PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019

PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
2017 A N N UA L L I QUI DS P I P E LINE REPO RT




PIPELINE
SAFETY
EXCELLENCE
PERFORMANCE
REPORT &
STRATEGIC PL AN
2017­–2019
© Copyright 2017 – American Petroleum Institute (API), all rights reserved. Digital Media | DM2017-030 | April | PDF
PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
A M E R I CA N P E T R O LE UM IN STI TUTE (API )
Is the only national trade association that represents all aspects
of America’s oil and natural gas industry.


AS S OC I ATION OF O IL PIPE LI NES (AOPL)
Represents liquids pipeline owners and operators transporting crude oil,
petroleum products like gasoline, diesel jet fuel, and home heating oil
and industrial products like propane and ethane.
PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A Letter from the Pipeline Safety Committee Chair..............................4
2016 Performance Summary................................................................... 6
2016 Highlights.......................................................................................... 8
Pipeline Safety & Emergency Preparedness........................................ 10
Protecting the Environment................................................................... 12
Public Benefits of Pipelines.................................................................... 14
A Message from Pipeline Leadership.................................................... 16
Pipeline Safety Excellence Strategic Goals & Objectives..................... 20
   Goal 1: Promote Organizational Excellence..................................... 24
   Goal 2: Improve Safety through Technology & Innovation............ 36
   Goal 3: Enhance Emergency Response Preparedness................... 42
   Goal 4: Increase Stakeholder Awareness & Involvement............... 46
2016 Performance Report...................................................................... 52
Appendix – Pipeline Safety Data & Definitions.................................... 66
PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
A LETTER
FROM THE
PIPELINE
SAFETY
COMMITTEE
CHAIR

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PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
As an industry responsible for delivering energy
                                                                                  throughout our nation, we need to ensure that
                                                                                  we do all we can to protect communities and the
                                                                                  environment with safe pipeline operations.
                                                                                  Pipelines are the safest way to transport energy.
                                                                                  A barrel of crude oil or petroleum products reaches
                                                                                  its destination safely by pipeline 99.999% of the
                                                                                  time. However, we know we can do more to keep
                                                                                  pipelines safe and are working together as an industry
                                                                                  to improve pipeline safety performance.


                                                                                  Pipeline operators proactively inspect their pipelines,
                                                                                  conduct preventative maintenance to keep pipes safe,
                                                                                  monitor our pipelines 24/7 looking for signs of trouble
                                                                                  and regularly plan and practice how to rapidly respond
                                                                                  to a pipeline emergency, if one were to occur.


                                                                                  This report and the safety initiatives inside describe
Todd De nto n                                                                     how we will use technology to improve our inspection
Pr esident, P hi l l i p s 6 6 Pi p e l i ne L L C                                capabilities, harness the latest engineering techniques
Chair, API-AO PL Pi p e l i ne S af e ty Exc e l l e n c e
                                                                                  to maintain our pipelines, utilize cutting edge
S teering Com m i tte e
                                                                                  organizational processes to improve operations and
                                                                                  do a better job of reaching out to key stakeholders.

Pipelines connect Americans to the energy we                                      Pipeline operators will continue to pursue key safety

need and use every day. Without pipelines, we                                     principles of continuous improvement, learning from

cannot provide the necessary amount of gasoline                                   experience and an industry-wide commitment to

for our cars, heating fuel for our homes, jet fuel for                            safety. I look forward to your review of our efforts and

our airplanes or raw materials for manufacturing                                  any suggestions you may have for our improvement.

jobs. The construction and operation of pipelines
provides good-paying jobs and property tax
revenues for local communities across the nation.

                                                                                  Sincerely,




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PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
2016
PERFORMANCE
SUMMARY
LIQUIDS
PIPELINE
INDUSTRY
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PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
207,792 miles                                                       New pipelines are routed to                                          After construction, a pipeline
                                 of liquid pipelines cross                                        avoid environmentally sensitive                                       project provides tens of millions
                                 America from production                                          areas, built with advanced steel                                      of dollars in local property taxes
                                   areas to refineries to                                           and protective coatings, and                                       each year, funding schools, police
                                      consumers and                                                    constantly monitored                                             and fire departments and roads
                                       manufacturers




    18.1 billion                                                  72,439 miles                                                           10.9 billion
   barrels of crude oil and                                      of pipeline transport crude
                                                                                                                                          barrels of crude oil
petroleum products delivered                                     oil from production areas to
                                                                                                                                         delivered by in 2015, a
  by pipeline in 2015,a 34%                                     U.S. refineries, a 29% increase
                                                                                                                                        55% increase since 2011
     increase since 2011                                                   since 2011




                                                                                                   Pipeline construction projects
                                     99.999%                                                      create thousands of good paying                                             7.3 billion
                                                                                                        jobs in construction,                                                barrels of petroleum
                                 of crude oil and petroleum
                                                                                                    manufacturing, finance and                                                products delivered
                               products delivered by pipeline
                                                                                                       insurance, hospitality,                                               by pipeline in 2015, a
                               reach their destination safely
                                                                                                           and health care                                                  11% increase since 2011




                                                                                                                                             2017-2019 industry
                                                                                                                                       initiatives support increased
  Total pipeline incidents
         in 2016 are
                                                                  67,547 miles                                                            stakeholder awareness,
                                                                    of pipeline transport                                            enhanced emergency response
    down 10%                                                    natural gas liquids to farmers                                        preparedness, improvements
         from 2015                                              and industrial manufacturers                                          in inspection technology, and
                                                                                                                                         organizational excellence
PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
2016
HIGHLIGHTS
I n 2 0 1 6 , p i p e l i n e s o p e ra t o r s t h r o u g h A P I a n d AO P L we r e a c t i ve
o n a va r i e t y o f i n d u s t r y - w i d e p i p e l i n e s a fe t y i m p r ove m e n t e f f o r t s .
O p e ra t o r s d eve l o p e d i n d u s t r y - w i d e r e co m m e n d e d p ra c t i ce s fo r s a f e
p i p e l i n e o p e ra t i o n , a d va n ce d i n s p e c t i o n c a p a b i l i t i e s a n d s h a r e d
s a f e t y l e s s o n s l e a r n e d t h r o u g h ex p e r i e n ce s o f t h e p a s t ye a r .



