INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT Ref: 17119-r1v3 November 2018

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Auckland Office: P O Box 60-255, Titirangi, Auckland 0642 Level 1, 400 Titirangi Road, Titirangi Village Tel: (09) 817 2500 Fax: (09) 817 2504 www.trafficplanning.co.nz Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'n SAVE supermarket development 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Integrated Transport Assessment Prepared by: John Burgess Director Traffic Planning Consultants Ltd Ref: 17119-r1v3 November 2018

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment i Contents 1 Introduction .

1 2 The transport planning context … 2 2.1 Site location … 2 2.2 Site accessibility to travel modes … 4 2.2.1 The road network . 4 2.2.2 Public transport services . 6 2.2.3 Walking . 7 2.2.4 Cycling . 7 3. The traffic environment … 9 3.1 Existing road environment . 9 3.2 Existing traffic flows … 11 3.3 Safety records . 11 3.4 Proposed changes to the transport environment . 12 4 The proposed supermarket development . 13 4.1 The site . 13 4.2 Proposed site layout and access arrangements . 14 5 Travel characteristics of the proposed PAK'nSAVE … 16 5.1 Travel modes and locational characteristics .

16 5.2 Traffic generation predictions . 16 5.2.1 Customer traffic . 16 5.2.2 Service vehicles . 17 5.3 Traffic distribution . 17 6 Effects on the wider transport network . 18 6.1 Traffic modelling . 18 6.2 Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive intersection . 19 6.3 Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection . 20 6.4 Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection . 21 6.5 Karewa Place/Eagle Way/Maui Street intersection . 24 7 Site access design and operation . 27 7.1 PAK'nSAVE Te Rapa Road access . 27 7.2 PAK'nSAVE Eagle Way access . 28 7.3 PAK'nSAVE Maui Street access . 28 7.4 Delivery vehicle access on Maui Street .

29 8 Other impacts of the proposed development . 31 8.1 Impacts on travel modes . 31 8.2 Safety impacts . 31 8.3 Parking impacts … 31 8.4 Impacts on neighbouring properties . 31 8.5 Impacts of construction traffic . 31 9 Hamilton District Plan assessment . 32 9.1 Section 9: Industrial Zone . 32 9.2 Section 25.14.2: Objectives and Policies: Transportation . 32 9.3 Section 25.14.4. Rules - General Standards . 32 9.4 Appendix 1.3.3. Restricted Discretionary, Discretionary and Non-Complying Assessment Criteria . 36

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment ii 10 Conclusions . 39 Appendices A New Zealand Transport Agency crash records for 2013-2017 B Traffic generation and distribution C 2021 Te Rapa North VISSIM Model results D Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection E Karewa Place/Eagle Way/Maui Street intersection - SIDRA model results F PAK'nSAVE accesses - SIDRA model results List of Figures Figure 1 Site location, including District Plan zoning … 2 Figure 2 Site in relation to new subdivision . 3 Figure 3 Site in relation to surrounding activities .

4 Figure 4 District Plan - Figure 15.5b Transport corridor hierarchy plan, and site location . 5 Figure 5 Bus services in Hamilton . 6 Figure 6 400m walking contour from the site . 7 Figure 7 1km walking contour from the site . 8 Figure 8 3km cycling contour from the site … 8 Figure 9 Current road layout around the site … 9 Figure 10 Te Rapa Road looking to the south towards the Eagle Way intersection . 10 Figure 11 Eagle Way looking to the east from the Te Rapa Road intersection . 10 Figure 12 Eagle Way looking to the west to the Te Rapa Road intersection . 11 Figure 13 Figure 15-8c from the District Plan, showing proposed collector road .

12 Figure 14 Porters Properties Ltd - consented development . 13 Figure 15 Proposed site layout … 14 Figure 16 Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection - proposed layout . 22 Figure 17 Eagle Way/Karewa Place intersection - layout proposed in subdivision consent application . 25 Figure 18 Typical tracking path for a truck and trailer delivery vehicle . 29 Figure 19 Typical tracking path for a fuel delivery tanker . 30

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment iii List of Tables Table 1 Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection - NZTA crash record summary . 11 Table 2 Predicted customer trip distribution … 17 Table 3 Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive signals 2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak . 19 Table 4 Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive signals 2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak, with mitigation . 20 Table 5 Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade signals 2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak .

21 Table 6 Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade signals 2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak, with mitigation . 21 Table 7 Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection with new traffic signals 2021 VISSIM model results - Saturday peak … 22 Table 8 Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection with new traffic signals SIDRA model results - Saturday peak, 2021 flows . 23 Table 9 Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection with new traffic signals - Sight distance assessment . 24 Table 10 Karewa Place/Eagle Way/Maui Street as a standard Give Way T-intersection - SIDRA results Saturday peak, 2021 flows with PAK'nSAVE and Wairere Drive/Karewa Place signals .

