COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika

 
COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
COVID-19 Tracker
           A Gender Report on South Africa

South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown
    Week 1, 2021 Results (3 – 11 February 2021)

                                                  © Ask Afrika 2021 | 1
COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
Independently       The main aim of the research is to understand the
     conducted       socio-economic impact that the Coronavirus,
   research and      lockdown and gradual re-opening of the economy
          strong     has on South Africans.
methodological
                     Research design                  Sampling
           rigour    Quantitative research design     n=13 398 interviews were conducted from
                     15 minute questionnaire          the 1st of April to date.
                     Administered in English          The quota structure aligns with the
                                                      proportions of the general population

                                                      Independently conducted research
                     Research methodology
                                                                               Computer Aided Telephonic
                                                      Online
                                                                               Interviews (CATI)
                                                      interviews
                                  n=337                n=8 416                 n=4 645

           Total interviews conducted to date: n    = 13 398                   Week 1, 2021 n=403

                                                                                                © Ask Afrika 2021 | 4
COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
Respondent profile (Week 1, 2021)- 403 interviews
              Age group
              Age                                     Gender                                           Province                                         Geotype
                                                                                                                        7%
    16-18 years      5%
                                                    51%    49%                                                                 7%
    19-24 years                                                                                                        37%
                               17%                                                                          6%
                                                                                                                                         Suburb/ Metro area                   51%
    25-34 years                           33%
                                                                                                  1%              5%
                                                                                                                              18%
    35-49 years                          32%                                                                                                 Township/Informal
                                                                                                                                                settlement                  39%
    50-54 years         7%
                                                                                                             6%
    55 -64 years     5%                                                                     13%
                                                                                                                                             Small holding farm      10%
           65 +    1%

                          Working                   56%             Salary / wage            61%
                                                                                                                                Black                 67%
                         Don’t work e.g. student,                     Social grant    14%
                          housewife, or other 20%
                    Unemployed
                                                                                                                                White    17%
                                                               Savings/investments    11%
                     Not working             12%                                                                             Coloured   9%
                                                                       No income     10%

                   Self employed             12%                                                                       Indian/ Asian    7%
                                                                Other/ don’t know    4%

                        Employment status                               Income sources                                          Population group

                                                                                                                                                                  © Ask Afrika 2021 | 5
COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
Key Insights
-   Women and Men have many similar perceptions of the lockdown and the management of
    the Covid19 pandemic. In many ways, women and youth (aged below 34 years) behave
    similarly in their emotional distress, concern about school closures and GBV.

-   Significant gender differences reside within
     - Adherence to sanitation behaviours- women are more compliant and more likely to
        continue with hand sanitation and wearing of masks.
     - Emotional distress- women report higher stress levels, whilst also showing quicker
        acceptance of the pandemic and finding a way of dealing with its fall-out.
     - Access to loans- women have less access and are more reliant on family and friends
     - Access to chronic medicine- women’s health is more affected by lack of access to fertility
        injections, condoms and child innoculations.
     - Concern about vaccines- women are more concerned and unsure, wether they would
        actually want the vaccine
     - All aspects of social dysfunction have increased more for women than men, including
        trust in the SAPS.
     - Women are more critical of government and less likely to vote.

                                                                                      © Ask Afrika 2021 | 6
COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
Distress and main concerns
            Emotional distress has
        improved, while hunger and
         financial concerns remain.

 ©Ask Afrika 2020                       © Ask
                                      © ask    Afrika
                                            afrika    2021 | 777
                                                    2020
COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
Week 1, February 2021
Distress levels have declined and are now at the lowest level since Lockdown.
This is driven by a reduction in emotional distress.

                                                                          Maximum Distress in October 2020

 Overall Distress Index                                                    Total cases to date
                                                                                                                                                         60 792       1 633

 31         (cumulative week 4-28, 2021 Week 1)
                                                                                1 492 909
                                                                          Total deaths to date
                                                                                                                    59 490     1 057
                                                                                                                                                                            69 045        1 189
 (Including food insecurity, financial wellness and emotional distress)
 * Index score calculated out of 100.                                             48 094                                                   398 796        9 239

    37                            31                 32
               30       30                 29
                                                               24

                                                                                                                                  78 723       3 001
                                                                                                           33 140    627                                            324 944       9 316

  Level 5    Level 4   Level 3 Advanced Level 2    Level 1   Adjusted
                                Level 3                       level 3

                                                                                                                                   193 357      11 130
                                                                                                                                                                     Positive COVID-19
                                                                                                                                                                            Cases
                                                                                             274 622   10 902                                                               Deaths
                                                                          Minimum Distress
                                                                                                                        Source for positive cases and recoveries: Sacoronavirus.co.za – 15 February

                       ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                                                              © ask afrika 2021
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COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
Week 1, February 2021

The fear of contracting the virus has remained relatively stable since the end of 2020, despite
the increase in cases.
Citizens younger than 35 are most concerned with Covid and non-compliant behaviours. It is
thus the youth, that should be enabled to be community change agents.

