National Education Policy 2019 - Draft - UGC

 
National Education Policy 2019 - Draft - UGC
Draft
                                       National
                                       Education Policy
                                       2019
Draft National Education Policy 2019                      1
National Education Policy 2019 - Draft - UGC
The Policy Journey
                                                                Process
Composition
             of the                        Discussions with educators, researchers, policy
Committee                                   makers,sector  experts,   industry,    academies,
                                          • community groups,engaged citizens and more
K. Kasturirangan (Chairman)
                                            Consultations with 70 organizations, institutions,
Vasudha Kamat                               associations and 216 eminent individuals (from July
                                          • 2017 onwards)
Manjul Bhargava
Ram Shankar Kureel                          Peer Reviewers: Jayaprakash Narayan, P. Rama Rao,
T.V. Kattimani                              J.S. Rajput, Vijay Kelkar, Aniruddha Deshpande,
                                          • Dinesh Singh, Mohandas Pai
Krishna Mohan Tripathy
Mazhar Asif
M.K. Sridhar
                                              Relevant work and knowledge base from the past
                                            Policies of 1968, 1986 and 1992
Shakila T. Shamsu (Secretary)             • TSR Subramanian Committee Report
                                          • MHRD’s Inputs for Draft National Education
                                          • Policy
                                          •   Feedback from ground level consultations since
                                              2015
   Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                        2
National Education Policy 2019 - Draft - UGC
Vision

                                       The National Education Policy 2019
                    envisions an India-centred education system
                             that contributes directly to
                        transforming our nation sustainably
                  into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society,
                     by providing high quality education to all.

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                        3
National Education Policy 2019 - Draft - UGC
Rigorous teacher preparation, robust
                                               recruitment, well-defined career path
   Overview of the Policy
                                                New vision and architecture for higher
Quality early childhood education             education with large, well-resourced,
   
available for all children between 3-6          multidisciplinary institutions
years by 2025
Every student in Grade 5 and beyond will       Broad-based liberal arts undergraduate
achieve foundational literacy and numeracy by  education

2025                                                  Flexible curricular structures;
New 5+3+3+4 developmentally- appropriate •           Creative combinations of study;
curricular and pedagogical structure for school       Multiple exit points
    
education
                                                  
                                                Professional education as an integral
Integrated, flexible school curriculum
                                                part of higher education
• Nohierarchy of subjects; No hard separation of 
areas; Integration of vocational and academic   Empowered governance and autonomy
streams                                         for higher education institutions
100% Gross Enrolment Ratio from pre-school  ‘Light but tight’ regulation - separation
to secondary levels by 2030                     of functions to eliminate conflicts of
                                                interest
Effective governance through school
complexes                                      National Research Foundation to
                                                catalyze research and innovation
                                               Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog - custodian of
                                                education in India
    Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                4
National Education Policy 2019 - Draft - UGC
School Education

Draft National Education Policy 2019                      5
Strengthening Early                      The Policy emphasizes the criticality
Childhood Care &                         of early childhood education and the

Education                                persistence of its advantages
  Quality early childhood care and       throughout an individual’s life.
 education available for all children
  between 3-6 years by 2025
                                          Early childhood education under
  Expansion and strengthening of           the
  facilities with multipronged             purview of the Ministry of

  approach based on local needs,           Education
  geography and existing                   - ensure linkage with the rest of
  infrastructure                         
                                           school education
    Special attention / priority to
                                            Right to Education Act extended
   socio-economically disadvantaged        to all children between 3-6 years
    areas and communities

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                             6
Ensuring Foundational Literacy & Numeracy
The Policy recognizes the learning crisis in             Three-month school
language and mathematics during the primary               preparation module for all
                                                          Grade 1 students from 2020
school years and its impact on attendance,
                                                         Pupil-teacher ratio under
retention and later learning.
                                                          30:1 at every school
 By 2025, every student in Grade 5 and beyond           Launch of two new
  must achieve foundational literacy and numeracy         programmes

 Measures to attain foundational literacy and             • National Tutors Programme
  numeracy                                                   - focusing on peer tutors

