Proposed Lowe's Home Improvement Center

Proposed Lowe's Home Improvement Center
Traffic Impact and Access Study




Proposed Lowe’s Home
Improvement Center

                                                 Dennis,
                                                 Massachusetts



                                              Prepared for   Lowe’s Home Centers, Inc.
                                                             1605 Curtis Bridge Road
                                                             Wilkesboro, North Carolina 28697

                                              Prepared by         /Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc.

                                                             Transportation, Land Development, Environmental Services
                                                             101 Walnut Street
                                                             P.O. Box 9151
                                                             Watertown, Massachusetts 02472
                                                             617.924.1770


                                                             May 2013




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc
Proposed Lowe's Home Improvement Center
Table of Contents
                                              Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. i
                                                                Project Description...................................................................................................................... i
                                                                Study Methodology ..................................................................................................................... i
                                              Existing Conditions .................................................................................................................................... 3
                                                                Study Area ................................................................................................................................. 3
                                                                Roadway Geometry ................................................................................................................... 4
                                                                          Roadways .................................................................................................................. 4
                                                                          Intersections............................................................................................................... 4
                                                                Roadway Jurisdiction ................................................................................................................. 9
                                                                Traffic Volume Data ................................................................................................................... 9
                                                                Seasonality of Count Data ....................................................................................................... 10
                                                                Public Transportation ............................................................................................................... 11
                                                                Vehicular Crash History ........................................................................................................... 12
                                              Future Conditions ..................................................................................................................................... 16
                                                                Background Traffic Growth ...................................................................................................... 16
                                                                           Historic Traffic Growth ............................................................................................. 16
                                                                           Site-Specific Growth ................................................................................................ 17
                                                                           No-Build Traffic Volumes ......................................................................................... 17
                                                                Future Roadway Conditions .................................................................................................... 17
                                                                Trip Generation ........................................................................................................................ 19
                                                                Trip Distribution and Assignment ............................................................................................. 21
                                              Traffic Operations Analysis ..................................................................................................................... 22
                                                                Level-of-Service and Delay Criteria ......................................................................................... 22
                                                                Level-of-Service Analysis ........................................................................................................ 23
                                                                          Signalized Intersection Capacity Analyses .............................................................. 23
                                                                          Unsignalized Intersection Capacity Analyses .......................................................... 25
                                                                          Roadway Link Capacity Analysis ............................................................................. 27
                                                                          Freeway Weave Analyses ....................................................................................... 29
                                              Mitigation ................................................................................................................................................... 31
                                                                Transportation Demand Management ..................................................................................... 31
                                                                Intersection/Roadway Safety Mitigation................................................................................... 33
                                                                           Congestion Management ......................................................................................... 40
                                                                           Fair Share Mitigation ................................................................................................ 41
                                              Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................ 46




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc                  i      Table of Contents
List of Tables
                                              Table           Title                                                                                                         Page
                                              Table 1                 Peak Season Existing Traffic Volumes .................................................................. 10
                                              Table 2             Vehicular Crash Data (2008 - 2010) ....................................................................... 13
                                              Table 2             Vehicular Crash Data (2008 - 2010) continued....................................................... 14
                                              Table 3                 Proposed Project Trip Generation Breakdown ...................................................... 20
                                              Table 4                 Proposed Project Trip Distribution ........................................................................ 21
                                              Table 5                 Signalized Intersection Capacity Analysis Summary – Peak Summer Season .... 24
                                              Table 6                 Unsignalized Intersection Capacity Analyses - Peak Summer Season ................. 26
                                              Table 7                 Roadway Link Analysis Summary – Peak Summer Season.................................. 27
                                              Table 8                 Level-of Service Criteria for Weave Areas ............................................................. 29
                                              Table 9                 Ramp Weave Section Capacity Analysis Summary .............................................. 30
                                              Table 10                Trip Reduction Requirement Calculation ............................................................... 33
                                              Table 11                Signalized Intersection Capacity Analysis Summary – With Mitigation ................. 40
                                              Table 12                Fair Share Mitigation Assessment ......................................................................... 44
                                              Table 13                Mitigation Plan Cost Summary............................................................................... 45




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc                ii     List of Tables
List of Figures
                                              Figure           Title                                                                                            Follows Page
                                                1              Site Location Map ..................................................................................................... 1
                                                2              Study Area Intersection Geometry ............................................................................ 4
                                                3              Roadway Jurisdiction Map ........................................................................................ 9
                                                4              2013 Existing Weekday Evening Peak Hour Traffic Volumes ................................ 10
                                                5              2013 Existing Saturday Midday Peak Hour Traffic Volumes .................................. 10
                                                6              2018 No Build Weekday Evening Peak Hour Traffic Volumes ............................... 15
                                                7              2018 No-Build Saturday Midday Peak Hour Traffic Volumes ................................. 15
                                                8              Project Trip Distribution........................................................................................... 19
                                                9              2018 Build Weekday Evening Peak Hour Traffic Volumes ..................................... 19
                                               10              2018 Build Saturday Midday Peak Hour Traffic Volumes ....................................... 19
                                               11              Proposed Roadway Improvements – Route 134 Corridor ...................................... 31
                                               12              Proposed Roadway Improvements – Theophilus F. Smith Road ........................... 31




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc                iii List of Figures
Executive Summary


                                              Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc. (VHB) has prepared a traffic impact and access study
                                              (TIAS) for the proposed Lowe’s Home Improvement Center (the “Project”) to be
                                              located along Theophilus F. Smith Road in Dennis, Massachusetts. As designated on
                                              the land use vision map for the Town of Dennis, the site is located in an Economic
                                              Center. The site currently consists of approximately 15.2 acres of land which
                                              currently house the local Dick and Ellie’s Flea Market and the Inflatable Park during
                                              the summer season. The existing uses on site will be eliminated and as such existing
                                              traffic associated from the existing uses will be eliminated as part of the project. The
                                              proposed project would involve the redevelopment of the site to include an
                                              approximately 135,018 sf Lowes Home Improvement Center with 371 parking
                                              spaces.

                                              Access to the site would be provided by three driveways on Theophilus F. Smith
                                              (TFS) Road. The easternmost driveway will be an unsignalized T-type intersection
                                              with TFS Road which will be designated for truck delivery. The middle site driveway
                                              will be a T-type intersection with TFS Road and will be limited to right-turn in/right-
                                              turn out access. The westernmost driveway will be under traffic signal control and
                                              will involve the realignment of Enterprise Road to form the southbound approach to
                                              the intersection. By introducing the traffic signal and realigning Enterprise Road to
                                              align with the site driveway, we are providing access management along this
                                              corridor.

