Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

FREE to take away Salad Days ® because they’re only young once! Local Information for parents teachers and carers of children Saffron Walden, Bishop’s Stortford Great Dunmow and Villages Autumn 2019 Issue 85 Open days Inspiring tomorrow’s adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

Visit our family of independent schools educating boys and girls from nursery to sixth form in Saffron Walden and Cambridge. We have Open Events in September and October where current students and staff will be on hand to show you in their own way what makes our schools so special, with talks from Foundation leaders and tours from students available all morning.

Register your place today at 01223 454762

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

Welcome to the Autumn edition of Salad Days. This summer! Whilst in my home town of Whaley Bridge residents were being evacuated in case Todd Brook Reservoir dam burst and swept everyone and everything away - in Cambridge the hottest day ever was recorded in the Botanic Gardens on my birthday! Just a couple of hundred miles apart and we could almost be living in different countries. Anyway - summer is a fading memory and we are now into Autumn. New school, new class teachers, first school and many other changes for children and parents. The drawing in of nights (let’s not talk about that), Halloween and bonfires to enjoy and the faintest of faint glimmers of fairy lights and tinsel on the horizon! (another banned subject?!) This is the term where, if you have a child starting primary school or moving up to secondary school in September 2020, you need to visit as many schools as possible - plus investigate travel costs etc.

To help with planning - there is a list of open days on page 2, (where these are known at time of going to print). If, like me, you are overwhelmed by the different types of so called “free” preschool education, then you will find an immensly useful guide on page 31. It explains the different types of funding but, to me anyway, demonstrates that the system is clunky and could be tricky to navigate.

Elsewhere in this issue there are the always wonderful book reviews, plus quite a bit about health - vaccinations, pregnancy, preventing choking and the power of pumpkins! Enjoy! Harriet in this issue 1 © Harriet Christodoulides 2019. The copyright on the contents including artwork, advertisements, logos and articles when generated by Harriet Christodoulides t/a Salad Days remain with Harriet Christodoulides t/a Salad Days except where specifically stated otherwise. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the prior written consent of the publisher. Views expressed in articles are those of the contributors and not necessarily of the publisher.

The listings, content and advertising in Salad Days are for information only and must not be used for commercial purposes. Inclusion does not imply a recommendation from Salad Days. All advertisements are accepted in good faith and on the basis that the advertised goods and services are as stated by the advertiser. ISSN 1752-3257. Data Protection Act Registration Number Z9533787 T: 07792 751491; E-mail: Published and edited by Harriet Christodoulides. Design ServicesNick Crawley. Printed by Parkes Print & Design, 41 Hitchin Street, Biggleswade, SG18 8BE saladdaysSW “ ” Copy Date for Winter issue 1st November 2019 To advertise in the next issue, include activities, clubs and events in your town village or school or to contribute articles on your speciality subject contact Harriet on 07792 751491 or Download this issue at Advertisers’ Index ___ 40
Articles & Features Essex admissions Sept 2020 ___ 2
Invisible value of arts education .

4 HPV immunisation ___ 6
Lifelab ___ 9
Tax breaks and allowances ___ 10
Routine matters ___ 11
Inspiring tomorrow’s adults - book reviews ___ 12
Purpose, passion & meaning ___ 13
14 Questions about vaccination ___ 14
Pumpkin power ___ 15
Children’s right to play ___ 15
Training frequency ___ 26
Halloween ___ 27
Early education funding ___ 31
Focus on choking prevention ___ 38
Babywearing ___ 39
BFLG new website ___ 40
Digital tool for pregnancy ___ 40
Performing Arts Dance, drama, theatre, music 20-23 Babies and Toddlers Buffy Bus timetable ___ 38
Chestertots ___ 38
Toddler groups ___ 32-40
Children’s centres ___ 40
Antenatal and postnatal ___ 40
Education Primary schools ___ 4-7
Tutors and support ___ 9
Events School open events ___ 2
Libraries ___ 10
Diary dates Sept, Oct, Nov ___ 16-19
Films at Saffron Screen ___ 19
Out of School Before & after school clubs ___ 8
Uniform groups ___ 26
Youth & social clubs ___ 27
Pre-School Nurseries, pre-schools ___ 28-30
Sport Sport & martial arts clubs ___ 22-25
Contents: T: 07792 751491 E: Front cover image Thank you to Pure Rhythm for providing image taken at their production "Cats".

See page 21.


Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events 2 education Essex admissions for September 2020 If your child is due to start primary or secondary school from September 2020, here are some important dates for you. It is your responsibility to apply for a school place at the correct times. We won't send you any letters to inform you to apply for your child’s school place. Secondary school places for September 2020 From 12 September 2019 you can apply online for your child’s secondary school (Year 7) place. You must submit an application by the national closing date of 31 October 2019.

Applications received after this date will be considered late and you may reduce your chance of being offered a place at your preferred school.

Primary and junior school places for September 2020 From 11 November 2019 you can apply online for your child’s primary (Reception) or junior (Year 3) school place. You must submit an application by the national closing date of 15 January 2020. Applications received after this date are considered late and will reduce your chance of being offered a place at your preferred schools. School open events Bishop’s Stortford College Whole College: Saturday 21st September 09.30-13.00. For all stages of entry Prep School: Saturday 9th November 09.45 arrival.

For 7+ to 11+ entry (Yr 3- 7) Pre-Prep: Saturday 25th April 2020. For Reception/4+ entry. See outside back cover Dame Bradbury’s School Pre-Prep Open Day - 12 October 2019 See inside front cover Felsted School.

