SHOPPING FOR YOUR HOME LOAN - U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Page 1 of 14 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development SHOPPING FOR YOUR HOME LOAN HUD's Settlement Cost Booklet Table of Contents I. Introduction - Purchasing Time-line II. Before You Buy - Are You Ready to be a Homeowner? III. Determining What You Can Afford IV. Shopping for a House - Role of the Real Estate Broker, Role of an Attorney, Terms of the Sales Agreement, Affiliated Businesses, Builders V. Shopping for a Loan - Loan Originator, Types of Loans and Programs VI. Good Faith Estimate (GFE) - Page 1, Page 2, Page 3 VII. Shopping for Other Settlement Services VIII. Your Settlement and HUD-1 - Page 1, Page 2, Page 3 IX.
Your Loan after Settlement X. Home Equity and Refinances XI. Appendix - Additional Information, Contact Information, Glossary of Terms, Types of Mortgage Loan Products, HUD-1 Settlement Statement, The Do List/The Don't List I. Introduction The Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) requires lenders and mortgage brokers to give you this booklet within three days of applying for a mortgage loan. RESPA is a federal law that helps protect consumers from unfair practices by settlement service providers during the home-buying and loan process. Buying a home is an important financial decision that should be considered carefully.
This booklet will help you become familiar with the various stages of the home-buying process, including deciding whether you are ready to buy a home, and providing factors to consider in determining how much you can afford to spend. You will learn about the sales agreement, how to use a Good Faith Estimate to shop for the best loan for you, required settlement services to close your loan, and the HUD-1 Settlement Statement that you will receive at closing.
This booklet will help you become familiar with how interest rates, points, balloon payments, and prepayment penalties can affect your monthly mortgage payments. In addition, there is important information about your loan after settlement, including how to resolve loan servicing problems with your lender, and steps you can take to avoid foreclosure. After you have purchased your home, this booklet will help you identify issues to consider before getting a home equity loan or refinancing your mortgage. Finally, contact information is provided to answer any questions you may have after reading this booklet.
There is also a Glossary of Terms in the booklets Appendix. Using this booklet as your guide will help you avoid the pitfalls and help you achieve the joys of home ownership. II. Before You Buy - Are You Ready to Be a Homeowner?
Buying a home is one of the most exciting events in your life and is likely to be the most expensive purchase that you will ever make. Before you make a commitment, make sure you are ready. Avoid the pressure to buy a home that you cannot afford. Here are some things to consider: Are you ready to be a homeowner? It is critical that you consider whether you have saved enough money to support a down payment in addition to your other debts. You must have job stability and a steady income. How long do you plan on living in your home? Real estate is not always an investment. No one can predict what will happen with your local housing market.
If you plan to sell your home in the next few years, realize that the property may not increase substantially in value or may have actually lost value. You may ultimately owe more to pay off your mortgage than your home will be worth.
What is your estimated monthly payment for the home? In addition to the monthly payment for principal and interest, you will have to pay for taxes and insurance and possibly homeowner association dues. If your down payment is less than 20%, your lender may require that you pay the added expense for mortgage insurance. What are the other costs of owning a home? Be realistic about the costs of owning a home like heating and cooling and other utilities. You will generally need to budget for repairs and routine maintenance of your home, especially if you buy an older home.
What can you afford? Be confident that you can make the monthly payments.
Have a financial plan and make a budget. Do you have a steady source of reliable income to pay your mortgage should your interest rate increase in the future? Consider how many long-term debts you have such as car or student loans, as well as credit card bills. Have you talked with a housing counseling agency? Housing counselors can be very helpful, especially for first-time home buyers. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) supports housing counseling agencies throughout the country that can provide free or low-cost advice. You can search online at HUDs web site, or you can call HUDs interactive voice system.
This contact information can be found in the Appendix of this booklet. After answering the questions above, have you determined that buying a house is right for you? If so, congratulations! Lets start shopping for a house and a loan. III. Determining What You Can Afford To determine how much you can afford, you first need to know your monthly income. Second, you will need to calculate your monthly expenses which may include credit card bills, car payments, insurance premiums and all other debts. There is a worksheet in the Appendix ("Determining What You Can Afford Worksheet") that will help you calculate your income and expenses to help determine what you can afford.
Consider talking with a financial professional such as a housing counselor to help you determine what you can afford. Keeping your payments affordable is the best way to avoid foreclosure or other financial difficulties. While mortgage lenders will tell you how much they are willing to lend you (which is the loan amount you "qualify" for), you probably know your finances better than anyone, so you should determine how much you are willing and able to pay every month for your home. IV. Shopping for a House Role of the Real Estate Agent or Broker Frequently, the first person you consult about buying a home is a real estate agent or broker.
Although these agents and brokers provide helpful advice, they may legally be representing the interests of the seller and not yours. You can ask your family and friends for recommendations.
It is your responsibility to search for an agent who will represent your interests in the real estate transaction. If you want someone to represent only your interests, consider hiring an "exclusive buyer’s agent", who will be working for you. Even if the real estate agent represents the seller, state laws usually require that you are treated fairly. If you have any questions concerning the behavior of an agent or broker, you should contact your States Real Estate Commission or licensing department.
Sometimes, the real estate broker will offer to help you obtain a mortgage loan. He or she may also recommend that you deal with a particular lender, mortgage broker, title company, attorney, or settlement/closing agent.