                                              Based on a review of the anticipated trip generation and trip distribution for the
                                              proposed project, a study area was established. The study area was established also
                                              in part based on a review of the RPP and the RPP Functional Classification of Cape
                                              Cod Roadways Map, and through consultations with both the Town of Dennis and
                                              Cape Cod Commission. Using this approach, the project study area includes the
                                              following 21 intersections:

                                                 Theophilus F. Smith Road and Site Driveways (3)
                                                 Theophilus F. Smith Road at Duck Pond Road/S. Gages Way
                                                 Route 134 and Theophilus F. Smith Road
                                                 Route 134 and Market Place/Patriot Square Access Driveway
                                                 Theophilus F. Smith Road and Enterprise Road
                                                 Main Street at High Bank Road
                                                 Old Bass River Road at Bob Crowell Road
                                                 Old Bass River Road at Mayfair Road
                                                 Route 134 and Route 6 Interchange (four-intersections)
                                                 Route 134 at Airline Road
                                                 Route 134 and Bob Crowell Road




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               iv Executive Summary
   Route 134 and Upper County Road
                                                 Route 134 and Main Street (Route 28)
                                                 S. Gages Way at Great Western Road
                                                 Great Western Road at Depot Street (Harwich)
                                                 Depot Street at Depot Road (Harwich)

                                              Manual turning movement counts [collecting peak hour data] were conducted at each
                                              of the study-area intersections during the weekday evening peak period from 4:00
                                              PM to 6:00 PM and the Saturday midday peak period from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM in
                                              August 2012. Concurrent with the TMCs, 24-hour automatic traffic recorder (ATR)
                                              counts were conducted at the following three locations:

                                                 Route 134 south of Route 6
                                                 Theophilus F. Smith Road east of Route 134
                                                 Enterprise Road north of Theophilus F. Smith Road

                                              The proposed project is expected to result in a total of 2,104 net new trips (1,052
                                              entering/1,052 exiting) on a typical weekday and 3,912 net new trips (1,956
                                              entering/1,956 exiting) on a typical Saturday. The proposed project is expected to
                                              result in a total 215 net new vehicle trips (117 entering/98 exiting) during the
                                              weekday evening peak hour and 301 net new vehicle trips (157 entering/144 exiting)
                                              during the Saturday midday peak hour.

                                              Capacity analyses were conducted for each of the study area intersections and
                                              roadway links under 2013 Existing conditions, 2018 No-Build conditions (without the
                                              proposed development), and 2018 Build conditions (with the proposed
                                              development). Based on the results of these analyses and the anticipated site-
                                              generated traffic, the proponent will implement the following measures as part of the
                                              proposed transportation initiatives of the proposed project:

                                                 Provide a comprehensive Transportation Demand Management Program (TDM)
                                                 Provide monetary contribution in accordance with MPS TR0.4
                                                 Implement intersection safety and/or capacity enhancements at:
                                                  o Theophilus F. Smith Road and Enterprise Road/Site Driveways
                                                  o Route 134 and Theophilus F. Smith Road
                                                  o Route 134 and Market Place/Patriot Square Access Driveway
                                                  o Route 134 and Route 6 Eastbound Ramps
                                                  o Route 134 and Route 6 Westbound Ramps
                                                  o Route 134 and Airline Road
                                                  o Route 134 and Bob Crowell Road
                                                  o Route 134 and Main Street (Route 28)
                                                  o Route 134 at Center Street
                                                 Provide Fair Share contribution towards additional improvements in the study
                                                  area




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               v   Executive Summary
Overall, VHB concludes that the implementation of the above-mentioned mitigation
                                              measures not only accommodates future site-generated traffic but also improves
                                              some existing operational deficiencies in the vicinity of the site.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               vi Executive Summary
1
                                                                                                      Introduction


                                              This traffic study documents the findings of the traffic evaluation conducted for the
                                              project including an assessment of existing conditions, projection of future traffic
                                              volumes without and with the proposed development, analysis of impacts of the
                                              proposed development and recommendations for improving existing capacity
                                              deficiencies as well as to offset project related traffic impacts.



Project Description
                                              The site, which is located on Theophilus F. Smith Road in Dennis, Massachusetts,
                                              currently consists of approximately 15.2 of land which currently house the local Dick
                                              and Ellie’s Flea Market and the Inflatable Park during the summer season. The
                                              proposed project would involve the redevelopment of the site to include an
                                              approximately 135,018 sf Lowes Home Improvement Center with 371 parking
                                              spaces. The existing uses on site would be eliminated. Access to the proposed site
                                              would be provided by three driveways (two unsignalized and one signalized with a
                                              realigned Enterprise Road). Figure 1 shows the Project site in relation to the
                                              surrounding area.



Study Methodology
                                              This traffic assessment has been conducted in three stages. The first stage involved
                                              an assessment of existing traffic conditions within the project area including an
                                              inventory of existing roadway geometry; observations of traffic flow, including daily
                                              and peak period traffic counts; and a review of vehicular crash data.

                                              The second stage of the study established the framework for evaluating the
                                              transportation impacts of the proposed project. Specific travel demand forecasts for
                                              the project were assessed along with future traffic demands on the study area
                                              roadways due to projected background traffic growth and other proposed area
                                              development that will occur, independent of the proposed development. The year
                                              2018, a five-year time horizon, was selected as the design year for analysis for the
                                              preparation of this traffic impact and access assessment to satisfy the Executive Office
                                              of Environmental Affairs/Executive Office of Transportation [EOEA/EOT] guidelines and
                                              CCC DRI requirement.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               1   Introduction
The third and final stage involved conducting traffic analyses to identify both
                                              existing and projected future roadway capacities and demands. This analysis was
                                              used as the basis for determining potential project impacts and potential mitigation
                                              measures.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               2   Introduction
2
                                                                                      Existing Conditions


                                              Evaluation of the transportation impacts associated with the proposed project requires a
                                              thorough understanding of the existing transportation system in the project study area.
                                              Existing transportation conditions in the study area include roadway geometry, traffic
                                              controls, daily and peak period traffic flow, and vehicular crash information data. Each
                                              of these elements is described in detail below.



Study Area
                                              Based on a review of the anticipated trip generation and trip distribution for the
                                              proposed project, a study area was established. The study area was established also in
                                              part based on a review of the RPP and the RPP Functional Classification of Cape Cod
                                              Roadways Map and through consultation with CCC and the Town of Dennis. Using this
                                              approach, the project study area will include the following 21 intersections:

                                                 Theophilus F. Smith Road and Site Driveways (3)
                                                 Theophilus F. Smith Road at Duck Pond Road/S. Gages Way
                                                 Route 134 and Theophilus F. Smith Road
                                                 Route 134 and Market Place/Patriot Square Access Driveway
                                                 Theophilus F. Smith Road and Enterprise Road
                                                 Main Street at High Bank Road
                                                 Old Bass River Road at Bob Crowell Road
                                                 Old Bass River Road at Mayfair Road
                                                 Route 134 and Route 6 Interchange (four-intersections)
                                                 Route 134 at Airline Road
                                                 Route 134 and Bob Crowell Road
                                                 Route 134 and Upper County Road
                                                 Route 134 and Main Street (Route 28)
                                                 S. Gages Way at Great Western Road
                                                 Great Western Road at Depot Street (Harwich)
                                                 Depot Street at Depot Road (Harwich)

                                              The existing conditions evaluation consisted of an inventory of the traffic control;
                                              roadway, driveway, and intersection geometry in the study area; the collection of daily
                                              and peak period traffic volumes; and a review of recent vehicular crash history.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               3   Existing Conditions
Roadway Geometry
                                              The major travel routes and intersections within the study area are described below.
                                              Figure 2 shows the observed existing geometry and traffic control at each study-area
                                              intersection.