         • Increased focus on early language and           • Remedial Instructional
                                                             Aides Programme -
           mathematics in Grades 1-5
                                                             instructors from the local
         • Expansion of the mid-day meal programme to        community
           ensure adequate nutrition in these years
                                                         Social workers and
         • Availability of quality learning materials     counselors to help ensure
         • Regular learning assessments                   positive mental health and
                                                          retention of all children

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Ensuring Universal Access & Retention
While deeply appreciating the progress       Tracking attendance and learning
in enrollment, the Policy expresses           outcomes of enrolled children
concern at our inability to retain all       Tracking drop-outs and out-of-school
children in school till Grade 12.             children by teachers, social workers and
                                              counsellors
 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio from pre-
school to secondary levels by 2030           Programmes for long-term out-of-
                                              school adolescents
 Increased intake in existing schools
                                             Multiple pathways to learning - formal
 New facilities in underserved locations
                                              and non-formal modes, strengthening
 School rationalization supported by         of open and distance schooling,
  transport and hostel facilities while       technology platforms to enable this
  ensuring safety of all students,           Right to Education Act extended up to
  particularly girls
                                              Grade 12

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                   8
5+3+3+4 design
New Curricular &
                                                     Foundational Stage (Pre-Primary
Pedagogical Structure
                                                 o
                                                     & Grades 1-2)
                                                      Rapid brain development
The Policy envisages a new curricular
                                                      Play and active   discovery
and pedagogical structure for school
                                                 o   Preparatory Stage (Grades 3-5)
education that is responsive and
                                                      Build   on play and discovery
relevant to the needs and interests of
                                                     Transition to structuredlearning
learners at different stages of their
development.                                         Middle Stage (Grades 6-8)
                                                      Concepts    in subjects
                                                 o
   Structure based on cognitive and socio-
  emotional developmental stages                     Begin navigating adolescence
                                                     Secondary Stage (Grades 9-12)
   Stages correspond to the age ranges of 3–8,
  8–11, 11–14, and 14–18 years, respectively    o
                                                     Preparation for livelihood     and
                                                     higher education
   Curricular framework and classroom
  pedagogy to be based on this structure            Transition into young      adulthood

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                       9
Transformation of                                  Integrated curriculum
                                                     • Equal emphasis all subjects - no
Curriculum & Pedagogy                                  hierarchy of subjects
                                                    • No hard separation of curricular, co-
The Policy aims to transform curriculum               curricular or extra-curricular areas -
& pedagogy by 2022 to encourage holistic              equal status for all
development with minimal rote learning.             • Integration of vocational and
                                                      academic streams
                                                   Flexible curriculum
 Curriculum to develop language
  proficiency, scientific temper, sense of           • Choices for students
  aesthetics, ethical reasoning, digital             • Reduced curriculum load, emphasis
  literacy, knowledge of India, current affairs        on key concepts, essential ideas
 National Curriculum Framework revised by          • Space for experiential learning, allow
  end-2020 - made available in all languages          for analysis and reflection
                                                   Assessment
 High quality new textbooks developed in
  Indian languages                                   • Test core concepts and skills along
                                                       with higher order capacities

  Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                       10
Equitable & Inclusive
                                            This Policy aims to shape an
Education for Every                         education system that benefits
Child in the Country                        all of India’s children.

 Special Education Zones in                 Alternate pathways for recruitment
  disadvantaged regions across the            of teachers from under-
  country to act upon all that is stated      represented groups, sensitizing
  in this Policy for inclusion of under-      teachers
  represented groups                         25:1 pupil-teacher ratio in schools
 National Fund for providing                 with high proportion of students
  scholarships, developing resources          from under-represented groups
  and facilities for students from under-    Creation of inclusive school
  represented groups
                                              environments, inclusive curriculum
 Targeted funding and support to
                                             Focus on urban poor in addition to
  identified districts / institutions for
                                              other under-represented groups
  inclusion and access

