OFFICE BEARERS 2018/2019 POSITION NAME President Andrew Bischoff Vice President David Cain Secretary Sarah Copland Treasurer/Membership Officer Matthew Plant Management Committee Mark Dixon Management Committee Troy Aspden Management Committee Chris Payne Editor Peter Copland QAFWDC Rep David Cain C.A.R.E./Environment Officer David Cain Technical Officer Gordon Burnett Interclub Liaison Vacant PR Merchandise Vanessa Koszyk Trip Co-ordinator Mark Dixon Sergeant at Arms Nikolas Peristeridis Driver Training Peter Copland Social Co-ordinator/Raffles Vanessa Cain IT Support Officer Gordon Burnett All membership enquiries are to be directed to our Membership Officer or Club Secretary.

Click Link Membership Secretary The Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Inc. will meet on the 2nd Tuesday of each month at the Beenleigh Bowls club, 11 Hanover St Beenleigh. Meetings start at 7.30p.m.

We welcome all visitors and new members to our meetings. Our next General Meeting will be held on Tuesday, 12th March 2019


Twin Rivers 4WD Club. MINUTES OF GENERAL MEETING HELD AT BEENLEIGH BOWLS CLUB 12th February 2019 Chairman declares a quorum present and opens the meeting at 1944hrs Chaired: Andrew Bischoff - President Minutes: Peter Copland Attendance: As per the attendance book. Visitors: Trevor and Lynne Reynolds, Wayne Bell Apologies: Sarah Copland, Don and Sandra Field, Mark and Leonie Dixon, Blake Golding, Samantha McLachlan and Trent Clark. Minutes of Previous Meeting; As published in newsletter Business arising: Nil.

Moved: Peter Copland Seconded: Chris Payne Correspondence: IN :- Suncorp bank statement OUT:- Nil Treasurers Report: Matthew Plant Opening Balance:- $4469.66 In:- $175.25 Out:- $0.00 Closing Balance:- $4644.91 Moved: Matt Plant Seconded: Nick Peristeridis Membership: Advised by Matthew Plant - 21 Financial Members Trip Co-Coordinator’s Report:- Advised by David Cain 16 Feb – Natural Bridge – Vanessa – Social – Vanessa and Dave 24 Feb – Beaudesert to Nerang – Vanessa and Dave 9 - 10 March – Janowen 4WD Park – Peter Copland 10 – 13 May - Fraser Island Clean Up – Matt Plant 4 – 7 October – 4WD Corroboree - TBA Dec 2019/Jan 2020 – Victorian High Country – Troy and Tammy The Easter trip to Landcruiser Mountain Park has been cancelled.

Technical: Gordon Burnett.

Discussed recent youtube videos of snatch recoveries using tow ball. Asked if anybody had any questions re technical issues. Nil at this time. Editor: Peter Copland Everybody got the newsletter. Peter would appreciate trip reports and stories to go into future newsletters.


Driver Training: Peter Copland Told visitors of training options available through the club and offered to speak to them after the meeting if they have any questions. Basic course available – 2nd March theory, 9 – 10 March practical at Janowen Twin Rivers video on snatch strap recovery when done will be used for trainer’s information only.

23 February – 4WDQld trainers meeting 30 - 31 March – Track classification course – Peter is attending. Environmental Issues and 4WD QLD Report: Advised by David Cain FICU – 1/ Platypus bay area is closed 2/ Registrations close on 1st of March – not many spots left 3/ Raffle tickets available on FICU website, good prizes Issues with our ID cards was raised, asked if they could be redone. Shane Rose stated that future cards WILL have training qualifications on them.

2019 Corroboree will be at Blackbutt on 4 – 6 October run by Queensland 4WD Club. Following the many “issues “ with Operation Lift, Miles Brennan has immersed himself in the fight to get this legislation fixed and equalised across all states. He has contacted many political parties to get them on board prior to the upcoming election. Social Co-ordinator: Vanessa Cain Natural Bridge – BYO picnic lunch – date changed to Sunday 17th February Organised ten pin bowling at Mt Warren Lanes on the 25th May Merchandise/PR Officers Report: Advised by Vanessa Koszyk Orders have been placed, awaiting notice for pick-up.

IT: Gordon Burnett – Maintaining the website, nothing new to report. Sergeant at Arms and Trophy: Nik Peristeridis Nil fines Raffle: Kindly Donated By Nik & Vanessa 1. David White 2. Anne Haylock 3. David White The next raffle prizes will be donated by Warren Cameron General Business: Wendy Eyley had a query regarding difficulties emailing photos, a shot discussion was held about resizing and compressing photos.

There will be a Committee meeting next month at 7pm prior to the general meeting. No other Business Meeting Closed: 2047hrs Next General Meeting: Tuesday the 12th March, 2019 at 1930 hrs. At the Beenleigh Bowls Club 11 Hanover Street Beenleigh. All are welcome to have dinner at the club before the meeting.


