Proposed Lowe's Home Improvement Center

Proposed Lowe's Home Improvement Center

Proposed Lowe's Home Improvement Center

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc Traffic Impact and Access Study Proposed Lowe’s Home Improvement Center Dennis, Massachusetts Prepared for Lowe’s Home Centers, Inc. 1605 Curtis Bridge Road Wilkesboro, North Carolina 28697 Prepared by /Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc. Transportation, Land Development, Environmental Services 101 Walnut Street P.O. Box 9151 Watertown, Massachusetts 02472 617.924.1770 May 2013

Proposed Lowe's Home Improvement Center

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc i Table of Contents Table of Contents Introduction .

. i Project Description . i Study Methodology . i Existing Conditions . . 3 Study Area . 3 Roadway Geometry . 4 Roadways . 4 Intersections . 4 Roadway Jurisdiction . 9 Traffic Volume Data . 9 Seasonality of Count Data . 10 Public Transportation . 11 Vehicular Crash History . 12 Future Conditions . . 16 Background Traffic Growth . 16 Historic Traffic Growth . 16 Site-Specific Growth . 17 No-Build Traffic Volumes . 17 Future Roadway Conditions . 17 Trip Generation . 19 Trip Distribution and Assignment . 21 Traffic Operations Analysis . . 22 Level-of-Service and Delay Criteria . 22 Level-of-Service Analysis .

23 Signalized Intersection Capacity Analyses . 23 Unsignalized Intersection Capacity Analyses . 25 Roadway Link Capacity Analysis . 27 Freeway Weave Analyses . 29 Mitigation . . 31 Transportation Demand Management . 31 Intersection/Roadway Safety Mitigation . 33 Congestion Management . 40 Fair Share Mitigation . 41 Conclusion . . 46

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc ii List of Tables List of Tables Table Title Page Table 1 Peak Season Existing Traffic Volumes . . 10 Table 2 Vehicular Crash Data (2008 - 2010 . . 13 Table 2 Vehicular Crash Data (2008 - 2010) continued . . 14 Table 3 Proposed Project Trip Generation Breakdown . . 20 Table 4 Proposed Project Trip Distribution . . 21 Table 5 Signalized Intersection Capacity Analysis Summary – Peak Summer Season....24 Table 6 Unsignalized Intersection Capacity Analyses - Peak Summer Season . . 26 Table 7 Roadway Link Analysis Summary – Peak Summer Season .

. 27 Table 8 Level-of Service Criteria for Weave Areas . . 29 Table 9 Ramp Weave Section Capacity Analysis Summary . . 30 Table 10 Trip Reduction Requirement Calculation . . 33 Table 11 Signalized Intersection Capacity Analysis Summary – With Mitigation . . 40 Table 12 Fair Share Mitigation Assessment . . 44 Table 13 Mitigation Plan Cost Summary . . 45

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc iii List of Figures List of Figures Figure Title Follows Page 1 Site Location Map . . 1 2 Study Area Intersection Geometry . . 4 3 Roadway Jurisdiction Map . . 9 4 2013 Existing Weekday Evening Peak Hour Traffic Volumes . . 10 5 2013 Existing Saturday Midday Peak Hour Traffic Volumes . . 10 6 2018 No Build Weekday Evening Peak Hour Traffic Volumes . . 15 7 2018 No-Build Saturday Midday Peak Hour Traffic Volumes . . 15 8 Project Trip Distribution . . 19 9 2018 Build Weekday Evening Peak Hour Traffic Volumes . . 19 10 2018 Build Saturday Midday Peak Hour Traffic Volumes .

. 19 11 Proposed Roadway Improvements – Route 134 Corridor . . 31 12 Proposed Roadway Improvements – Theophilus F. Smith Road . . 31

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc iv Executive Summary Executive Summary Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc. (VHB) has prepared a traffic impact and access study (TIAS) for the proposed Lowe’s Home Improvement Center (the “Project”) to be located along Theophilus F. Smith Road in Dennis, Massachusetts. As designated on the land use vision map for the Town of Dennis, the site is located in an Economic Center. The site currently consists of approximately 15.2 acres of land which currently house the local Dick and Ellie’s Flea Market and the Inflatable Park during the summer season.

The existing uses on site will be eliminated and as such existing traffic associated from the existing uses will be eliminated as part of the project. The proposed project would involve the redevelopment of the site to include an approximately 135,018 sf Lowes Home Improvement Center with 371 parking spaces.

Access to the site would be provided by three driveways on Theophilus F. Smith (TFS) Road. The easternmost driveway will be an unsignalized T-type intersection with TFS Road which will be designated for truck delivery. The middle site driveway will be a T-type intersection with TFS Road and will be limited to right-turn in/right- turn out access. The westernmost driveway will be under traffic signal control and will involve the realignment of Enterprise Road to form the southbound approach to the intersection. By introducing the traffic signal and realigning Enterprise Road to align with the site driveway, we are providing access management along this corridor.

Based on a review of the anticipated trip generation and trip distribution for the proposed project, a study area was established. The study area was established also in part based on a review of the RPP and the RPP Functional Classification of Cape Cod Roadways Map, and through consultations with both the Town of Dennis and Cape Cod Commission. Using this approach, the project study area includes the following 21 intersections:  Theophilus F. Smith Road and Site Driveways (3)  Theophilus F. Smith Road at Duck Pond Road/S. Gages Way  Route 134 and Theophilus F. Smith Road  Route 134 and Market Place/Patriot Square Access Driveway  Theophilus F.