Whole School Open Morning; Saturday 28 September 09.15 For Reception entry in 2020 Forest Fun: Friday 4 October 2019 Sparkletastics: Wednesday 27 November 2019 Musitastics: Wednesday 26 February 2020 Eggtastics: Wednesday 18 March 2020 Year 7 Taster Days Monday 16 September 2019 Monday 30 September 2019 Monday 14 October 2019 Monday 11 November 2019 Years 3-6 Taster Days Thursday 21 November 2019 Thursday 16 January 2020 Year 3 Experience Day Saturday 5 October 2019 Forest Hall School, Stansted Mountfitchet Wednesday 11th September 18.00-21.00 17, 18, 26 September and 1 & 10 October 09.00-10.30 Helena Romanes School T: 01371 872560 Saturday 28th September Hockerill Anglo-European College Saturday 28th Sepember Joyce Frankland Academy, Newport 19th September – evening (17.00 tbc) King’s Ely Acremont Nursery (Ages 2-4) Friday 20 September Acremont Reception-Year 2 (Ages 4-7) Friday 20 September Junior Year 3-6 (Ages 7-11) Friday 20 September Junior Year 7-8 (Ages 11-13) Saturday 21 September Senior Year 9-11 (Ages 13-16) Saturday 21 Septemberr Leventhorpe School 19th September 18.00-21.00 Linton Village College T: 01223 891233 3rd October - evening Meridian School: (King James Academy Royston, from Sept 2019) Pupils Year 8-11 Open visits: Monday 16th September to Friday 20th September Open evening: Thursday 10th October, 18.00-20.00 Saffron Walden County High School 18th October evening (tbc) Sawston Village College, 3rd October - evening Stephen Perse Foundation, Camb (Ind) Foundation Open Event 21 September 2019 St Mary’s Catholic School, B Stortford 25th September - evening St Mary’s School, Cambridge (Ind) Junior School 21st September 09.30-12.30 Senior School 5th October 09.30-12.30 See page 5 St Nicholas School, Old Harlow (Ind) 5th October 10.00-12.00 The Christian School, Takeley Nothing available yet Greneway School: (King James Academy Royston, from Sept 2019) Pupils Year 5-7 Open visits: From Monday 21st October to Wednesday 23rd October 09.00-10.30 Open evening: Thursday 24th October, 18.00-20.00 The Hertfordshire & Essex High School Thursday 26th September 17.30 The Leys School, Cambridge (Ind) Saturday 5th October 11+ and 13+ entry Saturday 5th February & 25th April 2020 General open morning The Perse School, Cambridge (Ind) Saturday 5th October 09.30-12.00 (must book)

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

T: 01763 838687 E: education 3 T: 07792 751491 E: Independent Co-ed Prep School for 4 to 11 years and Little Oaks Nursery School for 2 to 4 years 01279 657706

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events 4 education continued on page 6 Primary schools n Bishop’s Stortford All Saints’ JMI School and Nursery Parsonage Lane, CM23 5BE T: 01279 836006 W: Bishop’s Stortford College 10 Maze Green Road, CM23 2PJ T: 01279 838575 - See outside back cover Farnham C of E Primary Farnham, CM23 1RH 01279 771339 E: W: Hillmead Primary School Woburn Avenue, CM23 4PW T: 01279 656876 E: Howe Green House School - See page 3 Great Hallingbury, CM22 7UF T: 01279 657706 W: Little Hadham Primary Stortford Road, SG11 2D T: 01279 771285 E: Manor Fields Primary School Penningtons, CM23 4LE T: 01279 757193 Northgate School and Nursery Cricketfield Lane, CM23 2RL T: 01279 652376 E: St Michael’s Primary & Nursery School Apton Road, CM23 3SN T: 01279 652607 E: Summercroft Primary School & Nursery Plaw Hatch Close, CM23 5BJ T: 01279 307477 E: The Richard Whittington Primary Sch Thornbera Gardens, CM23 3NP T: 01279 657778 E: Thorley Hill Primary School Park Lane, CM23 3NH T: 01279 654496 E: Thorn Grove Primary School Thorn Grove, CM23 5LD T: 01279 653002 E: Please call us on 01279 653002 to book a tour.

Windhill21 Windhill, CM23 2NE T: 01279 696850 E: n Great Dunmow Dunmow St Mary’s Primary School High Stile, CM6 1EB T: 01371 872340 Felsted School Felsted, CM6 3LL T: 01371 82260 W: “Art helps us access and express parts of ourselves that are often unavailable to other forms of human interaction. It flies below the radar, delivering nourishment for our soul and returning with stories from the unconscious.” For me, artist Grayson Perry hits the nail on the head when it comes to connecting the arts, education and mental health.1 Perhaps this previously ‘invisible’ connection is key to supporting the wellbeing of our young people?

Unfortunately, we are living in a society in which mental health issues in young people are rising. In 2017, 1 in 12 (8.1%) of 5 to 19 year olds reported emotional disorders, such as anxiety or depression.2 Current research is revealing a growing understanding of the positive impact that the creative arts have on health, wellbeing and academic attainment.3 For example, The Case for Cultural Learning has discovered that taking part in arts activities can increase children’s cognitive ability by 17%.4 Drama, dance, music and visual art offer unique ways to explore what it means to be human. Young children quickly connect with tasks such as drawing ‘happiness’ or role playing ‘sadness’ and creative subjects continue to enable pupils to connect with and communicate their emotions throughout school.