SNATCH STRAP RECOVERY ARE YOU SAFE? Six Rules for Snatch Strap Recoveries 1. NEVER use a tow ball as an attachment point. 2. ALWAYS use rated recovery points. Ensure you know BEFORE you go off road. 3. ALWAYS use a cable dampener on the strap. 4. ALWAYS ensure everybody except the driver is out of the vehicle and at a safe distance.

5. ALWAYS, where possible, use an equaliser strap. 6. NEVER use a bigger run-up. A two metre wide ‘Z’ shaped run-up is all that is required. If the first pull doesn’t work, re-set and repeat with a little more power and effort from the tow vehicle.

Hierarchy or Order of Recovery 1) Try reversing, then select a different line - aim to get all wheels on the ground with equal weight on opposite wheels if possible. Otherwise drive will go to the wheels with least resistance and spin. 2) Engage traction aids if available, e.g.: - traction control (uses ABS to apply brake to spinning wheels) NB Traction control is not useful on sand. - cross axle diff lockers, with caution If on side slope, a rear locker may cause the rear of the vehicle to slide down hill Front lockers put more stress on CVs and diffs, so keep wheels straight and proceed slowly.

3) Adjust tyre pressures - e.g. typically 60% of road pressure if in sand or mud. Can go lower than this but there are risks. Risks if driving at reduced tyre pressures: - tyre rolling off the rim, or breaking the bead and deflating, - overheat the tyre if driving at high speed - cornering and braking compromised 4) Track adjustment e.g. building, digging as necessary - remove anything which causes extra recovery force (e.g. a build-up of sand or mud in front of wheels, diffs resting on sand or mud) - reduce height of step up by e.g. rocks or logs 5) Traction ramps (e.g. Maxtrax or TREDs) NB Don’t spin the wheels or the traction ramps will be damaged.

6) Low force tow/gentle snatch recovery - Only experience will guide you as to degree of force required. 7) Winch 8) Snatch recovery If no winch available. All options work better and are far safer if guided by prior training. Take advantage of all training opportunities including official club training.


Setting Up a Snatch Strap Recovery Place 2 metre Z bend nearest to recovery vehicle:- Allows driver of recovered vehicle to see strap taking up. Minimises strap dragging across ground. CLUB MEMBERS BUSINESSES Please support these businesses owned and operated by our fellow club members.


Members Trip Report Tamworth to the Murray River 17th January to 22nd February Travelling with fellow club members Wayne and Sue, Don and Sandra left on the 17th January to attend the Tamworth Country Music Festival. Thursday was an all-day travel to Bendemeer for an over-night stop over at the rodeo grounds.

The next day it was off to Tamworth and the camp grounds at the sporting fields beside the river. After setting up it was a quick trip into town to visit one of the venues (Diggers) for a cold beer and some entertainment, Country Music style, we were not disappointed. Over the next 10 days we visited many venues for the live entertainment. Including Tracy Coster at the Services Club, Jeff Brown at Southside Uniting Church (they have a huge entertainment area), Keith Jamison and Terry Gordon at the same venue. Also, the Hillbilly Goats at the Long Yard Hotel, the Redneck Gentlemen and Chad Morgan at the Tamworth Shopping Village, Uncle Bob’s Jug Band at the Imperial Brew House.

There were more artists at these venues but these are the ones that I remember. Also, there were more artists on the main stage in Toyota Park (Bicentennial Park), a huge park that could fit a couple of thousand people (BYO chair). We went a few times and the only show I really wanted to see was the Bush Balladeers on a Wednesday evening, unfortunately after setting up our chairs and waiting for the main event to start the heavens opened up and we got soaked even under our umbrellas, which meant we didn’t see the show. We also attended the Graeme Connors show at the Tamworth Town Hall. I should mention all of the buskers in Peel Street, about one every 50 metres, it was a real eye opener.

It was not all beer and music in Tamworth as we also visited ALL the op-shops and 2nd hand shops in town and in some cultural pursuit, the Power Station Museum. We also couldn’t miss out on the compulsory picture at the huge Golden Guitar. There were also a couple of trips to the Long Yard Hotel for the Poets Breakfast, I have never seen Sandra laugh so much at the comedy presented by these poets. However, all good things must come to an end so on the last day of the festival we went to Wests League Club for the Legends Long Lunch, a mixture of music and comedy followed up with a great meal and of course a couple of beers.

Monday 28th we packed up and headed to Parkes to see “the Dish”. By this time Wayne and Sue were on their way home as they had seen all the artists they wanted to. On the way to Parkes we stopped at Gunnedah for a quick look around from the lookout near the town. Then it was back on the road again. We stopped at the Dish as it is 20k out of Parkes and had a good look around, unfortunately it is now fenced off so photos from about 50m away. After booking a caravan park we took a look around town, yes All the op-shops. After Parkes there was a one night free camp before getting to Albury/Wodonga to park the van for a couple of days.

