LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 WWW.MATTERSINGRAY.COM.AU Level 2, 12 MT Gravatt-Capalaba Rd, Upper MT Gravatt QLD 4122 • Phone (07) 3349 6538 SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING LEARNERS GUIDE SHBHCUT006 CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 1 Your Learners Guide Welcome to your self-paced LEARNERS GUIDE.

This LEARNERS GUIDE has been designed to lead you through a range of experiences to enable you to become an independent learner. How to get the most out of your LEARNERS GUIDE Read through the information in the learners guide carefully. Make sure you understand the material. Some sections are quite long and cover complex ideas and information. If you come across anything you do not understand:  talk to your facilitator  research the area using other text books or the Internet  discuss the issue with other people (your workplace supervisor, fellow workers, fellow candidates)  try to relate the information presented in this learning guide to your own experience and to what you already know.

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 2 CONTENTS WOMEN . 4 1.PLAN THE HAIRCUT . 4 1.1 REVIEW AND DISCUSS DESIRED HAIRCUT DESIGNS TO CONFIRM CLIENT EXPECTATIONS . . 4 1.2 ESTABLISH NATURAL HAIR TYPE, TEXTURE, GROWTH PATTERNS, FALL AND MOVEMENT BY PHYSICAL AND VISUAL EXAMINATION . . 4 1.3 IDENTIFY FACIAL FEATURES AND BONE STRUCTURE . . 4 1.4 SUGGEST AND CONFIRM HAIRCUT DESIGN CONCEPTS THAT REFLECT THE ANALYSIS, COMPLEMENT FACIAL FEATURES, BONE STRUCTURE AND MEET CLIENT EXPECTATIONS .

. 4 MEN . 4 1.ANALYSE CLIENT CHARACTERISTICS AND REQUIREMENTS . 4 1.1 REVIEW AND DISCUSS CURRENT AND ALTERNATIVE HAIRCUT DESIGNS TO CONFIRM CLIENT EXPECTATIONS . . 4 1.2 ASSESS NATURAL HAIR TYPE, TEXTURE, GROWTH PATTERNS, FALL AND MOVEMENT BY PHYSICAL AND VISUAL EXAMINATION.....4 1.3 IDENTIFY FACIAL FEATURES AND BONE STRUCTURE . . 4 1.4 SUGGEST AND CONFIRM TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUTS THAT REFLECT THE ANALYSIS, COMPLEMENT FACIAL FEATURES, BONE STRUCTURE AND MEET CLIENT EXPECTATIONS . . 4 WOMEN . 20 2.APPLY CUTTING TECHNIQUES . 20 2.1 SELECT HAIRCUTTING TOOLS AND CUTTING TECHNIQUES TO ACHIEVE PLANNED HAIRCUT RESULTS .

. 20 2.2 CUT EXTERNAL DESIGN LINES, DIRECTION OF DESIGN LINES AND INTERNAL DESIGN OR GUIDE LINES ACCORDING TO THE HAIRCUT PLAN . . 20 2.3 ADJUST THE POSITION OF HEAD AND NECK DURING THE SERVICE FOR DESIRED ACCESS AND REQUIRED ANGLES OF LIFT . . 20 2.4 MAINTAIN EVENLY WET OR DRY HAIR AND APPLY EVEN TENSION . . 20 2.5 MAINTAIN CLEAN SECTIONS AND APPROPRIATE LIFT AND DISTRIBUTION OF HAIR THROUGHOUT THE SERVICE, ACCORDING TO THE HAIRCUT PLAN . . 20 2.6 COMBINE OR BLEND HAIRCUT STRUCTURES WHERE APPROPRIATE TO COMPLETE THE PLANNED HAIRCUT WITHIN SALON SERVICE TIME-FRAME . . 20 2.7 MAINTAIN CLIENT COMFORT, SAFETY AND HYGIENE THROUGHOUT THE HAIRCUT ACCORDING TO RELEVANT HEALTH REGULATIONS AND SALON PROCEDURES .

