Driving test as part of the driving examination

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Date of issue:                   Date valid:                     Valid until:
12/12/2013                       13/12/2013                      Until further notice
Statutory basis:
Act on the driving licence (Ajokorttilaki) (386/2011), Section 45 and 53
Directive 2006/126/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
This regulation implements Paragraph B of Annex II to directive 2006/126/EC
Revision details:
Repeals the following regulations
Driving test as part of the driving examinationTRAFI/11079/03.04.03.01/2012




Driving test as part of the driving examination:



CONTENTS




1                TEST ON DRIVING SKILLS AND DRIVING STYLE ......................................... 3
2                ALLOCATION OF TIME ................................................................................. 4
3                EQUIPMENT ................................................................................................ 4
4                VEHICLE...................................................................................................... 4
5                INITIAL DISCUSSION ................................................................................. 5
    5.1          Initial discussion in special manoeuvre test ............................................... 5
    5.2          Initial discussion before driving in traffic ................................................... 5
6                DRIVING ..................................................................................................... 6
7                FEEDBACK DISCUSSION.............................................................................. 7
    7.1          Feedback discussion for passed driving test ............................................... 7
    7.2          Feedback discussion for failed driving test ................................................. 7
    7.3          Manoeuvres test decision ........................................................................... 7
8                MARKS ........................................................................................................ 8
    8.1          Preparation and technical check of the vehicle ........................................... 8
    8.2          Manoeuvres test and task ........................................................................... 8
    8.3          OVERALL ASSESSMENT ............................................................................... 8
     1.             Grading scale ......................................................................................... 8
     2.             Ability to control the vehicle .................................................................. 8
     3.             Showing consideration to cyclists and pedestrians ................................ 9
     4.             Showing consideration to other traffic ................................................... 9
     5.             Anticipation ........................................................................................... 9
     6.             Control of own space ............................................................................. 9
     7.             Subjects of assessment and basic driving skills ....................................10
9                ASSESSMENT OF THE TEST ON DRIVING SKILLS AND DRIVING STYLE ......11
     1.             Passed driving test ...............................................................................11
     2.             Failing a driving test .............................................................................11




Finnish Transport Safety Agency • PL 320, 00101 Helsinki
tel. +358 20 618 500, fax +358 20 618 5095 • Business ID 1031715-9
                                                                                                                      www.trafi.fi
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ANNEXES

Liite 1     Minimum duration ................................................................................. 12
Liite 2     Preparation and technical check of the vehicle in categories AM/120,
            AM/121, A1, A2, A and B ....................................................................... 13
Liite 3     Preparation and technical check of the vehicle in categories B/96, BE,
            C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D and DE ......................................................... 15
Liite   4   Manoeuvres tasks ................................................................................. 16
Liite   5   Manoeuvres test for categories AM/120, A1, A2 and A ......................... 19
Liite   6   Manoeuvres test for categories T, LT, B/96, BE, C1E, CE, D1E and DE ... 34
Liite   7   Basic driving skills in categories AM/121, A1, A2, A and B.................... 45
Liite   8   Basic driving skills in categories B/96, BE, C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D and
            DE ......................................................................................................... 51
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1     TEST ON DRIVING SKILLS AND DRIVING STYLE

With this regulation, the Finnish Transport Safety Agency issues more specific regulations to
driving examiners on the performance of the driving test that constitutes a part of the driving
examination.

The driving test ensures that the applicant has achieved the targets defined in the approved
curriculum for driving instruction: safety, socially and environmentally friendly driving behav-
iour, and the ability to independently and safely apply basic driving skills to various traffic
situations. Another objective of the driving test is to make sure that the applicant is able to
identify and assess risks, and to evaluate his/her own actions and their impact on the safety of
traffic.

Subject to the applicant's consent, may be accompanied by an instructor and, if necessary,
interpreter during the driving test. Other persons may accompany the applicant with the driv-
ing examiner's approval. Representatives of the authorities tasked with monitoring driving
instruction or driving examinations are always entitled to observe driving tests when deemed
necessary.
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2    ALLOCATION OF TIME

The duration of a driving test shall comply with Section 33 of the Government decree on driv-
ing licences (423/2011).

The allocation of time must conform to the minimum times specified in Annex 1.


3    EQUIPMENT

Drivers taking the category AM/120 driving test on a two- or three-wheel moped are required
to wear the following equipment, depending on the vehicle:
    • A correctly secured helmet approved for use in traffic
    • Goggles if necessary
    • The following clothing suitable in operating a moped for increase in safety:
           o jacket and long trousers
           o gloves and footwear

Motorcyclists taking an A1, A2 or A category driving test are required to wear the following
equipment:
   • A correctly secured helmet approved for use in traffic as well as goggles if necessary
   • Trousers intended for motorcycling, equipped with protective knee pads or driving trou-
      sers made of leather
   • A driving jacket intended for motorcycling equipped with elbow and shoulder protection,
      or a driving jacket made of leather
   • Protective driving gloves intended for motorcycling or driving gloves made of leather
   • Sturdy or specially padded footwear

4    VEHICLE

The vehicle used in the test shall comply with the provisions of Section 1 of the Decree of the
Ministry of Transport and Communications on vehicles used in driving examinations, the mark-
ing of training vehicles, and the requirements for retaking the driving test (547/2011).

The vehicle must be of a normal build, and when arriving at the handling or driving test it must
meet the criteria given in the regulations on the build and accessories of vehicles. The driving
examiner is entitled to limit the use of on-board vehicle accessories. The vehicle must have
passed the periodic inspection.
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5     INITIAL DISCUSSION

With the initial discussion, the driving examiner creates the preconditions for a successful
driving test. The driving examiner must make sure that the applicant knows what is expected
of him/her.

If the applicant is taking a driving test immediately after the handling test, there is no need to
repeat things that have already been dealt with.

5.1     Initial discussion in special manoeuvre test

The initial discussion will always cover the following issues:
   • The objectives and key acceptance criteria of the manoeuvres test
   • Instructions to be followed during the manoeuvre test
            o Presentation of the tasks and completion of tasks
            o Number of attempts allowed

5.2     Initial discussion before driving in traffic

The initial discussion will always cover the following issues:
   • The goals of the test and how these are met; explained in the overall assessment
   • Instructions to be followed during the driving test
            o Driving instructions
            o Possibility to ask questions
            o Getting lost and driving in the wrong direction
            o Discussion during the driving test
   • Making notes during the test
   • Duration of the test
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6       DRIVING

Before taking off, the applicant must show that s/he knows how to prepare for safe driving.

