RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals

 
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
Top 250 researchers V University-business collaborations V Best 10 books

RESEARCH

                                                                                           2020
  Historian                                                                       Robot expert
  Agnieszka Sobocinska                                                              Inkyu Sa
  dissects our                                                              makes autonomous
  idealism P33                                                               vehicles safer P24

                                      vital
                                     to our
                                     future
  Geophysicist                                                                  Vision scientist
  Dietmar Müller                                                             Fiona Stapleton
  uncovers earth’s                                                                prevents eye
  secrets P21                                                                     disease P30

SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
CRICOS No. 00114A
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
Foreword                                                                                                                                   Contents
                                                                                                                                           8
                                                                                                                                           How we chose the best
                                                                                                                                           Using data analytics, we found Australia’s best
                                                                                                                                           researchers in more than 250 fields
                                                                                                                                           10
                                                                                                                                           Top of the world
                                                                                                                                           These nine researchers lead the world, among
                                                                                                                                           them Caroline Homer.
                                                                                                                                           11
                                                                                                                                           Lifetime achievers

P
                                                                                                                                           Australia’s top 40 researchers who’ve made a
                                                                                                                                           difference through their career long contribution
                    re-COVID-19, one of the great joys of being Education Minister was visiting                                            16
                    Australia’s universities to see firsthand the world-leading research taking place                                      Business, Economics & Management
                    in our backyard. Whether it is research to improve ethical machine decision                                            Sharon Parker, improving the design of work
                    making, the development of a new breed of pineapple that is resistant to                                               19
                    premature flowering or unlocking the secrets of the universe by studying Dark                                          Chemical & Material Sciences
                    Matter, the breadth, depth and quality of Australian research demonstrates the                                         Maria Forsyth, creating the batteries of the future
                    strength of the sector.                                                                                                20
                        Research can save lives, make us healthier and protect our communities and                                         Physics & Mathematics
the environment. It also helps us understand more about ourselves, our history and our future.                                             Dietmar Müller, uncovering earth’s past secrets
Research will be essential to help power Australia’s coronavirus recovery. The productive capacity                                         24
of our nation will rely on educated workers, able to access innovation and research, to drive
                                                                                                                                           Engineering & Computer Science
opportunity.                                                                                                                               Inkyu Sa, making autonomous vehicles safer
    This means strengthening the link between research and outcomes. As we have seen through
                                                                                                                                           28
the global research effort to find a vaccine for COVID-19, Australians are best served by
                                                                                                                                           Health & Medical Sciences
encouraging international research collaborations that are in our national interest.                                                       Patrick McGorry, improving youth mental health
    It is also important that international research collaborations are carefully balanced against                                         Fiona Stapleton, preventing eye disease
Australia’s national interests, including our national security, values and ethical standards. The                                         32
Morrison Government takes the threat of foreign interference seriously and we are taking action
                                                                                                                                           Humanities, Literature & Arts
to protect Australian research. Our Government wants universities working with industry and                                                Agnieszka Sobocinska, dissecting our idealism
other organisations to commercialise research, turn ideas into jobs, and deliver economic growth.
                                                                                                                                           34
    The stories of the researchers in these pages are wonderful examples of the innovation and
                                                                                                                                           Social Sciences
collaboration that takes place across the research sector.                                                                                 Charles Hunt, creating conditions for peace
    Everyone in higher education must get better at telling these stories and making them relevant                                         Alina Morawska, helping parents do better
for every Australian.                                                                                                                      39
    By demonstrating the value of our research, we continue to make the case for investment and                                            Life Sciences & Earth Sciences
we also inspire the next generation of scientists and researchers.                                                                         Nigel Cook, building the minerals industry
                                                                                                                                           43
Dan Tehan                                                                                                                                  Rising stars
Federal Minister for Education                                                                                                             Australia’s top 40 early career researchers, the
                                                                                                                                           leaders of the future
                                                                                                                                           48
                                                                                                                                           Global research collaborations
                                                                                                                                           The universities which do best in working with
                                                                                                                                           global elite institutions

