Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

1 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. 1) Survey data and company results suggest that growth in the US beauty market has been polarized, with lower-price retailers and beauty specialist stores having won share. 2) Millennials’ frugal shopping habits and desire for quality experiences look to be driving this trend. 3) Survey data from Prosper Insights & Analytics suggest that Walmart and Target have grown their beauty shopper numbers in recent years. Sephora and Ulta have grown fast, too.

4) Surveys show that Amazon is the fifth-most-popular retailer for skincare and cosmetics and the top online destination for beauty. 5) A key lesson for beauty retailers is one that applies across a number of sectors in which rivals are competing with Amazon: either cultivate a convincing category specialty or focus on low prices. Deep Dive: Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing— Sephora, Ultaand Amazon Carving Greater Share DeborahWeinswig Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

2 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Table of Contents Executive Summary . 3 Introduction: Changing Shopping Habits . . 4 Charting Channel Shifts: Specialist Retailers Overtake Department Stores as America’s Favorite Beauty Stores . . 5 Where Consumers Shop: Walmart, Target and Amazon Are Highly Popular . . 6 Young Consumers Overindex at Value and Specialist Retailers . 8 In Focus: Ulta and Sephora Dominate Specialist Retailing . . 11 Ulta and Sephora Growing Strongly . . 12 Why Consumers Shop at Ulta and Sephora . . 13 In Focus: E-Commerce and Amazon . . 14 Focusing on Amazon, the Most Popular Online Destination for Beauty and Personal Care Products . . 16 Key Takeaways . . 19 Further Reading from FGRT . . 19

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

3 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Executive Summary In the US, younger consumers appear to be driving shifts in the beauty retail landscape. • Lower-price retailers such as Walmart and Target have grown their share of beauty shoppers, according to surveys by Prosper Insights & Analytics, and younger shoppers are much more likely than older generations to shop for beauty products at Target. • Specialist chains Sephora and Ulta have grown sales fast, too. They are increasing their store footprints and have upped their share of beauty shoppers—and young shoppers significantly overindex at these chains.

These shifts suggest a polarization of growth in the US beauty retail market. According to Prosper surveys, lower prices are a strong motivator for shopping for health and beauty products at Walmart, Target and Amazon, and price is the most important factor overall when consumers are deciding where to buy such products. By contrast, the top three reasons consumers shop for health and beauty items at Ulta are selection, quality and promotions and the top reasons they shop at Sephora are quality, selection and brands available, according to Prosper surveys.

The strong price appeal of Amazon suggests that it could, in time, disrupt the growth in shopper numbers that lower-price, store-based retailers have enjoyed. By shopper numbers, Amazon is the fifth-most-popular retailer for skincare and cosmetics purchases, according to Prosper, and it is the most popular online retailer for beauty, per A.T. Kearney. Survey data suggest that some drugstores and department stores overindex among older shoppers. To attract younger shoppers, these retailers could consider strengthening their entry-level beauty ranges, introducing or bolstering beauty loyalty programs and, where practical, offering in-store beauty services.

Source: iStockphoto

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

4 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Introduction: Changing Shopping Habits Consumers are changing where they shop for beauty products—and not just because e-commerce has grown and provided them with more choices. In this report, we outline the polarization of growth in store-based beauty retailing, which is similar to the trend we have seen in other segments, such as fashion. Consumer surveys indicate that value-positioned retailers such as Target have picked up shoppers, while specialized retailers such as Sephora have grown sales strongly.

A key takeaway for those retailers selling beauty products is a concept that is applicable across categories: either specialize convincingly or focus on low prices—because the middle ground is increasingly served by Amazon. Figure 1. US: Polarization of Growth in the Beauty Market Source: FGRT We perceive younger consumers as driving these shifts toward value- positioned and specialist retailers, for two main reasons: • Millennials tend to be frugal shoppers, shopping around, looking for deals and cutting coupons to save money. As a result, they typically spend less per person on beauty and personal care products than do older generations. At the same time, many younger consumers appreciate quality shopping experiences, and Sephora engages very successfully with younger consumers. We covered these issues in a previously published report, Millennials Series: Millennials and Beauty.

• Drugstores such as CVS and Walgreens remain prominent retailers for beauty products, but older consumers are much more likely than younger ones to buy beauty items at these stores. In the following sections of this report, we analyze the channel shifts we have seen in terms of beauty purchases, examine where consumers shop for beauty products and why, explore the growth of Sephora and Ulta, and discuss the rise of e-commerce and Amazon in beauty. Consumer surveys indicate that value-positioned retailers have picked up shoppers, while specialized retailers have grown sales strongly.

