RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County

 
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
COMMUNITY
               CONVERSATIONS

         RACE
         EQUITY &
         INCLUSION
         In Racine County

2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
LEARNING BY LISTENING TO OTHERS
    T    he report you hold in your hands is the result
         of two years of listening to our community,
    providing details regarding what we heard and what
                                                              bear this out, but this is how black and Hispanic
                                                              residents feel about their place in our community.
                                                                We chose to devote two years to the topic of race,
    we plan to do to address the challenges identified        equity, and inclusion because it is imperative to
    by Racine County residents.                                  our work as a community impact organization
      In 2016, United Way chose to focus                               that we have a deep and thorough
    its Community Conversations on                                        understanding of the issues and
    race, equity, and inclusion in Racine                                   challenges we face as a community.
    County. This was part of a larger                                          These inequities ultimately
    effort by United Way Worldwide                                            carry a cost and hold us back as
    to help communities engage in                                             a community. We cannot create
    productive conversations around                                          long-term systemic change without
    challenging issues like race in the                                      considering racial inequity and its
    wake of violent incidents around                                        impact on the health, education, and
    the country.                                                         financial stability of residents of color
      These kitchen table-style                                       and our community as a whole.
    discussions—based on a model developed                     Once again, we hope you find this year’s report
    by the Harwood Institute—are designed to provide          informative and enlightening. While some of
    a safe environment to share and collect feedback          what you read might challenge your assumptions
    from community members of various ages,                   about our community, we hope it is eye-opening.
    backgrounds, ethnicities, and experiences. United         And in order to move forward, we invite you to
    Way of Racine County began holding Community              stay engaged with us as we work to provide
    Conversations in 2013 as a way to authentically           opportunities to create a better community for
    engage our community.                                     everyone.
      We know that conversations about race can be              By understanding the aspirations and challenges
    difficult for a community to have. However, they’re       identified by participants regarding race, equity, and
    vitally important if we’re to move forward together.      inclusion, we can develop long-lasting solutions
    That’s why we decided to continue our Community           with community partners. Together, we can create
    Conversations on race, equity, and inclusion for a        positive change in our community. Together, we will
    second year in a row.                                     build an educated workforce in Racine County.
      Here’s why we believe that was necessary:
    What the data clearly demonstrates—and what               Rodney Prunty
    we have heard during the course of both rounds            President & Chief Professional Officer
    of Community Conversations—is that more often
    than not, blacks and Hispanics in our community
    experience some of our biggest economic and
    social challenges. Not only do the statistics

                          “Since 2013, (United Way of Racine County) has been engaging in community conversations.
                          They’ve talked to hundreds of people in their community year round about the things that
                          mattered most to those people. In 2016, they focused on racism and policing at a time when our
                          communities across the U.S. needed that conversation. People wanted those conversations.
                          Police wanted the conversations. Citizens wanted the conversations. White people wanted the
                          conversations. Black people wanted the conversations. They needed a place and an organization
                          they could trust to bring them together.”
                          BRIAN GALLAGHER ­— President and CEO, United Way Worldwide
2                                                                                      2018 Community Conversations Report
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
OUR COMMUNITY AT A GLANCE
O    ver the past 40 years, Racine                                                       Population by Race

     County has undergone
significant change. The county’s
largest community, the city of
Racine, has seen its population         Racine County                                      80.1%                                                     11.0%      8.9%

decrease while neighboring villages
like Mount Pleasant and Caledonia
have evolved from rural into now                        0%       10%      20%    30%        40%           50%           60%      70%           80%       90%         100%

largely suburban communities.                                                               White     Black   Other

   While the population of Racine
County has decreased slightly since                                                     Population by Race

the 2010 census to an estimated
194,873, the city’s population has
continued to drop from a high of        City of Racine                             63.7%                                               22.2%                 14.1%
more than 94,000 in 1970 to an
estimated 77,931 today, according
to U.S. Census Bureau data.
   During this same time period,                        0%        10%     20%     30%        40%          50%           60%      70%           80%      90%          100%

