SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER - LISTENING TO PEOPLE'S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION - UN75.online
Page content transcription
If your browser does not render page correctly, please read the page content below
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER LISTENING TO PEOPLE’S PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE AND THEIR IDEAS FOR ACTION CONCLUDING REPORT OF THE UN75 OFFICE JANUARY 2021
2 | Written by the Office of the Under-Secretary- General and Special Adviser on Preparations for the Commemoration of the UN’s 75th Anniversary, with support in analysis from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies and valuable feedback from Pew Research Center. With thanks to SDG Action Campaign for ongoing support. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Layout Design by: Akiko Harayama, Knowledge Solutions and Design, Outreach Division, Department of Global Communications Cover Photo: UNICEF/UNI363386/ Schermbrucker United Nations, New York, January 2021
Contents | 3 CONTENTS SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES4 INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE 8 Listening to people’s priorities and expectations of international cooperation 8 Global participation: who took part 12 Five UN75 data streams to gather priorities and solutions 14 Data analyzed in this report 16 FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC 19 FINDINGS: OUTLOOK FOR 2045: THREATS AND CHALLENGES 33 FINDINGS: LONG-TERM PRIORITIES FOR THE FUTURE WE WANT 45 FINDINGS: VIEWS ON INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND THE UNITED NATIONS55 ANNEXES71 ANNEX 1 – Detailed survey and dialogues data analyzed in this report 72 ANNEX 2 – Detailed methodology 81 ANNEX 3 – Funding partners 94 ENDNOTES95
4 | SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES More than 1.5 million people in 195 As COVID-19 reversed progress in countries shared their short- and long- human development and widened term priorities, their ideas for action inequalities, many prioritized access and their calls for a more inclusive, to basic services and support to the transparent UN to lead the response to hardest hit places and communities in pressing global challenges the short-term In January 2020, Secretary-General António • Amid a striking shortfall in healthcare to Guterres launched the yearlong UN75 initiative meet the needs generated by the pandemic, as an opportunity for the United Nations (UN) respondents’ top immediate, short-term to listen to the people it serves. Through priority globally was ‘Universal access to surveys and dialogues, more than 1.5 million healthcare’. people from all 193 United Nations Member • As COVID-19 forced children out of schools States shared their hopes and fears for the around the world, ‘More investment in future, and discussed how all actors, including education and youth programmes’ ranked the UN, can work together better to address high among respondents, particularly the global challenges we face. in Sub-Saharan Africa and Central and Southern Asia. Through the UN75 initiative, the UN has sought to understand what are the issues citizens • Reflecting the stark reality that three billion around the world perceive as most pressing. people lack a basic hand-washing facility with soap and water at home, ‘Access to safe water and sanitation’ was another critical immediate priority for respondents during the pandemic, across all human development levels. • Many respondents, especially in low and middle income countries, prioritized ‘Global solidarity’ and the need to provide ‘Support to the hardest hit people and communities’, and to ‘Address inequalities that have deepened as a result of COVID-19.’ • Less respondents in Very High Human Development countries viewed ‘Support to the hardest hit places’ as a high priority. NEW YORK, USA UN photo/Mark Garten
SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES | 5 Respondents living in lower human • The highest percentages of respondents development countries and those who chose ‘Climate change and the living in conflict situations tended to environment’ as a top threat were in Latin express greater optimism about the America and the Caribbean (73%), while the future lowest was is Sub-Saharan Africa (37%). • Globally, many more respondents believed Other long-term priorities vary people will be better off (49%) in 2045 than according to income levels, but include today, compared with those who believe rising concern with employment people will be worse off (32%). opportunities, respect for human • Respondents in Sub-Saharan Africa were rights and reducing conflict the most optimistic about the future (59%), followed by Central and Southern Asia • While respondents in UNDP’s category (52%), and Eastern and South-eastern Asia of higher human development countries (51%). Respondents in Northern America tended to give the highest priority to the (49%), Europe (48%), Latin America and environment and human rights, those the Caribbean (48%) and Oceania and in lower human development countries Antarctica (47%) were most pessimistic tended to accord the highest priority to less about the future. conflict and meeting basic needs, such as employment, healthcare and education. • Respondents in regions with lower human development countries were far • ‘More respect for human rights’ ranked more optimistic about the future than number three globally as a long-term respondents in regions with higher human priority. It ranked number one in Northern development countries. Respondents living Africa and Western Asia and number two in in conflict situations were more optimistic Northern America and Europe. about the future. • ‘More employment opportunities’ rose from the tenth long-term priority identified While they expect access to health by respondents in April 2020 to the sixth services to improve over the next priority in December 2020. This may reflect 25 years, respondents in all regions the dramatic COVID-19 related workplace identified climate change and closures, working-hour and labour income losses. environmental issues as the number one long-term global challenge • Reducing conflict is a high priority among respondents in Eastern and South-eastern • ‘More environmental protection’ is Asia, Northern Africa and Western Asia, and the number one long-term priority for Sub-Saharan Africa. respondents, globally, ranking in the top three priorities across all regions.