Roadways


Route 134

                                              Route 134 within the study area ranges from a two-lane to a four-lane roadway running
                                              generally in a north-south direction. Route 134 is under local jurisdiction with the
                                              exception of the section of roadway at the Route 6 interchange. The posted speed limit
                                              along Route 134 varies between 35 mph and 45 mph. Land use along Route 134
                                              predominantly consists of commercial uses in the vicinity of the project site, with some
                                              residential uses north of the Route 6 interchange.



Theophilus F. Smith Road

                                              Theophilus F. Smith Road (TFS Road) within the study area is a two-lane roadway
                                              running generally in an east-west direction. TFS Road is under local jurisdiction and
                                              provides two travel lanes with variable shoulder widths. The posted speed limit along
                                              TFS Road varies between 25 mph and 35 mph within the study area. Land use along
                                              TFS Road is a mix of retail, industrial and other commercial uses.


Intersections
                                              The following sections describe the study-area intersections in detail.



Theophilus F. Smith Road at S. Gages Way/Duck Pond Road

                                                 Four-legged unsignalized intersection
                                                 Intersection is under all-way STOP control
                                                 All approaches provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 Southbound leg provides access to the Transfer Station
                                                 No sidewalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily commercial and industrial




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               4   Existing Conditions
Theophilus F. Smith Road at Enterprise Road

                                                 Three-legged unsignalized intersection
                                                 Southbound approach provides a general purpose lane and is under STOP control
                                                 Eastbound and Westbound approach provide a single general purpose lane
                                                 No sidewalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily retail, including Cranberry Square Plaza,
                                                  Cumberland Farms, and Entertainment Cinemas



Route 134 at Theophilus F. Smith Road

                                                 Three-legged signalized intersection
                                                 Northbound approach provides two general purpose lanes
                                                 Southbound approach provides two general purpose lanes and an exclusive left-turn
                                                  lane
                                                 Westbound approach provides exclusive left and right-turn lanes
                                                 A two-way left-turn lane is present just south of Theophilus F. Smith Road
                                                 Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Route 134
                                                 A crosswalk is provided across Theophilus F. Smith Road
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily retail, including two gas stations and the Mid-Cape
                                                  Home Center



Route 134 at Market Place/Patriot Square Access

                                                 Four-legged signalized intersection
                                                 Northbound and Southbound approaches provide an exclusive left-turn lane and
                                                  two general purpose lanes
                                                 Eastbound and Westbound approaches provide an exclusive left-turn lane, a through
                                                  lane, and a channelized right-turn lane
                                                 Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Route 134
                                                 A crosswalk is provided across Route 134 south of Market Place
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily retail, including Patriot Square and Market Place
                                                  shopping centers



Main Street/Old Bass River Road at High Bank Road

                                                 Four-legged unsignalized intersection
                                                 Intersection is under all-way STOP control
                                                 All approaches provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Old Bass River Road and Main Street
                                                 A crosswalk is provided across the westbound approach
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily residential




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               5   Existing Conditions
Old Bass River Road at Bob Crowell Road

                                                 Three-legged unsignalized intersection
                                                 Westbound approach is under STOP control
                                                 All approaches provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Old Bass River Road
                                                 A crosswalk is provided across the westbound approach
                                                 Land use in the area consists of residential properties, the Johnny Kelley Recreation
                                                  Area, the former site of the Dennis DPW, and a multi-unit public apartment building



Old Bass River Road at Mayfair Road

                                                 Three-legged unsignalized intersection
                                                 Eastbound approach is under STOP control
                                                 All approaches provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Old Bass River Road
                                                 A crosswalk is provided across the eastbound approach
                                                 Land use in the area consists of residential properties, a Masonic Lodge, and a multi-
                                                  unit public apartment building



Route 134 at Route 6 Eastbound Ramps

                                                 Full cloverleaf interchange
                                                 Route 134 northbound provides two general purpose lanes
                                                 Route 134 southbound provides a single lane general purpose lane
                                                 Route 6 eastbound off ramp provides an exclusive lane to Route 134 southbound but
                                                  is under YIELD control
                                                 No sidewalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area is a mix of commercial and residential



Route 134 at Route 6 Westbound Ramps

                                                 Full cloverleaf interchange
                                                 Route 134 northbound provides a through lane and an exclusive right-turn lane
                                                 Route 134 southbound provides a single lane general purpose lane
                                                 No sidewalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily residential




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               6   Existing Conditions
Route 134 at Bob Crowell Road

                                                 Four-legged signalized intersection
                                                 Northbound approach provides an exclusive left-turn lane and a general purpose
                                                  lane
                                                 Southbound approach provides an exclusive left-turn lane, a through lane, and a
                                                  general purpose lane
                                                 Eastbound approach provides a general purpose lane and a channelized right-turn
                                                  lane
                                                 Westbound approach provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 Sidewalk is provided along the west side of Route 134 north of Bob Crowell Road
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area includes retail, residential, and the police station



Route 134 at Airline Road

                                                 Three-legged unsignalized, Y-type intersection
                                                 Westbound approach is under STOP control
                                                 All approaches provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 Sidewalk is provided along the west side of Route 134
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area consists of residential properties and the Doane Beal & Ames
                                                  funeral home



Route 134 at Upper County Road

                                                 Five-legged signalized intersection
                                                 Northbound and Southbound approaches provide an exclusive left-turn lane, two
                                                  general purpose lanes, and a brief channelized right-turn lane
                                                 Eastbound approach provides an exclusive left-turn lane and a general purpose lane
                                                 Westbound approach provides a general purpose lane and an exclusive right-turn
                                                  lane
                                                 Duck Pond Road is the fifth leg and is one way traveling away from the intersection
                                                 Sidewalk is provided along the north side of Upper County Road and the east side of
                                                  Route 134.
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily residential




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               7   Existing Conditions
Route 134 at Main Street (Route 28)

                                                 Four-legged signalized intersection
                                                 Northbound approach provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 Southbound approach provides an exclusive left-turn lane and a general purpose
                                                  lane
                                                 Eastbound and Westbound approaches provide a general purpose lane and an
                                                  exclusive left-turn lane
                                                 Sidewalks and crosswalks are provided on all four approaches to the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area includes retail, restaurant, and bank uses



S. Gages Way at Great Western Road

                                                 Three-legged unsignalized intersection
                                                 Southbound approach is under STOP control
                                                 All approaches provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 The Cape Cod Rail Trail runs east/west along the north side of Great Western Road
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the immediate intersection, but a crossing of the Cape
                                                  Cod Rail Trail is provided north of Great Western Road
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily commercial/industrial



Great Western Road at Depot Street

                                                 Two offset, three-legged unsignalized intersections
                                                 Northbound and Southbound approaches provide a single lane under STOP control
                                                 Eastbound and westbound approaches provide an exclusive left-turn lane and a
                                                  general purpose lane
                                                 No sidewalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily commercial/industrial



Depot Street at Depot Road

                                                 Three-legged unsignalized, Y-type intersection
                                                 Northbound approach is under STOP control
                                                 All approaches provides a single general purpose lane
                                                 No sidewalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection
                                                 Land use in the area is primarily residential




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               8   Existing Conditions
Roadway Jurisdiction
                                              Roadways within the Town of Dennis are either under the jurisdiction of the Town of
                                              Dennis or MassDOT. Within the project study area, all roadways are under local
                                              jurisdiction with the exception of Route 6 and Route 28, and a section of Route 134 at the
                                              Route 6 interchange which are under MassDOT jurisdiction. Figure 3 illustrates the
                                              roadway jurisdiction designations within the study area.



