LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal

 
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
LLB LAW M100
       STUDENT HANDBOOK
       ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18

LLB (M100) Handbook            www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
2

CONTENTS
FINDING INFORMATION
FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND UEA
LAW SCHOOL ACADEMIC TEAM
SCHOOL CONTACTS
OTHER IMPORTANT CONTACTS
ACADEMIC YEAR DATES 2017/18
ATTENDANCE AND ABSENCE
THE M100 LLB DEGREE PROGRAMME
PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION
HOW WILL YOU LEARN?
ASSESSMENT
STUDENT SUPPORT
EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCES
PLAGIARISM AND COLLUSION
IF THINGS GO WRONG
UEA LAW CLINIC
LEGAL COMPETITIONS
EMPLOYABILITY AND CAREERS
UEA AWARD
EQUALITY AND DIVERSITY
SOCIAL MEDIA GUIDANCE

LLB (M100) Handbook             www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
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FINDING INFORMATION
Finding the information you need quickly is important to help you make the most of your degree programme and
your time at UEA. This section of the handbook provides some pointers to finding your way around the information-
pool at the University.

You do not need to commit the contents of this Student Handbook to memory, but you do need to know what it
contains so that you can refer to the handbook when you need to.

The UEA Portal
Campus computer workstations are set up so that the
home page of the web-browser defaults to the UEA
Portal. The portal is a gateway to University information

Here are some of the things you will find on the portal:

•   University news and systems announcements
•   Blackboard
•   Evision (Your timetable)
•   Your email account
•   Your student record and assessment record
•   Module enrolment & Course Profile information
•   The name of your Adviser
•   Student Support Service
•   Library
•   Student Hubs
•   MyCareerCentral
•   IT Services
•   and more...

Blackboard
You can access Blackboard (Learn) via the UEA Portal.

The Blackboard homepage is found under the ‘Learn’ tab.
Blackboard contains information about your modules.
There is one site for each module you are enrolled on.
Some lecturers make more use of Blackboard than
others; however the minimum information you can
expect to find on all of your Blackboard sites is the
module outline, coursework submission and return dates
and reading lists. If your lecturer does not use Blackboard
to provide additional information, teaching materials or
other communications these will be provided by other
means such as handouts in class.
Under ‘My Organisations’ you can find the Learning
and Teaching Service Blackboard site. Here you will
find general information about the Arts Hub including
announcements, handbooks and regulations. Standard
request forms can also be located here.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                             www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
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FINDING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)

Law Student Information (Blackboard Site)
The ‘Law Student Information’ Blackboard site is designed
to provide a central resource for important school
specific information including:

•   Course Announcements
•   Programme Handbooks & School Policies
•   Induction - Preparatory Materials
•   Careers & Employability Overview
•   Staff, Student Liaison Committee (SSLC) Information
•   School Contact Details

You can access the site via the ‘Law Student Information’
tab on your Blackboard homepage.

Law School Website
The School has its own website.

Visit us at: www.uea.ac.uk/law

The website includes information on:

•   Undergraduate Degrees
•   Scholarships and Funding
•   Academic Staff and their research interests
•   Support Staff contact details
•   Research carried out and published by members of
    the school
•   Careers and Employability
•   UEA Law Clinic
•   News and Events
•   Further study at Postgraduate Taught or Research
    level

Social Media                                                UEA Central Handbook
Keep up to date with Law School research news, student      The Central Student Handbook is accessible via the
events and successes via our social media channels.         Student Portal.

Connect with the Law School on:                             Contents include:

     /LawUEA                                                •   Key University Publications
                                                            •   Degree Regulations
     @uealaw                                                •   Information for Students on Taught Programmes
                                                            •   Student Support and Advice
     @uealaw

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                              www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
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FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND UEA

Acronyms
Read the useful guide to UEA acronyms.

Schools
UEA is divided into Schools of study within a Faculty
structure. Each school is known by a 3-letter acronym
e.g. BIO - School of Biological Sciences; MED – Norwich
Medical School; LAW - School of Law

Floors
Once you have found your way to the correct building,
you need to understand how the different floors are
numbered. Most buildings on UEA main campus are
accessed via the pedestrian ‘walkway’.

The floor on which you enter from the walkway is floor 0

One (two) floor(s) below the walkway level is floor 01 (02)

One (two) floor(s) above the walkway level is floor 1 (2)

Rooms

All rooms are located by information in the order:

Building (3 letter acronym) floor, number

Example - for a lecture in SCI 0.31, directions are as
follows:

•   Head along the walkway towards the entrance for the
    Schools of Mathematics and Computing Sciences
•   Enter the main foyer, you are on floor 0
•   The entrance to lecture theatre SCI 0.31 is straight
    ahead of you.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                           www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
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LAW SCHOOL ACADEMIC TEAM

Each School has a Head of School who is responsible for the academic and strategic management of the School. The
School’s Senior Adviser is responsible for the management of Student Advising System and the Director of Learning
and Teaching is responsible for the academic quality of courses within the School. The School also has a School
Manager with administrative responsibility.

Who’s Who in the UEA Law School

 Head of School                                               Andreas Stephan
 PA to the Head of School                                     Kaye Mackay
 Director of Learning and Teaching                            Claudina Richards
 Senior Adviser & Disability Officer                          Gareth Spark
 Deputy Senior Adviser                                        Polly Morgan
 Chair of Board of Examiners                                  Sebastian Peyer
 Director of Employability and Internships                    Owen Warnock & Ellen Sweet-Escott
 Director of UEA Law Clinic                                   Gareth Thomas
 Deputy Director of UEA Law Clinic                            Rob Heywood
 Plagiarism Officer                                           Sven Gallasch
 LLB Law Course Director                                      Polly Morgan
 LLB Law / ELS Course Director                                Claudina Richards
 LLB Law / American Course Director                           Gillian Daly
 School Manager                                               Amanda Dorr

How you can contact teaching staff

Leave a message at Reception:
This is based in Earlham Hall and the Receptionist will be happy to pass on any messages received.

Staff offices:
Staff offices are located in Earlham Hall. Staff will have office hours which they will communicate to their advisees and
other students who wish to meet with them. It is best to book a time in advance by sending an email to the member of
faculty you would like to speak to.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                  www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
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SCHOOL CONTACTS

Members of Faculty

Full details of the teaching and research interests of members of Faculty can be found on the School’s Website.

