COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE

COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE
BUILD SEE
  Addressing the divide between the EU indicators and their
 practical implementation in the green construction and eco-
social re-qualification of residential areas in South East Europe
                              regions



                 WORKING PACKAGE 3 (WP3)




            COUNTRY REPORT
                   – GREECE –


                        Project Partner

             ERDF PP8 Region of Western Greece




                           June 2014
COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE
INDEX

1        INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................... 3

2     PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONS ISSUES RELATED TO PUBLIC LAW & PROCEDURES (WG.1) ....... 4
2.1   INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................... 4
2.2   CURRENT SITUATION AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK ............................................................................ 6
2.2.1 THE FRAMEWORK OF SPATIAL PLANNING IN GREECE .................................................................. 6
2.2.2 REGIONAL SPATIAL PLANNING FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
      REGION OF WESTERN GREECE ......................................................................................................... 7
2.2.3 BASIC LAW FOR RENEWABLE ENERGIES ....................................................................................... 10
2.2.4 PROJECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL
      PROTECTION ....................................................................................................................................... 17
2.3 GREEK SUCCESSFUL APPROACHES IN URBAN PLANNING ......................................................... 24
2.4 SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .......................................................................................... 33

3     SOCIAL ISSUES RELATED TO CITIZENS PARTICIPATION & SOCIAL COHESION (WG.2) ......... 35
3.1   INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 35
3.2   CURRENT SITUATION ......................................................................................................................... 35
3.3   GREEK SUCCESSFUL APPROACHES TO CITIZEN PARTICIPATION AND SOCIAL COHESION . 37
3.3.1 BIOCLIMATIC SCHOOLS ..................................................................................................................... 37
3.3.2 DAYCARE CENTER– HOUSES OF SUPPORTED LIVING FOR PEOPLE WITH MENTAL
      DISABILITIES ........................................................................................................................................ 40
3.3.3 CENTER OF ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING OF KLEITORIA-AKRATA .............................................. 41
3.4 SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .......................................................................................... 42

4        BUILDING INNOVATION ISSUES RELATED TO TECHNOLOGIES & NEW BUILDING
         METHODOLOGIES (WG.3) .................................................................................................................. 43
4.1      INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 43
4.2      CURRENT SITUATION ......................................................................................................................... 44
4.2.1    BIOCLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE AND EXPLOITATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES ..... 46
4.2.2    ENERGY INTERVENTIONS IN BUILDINGS – MODERN CONTRUCTION MATERIALS: COLD
         MATERIALS .......................................................................................................................................... 47
4.2.3    ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND MONITORING SYSTEMS AND ENERGY SAVINGS ........................... 50
4.1      SUCCESSFUL APPROACHES IN BUILDING INNOVATION IN GREECE ......................................... 53
4.3.1    BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN OF BUILDINGS IN HELLENIC OPEN UNIVERSITY ..................................... 53
4.3.2    ENERGY INTERVENTIONS IN BUILDINGS ........................................................................................ 55
4.3.3    MONITORING SYSTEM OF GREEN PRECEPTION ........................................................................... 59
4.2      SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .......................................................................................... 62

REFERENCES – BIBLIOGRAPHY ................................................................................................................. 63




          SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                                                                 Σελίδα 2 από 65
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1    INTRODUCTION
The Region of Western Greece, under its corporate obligations to promote the project BUILD SEE
and in particular to implement Work Package 3 (WP3), has recommended three (3) thematic
working groups on a local level regarding a) public administration and legislation, b) social
cohesion and civic participation, and c) new technologies and innovations in the
construction of buildings, which carried out four Workshops (WG's) which developed the
following topics:
 Section 1 : "Issues of Public Administration"(Patras, 06-11-2013 & 15-11 -2013)
 Section 2 : "Social Issues" (Patras, 26-11-2013)
 Section 3 : "Issues of innovation in construction" (Patras, 04-03-2014)
The meetings were held in the conference room of the Region of Western Greece and were
characterized by the active participation of three (3) Working Groups which were driven by
scientific training and experience of their members, and for recording and addressing problems as
presented in the public and private sector separately. The discussions were characterized by the
development of arguments and the expression of deep concern to address the problems within the
scope of each Working Group and were successfully completed under the direction of the
Coordinator of each Project Team.
The good practices that emerged during the discussions were documented based on objective
criteria, taking into account the existing administrative structure and the current regulatory
framework, in line with the needs of the social web and the new trends in the development of
innovative technologies. For this purpose, an attempt was made to coordinate the three Working
Groups in such a manner to ensure mutual dissemination of results, and address common issues
which concern all topics and are critical factors for the transition from theory to practice.
In this deliverable, the same analysis structure was used for every Working Group: thus, as
an introduction to each section, a summary of the discussion and key issues raised in each
Working Group is made. In the next two sub-sections, an in-depth presentation of the current
situation is attempted and successful approaches in Greece are presented. Each section (per WG)
is completed with specific solutions and recommendations as they have emerged from every
Working Group.