Strong Value Credendals: Walmart, Target Convincing Specializadon: Sephora, Ulta Amazon

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

5 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Charting Channel Shifts: Specialist Retailers Overtake Department Stores as America’s Favorite Beauty Stores We begin by charting the broad view of sector share in the US beauty and personal care market. This illustrates the growth of e-commerce, but also the rise of specialist retailers, such as Sephora and Ulta, between 2011 and 2016.

• Beauty specialist stores grew their total market share from 12.0% to 14.3% between 2011 and 2016. The specialist sector looks to be on the cusp of overtaking drugstores to become the second-biggest channel, behind supermarkets. • Internet retailing’s market share grew from 5.6% to 8.4% over the same period. This figure includes beauty and personal care e- commerce sales made by all types of retailers. The data for the various other channels charted below represent offline sales only. Figure 2. US: Sales Distribution of Beauty and Personal Care Goods, 2011 vs. 2016 (%) All Internet retail sales are included in the Internet retailing figures. Source: Euromonitor International Drilling down to the core beauty category of color cosmetics, beauty specialist retailers grew share consistently in the five years ended 2016. The specialist sector overtook department stores in terms of sales values in 2015 and now accounts for more than one-fifth of color cosmetics sales. 13.4 11.8 6.7 6.1 5.6 8.4 9.9 9.9 14.1 13.5 12.0 14.3 15.1 14.5 23.2 21.5 2011 2016 Grocery Retailers Drugstores Beauty Specialists Mass Merchandisers Department Stores Internet Retailing Direct Selling All Others Beauty specialists look to be on the cusp of overtaking drugstores to become the second-biggest beauty retail channel, behind supermarkets. Within the core beauty category of color cosmetics, the specialist sector overtook department stores in terms of sales values in 2014.

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

6 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Figure 3. US: Sales Distribution of Color Cosmetics, Selected Channels (%) All Internet retail sales are included in Internet retailing. *Offline sales only Source: Euromonitor International Where Consumers Shop: Walmart, Target and Amazon Are Highly Popular In this section, we turn to specific retailers, and we chart data from Prosper Insights & Analytics that show where consumers say they shop most often for skincare and cosmetics products. It should be noted that respondents could choose only one option and so these data do not take into account secondary destinations used for additional or top-up shopping. • Walmart is by far the top retailer among consumers asked by Prosper where they shop most often for skincare and cosmetics. Source: Walmart.com 20.5 18.0 10.7 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Beauty Specialist Stores* Department Stores* Internet Retailing When asked by Prosper where they shop most often for skincare and cosmetics, survey respondents named Walmart much more often than any other retailer.

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

7 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. • Drugstores are popular skincare and cosmetics shopping destinations, too, although they are more popular among older consumers. • Neither Sephora nor Ulta feature in the top five retailers named by those asked where they shop most often for skincare and cosmetics, perhaps suggesting that they are a secondary destination for some consumers. As we show later, these average figures conceal significantly higher rates of shopping at Sephora and Ulta among younger consumers.

Figure 4. US: Retailers Shopped at Most Often for Skincare and Cosmetics Products, July 2017 (%) Base: 7,266 US Internet users ages 18+. Respondents could select only one option. Source: Prosper Insights & Analytics Source: iStockphoto Trend data for the 2010–2017 period bear out the concept of a polarization in US beauty retailing, with lower-price players and specialists seeing general upward trends: Target, Sephora and Ulta have each seen their shopper numbers grow significantly, according to Prosper. We exclude 27.6% 8.4% 8.2% 5.7% 3.3% 2.8% 1.9% 1.7% 1.5% 1.4% Target, Sephora and Ulta have each seen their shopper numbers grow significantly.

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

8 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Walmart from the graph below because its scale relative to the other retailers shown proves overbearing, but, according to survey data, Walmart grew from being the most-often-shopped store for skincare and cosmetics for 24.3% of consumers in 2010 to 27.6% in 2017. Figure 5. US: Selected Stores Shopped at Most Often for Skincare and Cosmetics Products (%) Base: Between 5,653 and 9,009 US Internet users ages 18+ surveyed in July of each year. Respondents could select only one option.