To call from outside UEA, dial 01603 59 and then the extension number.

          Name                   Job Title          Ext No.      Room No.                    Email
Ali, Nada Dr               Lecturer              1586          EH 0.16C        n.ali@uea.ac.uk
Amodu, Tola Dr             Lecturer              1846          EH 2.03         tola.amodu@uea.ac.uk
Banakas, Stathis Dr        Reader                2518          EH 0.15         e.banakas@uea.ac.uk
Barnes, Lucy Dr            Senior Lecturer       3121          EH 2.08         lucy.barnes@uea.ac.uk
Bernal, Paul Dr            Lecturer              1588          EH 1.03         p.bernal@uea.ac.uk
Daly, Gillian Ms           Senior Lecturer       2525          EH 2.13         g.daly@uea.ac.uk
Edwards, Ian Dr            Senior Lecturer       2653          EH 2.09         i.edwards@uea.ac.uk
Ellis, Eloise Ms           Senior Lecturer       7618          EH 1.09         eloise.ellis@uea.ac.uk
Farah, Yousef Dr           Senior Lecturer       1847          EH 0.16B        Y.Farah@uea.ac.uk
Gallasch, Sven Dr          Lecturer              7623          EH 1.02         s.gallasch@uea.ac.uk
Garner, Kristina Ms        Lecturer              3509          EH 1.14         k.garner@uea.ac.uk
Gazzini, Tarcisio          Professor              TBC          EH 1.04         TBC
Hamilton, Michael Dr       Senior Lecturer       7621          EH 0.16A        michael.hamilton@uea.ac.uk
Harker, Michael            Professor             2406          EH 2.06         m.harker@uea.ac.uk
Heywood, Rob               Professor             2262          EH 1.11         r.heywood@uea.ac.uk
Hviid, Morten              Professor             3457          E FRY 2.03      m.hviid@uea.ac.uk
Ives, Deborah Ms           Senior Lecturer       3050          EH 1.08         d.ives@uea.ac.uk
Jacques, Sabine Dr         Lecturer              3255          EH 1.08         sabine.jacques@uea.ac.uk
Kent, Avidan Dr            Lecturer              2932          EH 2.11         avidan.kent@uea.ac.uk
Longman, Jacqui Ms         Senior Lecturer       3049          EH 2.02         jacqueline.longman@uea.ac.uk
Mc Cullagh, Karen Dr       Lecturer              7617          EH 2.05         k.mcculagh@uea.ac.uk
Mead, David                Professor              7620         EH 2.07         d.mead@uea.ac.uk
Mitchell, Gemma Dr         Lecturer              2519          EH 1.10         g.mitchell@uea.ac.uk
Mollica, Viviana Dr        Lecturer              3261          EH 2.03         v.mollica@uea.ac.uk
Morgan, Polly Ms           Lecturer              7622          EH 1.10         polly.morgan@uea.ac.uk
Purshouse, Joe Mr          Lecturer              1446          EH 1.08         j.purshouse@uea.ac.uk
Reichstein, Angelika Dr    Lecturer              1587          EH 1.08         a.reichstein@uea.ac.uk
Richards, Claudina Ms      Senior Lecturer       2523          EH 2.16         c.richards@uea.ac.uk
Scharf, Nick Dr            Lecturer              7619          EH 1.02         n.scharf@uea.ac.uk
Seriki, Hakeem Dr          Senior Lecturer       3508          EH 0.16C        h.seriki@uea.ac.uk
Skoutaris, Nikos Dr        Lecturer              3018          EH 2.03         n.skoutaris@uea.ac.uk
Spark, Gareth Dr           Lecturer              1447          EH 0.16D        g.spark@uea.ac.uk
Stephan, Andreas           Professor             2521          EH 0.10         a.stephan@uea.ac.uk
Sweet-Escott, Ellen Ms     Senior Lecturer       3506          EH 2.04         e.sweet-escott@uea.ac.uk
Thomas, Gareth             Professor             3195          EH 2.14         g.thomas@uea.ac.uk
Warnock, Owen              Professor             7616          EH 2.04         o.warnock@uea.ac.uk
Watts, Selina Ms           Lecturer              1558          EH 1.14         selina.watts@uea.ac.uk

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                 www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
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SCHOOL CONTACTS (CONTINUED)

Law School Administrative Staff

       Name                       Job Title            Ext No.   Room No.                Email
Thomas Kerin           School Support Assistant       7563       EH 0.09    t.kerin@uea.ac.uk
Jeffrey Smith          School Administrator           3533       EH 0.09    jeffrey.smith@uea.ac.uk
Kaye Mackay            School Co-ordinator & HOS PA   2427       EH 0.09    kaye.mackay@uea.ac.uk
Amanda Dorr            School Manager                 3456       EH 0.08    a.dorr@uea.ac.uk

UEA Law School Contact Details

UEA Law School
Earlham Hall
University of East Anglia
Norwich, Norfolk
NR4 7TJ
Tel: (+44) (0)1603 597563

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                        www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
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SCHOOL CONTACTS (CONTINUED)

Law Learning and Teaching Service (LTS)

The Learning and Teaching Service will be your main points of contact during your time at the university.

They will be able to help you with the following issues:

                                                       Coursework submission return and deadline extension
Welcome and induction programmes
                                                       requests
Examinations course tests and other assessments        Allocation of Advisers/Advisees

Registration                                           Regulations and Codes of Practice

Enrolment on modules                                   Complaints and Appeals
                                                       Disciplinary processes - including fitness for study/practice
Student module and course records
                                                       and misconduct procedures
                                                       Notification of assessment marks, results and transcripts/
Attendance monitoring
                                                       diploma supplements
                                                       Initial queries regarding the administration of matters
                                                       concerning scholarships, bursaries, grants, council tax
Timetabling and room booking
                                                       exemption and issues concerning students time at the
                                                       university

Law Learning and Teaching Service (LTS) Administration Team

            Name                      Job Title                  Ext No.                    Email
    Kelly Myhill        Course Administrative Assistant         2516       law_ug.hub@uea.ac.uk
    Christina Jeffrey   Course Administrative Assistant         2592       law_ug.hub@uea.ac.uk
    Patricia Goodwins   Team Leader                             3042       p.goodwins@uea.ac.uk
    Heather Reynolds    Learning & Teaching Co-ordinator        2517       h.reynolds@uea.ac.uk

The ARTS Learning & Teaching Services Hub is open Monday to Friday from 0800–1800 hours.

