Course catalog 2019-2020 - Kent School

course catalog
2   KENT SCHOOL | 2019-2020
Academic Information
Graduation Requirements                                              Course Selection
In order to receive a diploma, a student must meet both the          In preparation for a student’s first year at Kent, the Director
credit and the course requirements for graduation. Kent does not     of Studies reviews admissions files, placement tests and other
award credit for work done at other schools and so the number        materials and consults with new students and their parents to
of credits required for the diploma varies according to the year a   develop a plan of courses for each student.
student enters Kent.
                                                                     During orientation, before the first day of classes, new students
    Entering Year                       Credits Required             review their proposed course schedules with faculty advisors.
      3rd form                              18                       In the spring of each year, courses are chosen for the following
      4th form                              13                       year with the advisor’s counsel and reviewed with the Director of
      5th form                               9                       Studies. Parents are advised of the selections and their questions
      6th form                               4                       and comments are invited.
                                                                     Requests for placement review may be made at any time.
The course load for students is five major courses, with the         Placement review is typically collaborative and involves the
required minor courses generally added in the 4th form year.         student, parents, advisor and department head. Final program
Each major year-long course counts as 1 credit.                      authority rests with the Director of Studies.
Each major term-contained course counts as 1/3 credit.
Each minor term-contained course counts as 1/6 credit.

                                                                     Major Independent Study
The required courses, for which a student must earn credit, are:
  • English each year,                                               A student interested in an original project or course of study
                                                                     not regularly offered by the School may apply to pursue a major
  • Language, either classical or modem, through the Kent third      independent study. Major independent studies are graded,
    year level,                                                      for-credit programs conducted under the sponsorship of a
  • Mathematics - Geometry and Algebra 2 plus enrollment in          faculty member with the approval of the Director of Studies
    math through the fifth form year,                                and the Independent Study Committee. In recent years, many
  • Science- a minimum of 2 year-long laboratory sciences,           students have completed major independent studies. Topics
                                                                     include multivariate calculus and its applications to Physics, the
  • Theology - a major, term-contained course in the fifth or        interpretation of dreams, Etruscan funerary urns, fashion design
    sixth form year,                                                 and conversational Russian. Applications for major independent
  • History- a minimum of two years, one of which must be            study require a faculty sponsor, must be approved by the Director
    U.S. History in either the fifth or sixth form year,             of Studies before the start of the term of intended study and are
  • Minor, term-contained courses in art and music, usually          granted on merit.
    taken in the fourth form year.

                                                                     Advanced Placement (AP)
A student entering in the third form year must take the New
Student Seminar, a minor term-contained course in study skills.      Kent School participates in the College Board Advanced
                                                                     Placement (AP) program, offering twenty-five different AP
A student entering in the fourth form year must take the New         courses. Kent also assists students who choose to pursue other
Student Seminar, a minor term-contained course in study skills       AP examinations that are not formally offered. AP curricula are
and Wellness, a minor term-contained course.                         designed by a national committee of university professors and
The course load for students is five major courses, with the minor   high school teachers and cover skills and content typical of a
courses in art and music generally added to the load in the fourth   corresponding introductory-level college course. AP teachers are
form year. Please note that courses in theology, art, and music      certified by the College Board. The AP exams are administered
taken at a previous school may not be used to satisfy the Kent       during the first weeks of May and comprehensively assess
School requirements.                                                 the year’s material. All students enrolled in an AP course are
                                                                     required to sit for the corresponding AP exam. Each college
                                                                     decides whether or not to grant credit or placement based on AP
                                                                     coursework. Please see for detailed
                                                                     descriptions of individual courses and the overall program.

                                                                                                                KENT SCHOOL |   2019-2020   3
Courses at a glance
    Art (p.6)                      †   Medieval and Ecclesiastical Latin    History (p.12)
    ‡	Art Survey                                                            	Ancient and Medieval World History/
                                   †	Ecclesiastical Latin
                                                                             Honors Ancient and Medieval World
    †	Electives in Art History     †	Roman Lyric Poetry                      History
    †	Architecture                 †	Roman Comedy                               Modern European History
    †	Ceramics                                                              	AP Modern European History
                                   Computer Science (p.10)
    †    Drawing                       AP Computer Science Principles       	United States History
    †	Oil Painting                 †	Computer Science Principles 1          	AP United States History
    †    Film Photography          †	Computer Science Principles 2          	Selected Topics in
    †	Advanced Photography                                                  	United States History
                                   	AP Computer Science A

    †    Digital Imaging                                                    	AP Economics
                                   English (p.10)
    †	Sculpture                                                             	AP United States Government
                                       English 1
                                                                             and Politics
    	AP Studio Art Drawing         	English 2
                                                                            †	American Mosaic: Immigration,
    	AP Studio Art 2-D             	English 3                               	Ethnicity, and Race in the United States
    	AP Studio Art 3-D                 Honors English 3                     † Introduction to International
                                   	AP English Literature
    Classical studies (p.7)                                                 †	China: From Mao to the Present
    	Classical Civilization        	English 4
                                                                            †   20th Century Capitalism
    	Greek 1                       †   The Once and Future King
                                                                            †   Constitutional Law: Civil Rights and
    	Greek 2                       †   Playwriting
                                                                                the Supreme Court
    	Advanced Greek Studies        †	Art and Literature
                                                                            †   Irish in America
    †    Herodotus                 †   The Sixties
                                                                            †	Soviet Communism
    †    Homeric Epic 1, 2, 3      † Hobbits and Witches and Dwarves -
                                   	Oh My!                                  †   The Modern Middle East
    †    The Greek New Testament                                            †   Financial Systems of The United States
                                   †   The New Yorker
    †	Aristophanes                                                          †	Contemporary Issues in the Middle
                                   †   Detective Elective
    †	Euripides                                                             	East
                                   †   The Long Recovery After Disaster
    	Latin 1                                                                †	Soldiers, Slaves, and Scalawags: A
                                   †   Why Poetry?                            History of the Civil War Era
    	Latin 2
                                   †	Sports Writing as a Literary Genre     †   World War II
    	Advanced Latin Studies:
                                                                            †	Global Economics
    	Latin 3                       English as a Second
    †    Honors Latin 3: Cicero    language (p.12)
    †    Honors Latin 3: Virgil
                                   	ESL Literature
    	AP Latin Vergil and Caesar