      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                  Σελίδα 3 από 65
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2    PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONS ISSUES RELATED TO PUBLIC LAW &
       PROCEDURES (WG.1)
2.1    INTRODUCTION
In the framework of Working Group 1 “Public Administrations issues related to public law &
procedures”, two (2) meetings were held:
       Over the first meeting – which was held on 11.06.2013 – the Working Group was
       established and organized with 10 members who have experience and expertise in the field
       of public administration, particularly in the services of primary and secondary local
       government.
       In the second meeting of Working Group 1 - on 15.11.2013, specific suggestions were
       submitted that focus on issues of Public Administration and are directly linked to: (a) the
       actual needs and requirements of the specialization of spatial planning in the Region of
       Western Greece, (b) the exploitation of renewable energy in accordance with the specific
       requirements arising from the housing development model of the country and the planning
       of the new period on a national, regional and local level.
In particular, the issues raised for discussion in the first meeting, were summarized in the following
sections:
         In describing the background and the existing institutional framework of spatial planning in
         our country, and also the highlight of the key principles of the Study “Assessment,
         Review and Specification of the Regional Spatial Planning Framework for
         Sustainable Development of the Region of Western Greece" which is at the
         implementation stage.
         In the analysis and evaluation of the provisions of the basic legislation for Renewable
         Energy Sources (RES), and their application in buildings and public spaces of the city,
         In the programmes that have been implemented by the Region of Western Greece and
         concern the development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES), and to the extent of
         their absorption,
         In the new trends and goals of the European Union in 2020, with particular reference
         to the demand for energy autonomy of new buildings,


Interesting conclusions emerged from the meetings regarding:
       the suggestions of associations and bodies, and also of relevant departments and
       government officials on the specification of the Regional Spatial Planning Framework for
       Sustainable Development of the Region of Western Greece.
       the degree of effectiveness of Public Administration in the implementation actions and
       management programmes for energy efficiency, energy saving and rational use of energy.
       the need to ensure transparency concerning the procedures and cooperation between the
       Public and Private sector.
       The promotion of new funding models by imposing financial incentives for implementing
       interventions in the private sector.
       the possibility of introducing new tools – provisions by integrating innovation and new
       energy upgrading technology for buildings and public spaces.
       the need to support information– awareness activities for RES and the importance of
       bioclimatic building design.


       SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                   Σελίδα 4 από 65
COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE
As part of the second meeting of Working Group 1, good practices and recommendations were
developed, specifying the findings of the first meeting. The recommendations were related to the
promotion of administrative and legal actions based on the following priorities:
       The adaptation of measures and guidelines for the development of RES in buildings, on the
       basis of particularities resulting from the way a house is built in the country and
       especially in the Region of Western Greece.
       Satisfying the existing housing needs as they have arisen in recent years, resulting from
       the specific crisis in housing.
       The need to upgrade the quality of housing stock towards the energy autonomy of
       buildings in order to reduce operating costs.
       The promotion of completed urban regeneration in order to improve the quality and
       operation of urban space, in conjunction with the upgrading of bioclimatic conditions of the
       city.
       The intervention on bioclimatic design and energy management produced from RES
       in sections which correspond to small towns, neighborhoods (green neighborhoods), or
       even to individual blocks.




      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                 Σελίδα 5 από 65
COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE
2.2    CURRENT SITUATION AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK
2.2.1 THE FRAMEWORK OF SPATIAL PLANNING IN GREECE
The basic framework of spatial planning in Greece is determined by the regulations for residential
development, urban planning and legislation for spatial planning. However, the overall spatial
planning receives directions from the law on construction, the legislation on the environment, and
the institutional framework and national programmes for investment and development incentives.
The beginning of the modern institutional framework of urban planning and location is mentioned in
the Presidential Decree 17/03/1923 “About city planning”, which governs how all cities and towns
that have acquired a city/town plan or have extended until 1983 are arranged and, inter alia, settles
the requirement for every settlement in the country to have a plan, but also gives the ability to build
outside settlements, a big issue troubling the Greek countryside to date.
With Article 24 of the 1975 Constitution, spatial planning is explicitly falls under the regulatory
jurisdiction of the state in order to secure the endangered by the increasing construction natural
environment and also ensure the best possible living conditions. The relevant constitutional
settlement in Article 24 § 2 of the Constitution, as revised in 2001, states that “The spatial
restructuring of the country, the formation, growth, land-use planning and the expansion of cities
and residential areas in general fall under the regulatory authority and control of the state, with the
aim to serve the functionality and development of settlements and to ensure the best possible
living conditions. The relevant technical choices and weighting are made based on the rules of
science”.
During the execution of the above constitutional mandate, Law 360/1976 was initially passed for
spatial planning and the environment, which first introduced the concepts of spatial (national,
regional and special) plans in a hierarchical system of interrelated stages of design and planning,
and established the National Council for Spatial Planning and the Environment. However, no
spatial plan was approved under the regulations of Law 360/76. The law, in essence, had limited
application.
In terms of urban planning, Law 1337/1983 followed “Expansion of urban development plans,
residential development, etc.”, which, inter alia, governs the integration in the urban development
plan and the expansion of settlements in new areas, determines the basic stages and tools of
urban planning (General Urban Development Plan, Urban Design, Implementation Act),
establishes the framework for controlling the use of land around cities or other environmentally
sensitive areas (Urban Control Zone), etc. Presidential Decree 16/30-08-1985 follows about
“Development of areas of second residence” and Presidential Decree 24.4/3-5-1985 “Terms for
residential development under 2,000 residents” and Presidential Decree 20/30.8.1985
“Development and expansion of settlements up to 2,000 residents”.
The urban regime introduced by the housing law 1337/1983 is modernized and supplemented with
Law 2508/1997 “Sustainable Development of cities and settlements of the country”. This is the
newest housing law which determines the guiding principles, terms, procedures and forms for
sustainable residential development of broader areas of cities and settlements in the country. The
articles put emphasis on the spatial dimension (planning in the level of Local Government
Organisation) - new content of the General Urban Development Plans, and on the coverage of the
need to revise old plans with the tool of regeneration.
On a broader spatial level, Law 2742/1999 (Greek Official Gazette 207A/07-10-99) follows two
years later, which now refers to the regulations for the establishment of bodies, procedures and
means for spatial planning that promote sustainable and balanced development, thereby
recognizing the need for strategic planning for the development of Greek land and the creation of
mechanisms to support it. Until that time, the only text with objectives and guidelines for spatial
development and organization on a wider -regional- level, was the Regulatory Plans (Law
1515/1985 for Athens and 1561/1985 for Thessaloniki), which also incorporated elements of spatial
planning and was established by formal law.

       SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                    Σελίδα 6 από 65
COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE
Law 2742/1999 determines a systematic configuration framework of spatial planning for the entire
territory, which is based on three levels. At the highest level there is the General Framework
which is about the long-term spatial development of the national territory. Further, the Special
Frameworks customize and complement the directions of the General Framework for certain
regions or sectors, and the design is completed with the Regional Frameworks, drawn up for
each region of the country. This logic of hierarchy levels was overthrown in practice due to the
issuance of ministerial decisions for the approval of Regional Plans before the scheduled formal
approval of the General Framework of the plenary session of Parliament. However, this led to the
issuance of 12 spatial plans for all regions of the country with the sole exception of Attica.



2.2.2 REGIONAL SPATIAL PLANNING FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE
      DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION OF WESTERN GREECE
The Regional Spatial Planning Framework for
Sustainable Development (RSPFSD) of Western
Greece was legislated in 2003 by Ministerial
Decision (Ministry for the Environment, Physical
Planning and Public Works) n.25297/2003
“Regional Spatial Planning Framework for
Sustainable Development of the Region of Western
Greece» (Greek Official Gazette 1470Β/ 9-10-2003)
in accordance with Law 2742/99 (see previous
paragraph). In drafting the RSPFSD, the following
were recorded and evaluated:
       the position of the Region of Western
       Greece in the international and European
       area, and its role on a national level,
       the existing situation in the different areas of
       intervention (residential network, transport
       networks - transport, service, infrastructure,
       productive activities, etc.),
       the prospects and factors affecting the long-
       term development and spatial planning in
       terms of region.
Additionally:
       The spatial effects of European, national and regional policies and programmes were briefly
       assessed,
       The key priorities and strategic options for the integrated and sustainable development of
       the area were determined with a 15-year view,
       The strategic objectives per (former prefecture) current regional unit were codified, and
       A coherent action plan was made.
However, the economic and social conditions in Greece, in general and especially in our region,
have been considerably diversified in recent years. The need for assessment and redesign of the
RSPFSD was immediately imperative, and for this reason the central administration proceeded to
relevant regulations a few years ago. Specifically, under the Ministerial Decision 51949/29-11-2010
(Greek Official Gazette 1925 Β/13-10-2010) rules were laid down regarding “Monitoring and
Assessing the implementation of the General, Special and Regional Spatial Planning Frameworks
for Sustainable Development”, an absolutely necessary process given the economic developments
and the speed with which these occur, with direct spatial, urban-planning and social
       SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                   Σελίδα 7 από 65
COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE
consequences. The relevant assessment specifications - revision and specification of the RSPFSD
were approved by Ministerial Decision 10106 (Greek Official Gazette 45/17-03-2011) about a year
later. At that period, the relevant study also opened by the competent Spatial Planning Department
of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (under Article 7 of Law 3316/05),
together with similar studies in other regions, funded by the Operational Programme “Environment
and Sustainable Development 2007-2013”.
The study titled “ASSESSMENT, REVIEW & SPECIFICATION RSPFSD” is implemented for
Western Greece from the association “FILON”: A. PANTAZIS - PAN. KYRIAKOPOULOU and
Associates G.P. and ALEXANDER IATROS. The assigning and signing of the contract with the
contracting entity took place in 2012. The goal of the report on the monitoring and evaluation of the
RSPFSD, based on the terms of the tender, is to promote actions which mainly concern:
       Development planning,
       Spatial planning,
       Protection and promotion of the natural and cultural environment,
       Productive activities,
       Technical and social infrastructures, and
       The administrative reconstruction of the region.
Stage A1 of the Study was successfully completed
on schedule. For A1 the Regional Council of Western
Greece consulted positively with Decision 42/28-02-
13 (ΑΔΑ:ΒΕΔΦ7Λ6-4ΥΩ). Currently, Stage B1 of the
Study is in progress and three meetings have been
held (one per Regional unit: Achaea, Ilia, Aetolia-
Acarnania) so as for proposals to be submitted by the
bodies of the public and private sector involved,
politicians and collective entities operating in the
wider area and by any citizen interested. The creative
participation and contribution of the relevant
departments, bodies and citizens in stage B1 of the
study which includes, inter alia, the completed
“Proposal for Review - Specification of the statutory
RSPFSD of the Region of Western Greece” is a
crucial factor for rational planning, and a necessary
and sufficient condition for effective and, at the same
time, realistic proposals for spatial organization of the
Region of Western Greece.
In this framework, a working group was established
to support the preparation of the report on the
monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of
the RSPFSD (Decision 17566/15-03-2013 of the
Deputy Minister of Environment, Energy and Climate Change) with representation of (a) Spatial
Planning Department of the ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change, (b) the Region
of Western Greece and (c) the Decentralized Administration of the Peloponnese, Western Greece
and the Ionian Islands.
The second half of 2013 and till February 2014, the Secretariat of Development Planning of the
Region of Western Greece led by Mr Lycurgos Stamatelatos, Head of the Secretariat of
Development Planning of the Region of Western Greece and representative of the Region of
Western Greece in the working group for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the
RSPFSD of Western Greece, and the Department of Environment and Spatial Planning of the
Region of Western Greece led by Ms Eleni Spiraki, Head of the Department of Environment and
       SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                  Σελίδα 8 από 65
COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE
Spatial Planning of the Region of Western Greece and deputy representative the Region of
Western Greece in the working group for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the
RSPFSD of Western Greece, have received numerous proposals from bodies and representatives
of the region.
It should be noted that in the framework of the participatory process for the review of the RSPFSD,
more than 40 proposals of bodies with descriptive sentences, charts and many other data were
evaluated and codified by the relevant departments of the Region of Western Greece. Among the
bodies that submitted proposals are the Technical Chamber of Greece/ Department of Western
Greece and Department of Aetolia-Acarnania, the municipalities of the region, the Chambers of the
region, the General Secretariat for Research & Technology (Patras Science Park), professional
associations, etc.