In-Line Inspection (ILI) Technology Improvement                                    Industry Publications – Cracking & Alarm
For the past several years, pipeline operators                                     Management
have worked individually, through joint industry                                   In response to pipeline incidents involving cracking
consortiums, as well as through the collaborative                                  in the pipe body and welds, the pipeline industry
research and development organization, Pipeline                                    published an entirely new Recommend Practice (RP)
Research Council International (PRCI), to achieve                                  entitled API RP 1176 Assessing and Management of
advances in ILI systems and technology. Through the                                Cracking in Pipelines. API RP 1176 provides guidance
construction of a state of the art test facility, PRCI has                          to operators on how to appropriately assess and
become a world leader in the evaluation of ILI systems                             manage cracking defects with a particular focus on
for both liquids and gas pipelines. In 2016, a joint                               assessment methods.
study with PRCI and the United States Department
of Transportation (DOT) was completed to establish                                 In 2016, industry also published API RP 1167, Pipeline
a set of testing protocols and analysis procedures to                              SCADA Alarm Management, to help operators
assess the performance of certain ILI technologies.                                determine the best methods to achieve and maintain
Using these specifications and guidelines, analysis                                successful alarm management systems. API RP 1167
was completed to confirm the capabilities to detect                                will be instrumental in assisting operators in the
and size metal loss features on pipelines.                                         implementation of the Pipeline Safety Management
                                                                                   System (Pipeline SMS) Plan, Do, Check, Act Cycle (PDCA).




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PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
Pipeline Integrity Workshop                                                    Pipeline Industry Practical Experience
In October 2016, API and AOPL hosted a pipeline                                Sharing Portal
integrity workshop, with over 100 participants to                              In August 2016, industry developed and implemented
review and discuss ongoing efforts of the industry                             a new Pipeline Industry Practical Experience Sharing
in developing pipeline integrity guidance. A large                             (PIPES) Portal to house shared industry safety
portion of the discussion focused on how operators                             learnings. The portal will be a structured program for
can incorporate the benefits of Pipeline Safety                                the collection, management and periodic distribution
Management Systems (Pipeline SMS) into their                                   of pipeline safety learnings. PIPES is free and creates
integrity management programs. Industry is currently                           an opportunity to review past safety presentations,
updating API RP 1160, Managing Systems Integrity                               safety alerts, near misses, etc., from various
for Hazardous Liquids Pipelines to in part reflect the                         companies. Companies can share their own learnings
recently developed API RP 1173 – Pipeline Safety                               by uploading them into the portal. The system will also
Management Systems (Pipeline SMS). Sessions discussed                          hold member company presentations from industry-
how to apply the PDCA management cycle inherent in                             wide sharing events, such as the Pipeline Information
a Pipeline SMS program to pipeline operations, such as                         eXchange (PIX).
the inspection and preventative maintenance activities
of an integrity management program. In addition to                             Leak Detection Webinar
providing structure to the planning and execution of                           To educate operators on the publication of API RP 1175,
integrity management activities, operators learned                             Pipeline Leak Detection and Program Management, API
how PDCA and Pipeline SMS can improve operator                                 and AOPL members hosted a webinar in November
inspections.                                                                   2016 highlighting the important aspects of the RP.
                                                                               Over 100 individuals representing 50 different
Pipeline SMS Workshops                                                         companies attended the event. A comprehensive review
In 2016, industry held two widely attended Pipeline                            of the gap analysis tool was highlighted. Operators
SMS workshops, with over 100 attendees at each                                 were encouraged to download the gap analysis tool to
event, representing approximately 30 pipeline                                  determine how their current leak detection program
companies. The attendees of the workshops were                                 compared to the guidance in API RP 1175. Based on
Pipeline SMS practitioners from operating companies                            operator feedback, the webinar was highly successful
who are actively engaged in implementing the                                   and effective. As such, a workshop is planned to follow
elements of API RP 1173. The workshops provided                                the API Pipeline Conference in 2017.
liquid pipeline operators with the tools and
education to begin implementation of API RP1173.                               Emergency Response Capabilities
Participants received an excellent overview of available                       In 2016, industry began implementation of a
implementation tools, including the three foundational                         communications campaign to increase stakeholder
Pipeline SMS booklets, a gap analysis model, and a                             awareness of pipeline emergency response
peer-to-peer sharing guide.                                                    improvement opportunities. Efforts included the
                                                                               promotion of the free, on-line pipeline emergency
                                                                               training portal created by API, AOPL, and the
                                                                               National Association of Fire Marshals. The pipeline
                                                                               industry hosted the annual emergency response
                                                                               forum of pipeline operators and responders and
                                                                               conducted industry outreach through various media
                                                                               platforms and major annual gatherings of first
                                                                               responder professionals.




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PIPELINE SAFETY EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE REPORT & STRATEGIC PL AN 2017 -2019
PIPELINE
SAFETY AND
EMERGENCY
PREPAREDNESS
Safe t y, for both the public and o p erato r
personne l, is the number one p rio rity
fo r p ip e lin e operators . While p ip el ines
deliver 99.9 9 9 % of c rude oil and
pet role u m produc ts s afely to th eir
destin a tio n, pipeline operators take a
proa ct ive appr oac h to s afety, p erfo rming
prevent at ive maintenance on th eir p ip es ,
watchin g over their sys tems 2 4 /7 and
bein g re a dy to r es pond rapidl y to an
i ncid ent if one were to occ ur.




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Proactive Pipeline Inspections and Preventative                                24/7 Pipeline Monitoring and Rapid Shutdown
Maintenance                                                                    Pipeline operators monitor their pipelines from a
Pipeline operators proactively inspect their pipelines                         central control center 24 hours a day, 7 days a week,
on a regular scheduled basis to identify potential                             365 days a year. Specially trained controllers keep a
issues and ensure the pipe remains safe. Operators                             watchful eye over pipeline pressure, flow and volume.
use diagnostic tools called “smart pigs” that travel                           Pipeline operators can quickly shut down a pipeline
inside pipelines scanning the walls with technology                            if monitoring technology suspects a leak. Pipeline
similar to an ultrasound or MRI found in a doctor’s                            control personnel are trained to shut down their
office. These hi-tech tools and regular inspections                            systems, diagnose whether an alarm is showing a leak,
are critically important for operators in identifying                          and not restart until personnel determine the pipeline
and guarding against emerging pipeline issues before                           is operating safely.
they potentially become a problem.
                                                                               Emergency Planning & Practicing
Pipeline operators also perform preventative                                   Pipeline operators have extensive emergency
maintenance on their pipes to address potential                                response plans to handle a pipeline incident if one
issues before they become a problem. For example,                              were to occur. The federal government approves
an inspection may tell a pipeline operator a small                             operator emergency response plans and operators
amount of corrosion is starting to form on the                                 share their plans with local authorities. Pipeline
pipe. It may not yet pose a problem, but requires                              operators know in advance who to contact in case of
maintenance to keep the pipe in a safe condition.                              an emergency and have support personnel and ready
In response, the pipeline operator could take a                                equipment to deploy to an incident site.
number of actions including, reapplying protective
coating, installing a patch or sleeve around the pipe
or replacing that section of pipe.




