Sport Fishing in Québec including salmon fishing - Season 2016-2018
Sport Fishing in Québec including salmon fishing - Season 2016-2018
Sport Fishing in Québec including salmon fishing - Season 2016-2018 Main new elements 1 The rules in brief 2 General rules 3 Definitions 3 Right to fish 4 Fishing licence 5 Tagging and registering of salmon 7 Fishing methods 8 Bait-fish 11 Catch, possession and length limits 13 Releasing fish to water 20 Transportation, possession and identification of fish 21 Special rules for certain territories 21 Non-residents 23 Fishing salmon elsewhere than in salmon rivers 23 Prohibited practices 24 Protection of wildlife habitats 24 Circulation in fragile environments 24 Fishing zones map 25 Read the news releases (in French: Actualités) on the website to follow the late-breaking news concerning the sport fishing regulations: mffp.gouv.qc.ca/english/publications/online/wildlife/fishing-regulations/in dex.asp TABLE OF CONTENT Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs Dépôt légal - Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec, 2014 Dépôt légal - Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, 2016 ISBN 978-2-550-75158-8 (pdf) ISBN 978-2-550-75156-4 (HTML) © Gouvernement du Québec
Page 1 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) Sport Fishing in Québec – Main rules April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2018 This publication presents the main rules governing fishing, including rules respecting Atlantic salmon fishing, in force from April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2018. It is also available in electronic form on the Department website. The rules apply solely to sportfishing for freshwater fish and anadromous and catadromous species in Québec waters (with or without tide). Important The information presented in this publication does not replace the official texts of legislation and regulations.
Moreover, the Department may intervene during the season to close water bodies to avoid overfishing of species, modify catch limits according to upstream salmon migrations or locally open water bodies to winter fishing. To obtain information on such changes, please consult the “ News” section of the Department website or contact the department’s regional office. Furthermore, the rules governing fishing may have been modified in a given zone following the conclusion of an agreement between the Québec government and an Aboriginal nation or between the minister responsible and an Aboriginal nation or a band council.
Indeed, in its resolutions of March 20, 1985 and May 31, 1989, the National Assembly formally recognized Québec’s 11 Aboriginal nations and their specific rights within the framework of the legislation in force. The Québec government opted to negotiate with the Aboriginal nations in order to conclude agreements to better define and clarify the exercising of their activities. This approach hinges at once on the historic legitimacy and importance for Québec society of establishing with the Aboriginal peoples harmonious relations centred on mutual respect and trust. To obtain additional information on possible modifications, please contact customer service or the Department office in the region concerned.
General rules Québec is divided in 29 fishing zones that take into account the distribution of species. Maps illustrate each of the zones. Anglers must abide by the fishing rules that apply in the zones and the requirements pertaining to the territory in which they wish to fish. Species covered This publication covers sportfishing for freshwater fish and anadromous and catadromous species in Québec waters (with or without tide). It also deals with salmon fishing in salmon rivers and fishing for any other fish species in the rivers. For information on recreational fishing for saltwater species such as capelin, cod, and so on, please consult the Fisheries and Oceans Canada website or call 418-648-2239.
Main new elements To obtain further information on the changes listed here, please consult the section entitled "Fishing periods and catch limits”. Zone 7 ◦ Fishing for other species in Lac Aylmer must now take place within a specific fishing period (between the south side of Highway 112 bridge and the first narrows upstream, located at point 45°55'07" N., 71°22'41" W.). Zone 10 ◦ There is now a species-specific fishing period for muskellunge and bass in Rivière Picanoc. Zone 13 West ◦ Fishing for all species ends on November 30 in Rivière des Outaouais, between a line perpendicular to the current passing through point 47°46'50" N., 77°53'26" W., and a line perpendicular to the current passing through point 47°46'18" N., 77°56'11" W.
Zone 17 ◦ Fishing for "other species" will now begin on June 7 in Lac Chibougamau (excluding the following sectors: Bays: Du Club (49°53'22" N., 74°01'50" W.); Girard, the portion situated within a 500 m radius downstream of the mouth of the Armitage River; Nepton, the portion situated within a 500 m radius downstream of the mouth of the Nepton River, as well as the portion situated within a 500 m radius downstream of the mouth of the Petite Nepton River). Zone 19 south, Part B ◦ There is no longer a limit on salmon returned to the water in Lac du Feu, Lac Foucher, Lac Gagnon, Lac Manet, Lac Riverin and Lac Triquet.
Zone 26 ◦ The “5 in all” catch limit now applies to char and trout in Lac Barnard and Lac en Croix: Trout fishing is no longer allowed in winter, and the fishing period for lake trout (including splake trout) is now the same as for “other species” in Lac Mékinac. Striped Bass ◦ The sport fishing season is from June 15 to October 31, 2017, and the daily catch and possession limit will be two striped bass (50 to 65 centimetres long inclusively) throughout the fishing season. Bait fish ◦ Ban on the possession and use of live bait fish as from April 1, 2017. ◦ Ban on the possession and use of dead bait fish EXCEPT for winter fishing in certain zones where permitted.
Page 2 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) Atlantic Salmon Management Plan, 2016-2026 ◦ “Large” Atlantic salmon (63 cm and over) cannot be kept anywhere other than in certain specific salmon rivers. ◦ Introduction of a three-salmon daily catch-and-release limit everywhere except in the Nord-du-Québec region and in the Côte-Nord salmon rivers east of Rivière Natashquan. Renewal of the Québec Walleye Management Plan, 2016-2026 ◦ Walleye cannot be hunted with bows, crossbows or harpoons in zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 13 East, 13 West, 14, and 26. ◦ New length range in zones 13 East, 13 West, 16, 17, 22 North and 22 South.
