Leeds Childcare Sufficiency Assessment 2019-2020 - Family

Leeds Childcare Sufficiency Assessment 2019-2020 - Family
Leeds Childcare

For up-to-date information on the type of childcare available, parents and providers can either
contact the Leeds Family Information Service (FIS) on 0113 378 9700, via email on
family.info@leeds.gov.uk or visit the website at https://familyinformation.leeds.gov.uk/
For additional information on provision and support for children and young people with Special
Education Needs and/or Disabilities please visit the Leeds Local Offer
For more information about this report please contact educ.school.organisation@leeds.gov.uk


Contents ............................................................................................................................. 2
Executive Summary............................................................................................................. 4
Introduction........................................................................................................................ 6
   1.        Purpose of the Childcare Sufficiency Assessment (CSA) ............................................... 6
   2.        The national context ...................................................................................................... 7
   3.        Funded Early Education Entitlement (FEEE) .................................................................. 9
   4.        The Leeds local context................................................................................................ 11
Early Years education and childcare in Leeds ..................................................................... 13
   5.        Which providers deliver childcare in Leeds? ............................................................... 13
   6.        What places are offered?............................................................................................. 14
   7.        When is childcare available in Leeds? ......................................................................... 15
   8.        What are Leeds Childcare Planning Areas? ................................................................. 16
   9.        What is the take up of funded Early Years provision in Leeds? ................................... 16
   10.       Summary of Out of School Club (OOSC) and holiday care provision........................... 18
   11. Summary of Early Years provision to support children and young people with Special
   Educational Needs and/or Disabilities (SEND) 0 – 25 years old ............................................. 19
   12.       Summary of childcare quality ...................................................................................... 20
   13.       Early Years National Funding Formula (EYNFF) ........................................................... 21
Methodology for assessing sufficiency of Early Years Education and Childcare in Leeds ..... 23
   14.       Role of the Sufficiency and Participation team ........................................................... 23
   15.       Role of the Good Learning Places Board...................................................................... 23
   16.       Early years sufficiency planning ................................................................................... 23
   17.       Primary sufficiency planning ........................................................................................ 23
   18.       How Early Years sufficiency is assessed and monitored .............................................. 24
   19.       How the CSA fits into sufficiency planning .................................................................. 25
Key findings and recommendations ................................................................................... 26

   20.      What we’ve done - actions from the 2018 Childcare Sufficiency Assessment ........... 26
   21.      Priority actions in the 2019 Childcare Sufficiency Assessment ................................... 27
Appendix A – Data Tables.................................................................................................. 29
Appendix B – Childcare Planning Area Summaries ............................................................. 33
Appendix C – Eligibility Criteria for FEEE ............................................................................ 81
Appendix D – Abbreviations & Glossary............................................................................. 82
Appendix E – Useful Links.................................................................................................. 85

Executive Summary
This annual Childcare Sufficiency Assessment (CSA) has been produced to aid the local authority
in its statutory duty to secure sufficient childcare for working parents or for them to take up
training opportunities that lead to work. The assessment looks at the childcare market in Leeds
in 2018, estimating demand using a variety of indicators and assumptions and comparing this
to supply. Demand for funded early education entitlement (FEEE) places for two, three and
four year olds takes account of the introduction of the 30 hours extended entitlement for
eligible three and four year olds introduced in September 2017. This assessment is an update
to the Childcare Sufficiency Assessment published in March 2018.

This CSA will be of interest to parents, providing them with an overview of the childcare which
is offered across the city and in their locality. Existing and potential childcare providers will also
find the assessment useful when considering a change to their delivery models, expanding their
provision or starting up in new areas, and should be used alongside their own market research
to assess demand in particular areas and points in time. The childcare market is particularly
dynamic, with many factors affecting demand and supply, particularly parental choice.
Therefore the findings of this report are indicative only and further detailed analysis of local
areas should be undertaken by childcare providers to fully understand the local market. This
report will also be shared with Elected Members.

The main findings of this report are:
      There are no sufficiency issues related to quality of childcare provision, as 95% of
      providers in Leeds were judged Good or Outstanding by Ofsted at their most recent
      There are currently sufficient childcare places for 0-4 year olds, including funded early
      education entitlement (FEEE) places for two, three and four year olds , albeit some may
      not be at the setting parents or carers would prefer
      Some childcare planning areas have been identified for further investigation where the
      number of claims is anticipated to reach higher levels than have been seen in recent
      Although providers are continuing to respond to supporting two-year-old places, the
      percentage take-up of FEEE entitlement by eligible two-year-olds varies across different
      areas of the city and further work is planned to increase the overall take-up of the offer
      Childcare providers are expanding and new provision is being created
      Parents have a varied choice of childcare providers in most areas of Leeds

       Availability of childcare at times to suit parents is generally sufficient in all areas
       The recommendations and future actions within this report identifies specific tasks that
       the local authority plans to undertake to address the sufficiency issues highlighted
       above, along with strengthening the information collected on childcare vacancies
       The local authority will continue to provide support to parents and providers in the
       childcare sector, to ensure working parents are able to secure childcare appropriate to
       their needs and the childcare sector remains sustainable

Detailed analysis of the childcare offer and future priorities in each of the city’s childcare
planning areas can be found in Appendix B of the main Childcare Sufficiency Assessment, or can
be requested via sending an email to educ.school.organisation@leeds.gov.uk

1. Purpose of the Childcare Sufficiency Assessment (CSA)
The Childcare Act (2006)1 requires local authorities in England and Wales to ensure a sufficiency
of childcare, so far as is reasonably practicable, for working parents, parents who are studying
or training and for disabled children.