You are not required to follow the real estate broker's recommendation, and you should compare the costs and services offered by other providers before making a decision. Role of an Attorney Before you sign a sales agreement, you might consider asking an attorney to review it and tell you if it protects your interests. If you have already signed your sales agreement, you might still consider having an attorney review it.
If choosing an attorney, you should shop around and ask what services will be performed and whether the attorney is experienced in representing homebuyers. You may also wish to ask the attorney whether the attorney will represent anyone other than you in the transaction. In some areas, an attorney will act as a settlement agent to handle your settlement. Terms of the Sales Agreement
Page 2 of 14 Before you sign a sales agreement, here are some important points to consider. While the real estate broker will probably give you a preprinted form of the sales agreement, many terms are negotiable so you may make changes or additions to the agreement.
The seller, however, must agree to every change you make in order for such changes to be incorporated into the sales agreement. For most homebuyers, the sales price is the most important term. Make sure you know what the sales price includes, such as appliances. Here are other important terms of the sales agreement: Mortgage Clause The mortgage clause will provide whether or not your deposit will be refunded if the sale is cancelled should you be unable to get a mortgage loan. Your agreement could allow the purchase to be canceled if you cannot obtain mortgage financing at or below a specific interest rate or through a specific loan program.
Settlement Costs You can negotiate which settlement costs you will pay and which will be paid by the seller. The seller may contribute a lump sum amount or may agree to pay for specific items on your behalf.
Inspections Most buyers prefer to pay for the following inspections so that the inspector is working for them, not the seller. You may want to include in your sales agreement the ability to cancel the agreement or renegotiate the contract for a lower sales price or for the needed repairs if you are not satisfied with the inspection results. Home Inspection: You should have the home inspected. An inspection should determine the condition of the plumbing, heating, cooling and electrical systems. The structure should also be examined to assure it is sound and to determine the condition of the roof, siding, windows and doors.
The lot should be graded away from the house so that water does not drain toward the house and into the basement. You should be present to ask any questions. Pests: Your lender may require a certificate from a qualified inspector stating that the home is free from termites and other pests and pest damage. Even if your lender does not require a pest inspection, you may want to obtain a pest inspection to ensure the property does not have termites or other pests. Lead-Based Paint Hazards: If you buy a home built before 1978, you have certain rights concerning lead-based paint and lead poisoning hazards.
The seller or sales agent must give you the EPA pamphlet "Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home" (or other EPA-approved lead hazard information). The seller must also disclose any known lead-based paint hazards in the property through a Lead Warning Statement and give you any relevant records or reports. Other Environmental Concerns: Your city or state may require sellers to disclose known environmental hazards such as leaking underground oil tanks, the presence of radon or asbestos, lead water pipes, and other such hazards. You may want to determine the environmental condition of the home for your own safety.
You could also be financially liable for the clean-up of any environmental hazards.
Sharing of Expenses. You need to negotiate with the seller about how expenses related to the property such as taxes, water and sewer charges, condominium fees, and utility bills, are to be divided on the date of settlement. Unless you agree otherwise, you should only be responsible for the portion of these expenses owed after the date of sale. Affiliated Businesses When you are shopping for your home and your mortgage, a settlement service provider may refer you to its affiliated business. Affiliated business arrangements exist when several businesses are owned or controlled by a common corporate parent.
When a lender, real estate broker, builder, or others refer you to an affiliated settlement service provider, RESPA requires that the referring party give you an Affiliated Business Arrangement Disclosure. Except under certain circumstances, you are generally not required to use the affiliate and are free to shop for other service providers. You should shop around to determine that you are receiving the best service and rate. Builders If you are buying a newly constructed home, a builder may offer you an incentive or "deal" if you select its affiliated mortgage company or other settlement service business.
You should shop and compare interest rates and other settlement charges before entering a contractual agreement to use these affiliated companies. V. Shopping for a Loan Your choice of mortgage lender or broker, as well as type of loan itself, will influence your settlement costs and your monthly mortgage payment. You may find a listing of local lenders and mortgage brokers in the yellow pages and a listing of rates in your local newspaper. You may also wish to search the internet for lenders and brokers and their advertised rates. You can ask your family and friends about loan originators they have used and recommend.
Loan Originator A loan originator is a lender or mortgage broker. Mortgage Brokers Some companies, known as "mortgage brokers," offer to find you a mortgage lender willing to make you a loan. A mortgage broker may operate as an independent business and may not be operating as your "agent" or representative. Lenders A lender typically makes loans to borrowers directly. They receive payment through fees charged to you at settlement, payment from interest when you make your monthly mortgage payments and payments if they sell your loan or the servicing of your loan after settlement.
Note: Whether you apply for a loan with a lender or mortgage broker, you should receive Good Faith Estimates of settlement costs from multiple loan originators to make certain you get the best loan product at the lowest interest rate and lowest settlement costs.
Types of Loans and Programs Shopping for your loan is probably the most important step in your home-buying process. Mortgage brokers and lenders have a wide variety of mortgage products. The type of loan product and your interest rate will not only influence your total settlement costs but will determine the amount of your monthly mortgage payment. Government Programs You may be eligible for a loan insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or offered by the Rural Housing Service (RHS). These programs usually require a smaller down payment.
Ask your lender or mortgage broker about these programs. You should shop and compare quotes from different loan originators because each may offer different rates and loan terms.
