Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013

Version: 10.2.2014 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 1 South Australia Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 under the Road Traffic Act 1961 Contents Part 1—Preliminary 1 Citation etc 2 Commencement 3 Definitions—the dictionary etc 4 Meaning of road 5 Meaning of road-related area 6 Diagrams 7 Notes 8 Examples Part 2—Application of the Light Vehicle Standards 9 Application to vehicles and combinations on roads and road-related areas 10 Vehicles to which the Light Vehicle Standards do not apply 11 Non-application of Light Vehicle Standards—exemption under other laws 12 Non-application of Light Vehicle Standards to ADR-compliant matters 13 Non-application of Light Vehicle Standards—Motor Vehicle Standards Act approvals Part 3—Australian Design Rules Division 1—Interpretation 14 ADRs 15 National standards 16 References to national standards 17 Second edition ADRs 18 Third edition ADRs Division 2—Compliance with ADRs 19 Compliance with second edition ADRs 20 Compliance with third edition ADRs 21 Exception to compliance with ADRs—vehicles that are not road vehicles 22 Exception to compliance with ADRs—Motor Vehicle Standards Act 23 Partial exception to compliance with ADRs—personally imported vehicles Part 4—Adopted standards 24 Adopted standards 25 Reference to adopted standards 26 Exception to compliance with adopted standards

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Contents 2 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] Part 5—General safety requirements Division 1—All vehicles 27 Steering 28 Turning ability 29 Ability to travel backwards and forwards 30 Protrusions 31 Frontal protection systems 32 Driver's view and vehicle controls 33 Seating 34 Mudguards and spray suppression 35 Horns, alarms etc 36 Rear vision mirrors 37 Rear vision mirrors—surfaces 38 Additional rear vision mirrors 39 Automatic transmission 40 Diesel engines 41 Bonnet securing devices 42 Electrical wiring, components, connections and installations 43 Television receivers and visual display units 44 Requirement for windscreen to be fitted 45 Windscreens and windows 46 Window tinting 47 Windscreen wipers 48 Wheels and tyres—size and capacity 49 Pneumatic tyres generally 50 Pneumatic tyres—carcass construction 51 Pneumatic tyres—size and capacity 52 Tyres—defects 53 Tyres—manufacturer's rating 54 Retreads 55 Tyre tread Division 2—Additional requirements for motor bikes 56 Steering gear and handlebars 57 Foot rests 58 Chain guards 59 Sidecars Part 6—Vehicle marking 60 Vehicle and engine identification numbers 61 White or silver band on certain vehicles Part 7—Vehicle configuration and dimensions Division 1—Axles 62 Axle configuration Division 2—Dimensions 63 Width 64 Length of single motor vehicles

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 Contents [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 3 65 Length of single trailers 66 Length of combinations 67 Rear overhang 68 Trailer drawbar length 69 Height 70 Ground clearance Part 8—Lights and reflectors Division 1—General requirements for lights 71 Certain requirements apply only at night 72 Prevention of glare 73 Pairs of lights Division 2—Headlights 74 Headlights to be fitted to vehicles 75 How headlights are to be fitted 76 How single headlights are to be fitted 77 How additional headlights are to be fitted 78 Performance of headlights 79 Effective range of headlights 80 Changing headlights from high-beam to low-beam position Division 3—Parking lights 81 Parking lights Division 4—Daytime running lights 82 Daytime running lights Division 5—Tail lights 83 Tail lights generally 84 Pattern of fitting tail lights 85 Performance of tail lights 86 Wiring of tail lights Division 6—Number plate lights 87 Number plate lights Division 7—Clearance lights 88 Front clearance lights 89 External cabin lights 90 Rear clearance lights Division 8—Side marker lights 91 Vehicles needing side marker lights 92 Location of side marker lights 93 Performance of side marker lights 94 Side marker lights and rear clearance lights Division 9—Brake lights 95 Fitting brake lights

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Contents 4 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] 96 Performance and operation of brake lights Division 10—Reversing lights 97 Reversing lights Division 11—Direction indicator lights 98 Direction indicator lights on motor vehicles 99 Direction indicator lights on trailers 100 Location of direction indicator lights 101 Operation and visibility of direction indicator lights Division 12—Fog lights 102 Front fog lights 103 Rear fog lights Division 13—Interior lights 104 Interior lights Division 14—Reflectors generally 105 General requirements for reflectors Division 15—Rear reflectors 106 Rear reflectors Division 16—Side reflectors 107 Compulsory side reflectors on pole-type trailers 108 Optional side reflectors Division 17—Front reflectors 109 Compulsory front reflectors on trailers 110 Optional front reflectors Division 18—Warning lights and signs on buses carrying children 111 Application of division 112 Fitting of warning lights and signs 113 Operation and performance of warning lights 114 Specifications for warning signs Division 19—Other lights, reflectors, rear marking plates or signals 115 Other lights and reflectors 116 Rear marking plates 117 Signalling devices 118 Mechanical signalling devices 119 Turn signals Division 20—Vehicles not required to have lights or reflectors 120 Certain vehicles used in daylight 121 Certain vehicles used for exhibition purposes