During which we visited the Information Centre to get maps and information about the area. Ironically, we got more information from the man in the Railway Café at the station, he told us about the lookout at Albury and the scenic road trip to Corryong. So, the next day we toured the loop up to Corryong which claims to be the head waters of the Murray River and the home of “The Man from Snowy River”. Big Guitar The Dish Albury Station


After another day looking around Albury/Wodonga, (there are 6 op-shops in Wodonga) the next stop was a free camp just past Corowa on the NSW side. Kiffin’s Reserve, a great spot for fishing and camping as it is beside a huge lake with lots of dead trees which apparently means lots of snags and lots of fish. By this time, I had lost all track of what day it was but we were headed back to Victoria and the town of Echuca. First stop same as at all of the towns we stopped at was the Info centre for information about the area and the attractions. We had planned to take a paddle wheel boat ride here and there are plenty to choose from.

We selected the PS Previsley as it has a long history from being built in 1911 and worked hauling freight and passengers to carrying tourists along the Murray. It also had another role in the movie “All the Rivers Run” as the PS Philadelphia. Yes, I was a big kid when the captain let me drive the boat.

To get on board the Paddle Steamer we had to walk through the old wharf which has now been restored as part of an historic project. As we had purchased tickets for the paddle steamer at the tourist centre, which is at the wharf, we were able to go back the next day for a look around the whole wharf which included some giant steam engines that had been fully restored and were fully operational. Phil the engineer in charge let me into the compound to have a good look around as he operated the massive engines, one has a 5 tonne fly wheel.

We went back the next day and took the tour and Jess our guide was old enough to be able to tell us about when she worked on the paddle steamers.

There was lots to see in the museum and the restored wharf but the highlight was an old Pub across the road and as Jess explained back in the prohibition days the pub was often raided, but nobody was ever caught drinking, you see the publican has installed a secret passage with an underground tunnel from the cellar to the back of the pub. Boat Ramp to lake Phil at the fire box Wow I can drive a Paddle Steamer 5 tonne flywheel


The next stop on this trip was Swan Hill and at this van park as in some of the previous parks, we had a site that backed onto the river itself. And like Echuca, Swan Hill has an historic village, however this one was not based around the river. It was a replica town that included restored shops, a church, a post office, an operating steam driven work shop and blacksmith’s shop. They also had a restored 1929 Chevrolet and a horse drawn buggy that they used to drive tourists around the complex. Also, there was a lot of early farm machinery including a huge range of tractors and steam driven machines.

Another attraction at this village was the evening laser show called “The Heart of the Murray”. It started with water being sprayed into the air and lasers making patterns on the water. There was a theme to this show, with movies also being projected on to the water, about the history of the Murray.

From Swan Hill it was on to Mildura for a good look around that region. First stop Info centre where we found out about a museum for Holdens. As my first registered car was an FE Holden Ute this place proved to be full of nostalgia. The next day we went to a small town of Wentworth which some may know is at the junction of the Murray and Darling Rivers. We walked to the end on an island where you could have one foot in the Murray and the other in the Darling. An interesting thing about this drive was all of the vineyards along the way. Another day trip we did was to the pink salt lakes about 2 ½ hours drive south of Mildura.

A long drive through mostly desert and it was hot and the lakes were dry.

From Mildura it was into South Australia and a free camp at Walker Flats right beside the river. Along most of this section of the Murray there are high cliffs with great views of the bends in the river. To get to our free camp we had to drive about 2 kilometres on a dirt road to get down to the river. The next day it was onto the township of Murray Bridge which we used as a base to do day trips. The first was to the mouth of the Murray which we thought was at Goolwa however at Goolwa you have to cross a bridge to Hindmarsh Island and look across the channel. We could have gone to a boat ramp on the mainland, crossed the couple of sand dunes and walked a couple of kilometres to where the Murray meets the sea, but this got a definite NO WAY.

One more thing to see while in the area and that was the National Motor Museum at Birdwood S.A. This museum has the largest collection of vintage and modern vehicles I have ever seen including early vehicles to a Bugatti worth over $1m. Other features of the museum are an olden day garage, a huge motor bike display, part of a production line high in the roof and Tom Kruse’s truck all have visual displays you can read about the history of the vehicles. The next day we headed for home and planned to cross the river on the ferry at Morgan and head for Burra then Highway A32 to Cobar then H’way B87 / B71 to Cunnamulla then the Balonne H’way to Dalby then home.

This trip home took 4 days using free camps along the way. All in all, a great holiday and a good break.

Don Field Swan Hill van park Pink Salt on water Sign at Hindmarsh Island Bugatti


HOW TO WRITE A TRIP REPORT This guide has been prepared to assist those writing trip reports for publication in the Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Newsletter. I hope these notes will encourage you and give you some ideas and provide the basic structure required so we can achieve a high standard and quality for the reader. OBJECTIVE The prime objective is to generate trip reports describing locations and trips you have been on so that other club members can experience them second hand.

We are looking for trip reports about either individual experiences or your latest club trip/holiday. What we would really appreciate is useful information about what you did and saw as you visited various locations on your trip.

BASIC FORMAT We need a fairly detailed report on your trip, preferably supported by photographs. You may find it easiest if you try to tell the story of what happened on your trip. You may find it useful to look at the trip reports already published. Some of these trip reports are quite detailed, but this will not be necessary for every destination. Please just send us your thoughts and impressions gained as a result of your experiences, together with the basic facts and details. Ideally your report should be in Microsoft Word or any other suitable word processor. Do not worry too much about the layout, we will do that.