If you are a first time homebuyer, ask your real estate agent/broker and loan originator about the availability of local or state programs such as reductions in transfer taxes, special income tax deductions or state homestead exemption discounts. Types of Mortgages Two of the most common types of mortgage loans are fixed-rate mortgages and adjustable rate mortgages. The interest rate on a fixed-rate mortgage will remain the same for the entire life of your loan while the interest rate on an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) may adjust at regular intervals and may be tied to an economic index, such as a rate for Treasury securities.
When the interest rate on an ARM adjusts it may cause your payment to increase.
Some adjustable rate mortgages allow the borrower to pay either the "interest only" or less than the "interest only." In both options, none of the mortgage payment is applied towards the loan balance (principal). In a less than "interest only" option, the unpaid interest is added to your loan balance and you can owe more than the amount you initially borrowed. When the loan balance increases to the maximum amount the loan is "recast" and your loan payment may double or even triple. When faced with "payment shock," you may discover too late that the loan payments no longer fit within your budget and that the loan is difficult to refinance.
You may then be in danger of losing your home.
WARNING: Choosing an ARM product could affect your ability to pay your mortgage in the future resulting in loan default or foreclosure. You need to become familiar with the features of ARM products to find the one that best fits your needs. If you decide to obtain an ARM, consider obtaining additional information. Additional information may be found by contacting the Federal Reserve Board. Contact information is given in the Appendix to this booklet. Taxes and Insurance In addition to the principal and interest portion of your mortgage payment, you will have to pay property taxes and insurance to protect the property in the event of disaster such as a fire or flood.
Based on your down payment, you may also have to pay mortgage insurance. Your lender may require an escrow or impound account to pay these items with your monthly mortgage payment. If an escrow account is not required, you are responsible for making these payments.
Mortgage insurance may be required by your lender if your down payment is less than 20% of the purchase price. Mortgage insurance protects the lender if you default on your loan. You may be able to cancel mortgage insurance in the future based on certain criteria, such as paying down your loan balance to a certain amount. Before you commit to paying for mortgage insurance, find out the specific requirements for cancellation. Mortgage insurance should not be confused with mortgage life, credit life, or disability insurance that are designed to pay off a mortgage in the event of a borrowers death or disability.
Your Good Faith Estimate should not have any charges for mortgage life, credit life, or disability insurance.
Homeowner’s (hazard) insurance protects your property in the event of a loss such as fire. Many lenders require that you get a homeowners policy before settlement. Flood insurance will be required if the house is in a flood hazard area. After your loan is settled, if a change in flood insurance maps brings your home within a flood hazard area, your lender or servicer may require you to buy flood insurance at that time. VI. Good Faith Estimate (GFE) The GFE is a three page form designed to encourage you to shop for a mortgage loan and settlement services so you can determine which mortgage is best for you.
It shows the loan terms and the settlement charges you will pay if you decide to go forward with the loan process and are approved for the loan. It explains which charges can change before your settlement and which charges must remain the same. It contains a shopping chart allowing you to easily compare multiple mortgage loans and settlement costs, making it easier for you to shop for the
Page 3 of 14 best loan. The GFE may be provided by a mortgage broker or the lender. Until you let a loan originator know that you wish to proceed with a loan, the loan originator may only charge you for the cost of a credit report. In the loan application process, the loan originator will need your name, Social Security number, gross monthly income, property address, estimate of the value of the property, and the amount of the mortgage loan you want to determine the GFE. Your Social Security number is used to obtain a credit report showing your credit history, including past and present debts and the timeliness of repayment.
Your GFE Step-by-Step Page 1 of the GFE Now let's go through the GFE step-by-step. The top of page 1 of the GFE shows the property address, your name and contact information and your loan originator's contact information. Important Dates 1. The interest rate for this GFE is available through January 2, 2010 @ 4pm. After this time, the interest rate, some of your loan Origination Charges, and the monthly payment shown below can change until you lock your interest rate. 2. This estimate for all other settlement charges is available through January 22, 2010. 3. After you lock your interest rate, you must go to settlement within 30 days (your rate lock period) to receive the locked interest rate.
4. You must lock the interest rate at least 15 days before settlement.
The Important Dates section of the GFE includes key dates of which you should be aware. Line 1 discloses the date and time the interest rate offer is good through. Line 2 discloses the date "All Other Settlement Charges" is good through. This date must be open for at least 10 business days from the date the GFE was issued to allow you to shop for the best loan for you. Line 3 discloses the interest rate lock time period, such as 30, 45 or 60 days, that the GFE was based on. It does not mean that your interest rate is locked. Line 4 discloses the number of days prior to going to settlement that you must lock your interest rate.
Note: "Locking in" your rate and points at the time of application or during the processing of your loan will keep the interest rate and points from changing until the rate lock period expires. Summary of Your Loan Your initial loan amount is $ 200,000.00 Your loan term is 30 years Your initial interest rate is 5.000% Your initial monthly amount owed for principal, interest, and any mortgage insurance is $ 1,173.00 per month Can your interest rate rise? No Yes, it can rise to a maximum of 10.0%. The first change will be in 6 months.
Even if you make payments on time, can your loan balance rise? No Yes, it can rise to a maximum of $ .