From the progress of the study and researchers' findings to date, the strategic areas of priority of
the revised RSPFSD are codified in the following points:
       Particular emphasis and priority to increasing the competitiveness of the primary sector.
       Extended use of energy resources and renewable energy.
       Emphasis on expansion, quality improvement, enrichment with new forms and
       reconstruction of the tourism sector.
       Priority to utilize the significant infrastructures and human resources of R&T and
       information society in the wider region of Patras.
       Promotion of the international trade and transport services in promotional activity for the
       wider region of Patras and the triplet Platygiali Agrinio-Missolonghi/ Aitoliko.
       Growth and expansion of the organized receptors and land of the industry – small industry.
       Priority to the gradual ceasing of the growing intraregional inequalities with a view to
       reverse the negative trend in the future.
       Emphasis on the promotion and productive use of landscapes in the Region of Western
       Greece of international and national importance.




      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                  Σελίδα 9 από 65
COUNTRY REPORT - GREECE
2.2.3 BASIC LAW FOR RENEWABLE ENERGIES
The construction of buildings, their basic design and energy requirements are determined by the
New Building Regulation and the regulation of energy efficiency of buildings. In particular, the
existing legal framework (in the form of Laws, Ministerial Decisions, Presidential Decrees,
Regulatory Acts and Circulars) which has been adopted to introduce energy efficiency and the
rational use of energy in buildings in Greece, and also to increase the share of energy from
renewable sources in the building sector of private and public bodies, will be shown below:


(a) New Building Regulation (Law 4067/2012 – Gov Gazette No; 79/ A'/09.04.12)
The New Building Regulation (NBR) is a set of provisions that determine the general and specific
measures relating to the exploitation of property within and outside the city plan and in settlements
without an approved plan. In particular, Law 4067/2012 defines the terms and conditions to be
complied with during construction, the development of public spaces in terms of use, hygiene and
safety so as to protect the natural, cultural and residential environment, and the serving of the
interests of society.
NBR is oriented to the environmental upgrading of the built environment and introduces new
definitions and systems, technologies and methods of modern architecture with the aim of
reducing energy consumption and environmental footprint of each new building. In addition,
the new building regulation seeks to increase green areas and consequently improve the
microclimate in urban areas. In general, it provides significant incentives for the implementation of
bioclimatic design and use of renewable energy in existing and new buildings.
NBR consists of three (3) units:
       Section A (Articles 1-6) concerns "General Provisions" and specifically refers to the field of
       its implementation, the general definitions and determination of coefficients and sizes, the
       requirements for the issuance of a building permit, the use of buildings and to the issues
       related to the protection of the architectural and natural heritage.
       Section B (Articles 4-10) entitled "Land" refers to the integrity and plot ratio of land in
       general, and in specific cases to new possibilities for combinations of land and to the
       incentives for environmental upgrading and improvement of the quality of life in densely
       built urban areas.
       Section C (Articles 11-26) entitled "Building Regulations" sets out all articles regarding
       building terms, the plot ratio, the location and the sub-elements for the development of a
       building and the land surrounding it, the incentives provided for the integration of
       environmentally-friendly factors in construction, and provisions for the disabled.
According to the definitions of ΝBR,
       the "Bioclimatic building design is the design of a building that aims at the optimum
       utilization of natural and climatic conditions in order to achieve the best indoor thermal
       comfort conditions and air quality throughout the year with minimum energy
       consumption" (Article 2 , § 10).
       «Bioclimatic building is a building that responds to the climatic conditions of the
       environment, and is designed so as to achieve the best indoor thermal comfort conditions
       and air quality throughout the year, with minimum power consumption and ranks in the
       higher energy categories as they are set" (Article 2, § 11).
       Finally, "Building of minimum energy consumption is a building which, based on both
       bioclimatic design and the use of energy from renewable sources, has very high energy
       classification according to the Building Energy Efficiency Regulations; the almost no or very
       low energy required for the operation of its use, which is covered by renewable sources,


      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                  Σελίδα 10 από 65
Cogeneration of Heat and High Performance units and the energy produced on-site or in
       close proximity, is also applicable"(Article 2, § 43).


NBR provides incentives for environmental upgrading and improvement of the quality of life
in populated urban areas (ref. Article 10). More specifically, it states that if land (independent or
shared) which is located on the city in specific geographic regions (as detailed out in Art.10) and
not in traditional settlements and traditional city departments or historical sites or in areas with
exclusive residential use when the size is greater than the plot ratio of the area, and after the
Council of Architecture has given its assent, the following urban incentives are provided, given that
the following conditions in each case are met and provided that the number of buildings
constructed is less than B/2 and equal to the smallest resulting integer with a minimum of one:
      Conditions                                                     Incentive
                                                                     Percentage reduction of the allowed
a     1) Percentage reduction of the allowed plot ratio by ΑΧ 10%
                                                                     plot ratio by ΑΧ 10%
      1) Percentage reduction of the allowed plot ratio by AX 15%
      2) Retirement of the main use area of a building by at least   Percentage reduction of the allowed
b
      one quarter of the existing allowed construction coefficient   plot ratio by ΑΧ 15%
      of the area
      1) Percentage reduction of the allowed plot ratio by ΑΧ 20%
      2) Yield in common public use area equal to the increase of    Percentage reduction of the allowed
c
      the construction surface divided by the construction           plot ratio by ΑΧ 20%
      coefficient
      1) Percentage reduction of the allowed plot ratio by ΑΧ25%
      2) Yield in common public use area equal to the increase of
      the construction surface divided by the construction
                                                                     Percentage reduction of the allowed
d     coefficient
                                                                     plot ratio by ΑΧ 25%
      3) Retirement of the main use area of a building by at least
      one quarter of the existing allowed construction coefficient
      of the area