From persevering with a musical instrument to managing the pressure of a big performance, creative subjects also provide experiences that build character, resilience and confidence – skills that are critical to our well-being and self-esteem. At St Mary’s School, we believe the creative arts are vital – to academic achievement, to well-being and to building a future society full of creative, innovative, resilient citizens. See right. Matthew O’Reilly, Head of St Mary’s Junior School, Cambridge 1 Creative health: The Arts for Health and Wellbeing, 2017, All Parliamentary Group on Arts, Health and Wellbeing 2 Mental Health of Children and Young People in England, 2017, NHS Digital 3 The Case for Cultural Learning, 2017, Cultural Learning Alliance 4 Ibid.

The invisible value of arts education

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

T: 01763 838687 E: education 5 T: 07792 751491 E: Book a visit: I don’t want to be an artist. I am one.

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events 6 education continued from page 4 Great Dunmow Primary School Walnut Walk, Woodlands Park Drive, CM6 1ZR T: 01371 873184 The Flitch Green Academy Tanton Road, Little Dunmow, CM6 3GG T: 01371 822330 E: W: n Saffron Walden Dame Bradbury’s School inside front cover Ashdon Road, CB10 2AL T: 01799 522348 E: W: Katherine Semar Infants School Ross Close, CB11 4DU; Ages: 4-7 T: 01799 521720 E:admin@ W: Katherine Semar Junior School Ross Close, CB11 4DU; Ages: 7-11 T: 01799 521120 W: R A Butler Junior and Infant School South Road, CB11 3DG T: 01799 523651 W: See far right St Mary’s C of E Primary School Castle Street, CB10 1BQ T: 01799 523384 E: W: St Thomas More RC Primary School South Road, CB11 3DW T: 01799 523248 E:; W: n Stansted Bentfield Primary School Rainsford Road, CM24 8DX T: 01279 813626 E: W: Magna Carta Primary Academy St John’s Road, CM24 8JP T: 01279 703484 E: St.

Mary’s C of E Primary School Hampton Road, Forest Hall Park Stansted Mountfitchet T: 01279 812212 E: n Villages Albury C of E Primary School Church End, SG11 2JQ T: 01279 771253 E: W: Ashdon County Primary School Ashdon, CB10 2HB; T: 01799 584219 E: W: Birchanger Primary School and Nursery Birchwood, CM23 5QL T: 01279 812362 E: Chrishall Holy Trinity & St Nicholas CE (A) Primary School Palmers Lane, SG8 8QE T: 01763 838592 E: W: Clavering Primary School Stortford Road, CB11 4PE T: 01799 550300 W: Debden C of E Primary Debden, CB11 3LE; T: 01799 540302 E: W: Elsenham C of E Primary Elsenham, CM22 6DD T: 01279 813198 E: W: Farnham - See under Bishop’s Stortford Furneux Pelham C of E School Herts, SG9 0LH T: 01279 777344 E: W: Gt Chesterford Primary Academy School Street, CB10 1NN T: 01799 530292 E: W: Great Easton Primary Snow Hill, CM6 2DR T: 01371 870219 Introduction of a universal HPV immunisation programme The vaccine will be offered to boys, in addition to girls, as part of the routine school-aged schedule in England, from September 2019.

This follows the Government’s announcement in July 2018 to include HPV vaccination of boys, which was based on the advice of the Joint Committee of Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI).

The same vaccine (Gardasil) as is currently used for girls will be offered routinely to all individuals in school Year 8 (age 12 and 13 years, born from 1 September 2006 to 31 August 2007). For practical reasons, any individual who is eligible to be in school Year 8, (regardless of their date of birth), should be offered HPV immunisation. This includes any individual who is eligible to be in, or is in school Year 8. A second dose (separated by at least six months) will be offered either in the same school year or in the following year. A catch-up programme will not be offered for boys, but those eligible for the routine programme offered in school remain so until their 25th birthday.

GOV.UK. HPV Vaccination Programme See more about vaccinations on page 14

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

T: 01763 838687 E: education 7 T: 07792 751491 E: Great Sampford Primary Finchingfield Road, CB10 2RL T: 01799 586280 E: W: Henham and Ugley Primary & Nursery School School Lane, Henham, Herts. CM22 6BP T: 01279 850213 E: W: Little Hadham Primary See Bishop’s Stortford Manuden Primary School The Street, CM23 1DE T: 01279 813370 E: W: Much Hadham C of E Primary School Tower Hill, Much Hadham, SG10 6DL T: 01279 842626 E: W: Newport Primary School Frambury Lane, Newport, CB11 3PU T: 01799 540055 E: W: Radwinter C of E Primary Water Lane, Radwinter, CB10 2TX T: 01799 599248 E: W: Reed First School Jackson's Lane, Reed, Herts, SG8 8AB T: 01763 848304 E: Rickling C of E Primary Rickling, Saffron Walden, CB11 3YG T: 01799 543274 E: W: Steeple Bumpstead Primary School Steeple Bumpstead, Haverhill CB9 7EN T: 01440 730220 W: Takeley; The Christian School Brewers End, CM22 6QH Ages: 4-16 T: 01279 871182 E: W: Takeley Primary School Bennet Canfield, Little Canfield Dunmow, CM6 1YE T: 01279 870541 E: Takeley - Roseacres Primary CM22 6QY (REC – Year 5) T: 01279 879599 E: W: Thaxted Primary School Bardfield Road, CM6 2LW T: 01371 830240 E: W: Wimbish Primary School Tye Green, CB10 2XE T: 01799 599245 E: W: R A BUTLER ACADEMY INFANT AND JUNIOR SCHOOLS South Road, Saffron Walden ‘A place of nurturing and dynamic learning’ Come and see for yourself.