Contact them via:

•     Email: arts1_ug.hub@uea.ac.uk
•     Tel: 01603 597580

Find more information about the service on their website: www.uea.ac.uk/learningandteaching

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                   www.uea.ac.uk/law
LLB LAW M100 STUDENT HANDBOOK ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/18 - The UEA Portal
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OTHER IMPORTANT CONTACTS

Student Support Service
The Student Support Service offers support for students with disabilities, learning difficulties, mental health issues,
financial concerns and can offer advice to those with complaints.
Students can contact them on studentsupport@uea.ac.uk or extension 2761

Library
All students will be given library training but over your time at UEA you may have questions about resources or
requests for book purchases. Each school has a dedicated Academic Engagement Librarian. Our librarian knows all
about the legal resources we have (both hard copy and online) and offers one to one appointments for students who
need assistance. You can find contact information, along with guides for using some resources, by following the link
‘Subject Guide’ on your Blackboard homepage, and selecting ‘Law’. The library also runs a number of workshops which
you can find on the library website.

The library helpdesk can be contacted on 01603 592993 (extension 2993).

Student’s Union Advice Centre
The Union Advice Service provides an independent, free and confidential service open to all UEA students.
Email: advicecentre@uea.ac.uk, Phone: 01603 593463, drop in sessions are also available.

Finance Department
In order to purchase certain items you may need to visit the Finance Department.
• Cashiers (cashiers@uea.ac.uk) allow you to pay for small items.
• Debtors (debtors@uea.ac.uk) will contact you for payment of your student fees amongst other items.

CareerCentral
CareerCentral is open 9am-5pm, Monday to Friday. Students can drop in and speak to an advisor about how to make
the most of what’s on offer - including part-time jobs, paid internships, volunteering, enterprise and more.
Tel: 01603 593452, email: career.central@uea.ac.uk

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                    www.uea.ac.uk/law
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ACADEMIC YEAR DATES 2017/18

Standard Academic Year Timetable

 2017-18                          Standard Academic Year
 Autumn Semester                  25 September 2017 to 15 December 2017
                                 (Christmas break 16 December 2017 to 14 January 2018)
 Spring Semester                  15 January 2018 to 16 March 2018
                                  (Easter break 17 March 2018 to 15 April 2018)
 Spring Semester continues        16 April 2018 to 18 May 2018
 Assessment period                21 May 2018 to 15 June 2018
 Graduation                       16 July 2018 to 20 July 2018

Academic Year Dates
All dates are approximate and based on previous years so may be subject to change.
You will be contacted with up to date information in due course.

 Date
 October 2017
 Week 2                          Deadline for amendment to Autumn Semester Enrolment
                                 (for 2nd and 3rd year students only)
 Week 5                          Deadline for applications for individual arrangements (in respect of course
                                 tests for undergraduate modules)
 March 2018
 Week 8                          Publication of undergraduate examinations timetable
 Week 10                         On-line module enrolment begins
 Week 10                         On-line module enrolment closes
 August 2018                     Reassessment period

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                               www.uea.ac.uk/law
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ATTENDANCE AND ABSENCE

Attendance and Absence

Attendance is compulsory at all timetabled sessions. If you find that you are unable to attend, you must inform the
University. To make this process easier for you, an online absence reporting system is available on evision under the tab
‘Absence’. Please visit the Learning and Teaching Service website for full details.

If you do not attend, then you will receive an informal warning, followed, if there are further absences, by formal
warnings ultimately culminating in a referral to a university disciplinary committee. Your personal Adviser (see below)
will discuss with you the reasons behind your absence and offer advice and support if you are experiencing any
difficulties. It is important therefore that you use the absence reporting system online.

Fitness to Study
If there are concerns about whether or not you are well enough to study, the school may start the Fitness to Study
process. This involves meeting with the student to attempt to identify the underlying causes of the reported behaviour
or appearance or lack of engagement that have made the school concerned. The meeting will usually be chaired by
the Head of School and may involve the student’s adviser or the senior adviser, a mental health adviser or counsellor,
the senior resident tutor, or the university’s disciplinary officer. This enables the school to have a holistic picture of the
situation. The student may, if s/he wishes, be accompanied by a friend, colleague or representative.

You can find full details of the procedure on the UEA Portal.

Your Personal Adviser
Each student is allocated to a member of academic staff who will be their Adviser; usually you will have the same per-
son for the entire time that you are studying on a programme. You are required to meet with your Adviser a minimum
of three times during the academic year. More information about the advisee system can be found in the University
Student Handbook for Taught Programmes and in the student support section of this document.

The Director of Learning & Teaching
Claudina Richards is the Director of Teaching and Learning for the School. As such, she has overall responsibility for the
undergraduate curriculum, teaching and assessment. In some of these matters, Claudina is assisted by other members
of faculty with direct day-to-day responsibility for the undergraduate programmes, admissions, welfare and exams.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                      www.uea.ac.uk/law
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THE M100 LLB DEGREE PROGRAMME

Course Director: Polly Morgan

The M100 LLB is one of three law degree programmes that we offer in the Law School. Your degree programme
provides the opportunity for development of skills and the acquisition of knowledge that will enable you to pursue a
number of options after graduation, including further study, vocational training or graduate level employment.
Successful completion of this programme results in the conferral of a Qualifying Law Degree (QLD) recognised by
the professional bodies (the Law Society and the Bar Council). A QLD means that on graduation students wishing to
practice are able to start studying the one-year Legal Practice Course or the Bar Professional Training Course as the
next stage before respectively entering a training contract to become a qualified solicitor or starting a pupillage to
become a barrister.

Students should note that while this is the current system, both the Solicitors’ Regulation Authority and Bar Standards
Board are considering revising the route to qualification. More information can be found on their respective websites,
or by contacting Polly Morgan.

Course Profile
All modules offered by the Law School are worth 20 credits and, with a couple of exceptions, are of single semester
duration. Credit is a measure, expressed in terms of University Credit Modules (UCU), of the amount of work attached
to each module. 20 credits equates to 200 hours of “work”, whether that is face to face contact in lectures and
seminars, private study and revision or coursework preparation. You are assessed on all modules that bear credit.