◦ Changes to the length limits in some water bodies: Gouin Reservoir community wildlife area (zone 14), Lac à Jim (zone 28) and Rivière Micosa (zone 28). Québec Lake Trout Management Plan, 2014-2020 ◦ New length limit for the Kipawa Reservoir (zone 13 West). ◦ Changes to length limits or catch limits for Lac Cameron (zone 10), Lac Castor (zone 10), Lac Désert (zone 10), Lac Poisson Blanc (zone 10) and Lac Pérodeau (zone 11). Muskellunge ◦ Authorized length limit for Lac Saint-François (zone 8). Petite rivière de la Trinité ◦ Ban on fishing between the waterfall upstream of Ruisseau Genest and the fourth waterfall (zone 18).
La Romaine Hydroelectricity Project ◦ Ban on fishing in Lac Maurice and in two unnamed lakes (part B of zone 19 South). Rivière Aisley ◦ Extension of the fishing period between the river mouth and the first waterfall. Rivière Matapédia ◦ Use of floating line mandatory from July 1 to August 31. Rivière Sheldrake and Rivière Sheldrake Est ◦ Ban on Atlantic salmon fishing upstream of the hydroelectricity dam on Rivière Sheldrake (part B of zone 19 South). Zone 28 ◦ Introduction of a fishing period from December 20 to March 31, for Lac du Dépôt, Lac Kauashekamatsh and an unnamed lake south of Lac Kauashekamatsh.
Anglers are encouraged to become acquainted with the specific conditions that apply to the sites at which they fish. The icon is intended to draw the reader’s attention to changes for the current year that can affect the water body, a fishing period and, occasionally, a catch or length limit. The rules in brief Fishing is a pleasant, exciting activity that is accessible to everyone. You can fish alone, in a group or with your family, in lakes or rivers, and try to catch different fish species, which are a renewable but fragile natural resource. You should be aware of some basic rules before you fish.
Do I need a fishing licence? With a few exceptions, you must have in your possession a fishing licence. You can obtain a licence from authorized sales agents, who are usually retailers of hunting and fishing equipment, or from convenience stores. Several types of licences are available at different prices, according to the species of fish or the duration of the planned excursion. Is it possible to fish without having to buy a licence? Indeed, a minor child may always fish under his or her parent’s licence. What is more, an individual may fish under his or her spouse’s licence provided that the spouses are together or the individual carries the licence, except for sport fishing license for Atlantic salmon.
Lastly, a minor child or an adult student may fish accompanied by an adult who possesses a licence. However, there are some circumstances in which a resident may fish without a licence. To learn more about fishing without a licence, please see the section entitled “ Fishing licence ” Where may I fish?
Fishing is usually allowed everywhere in Québec. While most water bodies in Québec are public, the adjacent land may not be, especially in southern Québec. Before entering private property or crossing private land to reach the site where you wish to fish, you must obtain the owner’s permission and regard yourself as his guest. Land that is not private belongs to the Québec public domain and you may freely enter it. However, a portion of the lands in the domain of the State are organized in structured territories. Controlled harvesting zones (ZECs), outfitting operations, parks, reserves and communal wildlife areas are subject to specific access procedures and it is usually necessary to pay fees in order to fish and stay there.
On the other hand, such sites offer more elaborate infrastructure, depending on the location, such as cottages and boats.
Page 3 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) How many fish am I allowed to catch? There are four types of fishing limits. The daily catch limit is the maximum number of fish of a species that may be caught and kept in one day in one of the 29 fishing zones in the province. Fish consumed on the same day are considered in the daily limit. For example, if the catch limit is 15 fish and you decide to eat five of them, you may not catch another five fish of this species the same day. However, you may continue to fish another specifies in respect of which you have not yet reached the limit.
Daily catch limits are not cumulative. The daily catch-and-release limit, where it applies, is reserved for Atlantic salmon. It establishes the maximum number of salmon that may be caught and released back into the water, in a single day, on the water body concerned. For example, if the catch-and- release limit for a water body is three salmon, a fisher cannot continue to fish on that water body once he or she has caught and released three salmon.
Furthermore, when an individual fishes under another person’s licence, the individual is not entitled to his own catch limit. The fish that the individual catches must be included in the licence holder’s limit. The possession limit is the number of fish of any species that you may have in your possession at all times and anywhere, whether at the fishing site, on the road or at home. The possession limit usually corresponds to the daily catch limit. If, for example, the catch limit for a species in a zone is 15 fish, the possession limit for the species at that site will also be 15 fish. When you fish in more than one zone, the authorized possession limit for the species concerned is the higher of the authorized limits.
No licence is required to possess fish. You may share your fish with someone who does not possess a fishing licence. However, you must abide by the daily catch limit and the person who receives the fish must comply with the authorized possession limit.
Aside from the catch and possession limits, length limits may also apply to certain species and certain fishing sites. Important additional information ◦ Generally, a maximum of three hooks may be used on a line. ◦ Certain water bodies are reserved for fly fishing. ◦ You may fish at night, except on salmon rivers where fishing is prohibited for a period beginning one hour after sunset and ending one hour before sunrise (see the exception for smelt fishing). ◦ You may use earthworms and leeches as bait without restriction, unless otherwise indicated. ◦ In most zones minnows are prohibited as bait.