    †    Petronius

4   KENT SCHOOL | 2019-2020
Mathematics (p.15)                        	Spanish 1/Honors Spanish 1                 ◊	Accelerated Physics
    Algebra 1                             	Spanish 2/Honors Spanish 2                 ◊	AP Physics C
    Honors Algebra 1                      	Spanish 3/Honors Spanish 3                 	AP Psychology
	Geometry                                 †	Spanish 4: Conversation                   ◊	AP Environmental Science
    Honors Geometry                       	AP Spanish Language                        † ◊	Ecology 1
	Accelerated Geometry & 		                	Advanced Spanish Literature                †    Marine Biology
                                          	Russian Language and Culture               † ◊	Ecology 2
	Algebra 2 & Trigonometry
                                              Italian Language and Culture            †    Genetics
    Honors Algebra 2 & Trigonometry
                                                                                      † ◊ Biotechnology
	Accelerated Algebra 2 & Trigonometry     Music (p.19)                                †    Human Anatomy
                                          ‡   Music Survey
    Precalculus with Statistics
                                                                                      †	Geology
                                          †   Music Theory 1, 2, 3
†   Precalculus with Statistics 1, 2, 3
                                                                                      †    Pandemics
                                          	Applied Music Courses
    Honors Precalculus with Statistics
                                                                                      †    History of Life on Earth
                                              Private Instrumental or Vocal Lessons
    Introduction to Calculus
                                                                                      †	Astronomy
                                          ‡   Music Technology 1, 2, 3
†   Introduction to Calculus 1, 2, 3
                                                                                      †    Meterology
    Honors Introduction to Calculus       Pre-Engineering (p.20)
	Accelerated Introduction to Calculus     †   Manufacturing Engineering

                                          †	Structures: Design and Testing            Theology (p.23)
                                                                                      †    Theology
	AP Calculus AB                           †	Engineering Design
                                                                                      †    Psychology and Religion
	AP Calculus BC
                                          Research & academic                         †    Dreams
†   Postcalculus 1, 2, 3                  skills (p.20)                               †    World Religions
	AP Statistics                            ‡   New Student Seminar 3rd Form
                                                                                      †    Philosophy
                                          ‡   New Student Seminar 4th Form
Modern Languages (p.17)                                                               ‡ wellness            (p.24)
	Chinese 1                                Science (p.21)                                   Wellness
	Chinese 2                                ◊   Biology 1

	Chinese 3                                ◊   Honors Biology 1                        Non-credit Courses (p.24)
	Chinese 4                                ◊	AP Biology
                                                                                           Private Instrumental or Vocal Lessons
    French 1/Honors French 1              ◊	Chemistry 1

    French 2/Honors French 2              ◊   Honors Chemistry 1

    French 3/Honors French 3              ◊	Accelerated Chemistry 1
                                                                                      † Indicates a term-contained major course
†   French 4: Conversation                ◊	AP Chemistry
                                                                                      ‡ Indicates a term-contained minor course
	AP French Language                       ◊   Physics 1
                                                                                      ◊ Indicates a lab science course

	Advanced French Literature               ◊   Honors Physics 1

                                                                                                            KENT SCHOOL |   2019-2020   5
Departments & Courses
        Art                                                using a variety of media.                          masterpieces each term. Students create
                                                                                                              individually and collaboratively in the
        Art is never created in a vacuum; therefore,
                                                       †   Electives in Art History                           studio to think deeply about structures
        the Art Department supports building               (fall, winter, spring)                             for private or public use. Work from this
        inter-disciplinary bridges for and by our          This year, we began teaching art history
                                                                                                              course could contribute to a student’s
        students. Student artwork is exhibited             as term contained courses. In the fall,
                                                                                                              Advanced Placement 2-D and/or 3-D
        throughout the campus to showcase our              we traced the origins of art during the
                                                                                                              Design portfolio. There is an additional fee
        talented students, but also to stimulate           prehistoric period through the grandeur
                                                                                                              for this course.
        dialogue between academic departments.             of Hellenistic Greece. In the winter, we
        Our students work is exhibited in local and        begin investigating the art and architecture   †   Ceramics
        national competitions yearly.                      of the Roman Empire and conclude our               (fall, winter, spring)
                                                           discussion with the Renaissance. During            Ceramics focuses on the use of the
        All studio art courses are term contained;         the spring term, we investigate artwork            potter’s wheel, but also involves some
        therefore, a student may take three                from the late Renaissance through the 20th         hand-building techniques. Students
        different courses in one year. Since the           century.                                           are instructed in a range of decoration
        syllabi change each term, a student may                                                               methods including slip, oxides, and
        also elect to take the same class more than        If a student wishes to take The College
                                                                                                              glaze techniques. Firing techniques and
        once. Art Survey is the only minor course          Board exam, he/she begins to prepare
                                                                                                              physical considerations such as drying
        offered in the Art Department and all              during the summer and in tandem with
                                                                                                              and shrinking problems are also discussed.
        Advanced Placement courses (Art History,           our classes. Our term contained courses
                                                                                                              Work from this course may contribute to a
        Drawing, 2-D Design, 3-D Design) require           will assist greatly in his/her preparation,
                                                                                                              student’s Advanced Placement 3-D Design
        at least one year to complete successfully.        but since we would not cover all the
                                                                                                              portfolio. There is an additional fee for this
        Each year several students also complete           specific required masterpieces, such a
        independent studies to follow their creative       student would need to complete additional
        inspiration beyond the courses offered             research. Once the teacher knows of his/       †   Drawing
        including fashion design, video, and               her ambition, the teacher can also provide         (fall, winter, spring)
        illustration. To complete an independent           additional guidance and support during             Drawing is the study of a variety of
        study, the student is required to develop a        conference periods.                                techniques within the context of still
        clear concept for approval. By the end of a        In addition to the western canon, the art          life, portraiture, and landscape. A wide
        term, independent study students complete          of several nonwestern cultures and regions         range of aesthetic challenges inherent in
        a portfolio consisting of four to eight            including; the Aboriginal, Navajo, Sepik           drawing or “work on paper” are considered.
        coherent pieces.                                   River Tribe, and the Islamic world are             Representational study, the work of
                                                           considered. “Art Across Time”, by Dr.              historical periods, and abstract concepts
    ‡   Art Survey                                         Laurie Schneider-Adams and Jansen’s                inspire class projects. Each student keeps a
        (fall, winter, spring)                             “History of Art” serve as our texts, but           sketchbook for his/her research. Students
        Art Survey is the only art class required          students also reference numerous museum            learn to use a wide range of traditional and
        for the Kent School diploma. We have               web sites and several art monographs in            contemporary drawing media including;
        designed this minor course to introduce            The John Gray Park Library throughout              graphite, watercolor, ink, charcoal, colored
        students to the basic tenets of visual art         the year. In addition, students take two           pencil, Xerox-transfer, and collage. Work
        including: two and three-dimensional               trips to major museums in New York to              created in this class can contribute to a
        studio projects, independent and                   enhance their classroom experience. There          student’s Advanced Placement Drawing
        collaborative work, and art history as an          is no fee for this course                          portfolio. There is an additional fee for this
        inspiration for studio assignments. In                                                                course.
        addition to specific class projects, each
                                                       †   Architecture
                                                           (fall, winter, spring)
                                                                                                          †   Oil Painting
        student is required to complete a sketch
        folder. The sketch folder serves as the            Architecture is a study of perspective             (fall, winter, spring)
                                                           drawing and the construction of models.            This class probes the techniques and
        backbone of the class because within
                                                           The course reflects the dynamic nature of          materials of oil painting within the context
        its pages each student completes several
                                                           contemporary architecture and design, but          of still life, portraiture, and landscape.
        research, drawing, and design assignments
                                                           also investigates numerous architectural           Students also explore color as a means of