In fact, avoid any special formatting of the text or paragraph styles. STYLE Try to keep your report light and informative. Give details of what you actually did and experienced, so other members know what happened. We would like to hear about locations, warts and all. Essentially, we want others to feel as if they were there. You might think of things as "If only I had known that before I went". CONTENT Here is a list of some of the areas you might cover: Note - not all of these will be used in all trip reports. • Where did you go?

• When did you go? • How did you get there? • Who went on the trip? • How long was the trip? What happened 1st day, 2nd day etc? • What happened? Who did what? • What was the driving like? Explain the major features? • Were there any difficulties or local hazards to note? • Where did you stay? What were the campsites like? • What happened at camp/night? • Is the location seasonal and when is it best to go? • What other activities were available and did you use any? • Did you do anything special whilst there? Are there special attractions there? • What was the weather like? Is that typical?

• How does this location compare with others to which you have been? • How much did the trip cost? Have you got any cost saving tips? PHOTOGRAPHY We would love to see photographs to support and illustrate your report.

However, please be selective, we don't want literally dozens of them! Ideally, they should illustrate the locality, facilities, driving, recoveries and members. They do not have to be your own photographs, but they should be taken during your trip. EDITING Although we hope to avoid editing trip reports as far as possible, some "adjustments" may be inevitable. Obviously, comments that are libellous or defamatory are not acceptable and will be removed before publication. If there was a problem with some aspect of your trip, then we do want to know about it. However, please ensure that you are strictly factual about what happened.

Don't worry about the actual layout of the article; we will adapt it to our standard report format.

SUBMITTING TRIP REPORTS You should preferably submit trip reports and photographs electronically as attachments to an email. PLEASE REMEMBER if you are able to create a trip report then please do so. If you are unable or not comfortable writing a report then please answer as many of the questions above as appropriate, send them in dot point form along with your photographs so that I can create a story. Club Merchandise For sale Place your order with the Merchandise Officer * Availability and Prices subject to change. Orders taken Club Shirts (New Style) $40.00 Club Shirts (Old Style) $32.00 Chambray Shirts $35.00 Club Jacket (Fleecy) $50.00 Club Reactor Jacket (Rainproof) $65.00 Sleeveless Jacket $36.00 Cap $14.00 Bucket Hat $14.00 Club Logo Sticker $2.00 Windscreen Sticker $8.00 Photograph Not Available

Upcoming Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Trips NOTE:- Prior to attending any trip you must have your name on the trip sheet NOTE:- Trip leaders must return their Trip Sheet to the Trip Coordinator after the trip Trip – Fraser Island Clean Up Rating – Medium When: 10th to 13th May 2019 Where: Fraser Island Meeting Point: TBA Time: TBA Trip Leader: Matt Plant NOTE YOU MUST BE LISTED ON THE TRIP SHEET TO ATTEND THIS TRIP Trip – 4WD Corroboree Rating – Difficult When: 4th to 7th October 2019 Where: Blackbutt Showground Meeting Point: TBA Time: TBA Trip Leader: TBA NOTE YOU MUST BE LISTED ON THE TRIP SHEET TO ATTEND THIS TRIP Trip – Victorian High Country Rating – Difficult When: December 2019 to January 2020 Where: Victoria Meeting Point: TBA Time: TBA Trip Leader: Troy Aspden NOTE YOU MUST BE LISTED ON THE TRIP SHEET TO ATTEND THIS TRIP Trip – Your Trip Rating – You Decide When: Whenever you go 4WDriving next Where: Anywhere you want to go – we don’t mind Meeting Point: Wherever you say Time: Whenever, but not too early (I sleepy) Trip Leader: Well you of course NOTE YOU MUST BE LISTED ON THE TRIP SHEET TO ATTEND THIS TRIP

UHF CB Radio Information The Citizen Band Radio Stations (CBRS) is a two-way, short distance, voice communication service that provides a cheap, reliable means of communication. The service operates in two frequency bands: • High frequency (HF) – (26.965 – 27.405 MHz) rare now days. • Ultra high frequency (UHF) – (476.4125 – 477.4125 MHz) our club radios. UHF radios use Frequency Modulation (FM) and have become the preferred mode of operation for most. In Australia, although there is no individual licence needed to use this equipment, it is still governed by the Citizens Band Radio Stations Class Licence and the Radio Communications Act.