Childcare sufficiency relates to the provision of registered childcare for children and young
people aged 0-14 years old, and up to 18 years old for disabled children and children with
additional needs.

The duties in the Act (section 6) require local authorities to shape and support the development
of childcare in their area in order to make it flexible, sustainable and responsive to the needs
of the community. This role is described as a ‘market management’ function, supporting the
sector to meet the needs of parents, children and young people, parents and stakeholders.

Under section 6 of the Act there is a requirement on local authorities to produce an annual
sufficiency report on the availability and sufficiency of childcare in their area. This information
should be made available to parents and elected members.

Section 7 requires local authorities to secure prescribed Early Years provision free of charge.
This provision is for children aged two, three and four year old. In the region of 40% of two
year olds nationally are legally entitled to funded Early Years provision, and all three and four
year olds are eligible for some funded Early Years provision.

The Childcare Act (2016)2 extends the Childcare Act (2006) and the duty to provide universal
entitlement for three and four year olds; since September 2017 eligible families have been
entitled to 30 hours funded childcare for three and four year olds, extending the previous
provision of up to 15 hours a week (570 hours a year) universal early learning for this age range.

Section 12 places a duty on local authorities to provide information, advice and assistance to
parents and prospective parents relating to the provision of childcare and services or facilities
that may be of benefit to parents and prospective parents, children and young people. It is


advised that this Childcare Sufficiency Assessment is viewed alongside the information available
on the Leeds Family Information Service (FIS)3 and the national Childcare Choices4 websites.

This assessment provides a summary of childcare provision in Leeds with the aim to support:

           Parents to gain a further understanding of the types of childcare on offer in Leeds and
           help to inform decisions about childcare options for their family
           Childcare providers to understand the local childcare market and to help them make
           informed choices to better meet the childcare needs of families in Leeds
           Councillors and Executive Members, providing clarity on childcare services available for
           their local families and the priority focus for the coming year
           Leeds City Council officers providing a structured picture of the current childcare offer
           in Leeds that informs potential actions for market management to meet demand and
           the forward strategic planning for primary school places

2. The national context
   2.1. Policy direction
There have been a number of recent policy initiatives that impact on childcare sufficiency.
These include:

           National living wage
           Automatic enrolment for employees pensions from April 2016
           Tax-Free Childcare
           Universal credit
           Benefit changes

   2.2. National living wage and national minimum wage
The Government introduced the National Living Wage in April 2016 for workers aged 25 years
and older. For workers aged below 25 years old the National Minimum Wage applies. The
National Living Wage was initially set at £7.20 per hour. Staff costs constitute the largest


component of the cost base for childcare providers5 and the introduction of the National Living
Wage in 2016 increased earnings for a full-time worker aged over 25 years old by £910 a year
relative to the National Minimum Wage.

The National Living Wage increased by 4.9% from £7.83 per hour to £8.21 per hour in April
2019. The National Minimum Wage increases from £7.38 per hour to £7.70 per hour for people
aged 21 to 24; and from £5.90 per hour to £6.15 per hour for people aged 18 to 20.

    2.3. Automatic enrolment for employee pensions
From April 2016 every employer has been required to enrol workers into a workplace pension
scheme if they are aged between 22 and State Pension age and earning more than £10,000 a
year. Automatic enrolment for employee pensions was fully rolled-out by February 2018. The
introduction of automatic enrolment may be having an impact on providers’ costs.

    2.4. Tax-free Childcare
Tax-Free Childcare was introduced in April 2017 and under the scheme, for every £8 a parent
pays into an online account, the government tops up an additional £2. Tax-Free Childcare
provides up to £2,000 per year for each child under 12 years old, or £4,000 per year for disabled
children under 17 years old. Eligibility criteria applies, including upper and lower household
income thresholds. Tax-Free Childcare replaces childcare vouchers, which are now closed to
new applicants, and is available to working parents meeting the eligibility criteria. Tax-Free
Childcare is aimed at supporting working families by reducing childcare costs.

    2.5. Universal Credit
Universal Credit is a payment to help with living costs. Universal Credit is being introduced in
stages across the UK and will replace the following benefits:

       Child Tax Credit
       Housing Benefit
       Income Support
       income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA)
       income-related Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
       Working Tax Credit



   2.6. Benefit changes
       Universal Credit Two-child Limit

   From 1st February 2019, families with more than two children who make new claims for
   Universal Credit will no longer be directed to claim Child Tax Credit instead; the two child
   limit will apply to those families. Families who have been awarded Universal Credit after
   April 2017 and have two or fewer children but who then have a third or subsequent child
   will have the two-child limit applied.

       Universal Credit Roll-out

   The rolling out of the full digital service of Universal Credit to all areas of the country was
   completed in December 2018 for new claims or for people making a new claim due to a
   change of circumstance. From July 2019, the Government plans to start transferring
   existing claimants of benefits or tax credits onto Universal Credit through a process known
   as managed migration. Initially 10,000 claimants will be transferred through a pilot scheme
   which will take place between July 2019 and July 2020. Until the completion of the pilot
   scheme and a full assessment, the Government will not move claimants across in high
   numbers. The intention will then be for the remaining claimants to be taken through the
   managed migration process between November 2020 and December 2023.