Even if you make payments on time, can your monthly amount owed for principal, interest, and any mortgage insurance rise? No Yes, the first increase can be in 6 months and the monthly amount owed can rise to $1,290.00. The maximum it can ever rise to is $1,842.00. Does your loan have a prepayment penalty? No Yes, your maximum prepayment penalty is $ . Does your loan have a balloon payment? No Yes, you have a balloon payment of $ due in years. The Summary of Your Loan Terms discloses your loan amount, loan term, the initial interest rate and the principal, interest and mortgage insurance portion of your monthly mortgage payment.
It also informs you if your interest rate can increase, if your loan balance can rise, whether your mortgage payment can rise and if there is a prepayment penalty or balloon payment.
In the example above, the loan amount is $200,000 which will be paid over 30 years. The initial interest rate is 5 percent and the initial monthly mortgage payment is $1,173 which includes mortgage insurance, but does not include any amounts to pay for property taxes and homeowners insurances if required by the lender. In our example, the loan has an adjustable interest rate. Since the interest rate can rise, the 'yes' box was checked, and the loan originator disclosed that the initial interest rate of 5 percent could rise as high as 10 percent. The first time your interest rate could rise is 6 months after settlement which could increase your payments to $1,290.
Over the life of your loan your monthly payments could increase from $1,173 to $1,842.
This example does not contain a balloon payment or a prepayment penalty. NOTE: A prepayment penalty is a charge that is assessed if you pay off the loan within a specified time period, such as three years. A balloon payment is due on a mortgage that usually offers a low monthly payment for an initial period of time. After that period of time elapses, the balance must be paid by the borrower, or the amount must be refinanced. You should think carefully before agreeing to these kinds of mortgage loans. If you are unable to refinance or pay the balance of the loan, you could put your home at risk.
Escrow Account Information Some lenders require an escrow account to hold funds for paying property taxes or other property-related charges in addition to your monthly amount owed of $1,173.00.
Do we require you to have an escrow account for your loan? No, you do not have an escrow account. You must pay these charges directly when due. Yes, you have an escrow account. It may or may not cover all of these charges. Ask us. The GFE also includes a separate section referred to as "Escrow account information," which indicates whether or not an escrow account is required. This account holds funds needed to pay property taxes, homeowners insurance, flood insurance (if required by your lender) or other property-related charges. If the GFE specifies that you will have an escrow account, you will probably have to pay an initial amount at settlement to start the account and an additional amount with each months regular payment.
If you wish to pay your property taxes and insurance directly, some lenders will give you a higher interest rate or charge you a fee. If your lender does not require an escrow account, you must pay these items directly when they are due.
Summary of Your Settlement Charges A Your Adjusted Origination Charges (See page 2.) $3,750.00 B Your Charges for All Other Settlement Services (See page2.) $4,530.00 A + B Total Estimated Settlement Charges $8,280.00 The final section on page 1 of the GFE contains the adjusted origination charges and the total estimated charges for other settlement services which are detailed on page 2. You should compare the "Total Estimated Settlement Charges" on several GFEs. Page 2 of the GFE The price of a home mortgage loan is stated in terms of an interest rate and settlement costs. Often, you can pay lower total settlement costs in exchange for a higher interest rate and vice versa.
Ask your loan originator about different interest rates and settlement costs options.
Your Adjusted Origination Charges, Block A 1. Our origination charge This charge is for getting this loan for you. $6,750.00 2. Your credit or charge (points) for the specific interest rate chosen The credit or charge for the interest rate of % is included in "Our origination charge." (See item 1 above.) You receive a credit of $3,000 for this interest rate of 5.000%. This credit reduces your settlement charges. You pay a charge of $ for this interest rate of %. This charge (points) increases your total settlement charges.
The tradeoff table on page 3 shows that you can change your total settlement charges by choosing a different interest rate for this loan.
3,000.00 A Your Adjusted Origination Charges $3,750.00 Block 1, "Our origination charge" contains the lender's and the mortgage broker's charges and point(s) for originating your loan. Block 2, "Your credit or charge point(s) for the specific interest rate chosen." If box 1 is checked, the credit or charge for the interest rate is part of the origination charge shown in Block 1. If box 2 is checked, you will pay a higher interest rate and receive a credit to reduce your adjusted origination charge and other settlement charges. X
Page 4 of 14 If box 3 is checked, you will be paying point(s) to reduce your interest rate and, therefore, will pay higher adjusted origination charges. Note: A point is equal to one percent of your loan amount. After adding or subtracting Block 2 from Block 1, "Your Adjusted Origination Charge" is shown in Block A. In the example shown, the origination charge is $6,750. No points were paid to reduce the interest rate. Instead, because of the interest rate chosen, the offer contains a $3,000 credit that reduces the adjusted origination charge to $3,750.
Your Charges for All Other Settlement Services, Blocks 3 through 11 In addition to the charges to originate your loan, there are other charges for services that will be required to get your mortgage.
For some of the services, the loan originator will choose the company that performs the service (Block 3). The loan originator usually permits you to select the settlement service provider for "Title services and lenders title insurance" (Block 4). "Owners title insurance" is also disclosed (Block 5). Other required services that you may shop for are included in "Required services that you can shop for" (Block 6).
3. Required services that we select These charges are for services we require to complete your settlement. We will choose the providers of these services. Service Charge Appraisal $275.00 Credit report $40.00 Flood certification $12.00 Tax service $56.00 $383.00 4. Title services and lender's title insurance This charge includes the services of a title or settlement agent, for example, and title insurance to protect the lender, if required. $1,275.00 5. Owner's title insurance You may purchase an owner's title insurance policy to protect your interest in the property. $175.00 6. Required services that you can shop for These charges are for other services that are required to complete your settlement.