◦ When you transport fish, be sure that you can identify the species, for example, by leaving skin. ◦ If a length limit applies, it is usually prohibited to fillet the fish; it must also be possible to count them. ◦ Fish caught through sportfishing is not intended for sale. Where can I obtain information? The foregoing information is the basic regulation governing sportfishing in Québec. Once you have decided where you want to fish, you must determine the fishing zone concerned and be aware of the seasons and limits that apply there, and special provisions concerning access, for example, in the case of a wildlife reserve, a controlled harvesting zone, or an outfitting operation.
This publication contains the complete regulation governing fishing. To find out about fishing periods and consult the zone maps, please visit the Department website. For any other information, you can also call 1 877 346-6763 or consult a wildlife protection officer. General rules Definitions In this publication, the following definitions apply: ◦ Bass: includes small-mouthed bass and largemouth bass. ◦ Allis shad: includes American shad and gizzard shad, unless indicated otherwise in the text. ◦ Anadromous: a fish that lives in the sea and spawns in freshwater. Other species: includes, at the end of a list of fish species, the species not mentioned therein.
This indication varies depending on the case.
EXAMPLE Walleye Fishing prohibited Other species From April 25 to March 31 The indication “Other species” refers here to all species other than walleye, such as pike, bass, and so on. ◦ Catfish: includes brown bullhead, yellow bullhead and stonecat. ◦ Bait trap: a small hoop-net, without wing or leader, made of netting or plastic or wire mesh, fastened to hoops or frames, measuring no more than 60 cm in length and 25 cm in diameter, equipped with funnel-shaped openings, the smallest diameter of which does not exceed 2.5 cm ◦ Pike: includes redfin pickerel, chain pickerel, grass pickerel and northern pike.
Page 4 Publication Pêche sportive au Québec 2016-2018 (incluant la pêche au saumon) ◦ Catadromous: a fish that lives in freshwater and spawns in the sea. ◦ Lift net (square net): a net made of netting or plastic or wire mesh whose stretched does not exceed 2.5 cm, mounted usually on a squareshaped frame whose biggest dimension is not more than 1,3 m in its fully extended length and is suspended with a rope. ◦ Redhorse (new name for food suckers): includes river redhorse, silver redhorse, copper redhorse, the greater redhorse and the shorthead redhorse, unless otherwise indicated in the text.
◦ Spouse: refers to the de facto spouse who has lived in a marriage relationship for at least one year, and the spouse.
◦ Whitefish: includes lake herring, lake whitefish and round whitefish, unless otherwise indicated in the text. ◦ Panfish: includes longear sunfish, bluegill, rock bass and pumpkinseed sunfish. ◦ Walleye: includes yellow walleye and sauger, unless otherwise indicated in the text. ◦ Landing net: a pocket-shaped net whose biggest dimension does not exceed 90 cm mounted on a frame . ◦ Sturgeon: includes lake sturgeon and Atlantic sturgeon.
◦ Salmon pool: a site on a salmon river designated as such by signs. ◦ Artificial lure: a spoon, minnow lure, artificial fly or any other device made up of feathers, fibres, rubber, wood, metal, plastic or other similar materials and equipped with one or more fish hooks. ◦ Metal-core fishing line: fly fishing line which, when it is firmly folded and released, remains folded. ◦ Weighted line: a fly fishing line to which an external weight is attached. ◦ Length: the distance measured in a straight line between the tip of the snout and the tip of the tail fin, except in the case of Atlantic salmon, on which the distance is measured in a straight line between the tip of the snout and the fork in the tail.
◦ Sucker: includes the northern sucker and the white sucker. ◦ Landlocked salmon: freshwater Atlantic salmon. ◦ Char: includes brook trout and Arctic char, unless otherwise indicated in the text. ◦ National park: refers to a Québec national park, unless otherwise indicated in the text. ◦ Angling: fishing with a line, whether or not it is mounted on a fishing rod, to which are attached fish hooks or artificial lures that can be baited. This definition includes fly fishing but excludes fishing with night lines. ◦ Fly fishing: fishing with a fly fishing line mounted on a fishing rod designed for this purpose to which are attached one or more artificial flies.
◦ Fishing: the action of catching or trying to catch fish by any means. ◦ Fish: the fish themselves and their parts, including their eggs. The expression also includes molluscs (mussels, oysters, and so on) and crustaceans (shrimp, crayfish and so on). ◦ Resident: a person domiciled in Québec who has lived there at least 183 days during the year preceding fishing activity or an application for a licence. ◦ Salmon: anadromous Atlantic salmon, unless otherwise indicated in the text: ◦ big salmon: salmon 63 cm or more in length; ◦ a small salmon: salmon less than 63 cm in length. ◦ Lake trout: includes lake trout and splake; ◦ Trout: includes rainbow trout, brown trout and cutthroat trout.
◦ Sea trout: refers to anadromous brook trout. Right to fish By law, everyone is entitled to fish, although such a right does not give an angler priority of use in a public territory to the detriment of other outdoor enthusiasts nor does it grant him exclusive use of the territory.
Furthermore, it is prohibited to deliberately hinder someone who is fishing legally and has legitimately accessed the territory. In this context, “hinder” may, among other things, refer to: ◦ preventing an angler from gaining access to a fishing site that he is legitimately entitled to access; ◦ disturbing or frightening a fish by a human, animal or other presence or through noise or an odour; ◦ rendering ineffective bait, a lure, an apparatus or gear intended for fishing. The right to fish may not under any circumstances limit the right of ownership. A landowner may enjoy his property as he sees fit and grant or refuse access to his property to an angler who makes such a request.