       Benefit conditionality

   Changes to benefit conditionality mean most lone parents receiving income support are
   now transferred to Jobseekers Allowance (JSA) when their child reaches the age of five
   years. Lone parents are expected to seek work to receive the benefit and therefore require
   childcare from at least this age. This increases demand for childcare, especially for school-
   aged children.

   Since April 2017 parents, including lone parents, claiming Universal Credit as a job seeker
   are expected to prepare for work when the youngest child turns two years old and to look
   for work when the youngest child turns three years old, with support from Jobcentre Plus.
   This will have a direct impact on the local authority sufficiency duty to ensure sufficient
   childcare for working parents and those training or studying for work.

3. Funded Early Education Entitlement (FEEE)
All three and four year olds and eligible two year olds are entitled to 570 hours funded early
education a year, delivered as a minimum as 15 hours a week over 38 weeks (school term time)
but can be taken as a stretched offer with fewer hours a week over more weeks in a year. Since
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September 2017 eligible three and four year olds have been entitled to an additional 570 hours
funded childcare, taking the entitlement for some children to 1,140 hours a year.

    3.1. Two year old funded early education entitlement
Some two year old children are eligible for FEEE; eligibility for funding is based on the following
national criteria:

       Income Support
       Income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA)
       Income-related Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
       Support through part 6 of the Immigration and Asylum Act
       Child Tax Credit and/or Working Tax Credit and having an annual income under £16,190
       The guaranteed element of State Pension Credit
       Working Tax Credit 4 week run-on (the payment you get when you stop qualifying for
       Working Tax Credit)
       Universal Credit

In Leeds all eligible two year olds are able to access a funded early education place from the
term after their second birthday. Each eligible child is entitled to up to 570 hours per year of
funded early education from the term after their second birthday for a maximum of three

   3.2. Three and four year old funded early education entitlement (FEEE)
       15 hours funded childcare

   All three and four year old children in England are eligible for 570 funded hours of funded
   childcare per year from the term after their third birthday. This is usually taken as 15 hours
   a week for 38 weeks of the year and is known as the "universal entitlement". This
   entitlement continues until the child starts reception in a maintained school; or funding
   ends during the term that they turn five if they attend an independent school.

       30 hours funded childcare

   Since September 2017, the Government extended the funded childcare entitlement for
   working parents of three and four year olds to 30 hours per week for 38 weeks of the year
   (1,140 hours per year). This is known as the "extended entitlement". National criteria for
   eligibility of the extended entitlement can be found in the Appendix C.

   The extended entitlement for eligible three and four year olds has impacted on the Early
   Years and childcare market both nationally and locally. Prior to the scheme being
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   introduced, eligible parents may have already been buying additional childcare, which they
   then converted into funded childcare however some families may be now making different
   life choices based on being able to access an additional 570 hours a year funded childcare,
   including working more hours or returning to work. A small number of local authorities
   have been delivering some 30 hours funded childcare since September 2016 and their
   experience indicates that demand for the extended entitlement amongst eligible parents is

4. The Leeds local context
    4.1. Population & birth rate
Leeds is one of the UK’s largest cities with a population of around 785,000 (ONS estimates
2017). The population of Leeds is expected to reach 803,000 by 2021. Leeds is a diverse city
with 140 ethnic groups representing 19% of the total population. There are around 191,000
children and young people aged 0-19 living in the city.

The birth rate across Leeds hit a low of 7,500 births in 2001. For a number of years following
the birth rate increased at an average of almost 300 per year, reaching a peak of 10,350 in 2012.
These increases have resulted in more Early Years and childcare places being required as well
as additional primary and secondary school places being provided.

The past few years has seen the birth rate remain around the 10,000 mark although there was
a slight decrease in 2017/18. The graph below represents the changes in birth rate in Leeds
over the past ten years. Generally, increases in birth rate can be attributed to families having
more children, increases in the level of housing and recent economic growth within Leeds has
contributed to more people wanting to live there.
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    4.2. Housing
There are 328,000 households in Leeds. Over the last five years Leeds has seen a significant
investment in new housing projects. This investment is likely to continue and if so, will impact
on the population and the need for childcare.

The Council’s Core Strategy was adopted in November 2014 setting out the scale and
distribution of new housing growth in Leeds. The Core Strategy set out an ambitious housing
requirement to deliver 70,000 (net) new homes between 2012 and 2028. In response to a
Government consultation in September 2017, the housing target for Leeds is under review as
part of the Core Strategy Selective Review (CSSR) which is currently at examination stage. The
CSSR proposes to revise the plan period to 2017-2033, with a consequent reduction in the
housing requirement to 51,952(net). The CSSR is anticipated to be adopted in 2019.

The draft Site Allocations Plan (SAP) includes housing site allocations and requirements that will
help to deliver the Core Strategy policies, ensuring that sufficient land is available to meet the
housing requirements set out in the Core Strategy supported by complementary infrastructure,
such as schools. The SAP is currently in the final stages of Examination by Planning Inspectors
prior to its eventual adoption by the council (anticipated to be in 2019).

A link to further information about the SAP, including a city-wide interactive map is provided in
Appendix E.