Smith Road and Enterprise Road  Main Street at High Bank Road  Old Bass River Road at Bob Crowell Road  Old Bass River Road at Mayfair Road  Route 134 and Route 6 Interchange (four-intersections)  Route 134 at Airline Road  Route 134 and Bob Crowell Road

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc v Executive Summary  Route 134 and Upper County Road  Route 134 and Main Street (Route 28)  S. Gages Way at Great Western Road  Great Western Road at Depot Street (Harwich)  Depot Street at Depot Road (Harwich) Manual turning movement counts [collecting peak hour data] were conducted at each of the study-area intersections during the weekday evening peak period from 4:00 PM to 6:00 PM and the Saturday midday peak period from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM in August 2012. Concurrent with the TMCs, 24-hour automatic traffic recorder (ATR) counts were conducted at the following three locations:  Route 134 south of Route 6  Theophilus F.

Smith Road east of Route 134  Enterprise Road north of Theophilus F. Smith Road The proposed project is expected to result in a total of 2,104 net new trips (1,052 entering/1,052 exiting) on a typical weekday and 3,912 net new trips (1,956 entering/1,956 exiting) on a typical Saturday. The proposed project is expected to result in a total 215 net new vehicle trips (117 entering/98 exiting) during the weekday evening peak hour and 301 net new vehicle trips (157 entering/144 exiting) during the Saturday midday peak hour.

Capacity analyses were conducted for each of the study area intersections and roadway links under 2013 Existing conditions, 2018 No-Build conditions (without the proposed development), and 2018 Build conditions (with the proposed development). Based on the results of these analyses and the anticipated site- generated traffic, the proponent will implement the following measures as part of the proposed transportation initiatives of the proposed project:  Provide a comprehensive Transportation Demand Management Program (TDM)  Provide monetary contribution in accordance with MPS TR0.4  Implement intersection safety and/or capacity enhancements at: o Theophilus F.

Smith Road and Enterprise Road/Site Driveways o Route 134 and Theophilus F. Smith Road o Route 134 and Market Place/Patriot Square Access Driveway o Route 134 and Route 6 Eastbound Ramps o Route 134 and Route 6 Westbound Ramps o Route 134 and Airline Road o Route 134 and Bob Crowell Road o Route 134 and Main Street (Route 28) o Route 134 at Center Street  Provide Fair Share contribution towards additional improvements in the study area

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc vi Executive Summary Overall, VHB concludes that the implementation of the above-mentioned mitigation measures not only accommodates future site-generated traffic but also improves some existing operational deficiencies in the vicinity of the site.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 1 Introduction Introduction This traffic study documents the findings of the traffic evaluation conducted for the project including an assessment of existing conditions, projection of future traffic volumes without and with the proposed development, analysis of impacts of the proposed development and recommendations for improving existing capacity deficiencies as well as to offset project related traffic impacts.

Project Description The site, which is located on Theophilus F. Smith Road in Dennis, Massachusetts, currently consists of approximately 15.2 of land which currently house the local Dick and Ellie’s Flea Market and the Inflatable Park during the summer season. The proposed project would involve the redevelopment of the site to include an approximately 135,018 sf Lowes Home Improvement Center with 371 parking spaces. The existing uses on site would be eliminated. Access to the proposed site would be provided by three driveways (two unsignalized and one signalized with a realigned Enterprise Road).

Figure 1 shows the Project site in relation to the surrounding area.

Study Methodology This traffic assessment has been conducted in three stages. The first stage involved an assessment of existing traffic conditions within the project area including an inventory of existing roadway geometry; observations of traffic flow, including daily and peak period traffic counts; and a review of vehicular crash data. The second stage of the study established the framework for evaluating the transportation impacts of the proposed project. Specific travel demand forecasts for the project were assessed along with future traffic demands on the study area roadways due to projected background traffic growth and other proposed area development that will occur, independent of the proposed development.

The year 2018, a five-year time horizon, was selected as the design year for analysis for the preparation of this traffic impact and access assessment to satisfy the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs/Executive Office of Transportation [EOEA/EOT] guidelines and CCC DRI requirement.

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\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 2 Introduction The third and final stage involved conducting traffic analyses to identify both existing and projected future roadway capacities and demands. This analysis was used as the basis for determining potential project impacts and potential mitigation measures.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 3 Existing Conditions Existing Conditions Evaluation of the transportation impacts associated with the proposed project requires a thorough understanding of the existing transportation system in the project study area.

Existing transportation conditions in the study area include roadway geometry, traffic controls, daily and peak period traffic flow, and vehicular crash information data. Each of these elements is described in detail below.

Study Area Based on a review of the anticipated trip generation and trip distribution for the proposed project, a study area was established. The study area was established also in part based on a review of the RPP and the RPP Functional Classification of Cape Cod Roadways Map and through consultation with CCC and the Town of Dennis. Using this approach, the project study area will include the following 21 intersections:  Theophilus F. Smith Road and Site Driveways (3)  Theophilus F. Smith Road at Duck Pond Road/S. Gages Way  Route 134 and Theophilus F. Smith Road  Route 134 and Market Place/Patriot Square Access Driveway  Theophilus F.

Smith Road and Enterprise Road  Main Street at High Bank Road  Old Bass River Road at Bob Crowell Road  Old Bass River Road at Mayfair Road  Route 134 and Route 6 Interchange (four-intersections)  Route 134 at Airline Road  Route 134 and Bob Crowell Road  Route 134 and Upper County Road  Route 134 and Main Street (Route 28)  S. Gages Way at Great Western Road  Great Western Road at Depot Street (Harwich)  Depot Street at Depot Road (Harwich) The existing conditions evaluation consisted of an inventory of the traffic control; roadway, driveway, and intersection geometry in the study area; the collection of daily and peak period traffic volumes; and a review of recent vehicular crash history.