1st Year

 English Legal Process                  Autumn              Core module required by Professional Bodies
 Legal Method Skills and Research       Autumn              Core module required by the Professional Bodies
 Constitutional & Administrative Law    Autumn              Core module required by Professional Bodies
 Law in Practice                        Year Long           Required by the Law School
 Criminal Law                           Spring              Core module required by Professional Bodies
 Contract Law                           Spring              Core module required by Professional Bodies

2nd Year

 EU Law                                  Autumn             Core module required by Professional Bodies
 Land Law                                Autumn             Core module required by Professional Bodies
 Trusts                                  Autumn             Core module required by Professional Bodies
 Tort                                    Spring             Core module required by Professional Bodies
 Module Choices                          Spring             Two options from a choice of approx. six

3rd Year

 Module Choices                              Autumn            Three modules from a wide choice
 Module Choices                              Spring            Three modules from a wide choice
 Students can replace one of the LAW options with a 20 credit module from another UEA school if desired.
 The School will provide a list of permitted out-of-school modules.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                  www.uea.ac.uk/law
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PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION

The Programme Specification sets out the aims and objectives of the course and gives details of the teaching and
learning methods and assessment strategies. The programme specification is published on the University Portal and
can also be obtained from your Learning and Teaching Hub.
In brief, the underlying educational aims of the LLB degree are:-
• to provide a liberal and coherent education which encompasses a broad base of legal knowledge, and develops a
    range of critical and analytical skills;
• to offer a choice of teaching modules which allows students to construct an education appropriate to their varied
    interests and career intentions;
• to encourage an awareness of the role and relevance of law in broader social, economic, and political contexts;
• to engender an enthusiasm for research into legal and social issues;
• to furnish an opportunity to acquire and develop some of the skills necessary for lifelong learning;
• to allow students gradually to take responsibility for their own learning and personal development and to embed
    the notion of reflective learning;
• to foster qualities such as self-reliance, independence (of thought), and initiative; and
• to expose students to the concept of “employability” and to equip them with the tools so that they might develop
    their own career management skills.

As well as allowing you to develop your knowledge and understanding of the principles of English law in a variety of
areas, studying for the LLB will allow you to develop – over the three years – a host of other skills and abilities. Some
will be very much focussed on law (how to “read” and analyse a case), while others will be more general (structuring
and planning a coherent argument or giving a good presentation). Studying on the LLB is both developmental and
incremental: in most cases the skills you will be learning throughout the first year are reinforced across the teaching
in that year, but are built upon and refined in subsequent years alongside the introduction of new and different skills,
abilities or approaches that in turn are reinforced and strengthened in those years. For example, in the first year we
would expect students to be able to read a simple case and understand it (what it was about, what it decided), perhaps
with some elements of comment. In the second year, students should be able to offer assessments of the merits of
cases, perhaps by looking at their implications, and in the third year students should be engaging in much higher levels
of analysis of judicial reasoning, perhaps by seeing whether a case or decision achieves a given policy objective.

The Undergraduate Programme
All undergraduates follow a degree course. This is a programme of study leading to a formal University qualification –
in the Law School, an LLB – all identified by a course code. Each degree course is broken down into several modules.
These are self-contained blocks of study/teaching, which in LAW extend over one semester (bar the first year module
Law in Practice and final year Dissertation).
You can view details of each module via the Portal including descriptions of what will be studied, assessment methods,
the module organiser, and the timetable slot.
At the end of each module, and possibly during it, you will be assessed, which is the process by which your academic
work is marked and overall progress is monitored. Assessment methods for modules vary both within the University
and within the UEA Law School. The School operates a range of summative assessment types, including wholly by
coursework (CW); wholly by examination (EX); as a project (PR); or by a combination of two or more of the following:
coursework, examination, project. WW modules include an examination whereas CP modules include a project and
coursework. In general, Autumn-semester modules are assessed by some form of CW or course test while Spring-se-
mester modules are assessed by means of exam (unseen, pre-release or open book). Where an Autumn-only module
does feature an exam, this will be held in May – along with all other exams (the University does not allow January
exams).

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                  www.uea.ac.uk/law
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PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION (CONTINUED)

The pass mark for all undergraduate modules is 40%. Where a student fails a module he or she will usually be offered
the opportunity to undertake a reassessment. Marks at reassessment are capped at 40%.
It is possible to proceed through your degree or get an exit award if you have failed a limited number of modules,
through the process known as compensation. If a student has achieved good marks in all of their modules except for
one module, they may have achieved the requirements for a degree or progress to the next year without undertaking
reassessment. A compensated module will be recorded on the students’ marks statements and transcripts with a grade
of ‘compensated pass’ next to the achieved mark. Different regulations apply for finalists and continuing students.
Further information can be found on the UEA Portal.

Compensation will not be allowed in any module designated as core (those that must be passed to meet the learning
outcomes of the course). A list of core modules can be found on page 13.

Read the UEA regulations for awards.

You should be aware of the rules on QLDs and Solicitors Regulation Authority Exemptions, in addition to the
University’s own rules on grades and pass marks. The Solicitors Regulation Authority requires a pass of 40% in the
foundation subjects for graduates to be exempt from further academic study before taking the Legal Practice Course,
unless a concession can be obtained in respect of one core module failed only (there are detailed rules surrounding
this).

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                             www.uea.ac.uk/law
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HOW WILL YOU LEARN?

Teaching in the UEA Law School is done by a mixture of formal lectures, usually twice a week together with, in most
cases for most modules, fortnightly two-hour seminars. However, different modules do operate different systems;
many final year options use fewer lectures and rely more heavily on student-based seminars.

Lectures
Lectures are compulsory. It has been found that there is a direct correlation between non-attendance at lectures and
poor academic performance. In the lecture you will be expected to listen and take notes; the lecture handouts cannot
and do not cover all the material that you are required to know. Please note that exam questions can relate to material
taught in a lecture that does not necessarily appear in the printed notes.

Seminars and Workshops
Seminars and workshops are compulsory; they are designed to consolidate knowledge and enable application of the
material delivered in lectures. They are, therefore, an aid to revision and hence passing your exams. They are designed
to be participative and, in almost all cases, you will have been provided with a “seminar reading sheet” beforehand. This
would normally include reading – e.g. from textbooks, cases, and/or in academic articles – and some questions, both to
be prepared in advance. Seminars are your opportunity to ask questions and clarify anything you do not understand. In
every seminar, you will receive feedback by which you can measure your own progress and understanding, even if it is
informal and unwritten, whether from your seminar leader or from your student peers.

