Authorities. of national and regional guidance at the local of new greenfield areas for housing on level. CMATS will inform the future update NSO 10 – Access to High-Quality of Cork City and County Development public transport corridors; Childcare, Education and Health Plans and the future development of Intensifying development in inner-city Services. Local Transport Implementation plans/ and inner suburban areas; Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs) for Development of a new science and Metropolitan Towns and City Districts. innovation park to the west of the city accessible by public transport; Development of enhanced city- wide public transport to incorporate proposals for an east-west corridor from Mahon, through the City Centre to Ballincollig and a north-south corridor Strategic Investment with a link to the Airport; TIER 1 National Planning National Development Plan NATIONAL Framework for Land M8/N25/N40 Dunkettle Junction Framework 2040 (NDP) 2018-2027 Transport LEVEL upgrade and improved Ringaskiddy Port access; Cork Metropolitan TIER 2 Southern Assembly Metropolitan Area Enhanced regional connectivity through REGIONAL Regional Spatial & Area Transport Strategic Plans improved average journey times by PLANNING Economic Strategy (RSES) (MASP) Strategy (CMATS) road; and Improved traffic flow around the City, which, subject to assessment, could TIER 3 Cork City and Cork County Local Transport Local Economic and include upgrades of the N40, and/ LOCAL Development Plans Implementation Plans Community Plans or alternatives which may include PLANNING Local Area Plans enhanced public transport. IMPLEMENTATION
CMATS Study Area and Road Network N20 WHITECHURCH M8 KNOCKRAHA LEAMLARA WHITES CROSS SALLYBROOK BLARNEY BROOKLODGE TOWER GLANMIRE GLOUNTHAUNE N25 MIDLETON CARRIGTWOHILL N8 LITTLE ISLAND N22 BALLYNACORRA N40 BALLINCOLLIG N22 N40 ROCHESTOWN PASSAGE WEST FRANKFIELD BALLYMORE COBH N27 MONKSTOWN CORK AIRPORT BALLYGARVAN WHITEGATE CARRIGALINE N71
CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 5 EXISTING TRANSPORT CONTEXT The Cork Metropolitan Area was previously Mode Share Supporting the vibrancy, accessibility defined by the Cork Area Strategic Plan The current limitations of the public and liveability of Cork City Centre and (CASP) and includes Cork City, its suburbs transport provision in the CMA are Metropolitan centres; and the towns and rural areas in the reflected in the low mode share for public Ensuring that future development is immediate hinterland of the City of Cork as transport of 5% across the whole day and located and designed in a fashion that a single integrated unit. all trip purposes. Only 7% of journeys to prioritises walking, cycling and public work in Cork City are by public transport. transport and reduces the need to travel The CMA covers 820km2 and has a by car; population of just over 305,000 (CSO By comparison, walking has a 20% mode Improving the public transport offering 2016). This is made up of approximately share, while the dominant mode is car through higher frequency services 126,000 residents within the Cork City which is used for 74% of trips. Cycling operating with greater speed, directness boundary, with the remaining located makes up the remainder of trips, with 1% and journey time reliability; within the surrounding metropolitan area. of all trips made by bike. Increasing residential density levels on The Study Area encompasses Cork the basis of centrality within centres and Cork’s transport network is coming under Harbour and Port of Cork. The River Lee public transport accessibility; increasing strain and the existing network runs directly from the harbour through the will not support the future transport needs Accommodating a greater number of centre of the metropolitan area splitting of a growing City and Metropolitan area. trips more efficiently by maximising into two channels which form the centre connectivity by walking, cycling and island of Cork City. Cork has a very high mode share for car public transport to major employment and unless the attractiveness of alternative and education centres; There are approximately 820,000 trips modes of transport are enhanced, CMA Supplementing the public transport 41.1% Cork City originating within the CMA on average each weekday (over 24 hours) with the will continue to have high levels of car dependency, journey delays, congestion network with complementary facilities such as Park and Ride for the benefit Study Area morning peak and late afternoon being the and pollution, which all negatively impact of people accessing the city from the Population Results busiest periods. on quality of life. surrounding rural areas; Prioritising active modes (walking and There is a dispersed pattern for journeys Key Challenges cycling) to improve health benefits; and to work generally within the Metropolitan area. The private car tends to be used for To provide for a better, more efficient and Reducing the impact of transport on the 44.9% radial trips into/out of the City as well as sustainable transport network, there are a number of key challenges that must be environment through targeted measures to limit the negative impact of air and Census 2016 Cork Metro for trips on orbital routes. Population Distribution Urban Areas addressed by CMATS. These include: noise emissions. 13.9% County Metro Rural Ensuring that the transport network can support the population, employment Areas/Villages and educational growth as envisaged by the NPF 2040;
CMATS 2040 Land Use Distribution WHITECHURCH SALLYBROOK BLARNEY BROOKLODGE TOWER GLANMIRE BLACKPOOL GLOUNTHAUNE MAYFIELD MIDLETON CARRIGTWOHILL KNOCKNAHEENEY Kent Station CORK CITY LITTLE ISLAND DOCKLANDS BALLY BLACKROCK BALLINCOLLIG BISHOPSTOWN DOUGLAS PASSAGE WEST ROCHESTOWN FRANKFIELD LEGEND - KEY INFORMATION Rail Corridor COBH Existing Train Station MONKSTOWN Industry/Employment Residential CORK AIRPORT Port RINGASKIDDY Education BALLYGARVAN WHITEGATE Hospital CARRIGALINE Retail Culture ARRY
CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 7 CMATS 2040 LAND USE The NPF recognises the role that Cork To support the compact growth aspiration The density of future residential and and the other regional cites must play in of the NPF 2040, Cork City will become employment developments such as providing a counter-weight to Dublin and the focus for significant regeneration the Tivoli Docks and existing, centrally assigned a population growth forecast of opportunities at brownfield locations. located and accessible settlements 50-60% to each regional city. will be increased. Higher densities In terms of employment and education, contribute to a more compact urban This growth will be translated at a regional, CMATS prioritises development along its footprint that brings more people closer metropolitan and local level through the identified high capacity public transport to destinations and public transport production of the RSES, MASPs and the corridors. services with easy walking and cycling forthcoming Development Plans and Local distance; Area Plans of both Cork City Council and Guided by the principles of the NPF, the Deliver consolidated development in Cork County Council. following strategy development priorities a manner that can avail of existing for the distribution of land-use have been transport infrastructure, nearby The draft RSES and MASP was open for identified for the CMA: amenities and facilities in the short term consultation between December 2018 and Ensure effective integration between to deliver a critical mass of growth in March 2019. These provided population transport and land-use through the population and employment which can projections to the horizon year of 2031 delivery of Public Transport Orientated support the transition and sequencing for both Cork City and Suburbs (283,669) Development, which provides higher of investment to higher capacity public and the Rest of the Cork Metropolitan density, a balanced mixed of land uses transport infrastructure and services; Area (125,157). In the absence of a and compact settlements that reduce Land use policies that minimise the definitive land use distribution for the CMA, trip distances and are of a magnitude requirement to travel longer distances by assumptions have been made considering that supports the viability of high encouraging mixed-use development. the NPF National Planning Objectives and capacity public transport; This should include ensuring areas are the statutory development plans of both The application of this principle in Cork developed in tandem with the delivery Cork local authorities. will result in a high-intensity, mix of uses of schools and other amenities to being directed to locations at existing maximise the use of more sustainable Additionally, the Strategy’s transport or planned stations along the suburban modes of transport; and measures have been developed to be and light rail lines and along the high Land use policies that support scalable, flexible and have adequate frequency bus corridors; the provision and design of new reserve capacity to allow for any changes in growth that may arise from the RSES development in locations, layouts and and MASP processes to be catered at densities which prioritise walking and for by the proposed strategy network. cycling and enable the efficient provision of public transport services.
WHITECHURCH Indicative Public Transport Network Blarney / Stoneview SALLYBROOK Monard BLARNEY BROOKLODGE TOWER Blackpool/ Kilbarry GLANMIRE Carrigtwohill BLACKPOOL GLOUNTHAUNE MAYFIELD Glounthaune MIDLETON Little Island CARRIGTWOHILL KNOCKNAHEENEY Tivoli Dunkettle Kent Station CORK CITY LITTLE ISLAND DOCKLANDS Fota BLACKROCK BALLINCOLLIG BISHOPSTOWN DOUGLAS PASSAGE WEST Carrigaloe ROCHESTOWN FRANKFIELD LEGEND - KEY INFORMATION Ballynoe Rail Corridor East-West Corridor COBH MONKSTOWN Core Bus Corridors Rushbrooke Cobh Existing Train Station CORK AIRPORT Proposed Train Station Industry/Employment RINGASKIDDY BALLYGARVAN Residential WHITEGATE Port CARRIGALINE Education Hospital Retail Culture All routes and alignments are indicative and subject to change through the statutory scheme appraisal process.
CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 9 STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT & OUTCOMES Accommodating the scale of projected Cork Metropolitan Area Transport Strategy Methodology growth within the CMA will mean increasing pressure on the existing transport network. This Strategy has been developed and assessed in the context of Policy & guidance Baseline review the following notional scenarios: A Business as Usual case that incorporates committed investment in the road network only; A second scenario that substantially Stakeholder engagement Agree key challenges increases Public Transport Investment; and A third scenario, building on the second, that represents the optimal outcome for Land-Use and Sustainable Transport Evaluate against demand Develop transport options, alternatives, Integration. Optimisation of land use networks & supporting proposals The likely outcomes of the third scenario are that the demand for car travel will reduce as people live closer to their workplaces and places of study. Longer distance trips across the CMA will be Stakeholder engagement Preferred transport strategy undertaken, in greater numbers, by public transport and will be supported by linked cycling and walking infrastructure. The business case for continued investment in public transport infrastructure will be Public display/consultation Draft strategy report enhanced as patronage continues to grow. The sustainable transport measures proposed in CMATS have been developed in line with Scenario 3, which aligns with the overarching national, regional and local policy objectives for sustainable transport Final Strategy Report provision in Ireland.