                                                                                                        34%

                                                                                    30%                                                 30%
                                                                                                        31%
                                                               24%                  28%
                                19%                                                                      21%                            26%
                                             21%                                                                                        20%
                                19%                           23%
    18%                                      14%
                                18%                            15%
   17%                                       14%
   15%                                       13%
                                 17%                            14%
   14%                                                                                                                                   11%
   12%                                                                              14%
                                 13%
   10%                                         11%                                  7%                        7%
                                                                13%
                                                                                                                                         6%
                                                                                     5%                        6%
                                  7%                             5%
                                                                                                               4%                         5%
                                               5%
                                                                                          3%

      Level 5                  Level 4       Level 3   Level 3 advanced            Level 2            Level 1                   Adjusted level 3

Biggest concern:        Economic recession             Non-compliance with lockdown guidelines   Food shortages

                        Loss of income                 Unemployment                              Contracting COVID-19

                     Multiple mention                                                            Showing top 6 responses for the weeks| Open ended responses
                     n=403
                   ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                             ©
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                                                                                                                                      afrika 2021
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COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
Week 1, February 2021

All emotional distress indicators are improving, with the exception of
Irritability, which possibly relates to Lockdown Fatigue.

                              Which one of the following words best describes your feelings during the national lockdown period?
                                                                                                       The Black population and those living in Townships/
                                                                                          Afraid
                                                                                                       informal settlements are significantly more likely to
                                                                                           25%         report feeling afraid than the White population or
                                                                                           21%
                                                                                           23%         those living in the metro or suburban areas.
                                                                                           19%

                                                          Optimistic                                              22% Depressed
                                                                                                                  23%
                                                                                                                  22%
                                                                                                                21%
                                                                                           11%
                                                                             9%                         16%
                                                                              7% 7%
                                                                                 6%

                                                            25%                                           12%
                                                                                                        11%
                                                                  23%                                      7% 13%
                                                      Managing24%                                               12%         Discouraged
                                                                25% 24%                          6%
                                                                                      5%         6%
                                                                                     7%
                                                                                     7%           7%
                                                                                    7%            7%
                                                                                  13%
                                                                                                   17%

                                                                  Comfortable                               Irritable
                                  Level 5   Level 4     Level 3        Advanced Level 3       Level 2         Level 1      Adjusted Level 3
                                                                                                                                               Single mention
                                                                                                                                                       n=403

           ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                                           © ask afrika 2021
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COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
Week 1, February 2021

Irritability seems to peak now, more so than depression.
Socialising is identified as a popular way to mitigate negative emotions.

 Which of the following do you experience more frequently now,   What typically makes you feel better when you experience any of
                    than before the lockdown?                                           those emotions?

             Feeling irritable                      58%          Socialising with family/friends           29%

   Feeling sad for no reason                  54%
                                                                                         Music       14%

            Feeling on edge                   54%

                                                                                         Prayer     11%

Feeling anxious for no reason                53%

                                                                              Positive thoughts    11%
          Feeling depressed              52%

            Feeling hopeless                                                         Exercising    10%
                                       50%
                                                                                    >10% shown
                                                                                                                           Multiple mention
                                                                                                                                     n=403

                    ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                 ©
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                                                                                                                           afrika 2021
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                                                                                                                                  2021   1111
COVID-19 Tracker South Africa Adjusted Level 3 Lockdown - Week 1, 2021 Results (3 - 11 February 2021) - Ask Afrika
About half of citizens are suffering from one or more symptoms of depression- Week 1, February 2021

women are significantly more likely to admit to feeling this way.
It remains an area of significant long-term impact to have a large part of citizens
traumatized and disabled.
                                                          Have you experienced any of the following in the last 14 days?