                                                                                               Description: A “smart pig” inspection tool that
                                                                                               travels inside pipelines scanning the pipe walls.




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PROTECTING
THE
ENVIRONMENT
Protecting the environment and
preser ving our nation’s ecosystems
are central components to pipeline
design, construction and operations.
Pipelines are routed to avoid sensitive
areas, built with advanced steel and
protective coatings, and monitored
constantly. New pipelines are inspected
in detail and tested before operations.




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Protective Routes and Design Specifications                                     New pipelines are allowed to begin service only after
Pipeline operators protect the environment                                      they pass pre-operation testing demonstrating they
by designing the routes of their lines to avoid                                 are problem free and ready for safe operations.
environmentally sensitive areas. Operators will also                            Pipelines crossing bodies of water receive
try to follow utility corridors with existing pipelines or                      special attention from operators to ensure that
power lines to significantly reduce disruptions.                                ecosystems and water quality are protected. In rare
Prior to construction, operators conduct                                        circumstances, flooding can wash away a portion of a
comprehensive assessments to ensure impacts to                                  riverbed leaving a pipeline exposed and susceptible
the environment are minimized. Environmental                                    to breakage. To prevent the possibility of pipeline
assessments consistently show pipeline projects have                            scouring, operators monitor flood events in real
fewer impacts than other transportation alternatives.                           time and utilizing the latest recommended practices,
                                                                                regularly survey water crossings to assess channel
Pipeline operators seek to minimize impacts on                                  migration and scour potential.
waterbodies. New pipelines are burrowed deep
beneath major waterbodies, never coming into                                    Emergency Response
contact with the water itself. All pipelines are                                Pipeline operators limit the impact to the environment
constructed from certified steel pipe that meets                                if a release does occur with a rapid and coordinated
or exceeds federal quality regulations. After pipe                              response. Operators have extensive emergency
segments are welded together end to end, the welds                              response plans approved by the federal government
are x-rayed to ensure no defects are present.                                   and shared with local authorities. Pipeline operators
                                                                                regularly train their employees and practice their
                                                                                response plans to be ready for a pipeline incident.
                                                                                Pipeline operators know in advance who to contact in
                                                                                case of an emergency and have support personnel and
                                                                                equipment reserved to deploy to an incident site.




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PUBLIC
BENEFITS
OF
PIPELINES
Gasoline & Diesel for Our Cars & Trucks
Without pipelines, we wouldn’t have the gasoline and
diesel we put into our cars and trucks. Major pipelines
deliver crude oil to refineries in the Gulf Coast and
Midwest, which produce gasoline and diesel for
American cities across the entire country.

Home Heating Fuel
Millions of homes in colder climates depend upon
pipelines to keep their homes warm in the winter.
Home heating oil or ultra-low sulfur diesel is sent by
pipeline in large volumes to regional storage points.
The journey for home heating fuel deliveries begins
with a pipeline and ends with a truck making the final
delivery.

Jet Fuel for Air Travel
The jet fuel in airplanes comes to airports by pipeline.
Pipelines deliver the jet fuel from refineries to airport
storage tanks.




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Propane for Farming and Rural Heating                                          Raw Materials Delivered to Manufacturers
Rural communities depend upon pipelines to heat                                Pipelines transport natural gas liquids from wells in
their homes and farms. Propane for rural home                                  places like eastern Ohio, western Pennsylvania and
heating is transported to regional distribution centers                        Texas to U.S. manufacturers: ethane to make plastics,
by pipeline before delivery to homes by truck. Farmers                         butane for pocket lighters, and pentane to make
use propane to dry their grain after harvest to reduce                         styrofoam.
crop loss, adding harvest flexibility and improving
yields through earlier harvest. Livestock operations                           Consumer Goods Made from Pipeline Delivered
use propane to heat their barns and keep livestock                             Feedstocks
warm throughout the winter. Farmers can also                                   American consumers use products made from
use propane to power their irrigation pumps, heat                              pipeline-delivered feedstocks. Beverage containers,
greenhouses and power farm vehicles.                                           clothing, carpet, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals all
                                                                               are made with raw material feedstocks delivered at
Pipeline Construction Spurs Jobs                                               some point by pipeline. U.S. workers drill wells and
New pipeline infrastructure offers American workers                            send petroleum products to pipelines, process raw
the opportunity for thousands of good-paying jobs                              materials into usable feed-stocks, process feed-
and billions of dollars in worker payroll. A major                             stocks into base fibers, resins, and materials, and
pipeline construction project will directly put to work                        manufacture final products and packaging.
thousands of tradesman, teamsters, technicians and
engineers. Tens of thousands more Americans will                               Community Benefits Continue After Pipeline
have jobs from pipelines because of the goods and                              Construction
services supplying the project, its workers and their                          After construction, a major pipeline project will provide
personal spending. In this way, pipeline construction                          tens of millions of dollars in property taxes each year.
projects supply both construction jobs and many more                           Local communities can use these revenues to fund
types of good-paying jobs in manufacturing, finance                            increases to fire and police departments, teachers and
and insurance, hospitality and health care.                                    schools and government operations.




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A MESSAGE
FROM
PIPELINE
LEADERSHIP
I n d u str y’ s commitment to long - term s afety incl ud es th e fo l l ow ing
s hared p ipeline s afety princ ip l es :


Z E R O I N C I D E N T S – Only with a goal of zero                                L E A R N F R O M E X P E R I E N C E – Pipeline
safety incidents can accidents be minimized.                                        operators learn how they can improve safety from their
                                                                                    own experiences and from other pipeline operators.
O R G A N I Z AT I O N - W I D E
CO M M I T M E N T – Safety is emphasized at every                                  S Y S T E M S F O R S U CC E S S – Safety
level of the organization from employees who accept                                 management systems bring a consistent, holistic
personal responsibility for safety to managers who are                              structure to safety management, helping to improve
vital to reinforcing a safety culture.                                              safety performance.


A C U L T U R E O F S A F E T Y – A workplace                                       E M P L O Y T E C H N O L O G Y – From “smart pigs”
culture where safety is an enduring value that all                                  to innovative ways to interpret integrity data, operators
employees share.                                                                    constantly develop new ways to advance pipeline safety.


CO N T I N U O U S I M P R OV E M E N T – Pipeline                                  CO M M U N I C AT E W I T H
operators believe that no matter how safe they already                              S TA K E H O L D E R S – Operators know
are, they can always improve safety.                                                communicating and establishing a positive relationship
                                                                                    with the public and stakeholders who value safety is
                                                                                    vital to improving safety.



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We are proud to share with you the liquid pipeline
                                                                                  industry’s new pipeline safety strategic plan for
                                                                                  2017-2019 and performance highlights from 2016.