Source: Prosper Insights & Analytics The nature of general merchandise retailers such as Walmart and Target means that we do not have robust category-level sales data for them. In the absence of such indicators, we think consumer survey data such as those shown above are the best guide to performance at general merchandisers. However, according to TABS Analytics data published in March 2017, Walmart enjoyed a 19.4% share of the personal care market and Target a 12.8% share. Young Consumers Overindex at Value and Specialist Retailers Younger consumers look to be driving the switch to value retailers and specialists. Prosper’s data show that 18–34-year-olds are much more likely than older consumers to shop most often for skincare and cosmetics at Target, Sephora and Ulta. In addition: • Younger consumers are turning to Macy’s in smaller numbers than older age groups are.

• Yet it is apparent that younger consumers are not switching away from general merchandise retailers overall: Walmart and Target are very popular among 18–34-year-old beauty shoppers, confirming that many millennials opt for low-price retailers in the beauty category. • Older consumers are more likely than younger consumers to shop most often for skincare and cosmetics at drugstore chains such as CVS and Walgreens. 5.3% 5.7% 6.8% 7.7% 8.7% 7.7% 8.4% 8.2% 0.5% 0.6% 0.8% 1.2% 1.2% 1.7% 1.7% 2.8% 0.7% 0.8% 0.6% 0.6% 1.0% 1.4% 1.5% 1.5% (1.0%) 1.0% 3.0% 5.0% 7.0% 9.0% 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Target Ulta Sephora Walmart and Target are very popular beauty shopping destinations among 18–34-year- olds, confirming that many millennials opt for low-price retailers in the beauty category.

Channel Shifts in US Beauty Retailing-Sephora, Ulta and Amazon

9 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Figure 6. US: Stores Shopped at Most Often for Skincare and Cosmetics Products, by Age Group, July 2017 (%) Base: 7,266 US Internet users ages 18+. Respondents could select only one option. Source: Prosper Insights & Analytics So, why do consumers choose these retailers? Below, we chart the top five reasons shoppers cite when asked why they shop most often for health and beauty products at various selected retailers (note that this question covers a broader category than the beauty survey cited above): • Price is a strong motivator for shopping at Walmart, Target and Amazon, and it is the most important factor overall. • The strong appeal of price at Amazon suggests that it could, in time, disrupt the growth in shopper numbers that lower-price, store-based retailers have enjoyed.

28.0% 7.1% 11.2% 4.6% 3.6% 3.8% 1.2% 1.6% 3.1% 1.6% 28.2% 8.7% 8.4% 5.1% 3.2% 3.0% 2.3% 1.8% 1.2% 1.5% 26.8% 9.1% 5.5% 7.4% 3.0% 1.9% 2.1% 1.7% 0.5% 1.2% Walmart CVS Target Walgreens Amazon Ulta Macy’s Rite Aid Sephora Kroger 18–34 35–54 55+ Price is a strong motivator for shopping at Walmart, Target and Amazon, and it is the most important factor overall. Source: iStockphoto

10 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. • Selection is a major driver for shoppers at Target, Amazon, Ulta and Sephora. • Only Ulta and Sephora stand out in terms of the “brands available” option. • We chart fuller data later in this report for Ulta, Sephora, Amazon and Walmart. Figure 7. US: Reasons for Shopping Most Often at Selected Retailers for Health and Beauty Aids, November 2016 Base: 7,206 US Internet users ages 18+ Source: Prosper Insights & Analytics 36.9% 51.5% 52.2% 44.0% 26.4% 52.1% 74.5% 65.4% 24.9% 32.0% 46.2% 60.1% 76.6% 51.2% 52.7% 30.7% 27.1% 64.7% 9.2% 79.3% 31.1% 32.8% 63.8% 60.1% 79.9% 26.5% 20.5% 56.4% 50.7% 90.4% 24.6% 27.2% 48.3% 48.5% 68.7% Brands Available Quality Selecdon Locadon Price All Adults 18+ Walmart Target Amazon Ulta Sephora Macy’s

11 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. In Focus: Ulta and Sephora Dominate Specialist Retailing The US beauty specialist sector is highly concentrated, with Ulta and Sephora holding dominant positions. L Brands’ Bath & Body Works is in third place, but its offering focuses more on toiletries and personal care than on beauty categories.