                                                                                   Irritable               54%

                                              Anxiety and worry about numerous events                      52%

                                                                        Difficulty sleeping            50%

                                                                 Fatigue or loss of energy             48%

                                                       Worrying, and difficult to control it           48%
                                              Lack of pleasure in activities you previously
                                                               enjoyed
                                                                                                       47%

                                                 Weight loss, gain or change in appetite               46%

                                                 Having difficulty to concentrate or think            45%

                                                                          Feeling on edge             45%

                                                                         Feeling worthless           36%

                                                      Depressed mood nearly each day             35%

                                                            Thoughts of death, or suicide      22%
                                                                                                                       Multiple mention
                                                                                                                                 n=403

            ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                     © ask afrika 2021
                                                                                                                              2020   1212
Week 1, February 2021

Food insecurity remains high.

Men are most distressed about this, whilst women suffer emotionally.

  68%

               61%
                 57%
                         54%                     52%
                                         46%
                                           44%              45%
                                                                 42%
                                                                                           35%
                                                                       33%          32%
                                                                                  32%
                                                                                                        30%
                                                                                                          28%    28%
                                                                                                                                25%
                                                                                                                              24%       23%
                                                                                                                                                          20%
                                                                                                                                                        20%

  We were concerned Adults in the household Adults in the household People in the household Adults in the household Children in the   People in the household
  about the amount of   reduced their portion   reduced their meal    lost weight because    went to bed hungry household went to bed   went an entire day
   food we had in our   sizes due to a lack of frequencies due to a there was not enough because there was not hungry because there without food because
  household before we food and money to buy lack of food and money            food          enough money to buy was not enough money there was not enough
 got money to buy food          food               to buy food                                        food           to buy food         money for food
         again

                               Level 5      Level 4    Level 3     Advanced Level 3       Level 2     Level 1     Adjusted Level 3                   Multiple mention
                                                                                                                                                               n=403

                  ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                                            ©
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                                                                                                                                                    afrika 2021
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Week 1, February 2021
Financial behaviours show citizens running out of financial
options- less are asking family, friends and employers for                                                                                                    Level 5
                                                                                                                                                              Level 4

financial support.                                                                                                                                            Level 3

        14%
                                                                                                                                                              Advanced Level 3
                                                                                                                                                              Level 2
  13%   13%     14%                                                 Applied for a payment holiday
                                                                                                                                                              Level 1
                                                                     offered by credit providers
  L3+    L2     L1                                                                        22%                                                                 Adjusted Level 3
                                                                                          19%

     took out a                          I contacted UIF for financial                    19%                52%
                                                                                                                     Borrowed money from family,
                                                 assistance                               19%              52% 49%        friends or employer
   loan against                                                           26%
                                                                         24%23%           18%
                                                                                                         42% 46%
    their salary/                                                               23%
                                                                                          18%
                                                                                                         45%
       wage                                                                       23%
                                                                                          18%
                                                                                                       44%
                                                                                    22%                                   45%
                                                                                                                    38%
                                I don’t have any means of 32% 29%                                      40% 40%                  Made arrangements for later
                                                         41% 34% 32% 29%27%                 17%                     41%42%43%
        31%                         financial assistance
                                                                                                  19%
                                                                                                                                        payment
  23%    21%     24%                                                                23%                  20%

                                                                                                                                                                19%
                                                                                  25%                     20%
                                                                                25%
                                                                                                51%
                                                                               26%                             20% 21%
  L3+     L2         L1                                          28% 28% 27%                    51%
                                                                                                 52%             22%                                    16%         18%           19%
                              I cancelled non-essentials like car                                                    Borrowed money from a
   Sold a personal                        insurance
                                                                                                  60%
                                                                                                                           mashonisa
                                                                                                   60%
    asset, such as                                                                              59%
                                                                                                       60%
                                                                                                                                                        L3+          L2           L1
 jewelry or a car for
    financial relief                                                I have started using my savings                                                     took out a small
                                                                                                                                                          personal loan
                                                                                                                                                        from an informal
                      Multiple mention                                                                                                                       lender
                      n=403

                ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                                                              © ask afrika 2021
                                                                                                                                                                           2020        1414
Week 1, February 2021

                             The majority of respondents feel that they have a strong support
                             structure in place, while over half identify their community as
                             possessing a sense of ubuntu and citizen solidarity.

