Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...

 
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited

Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket
980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Ref: 17119-r1v3
November 2018
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited

Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket development
980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Integrated Transport Assessment

Prepared by: John Burgess

Director
Traffic Planning Consultants Ltd

Ref: 17119-r1v3
November 2018

                                                            Auckland Office:
                                      P O Box 60-255, Titirangi, Auckland 0642
                                    Level 1, 400 Titirangi Road, Titirangi Village
                                                              Tel: (09) 817 2500
                                                              Fax: (09) 817 2504
                                                      www.trafficplanning.co.nz
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                                                                                            i
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Contents

 1      Introduction.........................................................................................................……................                                                1
 2      The transport planning context……………………………….....................…………………                                                                                                                 2
         2.1      Site location…………………………………………………………..…………….……..…………………                                                                                                                       2
         2.2      Site accessibility to travel modes…………………………………….…….........………………………                                                                                                        4
                  2.2.1         The road network.................................................................................................................................              4
                  2.2.2         Public transport services......................................................................................................................                6
                  2.2.3         Walking................................................................................................................................................        7
                  2.2.4         Cycling.................................................................................................................................................       7
 3.     The traffic environment........................................................................................................................................…                       9
         3.1      Existing road environment.............................................................................................................................                       9
         3.2      Existing traffic flows…………………………….………………………………………….………………                                                                                                                    11
         3.3      Safety records…………………………………………………………………………………..........……..                                                                                                                  11
         3.4      Proposed changes to the transport environment............................................................................                                                    12
 4      The proposed supermarket development.....………………...……………………........................                                                                                                     13
         4.1      The site……………………................................................................................................................                                             13
         4.2      Proposed site layout and access arrangements...………………………………….............................                                                                                    14
 5      Travel characteristics of the proposed PAK'nSAVE……………………..………........................…                                                                                                 16
         5.1      Travel modes and locational characteristics................................................................................................                                  16
         5.2      Traffic generation predictions………………………………………………………...............................                                                                                           16
                  5.2.1         Customer traffic...................................................................................................................................            16
                  5.2.2         Service vehicles....................................................................................................................................           17
         5.3      Traffic distribution.............................................................................................................................                            17
 6      Effects on the wider transport network............................................................................................................                                     18
         6.1      Traffic modelling..............................................................................................................................................              18
         6.2      Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive intersection..................................................................                                                       19
         6.3      Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection……………………….................................                                                                                20
         6.4      Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection..........................................................................................                                            21
         6.5      Karewa Place/Eagle Way/Maui Street intersection...........................................................................                                                   24
 7      Site access design and operation.......................................................................................................................                                27
         7.1      PAK'nSAVE Te Rapa Road access.................................................................................................................                               27
         7.2      PAK'nSAVE Eagle Way access.......................................................................................................................                            28
         7.3      PAK'nSAVE Maui Street access......................................................................................................................                           28
         7.4      Delivery vehicle access on Maui Street........................................................................................................                               29
 8      Other impacts of the proposed development…………………………………………...................                                                                                                           31
         8.1      Impacts on travel modes.................................................................................................................................                     31
         8.2      Safety impacts…………………………………………………………………………....………………….                                                                                                                       31
         8.3      Parking impacts…………………………………………………………………….....................…………                                                                                                           31
         8.4      Impacts on neighbouring properties……………………………………………….………...................                                                                                                  31
         8.5      Impacts of construction traffic………………………………………………………………....................                                                                                                  31
 9      Hamilton District Plan assessment.....................…………………………………………................                                                                                                 32
         9.1      Section 9: Industrial Zone................................................................................................................                                   32
         9.2      Section 25.14.2: Objectives and Policies: Transportation...............................................................                                                      32
         9.3      Section 25.14.4. Rules - General Standards.................................................................................................                                  32
         9.4      Appendix 1.3.3. Restricted Discretionary, Discretionary and Non-Complying Assessment
                  Criteria.......................................................................................................................................………………..                      36

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                                                               ii
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

 10     Conclusions………………………………………………………………………….............................                                                                                       39

Appendices

         A    New Zealand Transport Agency crash records for 2013-2017

         B    Traffic generation and distribution

         C    2021 Te Rapa North VISSIM Model results

         D    Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection

         E    Karewa Place/Eagle Way/Maui Street intersection - SIDRA model results

         F    PAK'nSAVE accesses - SIDRA model results

List of Figures

 Figure 1      Site location, including District Plan zoning..........………………...……………………………….……                                                                     2

 Figure 2      Site in relation to new subdivision.....................................................................................................            3

 Figure 3      Site in relation to surrounding activities……..…………………………………………………..………..                                                                            4

 Figure 4      District Plan - Figure 15.5b Transport corridor hierarchy plan, and site location..............................                                     5

 Figure 5      Bus services in Hamilton....................................................................................................................        6

