Dear Sir, I am sending this mail because your organization/Institution

Dear Sir, I am sending this mail because your organization/Institution
Dear Sir,

I am sending this mail because your organization/Institution encourages the new idea or concept
on renewable energy especially in the field of solar cell. Please read this mail and enclosed draft
once and think over it.

I have got an idea may be from god and have proposed the novel solar cell i.e. ozone and NaCl
based electrolytic solar cell using ozone gas and ionic solution of NaCl as the active electrolytes
to produce electricity under visible light exposure.

We will use the active electrolytes i.e ozone gas and Ionic solution of NaCl in separate
electrolytic solar cell. In order to produce electricity oxygen ions need to produce. You know
that sunlight (visible light) dissociates the ozone gas in to oxygen molecules and nascent oxygen
ions. Sunlight helps in producing oxygen ions when ozone gas is exposed to sunlight.
Adsorption of oxygen ions and sodium ions on the respective electrodes, due to DC voltage
between the electrodes results in galvanic effect.

The principal of ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell is similar to galvanic cell. In
contrast to galvanic cell which oxidizes and reduces two different metal cations at the respective
electrodes resulting in external current, in the present electrolytic solar cell anion (oxygen ion)
and cation (sodium ion) are used and do the same process i.e. oxidation of oxygen ions to oxygen
molecule and reduction of sodium ions to sodium metal. The oxidation of oxygen ion at anode
and reduction of sodium ion at cathode results in flow of electrons in the external circuit from
anode to cathode.


The theoretical power estimated for a small electrolytic solar cell of 10 Sq.Ft. using 1 M
(0.057997 Kg) of ozone gas would be P = 3.47*10^8 W/hr. If we consider 20% efficiency of the
electrolytic solar cell then the power output would be 6.94*10^7 W/hr.

Power consumed for ozone gas generation in total is approximately 100kW/hr per Kg. The total
power consumed includes the total power consumed by ozone generation unit, chiller plant,
oxygen generator plant.

Power consumed for 0.057997 Kg (1 Mole) of ozone gas generation is 0.057997*100kW/hr
=5.7997 kW/hr (Approx. 6 kW/hr) .

Commercial charges for 1 unit (1kW) in India is Rs.10

Input price (Initial investment) for 6 kW/hr power consumed for generation of 1 M of ozone gas
@ Rs. 10 per 1kW is Rs. 60.

Additional charges for maintain DC voltage is Rs. 1,000

Total input price (Initial investment) is Rs. 60 + 1,000= Rs. 1060= Rs. 1.060*10^3
For the above proposed solar cell using 1 M (0.057997 Kg) of ozone gas with 20% efficiency the
power output estimated is 6.94*10^7 W/hr (6.94*10^4 kW/hr).

Domestic charges for 1 unit (1kW/hr) in India is Rs.5

For 6.94*10^4 kW/hr power produced the net income would be 6.94*10^4*Rs. 5=Rs. 3.47*10^5

Probable Net income to Input price (Initial investment) ratio is 327:1.

The cost of ozone generator unit is around 52 lakhs rupees this includes the cost of ozone
generator unit, chiller plant and oxygen generator plant. To develop the proposed Ozone and
NaCl based electrolytic solar cell, the rough expenditure estimated is around 80 lakhs rupees
including the cost of ozone generator unit and additional accessories that are needed to run the
ozone generator and to develop the proposed solar cell through research and development.

If successful in developing the proposed solar cell, then the total investment done for developing
the ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell can be recovered from the net income in a
month. Where as it is not possible with the latest solar cells based on CIGS, Si, GaAs and dye
sensitized solar cells, for example the cost of latest solar cell is around Rs.300 per Watt including
the additional accessories. One can think of the power consumed by a family and the cost of the
solar cells based on latest technology based on CIGS, Si, GaAs and dye sensitized to produce the
power in demand.

If successful on developing the ozone and nacl based electrolytic solar cell then the electricity
can be provided to poor people at much cheaper cost than the present existing cost. If successful
huge amount can be saved using ozone and nacl based electrolytic solar cell when compared to
present existing solar cell technology. Please read the enclosed draft once.

Please think over the above and let me know about your comments and your view regarding the
feasibility of ozone and nacl based electrolytic solar cell.

Since very long time I am trying for the opportunity and financial support to work on the ozone
and nacl based electrolytic solar cell. If it is possible, I request you to provide me opportunity
and financial support to develop the above proposed solar cell. IF given opportunity I will do my
level best to develop it. Financial support of Rs.80 lakhs is needed to carryout research and
development work on ozone and nacl based electrolytic solar cell this excludes the
manpower cost.

I am herewith sending the draft entitled “Next generation solar cell i.e. ozone and NaCl based
electrolytic solar cell; its design, working mechanism, theoretical power output, feasibility and
advantages” and quotation for the ozone generating unit obtained from ELTECH and my CV for
your perusal.
I hope that I get the necessary encouragement and financial support from organization/Institution
to realize the idea in to reality device.
Awaiting for your reply,

Thanking you,

Yours Sincerely,

Dr. Syed Mahboob.

Hyderabad, Telengana State, India.