     Despite the crisis there is a sense          Our community has a sense of       I have a strong support structure
       of ubuntu in my community                        citizen solidarity

                                                                                                                 5%
                           18%                                       19%                                              8%
                                                       29%
             33%

                                   15%                                                                                       26%
                                                                           22%               61%

                                                              30%
                     34%

                                 Disagree (0-4)     Neutral (5)     Agree (6 - 8)   Completely agree ( 9 - 10)

                   The sense of Ubuntu is significantly more prevalent among
                          Black respondents than White respondents.                                                        Single mention
                                                                                                                                   n=403

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Week 1, February 2021

Men, especially black men are more likely to use community HCW’s as part of their
support system. Black women use nurses as support, whilst the white population is less
likely to do either. Lockdown rules preventing social contact remove the primary
support system for communities.

                                                              Who would you say form part of your support structure?

                                                           Family                                                       96%

                                                          Friends                                 67%

                                                     Colleagues                       37%

                                                          Church                      34%

                                                     Neighbours                     31%

                                     Nurse at the clinic/ hospital              26%

                                     Community health workers                 22%                         Multiple mention
                                                                                                                    n=403

         ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                           © ask afrika 2021
                                                                                                                 2020    1818
For women more so than men- all symptoms of social dysfunction have                          Week 1, February 2021

increased in 2021.
Police will not be trusted to assist victims- since they are feared by most.
GBV and Suicide might be stigmatized issues to report on. 22% of citizens report
thinking about death and suicide.
                                   When compared to 2020, would you say that the following have decreased,
                                         remained consistent or increased in your community in 2021?
                                                                 Remained                          Don’t
                                                 Increased                      Decreased
                                                                 consistent                        know
                                   Depression       56%             19%             12%             13%

                                    Anxiety         54%             21%             12%             13%

                                    Irritation      46%             23%             13%             18%
                                   Substance
                                     abuse          41%             23%             18%             19%
                                    Gender
                                     based          40%             23%             15%            22%
                                    violence
                                   Fear of the
                                     police
                                                    31%             36%             19%             14%
           Single mention
           n=403
                                    Suicide         28%             20%             18%            34%
          ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                       © ask afrika 2021
                                                                                                              2020   1919
Vaccines
•   Citizens are torn in their intention to be vaccinated. Willingness
    and yet concern about it are strong.
•   Males are less trusting of the vaccine safety, but more willing to
    vaccinate, whilst women and the younger population show
    greater concern over getting vaccinated.
•   Tax payers are willing to pay for their own vaccine and mostly for
    vaccines of gardeners and domestic servants.

                                                               © Ask Afrika 2021 | 20
Week 1, February 2021

A higher proportion of females are unsure, whether they will get vaccinated.
Women are significantly more aware of the vaccine schedules than men.

                                                            The Black                                Significantly
                                                     population are                                         higher
                                                  significantly more                                   awareness
                                                  concerned about                                            levels
                           Yes; 52%                                          Yes; 53%                 among 35+
                                                              getting
                                                   vaccinated than                                      year old's
                                                           the Indian                                and females
                                                          population                                                             Yes; 86%

                                                     35+ years olds
    Significantly           No; 19%                 are significantly
   more females                                     less concerned
 than males are                                       about getting           No; 34%
   unsure about                                         vaccinated
   whether they                                     than those who
         will get         Unsure; 28%                  are 34 years
    vaccinated                                         and younger                                                               No; 9%
                                                                            Unsure; 13%
                                                                                                                                Unsure; 5%
        Will you get vaccinated when the vaccine roll-out   Are you concerned about getting vaccinated?       Are you aware of the planned vaccine roll-out
                          reaches you?                                                                         schedule, in which healthcare workers will be
                                                                                                           prioritised, followed by essential workers, educators,
                                                                                                                 the elderly and those with co-morbidities?

                                                                                                                                                              Single mention
                                                                                                                                                                      n=403

                                                                                                                                                       © Ask Afrika 2021 | 21
Week 1, February 2021

Citizens are very divided on the safety of the vaccines-
 the stopping of the AstraZeneca vaccine significantly
          dented trust in vaccines as a whole.
        Men are far more distrustful than women.
        Distrust (0-4)   Neutral (5)   Trust (6-8)   Completely trust (9-10)

              How much do you trust in the safety of the vaccine?

                             13%                           14%                     11%

  47%                        34%                           30%                     38%

                                                           18%
                             21%
                                                                                   24%

                                                           39%
                             32%
                                                                                   26%

                                                           Male                 Female
                                                                                  Single mention
                                                                                          n=382

                                                                           © Ask Afrika 2021 | 22
Week 1, February 2021

As to be expected, safety of the vaccine is
top priority among citizens, followed by efficacy.
                                                              Which of the following five aspects are the most important to you
                                                                                 with regards to the vaccine?