    •   Categories AM/120, AM/121, A1, A2, A and B: by complying with the requirements
        listed in Annex 2.
    •   Categories B/96, BE, C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D and DE: by complying with the re-
        quirements listed in Annex 3.

If the preparation and technical check of the vehicle have been carried out in connection with
the special manoeuvres test, these do not have to be repeated if the driving in traffic section of
the test is initiated immediately after the manoeuvres test.

The driving test consists of driving in traffic and a manoeuvres test or manoeuvres tasks.
Categories AM/120 and LT only include a manoeuvres test. Category T only includes a ma-
noeuvres test if the driving examiner considers it necessary.

The manoeuvres tasks must be performed while driving in traffic, in accordance with Annex 4.
Assessment of the manoeuvres tasks forms part of the assessment of driving in traffic.

The manoeuvres test is a separate test performed before driving in traffic, and is required for
categories AM/120, A1, A2 and A, as specified in Annex 5. The manoeuvres tests for categories
T, LT, B/96, BE, C1E, CE, D1E and DE must be performed in accordance with Annex 6.

While driving in traffic, the driving examiner must ensure that:
   • Driving instructions must be issued in a timely and understandable manner
   • Driving is as normal, independent and planned as possible, including:
           o Independent driving tasks
           o Driving according to traffic signs
           o Driving according to instructions
   • The majority of the route must follow roads on which the vehicle category in question is
       normally driven
   • The existing traffic environment must be fully utilised
   • Local knowledge is not a requirement, and getting lost does not constitute an error
   • The examiner must seek to prevent accidents and damage in all situations, even though
       the applicant is considered to be the driver during the driving test
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7     FEEDBACK DISCUSSION

The driving examiner makes the decision to either pass or fail the driving test. The manoeu-
vres test must be assessed and a decision given separately. and passed or failed separately.
The examiner will always inform the applicant of the decisions at the beginning of each feed-
back discussion. The decision is based on the applicant's overall performance.

Feedback is based on the overall assessment carried out by the driving examiner and the
applicant's assessment of his/her own performance. The driving examiner must make sure the
applicant has understood the feedback correctly.

7.1    Feedback discussion for passed driving test

When the applicant passes the driving test, the feedback will contain the following issues:
  • The driving examiner's decision and reasons for it
  • The applicant's strong and weak points, making use of the self-assessment, overall as-
      sessment and their consistency with each other
  • The applicant's ability to improve his/her driving skills, in the form of specific improve-
      ment targets
  • Right to drive with a Certificate of passed driving test
  • The delivery and validity period of the driving licence
  • The practice phase and advanced phase (category B only)

7.2    Feedback discussion for failed driving test

When the applicant fails the driving test, the feedback will contain the following issues:
  • The driving examiner's decision and reasons for it
  • The applicant's strong and weak points, making use of the self-assessment, overall as-
      sessment and their mutual consistency
  • The amount of additional instruction required (1–5 hours). The examiner is not required
      to order additional instruction
  • Possibility to file a claim for rectification of decision




7.3    Manoeuvres test decision

The feedback discussion for a manoeuvres test consists of the following issues:
   • The driving examiner's decision and reasons for it
   • The applicant's strong and weak points with regard to handling
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8     MARKS

All marks for driving tests shall be made on forms E100 and E101 or E102, depending on the
driving test category. Marks related to the assessment of driving tests for categories AM/120,
AM/121, A1, A2, A and B shall be made on form E101. Marks related to the assessment of
categories T, LT, B/96, BE, C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D and DE shall be made on form E102.
No marks are given for driving in traffic for categories AM/121, B, B/96 and BE.

8.1     Preparation and technical check of the vehicle

If the applicant is not capable of preparing the vehicle or performing a technical check, this
must be noted on form E101 or E102, depending on the driving test category.

8.2     Manoeuvres test and task

If the applicant fails in aspects of a manoeuvres test or task, this must be noted on form E101
or E102, depending on the driving test category.

8.3     OVERALL ASSESSMENT

For all driving test categories, the driving examiner must enter his overall assessment on form
E101 or E102. The overall assessment table is not used for categories AM/120, T and LT. The
overall assessments provide the basis for feedback. A poor overall assessment (1) will result in
the driving test being given a failing grade.

1.        Grading scale
5 Excellent, exemplary performance in the area being assessed
4 Good, better than average performance in the area being assessed
3 Satisfactory, average performance in the area being assessed
2 Passable, somewhat weaker than average performance in the area being assessed
1 Poor, clearly insufficient performance in the area being assessed

2.         Ability to control the vehicle
The applicant's ability to control the vehicle, demonstrating a good command of the steering
devices, ability to drive in a smooth and economical manner with constant control over the
vehicle's speed and direction of travel.
   • The applicant prepares the vehicle and performs a technical check in an appropriate
       manner
   • Appropriate use of the lights
   • Appropriate use of the gears
   • Takes the safety of passengers into consideration
   • Takes the space required by others into account in traffic
   • Is capable of controlling the vehicle at driving speed
   • Avoids unnecessary deceleration and stopping
   • The operation of steering devices does not materially detract from concentrating on
       traffic
   • Is in control of the vehicle's direction and the space required by the vehicle
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3.         Showing consideration to cyclists and pedestrians
The applicant follows traffic signs and lights, demonstrating alertness and consideration with
regard to pedestrians and cyclists. The applicant is capable of interaction with cyclists and
pedestrians.
   • Notices and carefully observes the intentions of pedestrians and cyclists at pedestrian
       crossings and intersections, and also when crossing pedestrian crossings or bicycle lane
       extensions when turning
   • Leaves sufficient space for pedestrians and cyclists in head-on and overtaking situations
   • Indicates yielding to pedestrians and cyclists by adjusting the vehicle's speed, stopping
       if necessary, and by hand signs in situations that call for them
   • Is aware of blind spots and takes them into consideration