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\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 4 Existing Conditions Roadway Geometry The major travel routes and intersections within the study area are described below. Figure 2 shows the observed existing geometry and traffic control at each study-area intersection.  Roadways Route 134 Route 134 within the study area ranges from a two-lane to a four-lane roadway running generally in a north-south direction. Route 134 is under local jurisdiction with the exception of the section of roadway at the Route 6 interchange. The posted speed limit along Route 134 varies between 35 mph and 45 mph.

Land use along Route 134 predominantly consists of commercial uses in the vicinity of the project site, with some residential uses north of the Route 6 interchange.

Theophilus F. Smith Road Theophilus F. Smith Road (TFS Road) within the study area is a two-lane roadway running generally in an east-west direction. TFS Road is under local jurisdiction and provides two travel lanes with variable shoulder widths. The posted speed limit along TFS Road varies between 25 mph and 35 mph within the study area. Land use along TFS Road is a mix of retail, industrial and other commercial uses.  Intersections The following sections describe the study-area intersections in detail. Theophilus F. Smith Road at S. Gages Way/Duck Pond Road  Four-legged unsignalized intersection  Intersection is under all-way STOP control  All approaches provides a single general purpose lane  Southbound leg provides access to the Transfer Station  No sidewalks are provided at the intersection  No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area is primarily commercial and industrial

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 5 Existing Conditions Theophilus F. Smith Road at Enterprise Road  Three-legged unsignalized intersection  Southbound approach provides a general purpose lane and is under STOP control  Eastbound and Westbound approach provide a single general purpose lane  No sidewalks are provided at the intersection  No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area is primarily retail, including Cranberry Square Plaza, Cumberland Farms, and Entertainment Cinemas Route 134 at Theophilus F. Smith Road  Three-legged signalized intersection  Northbound approach provides two general purpose lanes  Southbound approach provides two general purpose lanes and an exclusive left-turn lane  Westbound approach provides exclusive left and right-turn lanes  A two-way left-turn lane is present just south of Theophilus F.

Smith Road  Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Route 134  A crosswalk is provided across Theophilus F. Smith Road  Land use in the area is primarily retail, including two gas stations and the Mid-Cape Home Center Route 134 at Market Place/Patriot Square Access  Four-legged signalized intersection  Northbound and Southbound approaches provide an exclusive left-turn lane and two general purpose lanes  Eastbound and Westbound approaches provide an exclusive left-turn lane, a through lane, and a channelized right-turn lane  Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Route 134  A crosswalk is provided across Route 134 south of Market Place  Land use in the area is primarily retail, including Patriot Square and Market Place shopping centers Main Street/Old Bass River Road at High Bank Road  Four-legged unsignalized intersection  Intersection is under all-way STOP control  All approaches provides a single general purpose lane  Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Old Bass River Road and Main Street  A crosswalk is provided across the westbound approach  Land use in the area is primarily residential

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 6 Existing Conditions Old Bass River Road at Bob Crowell Road  Three-legged unsignalized intersection  Westbound approach is under STOP control  All approaches provides a single general purpose lane  Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Old Bass River Road  A crosswalk is provided across the westbound approach  Land use in the area consists of residential properties, the Johnny Kelley Recreation Area, the former site of the Dennis DPW, and a multi-unit public apartment building Old Bass River Road at Mayfair Road  Three-legged unsignalized intersection  Eastbound approach is under STOP control  All approaches provides a single general purpose lane  Sidewalk is provided along the east side of Old Bass River Road  A crosswalk is provided across the eastbound approach  Land use in the area consists of residential properties, a Masonic Lodge, and a multi- unit public apartment building Route 134 at Route 6 Eastbound Ramps  Full cloverleaf interchange  Route 134 northbound provides two general purpose lanes  Route 134 southbound provides a single lane general purpose lane  Route 6 eastbound off ramp provides an exclusive lane to Route 134 southbound but is under YIELD control  No sidewalks are provided at the intersection  No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area is a mix of commercial and residential Route 134 at Route 6 Westbound Ramps  Full cloverleaf interchange  Route 134 northbound provides a through lane and an exclusive right-turn lane  Route 134 southbound provides a single lane general purpose lane  No sidewalks are provided at the intersection  No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area is primarily residential

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 7 Existing Conditions Route 134 at Bob Crowell Road  Four-legged signalized intersection  Northbound approach provides an exclusive left-turn lane and a general purpose lane  Southbound approach provides an exclusive left-turn lane, a through lane, and a general purpose lane  Eastbound approach provides a general purpose lane and a channelized right-turn lane  Westbound approach provides a single general purpose lane  Sidewalk is provided along the west side of Route 134 north of Bob Crowell Road  No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area includes retail, residential, and the police station Route 134 at Airline Road  Three-legged unsignalized, Y-type intersection  Westbound approach is under STOP control  All approaches provides a single general purpose lane  Sidewalk is provided along the west side of Route 134  No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area consists of residential properties and the Doane Beal & Ames funeral home Route 134 at Upper County Road  Five-legged signalized intersection  Northbound and Southbound approaches provide an exclusive left-turn lane, two general purpose lanes, and a brief channelized right-turn lane  Eastbound approach provides an exclusive left-turn lane and a general purpose lane  Westbound approach provides a general purpose lane and an exclusive right-turn lane  Duck Pond Road is the fifth leg and is one way traveling away from the intersection  Sidewalk is provided along the north side of Upper County Road and the east side of Route 134.

 No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area is primarily residential

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 8 Existing Conditions Route 134 at Main Street (Route 28)  Four-legged signalized intersection  Northbound approach provides a single general purpose lane  Southbound approach provides an exclusive left-turn lane and a general purpose lane  Eastbound and Westbound approaches provide a general purpose lane and an exclusive left-turn lane  Sidewalks and crosswalks are provided on all four approaches to the intersection  Land use in the area includes retail, restaurant, and bank uses S.