We estimate that Sephora generated between $4.4 billion and $4.9 billion in US revenues in 2016. These estimates are based on company filings and 2016 statements by LVMH management (LVMH owns Sephora) that Sephora contributed “around 40%” and “about 45%” of the company’s total US revenues. At the upper end of these estimates, Sephora would be broadly in line with Ulta, which generated $4.85 billion in revenues in the year ended January 2017. Figure 8. US: Net Revenues of Leading Beauty Specialist Retailers, 2016 USD Bil.

Ulta* $4.85 Sephora (Est.) $4.4–$4.9 Bath & Body Works* $3.85 *Fiscal years ended January 2017 Source: S&P Capital IQ/company reports/FGRT Source: iStockphoto The US beauty and personal care specialist sector is highly concentrated.

12 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Ulta and Sephora Growing Strongly As we chart below, Ulta has posted very impressive revenue growth in recent years, with total sales growth supported by double-digit comps and new store openings. The general trend since early 2015 has been for revenue growth to strengthen. Figure 9. Ulta: Total and Comparable Sales Growth (%) Source: Company reports Banner-level disclosure is limited for LVMH-owned Sephora, but LVMH has shared the following details: • In its first-half 2017 earnings call, LVMH management noted double- digit sales growth for Sephora worldwide.

• In the first quarter of 2017, LVMH noted “particular strength” for Sephora in North America. • LVMH pointed to Sephora’s “particularly remarkable performance” in the US in 2016. • In its first-half 2016 earnings call, LVMH more specifically noted double-digit comps for Sephora in the US market. Sephora and Ulta are both capitalizing on growing demand to expand their physical presence: • Sephora has 357 stand-alone US stores, according to the company’s website (accessed on July 28). In addition, Sephora has 574 shops inside JCPenney stores, again per the company’s website. In April 2017, JCPenney announced plans to open a further 70 Sephora shops in its department stores and to expand 32 existing shops-in-shops. • Sephora opened a flagship store in Boston in the first half of 2017 and it will open a store at the World Trade Center in New York in the second half of the year.

• Ulta had 990 stores at the end of the first quarter of 2017 (latest); the figure was up 12% year over year. Across 2017, Ulta plans to open around 100 new stores and remodel 11 others. 21.6 19.4 22.1 21.1 23.7 21.9 24.2 24.6 22.5 11.4 10.1 12.8 12.5 15.2 14.4 16.7 16.6 14.3 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 1Q15 2Q15 3Q15 4Q15 1Q16 2Q16 3Q16 4Q16 1Q17 Total Comps

13 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Why Consumers Shop at Ulta and Sephora Earlier, we discussed the top reasons consumers cite for shopping at a range of beauty retailers. In this section, we look in more detail at the reasons they shop for health and beauty products at Sephora and Ulta, using data from the Prosper monthly consumer survey conducted in November 2016: • Price ranks relatively low as a consideration for shoppers at each chain, in contrast to it being the top consideration for health and beauty shoppers overall.

• Ulta narrowly beats Sephora on selection, promotions and price. Ulta’s strength in promotions may reflect its very popular loyalty program and its bonus points offers, while its strength in price is likely due in part to its entry-level product offerings. • Sephora enjoys a lead in terms of quality and brands available— perhaps reflecting demand for Sephora’s own brand. Figure 10. US: Reasons for Shopping Most Often at Ulta and Sephora for Health and Beauty Aids, November 2016 Sample size: Sephora customers: N = 101; Ulta customers: N = 148 Source: Prosper Insights & Analytics 18.0% 20.0% 13.2% 16.0% 28.3% 17.4% 32.3% 26.7% 21.0% 52.1% 24.9% 32.0% 32.9% 74.5% 65.4% 11.9% 13.8% 14.4% 16.2% 18.9% 20.0% 23.4% 26.2% 30.6% 46.2% 51.2% 52.7% 58.0% 60.1% 76.6% Store Experience Easy to Navigate Website Store Layout Knowledgeable Sales People Trustworthy Retailer Store Appearance Service Unique Products Frequent Shopper Card Brands Available Locadon Price Promodons Quality Selecdon Ulta Sephora Ulta narrowly beats Sephora for selection, promotions and price.

14 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. In Focus: E-Commerce and Amazon E-commerce’s share of beauty and personal care sales will rise to 8.9% in 2017 from 8.4% in 2016, according to Euromonitor International estimates. E-commerce is a high-growth channel for beauty sales, but it captures a lower share of sales in beauty than it does in apparel, total nonfood retailing and even total retailing. We chart e-commerce penetration data for a number of categories below.