For personal tours throughout the year, contact Wendy 01799 523651

Salad Days - Open days - Inspiring tomorrow's adults Early education funding Immunisations Babywearing Events

Before & after school clubs Ace Kids Club (SW) Ages: 4-12 Contact: Janet Clark T: 01799 520356 E: W: Ashdon Primary School Before and After School Club Ages: 4-11 Manager: Neil O'Sullivan T: 01799 584219/Option 3 M: 07549 435445 E: W: The Barn Kids Ages: 4-11 (Thaxted) T: 01371 831262 W: Early Birds & Night Owls 4 schools in Bishop’s Stortford Contact: Hayley Lynskey T: 07745 262676/01279 771367 Funzone OOS & Holiday Club (BS) Ages: 4-10 Contact: Sabina Khetani T: 01279 321658/07762 138756 E: 8 education Great Bardfield Breakfast and After School Club Braintree Rd., CM7 4RN T: 01371 811580 W: Happy Hippos OOS & Holiday Club Ages: 4-11; Bishop’s Stortford Contact: Sabina Khetani T: 01279 321658/07762 138756 E: KidsOut Birchanger See left M: 07496 816411 Birchanger Cof E Primary School, CM23 5QL Breakfast & after school club exclusively for children attending Birchanger School KidsOut Magna Carter See left E: W: KidsOut Summercroft See left M: 07939 463519 Summercroft Primary School, CM23 5BJ Breakfast & after school club exclusively for children attending Summercroft.

Holiday Club Stortford KidsOut See left E: Summercroft Primary School Open to any child in the area. Much Hadham Pre-School Ages 3-11, term-time Breakfast and After School Clubs (Adjacent to St. Andrew's Primary School) Contact: Maria T: 01279 842614 E: W: Newport St Mary’s Church Ages: 11-14 11.00 on the 3rd and 4th Sunday of the month during term time.

Sunday Club. Ages: 4-11 Olivers Lodge Newport, Saffron Walden, Steeple Bumpstead and Great Dunmow. Ages: 4-12 Manager: Alex Suffolk T: 01799 540709 E: RAB Late Play Club (SW) Ages: 4-11 Manager: Mrs Erica Peck T: 01799 528607 (during sessions) W: Willows in Clavering T: 07484 636643 E: W: Providing a breakfast club and and after-school club for children at Clavering Primary School STORTFORD KIDSOUT Email: HOLIDAY CLUB Available to all children MAGNA CARTA Exclusive to Magna Carta BIRCHANGER Exclusive to Birchanger SUMMERCROFT Exclusive to Summercroft For quality Breakfast, After School & Holiday Club Care

T: 01763 838687 E: education 9 T: 07792 751491 E: Tutors & support n Academic Anna Clarke BA(Ed) Hons Qualified and Experienced Tutor Primary Literacy and Maths. SATs preparation and confidence-building. GCSE Maths and English T: 01799 526134 Glenis Toms Qualified and experienced teacher. Maths and English; 7-11 years T: 01799 540833 Kumon Bishop’s Stortford - See right Contact: Nicola Norbury T: 01920 461457 W: Sue Herd BEd (Hons) Experienced pre school tutor English & Maths (give your child a head start before school) T: 01799 510995 Tutor Doctor East Herts Contact: Viv Durham, Director T: 07450 825188 E: W: n Languages Kidslingo Have fun learning Spanish and/or French through songs, games, drama and stories from 0-11 years.

Classes also available for nurseries, primary schools & child minders. T: 07926 007797 E: W: Luciana Ferreira Day Spanish all levels E: T: 07930 525079 n Family support Aspects Family Support Philippa Roy-Chowdhury All Saints CE Primary School Parsonage Lane Bishop’s Stortford, CM23 5BE T: 01279 696842 W: Registered Charity 1164201 n Mindfulness Nikki Phillips, ITEC IIHHT DIP SMT Relaxation Therapist Youth Mindfulness Programme Outdoor retreats and courses run all year at a beautiful nature reserve.Young adults 1 to 1, and family sessions also available.

T: 07966 579345 E: W: n Speech and language therapy Marissa Pajot Webb MA, CCC-SLP, SLT, MRCSLT, MASLTIP, Reg. HCPC The Orchid Practice T: 07725 954685 W: W: See page 39 for article regarding babywearing LifeLab is coming! Join us for family friendly fun! LifeLab will transform shopping centres, cafes, bars and public spaces into discovery zones for all ages. And the best part is, most of it is free!

CAMBRIDGE EVENTS: Friday 27th September Browse our full programme online at for full details of our Friday events: including science-themed stand-up, a LifeLab Café Sci special, fascinating details about a research project sampling the diversity of life found in the River Cam, and LifeLab Late at the Cambridge Science Centre. Saturday 28th September The LifeLab will be in the Grafton Centre for some interactive activities and stimulating encounters in our pop-up lab (10:00-18:00). Extract some DNA, play at being a cancer detective. If computer science is an interest, drop in to the Code Club at the Cambridge Science Centre between 10:30-17:00 to create some code and learn how to control a robotic arm! Chat with researchers about how biology and computer science work together to benefit human health.

For more details about LifeLab and the full programme (coming soon), please visit Follow @camlifelab on Twitter, Facebook or Instagram for the latest updates. Fees vary. Please refer to your local study centre. Kumon’s maths and English study programmes work to develop your child’s confidence and independent study skills so they excel throughout the new term and beyond. To unlock your child’s potential, contact your local Instructor for a free assessment. Bishop’s Stortford Study Centre Nicola Norbury 01920 461457 10 leisure and features Libraries BISHOP’S STORTFORD; T: 0300 1234049 Baby Rhyme Time: Tuesday 10.30-11.00 & 11.30-12.00.