 Figure 6      400m walking contour from the site..................................................................................................                7

 Figure 7      1km walking contour from the site....................................................................................................               8

 Figure 8      3km cycling contour from the site........................................……………………………………………                                                          8

 Figure 9      Current road layout around the site............................................………………………………………                                                      9

 Figure 10     Te Rapa Road looking to the south towards the Eagle Way intersection.........................................                                   10

 Figure 11     Eagle Way looking to the east from the Te Rapa Road intersection…….…………..…………….....                                                             10

 Figure 12     Eagle Way looking to the west to the Te Rapa Road intersection....................................................                              11

 Figure 13     Figure 15-8c from the District Plan, showing proposed collector road..………….....……………….                                                          12

 Figure 14     Porters Properties Ltd - consented development..........……………………………………................                                                          13

 Figure 15     Proposed site layout............................................................…………………………………….………                                              14

 Figure 16     Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection - proposed layout............................................................                           22

 Figure 17     Eagle Way/Karewa Place intersection - layout proposed in subdivision consent application..........                                              25

 Figure 18     Typical tracking path for a truck and trailer delivery vehicle.............................................................                     29

 Figure 19     Typical tracking path for a fuel delivery tanker.................................................................................               30

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                                                 iii
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

 List of Tables

 Table 1       Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection - NZTA crash record summary…………..                                              11

 Table 2       Predicted customer trip distribution...............................................……………………………………                                  17

 Table 3       Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive signals
               2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak.....................................................................................     19

 Table 4       Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive signals
               2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak, with mitigation..........................................................               20

 Table 5       Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade signals
               2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak.....................................................................................     21

 Table 6       Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade signals
               2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak, with mitigation..............………………………………..                                             21

 Table 7       Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection with new traffic signals
               2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak..................................................…………………………                              22

 Table 8       Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection with new traffic signals
               SIDRA model results - Saturday peak, 2021 flows.............................................................................       23

 Table 9       Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection with new traffic signals - Sight distance assessment.......                                24

 Table 10      Karewa Place/Eagle Way/Maui Street as a standard Give Way T-intersection - SIDRA results
               Saturday peak, 2021 flows with PAK'nSAVE and Wairere Drive/Karewa Place signals……………..                                             26

 Table 11      Karewa Place/Eagle Way/Maui Street as a standard Give Way T-intersection - SIDRA results –
               Saturday peak, 2021 flows with PAK'nSAVE and Wairere Drive/Karewa Place signals, plus a
               conservative allowance for the proposed SHA in Maui Street...........................................................              26

 Table 12      PAK'nSAVE Te Rapa Road access - SIDRA results - Saturday peak, 2021 flows....…………..….......                                        27

 Table 13      PAK'nSAVE Eagle Way access - SIDRA results - Saturday peak, 2021 flows....…………….….…….                                              28

 Table 14      PAK'nSAVE Maui Street access - SIDRA results - Saturday peak, 2021 flows....…...........…............                              28

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                     1
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

1.       Introduction

The purpose of this report is to provide an Integrated Transport Assessment (ITA) of a proposal by Foodstuffs North
Island Limited to establish a new PAK'nSAVE supermarket on its site at 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton. The property
lies on the north eastern corner of the intersection of Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade.

The proposal involves a new supermarket building with a gross floor area (GFA) of 6358 m2, including 3925 m2 of
retail floor space, together with a fuel facility, a separate delivery area, and a total of 300 parking spaces. The
property currently has frontage to Te Rapa Road and Eagle Way and will have frontage to a new collector road that
is to be constructed at the rear of the site as part of a proposed subdivision, linking Karewa Place with Maui Street
to the north.

The structure of this TIA is as follows:

     •   Section 2 discusses the site in the overall transport planning context.

     •   Section 3 describes the existing and future traffic environments within which the proposed PAK'nSAVE

         will operate.

     •   Section 4 describes the proposed supermarket development, including proposed layout and access

         arrangements.

     •   Section 5 describes the travel characteristics of the proposed PAK'nSAVE, including traffic generation

         predictions

     •   Section 6 assesses the effects on the wider transport network, including traffic modelling of the key

         intersections in the vicinity of the site.

     •   Section 7 describes the proposed site accesses and their design and operation.

     •   Section 8 assesses other impacts of the proposed redevelopment,

     •   Section 9 assesses the proposal in terms of the relevant rules and assessment criteria of the Hamilton City

         Council Operative District Plan (District Plan).

In preparing this ITA, discussions have been held with the Council's traffic engineers and consultants to identify all
of the key issues that need to be addressed in this report, including details of the traffic modelling that has been
completed as part of this assessment.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                   2
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

2.       The transport planning context

2.1      Site location

The location of the site in relation to the surrounding road network is shown in Figure 1, which also shows the site
in the context of the District Plan zoning.