Users must share the territory in a spirit of harmonious cohabitation and ethical behaviour.
Page 5 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) Fishing licence Do I need a licence to fish? Yes, a fishing licence is required in most instances. You must have in your possession the licence when you are fishing and promptly show it to a wildlife protection officer or a wildlife protection assistant who requests that you do so. The categories of licences offered, as well as their availability for residents and non-residents, are presented in the following table: Availability of licence categories Resident* Non-resident Sport fishing (except for Atlantic salmon) - annual, person under 65 of age yes yes - annual, person of 65 and over, of age yes yes - 7 consecutive days no yes - 3 consecutive days yes yes - 1 day no yes - mandatory release (only in outfitting establishment) yes yes Fishing for burbot in lac Saint-Jean - annual yes yes Sport fishing for Atlantic salmon - annual yes yes - 1 day yes yes - mandatory release yes yes Replacement licence yes yes * See definition of resident To obtain the licence rates currently in effect, consult the Department website at this address (in French only): http://mffp.gouv.qc.ca/faune/chasse/tarif-permis.jsp.
What species of fish may I catch under my licence? Generally speaking, the sportfishing licence for species other than Atlantic salmon authorizes fishing for most fish species of interest to sport fishermen in Québec, except salmon. It also allows for fishing for species other than salmon in certain salmon rivers in zones 1, 2, 3, 18 to 21, 23, 27 and 28, outside salmon fishing periods. To fish for salmon, you must possess an Atlantic salmon sportfishing licence. The licence is required to fish for salmon throughout Québec and to fish for any fish species during a salmon fishing period in a salmon river.
May I fish in a salmon river with my regular sportfishing licence?
During a salmon fishing period, an Atlantic salmon sport fishing licence is required to fish for any fish species in a salmon river. Under exceptional circumstances, fishing with a sportfishing licence is allowed during a salmon fishing period in the western portion of the Rivière aux Rochers downstream from the Boulevard des Îles bridge in Port-Cartier up to the mouth (Petit Quai sector, Part A of zone 19 South). Must I release all fish that I catch with a mandatory catch-and-release Atlantic salmon fishing licence?
No. The licence holder may catch and keep species other than salmon during a salmon fishing period on a salmon river.
Any salmon caught under the licence must necessarily be released. What is the purpose of a burbot fishing licence? The licence authorizes the holder and anyone fishing with the licence to fish this species with no catch limit by means of two night lines with a maximum of 10 fish hooks each, between December 20 and March 31 in the waters of Lac Saint-Jean encircled by route 169 and 373. A sportfishing licence holder may also fish for burbot, with no catch limit, between December 20 and March 31. However, the licence holder must comply with the number of lines authorized in the winter (five) in this zone and the maximum number of fish hooks authorized (three per line).
For more details, consult the heading "Burbot fishing" in the section Fishing methods.
Page 6 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) If I am 18 or over, who can fish under my licence? If you own this type of licence: Atlantic salmon sportfishing licence Sportfishing licence for species other than Atlantic salmon, or burbot fishing licence May this person fish under my licence? Your spouse NO YES Your children (as well as those of your spouse) who are under 18 YES YES Your children (as well as those of your spouse) who are between 18 and 24 and who have a valid student's card in their possession YES, if they are in possession of your licence AND a valid student's card YES, if they are in possession of your licence AND a valid student's card Any person under 18 YES, if that person is fishing under the surveillance of the licence holder or his or her spouse YES, if that person is fishing under the surveillance of the licence holder or his or her spouse Any student from 18 to 24 who has his valid student's card in his possession YES, if that person is fishing under the surveillance of the licence holder or his or her spouse YES, if that person is fishing under the surveillance of the licence holder or his or her spouse Note: The licence holder or the person who fishes under this licence must comply with the conditions applicable to the licence and abide by them.
How many fish may be caught and kept if several persons fish under the same licence? In all cases, the total quantity of fish caught and kept per day must not exceed the quantity authorized for the licence-holder. How much fishing gear may be used by the individuals who are fishing under my licence? In the case of angling or fly fishing, each person who is fishing under another person’s licence is entitled to have his own line. In the case of winter fishing or fishing for bait fish, the quantity of gear authorized for the group must not exceed the number authorized for the holder of the licence under which you are fishing.
Do the preceding measures also apply to non-residents? Yes. These measures apply both to residents and non-residents. Is it possible to fish without a licence? The following individuals may engage in sportfishing without a licence: ◦ a resident who fishes during the Fishing Fest. Any fish species may be caught at the times stipulated depending on the species and sites where fishing is authorized. All salmon caught without a licence at that time must be released where it was caught. Moreover, even if anglers are authorized to fish without a licence at that time, they must pay the other fees and rates demanded to fish in a wildlife territory (controlled harvesting zone (ZEC), national park or wildlife reserve), a communal wildlife area or an outfitting operation with exclusive rights; ◦ a resident under 18 who fishes for species other than salmon who has in his possession a Pêche en herbe certificate issued after an initiation to fishing or a certificate issued within the framework of the Relève à la pêche program; ◦ a resident who fishes for species other than salmon in zone 21 and in the river portion of zone 1 located downstream from highway 132, except for the section between Sainte-Flavie and Matapédia; ◦ a resident who fishes for rainbow smelt and Atlantic tomcod in the St.
Lawrence River and its tributaries downstream from the Laviolette Bridge (Trois-Rivières); ◦ a resident who fishes for freshwater crustaceans (see the section entitled "Fishing for mollusks and crustaceans"); ◦ a resident or a non-resident who fishes in a fish pond (see the section entitled " Special rules for certain territories") or in the waters of a national park of Canada What happens if I lose my licence? In the event of the loss or theft of a fishing licence or if the licence is rendered unusable, you must, if you wish to continue to fish, obtain a replacement licence at a nominal cost.