4.          Showing consideration to other traffic
The applicant's command of interaction with other traffic, demonstrating compliance with
traffic signs and lights, maintaining sufficient distances and acting in a flexible and considerate
manner towards other vehicle traffic.
    • Monitoring other vehicle traffic: is aware of events to his/her front, sides and rear.
         Shows consideration and flexibility in various traffic situations
    • Follows the rules for yielding
    • Interprets the signals given by other traffic correctly and gives appropriate signals
    • Is capable of taking the special characteristics of other traffic into account
    • Is capable of taking traffic approaching from behind into consideration when decelerat-
         ing
    • Maintains a safe distance to other vehicles in all situations
    • Masters appropriate signalling and action in head-on and overtaking situations
    • Is able to use the vehicle's lights in an appropriate manner in all situations

5.        Anticipation
The applicant is aware of traffic events, identifies potentially dangerous situations and reacts
to them in time, thereby avoiding surprises and the need to take rushed action by the appli-
cant and others. Driving feels safe and consistent.
    • Directs his/her gaze at traffic events as far as visibility allows.
    • Adjusts the vehicle's speed appropriately
    • Preparing for a non-delayed start when waiting for his/her turn at junctions or traffic
       lights
    • Appropriate turning sign use and choice of lane
    • Reduces speed to prepare for surprises when visibility is limited
    • Economical and environmentally friendly driving method

6.        Control of own space
The applicant is able to concentrate to the driving task in a level-headed, independent and
calmly determined manner, also in demanding situations and driving tasks.
   • Performs all tasks calmly but decisively
   • Is capable of careful and systematic action in various traffic situations
   • Is capable of uninterrupted concentration on the driving task and the management of
       traffic situations
   • Has a non-stressed and empathic attitude towards other road users
   • Acts independently and responsibly in traffic
   • Responsible attitude towards own driving skills
   • Takes an appropriate attitude towards interaction in traffic and the various messages
       received in traffic
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7.        Subjects of assessment and basic driving skills

Good performance and any mistakes made during the test shall be entered in form E101 or
E102. For categories AM/121, A1, A2, A and B, marks related to basic driving skills are re-
quired as specified in Annex 7. For categories B/96, BE, C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D and DE,
the marks related to basic driving skills are given in accordance with Annex 8. The following
marks can be used for basic skills:

Good performance (“H”)
A performance can be marked as good when the applicant performs better than average. The
good performance marks do not influence the outcome of the driving test, but they provide
important feedback for the applicant.

Performance increases the risk of accident (“V”)
A traffic violation or a mistake that can be deemed to increase the risk of accidents for the
applicant or other road users. Performance does not necessarily cause a dangerous situation. A
mistake like this in a driving test does not necessarily result in failure of the test. When the
applicant makes one or more mistakes that increase the risk of accident in an area being as-
sessed, the examiner will mark the corresponding basic skill with the letter V.

Performance constitutes a conflict (“K”)
Performance constitutes a conflict when the applicant causes a situation where s/he, another
road user, or the driving examiner can only avoid an accident or a dangerous situation by
braking, swerving or abruptly accelerating. A situation also constitutes a conflict if the driving
examiner is required to intervene in the applicant's performance in some other way to avoid
danger, or if there is a collision. Furthermore, situations will always be marked as conflicts if
they are specifically defined as conflicts in connection with basic driving skills in this regulation.
A conflict will always result in failure of the test. When the performance area being assessed
contains one or more conflicts, the examiner marks K next to each corresponding basic skill.
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9     ASSESSMENT OF THE TEST ON DRIVING SKILLS AND DRIVING STYLE

The assessment shall be made in compliance with directive 2006/126/EC (Annex II, Paragraph
B, subparagraph 9).

1.        Passed driving test

The applicant will pass the driving test if the examiner feels completely safe during the entire
test. The driving examiner must pay special attention to the applicant's ability to show consid-
erate and social traffic conduct. The applicant's driving style should reflect this, and the exam-
iner shall take it into consideration when forming the overall assessment. Such responsible
conduct in traffic includes adaptable and purposeful (safe) driving, paying attention to road
and weather conditions, paying attention to others in traffic and road users otherwise (particu-
larly those most vulnerable), and anticipation.



2.        Failing a driving test

The applicant will fail the test if the applicant's driving mistakes or driving style put the safety
of the passengers in the vehicle or of other road users in immediate danger. The test is given a
failing grade regardless of whether the driving examiner had to intervene in the driving or not.

Deputy Director General Tuomas Routa




Special Adviser            Sampsa Lindberg



DISTRIBUTION               The Ministry of Transport and the Economy, Traffic Safety Unit
                           Association of Finnish Driving Schools
                           Association of Finnish Road Traffic Instructors
                           Central Organisation for Traffic Safety in Finland
                           Häme Polytechnic, Vocational Teacher Education College, Driving In-
                           structor Centre
                           Jyväskylä Institute of Adult Education
                           Helsinki City College of Technology
                           Defence Command Finland, Logistics Division
                           MOT testing in the Åland Islands
                           Police College of Finland
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Liite 1    Minimum duration

The driving test must comply with the category-specific minimum durations specified in the
table below.

For categories AM/120, T and LT, the total duration of initial and feedback discussions is five
(5) minutes. For categories A1, A2 and A, the total duration of the initial and feedback discus-
sions is 10 minutes.

For category AM/120, the preparation and technical check of the vehicle are included in the
manoeuvres test.

The time allocated to driving in traffic must be used in full.