WALKING 63% increase 250% Additional 24,000 in walking trips between increase daily car trips potentially 90m 2011 and 2040 in footfall on transferable to walking annual St. Patrick’s Street walking trips >200km Estimated €50m Enhanced 140km 69,000 new and upgraded investment including Wayfinding of Greenways walking trips made in footpaths elements of BusConnects System the AM peak period LRT Age-Friendly 20 mins of activity a day Improved Safer reduces the risk of hearth disease, accessibility Town Centres Routes to school type 2 diabetes and depresssion to public transport by at least 20% SCHOOL LRT
CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 11
CYCLING Additional 56,000 13,000 daily car trips potentially cycling trips made in the AM peak transferable to cycing period easing congestion 19.5m annual cycling trips 200km 150km 60km 140km Primary Secondary Inter-Urban Greenway Cycle Network Cycle Network Cycle Network Network Expansion 20 mins of activity a day of Bicycle Sharing reduces the risk of hearth disease, Systems type 2 diabetes and some cancers Strategy cost estimate by at least 20% is approximately €230m ( +BusConnects Enhanced End-of-Trip cycle elements) facilities positive impact on mental health Cork City Council Black Ash
WHITECHURCH WHITECHURCH Cycle Network Map SALLYBROOK SALLYBROOK BLARNEY BLARNEY BROOKLODGE BROOKLODGE Blarney Castle TOWER GLANMIRE GLANMIRE Blackpool GLOUNTHAUNE GLOUNTHAUNE MIDLETON MIDLETON Shopping Centre CARRIGTWOHILL CARRIGTWOHILL CORK CITY Fitzgerald’s Park Blackrock Castle LITTLE ISLAND LITTLE ISLAND Mahon Cork Institute Shopping of Technology Centre University BALLINACURRA BALLYNACORRA College Cork St Finbarrs Mahon Cork University Hospital Golf Course BALLINCOLLIG BALLINCOLLIG Hospital ROCHESTOWN ROCHESTOWN PASSAGE WEST FRANKFIELD FRANKFIELD COBH MONKSTOWN MONKSTOWN CORK AIRPORT AIRPORT RINGASKIDDY RINGASKIDDY BALLYGARVAN BALLYGARVAN WHITEGATE WHITEGATE CARRIGALINE CARRIGALINE LEGEND - KEY INFORMATION Green Route Primary h Park & Ride Secondary Inter-Urban All routes and alignments are indicative and subject to change through the statutory scheme appraisal process. RIVERSTICK RIVERSTICK
BUS CONNECTS BUS PASSENGERS BUS CORRIDOR PERFORMANCE Carrying Carrying BUS 49,000 85m Douglas Corridor Summerhill North passengers in passengers AM Peak Bus frequency Corridor AM Peak the AM peak per annum 3 mins Bus frequency hour Patronage 3 mins 1,700 Patronage 2,061 BUS NETWORK & VEHICLES 100km of bus lanes and 220 double deck bus bus priority measures fleet required 6 Strategic Park & Ride 200km 50km 150km sites of cross city routes orbital routes radial routes Cork City Council Black Ash Park & Ride Comhairle Cathairle Chaorcaí CONNECTING CITY & SUBURB 4,800 COST ESTIMATE passengers interchanging Connecting with Cork Suburban Rail Network between Cross City, Radial at Kent Station, with Cork Light Rail and Partk and Orbital bus services in and Ride Network and providing interchange Strategy cost AM peak hour estimate is between radial and orbital bus services approximately €545m
CITY CENTRE MAP MA-BL BA-DO T1-CC BusConnects Route Map GL-CC MF-BI CATHEDRAL ROAD FF-FH DCI-TO RO-HH CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT MA-HH 15 GI-CC H ILL ER E ROAD EC-CC SU MM GLANMIR MID DLE GL-BC AY ES QU POP UAY ’S Q GAN HOR E RO-HH R LE RIVE AD C E NTRE PARK RO LRT AD LL MA MA-BL RN RO ANG STE SOUTH GL-BC WE LES EA LRT 20m MONAH GE AN’S R OAD MA-HH ST ORGE SALLYBROOK ’S SOU QUAY VI CT OR TH Ll IA RO AD MA-HH ROADINK BLARNEY 20m GL-BC 20m D OA 20m BOREENM R ANN A ROAD 20m LAS 20m MF-BI MA-BL MA-BL BROOKLODGE OUG D RO A LOUG H ROAD BALLINL TH D 15m BA-DO GL-CC OUGH RO AD TOWER DUFF DO MA-BL UG S OU LA SR POULA 10m OA D MF-BI DH - TO GLANMIRE PD-CC BC-GR CA-CC FF-FH RO-HH NO BC-GR RI-CC RO-HH 10m DH-TO DH-TO BA-DO NO 20m 20m GLOUNTHAUNE 10m LB-CC 10m CARRIGTWOHILL 10m RO-HH 15m 10m EC-CC 10m 30m MA-HH 10m 10m 30m SEE CITY CENTRE MAP 10m NO 20m 10m SOI 5m LRT NO HH-CC 10m GL-BC 10m LITTLE ISLAND 10m MA-HH 20m 20m BC-CC MA-BL 10m 10m 4m BALLINCOLLIG 5m SOI LRT 10m 10m SOI 10m 4m 15m RI-CC 20m 20m 20m SOO DH-TO 15m ROCHESTOWN MF-BI MF-BI 15m 20m SOO PASSAGE WEST RO-HH 20m 10m 10m 20m FRANKFIELD FF-FH PD-CC BA-DO 15m LEGEND - BUS ROUTES RI-AP COBH GI-CC KS-AP MONKSTOWN MA-BL Mahon - Blarney: 20min BA-DO Ballyvolane - Donnybrook: 10min RO-HH 15m GL-BC Glanmire - Ballincollig: 20min Rochestown - Hollyhill: 10min CORK RI-AP BC-CC Ballincollig - Cork City: 20min RI-CC Carrigaline - City Centre: 15min AIRPORT CA-CC RI-CC LRT Light Rail Transit: 5min CA-CC Ringaskidddy - Cork City: 20min CA-CC MF-BI Mayfield - Bishopstown: 10min EC-CC East Cork - City Centre: 10min SOI Southern Orbital Inner: 10min HH-CC Hollyhill - City Centre: 30min 20m SOO Southern Orbital Outer: 20min GL-CC Glanmire - City Centre: 20min 30m RINGASKIDDY DH-TO Dublin Hill - Togher: 15min MA-HH Mahon - Hollyill: 10min PD-CC Pouladuff Road - City Centre: 10min LB-CC Lotabeg - City Centre: 30min BALLYGARVAN 15m KS-AP Kent Station - Airport: 15min NO Northern Orbital: 10min FF-FH Frankfield - Fairhill: 20min GI-CC Great Island - City Centre: 20min RI-AP Ringaskidddy - Airport: 30min CARRIGALINE All routes and alignments are indicative and subject to change through the statutory scheme appraisal process.
CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 17 Walking Upgrade walking provision in Based on the recommendations within BusConnects All journeys begin and end by walking tandem with BusConnects corridor the National Cycle Manual a number of Buses are an extremely efficient mode of irrespective of other modes used. A range improvements, light rail stations different infrastructure types are proposed transport and will remain the work horse of high quality, public realm improvements development and Cycle Network at various locations within the network, of the public transport system in Cork. have been implemented in recent years Implementation. including: Their flexibility means that routes and to include pedestrian priority areas, wider Cycle Lanes: Incorporates a dedicated frequencies can be adapted to support footways and improved crossing facilities The over-arching objective for walking is space adjacent to the kerb or car phases of new development or in Cork City Centre and Ballincollig Town to ensure that the pedestrian environment parking and can take the form of as circumstances dictate. Centre and resulted in a reasonably high- is significantly enhanced, more attractive mandatory or advisory cycle lanes; quality walking environment and increased and safer than at present. Walking will be Buses will provide an increasingly Mixed Streets: Suitable in low traffic footfall and vitality in many of its streets. an instinctive choice for short trips across important interchange service between environments where the cyclist shares However, the quality of the pedestrian the CMA including school trips, leisure the InterCity, suburban rail and light rail the road space with motorists; environment is inconsistent across the trips and as part of linked trips with public stations and the Park and Ride network. transport. Cycle Tracks: Cycle tracks are different CMA with a range of barriers to walking Enhancing the bus network is consistent from cycle lanes in that they are including street clutter, insufficient with the National Development Plan physically segregated from motorised footpath widths and crossing pportunities. Cycling 2018-2027 which envisages a significantly traffic in some way whether by a barrier Cork, with its relatively compact city centre Cycling is a low cost, sustainable and enhanced BusConnects service for Cork or through a level change; and and reasonably self-sufficient metropolitan growing mode of transport in the Cork by 2027. This Strategy envisages that the towns, has significant potential to enhance Cycle Trails or Greenways: Roads and realigned bus network will carry around 45 Metropolitan Area. The NDP 2018-2027 paths through green areas and parks. the pedestrian experience. commits to the delivery of walking and million passengers per annum and 32,000 cycling networks for all of Ireland’s cities. passengers during the AM peak. Key outcomes for walking in the Other supporting infrastructure measures Strategy include; to further develop a cycling culture in An over-arching objective is to prioritise Key priorities for development of Cork’s Cork will include the further roll out of bike An increase in walking levels for work, Cycle Network Plan include: the early delivery of bus services and share schemes including consideration bus priority. Prioritising bus services over education and leisure across the CMA, Designating a coherent network of of dockless bikes, shower and changing general traffic will be critical to the delivery particularly for short journeys (less than east-west and north-south cycle routes facilities, and a significant uplift in of an efficient, frequent and reliable bus 2-3km); across the area which will provide residential, visitor and workplace cycle system and forms a major part of the Addressing the safety issues and access to all major trip generators; parking. overall BusConnects programme. barriers that prevent citizens and visitors The first priority in terms of access will from walking more in Cork; be employment areas and third level The objective for cycling is to develop a The existing bus priority measures through Supporting a high quality and fully education followed by schools. These comprehensive network of safe primary, Cork City are particularly limited with accessible environment for all abilities priorities have been established to secondary inter-urban and greenway 14km of bus lanes. The proposed bus and ages by continuing to develop a support proposed modal shift targets. cycling routes across the CMA. Cork will priority measures include approximately safe, legible and attractive public realm; Cycle links to new development areas build upon recent increases in cycling 100km of new bus lanes, representing an Facilitate walking’s role as part of linked have also been prioritised; levels to significantly increase the number increase in bus lanes by a factor of 700%. trips, particularly with rail and bus of utility trips including those to school, The proposed bus lanes align with the Providing the highest possible Level of journeys; work and as part of linked trips with proposed Core Bus Network, ensuring Service on identified corridors of high public transport. Cycling will be prioritised efficient, reliable and frequent services and Promote a far higher standard of urban demand; in all new road projects, local traffic enable interchange with rail and light rail design in new developments,and Identifying and maximising opportunities management schemes and permeability stations and Park and Rides facilities. in highway design, in a fashion that for high quality greenways; and measures and given prominence within consistently prioritises pedestrian Responding to feedback from key Local Authority structures. movement and safety over that of the stakeholders and the public. private car; and