 Safety of the vaccine is a greater concern among
                Coloured people than White people          Safety of the vaccine                                         44%

                                                          Efficacy of the vaccine                  22%

     Thoroughness in developing the vaccine is a
      greater concern among White people than         Thoroughness in developing
                                                                                             14%
                                   Black people              the vaccine

                                                         The speed of delivery to
                                                                                          11%
                                                               South Africa

     Speed of delivery to South Africa is a greater      The speed of the roll-out      9%
            concern among males than females

                                                                                                                           Single mention
                                                                                                                                   n=403

                                                                                                                    © Ask Afrika 2021 | 23
Week 1, February 2021

Clear Gender differences in perceptions of vaccines
    There is a significantly higher sense of distrust among males than females.
    As expected, those who trust the safety of the vaccines are more willing to be vaccinated.
    ~Surprisingly, 20% of females who trust the safety of the vaccine are unsure of whether they will be vaccinated or not.
    ~The concern females have about getting vaccinated is significantly higher among those who do not trust the safety of
    the vaccine, while the same is not seen among males – where concern levels are reasonably consistent.
    Among those males who trust the safety of the vaccine – the speed of delivery to SA becomes more important, while for
    females who trust the safety of the vaccine – the efficacy becomes more important.
       Females:                                                                                     Males:
        How much do you trust in the safety of the vaccine?                                        How much do you trust in the safety of the vaccine?
                Distrust (0-4)         Neutral (5)          Trust (6-10)                                Distrust (0-4)      Neutral (5)           Trust (6-10)

          26%                    24%                        50%                                              39%            18%                       43%

•    60% say they will not get vaccinated       •    3% say they will not get              •   45% say they will not get            •     2% say they will not get
•    38% are unsure                                  vaccinated                                vaccinated                                 vaccinated
                                                •    20% are unsure                        •   38% are unsure                       •     7% are unsure
•    72% say they are concerned about
     getting vaccinated                         •    42% say they are concerned            •   60% say they are concerned           •     54% say they are concerned
                                                     about getting vaccinated                  about getting vaccinated                   about getting vaccinated
•    58% safety of vaccine important
•    8% efficacy of the vaccine is              •    38% safety of vaccine important       •   58% safety of vaccine important      •     32% safety of vaccine important
     important                                  •    25% efficacy of the vaccine is        •   7% speed of delivery to SA           •     23% speed of delivery to SA
                                                     important                                 important                                  important

                                                                           Males (n=198) ; Females (n=205)

                                                                                                                                                            © Ask Afrika 2021 | 24
Week 1, February 2021
Nearly three quarters of taxpayers surveyed do not want to pay
more tax to fund the vaccines, while just under half of all respondents are
willing to pay for the vaccines themselves.

Of those who have a domestic worker or gardener – 70% would be willing to fund
their vaccine.

      The Black         Yes; 26%
                                                The White                                 What price would you be willing to
 population are                           population are         Yes; 48%                    pay for your own vaccine?
   significantly                             significantly
 more willing to                          more willing to                                                                              Yes; 70%
  pay more tax                              pay for their                                         Average Price:
         to fund                           own vaccines
 vaccines than                            than the Black
                                                                                                      R251
      the White                               population
    population           No; 74%                                                                      Mode:
                                                                 No; 52%                              R100
                                                                                                              n=193
                                                                                                                                       No; 30%

         Are you willing to pay more tax to fund    Are you willing to pay for your own                                  Are you willing to pay for vaccines for
                         vaccines                                 vaccine                                                your domestic worker or gardener, if
                                                                                                                           the vaccine costs less than R200

                   Only showing those who pay tax            Single mention                                                      Only showing those who have a domestic
                   Single mention                            n=403                                                                              worker/ gardener (n=209)
                   n=343
                                                                                                                                                     © Ask Afrika 2021 | 25
The Impact of Covid-19
As infection rates continue to increase,
more than half of the people surveyed
 report to know someone who passed
         away due to Covid-19.

©Ask Afrika 2020                        © Ask
                                      © ask    Afrika
                                            afrika    2021 | 28
                                                    2020     2828
Week 1, February 2021

Women are more likely than men to be close to someone, who has been hospitalized for
Covid19.

                                     Which of the following have you experienced in the last 2 months?