The same article further provides other environmental incentives in order to increase the
construction coefficient:
       In land of at least 4000sq.m for 100% public use of the open space, the following incentives
       are provided: Increase of the permitted construction area of the land by 35% and 30% in
       height more than the permitted area according to the conditions of percentage reduction of
       the permitted land coverage by AX35% and the number of buildings created less than B/2
       and equal to the smallest resulting integer with a minimum of one.
       Mandatory open spaces of land of a block or part of it can be merged for shared use from
       the occupants of the block or part of it, without the rights of ownership being an issue. With
       the incentive of an up to 20% increase of permitted building and the preservation of the
       planned mandatory open spaces. (For properties of the State or Municipality, the increase
       of plot ratio is 50%).
       Where a building is classified as higher energy class A+ according to the energy study and
       according to the Building Energy Efficiency Regulations, minimum energy consumption is
       required through energy saving systems and units of Combined Heat and High
       Performance and renewable energy sources, an incentive of a 5% increase of the plot ratio
       is given.
       Buildings that have minimal energy consumption and also exhibit excellent environmental
       performance, the plot ratio is increased by 10% (these buildings should have an annual

      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                       Σελίδα 11 από 65
primary energy consumption for heating, lighting, ventilation and hot water less than 10
       kWh/m2/year).
Special reference to Article 25 of the NBR is made for creating buildings of minimum energy
consumption and for specific incentives provided to them. In these buildings, the small amount of
energy that is required for their operation is, to a large extent, recommended to come from
renewable sources of energy, including the one which is produced on site or near the buildings
(including all applications that result in energy saving). In particular,
"1. Where a building is classified as higher energy class A+ according to the energy study and
according to the Building Energy Efficiency Regulations, minimum energy consumption is required
through energy saving systems and units of Combined Heat and High Performance and renewable
energy sources, an incentive of a 5% increase of the plot ratio is given.
2. Special increase of the plot ratio by 10% is offered to buildings of minimum energy
consumption that present outstanding environmental performance. These buildings should
have annual primary energy consumption for heating, lighting, ventilation and hot water less than
10 kWh/m2/year. The entire energy study should be conducted according to the Building Energy
Efficiency Regulations and may be supplemented by specific computational data obtained from the
simulation of the building with internationally recognized computational tools of energy efficiency of
buildings. The buildings must necessarily include energy saving systems and renewable energy
systems. At the same time, outstanding environmental performance must be documented using an
internationally recognized environmental assessment methodology, (Environmental Assessment
Method), such as LEED or an equivalent international methodology. Excellent environmental
performance is considered to be equivalent or better than LEED. During the process of submitting
the documents for permit, a complete documentation that includes all elements of energy study
must also be submitted showing that the total annual primary consumption for heating, ventilation,
hot water and lighting will not exceed 10 kWh/m2/year, and also a complete analysis of
environmental measures to be adopted in order to demonstrate that they will achieve the minimum
required environmental assessment mentioned above.
After the end of the construction the following should be completed in the Identity Building and
presented to the competent authority that issued the permit:
a) A certificate of environmental assessment that has been awarded to the building by a certified
and authorized analyzer.
b) A formal declaration of the supervising engineer that the building was constructed with energy
features from the initial energy study and any possible small-scale change must document that it
does not increase the energy consumption of the building beyond the allowed limits.




      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                   Σελίδα 12 από 65
(b) Law 3661/2008 "Measures to reduce energy consumption of buildings and other
provisions"
By Law 3661/2008 (Gov Gazette No; 89/Α’/2010) specific measures for reducing energy
consumption in buildings are identified and the Greek legislation is consorted with Directive
2002/91/EK of the European Parliament and of the Council on 16 December 2002 "For energy
efficiency in buildings" (EE L1, 4.1.2003).
Law 3661 incorporates all the provisions of the Directive, provides the Regulation on the Energy
Performance of buildings and distinguishes five (5) main areas concerning the setting of minimum
energy performance requirements and the method of calculating energy performance (Article 3) for
new and existing buildings (Articles 4 and 5), the issue of energy performance certificate (Article 6),
inspections of boilers and air conditioning (articles 7 and 8), and provision of qualified and
accredited energy inspectors (Article 9).
In addition, the Law says that passive solar systems, and production systems of heating/ cooling/
electricity using RES and CHP should be considered in the study of heating/ air conditioning
specifications submitted during the permit process of buildings, thus promoting the establishment
of small-scale renewable technologies.
The Law was amended:
       by Article 10 of Law 3851/2010 "Accelerating the Development of Renewable Energy
       Sources to deal with climate change and other provisions relating to the jurisdiction of the
       Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change" (Greek Official Gazette 85/Α/2010).
       by Article 28 of Law 3889/2010 "Financing Environmental Interventions, Green Fund,
       Ratification of forest maps and other provisions" to be extended in the case of residential
       buildings intended for use not exceeding four (4) months (holiday residences).
The specific regulations which complete the legal framework for the full implementation of Law
3661/2008 are as follows:
   1) The Buildings’ Energy Efficiency Regulation which was approved by the D6/Β/ 5825/30-
      03-2010 Common Decision of the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Environment
      Energy and Climate Change (Gov Gazette No;Β΄ 407) and with which the integrated energy
      planning in the building sector was institutionalized in order to improve the energy
      performance of buildings, energy saving and environmental protection.
   2) Presidential Decree 100/2010 "Building Energy Inspectors, Boiler, Heating and air
      conditioning installation" (Gov Gazette No;177/Α/6.10.2010) and the Common Ministerial
      Decision "Education and Examination process of Energy Inspectors" (Gov Gazette No;
      2406 Β/31.10.2011) which establishes the procedure for issuing final permits of energy
      inspectors.
   3) Article 6 of Law 3818/2010 (Gov Gazette No;17/Α/2010) "Protection of forests and
      woodlands of Attica Prefecture, establishment of the Special Secretariat of Environment
      and Energy Inspectorate and other provisions" which established the Energy Inspectorate
      set up administratively and organizationally by the Presidential Decree 72/2010 (Gov
      Gazette No;132/A/2010) "Creation, administrative - organizational structure and staffing of
      the Special Inspectorates’ Energy».