Figure 1
Site location

The site currently has frontage to and vehicle access from two roads, namely Te Rapa Road along the site's western
frontage and Eagle Way on its southern boundary. Te Rapa Road is a major arterial road in the City's roading

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                      3
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

network, and as such forms a key part of the transport network through this part of Hamilton. Eagle Way is a short
length of local road that provides access to frontage properties, predominantly the existing Countdown supermarket
on its southern side.

The current traffic environment is discussed further in Sections 2.2 and 3, but it is clear that the site enjoys direct
access to the arterial road network serving this part of Hamilton.

The site is located at the southern end of the Industrial Zone which extends along the eastern side of Te Rapa Road
towards the north. The area to the south fronting Te Rapa Road is zoned Business 4 for Large Format Retail activities,
whilst the land along the western side of Te Rapa Road is zoned Business 3 and contains the Sub-Regional Centre
of The Base.

A recent subdivision consent application by Porter Developments Limited for the subject property is shown in
Figure 2, with Lot 8 being the site of the proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket development.

Figure 2
Site in relation to new subdivision

Figure 3 shows in more detail the site in relation to the immediately surrounding activities. The site currently
accommodates a small office building towards the Te Rapa Road frontage, with the remainder being essentially
vacant and used for vehicle storage. The are numerous commercial and industrial activities adjoining the site to the
north, whilst there is a large format retail development to the south containing a Countdown supermarket and a
Kmart store. Directly opposite the site is The Base, which is accessed through the Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way traffic
signals.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                                  4
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Figure 3
Site in relation to surrounding activities

2.2      Site accessibility to travel modes

2.2.1    The road network

Section 15-5 Transport Corridor Hierarchy Plan and Definitions in the District Plan classifies current and planned
future transport corridors within the City. The location of the site in relation to the "transport corridor hierarchy
plan" as contained in Figure 15-5b of the District Plan is shown in Figure 4.

Te Rapa Road is classed as a Major Arterial Transport Corridor, which is defined as follows:

            d) A ‘major arterial’ transport corridor’s principal function is the movement of significant levels of goods and people
               between parts of the City and beyond. Inter- and intra-city heavy freight and through traffic should generally be
               directed to these corridors. This classification includes all corridors managed as Motorway or Expressway by the
               New Zealand Transport Agency. Property access is either non-existent or heavily controlled. Inter-city passenger
               transport services are expected to use these routes. Intra-city passenger transport services may traverse these
               routes.

Current activities along the eastern side of Te Rapa Road in the vicinity of the site do have some vehicle crossings
to serve frontage property (including the Foodstuffs' site), although to the south of the Eagle Way intersection direct
access from Te Rapa Road has not been provided for the Countdown/Kmart development. Access to recent
developments, such as The Base, has generally been confined to major intersections.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton - INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 ...
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                                  5
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Figure 4
District Plan - Figure 15.5b Transport corridor hierarchy plan, and site location

Karewa Place between Wairere Drive and Eagle Way is classed as part of a Collector Transport Corridor which is to
be extended towards the north to link up with Church Road to the north (this is discussed further in Section 3.4 of
the report), running parallel to and to the east of Te Rapa Road. A Collector Transport Corridor is defined as follows:

           f)   A ‘collector’ transport corridor performs both a movement and property access function. These transport
                corridors often move goods and people between local destinations or to higher order transport corridors for further
                travel. Property access is provided with few restrictions. Depending on the land use environment heavy freight and
                through traffic may be limited on these corridors. Intra-city passenger transport services are likely to use these
                routes.

Access to properties fronting onto the road is appropriate, although the movement of traffic along the road remains
important.

The short section of Eagle Way between Te Rapa Road and Karewa Place is currently classed as a Local Transport
Corridor, which is defined as follows:

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                               6
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

           g) A ‘local’ transport corridor’s principal function is the provision of property access. The movement of goods and
              people is directed to higher-order transport corridors. Property access has few restrictions. The land-use
              environment dictates whether heavy freight movement is supported. Through-traffic is generally discouraged. Intra-
              city passenger transport services are unlikely to use these routes where an alternative higher-order transport
              corridor is available.

As such, Eagle Way is the most appropriate road for providing access to frontage properties, as it currently does for
the Countdown/Kmart development. However, given that it provides a direct connection between a Collector
(Karewa Place) and a Major Arterial (Te Rapa Road), movement of traffic between the two will remain an important
element in its function.

Having frontage to three separate roads, the site clearly will have direct and convenient access to the primary road
network serving this part of Hamilton.

2.2.2    Public transport services

The Te Rapa area is reasonably well serviced by public transport, with several services operating in the general
vicinity of the site, as shown in Figure 5.