Category           Initial discus-   Manoeuvres      Driving in    Feedback dis-     Total dura-
                   sion              test            traffic       cussion           tion
AM/120             *                 10 min          -             *                 15 min
A1, A2 and A       **                15 min          25 min        **                50 min
AM/121 and B       5 min             -               30 min        10 min            45 min
T and LT           *                 10 min          -             *                 15 min
B/96 and BE        5 min             15 min          30 min        10 min            60 min
C1, C, D1 and      5 min             -               45 min        10 min            60 min
D
C1E, CE, D1E       5 min             15 min          45 min        10 min            75 min
and DE

*) Initial and feedback discussions 5 minutes in total.
**) Initial and feedback discussions 10 minutes in total.
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Liite 2    Preparation and technical check of the vehicle in categories
           AM/120, AM/121, A1, A2, A and B

Before taking off, the applicant must show that s/he knows how to prepare for safe driving by
meeting the following criteria:

Category AM/120. Two-wheel moped:
   • Securing the helmet
   • Adjusting the rear-view mirrors
   • Functioning of lights

   In addition to what is listed above, a random check of one of the following will be per-
   formed:
   • Functioning and use of control devices
   • Functioning of reflectors
   • Condition of tyres
   • Condition of chains

Category AM/120. Three-wheel moped:
   • Securing the helmet
   • Adjusting the rear-view mirrors
   • Functioning of lights

   In addition to what is listed above, a random check of one of the following will be per-
   formed:
   • Functioning and use of control devices
   • Functioning of reflectors
   • Condition of tyres
   • Condition of chains

Category AM/121. Light quadricycle, in a row seating:
   • Securing the helmet
   • Adjusting the rear-view mirrors
   • Functioning of lights

   In addition to what is listed above, a random check of one of the following will be per-
   formed:
   • Functioning and use of control devices
   • Functioning of reflectors
   • Condition of tyres
   • Condition of chains

Category AM/121. Light quadricycle, side by side seating:
   • Adjusting the seat to obtain a correct driving position
   • Adjusting the rear-view mirrors
   • Functioning of lights
   • Adjusting seat belts, if any
   • Adjusting head supports, if any
   In addition to what is listed above, a random check of one of the following will be per-
   formed:
   • Functioning and use of control devices
   • Functioning of reflectors
   • Condition of tyres
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Categories A1, A2 and A:
   • Adjusting the protective outfit such as gloves, footwear, clothing and helmet
   • Adjusting the rear-view mirrors
   • Functioning and use of lights

   In addition to what is listed above, a random check of one of the following will be per-
   formed:
   • Functioning and use of control devices
   • Functioning of reflectors
   • Functioning and use of direction indicators
   • Functioning and use of audible warning device
   • Condition of tyres
   • Condition of brakes
   • Condition of chains
   • Condition of steering
   • Functioning of emergency stop switch (if necessary)
   • Inspecting the oil level

Category B:
   • Adjusting the seat to obtain a correct driving position
   • Adjusting the rear-view mirrors
   • Adjusting seat belts
   • Adjusting head supports, if any
   • Checking that the doors are closed

   In addition to what is listed above, a random check of one of the following will be per-
   formed:
   • Functioning and use of control devices
   • Functioning and use of lights
   • Functioning of reflectors
   • Functioning and use of direction indicators
   • Functioning and use of audible warning device
   • Condition of tyres
   • Condition of steering
   • Condition of brakes
   • The amount of oil and other fluids (such as motor oil, coolant and washer fluid)
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Liite 3   Preparation and technical check of the vehicle in categories
          B/96, BE, C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D and DE

Before taking off, the applicant must show that s/he knows how to prepare for safe driving by
meeting the following criteria:

1. Preparing the vehicle
   The applicant demonstrates capability to:
   • Adjust the seat in order to achieve a proper driving posture
   • Adjust any head supports
   • Adjust the rear-view mirrors and safety belts

2. Technical check of the vehicle
   2.1. Categories B/96 and BE
   The applicant demonstrates ability to perform the following inspections. The driving exam-
   iner will choose the subjects of inspection randomly for each test:
   • Inspection of the tyres, steering and brakes
   • Inspection of the lights, reflectors, and turning and auditory signalling devices
   • Checking the oil and fluid levels

   2.2. Categories C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D and DE
   The applicant demonstrates ability to perform the following inspections. The driving exam-
   iner will choose the subjects of inspection randomly for each test:
   • Inspection of the tyres, steering and brakes
   • Inspection of the lights, reflectors, and turning and auditory signalling devices
   • State the height of the vehicle being driven
   • On the basis of the registration certificate, determining the vehicle's:
           o maximum load
           o axle mass
           o total mass
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Liite 4    Manoeuvres tasks

The driving test includes a vehicle handling skills test, performed using special manoeuvres
relevant for traffic safety. All tasks shall be performed in traffic, with the exception of the
reversing task for category D. The driving examiner must take the safety of traffic into account
when selecting the location for the test.

1. Categories AM/121 and B
   The driving examiner selects at least two of the following manoeuvres. One of these must
   be performed using reverse gear. If the driving test is being taken in a vehicle that does
   not have a reverse gear, reversing manoeuvres may not be assigned.

   •   Hill start with or without the hand brake
   •   Reversing in a straight line
   •   Parallel or angle parking in the direction of the traffic flow or by reversing, on flat ter-
       rain or on a slope.
   •   U-turn in forward and/or reverse gear

2. Categories C1 and C
   • Reversing in a curve or round a corner
   • Safe parking for loading/unloading at a loading ramp/dock or similar structure (not a
      bus stop). After this, the applicant must demonstrate the ability to perform the follow-
      ing inspections:
   • Checking the oil and fluid levels
   • Checking safety aspects related to the vehicle's loading:
          o the cargo space and its coverings and doors
          o the loading mechanism and the cab's locking mechanism (if necessary)
          o the loading method and securing the load
   • Inspection of the brake booster and power steering systems, lug nuts and mudguards
   • Inspection of the windshield, windows and windshield wipers
   • Inspection and use of the instrument panel and its devices, and the recording device re-
      ferred to in Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85
   • Checking the air pressure, air tanks and suspension
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3. Categories D1 and D
   • Stopping at a bus stop:
      • Stopping at a bus stop:
      • A minimum of two (2) stops at speed limits of ≤60 km/h; and
      • A minimum of two (2) stops at speed limits of ≥70 km/h; or
      • Alternatively, four (4) stops at speed limits of ≤60 km/h

   •   Category D1:
       • Reversing in a curve or round a corner.