6       KENT SCHOOL | 2019-2020
artistic expression, and they are encouraged         Introduction to Photography.                     AP Studio Art
    to complete oil sketches and monotypes
                                                     †   Digital Imaging                                  (Drawing, 2-D, 3-D)
    to stimulate their creative process. Topics                                                           This college foundation course prepares
    include; color theory, the importance                (fall, winter)
                                                                                                          students to submit a portfolio to the
    of drawing, design issues with color,                Digital Imaging teaches students how
                                                                                                          College Board by taking three major
    developing ideas for painting, abstraction,          to use a digital camera and manipulate
                                                                                                          classes. A total of 20-29 artworks are
    and contemporary approaches to painting.             their files using the Adobe Creative Suite.
                                                                                                          required to fulfill the three separate sections
    Various historical periods serve as direct           Students explore the digital image and
                                                                                                          of the portfolio--Quality, Concentration,
    inspiration for class assignments, and an            digital capture while expanding their
                                                                                                          and Breadth, and a student may begin
    “apprenticeships with a master” may also             understanding of the use of computers in
                                                                                                          the process during the winter term of the
    be part of the term of study. Each student           imaging. Since the computer has become
                                                                                                          5th form year. Independent study is also
    keeps a sketchbook of research to help               an important tool for the design and the
                                                                                                          required during the summer following
    develop ideas for his/her paintings. Work            manipulation of images, the process’ instant
                                                                                                          the 5th form year to complete at least four
    created in this class can contribute to a            results help to increase the rate of learning.
                                                                                                          finished pieces. It is also advantageous,
    student’s Advanced Placement Drawing                 Work created in this class can contribute
                                                                                                          although not required, to work on the
    portfolio. There is an additional fee for this       to a student’s Advanced Placement 2-D
                                                                                                          portfolio during one term in the afternoon
    course.                                              Design portfolio. There is an additional
                                                                                                          during Art Deca. There is an additional fee
                                                         fee for this course. Prerequisite: Advanced
                                                                                                          for this course.
†   Film Photography                                     Photography, departmental approval
    (fall, winter, spring)
    If a student is interested in photography,
                                                     †   Sculpture
    we recommend starting with film and                  (fall, winter, spring)                           Classical Studies
    a manual camera. Not only is film still              This course addresses the inclusive nature
                                                                                                          Classical Studies at Kent are designed to
    relevant for fine art photography, but               of contemporary sculpture and 3-D design.
                                                                                                          acquaint students with the most salient
    studying film first will improve a student’s         Traditional and innovative materials and
                                                                                                          and lasting characteristics of Greek and
    digital images. Some students choose                 techniques are explored. Students may
                                                                                                          Roman civilization. Latin is not, because
    to work in film through the Advanced                 create small studio pieces and/or large
                                                                                                          it was not, a prerequisite for the study of
    Placement level, but others transition into          earthworks set in the landscape; students
                                                                                                          Greek. A student may choose a program
    digital images after the completion of one           may work independently or collaboratively
                                                                                                          in either area. Each year several students
    term.                                                to create their sculptures. Topics vary
                                                                                                          elect to take courses in both languages. We
                                                         each term and have included: ceramic
                                                                                                          approach the elements of the two languages
†   Advanced Photography                                 sculpture, portraiture, earthworks, site-
                                                                                                          through a combination of modern
    (fall, winter, spring)                               based installation, modular constructions,
                                                                                                          linguistic techniques and traditional rigor.
    This course involves refining the skill of           relief sculptures, and mobiles. The
                                                                                                          We place equal emphasis on the unique
    black and white photography. Students                curriculum recognizes the broad definition
                                                                                                          and intrinsic merits of literary works,
    are instructed in the use of 35mm, mid-              of contemporary sculpture, and students
                                                                                                          and on their role as the source of later
    format, and digital cameras. Advanced                are required to view art monographs,
                                                                                                          Western literature. A full program of
    Photography also guides students in                  magazines, and websites to inspire their
                                                                                                          visual instruction is offered, in order to
    refining printing techniques using filters,          creative process. We use of a wide range of
                                                                                                          relate literature to its attendant art and
    fiber paper, and toning. By the end of the           materials each term including: clay, wire,
                                                                                                          architecture. Special attention is paid to the
    term, each student submits a portfolio and           paper, cardboard, fabric, plastic, wood,
                                                                                                          wide range of classical mythology.
    has learned to discuss his/her imagery with          aluminum, and found objects. Work
    confidence. Finally, depending on student’s          created in this class can contribute to a        Classical Civilization
    interest, negatives or prints may be altered         student’s Advanced Placement 3-D Design          Classical Civilization is year-long course
    with the use of digital technologies. The            portfolio. There is an additional fee for this   that combines lectures on Greek and
    work created in this class may contribute            course.                                          Roman history with extensive reading
    to a student’s Advanced Placement 2-D                                                                 and discussion of the major stories of
    Design portfolio. There is an additional fee                                                          classical mythology. The art, science,
    for this course. Prerequisite: two terms of                                                           and philosophy of the ancient world are