6 | SHAPING OUR FUTURE TOGETHER: KEY FINDINGS OF UN75 SURVEY AND DIALOGUES • While respondents in countries that are Many respondents look to the United not in conflict are more concerned about Nations to lead in international tensions between countries, those in cooperation to address immediate conflict situations are more concerned and longer-term global challenges, about violence within their borders. and many also want the Organization to innovate – to be more inclusive, 97% of respondents believe that engaged, accountable and effective. international cooperation is important for addressing global challenges, with In surveys and UN75 dialogues held around variation in the degree of importance the world, participants called on the United across regions Nations for: • The majority of respondents believe that • Moral leadership. international cooperation is essential • A reformed, more representative and more (52%) for addressing global challenges, agile UN Security Council. while 34% believe it is very important, and 11% believe it is fairly important. Only • A revised Charter that includes today’s most 3% of respondents believe international pressing global challenges, like climate cooperation is not important or not change. important at all. • Continued management and leadership • The degree of importance of international reforms, including more inclusive hiring cooperation varies across regions, with the practices, more accountability and more highest percentage of respondents who transparency. viewed it favorably from Northern America. • An inclusive and participatory UN system, • Respondents in higher human development with improved understanding of the work countries tend to perceive the need for of the UN among citizens around the world, international cooperation as greater and which shows more care for the needs of than those in lower human development ordinary people. countries. • Improved implementation, monitoring and • A majority of respondents globally say evaluation of UN programmes globally, that COVID-19 has increased their view of to solve international problems more the importance for greater cooperation effectively. between countries.
In this 75th anniversary year, I want to provide as many people as possible the chance to have a conversation with the United Nations. To share their hopes and fears. To learn from their experiences. To spark ideas for building the future we want and the United Nations we need. United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, 22 January 2020.
8 | INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE LISTENING TO PEOPLE’S PRIORITIES AND EXPECTATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Increased participation in the UN75 António Guterres saw the United Nations’ conversation after COVID-19 75th anniversary as an opportunity for the Organization to listen directly to the people it Even though the UN75 initiative had a strong serves. Even before the COVID-19 pandemic online presence from the outset, we, like struck, the world faced a growing list of everyone else, were forced to adapt the way global challenges: from the climate crisis we worked. We encouraged people to hold and environmental degradation to nuclear online dialogues and we re-doubled our efforts weapons, deepening inequalities, rapid to reach people not connected through the changes in our populations, the transformative internet. In April, we added two COVID-19 impact of new technologies and new forms related questions to our one-minute survey and patterns of violence. and dialogue toolkit, asking people to share their priorities to recover better from the In January 2020, the UN launched a yearlong, pandemic, and to see whether the pandemic global initiative to listen to people’s priorities had changed their views on the importance and expectations of international cooperation. of international cooperation – for better or for Through surveys and dialogues, more than worse. 1.5 million people from all walks of life shared their hopes and fears for the future, and While many worried that the pandemic would discussed how all actors, including the UN, dampen the UN75 conversation, it had the can innovate and work together to better to opposite effect. The number of people who address the global challenges we face. joined the initiative multiplied. The UN75 conversation became even more important as people across the world not only discussed their longer-term priorities, but also the immediate socio-economic struggles they faced with the pandemic, as well as their concerns about the lack of international cooperation to address COVID-19.
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 9 In dialogues, many people echoed the The Declaration includes 12 Commitments Secretary-General’s concern that “the aimed at advancing “Our Common Agenda”— pandemic is a clear test of international that reaffirms the need for inclusive, effective cooperation – a test we have essentially and networked multilateralism and the failed… the result of a lack of global central role of the United Nations. Through preparedness, cooperation, unity and the UN75 initiative, the UN has identified the solidarity.”1 Alongside their calls for increased issues citizens around the world say are most international cooperation, they suggested pressing along the 12 Commitments reflected concrete and sometimes innovative in the UN75 Declaration. proposals for action on how we can address the pandemic, recover after the pandemic, Member States called on the Secretary- and step up to address other urgent global General to present recommendations on challenges such as the climate crisis, how the United Nations will address these discrimination and rising inequalities. 12 Commitments “to advance Our Common Agenda” before the end of the 75th session of the General Assembly, in September 2021. The UN75 initiative and the Member State-led UN75 Declaration Guided by the 12 Commitments in the UN75 Declaration and broad dialogues In parallel to this UN75 initiative, United and feedback received through the UN75 Nations Member States adopted the initiative, the Secretary-General has launched Declaration on the Commemoration of the a process of profound reflection on the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the United future of multilateralism to inform his report Nations in the General Assembly on 21 and recommendations on “Our Common September 2020. We made our initial UN75 Agenda”. With international cooperation both findings available to Member States for more tested and more vital than ever, “Our their consideration as they negotiated the Common Agenda” will reinvigorate the values, Declaration, in our April report, Resolved to foundations and spirit of multilateralism to Combine Our Efforts. Member States reached achieve these goals and renew solidarity consensus on the Declaration in July 2020, within societies, between peoples, and with emphasizing the need for an upgraded, young people and future generations. reinvigorated multilateralism for a more equal, resilient and sustainable world. To do so, the Secretary-General will consider inputs and recommendations received from a 2020 has demonstrated that the world needs diverse group of thought leaders from a range a path that ensures universal access to social of countries and backgrounds, young thinkers protection, healthcare, quality education and under the age of 30 years from all over the digital connectivity. A path towards a rapid and world, ‘We the Peoples’ that includes civil just transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient society proposals from all regions shared with economies that generate investment, growth us through the UN75 global conversation, the and employment. And a path that nurtures private sector, subnational leaders and other social cohesion, advances human rights and non-governmental partners with expertise gender equality, and builds peace. across the UN75 Declaration themes, and