Traffic Volume Data
                                              Manual turning movement counts [collecting peak hour data] were conducted at each of
                                              the study-area intersections during the weekday evening peak period from 4:00 PM to
                                              6:00 PM, and the Saturday midday peak period from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM. It is during
                                              these two periods when the combination of site traffic and area background traffic are at
                                              their most critical level. These counts were conducted in August 2012, which represents
                                              peak summer conditions (except for the intersection of Depot Street at Depot Road,
                                              which was counted in September 2012). The weekday evening peak period is consistent
                                              with typical peak commuter traffic periods, and coincide with the expected peak periods
                                              for traffic entering and exiting the proposed site. The Saturday midday peak period is
                                              consistent with the typical peak of shopping/commercial activity and turn-over for
                                              summer rental properties. These periods represent the most critical traffic volume
                                              conditions. Based on the TMCs, the weekday evening peak period generally occurred
                                              from 4:00 to 5:00 PM and the Saturday midday peak period occurred from 11:00 AM to
                                              12:00 PM. Concurrent with the TMCs, 72-hour automatic traffic recorder (ATR) counts
                                              were conducted on Route 134, Theophilus F. Smith Road, and Enterprise Road. A
                                              summary of the ATR traffic data is presented in Table 1. All traffic count data is
                                              contained in the Appendix.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               9   Existing Conditions
Table 1
                                Peak Season Existing Traffic Volumes
                                                                            Weekday            Weekday PM Peak Period                 Saturday       Saturday Midday Peak Period
                                                                             ADT a         Volume b    Kc      Dir. Dist d             ADT a        Volume b     Kc     Dir. Dist d
                                Route 134 Northbound
                                                                             16,900         1,410         8.3%       100% NB           16,750         1,340        8.0%       100% NB
                                  south of Route 6

                                Route 134 Southbound
                                                                             17,220         1,365         7.9%        100% SB          16,850         1,340        8.0%       100% NB
                                  south of Route 6

                                Theophilus F. Smith Road
                                                                             10,900          900          8.3%        57% WB           10,220         1,090       10.7%        53% WB
                                  east of Route 134

                                Enterprise Road
                                                                              5,260          415          7.9%        53% SB            5,820          530         9.1%        54% SB
                                  north of Theophilus F Smith Rd.

                                a             daily traffic expressed in vehicles per day. Based on daily volumes for Thursday August 23, 2012 and Saturday August 25, 2012. Exact peak
                                              hours of the ATRs may not coincide with the peak hour of the TMCs.
                                b             peak period volumes expressed in vehicles per hour
                                c             percent of daily traffic that occurs during the peak period
                                d             directional distribution of peak period traffic




Seasonality of Count Data
                                                 Comparison of traffic count data with historic seasonal data available from the Cape Cod
                                                 Traffic Counting Report 2012 indicated that August traffic counts represent peak summer
                                                 season conditions. This report also shows that August counts are approximately 31.6
                                                 percent higher than the average annual month conditions and the September counts are
                                                 approximately 8.7 percent higher than the average annual month conditions and
                                                 approximately 17.4 percent below peak summer season conditions. As such, the average
                                                 conditions capacity analysis contained in the Appendix was conducted using the CCC
                                                 Seasonal Adjustment Factors, which is 0.76 to adjust August volumes and 0.92 to adjust
                                                 September volumes to average month conditions. A factor of 1.21 was applied to the
                                                 September volumes to adjust them to peak summer season conditions. Figures 4 and 5
                                                 illustrate the 2013 Existing weekday evening and Saturday midday peak hour traffic
                                                 volumes, respectively.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc                  10 Existing Conditions
Public Transportation
                                              Several transit services are currently provided on Cape Cod. The following information
                                              was provided by the Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority (CCRTA). The Proponent is
                                              exploring opportunities to bring public transportation to the site, which would be
                                              accommodated with a transit stop on site.



Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority

                                              The Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority (CCRTA) oversees local bus service on Cape
                                              Cod. There are six, year-round, fixed-route services provided by CCRTA including The
                                              SeaLine, The Villager, and The H2OLine, Flex Route, Bourne Route, and Sandwich Route.
                                              All buses are wheelchair accessible and equipped with bicycle racks. All SeaLine,
                                              Villager, and H2OLine routes connect at the Plymouth & Brockton bus terminal in
                                              downtown Hyannis.

                                              CCRTA also offers “demand response service” through three separate lines; (1) ADA
                                              Paratransit Service is a door-to-door, shared-ride service for those eligible individuals
                                              who are unable to use the CCRTA fixed route services. It is a comparable service to the
                                              fixed route service schedule in that it operates during the same hours and travels within
                                              the ¾ of a mile of the fixed route service areas; (2) DART Service (Dial-a-Ride
                                              Transportation) is a daily general public service that is a door-to-door, ride by
                                              appointment, transportation service. This service is available to all Cape Cod residents
                                              for any purpose; and (3) Boston Hospital Transportation is a service that runs four days a
                                              week, by reservation, transportation service to 15 Boston area hospitals. The BHT has bus
                                              stops in Wellfleet, Eastham, Orleans, Harwich, the Barnstable Commuter Lot, and the
                                              Sagamore Commuter Lot.

                                              While six fixed-route services are provided by the CCRTA, only one of these fixed routes
                                              serves the Town of Dennis, which is the H2OLine. The H2OLine travels from the Hyannis
                                              Transportation Center to Stop & Shop in Orleans. One of the stops on this route is at
                                              Patriot Square, which is adjacent to the proposed Lowe’s site. As part of the proposed
                                              project, the Proponent will work with the CCRTA to provide transit service to the site
                                              through a stop on the H2OLine.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               11 Existing Conditions
Vehicular Crash History
                                              To identify potential vehicle crash trends in the study area, reported vehicular crash data
                                              for the study-area intersections and roadway links was obtained from MassDOT for the
                                              years 2008 through 2010, the most recent three-year history available. A summary of the
                                              MassDOT vehicle crash history and crash rates is presented in Table 2. This data is
                                              contained in the Appendix.