      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                   Σελίδα 13 από 65
(c) Energy Performance of Buildings Regulation (KENAK)
According to the Energy Performance of Buildings Regulation the context of necessary regulations
is completed for the full implementation of Law 3661/2008, as amended and in force.
Buildings’ Energy Efficiency Regulation (Δ6/Β/5825/30.03.2010, Official Journal of the Hellenic
Republic Β’ 407) and Presidential Decree 100/30.09.2010 (Official Journal of the Hellenic Republic
177/Α) concerning energy inspectors.
According to the Energy Performance of Buildings Regulation the concept of integrated energy
planning in the study of buildings is incorporated so as to improve energy efficiency in
buildings, energy saving and environmental protection, with specific actions:
       Development of a Study of Building Energy Efficiency
       Establishment of minimum requirements for energy efficiency in buildings
       Energy Classification of Buildings (Energy Performance Certificate)
       Energy inspection of buildings, boilers, heating and air conditioning
With the introduction of the Buildings’ Energy Efficiency Regulation, two basic requirements are
brought to discussion: 1) the obligation to submit a Study of Building Energy Efficiency, and 2) the
obligation to perform Energy Inspections of Buildings, Boilers, Heating and Air Conditioning
Installations.
The Study of Building Energy Efficiency replaces the study of thermal insulation and will be drawn
up for each building (over 50 sq.m), new or existing undergoing renovation and based on a specific
methodology which refers to: (a) the minimum coverage requirement of the building in terms of
design, the building envelope and the electromechanical equipment and (b) to its comparison with
the reference building. A reference building is a building with the same geometric characteristics,
position, orientation, use and operation characteristics as the test building but meets minimum
standards and has defined technical specifications.
The Energy Performance Certificate includes, among others, the results of the evaluation of the
energy inspector and recommendations for improving the energy efficiency of the building, so that
consumers will be able to compare and evaluate their actual consumption and any potential
improvements on energy efficiency. The issuance of the certificate is mandatory.
The energy inspection is not only an important tool for the diagnosis of the energy situation of the
existing buildings and their potential improvement, but also for the implementation of legislation on
the energy performance of new buildings. The benefits of the Buildings’ Energy Efficiency
Regulation are economic, social and environmental:
   economic benefits: they mainly concern the reduction of operating and maintenance costs of
    buildings, and also the reflation of building activity
   social benefits: they concern the creation of new jobs and the improvement of the quality of
    life,
   Environmental benefits: they concern the reduction of emissions, especially that of carbon
    dioxide, with a significant contribution to combating climate change and energy saving.




      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                  Σελίδα 14 από 65
In order to support the implementation of the Buildings’ Energy Efficiency Regulation, the following
Technical Directives of the TECHNICAL CHAMBER OF GREECE have been approved:
       a) Technical Directives of the TECHNICAL CHAMBER OF GREECE 20701−1/2010
       "Detailed national specification parameters for calculating the energy performance of
       buildings and issuing energy performance certificates",
       b) Technical Directives of the TECHNICAL CHAMBER OF GREECE 20701−2/2010
       "Thermophysical properties of building materials and testing of thermal insulation of the
       buildings",
       c) Technical Directives of the TECHNICAL CHAMBER OF GREECE 20701−3/2010
       "Climate data of Greek regions"
       d) Technical Directives of the TECHNICAL CHAMBER OF GREECE 20701−4/2010
       "Instructions and forms of energy inspections of buildings, boilers and heating air-
       conditioning installations"
Moreover, for the implementation of the Buildings’ Energy Efficiency Regulation a series of
circulars have been issued: (a) "Application of the Rules of the Energy Performance of Buildings"
(1603/4.10.2010), (b) "Specifications for the correct application of the Rules of the Energy
Performance of Buildings" (2279/22.12.2010), (c) 2366/05.01.2011 with additional clarifications, (d)
22/26.01.2011 of the Coordinating Notary Committee of Greece and (e) "Specifications on the
application of the Regulation of the Buildings’ Energy Efficiency Regulation " (2021/14/6/2012).