    4.3. Economy
Leeds is the regional capital of Yorkshire and the Humber. It is the largest employment centre
in the region with an employment rate of 75.5%; higher than regional and national rates (ONS
data, Oct ‘17 to Sept ‘18). Leeds has recovered well from recession and is experiencing strong
economic growth with potential for even more. Major development projects are underway
across the city with businesses investing, innovating and creating new jobs. Leeds is an
economic powerhouse predicted to grow by 50% over the next 20 years, outperforming the
national economy. It is expected that Leeds will provide 25% of the region’s additional 159,000
jobs between 2018 and 2025.

   4.4. Deprivation
While Leeds is a modern city with a thriving economy, not all residents gain from these
economic benefits. 170,000 residents live in areas of Leeds that are identified as amongst the
most deprived 10% nationally. Five wards in Leeds have at least half of their Lower Super
Output Areas (subdivisions of wards) in the 10% most deprived LSOAs in England: Burmantofts
& Richmond Hill, Gipton & Harehills, Hunslet & Riverside, Killingbeck & Seacroft and Middleton
Park (Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2015).
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Early Years education and childcare in Leeds
5. Which providers deliver childcare in Leeds?
Leeds has a mix of childcare provision with delivery of places from all provider types – day
nurseries, pre-schools, children’s centres, childminders and schools. At October 2018 there
were a total of 1332 childcare providers in Leeds including 141 infant/primary schools with

                                                                    Number of providers in
           Type of setting
                                                                    Leeds (October 2018)
           Childminders                                                            760
           Children’s centres                                                      32
           Private Nurseries                                                       181
           Crèches                                                                  4
           Primary schools with nursery class                                      141
           Pre-school playgroups                                                   98
           Out of school care                                                      116
           Total                                                                  1332
          Note: A setting may be listed more than once if delivering more than one type of provision e.g. a
          private provider on a school site offering a pre-school playgroup, out of school care and holiday
          care. Childminders may be offering out of school care as well as Early Years childcare.

The following types of childcare are available in Leeds:

   5.1. Full day care
Care for children aged from birth to five, which is open for at least eight hours a day, many of
which are also open all year round. Full day care includes:

       Childcare on non-domestic premises including nurseries, pre-schools and other group
       Childcare on domestic premises where four or more people look after children together
       in a home that is not the child’s.
       Child minders
       Home child carers (nannies) where an individual cares for children in the child’s own
       home. They are not required to register with Ofsted.
       Children’s centres
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    5.2. Sessional care
Care for children aged birth to five open fewer than eight hours a day. Most of these settings
are open term time only and many offer separate morning and afternoon sessions. Sessional
care includes provision of early education by maintained schools with nurseries, as well as that
offered by some independent schools.

   5.3. After-school clubs
Provision for school-age children operating outside the school day, run by maintained primary
schools and private and voluntary sector providers. Some full day care providers offer a limited
number of after-school places, often for younger school-age children, through a pick-up service
from local schools. This category does not include individual activity clubs run by schools or
other organisations which are not specifically intended as childcare, including those run by
independent schools.

    5.4. Childminders
Those taking care of children in a domestic setting that is not the child’s own (usually the
childminder’s home) with up to two other people. Most childminders care for children under
the age of five, but many also care for school-age children. Childminders may now also spend
up to half their time caring for children on approved non-domestic premises i.e. away from the
childminder’s home.

    5.5. Breakfast clubs
Provision for children before school starts, including a breakfast and usually on a school site
and run by the school. They are often low cost or free and run for a shorter period of time than
a before school childcare service.

    5.6. Holiday play schemes
Provision for school-age children in all or some of the school holidays. Most are run by private,
voluntary and independent providers, though they may also be run by schools themselves.

    5.7. Maintained nursery class
Nursery classes that are part of maintained infant or primary schools (there are 141 of these in
the city).

6. What places are offered?
The number of places offered at settings depends upon the provider type, accommodation and
staffing levels, with some providers having multiple settings across Leeds. The number of
available childcare places in a setting can vary depending on staffing ratios and age ranges of
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the children. Vacancy numbers can change quickly, as children may leave the setting or change
the times they attend.

Providers may choose not to offer all registered places and operate below their maximum
number. Across all setting types, average operating capacity in Leeds is estimated at 81%. This
means there is potential unused capacity in the market for providers to offer more places than
they currently do, from the same premises. It may require changes to staff numbers and
models of delivery to do this, but capacity does exist. However, unused capacity may not meet
the needs of families, for example if a provider has surplus capacity on some days but not

Childcare capacity, in particular for pre-school-aged children fluctuates throughout the year.
Places come under increasing pressure in the summer term ahead of the school intake to
Reception in September. Claims data used to inform this assessment was taken from the
summer term in 2018 as this indicates the maximum number of FEEE places claimed over the
academic year 2017-18.

Childminders deliver places across the age ranges and make a significant contribution to the
stock of available childcare in Leeds.

Provision for children and young people aged 11-14 years old is more likely to be out of school
(in the form of clubs, activities and groups) and delivered by schools, for their own pupils and
for less than two hours. As such, it is not required to be registered as childcare. After school
activities provided by schools may be available for limited hours (e.g. 45 minutes to an hour
and therefore be too short for formal registration) and may be subject to short term
cancellation (for example, if a teacher is off sick or is required elsewhere) and is therefore not
reliable enough to support parent/carers to work.

Although at a local level, the proportion of places offered by different types of providers can
vary due to a number of factors, on the whole Leeds has a balanced childcare market.