                                              The 2010 MassDOT average crash rates for signalized and unsignalized intersections for
                                              District 5 [the MassDOT district designation for Dennis] are 0.77 and 0.60, respectively.
                                              As shown in Table 2, eight intersections within the study area have a crash rate higher
                                              than the MassDOT District 5 average rate. Ten intersections in total have experienced
                                              three or more crashes per year over the past three years:

                                                 Route 134 at Theophilus F. Smith Road
                                                 Route 134 at Market Place/Patriot Square
                                                 Route 134 at Route 6 Eastbound Ramps
                                                 Route 134 at Route 6 Westbound Ramps
                                                 Route 134 at Bob Crowell Road
                                                 Route 134 at Airline Road
                                                 Theophilus F. Smith Road at Enterprise Road/Cumberland Farms/Cranberry Sq.
                                                 Route 134 at Upper County Road
                                                 Route 134 at Main Street (Route 28)
                                                 Route 134 at Center Street

                                              In accordance with RPP MPS TR1.3 for locations experiencing three or more crashes per
                                              year, “The applicant shall be required to implement the needed safety improvements as
                                              determined by the Commission…” Discussion of proposed improvements is provided in
                                              Chapter 5, Mitigation.

                                              In addition to the standard intersection crash analysis, the CCC requested that a collision
                                              diagram be prepared for the weave section on Route 134 southbound between the Route
                                              6 eastbound off ramp and the Patriot Square Driveway. The Town of Dennis Police
                                              Department assisted VHB by compiling vehicle crash data for this section of roadway
                                              from 2009 to March 2013. Based on this data, only four crashes were reported on this
                                              roadway segment, which is less than one crash per year. It should also be noted that only
                                              one of these crashes is potentially attributable to weaving maneuvers from the Route 6
                                              eastbound off ramp to Patriot Square. The collision diagram and the crash reports
                                              provided by the Town of Dennis are provided in the Appendix.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               12 Existing Conditions
Table 2 Vehicular Crash Data (2008 - 2010)
                                                                                                                                                      Theophilus F.                                                                                      Main
                                                                                                                                                      Smith Road at                                           Great     Great              Route 134   Street at
                                                               Route 134                                                  Route 134 at                  Enterprise    Theophilus                 Old Bass    Western   Western    Great     at Upper   Highbank    Route 134
                                                   Route 134   at Patriot                                 Route 134 at    Bob Crowell                     Road/        F. Smith     Old Bass    River Road   Road at   Road at   Western     County      Road/       at Main
                                                      at        Square/     Route 134 at   Route 134 at     Route 6         Road/        Route 134     Cumberland      Road at     River Road     at Bob      Depot     Depot    Road at     Road/      Upper        Street/    Depot Street
                                                  Theophilis    Market      Route 6 EB     Route 6 WB     Interchange      Hemlock       at Airline   Farms/ Condo      Gages      at Mayfair    Crowell      Street    Street   Gages     Duck Pond    County        Swan       at Depot
                                                  Smith Road     Place        Ramps          Ramps        (not located)      Lane          Road         Driveway         Way          Road         Road       (East)   (West)     Way         Road       Road      River Road      Road
  Signalized?                                        Yes          Yes           No             No               --           Yes             No             No            No           No           No          No        No       No          Yes         No          Yes           No
  MassDOT Average Crash Rate                         0.77         0.77         0.60           0.60              --           0.77           0.60           0.60          0.60         0.60         0.60        0.60      0.60     0.60         0.77       0.60         0.77         0.60
  Calculated Crash Rate                              0.47         0.96         0.39           0.35              --           1.27           0.69           1.68          0.13         0.52         0.39        0.35      0.12     0.40         0.98       0.46         0.84         0.41
  Exceeds Average?                                    No          Yes           No             No               --            Yes           Yes            Yes            No           No           No          No        No       No          Yes         No          Yes           No
  Year
  2008                                                 2          13             4              2             12               6            5              17             0            2            1          1         0         0          11          6            6             1
  2009                                                 9          12             5              3             21               9            1              2              1            2            3          2         1         2          10          1            9             0
  2010                                                 4          14             6              6             15               11           7              6              0            2            1          2         1         3          12          1            4             1
  Total                                               15          39             15             11            48               26           13             25             1            6            5          5         2         5          33          8            19            2
  Average                                            5.00        13.00          5.00           3.67          16.00            8.67         4.33           8.33           0.33         2.00         1.67       1.67      0.67      1.67       11.00       2.67         6.33          0.67
  Collision Type
  Angle                                               3           8             2              0               1              2             9              13             0            3            3           2         0         4         8           5           7              0
  Head-on                                             0           1             0              0               1              1             0              0              0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Rear-end                                            9           22            13             9               34             18            3              8              1            2            1           2         1         1         19          2           8              0
  Rear-to-rear                                        0            2             0             0               0              0             0               1             0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Sideswipe, opposite direction                        0           0             0              1               0              1             1              1             0            0            0           0         0         0         0           1           0              0
  Sideswipe, same direction                            1           3             0              0               6              2             0              1             0            1            1           0         0         0         3           0           1              1
  Single-vehicle crash                                1           3             0              1               6              2             0              1              0            0            0           1         1         0         3           0           3              1
  Unknown                                             0           0             0              0               0              0             0              0              0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Not reported                                        1           0             0              0               0              0             0              0              0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Total                                               15          39            15             11              48             26            13             25             1            6            5           5         2         5         33          8           19             2
  Crash Severity
  Fatal injury                                        0           0             0              0               0              0             0              0              0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Non-fatal injury                                    2           9             0              6               6              1             1              4              1            1            2           0         0         2         9           1           6              0
  Property damage only (none injured)                 12          29            15             5               41             25            12             20             0            5            3           5         2         3         24          7           13             2
  Unknown                                             1           0             0              0               1              0             0              1              0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Not reported                                        0           1             0              0               0              0             0              0              0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Total                                               15          39            15             11              48             26            13             25             1            6            5           5         2         5         33          8           19             2
  Time of day
  Weekday, 7:00 AM - 9:00 AM                           1           5             2              0               6              3             1              3             0            0            3           1         0         1          4          1            1             0
  Weekday, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM                           1           8             4              7               7              3             2              3             0            1            0           0         0         1          4          1            4             0
  Saturday, 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM                         0           4             1              2               4              1             1              1             0            0            0           0         0         1          0          0            2             0
  Weekday, other time                                  9          15             2              1              23             13             6             13             1            5            1           3         2         2         20          3            8             1
  Weekend, other time                                 4           7             6              1               8              6             3              5              0            0            1           1         0         0         5           3           4              1
  Total                                               15          39            15             11              48             26            13             25             1            6            5           5         2         5         33          8           19             2
  Pavement Conditions
  Dry                                                 12          33            13             9               40             15            9              18             1            3            4           4         2         5         25          7           16             2
  Wet                                                 2           6             2              1               6              10            4              7              0            3            1           1         0         0         6           1           2              0
  Snow                                                0           0             0              1               2              1             0              0              0            0            0           0         0         0         2           0           1              0
  Sand, mud, dirt, oil, gravel                         0           0            0              0               0              0             0              0              0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Not reported                                        1           0             0              0               0              0             0              0              0            0            0           0         0         0         0           0           0              0
  Total                                               15          39            15             11              48             26            13             25             1            6            5           5         2         5         33          8           19             2
  Non Motorist (Bike, Pedestrian)                     0           1             0              0               0              0             0              1              0            6            0           0         0         0         1           0           2              0
Source: MassDOT vehicle crash data.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               13 Existing Conditions
Table 2            Vehicular Crash Data (2008 - 2010) continued
                                                                             Theophilus F. Smith Road                                                                           Route 134                                                             S. Gages Way        Great Western Road   Depot Street    Bob Crowell Road Old Bass River Road    Route 134 at
                                                           Route 134         Site Drive   Site Drive    Truck Site    Theophilus F. Smith     Upper       Theophilus F. Smith    Patriot Square    Route 6 EB Ramps    Route 6 WB    Bob Crowell    Theophilus F. Smith                        Great Western
                                                                 to Site      W to Site   E to Truck    Drive to S.     Road to Upper       County Road     Road to Patriot      Access Road to     to Route 6 WB     Ramps to Bob     Road to        Road to Great        S. Gages Way to     Road to Depot   Route 134 to Old   Bob Crowell Road
                                                             Drive W          Drive E     Site Drive    Gages Way        County Road        to Route 28   Square Access Road    Route 6 EB Ramps        Ramps         Crowell Road   Airline Road     Western Road           Depot Street          Road        Bass River Road     to Mayfair Road    Center Street
 Year
 2008                                                              1             0            1             0                 6                13                 4                    0                  0                0              3                 0                     0                 1                 0                  2                 6
 2009                                                              0             0            0             0                 4                 8                 3                    0                  0                4              2                 0                     3                 3                 0                  0                 5
 2010                                                              0             0            0             3                 5                15                 8                    0                  0                0              3                 0                     0                 0                 1                  0                 4
 Total                                                             1             0            1             3                 15               36                 15                   0                  0                4              8                 0                     6                 4                 1                  2                 15
 Average                                                          0.33           0           0.33           1                 5                12                 5                    0                  0               1.33           2.67               0                     2                1.33              0.33               0.67               5
 Collision Type
 Angle                                                             1             0            0             1                 6                 8                 8                    0                  0                1              2                 0                     0                 1                 0                  0                 5
 Head-on                                                           0             0            0             0                 0                 1                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 0                  0                 0
 Rear-end                                                          0             0            0             5                 5                12                 4                    0                  0                3              6                 0                     4                 0                 0                  1                 5
 Rear-to-rear                                                      0             0            0             0                 0                 0                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 0                  0                 0
 Sideswipe, opposite direction                                     0             0            0             0                 0                 2                 1                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     1                 0                 0                  0                 2
 Sideswipe, same direction                                         0             0            0             0                 0                 1                 1                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 1                 1                  0                 0
 Single-vehicle crash                                              0             0            0             1                 3                12                 1                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     1                 0                 0                  1                 3
 Unknown                                                           0             0            0             0                 0                 0                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 2                 0                  0                 0
 Not Reported                                                      0             0            1             0                 1                 0                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 0                  0                 0
 Total                                                             1             0            1             3                 15               36                 15                   0                  0                4              8                 0                     6                 4                 1                  2                 15
 Severity
 Fatality injury                                                   0             0            0             0                 0                 8                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 0                  0                 0
 Non-fatal injury                                                  0             0            0             1                 2                 0                 3                    0                  0                1              3                 0                     1                 1                 0                  2                 4
 Property-damage only (none injured)                               1             0            0             1                 11               26                 10                   0                  0                3              5                 0                     5                 3                 1                  0                 11
 Unknown                                                           0             0            0             0                 0                 0                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 0                  0                 0
 Not Reported                                                      0             0            1             1                 2                 2                 2                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 0                  0                 0
 Total                                                             1             0            1             3                 15               36                 15                   0                  0                4              8                 0                     6                 4                 1                  2                 15
 Time of day
 Weekday, 7:00 AM - 9:00 AM                                        0             0            0             1                 0                 3                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 1                  0                 1
 Weekday, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM                                        0             0            0             0                 3                 3                 4                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     2                 0                 0                  0                 2
 Saturday, 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM                                      0             0            0             0                 0                 2                 0                    0                  0                1              1                 0                     0                 0                 0                  1                 2
 Weekday, other time                                               1             0            0             2                 10               18                 8                    0                  0                3              5                 0                     2                 3                 0                  0                 5
 Weekend, other time                                               0             0            1             0                 2                10                 3                    0                  0                0              2                 0                     2                 1                 0                  1                 5
 Total                                                             1             0            1             3                 15               36                 15                   0                  0                4              8                 0                     6                 4                 1                  2                 15
 Pavement Conditions
 Dry                                                               1             0            1             2                 11               23                 13                   0                                   4              6                 0                     5                 2                 1                  0                 11
 Wet                                                               0             0            0             1                 4                 3                 2                    0                  0                0              2                 0                     0                 0                 0                  2                 2
 Snow                                                              0             0            0             0                 0                10                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     1                 1                 0                  0                 2
 Sand, mud, dirt, oil, gravel                                      0             0            0             0                 0                 0                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 0                  0                 0
 Not Reported                                                      0             0            0             0                 0                 0                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 1                 0                  0                 0
 Total                                                             1             0            1             3                 15               36                 15                   0                  0                4              8                 0                     6                 4                 1                  2                 15