                        The Site

Figure 5
Bus services in Hamilton

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                     7
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Service O is a link service following a loop route and connecting The Base Shopping Centre, University, Hospital and
other places within Hamilton. It runs in clockwise and anticlockwise directions with a frequency of 15 minutes through
the day on weekdays, and 20 minutes at weekends. Services 1, 9 and 18 run between The Base Shopping Centre
and the Transport Centre in the Hamilton CBD via different routes. They connect both destinations with most
residential and commercial centres in the Hamilton area, and run with a frequency of 30 minutes through the day on
weekdays, and 1 hour at weekends.

The nearest bus stop to the subject site is located within The Base Shopping Centre.

2.2.3   Walking

Figure 6 shows the 400m walking contour from the site entrance, whilst Figure 7 shows the 1km walking contour.

Figure 6
400m walking contour from the site

Much of The Base and the commercial/industrial activities along Eagle Way and Karewa Place fall within the 400m
walking distance, including part of the area that is earmarked for a Special Housing Area development to the east
of a proposed new collector road that is shown as a white dashed line in Figure 6. This proposed road link and the
proposed SHA are discussed later in Section 3.4.

2.2.4   Cycling

Figure 8 shows the 3km cycling contour from the site, which encompasses a significant part of the surrounding
Pukete residential areas.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                              8
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Figure 7
1km walking contour from the site

Figure 8
3km cycling contour from the site

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                       9
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

3.      The traffic environment

3.1     Existing road environment

Figure 9 shows the basic layout of the roads around the site.

Figure 9
Current road layout around the site

Te Rapa Road is a median divided 4-lane road, with additional and separate left and right turning lanes on the
approaches to the intersection with The Base Parade and Eagle Way, which is controlled by traffic signals. It has an
overall carriageway width of about 22 metres, plus the turning lanes at the intersection. There are No Stopping At
All Times (NSAAT) markings on both sides of the road, and there are cycle lanes and pedestrian footpaths running
along both sides.

Eagle Way is a two-lane road which widens to provide separate right, through and left turn lanes at the traffic signals,
and a painted flush median to accommodate vehicles turning to and from the existing Countdown car park. There
are NSAAT markings on both sides of the road, and pedestrian footpaths, and a cycle lane extends along the
northern side. Eagle Way extends into Karewa Place which is a two-lane road that links through to Wairere Drive.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                      10
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

The general traffic environment along the frontages of the site is shown in Figures 10, 11 and 12.

Figure 10
Te Rapa Road looking to the south towards the Eagle Way intersection

Figure 11
Eagle Way looking to the east from the Te Rapa Road intersection

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                 11
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Figure 12
Eagle Way looking to the west to the Te Rapa Road intersection.

3.2 Existing traffic flows

The closest traffic count data recorded by Hamilton City Council on Te Rapa Road in 2016 was between Pukete Road
and McKee Street (about 2.8 kilometres north of the site) and this showed a daily flow of 28,700 vehicles/day. No
traffic data is available for Eagle Way.

As will be described later in this report, all of the traffic modelling for this traffic assessment of the proposed
PAK'nSAVE supermarket has been based on 2021 flows, utilising the Council's 2021 Te Rapa North VISSIM Model,
originally developed for master planning and consenting new development at The Base. A full assessment of the
"existing" 2021 flows with and without the proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket is presented in Section 7.
Consequently, no further traffic surveys have needed to be undertaken as part of this ITA.

3.3     Safety records

Appendix A presents a summary of the crash records maintained by the New Zealand Transport Agency for the
period 2013-2017 on the road network in the immediate vicinity of the site.

During this period there were seven reported crashes at the Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection,
as summarised in Table 1.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                              12
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Table 1
Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection
NZTA crash record summary (red = injury crash)

 Crash Type                                         2013     2014        2015    2016      2017      Total

 nose-to-tail - northbound                                                1        1         1         3
 nose-to-tail - southbound                                                2                            2
 vehicle turning at intersection                               1                                       1
 pedestrian accident                                                      1                            1

 TOTALS                                                        1         3+1       1         1       6+1

Nose-to-tail crashes in queues that form on the Te Rapa Road approaches was the main accident type, and there
was one pedestrian accident in 2015 (aged 15, minor injury). Overall, this record indicates that the intersection is
generally operating safely and efficiently.

At the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection which accommodates left turn movements only to and from Karewa
Place, there were nine reported crashes in the 5-year period, all being nose-to-tail crashes, eight on the Karewa
Place approach to the intersection and one on Wairere Drive. All were non-injury accidents.

During the same period, there were no reported crashes along Karewa Place, and only one reported crash on Eagle
Way (2017, non-injury), this involving a vehicle turning left out of the Countdown driveway being hit by a westbound
vehicle on Eagle Way.