Gages Way at Great Western Road  Three-legged unsignalized intersection  Southbound approach is under STOP control  All approaches provides a single general purpose lane  The Cape Cod Rail Trail runs east/west along the north side of Great Western Road  No crosswalks are provided at the immediate intersection, but a crossing of the Cape Cod Rail Trail is provided north of Great Western Road  Land use in the area is primarily commercial/industrial Great Western Road at Depot Street  Two offset, three-legged unsignalized intersections  Northbound and Southbound approaches provide a single lane under STOP control  Eastbound and westbound approaches provide an exclusive left-turn lane and a general purpose lane  No sidewalks are provided at the intersection  No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area is primarily commercial/industrial Depot Street at Depot Road  Three-legged unsignalized, Y-type intersection  Northbound approach is under STOP control  All approaches provides a single general purpose lane  No sidewalks are provided at the intersection  No crosswalks are provided at the intersection  Land use in the area is primarily residential

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 9 Existing Conditions Roadway Jurisdiction Roadways within the Town of Dennis are either under the jurisdiction of the Town of Dennis or MassDOT. Within the project study area, all roadways are under local jurisdiction with the exception of Route 6 and Route 28, and a section of Route 134 at the Route 6 interchange which are under MassDOT jurisdiction. Figure 3 illustrates the roadway jurisdiction designations within the study area.

Traffic Volume Data Manual turning movement counts [collecting peak hour data] were conducted at each of the study-area intersections during the weekday evening peak period from 4:00 PM to 6:00 PM, and the Saturday midday peak period from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM.

It is during these two periods when the combination of site traffic and area background traffic are at their most critical level. These counts were conducted in August 2012, which represents peak summer conditions (except for the intersection of Depot Street at Depot Road, which was counted in September 2012). The weekday evening peak period is consistent with typical peak commuter traffic periods, and coincide with the expected peak periods for traffic entering and exiting the proposed site. The Saturday midday peak period is consistent with the typical peak of shopping/commercial activity and turn-over for summer rental properties.

These periods represent the most critical traffic volume conditions. Based on the TMCs, the weekday evening peak period generally occurred from 4:00 to 5:00 PM and the Saturday midday peak period occurred from 11:00 AM to 12:00 PM. Concurrent with the TMCs, 72-hour automatic traffic recorder (ATR) counts were conducted on Route 134, Theophilus F. Smith Road, and Enterprise Road. A summary of the ATR traffic data is presented in Table 1. All traffic count data is contained in the Appendix.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 10 Existing Conditions Table 1 Peak Season Existing Traffic Volumes Weekday Weekday PM Peak Period Saturday Saturday Midday Peak Period ADT a Volume b K c Dir. Dist d ADT a Volume b K c Dir. Dist d Route 134 Northbound south of Route 6 16,900 1,410 8.3% 100% NB 16,750 1,340 8.0% 100% NB Route 134 Southbound south of Route 6 17,220 1,365 7.9% 100% SB 16,850 1,340 8.0% 100% NB Theophilus F. Smith Road east of Route 134 10,900 900 8.3% 57% WB 10,220 1,090 10.7% 53% WB Enterprise Road north of Theophilus F Smith Rd. 5,260 415 7.9% 53% SB 5,820 530 9.1% 54% SB a daily traffic expressed in vehicles per day.

Based on daily volumes for Thursday August 23, 2012 and Saturday August 25, 2012. Exact peak hours of the ATRs may not coincide with the peak hour of the TMCs.

b peak period volumes expressed in vehicles per hour c percent of daily traffic that occurs during the peak period d directional distribution of peak period traffic Seasonality of Count Data Comparison of traffic count data with historic seasonal data available from the Cape Cod Traffic Counting Report 2012 indicated that August traffic counts represent peak summer season conditions. This report also shows that August counts are approximately 31.6 percent higher than the average annual month conditions and the September counts are approximately 8.7 percent higher than the average annual month conditions and approximately 17.4 percent below peak summer season conditions.

As such, the average conditions capacity analysis contained in the Appendix was conducted using the CCC Seasonal Adjustment Factors, which is 0.76 to adjust August volumes and 0.92 to adjust September volumes to average month conditions. A factor of 1.21 was applied to the September volumes to adjust them to peak summer season conditions. Figures 4 and 5 illustrate the 2013 Existing weekday evening and Saturday midday peak hour traffic volumes, respectively.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 11 Existing Conditions Public Transportation Several transit services are currently provided on Cape Cod. The following information was provided by the Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority (CCRTA). The Proponent is exploring opportunities to bring public transportation to the site, which would be accommodated with a transit stop on site. Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority The Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority (CCRTA) oversees local bus service on Cape Cod. There are six, year-round, fixed-route services provided by CCRTA including The SeaLine, The Villager, and The H2OLine, Flex Route, Bourne Route, and Sandwich Route.

All buses are wheelchair accessible and equipped with bicycle racks. All SeaLine, Villager, and H2OLine routes connect at the Plymouth & Brockton bus terminal in downtown Hyannis.

CCRTA also offers “demand response service” through three separate lines; (1) ADA Paratransit Service is a door-to-door, shared-ride service for those eligible individuals who are unable to use the CCRTA fixed route services. It is a comparable service to the fixed route service schedule in that it operates during the same hours and travels within the ¾ of a mile of the fixed route service areas; (2) DART Service (Dial-a-Ride Transportation) is a daily general public service that is a door-to-door, ride by appointment, transportation service. This service is available to all Cape Cod residents for any purpose; and (3) Boston Hospital Transportation is a service that runs four days a week, by reservation, transportation service to 15 Boston area hospitals.