                                                                                                                              KENT SCHOOL |   2019-2020     7
presented and explored in their historical         Herodotus                                       †   The Greek New Testament
    and mythological context. The spring               At the pleasure of the instructor, selections       (winter)
    term includes readings in translation from         from Herodotus of Halicarnassus’ Histories          A close examination of selections from
    primary sources including the Aeneid of            (Researches) are read, including the conflict       the Greek New Testament provides the
    Virgil and the Histories of Herodotus.             between East and West, the tale of Croesus          basis of this study. The selections come
                                                       and happiness and the legend of Cyrus,              primarily from Luke, John, Acts, and Paul’s
    Greek 1                                            paying attention to Herodotus’ place as a           Epistles. There are lectures by members
    This course trains the student in the basic        “historian.”                                        of the theology department in order to
    structure and elements of Attic Greek, the                                                             relate ancient Judeo-Christian ideas to the
                                                 † Homeric Epic - The Iliad
    dialect of fifth-century Athens. Graded                                                                concepts of present-day Christianity.
    readings provide a window into Greek           (fall, winter, spring)
                                                                                                       †   Aristophanes
    history, culture, mythology, and daily         Homeric Epic is a series of term-contained
    life ranging in subject and time from the
                                                   courses that allow students of advanced                 Attic comedy as political and social satire
    Homeric poems to the Peloponnesian war.        Greek to immerse themselves in Homer’s                  is studied intensively through close reading
    Students are introduced to the peculiarities   Iliad. Each term highlights a different                 of Aristophanes’ Acharnians in Greek
    of the Greek noun and verb systems, and        aspect of the work or the society in which              and one other comedy in translation.
    build a basic vocabulary as a foundation for   the Iliad was created. Students may take all            The course includes an introduction to
    further study.                                 three or fewer,                                         translation techniques.
    Greek 2                                        †   Homeric Epic 1                                  †   Euripides
    Greek 2 reviews and completes the                  (fall)                                              (spring)
    structure of Attic Greek. Reading in the           Students read Book I of the Iliad                   The Bacchae is read in its entirety in
    winter term includes selections from the           and examine the archaeological and                  this introduction to Euripidean drama.
    Greek New Testament. In the spring, the            mythological background of Homeric epic.            Students examine the controversy
    student completes a dialogue of Plato, the         A special topic for consideration is the            surrounding Euripides’ notions of dramatic
    Crito. The spring term closely examines            “oral” nature of Homeric verse.                     form, Athenian democracy, and Greek
    the development of democracy in fifth-         †   Homeric Epic 2                                      religion.
    century Athens. The concept of the “social
                                                       (winter)                                            Latin 1
    contract” is studied by way of the Crito,
                                                       Students read selections from Books II, V,          This introductory Latin course introduces
    selections from Mills’ On Liberty, and
                                                       XVI, and XIX of Homer’s Iliad. Special              the student to the language and culture of
    Thoreau’s essay On Civil Disobedience.
                                                       attention is paid to characterization within        ancient Rome. In preparation for reading
    Prerequisite: Greek 1                              the context of social hierarchies, both             the classical authors, Latin is approached
    Advanced Greek Studies                             human and divine.                                   as a practical means of communication
    To continue the study of Greek beyond                                                                  through reading, writing, and conversation.
                                                   †   Homeric Epic 3
    Greek 2, the department offers a series                                                                Special attention is also given to the
    of term-contained courses. No course is                                                                acquisition of vocabulary through an
                                                       The third of the Homeric epic courses
    taught in consecutive years. Thus a student                                                            engaging narrative with numerous
                                                       reads Book XXII of Homer’s Iliad in Greek
    may complete four full years of Greek with                                                             digressions into the fields of astronomy,
                                                       along with selections from Book XXIV.
    six different term-contained courses. The                                                              biology, chronology, geography, and
                                                       Students also read much of the rest of the
    prerequisite for any course at this level is                                                           meteorology.
                                                       poem in English. Particular attention is
    two years of Greek. The content of the
                                                       paid to questions of structure: for instance,       Latin 2
    courses (author and work) may vary from
                                                       can the Iliad be seen as a self-contained           Latin 2 stresses the development of
    year to year; current possibilities include
                                                       poem with a pattern of development from             reading skills through connected prose
    the following units:
                                                       beginning to end?                                   readings in the form of short stories. The
                                                                                                           study of Roman culture is continued and
                                                                                                           particular attention is given to classical

8   KENT SCHOOL | 2019-2020
mythology during the second half of the        †   Honors Latin 3: Cicero                           entirety, along with other fragments of the
year. The texts for the course include Edith       (winter)                                         Satyricon in English. The course focuses on
Hamilton, Mythology, and Ritchie, Fabulae          Students read Cicero’s First Oration             the development of satire within ancient
Faciles. Prerequisite: Latin 1                     against the conspirator Catiline and study       social, political, and historical contexts and
                                                   in depth the political and social events         examines the role of “novel” literature in
Advanced Latin Studies
                                                   of the late Roman Republic. Background           the history of Western civilization.
To continue the study of Latin beyond
                                                   readings include selections from Sallust
Latin 2, the curriculum divides into two                                                      †     Medieval and
                                                   in translation. Prerequisite: Latin 2,
tracks: the Honors sequence is primarily
                                                   departmental approval.
                                                                                                    Ecclesiastical Latin
for future AP candidates but is open to                                                             (winter)
6th formers on a term-contained basis          †   Honors Latin 3: Virgil                           Medieval and Ecclesiastical Latin
with permission of the department and              (spring)                                         examines sacred and secular Latin texts
the Studies Office. The “regular” track is         Students read selections from Book II            from the Middle Ages, when Latin was
a third-year course for completion of the          of Virgil’s Aeneid (the “Fall of Troy”)          a living language of scholarship and
language requirement. Beyond the third             primarily as an introduction to Roman            communication throughout Western
year we offer two more years of instruction        culture and mythology, though some               Europe. Texts studied include selections
in Latin: a full-year AP course, AP Latin          attention is paid to the literary techniques     from the Latin Vulgate, the tenth-century
Virgil, and an alternative course which            of Virgilian epic. Facility in the reading of    Colloquy of Aelfric in Latin and Old English
can be broken into term-contained units            Latin poetry is emphasized. Prerequisite:        and the Roman Missal. Attention is given
for the convenience of the student. Most           Latin 2, departmental approval.                  to the art and technique of medieval
underformers completing the regular Latin                                                           illuminated manuscripts and to musical
3 course enroll in the term-contained
                                               †   AP Latin Vergil and Caesar
                                                                                                    settings of the Mass by Palestrina, Bach,
sequence, though promotion to AP work              The Advanced Placement Latin course
                                                                                                    Mozart, and other composers.
is possible. Underformers who have                 offers students the opportunity to read,
completed the AP course are welcome to             analyze and gain an appreciation for           † Roman Lyric Poetry
enroll in our term-contained offerings.            Golden Age Latin poetry and prose                (spring)
Some underformers completing the term-             through the works of Vergil’s Aeneid and         Roman lyric poetry through close reading
contained sequence are candidates for AP           Caesar’s Commentarii de Bello Gallico            of selections from Catullus and Horace is
work the following year.                           Latin readings include (but are not limited      examined in this course. The Greek lyric
                                                   to) selections from Books 1, 2, 4 and 6          background is treated fully. Special topics
Latin 3                                            of The Aeneid and Books 1, 4, 5 and 6 of         include the emergence of a true love lyric,
(fall, winter, spring)                             Commentarii de Bello Gallico. Additional         the use of word order in Latin poetry and
Latin 3 begins with a thorough review of           readings in English of both works is             the structure of the lyric poem.
grammar and vocabulary. By the end of              required, with a view toward recognition
the fall term, the course focuses on the           of themes, central characters and key          † Roman Comedy
reading of Latin prose. The winter term            ideas. Period tests will require students to     (spring)
features the reading of heroic legends in          translate familiar and unfamiliar passages       Through close reading of one comedy by
Latin and a thorough study of Greek and            as literally as possible, identify passages in   either Terence or Plautus we examine the
Roman myths by way of Edith Hamilton’s             context and analyze and comment upon             nature of Roman comedy. Several other
Mythology. The goal of this course is to           content with respect to style, rhetorical        comedies, both Greek and Roman, are
prepare students for selected readings from        aspects and theme. Departmental                  read in translation to afford a view of the
a Roman author during the spring term.             permission is required.                          development of this genre in the ancient
In recent years these authors have included                                                         world.
Cicero and Virgil. Prerequisite: Latin 2,
                                               †   Petronius
departmental approval.                             (fall)
                                                   Petronius examines Roman life during
                                                   the reign of the emperor Nero through a
                                                   comprehensive study of Petronian satire.
                                                   Students read the Cena Trimalchionis in its