3.4         Proposed changes to the transport environment

Chapter 9 Industrial Zone in the District Plan includes the following:

      9.5     Rules – Specific Standards

              9.5.10 Activities on defined site Lot 3 DP S270, Pt Lot 3 DRO 346, Pt Lot 2 DRO 346, Pt Lot 1 DPS 4044 and Pt Lot
              2 DPS 4044

                       c) Collector Road and Te Rapa Road Intersection

                          i. Prior to the commencement of development of managed care facilities, retirement villages, rest homes
                             or visitor accommodation on the defined site shown on Figure 15-8c:

                             a. The Future Road shown on Figure 15-8c to connect between Maui Street and Eagle Way shall be
                                constructed to collector road standard and vested in the Council, and;

                             b. The existing through lane on the Eagle Way approach to the Te Rapa Road intersection shall be
                                changed to a shared through and right-turn lane, or other intersection configuration to optimise
                                intersection performance as determined through an ITA.

The required road link is shown in Figure 13, linking Maui Street with Karewa Place and Eagle Way. Item (b.) relating
to the approach lanes to the Eagle Way/Te Rapa Road intersection is discussed later in Section 7. The provision of
this collector road is addressed in the subdivision application by Porter Developments Ltd which precedes this
application for a supermarket on Lot 8. The responsibility for the design, construction and vesting of this road rests
with the applicant of the subdivision and this ITA has been prepared on the basis that this road is in place.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                        13
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Figure 13
Figure 15-8c from the District Plan, showing proposed collector road

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                     14
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

4.      The proposed supermarket development

4.1     The site

The site of the proposed PAK'nSAVE originally formed part of a much larger land holding by Porters Properties
Limited which extends to the north as far as Maui Street, which in turn connects with Church Road. The proposed
subdivision which is the subject of a recent subdivision consent application was shown earlier in Figure 2, with Lot 8
of that subdivision being the site of the proposed PAK'nSAVE development.

In 2014 the property was the subject of a land use consent to enable a mixed-use development containing a range
of activities including large format retail, offices and places of assembly, and Figure 14 shows this development
concept. The "Future Road" shown on the plan is the Collector road that is required to be constructed in Rule 9.5.10
of the District Plan as referred to earlier in Figure 13. The existence of this current consent is relevant in terms of
the traffic modelling that has been undertaken for the proposed PAK'nSAVE, as described later in Section 6.

Figure 14
Porters Properties Ltd - consented development

Also, subsequent to undertaking the traffic modelling for this ITA, a proposal has been approved by the Council for
a Special Housing Area development on that part of the Porters Properties Ltd site that lies to the east of the new

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                      15
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Maui Street extension. This will replace a large portion of the consented development shown in Figure 14, and
comment is made late in this report on the implications of the SHA in terms of traffic generation and traffic modelling.

4.2     Proposed site layout and access arrangements

The proposed layout for the PAK'nSAVE supermarket is detailed in the plans accompanying the resource consent
application and is shown in Figure 15.

Figure 15
Proposed site layout

The proposed supermarket building is to be located adjacent to the northern boundary of the site and towards the
site's rear frontage to the new link road. Car parking is then provided in the western part of the site fronting on to
Te Rapa Road, and along the southern part of the site along the Eagle Way frontage. A separate loading area is
located behind the building fronting onto the new link road. The supermarket is to have a total gross floor area of
6358 m2, including 3925 m2 of retail floor space.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                     16
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

The customer car parking on the site is to be served by one vehicle crossing on each of the three road frontages.
The vehicle crossing on Te Rapa Road will be located close to the site's northern boundary to maximise the
separation distance from the Eagle Way signals and clear of the existing left turn lane into Eagle Way. The vehicle
crossing on Eagle Way will operate as a left turn entry and left turn exit only, whilst the vehicle crossing on the new
link road will accommodate all entry and exit movements. Two separate vehicle crossings will be provided on the
link road to serve the unloading area at the rear of the building.

The proposed parking layout provides for simple two-way circulation around the site, and the design is based on
the normal Foodstuffs standard of 2.6m wide parking spaces with 8.0m wide manoeuvring aisles, which is in excess
of the minimum requirements of the District Plan. A total of 300 parking spaces will be provided, including 7
accessible spaces required by the District Plan.

The very nature of a supermarket car park means that the desire routes for pedestrians walking between the store
entrance and their parked vehicles are numerous and spread out and are not always concentrated into any one
specific route. A customer car park is very much a shared space where slow moving vehicles can and do mix with
pedestrian movements, including customers pushing shopping trundlers, so that the mix of pedestrians and vehicles
is a normal and integral part of the customer car park operation. Consequently, no specific pedestrian facilities or
routes through much of the car park are considered necessary or appropriate.

However, a strong pedestrian link is proposed across the centre of the car park in front of the building linking out to
Te Rapa Road and continuing along the southern face of the building out to the new link road. In line with Foodstuffs’
recent designs, it is then proposed to incorporate a “shared zone” on the main driveway at the front of the building
to simply reinforce the areas outside the store where pedestrian volumes are greatest.