Formative work and feedback
In all modules, you should be offered the opportunity of completing formative work – that is work that does not
“count” formally towards the assessed mark for that module. The form this takes will vary according to the choice of
the module organiser but you should ensure that you undertake the task. Formative work is one important means by
which you will obtain feedback on your progress (your understanding, your abilities) so as to allow you to work towards
the summative assessment (which does “count”). This is sometimes referred to as “feed forward” as comments are
intended to help you improve future work. You may not be given a mark or may be given a mark within a broad band
(“decent 2:1 essay”) alongside comments, or the feedback may be given verbally.

Both formative and summative coursework is returned to students. It is School policy for students to receive a “feed-
back” sheet for summative coursework, with comments directed at the various criteria for that piece of assessed work.

The UEA Learning Enhancement Team offers a range of ways to help you study more effectively and improve your
work. The tutors provide expert guidance on:

•    study skills
•    academic writing, including use of English; and
•    any mathematical and statistical parts of your course.

They offer free and confidential drop-in and tutorial appointments. They also run workshops and offer a wide range
of study guide materials. They are available for all students registered on UEA courses, during term time and holiday
periods when the University is open.

To find out more:

Telephone:       01603 592761
Email:           studentsupport@uea.ac.uk
Website:         https://portal.uea.ac.uk/student-support-service

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                  www.uea.ac.uk/law
17

HOW WILL YOU LEARN? (CONTINUED)

Students with specific learning difficulties

The Student Support Service offers one-to-one help for students with specific learning difficulties, both for initial
diagnosis and as ongoing support. If you need ‘reasonable adjustments’ for a disability (such as material on coloured
paper), the Service will identify those and, if you consent, share that information with the School.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                 www.uea.ac.uk/law
18

ASSESSMENT

The UEA Law School uses a variety of summative assessment methods, thus allowing students to perform at their best
and thereby to maximise their opportunities for progression and successful completion. In addition, every semester
students should be offered various opportunities to submit formative coursework (see above). A mark of 70 or above
denotes a first-class answer; a mark below 40 is a fail. The following criteria are used to determine the mark to be
awarded in coursework or examinations.

When undertaking any piece of assessment, you should be aware that you will be assessed by reference to the extent
to which your answer meets the following criteria:

1. The attainment of learning outcomes and a high level of scholarship;
2. Understanding of the subject, identification of relevant issues and the application of substantive subject knowledge
   to the question asked;
3. Capacity to critically analyse and formulate logical and sustained arguments;
4. Ability to illustrate and justify arguments and conclusions by reference to appropriately chosen source material;
5. Clear and accurate expression. In the case of coursework, writing concisely to the word limit, with the use of ap-
   propriate and consistent referencing.
6. Clear and logical standard of presentation, demonstrating an ability to structure and organise work in a coherent
   way;

 Any Mark       To obtain a mark in this classification, a       Additionally, in the case of coursework:
                candidate must:
 80 or above    • Demonstrate a very high standard of            •   Show evidence of an ability to extract, evaluate
                    critical analysis and understanding of           and assimilate relevant information from a range
 Exemplary          relevant issues and concepts;                    of sources, including electronic sources;
 standard       • Produce a very coherent synthesis of           •   Show exemplary judgement in assessment of
                    ideas;                                           evidence;
                • Display a very high standard of insight and    •   A very high standard of presentation and written
                    intellectual vigour;                             English: clear, logical and with few errors.
                • Show a depth of understanding directly         •   Accurate use of an appropriate system of
                    addressed to the question;                       referencing, to produce footnotes and a
                • Use a systematic approach, developing a            bibliography of a very high standard.
                    logical argument throughout; and
                • Make sophisticated use of examples to
                    illustrate points and justify arguments.
 70 – 79        •   A high standard of critical analysis and     •   Show evidence of reading in the subject beyond
                    understanding of relevant issues and             textbooks and lecture notes (where relevant);
 Strong in          concepts;                                    •   Show very good judgement in assessment of
 most areas     •   Produce a coherent synthesis of ideas;           evidence;
                •   Demonstrate critical thought;                •   A high standard of presentation and written
                •   Use good examples to illustrate points and       English: clear, logical and with few errors.
                    justify arguments.                           •   Accurate use of an appropriate system of
                •   Display no significant weaknesses in             referencing, to produce footnotes and a
                    competence in the subject.                       bibliography of a high standard, though there
                                                                     may be a number of small errors.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                www.uea.ac.uk/law
19

ASSESSMENT
Any Mark       To obtain a mark in this classification, a        Additionally, in the case of coursework:
               candidate must:
60 – 69        • A good standard of critical analysis and        •   Display evidence of a well-selected range of
                   understanding of relevant issues and              sources having been consulted (where relevant);
‘Good’ in          concepts;                                     •   Show careful assessment of evidence;
most areas     • Argue logically and organise answers well;      •   A good standard of presentation and written
               • Demonstrate some good examples of                   English: clear, mostly logical, and errors are
                   critical thought;                                 mostly very minor.
               • Provide examples to illustrate points and       •   Accurate use of an appropriate system of
                   justify arguments; and                            referencing, to produce footnotes and a
               • Display no really significant weaknesses in         bibliography of a good standard, but possibly
                   competence in the subject.                        containing technical errors, some minor, some
                                                                     more serious

50 – 59        •   Satisfactory standard of understanding        •   Display evidence of a range of sources having
                   of relevant issues and concepts, but              been consulted (where relevant);
‘Satisfactory’     balanced more towards a descriptive           •   Show some careful assessment of evidence;
in most            rather than a critical, analytical treatment. •   A satisfactory standard of presentation and
areas.         •   Some ability to argue and to                      written English: mostly clear, but with some
                   organise answers logically, but some              minor inaccuracies and errors. Satisfactory use
                   inconsistencies, or unsubstantiated claims        of an appropriate system of referencing, to
                   or insufficient development of ideas.             produce footnotes and a bibliography. Some
               •   Express his/her answer in such a way that         inconsistencies or instances of poor / limited
                   meaning is generally understandable; and          citation may be present.
               •   Demonstrate knowledge of the material
                   provided in the basic texts and lecture
                   notes.

