ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO

 
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
ROAD SAFETY
STRATEGY PLAN

2018-2021

Road safety: everyone’s responsibility

 In collaboration with the Commission on Road safety

                                                       MINISTERIE VAN JUSTITIE EN POLITIE
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
ROAD SAFETY
STRATEGY PLAN

2018-2021
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
Table of contents

Foreword									6                                             APPENDICES									32
                                                                     Appendix 1 - Brief description of recommended functions in
Acknowledgement 								8                                            the Road Safety Institute

1. Introduction								10
      1.1 Background								10
      1.2 Strategic policy							11                            Literature		        							34

2. Principles and Ambitions						12
      2.1 Rationale								12
      2.2 Ambitious objectives							12                        Tables
      2.3 Strategic choices							13                           Table 1 - PROJECTED POPULATION 2012 THROUGH 2032, HIGH VARIANT      16
      2.4 Preconditions							14                               Table 2 - NUMBER OF TRAFFIC FATALITIES IN SURINAME 1990 - 2016		    18
                                                               Table 3 - TRAFFIC MORTALITY PER 100,000 INHABITANTS 1996 - 2014		   18
3. Current Situation         						16                          Table 4 - ROAD ACCIDENT VICTIMS SEH-AZP 1990 TO 2016			             19
      3.1 Risk factors								16                               Figure 5 - ROAD ACCIDENT VICTIMS SEH-AZP IN 2016, BY AGE,			        20
      3.2 Traffic statistics       17                                     GENDER AND TYPE OF ROAD USER

4. Integrated Policy Plan 						22
      4.1 Problem statement							22
      4.2 Focus areas								22                                Plan of Action 								37
      4.3 Desired results 							23

5. 5. Management, Coordination, Monitoring and Evaluation 26
      5.1 Management and coordination					26                   Budget 									47
          5.1.1 Road Safety Commission					               26
          5.1.2 Road Safety Institute 						              26
      5.2 Monitoring and evaluation						30
          5.2.1 Internal implementation and monitoring			 30
          5.2.2 Stakeholder monitoring and evaluation				 30
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
Foreword

                                                The sudden increase in the number of road casualties    This strategy plan and the derived plan of action will, among other things, help us to make
                                                in 2016 - after a steady decline between 2010           our traffic environment and vehicles safer and to keep them safe. We will further introduce
                                                and 2015 - is cause of great concern. A growing         permanent traffic education and give extra attention to children and young people, so that
                                                population and increasing mobility will trigger this    they acquire a sound road safety attitude early on. We will identify the most dangerous
                                                upward trend to continue if we do not deal with this    road situations in the next four years and take measures to make them safer. And at the
                                                firmly and without delay. In collaboration with the     same time, we will deal with violators who exhibit unsafe behavior on the road.
                                                Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO), the
                                                committee organized a two-day stakeholder               One of the first measures we will take is the establishment in 2018 of the Road Safety
                                                workshop in 2017 and a consultant was recruited to      Institute to serve as a central point for optimizing road safety and coordinating activities
                                                formulate a draft strategy plan and plan of action      related to road safety in general. This institute will come under the Ministry of Justice and
                                                in close collaboration with the Road Safety             Police, but will cooperate with all other actors responsible for actions and measures that
                                                Commission. With this integral strategy plan for        affect road safety.
                                                the period from 1 January 2018 to 31 December
                                                2021, we have attempted to ensure a more efficient      Another measure is to set up an information system to gather reliable data and traffic
                                                coordination of sectors, activities and measures, and   statistics. After all, data are indispensable to taking policy measures and achieving effective
                                                thus address road safety more effectively.              traffic education. Moreover, without reliable data we will be unable to measure the results
    H.E. Mr. F.R. Welzijn                                                                               that we want to achieve.
    The former minister of Justice and Police
                                           It will certainly not be an easy task to achieve our
                                           ambitious goal, namely to reduce the number of road          But road safety will not only be the responsibility of the Road Safety Institute, or the
6                                                                                                                                                                                                         7
    crash fatalities by 30 percent compared to 2016. To achieve this, an integrated approach            police, the school or first responders to road crashes. We all play a role when we take part
    will be indispensable and the various responsible bodies will have to function more actively.       in traffic.
    But we will all have to become conscious road users who are mindful of one another.

                                                                                                        Road safety is everyone’s responsibility.

                                                                                                                                                            Paramaribo, December 2017

                                                                                                        						H.E. Mr. F.R. Welzijn
                                                                                                        						 The former minister of Justice and Police
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
Acknowledgement

                                                                                                      Road safety is everyone’s
                                          With these words of thanks, I would like to express
                                                                                                      responsibility
                                          gratitude to my predecessor, Mr. F. R. Welzijn Ll.M., the
                                          Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) and the
                                          Road Safety Commission for realizing the Road Safety
                                          Strategy Plan for the period 1 January 2018 through
                                          31 December 2021 and the corresponding Plan
                                          of Action.

                                          It is worth noting that this strategy plan was adopted
                                          by the Council of Ministers in its meeting on
                                          5 March 2018 (see missive of the Vice-President of
                                          the Republic of Suriname, chair of the State Council of
                                          Ministers of 8 March 2018 no. 182 RvM).

                                          This strategy plan will lead to a more efficient and
                                          effective coordination of sectors, activities and
    S.H. Getrouw Ll.B. MICL               measures, and thus improve road safety.
    The Minister of Justice and Police

                                          Meanwhile, a number of activities of this strategy
8
    plan are already being implemented, such as the regulation on minor vehicle damages
    and the process towards setting up a Road Safety Institute. The draft state decree on the
    establishment of the Road Safety Institute was adopted by the Council of Ministers in its
    meeting of 19 March 2018 (see missive of the Vice-President of the Republic of Suriname,
    chair of the Council of Ministers, of 26 March 2018 no.240 RvM), and sent to the State
    Council. The Road Safety Institute will in due course be integrated in the Traffic Authority
    to be established by law.

    Improving road safety is one of the policy priorities of this Government. All road users
    should be safe on the road and should also contribute into realizing this. The Ministry of
    Justice and Police will do everything within its power to improve road safety.

    In view of the above, I trust there will be a good collaboration of all concerned.