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 Contents [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 5 Part 9—Braking systems Division 1—Brake requirements for all vehicles 122 Parts of a braking system 123 Provision for wear 124 Supply of air or vacuum to brakes 125 Performance of braking systems Division 2—Motor vehicle braking systems 126 Motor vehicle braking system requirements 127 Operation of brakes on motor vehicles 128 Air or vacuum brakes on motor vehicles Division 3—Trailer braking systems 129 Trailer braking requirements 130 Operation of brakes on trailers 131 Air or vacuum brakes on trailers Part 10—Control of emissions Division 1—Crank case gases and visible emissions 132 Crank case gases 133 Visible emissions 134 Exhaust emissions—diesel-powered vehicles 135 DT80 test procedure 136 Requirements of DT80 test cycle Division 2—Exhaust systems 137 Exhaust systems Division 3—Noise emissions 138 Measurement of stationary noise levels 139 Silencing device for exhaust systems 140 Stationary noise levels—car-type vehicles and motor bikes and motor trikes 141 Stationary noise levels—other vehicles with spark ignition engines 142 Stationary noise levels—other vehicles with diesel engines Part 11—Alternative fuel systems for vehicle engines 143 LPG-powered vehicles 144 Vehicles powered by natural gas Part 12—Mechanical connections between vehicles 145 General coupling requirements 146 Drawbar couplings Part 13—Other matters 147 Vehicle equipment 148 Restored vehicles 149 Retractable axles 150 Measurement of distance between parallel lines

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Contents 6 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] 151 Interpretation of certain second edition ADRs 152 References to Australian Standards and Australian/New Zealand Standards Dictionary Legislative history Part 1—Preliminary 1—Citation etc (1) These rules may be cited as the Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013. (2) These rules are made under section 111 of the Road Traffic Act 1961. (3) In these rules, these rules are referred to as the Light Vehicle Standards.

Note— 1 Under the Road Traffic Act 1961, a person commits an offence if there is a breach of a light vehicle standards requirement and the person is the driver or operator of the light vehicle concerned (see sections 117 and 118).

2 Under section 161A of the Act, certain classes of light vehicles can only be driven on roads with the approval of the Minister. 2—Commencement These rules will come into operation on the day on which Part 3 of the Statutes Amendment (Heavy Vehicle National Law) Act 2013 comes into operation. 3—Definitions—the dictionary etc (1) The dictionary at the end of the Light Vehicle Standards defines certain words and expressions, and includes signpost definitions to words and expressions defined elsewhere in the Light Vehicle Standards.

Note— A signpost definition (eg road-related area see rule 5) is included in the dictionary if the definition applies outside the rule defining the word or expression.

(2) The dictionary is part of the Light Vehicle Standards. (3) A definition in the Light Vehicle Standards applies to each use of the word or expression in the Light Vehicle Standards, unless the contrary intention appears. 4—Meaning of road A road is an area that is open to or used by the public and is developed for, or has as 1 of its main uses, the driving or riding of motor vehicles.

5—Meaning of road-related area A road-related area is any of the following: (a) an area that divides a road; or (b) a footpath or nature strip adjacent to a road; or

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 Preliminary—Part 1 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 7 (c) an area that is open to the public and is designated for use by cyclists or animals; or (d) any public place that is not a road and on which a motor vehicle may be driven, whether or not it is lawful to drive a motor vehicle there.

6—Diagrams (1) A diagram in the Light Vehicle Standards is part of the Light Vehicle Standards. (2) A diagram of something is an illustrative example of the thing in black and white, but does not represent its dimensions or the dimensions of any part of it. 7—Notes A note in the Light Vehicle Standards is explanatory and is not part of the Light Vehicle Standards.

8—Examples (1) An example (whether or not in the form of a diagram) in the Light Vehicle Standards is part of the Light Vehicle Standards. (2) If the Light Vehicle Standards include an example of the operation of a provision of the Light Vehicle Standards— (a) the example is not exhaustive; and (b) the example does not limit, and may extend, the meaning of the provision; and (c) the example and the provision are to be read in the context of each other and of the other provisions of the Light Vehicle Standards, but, if the example and the provision as so read are inconsistent, the provision prevails.

Part 2—Application of the Light Vehicle Standards 9—Application to vehicles and combinations on roads and road-related areas The Light Vehicle Standards apply to light vehicles that are motor vehicles, trailers or combinations on roads and road-related areas.

Notes— 1 A light vehicle is a vehicle that is not a heavy vehicle—see section 5 of the Road Traffic Act 1961. 2 Section 6 of the Heavy Vehicle National Law (South Australia) defines a heavy vehicle as a vehicle that has a gross vehicle mass (GVM) or aggregate trailer mass (ATM) of more than 4.5 tonnes. The same section defines a heavy combination as either a combination consisting of 2 or more heavy vehicles or a combination of a light vehicle and a heavy vehicle. An example of a light vehicle in a heavy combination is a light commercial 4WD vehicle towing an empty field bin with an ATM greater than 4.5 tonnes.

