SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online

 
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
SHAPING OUR
FUTURE TOGETHER
LISTENING TO PEOPLE’S PRIORITIES FOR
THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION

           CONCLUDING REPORT OF THE UN75 OFFICE
           JANUARY 2021
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
2 | 

Written by the Office of the Under-Secretary-
General and Special Adviser on Preparations
for the Commemoration of the UN’s 75th
Anniversary, with support in analysis from
the Graduate Institute of International and
Development Studies and valuable feedback
from Pew Research Center. With thanks to
SDG Action Campaign for ongoing support.

Contact: un75@un.org

Layout Design by: Akiko Harayama, Knowledge
Solutions and Design, Outreach Division,
Department of Global Communications

Cover Photo: UNICEF/UNI363386/
Schermbrucker

United Nations, New York, January 2021
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
Contents | 3

CONTENTS

SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND
DIALOGUES4

INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE                                                        8

Listening to people’s priorities and expectations of international cooperation             8
Global participation: who took part                                                       12
Five UN75 data streams to gather priorities and solutions                                 14
Data analyzed in this report                                                              16

FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC                              19

FINDINGS: OUTLOOK FOR 2045: THREATS AND CHALLENGES                                       33

FINDINGS: LONG-TERM PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE WE WANT                                    45

FINDINGS: VIEWS ON INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND THE UNITED NATIONS55

ANNEXES71

ANNEX 1 – Detailed survey and dialogues data analyzed in this report                      72
ANNEX 2 – Detailed methodology                                                            81
ANNEX 3 – Funding partners                                                                94

ENDNOTES95
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
4 | SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES

SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY
FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES

More than 1.5 million people in 195                As COVID-19 reversed progress in
countries shared their short- and long-            human development and widened
term priorities, their ideas for action            inequalities, many prioritized access
and their calls for a more inclusive,              to basic services and support to the
transparent UN to lead the response to             hardest hit places and communities in
pressing global challenges                         the short-term

In January 2020, Secretary-General António         • Amid a striking shortfall in healthcare to
Guterres launched the yearlong UN75 initiative       meet the needs generated by the pandemic,
as an opportunity for the United Nations (UN)        respondents’ top immediate, short-term
to listen to the people it serves. Through           priority globally was ‘Universal access to
surveys and dialogues, more than 1.5 million         healthcare’.
people from all 193 United Nations Member          • As COVID-19 forced children out of schools
States shared their hopes and fears for the          around the world, ‘More investment in
future, and discussed how all actors, including      education and youth programmes’ ranked
the UN, can work together better to address          high among respondents, particularly
the global challenges we face.                       in Sub-Saharan Africa and Central and
                                                     Southern Asia.
Through the UN75 initiative, the UN has sought
to understand what are the issues citizens         • Reflecting the stark reality that three billion
around the world perceive as most pressing.          people lack a basic hand-washing facility
                                                     with soap and water at home, ‘Access to
                                                     safe water and sanitation’ was another
                                                     critical immediate priority for respondents
                                                     during the pandemic, across all human
                                                     development levels.
                                                   • Many respondents, especially in low and
                                                     middle income countries, prioritized ‘Global
                                                     solidarity’ and the need to provide ‘Support
                                                     to the hardest hit people and communities’,
                                                     and to ‘Address inequalities that have
                                                     deepened as a result of COVID-19.’
                                                   • Less respondents in Very High Human
                                                     Development countries viewed ‘Support to
                                                     the hardest hit places’ as a high priority.
                          NEW YORK, USA
                     UN photo/Mark Garten
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES | 5

Respondents living in lower human                  • The highest percentages of respondents
development countries and those                      who chose ‘Climate change and the
living in conflict situations tended to              environment’ as a top threat were in Latin
express greater optimism about the                   America and the Caribbean (73%), while the
future                                               lowest was is Sub-Saharan Africa (37%).

• Globally, many more respondents believed         Other long-term priorities vary
  people will be better off (49%) in 2045 than     according to income levels, but include
  today, compared with those who believe           rising concern with employment
  people will be worse off (32%).                  opportunities, respect for human
• Respondents in Sub-Saharan Africa were           rights and reducing conflict
  the most optimistic about the future (59%),
  followed by Central and Southern Asia            • While respondents in UNDP’s category
  (52%), and Eastern and South-eastern Asia          of higher human development countries
  (51%). Respondents in Northern America             tended to give the highest priority to the
  (49%), Europe (48%), Latin America and             environment and human rights, those
  the Caribbean (48%) and Oceania and                in lower human development countries
  Antarctica (47%) were most pessimistic             tended to accord the highest priority to less
  about the future.                                  conflict and meeting basic needs, such as
                                                     employment, healthcare and education.
• Respondents in regions with lower
  human development countries were far             • ‘More respect for human rights’ ranked
  more optimistic about the future than              number three globally as a long-term
  respondents in regions with higher human           priority. It ranked number one in Northern
  development countries. Respondents living          Africa and Western Asia and number two in
  in conflict situations were more optimistic        Northern America and Europe.
  about the future.                                • ‘More employment opportunities’ rose from
                                                     the tenth long-term priority identified
While they expect access to health                   by respondents in April 2020 to the sixth
services to improve over the next                    priority in December 2020. This may reflect
25 years, respondents in all regions                 the dramatic COVID-19 related workplace
identified climate change and                        closures, working-hour and labour income
                                                     losses.
environmental issues as the number
one long-term global challenge                     • Reducing conflict is a high priority among
                                                     respondents in Eastern and South-eastern
• ‘More environmental protection’ is                 Asia, Northern Africa and Western Asia, and
  the number one long-term priority for              Sub-Saharan Africa.
  respondents, globally, ranking in the top
  three priorities across all regions.
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
6 | SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES

• While respondents in countries that are          Many respondents look to the United
  not in conflict are more concerned about         Nations to lead in international
  tensions between countries, those in             cooperation to address immediate
  conflict situations are more concerned           and longer-term global challenges,
  about violence within their borders.             and many also want the Organization
                                                   to innovate – to be more inclusive,
97% of respondents believe that                    engaged, accountable and effective.
international cooperation is important
for addressing global challenges, with             In surveys and UN75 dialogues held around
variation in the degree of importance              the world, participants called on the United
across regions                                     Nations for:

• The majority of respondents believe that         • Moral leadership.
  international cooperation is essential           • A reformed, more representative and more
  (52%) for addressing global challenges,            agile UN Security Council.
  while 34% believe it is very important,
  and 11% believe it is fairly important. Only     • A revised Charter that includes today’s most
  3% of respondents believe international            pressing global challenges, like climate
  cooperation is not important or not                change.
  important at all.                                • Continued management and leadership
• The degree of importance of international          reforms, including more inclusive hiring
  cooperation varies across regions, with the        practices, more accountability and more
  highest percentage of respondents who              transparency.
  viewed it favorably from Northern America.       • An inclusive and participatory UN system,
• Respondents in higher human development            with improved understanding of the work
  countries tend to perceive the need for            of the UN among citizens around the world,
  international cooperation as greater               and which shows more care for the needs of
  than those in lower human development              ordinary people.
  countries.                                       • Improved implementation, monitoring and
• A majority of respondents globally say             evaluation of UN programmes globally,
  that COVID-19 has increased their view of          to solve international problems more
  the importance for greater cooperation             effectively.
  between countries.
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
In this 75th anniversary
year, I want to provide
as many people as
possible the chance to
have a conversation with
the United Nations. To
share their hopes and
fears. To learn from their
experiences. To spark
ideas for building the
future we want and the
United Nations we need.