10 | INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE UN75 DECLARATION 12 COMMITMENTS UN75 DECLARATION 12 COMMITMENTS 01 LEAVE NO 02 PROTECT 03 PROMOTE 04 ABIDE BY ONE BEHIND OUR PEACE & INTERNATIONAL PLANET PREVENT LAW & ENSURE CONFLICTS JUSTICE 05 PLACE WOMEN & 06 BUILD 07 IMPROVE 08 UPGRADE GIRLS AT THE TRUST DIGITAL THE UNITED CENTER COOPERATION NATIONS 09 ENSURE 10 BOOST 11 LISTEN TO & 12 BE PREPARED SUSTAINABLE PARTNERSHIPS WORK WITH FINANCING YOUTH
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 11 UN Member States. People around the world In a separate exercise, we have examined are speaking, and the United Nations and its participants’ priorities, ideas for addressing Member States are listening and acting. global challenges, and how these map on to the UN75 Declaration’s 12 Commitments, Through this next phase during the UN’s focusing first on the solutions and ideas 75th anniversary of advancing “Our Common for action shared in dialogues, and then Agenda” by reinvigorating inclusive, networked integrating the information we received and effective multilateralism, the Secretary- through other UN75 data streams. We present General will propose recommendations for this separate analysis on the UN75 website. transformative global action to address shared problems, deliver on critical global public goods and prepare for the threats and How UN75 can spark action for a opportunities of the future. The report will be strong 100th anniversary made available at the end of the 75th session of the UNGA in September 2021. What happens next? How can the ideas shared by so many people through the UN75 initiative spark concrete action and enhance Synthesizing people’s priorities, their international cooperation? Contributing to ideas for action and their calls for the the Secretary-General’s profound reflection United Nations to change how it works process in the coming year for advancing “Our Common Agenda”, guided by the 12 At the official commemoration of the United Commitment areas in the UN75 Declaration Nations’ 75th anniversary, on 21 September and listening closely to these ideas and 2020, the Secretary-General presented the proposals shared through the UN75 global key findings of the dialogues and surveys conversation, we have carved out two captured in our UN75 report, The Future We pathways to help achieve this: Want, the United Nations We Need.2 1) The creation of an online digital repository of all findings (in line with data privacy In this current report, we update findings regulations). This will allow participants’ about global challenges and priorities and voices to resonate beyond 2020 and serve as expectations of international cooperation a resource for the UN and other actors to seek based on UN75 survey and dialogue results change in line with the priorities identified. through November 3, 2020. This report 2) The follow up to the UN75 Declaration. This also includes information on the manifold synthesis report and the raw data containing actions and solutions that people from all the ideas received through the UN75 initiative regions, sectors, ages and backgrounds had are available to all for the follow up to the UN75 recommended during the UN75 dialogues as Declaration. steps the UN could take to address today’s global challenges.
ZAMBIA UN Zambia GLOBAL PARTICIPATION: WHO TOOK PART More than 1.5 million people from all thousands of young people played UN75 193 UN Member and Observer States games; and hundreds of researchers joined the UN75 conversation between were engaged in a research mapping January and December 2020. More process. We estimate that through our than 1.3 million people responded to collaborators’ extended networks and the one-minute survey; hundreds of members, 60,000+ organizations and 907 thousands of people from 100+ countries million+ people saw UN75 news, events participated in UN75 dialogues; 50,000 and updates. The details of collaborating people in 50 countries took part in organizations and networks can be representative polling; hundreds of viewed on the UN75 website.
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 13 GLOBAL REACH ACROSS SECTORS GLOBAL REACH ACROSS SECTORS YOUTH • Children and youth through schools • Online UN75 games, like Kahoot! • Youth organisations • UNICEF’s U-Report and the 2030 Youth Force survey BUSINESS AND UNIVERSITIES SPORTS AND THINK COMMUNITIES TANKS • Business and employer • 400+ universities, networks colleges, policy • Tech firms and phone research institutes, companies networks and associations • Social media platforms • Students, researchers, • Sports associations faculty, thought leaders • Research PARLIAMENTARIANS, CITIES, CITIZENS, AT THE LOCAL LEVEL LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACTORS • 30,000+ global social movements, NGOs, small • Inter-Parliamentary Union, parliamentarians in grassroots community groups 179 UN Member States • Vulnerable and under-represented groups • United Cities and Local Government network • UN Resident Coordinator Offices, UN information engaged 1,000+ cities, representing half world’s centers, UN Volunteers, Regional UN Development population Coordination Offices and UN bodies • Club de Madrid engaged, Prime Ministers from 65 • Influential individuals and high profile social countries media personalities
14 | INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE FIVE UN75 DATA STREAMS TO GATHER PRIORITIES AND SOLUTIONS The UN75 initiative was an exercise in global opinion gathering of attitudes towards global challenges and international cooperation. We gathered views, priorities and solutions through five “data streams”: ONE-MINUTE UN75 SURVEY UN75 DIALOGUES • www.un75.online open to everyone, • Open to everyone to hold dialogues on available in 64 languages. their communities’ future priorities and how to bolster international • Captured people’s concerns cooperation, including through the and priorities for the future, UN. and sentiments towards global cooperation. • A dialogue toolkit supported the dialogues, encouraged local action, • As of 31 December 2020, more than and built trust between groups. 1.3 million people participated from all 193 United Nations Member States. • Dialogues were held in-person, online, through social media chats and • Quantitative analysis, in partnership events, and participants could submit with the Graduate Institute of dialogue summaries: www.research. International and Development net/r/VJ59YQ7 Studies and New York University. • As of 31 December, 3,500+ UN75 • Collaborated with UN Development dialogues were registered in 120+ Programme, Institute for Economics countries, and 1,200+ dialogue and Peace and others to cross-analyze summaries received from participants UN75 survey data with the Human in 94 countries. Development Index, Global Peace Index, and Good Country Index. • Dialogue summaries were analyzed in partnership with the Graduate Institute of International and Development studies, drawing out participants’ solutions and ideas for action, organized along the UN75 Declaration’s 12 Commitments.