10—Vehicles to which the Light Vehicle Standards do not apply The Light Vehicle Standards do not apply to— (a) a vehicle used only on a railway or tramway; or

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Part 2—Application of the Light Vehicle Standards 8 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] (b) a vehicle designed to be controlled by a person walking next to it; or (c) a vehicle propelled by a motor with a maximum power output of not over 200 watts; or (d) a motorised wheelchair that cannot travel at over 10 kilometres an hour; or (e) a vehicle or combination— (i) that is being repaired, or is being tested in the course of being repaired, so it will comply with the Light Vehicle Standards; or (ii) that is being driven or towed directly to a place where it is to be repaired so it will comply with the Light Vehicle Standards, provided that the vehicle or combination is safe and will not endanger other road users if driven or towed on a road or road-related area.

11—Non-application of Light Vehicle Standards—exemption under other laws (1) A provision of the Light Vehicle Standards does not apply to a vehicle or combination if the vehicle or combination is exempt from— (a) the provision under another law of this jurisdiction; or (b) the corresponding provision of the law of another jurisdiction. (2) However, the vehicle or combination is exempt only if all conditions of the exemption (if any) are being complied with.

12—Non-application of Light Vehicle Standards to ADR-compliant matters A requirement of Part 5 to Part 13 of the Light Vehicle Standards does not apply to a vehicle or combination if— (a) the provision is inconsistent with a requirement of a second or third edition ADR applying to the vehicle or combination; and (b) the vehicle or combination complies with the requirement referred to in paragraph (a). 13—Non-application of Light Vehicle Standards—Motor Vehicle Standards Act approvals A provision of Part 5 to Part 13 of the Light Vehicle Standards does not apply to a vehicle if— (a) the vehicle does not comply with a requirement of an ADR applying to the vehicle; and (b) the provision of the Light Vehicle Standards corresponds to the requirement of the ADR; and (c) despite the non-compliance, approval has been given, under section 10A(2) or (3) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth to place identification plates on vehicles of that type; and (d) the vehicle complies with the approval conditions (if any).

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 Application of the Light Vehicle Standards—Part 2 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 9 Notes— 1 Section 10A(2) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 (Cwlth) deals with vehicles that do not comply with an ADR, but the non-compliance is only in minor and inconsequential respects. 2 Section 10A(3) of that Act deals with vehicles that do not comply with an ADR, and the non-compliance is not minor and inconsequential, but the vehicle will be safe to use if conditions are complied with.

Part 3—Australian Design Rules Notes— 1 The Australian Design Rules (ADRs) are rules for designing and building vehicles. Imported vehicles must also comply with the ADRs. Certain ADRs are applied by the Light Vehicle Standards. The Light Vehicle Standards also apply certain other standards (adopted standards) that are intended to complement the ADRs. The ADRs do not cover the following: (a) vehicles built before 1969; (b) combination of vehicles of any age; (c) every safety feature for vehicles built between 1969 and 1988. However, these matters are covered by provisions of the Light Vehicle Standards.

2 This Part applies the second and third edition ADRs to various vehicles. Under the Part, a vehicle that is subject to ADRs when it is built or imported generally remains subject to the ADRs throughout its life. However, a vehicle need not comply with a standard if the standard is replaced by, or inconsistent with, a later standard and the vehicle complies with the later standard. Older vehicles may, therefore, be fitted with any equipment allowed on newer vehicles.

Vehicles that are modified must continue to comply with the Light Vehicle Standards. Rule 42(4) (electrical wiring, components, connections and installations) extends the application of particular second or third edition ADRs to vehicles to which the ADRs are not expressed to apply. The following provisions of the Light Vehicle Standards apply to a vehicle instead of the corresponding ADR requirement:
  • rule 46(5) and (6) (window tinting)
  • rule 53 (tyre speed category requirements)
  • rule 112 (warning lights and signs on buses carrying children)
  • rule 115(4) (display of certain lights and reflectors) Rule 35(6) (horns, alarms etc) of the Light Vehicle Standards modifies the effect of the corresponding ADR requirement.

Division 1—Interpretation 14—ADRs An Australian Design Rule (ADR) is a national standard.

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Part 3—Australian Design Rules Division 1—Interpretation 10 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] 15—National standards A national standard is a national standard under the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth. 16—References to national standards Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in the Light Vehicle Standards to a national standard is a reference to the national standard.

17—Second edition ADRs A second edition ADR is a national standard incorporated in the document described as the Australian Design Rules for Motor Vehicle Safety, Second Edition published by the Commonwealth Government. 18—Third edition ADRs A third edition ADR is a national standard incorporated in the document described as the Australian Design Rules for Motor Vehicles and Trailers, Third Edition published by the Commonwealth Government. Division 2—Compliance with ADRs 19—Compliance with second edition ADRs (1) If a second edition ADR recommends that the ADR should apply to the design and construction of a vehicle, the vehicle must comply with the ADR.

(2) If a second edition ADR contains a requirement for a type of equipment fitted to a vehicle built on or after a stated time any equipment of the same type fitted to the vehicle after it is built must comply with— (a) the requirement as in force when the vehicle was built; or (b) if the requirement is amended after the vehicle is built and before the equipment is fitted, the requirement as in force— (i) when the vehicle was built; or (ii) when the equipment was fitted; or (iii) at any time between when the vehicle was built and the equipment was fitted.