   •   After this, the applicant must demonstrate the ability to perform the following
       inspections:
       • Checking the oil and fluid levels
       • Inspection of the brake booster and power steering systems, lug nuts and mud-
          guards
       • Inspection of the windshield, windows and windshield wipers
       • Inspection and use of the instrument panel and its devices, including the recording
          devices referred to in Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85
       • Checking the air pressure, air tanks and suspension
       • Capability to perform actions related to the vehicle's safety:
              o use of the chassis, doors and emergency exits
              o monitoring of first-aid, extinguishing and other safety equipment

   •   Category D:
       • Reversing the vehicle round a corner as specified in the figure below. In the starting
          situation, the vehicle is in the departure corridor, entirely outside the intersection.
          When the manoeuvre has been completed, the vehicle's driveshaft has crossed the
          gate formed by the narrowing cones. The gate is positioned laterally at the mid-
          point of the target corridor. The applicant is permitted to open a window, look out or
          leave the vehicle during the task if necessary. The driving examiner must assess
          this manoeuvre from outside the vehicle.

   •   After this, the applicant must demonstrate the ability to perform the following
       inspections:
       • Checking the oil and fluid levels
       • Inspection of the brake booster and power steering systems, lug nuts and mud-
          guards
       • Inspection of the windshield, windows and windshield wipers
       • Checking the air pressure, air tanks and suspension
       • Capability to perform actions related to the vehicle's safety:
              o use of the chassis, doors and emergency exits
              o monitoring of first-aid, extinguishing and other safety equipment
       • Inspection and use of the instrument panel and its devices, including the recording
          devices referred to in Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85
Regulation
                                                                                         18 (57)
                                                                   TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




                                                          8(9) m




                                            10 m                            min 26 m

                                                   1



       6m
                           3.5 m




The width of a departure corridor used for vehicles longer than 12 m is 9 m and that of the
target corridor 6 m. Furthermore, if the vehicle is longer than 14.5 m, the corner cone will
additionally be moved 1 m as indicated in the figure.

Passing the category D manoeuvres task

   •   The applicant safely reverses the vehicle to the indicated target in five (5) minutes
   •   The vehicle remains inside the marked boundaries
   •   The vehicle does not touch a cone
Regulation
                                                                                         19 (57)
                                                                TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




Liite 5    Manoeuvres test for categories AM/120, A1, A2 and A

1. Category AM/120 two- and three-wheeled mopeds

Due to the nature of the manoeuvres test, several applicants can be tested at the same time.

    1.1. The area to be used
The manoeuvres test should be performed on an appropriate testing ground closed to other
traffic. The manoeuvres are performed on a hard surface, preferably on asphalt concrete
pavement. The applicant must be allowed to test the skid-resistance of the braking area before
starting the manoeuvres test.

   1.2. Markings
The length and width of the course used for the manoeuvres is measured based on the dis-
tances between the central points of the markers used. In difficult conditions, the driving ex-
aminer may, at his own discretion, alter the measurements used in the manoeuvres.

The manoeuvres are marked with raised markers, not higher than 60 mm and not more than
200 mm in diameter. Marking must be done as shown in the pictures, and no other marking
devices may be used.

   1.3. Performing the manoeuvres
The manoeuvres test for a two-wheel moped consists of three (3) tasks and walking the mo-
ped:
   • Slow driving
   • Gates
   • Emergency braking

One of the manoeuvres must be started with the engine turned off and the moped parked on
its stand. The applicant must take the moped off the stand and walk it through a U turn.

All manoeuvres on a two-wheel moped must be performed in a seated position with the feet on
the footrests or other designated foot positions. The applicant must be able to put the two-
wheel moped on and take it off its stand and move it by walking alongside.

The handling skills test for a three-wheel moped consists of three tasks:
   • Braking
   • Slalom
   • Reversing
Regulation
                                                                                        20 (57)
                                                                TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




    1.4. Assessment of manoeuvres and decision-making
If the driving examiner considers the applicant's performance to cause danger to him-/herself
or others, the examiner must interrupt the manoeuvres test immediately. If the test is inter-
rupted, it is always automatically failed.

Two attempts are allowed at each manoeuvre. If both attempts fail, the manoeuvres test must
also be given a failing grade. As an exception, a third attempt may be allowed if the reason for
failure is that the applicant is unable to attain the correct speed to perform the manoeuvre
(does not apply to slow driving).

In addition to the above, the manoeuvres test must be given a failing grade if:
    • The vehicle or the applicant touches the course markers or overshoots the boundary
       defined for the manoeuvre.
    • The applicant touches the ground with his/her foot, except for the manoeuvres involv-
       ing braking. This does not apply to leaving a three-wheel vehicle during the manoeuvre.
    • The conditions for failing any individual manoeuvre are fulfilled.

The decision on the manoeuvres test and the reasons for it are given to the applicant verbally,
and written feedback is provided on form E101.
Regulation
                                                                                          21 (57)
                                                                 TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




    1.5. Handling test tasks for two-wheeled mopeds AM/120
       1.5.1. Slow driving

 This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to control the vehicle at a low speed.

 The manoeuvre must be completed using the lowest gear on the vehicle, using its steering
 devices as necessary. The speed must be such that the applicant must balance the vehicle
 actively by steering.


 1m



                                          20 m

 During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay special attention to steering, handling
 of the brake and potential clutch, balance, eye direction, and both the position of the motorcy-
 cle and the position of the feet on the footrests.


 The performance is not accepted if the vehicle lurches round uncontrollably.


         1.5.2. Gates

 This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to control the vehicle when cornering.

 A sufficient distance must be given to the applicant for safe completion of the manoeuvre. If it
 rains or the surface friction is otherwise reduced, the speed at which the manoeuvre is to be
 completed must be reduced.

 The manoeuvre must be performed at an even speed of 30 km/h all the way to the final gate.




                                            1.5 m
                 6.5 m




1.5 m



                             17 m                                 17 m
        5m                                                                                5m

 During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to the position of
 the vehicle, eye direction, balance and steering technique.
 The performance is not accepted if the speed is less than 30 km/h or if it varies greatly.
Regulation
                                                                                          22 (57)
                                                                 TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




       1.5.3. Emergency braking

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to stop the vehicle in a controlled and efficient
way.

A sufficient distance must be given to the applicant for safe completion of the manoeuvre. If it
rains or the surface friction is otherwise reduced, the speed at which the manoeuvre is to be
completed must be reduced.
From the starting point, the applicant must accelerate to 35 km/h and then stop inside the
braking area by using the front and rear brakes. The vehicle must be stopped in a controlled
manner within 9 m on asphalt concrete pavement and within 12 m on gravel. In the manoeu-
vre, the distance used for braking is assessed, not the starting point of braking. The marker
indicating the end of the braking distance is placed to the side, outside the line of braking.