We can identify providers of these services or you can shop for them yourself. Our estimates for providing these services are below. Service Charge Survey $250.00 Pest Inspection $45.00 $295.00 Block 3 contains charges for required services for which the loan originator selects the settlement service provider. These are not "shoppable" services and often include items such as the property appraisal, credit report, flood certification, tax service and any required mortgage insurance.
Block 4 contains the charge for title services, the Lenders title insurance policy and the services of a title, settlement or escrow agent to conduct your settlement. Block 5 contains the charge for an Owners title insurance policy that protects your interests. Note: Under RESPA, the seller may not require you, as a condition of the sale, to purchase title insurance from any particular title company. Block 6 contains charges for required services for which you may shop for the provider. Some of these items may include a survey or pest inspection. 7. Government recording charges These charges are for state and local fees to record your loan and title documents.
50.00 8. Transfer taxes These charges are for state and local fees on mortgages and home sales. $1,368.00 9. Initial deposit for your escrow account This charge is held in an escrow account to pay future recurring charges on your property and includes all property taxes, all insurance, and other .
306.00 10. Daily interest charges This charge is for the daily interest on your loan from the day of your settlement until the first day of the next month or the first day of your normal mortgage payment cycle. This amount is $28.00 per day for 1 days (if your settlement is 1/31/2010). $28.00 11. Homeowner's insurance This charge is for the insurance you must buy for the property to protect from a loss, such as fire. Policy Charge Homeowner's insurance $650.00 $650.00 Block 7 contains charges by governmental entities to record the deed and documents related to the loan. Block 8 contains charges by state and local governments for taxes related to the mortgage and transferring title to the property.
Block 9 contains the initial amount you will pay at settlement to start the escrow account, if required by the lender. Block 10 contains the charge for the daily interest on the loan from the day of settlement to the first day of the following month. Block 11 contains the annual charge for any insurance the lender requires to protect the property such as homeowner's insurance and flood insurance. Total Estimated Settlement Charges B Your Charges for All Other Settlement Services $4,530.00 A + B Total Estimated Settlement Charges $8,280.00 "Your charges for All Other Settlement Services", Blocks 3 through 11, are totaled in Block B.
Blocks A and B are added together resulting in the total estimated settlement charges associated with getting the loan. These Blocks are carried forward to the bottom of page 1 of the GFE.
Page 3 of the GFE Page 3 of the GFE contains important instructions and information that will help you shop for the best loan for you. Understanding which charges can change at settlement These charges cannot increase at settlement: The total of these charges can increase up to 10% at settlement: These charges can change at settlement: Our origination charge Your credit or charge (points) for the specific interest rate chosen (after you lock in your interest rate) Your adjusted origination charges (after you lock in your interest rate) Transfer taxes Required services that we select Title services and lender's title insurance (if we select them or you use companies we identify) Owner's title insurance (if you use companies we identify) Required services that you can shop for (if you use companies we identify) Government recording charges Required services that you can shop for (if you do not use companies we identify) Title services and lender's title insurance (if you do not use companies we identify) Owner's title insurance (if you do not use companies we identify) Initial deposit for your escrow account Daily interest charges Homeowner's insurance There are three different categories of charges that you will pay at closing: charges that cannot increase at settlement; charges that cannot increase in total more than 10%; and charges that can increase at settlement.
You can use this as a guide to understand which charges can or cannot change. Compare your GFE to the actual charges listed on the HUD-1 Settlement Statement to ensure that your lender is not charging you more than permitted.
Written list of settlement service providers A written list will be given to you with your GFE that includes all settlement services that you are required to have, and that you are allowed to shop for. You may select a provider from this list or you can choose your own qualified provider. If you choose a name from the written list provided, that charge is within the 10% tolerance category. If you select your own service provider, the 10% tolerance will not apply. Even though you may find a better deal by selecting your own provider, you should choose the provider carefully as those charges could increase at settlement.
If your loan originator fails to provide a list of settlement service providers, the 10% tolerance automatically applies.
Page 5 of 14 Using the tradeoff table The loan in this GFE The same loan with lower settlement charges The same loan with a lower interest rate Your initial loan amount $200,000.00 $200,000.00 $200,000.00 Your initial interest rate1 5.0% 6.0% 4.5% Your initial monthly amount owed $1,173.00 $1,299.00 $1,113.00 Change in the monthly amount owed from this GFE No change You will pay $126.00 more every month You will pay $60.00 less every month. Change in the amount you will pay at settlement with this interest rate No change Your settlement charges will be reduced by $1,500.00 Your settlement charges will increase by $1,500.00 How much your total estimated settlement charges will be $8,280.00 $6,780.00 $9,780.00 1 For an adjustable rate loan, the comparisons above are for the initial interest rate before adjustments are made.
The "tradeoff table" on page 3 will help you understand how your loan payments can change if you pay more settlement charges and receive a lower interest rate or if you pay lower settlement charges and receive a higher interest rate.