(3) However, a vehicle, or equipment fitted to a vehicle, need not comply with a recommendation or requirement of a second edition ADR if— (a) the recommendation or requirement is replaced by, or is inconsistent with, a requirement of a third edition ADR applying to the vehicle or equipment; and (b) the vehicle or equipment complies with the requirement of the third edition ADR. (4) If a second edition ADR allows a vehicle built on or after a stated time to be fitted with equipment, a vehicle built before the time may also be fitted with the equipment.

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 Australian Design Rules—Part 3 Compliance with ADRs—Division 2 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 11 20—Compliance with third edition ADRs (1) If a third edition ADR applies to the design and construction of a vehicle, the vehicle must comply with the ADR.

(2) If a third edition ADR contains a requirement for a type of equipment fitted to a vehicle built on or after a stated time, any equipment of the same type fitted to the vehicle after it is built must comply with— (a) the requirement as in force when the vehicle was built; or (b) if the requirement is amended after the vehicle is built and before the equipment is fitted, the requirement as in force— (i) when the vehicle was built; or (ii) when the equipment was fitted; or (iii) at any time between when the vehicle was built and the equipment was fitted.

(3) However, a vehicle, or equipment fitted to a vehicle, need not comply with a requirement of a third edition ADR if— (a) the requirement is replaced by, or is inconsistent with, a requirement of a later version of the ADR applying to the vehicle or equipment; and (b) the vehicle or equipment complies with the requirement of the later version. (4) If a third edition ADR allows a vehicle built on or after a stated time to be fitted with equipment, a vehicle built before the time may also be fitted with the equipment. 21—Exception to compliance with ADRs—vehicles that are not road vehicles A vehicle need not comply with an ADR applied by rule 19(1) or 20(1) if a determination or declaration under section 5B of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth provides that the vehicle is not a road vehicle for that Act.

22—Exception to compliance with ADRs—Motor Vehicle Standards Act (1) A vehicle need not comply with an ADR applied by rule 19(1) or 20(1) if— (a) despite non-compliance with the ADR, approval has been given, under section 10A(2) or (3) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth to place identification plates on vehicles of that type; and (b) the vehicle complies with the approval conditions (if any). Note— See notes to rule 13. (2) A vehicle need not comply with an ADR applied by rule 19(1) or 20(1) if— (a) the vehicle may be supplied to the market under section 14A(1) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth; and (b) for a vehicle for which an approval has been given under that subsection—the vehicle complies with the approval conditions (if any).

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Part 3—Australian Design Rules Division 2—Compliance with ADRs 12 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] (3) A vehicle need not comply with an ADR applied by rule 19(1) or 20(1) if— (a) the vehicle may be used in transport in Australia under section 15(2) of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth; and (b) for a vehicle for which an approval has been given under that subsection—the vehicle complies with the approval conditions (if any).

23—Partial exception to compliance with ADRs—personally imported vehicles (1) In this rule— personally imported vehicle means a vehicle built after 1968 that has been imported into Australia by a person who— (a) before the vehicle was imported into Australia, owned and used it for a continuous period of at least— (i) if the vehicle owned by the person before 9 May 2000—3 months; or (ii) in any other case—1 year; and (b) when the vehicle was imported into Australia— (i) was an Australian citizen or permanent resident or an applicant for Australian citizenship or permanent residency; and (ii) was old enough to hold a driver’s licence or learner’s permit to drive the vehicle; and (c) has undertaken to comply with any requirements relating to road safety imposed in relation to the vehicle under the Motor Vehicle Standards Regulations 1989 of the Commonwealth; and (d) has not, within the previous year, imported into Australia another vehicle owned by the person.

(2) A personally imported vehicle must be fitted with— (a) seat belts that are as effective as seat belts that meet an Australian Standard or British Standard for seat belts as in force when this rule commenced; and (b) seat belt anchorages that meet the number and location requirements of second or third edition ADR 5; and (c) child restraint anchorages that meet the number, location, accessibility, thread size and form requirements of second edition ADR 34 or third edition ADR 5 or 34; and (d) head restraints that meet the number, location and size requirements of second or third edition ADR 22.

(3) However, a personally imported vehicle need only meet the requirements of an ADR mentioned in subrule (2) if the ADR recommends that it should apply, or applies, to a vehicle of the same type. (4) A personally imported vehicle need not otherwise comply with an ADR applied by rule 19(1) or 20(1).

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 Adopted standards—Part 4 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 13 Part 4—Adopted standards 24—Adopted standards An adopted standard is a standard, except a national standard, that is applied, adopted or incorporated by the Light Vehicle Standards.

25—Reference to adopted standards Unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in a rule or subrule to an adopted standard is a reference to the standard as in force at the commencement of the Light Vehicle Standards, or, if the provision in which reference appears commenced after the commencement of the Light Vehicle Standards, as in force at the commencement of that provision.