                                                                                  The new plan reflects the goals and objectives of
                                                                                  over 50 pipeline member companies within API
                                                                                  and AOPL. Since 2014, the pipeline industry has
                                                                                  collaboratively worked together through the Pipeline
                                                                                  Safety Excellence initiative to establish shared safety
                                                                                  principles and commit to a long-term strategy that
                                                                                  promotes continuous improvement and excellent safety
                                                                                  performance. Through the support of API and the AOPL,
                                                                                  pipeline operators volunteer their time on industry-
                                                                                  wide safety teams that provide pipeline operators with
                                                                                  the critical tools they need to more effectively identify
                                                                                  risks, inspect and maintain their pipelines, and respond
                                                                                  to emergencies or detect potential leaks. Additionally,
                                                                                  pipeline operators proactively share lessons learned
David Murk
                                                                                  from prior incidents, and develop industry-wide best
A PI Pipeline D i re c to r
A merica n Pe tro l e um I ns ti tute                                             practices to improve pipeline safety and work together
                                                                                  to implement improvement recommendations.


                                                                                  Recognizing the need for longer term strategic planning,
                                                                                  in 2017, the pipeline industry is lengthening its planning
                                                                                  horizon to three years and broadening its pipeline
                                                                                  safety strategic focus to encompass the full range of
                                                                                  industry-wide safety improvement efforts. The 2017-
                                                                                  2019 strategic plan will drive our industry to achieve
                                                                                  advances in pipeline safety technology, improve ways
                                                                                  to engage with our key stakeholders and communicate
                                                                                  with the public, strengthen emergency preparedness
                                                                                  and response planning, and adopt holistic pipeline
                                                                                  safety management systems. Strategic planning and the
                                                                                  establishment of long-term goals are critical to industry-
                                                                                  wide pipeline safety improvements.




Andy Black
President & C EO
Asso ciatio n o f O i l P i p e l i ne L i ne s



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GOALS
I n d u str y will foc us on the foll ow ing g o al s over th e next th ree years :




1
                       PROMOTE ORGANIZATIONAL EXCELLENCE
                       Develop and promote an industry-wide safety culture through continuous improvement
                       mechanisms, such as Pipeline SMS, Construction Quality Management Systems (QMS) and
                       Pipeline Integrity Management (IM). Transform industry-wide sharing into a robust sustainable
                       program, and emphasize the benefits and power of data integration.




2
                       IMPROVE SAFETY THROUGH TECHNOLOGY
                       AND INNOVATION
                       Drive industry-wide engagement in advancing ILI capabilities to achieve the pipeline industry’s
                       goal of zero incidents. Accelerate the development and adoption of the most effective ILI tools.
                       Create sustainable, workable frameworks for operator leak detection management.




3
                       ENHANCE EMERGENCY RESPONSE
                       PREPAREDNESS
                       Increase effective and rapid emergency response efforts through the development and adoption
                       of industry guidance on emergency planning and response processes. Promote peer to peer
                       opportunities for drilling, exercising emergency response plans, and sharing of lessons learned
                       from incidents.




4
                      INCREASE STAKEHOLDER AWARENESS &
                      INVOLVEMENT
                       Improve pipeline operator and landowner relations through the adoption and implementation
                       of an industry-wide training program. Advance public knowledge and engagement on the pipeline
                       industry with a robust social media campaign plan focused on damage prevention, integrity
                       management and emergency preparedness. Strive to eliminate first and second party damage.




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To achieve success, pipeline operators through performance measures and annual review of data associated
with each of the four industry-wide goals, will assess industry performance, and identify emerging trends to
help ensure pipeline operators are focusing their attention where they will have the greatest positive impact
on pipeline safety. In 2017, industry will develop these performance measures, build the framework to collect
the data, and establish performance targets. Performance measures will be fully implemented in 2018. For this
year’s plan, our 2016 performance report highlights the long-term pipeline safety trends, as well as incidents by
location, size, cause and commodity. Moving forward, our performance report will also reflect the performance
measures established for each strategic goal.


Each year, an industry-wide strategic planning team will review the three-year plan to ensure its focus
remains relevant and identify any emerging issues requiring attention. With periodic updates as appropriate,
the three-year plan will remain a blueprint for its intended period providing direction and means to track
and measure performance.


API and AOPL members are fully committed to maintaining the highest standards and establishing a strong
foundation with the public by holding ourselves accountable and continually striving for improvement.



Sincerely,




                            D av i d Mu r k                                                A n dr ew J. Bl a c k
                            A m e ri c an Pe tro l e um In s t i t u t e                   As s o c i a t i o n o f Oi l P i p e L i n e s




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2017–2019
GOALS
                               1
                                                  PROMOTE ORGANIZATIONAL
                                                  EXCELLENCE
                                                  O B J E C T I V E 1 .1
                                                  E X PA N D S A F E T Y M A N AG E M E N T P R AC T I C E S
                                                  •     Strategic Initiative: Pipeline Safety Management Systems (Pipeline SMS)
                                                  •     Strategic Initiative: Construction Quality Management (QMS)
                                                  •     Strategic Initiative: Pipeline Integrity Management (IM)



                                                  O B J E C T I V E 1 .2
                                                  P R O M OT E B E S T S A F E T Y P R AC T I C E S S H A R I N G
                                                  •     Strategic Initiative: Sharing & Learning


                                                  O B J E C T I V E 1 .3
                                                  I M P R OV E P I P E L I N E I N T E G R I T Y T H R O U G H
                                                  T E C H N I C A L DATA A N A L Y S I S
                                                  •     Strategic Initiative: Data Integration




P a ge 2 0 I 2017 A n nua l Liquids Pipeline Re port Pipeline S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9
2
                                                               IMPROVE SAFETY
                                                               THROUGH
                                                               TECHNOLOGY
                                                               AND INNOVATION

                                                               OBJECTIVE 2.1
                                                               I M P R OV E P I P E L I N E I N T E G R I T Y
                                                               INSPECTION TECHNOLOGY
                                                               •      Strategic Initiative: Continuous Improvement
                                                                      of ILI Capabilities



                                                               OBJECTIVE 2.2
                                                               E N H A N C E I N C I D E N T I D E N T I F I C AT I O N
                                                               & RESPONSE
                                                               •      Strategic Initiative: Leak Detection and
                                                                      Response Management




                                    3
                                                               ENHANCE
                                                               EMERGENCY RESPONSE
                                                               PREPAREDNESS
                                                               O B J E C T I V E 3 .1
                                                               B O O S T O P E R ATO R & F I R S T
                                                               RESPONDER PLANNING,
                                                               P R E PA R E D N E S S & R E S P O N S E
                                                               C A PA B I L I T I E S
                                                               •      Strategic Initiative: Pipeline Emergency Planning,
                                                                      Preparedness & Response