. 20 MEN . 20 2.APPLY CUTTING TECHNIQUES . 20 2.1 SELECT HAIRCUTTING TOOLS AND CUTTING TECHNIQUES TO ACHIEVE PLANNED HAIRCUT RESULTS . . 20 2.2 ESTABLISH ANGLES AND INTERNAL GUIDE LINES ACCORDING TO THE HAIRCUT PLAN . . 20 2.3 MAINTAIN EVENLY WET OR DRY HAIR AND APPLY EVEN TENSION . . 20 2.4. MAINTAIN CLEAN SECTIONS WITH NO TANGLES AND APPROPRIATE LIFT AND DISTRIBUTION OF HAIR THROUGHOUT THE SERVICE, ACCORDING TO THE HAIRCUT PLAN . . 20 2.5 COMBINE OR BLEND HAIRCUT STRUCTURES AND REMOVE BULK WHERE APPROPRIATE . . 20 2.6 COMPLETE THE PLANNED HAIRCUT WITHIN SALON SERVICE TIMEFRAME . . 20 2.7 MAINTAIN CLIENT COMFORT, SAFETY AND HYGIENE THROUGHOUT THE HAIRCUT ACCORDING TO RELEVANT HEALTH REGULATIONS AND SALON PROCEDURES .

. 20 WOMEN . 28 3.SELECT AND APPLY FINISHING TECHNIQUES . 28 3.1 SELECT FINISHING TOOLS TO ACHIEVE PLANNED HAIRCUT . . 28 3.2 APPLY THE APPROPRIATE FINISHING TECHNIQUES ACCORDING TO THE FINISHED HAIR DESIGN AND AGREED OUTCOMES WITHIN SALON SERVICE TIMEFRAME . . 28 3.3 REVIEW SERVICE OUTCOMES AND CONFIRM CLIENT SATISFACTION WITH THE HAIRCUT RESULT . . 28 3.4 ADVISE ON HOME HAIR CARE PRODUCTS, ACCORDING TO CLIENT NEEDS . . 28 3.5 UPDATE CLIENT RECORDS WITH DETAILS OF SERVICE AND HOME CARE PRODUCTS PURCHASED . . 28 3.6 DISPOSE OF HAIRCUT WASTE ACCORDING TO SALON PROCEDURES . . 28

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 3 3.7 CLEAN OR DISPOSE OF USED EQUIPMENT, ACCORDING TO HEALTH REGULATIONS AND SALON PROCEDURES . . 28 MEN . 28 3. OUTLINE HAIRCUTS . 28 3.1 MARK HAIRCUT OUTLINES OVER AND BEHIND EARS USING CLIPPERS WHERE INDICATED BY THE PLANNED FINISH . . 28 3.2 USE CLIPPERS TO OUT-LINE SIDEBURNS WHERE INDICATED BY THE PLANNED FINISH . . 28 3.3 LATHER NECKLINE, STRETCH AND SHAVE SKIN IN THE DIRECTION OF THE HAIR GROWTH TO ENSURE A SMOOTH RESULT WITHOUT DISCOMFORT TO THE SKIN .

. 28 4.SELECT AND APPLY FINISHING TECHNIQUES . 28 4.1 SELECT AND APPLY APPROPRIATE FINISHING TOOLS AND STYLING PRODUCTS TO ACHIEVE PLANNED HAIRCUT FINNISH . . 28 4.2 APPLY THE APPROPRIATE FINISHING TECHNIQUES ACCORDING TO THE FINISHED HAIR DESIGN AND AGREED OUTCOMES . . 28 4.3 CONFIRM CLIENT SATISFACTION WITH THE OUTCOMES OF SERVICE . . 28 4.4 ADVISE ON HOME HAIR CARE PRODUCTS, ACCORDING TO CLIENT NEEDS . . 28 4.5 UPDATE CLIENT RECORDS WITH DETAILS OF SERVICE AND HOME CARE PRODUCTS PURCHASED . . 28 4.6 DISPOSE OF HAIRCUT WASTE ACCORDING TO SALON PROCEDURES . . 28 4.7 CLEAN OR DISPOSE OF USED EQUIPMENT, ACCORDING TO HEALTH REGULATIONS AND SALON PROCEDURES .

. 28

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 4 Women 1.Plan the haircut. 1.1 Review and discuss desired haircut designs to confirm client expectations. 1.2 Establish natural hair type, texture, growth patterns, fall and movement by physical and visual examination. 1.3 Identify facial features and bone structure. 1.4 Suggest and confirm haircut design concepts that reflect the analysis, complement facial features, bone structure and meet client expectations.