Email:- mahboob1978@yahoo.com
Next generation solar cell i.e. Ozone and NaCl based electrolytic
solar cell; its design, working mechanism, theoretical power output,
                        feasibility and advantages

                             Syed Mahboob* and G. S. Kumar
    Department of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad-500007, Telengana state, India.
                            *E-mail: mahboob1978@yahoo.com

Abstract: Proposed idea on novel solar cell i.e. ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell and

its design is presented in present paper. The working mechanism of proposed solar cell is

different from the latest solar cells based on silicon (Si), gallium-arsenide (GaAs), cadmium-

telluride (CdTe), cadmium-indium-selenide (CIS) and cadmium-indium-gallium-selenide

(CIGS), dye sensitized and polymer solar cell. The theoretical power output for the proposed

solar cell is estimated and found to be much higher than that of latest solar cells as mentioned

above. The maximum theoretical output power for 100% dissociation of ozone gas molecules by

visible light and also due to adsorption of Na+1 ions on cathode and O-2 ions adsorbed on anode

would be 1.34*1017 W/(hr-sq km) in one month. The feasibility with respect to cost of the ozone

and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell was checked by comparing it roughly with the latest solar

cells based on silicon, CIGS, GaAs and conventional methods of producing electricity (i.e.

hydro and thermal). The total cost (initial investment) required to produce the power output of

6x1013W.h in one month to meet the entire power need of India by establishing solar power plant

with latest and existing solar cell technology (solar cells as mentioned above) would be 3x1014

USD. The total initial investment required to produce the power output of 6x1013W.h in one

month to meet the entire power need of India by conventional method (hydro and thermal) is

1x109USD. In the case of ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell, the total initial

investment required to produce the power output of 6x1013W.h in one month to meet the entire

power need of India would be 1.548x109USD. This indicates that the initial investment required

                                               1
for the ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell would be five orders of magnitude (105

times) less than the requirement for the latest and existing solar cells as mentioned above and

would be around same as that of conventional method (hydro, thermal) to produce the power

output of 6x1013W.h in one month to meet the entire power requirement of India. The advantages

of the ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cells is presented in this paper. Moreover it is also

found that the area required to set up solar power plant once the technology for ozone and NaCl

based electrolytic solar cell is developed would be 1 sq. km to meet the entire power requirement

of India.

Keywords: Novel solar cell, photovoltaic, ozone, NaCl, electrolytic solar cell, feasibility.

1. Introduction:

       New photovoltaic/solar cell technologies can contribute to environmentally friendly,

renewable energy production and the reduction of the carbon dioxide emission associated with

fossil fuels and biomass. The global energy demand is increasing and will become double within

the next 50 years. Fossil fuels, however, are running out and hence there is need to focus

research on the development of environmentally friendly, renewable energy sources. One of the

renewable energy technologies is photovoltaic/solar cell that directly converts sunlight into

electricity. Photovoltaic/solar cell is one of the fastest growing of all the renewable energy

technologies at present. At present, the active materials used for the fabrication of solar cells are

mainly inorganic materials, such as silicon (Si), gallium-arsenide (GaAs), cadmium-telluride

(CdTe), cadmium-indium-selenide (CIS) and cadmium-indium-gallium-selenide (CIGS). The

power conversion efficiency for these solar cells varies from 8 to 29%. But, the large production

cost and large area required for these photovoltaic/solar cells is one of the major obstacles. It is,

therefore, necessary to develop new technologies for the solar cells which are cost effective with



                                                 2
high power conversion efficiency. Hence research has been focused over the last few decades

towards the inorganic, dye sensitized and polymer based solar cell technologies. Even though the

cost is effective with respect to inorganic based solar cells, the power conversion efficiency of

these solar cells is within the range 6 to 25%. Even though the cost is effective and power

conversion efficiencies are comparable to inorganic based solar cells the area required to setup a

power plant by using both the organic and inorganic based solar cells would be very large

enough to produce the power output of 6x1013W.h in one month to meet the entire power need of

India.

         In view of the above the author has proposed novel solar cell i.e ozone and NaCl based

electrolytic solar cell. The schematic design and working mechanism for the proposed solar cell

is presented in this paper. The proposed solar cell gives the new direction to the field of solar

cells because the working mechanism for the proposed solar cell is completely different from the

working mechanism of existing solar cells as mentioned above in previous paragraph. In the

present paper the author has estimated the theoretical power output for the ozone and NaCl based

electrolytic solar cell. The theoretical power output power for the ozone and NaCl based

electrolytic solar cell is much higher than that of the latest existing solar cells. The author also

discussed the feasibility with respect to cost, power output and area required to set up the power

plant and also discussed the advantages of ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell in the

present paper.




                                                 3
2. Results and discussion:

2.1. Design of ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell.

                                              LOAD




            P.S                 Oz.S                                             S.S

              Optically transparent            DC          Chamber 3 with tungsten
              chamber 1 with Zinc            Voltage         cathode coated with
             anode coated with gold                           platinum and this
                                             source
            and this chamber encloses                       encloses other active
              active electrolyte i.e.                        electrolyte i.e. ionic
                    ozone gas                                  solution of NaCl
                                                                                    OL

                          GP2
             GP1                                               LP



                                    Oz.S                                                   INL

              Ozone production is carried
                                                             Chamber 4 contains non-
              out in this chamber 2 using
                                                            volatile solvent to dissolve
             carona discharge method and
                                                            NaCl and to produce ionic
               is feedback to chamber 1.
                                                             solution of Na+1 and Cl-
                                       P.S                  ions which is feed back to
                                                                    chamber 3.

            GP3




      Figure 1. Schematic diagram (design) of entire system of Ozone and NaCl Based
  electrolytic solar cell, here P.S is pressure sensor, Oz.S is the ozone gas sensor, S.S is the
   sodium ion sensor, GP1, GP2 & GP3 are the motors to pump gases, LP is the motor to
                         pump liquid, INL is inlet and OL is the outlet.

                                                4
The ozone and NaCl (sodium chloride) based electrolytic solar cell is novel idea on solar

cell to produce electricity using ozone gas as the one of the active electrolyte. The other active

electrolyte is ionic solution of NaCl. The schematic design for the entire system of the ozone and

NaCl based electrolytic solar cell is given in Figure 1. The Chamber 1 (also called as electrolytic

cell) is made of optically transparent material with vertically aligned zinc anode coated with gold

at the bottom of the chamber. This chamber encloses one of the active electrolyte i.e ozone

gases. Within this chamber a pressure sensor (P.S) and an ozone gas sensor (Oz.S) is fixed to

check pressure of gas and concentration of ozone gas respectively. Ozone gas production is

carried out in the chamber 2 with carona discharge method. This chamber is also can be called as

carona discharge ozone generation unit. A pressure sensor and concentration sensor of oxygen

gas is also is also fixed within the chamber 2. The detail of the carona discharge ozone

generation unit is not given here because it available in the journals and internet. Chambers 1 and

2 are connected with a motor (GP1) to pump the ozone gas from chamber 2 in to chamber 1. The

motor pump (GP2) is also connected between the chambers 1 and 2 to pump the left over oxygen

gas in the chamber 1 in to the chamber 2. The motor pump (GP3) pumps the oxygen gas from

atmosphere in to the chamber 2. The motor to pump the gases in the chamber 1 and 2 are

interfaced to pressure sensor (P.S) and ozone concentration sensor (Oz.S) with a controller.