26 Table 11 Karewa Place/Eagle Way/Maui Street as a standard Give Way T-intersection - SIDRA results – Saturday peak, 2021 flows with PAK'nSAVE and Wairere Drive/Karewa Place signals, plus a conservative allowance for the proposed SHA in Maui Street . 26 Table 12 PAK'nSAVE Te Rapa Road access - SIDRA results - Saturday peak, 2021 flows . 27 Table 13 PAK'nSAVE Eagle Way access - SIDRA results - Saturday peak, 2021 flows . 28 Table 14 PAK'nSAVE Maui Street access - SIDRA results - Saturday peak, 2021 flows . 28

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 1 1. Introduction The purpose of this report is to provide an Integrated Transport Assessment (ITA) of a proposal by Foodstuffs North Island Limited to establish a new PAK'nSAVE supermarket on its site at 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton. The property lies on the north eastern corner of the intersection of Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade. The proposal involves a new supermarket building with a gross floor area (GFA) of 6358 m2 , including 3925 m2 of retail floor space, together with a fuel facility, a separate delivery area, and a total of 300 parking spaces.

The property currently has frontage to Te Rapa Road and Eagle Way and will have frontage to a new collector road that is to be constructed at the rear of the site as part of a proposed subdivision, linking Karewa Place with Maui Street to the north.

The structure of this TIA is as follows: • Section 2 discusses the site in the overall transport planning context. • Section 3 describes the existing and future traffic environments within which the proposed PAK'nSAVE will operate. • Section 4 describes the proposed supermarket development, including proposed layout and access arrangements. • Section 5 describes the travel characteristics of the proposed PAK'nSAVE, including traffic generation predictions • Section 6 assesses the effects on the wider transport network, including traffic modelling of the key intersections in the vicinity of the site.

• Section 7 describes the proposed site accesses and their design and operation. • Section 8 assesses other impacts of the proposed redevelopment, • Section 9 assesses the proposal in terms of the relevant rules and assessment criteria of the Hamilton City Council Operative District Plan (District Plan). In preparing this ITA, discussions have been held with the Council's traffic engineers and consultants to identify all of the key issues that need to be addressed in this report, including details of the traffic modelling that has been completed as part of this assessment.

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 2 2.

The transport planning context 2.1 Site location The location of the site in relation to the surrounding road network is shown in Figure 1, which also shows the site in the context of the District Plan zoning. Figure 1 Site location The site currently has frontage to and vehicle access from two roads, namely Te Rapa Road along the site's western frontage and Eagle Way on its southern boundary. Te Rapa Road is a major arterial road in the City's roading

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 3 network, and as such forms a key part of the transport network through this part of Hamilton. Eagle Way is a short length of local road that provides access to frontage properties, predominantly the existing Countdown supermarket on its southern side. The current traffic environment is discussed further in Sections 2.2 and 3, but it is clear that the site enjoys direct access to the arterial road network serving this part of Hamilton.

The site is located at the southern end of the Industrial Zone which extends along the eastern side of Te Rapa Road towards the north.

The area to the south fronting Te Rapa Road is zoned Business 4 for Large Format Retail activities, whilst the land along the western side of Te Rapa Road is zoned Business 3 and contains the Sub-Regional Centre of The Base. A recent subdivision consent application by Porter Developments Limited for the subject property is shown in Figure 2, with Lot 8 being the site of the proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket development. Figure 2 Site in relation to new subdivision Figure 3 shows in more detail the site in relation to the immediately surrounding activities. The site currently accommodates a small office building towards the Te Rapa Road frontage, with the remainder being essentially vacant and used for vehicle storage.

The are numerous commercial and industrial activities adjoining the site to the north, whilst there is a large format retail development to the south containing a Countdown supermarket and a Kmart store. Directly opposite the site is The Base, which is accessed through the Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way traffic signals.

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 4 Figure 3 Site in relation to surrounding activities 2.2 Site accessibility to travel modes 2.2.1 The road network Section 15-5 Transport Corridor Hierarchy Plan and Definitions in the District Plan classifies current and planned future transport corridors within the City. The location of the site in relation to the "transport corridor hierarchy plan" as contained in Figure 15-5b of the District Plan is shown in Figure 4.

Te Rapa Road is classed as a Major Arterial Transport Corridor, which is defined as follows: d) A ‘major arterial’ transport corridor’s principal function is the movement of significant levels of goods and people between parts of the City and beyond.

Inter- and intra-city heavy freight and through traffic should generally be directed to these corridors. This classification includes all corridors managed as Motorway or Expressway by the New Zealand Transport Agency. Property access is either non-existent or heavily controlled. Inter-city passenger transport services are expected to use these routes. Intra-city passenger transport services may traverse these routes.

Current activities along the eastern side of Te Rapa Road in the vicinity of the site do have some vehicle crossings to serve frontage property (including the Foodstuffs' site), although to the south of the Eagle Way intersection direct access from Te Rapa Road has not been provided for the Countdown/Kmart development. Access to recent developments, such as The Base, has generally been confined to major intersections.