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 15 INDEPENDENT, MEDIA ANALYSIS RESEARCH SCIENTIFIC PUBLIC MAPPING OPINION POLLING • Edelman Intelligence conducted manual • Academic and policy • Served to cross- and Artificial research mapping check our mass, Intelligence of the six official public UN75 survey. analysis of print, UN languages, broadcast, online covering all regions, • Edelman Intelligence and social media in working with the conducted 70 countries over a Graduate Institute representative one-year period. of International telephone and and Development online surveys in 36 • Took the Studies. (mainly developing) temperature on countries. attitudes towards • Took stock of megatrends and latest thinking and • Pew Research international made research Center conducted cooperation. and evidence- representative based insights on telephone surveys in multilateralism, 14 countries. international • Focused on cross- cooperation, the national views United Nations and of multilateral its work more easily principles, global accessible to policy challenges, views of practitioners. the United Nations, how the Organization carries out its mission. View the full sample breakdowns for the surveys and dialogues in Annex 1 of this report, and the detailed methodologies for each data stream in Annex 2.
16 | INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE DATA ANALYZED IN THIS REPORT This report contains the analysis of data • 14,276 representative survey responses gathered between 2 January and 3 November in 14 countries, through Pew Research 2020: Center’s survey. • 35,777 representative online and telephone • 1,220,848 UN75 survey responses from survey responses in 36 countries, through 193 UN Member States. 12,310 of these Edelman’s survey. were gathered through mobile phone applications that did not permit the • Social and traditional media in 70 countries. collection of demographics data and they • Academic and policy research from all are excluded from cross analyses with regions, in the six official UN languages. demographics data. • 1,141 UN75 dialogue summaries received from 94 countries. REGION UN75 SURVEY DIALOGUE PEW SURVEY EDELMAN RESPONDENTS SUMMARIES RESPONDENTS SURVEY RECEIVED RESPONDENTS Central & Southern Asia 314,701 222 - 4,005 Eastern & South-eastern Asia 130,709 304 2,247 5,009 Europe 145,139 75 8,973 6,009 Latin America & Caribbean 88,821 126 - 6,240 Northern Africa & Western Asia 77,563 80 - 6,513 Northern America 40,559 122 2,040 - Oceania & Antarctica 18,673 15 1,016 - Sub-Saharan Africa 400,171 86 - 8,001 Other 4,512 37 - - Mixed/Online - 74 - - GLOBAL 1,220,848 1,141 14,276 35,’777 View the detailed country and region counts in Annex 3. Data contained in this report is organized by countries, territories and areas of origin as provided by respondents. The report uses the country and area names and methodology used for statistical processing purposes and in its publications by the Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (https://unstats.un.org/unsd/ methodology/m49/). The designations employed and the presentation of material in this report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN75 INITIATIVE | 17 BREAKDOWN OF UN75 SURVEY RESPONDENTS 1.2M TOTAL RESPONDENTS BY REGION 33% 26% 12% 11% 7% 6% 3% 193 # OF UN MEMBER STATES 2% Sub- Central & Europe Eastern Latin Northern Northern Oceania Saharan Southern & South- America Africa & America & Africa Asia Eastern & Western Antarctica Asia Caribbean Asia BY GENDER BY EDUCATION 58% MALE FEMALE OTHER 23% 51% 48% 1% 18% 1% Primary Finished Beyond Not or less secondary secondary specified 34K BY AGE PEOPLE WITH DISABILITY 45% 27% 15% 6% 6% 1% 3% < 15 yrs 16 - 30 31 - 45 46 - 60 > 61 yrs Not old old specified
ESTONIA SOAS The Centre for International Studies & Diplomacy
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 19 FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC In response to COVID-19, many citizens prioritize better access to basic services and increased global solidarity in the short-term The COVID-19 pandemic is a common threat Emerging from this crisis is an opportunity to to the entire world, regardless of nationality, strengthen our commitment to implement the ethnicity or faith. It is having a devastating 2030 Agenda and 17 Sustainable Development impact on older people; on women and Goals, address the climate crisis in line with girls; on low-income communities; on the the Paris Agreement, inequalities, exclusion, marginalized and isolated. It is presenting gaps in social protection systems and the new threats to the 2030 Agenda and the many other injustices that have been exposed Sustainable Development Goals. and exacerbated. The Secretary-General has repeatedly called for COVID-19 vaccines to From the outset of the pandemic, the be a global public good available to everyone, United Nations system mobilized early and everywhere and for an urgent stimulus comprehensively to support countries in package worth at least 10 per cent of global addressing the devasting socio-economic, GDP, and for debt relief for all countries that humanitarian and human rights aspects need it. Beyond health, the Secretary-General of this crisis. It led on the global health appealed in March for a global ceasefire so response, provided life-saving humanitarian that countries can focus on fighting the virus. assistance to the most vulnerable, established This call was echoed again in his speech to the instruments for rapid responses to the General Assembly in September. He also urged socio-economic impact and laid out a broad for a new commitment to silence the guns by policy agenda for action on all fronts. It also end of 2020.3 provided logistics, common services and operational support to governments and As people around the world continue to suffer other partners around the world on the front the health, social and economic effects of lines of the pandemic, as they mounted COVID-19, the immediate, short-term priority national responses to this new virus and of most people everywhere is improved access unprecedented global challenge. to basic services: healthcare, education, water