    Acceleration: 35




                                                                Braking distance:
                                                                9 m on asphalt
                                                                concrete
                                                                12 m on gravel

During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to the handling of
the front and rear brakes, eye direction, driving position and the position of the motorcycle.

The performance is not accepted if the speed at the beginning of braking is less than 35 km/h.
The rear wheel may skid or lift off the ground during controlled stopping.
Regulation
                                                                                              23 (57)
                                                                    TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




   1.6. Manoeuvres test tasks for three-wheeled mopeds AM/120
      1.6.1. Braking

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to avoid an obstacle in a controlled way and to
stop the vehicle efficiently.

A sufficient distance must be given to the applicant for safe completion of the manoeuvre. If it rains
or the surface friction is otherwise reduced, the speed at which the manoeuvre is to be completed
must be reduced.
The applicant must accelerate the vehicle to a speed of 35 km/h before starting the braking. The
motorcycle must be stopped in a controlled manner within 9 m on asphalt concrete pavement and
within 12 m on gravel. There is an obstacle 1 m wide in the middle of the driving line. Towards the
end of braking, the driving examiner indicates via the rear-view mirror to which side the applicant
must avoid the obstacle. The applicant continues immediately to avoid the obstacle, as indicated in
the picture. The applicant avoids the obstacle and returns to the original driving line. The width of
the gates is 2 m.




                                                                       2m




      2m                                                                1m


                                                                       2m




              9–12 m                              6m                         8m              5m




During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to braking efficiency and
eye direction.

The performance is not accepted if the speed at the beginning of braking is less than 35 km/h.
Regulation
                                                                                           24 (57)
                                                                  TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




       1.6.2. Slalom

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to control the vehicle when cornering.

Four (4) markers are negotiated as shown in the picture, in both directions. The applicant may go
back to correct an action in the course of the manoeuvre. The markers are placed eight (8) m
apart. The gates are two (2) m wide. A minimum of three (3) m of space, measured from the mid-
dle of the track, must be provided for the slalom manoeuvre. The applicant may decide on which
side of the marker to start the manoeuvre.




                                                                                2m



          8m                8m         8m           8m            8m


During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to steering technique and
eye direction.
Regulation
                                                                                            25 (57)
                                                                   TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




       1.6.3. Reversing

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to turn the vehicle while reversing.

The point of the manoeuvre is to turn the vehicle around facing the opposite direction by using the
reverse gear. The applicant may take corrective action forwards and backwards during the ma-
noeuvre. If the vehicle has no reverse gear, the reversing manoeuvre will not be assigned.
                                    3m




                                                       4m




                                                                                 4m




                2m             2m          2m            2m            2m




During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to eye direction and
steering technique.
Regulation
                                                                                           26 (57)
                                                                 TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




2. Categories A1, A2 and A

This separate manoeuvres test is also part of the driving test when applying for a training
licence, and it must be passed before the driving-in-traffic part of the driving test. Due to the
nature of the handling skills test, several applicants can be tested at the same time.

    2.1. The area to be used
The manoeuvres test should be performed on an appropriate testing ground closed to other
traffic. The manoeuvres are performed on a hard surface, preferably on asphalt concrete
pavement. The applicant must be allowed to test the skid-resistance of the braking area before
starting the handling skills test.

   2.2. Markings
The length and width of the course used for the manoeuvres is measured based on the dis-
tances between the central points of the markers used. Under difficult conditions, the driving
examiner may alter the measurements used in the manoeuvres at his own discretion.

The manoeuvres are marked with raised markers, not higher than 60 mm and of not more
than 200 mm in diameter. Marking must be done as shown in the pictures, and no other mark-
ing devices may be used.
    2.3. Measuring speed
If necessary, the minimum speed required in a manoeuvre can be measured using speed-
measuring equipment.

   2.4. Performing the manoeuvres
The handling skills test consists of six (6) separate manoeuvres:
   • Slow driving
   • Slalom
   • Avoiding an obstacle
   • Gates
   • Braking
   • Emergency braking

All manoeuvres must be performed in a seated position with the feet on the footrests. The
applicant must be able to put the motorcycle on and take it off its stand and move it by walk-
ing alongside. One of the manoeuvres must be started with the engine turned off and the
motorcycle parked on its stand. The applicant will take the motorcycle off its stand and walk it
through a U turn and to the starting point.
Regulation
                                                                                                     27 (57)
                                                                         TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




    2.5.Assessment of manoeuvres and decision-making
If the driving examiner considers the applicant's performance to cause danger to him-/herself
or others, the examiner must interrupt the handling skills test immediately. If the test is inter-
rupted, it is always automatically failed.

Two attempts are allowed at each manoeuvre. If both attempts fail, the handling skills test
must also be failed. As an exception, a third attempt may be allowed if the reason for failure is that the
applicant is unable to attain the correct speed to perform the manoeuvre (does not apply to slow driving).

To pass a manoeuvre, the applicant may not touch the markers or ground during the manoeu-
vre except in the braking manoeuvre, and the motorcycle must not touch the edge of the area.

The applicant will be informed of the decision regarding the manoeuvre test before taking the
driving-in-traffic part of the test. Written feedback on a failed handling test is given on form
E101.
Regulation
                                                                                        28 (57)
                                                               TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




    2.6. Tasks in manoeuvre tests
       2.6.1. Slow driving
This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to control the motorcycle at a low speed.

       Start                                                                          Finish


1m


                                         20 m



The applicant must ride in the lowest gear and, by using the necessary controls, at a lower
speed than the motorcycle would go when running idle with the clutch released.

During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to the handling of
the clutch in combination with the brake, balance, eye direction and position of the motorcycle
as well as the position of the feet on the footrests.
Regulation
                                                                                          29 (57)
                                                                 TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




        2.6.2. Slalom

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to turn the motorcycle at a low speed.




               10 m                       3                         10 m




 The width of the
 track is five (5) m,
 but no less than the
 turning diameter +1
 m.