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Language
    Since children learn languages most quickly between 2-8 years, and multilingualism has great
    cognitive benefits for students, children will be immersed in three languages early on, from the
    Foundational Stage.
•   Home language/mother tongue as medium of instruction
•   Exposure to three or more languages to students from pre-school and Grade 1 will be given
•   The three language formula will be continued with flexibility in choice of languages.
•   Major effort from both the Central and State governments to invest in large numbers of
    language teachers in all regional languages around the country, and in particular all
    Schedule 8 languages.
•   Flexibility in the three-language formula such that students who wish to change one or
    more of the three languages they are studying may do so in Grade 6 or Grade 7, so long as
    they are able to still demonstrate proficiency in three languages (one language at the
    literature level) in their modular Board Examinations some time during secondary school
•   A choice of foreign language(s) would be as elective(s) during secondary school
•   Sanskrit will be offered at all levels of school and higher education as one of the optional
    languages on par with all Schedule 8 languages
•   In addition to Sanskrit, the teaching of other classical languages and literatures, including
    Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Pali, Persian, and Prakrit, will also be widely
    available           in schools
        Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                11
Teachers: The Torchbearers of Change
This Policy reiterates the centrality of         Teacher career development
teachers - the success of any effort to           • Move into educational administration
foster quality education is dependent             or teacher education after a minimum
upon the quality of the teacher                   number of teaching years
    Adequate physical infrastructure,            Continuous teacher professional
    learning resources, pupil-teacher             development

    ratio
                                                   • Flexible and modular approach where
    to facilitate teachers’ work                     teachers choose what and how they
    Robust recruitment process                       want to learn
 Redesigned Teacher Eligibility
                                                   • No centralized determination of
    • Test, followed by interview and                curriculum, no cascade-model
      teaching demonstration
                                                     training, no rigid norms
           Teachers recruited to district and      • High-quality material for teachers and
         • appointed to school complex               teacher educators in Indian languages
                                                   • Rejuvenated academic support
        Practice of ‘para-teachers’                  institutions - SCERT, DIET, BITE, BRC,

        (unqualified,                                CRC, CTE, IASE
        contract teachers) stopped by 2022

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Teacher Education
This Policy aims to ensure rigorous                             Current two-year B.Ed.
teacher preparation in vibrant                                   program to continue till
multidisciplinary institutions.                                  2030
                                                                  • After 2030, only those
 4-year integrated Bachelor of Education at                      institutions offering a 4-
  multidisciplinary institutions                                  year teacher education
                                                                  programme can offer the
         • Undergraduate programme of study, including
                                                                  2-year programme
           both disciplinary and teacher preparation courses
                                                                No other kind of pre-
         • Stage-specific, subject-specific programme to
                                                                 service teacher
           prepare teachers from Foundational to Secondary
                                                                 preparation programmes
           stage
                                                                 will be offered after 2030
         • All subjects including arts, sports, vocational      Substandard and
           education, special education
                                                                  dysfunctional teacher
         • Par with other undergraduate degrees - graduates       education institutes shut
           eligible for Masters programme                         down

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School Complexes:                                   Why School Complexes
                                                     • Effective administrative unit
Effective Administration                               without compromising access - will
& Management of Schools                                not require physical relocation of
                                                       schools
                                                     • Enable sharing of learning
The Policy aims to render school
                                                       resources e.g. laboratories,
governance more local, effective and                   libraries, sports equipment & fields
efficient while facilitating the sharing of
resources through school complexes.                  • Enable sharing of subject teachers,
                                                       sports, music and art teachers,
                                                       counsellors and social workers
 School complex as the minimum viable               • Create community of teachers to
  unit of school governance                            work together, support each other
 What is a School Complex                           • Create coherent set of educational
                                                       institutions in each geography
         • Cluster of around 30 public schools
         from Foundational to Secondary stage      School Management Committees
         within a contiguous geography              and School Complex Management
         • Comprises one Secondary school and       Committees to take ownership
         all other neighbourhood public schools
Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                     13
Regulation of School Education
This Policy believes that regulation        Boards of Certification / Examination -
must become an engine of educational         certification of school completion - no
improvement and energize India’s             role in determining curricula or
school education system.                     textbooks
                                            Each SCERT to develop a School Quality
 Regulation and operation of schools        Assessment and Accreditation
  (service provision) carried out by         Framework - will be used as the
  separate bodies to eliminate conflicts     accreditation framework by the State
  of interest                                School Regulatory Authority for
                                             regulation
 New State School Regulatory Authority
  - independent State-wide regulatory       Sample-based National Achievement
  body created for each State                Survey of student learning levels to
                                             continue - States may continue to
 Directorate of School Education -          conduct a census-based State
  handle operations of the public school     Assessment Survey
  system
                                            Public and private schools regulated on
 SCERT - lead all academic matters for      the same criteria, benchmarks and
  all school education                       processes