20 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC and sanitation. The UN Development Programme (UNDP) sounded the alarm Immediate priorities are access in May that human development has to basic services, international taken a downward turn to levels not seen support and solidarity, tackling since the human development index was introduced in 1990.4 inequalities The UN Development System’s 1. Access to basic services framework for the immediate Better socio- Worse The same 2. International support 3. Tackling inequalities economic response to COVID-19 & solidarity aligns with these priorities. It offers Global Global response 49% 20% 32% a comprehensive package Universal access to 418k from the UN Development System, healthcare Sub-Saharan along fiveAfrica 59 streams of work, 21 connected 20 Increase support to by environmental sustainability. 318k hardest hit places CentralGender & Southern Asia is imperative, 52 20 28 equality as well Strengthen global as theEastern prioritization of health services, 308k & solidarity protecting people 51 through 17 social 32 South-eastern Asia Invest in education & protection and basic services, protecting 288k Northern Africa & youth jobs, macroeconomic 38 response 19 and44 Western Asia Universal access to safe multilateral collaboration and social 266k water & sanitation cohesion Oceania and community & Antarctica 37 resilience. 16 47 Address deepened 257k inequalities Northern America 34 17 49 FIVE PILLARS OF THE UN DEVELOPMENT Rethink the global SYSTEM COVID-19 RESPONSE 244k Latin America & economy 34 18 48 Caribbean Tackle the climate crisis 227k 1 HEALTH FIRST: Protecting Europe 32 health 20 services 48 and systems during the crisis Prevent and reduce 194k conflict & violence Make human rights 2 PROTECTING PEOPLE: Social protection and basic 186k services central Modernize international organizations 180k 3 ECONOMIC RESPONSE & RECOVERY: Universal access to Protecting jobs, small and 178k medium-sized enterprises, digital technologies and the informal sector workers UN75 Survey Q1: What should the international community prioritise to recover better from the pandemic? Base: 1,133,501 (all respondents answering 4 MACROECONOMIC RESPONSE AND MULTILATERAL this question as from 22 April). 3,064,111 responses: COLLABORATION participants could select up to three responses. 5 SOCIAL COHESION AND COMMUNITY RESILIENCE
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 21 UZBEKISTAN UNDP Uzbekistan Universal access of essential health services, services, health systems and to healthcare is and about 100 million people health workers are under the top immediate are still being pushed into enormous strain around the priority among UN75 extreme poverty because of world, with indirect health health costs.5 impacts also expected to respondents, as rise.6 healthcare systems In this context, ‘Universal around the world feel access to healthcare’ is Universal access to the strain the top immediate priority healthcare only ranked among UN75 survey second in two regions – Sub COVID-19 has shone a respondents in all but two - Saharan Africa and Eastern spotlight on the enormous regions. This reflects the and South-eastern Asia – shortfall in access to grim reality reported by where respondents ranked healthcare for people around UNDP – that daily COVID-19 ‘increased support to the the world. In April 2020, the related deaths have hardest hit countries and United Nations reported that exceeded other common territories’ and ‘strengthen at least half of the world still causes of death throughout global solidarity’ respectively does not have full coverage much of 2020. Emergency fractionally higher.
22 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC SUMMARY OF UN75 DIALOGUE PARTICIPANTS’ DISCUSSIONS ON PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS, MANAGEMENT, RECOVERY AND OPPORTUNITY Participants manufacturers that the vaccine will be overwhelmingly distributed equally, with no preference observed that the to any particular country. COVID-19 pandemic was • Assessment should be completed a compelling reminder in advance on those elements of our fragility and our of pandemic preparedness, interconnectedness. Only multilateral management and recovery that should cooperation would be enough to reign in be done centrally, as opposed to the pandemic, recover from it, and learn elements best done locally. its lessons. You can see their numerous, detailed suggestions under Commitment 12 ‘We will be Prepared’. Some of the key On ongoing pandemic management solutions proposed include: • Countries should take responsibility to ensure adequate prevention policies and public health measures in line On preparedness with WHO guidelines are in place and • UN Member states can strengthen robustly enforced. international cooperation, including • Information sharing systems for WHO’s role within the UN. the transparent sharing of real time • Countries should put more resources information by countries on their into monitoring emerging zoonoses current pandemic status should be and share information in a transparent strengthened. and timely way. • Partnerships with development • Assistance should be given by UN agencies should be created to Member States and multilateral funds ensure all Covid-19 health advisories to developing countries to strengthen and information reach people at national health systems to ensure every level, including in remote and infrastructure is in place to manage underprivileged communities. future pandemics. • Structures and platforms should be On recovery established to facilitate countries • UN Member States who are able to do to cooperate on research, develop so should support poorer countries vaccines, and to distribute vaccines to fully invest their resources to equitably. There needs to be mitigate the economic, social, health consensus amongst states and private
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 23 ► Continued summary of UN75 dialogue participants’ discussions on pandemic preparedness, management, recovery and opportunity and psychological side effects of the risks associated with pandemics current crisis on the most vulnerable and health crises. Research and groups. development in these and other areas should be a priority of international • In respect of education the research collaborations and support. international community should prioritize delivery of quality education • The pandemic has demonstrated that and access to online and remote public health is one of the key benefits learning especially in countries where of contactless technology and efforts access to the internet is low. Laptop should be made to build on the and tablet banks could support poorer momentum towards a digital culture. students to access technology. • For many, COVID-19 has transformed • In respect of community level the workplace. As well as risks, the response, multi-institutional lessons of the pandemic have the initiatives and collaborations should potential to bring about change at a be established between to provide pace previously unforeseen: more well considered services for local visibility as to what caregiving entails, communities, based on their own more equal distribution of caregiving identification of what they need. responsibilities and access to opportunities across genders, greater • The charity and non-profit sector, so access to opportunities by those essential to supporting recovery of in remote locations, the potential communities, has also been affected revitalisation of dying regions and by the pandemic, with individuals and alleviation of environmental pressures governments called on to ensure this on dense urban centres. sector itself recovers so it can play the important role in recovery it is • The pandemic, through the increasing otherwise uniquely poised to play. use of virtual meeting tools as a standard way of communicating, Building on opportunities arising from has brought together people from the pandemic across the world who would not have previously shared their experiences, • Future investment and development increasing the understanding, of medical technologies were viewed tolerance and sense of global as having the potential to contribute community at the core of the UN’s to public health and safety and reduce mission.