We see beauty underindexing online due to a number of reasons: • The low purchase prices for everyday products may not justify shipping costs. • Consumers may want to test and try beauty products before buying them. • Some beauty and personal care purchases are made as part of grocery shopping trips—and e-commerce has captured only a tiny share of the grocery market. Due to this relative underindexing, we see greater long-term growth opportunities in beauty e-commerce than in some more mature e- commerce categories.

Figure 11. US: E-Commerce’s Estimated Share of Retail Sales in Selected Categories, 2016 (%) *Excluding food service, motor vehicles and parts, and automotive fuel **Based on stripping out food and beverage sales only; other grocery categories were included. Source: Kantar Worldpanel/US Census Bureau/US Bureau of Economic Analysis/Euromonitor International/FGRT 1.4 8.4 10.8 14.6 15.5 E-commerce captures a lower share of sales in beauty than it does in apparel, total nonfood retailing and even total retailing.

15 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. The minor share of beauty category sales captured by e-commerce does not reflect low online shopping participation rates, according to Prosper’s July 2017 survey, as: • Some 45% of US consumers surveyed said that they buy the core beauty categories of skincare and cosmetics online. • Among 18–34-year-olds, that percentage rises to 60%. • Some 48% of 35–54-year-olds buy skincare or cosmetics products online. The share falls to 29% among those aged 55 or over. Rather, the overall low share captured by e-commerce reflects the fact that the online channel tends to account for a minority of total spending among online shoppers. The chart below shows how much respondents say they spend online out of their total skincare and cosmetics spending. We pick out the 18–34-year-old age group, as it is the most important segment for online beauty retailing. Almost half of 18–34-year-olds purchase between 1% and 50% of their skincare and cosmetics online. Only 14% of that age group makes more than half of their purchases online. Source: iStockphoto Figure 12. US: Proportion of Skincare and Cosmetics Products Purchased Online, July 2017 (%) Base: 7,266 US Internet users ages 18+ Source: Prosper Insights & Analytics The overall low share captured by e-commerce reflects the fact that the online channel tends to account for a minority of total spending among online shoppers.

13.3% 11.0% 9.3% 5.4% 3.0% 2.5% 15.7% 16.8% 13.5% 7.9% 3.5% 2.5% 1% to 10% 11% to 25% 26% to 50% 51% to 75% 76% to 99% 100% All Adults 18+ 18–34

16 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Focusing on Amazon, the Most Popular Online Destination for Beauty and Personal Care Products So, how big is Amazon in the online beauty space? It is a question many will want an answer to, but there are few concrete indicators of US retailers’ online market shares. In February 2017, research firm 1010data published its estimates of online beauty market shares, and the research places Amazon’s marketplace of third-party sellers as by far the biggest online seller of beauty products in 2016. The combined online market share for Amazon’s third-party and first-party sales was 35.5% in 2016, according to 1010data. Macy’s and Sephora were in second and third places, respectively.

Figure 13. US: Retailers’ Shares of Online Beauty Sales, 2016 (%) Market share based on the fragrance, face makeup, eye makeup, lip makeup and nailcare categories. 3P = third-party sellers; 1P = first-party sales Source: 1010data While these figures may provide some guidance as to retailers’ online market shares, we think that there are reasons for treating them with some caution: • The stated share for Ulta looks somewhat low to us. 1010data puts the 2016 online beauty market size at $1.2 billion, and Ulta reported total e-commerce sales (including any nonbeauty category sales) of $345 million in 2016. Even if only 50% of Ulta’s online sales were in the categories included in 1010data’s definition of the market, the retailer would have enjoyed an approximate 14% share of the $1.2 billion online market last year. In fact, just over half of Ulta’s total revenues came from cosmetics in the year ended January 2017; further shares came from adjacent beauty categories such as fragrance and skincare.

• Euromonitor pegged US online sales of color cosmetics alone at $1.7 billion in 2016, versus 1010data’s estimation of $1.2 billion for the total online beauty market size. 1.5 2.7 2.9 3.5 3.9 8.2 14.4 15.0 17.4 21.1 Clinique Neiman Marcus Walmart MAC Cosmedcs Nordstrom Ulta Amazon 1P Sephora Macy’s Amazon 3P The combined online market share for Amazon’s third-party and first-party sales was 35.5% in 2016, according to 1010data.

17 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Indications of category growth rates at Amazon come from analytics firm One Click Retail. For the first quarter of 2017, the firm reported that: • Amazon grew its US health and personal care sales by 30% year over year. • The fastest-growing beauty category for Amazon US was skincare, which was up 90% year over year.