    							Hoogachtend,

    							S.H. Getrouw Ll.B. MICL
    							The Minister of Justice and Police
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
1    Introduction

     1.1 Background                                                                                   1.2 Strategic policy

     According to the United Nations1, about 1.25 million people die each year as a result of a       Various workshops and a road safety fair were held between 2010 and 2017 to increase
     road crash - more than 3,000 affected victims a day. Another 20 to 50 million people are         public awareness of road safety and to give the various institutions, the general public
     seriously injured as a result of a traffic accident; these injuries are often a major cause of   and other interested parties the opportunity to exchange ideas about challenges and
     permanent disability. Road crashes are one of the three main causes of death for people          to make recommendations to reduce the number of traffic victims. The last activity, a
     aged 5 to 44 years. According to the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO), road               national workshop on 28 February and 1 March 2017, was organized by the Road Safety
     crashes are also the main cause of death for young people aged 15 to 29 years2.                  Commission in collaboration with and with indispensable technical assistance and support
                                                                                                      from the PAHO, and aimed at acquiring support for a draft road safety strategy plan and
     With Resolution 64/2551 (March 2010), the General Assembly of the United Nations,                to set priorities for effective road safety measures and interventions, which are required to
     in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) 2011-2020, proclaimed the              reduce the number of road casualties.
     Decade for Road Safety, with the aim of stabilizing and reducing the estimated number
     of road fatalities worldwide. In 2011, PAHO adopted the Road Safety Plan of Action for           In preparing and formulating the current policy plan, due account has been given to
     Member States - including Suriname - with guidelines to reduce the number of fatalities          activities and initiatives which have already been undertaken throughout the years; to
     in the region. In September 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030              previous documents, reports, presentations and recommendations; to the draft plan
     were presented by the United Nations: SDG 3 indicates a reduction in the number of traffic       of action and the draft strategy plan of the Road Safety Commission; and to the
     accidents; SDG 11 mentions access to sustainable transport systems for everyone, the             recommendations of road safety workshops and seminars held with various stakeholder
     expansion of public transport and the improvement of road safety.                                groups in recent years. Furthermore, the choice was made to use the structure
                                                                                                      recommended by the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020,
     Suriname has also committed itself to achieving the goals of the Decade for Road Safety          prepared by the United Nations and the World Health Organization, namely to use the
     and the SDGs. The government of Suriname has already taken a number of preventive                guidelines for safe road safety systems founded on the following five pillars, and to use
     measures to control the number of fatalities. In 2009, the Directional Framework for a           these as the basis for the strategy plan and plan of action for Suriname:
     Road Safety Program in Suriname was developed by the then Road Safety Commission
     of 2008, which consisted of representatives of the Ministries of Justice and Police; Public      Pillar 1: Road safety management
     Works and Traffic; Natural Resources; Regional Development; the Public Prosecutor’s              Pillar 2: Safer roads and mobility
     Office; the Police; and the Road Authority. With that document, the formulation of an            Pillar 3: Safer vehicles
     integral road safety policy was commenced in order to reduce the number of traffic               Pillar 4: Safer road users
10                                                                                                                                                                                                    11
     casualties. A recommendation was also made to establish a mechanism to formulate and             Pillar 5: Post-crash care
     coordinate road safety policy.
                                                                                                      For the coordination of this strategy plan and the derived plan of action for the period
     In 2016, the Minister of Justice and Police installed a Road Safety Commission to promote        2018 - 2021, it was decided that a Road Safety Institute will be established within the
     policy development and coordinate road safety in Suriname. The committee consists of             Ministry of Justice and Police, with active cooperation and support from the relevant
     ten members: the Chair and the Secretary are from the Justice Department of the Ministry         ministries, departments, authorities, institutions and the other stakeholders who play a
     of Justice and Police; furthermore, there are representatives of the Police, the Ministry        role in promoting road safety in Suriname.
     of Public Works, Transport and Communications, the Ministry of Health, and the Public
     Prosecutor’s Office. The committee’s main task was to develop a road safety strategy plan
     and to implement a plan of action derived from it.

     1
         Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020, p. 4
     2
         Road Safety in the Americas, Washington, DC : PAHO, 2016, p. 4
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
2    Principles and Ambitions

     2.1 Rationale
                                                                                                    The objective of this Road Safety Strategy Plan 2018 - 2021 further picks up on the above:
     Currently available traffic statistics show an almost constant increase in the number of       Efficiently functioning traffic and transport systems that ensure access to and livability of
     fatalities from 2001, with a peak of 112 fatalities in 2009, or more than 20 fatalities per    residential areas, while optimizing the safety of these residential areas and those who take
     100,000 inhabitants (see tables 2 and 3 in chapter 3 below). This compelled the government     part in traffic. During this period, the emphasis will be mainly on obtaining and analyzing
     to take targeted measures. From 2009 onwards, road safety legislation has been further         reliable traffic statistics and working closely with all stakeholders to promote road safety,
     developed and various measures were taken to tackle a number of risk factors.                  prevent accidents, reduce injuries and save lives.

     Important positive developments have included:                                                 The general objective of this Road Safety Strategy Plan is:
     • modifications of road infrastructure                                                         A 30% reduction in road crashes and fatalities by 2021, compared with 2016.
     • redesigning intersections
     • improved enforcement (lights, speed, use of helmets or seatbelts)                            This general objective will help to achieve both the goal of the Decade for Traffic Safety
     • a ban on handheld calls when driving                                                         2011 – 2020, namely ‘to stabilize and (then) reduce the forecast level of road traffic deaths
     • tightening compulsory vehicle inspection                                                     around the world’ and SDG 3.6, i.e. ‘by 2020, halve the number of global deaths and
     • adaptation of regulations for vehicle lights.                                                injuries from road traffic accidents’. Reducing personal injury will furthermore lead to
                                                                                                    lessening the burden on the health system, and ultimately also to decreasing the pressure
     The decrease in the number of road casualties between 2010 and 2015 is probably the            on the national economy of the country.
     result of the measures taken. The sudden increase in the number of casualties in 2016 is,
     therefore, cause of great concern, as well as the choice to adapt an integral approach to
     develop a road safety strategy plan, and thus a more efficient and effective coordination of   2.3 Strategic choices
     sectors, activities and measures.
                                                                                                    In Suriname, the road safety measures applied are often subject to limitations in available
                                                                                                    resources. This reality should not be considered as a limitation of solutions, otherwise
                                                                                                    the chosen strategies will ignore important opportunities. The limitations in resources,
     2.2 Ambitious objectives                                                                       however, can explicitly be included when further elaborating the road safety philosophy
                                                                                                    into specific short-term measures.
     According to Suriname’s Development Plan 2017 - 2021, the implementation of a national
12                                                                                                                                                                                                  13
     road plan, together with the development of residential areas and village communities across   The policy for the next 4 years is based on the following strategic choices:
     the country, will create the conditions for accessible and affordable road transportation.     a. Both short-term and long-term solutions
     The development goal for road transportation has thus been defined in the Development             Short-term solutions - these are relatively cheaper and can be implemented more quickly,
     Plan as follows3:                                                                                 with a relatively large effect. These measures can be carried out independently by the
                                                                                                       responsible actors in collaboration with other stakeholders.
     Road transportation of people and goods is safer, it has increased, facilitates local             Long-term solutions - as a rule more time and resources are required, although attention
     and foreign tourism, generally increases the mobility of the population, and promotes             must also be paid to selecting effective and efficient measures.
     trade, in particular transit trade.
                                                                                                    b. Both curative and preventive solutions
     In addition to a structure and road plan for more efficient passenger and freight transport,      Curative solutions - aimed at tackling objective traffic (un)safety, where actions are
     the Development Plan 2017-2021 indicates the importance of having an information                  taken when defects have arisen.
     system and a control system. The information system is for the collection, processing and         Preventive solutions - the approach is based on prevention of road accidents, in which
     storage of information on road infrastructure; the maintenance thereof; the nature and            identified areas of attention from the analysis of available road accident and crash
     frequency of traffic movements; the planning and management of traffic flows and the              statistics must be translated into other risk areas, and early measures can be taken.
     monitoring of the use and maintenance of the road infrastructure. The control system
     serves to check legislation and regulations relating to standards for the different road
     categories; the supervision and control of construction and maintenance of secondary and
     tertiary roads4.