Toddler tales: story and rhyme time, Thursday 14.15-14.45 -not just in term time. DUNMOW LIBRARY; T: 0345 603 7628 Baby & Toddler Rhymetime Wed 11.00-11.30 LINTON LIBRARY; T: 0345 045 5225 Tuesday 14.00-14.30 SAFFRON WALDEN Foodbank donation point; used battery and small electrical recyling collection point. Please leave new/unused items for personal hygiene (toothbrush/paste, shampoo, etc.) for homeless women in the red box.T: 0345 603 7628 Let’s Draw! Art Club - every third Tuesday of the month. Children aged 8+ Building Block Construction Club - Every Third Thursday of the month. Aged 8+ Free Computer Classes Tuesdays 09.30-11.00 (term time only).

Puzzle Table - Everyone is invited to help finish our puzzle - winter months only.

  • Knit & Natter - Every Friday, 13.00-15.00. All welcome, just turn up. Sensory Storytime for pre-school children 2+ ~ Every last Tuesday of the month Storytime for pre-school children 2+ ~ Tuesdays 9.30-10am Babytime for children 1 to 2 years ~ Wednesdays 9.30-10am Babytime for children up to 1 year ~ Wednesdays 10.30-11am Daddy Cool for all pre-school ages ~ Saturdays 10.00- 10.30am THAXTED LIBRARY; T: 0345 603 7628
  • Rhymetime Every Friday at 09.30 during term time; babies & pre-School children Are you married or in a civil partnership? If so - you may be entitled to a £1,150 tax break called the marriage tax allowance. Marriage tax allowance lets you transfer £1,250 of your Personal Allowance to your husband, wife or civil partner if these specific circumstances apply:
  • You must be married or in a civil partnership (just living together doesn’t count).
  • One of you needs to be a non-taxpayer, which usually means earning less than the £12,500 personal allowance between 6 April 2019 and 5 April 2020.
  • The other partner needs to be a basic 20% rate taxpayer (higher or additional-rate taxpayers aren’t eligible for this allowance). This means you’d normally need to earn less than £50,000
  • You both must have been born on or after 6 April 1935 So, in a nutshell, one of you must be a non-taxpayer and one must be a basic-rate taxpayer. The marriage tax allowance for the tax year 2019/20 is up to £250. However, you can backdate your claim by up to four years, which means that if you claim now and backdate, you could get up to £1,150. You can apply for Marriage Allowance online at The person with the lowest income should make the claim. If your application is successful, changes to your Personal Allowances will be backdated to the start of the tax year (6 April).
  • HMRC will give your partner their extra allowance either:
  • by changing their tax code - this can take up to 2 months
  • when they send their Self Assessment tax return Your tax code will also change if you’re employed or get a pension. Your new code will reflect your new Personal Allowance and will end with ‘N’. If your new Personal Allowance is lower than your income after you’ve made a claim, you might have to pay some income tax. However, you might still benefit as a couple. Your Personal Allowance will transfer automatically to your partner every year until one of you cancels Marriage Allowance or your circumstances change, for example because of divorce or death. If your circumstances change you can cancel Marriage Allowance online. You’ll be asked to prove your identity using information HMRC holds about you. If you stop transferring the allowance to your partner, it will run until the end of the tax year (5 April). More information can be found at or call the HMRC helpline on 0300 200 3300 (have your National Insurance number with you when you call). Advisers at Uttlesford Citizens Advice can help check your eligibility and offer advice on benefits and tax allowances as well as housing, debt, relationship and employment issues. Call 01799 618840 for an appointment.

Barnards Yard, CB11 4EB; T: 01799 618840 W: E: Saffron Walden 9.30 to 3.30 M.T.Th.F. (appointments available Weds) Great Dunmow 9.30 to 3.30 T. W. Th. Stansted Mountfitchet and Thaxted by appointment only

T: 01763 838687 E: T: 07792 751491 E: leisure and features 11 Legal and financial advice Expect more. Clare Pilsworth from Tees Law looks at some ways for separated parents to share school commitments and holidays over the coming year. Routine matters With a new school year comes a new routine.

While you may look forward to returning to the regular rhythm of the school week after the long summer holidays, it can come with its own problems. If you are divorced or separated, it will be time to decide who will take care of school runs, afterschool care, activities and weekend commitments. While it is fresh in both your minds, it’s also a good time to plan the school holidays for the year ahead.

Ideally, you would sit down with your ex-partner at the start of term and come up with a plan to share the responsibility, ensuring that your child’s or children’s schooling isn’t compromised. This can be difficult if you find it hard to talk to each other. Even if you can communicate well, one partner may deem their work to be more important and therefore absent themselves from this routine. Similarly, the parent with whom the children are based may face the assumption that they will take responsibility for most of the school runs. These may both be reasonable and valid points, so it can take the assistance of an independent third party, such as a mediator, to help you see the bigger picture and encourage you to cooperate.

Mediation Family Mediation enables you to meet with your ex-partner in the presence of an impartial professional; it may be familiar to you if you are already formally separated. This form of structured discussion can also be valuable postseparation, when you have to make decisions about schooling and childcare that are essential to your children’s wellbeing. Mediation provides both you and your ex-partner with a neutral meeting space, with a professional who will listen to you both and help you reach decisions amicably.