Under this Federal legislation certain channels have been reserved for specific use. Some other channels have also been designated for certain uses by general agreement. CHANNEL & FREQUENCY DESIGNATED OR ACCEPTED USE CHANNEL & FREQUENCY DESIGNATED OR ACCEPTED USE 1 - 476.4250 Duplex - Repeater Output 41 - 476.4375 Duplex - Repeater Output 2 - 476.4500 Duplex - Repeater Output 42 - 476.4625 Duplex - Repeater Output 3 - 476.4750 Duplex - Repeater Output 43 - 476.4875 Duplex - Repeater Output 4 - 476.5000 Duplex - Repeater Output 44 - 476.5125 Duplex - Repeater Output 5 - 476.5250 Duplex - Repeater Output (Emergency use only) 45 - 476.5375 Duplex - Repeater Output 6 - 476.5500 Duplex - Repeater Output 46 - 476.5625 Duplex - Repeater Output 7 - 476.5750 Duplex - Repeater Output 47 - 476.5875 Duplex - Repeater Output 8 - 476.6000 Duplex - Repeater Output 48 - 476.6125 Duplex - Repeater Output 9 - 476.6250 Simplex 49 - 476.6375 Simplex 10 - 476.6500 Simplex - 4WD - Convoy, Clubs & National Parks 50 - 476.6625 Simplex 11 - 476.6750 Simplex - Call Channel 51 - 476.6875 Simplex 12 - 476.7000 Simplex 52 - 476.7125 Simplex 13 - 476.7250 Simplex 53 - 476.7375 Simplex 14 - 476.7500 Simplex 54 - 476.7625 Simplex 15 - 476.7750 Simplex 55 - 476.7875 Simplex 16 - 476.8000 Simplex 56 - 476.8125 Simplex 17 - 476.8250 Simplex 57 - 476.8375 Simplex 18 - 476.8500 Simplex - Caravan & Convoy Channel 58 - 476.8625 Simplex 19 - 476.8750 Simplex 59 - 476.8875 Simplex 20 - 476.9000 Simplex 60 - 476.9125 Simplex 21 - 476.9250 Simplex 61 - Reserved for Future Expansion 22 - 476.9500 Data only – No voice 62 - Reserved for Future Expansion 23 - 476.9750 Data Only – No voice 63 - Reserved for Future Expansion 24 - 477.0000 Simplex 64 - 477.0125 Simplex 25 - 477.0250 Simplex 65 - 477.0375 Simplex 26 - 477.0500 Simplex 66 - 477.0625 Simplex 27 - 477.0750 Simplex 67 - 477.0875 Simplex 28 - 477.1000 Simplex 68 - 477.1125 Simplex 29 - 477.1250 Simplex - Pacific (NSW) Hwy Channel 69 - 477.1375 Simplex 30 - 477.1500 Simplex 70 - 477.1375 Simplex 31 - 477.1750 Repeater Input 71 - 477.1625 Repeater Input 32 - 477.2000 Repeater Input 72 - 477.1875 Repeater Input 33 - 477.2250 Repeater Input 73 - 477.2125 Repeater Input 34 - 477.2500 Repeater Input 74 - 477.2625 Repeater Input 35 - 477.2750 Repeater Input (Emergency use only) 75 - 477.2875 Repeater Input 36 - 477.3000 Repeater Input 76 - 477.3125 Repeater Input 37 - 477.3250 Repeater Input 77 - 477.3375 Repeater Input 38 - 477.3500 Repeater Input 78 - 477.3625 Repeater Input 39 - 477.3750 Simplex 79 - 477.3875 Simplex 40 - 477.4000 Simplex - Highway Channel 80 - 477.4125 Simplex

Channels 1 to 8 and 41 to 48 - Repeater Channels. Press the DUPLEX button on your radio to use any available repeaters. Channel 22 & 23 - Data transmissions only (No Voice) Channels 31 to 38 and 71 to 78 - Repeater inputs - Do not use these channels for simplex transmissions as you will interfere with conversations on channels 1 to 8 and 41 to 48. Channel 5 & 35 - Emergency use only - Monitored by Volunteers. No general conversations are to take place on these channels. As at January 2007 the maximum penalties for the misuse of the legally allocated CB emergency channels are: • For general misuse – if an individual 2 years imprisonment, otherwise $165,000 (a $220 on-the-spot fine can be issued in minor cases); or • For interference to an Emergency call – if an individual 5 years imprisonment, otherwise $550,000 If you are considering a trip into any remote area, then a UHF Radio is an important communications device to have.

Besides the entertainment value, such as chatting with other vehicles, this radio can be a valuable safety tool. Since UHF signals travel in a straight line, the terrain plays an important part in how well the signal is transmitted or received. For example, the transmission will perform quite poorly if the signal is blocked by hilly or heavily forested areas. On flat terrains such as open countryside, distances between 5 and 20km may be achieved. Distances of up to 100km can be achieved if one or both UHF CB units are elevated on say a hilltop. UHF signals are less prone to power line noises and also provide clear and crisp communications.

UHF radios provide FM quality, short range, line of sight communications and are excellent for convoys. In general, a UHF radio is not of much use in an emergency unless someone happens to be in range of your location - usually much less than 50km. Handheld units are useful because you can walk to higher ground and greatly extend the range if the vehicle is in a valley, or the battery is flat. Owning a pair of handhelds is also useful for bushwalking or in just about any situation you can imagine. In areas where repeaters are installed communication up to many hundreds of kilometres is possible.