INTEGRATED TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 5 Figure 4 District Plan - Figure 15.5b Transport corridor hierarchy plan, and site location Karewa Place between Wairere Drive and Eagle Way is classed as part of a Collector Transport Corridor which is to be extended towards the north to link up with Church Road to the north (this is discussed further in Section 3.4 of the report), running parallel to and to the east of Te Rapa Road.

A Collector Transport Corridor is defined as follows: f) A ‘collector’ transport corridor performs both a movement and property access function. These transport corridors often move goods and people between local destinations or to higher order transport corridors for further travel. Property access is provided with few restrictions. Depending on the land use environment heavy freight and through traffic may be limited on these corridors. Intra-city passenger transport services are likely to use these routes.

Access to properties fronting onto the road is appropriate, although the movement of traffic along the road remains important. The short section of Eagle Way between Te Rapa Road and Karewa Place is currently classed as a Local Transport Corridor, which is defined as follows:

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 6 g) A ‘local’ transport corridor’s principal function is the provision of property access. The movement of goods and people is directed to higher-order transport corridors.

Property access has few restrictions. The land-use environment dictates whether heavy freight movement is supported. Through-traffic is generally discouraged. Intra- city passenger transport services are unlikely to use these routes where an alternative higher-order transport corridor is available.

As such, Eagle Way is the most appropriate road for providing access to frontage properties, as it currently does for the Countdown/Kmart development. However, given that it provides a direct connection between a Collector (Karewa Place) and a Major Arterial (Te Rapa Road), movement of traffic between the two will remain an important element in its function. Having frontage to three separate roads, the site clearly will have direct and convenient access to the primary road network serving this part of Hamilton.

2.2.2 Public transport services The Te Rapa area is reasonably well serviced by public transport, with several services operating in the general vicinity of the site, as shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5 Bus services in Hamilton The Site

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 7 Service O is a link service following a loop route and connecting The Base Shopping Centre, University, Hospital and other places within Hamilton. It runs in clockwise and anticlockwise directions with a frequency of 15 minutes through the day on weekdays, and 20 minutes at weekends. Services 1, 9 and 18 run between The Base Shopping Centre and the Transport Centre in the Hamilton CBD via different routes. They connect both destinations with most residential and commercial centres in the Hamilton area, and run with a frequency of 30 minutes through the day on weekdays, and 1 hour at weekends.

The nearest bus stop to the subject site is located within The Base Shopping Centre. 2.2.3 Walking Figure 6 shows the 400m walking contour from the site entrance, whilst Figure 7 shows the 1km walking contour. Figure 6 400m walking contour from the site Much of The Base and the commercial/industrial activities along Eagle Way and Karewa Place fall within the 400m walking distance, including part of the area that is earmarked for a Special Housing Area development to the east of a proposed new collector road that is shown as a white dashed line in Figure 6. This proposed road link and the proposed SHA are discussed later in Section 3.4.

2.2.4 Cycling Figure 8 shows the 3km cycling contour from the site, which encompasses a significant part of the surrounding Pukete residential areas.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 8 Figure 7 1km walking contour from the site Figure 8 3km cycling contour from the site

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 9 3.

The traffic environment 3.1 Existing road environment Figure 9 shows the basic layout of the roads around the site. Figure 9 Current road layout around the site Te Rapa Road is a median divided 4-lane road, with additional and separate left and right turning lanes on the approaches to the intersection with The Base Parade and Eagle Way, which is controlled by traffic signals. It has an overall carriageway width of about 22 metres, plus the turning lanes at the intersection. There are No Stopping At All Times (NSAAT) markings on both sides of the road, and there are cycle lanes and pedestrian footpaths running along both sides.

Eagle Way is a two-lane road which widens to provide separate right, through and left turn lanes at the traffic signals, and a painted flush median to accommodate vehicles turning to and from the existing Countdown car park. There are NSAAT markings on both sides of the road, and pedestrian footpaths, and a cycle lane extends along the northern side. Eagle Way extends into Karewa Place which is a two-lane road that links through to Wairere Drive.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 10 The general traffic environment along the frontages of the site is shown in Figures 10, 11 and 12.

Figure 10 Te Rapa Road looking to the south towards the Eagle Way intersection Figure 11 Eagle Way looking to the east from the Te Rapa Road intersection

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 11 Figure 12 Eagle Way looking to the west to the Te Rapa Road intersection. 3.2 Existing traffic flows The closest traffic count data recorded by Hamilton City Council on Te Rapa Road in 2016 was between Pukete Road and McKee Street (about 2.8 kilometres north of the site) and this showed a daily flow of 28,700 vehicles/day. No traffic data is available for Eagle Way.

As will be described later in this report, all of the traffic modelling for this traffic assessment of the proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket has been based on 2021 flows, utilising the Council's 2021 Te Rapa North VISSIM Model, originally developed for master planning and consenting new development at The Base.