You can use mediation to discuss holiday arrangements as well as the school routine. When discussing how your children split their time, both at weekends during term-time and during the school holidays, you both need to consider what is best for them. Time spent with each parent, holiday sharing, looking to your extended families for help and choosing activities can be formalised in this way. With the regular elements of the routine shared out amicably, other elements of your child’s schooling will hopefully follow on. These include sharing the information which is sent out from the school regarding your child; indeed, the school will usually expect you to communicate with your ex-partner.

Specific Issue Order You might encounter a specific issue which you cannot resolve through these methods (for example, one parent may have a new partner and want to move away, therefore impacting your choice of school, or your ex-partner might want to take an extended holiday with the children). In these situations, it is possible to make an application to court. The court will consider the facts, looking at the proposed childcare arrangement and whether it will cause the other parent to miss time spent with their child. The main concern will always be the welfare of the children; their best interests will determine the outcome.

However you come to an agreement, spending some time now planning out the year may help prevent the hostility that can arise from continually having to make short-term arrangements or a failure to communicate.

12 leisure and features Browsing in Hart’s Books for books to review for this issue of Salad Days I spotted Greta Thunberg’s NO ONE IS TOO SMALL TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE, a collection of the young Swedish girl’s speeches at climate rallies across Europe, at the UN, at the World Economic Forum, and at the Houses of Parliament. It struck me that we don’t acknowledge often enough that our children listen to all that goes on around them; that they form their own important opinions; and that we owe them proper explanations and understandings; and that we have a duty to put inspirational material in their paths.

Whatever the outcome of Brexit and all other political upheavals will be, I think we all recognise that we need stronger and better leaders around the world in the next generation. Usborne Books’ POLITICS FOR BEGINNERS, by Alex Frith, Rosie Hore and Louie Stowell, illustrated by Kellan Stover, is a highly accessible account of the how, and importantly, the why, of politics – from its first principle of being ‘the way people make decisions about how to work with each other in all kinds of groups, big or small’ to thoughts on ‘How does the media affect politics?’, ‘Who should pay for society?’, and ‘Is corruption inevitable?’.

The topics are grouped in sections such as ‘Political Systems’, ‘Political Change’, ‘Elections’, with a final ‘Big Questions’ section.

The book is very engaging, set out with lots of text boxes and cartoon figures with speech bubbles but with plenty of serious content to help children not only understand the mechanics of politics but to be inspired by what it can mean. Engineering is another area which will need great minds in the future. Both Usborne and DK are already onto this one – each with excellent books to fascinate young children. Usborne’s LIFT THE FLAP ENGINEERING has well-chosen snippets of information, detailing the wide range of areas in which engineers engage – from bridges to robots and the music industry. The opening paragraph sets the stage: ‘Engineering means designing, testing and making all kinds of useful things.

To do this, engineers use mathematics, science and – above all – their imaginations.’ With questions like, ‘How do you make an app?’ and an explanation of how engineers stopped Osaka airport, built on an artificial island, sinking into the sea, this book will certainly encourage children to look at the world around them with new understanding. If they are sufficiently inspired, they might like to test their engineering skills on the experiments detailed in DK’s HOW TO BE AN ENGINEER, which shows children how to ‘think and act like an engineer’. It is full of activities and investigations such as making a cardboard arch, how to build a safe crash-landing pod for eggs, and how to build a boat to keep as many marbles afloat as possible.

Alongside the activities are accounts of famous engineers and their achievements, and explanations of the science behind the activities. Again, I think the opening paragraph is particularly interesting. ‘These pages feature engineering projects for you to try yourself. The results you get may not be the same as those in the book – but that’s OK! If the results don’t match up, try to work out what you did differently, and then try again.’ What a fabulous opening message about the nature of experimentation! Experimentation is key to THE COLOURS OF HISTORY: HOW COLOURS SHAPED THE WORLD by Clive Gifford, illustrated by Marc-Etienne Peintre.

We take colour for granted but this book explores how colours were developed and how politically significant they were. Take, for example, cochineal, created from the dried and ground-up bodies of cochineal beetles by the Aztecs and Incas. The book explains how production was taken over by the Spanish invaders who grew wealthy on the European demand for strong red colours – the symbol of power for royalty and the Catholic church. Prussian Blue was developed by mistake when an 18th-century German scientist was trying to make a rich red but discovered a new blue which could be used in an early form of photocopying (hence ‘blueprints’).

I leave you to read for yourselves about why margarine was required to be coloured pink in 19th-century France and what Cudbear is. This is a fascinating book. I’d be delighted if it inspired its readers to experiment with making colour or to delve further into its politics.

As inspiration goes, Shakespeare’s poetry comes second to very little and I don’t think it necessarily matters if a child doesn’t understand every word. Gina Pollinger’s selection of CLASSIC SHAKESPEARE VERSE illustrated by Emma Chichester Clark is gloriously rich and accessible – and of course, is Inspiring tomorrow’s adults with books!

T: 01763 838687 E: T: 07792 751491 E: leisure and features 13 as relevant today as it was to Shakespeare’s original audience. Here he is on politicians, for example, ‘But man, proud man, / Dressed in a little brief authority...

like an angry ape / Plays such fantastic tricks before high heaven / As makes angels weep.’ I think even very young children could comprehend and enjoy the vivid opinion being expressed here and, perhaps, recall it and take heed as they step onto the future world’s stage ... but that’s not really my point.

Just read it to your children and let them bathe in the language. Shakespeare is simply the best. ‘For Lane who knew just what to do with wondering’ is the dedication from Julie Fogliano, the author of A HOUSE THAT ONCE WAS to its illustrator, Lane Smith. Knowing what to do with wondering is a talent which we have as children but seem to lose as we grow older. We need to help our children to find ways to nurture wonder and be inspired by it even as they grow up. A HOUSE THAT ONCE WAS is an enchanting story of two children who find an abandoned and derelict house in the woods and wonder about its former owners.