Four markers are negotiated as shown in the picture. The markers are placed three (3) m
apart. The minimum width of the slalom track is five (5) m, or the turning diameter +2 m for
categories A2 and A. The driving examiner shall ensure the sufficient width of the track by
making a trial run if necessary. The applicant may decide on which side of the marker to start
the manoeuvre.


During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay attention to the handling of the brake
and potential clutch, balance, eye direction and position of the motorcycle, as well as the posi-
tion of the feet on the footrests.
Regulation
                                                                                       30 (57)
                                                                TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




       2.6.3. Avoiding an obstacle

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to safely avoid an obstacle.



                                                                                     2m
       2m                                                                             2
                                        0.5 m

                                        1m                                                       1m



                      9m                                18 m




From the starting point, the applicant accelerates to 50 km/h. The applicant must be given
enough distance to accelerate safely. The applicant avoids the obstacle and returns to the
original driving line. The driving examiner decides before the manoeuvre on which side the
applicant must pass the obstacle. The width of the gates is 1 m.

During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to the position of
the motorcycle, eye direction, balance, steering technique and technique of changing gears.

The performance is not accepted if the speed at the gate is less than 50 km/h. The applicant
must avoid the obstacle without braking.
Regulation
                                                                                      31 (57)
                                                              TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




          2.6.4. Gates

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to control the motorcycle when cornering.
The manoeuvre must be performed in second or third gear at an even speed of 30 km/h all the
way to the final gate. When the speed is measured using special speed-measuring equipment,
the measurement is only performed at the gate in the middle of the manoeuvre. The applicant
must be given enough distance to accelerate safely. The width of the gates is 1.5 m.




                  6.5 m

     5m                                                                               5m



  1.5 m




                            17 m                               17 m


During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to the position of
the motorcycle, eye direction, balance, steering technique and technique of changing gears.
The performance is not accepted if the speed is less than 30 km/h or varies greatly.
Regulation
                                                                                          32 (57)
                                                                 TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




       2.6.5. Braking

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to avoid an obstacle in a controlled way and to
stop the motorcycle efficiently.

In this manoeuvre, the applicant must accelerate by using at least second or third gear. The
applicant must be given enough distance to accelerate safely. Braking starts at a speed of 40
km/h. If it rains or if skid-resistance is otherwise low, the braking distance must be extended.
During braking, the applicant changes into the lowest gear and stops the motorcycle. His/her
foot touches the ground to indicate stopping. The applicant continues immediately to avoid the
obstacle, as indicated in the picture. The applicant avoids the obstacle and returns to the origi-
nal driving line. The width of the gates is one (1) m.

               Braking distance:
               12 m on asphalt concrete
               15 m on gravel

                                                               1.5 m

         1
         m                                                     0.5 m


                                                         7m                    7m




During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to the handling of
the front and rear brakes, eye direction and the position of the motorcycle.

The performance is not accepted if the speed at the beginning of braking is less than 40 km/h.
Regulation
                                                                                           33 (57)
                                                                TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




       2.6.6. Emergency braking

This manoeuvre assesses the applicant's ability to stop the motorcycle in a controlled and
efficient way.

From the starting point, the applicant must accelerate to 50 km/h and then stop inside the
braking area by using the front and rear brakes. The applicant must be given enough distance
to accelerate safely. The motorcycle must be stopped in a controlled manner within 14 m on
asphalt concrete pavement and within 17 m on gravel. In the manoeuvre, the distance used
for braking is assessed, not the starting point of braking. If it rains or if skid-resistance is
otherwise low, the braking distance must be extended. The marker indicating the end of the
braking distance is placed to the side, outside the line of braking.

                 Acceleration: 50
                km/h




                                                                Braking distance:
                                                                14 m on asphalt concrete
                                                                17 m on gravel


During the manoeuvre, the driving examiner must pay particular attention to the handling of
the front and rear brakes, eye direction and the position of the motorcycle.

The performance is not accepted if the speed at the beginning of braking is less than 50 km/h.
The rear wheel may skid or lift off the ground during controlled stopping.
Regulation
                                                                                       34 (57)
                                                               TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




Liite 6   Manoeuvres test for categories T, LT, B/96, BE, C1E, CE, D1E
          and DE

The tasks included in the manoeuvres test must be performed in succession, in the order spec-
ified in this Annex.

1. The area to be used
The manoeuvres test should be performed on an appropriate testing ground closed to other
traffic.

2. Markings
The width and length of the tracks used must be measured between the edges of the cones
being used. The performance areas must be clearly marked with a sufficient number of cones.
For reversing round corners, the cone at the inner angle of the corner must be clearly distin-
guishable from the other cones.

3. Location of the driving examiner
The driving examiner must assess the handling test from outside the vehicle, from a location
from which the examiner can give a stop signal to the applicant if performing the task would
incur a risk of damage to the vehicle or vehicle combination or another hazard.


4. Assessment of manoeuvres and decision-making
An unlimited number of tries is permitted, and the applicant may leave the vehicle during the
manoeuvre if required. If the driving examiner considers the applicant's performance to cause
danger to him-/herself or others, the examiner must interrupt the handling skills test immedi-
ately. The handling test must also be interrupted in case of an evident risk of damage to the
vehicle. If the handling test is interrupted, it is always automatically given a failing grade.
The applicant must be told of the result of the handling test during the feedback discussion. A
written decision and feedback on forms E100 and E102 must be provided for the handling test.
Regulation
                                                                                           35 (57)
                                                                 TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




5. Categories T and LT

The objective of the handling test tasks is for the applicant to demonstrate the ability to con-
trol the vehicle combination safely and without risk of property damage.

   5.1. Performing the manoeuvres
The manoeuvres are performed in the order indicated below. The handling test consists of two
tasks:
       1. Securing the coupling
       2. Reversing into a corner

    5.2. Securing the coupling
The applicant demonstrates, in a manner chosen by him/her, that the weight of the trailer
rests on the towing vehicle's drawbar.

    5.3. Reversing round a corner
This manoeuvre is performed as indicated in the figure below. In the starting situation, the
combination is entirely outside the intersection, but it does not have to be straight. After the
conclusion of the manoeuvre, the nose of the tractor is entirely inside the target corridor. If
the tractor is equipped with a front end loader, this must be lifted high enough that it will not
touch the cones during the manoeuvre.