They are popular in pastoral country with stations operating on public and private repeaters. Most, if not all modern UHF CBs can scan all channels and lock in on a channel when a signal is heard. This overcomes the problem of not knowing which channel the repeater or the homestead is operating on. Repeaters UHF repeaters are special transmitting/receiving stations that are usually located in high areas to allow extended coverage. These stations, which are usually owned by businesses, farmers and clubs, allow UHF users to use them to re- transmit their signal. It works when you press your microphone button with the “Duplex or Repeater” button selected also.

You must transmit between channels 1 to 8 and 41 to 48 because the “Duplex or Repeater” selection will add 30 channels and will now transmit to channels 31 to 38 and 71 - 78 on the repeater. The repeater, which collects the signal on 31 to 38 or 71 to 78, then switches to its output channel 1 to 8 and 41 to 48 to transmit simultaneously to say another radio user who may be some distance away or out of line of sight for instance on the other side of the hill. This can be hard to grasp but imagine a device that needs two frequencies to work and it needs to keep these input and output frequencies as far apart as possible to allow the simultaneous receive and transmit (i.e.

31 to 38 for the repeater's input and 1 to 8 for the repeater's output). The further apart these two frequencies, the easier it is to keep the transmitter circuitry from interfering with the receiver circuitry. Therefore, you should not transmit to a repeater on channels 31 to 38 or 71 to 78. Please respect the fact that repeaters are erected and maintained by private individuals and you should keep the usage relatively short.

Microphone Usage When speaking on your radio hold the microphone approximately 15 centimetres from your mouth (not too close, not too far) press the Push To Talk (PTT) button, wait 1 second and then speak in a normal voice. If your chosen channel is in use or another person is talking across your conversation just select another channel. Do not provoke troublemakers who may deliberately search out other people to provoke a reaction, just ignore them. Twin Rivers 4x4 Club Channel is:- 9 (Nine)

DRIVER TRAINING INFORMATION The Twin Rivers 4X4 Club has been conducting Accredited Driver Training courses for its members since 2005.

As our club is a not for profit organization our driver training courses represent excellent value for money but most importantly, instruct owners of 4WD vehicles in the skills required to safely pilot their vehicle both on and off the road. The Trainers and Assessors are accredited under the guidelines set by the 4WDQLDTraining. Units of competency offered:- Basic Course:- SISODRV302A – Drive and recover a 4WD vehicle Advanced Course:- SISODRV404A – Drive a 4WD vehicle in difficult terrain SISODRV405A – Coordinate recovery of 4WD vehicles As a minimum the main driver from each membership must complete the basic course within 6 months of joining “Twin Rivers 4X4 Club” unless specific approval is granted by the Training Coordinator and the Management Committee Basic Training Course Introduction The course is competency based.

There are theory sessions as well as driving sessions, which include written and practical tests. It is not designed to teach experience, which comes only after many years of actually driving in conditions that your vehicle is designed for.

The course will teach you the basic principles of Safety, Trip Preparation, Vehicle Maintenance and Servicing, along with knowledge of the fundamentals of a 4WD and the vehicles capabilities as well as basic driving techniques and recovery procedures. Each course is broken up into theory and practical components designed to educate the most experienced member. Courses includes 1 day of theory to familiarise participants with 4WD vehicles, discuss how they work and how to inspect them for basic faults. Theory components cover many aspects of driving. Some of these subjects include: Vehicle types and capabilities How a 4WD works Tyre selection, inflation and use Pre-trip and during trip vehicle equipment and safety inspections Environmental Awareness Different techniques for driving in varying terrains The practical component consists of a full weekend where participants have the opportunity to learn and experience all of the different aspects of basic 4WDing in the field.

Some of the topics covered on the weekend training include: Principles of 4WDriving Stop stall key start recoveries Driving up and down moderate inclines Driving techniques for different terrains Approach, departure and ramp over angles Driving on side slopes Driving through water Changing a tyre in uneven terrain Snatch strap recoveries Driving to cause minimal environmental impact Using Convoy Procedure The Basic Course must be completed prior to undertaking the Advanced Course For more information about any courses please contact the clubs Driver Trainer (Peter Copland)

It is really easy to lead a trip. Any trip leader can be approached by a member of the club and asked if they would like an assistant on their trip. The trip leader and assistant could work together on the organization, layout, rating of the trip, leading and tail ending. You don’t have to be an experienced four-wheel driver to lead a trip, if you have a place you love to go you could approach a friend in the club who has run a trip before and suggest to them that you could buddy up or co-lead a trip, you set the rating, you make the time.

Once you’ve led a trip you’ll never go back to following someone else.

For more information about procedures, forms and ideas for trip destinations, contact one of your committee members. TRIP LEADER RESPONSIBILITIES 1. WELCOME / INTRODUCTIONS Members, New Members & visitors. 2. EXPLAIN TRIP Where we will go and what we expect to see. Special conditions eg weed control, private property access Reminder about compliance with road rules particularly Blood Alcohol Content 3. FIRST AID Nominate First Aid Officer (if available). Each member should have their own first aid kit. 4. RADIO Nominate channel to use. Channel 9 is our recognised club channel Be aware of Repeaters in the area.