 Non Motorist (Bike, Pedestrian)                                   0             0            0             0                 1                 1                 0                    0                  0                0              0                 0                     0                 0                 0                  0                 1

                              Source: MassDOT vehicle crash data




                   \\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
                   TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc                         14 Existing Conditions
As shown in the second page of Table 2, which focuses on the crash history of the study
                                              area roadway links, there are three links that experienced over three crashes per year
                                              over their entire length during the most recent three years. Route 134 between Patriot
                                              Square and TFS Road experienced a total of 15 crashes from 2008 to 2010. Of these 15
                                              crashes, the majority of them were spread out over the length of this link, with the
                                              exception of a group of 8 crashes that were reported at the access points for the Gulf
                                              Station and Cumberland Farms. It should be noted that as part of the Cumberland Farms
                                              redevelopment project, improvements are being proposed to the site access on Route 134.
                                              The two existing wide curb cuts will be consolidated to one driveway and left turns will
                                              be prohibited from the site onto Route 134. These access improvements will improve
                                              safety in this area.

                                              Route 134 between TFS Road and Upper County Road experienced a total of 15 crashes
                                              over the three year review period. Review of the geolocation of these crashes based on
                                              the MassDOT crash records showed that there is no concentration of crashes at any single
                                              point on this roadway link that experiences more than three crashes per year.

                                              Route 134 between Upper County Road and Route 28 experienced a total of 36 crashes
                                              over the three year review period. Review of the geolocation of these crashes based on
                                              the MassDOT crash records showed that 15 of the crashes occurred at the intersection of
                                              Rotue 134 and Center Street. The remaining crashes were spread across the roadway link
                                              in low concentrations. Based on the crash frequency, VHB provided a detailed summary
                                              of the crashes at the intersection of Route 134 at Center Street in the second page of
                                              Table 2. The crash summary for this intersection shows that 10 of the 15 crashes were
                                              angle and rear end crashes, suggesting that vehicles are attempting to accept short gaps
                                              in mainline traffic when turning from the side street. Given that both of the minor street
                                              approaches to this intersection are skewed, sight distance can be compromised.
                                              Measures recommended to improve this condition are summarized in Chapter 5,
                                              Mitigation.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               15 Existing Conditions
3
                                                                                       Future Conditions


                                              Traffic volumes in the study area were projected to the year 2018, reflecting a typical
                                              five-year traffic-planning horizon. Independent of the project, volumes on the
                                              roadway network under year 2018 No Build conditions were assumed to include
                                              existing traffic and new traffic resulting from background traffic. Anticipated site-
                                              generated traffic volumes were added to the year 2018 No Build traffic volumes to
                                              reflect the year 2018 Build conditions in the study area.