Men 1.Analyse client characteristics and requirements. 1.1 Review and discuss current and alternative haircut designs to confirm client expectations. 1.2 Assess natural hair type, texture, growth patterns, fall and movement by physical and visual examination. 1.3 Identify facial features and bone structure. 1.4 Suggest and confirm traditional and classic men’s haircuts that reflect the analysis, complement facial features, bone structure and meet client expectations. Accurate analysis of the client’s hair characteristics, facial features and body type are essential to planning and creating the desired haircut design.

The design plan relies on correct interpretation of the clients requirements, therefore good communication is necessary. Using the ask, analyse and agree principles in consultation will help you to identify your clients’ needs and expectations.

Visual examination of clients hair characteristics Most of your time as a hairdresser is taken up with servicing and styling your clients hair. For this reason you must be able to identify different hair types. You can do all of this by examining the hair visually (by looking at it) and physically (by feeling it). The client hair characteristic include:  Natural hair type  Texture  Porosity  (Amount)Density  Elasticity  Length of hair  Growth patterns, fall and movement  Hair and scalp condition Hair Type Hair type is determined by genetic makeup. People may change their look, but not the hairs inherent characteristics.

Have you ever noticed that different ethnic groups have hair that looks different to your own? Know that clients of African, Asian and Latin descent have many different types of hair, each with different hair care needs and hair problems. Some of their hair concerns will overlap and others will diverge. The human race can be divided among several ethnic groups. Apart from other differences, there are characteristic differences in the hair types of these groups.

These differences in the hair are not only evident by the appearance of the hair, but also by the shape of the hair shaft, hair density and texture. Although differences in hair type can be quite variable even within ethnic groups, ethnicity can be grouped in 3 major divisions in accordance to ethnic geographic origin: Asian, Caucasian and African.

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 5 Texture Hair texture refers to the diameter of the hair shaft and is defined as:  Fine  Medium  Coarse You may notice that the feel of the hair may be wiry, soft or average.

Coarse Hair Has a large diameter and feel wiry or harsh to touch. Because of its strength, it may be difficult to control when styling.

Medium Hair Is the easiest to manage and depending on its condition, is suitable for most hairstyles. Fine Hair Has a small diameter and tends to appear limp. When styling fine hair is wise to use smaller rollers or styling brushes to achieve sufficient body. For extremely fine hair, a body wave or soft perm may be required to enhance the styling capability. Growth Patterns The direction of the hair growth can produce a variety of patterns over the scalp and hairline. Growth patterns may become more noticeable when the hair is wet. Hair growth patterns may be categorised in four (4) ways:  Cowlicks  Swirl  Single crown  Double crown  Stream Cowlicks  Cowlicks are generally found along the front of the hairline around the face and the nape areas.

The hair grows from these areas in a distinct direction against the normal growth pattern. Those found on the front hair line are also referred to as widows peaks and are often distinguished by a V shape in the front hair line making cutting a straight fringe without the hair sticking up quite difficult  What to do  The client should wear hair longer and have it styled to compliment, rather than highlight, the erratic little hair tufts.

 For example: do not cut the area too short and cut the hair in the direction of the hair growth. Swirl  A swirl is where a section of the hair grows from an axis in an outwardly spiralling manner.  What to do  Depending on where the swirl is located, you can manage swirls by cutting the hair at natural fall. Single crown  A single crown occurs when the hair forms circular swirls at the crown (top) of the head. Most people have single crowns; however, the root strength of the hair will determine how noticeable this pattern is.

 What to do  If the hair grows directly out of the scalp at a 900 angle, you may need to leave the hair at the crown a little longer to prevent it from sticking up or cut the hair short if the client likes the spiky look.

Double Crown  Double crown occurs when there are two circular swirls at the crown of the head, often in opposing directions. Double crowns often make the hair in the centre of the crown stick up.  What to do  To help manage a double crown, it is best to keep this area with a little length to flatten the appearance of the growth pattern.

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 6 Stream  A stream occurs where a section of the hair grows in an irregular direction to the rest of the hair. Streams may occur on any part of the head, but are most common at the nape, often in an upward or horizontal direction.

 What to do  If the stream is in a horizontal direction, you may choose to accentuate the pattern by applying an asymmetrical haircut.