     United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres,
                                      22 January 2020.
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
8 | INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE

INTRODUCTION TO THE
UN75 INITIATIVE

LISTENING TO PEOPLE’S PRIORITIES
AND EXPECTATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL
COOPERATION

United Nations (UN) Secretary-General                Increased participation in the UN75
António Guterres saw the United Nations’             conversation after COVID-19
75th anniversary as an opportunity for the
Organization to listen directly to the people it     Even though the UN75 initiative had a strong
serves. Even before the COVID-19 pandemic            online presence from the outset, we, like
struck, the world faced a growing list of            everyone else, were forced to adapt the way
global challenges: from the climate crisis           we worked. We encouraged people to hold
and environmental degradation to nuclear             online dialogues and we re-doubled our efforts
weapons, deepening inequalities, rapid               to reach people not connected through the
changes in our populations, the transformative       internet. In April, we added two COVID-19
impact of new technologies and new forms             related questions to our one-minute survey
and patterns of violence.                            and dialogue toolkit, asking people to share
                                                     their priorities to recover better from the
In January 2020, the UN launched a yearlong,         pandemic, and to see whether the pandemic
global initiative to listen to people’s priorities   had changed their views on the importance
and expectations of international cooperation.       of international cooperation – for better or for
Through surveys and dialogues, more than             worse.
1.5 million people from all walks of life shared
their hopes and fears for the future, and            While many worried that the pandemic would
discussed how all actors, including the UN,          dampen the UN75 conversation, it had the
can innovate and work together to better to          opposite effect. The number of people who
address the global challenges we face.               joined the initiative multiplied. The UN75
                                                     conversation became even more important
                                                     as people across the world not only discussed
                                                     their longer-term priorities, but also the
                                                     immediate socio-economic struggles they
                                                     faced with the pandemic, as well as their
                                                     concerns about the lack of international
                                                     cooperation to address COVID-19.
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 9

In dialogues, many people echoed the                The Declaration includes 12 Commitments
Secretary-General’s concern that “the               aimed at advancing “Our Common Agenda”—
pandemic is a clear test of international           that reaffirms the need for inclusive, effective
cooperation – a test we have essentially            and networked multilateralism and the
failed… the result of a lack of global              central role of the United Nations. Through
preparedness, cooperation, unity and                the UN75 initiative, the UN has identified the
solidarity.”1 Alongside their calls for increased   issues citizens around the world say are most
international cooperation, they suggested           pressing along the 12 Commitments reflected
concrete and sometimes innovative                   in the UN75 Declaration.
proposals for action on how we can address
the pandemic, recover after the pandemic,           Member States called on the Secretary-
and step up to address other urgent global          General to present recommendations on
challenges such as the climate crisis,              how the United Nations will address these
discrimination and rising inequalities.             12 Commitments “to advance Our Common
                                                    Agenda” before the end of the 75th session of
                                                    the General Assembly, in September 2021.
The UN75 initiative and the Member
State-led UN75 Declaration                          Guided by the 12 Commitments in the
                                                    UN75 Declaration and broad dialogues
In parallel to this UN75 initiative, United         and feedback received through the UN75
Nations Member States adopted the                   initiative, the Secretary-General has launched
Declaration on the Commemoration of the             a process of profound reflection on the
Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the United             future of multilateralism to inform his report
Nations in the General Assembly on 21               and recommendations on “Our Common
September 2020. We made our initial UN75            Agenda”. With international cooperation both
findings available to Member States for             more tested and more vital than ever, “Our
their consideration as they negotiated the          Common Agenda” will reinvigorate the values,
Declaration, in our April report, Resolved to       foundations and spirit of multilateralism to
Combine Our Efforts. Member States reached          achieve these goals and renew solidarity
consensus on the Declaration in July 2020,          within societies, between peoples, and with
emphasizing the need for an upgraded,               young people and future generations.
reinvigorated multilateralism for a more equal,
resilient and sustainable world.                    To do so, the Secretary-General will consider
                                                    inputs and recommendations received from a
2020 has demonstrated that the world needs          diverse group of thought leaders from a range
a path that ensures universal access to social      of countries and backgrounds, young thinkers
protection, healthcare, quality education and       under the age of 30 years from all over the
digital connectivity. A path towards a rapid and    world, ‘We the Peoples’ that includes civil
just transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient    society proposals from all regions shared with
economies that generate investment, growth          us through the UN75 global conversation, the
and employment. And a path that nurtures            private sector, subnational leaders and other
social cohesion, advances human rights and          non-governmental partners with expertise
gender equality, and builds peace.                  across the UN75 Declaration themes, and
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
10 | INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE

     UN75 DECLARATION 12 COMMITMENTS
UN75 DECLARATION 12 COMMITMENTS

          01
          LEAVE NO
                                02
                                PROTECT
                                               03
                                               PROMOTE
                                                             04
                                                             ABIDE BY
          ONE BEHIND            OUR            PEACE &       INTERNATIONAL
                                PLANET         PREVENT       LAW & ENSURE
                                               CONFLICTS     JUSTICE

          05
          PLACE WOMEN &
                                06
                                BUILD
                                               07
                                               IMPROVE
                                                             08
                                                             UPGRADE
          GIRLS AT THE          TRUST          DIGITAL       THE UNITED
          CENTER                               COOPERATION   NATIONS

          09
          ENSURE
                                10
                                BOOST
                                               11
                                               LISTEN TO &
                                                             12
                                                             BE PREPARED
          SUSTAINABLE           PARTNERSHIPS   WORK WITH
          FINANCING                            YOUTH
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 11