24 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC As COVID-19 forces children out of schools, access to education emerges as one of the top priorities for UN75 respondents, particularly in lower human development countries Increased investment in education and youth programmes, another key basic service, ranked fourth among all immediate priorities to recover from the pandemic. This was the third-highest priority for respondents in countries in Sub- Saharan Africa and in Central and Southern Asia, where there are many low human development countries. This reflects UNDP’s findings that the “effective out-of-school rate” – the adjusted percentage of primary school-age children facing school closures, accounting for households with internet access and the opportunity to continue structured learning – in May 2020 was highest in low human development countries (86%, an increase of 59 percentage points), followed by medium human development countries (74%, an increase of 67 percentage points) and high human development countries (47%, an increase of 41 percentage points). The majority of school-age children in very high human development countries were found to have the possibility to continue structured learning, with an effective out-of-school rate of 20% (though still an increase of 19 percentage points).7
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 25 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX In collaboration with UNDP, we cross- criteria for assessing the development analysed our UN75 data with the Human of a country, not economic growth alone. Development Index (HDI) to observe patterns The HDI is a summary measure of average and correlations between respondents’ achievement in key dimensions of human answers and their country’s levels of human development: a long and healthy life, being development. The Human Development knowledgeable and having a decent standard Index was created to emphasize that people of living. Read more. and their capabilities should be the ultimate BURKINA FASO UNICEF/Frank Dejongh FROM THE UN75 DIALOGUES There is strong evidence that We need to listen to young people, inequality and exclusion can be who are a key partner in advancing effectively tackled through the the 2030 Agenda. It’s important to provision of comprehensive, both expand their access to the universal health and education. best digital technology has to offer, protect them from harm online, and empower them to know how to protect themselves. Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies, New York University Center on International Cooperation, USA, dialogue with mostly women, mixed ages and professions. Office of the UN Resident Coordinator, China, dialogue with students, ages 16-30.
26 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC Beyond access to healthcare, the second and third immediate priorities of UN75 survey respondents vary by region PRIORITY RANKING Global Global Central & Eastern & Europe Latin Northern Northern Oceania Sub- 1st 2nd 3rd Southern South- America Africa & America & Saharan Asia eastern & Western Antarctica Africa Asia Caribbean Asia Universal access to 37% 34% 36% 42% 48% 46% 47% 49% 32% healthcare Increase support to 28 25 26 24 26 31 24 34 32 hardest hit places Strengthen global 27 22 36 28 23 28 23 24 29 solidarity Invest in education & 25 22 24 24 26 27 20 27 29 youth Universal access to 23 20 27 26 29 23 31 27 22 safe water & sanitation Address deepened 23 16 30 20 29 20 27 25 25 inequalities Rethink the global 22 14 20 32 27 20 21 19 24 economy Tackle the climate 20 16 21 31 24 16 31 21 18 crisis Prevent and reduce 17 13 20 16 12 20 17 19 20 conflict & violence Make human rights 16 13 14 21 19 19 22 15 18 central Modernize international 16 13 14 11 9 14 11 16 22 organizations Universal access to 16 15 16 8 11 13 9 14 21 digital technologies UN75 Survey Q1: What should the international community prioritise to recover better from the pandemic? Base: 1,129,006 (all respondents as from 22 April, excluding “other” countries). Central & Southern Asia (303,450), Eastern & South-eastern Asia (118,379), Europe (125,255), Latin America & Caribbean (77,241), Northern Africa & Western Asia (70,085), Northern America (32,889), Oceania & Antarctica (17,524), Sub-Saharan Africa (384,200). 3,051,757 total responses: respondents could select up to three responses.