A full assessment of the "existing" 2021 flows with and without the proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket is presented in Section 7. Consequently, no further traffic surveys have needed to be undertaken as part of this ITA. 3.3 Safety records Appendix A presents a summary of the crash records maintained by the New Zealand Transport Agency for the period 2013-2017 on the road network in the immediate vicinity of the site. During this period there were seven reported crashes at the Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection, as summarised in Table 1.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 12 Table 1 Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection NZTA crash record summary (red = injury crash) Crash Type 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total nose-to-tail - northbound 1 1 1 3 nose-to-tail - southbound 2 2 vehicle turning at intersection 1 1 pedestrian accident 1 1 TOTALS 1 3+1 1 1 6+1 Nose-to-tail crashes in queues that form on the Te Rapa Road approaches was the main accident type, and there was one pedestrian accident in 2015 (aged 15, minor injury).

Overall, this record indicates that the intersection is generally operating safely and efficiently.

At the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection which accommodates left turn movements only to and from Karewa Place, there were nine reported crashes in the 5-year period, all being nose-to-tail crashes, eight on the Karewa Place approach to the intersection and one on Wairere Drive. All were non-injury accidents. During the same period, there were no reported crashes along Karewa Place, and only one reported crash on Eagle Way (2017, non-injury), this involving a vehicle turning left out of the Countdown driveway being hit by a westbound vehicle on Eagle Way.

3.4 Proposed changes to the transport environment Chapter 9 Industrial Zone in the District Plan includes the following: 9.5 Rules – Specific Standards 9.5.10 Activities on defined site Lot 3 DP S270, Pt Lot 3 DRO 346, Pt Lot 2 DRO 346, Pt Lot 1 DPS 4044 and Pt Lot 2 DPS 4044 c) Collector Road and Te Rapa Road Intersection i.

Prior to the commencement of development of managed care facilities, retirement villages, rest homes or visitor accommodation on the defined site shown on Figure 15-8c: a. The Future Road shown on Figure 15-8c to connect between Maui Street and Eagle Way shall be constructed to collector road standard and vested in the Council, and; b. The existing through lane on the Eagle Way approach to the Te Rapa Road intersection shall be changed to a shared through and right-turn lane, or other intersection configuration to optimise intersection performance as determined through an ITA.

The required road link is shown in Figure 13, linking Maui Street with Karewa Place and Eagle Way. Item (b.) relating to the approach lanes to the Eagle Way/Te Rapa Road intersection is discussed later in Section 7. The provision of this collector road is addressed in the subdivision application by Porter Developments Ltd which precedes this application for a supermarket on Lot 8. The responsibility for the design, construction and vesting of this road rests with the applicant of the subdivision and this ITA has been prepared on the basis that this road is in place.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 13 Figure 13 Figure 15-8c from the District Plan, showing proposed collector road

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 14 4. The proposed supermarket development 4.1 The site The site of the proposed PAK'nSAVE originally formed part of a much larger land holding by Porters Properties Limited which extends to the north as far as Maui Street, which in turn connects with Church Road. The proposed subdivision which is the subject of a recent subdivision consent application was shown earlier in Figure 2, with Lot 8 of that subdivision being the site of the proposed PAK'nSAVE development.

In 2014 the property was the subject of a land use consent to enable a mixed-use development containing a range of activities including large format retail, offices and places of assembly, and Figure 14 shows this development concept. The "Future Road" shown on the plan is the Collector road that is required to be constructed in Rule 9.5.10 of the District Plan as referred to earlier in Figure 13. The existence of this current consent is relevant in terms of the traffic modelling that has been undertaken for the proposed PAK'nSAVE, as described later in Section 6. Figure 14 Porters Properties Ltd - consented development Also, subsequent to undertaking the traffic modelling for this ITA, a proposal has been approved by the Council for a Special Housing Area development on that part of the Porters Properties Ltd site that lies to the east of the new

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 15 Maui Street extension. This will replace a large portion of the consented development shown in Figure 14, and comment is made late in this report on the implications of the SHA in terms of traffic generation and traffic modelling. 4.2 Proposed site layout and access arrangements The proposed layout for the PAK'nSAVE supermarket is detailed in the plans accompanying the resource consent application and is shown in Figure 15.

Figure 15 Proposed site layout The proposed supermarket building is to be located adjacent to the northern boundary of the site and towards the site's rear frontage to the new link road.

Car parking is then provided in the western part of the site fronting on to Te Rapa Road, and along the southern part of the site along the Eagle Way frontage. A separate loading area is located behind the building fronting onto the new link road. The supermarket is to have a total gross floor area of 6358 m2 , including 3925 m2 of retail floor space.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 16 The customer car parking on the site is to be served by one vehicle crossing on each of the three road frontages. The vehicle crossing on Te Rapa Road will be located close to the site's northern boundary to maximise the separation distance from the Eagle Way signals and clear of the existing left turn lane into Eagle Way. The vehicle crossing on Eagle Way will operate as a left turn entry and left turn exit only, whilst the vehicle crossing on the new link road will accommodate all entry and exit movements.