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2017 – 2019
GOALS
                        4
                                                   INCREASE STAKEHOLDER
                                                   AWARENESS & INVOLVEMENT
                                                   O B J E C T I V E 4. 1
                                                   I M P R OV E S TA K E H O L D E R CO M M U N I C AT I O N
                                                   ON ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE AND PIPELINE
                                                   SAFETY
                                                   •     Strategic Initiative: Stakeholder Engagement



                                                   O B J E C T I V E 4. 2
                                                   P R O M OT E I N N OVAT I V E A P P R OAC H E S TO
                                                   E N H A N C I N G DA M AG E P R E V E N T I O N
                                                   •     Strategic Initiative: Excavation Damage




P a ge 2 2 I 2017 A n nua l Liquids Pipeline Re port Pipeline S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9
2 017 Annua l Liquids Pipe line Re port Pi p eli n e S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9 I P ag e 2 3
PROMOTE
ORGANIZATIONAL
EXCELLENCE




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                           O B J E C T I V E 1. 1
                           E x pand S afe t y M an ag em en t Pract ices

                           Strategic Initiative:                        Pipeline SMS



                    1.     Increase Pipeline Operator Commitment to Industry-Wide Pipeline SMS
                    2.     Expand Incorporation of Pipeline SMS into Pipeline Operations
                    3.     Improve Safety Performance and Safety Culture Resulting from Pipeline SMS



                   The safety performance of a complex industrial                            In 2017 and beyond, pipeline operators will
                   activity such as a pipeline is improved when the                          demonstrate progress conforming to the
                   numerous different operational activities, risk                           requirements of API RP 1173 and evaluate
                   factors and operating circumstances are managed                           the effectiveness of their efforts in the form
                   holistically. Comprehensive safety management                             of safety performance improvements. The
                   facilitates a greater awareness of current                                development of conformance tools will
                   safety performance, opportunities for safety                              allow operators to evaluate their progress
                   improvement and tracking of safety progress.                              implementing API RP 1173. The pipeline
                                                                                             industry will begin tracking data to show
                   Pipeline operators collaborated with Pipeline                             progress and improvement towards meeting
                   and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration                             the requirements of the API RP 1173 through
                   (PHMSA), state pipeline regulators and industry                           the use of performance measures and
                   experts to develop API RP 1173 – Pipeline                                 benchmarking. Operators will be able to
                   Safety Management Systems (Pipeline SMS).                                 compare individual company conformance with
                   Through adoption and use of API RP 1173,                                  industry-wide conformance. In 2018, operators
                   pipeline operators will be able to customize                              will begin evaluating the effectiveness of their
                   the structure of safety management systems to                             Pipeline SMS programs through the use of
                   their pipeline system, ensuring recurring review                          similar tools. The annual aggregation of both
                   of pipeline safety progress, incorporation                                conformance and effectiveness data will allow
                   of learnings from pipeline industry trends,                               API and AOPL to track emerging industry-
                   pipeline incident findings, audits, evaluations                           wide safety culture and safety performance
                   and regulator recommendations, and increased                              improvement trends.
                   attention to safety culture. In 2015, the
                   pipeline industry finalized API RP 1173 and in
                   2016 undertook extensive efforts to educate
                   members on API RP 1173, gain commitments
                   to implement the RP and provide resources to
                   assess gaps between current operations and
                   API RP 1173 elements.




P a ge 2 6 I 20 17 A n nua l Liquids Pipeline Re port Pipeline S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9
2 0 1 7– 20 1 9 AC T I V I T I E S
E x pa nd S afe t y M a n ag em en t Pract ices

Strategic Initiative:                     Pipeline SMS



20 1 7                                                                                  ²² Developing performance measures to
                                                                                             asses growth and progress towards an
  uu     Develop conformance tools to help                                                   operator’s Pipeline SMS maturity
         operators evaluate their implementation                                        ²² Providing committed Pipeline SMS
         progress of API RP 1173 by:                                                         companies with their individual company
         ²² Establishing performance measures that                                           maturity versus the industry performance
            track progress and improvements to a                                             on Pipeline SMS maturity
            pipeline operator’s conformance with API                             uu      Incorporate operator feedback on the third
            RP 1173                                                                      party audit protocol and make adjustments
         ²² Analyzing performance measures on an                                         as necessary
            annual basis through the development                                 uu      Develop a tiered Pipeline SMS industry
            of an annual report to demonstrate                                           training program to educate pipeline
            implementation progress of Pipeline SMS                                      professionals throughout all levels of
            within the pipeline industry                                                 pipeline management
         ²² Providing Pipeline SMS companies with                                uu      Develop a Pipeline SMS governance
            their individual performance versus the                                      framework to manage data aggregation and
            industry performance on conformance                                          analysis and ensure long-term sustainment
            with API RP 1173                                                             of the program
         ²² Developing a conformance audit check                                 uu      Develop a 2018 annual report that
            list and protocols for operator and third                                    summarizes industry conformance,
            party audits                                                                 effectiveness to date and overall
  uu     Issue a 2017 annual report summarizing the                                      performance
         results of the conformance performance
         measures
                                                                              2 019

20 1 8                                                                           uu      Implement a sustainable long-term
                                                                                         Pipeline SMS governance framework to
  uu     Develop effectiveness tools for operators to                                    support ongoing industry API RP 1173
         evaluate performance by:                                                        implementation that includes processes
         ²² Objectively determine strengths and                                          to maintain industry conformance and
            weaknesses of personnel and processes                                        effectiveness, operator training, third party
            that support each element of the                                             audit protocols, and the development of an
            Pipeline SMS                                                                 annual report




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                            O B J E C T I V E 1. 1
                            E x pand S afe t y M an ag em en t Pract ices

                            Strategic Initiative:                         Construction QMS


                    1.     Increase Adoption of API RP 1177, Construction QMS Through Implementation,
                           Training and Sharing Participation
                    2.     Decrease Inspection Findings of Poor Construction Quality
                    3.     Decrease New Construction Hydrostatic Pressure Test Failures
                    4.     Decrease New Pipe Failures Occurring Within First Year of Operation