     3
      Ontwikkelingsplan 2017-2021. Ontwikkelingsprioriteiten, p. 71
     4
      Ontwikkelingsplan 2017 – 2021, Ontwikkelingsprioriteiten (Development Plan 2017-2021,
     Development Priorities) pp.71-72
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
2.4 Preconditions

     In order to successfully implement an integral road safety strategy plan and to achieve the
     ambitious objectives, the following preconditions are essential:

     Collaboration, sense of unity and coordination
     Cooperation between actors is indispensable in the development and implementation
     of the road safety policy. Good coordination and collaboration among the various
     actors - ministries and government departments; government and non-government;
     central government and district administration - avoids gaps in implementation, a
     fragmentation of resources, an overlap of responsibilities, or even a duplication of activities.

     Knowledge development, reliable data and information
     Having data and information is indispensable for formulating and implementing policy.
     Analyzing the collected data and information is important to monitor and evaluate actions
     and measures in order to determine whether they have been effective. There is still a
     great need for research and analyses of trends that are relevant to road safety, the extent,
     background and causes of crashes, as well as the actual effects of road safety measures.
     Reliable data are essential, especially on crashes, the impacts of traffic injuries and deaths,
     as well as material damages and, possibly, other socioeconomic costs involved. A timely
     availability of research results and analyses is also indispensable for policymakers and           Permanent education and communication
     administrators at both national and local levels and for all other actors involved.                Improving road safety requires the development of sustainable measures to promote
     Moreover, knowledge of the attitude and behavior of road users is important when                   community awareness. Road safety education must be continuous, because there are
     developing educational programs and taking safety measures.                                        constantly changes taking place in the surrounding areas, in legislation and regulations,
                                                                                                        and among road users. Permanent road safety education involves continuously seeking
     Enforcement                                                                                        optimal educational moments, and developing and implementing tailor-made products
     Enforcement is an essential tool in road safety and is aimed not only at tackling the main         on the basis of the knowledge gained from research into the attitude and behavior of
14                                                                                                                                                                                                        15
     causes of road safety, but also at protecting the most vulnerable road users. The application      road users. Road users must be made aware from a young age of their own vulnerability
     of new technology, which can make enforcement more efficient, for example: digitization            in traffic, but also of the consequences of their behavior. Good cooperation among all
     of the processing of traffic violations, fixed or mobile route control systems, speed cameras.     actors - government, civil society organizations, experts, industry - is indispensable in
     Capacity strengthening of enforcers is vital, while the use of police in road safety               this. Permanent education will include the persons producing/ reproducing the road
     enforcement is indispensable, among other things for the observation of drink-driving and          environment, health practitioners, enforcers, engineers, and other stakeholders.
     for detection.                                                                                     Strategies to be include advocacy initiatives, social marketing strategies, raising awareness
                                                                                                        among lawmakers, politicians, managers and the private sector.

                                                                                                        Safe road infrastructure
                                                                                                        The construction, adaptation and maintenance of road infrastructure are the responsibility
                                                                                                        of the relevant ministries, departments and institutes and are implemented from their
                                                                                                        own budgets. However, when choosing to install, adapt and maintain road infrastructure,
                                                                                                        due account must be given to standards for road safety, road function and classification,
                                                                                                        vulnerable traffic users, and public transportation policies. The SDG 11.2 guidelines could
                                                                                                        also be used to foster road safety in cooperation with the government bodies responsible
                                                                                                        for the construction and maintenance of road infrastructure. In addition, zoning plans for
                                                                                                        urban and rural areas are required to plan and manage road infrastructure and road safety.
                                                                                                        Moreover, it is essential that the different actors involved, on the basis of their competence,
                                                                                                        have a say in the final design of new infrastructure or infrastructure to be redesigned.
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
3    Current Situation

     3.1 Risk factors                                                                                                       During the discussions in preparation for the workshop, social, economic and environmental
                                                                                                                            factors that play a role were also identified, including the attitudes of road users with
     By analyzing statistics on road traffic injuries, special areas of attention or groups that                            regard to rules, speeding, risk taking and alcohol consumption; poorly executed
     require increased road safety can be identified. The figures for expected population growth                            infrastructure, as a result of which roads cannot cope with significantly increased traffic
     are also key to establishing links between human, vehicle and infrastructure aspects.                                  volume and do not take into account slow traffic (pedestrians, cyclists, moped riders);
     According to the eighth population and housing census5, Suriname had a total population                                unsafe vehicles on the road.
     of 541,638 people in 2012, of which 359,146 (66.3%) in the urban area, 111,224 (20.5%)
     in the rural area and 71,268 (13.2%). in the interior.

     Table 1 below shows the high variant of the projected population increase between 2012                                 3.2 Traffic statistics
     and 2032. The expected population increase in the coming years will, of course, also
     increase the number of traffic users, while the pressure on the road network, especially in                            There is no centralized management of traffic statistics in Suriname. The collection,
     urban and rural areas, will increase. It is also to be expected that traffic on the connecting                         maintenance and analysis of the data take place by various ministries, departments and
     roads between the various areas will become heavier. Zoning plans for the various areas,                               institutes on the basis of the tasks and responsibilities assigned to them. The data in
     therefore, play a major role in the construction of road infrastructure and the measures to                            the following tables come from the Police Department of Suriname and the Academic
     be taken for road safety.                                                                                              Hospital Paramaribo. Most road crashes with fatal consequences (around 57%) occur in
                                                                                                                            the more densely populated urban areas, namely Paramaribo and the Wanica District.
                                                                                                                            Almost all traffic casualties from these areas find their way to the emergency department of
     Table 1 – Projected Population 2012 through 2032, high variant                                                         the Academic Hospital Paramaribo. The seriously injured road casualties from remote rural
                                                                                                                            areas are also transported to this hospital. If further treatment is necessary, the victims are
                                                                                                                            treated within the relevant departments and/or by the various outpatient clinics of the
                                      2012             2017             2022                2027                2032        Academic Hospital Paramaribo. The data maintained by the Academic Hospital, therefore,
                                                                                                                            give a fairly reliable picture of most road casualties in Suriname.
         Urban area                359.146          395.456           431.332           465.640              497.672
         Rural area                 111.224          118.558          126.372            134.401             142.363        Tables on the following pages provide an overall picture of the current situation. Tables 2 and
         Interior                    71.268           81.020           92.366             105.731             121.476       3 come from the Police; Tables 4 and 5 are from the Academic Hospital Paramaribo.
         Total                     541.638          595.034          650.070             705.772              761.511
16                                                                                                                                                                                                                            17
                                                                        Source: General Statistics Bureau, September 2013

     The current road network in Suriname is approximately 4,200 km in total and the number
     of motor vehicles in 2016 was 262,122, with an annual growth of ± 6%.