Two separate vehicle crossings will be provided on the link road to serve the unloading area at the rear of the building.

The proposed parking layout provides for simple two-way circulation around the site, and the design is based on the normal Foodstuffs standard of 2.6m wide parking spaces with 8.0m wide manoeuvring aisles, which is in excess of the minimum requirements of the District Plan. A total of 300 parking spaces will be provided, including 7 accessible spaces required by the District Plan. The very nature of a supermarket car park means that the desire routes for pedestrians walking between the store entrance and their parked vehicles are numerous and spread out and are not always concentrated into any one specific route.

A customer car park is very much a shared space where slow moving vehicles can and do mix with pedestrian movements, including customers pushing shopping trundlers, so that the mix of pedestrians and vehicles is a normal and integral part of the customer car park operation. Consequently, no specific pedestrian facilities or routes through much of the car park are considered necessary or appropriate.

However, a strong pedestrian link is proposed across the centre of the car park in front of the building linking out to Te Rapa Road and continuing along the southern face of the building out to the new link road. In line with Foodstuffs’ recent designs, it is then proposed to incorporate a “shared zone” on the main driveway at the front of the building to simply reinforce the areas outside the store where pedestrian volumes are greatest. The service area is to be located behind the new building, to be accessed from the new link road. The design and operation of the proposed vehicle crossings is discussed further in Section 7.4.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 17 5. Travel characteristics of the proposed PAK'nSAVE 5.1 Travel modes and locational characteristics The main characteristics of a modern supermarket from a transportation perspective are that supermarkets attract large volumes of customers, who make regular visits to purchase significant quantities of groceries and other household items. Whilst cross-shopping (and therefore shared trips) can and should be encouraged wherever possible, the fact remains that a large proportion of supermarket shopping trips are and will continue to be sole- purpose trips.

The need to transport large quantities of goods between the supermarket and (generally) home means that the private vehicle is realistically the only practical alternative for many grocery shopping trips, and the use of public transport or walking and cycling is typically not a feasible option. Depending on the particular type and location of the supermarket, varying proportions of customers can and will make smaller purchases and travel by other modes (public transport, walking, cycling), but the underlying characteristics of most supermarkets do involve the private vehicle. Realistically, this is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future.

The result is that supermarkets generate relatively high levels of traffic movement on the road network, which means that they need to be located where the road network is able to accommodate increased volumes of traffic in and around the site with no more than minor impact on the transport environment, or where appropriate mitigation measures can be introduced (such as road widening, intersection signalisation, etc) in order to properly deal with potential effects. Supermarkets also generate high levels of parking demand, and the provision of customer car parking that is readily available at all times is fundamental to supermarket operation.

Whereas customers of many retail activities may be able to use slightly more remote and “shared” parking opportunities (and indeed in many situations should be encouraged to do so), the simple need to utilise shopping trundlers for large quantities of groceries means that car parking must be provided and be available as close as possible to the supermarket. Acknowledgment of these basic characteristics of supermarkets leads to the conclusion that a variety of supermarket locations is needed to achieve a comprehensive, efficient and balanced offering to the general public. Sites within town centres are particularly suited to customers seeking to make smaller purchases and travel by other modes (public transport, walking, cycling), and are a valuable asset to the make-up of the town centre, but the underlying need to also provide extensive car parking is not always the best outcome for the town centre as a whole.

Supermarkets located outside of town centres, and on major transport corridors, can provide a very convenient and accessible alternative, particularly for customers wishing to purchase large quantities of groceries on a single- purpose trip, avoiding the need to add to congestion and parking demand within the town centre. The provision of an extensive car parking area can also be achieved with much less impact on a town centre or on neighbouring activities. The existing Countdown supermarket on the southern side of Eagle Way is a clear example of such a supermarket.

The current proposal is to establish a supermarket that is on a transport corridor, close to but separate from the retail centre of The Base and further afield from the Hamilton Town Centre. The site is readily accessible from the primary road network, can offer sufficient car parking to properly serve the supermarket, and can operate safely and efficiently with minimal impact on neighbouring properties or other road users. Although there is limited public transport available close to the site at present, it will remain desirable to promote its use wherever possible. Walking and cycling will remain (albeit minor) alternative modes for the grocery shopping trip.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 18 5.2 Traffic generation predictions 5.2.1 Customer traffic The traffic predictions and analysis for the proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket have focused on the busiest times for the supermarket, namely the weekday PM peak period and the Saturday afternoon period. These generally coincide with the busy times on the road network. During the AM peak period, which is often the critical period on the road network when commuter traffic tends to combine with school traffic, the proposed supermarket will generate very low volumes of traffic.

Consequently, the AM commuter peak period has not been included in this ITA for the proposed supermarket.