       Chamber 3 also called as electrolytic cell is also fixed with vertically aligned tungsten

cathode coated with platinum and zinc anode coated with gold. This chamber encloses ionic

solution of NaCl. The ionic solution of NaCl is prepared in chamber 4 and is feedback to

chamber 3 with motor pump (LP). A sodium ion sensor (S.S) is also fixed in the chamber 3 to

monitor the concentration of sodium ions in chamber 3. A DC voltage source is connected




                                                5
between the cathode and anode of chambers 1 and 3 so as to attract the cations and anions

towards the respective electrodes.

2.2 Probable working mechanism of producing electricity by proposed ozone and NaCl

based electrolytic solar cell:

       Ozone gas and ionic solution of NaCl are produced in chamber 2 and 4 respectively. The

ozone gas is pumped in to chamber 1 through the motor pump (GP1) from the chamber 2 until

the ozone gas pressure in the chamber 1 is at atmospheric pressure. Similarly the ionic solution of

NaCl is pumped in to chamber 3 until it is full through the motor pump (LP) from the chamber 4.

       The positively charged sodium ions in the electrolyte moves towards cathode and

negatively charged chlorine ions moves towards anode by electrostatic force of attraction due to

DC voltage between the electrodes, there by attaching/adsorbing on to the respective electrodes,

which produces external circuit current in ozone and sodium chloride based electrolytic solar

cell. When the concentration of the sodium ion is reduced below 75% from the initial

concentration value of the sodium ions the motor pump (LP) which is interfaced to sodium

concentration sensor (S.S) with a controller pumps out the left over electrolyte through the outlet

and the motor pump (LP) automatically turns on and allows to pump the ionic solution of NaCl

in to the chamber 3 from chamber 4. The cyclic process continues so as to produce the

uninterrupted electricity.

       The visible light interacts with the ozone gas and dissociates it in to oxygen gas and

nascent oxygen ions. A DC voltage is applied between the anode of chamber 1 and cathode of

chamber 3. This results in electrostatic force of attraction towards anions (Oxygen ions) and

cations (sodium ions) towards the respective electrodes. The nascent oxygen ion may be

adsorbed on to the anode in chamber 1; this can also produce an external electrical current, when



                                                6
Na+1 ion also get adsorbed on to the cathode in chamber 3. When the concentration of the ozone

gas is reduced below 75% from the initial concentration value of the ozone gas the motor pump

(GP2) which is interfaced to ozone concentration sensor (Oz.S) with a controller pumps out the

left over oxygen gas in to chamber 2. When the concentration of oxygen gas becomes zero the

motor pump (GP1) shut downs and the motor pump (GP2) is automatically turned on to pump

the ozone gas from the chamber 2 in to the chamber1. The left over oxygen gas pumped in to

chamber 2 is transformed in to ozone gas by the carona discharge method. The cyclic process

continues so as to produce the uninterrupted electricity.

       Note:

   1. 1000ml of 1 M ozone gas contains 57.997 g of weight; similarly 1000ml of 1 M of NaCl

       contains 58.443 g of weight. This can be enclosed in a cell of top surface area 10 sq. foot

       or less than 10 sq. foot of panel.

2.3 Estimation of theoretical power output:

       There is Avogadro number of molecules in 1 Mole of ozone gas and is equal to

6.023*1023 numbers.

       For 100% conversion of 1 mole of ozone gas molecules in to ionized oxygen ions by

visible light interaction, there results in 6.023*1023 ions of nascent oxygen ions.

       In Ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell there results 6.023*1023 number of

electrons that flow through the external circuit due to adsorption of Na+1 ions on cathode and O-2

ions adsorbed on anode.

       The current in the circuit due to flow of n number of electrons with charge q in time t is

given by I = nq/t.




                                                  7
External current produced in Ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell due to flow of

6.023*1023 number of electrons through the external circuit which in turn is due to adsorption of

Na+1 ions on cathode and O-2 ions adsorbed on anode is given by

I = nq/t = (6.023*1023*1.602*10-19)C/s = 96488.46 Amp

I = 5789307.60 Amp/minute

P = 5789307.60 W/min, for open circuit voltage of 1 V (Note that open circuit voltage is

approximate value and can be lower or higher for the circuit).

P = 5789307.60*60 W/hr

P = 3.47*108 W/hr for 1 mole of ozone gas enclosed in a 10 sq foot of electrolytic cell area.

P = 3.47*108*1.0764*106 W/(hr-sq.km)

P = 3.47*108*1.0764*106*12*30 W/ (hr-sq.km) in one month for ozone and NaCl based

electrolytic solar cell working for 12 hours for one month.

       The maximum theoretical output power for 100% dissociation of ozone gas molecules by

visible light and also due to adsorption of Na+1 ions on cathode and O-2 ions adsorbed on anode

would be 1.34*1017 W/(hr-sq km) in one month.

2.4 Important information about the feasibility with respect to cost of ozone and NaCl

   based electrolytic solar cell.

   1. 1 mole of ozone gas can be enclosed in 10 sq.foot area of panel (electrolytic cell).

   2. For 1 sq.km area of solar panel (electrolytic cell area) 1.0764*106 moles of gas is

       required.