                                                                                           White      Black     Other
the city of Racine has become
one of the state’s most diverse
                                                                                    Population by Ethnicity
communities. In 1970, the city’s
population was almost 90 percent
white.
   According to most recent             Racine County         12.5%                                              87.5%
estimates, 23 percent of the city’s
residents are Hispanic/Latino and
22 percent are black. Racine has a
                                                         0%       10%      20%    30%        40%          50%           60%      70%           80%      90%          100%
history of being more diverse than                                               Hispanic or Latino     Non-Hispanic or Latino
the rest of Wisconsin and the nation
as a whole. It’s also struggled with                                                Population by Ethnicity
segregation and the ensuing issues
this causes.
   However, despite its diversity,
people of color in both the city        City of Racine            22.7%                                                 77.3%

and the county continue to lag
behind their white counterparts
according to all available measures.                    0%        10%     20%     30%        40%          50%           60%      70%           80%      90%          100%

While this report focuses on                                                     Hispanic or Latino     Non-Hispanic or Latino

specific disparities like health
                                       Source: American Community Survey 5-year estimates, 2012-16
outcomes, suspension rates, and
unemployment, people of color also     many dedicated community                                          to lessen the community’s
lag behind their white counterparts    partners—city government,                                         enthusiasm, but to serve as
in areas such as educational           county government, the Racine                                     a flashlight to help illuminate
attainment and homeownership.          Unified School District, and the                                  some of the obstacles that
   Though these obstacles have         business community—change                                         continue to hold us back, so
held Racine back for some time,        is on the horizon.                                                that we can work together to
through the collaboration of             This report is not meant                                        overcome them.
2018 Community Conversations Report                                                                                                                                         3
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
WHY DISPARITIES MATTER
 W     hether we realize it or not, there is a high
       cost to ignoring racial and ethnic disparities
 that persist throughout our society. Countless
                                                              While the nation continues to become
                                                            increasingly diverse, efforts to address the
                                                            persistent racial and ethnic disparities have
 studies over the past decade have pointed to the           faltered, and economists have argued that this
 challenges faced by black and Hispanic residents,          can stifle growth and competitiveness and that
 both nationally and here in Wisconsin.                     racial inequities threaten economic growth and
   In fact, when it comes to racial equity, Wisconsin       prosperity as people of color become the majority.
 ranks very low. The picture here in Racine County            By 2050, more than half of U.S. workers and
 is not much different. The disparities that                consumers will be people of color. As America
 have created our current situation didn’t occur            confronts human capital constraints on our
 overnight. They developed over decades.                    workforce, we must look to the potential of all and
   From healthcare, to education, to employment,            take deliberate, realistic, and proven measures to
 the racial divide is massive, as the data clearly          enable the full participation of all.*
 demonstrates. In the following pages, you’ll get
 just a glimpse of what is happening here in Racine         *Source: The Business Case for Racial Equity: A Strategy for
 County and the city of Racine.                             Growth (W.K. Kellogg Foundation)

               RACE                                    EQUITY                                      INCLUSION
A socially constructed system          “The state, quality or ideal of                The action or state of including
of categorizing humans largely         being just, impartial and fair.” The           or of being included within a
based on observable physical           concept of equity is synonymous                group or structure. More than
features (phenotypes), such            with fairness and justice. It is               simply diversity and numerical
as skin color, and on ancestry.        helpful to think of equity as not              representation, inclusion involves
There is no scientific basis for, or   simply a desired state of affairs              authentic and empowered
discernible distinction between,       or a lofty value. To be achieved               participation and a true sense of
racial categories. The ideology        and sustained, equity needs to                 belonging.*
of race has become embedded            be thought of as a structural and
in our identities, institutions and    systemic concept.*
culture and is used as a basis for
discrimination and domination.*        *Source: Race Equity and Inclusion Action Guide (The Annie E. Casey Foundation)