Data from existing PAK'nSAVE stores indicates that a typical trip rate is expected to be about 15 vph/100 m2 GFA during both the weekday PM peak period and the Saturday afternoon peak period. This rate generally applies to stores that are well established in a mature catchment, and it is expected that this new store in Te Rapa Road will take some time to reach these levels with ongoing development in the northern areas of Hamilton. Adopting this trip rate produces peak traffic movement predictions for the proposed new store (6358 m2 GFA) of about 954 vph, including all entry and exit movements.

Traffic flows during other periods of the day will be considerably lower. The traffic generation rate refers to the total number of vehicle movements that occur to or from the facility during a given period, meaning that one customer visiting the site by private vehicle represents two vehicle movements, one into the site and one out of the site. The number of vehicles entering and leaving the site in any hour is generally split 50/50.

The above peak trip generation prediction represents the total number of customer vehicle movements that will occur into and out of the site during those identified peak periods and can generally be made up of three separate elements. The first element involves primary customers from the catchment who make a specific trip to the supermarket, predominantly from home and returning to home, and these make up the largest portion of total customers. It is assumed that this traffic would not be present on the road network near the site if the supermarket was not established on the site, but rather would be additional traffic on that part of the road network as a direct result of the supermarket.

The second element involves pass-by customers who are already using Te Rapa Road for some other trip (e.g. work to home, or visiting other sites elsewhere), and who take advantage of the presence and convenience of the PAK'nSAVE to call into the supermarket as part of that original trip. This traffic is not additional to the traffic flows already on Te Rapa Road and is simply diverted into the site. While this element of pass-by traffic does not result in additional vehicles being added to the road network, it will result in a redistribution of turning movements at the main access points to the site.

The pass-by rate commonly adopted is 20% of total customer traffic, and this has been adopted for the purposes of this assessment.

The third element involves diverted customers. These customers are normally already travelling on other (usually nearby) roads on a different purpose trip (such as work-to-home) and choose to divert to the site in order to do the grocery shopping as part of that original trip. Diverted customers would normally only make up a relatively small percentage of total customers, and the distribution of any such trips on the road network has been assumed to be similar to the distribution of primary customers.

The total predicted traffic generation of the site is therefore 954 vph during the peak periods, of which 20% (or 191 vph) is assumed to be pass-by traffic that is already present on Te Rapa Road.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 19 5.2.2 Service vehicles The number of service vehicles visiting a supermarket depends on the scale of the operation and its location. Based on experience of existing PAK'nSAVE supermarkets, some 30-40 delivery vehicles (only a few of which are large vehicles) can be expected to be visiting the site in a day, with deliveries normally being scheduled to be spread through the main part of the morning, which maximises the efficiency of the unloading operations and eliminates the occurrence of queuing and congestion.

Deliveries are also arranged to avoid the peak traffic periods, particularly the PM peak period. In general, most of the deliveries occur within the 7.00 am to 3.00 pm daytime period, although there is likely to be a milk delivery and a bread delivery prior to 7.00 am.

These figures are considered to give a good indication of the likely level of delivery activities that will be associated with the proposed supermarket, and they have been adopted for the purposes of this assessment. It is however noted that the access and servicing arrangements that are proposed will if necessary be easily able to accommodate larger volumes of service vehicles through the day without difficulty. 5.3 Traffic distribution A customer catchment analysis was undertaken by Foodstuffs for the proposed PAK'nSAVE, and the results are set out in the spreadsheet in Appendix B. As well as predicting the percentage of customers coming from each census unit area, the table also assigns each element of customers to the different routes to and from the site.

The resulting distribution of customer trips is summarised in Table 2. The largest percentage of customers is predicted to come from the east along Wairere Drive.

Table 2 Predicted customer trip distribution Route Approach direction Departure direction Te Rapa Road (south) 13.0% 14.3% Wairere Drive (west) 20.1% 17.7% Te Rapa Road (north) 20.9% 11.8% Wairere Drive (east) 36.4% 46.6% Maui Street (north) 9.6% 9.6%

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 20 6. Effects on the wider transport network 6.1 Traffic modelling At the time of Foodstuffs undertaking its due diligence on the acquisition of the site for a PAK'nSAVE supermarket, discussions were held with the Council to determine the extent of traffic modelling that would be required to provide an appropriate level of assessment of the likely effects of the additional PAK'nSAVE traffic on the wider road network, including identifying any mitigation measures that would be needed in order to satisfactorily accommodate that traffic.

It was recommended by the Council that its 2021 Te Rapa North VISSIM Model, originally developed for master planning and consenting new development at The Base, would be the most appropriate tool with which to evaluate the traffic effects of the proposed PAK'nSAVE on the surrounding road network. Modelling work using the VISSIM Model had previously been undertaken by Bloxam Burnett & Olliver (BBO) on behalf of the Council, and so they were commissioned by Foodstuffs to undertake the modelling work for the proposed PAK'nSAVE. The traffic generation and distribution predictions for the PAK'nSAVE described earlier in Section 5 were provided to BBO for input to the 2021 VISSIM model.