   3. For ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell with 1sq.km area of solar panel and with

       100% dissociation of ozone gas in to oxygen and nascent oxygen ion 1.0764*106 moles

       of ozone gas is required per second.



                                                8
4. For solar cell working for 12 hours for one month the ozone gas required is

        1.0764*106*60*60*12 *30 = 1.3954*1012 moles in one month.

   5. 1mole of gas weighs 0.057997 kg.

   6. 1.3954*1012 moles of gas weighs 8.0929*1010 kg.

   7. 1 unit of carona discharge ozone generator produces 100 pounds of ozone gas per day =

        45.3 kg/day = 1359 kg per month.

   8.   Approximate units of carona discharge ozone generator required are 8.0929*1010/1359 =

        6*107 units.

   9. The cost of the one unit of Carona discharge ozone generator is USD 29,000. The power

        consumed by the each unit is 50W.

   10. To produce power output 1.34*1017 W/(hr-sq km) in one month the ozone gas required

        would be 1.3954*1012 moles i.e 8.0929*1010 kg of ozone gas in one month. The authors

        of this paper earlier thought that 1.3954*1012 moles i.e 8.0929*1010 kg of ozone gas

        would not be produced effectively with respect to the cost, time and input power.

   11. But in real case the total power consumed/demand for example in India is four orders of

        magnitude less than that of the maximum theoretical output power of ozone and NaCl

        based electrolytic solar cell. This made the authors to rethink about the feasibility of the

        ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell and the authors found that the above novel

        solar cell is feasible with respect to the cost, time and input power. Below the authors

        have presented the feasibility of ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell by

        comparing it with the latest solar cells and also with the conventional method of

        producing electricity (hydro and thermal).

2.4.1 In the case of power produced from conventional method (hydro and thermal)



                                                 9
•   The average consumption of electric power per family in India is 300kW.h in one month.

   •   The total number of families in India is around 2x108 numbers.

   •   The average power consumed in India is 300kW.h x 2x108 = 6x1013W.h in one month.

   •   The total cost consumers bear in India for 300kW.h in one month is around 1500

       Rupees=25USD.

   •   The total cost beared by all the consumers in total in India per month is 25USDx2x108

       =5x109USD.

   •   If we consider total initial investment to be 20% of the total cost beared by all the

       consumers in total in India then the initial investment required would be 1x109USD.

2.4.2 In the case of latest solar cells based on silicon or CIGS solar cells

   •   The cost of solar panel which includes additional accessories with the solar panel is

       around 5 USD/Watt.

   •   The average power consumed in India is 300kW.h x 2x108 = 6x1013W.h in one month.

   •   The total cost (initial investment) required to meet the entire power need of India to

       produce power output 6x1013W.h in one month by establishing solar power plant with

       latest technology would be 5x6x1013 USD =3x1014 USD.

2.4.3 In the case of Ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell

   •   The average power consumed in India is 6x1013W.h in one month.

   •   The maximum theoretical output power for 100% dissociation of ozone gas molecules by

       visible light and also due to adsorption of Na+1 ions on cathode and O-2 ions adsorbed on

       anode would be 1.34*1017 W/(hr-sq km) in one month in the ozone and NaCl based

       electrolytic solar cell.




                                               10
•   8.0929*1010 kg of ozone gas is required to produce the power output 1.34x1017 W/(hr-

    sq.km) in one month in ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell.

•   To produce the 6x1013 W.h of power, around 3.62x107Kg of ozone gas is required in

    month.

•   1 unit of carona discharge ozone generator produces 100 pounds of ozone gas per day =

    45.3 kg/day = 1359 kg per month.

•   The number of carona discharge ozone generators required to meet the entire power

    requirement of India would be 3.62x107/(1359) numbers = approximately 2.67x104

    numbers.

•   The cost of each unit of carona discharge ozone generator is USD 29,000.

•   The cost (initial investment) for producing the ozone gas to produce power output

    6x1013W.h in one month to meet the entire power requirement of India would be

    29000x2.67x104 USD=7.74x108USD.

•   Even if we consider the cost of power consumed to produce the ozone gas in one month,

    cost of fabricating electrolytic solar cell with zinc anode, tungsten cathode, coating of

    gold and platinum on electrodes and also the power consumed to maintain DC voltage to

    be equal to the cost of each unit of carona discharge ozone generator (this would not be

    the case because the power consumed to produce ozone gas would be much less). In such

    case, the total cost to produce the ozone gas and also to fabricate electrolytic solar cell

    would be 7.74x108USD. This also includes the manpower cost and accessories cost.

•   The total initial investment required to produce the power output 6x1013W.h in one

    month      to   meet     the     entire        power   need   of    India     would     be

    7.74x108+7.74x108USD=1.548x109USD.


                                              11
•   The initial investment required for the ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell would

       be five orders (105 times) less than the requirement for the latest solar cells based on

       silicon, CIGS based solar cells to produce the power output of 6x1013W.h in one month

       to meet the entire power requirement of India.

   •   The initial investment required for the ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell would

       be around same as that of conventional method (hydro, thermal) of producing electricity

       to produce the power output of 6x1013W.h in one month to meet the entire power

       requirement of India.

2.5 Important note on advantages:

   1. The area required to set up solar power plant once the technology for ozone and NaCl

       based electrolytic solar cell is developed would be 1 sq. km to produce power output

       6x1013W.h in one month to meet the entire power requirement of India.

   2. In the above estimation the external current produced due to adsorption of Cl- ion at

       anode is not considered, if considered the total power output would be increased, which

       means the above electrolytic solar cell works well.

   3. Please also note that the highest efficiency was reported by Sanyo Company and was

       22.3% efficiency in hetero-junction intrinsic thin film silicon solar (Yasufumi et al.

       (2009)).

   4. In our proposed ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell, the power output may be

       higher than HIT solar cells. The cost would also be much more effective than silicon

       technology for HIT solar cells once the technology for low cost production of ozone is

       developed.