(d) Joint Ministerial Decree D6/Β/14826/2008 "Measures to improve energy efficiency
and energy savings in the public and broader public sector"
With Joint Ministerial Decree D6/Β/14826/2008 specific standards and regulations are set for the
control and maintenance of heating / cooling of the buildings which house services in the public
and broader public sector, and standards for internal lighting and ventilation conditions that should
prevail in buildings. The Decision sets out certain measures to be enforced in all buildings of the
public and broader public sector (owned or leased):
       Connection to the gas network
       Reduction of electric consumption of reactive power
       Preventive maintenance of air conditioning installations
       Internal environment
       Replacement of light bulbs
       Installation of automation devices
       Energy Labelling
       Additional measures for saving energy
       Appointment of an energy controller




      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                  Σελίδα 15 από 65
(e) Law 4122/2013 “Energy Performance of Buildings – Transposition of Directive
2010/31/EU”
The Law 4122/2013 for “Energy Performance of Buildings – Transposition of Directive
2010/31/EU” [Gov Gazette No;79/vol.Α./19.02.2013] has been formed on the basis of EU
directives and provides the requirements for energy performance of buildings.
In particularly, Law 4122/2013:
       Comprises basic guidelines for those cases that an Energy Performance Certificate
       (EPC) of a building or building units must be issued. The Energy Performance Certificate is
       defined as mandatory in the following cases:
              (a) after the construction of buildings or building units,
              (b) after the completion of major renovation of building or building units,
              (c) when buildings or building units are sold,
              (d) when buildings or building units are rented out to a new tenant
              (e) for buildings or building units where a total useful floor area over 500 m2 is
                  occupied by a public authority and broader public sector. On 9 July 2015, this
                  threshold of 500 m2 shall be lowered to 250 m2.
       Enacts rules regarding a comparative methodology framework for calculating cost-
       optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements for buildings and
       building elements (based on European Standards) taken into account: actual thermal
       characteristics of the building including its internal partitions (thermal capacity/ insulation/
       thermal bridges), passive heating and cooling elements, air-conditioning installations,
       shading, adequate lighting and other.
       Calculates the cost-optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements of
       existing buildings, of its structural components that are part of the building shell and the
       technical building systems.
       Sets the energy certification of buildings and building units, the regular inspection of
       heating and air conditioning installations of buildings, the independent control systems for
       Building Energy Efficiency Certificates and the inspection reports of heating/ air
       conditioning installations.
       Distinguishes between Energy Inspectors Registry three (3) categories as follows: (a)
       Energy Inspectors of building enclosures (b) Energy Inspectors for heating systems and (c)
       Energy Inspectors of cooling Systems.
       Sets out the rules relating to the preparation of national plans for increasing the
       number of buildings with almost zero energy consumption. It also provides that all new
       buildings must be nearly zero energy buildings and that their energy consumption should
       be covered to a very significant extent by energy from renewable sources.


As regards the last point made above, according to the Directive 2010/31/ΕΕ: “nearly zero-
energy building’ means “a building that has a very high energy performance, as determined
in accordance to the methodology for calculating the energy performance of buildings
(Article 3, §4 Law 4122/2013). The nearly zero or very low amount of energy required should be
covered to a very significant extent by energy from renewable sources, including energy from
renewable sources produced on-site or nearby”




      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                   Σελίδα 16 από 65
All Member States should ensure that:
a) From 01.01.2021 all new buildings must be nearly zero energy buildings, and
b) From 01.01.2019 all new buildings, where the building is owned and occupied by a public
authority or a broader public sector must be nearly zero energy buildings (Article 9, §1 Law
4122/2013).
According to Article 9, §2 of Law 4122/2013 a national action plan to support the penetration of
nZEB is foreseen. This action plan, among other things, will also provide with a precise definition
on nZEB, as far as technical aspects are considered.


2.2.4 PROJECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY &
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The basic projects which provide (or have provided) financial incentives for improving the energy
efficiency and Energy Saving on a national level were the following:
                                    The    Operational     Programme        "Environment        and
                                    Sustainable Development 2007-2013" is the sectoral
                                    programme of the National Strategic Reference Framework
                                    2007 - 2013 (NSRF) for the Environment and Sustainable
                                    Development. The program includes a series of actions,
environmental infrastructure projects and large-scale actions nationwide, the implementation of
which contributes to the sustainable management of environmental resources, natural reserve and
urban centers and the upgrading of Public Administration in the formulation and implementation of
environmental policy. For the period 2007-2013, its strategic objectives are the protection and
enhancement of the environment in order to provide the basis for improving the quality of life, and
help to improve the competitiveness of the Economy. More specifically, funded actions have
already been promoted (indicative reference):
       Demonstration projects to use renewable energy and energy efficiency measures in
       existing buildings of primary and secondary education.
       Model demonstration projects on the use of RES and energy saving in public buildings.




              The Green Fund aims to establish an integrated system of financing environmental
              interventions aiming at enhancing development through environmental protection
              and efficient and transparent management of resources for the upgrading and
              rehabilitation of the environment and the confronting of climate change.
              The purpose of the Green Fund is to enhance development through environmental
              protection with the managerial, technical and financial support of the programmes,
              measures, interventions and activities that are designed to enhance and restore the
              environment, support the environmental policy of the country and the serving of
public and social interest of administration, management and utilization of resources.
Among the specific objectives of the Green Fund the following are of particular importance:
       Recording of Green Resources, systematization and classification according to the purpose
       for which they are intended, the programmatic and accounting separation.
       Targeted utilization and disposal of Green Resources, i.e. connection to the purpose for
       which every resource is collected in the respective funding.
       Designing and implementation of the funding programmes for environmental action,


      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                 Σελίδα 17 από 65
Establishment of rules for managing the respective funding programmes which are
       governed by evaluation criteria, implementation monitoring and controlling, evaluation
       under conditions of full transparency and meritocracy, compliance with the rules of publicity.
       Utilization of modern financing tools (for instance, additional sources of public or private
       bodies, recycling/ financial leverage).

The illustrative axes for the funding of the Green Fund are biodiversity, forests, protection of water
- soil, confrontation of serious environmental problems, prevention, protection and regulation of
urban planning, urban revitalization, strengthening of RES, energy saving, etc.