                                                                                                                        KENT SCHOOL |   2019-2020    9
Computer Science                                †   Computer Science Principles 2                 the placement of every student at the end
                                                             See course description for AP Computer        of every year to make sure each is in the
         Computer Science offerings impart the               Science Principles, above.                    right course, so some move into honors
         knowledge and skills necessary for students         Prerequisite: Computer Science Principles 1   sections, and some out.
         to participate in the digital revolution that
         defines the current and future generations.         AP Computer Science A                         English 1
         Students in these courses develop                   This course prepares for the AP Computer      English 1 invites students to develop
         algorithmic thinking and problem-solving            Science A exam. Problem-solving               their reading and writing skills in a
         skills while experiencing the collaborative         applications are the focus for studies        collaborative classroom environment. By
         and creative nature of the discipline. The          of iterative and recursive algorithms.        reading and discussing works of various
         courses offer introductions to a broad              Techniques for updating, sorting, and         genres (Macbeth and The Odyssey, along
         range of topics in computer science,                searching both static and dynamic data        with a variety of poetry, plays, novels,
         including programming, algorithms, data             structures are investigated. Programs are     short stories, and essays), students develop
         structures, and abstraction. Students may           written in Java. Emphasis is placed on        analytical abilities essential to their careers
         also independently pursue specialized               program style and documentation as well       at Kent at beyond. Through both critical
         computer science interests under faculty            as correctness. All students take the AP      and creative written responses, as well as
         guidance. Courses assume no prior                   Computer Science A exam. Prerequisite:        instruction in grammar and mechanics,
         experience with the subject.                        Mathematics departmental approval.            students learn to share their ideas in
                                                                                                           writing that is effective, persuasive, and
         AP Computer Science                                                                               engaging. Honors-level sections of English
         Principles                                          English                                       1 are offered each year; departmental
         AP Computer Science Principles                                                                    permission is required.
         introduces students to seven big ideas of           English is a required subject in each year
         computer science: creativity, abstraction,          of a student’s career at Kent. The English    English 2
         data and information, algorithms,                   Department has two primary aims, which        By carefully analyzing works of British
         programming, The Internet, and global               depend upon and support one another.          Literature (including The Tempest, Paradise
         impact. It is a project-based course built          One, we want students to become avid,         Lost, and Frankenstein, as well as Romantic,
         around Android app development,                     perceptive readers. To that end, we teach     Victorian, and modern poetry), English
         discussion, and collaboration. Students will        the means of understanding a range of         2 students discover what literature reveals
         develop technological and computational             texts from several different genres, both     about our humanity and the contemporary
         thinking skills useful for solving problems         contemporary and classic, so that students    age. Through both critical and creative
         across a variety of disciplines. Individual         might be “conscious…of what is already        written responses, as well as continued
         digital portfolios will be created and              living” (T.S. Eliot). We also continually     instruction in grammar and mechanics,
         submitted to the College Board as a part            encourage students to read work we            students learn to share their own ideas in
         of the AP course evaluation, in addition            love during the school year and during        writing that is effective, persuasive, and
         to the traditional sit-down exam in May.            vacations. Two, and of equal importance,      engaging. Honors-level sections of English
         Students may take the first units of the            we challenge students to express themselves   2 are offered each year; departmental
         course as a fall term-contained elective            with grace and clarity in many settings,      permission is required
         (Computer Science Principles 1) and                 including during class discussions. The
                                                             critical essay is the main focus of writing
                                                                                                           English 3
         subsequently a second set of units as a
                                                                                                           English 3 students read a variety of
         winter term-contained elective (Computer            instruction, but we also emphasize
                                                                                                           American literature (including The
         Science Principles 2). Students taking the          expression in personal narratives, fiction,
                                                                                                           Underground Railroad, The Things They
         term-contained electives will not submit a          and poetry.
                                                                                                           Carried, The Great Gatsby and a selection
         digital portfolio to the College Board or sit
                                                             AP and honors sections expect you to have     of narratives, short fiction, plays, essays,
         for the AP exam.
                                                             already developed critical perceptiveness     and poems) in order to develop a broad
     †   Computer Science Principles 1                       and a graceful prose style. They are          understanding of American voices and
         See course description for AP Computer              for those students who readily see the        perspectives. Through both critical and
         Science Principles, above.                          connections between a text’s form and         creative responses, English 3 students will
                                                             content. The English department reviews       build upon the skills developed in earlier