UN Member States. People around the world         In a separate exercise, we have examined
are speaking, and the United Nations and its      participants’ priorities, ideas for addressing
Member States are listening and acting.           global challenges, and how these map on
                                                  to the UN75 Declaration’s 12 Commitments,
Through this next phase during the UN’s           focusing first on the solutions and ideas
75th anniversary of advancing “Our Common         for action shared in dialogues, and then
Agenda” by reinvigorating inclusive, networked    integrating the information we received
and effective multilateralism, the Secretary-     through other UN75 data streams. We present
General will propose recommendations for          this separate analysis on the UN75 website.
transformative global action to address
shared problems, deliver on critical global
public goods and prepare for the threats and      How UN75 can spark action for a
opportunities of the future. The report will be   strong 100th anniversary
made available at the end of the 75th session
of the UNGA in September 2021.                    What happens next? How can the ideas
                                                  shared by so many people through the UN75
                                                  initiative spark concrete action and enhance
Synthesizing people’s priorities, their           international cooperation? Contributing to
ideas for action and their calls for the          the Secretary-General’s profound reflection
United Nations to change how it works             process in the coming year for advancing
                                                  “Our Common Agenda”, guided by the 12
At the official commemoration of the United       Commitment areas in the UN75 Declaration
Nations’ 75th anniversary, on 21 September        and listening closely to these ideas and
2020, the Secretary-General presented the         proposals shared through the UN75 global
key findings of the dialogues and surveys         conversation, we have carved out two
captured in our UN75 report, The Future We        pathways to help achieve this:
Want, the United Nations We Need.2                1) The creation of an online digital repository
                                                  of all findings (in line with data privacy
In this current report, we update findings        regulations). This will allow participants’
about global challenges and priorities and        voices to resonate beyond 2020 and serve as
expectations of international cooperation         a resource for the UN and other actors to seek
based on UN75 survey and dialogue results         change in line with the priorities identified.
through November 3, 2020. This report             2) The follow up to the UN75 Declaration. This
also includes information on the manifold         synthesis report and the raw data containing
actions and solutions that people from all        the ideas received through the UN75 initiative
regions, sectors, ages and backgrounds had        are available to all for the follow up to the UN75
recommended during the UN75 dialogues as          Declaration.
steps the UN could take to address today’s
global challenges.
ZAMBIA UN Zambia

   GLOBAL PARTICIPATION: WHO TOOK
   PART

   More than 1.5 million people from all     thousands of young people played UN75
   193 UN Member and Observer States         games; and hundreds of researchers
   joined the UN75 conversation between      were engaged in a research mapping
   January and December 2020. More           process. We estimate that through our
   than 1.3 million people responded to      collaborators’ extended networks and
   the one-minute survey; hundreds of        members, 60,000+ organizations and 907
   thousands of people from 100+ countries   million+ people saw UN75 news, events
   participated in UN75 dialogues; 50,000    and updates. The details of collaborating
   people in 50 countries took part in       organizations and networks can be
   representative polling; hundreds of       viewed on the UN75 website.
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 13

GLOBAL REACH ACROSS SECTORS

GLOBAL REACH ACROSS SECTORS

                                                             YOUTH
                                            • Children and youth through schools
                                              • Online UN75 games, like Kahoot!
                                                    • Youth organisations
                                                   • UNICEF’s U-Report and
                                                 the 2030 Youth Force survey
BUSINESS AND                                                                                        UNIVERSITIES
SPORTS                                                                                              AND THINK
COMMUNITIES                                                                                         TANKS
• Business and employer                                                                             • 400+ universities,
  networks                                                                                            colleges, policy
• Tech firms and phone                                                                                research institutes,
  companies                                                                                           networks and
                                                                                                      associations
• Social media platforms
                                                                                                    • Students, researchers,
• Sports associations
                                                                                                      faculty, thought leaders
                                                                                                    • Research

        PARLIAMENTARIANS, CITIES,                                CITIZENS, AT THE LOCAL LEVEL
        LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACTORS                                  • 30,000+ global social movements, NGOs, small
        • Inter-Parliamentary Union, parliamentarians in           grassroots community groups
          179 UN Member States                                   • Vulnerable and under-represented groups
        • United Cities and Local Government network             • UN Resident Coordinator Offices, UN information
          engaged 1,000+ cities, representing half world’s         centers, UN Volunteers, Regional UN Development
          population                                               Coordination Offices and UN bodies
        • Club de Madrid engaged, Prime Ministers from 65        • Influential individuals and high profile social
          countries                                                media personalities
14 | INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE

FIVE UN75 DATA STREAMS TO GATHER
PRIORITIES AND SOLUTIONS

The UN75 initiative was an exercise in global opinion gathering of attitudes towards global
challenges and international cooperation. We gathered views, priorities and solutions through five
“data streams”:

  ONE-MINUTE UN75 SURVEY                               UN75 DIALOGUES

  • www.un75.online open to everyone,                  • Open to everyone to hold dialogues on
    available in 64 languages.                           their communities’ future priorities
                                                         and how to bolster international
  • Captured people’s concerns
                                                         cooperation, including through the
    and priorities for the future,
                                                         UN.
    and sentiments towards global
    cooperation.                                       • A dialogue toolkit supported the
                                                         dialogues, encouraged local action,
  • As of 31 December 2020, more than
                                                         and built trust between groups.
    1.3 million people participated from all
    193 United Nations Member States.                  • Dialogues were held in-person, online,
                                                         through social media chats and
  • Quantitative analysis, in partnership
                                                         events, and participants could submit
    with the Graduate Institute of
                                                         dialogue summaries: www.research.
    International and Development
                                                         net/r/VJ59YQ7
    Studies and New York University.
                                                       • As of 31 December, 3,500+ UN75
  • Collaborated with UN Development
                                                         dialogues were registered in 120+
    Programme, Institute for Economics
                                                         countries, and 1,200+ dialogue
    and Peace and others to cross-analyze
                                                         summaries received from participants
    UN75 survey data with the Human
                                                         in 94 countries.
    Development Index, Global Peace
    Index, and Good Country Index.                     • Dialogue summaries were analyzed
                                                         in partnership with the Graduate
                                                         Institute of International and
                                                         Development studies, drawing out
                                                         participants’ solutions and ideas for
                                                         action, organized along the UN75
                                                         Declaration’s 12 Commitments.
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 15

   INDEPENDENT,                              MEDIA ANALYSIS                            RESEARCH
   SCIENTIFIC PUBLIC                                                                   MAPPING
   OPINION POLLING                           • Edelman Intelligence
                                               conducted manual                        • Academic and policy
   • Served to cross-                          and Artificial                            research mapping
     check our mass,                           Intelligence                              of the six official
     public UN75 survey.                       analysis of print,                        UN languages,
                                               broadcast, online                         covering all regions,
   • Edelman Intelligence                      and social media in                       working with the
     conducted                                 70 countries over a                       Graduate Institute
     representative                            one-year period.                          of International
     telephone and
                                                                                         and Development
     online surveys in 36                    • Took the
                                                                                         Studies.
     (mainly developing)                       temperature on
     countries.                                attitudes towards                       • Took stock of
                                               megatrends and                            latest thinking and
   • Pew Research                              international                             made research
     Center conducted                          cooperation.                              and evidence-
     representative
                                                                                         based insights on
     telephone surveys in
                                                                                         multilateralism,
     14 countries.
                                                                                         international
   • Focused on cross-                                                                   cooperation, the
     national views                                                                      United Nations and
     of multilateral                                                                     its work more easily
     principles, global                                                                  accessible to policy
     challenges, views of                                                                practitioners.
     the United Nations,
     how the Organization
     carries out its
     mission.