26—Exception to compliance with adopted standards A vehicle need not comply with an adopted standard if— (a) the standard is replaced by, or is inconsistent with, a later version of the standard; and (b) the vehicle complies with the later version of the standard. Part 5—General safety requirements Note— For a vehicle to be operated safely, the vehicle needs to be properly designed to minimise the potential for accidents and harm to other road users. This Part sets out various requirements covering the driver's view from a vehicle, the driver's control of a vehicle, protection of vehicle occupants and other road users, and other general safety features.

Division 1—All vehicles 27—Steering (1) A motor vehicle must have a right-hand drive. (2) A motor vehicle has a right-hand drive if the centre of at least 1 steering control of the vehicle is to the right of, or in line with, the centre of the vehicle. (3) A component of the steering system of a motor vehicle that is essential for effective steering of the vehicle must be built to transmit energy by mechanical means only. (4) Failure of a non-mechanical component of the steering system must not prevent effective steering of the vehicle.

28—Turning ability (1) A motor vehicle must be able to turn in a circle not over 25 metres in diameter, measured by the outer edge of the tyre track at ground level.

(2) The vehicle must be able to comply with subrule (1) whether it turns to the left or to the right.

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Part 5—General safety requirements Division 1—All vehicles 14 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] 29—Ability to travel backwards and forwards A motor vehicle with an unloaded mass over 450 kilograms must be able to be driven both backwards and forwards when the driver is in the normal driving position. 30—Protrusions (1) An object fitted to a vehicle must be designed, built and fitted to the vehicle in a way that minimises the likelihood of injury to a person making contact with the vehicle.

(2) However, subrule (1) does not apply to an object fitted to a vehicle if— (a) the vehicle was designed before 1965 and the object was part of the design of the vehicle; or (b) the object was fitted to the vehicle before 1965 in accordance with the law of the place where the object was fitted.

31—Frontal protection systems (1) This rule applies to a motor vehicle built on or after 1 July 2013 that has a GVM not over 3.5 tonnes. (2) In addition to complying with rule 30, a frontal protection system fitted to a motor vehicle to which this rule applies must comply with Australian Standard AS 4876.1— 2002 Motor Vehicle Frontal Protection Systems—Road User Protection (other than clause 3.2). (3) In this rule— frontal protection system means a structure (other than a bumper bar) fitted to the front of a motor vehicle to reduce damage to the vehicle structure and systems if the front of the vehicle comes into contact with an animal, vehicle or other object, and includes such a structure that replaces or supplements a bumper bar.

Examples of frontal protection systems— Bull bars, nudge bars and roo bars. 32—Driver's view and vehicle controls A motor vehicle must be built— (a) to allow the driver a view of the road and of traffic to the front and sides of the vehicle so the driver can drive the vehicle safely; and (b) with its controls located so the driver can drive the vehicle safely. 33—Seating A seat for a driver or passenger in a vehicle must be securely attached to the vehicle. 34—Mudguards and spray suppression (1) A vehicle must have firmly fitted a mudguard for each wheel or for adjacent wheels. (2) However, subrule (1) does not apply to a vehicle if— (a) the construction or use of the vehicle makes the fitting of mudguards unnecessary or impracticable and the vehicle is not driven or towed at a speed greater than 40 kilometres an hour; or

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 General safety requirements—Part 5 All vehicles—Division 1 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 15 (b) the body or part of the body of the vehicle acts as a mudguard. Examples of vehicles to which subrule (2)(a) applies— (a) Most road-making plant. (b) Some agricultural equipment. (3) A mudguard may be up to— (a) 230 millimetres above ground level; or (b) on a vehicle built to be used off road—300 millimetres above ground level. (4) The outside of a rear mudguard, except a mudflap, of a vehicle that can be seen from the rear of the vehicle must be coloured white or silver if the vehicle— (a) is at least 2.2 metres wide; and (b) has a body the vertical measurement of which is under 300 millimetres at the rear, measured from the lowest point of the body above ground level to the highest point; and (c) is not fitted with rear marking plates.

(5) For subrule (4)(a), the width of a vehicle is measured disregarding any anti-skid device mounted on wheels, central tyre inflation systems, lights, mirrors, reflectors, signalling devices and tyre pressure gauges.

35—Horns, alarms etc (1) A motor vehicle must be fitted with at least 1 horn or other device that can give sufficient audible warning to other road users of the approach or position of the vehicle. (2) A motor vehicle must not be fitted with a device that can make a sound like the sound of a siren, exhaust whistle, compression whistle or repeater horn. (3) However, subrule (2) does not apply to— (a) a police vehicle; or (b) an emergency vehicle; or (c) a vehicle at least 25 years old that is fitted as a police or emergency vehicle if— (i) the vehicle is only used for exhibition purposes; or (ii) it is part of a collection of former police or emergency vehicles; or (d) an anti-theft alarm if the alarm cannot be operated while the vehicle's ignition is on.

(4) Also, a motor vehicle may be fitted with a device that emits a regular, intermittent sound while the vehicle is reversing or in reverse gear. (5) The device must not be louder than is necessary so the driver, and a person near the vehicle, can hear the device when it is operating. (6) The provision of the relevant ADR that corresponds to subrule (2) applies to a vehicle as if that provision did not contain a reference to a bell.