Replacement licences are available from the licence sales agents of the Department .
Is the licence transferable? No. A fishing licence is non-transferable.
Page 7 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) Are there any conditions for the validity of the licence? To be valid, the fishing licence must be signed by the person issuing it and by the holder. The older must also enter the required information in the space provided on the back of the licence. Is a catch-and-release fishing licence valid everywhere? No. The sportfishing licence with mandatory release, except for Atlantic salmon, is only valid if the holder is using the services of an outfitter.
Where can I obtain a licence? Sportfishing licences and Atlantic salmon fishing licences are available from authorized sales agents, usually sporting goods stores, hardware stores or convenience stores. To find a sales agent, please contact an office of the Department or consult its website. The burbot fishing licence in Lac Saint-Jean is available from all authorized sales agents in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region. To obtain information on current fishing licence fees, please consult the Department website (in French only) or contact customer service.
Do additional restrictions apply to atlantic salmon fishing licences? Yes.
An individual may not purchase or possess: ◦ more than one annual salmon fishing licence, subject to what is mentioned above in the event of replacement; ◦ more than one one-day licence for a given day, subject to what is mentioned above in the event of replacement; ◦ a one-day licence if he has already purchased or possesses an annual licence; ◦ a one-day licence if he has already caught and kept seven salmon in a given year. The salmon fishing licence with mandatory catch-and-release rules may be purchased at any time, even if the individual already possesses an annual licence or a one-day licence.
Moreover, the holder of a licence with mandatory catch-and-release rules or who possesses or has already purchased a one-day licence may purchase the annual Atlantic salmon sportfishing licence. The salmon fishing licence with mandatory catch-and-release rules is valid everywhere in Québec for fishing salmon and to fish, and retain, in salmon rivers only, any other authorized species. The salmon fishing licence with mandatory catch-and-release rules does not allow a person to fish, on that day, in a water body for which he or she has already reached the daily release limit. Tagging and registration of salmon Mandatory tagging of salmon The annual salmon fishing licence is issued with seven tags.
The salmon caught and kept must be tagged. The one-day licence is issued with one tag. The licence and the tag are only valid on the day indicated on the licence. Note: During the season, an individual may not under any circumstances catch and keep more than seven salmon (see the section entitled " Catch, possession and length limits ").
Anyone who catches and keeps a salmon must immediately detach the valid tag issued with the licence and attach it to the fish, in the order that the tags are attached to the licence. In a national park, a wildlife reserve or a controlled harvesting zone (ZEC) and on the Rivière Ouelle and the Rivière du Gouffre, the tag placed on the salmon caught must come from the fisherman who struck the fish even if someone else handled the fishing rod when the fish was recovered.It is prohibited for anyone to have in his possession a salmon caught during sportfishing that has not been tagged. It is prohibited to remove the tag except when the salmon is prepared for consumption.
The tag must be attached to the salmon. The following illustration shows examples of where the tag may be placed.
Page 8 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) Mandatory registration of catches Within 48 hours of leaving the fishing site, a fisherman who catches and keeps a salmon must present in person his licence and register the salmon with an individual or an association authorized by the Department, i.e. an outfitting operation that offers salmon fishing, a wildlife reserve or a salmon fishing controlled harvesting zone (ZEC).
The whole or gutted salmon must be presented at the time of registration. The angler must allow it to be weighed and measured, the tag to be punched and samples to be taken or scientific expertise to be carried out. In a wildlife reserve, the salmon must be presented whole. When self-registration is offered at the control point, the angler must register the salmon according to the established procedure. Lastly, the fisherman may also register his salmon by telephone if it is possible to do so in respect of one or several salmon rivers. When no provision is made to register the salmon, a fisherman must register the salmon caught by contacting an office of the Department.
To obtain additional information, please contact an office of the Department . Note: An individual must immediately register his salmon when a wildlife protection officer requests that he do so. Fishing methods Sportfishing usually involves line fishing. However, fishing with bows or crossbows or spearfishing while swimming is allowed at certain sites and to fish for certain species (see the section entitled “ Fishing with bows or crossbows and spearfishing while swimming”). The use of square nets, bait traps, harpoons, spears or landing nets is also allowed under certain conditions (see the sections entitled “ Baitfish”, “ Rainbow smelt fishing” and “Whitefish fishing”).
Note: Except for fishing for molluscs and crustaceans, any other fishing method is prohibited in sportfishing (see the section entitled “ Fishing for molluscs and crustaceans”).
Angling For angling, the line may be equipped with artificial lures, fish hooks or flies, baited or unbaited. A fish hook may be simple or multiple. An artificial lure or a fly counts for a single fish hook. The line must not have more than three fish hooks. Specific conditions apply in the following cases: ◦ in zone 25 and the portion of Lac Saint-François located west of a line drawn from Pointe Beaudette on the north shore to Pointe Saint-Louis on the south shore (zone 8), four fish hooks may be used; ◦ the number of fish hooks is not limited for rainbow smelt fishing in zone 21; ◦ when angling is authorized in a salmon river during a period in which salmon fishing is allowed, a line may not have more than one fish hook with one or two points; ◦ when angling is authorized in a salmon river during a period in which salmon fishing is prohibited, up to three fish hooks may be used.
In the latter instance, the combination of fish hooks used may not have more than three points in total.