With the predicted traffic generation for the supermarket being similar for the weekday and Saturday peaks, it was determined that the Saturday peak would represent the worst-case scenario when the peaks for the supermarket and the road network coincide, and so the VISSIM model concentrated on the Saturday peak period. The outcome of that modelling is presented in the BBO report in Appendix C. The following is noted: • The 2021 base model has been checked by BBO (in June 2018) to make sure it is still up-to-date in terms of all consented developments in the area that could influence the outcome of the modelling.

The 2014 consented development for the Porters site was fully included in the model. • At the time of the original modelling, the predicted traffic generation of the proposed PAK'nSAVE was a little higher at 975 vph for the critical PM peak hour, and this was added to the 2021 base model. The PAK'nSAVE prediction has subsequently been reduced to 954 vph as a result of a slight reduction in the final proposed GFA of the store, but the "with PAK'nSAVE" model remains valid, if a little conservative. • At the time of the original modelling, the full 975 vph for the PAK'nSAVE was added into the 2021 base model, and no allowance was made for the underlying development shown earlier in Figure 14 that would be displaced by the PAK'nSAVE development.

This was estimated to amount to 258 vph, which would effectively result in a net increase of only 717 vph due to the PAK'nSAVE development. Again, the "with PAK'nSAVE" model is conservatively high in terms of trip generation predictions. The results of the model runs are presented in the BBO report in Appendix C. The spreadsheet attached to that report details the predicted traffic flows and performance indicators for each turning movement at the key intersections in the vicinity of the site.

In terms of the road network in the vicinity of the site, the overall conclusion from the VISSIM model was that the addition of the predicted PAK'nSAVE traffic would potentially have a significant effect on some turning movements, and therefore on the operation of those intersections. In particular, customers approaching along Wairere Drive would need to make the right turn movement from Wairere Drive into Te Rapa Road followed by the right turn movement from Te Rapa Road into Eagle Way. The increase in traffic flows on both of these movements would have a significant impact on the intersection as a whole, with significant increases in delay and queuing.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 21 Accordingly, as will be discussed below in Section 6.4, it is proposed to install traffic signal control at the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection to provide for the right turn movement from Wairere Drive into Karewa Place, this being a movement that is not possible under the current intersection layout. This will provide significant relief to the above two critical right turn movements, providing benefit not only in terms of satisfactorily accommodating the traffic that will be generated by the proposed PAK'nSAVE development, but also in terms of the various other developments that will be occurring along the Karewa Place-Maui Street corridor.

A further consideration in the assessment of effects based on the traffic modelling is the recent proposal to utilise a large portion of the overall Porters site as a Special Housing Area (as noted in Section 4.1), understood to contain a proposed 186 residential units. If this SHA proposal proceeds, it will displace a considerable amount of planned mixed use development that was included in the 2014 land use consent, and it is estimated that predicted flows for that part of the property would reduce from 591 vph originally predicted for the mixed-use activity down to some 203 vph for the residential development.

Again, this reduction has not been taken into account in the 2021 VISSIM model.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 22 6.2 Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive intersection The 2021 VISSIM model outputs for the Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive intersection are included in Appendix C, and are summarised in Tables 3 and 4 below. Table 3 compares the intersection performance parameters for the 2021 base model with those for the "with PAK'nSAVE" model. Table 3 Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive signals 2021 VISSIM model results –Saturday peak Movement 2021 base model 2021 with PAK'nSAVE Flow (vph) Ave delay (secs) LOS Queue (m) Flow (vph) Ave delay (secs) LOS Queue (m) average max average max Wairere (E) left 72 43.4 D 99 209 70 56.2 D 144 360 through 270 59.9 E 99 209 276 81.7 F 144 360 right 1020 90.0 F 99 209 1167 129.9 F 144 360 Te Rapa (N) left 327 49.7 D 14 56 408 54.0 D 17 70 through 779 64.1 E 52 179 924 130.2 F 230 507 right 576 21.4 C 22 260 582 60.4 E 190 505 Avalon (W) left 298 19.8 B 33 164 340 22.2 C 23 80 through 341 57.2 E 33 164 353 54.0 D 23 80 right 89 36.0 C 33 164 91 32.1 C 23 80 Te Rapa (S) left 75 11.7 B 0 23 76 59.0 E 0 20 through 736 64.4 E 70 234 821 133.6 F 202 361 right 256 95.5 F 59 202 301 190.4 F 211 361 Intersection 60.2 E 102.8 F The model results show a significant increase in overall average delay at the intersection, increasing from 60.2 to 102.8 seconds/vehicle.

The LOS would drop from E to F), and queue length would increase substantially, particularly for the through and right turn movements on the Te Rapa Road northbound and southbound approaches. Table 4 shows the effects of the mitigation measures that are proposed at the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection on the performance of the Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive intersection, comparing the 2021 base model with the 2021 "with PAK'nSAVE and mitigation measures" model. These results show that the proposed signalisation of the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection will have a significant effect on the operation of this intersection, resulting in an overall improvement to the current intersection operation.