4                                                                                      2018 Community Conversations Report
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
DISPARITIES IN HEALTH

14.5%
  Black infants in Racine County are
  two times more likely to be a low
  birth weight than white babies.
                                                              Birth weight is the weight of the newborn measured
                                                              immediately after birth. A birth weight of less than 5.5 lbs,
                                                              or 2500 grams, is considered a low birth weight. Compared
                                                              to infants of normal weight, low birth weight infants may
                                                              be more at risk for many health problems.
                                                              Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  Source: Wisconsin Department of Health
  Services, Office of Health Informatics

                                       In 2016, 1 out of 7 infants in Racine County born to
                                       black mothers were born underweight.

                      Healthy People 2020 defines a              to health based on their racial
                      health disparity as “a particular          or ethnic group; religion;
                      type of health difference                  socioeconomic status; gender;
                      that is closely linked with                age; mental health; cognitive,
                      social, economic, and/or                   sensory, or physical disability;
                      environmental disadvantage.”               sexual orientation or gender
                      Health disparities adversely               identity; geographic location;
                      affect groups of people                    or other characteristics
                      who have systematically                    historically linked to
                      experienced greater obstacles              discrimination or exclusion.
                             Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Office of
                             Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

           “
                         Acknowledge that saying you are ‘color blind’
                         disregards the history and culture of others.
                                                      Community Conversation Participant

2018 Community Conversations Report                                                                                           5
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
DISPARITIES IN EDUCATION

                                                          25%
Black students are suspended at higher
rates than their Hispanic or white
classmates; 25 percent of black Racine
Unified students were suspended during
the 2015-16 school year, more than
twice the average (12.1 percent) of all
student suspensions combined.
                                                           Suspension rate for black
Source: WISE DASH, Wisconsin DPI, SDPR
                                                           Racine Unified students.

                         1 out of 4 black Racine Unified students were
                         suspended during the 2015-16 school year.

Racine Unified using Circles of Support to address inequity
   Circles of Support is an assets-              develop positive and supportive
based and flexible approach                      peer relationships.
to addressing racial and other                     The circles support social-
disparities that draws out and                   emotional development through
builds on the strengths and                      reflective practices and collective
aspirations of African-American                  problem solving and promote
and other students of color, and                 intellectual curiosity and growth.
builds on their existing supportive                Facilitators provide informal
relationships.                                   coaching and support to the
   Students meet with a facilitator              participants’ classroom teachers,
once a week. The meetings create a               empowering students to connect
nurturing place for mutual support,              what they learned in the circle to
and students are able to participate             what happens in the classroom, and
in ways that affirm their everyday               helping teachers understand how to

“
lives and identities. Participants               support their students’ growth.

            Just because we’re a different race doesn’t
            mean we’re not as smart as you.
                               Community Conversation Participant
6                                                                                      2018 Community Conversations Report
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
DISPARITIES IN FINANCIAL STABILITY

                                        18%
                                        Black unemployment rate
                                        in the city of Racine.
                                      Source: American Community Survey
                                      5-year estimates, 2012-16
                                                                                        The unemployment rate is
                                                                                        negatively correlated with
                                                                                        educational attainment: The more
                                                                                        educated the workforce, the lower
                                                                                        the unemployment rate.
                                                                                        Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

                                              20

                                              15

                                              10                                                        18%

                                                                                  12%
                                               5             9%

                                               0
                                                      White/Caucasian        Hispanic/Latino   Black/African-American

                                                      Racine County unemployment rates vary only slightly from
                                                      the city’s: black, 17%; Hispanic/Latino, 10%; white, 6%.