                        Someone I know has contracted COVID-19                                                                     63%

               Someone I know has passed away due to COVID-19                                                           52%

          Someone I know has passed away from unknown causes                                    26%

           I/ or someone close to me was hospitalised for Covid-19                        22%

                                    Went into self-isolation at home                     21%

     I have been in contact with someone who has tested positive                   15%
                                                                                          The Black population is significantly less likely than all
  I suspect that I contracted Covid-19, but did not test for Covid-19        11%          other population groups to be or be close to someone
                                                                                          who was hospitalized for Covid-19.

                                  I have tested positive for Covid-19   6%

                                                                                                                                         Multiple mention
                                                                                                                                                   n=403
               ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                                   ©
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                                                                                                                                        afrika 2021
                                                                                                                                               2020   2929
Week 1, February 2021

Up to a third of respondents have not been able to access important chronic medicine.

                                           Considering the past month, were you unable to access any of the following?

                                  Vaccinations for my child or children other
                                        than the Covid-19 vaccine                 34%                   66%
                                                                                                                            n=145

                                                                   Condoms        34%                   66%
                                                                                                                           n=202
                                     Other medicine for a specific condition
                                     that is not ongoing / or acute such as       34%                   66%
                                             malaria or a seasonal flu                                                      n=154

                                        Contraceptives such as the injection     29%                  71%
                                                                                                                           n=229

                                          Medicine for an ongoing, chronic
                                            condition such as diabetes           25%                  75%
                                                                                                                           n=130

                                           Critical chronic medicine like HIV
                                            antiretrovirals or TB medication    18%                82%
                                                                                                                           n=169

                                                                                        Yes      No

                                                                                          Excluding those who did not try to access
                                                                                                                   Single Mention

         ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                   ©
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                                                                                                                  afrika 2021
                                                                                                                         2020   3030
Preventative Measures
Adherence to preventative measures of
 staying at home as much as possible,
  mask wearing, and hand washing is
  widely practiced – most noticeably
            among females.

 ©Ask Afrika 2020                    © Ask
                                   © ask    Afrika
                                         afrika    2021 | 31
                                                 2020     3131
Week 1, February 2021

National Sanitation Index has improved in the new year
                                                     89
                               83       82
  79             79
                                                                          Provinces ranked by those who struggle to
                                                                                     adhere to sanitizing
Level 3       Advanced      Level 2   Level 1   Adjusted level          (Self isolating, Wearing PPE in public, Sanitizing hands, and
               level 3                                3                                Washing hands more frequently)

                                                                    Western Cape
                                                                                                                              Western Cape
 Maximum                                                           Northern Cape                                              reports the
 sanitation                                                                                                                   highest
 behaviour                                                          Eastern Cape                                              trouble with
                                                                                                                              self-isolation,
                                                                 Limpopo Province                                             placing it on
                                                                                                                              top of the list
                                                                    KwaZulu-Natal
                                                                                                                              of provinces
                                                                         National                                             struggling to
                                                                                                                              adhere to
                                                                        Gauteng                                               protecting
                                                                                                                              itself against
                                                                       North West                                             spreading the
                                                                                                                              virus.
                                                                    Mpumalanga
 Minimum                                                                Free State
 sanitation
 behaviour                                                                                       % Disagree (0 - 4)

                                                                           Above average struggling    Below average struggling

                  ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                        © ask afrika 2021
                                                                                                                                       2020   3232
Week 1, February 2021

Women are practicing more sanitation behaviours than men
                                         While 90% of respondents claimed to stay home as often as
                                         possible, over a third do not avoid large gatherings.
                                         Which preventative measures are you implementing that have become a daily habit?

                                                    Stay at home as much as possible                  90%

                                                            Maintain social distancing           73%

            Those living in a Suburb/Metro area are     Won't go to gatherings of more
         significantly more likely to maintain social          than 50 people                   64%
   distancing than those living in Township/Informal
                 settlement or a Small holding farm.
                                                          Isolated myself when I tested
                                                               positive for Covid19       22%
        White respondents are more likely to report
          adhering to social distancing than Black
    respondents, while Females are less likely to go
                   to large gatherings than Males.                                                                     Multiple mention
                                                                                                                                 n=403
           ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                     ©
                                                                                                                © ask
                                                                                                                  ask afrika
                                                                                                                      afrika 2021
                                                                                                                             2020   3333
Week 1, February 2021

                   Women are significantly more likely than men to wear a mask,
                   when leaving home

                   Which preventative measures are you implementing that have become a daily habit?