SUBURBAN RAIL PASSENGERS JOURNEY TIMES AND DISTANCE Catering for up to 2,500 16m passengers passengers per annum 25 mins 12mins 25mins 50mins per direction from Midleton to from Blarney to from Cobh to from Midleton / per hour Kent Station Kent Station Kent Station Cobh to Mallow 62km of suburban rail network between Midleton, Cobh and Mallow RAIL NETWORK & VEHICLES 62km suburban 10 km 22 8 new stations rail network of dual track to Midleton. new two-car trains required plus improvements to Cobh, between Midleton, Cobh and Mallow. Mallow and Kent Stations. Electrification of suburban rail network. CONNECTING CITY & SUBURB COST ESTIMATE Connecting with Cork Light Rail Network at Kent Station and the >3,000 passengers 4,000 2-way through- Cork suburban bus network interchanging between running through Strategy cost Rail, Bus and Luas at Kent in AM estimate is Kent Station in AM Peak. peak hour approximately €274m
Proposed Suburban Rail WHITECHURCH Support Development Intensification 10 min frequency Support Strategic Development Zone Blarney/Stoneview SALLYBROOK Monard BLARNEY Dual track to Midleton Support future development. Park & Ride to accomodate 10 min Water Rock traffic from N20 on suburban rail Blackpool/Kilbarry frequency Carrigtwohill Carrigtwohill Support future development Midleton R of Tivoli Docks West BLACKPOOL Glounthaune MAYFIELD MIDLETON Kent Dunkettle KNOCKNAHEENEY Station Support Future Development Little Island Improve Signal operations Tivoli 5 min Fota frequency P&R to accomodate traffic Key Station Interchange BLACKROCK from N25 and M8 on COLLIG • Through running of suburban services at 10min frequency Suburban Rail • New paltform on southern side of station • Interchange with Light Rail Transit and core bus services BISHOPSTOWN • Improve signal operations 10 min DOUGLAS frequency PASSAGE WEST Support future development Carrigaloe FRANKFIELD and interchange with local bus servicesd Ballynoe COBH LEGEND - KEY INFORMATION MONKSTOWN Cobh CORK Existing Train Stations AIRPORT Rushbrooke Proposed Train Stations Rail Corridor RINGASKIDDY Park & Ride Station WHITEGATE CARRIGALINE
LIGHT RAIL PASSENGERS JOURNEY TIMES AND DISTANCE 11,400 or 4,600 passengers per passengers per direction per hour at direction per hour at Carrying 2 min headway 5 min headway 46million 27mins 20mins 47mins passengers from Ballincollig from Mahon Point from Ballincollig per annum AM Peak Hour Passengers 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 to St. Patrick’s to St. Patrick’s to Mahon Street Street Point Cork Light Rail 2040 Dublin Luas Green Line 2012 Dublin Luas Red Line 2012 BUS NETWORK & VEHICLES 25 stops 17km Light 27 trams Rail Network along the route. required for 5 minute frequency Similar Light Rail vehicle to Dublin Luas fleet. between Ballincollig Cork City Centre, Kent Station, Cork Docklands and Mahon Point. LRT LRT CONNECTING CITY & SUBURB COST ESTIMATE Connecting with Cork Suburban Rail Network at Kent Station, with >3,200 passengers interchange Cork Light Rail Network and providing Strategy cost estimate interchange between radial and to/from Light Rail in am peak hour. is approximately orbital bus services €1bn
Indicative Light Rail route alignment CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 21 BLARNEY Proposed Light Rail - Washington Street BROOKLODGE TOWER GLANMIRE BLACKPOOL Kent Station Interchange • Interchange with inter-urban and suburban rail • New bridge MAYFIELD from Kent Station to South Docklands KNOCKNAHEENEY Provide access to City Centre Support Future Development Kent of Cork Docklands Station Support Development and Expansion of tertiary education corridor DOCKLANDS Patrick Street Docklands Support Future Development University Cork College Cork BALLINLOUGH County GREENMOUNT BLACKROCK Hall Ballincollig Proposed Light Rail sharing with Greenway Cork Mahon Institute of Cork Point P&R Cork Technology University Science & Hospital Support Future Innovation BISHOPSTOWN Development Park ROCHESTOWN Park & Ride to accomodate traffic from N22 on Light Rail FRANKFIELD LEGEND - KEY INFORMATION Light Rail Transit (LRT) LRT Stop Park & Ride Sation Train Sation CORK AIRPORT
ROADS 50km Dunkettle M28 N27 Cork North N40 Interchange Upgrade Cork - Ringaskiddy Cork Airport Ring Road Demand of National Road completed by Management network completion Dedicated public 2035 to maintain improvements 2022 2028 transport corridor capacity STOP 70km A new multi-modal HGV Regional & Distributor of Regional Road Northern restrictions Roads to provide a multi-modal function improvements & Southern in Cork City Distributor Road LRT AZZIP RETOOCS City Centre Accessibility ITS & UTC Movement improvements in Intelligent Transport Systems Strategy cost estimate is Strategy Cork Docks area & Improvements to Urban Traffic Control approximately €1.39bn Cork City Council Black Ash Park & Ride Comhairle Ca
Proposed Road Network 2040 N20 CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 23 WHITECHURCH M8 Cork North Ring Road KNOCKRAHA LEAMLARA MONARD WHITES CROSS SALLYBROOK BLARNEY BROOKLODGE TOWER Northern Distributor Road CARRIGTWOHILL GLANMIRE N25 GLOUNTHAUNE HGV Restrictions Grade Seperation LITTLE ISLAND Dunkettle Interchange Upgrade N40 South Docklands BALLINCOLLIG Access Roads N40 DOUGLAS PASSAGE WEST FRANKFIELD ROCHESTOWN Demand Management East-West Link BALLYMORE N27 to Cork Airport Southern Distributor Road M28 Cork - Ringaskiddy COBH MONKSTOWN CORK AIRPORT RINGASKIDDY BALLYGARVAN WHITEGATE CARRIGALINE N71