                                           In 2016, the median black                    median white household
                                         worker earned 75 percent of                    earned in a year; and the value
                                         what the median white worker                   of net worth for the median
                                         earned in an hour; the median                  black family was just 10
                                         black household earned 61                      percent of the value for the
                                         percent of the income the                      median white family.
                                         Source: Economic Policy Institute

                                “
                                                 There’s a long history of discrimination
                                                 that has kept us separated, both regionally
                                                 and economically.
                                                                   Community Conversation Participant
2018 Community Conversations Report                                                                                                 7
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
WHO DID WE HEAR FROM?
2017-18 COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS
Between October 2017 and May 2018, United                            1%
Way of Racine County held 16 conversations
                                                                    no answer

with 159 participants representing the          men
following community groups:                                                              women

n John XXIII Education Center
n African American Roundtable
n Wisconsin Women’s Business Initiative Corp.
n United Way of Racine County Board
                                                      51%
                                                      women
                                                                     48% men
n 16th Street C.O.P. House
n Dr. John Bryant Community Center (Youth)
n Dr. John Bryant Community Center (Adults)
n Racine Family YMCA: Focus on Fathers
n Gateway Technical College
n Greening Greater Racine
n University of Wisconsin-Parkside
n Racine Interfaith Coalition
n Racine Vocational Ministry
n J.I. Case High School
n Transitional Living Center Burlington
n Veterans Outreach of Wisconsin

8                                                             2018 Community Conversations Report
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
PARTICIPATION
BY AGE                                31%         Baby Boomer (1946 - 1964)

                                      9%          Silent Generation (1925 - 1945)

                                      21%         Generation X (1965 - 1980)

                                      31%         Millennial (1981 - 1996)

                                      6%
                                                  Generation Z (1997 and after)

                                      2%
                                                  No Answer

PARTICIPATION                         39%        White/Caucasian
BY RACE/ETHNICITY                     35%        Black/African American

                                      15%        Hispanic/Latino

                                      1%         American Indian/Native Alaskan

                                      2%         Asian

                                      6%         Other
                                      1%
                                                 No Answer

PARTICIPATION
BY RESIDENCY                                69%      City of Racine

                                            24%      Racine County

                                            6%       Other

                                            1%       No Answer

2018 Community Conversations Report                                                 9
RACE EQUITY & INCLUSION - COMMUNITY CONVERSATIONS - 2018 REPORT TO THE COMMUNITY - In Racine County
WHAT DID WE HEAR?
               n Understanding racism and the effects of stereotyping
               n Addressing systemic inequities

CHALLENGES     n Lack of resources to create positive change within
               neighborhoods and communities of people of color
               n Racially segregated neighborhoods*

               n A business community that reflects the demographics of its
               community members

ASPIRATIONS    n Understanding and acceptance of racial differences*
               n An equitable, inclusive, and safe community
               n Diverse leadership throughout all sectors in Racine County

               n Provide opportunities to educate the community about the history of race
               and its implications in today’s society
               n Commitment to taking personal action by engaging in work within our

SOLUTIONS      own spheres of influence to address personal biases
               n Encourage community leaders to take action to address the challenges
               around racial inequities
               n A community-wide event to learn about and celebrate cultural differences*

              * Identified during both rounds of Community Conversations

10                                                                         2018 Community Conversations Report
TURN OUTWARD TALKS
                                                                                      AGE
I n addition to hosting Community Conversations,
  United Way of Racine County solicited responses
from Racine County residents through an                                                 3%
                                                                                             Silent Generation (Before 1945)

anonymous online survey. A total of 63 individuals
responded to the survey. Turn Outward Talks, based                     24%
                                                                     Millennial
on Rich Harwood’s “ask exercise,” gave United Way                  (1981 to 1996)
                                                                                                            49%
a chance to hear from a diverse group of community                                                      Baby Boomer
                                                                                                       (1946 to 1964)
members who did not participate in a Community
Conversation.                                                             24%
                                                                       Generation X
                                                                      (1965 to 1980)
As in 2017, we asked the following questions:
n When thinking about race and equity, what kind of
community do you want?
n How is that different from how you see the
community in which you live?
n Is racism and discrimination a problem in Racine
County and why?                                                                       RACE
n In your opinion, what are some ways we can
confront racism and discrimination in Racine                             6%
                                                                                     6%
                                                                                     Other
County?                                                               Hispanic/
                                                                       Latino