40 – 49        •   Learning outcomes have been met to the minimum required level. Only adequate or partial
                   understanding of relevant issues and concepts
Satisfactory •     Treatment of the topic is basic or superficial with no critical thought and/or limited attempt to
in some areas      assess evidence.
but weak in   •    Student’s grasp of key concepts is weak. Arguments employed are not developed, or inaccurate,
some others.       or irrelevant, or poorly evidenced (or a combination of these). In relation to an examination, only
                   a partial answer was provided.
               •   Barely satisfactory standard of presentation and communication. In the case of coursework,
                   citations present, but referencing poor. Many errors, some serious.

35 – 39        •   Insufficient demonstration of learning outcomes to justify a pass grade. Failure to identify
                   relevant concepts or to demonstrate an understanding of the relevant concepts which have been
Barely             identified, or candidate has misunderstood one or more of the questions.
satisfactory •     Submission contains some material of merit, but is only a partial attempt to address the question
in a few areas     or fails to answer the question in a robust manner, with few (and mostly unsuccessful) attempts
and weak in        to construct arguments. No real attempt to assess evidence. Examples are poorly chosen and
most others.       employed. Treatment is mostly descriptive.
               •   Illogicality, significant repetition, irrelevant content or serious errors or inaccuracies;
               •   In relation to an examination, only part of examination paper answered;
               •   Unsatisfactory standard of presentation and communication. In the case of coursework, citations
                   present, but referencing is very poor. Many serious errors.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                 www.uea.ac.uk/law
20

ASSESSMENT

 Any Mark     To obtain a mark in this classification, a        Additionally, in the case of coursework:
              candidate must:
 20 – 34      • Standard of scholarship and understanding of the topic significantly below that required for a
                  pass, with weaknesses in many areas.
 Weak in most • Little material of merit or relevance, revealing a lack of understanding of the key issues or
 areas.           concepts. Failure to pursue any meaningful line of argument. Treatment is almost wholly
                  descriptive. Little evidence of engagement in the topic. Sources rarely go beyond paraphrasing
                  bits of lecture notes or easily accessible web sources.
              • Very poor standard of presentation and communication, lacking sufficient clarity. In the case of
                  coursework, citations almost entirely absent. Many serious errors/inaccuracies.
 10 – 19        •    Weaknesses in all areas.
                •    Little of relevance and only slight evidence of understanding key concepts;
 Very weak in   •    Complete lack of understanding of key issues or concepts. Fails to address all aspects of question
 most areas.         asked. Almost complete absence of evidence.
                •    Very poor standard of presentation and communication throughout.

 0–9            •    No evidence of learning anything from the module, although there may be elements of little
                     merit derived from common knowledge;
 Very weak in   •    Answer presented in note form; and
 all areas      •    Answer mostly incomprehensible.

What do Lecturers do?
University lectures undertake a wide range of work, and teaching is only one part of that. About 40% of time is spent
on researching legal developments and publishing articles in academic journals or writing books. University rankings
and funding in part depend on this work, and of course academics also make an important contribution to the
knowledge of society as a whole. Look at the UEA homepage to see some of the research UEA staff are engaged in.
Many academic staff also go to conferences around the world to present their work and discuss developments with
other researchers.
Some lecturers do not do research but instead have more responsibilities in overseeing the management of the
courses and/or undertaking more teaching. There is always a great deal of administrative work to be done – such as
writing and updating this guide (!), preparing teaching and assessment materials, and filling in various forms.
In addition to this, staff are engaged in outreach work – trying to get students to come to UEA, especially those who
come from families where higher education is not usual, or giving talks to A Level students thinking of applying to
study Law. They may also advise outside businesses or organisations, or parties in court cases as expert witnesses on an
area of law.
We also often have to do a certificate in higher education practice while we are here, learning about how students
learn, and how to design courses. We also see our advisees and students on our modules who need help. and sit on lots
of different committees.
If you cannot locate a member of staff, it is probably because they are undertaking one of these activities – or maybe
they are taking some restful annual leave. Just email them – they will get back to you as soon as they can.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                 www.uea.ac.uk/law
21

STUDENT SUPPORT                                        (WITHIN THE UEA LAW SCHOOL)

The UEA Law School recognises that:
• Students are a central part of the UEA Law School community who share many of the same concerns as staff;
• The success of any community depends in large part upon mutual respect and good communication;
• Close collaboration between staff and students at all levels is critical for the future success of the UEA Law School;
    and
• An important element of the role of an academic is to provide assistance and guidance to students in order to help
    them realize their full potential.

As a result, the UEA Law School is committed:
• To ensuring that all students are offered every opportunity to realise their potential;
• To the promotion of equal opportunities and sees no place for discrimination on any ground whatsoever;
• To the creation and maintenance of caring relationships between all members of the School;
• To fostering a tolerant and supportive atmosphere in which to engage in the study of law; and
• To ensuring that there is genuine communication over the whole range of its activities.

For undergraduate students, there are six ‘institutional’ mechanisms by which the UEA Law School strives to ensure
that the above commitments are met:
• The Advisee system
• The Senior Adviser with responsibility for Undergraduate Welfare
• The Staff/Student Liaison Committee
• Undergraduate Representation on the School Board

The Advisee System
The aim of the Advisee System is to promote each student’s academic and personal success, and to monitor their
academic progress, by making academic staff available to assist with developing their academic skills and to offer
advice on career and other issues. The Advisee System should also be seen as an integral part of the institutional
structure designed to foster good relations and a supportive atmosphere between faculty and students. Your adviser
is, therefore, the person you should consult in the first instance about your academic matters – such as the modules
offered by the UEA Law School – or about any personal matters.

All undergraduate students registered in the UEA Law School are allocated an adviser. The faculty member appointed
as adviser will remain your adviser as long as s/he is on the Law School staff during the time you are registered (unless
that adviser is granted study leave for a semester in which case you may be allocated to another adviser). Where a
faculty member leaves the UEA Law School permanently or temporarily, that faculty member’s advisees will be re-
allocated to other faculty members.

The adviser’s role is to assist each of you to reach your full potential as students through the development of a caring
relationship between you and your adviser. Your adviser’s role should be seen as a supportive one wherein the adviser
will make him or herself available to provide advice and/or guidance to you on matters both academic and pastoral.
Your adviser also acts as a link with the professional counselling services in the University such as the Student Support
Service Office.