     At the Health in All Policies workshop, held in Paramaribo in October 2015 with technical
     assistance from the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO), road crashes were
     identified as the 7th largest burden of disease in Suriname in 2014. The most important risk
     factors identified were: the absence or non-use of seat belts on all seats in cars; driving a
     motor vehicle without a valid driver’s license and/or under the influence of alcohol; not or
     not correctly using crash helmets and using wrong helmets; speeding; the absence or poor
     condition of footways; poor parking behavior of motorists.

     5
      Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek, Resultaten 8ste Volks- en Woningtelling in Suriname,
     Bevolkingsprojecties 2012 – 2032, Suriname in cijfers no. 305/2014-06, juni 2014.
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN - Road safety: everyone's responsibility 2018-2021 - PAHO
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2011
     Table 2 shows the trend in the number of traffic fatalities in Suriname between 1990 and
     2016, while Table 3 shows the internationally used indicator, namely traffic mortality per
     100,000 inhabitants in Suriname between 1996 and 20146.

     Table 2 – Number of traffic fatalities in Suriname 1990 - 2016
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   25.0

      120
      120
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   20.0

      100
      100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   15.0
       80
       80
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   10.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Table 4 shows the trend of the total number of road accident victims at the emergency
       60
       60                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         department of the Academic Hospital Paramaribo (SEH-AZP) between 1990 and 2016.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5.0
       40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The decrease in the number of road crash victims from 2011 onwards corresponds more
       40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  or0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     less with the decrease in the number of fatalities between 2010 and 2015. In 2016
       20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         there was a decrease in the total number of road accident victims at SEH-AZP, while table

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2011
       20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2 shows an increase in the number of fatalities. In the previous year there was a slight
         0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        increase in the number of road crash victims at SEH-AZP and a decrease in the number of
         0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  fatalities.
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                                                                                                                                   2004

                                                                                                                                           2005

                                                                                                                                                   2006

                                                                                                                                                           2007

                                                                                                                                                                   2008

                                                                                                                                                                             2009

                                                                                                                                                                                       2010

                                                                                                                                                                                                       2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                               2013

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2014

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2015

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2016
                                                                                                                                                                                               2011
                                                                                                                                                                              Source: Police Dept. of Suriname
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Table 4 – Road crash victims SEH-AZP 1990 to 2016

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6.000

     Table 3 – Traffic mortality per 100,000 inhabitants 1996 - 2014
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5.000

18    25.0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              19
      25.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4.000
      20.0
      20.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3.000
      15.0
      15.0

      10.0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2.000
      10.0

       5.0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1.000
       5.0

       0.0
       0.0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                    2006
               1996

                           1997

                                       1998

                                                 1999

                                                               2000

                                                                        2001

                                                                                   2002

                                                                                                2003

                                                                                                          2004

                                                                                                                          2005

                                                                                                                                               2007

                                                                                                                                                            2008

                                                                                                                                                                      2009

                                                                                                                                                                                      2010

                                                                                                                                                                                                           2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2013

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2014
                                                                                                                                                                                                2011
                                                                                                                                   2006

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1990

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1991
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1992

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1993
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1994
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1995
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1996
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1997
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1998
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1999

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2003
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2004
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2005
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2006
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2010

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2014
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2016
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2011
              1996

                          1997

                                      1998

                                                1999

                                                              2000

                                                                       2001

                                                                                  2002

                                                                                               2003

                                                                                                         2004

                                                                                                                         2005

                                                                                                                                              2007

                                                                                                                                                           2008

                                                                                                                                                                     2009

                                                                                                                                                                                     2010

                                                                                                                                                                                                          2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2013

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2014
                                                                                                                                                                                               2011

                                                                                                                                                                               Source: Police Dep. of Suriname                                                                                                                                                                Source: Medical Registration Dept of Academic Hospital

     6.000
     6.000

     5.000
     5.000

     4.000
     4.000

     6
       When data were collected to formulate the current strategy plan in November 2017, the statistics for
     3.000
     traffic mortality per 100,000 inhabitants for the years 2015 and 2016 had not yet been published.
     3.000

     2.000
     2.000
Figure 5 – Road crash victims SEH-AZP in 2016, by age, gender and type of road user

     Figure 5 shows the figures of road crash victims registered at the emergency department of                   Men 69%
     the Academic Hospital Paramaribo in 2016 by age, gender and type of vehicle. What strikes
     the attention is that the number of male victims is more than double the number of female             350
     victims (69% compared to 31%). The male victims are mostly motorcyclists; the female
                                                                                                           350
                                                                                                            300
     victims mainly car occupants. For both groups, the victims are mostly between the ages of
     15 and 60, with the highest percentages between the ages of 15 and 34 years.                          300
                                                                                                            250

                                                                                                            200
                                                                                                           250

                                                                                                  Number
                                                                                                                                                                                                pedestrian
                                                                                                           200
                                                                                                            150
                                                                                                                                                                                              pedestrian
                                                                                                                                                                                               motor cyclist
                                                                                                           150
                                                                                                            100

                                                                                                           100                                                                                motor
                                                                                                                                                                                               cyclistcyclist
                                                                                                             50

                                                                                                            500                                                                                cyclist
                                                                                                                                                                                                car occupant

                                                                                                                         75+
                                                                                                                       00-04
                                                                                                                       05-09
                                                                                                                       10-14
                                                                                                                       15-19
                                                                                                                       20-24
                                                                                                                       25-29
                                                                                                                       30-34
                                                                                                                       35-39
                                                                                                                       40-44
                                                                                                                       45-49
                                                                                                                       50-54
                                                                                                                       55-59
                                                                                                                       60-64
                                                                                                                       65-69
                                                                                                                       70-74
                                                                                                             0                                                                                 car occupant
                                                                                                           Age

                                                                                                                    75+
                                                                                                                  00-04
                                                                                                                  05-09
                                                                                                                  10-14
                                                                                                                  15-19
                                                                                                                  20-24
                                                                                                                  25-29
                                                                                                                  30-34
                                                                                                                  35-39
                                                                                                                  40-44
                                                                                                                  45-49
                                                                                                                  50-54
                                                                                                                  55-59
                                                                                                                  60-64
                                                                                                                  65-69
                                                                                                                  70-74
                                                                                                                 Women 31%
                                                                                                           350

                                                                                                           350
                                                                                                            300
20                                                                                                         300
                                                                                                            250
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  21

                                                                                                           250
                                                                                                            200

                                                                                                           200                                                                                  pedestrian

                                                                                                  Number
                                                                                                            150

                                                                                                           150                                                                                pedestrian
                                                                                                                                                                                               motor cyclist
                                                                                                            100