Background Traffic Growth
                                              Traffic growth on area roadways is a function of the expected land development,
                                              economic activity, and changes in demographics. A frequently used procedure is to
                                              estimate an annual percentage increase and apply that increase to study-area traffic
                                              volumes. An alternative procedure is to identify estimated traffic generated by
                                              specific planned major developments that would be expected to affect the project
                                              study area roadways. For the purpose of this assessment, both methods were
                                              utilized.


Historic Traffic Growth
                                              VHB conducted research to determine the historic growth rate for traffic in this area
                                              as well as other planned developments that may affect traffic within the study area
                                              for the proposed project. Based on information contained in the Cape Cod 2012
                                              Traffic Counting Report, traffic has decreased at a rate of -0.74 percent per year Cape-
                                              wide over the last ten years (2002 – 2012). As described in this report, the Town of
                                              Dennis is considered to be part of the Mid Cape region, in which traffic decreased at
                                              a rate of -1.06 percent per year between 2002 and 2012. To provide a conservative
                                              analysis, and based on discussions with the CCC Transportation Staff, a background
                                              growth rate of 0.5 percent per year was applied. The historic growth data provided
                                              in the Cape Cod 2012 Traffic Counting Report is contained in the Appendix.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               16 Future Conditions

Site-Specific Growth
                                              In addition to the historic traffic growth, VHB contacted representatives of the CCC
                                              and the Town of Dennis to identify any other development projects planned within
                                              the vicinity of the site. Based on these discussions, there is currently one
                                              development project proposed in this area that would affect traffic volumes in the
                                              vicinity of the site. Just to the west of the proposed project, Cumberland Farms is
                                              planning to reconfigure their existing gas station/retail site. The project involves the
                                              demolition of the existing gas pumps and retail space and the construction of a new
                                              4,221 sf Cumberland Farms convenience store, eight gas pumps, 2,001 sf of retail
                                              space, and a 2,970 sf drive-thru bank. Traffic volumes associated with the proposed
                                              redevelopment were taken from the October 2012 Traffic Impact Study prepared for
                                              the project by McMahon Associates. This project is currently under construction.

                                              As noted previously, the existing seasonal uses on the site (Dick & Ellie’s Flea Market
                                              and The Inflatable Park) will be eliminated as part of the proposed redevelopment.
                                              As is discussed in detail the Trip Generation section of this chapter, trip generation
                                              credit will be taken for a portion of the traffic generated by the existing uses since
                                              traffic associated with these uses will be eliminated from this area. However, to
                                              provide a conservative assessment of traffic in the vicinity of the site, the remainder
                                              of the peak season traffic generated by the existing uses will not be removed from the
                                              roadway system.


No-Build Traffic Volumes
                                              The 2018 No Build traffic volumes were developed by applying the 0.5 percent per
                                              year growth rate to the existing conditions volumes and adding the project traffic
                                              associated with the proposed Cumberland Farms redevelopment project. Figures 6
                                              and 7 display the resulting 2018 No Build peak hour traffic volumes.



Future Roadway Conditions
                                              Another factor affecting background traffic conditions is the implementation of
                                              roadway improvements within the study area. Three roadway improvement
                                              projects have been identified by the Town of Dennis and MassDOT. The following
                                              text was obtained from the MassDOT Project Information website and provides a
                                              summary of project details and anticipated schedule:

                                                 RECONSTRUCTION ON ROUTE 134 FROM ROUTE 28 TO UPPER
                                                  COUNTY ROAD
                                                  Work on this project includes milling, resurfacing and full depth roadway
                                                  reconstruction of Route 134 from Route 28 to Upper County Road. The proposed




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               17 Future Conditions
cross section will provide two 11-foot travel lanes and two 5-foot shoulders/bike
                                                 lanes, and a 5 foot ADA/AAB compliant walk on the east side of Route 134.
                                                 Additional proposed work includes traffic signal upgrades at the Upper County
                                                 Road intersection, pedestrian accommodations, drainage improvements, guard
                                                 rail upgrades, pavement markings and signage installation. Construction began
                                                 following the summer of 2012.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               18 Future Conditions
   BRIDGE REPLACEMENTS - UPPER COUNTY ROAD & ROUTE 28 OVER
                                                  SWAN POND RIVER
                                                  The bridge carrying Upper County Road over the Swan Pond River is to be
                                                  replaced with a three-span continuous superstructure. The existing Main Street
                                                  Bridge over Swan Pond River is to be replaced with a three-span continuous
                                                  superstructure system. The curb-to-curb width of the bridge shall be 40 feet, with
                                                  a 6 foot sidewalk on both sides. During construction, traffic will be shifted to a
                                                  temporary bridge that will be built to the south of the existing bridge.
                                                  Construction began following the summer of 2012.

                                                 DENNIS/YARMOUTH - CAPE COD RAIL TRAIL EXTENSION FROM
                                                  ROUTE 134 TO STATION AVENUE
                                                  Work on this project consists of the construction of a 5.2 mile multi-user path.
                                                  The path is an extension of the Cape Cod Rail Trail. The proposed path begins
                                                  east of Route 134 in Dennis and extends to the Yarmouth/Barnstable Town Line.
                                                  Construction is expected to begin in the winter of 2013/2014.

                                              No other roadway improvement projects were identified within the vicinity of the
                                              Project site other than routine maintenance.



Trip Generation
                                              The proposed redevelopment would involve the construction of an approximately
                                              135,018 sf Lowes Home Improvement Center with 371 parking spaces. For trip
                                              generation purposes, additional outdoor sales and storage area were added to the
                                              building area to provide a conservative assessment. The total square footage (135,018
                                              sf) is comprised of 127,683 sf of building area and garden center, 3,420 sf of outdoor
                                              sales area, and 3,915 sf of outdoor storage on the back of the building. To estimate the
                                              site-generated traffic, the Institute of Transportation Engineers’ (ITE) publication Trip
                                              Generation, 9th Edition was utilized. For the purposes of this evaluation, trip
                                              generation estimates were conducted using standard ITE data for Land Use Code
                                              (LUC) 862 (Home Improvement Superstore). Table 3 summarizes the estimated
                                              vehicle trips for the future retail use of the property.