                                               12
5. Other non metals, metals, transition metals and rare earths which are in chloride form and

      get ionized in proper solvent can also be used as the active electrolyte instead of ionic

      solution of NaCl.

   6. Metal hydroxides can also be use as active electrolyte instead of ionic solution of NaCl.

   7. In the case of non metals, metals, transition metals and rare earths which gets adsorbed

      on to the cathode and chloride, oxygen ions which gets adsorbed on to the anode; the

      electrolytic solar cell can be used as rechargeable electrolytic solar cell. Negative pulse

      across the terminals of electrodes results in dispersion of cations and anions in to the

      solvent. The cyclic process continues producing external electric current when oxygen

      atoms present in electrolytic solar cell is transformed in to ozone and consequent photo

      dissociation with visible light. The efficiency/power output depends on the type of the

      active electrolyte used.

3. Conclusions:

      Idea on novel solar cell i.e. ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell is proposed in

   this paper. The working mechanism of proposed solar cell is different from the working

   mechanism of latest solar cells. The maximum theoretical output power for 100%

   dissociation of ozone gas molecules by visible light and also due to adsorption of Na+1 ions

   on cathode and O-2 ions adsorbed on anode would be 1.34*1017 W/(hr-sq km) in one month.

   The initial investment required for the ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell would be

   five orders (105 times) less than the requirement for the latest solar cells based on silicon,

   CIGS based solar cells to produce the power output of 6x1013W.h in one month to meet the

   entire power requirement of India. The initial investment required for the ozone and NaCl

   based electrolytic solar cell would be around same as that of conventional method (hydro,



                                               13
thermal) of producing electricity to produce the power output of 6x1013W.h in one month to

meet the entire power requirement of India.




                                              14
Ref. No: : Eltech/2016-17/QT-5636

To,
   OSMANIA UNIVERSITY                           Date : 29.03.2017
   HYDERABAD-500007,
   TELENGANA STATE,
   INDIA
                     KIND ATTN: DR. SYED MAHBOOB.

Dear Sir,

   Sub : Ozone Generator offer for 2kg/hr capacity.

         We thank you for your enquiry for the ozone generator of 2kg/hr capacity.
We take pleasure in informing you that we have been supplied Ozone Generators and
Ozone Air purifier to almost all parts of India and abroad. We now looking for further
prospects. It will be a great honor for us to be associated with your esteemed organization.

We hope our offer will meet with your approval and looking forward to get the pleasure of
receiving your valued order which can enhance good corporate relationship.

I.TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF THE OZONE GENERATOR PLANT:

1.OZONE GENERATOR.

Capacity of the ozone generator               - 2000 gm/hr.
Ozone concentration                           - 6 to 7% w/w in oxygen.
Cooling of electrodes                         - water cooled
Electrode                                     - High density ceramic
Feed gas                                      - Oxygen gas from Oxygen generator
Feed gas pressure                             - 1.5 to 2.0 bar.
Feed gas(Oxygen) flow rate                     - 15 Nm3/hr
Feed gas quality                               - 92% purity,-60 deg C dew point.
Cooling water flow rate                        - 7.5 m3/hr
Cooling water inlet temperature max            - 25 deg C.
Cooling water outlet temperature                - 28 deg C.
Cooling water quality                           - DM water/soft water
Cooling water pressure                          - 1 to 2 bar.
Power consumption of the ozonator              - 415V, 3phase, 23 KW
Number of modules                              - 20
Capacity of each module                        - 100gm/hr
Quantity                                       - 1 No.
Ref. No: : Eltech/2016-17/QT-5636

2. CHILLER PLANT : TECHNICAL DATA


      Compact Water Chiller                 Model ; I Series 10 T R
Nominal Cooling Capacity                  10 T R
At Water Temperature                      15 Degree C
Ambient Temperature                       35 Degree C
Control Range                             +8 - + 15 Degree C
Ambient Temperature for                   Max.60 Degree C
Compressor
Compressor Drive                          10 K w
Fan Drive                                 1.5 K w
Cooling Agent                             R 22
Process Pump
Max. Flow rate                             125 LPM
Max. Pressure                              3 Bar
Pump Drive                                 4.05 K w
Electric power Supply                      415 V,50Hz,3 Phase
Control Voltage                            230 V,50 Hz
Total Connected Load                       15.3 K w
Tank volume                                250 Liters.
Water Connections
Inlet                                      50 m m
Outlet                                     50 m m
Main Dimensions
LxWxH                                    1750 x 1075 x 1750
Weight                                   850 Kg
Colour                              Frame – Shell white glassy
                                    Door - Pepsi blue stretcher
                                    Heavy bottom frame and grill – jet black
                                    mat.

3. OXYGEN GENERATOR PLANT

Capacity of the Oxygen Generator plant    - 15Nm3/hr
Power supply                               - 230V,50 Hz, single phase.
Oxygen purity                             - 92 to 95 % v/v.
Oxygen pressure                             - 2.0 kg/cm2.
Oxygen dew point temperature              - -60 deg C.
Technology                                 - PSA (Pressure Swing Absorption )
Air flow required                         - 130 CFM at 4.2bar pressure.
Air receiver tank capacity               - 500litres
Ref. No: : Eltech/2016-17/QT-5636

Oxygen receiver capacity                    - 750 litres
Working pressure                            - 4 kg/cm2
Air drier media used                        - Alumina
Media used to removal of nitrogen           - Zeolite molecular sieve
Quantity                                    - 1set

AIR COMPRESSOR:
Air compressor flow rate                    - 130CFM at 4.2 bar pressure
Air Compressor type                         - Non Lube reciprocating water cooled
Compressor Make                             - Ingersolrand pneumatics
Motor power rating                         - 30 HP,415V,3phase
Motor make                                  - Crompton Greaves
Quantity                                   - 1 set

II.CUSTOMER SCOPE OF SUPPLY

1. Unloading and preserving the equipments in the site till installation.
2. Power to the ozone generator panel, chiller panel and oxygen generator panel
through isolation switch.
3. DM water or soft water of 500 litres should be provided at the time of
commissioning.
4. An air conditioned clean dust free area of 11’x11’ to place the ozone generator
plant and another 250sqft area for the oxygen generator plant.
5. The plumbing work for the cooling system, oxygen and ozone gas lines in SS316
should be done under our engineer’s supervision.
6. Service water at below 35degC, 120lpm of flow at 1.5kg/cm2 pressure.