The loan originator must complete the first column with information contained in the GFE. If the loan originator has the same loan product available with a higher or lower interest rate, the loan originator may choose to complete the remaining columns. If the second and third columns are not filled in, ask your loan originator if they have the same loan product with different interest rates. Using the shopping chart This loan Loan 2 Loan 3 Loan 4 Loan originator name ABC Company DEF Company CS Company Initial loan amount $200,000.00 $200,000.00 $200,000.00 Loan term 30 years 30 years 30 years Initial interest rate 5.0% 5.0% 5.375% Initial monthly amount owed $1,173.00 $1,173.00 $1,219.00 Rate lock period 30 days 30 days 30 days Can interest rate rise? yes yes yes Can loan balance rise? no no no Can monthly amount owed rise? yes yes yes Prepayment penalty? no no no Balloon Payment? no no no Total Estimated Settlement Charges $8,280.00 $8,309.00 $5,840.00 You can use this chart to compare similar loans offered by different loan originators.
Fill in each column with the information shown in the "Summary of your loan" section from the first page of all the GFEs you receive. Compare each offer and select the best loan for you.
After You Choose the Best Loan for You After comparing several GFEs, select the best loan for you and notify the loan originator that you would like to proceed with the loan. Keep your Good Faith Estimate so you can compare it with the final settlement costs stated on your HUD-1 Settlement Statement. Ask the lender and settlement agent if there are any changes in fees between your GFE and your HUD-1 Settlement Statement. Some charges cannot be increased, and your lender must reimburse you if those charges were illegally increased. New Home Purchases If you are purchasing a new home that is being built or has not been built yet, your GFE could change.
If the GFE can change, the loan originator must notify you that the GFE may be revised at any time up to 60 days before settlement. If you get a revised GFE, look at it to determine if the loan and settlement costs it discloses are the best for you. Changed Circumstances If there are changes involving your credit, the loan amount, the property value, or other information that was relied on in issuing the original GFE, a revised GFE may be issued. Only the charges affected by the changed circumstance may be revised.
VII. Shopping for Other Settlement Services There are other settlement services that the lender will require for your loan. You may be able to shop for these services or you may choose providers identified on the written list you receive from the loan originator. If you select providers on the list, the charges shown on the GFE must be within the 10% tolerance. Even though selecting a settlement service provider that is not on the list nullifies the 10% tolerance, you still may be able to find a better deal by shopping and selecting a provider yourself. However, remember that those charges could increase at settlement.
Title Services and Settlement Agent When you purchase your home, you receive "title" to the home. Certain title services will be required by your lender to protect against liens or claims on the property. Title services include the title search, examination of the title, preparation of a commitment to insure, conducting the settlement, and all administration and processing services that are involved within these services. Many lenders require a lenders title insurance policy to protect against loss resulting from claims by others against your new home. A lenders title insurance policy does not protect you.
If a title claim occurs, it can be financially devastating to an owner who is uninsured. If you want to protect yourself from claims by others against your new home, you will need an owner's policy. To save money on title insurance, compare rates among various title insurance companies. If you are buying a newly constructed home, make certain your title insurance covers claims by contractors. These claims are known as "mechanics' liens" in some parts of the country. In many states, title insurance premium rates are filed with the state and may not be negotiable, but other title service related charges may be.
Be sure to ask your title agent about any available discounts such as a reissue rate or a simultaneous issue discount. Title services also include the services of a settlement agent. Settlement practices vary from locality to locality, and even within the same county or city. Depending on the locality, settlements may be conducted by lenders, title insurance companies, escrow companies or attorneys for the buyer or seller. In some parts of the country, a settlement may be conducted by an escrow agent. Unlike other types of settlement, the parties may not meet around a table to sign documents.
Ask how your settlement will be handled.
Page 6 of 14 Survey Lenders or title insurance companies may require a survey to disclose the location of the property. The survey is a drawing of the property showing the location of the house and other improvements on the property. You may be able to reduce the cost of a new survey if you determine the company who previously surveyed the property and request an update. Check with your lender and title insurance company on whether an updated survey is acceptable. Even if not required by your lender, information provided by a current property survey, such as the true property lines acceptable and any encroachments, can alert you to any problems with the property.
Homeowner's Insurance As a condition to settle, many lenders will require that you procure homeowners insurance, flood insurance or other hazard insurance to protect the property from loss. Dont forget to shop for the best rates. VIII. Your Settlement and HUD-1 You have determined what you can afford, found the right house and shopped for the best loan for you. After all the hard work, it is time to go to settlement, but dont forget to bring your GFE to compare with the charges listed on the HUD-1 Settlement Statement. It is a good idea to review your HUD-1 before your settlement. Let your settlement agent and lender know that you want to receive a completed HUD-1 at least one day prior to your settlement.
Settlement Your settlement may be conducted by your lender or your title insurance company, an escrow company, your attorney or the sellers attorney. Regardless of who performs the settlement, there will be many important documents that you will need to sign. Make sure you carefully read and understand all the documents before you sign them. Do not be afraid to ask the lender any questions you have about your loan documents.
HUD-1 Settlement Statement The HUD-1 Settlement Statement (HUD-1) is a form that lists all charges and credits to the borrower and seller in a transaction. You have the right under RESPA to inspect the HUD-1 Settlement Statement before settlement occurs. When you receive a copy of the HUD-1, compare it to your GFE. Ask the lender questions about any changes in fees between your GFE and the HUD-1. Your lender must reimburse you if a closing cost tolerance was violated. Page 1 of the HUD-1 100-300 Series, Summary of Borrower's Transactions The first page of the HUD-1 summarizes all of the charges and credits to the buyer and seller.
Line 101 is the contract sales price.