Emergency channel if required 5. CONVOY PROCEDURE (See Club Convoy Rules further on in this newsletter) Recommended vehicle spacing & speed. What to do in the event of an accident. Nominate tail-end Charlie. Gate procedure. Waiting for the following vehicle on corners. 6. UPON ARRIVAL AT DESTINATION ORGANISE Camp site, Vehicle parking, Toilets & shower, Camp fire, Meal procedures Other special requirements 7. ORGANISE NIGHT ACTIVITIES if appropriate 8. EXPLAIN WHAT WILL HAPPEN THE NEXT DAY 9. ORGANISE DEPARTURE Any special requirements 10. END OF TRIP Thank members for participating. Organize one person to do the trip report.

Ensure all club equipment is accounted for.

NOTE:- Trip leaders need to return their Trip Sheet to the Trip Coordinator after the trip so it can be kept/archived for insurance purposes etc.

TRIP RATINGS Overview: All-wheel drive and high range. Novice drivers. Expected terrain & track conditions: Mostly unsealed roads with no obstacles and minor gradients Vehicle Suitability: All-wheel drive and high range 4WD. Can be low clearance with road tyres. Recovery Equipment: As per club standards Driver Training Experience: Suitable for novice drivers. Weather: May be more difficult in wet conditions.

Overview: Mainly high range 4WD but low range required. Some 4WD experience or training required. Expected terrain & track conditions: Tracks with some steep and/or rocky, slippery, sandy sections. May have shallow water crossings. Vehicle Suitability: Suitable for medium clearance vehicles with dual range and all terrain or road tyres.

Recovery Equipment: As per club standards Driver Training Experience: Recommended that drivers have experience or 4WD training. Recommended to be done in groups of vehicles. Weather: Will be more difficult in wet conditions. Overview: Significant low range 4WD with standard ground clearance. Should have 4WD driver training. Expected terrain & track conditions: Tracks with frequent steep and/or rocky, slippery, sandy track sections. Possible water crossings. Vehicle Suitability: Suitable for medium to high clearance vehicles with dual range and all terrain tyres.

Recovery Equipment: As per club standards Driver Training Experience: Recommended for drivers with reasonable experience or 4WD training.

To be done in groups of vehicles. Weather: May be more difficult in wet conditions. Overview: Low range 4WD with high ground clearance. Experienced drivers Expected terrain & track conditions: Tracks with frequent very steep and/or rocky, slippery, sandy track sections. May have difficult river crossings. Vehicle Suitability: Suitable for high clearance vehicles with dual range, tyres suitable for the terrain. (Mud terrain tyres). Recovery Equipment: Winch/recovery equipment required. Driver Training Experience: Drivers with extensive experience and advanced training should only attempt as there are several technical challenges.

Recommended to be done in groups of four or more vehicles. Weather: Will be more difficult in wet conditions.

Twin Rivers 4X4 Club By-laws and Rules BY-LAWS 1. For the purpose of these by-laws, only those activities that have been minuted shall be recognised as official club activities. Any activity not approved shall be considered as member' private activity. 2. All members and visitors shall at all times abide by the regulations laid down by the relevant Government authorities, owners of private property and Motor Traffic Regulations. 3. No member shall act in any manner prejudicial to the interest of the Club. 4. Any member who at the time identifies himself/herself with the Club either visible or in any other way whatsoever, shall be bound to comply with these by-laws for the full duration of the time in which such identification may be possible.

5. All members and their visitors participating in Club activities shall at all times abide by the direction and instruction of the appointed trip leader or duties in respect to: (a) Safety to other members; (b) Route to be taken; (c) Fire precautions and restrictions; (d) Care and respect of private property; (e) Any other instructions issued for a particular activity. 6. The passenger or driver of any vehicle will not consume intoxicating liquor during the driving portion of any Club activity. Alcohol may be consumed in moderation during a meal break or once stopped for the night at camp.


Members will ensure that there is no rubbish left at any stopping place. All rubbish is to be removed from the area and disposed of in the correct manner. All campfires are to be properly extinguished prior to departure from campsites. 8. Club members shall be obliged to remove all Club and Association stickers prior to their vehicle's disposal. RULES OF MEMBERSHIP 9. The Club only accepts members who own a registered 4WD vehicle. It is advisable that the vehicle should be able to engage in low range.

10. Any visitor must attend a minimum of one event and a maximum of three events, being either meetings or trips, before being nominated to join as a member. 11. Membership of prospective member must be nominated by a current member and seconded by another current member. COMMITTEE RULES 12. Two members of the same family or membership may hold positions in the Committee. 13. Members of the Executive Committee shall consist of President; Vice President; Secretary; Treasurer and three Management positions. These positions will be elected at the AGM.

14. Subcommittee positions shall consist of: Trip Co-ordinator; Editor; Public Relations Officer; Merchandise Officer; Membership Officer; Association Representative; Environmental Officer; Technical Officer; Social/Raffles Co-ordinator; IT Support Officer; Interclub Liaison Officer and Sergeant at Arms.