7. When is childcare available in Leeds?
Childcare is available throughout the year and for full days, which supports parents to work. In
each Childcare Planning Area (CPA) across the city there are settings offering care from early in
the morning until early evening. Early Years education and childcare is delivered throughout
the year with settings open an average of 45 weeks a year, supporting parents to access
provision throughout the year and not just in term-time.
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8. What are Leeds Childcare Planning Areas?
The city is divided up into 42 geographical areas called Childcare Planning Areas (CPAs). These
areas are used in planning Early Years and primary provision and the data contained within
Appendix B of this report is presented by CPA. The areas have been determined by taking into
account natural boundaries and other local features such as major roads, rivers and areas of
population. Although provision is often planned at a CPA level, the demographics and housing
in neighbouring areas is taken into account along with patterns of where children access
provision relative to where they live. Sometimes, for the purposes of planning provision, a
particular part of a CPA is considered, for example if localised pressure has been identified.

9. What is the take up of funded Early Years provision in Leeds?6
   9.1. Take up of two year old provision
The table below shows the proportion of eligible two year olds claiming their entitlement to
funded early education entitlement in Leeds at January census (2015 – 2018).

              Term         Take up rate - Leeds    Take up rate - Regional     Take up rate - National
         Spring 2015               56%                      65%                         58%
         Spring 2016               68%                      71%                         68%
         Spring 2017               68%                      73%                         71%
         Spring 2018               67%                      73%                         72%

The take up in Leeds rose quickly from spring 15 to spring 16 and has now settled to just under
70%. Take-up rates tend to increase across the academic year reaching a peak in the summer
term. The current take up of the funded early education entitlement by two year olds in Leeds
is slightly lower than regional and national averages. A priority action from this assessment is
to implement strategies aimed at increasing take-up of the 2 year-old entitlement in the future,
with a particular focus on promoting the offer to hard-to-reach families. Thirteen primary
schools in eleven CPAs have lowered their age range and are now 2 – 11 primary schools. There
are also a number of other primary schools who have expressed an interest in lowering their
age range to 2-11.

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   9.2. Take up of 3 & 4 year old provision
       15 hours funded childcare
   The table on the following page shows the proportion of eligible three and four year olds
   claiming their entitlement to funded early education entitlement (15hrs) in Leeds at January
   census (2015 – 2018).

          Term       Take up rate - Leeds   Take up rate - Regional   Take up rate - National
      Spring 2015           99%                      97%                       95%
      Spring 2016           97%                      97%                       95%
      Spring 2017           97%                      97%                       94%
      Spring 2018           97%                      97%                       94%

   Typically around 97% of Leeds children aged three and four take up the universal 15 hour
   entitlement, which is slightly higher than the national average and in line with the regional
   average. The total number of claims from children living in Leeds in summer 2018 was
   15,121. Leeds delivered a total of 15,507 places in summer 2018, with some children living
   outside of Leeds travelling to access their funded entitlement in the city. There is a fairly
   even split of 47% of children accessing their funded entitlement in schools and 53% in PVIs
   (Private, Voluntary and Independent settings). Take up varies by CPA and locality, often
   down to availability of provision, transport links, issues of rurality, commuter routes,
   historical trends and community perception of settings.

   Some three and four year olds only access the universal 15 hour entitlement each week,
   whereas others may attend settings for longer. PVIs and childminders typically offer full
   days, as do some school nurseries. The majority of school nurseries are only open during
   term times, however some offer wraparound care in partnership with private providers,
   enabling children to access provision all year round.

      30 hours funded childcare
   30 hours funded childcare for eligible children was rolled out in September 2017. By
   summer 2018 there were 5,854 claims from children living in Leeds who were accessing
   more than the 15 hours universal entitlement.

   In addition to parents who already meet the criteria for 30 hours funded childcare, other
   parents may choose to do the following which may impact on the demand for 30 hours

       Return to work and utilise the 30 hours funded childcare entitlement
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       Increase working hours and increase childcare use as more hours are funded
       Change childcare arrangements from funded care provided by family and friends to
       formal care using the 30 hour entitlement

Demand for 30 hours is therefore not easy to predict. That said, there is, and will continue to
be, high demand for flexible provision to support eligible working parents to access 30 hours
entitlement. An assessment of capacity in Leeds to meet demand for 30 hours childcare
suggests current supply will meet demand, albeit places may not always be in the settings or
exact locations parents would like. Leeds already has a stretched offer (places available
throughout the year) and settings open from early in the morning until early evening and more
providers are changing their models of delivery to meet the needs of families using their
settings. Nationally, and across all local authorities, there is an acknowledgement of risk that
30 hours childcare could impact on the availability for provision for eligible two year olds and
for delivery of the universal 15 hour entitlement for three and four year olds. This situation will
continue to be closely monitored.

In June 2016, local authorities were invited to bid for capital funding (Early Years Capital fund)
to create new childcare places to support the delivery of the 30 hours entitlement. Funding
was subsequently awarded to four settings in Leeds to develop additional 30 hours places and
these places have now been delivered.

10. Summary of Out of School Club (OOSC) and holiday care provision
Across Leeds there are currently 218 primary, two infant, two junior, 39 secondary schools, four
through-schools and a University Technical College (UTC). These are made up of a mixture of
local authority maintained, free schools and academy trusts. The majority of primary schools
offer some childcare outside of the school day. These can be breakfast clubs, before school
clubs, after school clubs and holiday play schemes. Many breakfast clubs are funded externally
or are free to low income families, or parents are charged a minimum amount and are generally
run by schools. Before, after and holiday clubs can be managed by the school or via a
partnership arrangement with a private provider. In some cases secondary-aged children may
still access primary provision after school and in the holidays, particularly summer born Year 7
children in their first term of secondary school and also children with additional needs. Out of
school childcare is not generally offered in secondary schools although after school clubs and
activities may be available.