                             The project "Building the Future". In order to improve energy
                             efficiency of the building stock of Greece, a project was created
                             named "Building the Future", which will last until 2020, and will have
                             made 3,100,000 energy interventions in buildings that will help
                             achieving the objective of saving energy in Greece by 20%.
                             Furthermore, it will provide a driving force for further improvement
and development in the field of building construction, construction materials and energy products.
The implementation of the project "Building the Future" aims to achieve the following objectives:
       Reducing energy consumption of the building sector and the upgrading of its environmental
       quality.
       Reducing the financial burden on owners to renovate their buildings.
       Reducing operating costs of buildings.
       Creating a new, modern and globally competitive financial scope for the building sector and
       the domestic industry of construction materials and energy products.
       Stimulating the market of industrial energy products which present highly residual value.
       Creating a significant number of new permanent jobs while contributing to the preservation
       of jobs in critical times for the Greek economy.
The project includes a series of Actions:
       "Incorporation of advanced and mature technology",
       "Demonstrative and model actions on large scale projects on products and technologies
       with high energy and environmental performance" and
       "Actions of coordinated industrial and academic research".




                        The Programme “Let's save energy II” for Municipalities. This
                       project aims to implement actions and proven best practices to reduce
                       energy consumption in the urban environment, with emphasis on the
                       building sector (municipal buildings) and upgrading of common areas
                       and, secondarily, on municipal and private transport and energy
                       consumed by municipal facilities, through the implementation of technical
measures and actions to raise awareness and mobilize citizens, local authorities, companies and
organizations.
The objective of the project is to improve energy efficiency, which is an integral element of
sustainable economic and social development and the strongest weapon against climate change.

      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                   Σελίδα 18 από 65
The eligible activities involve:
A. Interventions on buildings and infrastructure (energy upgrade of the building envelope, energy
upgrade of the electrical and mechanical facilities, upgrading of natural/artificial lighting system,
energy management system installation), and;
B. Support and other activities (technical consulting services, technical studies, energy
performance studies, energy audits and promotional actions).
The competent Ministry had municipalities of over 10,000 inhabitants submit comprehensive
intervention action plans for energy saving focusing on: energy-saving interventions in buildings,
interventions in public spaces, transport, technical infrastructure and information-dissemination.
The project gave the municipalities a good excuse to adopt the logic of the integrated energy
planning; however, the range of application was pilot due to the threshold raised at the maximum
eligible budget, which was linked with population, according to Census 2001. The results of the
evaluation of these proposals from the municipalities are shown below (Source: CRES):




                  The Program "Energy Efficiency at Household Buildings" offers its citizens
                  incentives to implement the most important interventions so as to improve
                  energy efficiency of their homes, while helping to meet the energy and
                  environmental goals of Greece. Once completed, the project will help save up
                  to 1 billion kWh per year. The Project is funded by the European Union
                  (European Regional Development Fund) and National Resources, through the
                  Regional Operational Programmes (ROP) and the Operational Programmes
                  "Competitiveness and Entrepreneurship" and "Environment and Sustainable
Development" of the NSRF 2007-2013.
The co-financed Program “Energy Efficiency at Household Buildings” concerns buildings which
have a building permit or other legalization document, are located in areas with an average zone
price lower than or equal to 2,100 €/sq.m., are used as a residence, their owners meet specific
income-related criteria and are classified as low energy efficiency buildings. The Program offers
citizens incentives to carry out the most important interventions, aimed at improving their houses’
energy efficiency, while at the same time contributes to the achievement of Greece’s energy and


      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                  Σελίδα 19 από 65
environmental targets; once completed, the Program will help save energy up to 1 billion kWh
annually.
More particularly, the “Energy Efficiency at Household Buildings” Program concerns grant aid for
energy efficiency interventions to buildings, throughout the country, which:
       are located in areas with an average zone price1 lower than or equal to 2,100 €/sq.m., as
       set by 31.12.2009;
       have a building permit. If there is not a building permit a relevant legalization document
       must be provided, which verifies that the building is legal. In cases when the building permit
       has been lost or the relevant documents, on the basis of which the above mentioned
       legalization document can be issued, are not readily available, the relevant permit and
       legalization document can be submitted to the bank before signature of the loan
       agreement.
       have been classified, according to the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC), as lower than
       or equal to class D;
       have not been marked for demolition
Program implementation is based on the application of the legal framework recently established
through the Buildings’ Energy Efficiency Regulation (KENAK, Δ6/Β/5825/30.03.2010, Official
Journal of the Hellenic Republic Β’ 407) and Presidential Decree 100/30.09.2010 (Official Jounal of
the Hellenic Republic 177/Α) concerning energy inspectors.
The purpose of the Program is to determine the buildings’ energy requirements, as well as the
necessary interventions that will maximize energy conservation. The combined application of the
program and the above-mentioned legal framework establishes an integrated framework for the
implementation of energy efficiency actions.


Programs contacted by the Centre for Renewable Energy Sources and Saving
(CRES)
                             As part of green growth and national goals for 2020, the Centre for
                            Renewable Energy Sources and Saving (CRES) implements a series
                            of Energy Demonstration Programs NSRF, and more specifically
                            the following:
                                   Green Pilot Urban Neighbourhood (see details in the next
                            section)
                                   Energy Service Companies "ESCO's"
       Green Rural and Island Communities - New Model Development
       Intelligent Energy Theme Museums of Nearly Zero Energy Consumption
       Green Roofs in Public Buildings
       Bioclimatic Upgrades of Public Open Spaces


   (1) Energy Service Companies "ESCO's"
The development of market mechanisms, such as Energy Service Companies (ESC) and Energy
Performance Contracting (EPC), are a promising practice that has been successfully used in
foreign countries in order to achieve energy saving and reduce operating costs in the building
sector.



      SEE/D/0320/4.1/X – BUILD SEE                                                  Σελίδα 20 από 65
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