                   Demand by U.S. consumers, workers and                                      and pre-operation testing failures, reduce
                   travelers for petroleum products, as well as                               post-construction correction and maintenance
                   changing and expanding production locations,                               activities and improve new operations safety
                   requires construction of new pipelines.                                    performance.
                   Pipeline operators can increase the quality
                   of pipeline construction and the safety of                                 Following the publication of API RP 1177 in
                   newly operating pipelines through holistic                                 2017, industry will strive to increase adoption
                   management processes. The construction QMS                                 of the RP through educational materials,
                   strategic initiative aims to increase the quality                          industry workshops, and training. Activities
                   of newly constructed pipelines and therefore,                              in 2017 and 2018 will be focused on outreach
                   increase the integrity of the future U.S. pipeline                         and education, specifically highlighting
                   network. Increased quality and integrity will                              the opportunity for operators to employ
                   help to reduce construction non-conformances                               holistic safety management systems with the
                   and unplanned releases.                                                    adoption of not only API RP 1177, but also the
                                                                                              management practices outlined in API RP 1173
                   In 2017, the pipeline industry is delivering                               and the guidance in API RP 1169, Basic Inspection
                   the benefits of a holistic construction quality                            Requirements for New Pipeline Construction.
                   management system by completing a best
                   practices document that will guide pipeline                                Over the course of the next three years,
                   operators on how to manage the pipeline                                    industry will also track a number of
                   construction process systematically from                                   performance indicators that will provide key
                   initial design verifications, through materials                            insight into the adoption and effectiveness
                   manufacturing, construction, inspection,                                   of construction QMS, such as the number of
                   testing and initiation of operations. API RP 1177,                         inspections, hydrostatic test failures, and first
                   Construction Quality Management Systems (QMS)                              year failures. In 2019, industry will engage with
                   builds upon ongoing pipeline industry efforts to                           PHMSA regarding lessons learned from API RP
                   manage pipeline safety issues comprehensively.                             1177 and on the effectiveness of the RP through
                   Through adoption and use of API RP 1177,                                   the evaluation of the performance indicators.
                   pipeline operators will be able to decrease
                   the number of construction quality inspection


P a ge 2 8 I 20 17 A n nua l Liquids Pipe line Re port Pipeline S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9
2 0 1 7– 20 1 9 AC T I V I T I E S
E x pa nd S afe t y M a n ag em en t Pract ices

Strategic Initiative:                     Construction QMS




20 1 7                                                                        2 019

  uu     Publish API RP 1177                                                     uu      Coordinate cooperation between the API RP
  uu     Finalize and execute an implementation                                          1173 and API RP 1177 task groups to ensure
         plan for API RP 1177 to assist operators with                                   document alignment during the RP revision
         adoption                                                                        process

  uu     Align the implementation plan with the                                  uu      Host a workshop with PHMSA regarding
         holistic view of other safety management                                        improvements noted (failure statistics,
         practices and RPs, emphasizing the                                              inspection findings, etc.) in the previous
         similarities and differences between API                                        three (3) years due to the industry
         RP 1173, API RP 1177, and API RP 1160,                                          acceptance of API RP 1177
         Managing Systems Integrity for Hazardous
         Liquids Pipelines


20 1 8

  uu     Organize a forum to review implementation
         status and solicit feedback on API RP 1177
  uu     Host a workshop to discuss leading and
         lagging indicators that organizations
         may use to assess the effectiveness of
         a construction QMS for new pipeline
         construction




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                           O B J E C T I V E 1. 1
                           E x pand S afe t y M an ag em en t Pract ices

                           Strategic Initiative:                        Pipeline Integrity Management



                    1.     Decrease Number of Incidents Impacting the Public or Environment
                    2.     Increase Number of Operators Who Have Completed a Gap Analysis Against
                           Updated API RP 1160
                    3.     Increase Number of Operators With Integrity Knowledge Sharing
                           Communication Plans and How Is It Being Used
                    4.     Increase Number of Operators Implementing Threat Assessment
                           Improvements, or Threats Confirmed by a New Technology



                   Pipeline operators use proactive inspections                             managements system to obtain the benefits
                   and preventative maintenance to keep                                     of recurring, structured program activities to
                   pipelines operating safely. These efforts make                           assess and improve operations. The API RP
                   up a pipeline operator’s integrity management                            1160 update is also incorporating references
                   program. Pipeline integrity management                                   to new or revised industry technical guidance
                   programs are designed to regularly assess                                for managing pipeline cracking (API RP 1176),
                   threats to pipeline systems, inspect and analyze                         integrating integrity data (API TR 1179), the
                   the status of their pipelines and perform                                appropriate uses of hydrostatic pressure
                   maintenance on identified issues in order                                testing (API TR 1178) and managing waterbody
                   to prevent releases. The pipeline industry’s                             crossings (API RP 1133).
                   API RP 1160, Managing Systems Integrity for
                   Hazardous Liquids Pipelines provides pipeline                            Following the finalization of revisions to API RP
                   operators technical engineering guidance for                             1160 in 2017, the pipeline industry will focus
                   assessing pipeline risk, using in-line inspection                        on educating operators on the new guidance
                   “smart-pig” inspection technology, criteria                              in an effort gain company commitments. In
                   for performing repairs, analytic models for                              2018, the pipeline industry will develop an
                   assessing pipe issues, and guidance for how                              implementation strategy to assist operators
                   frequently to re-inspect pipelines.                                      in their adoption of integrity management
                                                                                            program (IMP) documents. In 2019 and
                   In addition to technical guidance, pipeline                              beyond, it is the industry’s goal to increase
                   operators can also benefit from programmatic                             and maintain operator adoption of the
                   guidance to manage their pipeline integrity                              guidance, evaluate the effectiveness of the
                   management activities more holistically.                                 RP and correspondingly, measure resulting
                   To meet this need, the pipeline industry is                              changes in pipeline safety performance.
                   updating the API RP 1160 guidance around the
                   Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle of a pipeline safety



P a ge 30 I 2017 A n nua l Liquids Pipeline Re port Pipeline S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9
2 0 1 7– 20 1 9 AC T I V I T I E S
E x pa nd S afe t y M a n ag em en t Pract ices

Strategic Initiative:                       Pipeline Integrity Management



20 1 7                                                                         2 019

  uu     Finalize revisions and publish updated                                    uu     Update the API integrity management “road
         API RP 1160, 3rd edition                                                         map” document
  uu     Encourage industry-wide understanding                                     uu     Continue publication of an annual report
         and operator adoption of updated API RP                                          that summarizes industry conformance and
         1160                                                                             benchmarking on integrity management
  uu     Develop a “road-map” document to assist
         operators in navigating API pipeline safety
         documents on integrity management


20 1 8

  uu     Develop an implementation strategy
         to assist operators in assessing their
         conformance to the IMP documents
  uu     Develop performance measures for
         assessing conformance to API pipeline
         safety integrity management documents
  uu     Publish an annual report summarizing
         implementation progress and benchmarking
         on IM
  uu     Complete the implementation of key aspects
         of API TR 1178, Data Management and
         Integration Guideline, as it relates to integrity
         management and track the progress of data
         integration
  uu     Finalize revisions and publish API RP 1163,
         In-line Inspection System Qualification
         Standard




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G1
                           O B J E C T I V E 1. 2
                           P r o m o te B e st Safe t y Pract ices Sh arin g
                           •     Strategic Initiative:                      Sharing & Learning