24 CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT Suburban Rail Following detailed analysis of projected Parking Public Transport Interchange The rail network provides direct and travel demand within the CMA, this The NPF 2040 has set out that, in general, and Integration reliable access to Cork City Centre Strategy proposes that the East-West there will be no car parking requirement for The National Development Plan aims from a significant portion of its east and Transit Corridor is best served through new development in or near the centres to deliver a Public transport network northern Metropolitan Cork catchment the provision of a new Light Rail Transit of the five cities, including Cork, and a that will provide high-quality passenger area. This Strategy proposes to maximise (LRT) tram system. This analysis marks significantly reduced requirement in the interchange points, which facilitate opportunities offered by the existing a departure from previous proposals for inner suburbs. There will also be a general convenient transfer between efficient and suburban rail network to support the travel a lower capacity Bus Rapid transport reduction in on-street parking levels in city integrated public transport services. needs across the CMA. Maximising the (BRT) system to reflect the more ambitious and town centres over the lifetime of the potential of the rail corridor will support growth targets of the NPF and the Strategy to accommodate a wide range of Modern transport infrastructure must be better integration of land use planning and requirement to future-proof such a route sustainable transport measures including accompanied by an efficient, integrated public transport. up to and beyond, the 2040 horizon year. bus priority, laybys, safer crossing facilities, and appropriate network of transport seating, contra-flow cycle lanes, bicycle services. Focusing specifically on public A key element of this Strategy will be to The provision of LRT system will be a focal share schemes and cycle parking. transport, that network needs to: enable through services at Kent Station. point to enable the growth of population, employment health and educational uses Provide appropriate coverage of the This will increase connectivity between the Cork has a high proportion of motorised region; Mallow - Cork lines and the Midleton/ as envisaged by the NPF 2040. The LRT trips that originate outside the city centre Cobh - Cork lines without the need to system will unlock strategic development and other strategic employment areas that Increase opportunities to transfer change platforms at Kent Station. opportunity sites and windfall sites in its contribute to local congestion, noise and between modes and services; catchment areas. air pollution. The Strategy seeks to reduce Provide fast and convenient access to The availability of an existing passing this through the provision of Park and major travel destinations throughout the platform at Kent Station means that this The route shown is indicative only, further Rides. Park and Rides are the provision region; objective can be achieved relatively quickly feasibility work is required to examine of high capacity, car parking facilities at Be easily understood to both local and within the short term. Future-proofing the alternatives to this high level indicative designated public transport interchanges visiting passengers; ability of Kent Station and its environs route. During the early years of the to provide onward access to the City Strategy, it is intended identify and Deliver reliable and predictable journey to support significantly enhanced multi- Centre and other key destinations via high times; modal accessibility will also be a key protect an alignment for the scheme, frequency public transport, walking or consideration. allowing development consolidation along cycling. Park and Rides as a component Charge simple, affordable fares which the corridor. of the CMATS is a means of increasing the enable transfers between services The Strategy rail proposals include the accessibility of the transport network to a without unnecessary penalty; development of 8 new rail stations, The over-arching objective of the LRT population that might not otherwise have Provide easy-to-use cashless payment the creater of a suburban network is to enable the Cork Metropolitan Area access by walking, cycling or bus transfer. systems, where feasible; between Midleton, cobh and Mallow, the to consolidate land-use and transport Be accompanied by comprehensive electification of the suburban rail network along a high frequency, high-capacity The strategic park and rides will be information, both during and prior to the and the provision of new rail fleet. public transport corridor. The early complemented by a number of smaller, journey; and finalisation of the preferred route will local parking facilities known as ‘mobility provide greater certainty for future planning Provide comfortable and convenient Light Rail hubs (points)’. Mobility Hubs will contribute journeys to the maximum amount of and development to pursue the higher to significantly lower car parking standards The development of an east-west mass densities required to meet NPF 2040 people. transit, rapid transport corridor has than at present, will be served by public population and employment targets for transport, walking and cycling routes and been a long-term objective for the CMA Cork and the planned expansion of third articulated by the joint Cork Area Strategic will provide a wider range of functions level educational institutions. including waste collection points and Plan (CASP) and a number of statutory development plans and local area plans of consolidated delivery points. both local authorities.