The BHT has bus stops in Wellfleet, Eastham, Orleans, Harwich, the Barnstable Commuter Lot, and the Sagamore Commuter Lot.

While six fixed-route services are provided by the CCRTA, only one of these fixed routes serves the Town of Dennis, which is the H2OLine. The H2OLine travels from the Hyannis Transportation Center to Stop & Shop in Orleans. One of the stops on this route is at Patriot Square, which is adjacent to the proposed Lowe’s site. As part of the proposed project, the Proponent will work with the CCRTA to provide transit service to the site through a stop on the H2OLine.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 12 Existing Conditions Vehicular Crash History To identify potential vehicle crash trends in the study area, reported vehicular crash data for the study-area intersections and roadway links was obtained from MassDOT for the years 2008 through 2010, the most recent three-year history available.

A summary of the MassDOT vehicle crash history and crash rates is presented in Table 2. This data is contained in the Appendix. The 2010 MassDOT average crash rates for signalized and unsignalized intersections for District 5 [the MassDOT district designation for Dennis] are 0.77 and 0.60, respectively. As shown in Table 2, eight intersections within the study area have a crash rate higher than the MassDOT District 5 average rate. Ten intersections in total have experienced three or more crashes per year over the past three years:  Route 134 at Theophilus F. Smith Road  Route 134 at Market Place/Patriot Square  Route 134 at Route 6 Eastbound Ramps  Route 134 at Route 6 Westbound Ramps  Route 134 at Bob Crowell Road  Route 134 at Airline Road  Theophilus F.

Smith Road at Enterprise Road/Cumberland Farms/Cranberry Sq.  Route 134 at Upper County Road  Route 134 at Main Street (Route 28)  Route 134 at Center Street In accordance with RPP MPS TR1.3 for locations experiencing three or more crashes per year, “The applicant shall be required to implement the needed safety improvements as determined by the Commission…” Discussion of proposed improvements is provided in Chapter 5, Mitigation.

In addition to the standard intersection crash analysis, the CCC requested that a collision diagram be prepared for the weave section on Route 134 southbound between the Route 6 eastbound off ramp and the Patriot Square Driveway. The Town of Dennis Police Department assisted VHB by compiling vehicle crash data for this section of roadway from 2009 to March 2013. Based on this data, only four crashes were reported on this roadway segment, which is less than one crash per year. It should also be noted that only one of these crashes is potentially attributable to weaving maneuvers from the Route 6 eastbound off ramp to Patriot Square.

The collision diagram and the crash reports provided by the Town of Dennis are provided in the Appendix.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 13 Existing Conditions Table 2 Vehicular Crash Data (2008 - 2010) Route 134 at Theophilis Smith Road Route 134 at Patriot Square/ Market Place Route 134 at Route 6 EB Ramps Route 134 at Route 6 WB Ramps Route 134 at Route 6 Interchange (not located) Route 134 at Bob Crowell Road/ Hemlock Lane Route 134 at Airline Road Theophilus F. Smith Road at Enterprise Road/ Cumberland Farms/ Condo Driveway Theophilus F. Smith Road at Gages Way Old Bass River Road at Mayfair Road Old Bass River Road at Bob Crowell Road Great Western Road at Depot Street (East) Great Western Road at Depot Street (West) Great Western Road at Gages Way Route 134 at Upper County Road/ Duck Pond Road Main Street at Highbank Road/ Upper County Road Route 134 at Main Street/ Swan River Road Depot Street at Depot Road Signalized? Yes Yes No No -- Yes No No No No No No No No Yes No Yes No MassDOT Average Crash Rate 0.77 0.77 0.60 0.60 -- 0.77 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.77 0.60 0.77 0.60 Calculated Crash Rate 0.47 0.96 0.39 0.35 -- 1.27 0.69 1.68 0.13 0.52 0.39 0.35 0.12 0.40 0.98 0.46 0.84 0.41 Exceeds Average? No Yes No No -- Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes No Yes No Year 2008 2 13 4 2 12 6 5 17 0 2 1 1 0 0 11 6 6 1 2009 9 12 5 3 21 9 1 2 1 2 3 2 1 2 10 1 9 0 2010 4 14 6 6 15 11 7 6 0 2 1 2 1 3 12 1 4 1 Total 15 39 15 11 48 26 13 25 1 6 5 5 2 5 33 8 19 2 Average 5.00 13.00 5.00 3.67 16.00 8.67 4.33 8.33 0.33 2.00 1.67 1.67 0.67 1.67 11.00 2.67 6.33 0.67 Collision Type Angle 3 8 2 0 1 2 9 13 0 3 3 2 0 4 8 5 7 0 Head-on 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Rear-end 9 22 13 9 34 18 3 8 1 2 1 2 1 1 19 2 8 0 Rear-to-rear 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sideswipe, opposite direction 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 Sideswipe, same direction 1 3 0 0 6 2 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 0 1 1 Single-vehicle crash 1 3 0 1 6 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 3 0 3 1 Unknown 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Not reported 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total 15 39 15 11 48 26 13 25 1 6 5 5 2 5 33 8 19 2 Crash Severity Fatal injury 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non-fatal injury 2 9 0 6 6 1 1 4 1 1 2 0 0 2 9 1 6 0 Property damage only (none injured) 12 29 15 5 41 25 12 20 0 5 3 5 2 3 24 7 13 2 Unknown 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Not reported 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total 15 39 15 11 48 26 13 25 1 6 5 5 2 5 33 8 19 2 Time of day Weekday, 7:00 AM - 9:00 AM 1 5 2 0 6 3 1 3 0 0 3 1 0 1 4 1 1 0 Weekday, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM 1 8 4 7 7 3 2 3 0 1 0 0 0 1 4 1 4 0 Saturday, 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM 0 4 1 2 4 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 Weekday, other time 9 15 2 1 23 13 6 13 1 5 1 3 2 2 20 3 8 1 Weekend, other time 4 7 6 1 8 6 3 5 0 0 1 1 0 0 5 3 4 1 Total 15 39 15 11 48 26 13 25 1 6 5 5 2 5 33 8 19 2 Pavement Conditions Dry 12 33 13 9 40 15 9 18 1 3 4 4 2 5 25 7 16 2 Wet 2 6 2 1 6 10 4 7 0 3 1 1 0 0 6 1 2 0 Snow 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 Sand, mud, dirt, oil, gravel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Not reported 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total 15 39 15 11 48 26 13 25 1 6 5 5 2 5 33 8 19 2 Non Motorist (Bike, Pedestrian) 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 6 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 Source: MassDOT vehicle crash data.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 14 Existing Conditions Table 2 Vehicular Crash Data (2008 - 2010) continued Theophilus F. Smith Road Route 134 S. Gages Way Great Western Road Depot Street Bob Crowell Road Old Bass River Road Route 134 at Route 134 to Site Drive W Site Drive W to Site Drive E Site Drive E to Truck Site Drive Truck Site Drive to S. Gages Way Theophilus F. Smith Road to Upper County Road Upper County Road to Route 28 Theophilus F. Smith Road to Patriot Square Access Road Patriot Square Access Road to Route 6 EB Ramps Route 6 EB Ramps to Route 6 WB Ramps Route 6 WB Ramps to Bob Crowell Road Bob Crowell Road to Airline Road Theophilus F.