                                                                                                           100                                                                                motor
                                                                                                                                                                                               cyclistcyclist
                                                                                                             50
                                                                                                                                                                                               cyclist
                                                                                                                                                                                                car occupant
                                                                                                            500

                                                                                                                                                      75+
                                                                                                                       00-04
                                                                                                                       05-09

                                                                                                                                    10-14
                                                                                                                                    15-19
                                                                                                                                    20-24
                                                                                                                                    25-29
                                                                                                                                    30-34
                                                                                                                                    35-39
                                                                                                                                    40-44

                                                                                                                                                    45-49
                                                                                                                                                    50-54
                                                                                                                                                    55-59
                                                                                                                                                    60-64
                                                                                                                                                    65-69
                                                                                                                                                    70-74
                                                                                                             0                                                                                 car occupant

                                                                                                                                                 75+
                                                                                                                  00-04
                                                                                                                  05-09

                                                                                                                               10-14
                                                                                                                               15-19
                                                                                                                               20-24
                                                                                                                               25-29
                                                                                                                               30-34
                                                                                                                               35-39
                                                                                                                               40-44

                                                                                                                                               45-49
                                                                                                                                               50-54
                                                                                                                                               55-59
                                                                                                                                               60-64
                                                                                                                                               65-69
                                                                                                                                               70-74
                                                                                                           Age

                                                                                                                                                         Source: Medical Registration Dept of Academic Hospital
4    Integrated Policy Plan

     4.1 Problem statement

     The problem statement used in formulating this integral road safety policy plan is the
     following:

     How can road safety be addressed in a more effective and integrated manner, with
     attention given to road accident analysis (accident data), policymaking (policy plan)
     and policy implementation (plan of action)?

     The specific measures to be implemented by the relevant actors are included in a plan of
     action and replace ad hoc actions based on admonitions after each accident. In order to
     identify measures required to achieve the goal, the following should also be taken into
     account:
     • Does Suriname have a road safety philosophy?
     • How many traffic movements are required for people’s daily activities (and where are
        the schools, offices and shops where people live and how well is public transportation
        organized)?
     • Are there zoning plans for residential areas and are the roads adapted to their purpose,
        how safe is their layout and what is their condition?
     • How can people acquire sufficient knowledge and skills to participate in traffic?
     • Is there continuous traffic education and are the information programs adequate?
     • How is compliance with existing safety rules?
     • How effective is the enforcement of existing laws and regulations?                           The following focus areas arose from the problem definition and from the workshops and
     • What are the challenges for control and enforcement and how can enforcement be               seminars for road safety in recent years:
        optimized?                                                                                  • Pedestrians
     • Which regulations are missing?                                                               • Cyclists
     • In addition to regular ambulances, are there others who are specifically equipped with       • Mopeds and motorcycles
22                                                                                                                                                                                                 23
        lifesaving equipment and is there an efficient, decentralized service, so that ambulances   • Children
        do not always have to run from a hospital?                                                  • Novice drivers
     • Is ambulance staff adequately trained to act quickly and effectively and are they linked     • Driving under the influence of alcohol and other drugs
        to a decentralized service?                                                                 • Speed offenders
                                                                                                    • Public transportation
                                                                                                    • Freight and delivery traffic
                                                                                                    • Safety of motor vehicles and vehicles

     4.2 Focus areas
     On the basis of the problem statement, areas have been identified that require more            4.3 Desired results
     research and analysis in the coming years:
     • Potential “black spots” (accident prone locations)                                           The choice was made for an integrated approach based on the five pillars for road safety of
     • Place of fatal crashes                                                                       the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020. The five pillars and the
     • Modality of victims                                                                          most important desired results ensuing from this strategic plan are given on the next page.
     • Modality of causers
     • Cause of the accident
The five pillars:                                                                                The integral approach for 2018-2021 proposes a central policy within a framework of a
                                                                                                      joint approach to road safety issues, with the involvement of actors who are directly and
                                                                                                      indirectly involved in this issue and linking the various objectives throughout policy areas.
     Pillar 1: Road safety management
     •   A Road Safety Institute has been set up and is responsible for the development,              When choosing activities and measures to be carried out, explicit attention is given to the
         coordination and supervision of compliance with (a national plan for) road safety.           internationally recognized five E’s, namely: engineering, education, enforcement,
     •   A central information system has been set up to collect information from the various         engagement and evaluation.
         authorities, and gives instructions for the collection of missing information. The central
         information system is capable of publishing and producing the necessary data for
                                                                                                      For more efficiency of monitoring and evaluation, a separate plan of action has been
         thorough analysis and evaluation.
     •   Realistic short and long term goals are laid down in approved annual plans with              developed from this strategy plan. The plan of action provides activities and measures,
         result-oriented activities.                                                                  which have been projected for implementation between January 2018 and December 2021,
                                                                                                      including:
                                                                                                      • setting up the Road Safety Institute
                                                                                                      • setting up a data and information system to collect and analyze reliable traffic statistics
     Pillar 2: Safer roads and mobility                                                               • research into, among other things, compliance with transport and safety laws,
     •   Urban planning and other infrastructural plans take into account the safe and                   drink-driving, attitude and behavior of traffic participants, reporting and approach times
         sustainable mobility of all who participate in traffic and prevent unsafe                       for traffic accidents, after-care of traffic victims
         future developments.                                                                         • improving enforcement, including training, more roadside checks on buses and trucks,
     •   Existing road infrastructure has been improved / adapted on the basis of approved               speeding, drink-driving, crash-helmet use, and other safety measures required by law
         road safety norms and standards. New infrastructure is developed on the basis of             • analysis of the most dangerous roads and intersections and taking measures,
         approved norms and standards on mobility, equitable access and safety.                          including redevelopment, construction of walkways, and traffic calming measure,
                                                                                                         where applicable
                                                                                                      • introduction or amendment of regulations, including mandatory safety provisions in
     Pillar 3: Safer vehicles                                                                            vehicles, standards for the import of motor vehicles, compulsory loading and unloading
     •   Incentives are utilized to encourage road users to observe proper road safety.                  points at places of business
     •   Research methods and technologies are used to reduce risks for vulnerable road users.        • permanent education, communication and programs for specific target groups,
                                                                                                         including schools
24                                                                                                                                                                                                    25
                                                                                                      • an integrated system of emergency services
                                                                                                      • improving the mental and physical care of road accident injuries
                                                                                                      • annual meetings of stakeholders to monitor and adjust the plan of action.
     Pillar 4: Safer road users
     •   Permanent traffic education is implemented to have a positive influence on the               The activities and measures have been further outlined in annual plans, which makes
         attitude and behavior of the general public on road safety.                                  it easier to identify and formulate projects to be submitted to donors, and also plan the
     •   A study of drink-driving and enforcement of compliance with relevant legislation.            necessary resources from the various ministries, departments and institutes, which are
     •   Enforcement of compliance with transportation, labor and safety laws, standards and          responsible for the implementation and thus also for including them in the relevant annual
         rules for the safe operation of commercial transportation and passenger transportation       budgets. The plan of action is updated annually through internal and external monitoring.
         to reduce injuries.
     •   Introduction of special driver’s licenses for novice drivers, who are subject to specific
         rules or additional checks.