An angler must use only one line at a time and constantly, immediately monitor the line. Moreover, the possession of fishing gear is strictly prohibited on a water body on which the use of such gear is prohibited, or less than 100 m from such a water body. Certain conditions apply (see the section entitled “ Sites reserved for fly fishing”). The number of lines authorized differs for winter fishing (see the section entitled “ Number of lines authorized in winter”). Sites reserved for fly fishing Certain water bodies, usually located in controlled harvesting zones (ZECs), are reserved for fly fishing.
Such water bodies are identified as such at the registration centre or near the fishing site.
In such instances, the following rules apply to fly fishing: ◦ an angler must use an unweighted fly fishing line mounted on a fishing rod designed for this purpose to which are attached a maximum of two artificial flies. The two fish hooks may not have more than three points all told (see the definition of “ Weighted line”); ◦ the artificial fly may comprise a combination of fish hooks and must take into account the maximum authorized size of the fish hooks (see Figure 1). Such a fly must never have more than three points; ◦ it must not be attached to a metal-core fishing line (see the definition of “ metal-core fishing line”); ◦ it may be dressed with silk, tinsel, wool, fabric, fur, feathers or other similar materials.
Brass, copper, aluminum or plastic tubes may be part of the fly, as well as the straight pin. Waddington shafts are authorized. Metal heads and eyes are prohibited; ◦ the fly must not have spinning or undulating parts or be equipped with weights that cause the fly to sink; ◦ it must not be baited, unless otherwise indicated in this publication; ◦ the possession of any other fishing gear is strictly prohibited on a body of water reserved for fly fishing or within 100 m of such a body of water, except: ◦ when such gear is found in a vehicle (except a boat) or a building; ◦ when a person is only crossing or following waters reserved for fly fishing in order to fish in other waters where the use of such gear is permitted.
In this case, when the forbidden gear is a hook other than an artificial fly, it must not be attached to the line and if the person is also in possession of a rod, it must be rendered inoperative in one of the following ways: ◦ disassembled in sections; ◦ assembled without a reel attached to it; ◦ stored in a closed case.
Page 9 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) Fly fishing areas - Salmon rivers In most salmon rivers mentioned in this publication, only fly fishing is authorized. In this case, conditions stated above for fly fishing areas also apply. In such areas, during a salmon fishing period, a single fly totaling a maximum of two points must be used when fishing for any species. Outside this period, up to two artificial flies totaling a maximum of three points may be used, if fishing is authorized for species other than salmon.
When authorized, angling in a salmon river is subject to conditions stated in the Angling section.
Other specific conditions concerning hook size and the use of worms as bait apply to certain stretches of salmon rivers. To obtain additional information on these specific conditions, please consult the search engine on the Department website. Number of fish hooks and points The following table summarizes information on the maximum number of authorized fish hooks and points: When any kind of angling is permitted: Place and/or period concerned: Maximum number of hooks or artificial lures Maximum number of points that the hook or combination of hooks may have All water bodies, except: 3 unlimited In zone 25 and the portion of Lac Saint-François located west of a line drawn from Pointe Beaudette on the north shore to Pointe Saint-Louis on the south shore (zone 8) 4 unlimited In zone 21, for rainbow smelt fishing unlimited unlimited In a salmon river when salmon fishing is permitted 1 2 In a salmon river when salmon fishing is prohibited 3 3 When only fly fishing is permitted: Place and/or period concerned: Maximum number of artificial flies Maximum number of points that the hook or combination of hooks may have In water bodies reserved for fly fishing (elsewhere than in a salmon river) 2 3 In a salmon river when salmon fishing is permitted 1 2 In a salmon river when salmon fishing is forbidden 2 3 The following table indicates the maximum size (the distance between the point of the hook and the shank) of artificial flies according to the number of points.
Note : There is no restriction on shank length..
Number of lines authorized in winter Depending on the zone, up to five or ten lines may be used for winter fishing during the periods indicated in the following table. The angler must constantly monitor the lines. Moreover, when one or more individuals fish under the licence of a sportfishing licence holder (see the section entitled “ Fishing licences”), the number of lines used by the group may not exceed the number of lines that the licence holder is authorized to use. In this case, the total number of fish caught and kept per day must not exceed the number that the licence holder is authorized to catch and keep.
Page 10 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) It should be noted that the dates indicated in the following table are not fishing periods. To find out about the fishing periods applicable in the zones, please consult the section entitled “Exceptions to the fishing periods” or contact customer service. The catch and possession limits indicated apply. Zones Number of lines authorized in winter 1 to 6a, 9 to 11, 15, 21b, 25c to 27d 5 lines, from December 20 to March 31 7, 8e 10 lines, from December 20 to March 31 12, 13f, 14, 16, 18, 19 south, 20, 28 and 29 5 lines, from December 1 to April 15 17 5 lines, from December 1 to April 21 in 2016, to April 27 in 2017 and to April 26 in 2018 22 to 24 5 lines, from December 1 to April 30 a) Five lines are authorized in Lac Memphrémagog (zone 6), from December 20 to March 31, if fishing through ice.