View the full sample breakdowns for the surveys and dialogues in Annex 1 of this report, and the detailed methodologies
for each data stream in Annex 2.
16 | INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE

DATA ANALYZED IN THIS REPORT

This report contains the analysis of data                          • 14,276 representative survey responses
gathered between 2 January and 3 November                            in 14 countries, through Pew Research
2020:                                                                Center’s survey.
                                                                   • 35,777 representative online and telephone
• 1,220,848 UN75 survey responses from
                                                                     survey responses in 36 countries, through
  193 UN Member States. 12,310 of these
                                                                     Edelman’s survey.
  were gathered through mobile phone
  applications that did not permit the                             • Social and traditional media in 70 countries.
  collection of demographics data and they
                                                                   • Academic and policy research from all
  are excluded from cross analyses with
                                                                     regions, in the six official UN languages.
  demographics data.
• 1,141 UN75 dialogue summaries received
  from 94 countries.

 REGION                                    UN75 SURVEY               DIALOGUE          PEW SURVEY              EDELMAN
                                          RESPONDENTS               SUMMARIES         RESPONDENTS               SURVEY
                                                                     RECEIVED                              RESPONDENTS

 Central & Southern Asia                            314,701                   222                      -               4,005

 Eastern & South-eastern Asia                       130,709                   304                 2,247                5,009

 Europe                                             145,139                     75                8,973                6,009

 Latin America & Caribbean                           88,821                   126                      -               6,240

 Northern Africa & Western Asia                      77,563                    80                      -                6,513

 Northern America                                    40,559                   122                2,040                          -

 Oceania & Antarctica                                18,673                     15                 1,016                        -

 Sub-Saharan Africa                                 400,171                    86                      -                8,001

 Other                                                 4,512                    37                     -                        -

 Mixed/Online                                               -                   74                     -                        -

                             GLOBAL              1,220,848                   1,141              14,276               35,’777

View the detailed country and region counts in Annex 3. Data contained in this report is organized by countries,
territories and areas of origin as provided by respondents. The report uses the country and area names and
methodology used for statistical processing purposes and in its publications by the Statistics Division of the
Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (https://unstats.un.org/unsd/
methodology/m49/). The designations employed and the presentation of material in this report do not imply the
expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status
of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 17

BREAKDOWN OF UN75 SURVEY RESPONDENTS

1.2M
TOTAL RESPONDENTS                   BY REGION

                                     33%
                                                26%

                                                         12%        11%
                                                                               7%       6%
                                                                                                  3%

193
# OF UN MEMBER STATES                                                                                       2%

                                    Sub- Central & Europe         Eastern   Latin Northern Northern Oceania
                                   Saharan Southern               & South- America Africa & America     &
                                    Africa   Asia                 Eastern    &     Western          Antarctica
                                                                    Asia Caribbean Asia

BY GENDER                                                                     BY EDUCATION

                                                                                                   58%
      MALE                       FEMALE                 OTHER

                                                                                         23%
     51%                         48%                     1%                    18%

                                                                                                             1%

                                                                              Primary Finished Beyond       Not
                                                                              or less secondary secondary specified

                                                                              34K
BY AGE                                                                        PEOPLE WITH DISABILITY

              45%

                        27%

                                    15%
    6%                                          6%
                                                         1%
                                                                                       3%
  < 15 yrs   16 - 30   31 - 45     46 - 60   > 61 yrs   Not
    old                                        old    specified
ESTONIA SOAS The Centre for International Studies & Diplomacy
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 19

FINDINGS: PRIORITIES
FOR RECOVERING BETTER
FROM THE PANDEMIC

In response to COVID-19, many citizens
prioritize better access to basic services and
increased global solidarity in the short-term

The COVID-19 pandemic is a common threat              Emerging from this crisis is an opportunity to
to the entire world, regardless of nationality,       strengthen our commitment to implement the
ethnicity or faith. It is having a devastating        2030 Agenda and 17 Sustainable Development
impact on older people; on women and                  Goals, address the climate crisis in line with
girls; on low-income communities; on the              the Paris Agreement, inequalities, exclusion,
marginalized and isolated. It is presenting           gaps in social protection systems and the
new threats to the 2030 Agenda and the                many other injustices that have been exposed
Sustainable Development Goals.                        and exacerbated. The Secretary-General has
                                                      repeatedly called for COVID-19 vaccines to
From the outset of the pandemic, the                  be a global public good available to everyone,
United Nations system mobilized early and             everywhere and for an urgent stimulus
comprehensively to support countries in               package worth at least 10 per cent of global
addressing the devasting socio-economic,              GDP, and for debt relief for all countries that
humanitarian and human rights aspects                 need it. Beyond health, the Secretary-General
of this crisis. It led on the global health           appealed in March for a global ceasefire so
response, provided life-saving humanitarian           that countries can focus on fighting the virus.
assistance to the most vulnerable, established        This call was echoed again in his speech to the
instruments for rapid responses to the                General Assembly in September. He also urged
socio-economic impact and laid out a broad            for a new commitment to silence the guns by
policy agenda for action on all fronts. It also       end of 2020.3
provided logistics, common services and
operational support to governments and                As people around the world continue to suffer
other partners around the world on the front          the health, social and economic effects of
lines of the pandemic, as they mounted                COVID-19, the immediate, short-term priority
national responses to this new virus and              of most people everywhere is improved access
unprecedented global challenge.                       to basic services: healthcare, education, water
20 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC

                                                                   and sanitation. The UN Development
                                                                   Programme (UNDP) sounded the alarm
            Immediate priorities are access                        in May that human development has
            to basic services, international                       taken a downward turn to levels not seen
            support and solidarity, tackling                       since the human development index was
                                                                   introduced in 1990.4
            inequalities
                                                                    The UN Development System’s
   1. Access to basic services
                                                                    framework for the    immediate
                                                                                       Better
                                                                                                         socio- Worse
                                                                                                  The same
                                  2. International support
   3. Tackling inequalities
                                                                    economic response to COVID-19
                                     & solidarity
                                                                    aligns with these priorities. It offers
                                                                               Global
                                                                               Global response
                                                                                           49%         20% 32%
                                                                    a comprehensive                   package
     Universal access to
                                                       418k         from the UN Development System,
              healthcare                                          Sub-Saharan
                                                                    along fiveAfrica           59
                                                                                 streams of work,           21
                                                                                                      connected     20
     Increase support to                                            by environmental sustainability.
                                                318k
       hardest hit places                                     CentralGender
                                                                      & Southern Asia is imperative,
                                                                                             52          20        28
                                                                             equality                    as well
       Strengthen global                                            as theEastern
                                                                            prioritization  of health services,
                                               308k                                 &
                solidarity                                          protecting    people      51
                                                                                         through        17
                                                                                                     social       32
                                                                  South-eastern Asia
   Invest in education &                                            protection and basic services, protecting
                                           288k                     Northern Africa &
                    youth                                           jobs, macroeconomic   38 response
                                                                                                    19      and44
                                                                         Western Asia
Universal access to safe                                            multilateral collaboration and social
                                         266k
      water & sanitation                                            cohesion
                                                                Oceania         and community
                                                                         & Antarctica     37       resilience.
                                                                                                   16          47
      Address deepened
                                         257k
             inequalities                                          Northern America  34    17    49
                                                                    FIVE PILLARS OF THE UN DEVELOPMENT
       Rethink the global                                            SYSTEM    COVID-19  RESPONSE
                                        244k                         Latin America &
                economy                                                                  34     18      48
                                                                           Caribbean
Tackle the climate crisis           227k                              1            HEALTH FIRST:
                                                                                   Protecting
                                                                              Europe     32 health
                                                                                               20 services
                                                                                                        48
                                                                                   and systems during the crisis
   Prevent and reduce
                                  194k
    conflict & violence
   Make human rights
                                                                     2             PROTECTING PEOPLE:
                                                                                   Social protection and basic
                                 186k                                              services
                central
Modernize international
          organizations
                                 180k                                3             ECONOMIC RESPONSE &
                                                                                   RECOVERY:
   Universal access to                                                             Protecting jobs, small and
                                 178k                                              medium-sized enterprises,
   digital technologies
                                                                                   and the informal sector
                                                                                   workers
UN75 Survey Q1: What should the international
community prioritise to recover better from the
pandemic? Base: 1,133,501 (all respondents answering                 4             MACROECONOMIC RESPONSE
                                                                                   AND MULTILATERAL
this question as from 22 April). 3,064,111 responses:                              COLLABORATION
participants could select up to three responses.

                                                                     5             SOCIAL COHESION AND
                                                                                   COMMUNITY RESILIENCE
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 21

                                                                   UZBEKISTAN UNDP Uzbekistan

Universal access                   of essential health services,      services, health systems and
to healthcare is                   and about 100 million people       health workers are under
the top immediate                  are still being pushed into        enormous strain around the
priority among UN75                extreme poverty because of         world, with indirect health
                                   health costs.5                     impacts also expected to
respondents, as
                                                                      rise.6
healthcare systems
                                   In this context, ‘Universal
around the world feel              access to healthcare’ is           Universal access to
the strain                         the top immediate priority         healthcare only ranked
                                   among UN75 survey                  second in two regions – Sub
COVID-19 has shone a               respondents in all but two         - Saharan Africa and Eastern
spotlight on the enormous          regions. This reflects the         and South-eastern Asia –
shortfall in access to             grim reality reported by           where respondents ranked
healthcare for people around       UNDP – that daily COVID-19         ‘increased support to the
the world. In April 2020, the      related deaths have                hardest hit countries and
United Nations reported that       exceeded other common              territories’ and ‘strengthen
at least half of the world still   causes of death throughout         global solidarity’ respectively
does not have full coverage        much of 2020. Emergency            fractionally higher.
22 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC

     SUMMARY OF UN75 DIALOGUE PARTICIPANTS’ DISCUSSIONS
     ON PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS, MANAGEMENT, RECOVERY AND
     OPPORTUNITY

                       Participants                   manufacturers that the vaccine will be
                       overwhelmingly                 distributed equally, with no preference
                       observed that the              to any particular country.
                       COVID-19 pandemic was
                                                    • Assessment should be completed
                       a compelling reminder
                                                      in advance on those elements
                       of our fragility and our
                                                      of pandemic preparedness,
     interconnectedness. Only multilateral
                                                      management and recovery that should
     cooperation would be enough to reign in
                                                      be done centrally, as opposed to
     the pandemic, recover from it, and learn
                                                      elements best done locally.
     its lessons. You can see their numerous,
     detailed suggestions under Commitment
     12 ‘We will be Prepared’. Some of the key      On ongoing pandemic management
     solutions proposed include:                    • Countries should take responsibility to
                                                      ensure adequate prevention policies
                                                      and public health measures in line
     On preparedness
                                                      with WHO guidelines are in place and
     • UN Member states can strengthen                robustly enforced.
       international cooperation, including
                                                    • Information sharing systems for
       WHO’s role within the UN.
                                                      the transparent sharing of real time
     • Countries should put more resources            information by countries on their
       into monitoring emerging zoonoses              current pandemic status should be
       and share information in a transparent         strengthened.
       and timely way.
                                                    • Partnerships with development
     • Assistance should be given by UN               agencies should be created to
       Member States and multilateral funds           ensure all Covid-19 health advisories
       to developing countries to strengthen          and information reach people at
       national health systems to ensure              every level, including in remote and
       infrastructure is in place to manage           underprivileged communities.
       future pandemics.
     • Structures and platforms should be           On recovery
       established to facilitate countries          • UN Member States who are able to do
       to cooperate on research, develop              so should support poorer countries
       vaccines, and to distribute vaccines           to fully invest their resources to
       equitably. There needs to be                   mitigate the economic, social, health
       consensus amongst states and private
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 23