     Pillar 5: Post-crash care
     •   Improvement of proper care of victims at the scene of the accident, including moving
         a victim after an accident.
     •   Introduction of an integrated system of physical and mental care and rehabilitation
         for patients with severe injuries.
     •   Appropriate insurance to finance the treatment and rehabilitation of victims of
         road crashes.
5    Management, Coordination,
     Monitoring and Evaluation
     5.1 Management and coordination                                                                   The specific tasks of the Road Safety Institute include the following:
                                                                                                       1. drafting a road safety philosophy
     Road safety is pre-eminently a multi-sectoral affair, in which different sectors have             2. data collection and analysis of traffic statistics
     an important share and measures are needed in areas such as health and aftercare,                 3. developing a strategic national road safety policy
     communication and education, urban planning, infrastructure, traffic technology, and              4. maintaining contact with relevant national and international stakeholders (individuals,
     enforcement. Activities and measures which influence road safety, but which are legally the          organizations, institutes and others)
     responsibility of certain authorities or departments, are carried out by them. The construction   5. promoting safe infrastructure, effective enforcement, education and communication in
     and maintenance of road infrastructure, the enforcement of laws and regulations, the                 consultation with the competent and relevant authorities
     planning of residential areas, the collection and maintenance of data, and the aftercare of       6. monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the prepared road safety strategy
     traffic casualties are examples of this. Without a central coordinating road safety mechanism,       and derived plan of action.
     however, there is no reconciliation of the required activities and measures, and the
     decrease in the number of fatal road traffic casualties cannot be structurally tackled in the
     long term.                                                                                        A policy committee will also be set up beside the Road Safety Institute, consisting of the
                                                                                                       permanent secretaries of the Ministries of Justice and Police; Public Works, Transportation
     5.1.1 Road Safety Commission                                                                      and Communications; Regional Development; Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries;
                                                                                                       Trade and Industry; Health; Home Affairs; and a representative of the Public Prosecutor’s
     The current Road Safety Commission works with internal working groups based on the five           Office. The policy committee will advise and support the director of the Road Safety
     pillars and has prepared this strategy plan and the plan of action in close collaboration with    Institute and will act as a counterpart for the institute. This committee may, if necessary,
     the consultant made available for this purpose by the Pan-American Health Organization            request advice from relevant technicians.
     (PAHO). The mandate of the Committee ends on 21 March 2018. In the coming months,
     the Committee will do the preparatory work to establish the Road Safety Institute and the         The structure of the Road Safety Institute has been kept simple, because the institute has
     implementation of the first year of the Plan of Action, in particular the establishment of a      an advisory and coordinating role and does not itself implement activities: a director,
     central information system for traffic statistics.                                                administrative and financial departments, and three technical departments. The financial
                                                                                                       department and the technical departments are headed by managers. One of the technical
     5.1.2 Road Safety Institute                                                                       managers or the financial manager can be appointed as deputy director of the institute.
26                                                                                                                                                                                                    27
                                                                                                       This simple structure gives the institute the opportunity to continue to grow. Over the next
     The aim is to establish a Road Safety Institute as per April 2018 in the Ministry of Justice      four years, the technical departments will function as working groups, which in future can
     and Police, directly accountable to the Minister. The Road Safety Institute is a specialized      grow into the actual formal departments of the Road Safety Institute.
     institute, which will be pivotal for everything that has to do with road safety. The institute
     will operate financially independently, among other things by identifying, commissioning
     and using funds; implementing projects and managing project resources; and exercising
     financial accountability. The financial audit of the institute will be carried out by the
     Central Audit Department of the Government (CLAD).

     The general task of the institute is as follows:
     The central management, optimization and monitoring of road safety, as well as the
     coordination of activities related to road safety in general, which are implemented by
     the various actors on the basis of the statutory tasks assigned to them.
The three technical departments follow more or less the pillars mentioned in the plan of       The functions of the Road Safety Institute are initially filled from the various government
     action, so that execution, monitoring and evaluation can take place more easily:               bodies, that is to say, required staff will be lent to the Road Safety Institute from various
                                                                                                    Ministries and other government bodies over the next four years. During this period, the
       Information and education - coordinates data collection; collects required data from         Road Safety Institute will have the opportunity to further strengthen its capacity and
       the various agencies and organizations; analyzes traffic statistics, which are necessary     develop into the specialized institute that is needed to efficiently and effectively manage
       for policy, monitoring and evaluation of road safety; also oversees the necessary            the central management and monitoring of road safety.
       permanent traffic education in general, so that there is coordination of the activities of
       the various partners.                                                                        Personnel costs, operational costs and office costs will be charged to the budget of that
                                                                                                    ministry as long as the institute falls under the Ministry of Justice and Police. The actions
       Infrastructure and vehicles - coordinates activities and measures related to the             and measures that are included in the annual plans - insofar as these are the responsibility
       promotion of safer roads and vehicles; has close cooperation with the appropriate            of a government body - are included in the annual budgets of the respective ministries and
       government bodies and other institutions to establish norms and standards for the road       departments.
       design and the safety of vehicles.
                                                                                                    To enable research, the Road Safety Institute may enter into partnership with research
       Enforcement and road users - coordinates activities and measures related to people           institutes, for example those within the Anton de Kom University of Suriname.
       who take part in traffic, including the aftercare of road accident victims; discusses any    In collaboration with the research institutes and higher education institutes, the Road
       problems of enforcement with the legally designated bodies, advises where necessary          Safety Institute can also provide internships and / or promote student research and
       and acts as an intermediary to promote dialogue between the different bodies; also           graduation projects for road safety and traffic research. Furthermore, opportunities will
       oversees the preparation of necessary new legislation or adaptation of existing laws and     be sought to strengthen the capacity of the working groups and staff of the institute.
       regulations in close consultation with the enforcement bodies.
                                                                                                    The Road Safety Institute may also independently seek funding to attract experts for
                                                                                                    activities such as performing research, developing educational programs and campaigns,
                                                                                                    conducting capacity building activities, holding annual meetings with stakeholders, or
                                                                                                    helping to formulate progress reports, the evaluation report and the strategy plan for
                                                                                                    the next period.