                                                      6m




                                                1
                                                m
                                            1
                                            m                         5
                                                                      m
Regulation
                                                                                   36 (57)
                                                           TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




5.4. Passing the manoeuvres test
• The applicant performs the tasks mentioned at 5.1. within 10 minutes time
• The applicant demonstrates the ability to safely control the vehicle combination during
   the manoeuvres and avoids overly sharp angles.
• The applicant has demonstrated that the weight of the trailer rests on the towing vehi-
   cle's drawbar.
• The actions of the applicant do not put the vehicle combination at risk of damage
• The vehicle does not touch a cone
• The vehicle combination remains inside the marked boundaries. If the tractor is
   equipped with a front end loader, it is allowed to cross the boundaries of the area but
   not to touch a cone
Regulation
                                                                                           37 (57)
                                                                   TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




6. Categories B/96 and BE

The objective of the manoeuvres test tasks is for the applicant to demonstrate the ability to
control the vehicle combination safely and without risk of property damage.

   6.1. Performing the manoeuvres
The manoeuvres test consists of three tasks:
      3. Reversing round a corner
      4. Uncoupling the trailer
      5. Coupling the trailer to the towing vehicle

    6.2. Reversing round a corner
This manoeuvre is performed as indicated in the figure below. In the starting situation, the
combination is entirely in the starting corridor outside the intersection, but it does not have to
be straight. After the conclusion of the manoeuvre, the combination is entirely in the target
corridor. The width of the starting corridor is seven (7) m and that of the target corridor trailer
width as added three (3) m.




                                                              7m




                                         Trailer width
                                         +3m


   6.3. Uncoupling the trailer
The applicant uncouples the trailer from the towing vehicle. The applicant drives the towing
vehicle round a corner, so that the vehicle finishes completely outside the intersection.

   6.4. Coupling the trailer to the towing vehicle
The applicant reverses the towing vehicle into line with the trailer and couples the trailer to the
towing vehicle.
Regulation
                                                                                   38 (57)
                                                           TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




6.5. Passing the manoeuvres test
• The applicant performs the tasks mentioned at 6.1. within 15 minutes time
• The applicant demonstrates the ability to safely control the vehicle combination during
   the manoeuvres and avoids overly sharp angles.
• The actions of the applicant do not put the vehicle combination at risk of damage
• The vehicle does not touch a cone
• The vehicle combination remains inside the marked boundaries.
• Before uncoupling the trailer, the applicant makes sure that it will remain in place
• The applicant couples the trailer safely, without risk of damage to the combination
• The applicant checks the brakes, coupling mechanisms and coupling visually as well as
   by moving the towing vehicle
• The applicant checks the functioning of the trailer's lights and electrical connections
• The applicant checks the safety aspects of loading:
       o the cargo space and its coverings
       o the doors of the vehicle combination and the cab-locking system
       o the loading method and securing the load
Regulation
                                                                                          39 (57)
                                                                 TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




7. Category C1E and D1E vehicle combinations

The objective of the manoeuvres test tasks is for the applicant to demonstrate the ability to
control the vehicle combination safely and without risk of property damage.

   7.1. Performing the manoeuvres
The manoeuvres test consists of three tasks:
      1. Reversing round a corner
      2. Uncoupling the trailer
      3. Coupling the trailer to the towing vehicle

    7.2. Reversing round a corner
Reversing the combination round a corner as specified in the figure below. In the starting
situation, the combination is in the starting corridor entirely outside the intersection, but it
does not have to be straight. After the manoeuver, the towing pin of the combination's towing
vehicle must be at least at the level of the first narrowing cones in the target corridor. The
width of the narrowing gate is the trailer's width + 1 m, and the gate is positioned laterally at
the mid-point of the target corridor.

                                                            7m




                 Moving the
                 corner cone




                         7m                 7m                             min 22 m

                                                    1



       5m          Trailer width +
                   1m




If the distance between the vehicle combination's front- and rearmost axles is greater than
nine (9) m, the corner cone is moved one (1) m outwards as shown in the figure.
Regulation
                                                                                           40 (57)
                                                                  TRAFI/2829/03.04.03.00/2013




    7.3. Uncoupling the trailer
When the reversing manoeuvre has been completed, the applicant parks the combination. The
applicant uncouples the trailer. The applicant drives the towing vehicle round a corner, so that
the vehicle finishes completely outside the intersection.

   7.4. Coupling the trailer to the towing vehicle
The applicant reverses the towing vehicle into line with the trailer and couples the trailer to the
towing vehicle.

   7.5. Passing the manoeuvres test
   • The applicant performs the tasks mentioned at 7.1. within 15 minutes time
   • The applicant demonstrates the ability to safely control the vehicle combination during
      the manoeuvres and avoids overly sharp turning angles.
   • The actions of the applicant do not put the vehicle combination at risk of damage
   • The vehicle combination remains inside the marked boundaries.
   • The vehicle does not touch a cone
   • Before uncoupling the trailer, the applicant uses wedges or another reliable method to
      ensure that the trailer will remain in place after being uncoupled and during coupling
   • When uncoupling the trailer, the applicant arranges electrical cables, air hoses and any
      other cables so that they are protected from dirt and will not cause faults in the trailer's
      equipment after being coupled again
   • The applicant couples the trailer safely, without risk of damage to the combination
   • The applicant checks the brakes, coupling mechanisms and coupling visually and by
      moving the towing vehicle
   • The applicant checks the functioning of the trailer's lights and electrical connections
   • The applicant checks the oil and fluid levels
   • The applicant checks the safety aspects of the vehicle combination's loading:
          o the cargo space and its coverings and doors
          o the loading mechanism and the cab's lock (if necessary)
          o the loading method and securing the load
   • The applicant inspects the brake booster and power-steering systems, lug nuts and
      mudguards
   • The applicant inspects the windshield, windows and windshield wipers
   • The applicant is familiar with the inspection and use of the instrument panel, including
      the recording devices referred to in Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85
   • The applicant checks the air pressure, air tanks and suspension
   • The applicant is able to perform actions related to the vehicle's safety (only category
      D1E):
          o use of the chassis, doors and emergency exits
          o monitoring of first-aid, extinguishing and other safety equipment




       ‘
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