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Additional Key Focus Areas

Draft National Education Policy 2019                26
Education Technology

This Policy aims at appropriately               New National Educational
integrating technology into all levels           Technology Forum
of education.                                      • Autonomous body - platform
                                                     for free exchange of ideas on
 Technology in education to be used to              the use of technology to
           • Improve teaching, learning and          improve learning, assessment,
             evaluation                              planning, administration
           • Support teacher preparation and       • Facilitate decision-making on
             continuous teacher professional         induction, deployment, use of
             development                             technology
           • Enhance educational access to      National Repository of Educational
             disadvantaged groups                Data - will maintain all records
                                                 related to institutions, teachers
           • Streamline education planning,      and students in digital form
             administration and management

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                  27
Integration of Vocational Education
Vocational education must be an                Capacity and quality of teacher
integral part of all education - this           preparation will be addressed
Policy aims to provide access to               National Committee for the
vocational education to at least 50%            Integration of Vocational
of all learners by 2025.                        Education to oversee the effort
                                               National Skills Qualifications
 Vocational education as an integral part
                                                Framework detailed further for
  of the larger vision of liberal education     each of the disciplines / vocations
 Vocational education integrated into all      / professions
  education institutions in a phased           ‘Lok Vidya’, knowledge developed
  manner over the next decade                   in India, made accessible to
 Focus areas chosen based on skills gap        students through integration into
  analysis, mapping of local opportunities      vocational education courses

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                  28
Adult Education

   This Policy aims to achieve 100%       Cadre of Adult Education Centre
   youth and adult literacy by             managers and instructors created
   2030, and significantly expand          through the National Adult Education
   adult and continuing education          Tutors Programme
   programmes.                            Existing mechanisms leveraged to
                                           identify participants, community
    National Curriculum Framework         volunteers encouraged - each literate
     for Adult Education                   member of the community to teach at
                                           least one person to read
    Textbooks and learning materials,
                                          Large scale public awareness generated
     criteria for assessment and
     certification aligned to this        Special emphasis on women’s literacy
     Framework

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Promotion of Indian languages
                                           Focus on language, literature, scientific
                                           vocabulary in Indian languages
  It is critical to preserve the       
  truly rich languages and               Strong Indian language and literature programmes
  literatures of India - the            across the country, recruitment of language teachers
  Policy will ensure the                 and faculty, focused research
  preservation, growth, and              Existing national institutes for promotion of classical
  vibrancy of all Indian                languages and literature strengthened
  languages                                National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit set up
                                        Mandate of the Commission for Scientific and
                                         Technical Terminology renewed and expanded to
                                        include all disciplines and fields, not just the physical
                                         sciences
                                           • An Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation
                                           (IITI) will be established, to carry out high quality translations
                                           of materials of importance between various
                                           Indian languages as well between foreign languages and Indian
                                           languages.
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Higher Education

Draft National Education Policy 2019                      15
Institutional Restructuring & Consolidation
A new vision and architecture for higher education has been envisaged in the
Policy with large, well-resourced, vibrant multidisciplinary institutions.