                                 Themes                             17%
                                                                     Black/
                                                               African-American

n A diverse, inclusive, and equitable community, a                                                       71%
                                                                                                   White/Caucasian
community that celebrates diversity and supports
those in need.*

n Address systemic racism in our education,
healthcare, and judicial systems that negatively
affects marginalized races.

n Equality resulting in fair treatment for all.
Participants indicated the need for accountability
that would ensure our businesses, employees,
                                                                             RESIDENCY
schools, and parents are promoting equality.*
                                                                             19%
n Opportunities to learn more about racism and its                           Other

implications–professional learning.

n Opportunities to engage and learn about other                                                                 54%
                                                                                                            City of Racine
cultures–continued conversations, community                            27%
                                                                   Racine County
events.*

* Identified during both rounds of Turn Outward Talk surveys

2018 Community Conversations Report                                                                                            11
CONVERSATION SNAPSHOT
CASE HIGH SCHOOL
In May 2018, United Way of Racine County held a Community
Conversation with a group of 10 students from Case High
School to learn their thoughts, concerns, and aspirations about
race, equity, and inclusion in Racine County from teenagers’
perspectives.

CHALLENGES                                                                 PARTICIPANTS
n Participants indicated there are more microaggressions than              10 Case High School Students
blatant racism
n High-level classes are largely white with staff that act with a          Gender
sense of superiority                                                       6 Female
n Fear of being judged among friend groups and sports teams                4 Male
keeps us segregated
n People refuse to admit racism is a problem                               Age
                                                                           10 Generation Z (1997 and after)
ASPIRATIONS                                                                Race/Ethnicity
n An open-minded community that sees people as equals
                                                                           1 Black
n Personal communication instead of using social media
                                                                           3 White/Caucasian
n Empathy for youth who are growing up in difficult situations
                                                                           1 Black/Caucasian
and giving them a sense of hope
                                                                           2 Hispanic/Latino
n No fear of violence
                                                                           3 Hispanic/Latino/Caucasian

SOLUTIONS                                                                  Education Level
n Bring seemingly different groups together to embrace their               10 High School
differences
n Equal opportunities for students of color                                Residency/Work
n Required classes to educate all people on Latino and African             7 Live in the city of Racine
American history                                                           4 Work in the city of Racine
n Start with parents and their children                                    3 Live in Racine County
n Accountability and real consequences for race-driven actions             6 Work in Racine County

“
                 It’s hard to watch your friends not be able to
                 experience the same things as you in an equal way.
                                                                    Case High School student

12                                                                          2018 Community Conversations Report
FINAL THOUGHTS
                          O    ur credo is: We fight for the health, education, and
                               financial stability of every person in our community.
                          We know the foundation of any community’s long-term
                          success starts with understanding inequities.
                            That is why we devoted two years to listening and
                          understanding our community’s perceptions, experiences,
                          and recommendations around race, equity, and inclusion.
                            We want you to know we are listening and will apply
                          an equity lens when it comes to our daily work, to help
                          sharpen our focus on outcomes. Our response started
                          after last year’s Community Conversations Report Out
                          event.
                            We listened to attendees’ suggestions and over the
                          last year we have focused on implementing those
                          recommendations. This included: expanding our CORE
                          Team by inviting community members to participate;
                          ensuring Community Conversations better represented
                          our diverse community, including age, race, education
                          level, and gender; and most importantly, focusing on
                          training our staff about race, equity, and inclusion.
                            Eliminating racism and inequity will take time and
                          resources. We will continue to engage partners in
                          business, government, education, and nonprofits in
                          dialogue and work around this subject matter. But
                          we cannot do this alone. That is why we invite you to
                          participate in the change.
                            All registered attendees of the 2018 Community
                          Conversations Report Out event will receive an email.
                          We encourage you to take the survey and follow the links
                          provided to learn more about what we have shared in
                          this report and how you can get involved in the coming
                          months and years as we continue to work together
                          to make Racine County a community where everyone
                          prospers. We all win when we LIVE UNITED.