                    1.     Increase Percentage of Companies Contributing to Industry-Wide Pipeline
                           Safety Sharing and Learning Program
                    2.     Increase Number of Learning Bulletins to Pipeline Operators from
                           Industry-Wide Pipeline Safety Sharing and Learning Program



                   Each year, the pipeline industry hosts a                                 Over the next three years, the API/AOPL
                   number of events and activities to share                                 Pipeline Safety Sharing & Learning Program will
                   pipeline safety lessons learned, including                               use the new PIPES Portal and ongoing safety
                   an annual safety sharing forum, quarterly                                events and activities to increase industry-
                   safety sharing webinar tailgates and periodic                            wide sharing and operator incorporation of
                   alerts on industry and regulator-based                                   pipeline safety learnings. The Program will
                   safety improvement recommendations. The                                  encourage contribution to the PIPES Portal,
                   transparency of operators learning from                                  annual Pipeline Information eXchange (PIX) and
                   one another and making necessary changes                                 quarterly safety tailgates with the goal of 90%
                   within their companies exemplifies the type                              participation in the use of the PIPES portal by
                   of safety culture required to be successful in a                         2019. To enhance the benefits coming from
                   hazardous liquid pipeline environment.                                   sharing and learning, the Program will issue
                                                                                            periodic safety alerts to pipeline operators
                   In 2016, the pipeline industry created                                   based on PIPES Portal submissions, PIX and the
                   and implemented a new Pipeline Industry                                  safety tailgates. Each year, industry will issue
                   Practical Experience Sharing (PIPES) Portal                              an annual report highlighting industry-wide
                   to house shared industry learnings, enabling                             sharing activities, the pipeline safety lessons
                   participating operators to submit and access                             shared through the program and documenting
                   incident learnings, resulting in improved                                operational changes and safety performance
                   pipeline safety performance. A formal,                                   improvements. If the industry fully utilizes the
                   structured program for the collection,                                   various sharing and learning opportunities
                   management and periodic distribution                                     made available, pipeline incidents will
                   of pipeline safety learnings will broaden                                decrease through better practices, a stronger
                   participation in and contribution to these                               safety culture and improved overall safety
                   safety activities and ensure they continue                               performance.
                   on a recurring, sustainable basis.




P a ge 32 I 2017 A n nua l Liquids Pipeline Re port Pipeline S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9
2 0 1 7– 20 1 9 AC T I V I T I E S
P ro m o te B e st S a fe ty Pract ice s Sh arin g
•    Strategic Initiative:                       Sharing & Learning




20 1 7                                                                      2 019

    uu    Continue to promote and support the                                   uu     Continue to distribute learning alerts to
          use of established industry learning                                         PIPES portal participants
          opportunities such as virtual tailgate                                uu     Issue an annual report card on the 2019
          meetings, safety culture forums and                                          industry learning opportunities
          the pipeline exchange workshop
    uu    Issue regular alerts to PIPES learning
          portal participants based on individual
          needs
    uu    Issue an annual report card summarizing
          the 2017 learning opportunities in the
          industry


20 1 8

    uu    Continue to institutionalize the PIPES
          learning portal with the pipeline industry
    uu    Benchmark the learning and sharing
          program against that of other industries
    uu    Continue to distribute learning bulletins
          from the portal
    uu    Evaluate processes and solicit feedback
          on the use of the PIPES learning portal
    uu    Issue an annual report card detailing the
          2018 industry learning opportunities




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                           O B J E C T I V E 1. 3
                           I m pr ove P i pe l in e In te g rit y t h roug h Tech n ical
                           D a t a A nal ysi s
                           •      Strategic Initiative:                      Data Integration



                    1.     Integrate Industry Data Management Guidance into Operator Programs
                    2.     Improve Data Integration Program Management



                   A successful pipeline IM program requires the                             To address programmatic and organizational
                   ongoing integration and analysis of data from                             challenges, API will include additional data
                   several sources. As PHMSA notes, “integration                             integration guidance in its update of API RP
                   is one of the most important aspects                                      1160 for integrity management programs.
                   of the IM program, and operators must                                     API RP 1160 will guide pipeline operators on
                   account for interaction between threats                                   the procedures needed to identify integrity
                   or conditions affecting the pipeline.” The                                management data for risk analysis and the
                   cumulative risk of multiple threats analyzed                              collection of integrity management data from
                   together may produce a higher level of risk                               across the organization. As a part of the API
                   than those same threats analyzed individually.                            RP 1160 effort, programmatic data integration
                   However, effectively and efficiently integrating                          measures will be developed to track changes
                   data in a variety of formats can be a challenge                           in the number of operators with written
                   for operators if data is collected or stored in                           procedures for identifying and collecting
                   different locations across the organization or in                         data from across their organizations and the
                   different formats.                                                        number of operators integrating pipeline,
                                                                                             tool and integrity program performance
                   To address data quality and compatibility                                 data together with management of change
                   challenges, industry developed a technical                                measures. Performance metrics will be
                   report focusing on the various methodologies                              developed under API 1160 to track progress on
                   and processes used to spatially integrate                                 data integration programs and assist operators
                   and normalize data. In 2017, API will publish                             in identifying potential gaps within their data
                   Technical Report (TR) 1178 - Data Management                              management process. It is industry’s goal to
                   and Integration Guideline. The TR provides a                              provide operators with the tools to be able
                   compilation of methodologies and processes                                to effectively analyze and integrate integrity
                   for integrating data that support integrity                               related data for successful risk management.
                   management programs. Throughout
                   2017, industry will also identify strategic
                   opportunities to further encourage and assist
                   liquids pipeline operators to incorporate the
                   relevant aspects of the API TR.




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2 0 1 7– 20 1 9 AC T I V I T I E S
I mpr ove P i pe l i ne I n teg rit y t h roug h Te ch n ical Dat a
A n a l ysi s
•    Strategic Initiative:                       Data Integration




20 1 7

    uu    Publish API TR 1178 and encourage operator
          adoption
    uu    Incorporate industry-wide data integration
          guidance for operators into API RP 1160 with
          references to API TR 1178
    uu    Develop an implementation strategy
          for data integration related content of
          API TR 1178, API RP 1160, API RP 1173,
          and API RP 1177
    uu    Assist operator understanding and usage
          of data identification guidance through
          industry-wide forums and webinars


20 1 8

    uu    Integrate API TR 1178 into appropriate
          industry documents
    uu    Execute industry-wide data integration
          implementation strategy




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IMPROVE
SAFETY THROUGH
TECHNOLOGY &
INNOVATION




P a ge 36 I I n t roduc tion I A PI-AO PL A nnua l Liquids Pipe l i n e S a fe ty E xce l l e n ce P e rform a n ce R e port & S tra te g i c P l a n
G2
                               O B J E C T I V E 2 .1
                               Im pr ove P i pelin e In teg rit y In s p e ct ion
                               Te ch no l o gy
                               •     Strategic Initiative:                       Continuous Improvement of ILI Capabilities