 Consolidation of current 800 universities          Significantly expand reach and
  and 40,000 colleges into about 15,000               capacity while building strong
  large, well-resourced, vibrant                      educational communities
  multidisciplinary institutions                     All higher education institutions to
 All higher education institutions to be             become multidisciplinary institutions,
  consolidated into three types of                    with teaching programmes across
  institutions:                                       disciplines and fields
         • Research Universities - equal focus on    Mission Nalanda and Mission
           research and teaching                      Takshashila launched to catalyze new
                                                      architecture
         • Teaching Universities - primary focus
           on teaching with significant focus on     High quality institutions in
           research                                   disadvantaged geographies a priority
         • Autonomous degree-granting colleges       Substantial public investment
           - almost exclusive focus on teaching

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                      16
Towards High Quality Liberal Education
 The Policy envisages an                 3-4 year undergraduate degree with multiple
 imaginative and broad-based              exit options
 liberal undergraduate education          • 4-year programme - Bachelors of Liberal
 with rigorous specialization in            Arts/Education in chosen major and minors
 chosen disciplines and fields.           • 3-year programme - Bachelors' degree
                                          • Both 3 & 4 year programmes - lead to a
 Liberal education with broad              degree with honours with research work
  multidisciplinary exposure              • Exit with a 2 year advanced diploma or a 1
  • Imaginative and flexible                year certificate
    curricular structures
  • Creative combinations of
                                        Flexible Masters degree programmes
    disciplines of study
  • Multiple exit and entry              • 2 years for those with 3 year
    points                                 undergraduate degree
  • Masters and doctoral                 • 1 year for those with 4 year undergraduate
    education provide research-            degree with honours
    based specializations                • Integrated 5 year programme

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                    17
Optimal Learning                           The Policy envisions a joyful, rigorous
                                           and responsive curriculum, engaging
Environments &                             and effective pedagogy, and caring
Student Support                            support to optimize learning and the
                                           overall development of students.

 National Higher Education                 Students assessed not only on
  Qualifications Framework to articulate     academic aspects but also on broad
  learning outcomes                          capacities and dispositions
 National Skills Qualifications            Academic, financial and emotional
  Framework aligned with the above to        support available for students to help
  ensure equivalence and mobility            attain better outcomes
 Choice Based Credit System to be          Open and distance learning expanded
  revised and improved to allow for         Internationalization of education
  flexibility and innovation                 facilitated
 Stimulating learning experiences          Inter-University Centre for
  offered through effective pedagogical      International Education set up within
  practices                                  selected Indian universities

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                  18
Energised, Engaged & Capable Faculty
The most important factor for the         Appropriately designed permanent
success of higher education                employment (tenure) track system in
institutions is the quality and            all institutions by 2030
engagement of its faculty: this Policy    Continuous professional development
puts faculty back into the heart of        plan for all faculty
higher education.
                                          Faculty recruitment and development,
                                           career progression, compensation
 Adequate faculty in every                management to be part of every
institution                                Institutional Development Plan
 Prevalent approach of ad-hoc,
     contractual appointments stopped      Faculty empowered to make
 Faculty recruitment based on            curricular choices for their courses;
  academic expertise, teaching             pursue research with academic
  capacities, dispositions for public      freedom
  service

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                               19
Empowered Governance & Autonomy
in Higher Education Governance

This Policy sees independent,             Formation and appointment of the Board,
                                           the Chair and the Vice Chancellor to
self-governed higher education
                                           ensure elimination of external interference
institutions with capable and
                                           - enable engagement of high-capacity
ethical leadership as a driver of          people with institutional commitment
educational change.
                                          All institutions free to start and run
 All higher education institutions to     programmes, decide curricula, student
  become autonomous self-governing         capacity and resource requirements,
  entities                                 develop internal systems for governance
                                           and people management
 Higher education institutions to be
  governed by Independent Boards          Affiliation to stop - affiliated colleges will
  with complete academic and                 develop into autonomous degree granting
  administrative autonomy                    colleges; affiliating universities will develop
                                             into vibrant multidisciplinary institutions