10       KENT SCHOOL | 2019-2020
classes to express their ideas in writing           also consider the role of fantasy literature   †   The Sixties
    that is effective, persuasive, and engaging.        as both an escape from and an engagement           In this course we will explore the dynamic
    Honors-level sections of English 3 are              with the difficult questions of modern             cultural milieu of the 1960s through
    offered each year; departmental permission          society.                                           representative literature, music, and
    is required.                                                                                           cinema. Texts will include Tom Wolfe’s
                                                    †   Playwriting
                                                                                                           Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test and the New
    AP English Literature                               Experience the excitement of seeing your
                                                                                                           Yorker Magazine’s The 60s: The Story of a
    AP English Literature is an advanced AP             written work come to life! Students in
    English Literature is an advanced course            this class will write short original plays,
    in both critical analysis and style. Students       using Louis E. Catron’s seminal text           †   Contemporary Short Fiction
    read a wide range of literature, including          Playwriting as a constant companion and            In this course, students will read and
    Greek, Shakespearean, and modern                    guide. Students will develop their work            examine a sampling of contemporary
    drama, novels, essays, and poetry, and              in class through weekly presentations of           American short stories as they work to
    write frequent essays in multiple formats           their newest scenes, and will revise their         better understand the elements of short
    analyzing those texts. The course aims at           plays based on both peer and instructor            fiction writing. Students will write several
    a successful undertaking of the AP exam             criticism. All students will seek to finish        original short stories in a workshop setting
    in English Literature and Composition               the semester with polished, dramatically           in an effort to showcase their grasp of the
    offered by the College Board.                       sound works. We will end the term with             aforementioned elements, including but
    Prerequisite: departmental approval.                in-class readings of the completed plays.          not limited to plot, character, setting and
                                                                                                           point of view. The term will culminate
    English 4                                       †   Art and Literature
                                                                                                           with students revising and compile their
    All sixth-formers not enrolled in AP                What do the visual arts have in common
                                                                                                           completed stories into a portfolio for
    English Literature (described above)                with the literary arts? How do the visual
    begin the year with a fall term course that         arts and literary arts complement and
    encourages students to develop their own            influence one another? How can one            † Hobbits and Witches and
    authentic written voice. Using the summer           convey experience through images and            Dwarves - Oh My!
    reading, The Art of Loneliness by Marina            words? By looking at literature inspired        Fantasy novels purportedly take us out of
    Keegan, as model and inspiration, students          by paintings, sculpture, and other art          our world, but often they intend to make a
    will workshop and revise personal and               forms and by writing about visual               statement about our very own problematic
    college essays. Students will then read a           art forms, students will explore these          or mundane world. We will read the first
    variety of texts to examine how different           questions and more. Students may also           book of two different fantasy series (leaving
    authors, from Shakespeare to David Foster           be asked to draw, depict, or otherwise          it up to you to read the rest, if you so
    Wallace, have addressed the development             make manifest what the readings bring           choose!). What similarities can we identify
    of identity and the human desire to                 to mind. Major assignments will include         between the worlds of the novels and our
    understand the self in relationship to the          an analytical paper on a painting or            own? What similarities between the authors
    world and others. In the winter and spring          sculpture, a multimedia project, and            and their intentions or inspiration? For the
    terms, English 4 students can choose from           various other responses to the course           two main authors, questions about faith
    a variety of elective courses (open also to         materials. Readings will be drawn from          will also be considered. Assignments will
    AP English Literature students). A list of          William Blake’s Songs of Innocence and of       include analytical comparisons, reviews of
    courses offered last year follows:                  Experience, Italo Calvino’s Invisible Cities,   film adaptations, and an attempt to create
                                                        and Terrance Hayes’s How to be Drawn.           a short fantasy story of your own. Texts:
†   The Once and Future King                            Readings will be supplemented with              The Fellowship of the Ring (J.R.R. Tolkien),
    We will read T.H. White’s adaptation of             images and video, including parts of John       The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe
    the Arthurian legend for the twentieth              Berger’s documentary Ways of Seeing.            (C.S. Lewis), and assorted short stories and
    century, written against the backdrop               Students should leave this class with a         poems.
    of the second world war. Round-table                better understanding of and a greater
    discussions will include chivalry, justice,         appreciation for the many ways we see,
    the role of government, and relationship            experience, and interpret the world.
    of humans to the natural world. We will

                                                                                                                              KENT SCHOOL |   2019-2020   11
The New Yorker                                    except for the victims. In this class we will     English as a second
       The sole text for the term will be a              consider how writers imagine post-disaster        language
       subscription to the literary and current          spaces during the long, slow recovery.
       events magazine, The New Yorker. Each             What happens when victims return to their         The English as a Second Language program
       week, students will read all components           destroyed communities? How do local               (ESL) comprises two courses, ESL and ESL
       of the magazine: political, sociological,         communities reconstruct their lives? How          Literature (note: there is an additional fee
       and scientific reporting, criticism, fiction,     do victims understand their relationships         for this course). Students are assigned to
       and humor. Discussion and analysis of             to place after such destruction? We will          one or both courses as required, following
       the articles will focus on the content but        primarily focus on Hurricane Katrina and          a placement test at the beginning of the
       also the structure and writing techniques         9/11, and our primary texts will be Zone          academic year.
       employed. At the end of the course,               One by Colson Whitehead and A.D.: New
       students will create their own individual         Orleans After the Deluge by Josh Neufeld.
                                                                                                           The two levels of ESL stress the acquisition
       versions of the magazine, but with a                                                                of academic language skills through reading,
       focus on content that appeals to the Kent      † Why Poetry?                                        writing, listening, and speaking.
       community: an interview with a member            This course will acquaint students with
       of the thirds hockey, a review of the One        a handful of poets publishing in the past          ESL Literature
       Acts, or an investigation into the history of    hundred years or so, including Sherman             The two levels of ESL Literature provide
       the bell tower, for example. Text: 12-week       Alexie, Elizabeth Bishop, e. e. cummings,          an introduction to works of British and
       subscription to The New Yorker (print and        Robert Frost, Louise Gluck, Seamus                 American literature. In these courses,
       digital).                                        Heaney, Philip Larkin, Denise Levertov,            students become familiar with the basic
                                                        Sharon Olds, Mary Oliver, and Richard              elements of critical analysis through readings
     † Detective Elective                               Wilbur, among others. Our goal will be             of, and written response to, novels, short
       This spring English elective is for those        enjoyment as well as edification. Text:            stories, poetry, essays, and plays. There is an
       interested in uncovering some of literature’s    Matthew Zapruder’s Why Poetry.                     additional fee for this course.
       greatest capers, puzzles, and mysteries.
                                                      † Sports Writing as a Literary
       As a class, we will conduct research and
       discuss some of the world’s most famous          Genre                                              History
       unsolved “whodunits” and examine several         The best sports writing is more than a box
                                                        score and trying to make something out             History is the record of a nation or a
       controversial court cases. We will explore                                                          community’s heritage and environment
       the “genre” through class discussions,           of the cryptic and evasive comments of a
                                                        paranoid coach. The best sports writing            and the development of political, social,
       creative and analytical writing assignments,                                                        and economic institutions. The History
       movie viewings, and a forensics lab. Major       includes all the elements of the human
                                                        condition: ambition, disappointment,               program at Kent explores epochs in which
       texts will include Agatha Christie’s And                                                            extraordinary activity and intellectual
       Then There Were None, short stories written      jealousy, deception, and betrayal. It also
                                                        employs some of the devices of great               ferment created spirit, enterprise, and
       by Dashiell Hammett, and excerpts from                                                              advancement in human development.
       Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes             literary fiction and non-fiction – strong
                                                        characters, conflict, and suspense. In this        The History Department encourages a
       anthology. Students will also analyze a                                                             healthy skepticism by stressing the many
       Hitchcock film and watch episodes of Law         course, we will study some of the best sports
                                                        writing of the past and present. Course            sides of each historical question and
       and Order                                                                                           teaches students to extract the significant
                                                        texts will include The Best American Sports
     † The Long Recovery After                          Writing 2018 and The Only Game in Town:            information from readings in primary
                                                                                                           and secondary sources. Students learn to
       Disaster                                         Sportswriting in the New Yorker. Students
                                                        will be asked to write in a variety of sports-     synthesize data into meaningful hypotheses
       Disasters grab the world’s attention by the
                                                        related modes from the game recap to the           from which they can express ideas clearly
       sheer scale of their destruction. The 21st
                                                        sports profile to the opinion piece. For           in discussion, examination, and extended
       century has seen a rise in the number of
                                                        sports and non-sports fans alike, if you           research. The term-contained History
       disasters, and news cycles move so quickly
                                                        appreciate idiosyncratic characters, drama,        electives below are generally taken in the
       from one catastrophe to another that long-
                                                        and good writing, this may be the class for you.   6th form.
       term issues of recovery are largely ignored...