► Continued summary of UN75 dialogue participants’ discussions on pandemic preparedness,
  management, recovery and opportunity

   and psychological side effects of the               risks associated with pandemics
   current crisis on the most vulnerable               and health crises. Research and
   groups.                                             development in these and other areas
                                                       should be a priority of international
• In respect of education the
                                                       research collaborations and support.
  international community should
  prioritize delivery of quality education          • The pandemic has demonstrated that
  and access to online and remote                     public health is one of the key benefits
  learning especially in countries where              of contactless technology and efforts
  access to the internet is low. Laptop               should be made to build on the
  and tablet banks could support poorer               momentum towards a digital culture.
  students to access technology.
                                                    • For many, COVID-19 has transformed
• In respect of community level                       the workplace. As well as risks, the
  response, multi-institutional                       lessons of the pandemic have the
  initiatives and collaborations should               potential to bring about change at a
  be established between to provide                   pace previously unforeseen: more
  well considered services for local                  visibility as to what caregiving entails,
  communities, based on their own                     more equal distribution of caregiving
  identification of what they need.                   responsibilities and access to
                                                      opportunities across genders, greater
• The charity and non-profit sector, so
                                                      access to opportunities by those
  essential to supporting recovery of
                                                      in remote locations, the potential
  communities, has also been affected
                                                      revitalisation of dying regions and
  by the pandemic, with individuals and
                                                      alleviation of environmental pressures
  governments called on to ensure this
                                                      on dense urban centres.
  sector itself recovers so it can play
  the important role in recovery it is              • The pandemic, through the increasing
  otherwise uniquely poised to play.                  use of virtual meeting tools as a
                                                      standard way of communicating,
Building on opportunities arising from                has brought together people from
the pandemic                                          across the world who would not have
                                                      previously shared their experiences,
• Future investment and development                   increasing the understanding,
  of medical technologies were viewed                 tolerance and sense of global
  as having the potential to contribute               community at the core of the UN’s
  to public health and safety and reduce              mission.
24 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC

As COVID-19 forces children out
of schools, access to education
emerges as one of the top
priorities for UN75 respondents,
particularly in lower human
development countries

Increased investment in education
and youth programmes, another
key basic service, ranked fourth
among all immediate priorities to
recover from the pandemic. This
was the third-highest priority for
respondents in countries in Sub-
Saharan Africa and in Central and
Southern Asia, where there are
many low human development countries.

This reflects UNDP’s findings that the “effective
out-of-school rate” – the adjusted percentage
of primary school-age children facing school
closures, accounting for households with
internet access and the opportunity
to continue structured learning – in
May 2020 was highest in low human
development countries (86%, an
increase of 59 percentage points),
followed by medium human
development countries (74%,
an increase of 67 percentage
points) and high human
development countries (47%,
an increase of 41 percentage
points). The majority of
school-age children in very
high human development
countries were found to have
the possibility to continue
structured learning, with an
effective out-of-school rate of
20% (though still an increase of
19 percentage points).7
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 25

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX

In collaboration with UNDP, we cross-                 criteria for assessing the development
analysed our UN75 data with the Human                 of a country, not economic growth alone.
Development Index (HDI) to observe patterns           The HDI is a summary measure of average
and correlations between respondents’                 achievement in key dimensions of human
answers and their country’s levels of human           development: a long and healthy life, being
development. The Human Development                    knowledgeable and having a decent standard
Index was created to emphasize that people            of living. Read more.
and their capabilities should be the ultimate

                                                             BURKINA FASO UNICEF/Frank Dejongh

     FROM THE UN75 DIALOGUES

     There is strong evidence that                    We need to listen to young people,
     inequality and exclusion can be                  who are a key partner in advancing
     effectively tackled through the                  the 2030 Agenda. It’s important to
     provision of comprehensive,                      both expand their access to the
     universal health and education.                  best digital technology has to offer,
                                                      protect them from harm online,
                                                      and empower them to know how to
                                                      protect themselves.
       Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive
          Societies, New York University Center on
     International Cooperation, USA, dialogue with
       mostly women, mixed ages and professions.
                                                       Office of the UN Resident Coordinator, China,
                                                                  dialogue with students, ages 16-30.
26 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC

             Beyond access to healthcare, the second and third immediate priorities of
             UN75 survey respondents vary by region

PRIORITY RANKING          Global
                          Global    Central & Eastern &    Europe      Latin   Northern    Northern    Oceania      Sub-
 1st   2nd     3rd                  Southern   South-                 America Africa &     America        &        Saharan
                                      Asia     eastern                   &     Western                Antarctica    Africa
                                                Asia                 Caribbean   Asia
Universal access to        37%        34%        36%        42%        48%        46%        47%        49%         32%
healthcare
Increase support to         28         25         26         24         26         31         24         34          32
hardest hit places
Strengthen global           27         22         36         28         23         28         23         24          29
solidarity
Invest in education &       25         22         24         24         26         27         20          27         29
youth
Universal access to         23         20         27         26         29         23         31          27         22
safe water & sanitation
Address deepened            23         16         30         20         29         20         27         25          25
inequalities
Rethink the global          22         14         20         32         27         20         21          19         24
economy
Tackle the climate          20         16         21         31         24         16         31          21         18
crisis
Prevent and reduce           17        13         20         16         12         20         17          19         20
conflict & violence
Make human rights           16         13         14         21         19         19         22          15         18
central
Modernize international     16         13         14          11         9         14          11         16         22
organizations
Universal access to         16         15         16          8          11        13          9          14         21
digital technologies

UN75 Survey Q1: What should the international community prioritise to recover better from the pandemic? Base:
1,129,006 (all respondents as from 22 April, excluding “other” countries). Central & Southern Asia (303,450), Eastern
& South-eastern Asia (118,379), Europe (125,255), Latin America & Caribbean (77,241), Northern Africa & Western Asia
(70,085), Northern America (32,889), Oceania & Antarctica (17,524), Sub-Saharan Africa (384,200). 3,051,757 total
responses: respondents could select up to three responses.
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 27

‘Access to safe water and sanitation’ was an immediate priority for UN75
respondents, irrespective of their country’s human development level

According to UNDP, 785 million people still                      In Northern America, the percentage of
lack access to basic sources of clean water,                     respondents who chose ‘Universal access to
and around 3 billion people lack a basic hand-                   safe water and sanitation’ was only fractionally
washing facility with soap and water in their                    lower than the percentage that selected
household8. As the World Health Organization                     ‘Tackling the climate crisis’ – the second
and governments around the world ran                             top immediate priority to recover from the
campaigns to promote hand-washing with                           pandemic in the region. When looking at
soap as a key defense against the virus, it is                   respondents’ answers according to their
little wonder that access to safe water and                      country’s levels of development, we see
sanitation was a critical priority for people in                 that those in Very High Human Development
both higher and lower human development                          countries chose ‘Achieve universal access to
countries. It was the third ranked priority for                  safe water and sanitation’ as their second top
people in Northern America, Latin America                        immediate priority to recover better from the
and the Caribbean and Oceania and Antarctica.                    pandemic.