• In the UK, shaving and hair removal products were the highest- growth beauty categories, with sales up 90% year over year. Given the paucity of concrete online market share data, consumer surveys are among the more reliable indicators of various retailers’ popularity. By number of shoppers, Amazon is by far the most popular retailer online for beauty and personal care products in the US, per a 2016 survey by A.T. Kearney, charted below. Sephora and Ulta hold strong positions, too. As noted earlier, Amazon is the fifth-most-popular retailer overall (online or offline) for skincare and cosmetics, per Prosper’s July 2017 survey. Figure 14. US: Most Popular Retail Websites for Searching for and Purchasing Beauty and Personal Care Products Online, October 2016 (%) Base: 800 online shoppers Source: A.T. Kearney Finally, Prosper survey data can show us the reasons consumers opt to buy health and beauty products from Amazon. For comparison, we include data on Walmart, too. Price, selection and the convenience of its website are the top reasons shoppers choose Amazon. The next-most-popular options cited—brands available and easy-to-navigate website—appear to be similar options to the selection and convenience of website choices. 17 17 25 25 33 33 36 37 41 69 eBay JCPenney CVS Walgreens Target Macy’s Walmart Ulta Sephora Amazon Amazon grew its US health and personal care sales by 30% year over year in the first quarter of 2017, according to One Click Retail.

Price, selection and the convenience of its website are the top reasons shoppers choose Amazon, according to a Prosper survey.

18 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Source: Amazon.com Figure 15. US: Reasons for Shopping Most Often at Amazon and Walmart for Health and Beauty Aids, November 2016 Sample size: Amazon customers: N = 246; Walmart customers: N = 1,975 Source: Prosper Insights & Analytics/FGRT 0.6% 50.7% 14.2% 3.9% 10.0% 10.9% 5.6% 2.3% 19.0% 20.5% 3.6% 26.5% 3.3% 56.4% 90.4% 6.0% 9.2% 12.8% 15.1% 16.8% 20.2% 21.4% 23.9% 26.8% 27.1% 28.1% 30.7% 39.0% 64.7% 79.3% Product Subscripdon Service Locadon Promodons Unique Products No-Hassle Return Policy Trustworthy Retailer Service Secure Website Open 24 Hours Quality Easy-to-Navigate Website Brands Available Convenience of Website Selecdon Price Amazon Walmart

19 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Key Takeaways We have seen an apparent polarization of growth in the beauty market, with survey data and company reports suggesting that low-price retailers and convincing beauty specialists have won share. We see millennials’ thrifty behavior and desire for quality experiences as driving this trend. Survey data suggest that some drugstores and department stores overindex among older shoppers. If these types of retailers want to draw in millennials, what can they do? We suggest that they consider strengthening their entry-level ranges, bolstering their beauty loyalty programs and introducing, where practical, in-store beauty services. Further Reading from FGRT Readers may also be interested in the following reports: The Millennials Series: Millennials and Beauty Deep Dive: Gen Z and Beauty—the Social Media Symbiosis Deep Dive: Global Beauty E-Commerce—a Highly Attractive Market Deep Dive: Active M&A in the Beauty Space Fuels Future Growth Beauty Loyalty Programs: Sephora vs. Ulta The 21st-Century Drugstore: US Drugstores Fighting for Share in a Shifting Beauty Market Survey data suggest that some drugstores and department stores overindex among older shoppers.

20 August 19, 2017 Deborah Weinswig, Managing Director, FGRT deborahweinswig@fung1937.com US: 917.655.6790 HK: 852.6119.1779 CN: 86.186.1420.3016 Copyright © 2017 The Fung Group. All rights reserved. Deborah Weinswig, CPA Managing Director FGRT New York: 917.655.6790 Hong Kong: 852.6119.1779 China: 86.186.1420.3016 deborahweinswig@fung1937.com John Mercer Senior Analyst Hong Kong: 2nd Floor, Hong Kong Spinners Industrial Building Phase 1&2 800 Cheung Sha Wan Road, Kowloon Hong Kong Tel: 852 2300 4406 London: 242-246 Marylebone Road London, NW1 6JQ United Kingdom Tel: 44 (0)20 7616 8988 New York: 1359 Broadway, 18th Floor New York, NY 10018 Tel: 646 839 7017 FungGlobalRetailTech.com

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