You should feel able to raise and discuss matters freely and in confidence with your adviser – health or illness, problems
at home, financial worries – so that your adviser can advise or take action him or herself. You should also remember
that no member of the UEA Law School is trained in counselling in any form so it may be that your adviser will refer you
on to one of the specialist University-wide counselling services that are available.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                   www.uea.ac.uk/law
22

STUDENT SUPPORT                                         (WITHIN THE UEA LAW SCHOOL)

It is University policy to meet with your adviser at least three times during the academic year and you are expected to
initiate another meeting. You are expected to attend these meetings.

Your adviser should also set aside times in the week when s/he is available to meet you. This may be done by
appointment or as a ‘drop-in’ session. Outside these times, faculty advisers should be available to see their advisees
by appointment at mutually convenient times. You should note that members of Faculty, in addition to teaching
responsibilities, engage in many other activities. This might well mean that your adviser is not available in the UEA Law
School at all times and on all days even by appointment. Outside of semester time (such as vacations and the exam
period), you should always make an appointment by e-mail to see your adviser.

The first meeting will take place early in the autumn semester. For new students, this meeting, as well as being an
opportunity for you and your adviser to get to know each other, is an opportunity for the adviser to explain the role of
the Advisee System and for you and your adviser to discuss any other issues of concern to you. In the case of returning
students, this meeting should include a discussion of examination performance, overall academic performance during
the previous academic year, and your plans for the forthcoming academic year. At this meeting, your adviser should
inform you of how you can contact them so as to arrange any ad hoc meetings.

The second meeting will take place in the first half of the spring semester. This meeting should include a discussion of
the advisee’s academic performance in seminars during the previous semester and his or her performance in formative
and summative assessment. The discussion will also be based on your own reflections and assessment of the previous
semester at UEA.

The third meeting will take place towards the end of the spring semester. This meeting should include a discussion of
your academic performance in seminars over the year and your likely performance in the forthcoming examinations.
When you need to choose optional modules for the next academic year, your adviser should, at this meeting, discuss
your optional module choices with you

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                     www.uea.ac.uk/law
23

STUDENT SUPPORT                                      (CONTINUED)

The Senior Adviser
Each School has a Senior Adviser who has overall responsibility for matters related to undergraduate student welfare
within your School. The Senior Adviser for the UEA Law School is Gareth Spark.

The Senior Adviser is responsible for:
• All matters relating to undergraduate student welfare within the UEA Law School and reports to the Director of
    Undergraduate Studies;
• Ensuring that the institutional mechanisms for ensuring good staff-student relations are in place and are properly
    monitored;
• Keeping under review the existing institutional mechanisms;
• Setting the appropriate standards for pastoral care throughout the UEA Law School;
• Organising the induction programme for first year students;
• Organising and monitoring the operation of the Advisee Systems;
• Overseeing the operation of the ‘Buddy’ system;
• Familiarising him or herself with, and disseminating information within the UEA Law School, information about the
    counselling and other welfare systems provided by the University;
• Liaising with the Student Support Service in relation to student welfare matters and representing the UEA Law
    School on matters concerning student welfare within and outside the University;
• Reporting to the School Board and on student welfare matters;
• Chairing the Staff/Student Liaison Committee; and
• Writing academic references for those students whose adviser may have left the Law School and or unavailable.

You should always approach your adviser in the first instance if you need or would like advice on any matter – academic
or personal – but the Senior Adviser is available in an emergency. You should also approach the Senior Adviser or
Deputy Senior Adviser if you feel that there are problems or difficulties in the relationship that you have with your
personal adviser.

The Staff/Student Liaison Committee (SSLC)
The SSLC is the primary, formal mechanism for staff–student relations. The committee reports directly to the School
Board, emphasizing the importance of its role in the School. The SSLC is the main forum for the discussion of issues
of concern to students, and is the body through which the Head and School is able to consult students on matters of
policy and on issues relating to teaching.

Students’ views are important to the strategic development of the School and to the improvement of teaching
offered. In the past year, Student Representatives have had an important role in the formulation of School policy on
learning support materials and library provision. The committee is here to represent your views and for you to raise
issues that concern you. Any Law student, or student taking a module in Law from another School, can feed business
into the Committee via the Student or Module Representatives, or by contacting the Learning and Teaching Services.
Routine business includes consideration of the Teaching Director’s report on the questionnaires that you will be asked
to fill in at the end of each semester to comment upon the quality of teaching you have received. So, even if you do
not sit on the Committee itself you can still have a role in feeding student views into the School, by responding to
requests from Student Representatives for your views, and by completing the module evaluation questionnaires at the
end of each semester.

The membership of the Committee is as follows: The Head of School; the Senior Adviser; the Director of Learning
and Teaching; the Course Directors of M100 and the GDL; student representatives (elected in October) - an
undergraduate from each year and each course, a student from the GDL and at least one PG student from a research

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                www.uea.ac.uk/law
24

STUDENT SUPPORT                                       (CONTINUED)

programme and one from each taught programme; UG and PGT Law Society presidents.

The terms of reference of the SSLC are as follows:
• To ensure that communications between students and the staff of the School are adequately maintained;
• To seek student opinion on matters referred to the Committee by the School;
• To provide a forum for students to bring matters of concern or interest within the School and the University to the
    attention of the School;
• To receive reports on student activities; and
• To submit a report each semester to the School Board.

SSLC meets twice per annum, one for each semester, usually on a Wednesday afternoon. Any three members of
the Committee may call an Extraordinary Meeting in consultation with the Secretary and Chair if there are issues of
particular concern to be discussed at other times. Its minutes, once approved by the Chair, will be available on student
notice boards and on the Law Student Information Blackboard site.

Election for the student representatives from the various degree programmes will be run and held by the student Law
Society in October.

Student Representation on the School Board
In addition to the important advisory function played by the SSLC, student representatives sit on the School Board.

The School Board is the main decision making body of the School. All other School Committees make
recommendations to the School Board. These include Research Committee, Library and IT Committee, and the
Law Executive Committee. It comprises the Head of School (Chair), all members of the Law Faculty, an elected
undergraduate representative from each year, an elected postgraduate representative from the taught programme
and the research programme, and the undergraduate and postgraduate Law Society Presidents.

The Board meets twice a year on a Wednesday afternoon. Extraordinary Meetings may be called in addition to this if
the Head of School wishes to consult the School on business that cannot wait for an Ordinary Meeting. Occasionally
the Board may wish to discuss confidential and reserved business (as defined by the University), at which point Student
Members will be asked to withdraw.