Roads The Strategy will seek to deliver on This includes a new east-west link on the Over-arching objectives for the The Cork Metropolitan Area has an strategic development priorities for the northern side of Cork City in the short- management of freight movement include: extensive network of national, regional and distribution of a more compact settlement medium term required to facilitate orbital Re-directing the through movement of local roads and streets. The road network pattern based on ensuring effective bus and active travel movements and to freight from densely populated areas includes not only the carriageway itself integration between transport and reduce travel through the city centre and unsuitable local roads to the but other highway infrastructure including land-use through the delivery of Public and N40 South Ring Road by HGVs and strategic road network; bridges, the Jack Lynch Tunnel, footpaths, Transport Orientated Development. This private vehicles. Examining the feasibility of consolidation signposting, markings, traffic signals and will provide a sustainable economic, centres and break-bulk facilities outside sophisticated traffic management systems. environmental and social case for reliable Freight, Delivery and Servicing of the national road network in the The street network, particularly within public transport, permeable, high quality To meet NPF 2040 projections for Cork, medium term, to facilitate smaller Cork’s urban areas, are public spaces safe walking and cycling routes and construction of new homes, offices, social vehicles delivering to the City Centre; in their own right, providing a focus for a people-centred public realm. This infrastructure and places of education will represents a marked departure from Requiring area-based construction, economic, social and cultural activity. require more movement of HGVs and lorries. previous forms of transport planning over and delivery and servicing plans as Ireland is an export-led economy, and that recent decades, where the provision of part of new development with a view to The first priority for road investment in is reflected in increased demand for the new road capacity for the private car was consolidating deliveries where practical; the Strategy will be to maintain, renew, development of improved access routes to manage and operate the existing road paramount. the Port of Cork- particularly considering Re-timing freight trips to out-of-hours infrastructure in a more efficient manner. Brexit. While presenting challenges in terms wherever practicable; and Other priorities reflect a need to provide CMATS proposes a limited number of new of increased trips, safety, congestion, air and Ensuring that delivery, servicing and multi-modal travel particularly on new road-based projects required to facilitate noise pollution, the clustering of activities waste management trips are made as roads within urban areas, increasing the the sustainable movement of people, allied to an improvement in the strategic green and quiet as possible through liveability and place-making functions of goods and services, and to complement transport infrastructure offers the possibility of the use of zero or low emission vehicles the urban street network and manage the public transport, walking, cycling and innovative approaches to mitigate impact of where appropriate. network to discourage through traffic in traffic management objectives. freight activity in Cork. built up areas.
26 CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT Supporting Measures Implementation Strategy Outcomes A key principle for CMATS is to reduce The overall cost of the Strategy is The Cork Metropolitan Area Transport dependency on the private car within the approximately €3.5 billion (2018 prices), Strategy 2040 (CMATS) will result in CMA while increasing the attractiveness of and its delivery will be subject to the several positive social, economic and sustainable transport options. Another availability of funding. It is acknowledged environmental outcomes. It will deliver an fundamental principle of the Strategy that each of the major elements of CMATS accessible, integrated transport network is to support the future growth of the will require an individual appraisal based that enables the sustainable growth of CMA through the provision of an efficient on its own merits, in terms of feasibility, the Cork Metropolitan Area as a dynamic, transport network. Supporting measures design, planning, approval and funding. connected, and internationally competitive have an important role to play in providing European city region as envisaged by the a future transport network that matches up A phased implementation plan has been National Planning Framework 2040. to these principles. The full benefits of the developed that incrementally builds the significant investment that will be delivered transport infrastructure, services and The Strategy is heavily predicated on under CMATS cannot be achieved investment over time to align with the sustainable transport investment and through the provision of infrastructure continued growth of the CMA. provision. The Light Rail Transit system alone and must be combined with the CMATS however is intended to be is envisaged to serve 32% of the CMA’s implementation of measures that support scalable, flexible and future-proofed population and 60% of its jobs by 2040. best use of that infrastructure. enough to meet changes in population and The suburban rail network will serve employment growth. Any changes in the almost 20% of its population and 30% of The Strategy’s supporting measures will be proposed land use distribution however, its jobs. essential to the creation of physical, social must be consistent with the principle and cultural environments where walking, of Public Transit Oriented Development BusConnects is the work-horse of cycling and public transport are attractive, (PTOD) CMATS is a live document, subject the public transport system covering practical and logical alternatives to the to periodic review (every 5 years). CMA wide coverage and carrying 85m private car. It will take a wide range passengers per annum. of supportive initiatives to: The challenge of implementation will now Create communities that support be addressed by the Cork City Council The combined network will provide sustainable transport; and Cork County Council, working in seamless interchange between bus, rail, conjunction with the National Transport light rail, Park and Ride services. Walking Improve public awareness and educate Authority, Transport Infrastructure Ireland and cycling will play a significant role for users on available options to help them and other key stakeholders, to deliver on shorter trips through the delivery of an make the best choices; the necessary land use consolidation, enhanced metropolitan cycling network Prioritise sustainable transportation securing capital investment under the and vastly improved public realm and options; and National Development Plan, and the strategic walking network. Improve end to end trip facilities and implementation of CMATS’ transport integration. infrastructure, supporting measures and Overall it is considered that the Strategy demand management measures, to will enable the Cork Metropolitan Area to Other measures include the implementation enable the full benefits of CMATS to grow in a successful, sustainable manner, of Local Transport Plans, urban design be achieved. delivering an efficient, effective transport and place-making schemes, behavioural system to underpin its ambitious growth change programmes, and embracing targets and increase the attractiveness of technology for sustainable transport. the CMA as a region to live, work, visit, play and invest in.
CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 27 SHORT TERM MEDIUM TERM LONG TERM A phased implementation Timeframe 2026 2031 2040 plan has been developed Cork Suburban Rail Network that incrementally builds Through Running at Kent Station Increase service frequency to 3tph from Midleton and Cobh the transport infrastructure, Kent Station Platform Improvements services and investment Bypass loops at new stations on line north of Kent Station Mallow platform improvements over time to align with the Cobh platform improvements continued growth of the CMA. New Rail Stations (as required by land use development) Dual Track to Midleton Increase service frequency to 6tph from Midleton and Cobh Electification Purchase of Rolling Stock Light Rail Route Alignement Reservationand Interim Bus route Interim Bus Service O&M Planning and Design of LRT Construction and Implementation of LRT Bus Bus Network Implementation Park & Ride New Park & Ride Sites Cycling Primary Network Secondary Network Feeder Network Inter Urban Greenways Walking Footpaths and Walking Provision Road Network North & Southern Distributor Roads Appraisal Delivery of both NDR & SDR Apprasial of Northern Ring Road (NRR) Delivery of NRR Dunkettle Interchange M28 Cork to Ringaskiddy Motorway M20 Cork to Limerick Delivery of Cork Distributor Roads N27 N40 Demand Management Docklands and Tivoli Road Network and Bridges Regional Roads Operation and Maintanance Parking Management Integration & ITS
STRATEGY OUTCOMES FUTURE GROWTH DAILY DEMAND FOR TRAVEL AM PEAK MODE SHARE 2011 - 2040 1.2m 1m 290k 476k population population 800k 830k 1.3m 66% 2011 21% 2011 10% 2011 1% 2011 2040 2011 2040 49.3% 2040 21% 2040 25.7% 2040 4% 2040 2011 600k 400k BRT 200k Cork City Council Black Ash Park & Ride Comhairle Cathairle Chaorcaí 0 2011 2040 ACCESSIBILITY AND SOCIAL INCLUSION Suburban Rail Catchment Light Rail Catchment Social Inclusion: 19% 30% 32% 60% up to 10.9% of population of jobs of population of jobs increase in PT mode share for disadvantaged and very disadvantaged areas BRT SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMY & COST ESTIMATE Over a 30 year strategy period Present Value of Costs: €2.3bn Present Value of Benefits: €5.7bn Reduction in Reduction in Reduction in Net Present Value: €3.7bn 15 fatal casualties 68 serious casualties 1,700 slight casualties Benefit to Cost Ratio: 2.48 Total Strategy Cost Estimate €3.5bn Environmental: 46,000 tonnes pa reduction in vehicular emissions
CORK METROPOLITAN AREA | DRAFT TRANSPORT STRATEGY | PUBLIC CONSULTATION DOCUMENT 29 List of Acronyms AA Appropriate Assessment HGV Heavy Goods Vehicle AV Automated Vehicle ITS Intelligent Transport System BSS Bicycle Sharing Scheme MaaS Mobility as a Service CASP Cork Area Strategic Plan MASP Metropolitan Area Strategic Plan CCMS City Centre Movement Strategy NPO National Policy Objective CIT Cork Institute of Technology NSO National Strategic Outcome CLC Construction Logistics Centre NTA National Transport Authority CMA Cork Metropolitan Area PAG Project Appraisal Guidelines CMATS Cork Metropolitan Area Transport Strategy (the Strategy) PT Public Transport CNDR Cork Northern Distributor Road PTOD Public Transport Oriented Development CNRR Cork North Ring Road RSES Regional Spatial and Economic Strategy CSIP Cork Science and Innovation Park RTPI Real Time Passenger Information CSO Central Statistics Office SEA Strategic Environmental Assessment CUH Cork University Hospital SFILT Strategic Framework for Investment in Landside Transport DMURS Design Manual for Urban Roads and Streets SWRM South West Regional Model DTTaS Department for Transport, Tourism and Sport TII Transport Infrastructure Ireland EU European Union UCC University College Cork EV Electric Vehicle UEA Urban Expansion Area EVCP Electric Vehicle Chargign Poin ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS National Transport Authority: Transport Infrastructure Ireland: Systra: Hugh Creegan Paul Moran Ian Byrne Owen Shinkwin Tara Spain Jack Sheehan Roy O’Connor Eoin Gillard Paul Hussey Sinead Canny Cork City Council: Jacobs: Allanah Murphy Gerry O’Beirne John Paul FitzGerald Benjamin Loreille Ann Bogan Kevin Burke Joshua Noon Edith Roberts Sarah Cooper Elizabeth Kidney David Siddle Dolphin 3D Photomontages: Jennifer Egan Philip Watkin Cork County Council: Ciara Murphy Peter O’Donoghue Richard Eastman Chetwynd Viaduct Photograph Michael W. Lynch © David Moloney, used with kind permission. Padraig Moore Date of publication: May 2019
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