28                                                                                                                                                                                                                            29
                                                                                                    Proposed structure of the Road Safety Institute

                                                                                                                             policy committee                                 director

                                                                                                                                                    administration                                finance

                                                                                                                                    data and                          infrastructure and                    enforcement and
                                                                                                                                   education                               vehicles                            road users

                                                                                                      A brief description of the functions at the Road Safety Institute is given in Appendix 1.
5.2 Monitoring and evaluation
                                                                                                      The stakeholder meeting in October / November 2021 also serves as stakeholder evaluation
     The Road Safety Institute is responsible for the preparation, drafting and implementation        of the total implementation period of the strategy plan 2018 - 2021. During this meeting,
     of the strategy plan and the resulting plans of action for road safety. This institute is also   a draft strategy road safety plan for the following period will also be presented to the
     responsible for the organization of any external monitoring and evaluation. For the period       stakeholders for discussion, which is adapted and refined during the meeting.
     between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2021, the integral strategy plan and the
     associated road safety plan of action have already been formulated. In the coming four           The Road Safety Institute will recruit an external expert to carry out a final evaluation of
     years, the institute will therefore implement this strategy plan, monitor it and adjust it       the implementation of the strategy plan and possibly help to formulate the following draft
     where necessary.                                                                                 strategy plan and plan of action. The expert will participate in the stakeholder meeting
                                                                                                      of October / November 2021, so that the stakeholder evaluation is included in the final
     5.2.1 Internal implementation and monitoring                                                     evaluation.

     The Director of the Road Safety Institute meets weekly with the technical managers and           The Road Safety Institute will discuss the final evaluation and the draft strategy plan for
     the financial manager about the implementation and progress of activities and measures.          the next period with the policy committee and submit them over to the Minister of Justice
                                                                                                      and Police for approval.
     The technical managers and the financial manager report monthly to the director on
     the progress and status of the implementation of actions and measures. Any obstacles in          The final evaluation report and the strategy plan for the next period will be published and
     implementation and financing are recorded in these reports. These monthly reports are            distributed to the stakeholders and other interested parties. Publication and distribution
     shared with the policy committee of the Road Safety Institute, so that timely action can be      can take place electronically and through the Internet.
     taken if there are problems with coordination or implementation.

     The director uses the monthly reports to make written quarterly reports on the progress of
     the work of the institute, to be submitted to the Minister.

     5.2.2 Stakeholder monitoring and evaluation
                                                                                                      Concept for participatory monitoring and evaluation – M&E cycle
     External monitoring and evaluation take places in a participatory manner, that is, together
30                                                                                                                                                                                                       31
     with the relevant stakeholders and with their input. Annually, in the month of October
     or November, a formal meeting of the Road Safety Institute is held with all relevant                                1st annual meeting:         2nd annual meeting:        3rd annual meeting:
     stakeholders and others who are or have been involved in the implementation of the plan                               progress report           progress report and        progress report and
                                                                                                                          and adjusted plan         adjusted plan of action    adjusted plan of action
     of action.                                                                                                                of action

     The purpose of the formal annual meetings is to:
     • discuss the state of affairs of the plan of action
     • obtain advice to improve implementation                                                                           4th annual meeting:         Final evaluation by           Approval and
     • adjust the plan of action for the coming year                                                                    stakeholder evaluation     external consultant and      distribution of new
                                                                                                                                report              new draft road safety          strategy plan
     • exchange information                                                                                                                             strategy plan
     • in general, exchange ideas about issues that threaten or could improve road safety.

     The annual meetings serve as stakeholder monitoring and evaluation and will yield the
     following:                                                                                                           Implementation of
     • a progress report on the past                                                                                       new strategy plan
                                                                                                                            and M&E cycle
     • an adjusted plan of action for the coming year.
APPENDICES

     Appendix 1                                                                                                           The administration will consist of two secretarial-administrative staff, whose responsibilities
     Brief description of recommended functions in the Road Safety Institute.                                             will include the following:
                                                                                                                          1. administrative support for the work of the director, the technical managers and the
     The director is academically trained (Drs., Ir. or Master level degree) - or HBO (higher                                  financial manager
     vocational degree) with at least 10 years of experience. The director to be recruited must                           2. manage documentation and archive documents
     have affinity with traffic and road safety and be skilled in project management. His/ her                            3. take minutes of meetings
     responsibilities will include the following:                                                                         4. provide information to third parties, if necessary
     1. formulation and implementation of a road safety strategy plan, as well as the monitoring                          5. manage office inventory and stocks.
         and evaluation thereof
     2. adopt programs and projects for road safety and monitor their implementation
     3. prepare and manage the annual budget and manage the resources                                                     The finance department will consist of a financial manager (at least Bachelor-level academic
     4. draw up and manage a fundraising plan for the Institute                                                           or higher vocational degree) and a financial staff member. The responsibilities of the
     5. maintain contact with the relevant ministries, institutes and experts from government                             finance department will include the following:
         and non-government organizations and from industry                                                               1. draw up the institute’s budgets
     6. maintain contact with relevant donor organizations, submit projects for funding and                               2. support the technical managers to draw up project budgets
         report on projects implemented with donor funding                                                                3. support the director to draft and manage the institute’s fundraising plan
     7. supervise staff of the institute and recruited external experts.                                                  4. payroll administration and payment of staff
     8. quarterly reporting and annual reporting to the Minister of Justice and Police of the                             5. payment to third parties for services rendered
         work of the institute and the management of resources.                                                           6. manage the institute’s bank accounts and cash
32                                                                                                                                                                                                                          33
                                                                                                                          7. check inventory and stocks
                                                                                                                          8. prepare annual accounts and maintain contact with the accountant for the annual audits.
     The technical managers7 hold at least a Bachelor’s degree (academic or higher vocational)
     or Ing. in the relevant areas and are trained in project management. Their responsibilities
     will include the following:
     1. prepare road safety programs and projects
     2. implement the road safety strategy plan and the approved programs and projects
     3. analyze relevant collected data for policy purposes
     4. prepare and implement programs / projects
     5. cooperation with external experts in the implementation of the relevant activities
     6. write and submit regular progress reports on the implementation of activities.

     7
      The detailed job descriptions, in particular of the technical managers and the financial manager, will have to be
     further elaborated in consultation with the director to be appointed.
Literature