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 27 ‘Access to safe water and sanitation’ was an immediate priority for UN75 respondents, irrespective of their country’s human development level According to UNDP, 785 million people still In Northern America, the percentage of lack access to basic sources of clean water, respondents who chose ‘Universal access to and around 3 billion people lack a basic hand- safe water and sanitation’ was only fractionally washing facility with soap and water in their lower than the percentage that selected household8. As the World Health Organization ‘Tackling the climate crisis’ – the second and governments around the world ran top immediate priority to recover from the campaigns to promote hand-washing with pandemic in the region. When looking at soap as a key defense against the virus, it is respondents’ answers according to their little wonder that access to safe water and country’s levels of development, we see sanitation was a critical priority for people in that those in Very High Human Development both higher and lower human development countries chose ‘Achieve universal access to countries. It was the third ranked priority for safe water and sanitation’ as their second top people in Northern America, Latin America immediate priority to recover better from the and the Caribbean and Oceania and Antarctica. pandemic. In their survey, in a related finding, Edelman found that respondents in both high and low Gross Natinal Income countries saw poverty and poor living standards as the second largest issue today, after the pandemic Ranking of biggest issues in the world today 1ST 2ND 3RD 4TH 5TH High Pandemics such Poverty and Climate change International Countries affluence as COVID-19 poor living terrorism using nuclear standards weapons Low Pandemics such Poverty and Lack of job Poor healthcare International affluence as COVID-19 poor living security/ and low life terrorism standards unemployment expectancy Source: Edelman. Q3. What do you see as the 3 biggest issues in the world today? Base: All selecting one major issue in the world (35,149), Low affluence (13,926), High affluence (8,869). Gross National Income (GNI) based on the World Bank’s GNI classification. HIGH GNI MIDDLE-UPPER GNI LOWER-MIDDLE GNI Chile Portugal Argentina Indonesia Angola Nigeria Czech Republic Saudi Arabia Brazil Malaysia Bangladesh Pakistan Hungary Singapore China Mexico Cameroon Senegal Israel United Arab Emirates Colombia Russia Egypt Tanzania Norway Dominican Republic South Africa India Ukraine Poland Gabon Turkey Kenya Uzbekistan Morocco Vietnam
28 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC Beyond basic services, many UN75 respondents looked to the international community to support the hardest hit people and communities, and called for increased solidarity between people and nations Respondents in regions Immediate priorities to recover better with a higher proportion of lower human development from the pandemic, by country’s Human countries, including Central Development level and Southern Asia, Northern PRIORITY RANKING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX CATEGORY Africa and Western Asia, and Oceania, placed ‘Increased 1st 2nd 3rd Global Global Very high High Medium Low support to the hardest hit people and communities’ as Universal access to their second priority for the 37% 42% 44% 33% 33% healthcare international community Increase support to to recover better from the 28 22 30 29 30 hardest hit places pandemic. Respondents in Eastern and South-eastern Strengthen global 27 29 30 24 29 Asia, and Northern Africa solidarity and Western Asia prioritized Invest in education & 25 22 27 24 29 ‘Strengthening solidarity youth between people and Universal access to 23 29 22 21 22 nations’ second and third, safe water & sanitation respectively. Address deepened 23 26 23 19 25 inequalities Many respondents in Very High Human Development Rethink the global 22 27 22 18 23 economy countries were less inclined to view ‘Support to the Tackle the climate 20 28 20 16 19 hardest hit places’ as a high crisis priority. This may reflect Prevent and reduce 17 17 17 15 21 the tendency to look inward conflict & violence amid the pandemic, as all Make human rights countries, including Very central 16 19 18 13 18 High Development countries, grapple with COVID-19 health Modernize international 16 11 13 15 24 organizations and socio-economic shocks. Universal access to 16 10 15 16 21 digital technologies UN75 Survey Q1: What should the international community prioritise to recover better from the pandemic? Base: 1,125,857 (all respondents as from 22 April). Cross-analysed with the Human Development Index country groupings: Very high HDI (244,712), High HDI (215,931), Medium HDI (386,992), Low HDI (278,222), No HDI data available (7,644). 3,042,981 total responses: respondents could select up to three responses.
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 29 Many UN75 respondents expressed and lower income and minority groups have concern about inequalities made fared far worse in terms of the health effects worse by the COVID-19 pandemic and of the pandemic, as well as the knock- containment measures on socio-economic effects, which have increased inequalities within and across countries.9 People in Latin America and the Respondents’ emphasis on access to basic Caribbean, and Eastern and South-eastern services and increased solidarity and support Asia prioritized ‘Addressing inequalities that for those hardest hit can all be viewed through have deepened as a result of COVID-19’ as the prism of inequalities. The next set of second and third respectively. Respondents in issues prioritized by respondents around Northern America, Oceania and Antarctica and the world were tackling inequalities that Sub-Saharan Africa also ranked addressing have deepened as a result of COVID-19 and inequalities high; as fourth, fifth and fifth, rethinking the global economy. respectively. While no country or region has been spared Over and above access to basic services, the adverse effects of the pandemic, lower UNDP reports that inequalities in access to and middle human development countries “enhanced capabilities” across populations around the world were already widening in the years preceding COVID-19.10 FROM THE UN75 DIALOGUES Substantial shares of UN75 respondents in higher human development countries place tackling the climate crisis among their top The UN has made significant immediate priorities contributions to building a more peaceful and egalitarian In Northern America and Europe, where world, but each person who access to most basic services is generally is still out of school, who still higher than in other regions, respondents prioritized ‘Tackling the climate crisis with lives in poverty or who does greater urgency’ (ranked second in Northern not know where his next meal America and third in Europe) after ‘Universal will come from should remind access to healthcare.’ us that there is still much to be done. UNDP stresses, in its 2020 Human Development Report, that planetary and social imbalances are exacerbating one another. The deep inequalities that already exist are being worsened by, and are expected to continue to UN Brazil, dialogue with business worsen due to climate change, environmental professionals, ages 31-45, mostly men. degradation, as well as knock-on effects, such as health pandemics.11
30 | FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC SUMMARY OF UN75 DIALOGUE PARTICIPANTS’ DISCUSSIONS ON INEQUALITIES Ensuring that no one is Access to basic services for all left behind means, for • Universal healthcare access, including dialogue participants, mental healthcare, should be ensured committing to fully by national governments across the implementing Agenda world. 2030 by addressing sustainable development across its • Establish an international agreement dimensions. Participants want a world to guarantee free water and where wealth is distributed more equally, sanitation. with support to the most disadvantaged, as reflected under Commitment 1 “We Focus on equitable access to quality will leave no one behind”. Participants education agreed that integrated approaches and progressive action driven by diverse • Governments should promote stakeholders are essential to make sure educational reform to respond to the that no one is left behind. Some of the needs of the future, and to ensure that key solutions proposed include: education is affordable to all income levels, and that it is inclusive. • Schools can improve teacher trainings Inclusion of marginalised and vulnerable and ensure up-to-date and relevant groups educational material and skills- • National governments and the UN development programmes. system should prioritize the inclusion of vulnerable groups in decision- Promote socio-economic inclusion making through the development of appropriate policies, especially • The introduction of a universal basic Indigenous and LGBTQI+ communities. income, as well as economic support policies and tax reform can alleviate • Governments should take steps poverty and reduce inequalities. to ratify and support the universal rights of people with disabilities • The UN system should prioritize and promote the creation of an UN the provision of support to the Convention to protect the rights of communities hardest hit by older people. COVID-19, and to under-served, rural communities. • The private sector should play a role in combating racism and creating economic opportunities for women and ethnic minorities.