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Part 5—General safety requirements Division 1—All vehicles 16 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] 36—Rear vision mirrors (1) A rear vision mirror or mirrors must be fitted to a motor vehicle as required by this rule so that a driver of the vehicle can clearly see by reflection the road behind the vehicle and any following or overtaking vehicle.

(2) At least 1 rear vision mirror must be fitted to— (a) a car; and (b) a motor trike with 2 front wheels; and (c) a motor bike, or motor trike with 1 front wheel, built before July 1975. (3) At least 1 rear vision mirror must be fitted to each side of— (a) a motor vehicle with a GVM over 3.5 tonnes; and (b) a motor bike, or motor trike with 1 front wheel, built after June 1975. (4) A motor vehicle with a GVM not over 3.5 tonnes (except a motor vehicle mentioned in subrule (2) or (3)) must be fitted with— (a) at least 1 rear vision mirror on the right side of the vehicle; and (b) at least 1 rear vision mirror on the left side of the vehicle or inside the vehicle.

(5) A rear vision mirror fitted to a motor vehicle with a GVM over 3.5 tonnes must not project over 150 millimetres beyond the widest part (excluding lights, signalling devices and reflectors) of the vehicle or combination.

(6) However, the rear vision mirror may project not over 230 millimetres beyond the widest part of the vehicle or combination if it can fold to project not over 150 millimetres beyond the widest part. 37—Rear vision mirrors—surfaces (1) A rear vision mirror required to be fitted to the side of a motor vehicle with a GVM over 3.5 tonnes must have a reflecting surface of at least 150 square centimetres. (2) The reflecting surface of the rear vision mirrors that are required to be fitted to a motor bike or moped must— (a) each be of the same curvature; and (b) if convex, be part of a notional sphere with a radius of at least 1.2 metres.

38—Additional rear vision mirrors A motor vehicle may be fitted with additional rear vision mirrors or mirror surfaces that are flat or convex or a combination of flat and convex surfaces. 39—Automatic transmission (1) A motor vehicle fitted with an automatic transmission must have an engine starter mechanism that cannot operate when the transmission control is in a position to drive the vehicle.

(2) A vehicle built after 1975 that is fitted with an automatic transmission must have an indicator in the driver's compartment showing the transmission control position. (3) Subrules (1) and (2) do not apply to a motor vehicle with less than 4 wheels.

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 General safety requirements—Part 5 All vehicles—Division 1 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 17 40—Diesel engines A motor vehicle propelled by a diesel engine must be fitted with a device preventing the engine from being started accidentally or inadvertently.

41—Bonnet securing devices (1) A motor vehicle with a moveable body panel forward of the windscreen that covers an engine or luggage storage or battery compartment, must have a device to secure the panel.

(2) However, if the panel opens from the front in a way that partly or completely obstructs the driver's forward view through the windscreen, the panel must have primary and secondary devices to secure the panel. 42—Electrical wiring, components, connections and installations (1) The wiring of electrical equipment of a vehicle, except the high tension ignition wiring, must— (a) be supported at intervals of not over 600 millimetres, unless the vehicle is a pole-type trailer with a pole with an adjustable length, or an extendible trailer; and (b) be insulated at each of its joints; and (c) be located where it cannot— (i) become overheated; or (ii) contact moving parts; or (iii) come near enough to the fuel system to be a fire hazard; and (d) be protected from chafing.

(2) The electrical components of a vehicle must be securely mounted. (3) The electrical connectors between motor vehicles and trailers, for the operation of the vehicle lights required by the Light Vehicle Standards, must comply with at least 1 of the following standards:
  • Australian Standard AS 4177.5-2004 Caravan and Light Trailer Towing Components—Electrical Wiring
  • International Standards Organisation ISO 1185-1997
  • Society of Automotive Engineers SAE J 560-1998
  • Australian Standard AS 4735-2003 Heavy road vehicles—Electrical connectors for articulated vehicles.

(4) A trailer must be equipped with an electrical conductor, independent of the trailer coupling, that provides a return path between the electrical circuits of the trailer and towing vehicle. 43—Television receivers and visual display units (1) A television receiver or visual display unit must not be installed in a vehicle so any part of the image on the screen is visible to the driver from the normal driving position.

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Part 5—General safety requirements Division 1—All vehicles 18 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] (2) However, subrule (1) does not apply to— (a) a television receiver or visual display unit that cannot be operated when the vehicle is moving; or (b) a driver's aid in any vehicle or a destination sign in a bus.

Examples of driver's aids— (a) Closed-circuit television security cameras. (b) Dispatch systems.

(c) Navigational or intelligent highway and vehicle system equipment. (d) Rearview screens. (e) Ticket-issuing machines. (f) Vehicle monitoring devices. (3) A television receiver, or visual display unit, and its associated equipment in a vehicle must be securely mounted in a position that— (a) does not obscure the driver's view of the road; and (b) does not impede the movement of a person in the vehicle. 44—Requirement for windscreen to be fitted A motor vehicle (but not including a motor bike, a motor trike or a moped) must be fitted with a windscreen if it is manufactured or designed to have a windscreen.