Written in the rhythms and gathering rhymes of THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT JACK BUILT, the children imagine a history for the house: ‘Who was this someone / who walked down this hallway / who cooked in this kitchen / who napped in this chair?’ I loved this: it reminded me of Quentin Blake’s wonderful THE GREEN SHIP but has its own magical poignancy, captured perfectly by Lane Smith’s exquisite illustrations.

From wonder come questions, exploration, experiment, discovery, understanding and inspiration. The sky at night is always a source of wonderment and Nicola Edwards and Lucy Cartwright have drawn imaginatively on this in WHEN THE STARS COME OUT: EXPLORING THE MYSTERIES AND MAGIC OF THE NIGHTTIME. Not just about the night sky, this gorgeous non-fiction picture book describes night-time across the world – in the deserts, rainforests, the ocean, woodland – and explores what night-time means to us – fear of the dark, dreams, sleep, and celebrations of the night. An inspired mix of science, natural history, myth, anthropology and psychology to inspire anyone who has gazed up at the stars.

So, where does all this inspiration come from? A bookshop, of course – which is why this set of reviews ends with THE MISSING BOOKSHOP by Katie Clapham, illustrated by Kirsti Beautyman, a charming and heartwarming (and heartstrings-tugging) story about a little girl’s love for her local bookshop and its elderly owner – and, tying in very neatly with my opening premise, the importance of giving children the chance for a proper understanding of the world around them and the impact they can have when they voice that understanding.

Milly loves Mrs Minty, owner of the local bookshop. When Mrs Minty gets up from ‘her creaky wooden story chair’ after storytime and says ‘Goodness! I’m getting a bit creaky, too!’ a cloud of worry forms in Milly’s head as she notices how slowly Mrs Minty walks.

Later, she asks Mum what happens when something is old and creaky. When Mum explains that ‘eventually it might need replacing with something new’, Milly is horrified. When she finds the bookshop unexpectedly closed ‘due to unforeseen circumstances’ (which mum explains means that something happened that no one had planned), she is devastated. On seeing the ‘For Sale’ sign, she knows she has to act. She begins a campaign of putting up posters on the boarded-up windows to encourage any new buyer to re-open the bookshop. After a few days, other children’s posters appear with the same message. I’m not going to spoil the ending, but Milly reminds me of Greta Thunberg ...

Hooray for tomorrow’s adults!

Books chosen from the shelves at Hart’s Books (, by Jo Burch Founder of Words in Walden Many of us ponder over our purpose in life and get really stuck in thinking that we should have a slick definition that gives us lifelong direction and meaning. In fact we can spend so much time pondering and searching that it becomes procrastination. After all, there’s no point in doing anything until we know our purpose, is there? We need to believe that somehow our lives matter. The paradox is that our lives won’t matter unless we do something.

It’s what we do with our life that makes it matter, or not! We tend to assume that our purpose has to come first and it is somewhere “out there” waiting for us to discover it.

Purpose is not “out there”, nor can we calculate it or take a social media quiz to find it. It is for you to decide what you want your purpose to be and start living it. You get to choose those you want to serve and who you need to become to achieve that. Of course, decisions take time to gel. Start with what you know about yourself. What are your strengths? What are you curious about? Find out what you are good at. Gather experiences and follow your heart. John Parker Lifestyle Business Solutions; Purpose, passion and meaning 14 leisure and features 14 questions new parents ask about vaccination 1What vaccines are available free on the NHS? The vaccines available depend on your child’s age and are aimed at the groups that need them the most. There’s a handy vaccine calculator on the NHS Choices website to help you work out which vaccinations your child should have and when. 2Is it safe for babies and children to have several vaccines at once – do vaccines ‘overload’ their immune system?

Giving your child a number of vaccinations at the same time is safe and is also very effective because protecting them as soon as possible is better than waiting.

Giving vaccines together is routine in most countries around the world. Studies have demonstrated that there are no harmful effects from administering these multiple vaccines in one session 3Can I still vaccinate my child if they are feeling unwell? If your baby has a minor illness without a fever, such as a cold, they can have their vaccinations as normal. If your baby is ill with a fever you should put off the vaccination until they have recovered; this is only to avoid confusion if the fever gets worse – so you can be sure it’s not a response to the vaccine.

4Are vaccines safe? All vaccines used in the UK are thoroughly tested, meet strict safety criteria and are carefully monitored after they are introduced into the national programme. It’s frustrating that we occasionally see misinformation circulating about side-effects from vaccinations that may dissuade people from being vaccinated or vaccinating their children. Claims about MMR and autism have long been thoroughly discredited and the real danger to your children is from missing out on vaccination. 5Can I find out what ingredients are in vaccines?

Manufacturers provide details about the ingredients of their vaccines on their websites.

Just Google the name of the vaccination to learn more. 6Are there any side-effects after immunisation? Some babies have some swelling, redness or a small hard lump where the injection was given and it may be sore to touch. This usually only lasts two to three days and doesn’t need any treatment. Fevers are quite common in young children, but are usually mild. If your child’s face feels hot to the touch check their temperature with a thermometer. If your baby has a fever make sure they don’t have too much clothing or bedding on them, and give them plenty of cool fluids, if you are breast feeding, the best fluid is breast milk.