Smith Road to Great Western Road S. Gages Way to Depot Street Great Western Road to Depot Road Route 134 to Old Bass River Road Bob Crowell Road to Mayfair Road Center Street Year 2008 1 0 1 0 6 13 4 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 0 2 6 2009 0 0 0 0 4 8 3 0 0 4 2 0 3 3 0 0 5 2010 0 0 0 3 5 15 8 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 4 Total 1 0 1 3 15 36 15 0 0 4 8 0 6 4 1 2 15 Average 0.33 0 0.33 1 5 12 5 0 0 1.33 2.67 0 2 1.33 0.33 0.67 5 Collision Type Angle 1 0 0 1 6 8 8 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 5 Head-on 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Rear-end 0 0 0 5 5 12 4 0 0 3 6 0 4 0 0 1 5 Rear-to-rear 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sideswipe, opposite direction 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 Sideswipe, same direction 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 Single-vehicle crash 0 0 0 1 3 12 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 3 Unknown 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 Not Reported 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total 1 0 1 3 15 36 15 0 0 4 8 0 6 4 1 2 15 Severity Fatality injury 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non-fatal injury 0 0 0 1 2 0 3 0 0 1 3 0 1 1 0 2 4 Property-damage only (none injured) 1 0 0 1 11 26 10 0 0 3 5 0 5 3 1 0 11 Unknown 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Not Reported 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total 1 0 1 3 15 36 15 0 0 4 8 0 6 4 1 2 15 Time of day Weekday, 7:00 AM - 9:00 AM 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 Weekday, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM 0 0 0 0 3 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 Saturday, 11:00 AM - 2:00 PM 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 Weekday, other time 1 0 0 2 10 18 8 0 0 3 5 0 2 3 0 0 5 Weekend, other time 0 0 1 0 2 10 3 0 0 0 2 0 2 1 0 1 5 Total 1 0 1 3 15 36 15 0 0 4 8 0 6 4 1 2 15 Pavement Conditions Dry 1 0 1 2 11 23 13 0 4 6 0 5 2 1 0 11 Wet 0 0 0 1 4 3 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 2 Snow 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 Sand, mud, dirt, oil, gravel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Not Reported 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 Total 1 0 1 3 15 36 15 0 0 4 8 0 6 4 1 2 15 Non Motorist (Bike, Pedestrian) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Source: MassDOT vehicle crash data

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 15 Existing Conditions As shown in the second page of Table 2, which focuses on the crash history of the study area roadway links, there are three links that experienced over three crashes per year over their entire length during the most recent three years. Route 134 between Patriot Square and TFS Road experienced a total of 15 crashes from 2008 to 2010. Of these 15 crashes, the majority of them were spread out over the length of this link, with the exception of a group of 8 crashes that were reported at the access points for the Gulf Station and Cumberland Farms.

It should be noted that as part of the Cumberland Farms redevelopment project, improvements are being proposed to the site access on Route 134. The two existing wide curb cuts will be consolidated to one driveway and left turns will be prohibited from the site onto Route 134. These access improvements will improve safety in this area.

Route 134 between TFS Road and Upper County Road experienced a total of 15 crashes over the three year review period. Review of the geolocation of these crashes based on the MassDOT crash records showed that there is no concentration of crashes at any single point on this roadway link that experiences more than three crashes per year. Route 134 between Upper County Road and Route 28 experienced a total of 36 crashes over the three year review period. Review of the geolocation of these crashes based on the MassDOT crash records showed that 15 of the crashes occurred at the intersection of Rotue 134 and Center Street.