                        1.     Increase Technology Company Participation in PRCI Research Projects
                               Targeting ILI Improvements/Enhancements
                        2.     Improve the Probability of Detection (POD), Probability of Identification
                               (POI), and Anomaly Sizing Metrics for ILI Systems



                        Pipeline operators use ILI tools to proactively                         testing on crack size detection and corrosion
                        inspect their pipelines to look for any                                 anomalies. By 2019, industry plans to further
                        potential issues and ensure their pipelines                             ILI systems’ capabilities through increased
                        remain safe. Since 1999, widespread use                                 testing and analysis that will be part of
                        of ILI tool, “smart pigs”, has helped pipeline                          comprehensive performance studies on
                        operators reduce pipeline incidents by                                  existing ILI systems. Industry will continue
                        over 50% and corrosion caused incidents                                 to capitalize on PRCI’s state-of-the-art ILI test
                        by nearly 70%. However, as the industry                                 facility, the Technology Development Center,
                        continues to strive for zero incidents,                                 to establish test protocols and procedures
                        advancing ILI capabilities even further is a                            using an unparalleled set of pipeline samples/
                        top priority. Data from ILI systems provides                            specimens to enable this work. The results
                        the foundation for threat identification and                            of these studies will identify key focus
                        management, confirming the effectiveness of                             areas for ILI systems’ improvements, foster
                        Preventive and Mitigative (P&M) measures,                               improvements in existing technologies, and
                        risk assessment, and identifying areas for                              drive new technology development where
                        pipeline safety performance improvement.                                needed.

                        In 2017, industry efforts will build on the
                        initial work on metal loss features and
                        protocols development and focus on testing
                        and analysis to assess ILI systems capabilities
                        for detecting and discriminating metal loss
                        (both through corrosion and gouging) and
                        cracking within pipe dents. A second 2017
                        project will focus on detecting and sizing
                        cracking in longitudinal seams of pipe, with an
                        emphasis on low frequency electric resistance
                        weld (LF-ERW) and flash weld (FW) pipe.
                        In 2018, the pipeline industry will finalize



P a ge 38 I 20 17 A n nua l Liquids Pipe line Re port Pipeline S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9
2 0 1 7– 20 1 9 AC T I V I T I E S
I mpr ove P i pe l i ne I n teg rit y In s p e ct ion
Te c h no l o gy
•    Strategic Initiative:                       Continuous Improvement of ILI Capabilities




20 1 7

    uu    Perform ILI pull tests to develop an                                     uu      Finalize testing of ILI technologies to
          improved understanding of ILI performance                                        improve the quantification of crack sizing,
          on detecting mechanical damage (i.e., dents/                                     including depth and length of cracks and
          deformations) and coincident features                                            crack-like features
    uu    Determine the practicality of applying                                   uu      Develop calibration and reference
          Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) ILI technology                                       standards for use in evaluating inspection
          to detect pinhole anomalies in both liquids                                      systems
          and natural gas pipelines
    uu    Complete ILI testing for evaluating ILI
          systems performance for identifying metal
                                                                                2 019
          objects that are in close proximity to
                                                                                   uu      Continue testing to advance confidence
          pipelines using MFL technology
                                                                                           in ILI systems’ performance – improving
    uu    Perform testing on a range of ILI                                                on all levels, including POD, POI and sizing
          technologies to improve the quantification                                       accuracy
          of crack sizing, including depth and length of
                                                                                   uu      Test the next generation of MFL technologies
          cracks and crack-like features
                                                                                           in order to increase detection accuracy
    uu    Begin a quantitative performance evaluation
                                                                                   uu      Conduct projects that compare ILI systems
          of ILI technologies developed for difficult to
                                                                                           with hydrostatic pressure testing
          inspect pipelines


20 1 8

    uu    Complete studies that compared ILI system
          performance for detecting and sizing
          corrosion anomalies
    uu    Develop an industry standard for ILI
          reporting specifications with respect to
          dents, deformations and coincident features




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G2
                               O B J E C T I V E 2 .2
                               E nhance Inc i den t Iden t ificat ion & Res p on s e
                               •     Strategic Initiative:                       Leak Detection and Response Management




                        1.     Increase Pipeline Operator Adoption of Industry-Wide Leak Detection
                               Program (LDP) Management Guidance
                        2.     Increase Adoption of Latest Industry-Wide LDP Management Guidance
                               into Operations
                        3.     Reduce Spill Size of Pipeline Incidents Impacting Public or Environment



                       Pipeline operators use multiple technologies                            In 2016, pipeline operators formed an
                       and activities to detect pipeline leaks,                                industry-wide implementation team to
                       including sensors monitoring pressure, flow                             educate the industry and assist them with
                       and volume, aerial overflights, ground-based                            implementation of API RP 1175 into their
                       inspections and public awareness campaigns.                             operations. Over the next three years, the
                       Where applicable, analytical computer                                   API RP 1175 implementation team will
                       programs help operators discern between                                 emphasize the importance of comprehensive
                       system readings reflecting normal operational                           leak detection program management
                       variances and a potential release. Integrating                          through industry-wide workshops aimed
                       multiple leak detection technologies and                                at increasing operator adoption of API RP
                       activities into a single program can help                               1175. The team will also provide guidance on
                       pipeline operators improve leak detection                               how to implement successful leak detection
                       capabilities.                                                           programs including gap assessment and
                                                                                               training tools. Such workshops will create an
                       To meet this goal for a comprehensive leak                              opportunity to exchange ideas, challenges,
                       detection program management, the pipeline                              and learnings from the adoption of API
                       industry developed API RP 1175 Leak Detection                           RP 1175. In 2017, industry will develop
                       Program (LDP) Management. Published in late                             key performance indicators (KPI) to track
                       2015, API RP 1175 builds upon the industry’s                            RP adoption and measure company gap
                       holistic approach to safety management with                             assessments. In 2018, industry will continue
                       guidance on how to develop a leak detection                             to track operator progress on achieving
                       culture and strategy, select a leak detection                           conformance through gap assessment tools
                       system (LDS), and how to monitor overall                                and operator progress reports. By 2019,
                       LDPs. API RP 1175 will provide the framework                            industry will evaluate the successes and
                       for operators to establish comprehensive                                challenges of the RP in order to make any
                       leak detection programs in their respective                             needed revisions.
                       companies.




P a ge 40 I 20 17 A n nua l Liquids Pipe line Re port Pipeline S a fet y Excellen ce Performa n ce Rep ort & S t ra teg i c Pla n 2 0 1 7­– 2 0 1 9
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