Under other circumstances, fishing is only allowed with one line.
b) The period extends from December 1 to April 15 for waters in zone 21 located east of the Rivière Saguenay and within 1 km of zones 18, 19 and 20 and islands and islets located in these zones. c) Only two lines are authorized in Lac Témiscamingue (zone 25). d) 10 lines are authorized in the rivière Sainte-Anne (zone 27), between the upstream side of the Highway 363 bridge, at Saint-Casimir, and the downstream side of the Highway 138 bridge, at La Pérade. e) Only five lines are authorized in the portion of Lac Saint-François (zone 8) located west of a line drawn from Pointe Beaudette on the north shore to Pointe Saint-Louis on the south shore.
f) Only two lines are authorized in Lac Clarice and Lac Raven (zone 13). Fishing with bows or crossbows or spearfishing while swimming In most zones, fishing with a bow or crossbow is permitted, as is spearfishing while swimming (snorkeling or diving with our without a diving apparatus). However, such fishing gear is prohibited for salmon, landlocked salmon, muskellunge, lake trout and sturgeon. Bow, crossbow and spear are also prohibited for any fish species at the following sites: ◦ in zones 17 and 22 to 24; ◦ in water bodies reserved for fly fishing; ◦ in salmon rivers; ◦ within 500 m downstream from any point at the mouth of a salmon river in zones 18 to 20, 27 and 28, or from a salmon river in zone 21 located on the north shore of the St.
Allowing exception, it is forbidden to fish walleye with a bow, a crossbow or a spear in zones 3 to 8, 13 East, 13 West, 14 and 26. Furthermore, spearfishing while swimming is prohibited in certain portions of the Rivière Saint-François (zone 4), the Rivière du Lièvre, the Rivière Picanoc (zone 10) and the Rivière Gatineau (zone 11). To obtain additional information, please consult the section entitled “Exceptions to fishing periods in zones 4, 10 and 11” or contact customer service. Fishing with spears and harpoons The use of spears or harpoons is permitted to fish for American eel year-round in the waters of the Îles-de-la-Madeleine.
Fishing for whitefish Specific conditions apply at certain sites to fishing for whitefish. A sportfishing licence holder may fish for whitefish with a landing net or a lift net under the following conditions: ◦ from October 8 to 21, 2016 and from October 7 to 20, 2017, 72 whitefish per day in the Rivière Touladi between the downstream side of the Ruisseau à Mac and Lac Témiscouata (zone 2); ◦ from October 25 to November 7, 2016 and 2017, 10 whitefish per day in the Rivière Saint-François between Lac Aylmer and the second bridge upstream (zone 4).
Fishing for rainbow smelt Specific conditions apply to rainbow smelt fishing at certain sites. Lift nets and landing nets are permitted subject to the conditions indicated below. It should be noted that in a portion of a salmon river where rainbow smelt fishing is permitted, fishing for the species is permitted at night from December 1 to April 21 in 2016, to April 27 in 2017 and to April 26 in 2018. Residents without a licence or non-residents who possess a sportfishing licence may catch up to 120 rainbow smelt per day* using a landing net or a lift net from April 1 to May 31 in zone 21, except: ◦ in the waters of the Îles-de-la-Madeleine and the Rivière Ouelle between the downstream side of the highway 132 bridge and a straight line linking the point of the Rivière Ouelle and the mouth of Ruisseau Gagnon; ◦ in the Ruisseau de l'Église in the municipality of Beaumont; ◦ in the waters of zone 21 where the daily catch limit is 60 rainbow smelt and which are described among the exceptions respecting zone 21; ◦ in the Rivière Saguenay between a line perpendicular to the current running from the upstream side of the spit (48° 26' 23" N 70° 54' 08" W) located near the municipality of Saint-Fulgence and the downstream side of the Dubuc Bridge in Saguenay.
Page 11 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) A sportfishing licence holder may catch up to 120 rainbow smelt a day* using a landing net or a lift net: ◦ from May 1 to 31 in the Rivière Bonaventure between the downstream side of the former highway 132 bridges and the Rapide Malin; ◦ from April 1 to May 31 in zones 9 and 15, except for Lac Archambault waters including bays and tributaries and Lac Tire (Zone 9); ◦ from April 1 to May 15 in the waters of zones 4, 5 and 6 except for the following waters: ◦ Zone 4 - Rivière Ashberham (Noire) from Petit lac Saint-François to Grand lac Saint-François; Rivière Coulombe from the highway 161 bridge to its mouth in Lac Aylmer, including the small bay facing its mouth; Rivière aux Bluets, Rivière aux Indiens, Rivière de l’Or and Rivière aux Rats Musqués from Grand lac Saint-François to the second bridge upstream from the lake; Rivière Saint-François from Grand lac Saint-François to Lac Aylmer; Rivière Victoria and its tributaries; Lac Mégantic and Lac Elgin and their tributaries; ◦ Zone 5 - Ruisseau Castle and Ruisseau Perkins from their source to Lac Memphrémagog; ◦ Zone 6 - Rivière Magog from the Dominion Textile dam in Magog to the highway 55 bridge; Rivière Massawippi, the part between the dam located 1,6 km from lac Massawipi and the first curve downstream; Rivière Niger from its mouth to highway 143; Ruisseau Taylor (tributary from Lac Memphrémagog); Lac Memprhémagog; Lac Massawippi and its tributaries; and Ruisseau Castle.
A sportfishing licence holder may catch up to 500 rainbow smelt a day* using a landing net or a lift net: ◦ from May 1 to 31 in Lac des Écorces (zone 10) and Lac Chaud (zone 11) and in their tributaries; ◦ from April 15 to May 20 in the Rivière aux Rats between Lac aux Rats and latitude 49° 30' N (zone 28). * To obtain information on the authorized possession limit, please refer to the section entitled “ Possession limit”. Burbot fishing with a burbot fishing licence in Lac Saint-Jean Specific conditions apply to burbot fishing in the waters of Lac Saint-Jean encircled by route 169 and 373.