                                  I wear a mask I leave the home              92%

                              I wash my mask frequently after use
                                     (if it’s a material mask)
                                                                        67%

                               I cover my mouth and nose with a
                                      mask when I have flu           54%

                            I throw away disposable masks in the
                                 bin after use and don’t re-use
                                                                     52%

                                                                                               Multiple mention
                                                                                                         n=403
©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                        ©
                                                                                        © ask
                                                                                          ask afrika
                                                                                              afrika 2021
                                                                                                     2020   3434
Week 1, February 2021

Nearly half of citizens are inconsistently wearing their mask.

                              Have any of the following aspects prevented you from wearing a mask?
                                                               No      Yes

                                                                                                            21%                  19%
                                               30%                  30%                 27%
          45%                 43%

                                                                                                            79%                  81%
                                               70%                  70%                 73%
          55%                 57%

    The mask leaving    The summer heat   The mask hurting    The mask making The mask causing            The mask        The mask causing
   you feeling that you                       your ears      you feel anxious or fog on your glasses   diminishing your     skin irritation or
     cannot breathe                                            claustrophobic                             visual field         outbreak

                                                                                                                                             Single Mention
                                                                                                                                                     n=403
           ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                                        © ask afrika 2021
                                                                                                                                                2020   3535
Week 1, February 2021

Women are more likely to use alcohol-base sanitizer and
wash their hands frequently.

                                      Which preventative measures are you implementing that have become a daily habit?

                                                 I frequently wash my hands with soap
                                                         for 20 seconds at least              79%

                                                  I use an alcohol-based sanitizer on
                                                  my hands when I do not have water        67%
                                                               and soap

  Alcohol based sanitizer is more likely to be
                                                      I use an alcohol-based sanitizer
used among those aged 35 years+ ; females;                       frequently               63%
   White, Coloured and Indian respondents;
     those living in the suburbs/ metro areas.

                                                                                                                Multiple mention
                                                                                                                          n=403
           ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                              ©
                                                                                                         © ask
                                                                                                           ask afrika
                                                                                                               afrika 2021
                                                                                                                      2020   3636
Week 1, February 2021

Women are more likely than men to seek medical attention, when experiencing key symptoms.
They are also more likely to take vitamins and minerals.

                                    Which preventative measures are you implementing that have become a daily habit?

                                              I will call a doctor when I experience
                                             shortness of breath, difficulty breathing,           85%
                                                   cough or when I have a fever

                                                 I cover my mouth with my elbow or
                                                   tissue when coughing or sneezing               82%

                                                I avoid touching my eyes, nose and
                                                               mouth                        62%

                                            I avoid touching surfaces with my hands        57%
    Vitamins and minerals are most likely
       to be taken by Women; White and      I take vitamins and minerals to boost my
                                                                                          51%
     Indian respondents; people living in                immune system

                the suburbs/ metro areas.
                                                                                                                   Multiple mention
                                                                                                                             n=403
          ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                  ©
                                                                                                            © ask
                                                                                                              ask afrika
                                                                                                                  afrika 2021
                                                                                                                         2020
                                                                                                                         2021   3737
Covid-19 information/news
Most respondents are confident that they
 are able to detect fake news, and will
    look for supporting information or
verification of the information to confirm
        that it is not disinformation.

  ©Ask Afrika 2020                       © Ask
                                       © ask    Afrika
                                             afrika    2021 | 38
                                                     2020     3838
Week 1, February 2021

Digital news carriers are the primary sources of Covid
Information, besides TV.
                     Which media sources do you make use of for important Covid-19 news and information?

           88%                   83%               75%                 74%                  73%                63%

    TV news or current        Online news       Social media      Online websites   Radio news or current     TV ads
         affairs                                                                           affairs

          61%                   57%                51%                 43%                  40%                22%

     Word of mouth            Radio ads         Newspapers           Billboards       Pamphlets/leaflets    Loud Hailer
                                                                                          /flyers                         Multiple mention
                                                                                                                                    n=403
           ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                        © ask afrika 2021
                                                                                                                                2020   3939
Week 1, February 2021

Women are less likely than men to comment on
information. They are equally like to share information with
family and friends.       When you read, hear or see new Covid-19 information, what do you usually
                                                                                               do with that information?

                                                          I share it with friends and family                                    59%

                                                                                   Nothing                       28%

                                                                      I like it on Facebook                   24%

                                                                    I retweet the content                  19%

                             I comment on the content (emoji’s, captions, comments etc).                14%

                                                                I subscribe to the content              14%

                                                                                                                                      Multiple mention
                                                                                                                                                n=403
          ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                                     © ask afrika 2021
                                                                                                                                            2020   4040
Week 1, February 2021

More than half of citizens have noticed disinformation-
67% will interrogate the information.