Line 103 is the total settlement charges from page 2. Lines 106 to 112 lists items you are reimbursing the seller for that were already paid for by the seller, such as property taxes or homeowner association dues. Line 120 is the total of the 100 series section and is the total amount you owe. Lines 200 to 209 contain credits for items paid by you, such as the earnest money deposit and other credits from the seller and other parties. Lines 210 to 219 are credits from the seller for items owed by the seller that are due after settlement. Line 220 is the total of all credits from Lines 201 to 219.
Subtract the amount on Line 220 from the amount on Line 120. Line 303 is the amount you must bring to settlement or the amount you will receive.
Page 2 of the HUD-1 700 Series, Total Real Estate Broker Fees 700. Total Real Estate Broker Fees Division of commission (line 700) as follows: 701. $6,000.00 to ABC Real Estate Co. 702. $6,000.00 to XYZ Real Estate Co. Paid From Borrower’s Funds at Settlement Paid From Seller’s Funds at Settlement 703. Commission paid at settlement $12,000.00 This section of the settlement statement shows the commissions paid to the real estate agents. There are no corresponding lines on the GFE because the lender does not require this service before you get your loan.
800 Series, Items Payable in Connection with Loan 800.
Items Payable in Connection with Loan 801. Our origination charge includes origination point(s) (1% or $2,000) $6,750.00 (from GFE #1) 802. Your credit or charge (points) for the specific interest rate chosen - $3,000.00 (from GFE #2) 803. Your adjusted origination charges (from GFE #A) $3,750.00 Line 801, "Our origination charge," lists the lender's and mortgage broker's charge for getting you the loan and references GFE Block 1. In this example, Line 801 designates an origination point of $2,000 for possible tax deductibility.
Line 802 lists either the charge for the interest rate (points) or a credit and references GFE Block 2. Line 803 lists "Your adjusted origination charges." This amount is the sum of Lines 801 and 802 and references Block A on the GFE. 804. Appraisal fee to Appraisal Company (from GFE #3) $325.00 805. Credit report to Credit Report Company (from GFE #3) $40.00 806. Tax service to Tax Service Company (from GFE #3) $76.00 807. Flood certification to Flood Certification Company (from GFE #3) $12.00 808.
Line 804 is the charge for the appraisal report prepared by an appraiser. Line 805 is the fee for a credit report showing your credit history.
Line 806 is the fee paid to a tax service provider for information on the real estate property taxes. Line 807 is the fee paid to the service providing information on whether the property is in a flood zone. Lines 804, 805, 806 and 807 usually reference GFE Block 3. Lines 808 and any additional lines are used to list other third party services required by your lender, including FHA or VA fees. 900 Series, Items Required by Lender to be Paid in Advance 900. Items Required by Lender to Be Paid in Advance 901. Daily interest charges from 1/31/2010 to 2/1/2010 @ $28.00/day (from GFE #10) $28.00 902.
Mortgage insurance premium for months to (from GFE #3) 903. Homeowners insurance for 1 years to Insure-It ($600 P.O.C. by borrower) (from GFE #11) These are charges which the lender requires to be prepaid at settlement. J. Summary of Borrower’s Transaction 100. Gross Amount Due From Borrower 101. Contract sales price $210,000.00 102. Personal property 103. Settlement charges to borrower (line 1400) $8,044.00 104.
105. Adjustment for items paid by seller in advance 106. City/town taxes to 107. County taxes to 108. Assessments to 109. 110. 111. 112. Total Loan Payoffs 120. Gross Amount Due From Borrower $218,044.00 200. Amounts Paid by or in Behalf of Borrower 201. Deposit or earnest money $2,000.00 202. Principal amount of new loan(s) $200,000.00 203. Existing loan(s) taken subject to 204. 205. 206. Seller closing cost credit $2,000.00 207. 208. 209. Adjustments for items unpaid by seller 210. City/town taxes to 211. County taxes 1/1/2010 to 1/31/2010 $200.00 212. Assessments to 213.
216. 217. 218. 219. 220. Total Paid by/for Borrower $204,200.00 300. Cash at Settlement from/to Borrower 301. Gross amount due from borrower (line 120) $218,044.00 302. Less amounts paid by/for borrower (line 220) ( $204,200.00 ) 303. Cash From To Borrower $13,844.00 X
Page 7 of 14 Line 901 lists the daily interest charges collected for the period between the date of your settlement and the first day of the next month. This charge is disclosed in Block 10 of your GFE. In this example, the loan closed on 1/31/10, and the interest on the GFE was calculated with a 1/31/10 closing date so the charges are the same on both. This amount on Line 901 may differ from the amount on the GFE if the settlement date changes. Line 902 lists the charge for any up-front mortgage insurance premium payment due at settlement. This is one of the charges disclosed in GFE Block 3 of your GFE.
In this example, there is no payment due.
Line 903 is the charge for the homeowners insurance policy and is one of the charges disclosed in Block 11 of your GFE. In the example, the homeowners insurance was paid prior to the day of settlement so the charge is listed as "P.O.C. by borrower". P.O.C. stands for "Paid Outside of Closing". You typically have to bring a pre-paid insurance policy to your settlement. 1000 Series, Reserves Deposited with Lender 1000. Reserves Deposited with Lender 1001. Initial deposit for your escrow account (from GFE #9) $350.00 1002. Homeowners insurance 1 months @ $50.00 per month $50.00 1003. Mortgage insurance 1 months @ $100.00 per month $100.00 1004.