The service area is to be located behind the new building, to be accessed from the new link road. The design and
operation of the proposed vehicle crossings is discussed further in Section 7.4.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                       17
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

5.      Travel characteristics of the proposed PAK'nSAVE

5.1     Travel modes and locational characteristics

The main characteristics of a modern supermarket from a transportation perspective are that supermarkets attract
large volumes of customers, who make regular visits to purchase significant quantities of groceries and other
household items. Whilst cross-shopping (and therefore shared trips) can and should be encouraged wherever
possible, the fact remains that a large proportion of supermarket shopping trips are and will continue to be sole-
purpose trips.

The need to transport large quantities of goods between the supermarket and (generally) home means that the
private vehicle is realistically the only practical alternative for many grocery shopping trips, and the use of public
transport or walking and cycling is typically not a feasible option. Depending on the particular type and location of
the supermarket, varying proportions of customers can and will make smaller purchases and travel by other modes
(public transport, walking, cycling), but the underlying characteristics of most supermarkets do involve the private
vehicle. Realistically, this is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future.

The result is that supermarkets generate relatively high levels of traffic movement on the road network, which means
that they need to be located where the road network is able to accommodate increased volumes of traffic in and
around the site with no more than minor impact on the transport environment, or where appropriate mitigation
measures can be introduced (such as road widening, intersection signalisation, etc) in order to properly deal with
potential effects.

Supermarkets also generate high levels of parking demand, and the provision of customer car parking that is readily
available at all times is fundamental to supermarket operation. Whereas customers of many retail activities may be
able to use slightly more remote and “shared” parking opportunities (and indeed in many situations should be
encouraged to do so), the simple need to utilise shopping trundlers for large quantities of groceries means that car
parking must be provided and be available as close as possible to the supermarket.

Acknowledgment of these basic characteristics of supermarkets leads to the conclusion that a variety of supermarket
locations is needed to achieve a comprehensive, efficient and balanced offering to the general public. Sites within
town centres are particularly suited to customers seeking to make smaller purchases and travel by other modes
(public transport, walking, cycling), and are a valuable asset to the make-up of the town centre, but the underlying
need to also provide extensive car parking is not always the best outcome for the town centre as a whole.
Supermarkets located outside of town centres, and on major transport corridors, can provide a very convenient and
accessible alternative, particularly for customers wishing to purchase large quantities of groceries on a single-
purpose trip, avoiding the need to add to congestion and parking demand within the town centre. The provision of
an extensive car parking area can also be achieved with much less impact on a town centre or on neighbouring
activities. The existing Countdown supermarket on the southern side of Eagle Way is a clear example of such a
supermarket.

The current proposal is to establish a supermarket that is on a transport corridor, close to but separate from the retail
centre of The Base and further afield from the Hamilton Town Centre. The site is readily accessible from the primary
road network, can offer sufficient car parking to properly serve the supermarket, and can operate safely and efficiently
with minimal impact on neighbouring properties or other road users. Although there is limited public transport
available close to the site at present, it will remain desirable to promote its use wherever possible. Walking and
cycling will remain (albeit minor) alternative modes for the grocery shopping trip.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                       18
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

5.2     Traffic generation predictions

5.2.1   Customer traffic

The traffic predictions and analysis for the proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket have focused on the busiest times for
the supermarket, namely the weekday PM peak period and the Saturday afternoon period. These generally coincide
with the busy times on the road network. During the AM peak period, which is often the critical period on the road
network when commuter traffic tends to combine with school traffic, the proposed supermarket will generate very
low volumes of traffic. Consequently, the AM commuter peak period has not been included in this ITA for the
proposed supermarket.

Data from existing PAK'nSAVE stores indicates that a typical trip rate is expected to be about 15 vph/100 m2 GFA
during both the weekday PM peak period and the Saturday afternoon peak period. This rate generally applies to
stores that are well established in a mature catchment, and it is expected that this new store in Te Rapa Road will
take some time to reach these levels with ongoing development in the northern areas of Hamilton.

Adopting this trip rate produces peak traffic movement predictions for the proposed new store (6358 m2 GFA) of
about 954 vph, including all entry and exit movements. Traffic flows during other periods of the day will be
considerably lower. The traffic generation rate refers to the total number of vehicle movements that occur to or from
the facility during a given period, meaning that one customer visiting the site by private vehicle represents two
vehicle movements, one into the site and one out of the site. The number of vehicles entering and leaving the site
in any hour is generally split 50/50.

The above peak trip generation prediction represents the total number of customer vehicle movements that will
occur into and out of the site during those identified peak periods and can generally be made up of three separate
elements.

The first element involves primary customers from the catchment who make a specific trip to the supermarket,
predominantly from home and returning to home, and these make up the largest portion of total customers. It is
assumed that this traffic would not be present on the road network near the site if the supermarket was not
established on the site, but rather would be additional traffic on that part of the road network as a direct result of
the supermarket.