            In their survey, in a related finding, Edelman found that respondents in both
            high and low Gross Natinal Income countries saw poverty and poor living
            standards as the second largest issue today, after the pandemic

                                                                     Ranking of biggest issues in the world today
                 1ST                  2ND                  3RD                 4TH                  5TH

 High            Pandemics such      Poverty and           Climate change      International        Countries
 affluence       as COVID-19         poor living                               terrorism            using nuclear
                                     standards                                                      weapons

 Low             Pandemics such      Poverty and           Lack of job         Poor healthcare      International
 affluence       as COVID-19         poor living           security/           and low life         terrorism
                                     standards             unemployment        expectancy

Source: Edelman. Q3. What do you see as the 3 biggest issues in the world today? Base: All selecting one major issue
in the world (35,149), Low affluence (13,926), High affluence (8,869). Gross National Income (GNI) based on the World
Bank’s GNI classification.

 HIGH GNI                                 MIDDLE-UPPER GNI                       LOWER-MIDDLE GNI

Chile              Portugal               Argentina            Indonesia        Angola              Nigeria
Czech Republic     Saudi Arabia           Brazil               Malaysia         Bangladesh          Pakistan
Hungary            Singapore              China                Mexico           Cameroon            Senegal
Israel             United Arab Emirates   Colombia             Russia           Egypt               Tanzania
Norway                                    Dominican Republic   South Africa     India               Ukraine
Poland                                    Gabon                Turkey           Kenya               Uzbekistan
                                                                                Morocco             Vietnam
28 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC

Beyond basic services, many UN75 respondents looked to the international
community to support the hardest hit people and communities, and called for
increased solidarity between people and nations

Respondents in regions
                                                        Immediate priorities to recover better
with a higher proportion of
lower human development
                                                        from the pandemic, by country’s Human
countries, including Central                            Development level
and Southern Asia, Northern
                                          PRIORITY RANKING                      HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX CATEGORY
Africa and Western Asia, and
Oceania, placed ‘Increased                  1st   2nd    3rd
                                                                     Global
                                                                     Global   Very high    High     Medium      Low
support to the hardest hit
people and communities’ as                 Universal access to
their second priority for the                                         37%        42%       44%       33%        33%
                                           healthcare
international community
                                           Increase support to
to recover better from the                                             28        22         30        29         30
                                           hardest hit places
pandemic. Respondents in
Eastern and South-eastern                  Strengthen global           27        29         30        24         29
Asia, and Northern Africa                  solidarity
and Western Asia prioritized               Invest in education &       25        22         27        24         29
‘Strengthening solidarity                  youth
between people and                         Universal access to         23        29         22         21        22
nations’ second and third,                 safe water & sanitation
respectively.
                                           Address deepened            23        26         23         19        25
                                           inequalities
Many respondents in Very
High Human Development                     Rethink the global          22         27        22        18         23
                                           economy
countries were less inclined
to view ‘Support to the                    Tackle the climate          20        28         20         16        19
hardest hit places’ as a high              crisis
priority. This may reflect                 Prevent and reduce          17         17        17         15        21
the tendency to look inward                conflict & violence
amid the pandemic, as all
                                           Make human rights
countries, including Very                  central
                                                                       16         19        18        13         18
High Development countries,
grapple with COVID-19 health               Modernize international     16         11        13         15        24
                                           organizations
and socio-economic shocks.
                                           Universal access to         16         10        15         16        21
                                           digital technologies

UN75 Survey Q1: What should the international community prioritise to recover better from the pandemic? Base:
1,125,857 (all respondents as from 22 April). Cross-analysed with the Human Development Index country groupings:
Very high HDI (244,712), High HDI (215,931), Medium HDI (386,992), Low HDI (278,222), No HDI data available (7,644).
3,042,981 total responses: respondents could select up to three responses.
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 29

Many UN75 respondents expressed                      and lower income and minority groups have
concern about inequalities made                      fared far worse in terms of the health effects
worse by the COVID-19 pandemic and                   of the pandemic, as well as the knock-
containment measures                                 on socio-economic effects, which have
                                                     increased inequalities within and across
                                                     countries.9 People in Latin America and the
Respondents’ emphasis on access to basic
                                                     Caribbean, and Eastern and South-eastern
services and increased solidarity and support
                                                     Asia prioritized ‘Addressing inequalities that
for those hardest hit can all be viewed through
                                                     have deepened as a result of COVID-19’ as
the prism of inequalities. The next set of
                                                     second and third respectively. Respondents in
issues prioritized by respondents around
                                                     Northern America, Oceania and Antarctica and
the world were tackling inequalities that
                                                     Sub-Saharan Africa also ranked addressing
have deepened as a result of COVID-19 and
                                                     inequalities high; as fourth, fifth and fifth,
rethinking the global economy.
                                                     respectively.
While no country or region has been spared
                                                     Over and above access to basic services,
the adverse effects of the pandemic, lower
                                                     UNDP reports that inequalities in access to
and middle human development countries
                                                     “enhanced capabilities” across populations
                                                     around the world were already widening in the
                                                     years preceding COVID-19.10

     FROM THE UN75 DIALOGUES
                                                     Substantial shares of UN75
                                                     respondents in higher human
                                                     development countries place tackling
                                                     the climate crisis among their top
     The UN has made significant                     immediate priorities
     contributions to building a
     more peaceful and egalitarian                   In Northern America and Europe, where
     world, but each person who                      access to most basic services is generally
     is still out of school, who still               higher than in other regions, respondents
                                                     prioritized ‘Tackling the climate crisis with
     lives in poverty or who does
                                                     greater urgency’ (ranked second in Northern
     not know where his next meal                    America and third in Europe) after ‘Universal
     will come from should remind                    access to healthcare.’
     us that there is still much to
     be done.                                        UNDP stresses, in its 2020 Human
                                                     Development Report, that planetary and social
                                                     imbalances are exacerbating one another. The
                                                     deep inequalities that already exist are being
                                                     worsened by, and are expected to continue to
           UN Brazil, dialogue with business         worsen due to climate change, environmental
      professionals, ages 31-45, mostly men.         degradation, as well as knock-on effects, such
                                                     as health pandemics.11
30 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC

     SUMMARY OF UN75 DIALOGUE PARTICIPANTS’ DISCUSSIONS ON
     INEQUALITIES

                       Ensuring that no one is      Access to basic services for all
                       left behind means, for
                                                    • Universal healthcare access, including
                       dialogue participants,
                                                      mental healthcare, should be ensured
                       committing to fully
                                                      by national governments across the
                       implementing Agenda
                                                      world.
                       2030 by addressing
     sustainable development across its             • Establish an international agreement
     dimensions. Participants want a world            to guarantee free water and
     where wealth is distributed more equally,        sanitation.
     with support to the most disadvantaged,
     as reflected under Commitment 1 “We            Focus on equitable access to quality
     will leave no one behind”. Participants        education
     agreed that integrated approaches and
     progressive action driven by diverse           • Governments should promote
     stakeholders are essential to make sure          educational reform to respond to the
     that no one is left behind. Some of the          needs of the future, and to ensure that
     key solutions proposed include:                  education is affordable to all income
                                                      levels, and that it is inclusive.
                                                    • Schools can improve teacher trainings
     Inclusion of marginalised and vulnerable
                                                      and ensure up-to-date and relevant
     groups
                                                      educational material and skills-
     • National governments and the UN                development programmes.
       system should prioritize the inclusion
       of vulnerable groups in decision-
                                                    Promote socio-economic inclusion
       making through the development
       of appropriate policies, especially          • The introduction of a universal basic
       Indigenous and LGBTQI+ communities.            income, as well as economic support
                                                      policies and tax reform can alleviate
     • Governments should take steps
                                                      poverty and reduce inequalities.
       to ratify and support the universal
       rights of people with disabilities           • The UN system should prioritize
       and promote the creation of an UN              the provision of support to the
       Convention to protect the rights of            communities hardest hit by
       older people.                                  COVID-19, and to under-served, rural
                                                      communities.
     • The private sector should play a role
       in combating racism and creating
       economic opportunities for women
       and ethnic minorities.
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 31

     ► Continued summary of UN75 dialogue participants’ discussions on inequalities

     Address the refugee and migrant crisis                  migration flows, re-visit the scope of
                                                             the Refugee Convention to consider
     • National governments should work to
                                                             those forced to migrate due to
       improve migration policies, including
                                                             climate and environmental factors,
       providing better and more humane
                                                             and improve the living conditions in
       management of refugee and migrant
                                                             refugee camps through educational
       arrivals, and ensuring safe travel for
                                                             and employment opportunities,
       all.
                                                             and shortening the time people
     • The UN system and Member                              stay in camps through increased
       States should aim to improve the                      humanitarian visas and faster
       management of international                           resettlement options.

AFGHANISTAN United Nations
Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
ESWATINI UN Eswatini
FINDINGS: OUTLOOK FOR 2045: THREATS AND CHALLENGES | 33

FINDINGS: OUTLOOK
FOR 2045: THREATS AND
CHALLENGES
MOST RESPONDENTS
HOLD GREATER                                                                UN75 survey respondents’
                                                                            outlook for the future varies
OPTIMISM FOR THE                                                            across regions
FUTURE
 1. Access to basic services 2. International support                                      Better         The same               Worse
  3. Tackling
Globally,     inequalities
           many                 & solidarity
                   more respondents believe
people will be better off in 2045 than today                                      Global
                                                                                  Global       49%              20%         32%
(49%)Universal
        compared accessto to those who believe
                                                        418k
               healthcare
people will be worse off (32%). Strong                               Sub-Saharan Africa              59               21         20
trends    are visible
     Increase   support toat the regional level, 318k
as wellhardest
          as whenhit places
                        looking at the views of                  Central & Southern Asia            52           20             28
UN75Strengthen
        survey respondents
                     global         according to
                                                308k                          Eastern &
their respective         country’s level of human
                 solidarity                                                                         51           17             32
                                                                      South-eastern Asia
development.
   Invest in education &
                                               288k                    Northern Africa &
                      youth                                                                    38          19              44
Respondents         in safe
                        Sub-Saharan Africa were,                           Western Asia
Universal  access to
by far,  the&most
      water             optimistic about266k
                sanitation                   the future,            Oceania & Antarctica       37          16              47
with Address
       59% expressing
                deepened       the belief that   people
will be better                              257k
                    off in 2045 than they are
              inequalities                                             Northern America       34          17           49
today. This was followed by Central and
       Rethink the global
Southern Asia         (52%), Eastern and   244kSouth-                    Latin America &
                  economy                                                                     34          18           48
eastern Asia (51%).                                                            Caribbean
Tackle the climate crisis                227k
By contrast, UN75 survey respondents                                             Europe       32          20           48
     Prevent were
in Europe      and reduce
                       mostly pessimistic
                                       194k about
      conflict & violence                                        UN75 Survey Q6: Overall, do you think that people in
the future, with 48% believing that people                       2045 will be better off, worse off, the same as you are
      Make
will be     humanoff
         worse        rights
                         than today (compared        to          today? Base: 1,216,333 (all respondents, excluding
                                      186k
                    central
32% who responded better off). Similarly,                        “other” countries). Sub-Saharan Africa (400,171), Central
 Modernize
49%          international in Northern America
       of respondents                                            & Southern Asia (314,701), Eastern & South-eastern
                                     180k                        Asia (130,706), Northern Africa & Western Asia (77,563),
            organizations
believe people will be worse off in the                          Oceania & Antarctica (18,673), Northern America
     Universal
future,          accessbytoLatin America and the
          followed                                               (40,559), Latin America & Caribbean (88,821), Europe
                                     178k
     digital technologies
Caribbean      (48% pessimistic), and Oceania                    (145,139).
and Antarctica (47% pessimistic).
34 | FINDINGS: OUTLOOK FOR 2045: THREATS AND CHALLENGES

            Respondents in regions                               In the case of human development, UN75
            with more lower human                                survey respondents in regions with a higher
            development countries hold                           number of lower human development
                                                                 countries were far more optimistic about the
            greater optimism for the future
                                                                 future than respondents in regions with a
                                                                 higher number of higher human development
                                                                 countries.

                                                  WORLD BETTER OFF IN 2045

                                                               Central Asia
               Middle Africa

                   Western Africa

                               Eastern Africa                    South-eastern Asia
                                                                                      Eastern Asia
                                          Southern Asia             Eastern Europe
LOWER                                              Southern                                                    HIGHER
HUMAN              LOW                      MEDIUM Africa           HIGH                  VERY HIGH            HUMAN
DEVEL-                                                         Northern Africa                                 DEVEL-
OMENT                                                                 Western Asia                Northern     OPMENT
                                Pacific Islands               Caribbean                           America
                                                                                 Southern
                                                                  South America Europe               Northern
                                                                                                     Europe
                                                                                 Western Europe
                                                              Central America
                                                                                     Australia and New Zealand

                                                  WORLD WORSE OFF IN 2045

UN75 Survey Q6: Overall, do you think that people in 2045 will be better off, worse off, the same as you are today? Base:
1,213,107 (all respondents, excluding those with no HDI data). Regional average for “outlook for 2045” (y axis scale: -0.7 to
0.7), from “Worse off in 2045” (-1) to “Better off in 2045” (+1). Cross analysed with regional average HDI (x axis scale: 0.4
to 1 HDI). HDI regional averages weighted by the number of observations of each respective country.
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