2018 Community Conversations Report                                                    13
NEXT STEPS
I n July 2017, United Way of Racine County’s
  Community Conversations CORE Team
knew that the following year’s Community
                                                         United Way of Racine County
                                                         Community Conversations CORE Team
Conversations would again focus on the issue of                United Way of Racine County Staff
race, equity, and inclusion in Racine County.
                                                         Julie Anderson
  Clearly, one year was not enough to dedicate
                                                         Executive Assistant
to such an important topic and there were more
individuals who needed to be heard from.                 Alexa Haigh
  With the encouragement and support of                  Vice President of Investor Relations
United Way Worldwide, United Way of Racine               Alberto Huerta
County spent the past year engaging even                 Investor Relations Manager
more community members in this important                 MaryBeth Kallio
conversation with the ultimate goal of creating          Community Investment Director
positive next steps that could help move our
community forward. One of the main purposes of                       Community Members
Community Conversations is to help inform our            Steven Mussenden
work as a community impact organization.                 Executive Director, Racine Literacy Council
  The past two years of conversations—26                 Genie Webb
conversations and 263 participants—have                  Outreach Specialist, WWBIC
helped us better understand the challenges
our community faces when it comes to racial
inequities. These inequities contribute to
the disparities we see in the areas of health,         dedicated their time and their voices over the
education, and financial stability and will continue   past two years of Community Conversations.
to hold us back unless we address them.                  We would also like to thank Steven
  On the following page, you’ll read what              Mussenden, executive director of the Racine
tactics the CORE Team developed to bring our           Literacy Council, and Genie Webb, outreach
community together, better understand each             specialist at the Wisconsin Women’s Business
other, and move us forward.                            Initiative Corporation for joining the CORE Team.
  We are grateful to all the participants who

14                                                                   2018 Community Conversations Report
NEXT STEPS
Community Pledge: Declaration of Inclusion
United Way of Racine County is asking the community to be part
of the movement of inclusion—the active, intentional, and ongoing
engagement with diversity—by signing a “Declaration of Inclusion”
pledge. This pledge asks individuals to respect and appreciate all
aspects of any person, including race, religion, skin color, nationality,
sexual orientation, gender identity, physical abilities, age, parental
status, work and behavioral styles, and the perspectives of each
individual as shaped by their nation, culture, and experiences. In
addition to taking the personal pledge, United Way of Racine County
will help individuals build their “equity muscle” through a quarterly
newsletter with various resources, events, and ways to stay involved.

Diversity Council
United Way of Racine County is creating a community-wide
Diversity Council. The council is designed to engage business
partners around the focus areas of race, equity, and inclusion.
Research indicates organizations that tie diversity and inclusion to
their business strategies increase performance, productivity and
customer satisfaction. Through the support of United Way, members
will have the opportunity to participate in quarterly meetings focused
on five essential components of diversity in the workplace: situation,
strategy, structure, skills and knowledge, and sustainability. The goal
of the council is to provide business representatives with the training
and support to create diversity and inclusion strategies in their own
workplace, resulting in more diverse, inclusive workplaces aligned
with organizational goals.

Community Event
United Way of Racine County has joined together with Racine
County, Higher Expectations for Racine County, and Visioning
a Greater Racine to host the first community-wide diversity
celebration to be held in Racine County. “OneRacine” is the result
of one of the top solutions identified by participants in our past
two years of Community Conversations on race, equity, and
inclusion. Participants expressed their desire for an event in which
all members of the community could come together to learn
about and celebrate cultural differences. “OneRacine” will be held          OneRacine
                                                                            celebrating culture, diversity, & community

Saturday, October 6 at Festival Hall. Admission to this event is free
and will offer community resources, live performances, and many
multicultural foods and items for purchase.

2018 Community Conversations Report                                                                                       15
United Way
of Racine County
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