The second element involves pass-by customers who are already using Te Rapa Road for some other trip (e.g. work
to home, or visiting other sites elsewhere), and who take advantage of the presence and convenience of the
PAK'nSAVE to call into the supermarket as part of that original trip. This traffic is not additional to the traffic flows
already on Te Rapa Road and is simply diverted into the site. While this element of pass-by traffic does not result in
additional vehicles being added to the road network, it will result in a redistribution of turning movements at the
main access points to the site. The pass-by rate commonly adopted is 20% of total customer traffic, and this has
been adopted for the purposes of this assessment.

The third element involves diverted customers. These customers are normally already travelling on other (usually
nearby) roads on a different purpose trip (such as work-to-home) and choose to divert to the site in order to do the
grocery shopping as part of that original trip. Diverted customers would normally only make up a relatively small
percentage of total customers, and the distribution of any such trips on the road network has been assumed to be
similar to the distribution of primary customers.

The total predicted traffic generation of the site is therefore 954 vph during the peak periods, of which 20% (or
191 vph) is assumed to be pass-by traffic that is already present on Te Rapa Road.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                       19
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

5.2.2    Service vehicles

The number of service vehicles visiting a supermarket depends on the scale of the operation and its location. Based
on experience of existing PAK'nSAVE supermarkets, some 30-40 delivery vehicles (only a few of which are large
vehicles) can be expected to be visiting the site in a day, with deliveries normally being scheduled to be spread
through the main part of the morning, which maximises the efficiency of the unloading operations and eliminates
the occurrence of queuing and congestion. Deliveries are also arranged to avoid the peak traffic periods, particularly
the PM peak period. In general, most of the deliveries occur within the 7.00 am to 3.00 pm daytime period, although
there is likely to be a milk delivery and a bread delivery prior to 7.00 am.

These figures are considered to give a good indication of the likely level of delivery activities that will be associated
with the proposed supermarket, and they have been adopted for the purposes of this assessment. It is however
noted that the access and servicing arrangements that are proposed will if necessary be easily able to accommodate
larger volumes of service vehicles through the day without difficulty.

5.3      Traffic distribution

A customer catchment analysis was undertaken by Foodstuffs for the proposed PAK'nSAVE, and the results are set
out in the spreadsheet in Appendix B. As well as predicting the percentage of customers coming from each census
unit area, the table also assigns each element of customers to the different routes to and from the site.

The resulting distribution of customer trips is summarised in Table 2. The largest percentage of customers is
predicted to come from the east along Wairere Drive.

Table 2
Predicted customer trip distribution

            Route                Approach direction     Departure direction

 Te Rapa Road (south)                  13.0%                   14.3%
 Wairere Drive (west)                  20.1%                   17.7%
 Te Rapa Road (north)                  20.9%                   11.8%
 Wairere Drive (east)                  36.4%                   46.6%
 Maui Street (north)                    9.6%                    9.6%

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                     20
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

6.        Effects on the wider transport network

6.1       Traffic modelling

At the time of Foodstuffs undertaking its due diligence on the acquisition of the site for a PAK'nSAVE supermarket,
discussions were held with the Council to determine the extent of traffic modelling that would be required to provide
an appropriate level of assessment of the likely effects of the additional PAK'nSAVE traffic on the wider road network,
including identifying any mitigation measures that would be needed in order to satisfactorily accommodate that
traffic.

It was recommended by the Council that its 2021 Te Rapa North VISSIM Model, originally developed for master
planning and consenting new development at The Base, would be the most appropriate tool with which to evaluate
the traffic effects of the proposed PAK'nSAVE on the surrounding road network. Modelling work using the VISSIM
Model had previously been undertaken by Bloxam Burnett & Olliver (BBO) on behalf of the Council, and so they
were commissioned by Foodstuffs to undertake the modelling work for the proposed PAK'nSAVE.

The traffic generation and distribution predictions for the PAK'nSAVE described earlier in Section 5 were provided
to BBO for input to the 2021 VISSIM model. With the predicted traffic generation for the supermarket being similar
for the weekday and Saturday peaks, it was determined that the Saturday peak would represent the worst-case
scenario when the peaks for the supermarket and the road network coincide, and so the VISSIM model concentrated
on the Saturday peak period. The outcome of that modelling is presented in the BBO report in Appendix C. The
following is noted:

      •   The 2021 base model has been checked by BBO (in June 2018) to make sure it is still up-to-date in terms
          of all consented developments in the area that could influence the outcome of the modelling. The 2014
          consented development for the Porters site was fully included in the model.

      •   At the time of the original modelling, the predicted traffic generation of the proposed PAK'nSAVE was a
          little higher at 975 vph for the critical PM peak hour, and this was added to the 2021 base model. The
          PAK'nSAVE prediction has subsequently been reduced to 954 vph as a result of a slight reduction in the
          final proposed GFA of the store, but the "with PAK'nSAVE" model remains valid, if a little conservative.