     1.   Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek, Resultaten 8ste Volks- en woningtelling in Suriname,    Preliminary Remarks
          Bevolkingsprojecties 2012-2032, Suriname in cijfers no. 305/2014-06, Paramaribo 2014
                                                                                                      The Road Safety Action Plan for 1 January 2018 - 31 December 2021 and the Budget
     2.   Blinker, B., BTech, Commissie Verkeersveiligheid Suriname, Beleidsplan Verkeersveiligheid   corresponding thereto are featured on the following pages.
          Suriname 2017-2020, Paramaribo, december 2016
                                                                                                      As mentioned in the Strategy Plan, the activities in the Action Plan are clustered under the
     3.   Bliss, Tony and Jeanne Breen, Implementing the Recommendations of the World Report          following five pillars:
          on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. Country Guidelines for the Conduct of Road Safety         Pillar 1: Road safety management
          Management Capacity Reviews and the Specification of Lead Agency Reforms, Investment         Pillar 2: Safer roads and mobility
          Strategies and Safe System Projects. World Bank Global Road Safety Facility,                Pillar 3: Safer vehicles
          Washington DC, 2009                                                                         Pillar 4: Safer road users
                                                                                                      Pillar 5: Post-crash response
     4.   Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat, Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, Strategisch Plan
          Verkeersveiligheid 2008-2020, Van, voor en door iedereen. Den Haag, 2008                    In the Budget for the Action Plan, the activities are grouped per year so as to be able to draw
                                                                                                      up estimated annual budgets.
     5.   Pan-American Health Organization, 51st Directing Council 63rd Session of the Regional
          Committee, Plan of Action on Road Safety, Washington DC, 2011                               Chapter 5 of the Strategy Plan also indicates that in the coming four years (2018 - 2021)
                                                                                                      the Road Safety Institute will come under the Ministry of Justice and Police. Personnel costs,
     6.   Pan-American Health Organization, Road Safety in the Americas, Washington DC, 2016          operational costs and office expenses are not included in the budget for this period, as these
34                                                                                                                                                                                                           35
                                                                                                      are charged to the budget of that ministry for as long as the institute falls under the Ministry of
     7.   Stuurgroep Verkeersveiligheid, Ministerie Justitie en Politie, Richtingskader               Justice and Police. The activities and measures which are the responsibility of other government
          Verkeersveiligheid in Suriname, Paramaribo, december 2009                                   agencies or departments, are carried out by and will continue to be included on the annual
                                                                                                      budgets of the respective ministries and departments.
     8.   Rambali, S., BSc, Commissie Verkeersveiligheid Suriname, Aktie Plan Verkeersmaatregelen
          ter bevordering van de verkeersveiligheid 2017-2022, Paramaribo, oktober 2017               The Road Safety Institute will be allowed to operate as a financially independent body,
                                                                                                      among other things through identifying, recruiting and utilizing funds; implementing projects
     9.   Stichting Planbureau Suriname, Ontwikkelingsplan van de Republiek Suriname 2017-2021        and managing project resources; and having financial accountability. The estimated budget
                                                                                                      corresponding to the Action Plan 2018 - 2021 gives the costs per activity per year. These activities
     10. United Nations and World Health Organization, Global Plan for the Decade of Action for       can be further elaborated in project proposals, which can be submitted for funding to donor
         Road Safety 2011-2020, New York, 2011                                                        organizations and other financing institutions or sponsors.

     11. Verslag Workshop Verkeersveiligheid: een Ieders Verantwoordelijkheid, Paramaribo,
         28 februari-1 maart 2017

     12. World Health Organization, Developing Policies to Prevent Injuries and Violence:
         Guidelines for Policy-makers and Planners, Washington DC, 2006
Plan of action
In alignment with the
ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY PLAN

1 January 2018 – 31 December 2021
Pillar 1: Road safety management
     2018   Activities/ measures                 Results                                Remarks
     1.1    Establishment of a Road Safety       The Road Safety Institute              An integral safety policy refers to the integration of road safety
            Institute via State Decree.          functions as an umbrella               with other policy areas, aimed at ultimately improving road
                                                 organization for all aspects of        safety.
                                                 road safety.                           In integrated road safety policies, the cooperation and agenda
                                                                                        setting also play an important role in other policy areas, such
                                                 Integrated cooperation, tasks,         as activities on or along public roads by utilities.
                                                 powers, responsibilities, etc. are
                                                 recorded.

     1.2    Set up and manage an                 Data and information are               A consultant probably needs to be hired to set up an efficient
            information system to monitor        gathered from the various              traffic statistics information system and train the persons who
            and evaluate road safety.            ministries, departments, institutes    will manage the system.
                                                 and organizations and centrally        Consideration might be given to have the information system
                                                 stored under management of the         managed by an existing research institute, such as one of
                                                 Road Safety Institute.                 ADEK’s research institutes.

     1.3    Stakeholder workshop at the          The implementation of the              Holding annual stakeholder meetings has as secondary goal,
            end of the year to monitor the       action plan has been discussed         namely strengthening mutual cooperation of the stakeholders
            progress of the action plan.         and adjusted for the next year;        and giving them a voice.
                                                 other issues relating to road safety
                                                 have also been discussed by the
                                                 stakeholders.

     2019   Activities/ measures                 Results                                Remarks
     1.4    Strengthening of the structures      The Road Safety Institute has          By the end of 2019, the Road Safety Institute will be
            and capacity of the Road Safety      access to well-trained staff and       adequately staffed.
            Institute.                           is able to analyze data and make
                                                 proposals to promote road safety,
                                                 as well as write projects and
                                                 manage their implementation.

     1.5    Identify laws and regulations that   The most important laws and            Adjusting / making regulations is, of course, faster than
            need to be adapted or made.          regulations have been adapted          adjusting / making new laws that must be approved by DNA.
                                                 and are being implemented.

     1.6    Stakeholder workshop at the          The implementation of the
            end of the year to monitor the       action plan has been discussed
            progress of the action plan.         and adjusted for the next year;
                                                 other issues relating to road safety
                                                 have also been discussed by the
                                                 stakeholders.

38                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            39
                                                                                                                                                             2020   Activities/ measures              Results                                Remarks
                                                                                                                                                             1.7    Capacity strengthening of the     The Road Safety Institute              Participation of staff members and workgroup members in
                                                                                                                                                                    Road Safety Institute.            maintains contacts with                national, regional and international workshops and seminars -
                                                                                                                                                                                                      relevant national, regional and        also online - is recommended to keep knowledge up to date.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      international institutions /           Strengthening the capacity of the Road Safety Institute will
                                                                                                                                                                                                      organizations and is aware of the      have to take place constantly, as they have to keep abreast of
                                                                                                                                                                                                      latest developments in the field       recent developments and they will have to be able to
                                                                                                                                                                                                      of road safety.                        contribute to national and international meetings.

                                                                                                                                                             1.8    Identify the most important       At the end of 2020 there is            Possibly only an adaptation of existing laws and regulations
                                                                                                                                                                    conventions for road safety and   insight into the conventions that      is necessary, but this will only be clear when an inventory
                                                                                                                                                                    international road transport.     Suriname should ratify, and advice     has been made.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      is given.

                                                                                                                                                             1.9    Stakeholder workshop at the       The implementation of the
                                                                                                                                                                    end of the year to monitor the    action plan has been discussed
                                                                                                                                                                    progress of the action plan.      and adjusted for the next year;
                                                                                                                                                                                                      other issues relating to road safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                      have also been discussed by the
                                                                                                                                                                                                      stakeholders.

                                                                                                                                                             2021   Activities/ measures              Results                                Remarks
                                                                                                                                                             1.10   Ratification of international     Suriname meets regional and            Compliance with international road transport laws is impor-
                                                                                                                                                                    conventions and / or adaptation   international road transport           tant to further open up Suriname to the region.
                                                                                                                                                                    to amend relevant national laws   standards.
                                                                                                                                                                    and regulations.

                                                                                                                                                             1.11   Stakeholder workshop at the       The implementation of the 4-year       Stakeholders continue to be involved through the participatory
                                                                                                                                                                    end of the year to monitor the    action plan has been evaluated         method of monitoring and evaluation - also in the formulation
                                                                                                                                                                    progress of the action plan and   and the draft strategy plan for the    of the new strategy plan.
                                                                                                                                                                    prepare a new strategy plan.      coming period has been discussed.
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