                                              Under existing conditions, the site is occupied during the summer and shoulder
                                              months by Dick & Ellie’s Flea Market and the Inflatable Park. With the proposed
                                              project in place, both uses will be removed from the site and therefore the traffic from
                                              these uses will be eliminated. For the purpose of this analysis, an annualized credit
                                              for the elimination of the existing uses is allowed under the RPP MPS TRO.2 at the
                                              discretion of the Commission. Based on detailed discussion with CCC staff prior to
                                              preparation of this document, the traffic credit was calculated on an annual basis
                                              since the existing uses are seasonal. This approach to adjusting the existing volumes
                                              was suggested to VHB by Commission staff at a meeting and included the following:




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               19 Future Conditions
      Adjust existing driveway counts from August to an average condition for the
                                                               months the businesses are open. Use an average of the CCC Seasonal Adjustment
                                                               Factors for the months of May, June, July, August, September, and October.
                                                              Annualize the existing site traffic by dividing the number of operating days (101)
                                                               by 365, which yields a factor of 0.277 to assess an annual average condition.
                                                              Estimate weekday daily and Saturday daily traffic volumes based on K-factors
                                                               available for comparable retail and recreational uses available in ITE Trip
                                                               Generation, 9th Edition. To provide a conservative assessment, the highest K-
                                                               factors available for the comparable land uses were utilized.

                                                        It should also be noted that according to Technical Bulletin 96-003, “…a 25% reduction
                                                        of peak hour trip generation is allowed for the purposes of analyzing peak hour impacts.” As
                                                        such, the trip generation projections summarized in Table 3 assume the full 25
                                                        percent credit.

                                                        The trip generation calculations, prepared in accordance with ITE guidelines and
                                                        Technical Bulletin 96-003, are summarized in Table 3. The detailed Trip Generation
                                                        calculations are provided in the Appendix.

Table 3
Proposed Project Trip Generation Breakdown
                                                            Gross Total       Existing Trip     5% Credit for         25% Trip       Net Total   Pass-By     Net New
    Time Period                         Direction       Trip Generation   a   Generation   b   Interconnection   c   Reduction   d    Trips      Trips   e    Trips

    Weekday Daily                       Enter                  2,075              -108               -98                -467          1,402        350        1,052
                                        Exit                   2,075              -108               -98                -467          1,402        350        1,052
                                        Total                  4,150              -216               -196               -934          2,804        700        2,104

    Weekday Morning                     Enter                  180                 0                  -9                -43            128         31          97
    Peak Hour                           Exit                   167                 0                  -8                -40            119         31          88
                                        Total                  347                 0                 -17                -83            247         62          185

    Weekday Evening                     Enter                  223                 -8                -11                -51            153         36          117
    Peak Hour                           Exit                   205                -18                 -9                -44            134         36          98
                                        Total                  428                -26                -20                -95            287         72          215

    Saturday Daily                      Enter                  3,829              -168               -183               -870          2,608        652        1,956
                                        Exit                   3,829              -168               -183               -870          2,608        652        1,956
                                        Total                  7,658              -336               -366              -1,740         5,216       1,304       3,912

    Saturday Midday                     Enter                  311                -20                -15                -69            207         50          157
    Peak Hour                           Exit                   298                -25                -14                -65            194         50          144
                                        Total                  609                -45                -29                -134           401         100         301

a      Trip Generation estimate based on ITE LUC 862 (Home Improvement Superstore) for 135,018 SF store using Peak Hour of Generator
b      Based on traffic counts conducted at the existing site driveway in August 2012, adjusted according to CCC recommended methodology
c      Project will allow an interconnection to the adjacent Cranberry Square site
d      In accordance with RPP Goal TR2 and Technical Bulletin 96-003
e      Pass-by Traffic assumed to be 25% per state and CCC guidelines




          \\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
          TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               20 Future Conditions
Consistent with EOEEA and CCC guidelines, a pass-by rate of 25 percent was
                                              utilized to determine the amount of “new” traffic that will be generated by the
                                              Project. As shown in Table 3, the proposed project is expected to result in a total of
                                              2,104 net new trips (1,052 entering/1,052 exiting) on a typical weekday and 3,912 net
                                              new trips (1,956 entering/1,956 exiting) on a typical Saturday. The proposed project
                                              is expected to result in a total 215 net new vehicle trips (117 entering/98 exiting)
                                              during the weekday evening peak hour and 301 net new vehicle trips (157
                                              entering/144 exiting) during the Saturday midday peak hour.



Trip Distribution and Assignment
                                              The directional distribution of traffic approaching and departing the Project is a
                                              function of several variables: population densities, shopping opportunities,
                                              competing uses, existing travel patterns, and the efficiency of the roadways leading
                                              to the site. The trip distribution for the Project was developed based on a
                                              population-based gravity model utilizing the 2010 U.S. Census data for all Cape
                                              communities. Based on the distribution of population within the projected market
                                              trade area, arrival and departure patterns for project-related traffic were estimated
                                              and adjusted, if appropriate, based on known local factors such as locations of
                                              competing opportunities and efficiency of local roadways. The assignment of site-
                                              generated traffic to specific travel routes was based on observed traffic flow
                                              conditions on available routes, and the assumption that most motorists will seek the
                                              fastest and most direct routes to and from the Site. The traffic distribution proposed
                                              has been reviewed in detail with CCC staff prior to this filing as requested by the
                                              Town of Dennis. Refer to the Appendix for the trip distribution calculations as well
                                              as a map illustrating the distribution of the peak hour project trips. The anticipated
                                              trip distribution is summarized in Table 4 and illustrated in Figure 8.

                                              Table 4
                                              Proposed Project Trip Distribution

                                                    Direction                           Percent Assigned
                                                   (To/From)         Travel Route           to Route

                                                North             Route 134                   52%
                                                South             Route 134                   28%
                                                East              S. Gages Way                20%
                                               Total              All Routes                 100%

                                              The projected site-generated traffic volume, summarized in Table 3, was distributed
                                              on the study area roadways using the trip distribution shown in Table 4 and added
                                              to the 2018 No Build peak hour traffic volumes to develop the 2018 Build peak hour
                                              traffic volumes. These 2018 Build traffic volumes are shown in Figures 9 and 10.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               21 Future Conditions
4
                                                              Traffic Operations Analysis


                                              Measuring existing traffic volumes and projecting future traffic volumes quantifies
                                              traffic within the study area. To assess quality of flow, roadway capacity analyses
                                              were conducted with respect to the 2013 Existing conditions and projected
                                              2018 No Build and Build traffic volume conditions. Capacity analyses provide an
                                              indication of the adequacy of the roadway facilities to serve the anticipated traffic
                                              demands. In accordance with CCC guidelines, capacity analyses were conducted for
                                              both Peak Summer Season and Average Month traffic conditions. The analysis
                                              summary tables provided in this chapter contain the results of the Peak Summer
                                              Season analyses. All Average Month capacity analyses are contained in the Appendix
                                              with corresponding summary tables.



Level-of-Service and Delay Criteria
                                              Level-of-service (LOS) is the term used to denote the different operating conditions
                                              that occur on a given roadway segment under various traffic volume loads. It is a
                                              qualitative measure of the effect of a number of factors including roadway
                                              geometrics, speed, travel delay, freedom to maneuver, and safety. Level-of-service
                                              provides an index to the operational qualities of a roadway segment or an
                                              intersection. Level-of-service designations range from A to F, with LOS A
                                              representing the best operating conditions and LOS F representing the worst
                                              operating conditions.




\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013
TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc               22 Traffic Operations Analysis
You can also read
Next part ... Cancel