Places data may under-estimate provision for older children (aged eight years old and over).
Out of school provision may also be available after school (in the form of clubs, activities and
groups) that is run by the school, for pupils attending the school, and for less than two hours.
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This is not required to be registered as childcare and may not always be advertised with the
Leeds Family Information Service (FIS).

Some after school activities provided by Leeds schools can be available for limited hours (e.g.
45 minutes to an hour and therefore too short for formal registration) and subject to short-
term cancellation (for example, if a teacher is off sick or is required elsewhere) and therefore
may not be reliable enough to support parent/carers to work.

Most schools with primary-age pupils receive the Physical Education and Sport Premium
funding for eligible pupils. Schools must use the funding to make additional and sustainable
improvements to the quality of PE and sport for their pupils. Eligibility criteria applies and a
link to the DfE guidance can be found in Appendix E. From the academic year 2017/18, national
funding for this doubled. Schools with 16 or fewer eligible pupils receive £1,000 per pupil, and
schools with 17 or more eligible pupils receive £16,000 and an additional payment of £10 per
pupil. Some schools are using this funding innovatively, independently or collectively with
other schools, to offer targeted activities to their least active children, or running or extending
out of school sports and holiday clubs. Whilst this cannot be registered as childcare, it does
provide an attractive addition to the out of school and holiday club offer. The Leeds City Council
Health & Wellbeing Service will continue to work with our schools to develop such targeting of
the fund across the city.

11. Summary of Early Years provision to support children and young people with
   Special Educational Needs and/or Disabilities (SEND) 0 – 25 years old
In addition to the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) statutory requirements and the Equality
Act 2010, all publicly funded Early Years providers in the maintained, private, voluntary and
independent sectors, are required to have regard to the SEND Code of Practice: 0-257. The
Code of Practice states that Early Years settings should adopt a graduated approach to
identifying and meeting the needs of all children and young people. At each stage of
assessment and planning, settings should engage with parents and carers, making reasonable
adjustments, wherever is practicable, to support the needs of the child.

Leeds City Council is committed to ensuring that disabled children and those with special
educational needs have access to a wide range of high quality childcare. To support providers
to meet the needs of young people, Leeds City Council provides:

          Access to Special Education Needs Coordinator (SENCo) training opportunities

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           SEN inclusion funding to enable children to access Early Years settings
           The Leeds Local Offer which provides information on services and provision available to
           families, young people and children with special educational needs and/or disabilities

It is recognised that generally the use of formal childcare is lower for children with SEND. Many
settings across Leeds offer childcare provision, for all ages 0-18, to children with SEND. Five of
the Specialist Inclusive Learning Centres (SILCs) in Leeds provide places to nursery and
reception aged children who have Education Health and Care Plans (EHCPs). However, parents
can still struggle to find wraparound provision and this is not always available if a child attends
a specialist setting. This is an area that will require further review and development.

Details of childcare setting that offer places to children and young people in Leeds with SEND
can be found on the Leeds Family Information Service website, and parents and carers are
encouraged to contact settings to discuss individual specialist provision and support needs for
their child.

At January 2018, 80 two year olds and 1500 three and four year olds with SEND were accessing
FEEE provision in Leeds8. At April 2018, 383 children were in receipt of Early Years Funding for
Inclusion (EYFFI).

The local authority will continue to work with Early Years providers and families with children
with additional needs/disabilities to improve their accessibility to childcare and early education.
This includes:

           Highlighting the targeted early interventions for children that do not have an EHC Plan
           Ensuring Early Years staff can confidently manage children’s behaviour and other needs
           by making available advice, guidance and resources
           Ensuring Early Years information and advice for parents of children with additional
           needs/disabilities is readily available

12. Summary of childcare quality
Childcare standards are regulated by the Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services
and Skills (Ofsted). Ofsted registered providers are checked for safety and suitability for caring
for children. All childcare settings, who care for children under eight years old, are legally
required to be registered with Ofsted.

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Quality of Early Years provision in Leeds is high; as of December 2018, 95% of Early Years
settings in Leeds were rated as Good or Outstanding by Ofsted9 (Nationally 96% of registered
settings were rated good or outstanding and regionally 95% were). There is a large and growing
body of evidence that finds a good quality pre-school experience can boost children’s all-round
development and is particularly beneficial for the most disadvantaged.

13. Early Years National Funding Formula (EYNFF)
    13.1.      Base funding rates for Funded Early Education Entitlement
The DfE has introduced a new Early Years National Funding Formula (EYNFF)10 which is aimed
at ensuring funding for Early Years is distributed more fairly across the country. Leeds City
Council, following national guidelines and after consultation with local providers, set hourly
base rates for funding the Funded Early Education Entitlements. The current base rates (April
19) in Leeds are £5.20 for two year olds and £4.30 for three and four year old children. The
rates are reviewed prior to the start of each financial year which runs from April to March.

   13.2.     Deprivation Supplement
A mandatory deprivation supplement forms part of the national and local Early Years Funding
Formula which determines the hourly rate paid to settings delivering funded Early Years places.