If any student feels they have business to be raised at a Board Meeting, they should contact either the appropriate
Student Member or the Faculty Manager. The more appropriate route might be for the business to be discussed first
at SSLC.

Student evaluation of courses/modules
At various times during your UEA career you will be invited to give feedback on your experience of your course and
your modules through the completion of anonymous questionnaires. The information you provide is an important
part of the University Quality Assurance process, enabling Academic Staff to take student views and experience into
consideration when reviewing Modules and Courses as part of the annual Course and Module Update process. You are,
therefore, strongly encouraged to complete all questionnaires to help the School to continually improve the level of
provision for students. Staff do read and respond to the questionnaire replies and take action to amend courses where
students have raised sensible points or come up with bright ideas.

Please note that comments in questionnaires which are sexist or racist are unacceptable, especially in a professional
environment in which students may wish to enter a regulated profession that requires that they have ‘good character’.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                  www.uea.ac.uk/law
25

EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCES

Application Guidance
Please note that this document should be read in conjunction with the extensive guidance which can be found on the
Learning and Teaching Service (LTS) Portal.

If you experience any circumstances which seriously affect your ability to study, you should immediately request a
meeting with your adviser. Your adviser will discuss the matters with you and offer any support that s/he is able to offer,
including, if appropriate, referral to student support staff across the University.

If you feel that the issues you are experiencing are likely significantly to affect your ability to meet a summative course-
work assessment deadline, sit an exam/course test, or to perform to the best of your abilities, you should consider
completing an Extenuating Circumstances Report form, a copy of which can be obtained from the LTS Hub.

The Extenuating Circumstances Report form allows you to apply for an extension to a summative coursework assess-
ment deadline and/or for a delayed assessment or reassessment of an exam/course test. You must include on the form
details of the module(s) and assessment(s) in relation to which you are seeking an extension and/or delayed assessment
and supporting evidence.

For more information please read the guidance on the UEA Portal

PLAGIARISM AND COLLUSION

Plagiarism is using someone else’s words or ideas without acknowledging those words or ideas they are, and instead
passing them off as your own. To avoid plagiarism, students will need to ensure that where they take an idea from
someone else (such as a book or article) they put a reference to that person’s work in a footnote and a bibliography.
Where a student quotes someone, he or she should put those words in quote marks and state where they got those
words from in a footnote and a bibliography.

The University takes allegations of plagiarism or collusion seriously. Students who plagiarise or collude threaten the val-
ues and beliefs that underpin academic work and devalue the integrity of the University’s awards, whether or not such
plagiarism or collusion is intentional. Where plagiarism and/or collusion has occurred, offenders may be punished, and
the punishment may extend to failing their degree, temporary suspension or permanent expulsion from further study
at the University. Suspected plagiarism and/or collusion, at any point of a student’s course, whether discovered before
or after graduation, will be investigated and dealt with appropriately by the University. The UEA Law School has its own
Plagiarism Officer: Dr Sven Gallasch. Read the University Policy on Plagiarism and Collusion.

Application Guidance
Please note that this document should be read in conjunction with the extensive guidance which can be found on the
Learning and Teaching Service (LTS) Portal.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                    www.uea.ac.uk/law
26

PLAGIARISM AND COLLUSION (CONTINUED)

The following is NOT intended as a substitute for the formal university policy but is here to give you an idea of what we
mean and of the sorts of issues you might face. You will also receive training on this.

Do I need to footnote every single fact or opinion I put in my essay?
No, you do not. You only need to cite things that are the product of someone else’s research or thinking. You do
not need to cite commonly known facts, or commonly held opinion. Thus, for example, you do not need to cite any
sources to say that Rylands v Fletcher is a landmark case in the law of strict liability. If, however, you are saying that the
test of strict liability the case formulated has, in general, not been followed in subsequent cases, and you got that idea
from something you read, you need to footnote it.

I read an article (or book, or case) which I really liked and which makes a lot of sense. I want to use some of what the
author said, but I don’t want to plagiarise! What should I do?
It is quite easy. Take the ideas you like from the source, put them in your essay, and at each point where you put one of
those ideas in, add a footnote to the source.

I read an article which makes a lot of sense and says everything so well! I can’t say it any better! What should I do?
Take the portion you want to use, put it in quotation marks, and add a footnote to the source. The footnote by itself is
not enough if you are copying the exact words – the quotation marks are essential. But remember, it is never a good
idea to use too many or very long quotations in your work. If you have a series of paragraphs or sentences that are
direct quotes, it will normally affect your mark as we are testing how well you can think and write.

This article covers everything I need for my essay. Is it OK to take a lot of things from one article?
This is generally not a good idea. Relying too much on one source is usually a sign that you have not done your
research well enough, and that you need to read more. If the lecturer feels that you have relied too heavily on one
source, it is going to affect your mark. From the point of view of avoiding plagiarism, though, what you need to do is
separately footnote every idea and quote you take from that article in your work, even if this means six, seven or more
footnotes to the same article on the same page. One general footnote, or a reference in the bibliography, is normally
not going to be enough in such cases.

Is it plagiarism to use something I found on the internet?
Yes. Work on the internet – even a single tweet – is no different from other work, and must be acknowledged on
exactly the same way you would acknowledge a journal article, book or other printed source. As a matter of fact, the
footnoting guidelines on the intranet even tell you how to go about footnoting a webpage.

My lecturer wrote something really cool in the handouts s/he gave us. Does that need to be footnoted?
It really depends on what it was. If it is a common, well-known fact (see question 3 above), you probably do not need to
footnote it. If it is a summarisation of someone else’s opinion, you need to cite the place where the person in question
originally expressed their opinion. If it is something else, then you should cite the handout itself. In general, though,
footnoting to a lecturer’s handout makes your work look sloppily researched. The ideas in the handout will normally be
culled from the reading list for the lecture. Do the reading, and cite the source it was derived from.

My lecturer said something really cool in class. Do I need to footnote that too?
See the answer to the previous question. If it was a generally known fact (question 3 above explains this further) you do
not need to footnote anything. If it was a reference to someone else’s opinion or to published literature, you need to
hunt that down and cite that.

This book/article is out of copyright. Do I still need to cite it?
Yes, you do. Plagiarism is about using someone else’s ideas or research, and has very little to do with the law of
copyright.

LLB (M100) Handbook                                                                                      www.uea.ac.uk/law
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