      •   At the time of the original modelling, the full 975 vph for the PAK'nSAVE was added into the 2021 base
          model, and no allowance was made for the underlying development shown earlier in Figure 14 that would
          be displaced by the PAK'nSAVE development. This was estimated to amount to 258 vph, which would
          effectively result in a net increase of only 717 vph due to the PAK'nSAVE development. Again, the "with
          PAK'nSAVE" model is conservatively high in terms of trip generation predictions.

The results of the model runs are presented in the BBO report in Appendix C. The spreadsheet attached to that
report details the predicted traffic flows and performance indicators for each turning movement at the key
intersections in the vicinity of the site.

In terms of the road network in the vicinity of the site, the overall conclusion from the VISSIM model was that the
addition of the predicted PAK'nSAVE traffic would potentially have a significant effect on some turning movements,
and therefore on the operation of those intersections. In particular, customers approaching along Wairere Drive
would need to make the right turn movement from Wairere Drive into Te Rapa Road followed by the right turn
movement from Te Rapa Road into Eagle Way. The increase in traffic flows on both of these movements would have
a significant impact on the intersection as a whole, with significant increases in delay and queuing.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                      21
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

Accordingly, as will be discussed below in Section 6.4, it is proposed to install traffic signal control at the Wairere
Drive/Karewa Place intersection to provide for the right turn movement from Wairere Drive into Karewa Place, this
being a movement that is not possible under the current intersection layout. This will provide significant relief to the
above two critical right turn movements, providing benefit not only in terms of satisfactorily accommodating the
traffic that will be generated by the proposed PAK'nSAVE development, but also in terms of the various other
developments that will be occurring along the Karewa Place-Maui Street corridor.

A further consideration in the assessment of effects based on the traffic modelling is the recent proposal to utilise a
large portion of the overall Porters site as a Special Housing Area (as noted in Section 4.1), understood to contain a
proposed 186 residential units. If this SHA proposal proceeds, it will displace a considerable amount of planned
mixed use development that was included in the 2014 land use consent, and it is estimated that predicted flows for
that part of the property would reduce from 591 vph originally predicted for the mixed-use activity down to some
203 vph for the residential development. Again, this reduction has not been taken into account in the 2021 VISSIM
model.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
Foodstuffs North Island Limited                                                                                        22
Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton

6.2      Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive intersection

The 2021 VISSIM model outputs for the Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive intersection are included in
Appendix C, and are summarised in Tables 3 and 4 below.

Table 3 compares the intersection performance parameters for the 2021 base model with those for the "with
PAK'nSAVE" model.

Table 3
Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive signals
2021 VISSIM model results –Saturday peak

                                        2021 base model                              2021 with PAK'nSAVE
                       Flow     Ave                                     Flow      Ave
      Movement                                            Queue (m)                        LOS          Queue (m)
                       (vph)   delay       LOS                          (vph)    delay
                               (secs)                average     max             (secs)             average      max

 Wairere (E)
                left    72      43.4         D         99        209     70       56.2      D         144        360
           through     270      59.9         E         99        209    276       81.7      F         144        360
              right    1020     90.0         F         99        209    1167     129.9      F         144        360
 Te Rapa (N)
                left   327      49.7         D         14         56     408      54.0      D          17        70
           through     779      64.1         E         52        179     924     130.2      F         230        507
              right    576      21.4         C         22        260     582      60.4      E         190        505
 Avalon (W)
                left   298      19.8         B         33        164     340      22.2      C         23         80
           through     341      57.2         E         33        164     353      54.0      D         23         80
              right     89      36.0         C         33        164      91      32.1      C         23         80
 Te Rapa (S)
                left    75      11.7         B          0         23      76      59.0       E         0         20
           through     736      64.4         E         70        234     821     133.6       F        202        361
              right    256      95.5         F         59        202     301     190.4       F        211        361

 Intersection                   60.2         E                                   102.8       F

The model results show a significant increase in overall average delay at the intersection, increasing from 60.2 to
102.8 seconds/vehicle. The LOS would drop from E to F), and queue length would increase substantially, particularly
for the through and right turn movements on the Te Rapa Road northbound and southbound approaches.

Table 4 shows the effects of the mitigation measures that are proposed at the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place
intersection on the performance of the Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive intersection, comparing the 2021
base model with the 2021 "with PAK'nSAVE and mitigation measures" model.

These results show that the proposed signalisation of the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection will have a
significant effect on the operation of this intersection, resulting in an overall improvement to the current intersection
operation. Overall average delays will decrease from 60.2 to 54.7 seconds/vehicle, the LOS will improve from E to
D, and queues on all approaches will be reduced. Clearly, the proposed signalisation of the Wairere Drive/Karewa
Place intersection will not only enable the proposed PAK'nSAVE to be satisfactorily accommodated but will also
result in benefits to the existing road network.

 Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment
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