The deprivation supplement is based on the measure ‘Income Deprivation Affecting Children
Index (IDACI) which is part of the IMD. IDACI determines the probability of a child coming from
a deprived area, based on the child’s postcode. In Leeds deprivation uplift is calculated by
comparing the child’s postcode from Funded Early Education Entitlement (FEEE) claims made
in the summer term census and is cross referenced with national IDACI scoring which correlates
to a band and an hourly rate of funding.

The deprivation uplift is split into three termly payments at designated dates which are sent to
providers as part of an indicative budget.

    13.3.     Early Years Pupil Premium
Early Years Pupil Premium (EYPP) is additional funding for Early Years settings to improve the
education they provide for disadvantaged three and four year olds. Children are eligible for
EYPP if they met certain (largely) economic criteria including children from workless and low-
income families. Leeds City Council fund EYPP at a rate of £0.53 per hour per child. 627

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children attending a maintained school setting and 1,324 children in a private setting received
an EYPP payment in the summer 2018 term.

    13.4.      Special Educational Needs Inclusion Fund (SENDIF)
Local authorities are required to have SENDIF for all three and four year olds with special
educational needs (SEN) who are taking up the funded entitlements, regardless of the number
of hours taken. These funds are intended to support local authorities to work with providers to
address the needs of individual children with SEN. This fund also supports local authorities to
undertake their responsibilities to strategically commission SEN services as required under the
Children and Families Act 201411.

     13.5.      Disability Access Fund (DAF)
The Equality Act 2010 requires local authorities and settings not to discriminate, harass or
victimise disabled children, which may include an expectation to make reasonable adjustments
to accommodate children’s needs. Local authorities must comply with the provisions of the Act
in finding suitable provision for eligible disabled children.

The Disability Access Fund (DAF) was introduced in April 2017 to support disabled children’s
access to the entitlements for three and four year olds. Providers receive £615 per eligible child
per year. The funds can be used, for example, to support providers in making reasonable
adjustments to their settings and/or helping with building capacity; be that specifically for the
child in question or for the benefit of all children attending the setting.

Eligibility for the above funds and how these are administered can be found on the Leeds Family
Information Service Website12

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Methodology for assessing sufficiency of Early Years
Education and Childcare in Leeds
14. Role of the Sufficiency and Participation team
The Sufficiency and Participation team, based within Children and Families at Leeds City
Council, is responsible for meeting statutory duties with regards to ensuring that there are
sufficient high quality local learning places for all children and young people living in Leeds
between the ages of 0 and 19 (25 for young people with additional needs). Through analysing
and interpreting local demographic, housing and other data sources and working with learning
and childcare providers and other stakeholders, the team plans how to provide appropriate
numbers of learning places to meet future need.

15. Role of the Good Learning Places Board
The governance arrangements for the sign off of this CSA sits with the Good Learning Places
Board. The Board comprises of cross departmental lead officers from within Leeds City Council
whose responsibility it is to ensure the local authority’s duties are met in relation to providing
sufficient, adequate, appropriate and high quality learning places for all children and young
people aged 0 and 19 (25 for young people with additional needs). The Board provide challenge
and scrutiny to the methodology use in the CSA and the recommendations that are derived
from it. Progress against these recommendations are also monitored by the Board.

16. Early years sufficiency planning
The data used to assess and plan Early Years provision is organised by Childcare Planning Area
(CPA). Analysis of this data enables areas to be identified where there may be pressure on the
number of childcare places available. The Sufficiency and Participation team works
collaboratively with local childcare providers to find feasible solutions of how best to address
any identified shortfalls in places on offer, whilst striving to ensure that a high level of quality
and flexibility exists for families in Leeds.

17. Primary sufficiency planning
Planning for primary school provision is conducted in a similar fashion, however, this is
organised by Primary Planning Area (PPA), which mirror CPAs. This enables officers to take a
holistic approach to planning provision for 0-11 year olds across Leeds.
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18. How Early Years sufficiency is assessed and monitored
The Sufficiency and Participation team uses a range of data sources to monitor the ‘supply’ and
‘demand’ of Early Years and childcare places across Leeds.

    18.1.       Supply and demand
The supply of Early Years and childcare places is monitored and considered as a key part of
sufficiency planning. This is currently monitored via a range of methods including analysis of
registered places and provider surveys. Early years and childcare providers can be registered
for a variety of age groups and due to fluctuations in need, staffing, accommodation etc. the
number of places taken by different age groups of children at particular providers can be
subject to change. Providers sometimes do not offer as many places as they are registered for,
usually operating at an average of 81% capacity. Processes for capturing vacancy information
from providers, by linking data requests to monthly claims are currently being developed. This
will increase the robustness of supply analysis and will, over time, enhance the information
currently available on the Leeds Family Information Service website in relation to vacancies.

In areas where primary school provision has expanded or where expansion is planned, the need
for Early Years and childcare provision is considered and monitored alongside work on
understanding future primary need.

       Demographic data

   Demographic data used includes the number of births and the number of children living in
   each area. This data is based on the number of children registered with GPs. For Early Years
   planning, this data is presented according to when children will be/are eligible to attend the
   different phases of provision. For primary planning the data is presented according to the
   school academic year the children will be/are in. These data sets are monitored for
   increasing/decreasing trends, and spikes/troughs in the number of children in each age

       Housing data

   Housing data is taken into consideration in terms of estimating the likely impact on learning
   places from new housing which is either currently under construction or is planned. The
   number of dwellings under construction in each area is used as part of the modelling for
   projecting how many primary and secondary school places may be needed in future years.
   It is also considered as part of sufficiency planning for Early Years provision including
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   before/after school care (figures for the number of dwellings under construction at the end
   of September 2018 can be found in the CPA summary tables in Appendix B).