Overall average delays will decrease from 60.2 to 54.7 seconds/vehicle, the LOS will improve from E to D, and queues on all approaches will be reduced. Clearly, the proposed signalisation of the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection will not only enable the proposed PAK'nSAVE to be satisfactorily accommodated but will also result in benefits to the existing road network.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 23 Table 4 Te Rapa Road/Avalon Drive/Wairere Drive signals 2021 VISSIM model results –Saturday peak, with mitigation Movement 2021 base model 2021 with PAK'nSAVE and mitigation Flow (vph) Ave delay (secs) LOS Queue (m) Flow (vph) Ave delay (secs) LOS Queue (m) average max average max Wairere (E) left 72 43.4 D 99 209 55 49.0 D 64 192 through 270 59.9 E 99 209 276 61.0 E 64 192 right 1020 90.0 F 99 209 887 79.6 E 64 192 Te Rapa (N) left 327 49.7 D 14 56 397 69.3 E 23 72 through 779 64.1 E 52 179 954 60.8 E 65 292 right 576 21.4 C 22 260 695 33.5 D 53 273 Avalon (W) left 298 19.8 B 33 164 389 19.4 E 21 87 through 341 57.2 E 33 164 323 56.3 E 21 87 right 89 36.0 C 33 164 88 36.5 D 21 87 Te Rapa (S) left 75 11.7 B 0 23 80 9.5 E 0 14 through 736 64.4 E 70 234 879 53.9 D 45 167 right 256 95.5 F 59 202 112 50.6 D 11 118 Intersection 60.2 E 54.7 D 6.3 Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection The 2021 VISSIM model outputs for the Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade intersection are included in Appendix C, and are summarised in Tables 5 and 6 below.

Table 5 compares the intersection performance parameters for the 2021 base model with those for the "with PAK'nSAVE" model. The model results show a small increase in overall average delay at the intersection, increasing from 62 to 67.6 seconds/vehicle, with the LOS dropping from D to E. Queue lengths would increase on most of the movements, particularly for the right turn movement into Eagle Way. Table 6 shows the effects of the mitigation measures that are proposed at the Wairere Drive/Karewa Place intersection on the performance of the Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/Base Parade intersection, comparing the 2021 base model with the 2021 "with PAK'nSAVE and mitigation measures" model.

These results show that the proposed mitigation measures will enable this intersection to accommodate the additional traffic from the proposed PAK'nSAVE whilst continuing to operate much as at present.

Foodstuffs North Island Limited Proposed PAK'nSAVE supermarket, 980 Te Rapa Road, Hamilton Ref: 17119-r1v3 - Integrated Transport Assessment 24 Table 5 Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade signals 2021 VISSIM model results –Saturday peak Movement 2021 base model 2021 with PAK'nSAVE Flow (vph) Ave delay (secs) LOS Queue (m) Flow (vph) Ave delay (secs) LOS Queue (m) average max average max Eagle Way (E) left 376 21.8 C 8 88 391 44.7 D 25 189 through 156 85.1 F 62 219 167 102.4 F 52 197 right 69 83.1 F 62 219 90 102.0 F 52 197 Te Rapa (N) left 108 5.5 A 0 16 180 12.8 B 0 27 through 467 42.7 D 24 92 511 50.9 D 38 148 right 81 53.3 D 24 92 85 56.6 D 38 148 The Base (W) left 68 17.5 B 0 7 79 20.5 C 0 9 through 262 110.7 F 366 496 282 111.3 F 285 505 right 1002 109.9 F 373 496 986 115.1 F 284 505 Te Rapa (S) left 816 20.0 B 36 171 878 21.7 C 27 190 through 566 46.8 D 25 76 715 50.5 D 32 106 right 214 90.6 F 51 151 265 181.3 F 107 189 Intersection 62.0 D 67.6 E Table 6 Te Rapa Road/Eagle Way/The Base Parade signals 2021 VISSIM model results –Saturday peak, with mitigation Movement 2021 base model 2021 with PAK'nSAVE and mitigation Flow (vph) Ave delay (secs) LOS Queue (m) Flow (vph) Ave delay (secs) LOS Queue (m) average max average max Eagle Way (E) left 376 21.8 C 8 88 390 24.7 C 9 114 through 156 85.1 F 62 219 161 83.0 F 32 134 right 69 83.1 F 62 219 87 80.6 F 32 134 Te Rapa (N) left 108 5.5 A 0 16 113 10.0 A 0 12 through 467 42.7 D 24 92 574 51.7 D 46 165 right 81 53.3 D 24 92 117 59.4 E 46 165 The Base (W) left 68 17.5 B 0 7 93 45.0 D 0 17 through 262 110.7 F 366 496 259 115.3 F 383 503 right 1002 109.9 F 373 496 989 115.4 F 384 503 Te Rapa (S) left 816 20.0 B 36 171 891 44.0 D 81 308 through 566 46.8 D 25 76 642 47.3 D 26 150 right 214 90.6 F 51 151 172 47.5 D 17 92 Intersection 62.0 D 62.1 E