12     KENT SCHOOL | 2019-2020
Ancient and Medieval                              United States History                          of the form of government in the United
World History / Honors Ancient                    United States History is a required            States and the history that has shaped such
Ancient and Medieval World                        course and may be taken in the 5th or          a diverse society. Emphasis is placed on
History                                           6th form year. In the fall, the course         understanding the major themes, events,
Designed for new 3rd and 4th formers,             considers revolutionary principles and the     and figures in the history of the United
Ancient and Medieval World History                establishment of the republic, emphasizing     States. The course engages students to
introduces students to the major                  the principles of Hamiltonian, Jeffersonian,   improve their English language skills, with
civilizations of the Ancient Western World        and Jacksonian democracy. It also examines     focus placed on written assignments and
and Medieval Europe. Students examine             manifest destiny, slavery, and states’         classroom discussions.
the economic, social, political, and cultural     rights. During the winter term, the course
                                                                                                 AP Economics
history of these major civilizations while        examines four distinct domestic epochs: the
                                                                                                 AP Economics is a study of the principles
exploring their lasting influence on              Civil War and Reconstruction, the Gilded
                                                                                                 of both micro and macro economics. The
us today. The course provides a sound             Age and Populism, Progressivism, and
                                                                                                 goal of the course is to achieve a working
background for future history courses,            World War I. Readings focus on domestic
                                                                                                 knowledge of the problems and issues in
especially Modern European History and            and foreign policy during these periods. In
                                                                                                 the economy of the United States. Among
AP Modern European History.                       the spring term, analysis of the shaping and
                                                                                                 the concepts covered are: the ways in
                                                  conduct of domestic and foreign policy
Modern European History                                                                          which land, labor, and capital (the factors
                                                  focuses on the 1920s and the beginning of
The study of political and cultural                                                              of production) contribute to the growth
                                                  the Great Depression, the New Deal, the
developments since the Renaissance.                                                              and operation of a market economy,
                                                  Cold War Years, the liberal reform decades
Students are exposed to concepts such as                                                         the ways in which supply and demand
                                                  of the 1960s and 1970s and the conservative
the nature of power, nationalism, mass                                                           affect price and output levels of goods,
                                                  retrenchment of the 1980s and 1990s.
movements, republicanism, Marxism,                                                               the ways in which government policies
                                                  Specific emphasis is placed on themes such
propaganda, and the origins and                                                                  alter the natural working of the market,
                                                  as government regulation of the economy,
consequences of a totalitarian state. In                                                         and how international factors influence a
                                                  civil rights, neutrality, balance of power,
addition, their skills in the use of historical                                                  nation’s domestic economic conditions. All
                                                  collective security, and the United States’
evidence in essay writing are developed.                                                         students in the course take the AP exam.
                                                  role in Central and South America.
The course uses textbooks as well as                                                             Prerequisite: departmental approval.
primary and secondary source materials.           AP United States History                       AP United States Government
                                                  AP United States History is a year-
AP Modern European History                                                                       and Politics
                                                  long course which focuses on selected
AP Modern European History is designed                                                           Offered to 5th and 6th formers who
                                                  individuals and groups, their ideas and
to stimulate and challenge 4th, 5th, and                                                         have met their United States History
                                                  the political, social, and economic effects
6th form students. The course strives to                                                         requirement, AP U.S. Government and
                                                  of their thinking. The course is intended
improve analytical skills by demonstrating                                                       Politics is a year-long study of varied
                                                  to develop skill in the use of evidence and
that history is a series of interpretations                                                      themes such as Constitutional history,
                                                  in writing essays as a means of analyzing
as well as the study of the ongoing                                                              political beliefs, political parties, interest
                                                  the American past. The course prepares
relationship between cause and effect.                                                           groups, governmental institutions, public
                                                  students to sit for the AP exam, which all
Students learn to think about history,                                                           policy, civil rights, and civil liberties in
                                                  students in the course take.
what it is, what it means, and why events                                                        preparation for the AP exam, which all
                                                  Prerequisite: departmental approval.
happen. In addition, the course prepares                                                         students in the course take. The course
students for the AP exam, which all               Selected Topics                                provides a detailed examination of the
students in the course take. The course           in United States History                       political landscape of the United States
considers political, economic, military, and      Selected Topics is a survey course in          and prepares students for government and
cultural developments in Europe beginning         United States History specifically designed    political science coursework in college
with the Renaissance. The course uses             for English as a Second Language               Prerequisite: departmental approval.
textbooks as well as primary and secondary        students. The course develops a deeper
source materials. Prerequisite: departmental      understanding of the core ideals and
approval.                                         philosophies that make up the foundation