The remaining crashes were spread across the roadway link in low concentrations. Based on the crash frequency, VHB provided a detailed summary of the crashes at the intersection of Route 134 at Center Street in the second page of Table 2. The crash summary for this intersection shows that 10 of the 15 crashes were angle and rear end crashes, suggesting that vehicles are attempting to accept short gaps in mainline traffic when turning from the side street. Given that both of the minor street approaches to this intersection are skewed, sight distance can be compromised. Measures recommended to improve this condition are summarized in Chapter 5, Mitigation.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 16 Future Conditions Future Conditions Traffic volumes in the study area were projected to the year 2018, reflecting a typical five-year traffic-planning horizon. Independent of the project, volumes on the roadway network under year 2018 No Build conditions were assumed to include existing traffic and new traffic resulting from background traffic. Anticipated site- generated traffic volumes were added to the year 2018 No Build traffic volumes to reflect the year 2018 Build conditions in the study area. Background Traffic Growth Traffic growth on area roadways is a function of the expected land development, economic activity, and changes in demographics.

A frequently used procedure is to estimate an annual percentage increase and apply that increase to study-area traffic volumes. An alternative procedure is to identify estimated traffic generated by specific planned major developments that would be expected to affect the project study area roadways. For the purpose of this assessment, both methods were utilized.

 Historic Traffic Growth VHB conducted research to determine the historic growth rate for traffic in this area as well as other planned developments that may affect traffic within the study area for the proposed project. Based on information contained in the Cape Cod 2012 Traffic Counting Report, traffic has decreased at a rate of -0.74 percent per year Cape- wide over the last ten years (2002 – 2012). As described in this report, the Town of Dennis is considered to be part of the Mid Cape region, in which traffic decreased at a rate of -1.06 percent per year between 2002 and 2012. To provide a conservative analysis, and based on discussions with the CCC Transportation Staff, a background growth rate of 0.5 percent per year was applied.

The historic growth data provided in the Cape Cod 2012 Traffic Counting Report is contained in the Appendix. 3

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 17 Future Conditions  Site-Specific Growth In addition to the historic traffic growth, VHB contacted representatives of the CCC and the Town of Dennis to identify any other development projects planned within the vicinity of the site. Based on these discussions, there is currently one development project proposed in this area that would affect traffic volumes in the vicinity of the site. Just to the west of the proposed project, Cumberland Farms is planning to reconfigure their existing gas station/retail site. The project involves the demolition of the existing gas pumps and retail space and the construction of a new 4,221 sf Cumberland Farms convenience store, eight gas pumps, 2,001 sf of retail space, and a 2,970 sf drive-thru bank.

Traffic volumes associated with the proposed redevelopment were taken from the October 2012 Traffic Impact Study prepared for the project by McMahon Associates. This project is currently under construction. As noted previously, the existing seasonal uses on the site (Dick & Ellie’s Flea Market and The Inflatable Park) will be eliminated as part of the proposed redevelopment. As is discussed in detail the Trip Generation section of this chapter, trip generation credit will be taken for a portion of the traffic generated by the existing uses since traffic associated with these uses will be eliminated from this area.

However, to provide a conservative assessment of traffic in the vicinity of the site, the remainder of the peak season traffic generated by the existing uses will not be removed from the roadway system.

 No-Build Traffic Volumes The 2018 No Build traffic volumes were developed by applying the 0.5 percent per year growth rate to the existing conditions volumes and adding the project traffic associated with the proposed Cumberland Farms redevelopment project. Figures 6 and 7 display the resulting 2018 No Build peak hour traffic volumes. Future Roadway Conditions Another factor affecting background traffic conditions is the implementation of roadway improvements within the study area. Three roadway improvement projects have been identified by the Town of Dennis and MassDOT. The following text was obtained from the MassDOT Project Information website and provides a summary of project details and anticipated schedule:  RECONSTRUCTION ON ROUTE 134 FROM ROUTE 28 TO UPPER COUNTY ROAD Work on this project includes milling, resurfacing and full depth roadway reconstruction of Route 134 from Route 28 to Upper County Road.

The proposed

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 18 Future Conditions cross section will provide two 11-foot travel lanes and two 5-foot shoulders/bike lanes, and a 5 foot ADA/AAB compliant walk on the east side of Route 134. Additional proposed work includes traffic signal upgrades at the Upper County Road intersection, pedestrian accommodations, drainage improvements, guard rail upgrades, pavement markings and signage installation. Construction began following the summer of 2012.

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 19 Future Conditions  BRIDGE REPLACEMENTS - UPPER COUNTY ROAD & ROUTE 28 OVER SWAN POND RIVER The bridge carrying Upper County Road over the Swan Pond River is to be replaced with a three-span continuous superstructure.

The existing Main Street Bridge over Swan Pond River is to be replaced with a three-span continuous superstructure system. The curb-to-curb width of the bridge shall be 40 feet, with a 6 foot sidewalk on both sides. During construction, traffic will be shifted to a temporary bridge that will be built to the south of the existing bridge. Construction began following the summer of 2012.

 DENNIS/YARMOUTH - CAPE COD RAIL TRAIL EXTENSION FROM ROUTE 134 TO STATION AVENUE Work on this project consists of the construction of a 5.2 mile multi-user path. The path is an extension of the Cape Cod Rail Trail. The proposed path begins east of Route 134 in Dennis and extends to the Yarmouth/Barnstable Town Line. Construction is expected to begin in the winter of 2013/2014. No other roadway improvement projects were identified within the vicinity of the Project site other than routine maintenance. Trip Generation The proposed redevelopment would involve the construction of an approximately 135,018 sf Lowes Home Improvement Center with 371 parking spaces.

For trip generation purposes, additional outdoor sales and storage area were added to the building area to provide a conservative assessment. The total square footage (135,018 sf) is comprised of 127,683 sf of building area and garden center, 3,420 sf of outdoor sales area, and 3,915 sf of outdoor storage on the back of the building. To estimate the site-generated traffic, the Institute of Transportation Engineers’ (ITE) publication Trip Generation, 9th Edition was utilized. For the purposes of this evaluation, trip generation estimates were conducted using standard ITE data for Land Use Code (LUC) 862 (Home Improvement Superstore).