III.COMMERCIAL OFFER:

1. Price: The OEM price after discount of the ozone generator with all the
accessories mentioned in the technical specification is as follows:

S.No. Description of equipments       Quantity     Unit price(Rs)   Total Cost(Rs)
  1.  Ozone generator plant             1 set      21,50,000.00     21,50,000.00
      2kg/hr capacity
  2.  Chiller Plant 10TR Capacity        1 set      6,50,000.00      6,50,000.00
  3.  Oxygen Generator Plant             1 set      23,30,000.00    23,30,000.00
      with oil free non lube water
      cooled air compressor
      Grand Total                                                   51,30,000.00
Ref. No: : Eltech/2016-17/QT-5636

2. Delivery: within 12 to 15 weeks from the date of receipt of the purchase order with
advance payment.

3. Payment:50% as an advance with your purchase order and 50% against
   Proforma Invoice prior to dispatch.

4. Validity: Our offer valid up to 30 days from the date of quotation.

5. Freight: Freight, Transit insurance and Octroi are on customer’s account.

6. Warranty: 15 Months from the date of supply or 12 months from the date of
commissioning whichever is earlier against defects in manufacturing or workmanship
only. All the electrical items like contactors, indicators and electrical motors are
covered under warranty.

7. Installation and commissioning: We shall depute our team at free of cost and the
customer has to bear the boarding & lodging expenses and the local conveyance
expenses.

8. Packing: Packing charges will be extra at 2% of the basic value.

9. Taxes: Exempted from excise duty. CST/VAT Will be charged extra on actual as
applicable at the time of dispatch. At present CST is charged at 2% against C form
or 13.5% CST.

Yours sincerely,

For ELTECH OZONE,


Rajesh Chauhan
9967598809
CURRICULUM VITAE


       i)      Name                        :       Syed Mahboob
       ii)     Father’s Name               :       Syed Yousuf
       iii)    Date of birth               :       25-07-1978
       (iv)    Sex                         :       Male
       (v)     Nationality                 :       Indian
       (vi)    Marital status              :       Single
       (vii)   Languages known             :       English, Hindi, Telugu, Urdu
       (viii) Permanent Address :                  12-11-833/4/114, A. R. Nagar,
                                                   Post New Nallakunta, Hyderabad-
                                                   500 044, Telengana state, India.
                                                   Mob. No. +91-9491052858
       (ix)    E-mail                      :       mahboob1978@yahoo.com


EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION:


Ph.D. (Physics (Materials science)) under supervision of Prof. G. S. Kumar, Awarded Ph.D.
degree in August 2006 by Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telengana state, India.
M.Sc. (Physics with Computational Physics as specialization) in first division with
distinction, during 1998-2000, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telengana state, India,
(Secured 77% of marks).
B.Sc. (Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry) in first division, during 1995-1998, Osmania
University, Hyderabad, Telengana state, India, (Secured 73% of marks).


RESEARCH EXPERIENCE:


   (1) Worked as Junior research fellow in DST project on “Process parameter evaluation
        for smart PTCR sensor materials” for seven months (1-03-02 to 31-08-02).
   (2) Worked as Junior research fellow in DRDO project on “Synthesis and
        characterization of new relaxor ferroelectrics” for two years (01-09-02 to 31-08-04)
        and worked as Senior research fellow in same project till 07-12-05.
   (3) Worked as postdoctoral research associate in Advanced Ceramic Lab, National
        Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 43 Keelung Road, Section 4, Taipei-


                                               1
10672, Taiwan from 1st November 2006 to 31st march 2007. The title of the project
         was “Impedance and microstructural investigations on lead free relaxor
         ferroelectrics prepared through microwave sintering route”.
   (4) Worked as a postdoctoral research associate in Department of semiconductor and
         integration sciences, Graduate school of advanced sciences of matter, Hiroshima
         university, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima-739-8530, Japan from 01-11-
         2007 to 31-10-2009. The title of the project is “Interdisciplinary research on
         integration of semiconductor and biotechnology”.


Experimental techniques known:


   1) Plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition technique (IC-PECVD and CC-
         PECVD).
   2) Mask less lithography technique (Nano system solutions)
   3) Spin coater (TMR 6100)
   4) Thermal and Electron beam evaporation technique
   5) DC sputtering
   6) Dynamic, Atomic and Kelvin force microscopy (Nano Navi and SPA300HV)
   7) IV measurements using Agilent 1500 A semiconductor Device analyzer
   8) Ellipsometry.
   9) X-ray Diffractometer (XRD)
   10) Scanning Electron Microscopy(SEM)
   11) Dielectric     and   Impedance   Measurements    (HP4192A   impedance    Analyzer,
         AUTOLAB PGSTAT 30 Low Frequency Impedance Analyzer)
   12) Poling setup
   13) DC and AC Conductivity (Keithley meter)
   14) Ferroelectric properties using Radiant Technologies RT66A Ferroelectric testing
         system
   15) Electrostrictive strain (SS50 strain measurement system)


Computer skills (software known):


   (i)      Windows (95/98/XP,Vista), Office 2000, 2003, 2007
  (ii)      Origin6.1, XLAT, Powd, FRA software, Kleida, Canvas 9 etc.