Property taxes 2 months @ $200.00 per month $400.00 1005. months @ $ per month $ 1006. months @ $ per month $ 1007. Aggregate Adjustment -$200.00 This series of the HUD-1 lists the amounts collected by the lender to be placed in your escrow account for future payments of items such as homeowners insurance, mortgage insurance and property taxes. Line 1007 is an adjustment to make sure lenders are only collecting the maximum amount allowed by law. In this example, even though the first years homeowners insurance premium has already been paid, the lender has started escrowing money to pay the next bill.
1100 Series, Title Charges 1100. Title Charges 1101. Title services and lenders title insurance $ (from GFE #4) $1,275.00 1102. Settlement or closing fee to 3rd Party Closing Company $100.00 $125.00 1103. Owners title insurance to Title Town USA $ (from GFE #5) $175.00 1104. Lenders title insurance $725.00 1105. Lenders title policy limit $200,000.00 1106. Owners title policy limit $210,000.00 1107. Agents portion of the total title insurance premium to Title Town USA $720.00 1108. Underwriters portion of the total title insurance premium to Underwriter $180.00 Line 1101 lists the charge for all title services and the lenders title insurance policy.
Title services includes any service involved with providing title insurance, such as title examination, preparing the title commitment, clearing the title to the property, preparing and issuing the title policies and conducting the settlement. These charges correspond to GFE Block 4.
Line 1102 is the amount of the settlement or closing fee if performed by a company different from the one providing title insurance. This charge is part of the charge listed in Line 1101. Line 1103 lists the charge for the Owners title insurance policy, if you decided to buy one. It corresponds to Block 5 of the GFE. Line 1104 lists the charge for the Lenders title insurance policy which is part of the charge listed in Line 1101. Line 1105 is the Lenders title policy limit. It often is lower than the value of the property because it only covers the amount of your lenders lien on your property.
Line 1106 lists the Owners title policy limit. The liability limit of the owner's policy is typically the purchase price paid for the property. Line 1107 lists the portion of the title insurance premiums retained by the title insurance agent.
Line 1108 lists the portion of the title insurance premiums retained by the underwriter. 1200 Series, Government Recording and Transfer Charges 1200. Government Recording and Transfer Charges 1201. Government recording charges (from GFE #7) $50.00 1202. Deed $25 Mortgage $25.00 Release $15.00 $15.00 1203. Transfer taxes (from GFE #8) $1,368.00 1204. City/County tax/stamps Deed $684.00 Mortgage $ 1205. State tax/stamps Deed $684.00 Mortgage $ Government recording charges listed in the 1200 series on the HUD-1 are charges paid to state and local governmental agencies to record important documents such as the deed and mortgage or deed of trust and transfer taxes to legally transfer property.
Line 1201 lists all government recording charges and corresponds to Block 7 of your GFE. This represents the cumulative amount the borrower is paying for government recording charges. Line 1202 itemizes specific recording charges for the deed, the mortgage, and any releases of prior liens against your property shown in Line 1201. When the seller pays for an item, such as a release, the charge is listed in the sellers column. In this example, the borrower is paying $50.00 of the recording charges, and the seller is paying $15.00. The total paid for the government recording charges was $65.00 (borrower $50.00 / seller $15.00).
Line 1203 lists the charge for transfer taxes. Transfer taxes are charged by state or local government to transfer real property or place a new lien (mortgage or deed of trust) on a property. This charge is listed in Block 8 of your GFE. Lines 1204 and 1205 itemize the charges for transfer taxes listed in Line 1203. Line 1206 can be used to list additional items related to recording or transfer charges. In our example, the government recording charge that appeared in block 7 of the GFE was $50.00 which is illustrated in the column on line 1201 on the HUD-1. Series 1300, Additional Settlement Charges 1300.
Additional Settlement Charges 1301. Required services that you can shop for (from GFE #6) $295.00 1302. Survey to Measure-It $250.00 1303. Pest Inspection to Rid-A-Bug $45.00 1304. Home Warranty to Home Warranty Company $300.00 1305.
1400. Total Settlement Charges (enter on lines 103, Section J and 502, Section K) $8,044.00 Line 1301 is the total of lender required services for which you chose the provider (other than title services). These services are itemized in the lines below 1301. These charges are listed in Block 6 of your GFE. In addition to services the loan originator required there may be additional services that you chose. In our example, Line 1304 lists a homeowners warranty to provide protection for your homes mechanical systems and appliances. A charge for a pest inspection or survey will appear as a line item in the 1300 series of the HUD-1, if the borrower elected to obtain an inspection or survey that was not a condition of the loan or required by the lender.
Line 1400 is the total of all charges listed in page 2 on the HUD-1 for the seller and you, the buyer. These totals are also listed on page 1 of the HUD-1. Your charges appear in Section J, Summary of the Borrowers Transaction, on Line 103. The sellers charges are listed in Section J, Summary of Sellers Transaction, on Line 502. Page 3 of the HUD-1 The third page of the HUD-1 is made up of two sections: the Comparison Chart and the Loan Terms. The Comparison Chart will help you compare the charges disclosed on your GFE and the actual charges listed on page 2 of the HUD-1. The Loan Terms section can assure you that the loan you applied for is the loan you received at settlement.
This section should compare with the "Summary of Your Loan" on page 1 of the GFE.