                                    53%
                      Recently heard, read or seen any
                       Covid-19 information that they
                         believe was disinformation

                                                                 Single mention
                                                                         n=403

  What steps do you normally take to ensure that the information you
        consume is real, and not disinformation, or fake news?

         67%               58%
                                              24%                12%

      Look for more Verify the source of Speak to a close Nothing, I take no
   information on the the information     relative, friend,     steps
       same topic                          colleague, or
                                             neighbour
                                                               Multiple mention                Single mention
                                                                         n=403                         n=403
                 ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                    ©©ask
                                                                                        askafrika
                                                                                            afrika2021
                                                                                                   2020   4141
Week 1, February 2021

11% of citizens knowingly share fake news. Only 17% of citizens don’t regard it
as a personal responsibility not to spread fake news.

                                         What steps do you normally take to ensure that the information you consume is
                                                          real, and not disinformation, or fake news?

                                        Fake news causes confusion
                                        about the facts of Covid-19     8% 10%                 79%

                                           It is my responsibility to
                                         prevent the spread of fake      17%     14%              61%
                                                      news
                                                                                                                    62%
                                           I am able to detect fake
                                                    news                  20%          28%                34%

                                           I shared news with others
                                          that may have been fake                      79%                       7% 8%

                                            I knowingly shared fake
                                                news with others                        89%                          3%
                                                                                                                      4%

                                                                                                                Single mention
                                                                                                                        n=403
          ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                            ©©ask
                                                                                                         askafrika
                                                                                                             afrika2021
                                                                                                                    2020   4242
Migratory patterns over
   December/January
Most people report to adhering to the
   preventative measures of the
    December/ January period.

©Ask Afrika 2020                      © Ask
                                    © ask    Afrika
                                          afrika    2021 | 43
                                                  2020     4343
Week 1, February 2021

Females are significantly more likely to always adhere
to preventative measures than males.
           Would you say that you adhered to the
                                                                 Why did you not adhere to the preventative measures
       preventative measures all the time, most of the
                                                                                   all of the time?
        time, some of the time, or none of the time?

     All the time                        61%

Most of the time                   31%                                33%
                                                                                        22%             19%                15%

Some of the time    7%                                          It was too hot to     It was too  I wanted to enjoy I did not have
                                                                   wear a mask       crowded to        myself      access to masks
                                                                                    adhere to the                     or sanitisers
                                                                                      measures
None of the time    1%

                                               Single mention                                                              Multiple mention
                                                       n=403                                                                         n=156
                ©Ask Afrika 2020                                                                                    ©
                                                                                                                    © ask
                                                                                                                      ask afrika
                                                                                                                          afrika 2020
                                                                                                                                 2021   4444
project
   Lead
    Andrea Rademeyer
    CEO & Founder, Ask Afrika
    Mobile: +27 82 564 5203 | Email: andrea.rademeyer@askafrika.co.za

   Impact-driven experience:

   • Ask Afrika is known for innovative methodologies and Decisioneering. Currently Andrea is serving
     on two Covid19 MAC technical committees led by Prof Mokgatle and Prof Mehtar.
   • The Ask Afrika Covid-19 Tracker is her passion and contribution to our country, during the Corona
     Trauma.
   • Andrea is registered with SAMRA, ESOMAR, PAMRO and as a research psychologist, with the
     Health Professions Council of South Africa. She successfully completed the YPO-WPO Presidents’
     Program at Harvard Business School, Boston USA (2015, 2016,2017, 2018) and has delivered
     several International papers, complimented by leadership awards and accolades

                                                                                    © Ask Afrika 2021 | 45
at your
             service
“You know you
  are truly alive
   when you’re
  living among
           lions.”                          Mariette Croukamp                   Jean Moolman                        Jackie Kraft
     ― Isak Dinesen, Out of Africa.            Industry Lead                     Industry Lead               Brand, Design, Marketing
                                          mariette@askafrika.co.za           jean@askafrika.co.za             jackie@askafrika.co.za

                                      137 Lakeview Office Park, Muckleneuk Street, Nieuw Muckleneuk, Pretoria 0181, South Africa
                                      Tel: +27 12 428 7400 • www.askafrika.co.za • connect@askafrika.co.za
                                                                                                                              © Ask Afrika 2021 | 46
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