FINDINGS: PRIORITIES FOR RECOVERING BETTER FROM THE PANDEMIC | 31 ► Continued summary of UN75 dialogue participants’ discussions on inequalities Address the refugee and migrant crisis migration flows, re-visit the scope of the Refugee Convention to consider • National governments should work to those forced to migrate due to improve migration policies, including climate and environmental factors, providing better and more humane and improve the living conditions in management of refugee and migrant refugee camps through educational arrivals, and ensuring safe travel for and employment opportunities, all. and shortening the time people • The UN system and Member stay in camps through increased States should aim to improve the humanitarian visas and faster management of international resettlement options. AFGHANISTAN United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
ESWATINI UN Eswatini
FINDINGS: OUTLOOK FOR 2045: THREATS AND CHALLENGES | 33 FINDINGS: OUTLOOK FOR 2045: THREATS AND CHALLENGES MOST RESPONDENTS HOLD GREATER UN75 survey respondents’ outlook for the future varies OPTIMISM FOR THE across regions FUTURE 1. Access to basic services 2. International support Better The same Worse 3. Tackling Globally, inequalities many & solidarity more respondents believe people will be better off in 2045 than today Global Global 49% 20% 32% (49%)Universal compared accessto to those who believe 418k healthcare people will be worse off (32%). Strong Sub-Saharan Africa 59 21 20 trends are visible Increase support toat the regional level, 318k as wellhardest as whenhit places looking at the views of Central & Southern Asia 52 20 28 UN75Strengthen survey respondents global according to 308k Eastern & their respective country’s level of human solidarity 51 17 32 South-eastern Asia development. Invest in education & 288k Northern Africa & youth 38 19 44 Respondents in safe Sub-Saharan Africa were, Western Asia Universal access to by far, the&most water optimistic about266k sanitation the future, Oceania & Antarctica 37 16 47 with Address 59% expressing deepened the belief that people will be better 257k off in 2045 than they are inequalities Northern America 34 17 49 today. This was followed by Central and Rethink the global Southern Asia (52%), Eastern and 244kSouth- Latin America & economy 34 18 48 eastern Asia (51%). Caribbean Tackle the climate crisis 227k By contrast, UN75 survey respondents Europe 32 20 48 Prevent were in Europe and reduce mostly pessimistic 194k about conflict & violence UN75 Survey Q6: Overall, do you think that people in the future, with 48% believing that people 2045 will be better off, worse off, the same as you are Make will be humanoff worse rights than today (compared to today? Base: 1,216,333 (all respondents, excluding 186k central 32% who responded better off). Similarly, “other” countries). Sub-Saharan Africa (400,171), Central Modernize 49% international in Northern America of respondents & Southern Asia (314,701), Eastern & South-eastern 180k Asia (130,706), Northern Africa & Western Asia (77,563), organizations believe people will be worse off in the Oceania & Antarctica (18,673), Northern America Universal future, accessbytoLatin America and the followed (40,559), Latin America & Caribbean (88,821), Europe 178k digital technologies Caribbean (48% pessimistic), and Oceania (145,139). and Antarctica (47% pessimistic).
34 | FINDINGS: OUTLOOK FOR 2045: THREATS AND CHALLENGES Respondents in regions In the case of human development, UN75 with more lower human survey respondents in regions with a higher development countries hold number of lower human development countries were far more optimistic about the greater optimism for the future future than respondents in regions with a higher number of higher human development countries. WORLD BETTER OFF IN 2045 Central Asia Middle Africa Western Africa Eastern Africa South-eastern Asia Eastern Asia Southern Asia Eastern Europe LOWER Southern HIGHER HUMAN LOW MEDIUM Africa HIGH VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVEL- Northern Africa DEVEL- OMENT Western Asia Northern OPMENT Pacific Islands Caribbean America Southern South America Europe Northern Europe Western Europe Central America Australia and New Zealand WORLD WORSE OFF IN 2045 UN75 Survey Q6: Overall, do you think that people in 2045 will be better off, worse off, the same as you are today? Base: 1,213,107 (all respondents, excluding those with no HDI data). Regional average for “outlook for 2045” (y axis scale: -0.7 to 0.7), from “Worse off in 2045” (-1) to “Better off in 2045” (+1). Cross analysed with regional average HDI (x axis scale: 0.4 to 1 HDI). HDI regional averages weighted by the number of observations of each respective country.
You can also read
NEXT SLIDES ... Cancel