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                        20
Higher Education Governance & Regulation
This Policy aims to set up effective,          New General Education Council -
enabling and responsive regulation to           develop National Higher Education
encourage excellence and public-                Qualifications Framework
spiritedness in higher education.              Accreditation as basis for regulation -
                                                National Assessment and Accreditation
 Standard setting, funding, accreditation      Council - oversee and develop an
  and regulation separated - conducted          ecosystem of Accreditation Institutions
  by independent bodies, eliminating           State Departments of Higher Education -
  concentration of power and conflicts of       involved at a policy level
  interest                                     State Councils of Higher Education -
 National Higher Education Regulatory          facilitate peer support and best practice
  Authority - only regulator for all higher     sharing
  education including professional             Common regulatory regime for public
  education                                      and private institutions
 University Grants Commission -               Private philanthropic initiatives
  transform into Higher Education Grants        encouraged
  Council
Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                   21
Integrating Professional
Education into Higher Education
This Policy aims to build a             Preparation of professionals must involve an
holistic approach to the                 education in the ethic and importance of
preparation of professionals,            public purpose, an education in the
by ensuring broad-based                  discipline, and an education for practice - for
                                         this to happen, professional education must
competencies, an
                                         not happen in the isolation of specialty
understanding of the social-
human context, a strong ethical         Professional education is an integral part of
compass, in addition to the              the higher education system
highest-quality professional            Stand-alone technical universities, health
capacities.                              science universities, legal and agricultural
                                         universities, or institutions in these or other
                                         fields, will be discontinued
                                        All institutions offering either professional
                                           or general education must organically evolve
                                           into institutions offering both by 2030
Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                       23
National Research Foundation

Draft National Education Policy 2019         24
National Research Foundation
This Policy has a strong emphasis        Scope of work of the Foundation will
on catalyzing and energizing              include
research and innovation across             • Funding research in all disciplines
the country in all academic                  through a competitive, peer-review
disciplines.                                 based process
                                           • Building research capacity at academic
 National Research Foundation will          institutions across the country
  significantly expand research and
                                           • Creating beneficial linkages between
  innovation in the country
                                             researchers, government and industry
 Autonomous body, set up through
                                           • Recognising outstanding research
  an Act of Parliament
                                             through special prizes and seminars
 Annual grant of Rs. 20,000 crores -
                                         The Foundation will have four major
  increased progressively over the
                                          divisions to start with - Sciences,
  next decade
                                          Technology, Social Sciences, Arts and
                                          Humanities

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Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog

Draft National Education Policy 2019                     31
Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog

 The Indian education system             Aayog will comprise eminent educationists,
 needs inspiring leadership which         researchers, Union Ministers,
 will also ensure excellence of           representation of Chief Ministers of States,
 execution.                               eminent professionals from various fields
                                         All members of the Aayog will be people
 Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog or the          with high expertise, record of public
  National Education Commission -         contribution in their fields, unimpeachable
  apex body to be constituted,            integrity and independence
  chaired by the Prime Minister          Aayog will work closely with every State to
 Union Minister of Education shall       ensure coordination and synergy
  be the Vice Chairman with direct       States may set up Rajya Shiksha Aayog or
  responsibilities related to day-to-      State Education Commission
  day matters                            The Aayog will be the custodian of
                                          education in India

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                    32
Financing Education

Draft National Education Policy 2019                         33
Financing                              This Policy is committed to raising educational
                                       investment - there is no better investment towards a
Education                              society’s future.

 Increase in public investment by Central and State              Rejuvenation, active
  Governments to 20% of overall public expenditure                 promotion and support for
  over a 10 year period                                            private philanthropic
 Key thrust areas                                                 activity in education
  • Expansion and improvement of early childhood                  Smooth, timely, appropriate
    education                                                      flow of funds, usage with
                                                                   probity
  • Ensuring foundational literacy and numeracy
  • Adequate and appropriate resourcing of school                 Clamp down on
    complexes                                                      commercialization of
                                                                   education - ‘light but tight’
  • Food and nutrition (breakfast and midday meal)                 regulation, substantial
  • Teacher education and continuing professional                  investment in public
    development of teachers                                        education, mechanisms of
  • Revamping colleges and universities                            good governance
  • Research

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                           34
In every epoch of humankind, knowledge represents the sum of what is created
                by all previous generations, to which the present generation adds its own.
               The motif of the Mobius strip symbolizes the perpetual, developing and live
              nature of knowledge - that which has no beginning and that which has no end.
                        This Policy envisages creation, transmission, use and dissemination of
                                        knowledge as a part of this continuum.

Draft National Education Policy 2019                                                             35
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