At this location, a burbot fishing licence holder may fish for this species from December 20 to March 31 with no catch limit using two night lines equipped with not more than 10 fish hooks each lying continuously on the bottom. What is more, the licence holder must affix a tag issued with the licence to the identification marker for each of the night lines being used.
Fishing for mollusks and crustaceans Fishing for freshwater mollusks, except for zebra mussels and quagga mussels, is prohibited. Fishing for freshwater crustaceans is permitted by hand, using a landing net, a bait trap, a lift net or other common means with no catch limit during the fishing periods stipulate for “Other species,” except in zones 17 and 22 to 24, where only angling is permitted for all species. Bait fish and other bait In Québec, different types of bait can be placed on a hook and used to attempt to catch fish. This section deals with bait composed of fish, frogs, leeches and earthworms.
Bait fish The term “bait fish” includes fish, molluscs, crustaceans (e.g. shrimp, crayfish), marine animals and the parts, eggs, sperm, roe, spawn, larvae, spat or offspring of such animals intended for use as fishing bait. During the periods and at the places shown, the possession or use of dead freshwater fish species from Québec as fishing bait is permitted, EXCEPT FOR the following species: Bass, Brown bullhead, Channel catfish, White perch, Crucian carp, Pike, Redhorse, Panfish, Walleye, Sturgeon, Channel darter, Round goby, Lamprey Mooneye, Goldeye, Longnose gar, Burbot, Freshwater drum, Muskellunge, Char, Yellow perch, Bowfin, Salmon, Tench, Lake Trout, Trout Use of the following as bait fish is also prohibited: ◦ all saltwater species EXCEPT capelin, herring, mackerel, molluscs and crustaceans; ◦ all fish species designated by the Species at Risk Act or the Act respecting threatened or vulnerable species.
Frogs, leeches and earthworms as bait The use of frogs, leeches and earthworms as bait is permitted unless otherwise indicated. The restrictions on bait fish do not apply to the use of frogs, leeches and earthworms as bait. When capturing frogs, you must comply with the applicable rules governing frog hunting. A frog hunting licence allows the holder to hunt Northern leopard frogs, green frogs and bullfrogs from July 15 to November 15, with no bag limit. Frog hunting is prohibited in zones 17, 19 North and 22 to 24, and in wildlife reserves and territories in which all hunting is prohibited.
Special rules apply to the keeping of frogs in captivity. Please contact an MFFP office for further information. Possession and use of bait fish: authorized places and periods As from April 1, 2017, the possession and use of LIVE bait fish is prohibited in Québec. The possession and use of DEAD bait fish is permitted, but only in certain zones during winter fishing periods for freshwater, anadromous or catadromous species.
Page 12 Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018 (including salmon fishing) Possession of bait fish for use in zones 7 and 21 During the periods when the use of bait fish is permitted in zones 7 and 21, you may have dead bait fish in your possession between the portions of highways 20 and 40, route 132 (except for the stretch located between Sainte-Flavie and Matapédia) and route 138, located in zones 1, 2, 3, 18, 19 and 27, with a view to using them in zones 7 and 21. DEAD bait fish (including dead shrimp, dead smelt and other dead bait fish) All species, EXCEPT prohibited species, whether whole or cut up Location Period where use or possession are permitted Zone 4 ◦ except lac à la Truite (Ham sud) Zone 5 Zone 6 ◦ except lac Hatley ◦ except lac Cristal ◦ except Petit lac Baldwin Zone 7 Zone 8 Zone 9 Zone 10 ◦ except Papineau-Labelle wildlife reserve Zone 11 Zone 25 December 20, 2017 to March 31, 2018 Zone 12 Zone 13 except: ◦ except national park d'Aiguebelle ◦ except Zec Dumoine ◦ except Zec Maganasipi ◦ except lac Ab-Rono ◦ except lac Florentien ◦ except lac sans nom (47°53’14’’ N., 78°10’21’’ O.) ◦ except lac sans nom (47°52’58’’ N., 78°10’52’’ O.) ◦ except lac sans nom (47°54’18” N., 78°09’59’’ O.) ◦ except lac sans nom (47°54’08” N., 78°09’37” O.) ◦ except lac sans nom (47°53’16” N., 78°09’57” O.) ◦ except lac sans nom (47°52’51” N., 78°10’41” O.) ◦ except lac sans nom (47°53’16” N., 78°10’41” O.) ◦ except lac sans nom (47°53’26” N., 78°10’31” O.) Zone 14 ◦ except réservoir Gouin communal wildlife area Zone 16 April 1st , 2017 to April 15, 2017 December 1st , 2017 to April 15, 2018 Zone 21 for possession, and the portion located east of Rivière Saguenay and less than 1 kilometer from zones 18, 19 and 20, and the islands and islets located in these zones, for use.
From December 1, 2017 to April 15, 2018 Zone 21 for possession, and the portion located east of Rivière Saguenay and situated 1 kilometer or more from zones 18, 19 and 20, and the islands and islets situated in these three zones, as well as the portion of zone 21 located west of Rivière Saguenay, including the portion up to the Dubuc bridge, for use. From December 20, 2017 to March 31, 2018 Dead shrimp as the only bait fish allowed Location Period where use or possession are permitted Zone 1, for possession and only in the waters of Rivière Bonaventure and York, for use.
From December 20 to March 31 for smelt fishing only Zone 27, for possession and the portion of Rivière Sainte-Anne between the upstream side of the route 363 bridge and the downstream side of the route 138 bridge, for use. From December 20 to March 31 for Atlantic tomcod fishing only