                                             2
List of papers published/accepted/communicated:


1) Dielectric properties of BaTiO3 based lead free relaxor prepared through
    Conventional and microwave sintering.
    Syed Mahboob, G. Swaminathan, A. B. Dutta, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, V 326, Issue 1, 2005, 79-84).
2) Degree      of     phase       transition     and     non   Debye          dielectric   relaxation   in
    Ba(NdxTi1-2xNbx)O3 ceramics
    Syed Mahboob, Chandra Prakash, A. R. James, G. Prasad and G. S.                           Kumar
    (Modern Phys. Letts B, V 19 No. 26, Nov 20, 2005, 1335)
3) Electrical conduction in (Na0.125Bi0.125Ba0.65Ca0.1)(Nd0.065Ti0.87Nb0.065)O3 ceramic
    Syed Mahboob, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
   (Bulletin of Materials Science, V 29, N 1, February, 2006, p35)
4) Impedance and AC conductivity studies on Ba(Nd0.2Ti0.6Nb0.2)O3 ceramic prepared
    through conventional and microwave sintering route.
    Syed Mahboob, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
   (Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 29, No. 4, August 2006, pp. 347–355.)
5) Study      of    dielectric     and       impedance    relaxation     in     (Na0.125Bi0.125Ba0.65Ca0.1)
    (Nd0.065Ti0.87Nb0.065)O3 ceramic
    Syed Mahboob, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 99, Issues 2-3, 10 October 2006,
    Pages 276-283)
6) Dielectric behaviour of microwave sintered rare earth doped BaTiO3 ceramics
    Syed      Mahboob,           A.     B.     Dutta,    Chandra       Prakash,      G.    Swaminathan,
    S.V. Suryanarayana, G. Prasad, G. S. Kumar.
   (Materials       Science           and     Engineering:     B, Volume           134,     Issue    1, 25
    September 2006, Pages 36-40)
7) Impedance spectroscopy and conductivity studies on B site modified Na0.5Bi0.5NdxTi1-
    2xNbxO3   ceramics
    Syed Mahboob, G Prasad and G S Kumar
    (Journal of Materials Science, Springer US, vol. 42, no. 24, 2007,
    pp. 10275-10283)
8) Polarization reversal and electromechanical studies on Ba(NdxTi1-2xNbx)O3 dielectric
    relaxor ceramics prepared through conventional and microwave sintering route,


                                                   3
Syed Mahboob, G Prasad and G S Kumar
    (Modern Physics Letters B, Vol. 21, No. 13 (2007) 807-816)
9) Dielectric, Electromechanical and Ferroelectric Properties of (Na0.5Bi0.5) (NdxTi1-
    2xNbx)O3   Relaxor Ceramics
    Syed Mahboob, G Prasad and G S Kumar
   (Modern Physics Letters B, Volume: 22 No: 13 Year: 2008 pp. 1343-1355)
10) Electrical detection of Si-tagged proteins on HF-last p-Si(100) and thermally
    grown SiO2 surfaces
    (Published as proceedings of AWAD-2008, Kaderu27 (Sapporo), Japan (2008), p-
    155)
11) Surface Potential Changes Induced by Physisorption of Si-tagged Protein A on HF-
    last Si(100) and Thermally grown SiO2 Surfaces
    S. Mahboob, K. Makihara, A. Ohta, S. Higashi, Y. Hata, A. Kuroda and               S.
    Miyazaki, (ECS Transactions, 19 (22) 35-43 (2009))
12) Dielectric     relaxor   ceramics   –   solid   solution   of   Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3   with
    Ba(Nd0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1)O3
    Syed Mahboob, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, 445:172–181, (2013))
13) Dielectric, Ferroelectric, Electromechanical and Impedance studies on Na0.5-xKxBi0.5-
    xDyxTiO3     Ceramics.
    Syed Mahboob, G Prasad, and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, 445:182–195 (2013))
14) Electrical and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study on (Na0.5-xKxBi0.5-xNdx)TiO3
    ceramics
    Syed Mahboob, G Prasad, Chen-Chia Chou and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, 445:161–171 (2013))
15) A new equation to completely describe the dielectric and impedance behaviour of
    Ba(NdxTi1-2xNbx)O3 relaxor ferroelectric compounds with frequency and temperature
    simultaneously.
    Syed Mahboob and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, V474, Issue 1, p 74-82 (2015))
16) Temperature and stress induced electromechanical coupling in relaxor ferroelectric
    compounds
    Syed Mahboob, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar


                                            4
(Ferroelectrics, V481, Issue 1, p 89-97 (2015))
17) Characterization       of     piezoelectric      ceramic      [Ba(Nd0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1)O3]0.40-
    [Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3]0.40[CaTiO3]0.20
    Syed Mahboob, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, V482, Issue 1, p 121-128 (2015))
18) Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of microwave sintered Ba1-xRexTiO3 ceramics
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, V486, Issue 1, p 175-183 (2015))
19) Modified Lorentz and Gauss Equations to describe the dielectric behaviour of Sr1-
    2xNaxNdxBi4Ti4O15    Normal Ferroelectric Compounds
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana and G. S. Kumar
    (Integrated Ferroelectric, V167, Issue 1, p 115-122 (2015))
20) Idea on novel solar cell i.e. ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell; its
    advantages and limitations

    Syed Mahboob and G. S. Kumar
    (Researchgate, September 2015)
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/282209080_Idea_on_novel_solar_cell_i.e._o
    zone_and_NaCl_based_electrolytic_solar_cell_its_advantages_and_limitations
21) Modified Lorentz equation to describe the resonance and anti-resonance behaviour of
    piezoelectric ceramics
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics V494, Issue 1, 84–93 (2016)
22) Feasibility of ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell with respect to cost
    Syed Mahboob and G. S. Kumar
    (Researchgate, February 2016)
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/296153981_Feasibility_of_ozone_and_NaC
    l_based_electrolytic_solar_cell_with_respect_to_cost
23) Next generation solar cell i.e. ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell; its design,
    working mechanism, theoretical power output, feasibility and advantages
    Syed Mahboob and G. S. Kumar
    (Researchgate, May 2016)