45—Windscreens and windows (1) Transparent material used in a windscreen, window, or an interior partition, of a motor vehicle must be of approved material if— (a) the vehicle was built after June 1953; or (b) the material was first fitted to the vehicle after June 1953. (2) In this rule— approved material means material with the same characteristics as material mentioned in any of the following standards: (a) Australian Standard AS R1–1965 Safety Glass for Land Transport (b) Australian Standard AS R1–1968 Safety Glass for Land Transport (c) Australian Standard AS 2080–1977 Safety Glass for Vehicles (d) British Standard BS 857:1967 Specification for Safety Glass for Land Transport (e) British Standard BS 5282:1975 Specification for Road Vehicle Safety Glass (f) British Standard BS AU178:1980 Specification for Road Vehicle Safety Glass (g) Japanese Industrial Standard JIS R 3211–1979 Safety Glasses for Road Vehicles (h) American National Standard ANSI Z26.1–1980 Safety Code for Safety Glazing Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles Operating on Land Highway;

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 General safety requirements—Part 5 All vehicles—Division 1 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 19 transparent material does not include any coating added to the windscreen, window or partition after its manufacture. 46—Window tinting (1) Glazing used in a windscreen of a motor vehicle must have a luminous transmittance of at least— (a) for a motor vehicle built after 1971—75%; or (b) for another motor vehicle—70%. (2) Windscreen glazing of a motor vehicle must not be coated in a way that reduces its luminous transmittance.

(3) However, subrules (1) and (2) do not apply to the greater of the following areas of a windscreen: (a) the area above the highest point of the windscreen that is swept by a windscreen wiper; (b) the upper 10% of the windscreen. (4) Glazing used in a window or interior partition of a motor vehicle must have a luminous transmittance of at least 70%. (5) Glazing behind the rear of the driver's seat may be coated to achieve a luminous transmittance of not less than 35%. (6) Glazing in a side window forward of the rear of the driver's seat may be coated to achieve a luminous transmittance of not less than 35%.

(7) Glazing that has been coated to reduce its luminous transmittance must not have a reflectance of over 10%. (8) The luminous transmittance requirements in subrules (5) and (6) apply to a vehicle instead of the corresponding requirements in the relevant ADR. (9) In this rule— glazing means material fitted to the front, sides, rear or interior of a vehicle, through which the driver can see the road, but does not include a coating added after manufacture of the material; luminous transmittance, for glazing, means the amount of light that can pass through the glazing as a percentage of the amount of light that would be transmitted if the glazing were absent.

47—Windscreen wipers (1) A motor vehicle with 3 or more wheels that is fitted with a windscreen must be fitted with at least 1 windscreen wiper unless a driver in a normal driving position can obtain an adequate view of the road ahead of the motor vehicle without looking through the windscreen. (2) At least 1 windscreen wiper fitted to the motor vehicle must— (a) be able to remove moisture from the part of the windscreen in front of the driver to allow the driver an adequate view of the road ahead of the motor vehicle when the windscreen is wet; and

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Part 5—General safety requirements Division 1—All vehicles 20 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] (b) be able to be operated from a normal driving position; and (c) for a motor vehicle built after 1934—continue to operate until the wiper is switched off; and (d) for a motor vehicle built after 1959 the driving position of which is nearer one side of the vehicle than the other— (i) be able to remove moisture from the part of the windscreen in front of the driver, and a corresponding part of the windscreen on the other side of the centre of the motor vehicle, to allow the driver an adequate view of the road ahead of the motor vehicle when the windscreen is wet; and (ii) if the windscreen wipers are operated by engine manifold vacuum— be provided with a vacuum reservoir or pump to maintain the efficient operation of the wiper or wipers while the vehicle is in motion.

48—Wheels and tyres—size and capacity The wheels and tyres fitted to an axle of a vehicle must be of sufficient size and capacity to carry the part of the vehicle's gross mass transmitted to the ground through the axle. 49—Pneumatic tyres generally A vehicle built after 1932 must be fitted with pneumatic tyres. 50—Pneumatic tyres—carcass construction (1) A vehicle must not have pneumatic tyres of different carcass construction fitted to the same axle, but the tyres may have different cord materials and a different number of plies.

(2) However, subrule (1) does not apply to a tyre being used in an emergency as a temporary replacement for a tyre complying with the subrule.

51—Pneumatic tyres—size and capacity The size and capacity of a pneumatic tyre to be fitted to a vehicle must be decided using a cold inflation pressure that is not more than the lesser of— (a) the pressure recommended by the tyre manufacturer; and (b) a pressure of— (i) for a radial ply tyre—825 kilopascals; or (ii) for another tyre—700 kilopascals. 52—Tyres—defects A tyre fitted to a vehicle must be free of any apparent defect that could make the vehicle unsafe.

53—Tyres—manufacturer's rating (1) This rule applies to a motor vehicle if the vehicle— (a) has 4 or more wheels; and

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 General safety requirements—Part 5 All vehicles—Division 1 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 21 (b) was built after 1972. (2) However, this rule does not apply to a tyre if the tyre— (a) is recommended by the vehicle builder as suitable for limited use on the vehicle in special circumstances at a speed less than the speed applying to the vehicle under subrule (3); or (b) is being used in an emergency as a temporary replacement for a tyre complying with this rule.