                                                                                                                     KENT SCHOOL |   2019-2020    13
American Mosaic:                                †   China: from Mao to the Present                      †   Irish in America
         Immigration, Ethnicity, and                         (fall)                                                  (winter)
         Race in the United States                           Chinese History is a term-contained                     As a case study in the history of American
         (fall)                                              introduction to major themes and trends                 immigration and ethnicity, the Irish in
         This course is broad introduction to                from early Chinese history as they relate               America addresses the history of Irish
         American immigration, ethnicity, and                to the events of the late nineteenth and                Americans from the seventeenth century
         race. Reading and class discussions deal            twentieth centuries. The course of study                to the present. The course examines the
         with immigrant life in the old world, the           includes the origin and development                     dynamic and changing nature of the Irish-
         causes and processes of immigration, how            of Chinese philosophy, the legacy of                    American experience, which encompasses
         these immigrants and their descendants              authoritarian rule in the Ming and                      at once, sorrow and happiness, poverty
         interacted with Americans, one another,             Qing dynasties, the impact of foreign                   and success, peace and violence, hatred
         and changed and adjusted to the new                 domination, the origin and development of               and acceptance, racism and tolerance,
         world. The course covers numerous                   the civil war between Chiang Kai-shek and               radicalism and conservatism. Students
         themes: gender, family, politics, economics,        Mao Tse Tung, Japan’s ruthless occupation               are required to read from a wide array of
         and culture. Ethnicity and race are also            in WWII, Mao’s Cultural Revolution and                  primary and secondary sources in order to
         discussed at length, and addressed as               Great Leap Forward, and China’s evolution               address the major themes in Irish-American
         powerful social constructs that change over         into a world economic power.                            history: religion, gender and family,
         time and space that had and continue to                                                                     politics, nationalism, and race.
                                                         †   20th Century Capitalism                                 Prerequisite: completion of United States
         have a significant impact on the historical
                                                             (fall)                                                  History
         experience and identity of various groups.
                                                             This course is a historical examination of
         Prerequisite: completion of United States
                                                             the development of the economic system of † Soviet Communism
                                                             the United States. We first establish basic   (winter)
     †   Introduction to                                     economic principles and trace the roots of    Emphasis is placed on the theories of
                                                             a free capitalistic society, then emphasize
         International Relations                                                                           Karl Marx and V.I. Lenin and their
                                                             three conceptual areas: production,           implications for classless societies in
         Introduction to International Relations is          distribution, and consumption. That is        the 20th century. Soviet Communism
         designed to integrate students’ knowledge           followed by an inquiry into the recent        examines why communism succeeded in
         of current events into their historic context       growth of the United States’ national         Russia, how it was practiced globally and
         and situate this understanding of global            productivity and the perils we have           why it ultimately failed. Among texts used
         affairs within a body of International              encountered as a nation in arriving at our    are Marx, The Communist Manifesto;
         Relations theory. Through the study of              current level of affluence.                   McClellan, Russia: The Soviet Period
         international organizations, students               Constitutional Law: Civil                     and After; Koestler, Darkness at Noon;
         develop their own analyses of events                                                              and selected readings from Arbatov, The
                                                             Rights and the Supreme
         with the realities of how these events are                                                        System; Remnick, Lenin’s Tomb; and
         perceived, reacted to and addressed in the                                                        Dobbs, Down with Big Brother: The Fall
                                                             (winter)                                      of the Soviet Empire.
         international arena. Using research papers
                                                             This course focuses on the evolving
         and presentations, debate, simulations,                                                         † The Modern Middle East
                                                             importance of the United States
         analysis of news sources and global media,
         and international relations theory, this
                                                             Constitution and the Supreme Court in                   (winter)
                                                             delineating the civil rights of minority                The goal of the Modern Middle East
         course challenges students to step outside
                                                             groups and protected classes in America                 is to introduce students to the major
         themselves and understand the difficult
                                                             and in developing a more egalitarian,                   intellectual, political, social, and cultural
         choices world leaders make while forging
                                                             integrated society. Students will research,             issues and practices of the Middle East
         their own ideas about how to build a better
                                                             prepare legal briefs and consider current               from the beginning of the 19th through
                                                             Supreme Court cases. Readings will be                   the 20th century. Many contemporary
                                                             drawn from case law and related materials.              conflicts in the Middle East have deep
                                                             Prerequisite: completion of United States History       historic roots that continue to shape

14       KENT SCHOOL | 2019-2020
this dynamic region’s place in our global        † Soldiers, Slaves, and                            Mathematics
  understanding. Created from the remains            Scalawags: A History of the
  of the Ottoman Empire, states and                                                                   The Mathematics Department offers
                                                     Civil War Era
  societies in the region still struggle to create                                                    appropriate challenges to students from
                                                     (spring)                                         a wide range of backgrounds possessing
  an identity separate from the Western              This course covers the history of the United
  imperialism that dominated following                                                                a wide range of interests and skills. At all
                                                     States from the Antebellum years
  World War I. Looking at the history and                                                             levels, we emphasize reading mathematics,
                                                     through the Civil War and Reconstruction.
  historiography of this period, we will                                                              solving problems, and communicating
                                                     Politics, economics, ideology, and
  focus on important events, movements,                                                               results. Graphing calculators and computer
                                                     battlefield events are addressed, but in
  and ideas that have shaped the Middle                                                               applications are often used in coursework.
                                                     the context of social history. Since the
  East through three loosely defined periods                                                          The minimum requirement for graduation
                                                     complexity of the era is often understated,
  of development: The Ottoman Empire                                                                  is satisfactory completion of Geometry
                                                     the course emphasizes not only “typical”
  and its Decline, World Wars I & II and                                                              and Algebra 2 & Trigonometry, as well as
                                                     narratives of historical subjects but delves
  European Dominance, and Post-Colonial                                                               mathematics through the 5th form year.
                                                     into the lesser known, yet very common
  Independence.                                                                                       Students are expected to work at a course
                                                     groups of the time. The tragic unfolding
                                                                                                      level commensurate with their ability. All
† Financial Systems of The                           of Reconstruction and its long-term effects
                                                                                                      course selections require approval of the
                                                     constitute the latter portion of the course.
  United States                                                                                       mathematics department.
                                                     Prerequisite: completion of United States
                                                     History                                          Algebra 1
  Using economic theory and principles,
                                                                                                      This course presupposes a working
  students will explore the various financial      † World War II
                                                                                                      knowledge of the skills necessary to
  structures of the United States. Topics will       (spring)                                         begin algebra, along with a willingness
  include: The Federal Reserve, Taxation,
                                                     World War II was the largest global              to strengthen those skills while learning
  GDP, and the Financial Markets. Students
                                                     conflict in world history. Over 100 million      the fundamentals of algebra. Course
  will also be introduced to financial
                                                     personnel were involved. Approximately           content includes operations with algebraic
  planning through the use of various
                                                     50 to 70 million people died as a direct         expressions, linear equations and inequalities,
  investment vehicles.
                                                     or indirect result of the war. The war           polynomials, quadratic equations, and an
  Contemporary Issues in the                         marked three major turning points in             introduction to the notion of functions.
  Middle East                                        history: genocide on an unprecedented
                                                                                                      Honors Algebra 1
  (spring)                                           scale, the use of nuclear weapons, and the
                                                                                                      As above, but assumes prior experience
  The Middle East frequents news headlines           triumph of democracy over fascism. The
                                                                                                      with algebra or a high degree of facility
  and Hollywood billboards as its internal           course offers a general survey of the war
                                                                                                      with pre-algebra mathematics.
  dynamics and foreign policy decisions              as well an exploration of the motivations
  attract the attention of the world. How            and strategies of the architects of the war      Geometry
  much do we actually know and can we                (Hitler, Tojo, Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill      Geometry aims to advance the ability to
  really appreciate this culturally rich and         et al.) as well as the experiences of ordinary   think logically and analytically. Properties
  diverse region of the globe? Contemporary          people affected by it.                           of plane and solid geometric objects are
  issues in the Middle East examines some                                                             discovered and verified or deduced. The
                                                † Global Economics
  of the highly debated current issues in the                                                         student is taught to supply formal proof of
                                                  (spring)                                            valid propositions and to recognize invalid
  Middle East. Looking at modern history
                                                  Using economic theory and principles,               ones. Algebra skill development continues
  through academic texts and the media,
                                                  students will explore various global current        and coordinate geometry is introduced.
  this course introduces students to major
                                                  events and the impact economics plays               Specialized computer software aids
  political, social, and cultural issues in the
                                                  in decision making. Topics may include:             discovery and visualization.
  region through the study of both its history
                                                  Economics and the War on Terror,                    Prerequisite: Algebra I.
  and historiography.
                                                  Minimum Wage, How oil rules the world,
                                                  and the urban struggle – the struggle with
                                                  economic mobility.

                                                                                                                         KENT SCHOOL |   2019-2020      15
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