                                             5
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303016549_Next_generation_solar_cell_ie_
    Ozone_and_NaCl_based_electrolytic_solar_cell_its_design_working_mechanism_the
    oretical_power_output_feasibility_and_advantages
24) Dielectric, impedance and electromechanical studies on [Ba(Nd0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1)O3]1-
    y[Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3]y   relaxor ceramics prepared through conventional and microwave
    sintering route.
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, V 506, Issue 1, 63-75, 2017)
25) Study of dielectric and resonance and anti-resonance property of dielectric relaxor
    ceramic: [Ba(Nd0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1)O3]0.40 [Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3]0.50 [CaTiO3]0.10
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, V 506, Issue 1, 184-192, 2017)
26) Modelling of the resonance and anti-resonance behaviour in free and clamped state of
    [Ba(Nd0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1)O3]1-x[(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3]x piezoelectric ceramics
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, V 507, Issue 1, 102-108, 2017)
27) Modeling     of    dielectric   behavior       using   modified   Lorentz   equation   for
    Ca0.1Sr0.9R0.1Bi1.9Ta2O9 (R=Nd, Pr & La) ceramics
    Rizwana, Syed Mahboob, and P.Sarah
    (Ferroelectrics, V 510, Issue 1, 87-94, 2017)
28) Dielectric relaxor, Impedance relaxor, PTCR and Electromechanical Effects in
    Multifunctional Ceramic: [Ba(Nd0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1)O3]0.65[Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3]0.25 [BaZrO3]0.10
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, Volume: 514, Issue: 01, pages 43 – 49, 2017)
29) Impedance and electromechancial studies on Ca0.1Sr0.9LaxBi2-xTa2O9 ceramics
    Rizwana, Syed Mahboob and P.Sarah
    (Ferroelectrics, Volume: 524, Issue: 01, pages 95 – 101, 2018)
30) Studies on [Ba(Nd0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1)O3]0.40[Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3]0.50[CaTiO3]0.10 ceramic for
    transducer application
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, Volume: 524, Issue: 01, pages 201 – 207, 2018)
31) Dielectric, Impedance relaxation and DC resistivity studies on microwave sintered
    Ba1-xRexTiO3(Re = Nd&Pr) ceramics using 5% SiO2 as sintering aid.
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar


                                               6
(Ferroelectrics, Volume: 526, Issue: 01, pages 46-54, 2018)
32) Electromechancial coupling studies on Sr1-2xNaxNdxBi4Ti4O15 compounds in free and
    clamped-state for transducer application
    Rizwana, Syed Mahboob and P.Sarah
    (Ferroelectrics, Volume: 526, Issue: 01, pages 55-60, 2018)
33) Electromechanical and AC conductivity studies on Na(0.5-x)KxBi(0.5-x)DyxTiO3
    piezoelectric ceramics.
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Ferroelectrics, Volume: 526, Issue: 01, pages 61-67, 2018)
34) AC And DC Conductivity Due To Hopping Mechanism In Double Ion Doped
    Ceramics
    Rizwana, Syed Mahboob and P. Sarah
    (AIP Conf. Proc. 1952, 020080-1–020080-9, 2018)
35) Simulation of dielectric and impedance data using modified Lorentz equation in
    accordance with experimental data on Ca0.1Sr0.9LaxBi2-xTa2O9 ceramics
    Rizwana , Syed Mahboob and P.Sarah
    (Accepted for publication in Ferroelectrics, 2018)
36) Enhanced     dielectric   and   piezoelectric   properties   in   microwave   sintered
    (Ba0.997Nd0.003)TiO3 ceramic when compared to conventional sintered ceramic
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Accepted for publication in Bulletin of materials science, 2018)
37) Simulation of dielectric and resonance & anti-resonance data using modified Lorentz
    equation (T & ω simultaneously) of relaxor ferroelectric and piezoelectric ceramics
    Syed Mahboob, Rizwana, G. Prasad and G. S. Kumar
    (Communicated to Bulletin of materials science in May 2018)




                   Papers / Posters presented at Symposia/Conferences:


1) Effect of rare-earth ions on electrical properties of BaTiO3 ceramics.
    (Presented at NSFD-XII, IISC, Bangalore, India, December 2002)
2) Effect of microwave sintering on the electrical properties of rare-earth doped BaTiO3
    ceramics



                                           7
(Presented at National Seminar On Advances in Materials and Processing
     Technologies, held at Department of Physics, Osmania University,
     Hyderabad, February 2003)
3) Dielectric properties of BaTiO3 based lead free relaxor prepared through
     Conventional and microwave sintering.
     Syed Mahboob, G. Swaminathan, A. B. Dutta, G. S. Kumar, G. Prasad.
     (Presented at AMF-4, IISc, Bangalore, India, December 2003, published               in
     Ferroelectric Journal, 2005 (FER 326 131818)).
4) Dielectric     relaxor    ceramics    –   solid    solution   of   Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3   with
     Ba(Nd0.1Ti0.8Nb0.1)O3
     (NSFD-XIII, University of Delhi, Delhi, India, November 2004, Published as
     proceedings of NSFD-XIII, Ferroelectrics and Dielectrics, Edited by R. P.
     Tandon, Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, ISBN: 81-7764-701-6, 101)
5) Effect of heterovalent substitution of Nd and Nb at B-site on the dielectric and
     electrical properties of (Na0.5Bi0.5)(NdxTi1-2xNbx)O3 ceramics
     (Presented at ISRS-2004, IITM, Chennai, India, December 2004)
6)    Electrical detection of Si-tagged proteins on HF-last p-Si(100) and thermally
     grown SiO2 surfaces
     (Presented at 2008-Asia pacific workshop on fundamentals and applications of
     advanced semiconductor devices (AWAD), Kaderu27 (Sapporo), Japan, July
     2008, Published as proceedings of AWAD-2008, Kaderu27 (Sapporo), Japan
     (2008), p-155)
7)   Surface potential changes induced by physisorption of silica binding protein-Protein
     on thermally grown SiO2/Si(111) surface
     (Presented at JSAP spring meeting-2009 at Tsukuba University, Tsukuba)




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