(3) A tyre fitted to a motor vehicle must, when first manufactured, have been rated by the tyre manufacturer as suitable for road use at the lesser of— (a) a speed of at least— (i) for a car with special features for off-road use—140 kilometres an hour; or (ii) for another car—180 kilometres an hour; or (iii) for another motor vehicle—120 kilometres an hour; and (b) the vehicle's top speed. Example— Example for paragraph (a)(i): A four-wheel drive vehicle. (4) This rule applies to a vehicle instead of the tyre speed category requirements in the relevant ADR.

54—Retreads (1) A tyre that is retreaded before the commencement of this rule must not be used on a vehicle if— (a) Australian Standard AS 1973–1976 Retreaded Pneumatic Passenger Car and Light Truck Tyre or Australian Standard AS 1973–1985 Retreaded Pneumatic Passenger Car and Light Truck Tyres applies to the tyre; and (b) the tyre was retreaded after publication of the Australian Standard; and (c) the tyre was not retreaded in accordance with Australian Standard AS 1973– 1976 Retreaded Pneumatic Passenger Car and Light Truck Tyre, Australian Standard AS 1973–1985 Retreaded Pneumatic Passenger Car and Light Truck Tyres or Australian Standard AS 1973–1993 Pneumatic Tyres—Passenger Car, Light Truck and Truck/Bus—Retreading and Repair Processes.

(2) A tyre that is retreaded after the commencement of this rule must not be used on a vehicle if— (a) Australian Standard AS 1973–1993 Pneumatic Tyres—Passenger Car, Light Truck and Truck/Bus—Retreading and Repair Processes applies to the tyre; and (b) the tyre was not retreaded in accordance with the Australian Standard.

Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013—10.2.2014 Part 5—General safety requirements Division 1—All vehicles 22 This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 [10.2.2014] Note— The Australian Standards mentioned in this rule require various markings on retreaded tyres. These may include a speed rating less than the rating originally marked on the tyre. 55—Tyre tread (1) A tyre on a motor vehicle must not have cleats or other gripping devices that could damage road surfaces.

(2) Except at tread wear indicators, a tyre fitted to the vehicle must have a tread pattern at least 1.5 millimetres deep in a band that runs continuously— (a) across the tyre width that normally comes into contact with the road; and (b) around the whole circumference of the tyre.

(3) A vehicle must not be fitted with a tyre that has been treated by recutting or regrooving the tread rubber, unless the tyre was— (a) constructed with an extra thickness of rubber designed for recutting or regrooving; and (b) labelled to indicate the construction. Division 2—Additional requirements for motor bikes 56—Steering gear and handlebars (1) The handlebars on a motor bike must extend at least 250 millimetres, but not over 450 millimetres, on each side of the centre line of the vehicle. (2) In taking a measurement for subrule (1), mirrors and lights mounted on the handlebars of the motor bike are disregarded.

(3) The lowest part of the hand grip on the handle bars must not be higher than 380 millimetres above the attachment point of the handlebars to the motor bike. (4) Hand grips on the handle bars must be fitted symmetrically. (5) If a motor bike has the head stem as the steering pivot point, the horizontal distance from the midpoint between the head stem bearings to the centre of the front wheel must not be over 550 millimetres. Maximum horizontal distance from midpoint between head stem bearings of motor bike to centre of front wheel

10.2.2014—Road Traffic (Light Vehicle Standards) Rules 2013 General safety requirements—Part 5 Additional requirements for motor bikes—Division 2 [10.2.2014] This version is not published under the Legislation Revision and Publication Act 2002 23 57—Foot rests A motor bike must be fitted with foot rests for the driver, and for any passenger for whom a seating position is provided.

58—Chain guards (1) If the engine power of a motor bike is transmitted to the rear wheel by a chain, the driver and any passenger must be protected from the front sprocket and at least the upper part of the chain by— (a) the frame or equipment of the motor bike; or (b) a chain guard.

(2) A chain guard must cover the chain to a point— (a) at least 300 millimetres to the rear of the rearmost foot rest; or (b) above the centre of the rear drive sprocket. 59—Sidecars A sidecar on a motor bike must be positioned on the left hand side of the motor bike. Part 6—Vehicle marking Note— This Part contains requirements for a vehicle that help to identify the vehicle and, if the vehicle is unusually long, to warn other motorists. 60—Vehicle and engine identification numbers (1) In this rule— number includes letter. (2) A motor vehicle must have an individual engine identification number clearly stamped, embossed or otherwise permanently marked on it.

(3) A motor vehicle built after 1930 must have the engine identification number on its engine block or the main component of its engine.

(4) A vehicle must have an individual vehicle identification number clearly stamped, embossed or otherwise permanently marked on a substantial part of its frame or chassis. (5) A vehicle or engine identification number must be located where a person can read it easily without having to use tools to remove a part of the vehicle that would otherwise obstruct the person's view. 61—White or silver band on certain vehicles (1) This rule applies to a vehicle that— (a) is at least 2.2 metres wide; and (b) has a body with a vertical measurement under 300 millimetres at the rear, measured from the lowest point of the body above ground level to the highest point; and

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