These positions will be elected at the AGM. V_1

Twin Rivers 4X4 Club (Training) Policy and Procedures For Conducting and Participating In Accredited 4 Wheel Drive Training Courses:- Basic:- SISODRV302A Advanced:- SISODRV404A and SISODRV405A This Policy and Procedures shall form part of the “Twin Rivers 4X4 Club” By-laws and Rules Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Inc. has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with 4WDQLD Training and will ensure that all the training and courses are conducted under the MOU guidelines. Position holders Course Co-ordinator and Trainer Assessor – Peter Copland Course Administrator and Trainer Assessor – Sarah Copland Training Assistants – must have completed Basic Driver Training and have suitable experience/qualifications.

Policies and Guidelines and Course Material required and used by Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Inc. for Driver Training Courses is as follows: • “Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Inc.” must remain a financial member of 4WQLD to access and deliver this accredited training.

• All course staff must train only in accordance with the ANFWDC trainee manual and within the guidelines. • “Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Inc.” endorses 4WDQLD policy and procedures and agrees to abide by the Code of Conduct and trip procedures. • The Course Administrator will review and validate all documentation from each course. • The Course Coordinator/Course Administrator/Trainers will review participant’s feedback and assess each course and make continual improvements.

• As a minimum, the main driver from each membership must complete the Basic Course within 6 months of joining “Twin Rivers 4X4 Club” unless specific approval is granted by the Training Coordinator and the Management Committee • The Basic Course is open to all levels of experience and “Twin Rivers 4X4 Club” also offers full RPL (Recognition of Prior Learning) as per policy and guidelines stipulated by 4WDQLD Training.

• Advanced Course participants must have completed the Basic Course SISODRV302A and be deemed by the Twin Rivers 4X4 Club DAU as having suitable experience.

• Only current financial members of “Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Inc.” or financial members of other clubs who are affiliated with 4WDQLD will be permitted to participate in training. • Only members and participants who have an acceptable level of English will be accepted in the course. • Basic Course Text Book will be “Trainee Guide” • Participants in the course must have a fully registered road worthy vehicle capable of engaging low range 4WD. • All participants must agree to comply with the Course Coordinators/Trainers instructions at all times. • The Course Co-ordinator will appoint Training Assistants, as required for each course.

• The Basic Course will be made up of theory sessions and full days of practical training/assessment. The Advanced Course will be of 8 hours duration either in one full day or spread across a weekend. • The Course Program will be decided by the Course Co-ordinator, so that it remains within the 4WDQLD policy, procedures and guidelines.

• Cost of the course will be as per the “Schedule of Fees” listed by 4WDQLD Training. • No alcohol is to be consumed during any driving activity. • No participant will be permitted to continue in the course if they are affected by alcohol or drugs. This policy and procedures may be reviewed from time to time. V_4

Twin Rivers 4X4 Club Convoy Rules Observe road rules at all times. Trip Leader and TEC (tail end Charlie) to be appointed for each trip. Trip Leader to call a group meeting prior to the start and remind members of the convoy rules. Trip Leader also organizes all members to fill out Trip Sheet.

If leaving the convoy for any reason, signal other vehicles to pass and inform TEC of your intentions. TEC stops with member and waits for him to resume his place in the convoy. No members to leave the trip early without prior arrangements with Trip Leader. All drivers are responsible for their passengers. All drivers are responsible for the vehicle BEHIND them and take note of that vehicle.

Each vehicle must WAIT at each intersection until the next vehicle can observe the direction of the route undertaken. The following vehicle shall acknowledge any change in direction by use of the vehicle indicators. Keep a safe distance behind the vehicle in front at all times especially in hilly country, dusty conditions or when brakes are wet. In difficult terrain allow the vehicle in front to get to the crest before you attempt to follow. Also allow the vehicle in front to negotiate a downhill slope before you attempt the same.

No vehicle to pass the Trip Leader except in an emergency.

If a driver requires assistance, he is to repeatedly flash headlights or call on UHF ch9. When a recovery is necessary, a recovery supervisor is to be appointed by the Trip Leader and will be in charge of the recovery. All vehicles on trips must have rated recovery points fitted front and rear and carry minimum recovery gear ie shovel, snatch strap, rated D shackles or bow shackles, UHF radio and, recommended - fire extinguisher and first aid kit The second vehicle in the convoy will pull aside and open and shut gates rejoining the convoy in front of the TEC.

Any driver not complying with the convoy rules or instructions given by the Trip Leader will be referred to the Committee for disciplinary action. V_1

TWIN RIVERS 4X4 CLUB INC. PO BOX 472 BEENLEIGH QLD 4207 Web Site: Bank Details: BSB 484 799 Account No. 0345 47667 NEW MEMBERSHIP REQUEST FORM MEMBER PARTNER SURNAME: Single Member $70 FIRST NAME: Family Member $75 HOME PHONE: CHILDREN: MOBILES: EMAIL: HOME ADDRESS: POSTAL ADDRESS: VEHICLES: MAKE MODEL REGO YEAR COLOUR MEMBER’S SIGNATURES _ DATE _ _ Do you wish to have your contact details removed from the club contact list? YES NO (please circle) Nominating Member Name .

. Signature … .

Seconding Member Name . . Signature … . TREASURER'S SIGNATURE RECEIPT NUMBER DATE V_1

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