Table 3 summarizes the estimated vehicle trips for the future retail use of the property. Under existing conditions, the site is occupied during the summer and shoulder months by Dick & Ellie’s Flea Market and the Inflatable Park. With the proposed project in place, both uses will be removed from the site and therefore the traffic from these uses will be eliminated. For the purpose of this analysis, an annualized credit for the elimination of the existing uses is allowed under the RPP MPS TRO.2 at the discretion of the Commission. Based on detailed discussion with CCC staff prior to preparation of this document, the traffic credit was calculated on an annual basis since the existing uses are seasonal.

This approach to adjusting the existing volumes was suggested to VHB by Commission staff at a meeting and included the following:

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 20 Future Conditions  Adjust existing driveway counts from August to an average condition for the months the businesses are open. Use an average of the CCC Seasonal Adjustment Factors for the months of May, June, July, August, September, and October.  Annualize the existing site traffic by dividing the number of operating days (101) by 365, which yields a factor of 0.277 to assess an annual average condition.  Estimate weekday daily and Saturday daily traffic volumes based on K-factors available for comparable retail and recreational uses available in ITE Trip Generation, 9th Edition.

To provide a conservative assessment, the highest K- factors available for the comparable land uses were utilized. It should also be noted that according to Technical Bulletin 96-003, “…a 25% reduction of peak hour trip generation is allowed for the purposes of analyzing peak hour impacts.” As such, the trip generation projections summarized in Table 3 assume the full 25 percent credit.

The trip generation calculations, prepared in accordance with ITE guidelines and Technical Bulletin 96-003, are summarized in Table 3. The detailed Trip Generation calculations are provided in the Appendix. Table 3 Proposed Project Trip Generation Breakdown Time Period Direction Gross Total Trip Generation a Existing Trip Generation b 5% Credit for Interconnection c 25% Trip Reduction d Net Total Trips Pass-By Trips e Net New Trips Weekday Daily Enter 2,075 -108 -98 -467 1,402 350 1,052 Exit 2,075 -108 -98 -467 1,402 350 1,052 Total 4,150 -216 -196 -934 2,804 700 2,104 Weekday Morning Enter 180 0 -9 -43 128 31 97 Peak Hour Exit 167 0 -8 -40 119 31 88 Total 347 0 -17 -83 247 62 185 Weekday Evening Enter 223 -8 -11 -51 153 36 117 Peak Hour Exit 205 -18 -9 -44 134 36 98 Total 428 -26 -20 -95 287 72 215 Saturday Daily Enter 3,829 -168 -183 -870 2,608 652 1,956 Exit 3,829 -168 -183 -870 2,608 652 1,956 Total 7,658 -336 -366 -1,740 5,216 1,304 3,912 Saturday Midday Enter 311 -20 -15 -69 207 50 157 Peak Hour Exit 298 -25 -14 -65 194 50 144 Total 609 -45 -29 -134 401 100 301 a Trip Generation estimate based on ITE LUC 862 (Home Improvement Superstore) for 135,018 SF store using Peak Hour of Generator b Based on traffic counts conducted at the existing site driveway in August 2012, adjusted according to CCC recommended methodology c Project will allow an interconnection to the adjacent Cranberry Square site d In accordance with RPP Goal TR2 and Technical Bulletin 96-003 e Pass-by Traffic assumed to be 25% per state and CCC guidelines

\\vhb\proj\Wat-LD\11822.00\reports\May 2013 TIAS\TIAS_May-06-2013-Final.doc 21 Future Conditions Consistent with EOEEA and CCC guidelines, a pass-by rate of 25 percent was utilized to determine the amount of “new” traffic that will be generated by the Project. As shown in Table 3, the proposed project is expected to result in a total of 2,104 net new trips (1,052 entering/1,052 exiting) on a typical weekday and 3,912 net new trips (1,956 entering/1,956 exiting) on a typical Saturday. The proposed project is expected to result in a total 215 net new vehicle trips (117 entering/98 exiting) during the weekday evening peak hour and 301 net new vehicle trips (157 entering/144 exiting) during the Saturday midday peak hour.

Trip Distribution and Assignment The directional distribution of traffic approaching and departing the Project is a function of several variables: population densities, shopping opportunities, competing uses, existing travel patterns, and the efficiency of the roadways leading to the site. The trip distribution for the Project was developed based on a population-based gravity model utilizing the 2010 U.S. Census data for all Cape communities. Based on the distribution of population within the projected market trade area, arrival and departure patterns for project-related traffic were estimated and adjusted, if appropriate, based on known local factors such as locations of competing opportunities and efficiency of local roadways.

The assignment of site- generated traffic to specific travel routes was based on observed traffic flow conditions on available routes, and the assumption that most motorists will seek the fastest and most direct routes to and from the Site. The traffic distribution proposed has been reviewed in detail with CCC staff prior to this filing as requested by the Town of Dennis. Refer to the Appendix for the trip distribution calculations as well as a map illustrating the distribution of the peak hour project trips. The anticipated trip distribution is summarized in Table 4 and illustrated in Figure 8.

Table 4 Proposed Project Trip Distribution Direction (To/From) Travel Route Percent Assigned to Route North Route 134 52% South Route 134 28% East S. Gages Way 20% Total All Routes 100% The projected site-generated traffic volume, summarized in Table 3, was distributed on the study area roadways using the trip distribution shown in Table 4 and added to the 2018 No Build peak hour traffic volumes to develop the 2018 Build peak hour traffic volumes. These 2018 Build traffic volumes are shown in Figures 9 and 10.

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