Do not put them in a bath, sponge them down or put a fan on them 7Should babies born early have vaccines at the recommended age? It’s especially important that premature babies get their vaccines on time, from eight weeks after birth, no matter how premature they are. Babies who are born early can be at greater risk of catching infections because their immune systems are less developed 8Do the list of vaccines offered on the NHS change and if so why? All our vaccine programmes are constantly monitored to ensure that they offer the best protection as safely as possible. New vaccinations are sometimes introduced rapidly in response to rises in disease cases.

9What happens if I decide not to get my child vaccinated but later change my mind?

You should take up your child’s vaccinations as soon as they are offered. If you didn’t, contact your GP surgery and book them in for the vaccinations that they missed out on but are still eligible to receive. 10How long does protection from vaccines last? It varies depending on the vaccination. Vaccinations are timed to deliver protection when it’s needed most. For example, the MenB vaccine (which protects against bacteria that can cause meningitis and septicaemia) is given to children under 1 year of age – the age when the number of MenB cases peaks. 11I’ve heard that vaccines are not that effective, is it worth having them?

Vaccines are highly effective. They save lives, prevent serious complications, hospitalisation and disability. 12What vaccines should we have when travelling abroad and do I have to pay for travel vaccines? You and your family should be up-to-date with all their vaccines appropriate for their age. Extra vaccines may be needed depending on which countries you are visiting. You may have to pay for some of these but it is important you and are family are properly protected before you travel. 13Can I wait for an outbreak to actually occur before vaccination? You should get your child vaccinated at the recommended time to ensure they receive the best direct protection.

Sometimes when there is an outbreak, children in the affected area may be vaccinated to boost their immunity, but this is an extra measure that may or may not be offered. Responses to some vaccines may take a few weeks – so it’s definitely not recommended to wait and see. Doing this puts your child at risk. 14Can I make an appointment to talk to someone about vaccines before I book my child in? You can book an appointment with your GP or practice nurse to discuss what vaccinations your child should have and to discuss any concerns.

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T: 01763 838687 E: T: 07792 751491 E: leisure and features 15 As summer gradually fades into our memories and Autumn takes hold, the veg’ patch swells with Autumnal colour. As an amateur organic gardener I am grateful for whatever autumn offers, and one of its best offerings is the pumpkin. Packed with nutrients and loaded with seasonal meaning and fun, the humble pumpkin has a lot to offer. A Rich Source of Antioxidants Like most orange fruit and veg, pumpkin is high in beta-carotene – a powerful antioxidant that converts to vitamin A in the body helping to fight ageing freeradicals and give the immune system a boost.

Pumpkins also contain antioxidant vitamins C and E, which support the skin and immune system, as well as lutein which is crucial for healthy eyes. High Fibre, Low Calorie With 1 cup of pumpkin flesh containing up to 5g of fibre it makes a useful contribution to your daily intake. Fibre is essential for keeping the digestive system functioning correctly and research shows high fibre intake is correlated to a lower risk of bowel cancer. High fibre foods also give a feeling of fullness without piling on the calories - great for those trying to lose a few pounds.

Fights Inflammation Both the seeds and flesh have antiinflammatory properties. The seeds contain essential fatty acids while the flesh is extremely rich in antiinflammatory carotenoids. Of particular note is the carotenoid beta-cryptoxanthin, which has been studied in relation to its protective effects against inflammatory arthritis. Pumpkin Seeds Could Help You Sleep The seeds are an excellent source of the amino acid tryptophan, which is involved in production of serotonin within the body. Serotonin helps to ease anxiety and promotes better quality sleep. Try a mix of pumpkin and sunflower seeds as an after-dinner snack, to avoid late-night hunger and help you sleep more peacefully.

Pumpkin Seed Oil Is Good For The Heart Pumpkin seeds are a great source of healthy fats, including omega 3, which is important for the health of the skin, immune system, brain and cardiovascular system. Research has shown that pumpkin seed oil in particular lowers the blood pressure and is protective to the heart. Dry the seeds and eat raw on salads or yogurt, to avoid damaging the delicate essential fats. What’s not to like! Daniela Karsten Your local Registered Homeopath British Psychological Society (BPS) A recent study of schools across England found an average reduction in break times of 45 minutes for those aged 5-7 and 65 minutes for those aged 11-16 since 1995, and 60 per cent of schools which responded to the survey reported that children might be forced to miss an entire break or lunch period due to misbehaviour or to catch up with work.

Other factors include the closure of play facilities, increasing use of technology and social media, and worries about safety. BPS’ Division for Educational and Child Psychology calls for all children and young people to have access to free, high quality opportunities for play in their local area. Schools should never use the threat of taking away break or lunch time from schoolchildren as a punishment, or when they are forced to catch up on unfinished work, says the DECP. “Unstructured play, led by children themselves, is critical to encouraging wellbeing and development.

The DECP strongly advocates for children’s fundamental right to play, both during their school day and in their lives.” Pumpkin power! 5 Health Perks of the Pumpkin! Pregnancy Yoga, Children's and Family Yoga, Yoga for Adults and Children with Special Needs, specialist Women's Yoga, Beginners Yoga, Private Classes Yoga to improve strength, flexibility, relaxation and confidence.

Raises self-esteem and reduces anxiety, improves gratitude and self-acceptance. Sewards End: Yoga and Menopause/perimenopause workshop Family Yoga Pregnancy Yoga - Tuesdays 12:30 Easy Flow, Mindful Yoga - suitable for beginners - Tuesdays 10.00, Thursdays 19.30 Special Classes - Yoga for Better Back and Posture - Thursdays 9-11 Cambridge classes: Yoga Flow Open - Fridays 5pm Pregnancy Yoga - Saturdays 11:30 To book contact Samra: 07710 783 314 headandheartspecialyoga samra.headandheartyoga Children’s right to play

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