       Claims data

   Claims data for the Funded Early Education Entitlement places for two year olds and three
   and four year olds is used to gain an understanding of the patterns of access by families.
   Claims data is considered in terms of the number of claims in each CPA and comparisons
   are made with the number of eligible children. Patterns in where children claim relative to
   where they live are mapped on to future estimates of the number of eligible 3 and 4 year
   olds to generate predictions for the number of claims anticipated in each CPA (see figure 4
   in Appendix A). Factors such as the number of children claiming in the CPA where they live
   and patterns of movement between areas where children live and where they claim their
   entitlement are also considered. There may be practical reasons why children access
   provision in different areas to where they live; for example, the popularity of particular
   settings, good transport links to settings in an area or parents preference for their children
   to access settings near to where they work rather than near to where they live.

19.How the CSA fits into sufficiency planning
The Childcare Sufficiency Assessment provides a summary of the current situation with regards
to the supply, availability and quality of Early Years provision across the city. It also maps this
against the current and estimated future demands for provision and summarises
recommended actions required to ensure there are sufficient early education and childcare
places for the immediate future for families in Leeds. This CSA and its Appendices will be
updated annually, taking into account new data and developments across the city.
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Key findings and recommendations

Actions in the Childcare Sufficiency Assessment are intended to support the following priorities
in the 2018/19 – 2020/21 Leeds Best Council Plan13 and the 2018 – 2023 Leeds Children and
Young People’s Plan14 r learning outcomes

           Support families to give children the best start in life
           Improve educational attainment and closing achievement gaps to children and young
           people vulnerable to low learning outcomes

20. What we’ve done - actions from the 2018 Childcare Sufficiency Assessment
           New provision and/or additional places have been established in many areas of the city
           Take up of 30 hours places has exceeded estimates and is being supported through
           providers developing additional places
           123 new 30 hours places were created as a result of investment of Early Years Capital
           Funding across 4 providers in Leeds
           Leeds City Council was successful in applying for additional funding from the DfE
           (Delivery Support Fund) to develop further 30 hours places. The Delivery Support Fund
           has enabled Leeds City Council to do additional work with providers and parents around
           promoting the entitlement and as a result the number of places offered has increased
           and the number of claims in Autumn 18 city-wide exceeded the target.
           Work funded by the Delivery Support Fund has included a campaign to increase the
           number of childminders registered to offer FEEE places which initial data suggests has
           had a positive impact
           A number of schools have been supported to improve their Early Years offers to better
           meet the needs of local families
           Work has been done to understand levels of surplus capacity and potential un-met
           demand in some key areas of the city
           Work has begun on an audit of before/after school care

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21.Priority actions in the 2019 Childcare Sufficiency Assessment
Appendix B provides an assessment of the supply and demand of childcare currently available
by CPA. This should be viewed alongside the data tables within Appendix A and the glossary of
terms in Appendix D.

The priority actions that have emerged from analysis of current data and information are as

       Ensure that there is sufficient affordable childcare available to meet the needs of
       families. To achieve this
           o Seek the views of parents on their experiences of searching for and using
               childcare in Leeds and use these views to inform future planning of early years
           o Support the sector to collaborate to ensure 30 hours childcare is delivered
               flexibly for working parents
           o Continue to work with schools to further develop out of school provision and to
               deliver early education entitlements across all age ranges
           o Ensure strategic planning includes mapping housing growth against existing and
               projected demand for childcare provision
       Increase the percentage of take-up by eligible 2 Year Old children by working with
       providers to develop additional places and investigating effective ways of promoting the
       entitlement widely to support access amongst eligible families
       Investigate the capacity of the childcare market to respond to anticipated increases in
       the number of 3-4 Year Old claims in the following CPAs
           o Armley/ Wortley
           o Burmantofts
           o Cookridge / Adel
           o Harehills
           o Lower Aire Valley
           o Morley
           o Richmond Hill
           o Stanningley
           o Swarcliffe / Whinmoor

       Investigate the sufficiency of before school, after school and holiday childcare places
       needed for 5-14 year olds is required in some Childcare Planning Areas, particularly
       where the number of primary school places has increased over recent years
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       Investigate the supply and take-up of specialist early years provision, including the
       wraparound offer for children and young people with SEND, in response to anticipated
       increases in the demand for specialist learning places
       Investigate the level of take-up of Funded Early Years Entitlement by Looked-after
       Work with providers to develop systems for the on-going monitoring of capacity of
       places by age range, including where providers have vacancies
       Work with the housing team to investigate options around the use of Section 106 to
       support development of Early Years provision
       Continue to develop a strategic approach to Early Years sufficiency including
           o Increasing the percentage take up of FEEE by eligible 2 Year Olds
           o Working with primary schools to establish additional 2 Year Old provision
           o Improving children’s outcomes at Foundation stage
           o Supporting parents to stay in work or return to work
           o Supporting families of children and young people with SEND to access early
               years provision and childcare
           o Linking Early Years sufficiency work to strategies for primary planning
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