 If the stream grows in an upward fashion, you should cut the hair at natural fall to maintain the precision of the haircut finish. Natural Fall Hair follicles grow from the scalp in different directions and this affects the way that the hair falls from the scalp. Clients may have naturally occurring parts. It is best to check natural hair fall when the client’s hair has been shampooed and the hair is still wet. Use the back of your hand to gently push the hair forward and the hair should fall into its natural position. The natural fall of the hair must always be considered when styling hair as the direction of the design is influenced by the natural fall.

Movement Movement relates to the clients natural curl pattern. The hair may be:  Straight  Wavy  Curly Movement must always be taken into consideration when planning hair designs as it will dictate what tools and styling aids you will need for applying the design. For example: If a client with curly hair wants to have a straight, sleek hair design, you may need to use straightening irons to complete the look. Visual examination of facial features and bone structure It is fundamental that you analyse the shape of your clients face and bone structure so that you can advise them on hair styles that will suit them best.

A good hairstyle is designed to complement your clients’ good features. Personality and lifestyle also have a role in hair design.

For example: A conservative client will not want a Mohawk. A person who is constantly busy will probably not want a style that will take them hours to reproduce at home.

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 7 Facial features Observing facial features includes taking into account the clients face shape, profile, problem features and neck length and width.

Face shape When analysing face shapes you should observe:  The width of the forehead and jaw line  Compare the width with the length from forehead to chin  The hairline. Is it curved or angular?  The jaw line structure. Is it curved or angular? There are six basic face shapes:  Oval  Round  Oblong  Square  Heart  Diamond Profile The profile is the outline of a face from the side view. When designing a hairstyle, profile can be a good indicator of the correct shape of the hairstyle to use. There are three (3) basic profile shapes identified, these are:  Straight  Concave  Convex

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 8 Face shapes Face shapes Face Shape Characteristics Style concepts Oval The oval facial type is generally accepted as the perfect face. The contour and proportions of the oval face form the basis for modifying all other facial types. People with an oval face shape can wear most hair cut styles and lengths with it still looking "right.

Round A round face appears full with few angles and proportional width and length.

The hair should be shaped to create the illusion of length in the face. This is achieved by creating height on top of the head, and minimising hair width by keeping it flat at the sides and around the ears. Heart This face shape has a broad forehead that narrows to a small chin. The hair style's objective should be to create an oval by adding width at the jaw line. Oblong The oblong face is longer than it is wide so that it appears long and thin. The forehead, cheek and jaw have similar widths. The ideal style of hair is one which creates width at the sides disguising the narrowness. A fringe can also shorten the face, and a style with a side part will help to reduce the square appearance.

Square A square face has a strong jaw line, angular cheekbones and a broad forehead. Hair should be styled around the face to soften the jaw line. Jaw and brow nearly same width. Hair should wisp around face to reduce squareness.

LEARNERS GUIDE - SHB30416 CERTIFICATE III IN HAIRDRESSING SHB30516 CERTIFICATE III IN BARBERING

Version 1 – 2016 SHBHCUT006 – CREATE COMBINED HAIRCUT STRUCTURES SHBHCUT007 – CREATE COMBINED TRADITIONAL AND CLASSIC MEN’S HAIRCUT STRUCTURES Developed from SHB Hairdressing Training Package (Version 1) © MATTERS IN GRAY TRAINING ORGANISATION Created May 2016 9 Diamond Diamond shaped faces have narrow foreheads that widen at the eye line and cheekbones and narrow again to a small chin.

By creating width at the forehead and minimising it at the cheekbones, the illusion of an oval face can be achieved.

Profiles Prominent features Prominent features are features of a person’s face that seem disproportionate to the rest of the face. These may include:  Large ears  Eyes set wide apart  Eyes set very close together  Other unflattering features  For large ears, you should design the hair to cover the ears. Profiles Profile Characteristics Style concepts I Straight The facial features on the straight profile are in a vertical line. There are no obvious features to counterbalance, usually all hairstyles are suitable for this profile.

) Concave A concave profile is a flatter face with a heavy jaw line and chin, often with a prominent forehead.

Design hair to fall around the jaw line and add hair around the forehead to balance. ( Convex A convex profile has a prominent nose, and a receding chin and forehead. The hair design should include a full fringe to detract from the prominent features, add hair around the face to soften and balance the chin. Keep hair close to the head at the nape.

You can also read