                                                  RESEARCH                                                                                 49

                                                              Editor Tim Dodd                                                              Business research collaborations
                                                        Art Director Samantha Yates
                                                                                                                                           The universities which do best in working with
                                                                                                                                           business
                                                  Sub-editors Justine Costello, Michael Ellis
                                          Writers Tim Dodd, Jill Rowbotham, Julie Hare, Sian Powell                                        50
                                                         Advertising Marion Leddy                                                          Top ten books
                                                 +61 2 9288 2458 marion.leddy@news.com.au                                                  The academic books with the most impact in the
                                                                                                                                           last decade
     Printed by PMP Print, 31 Heathcote Road, Moorebank 2170 for the proprietor and publisher. Nationwide News Pty Ltd (ACN 008 438 828)
                           of 2 Holt Street, Surry Hills, NSW 2010, for insetion in The Australian on September 23, 2020

4   R E S EA RC H             							                                                                                                           THE AUSTRALIAN       H   SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
Research at the
University of
Southern Queensland
is innovative, responsive
and intrinsically linked to the
communities we serve. Our track
record of targeted impact is
made possible by our dedicated
research institutes and centres.

Institute for Life                              Institute for Advanced
Sciences and the                                Engineering and Space
Environment (ILSE)                              Sciences (IAESS)

Improving food security and increasing the      IAESS researchers are working with more
resilience of Australia’s agricultural sector   than 70 aerospace, defence, agricultural
are key areas of focus for researchers          machinery and civil engineering companies
within ILSE.                                    to deliver knowledge, cutting-edge
                                                technologies and industry solutions at the
ILSE’s Centre for Applied Climate
                                                forefront of discovery.
Sciences’ Drought and Climate Adaptation
Program delivers state-of-the-art climate       Researchers from the Centre for Future
prediction tools to enable Australian           Materials are revolutionising the Australian
agricultural producers to strengthen farm       rail industry through the production and
management and resilience to drought.           installation of fibre reinforced polymer
                                                composite bridge sleepers across the
The Centre for Crop Health is improving
                                                country, including the iconic Sydney
the profitability and productivity of globally
                                                Harbour Bridge’s rail deck.
important crops such as wheat, barley,
lentils, oats and sorghum through the           USQ’s Mount Kent Astronomical
development of disease resistant varieties,     Observatory provides the only ground-
advanced diagnostics and the biological         based support in the southern hemisphere
control of pests.                               to NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey
                                                Satellite with the expertise of researchers
The Centre for Sustainable Agricultural
                                                in the Centre for Astrophysics.
Systems conducts broad-ranging
and multi-disciplinary research that            Australian farmers are among the first in
enhances the management of agricultural         the world to benefit from the Centre for
enterprises as complex systems embedded         Agricultural Engineering’s research into
within and dependent on their natural           machine vision technologies and remote
environments, maximising production and         operation systems such as automated
conservation outcomes.                          irrigation and driverless tractors.
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
USQ’s world-class
research delivers
world-changing
results
Learn more about USQ Research
usq.edu.au/research

Institute for Resilient
Regions (IRR)

IRR works with communities to build an
innovative and thriving regional Australia
that is a great place to live and work.
The Institute’s Centre for Health Research
is addressing the significant disparities
in 5-year cancer survival rates that exist
between urban and rural cancer patients
by examining the journey from diagnosis
through to treatment.
The Rural Economies Centre of
Excellence is taking a multi-disciplinary
approach to addressing regional and rural
problems and opportunities, providing
solutions that integrate the economics
of innovation with world-leading
technical expertise in regional economic
development and agriculture.
Researchers from IRR’s Centre for
Heritage and Culture have uncovered
the contentious history of Australia’s
early Native Mounted Police through the
discovery and careful investigation of their
remote campsites.

CRICOS QLD 00244B NSW 02225M | TEQSA PRV12081
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
A year like no other
In the most challenging year Australia has faced in nearly a century, our researchers continue to
demonstrate their excellence and their commitment to solving real problems

T
            his year, 2020, has been like no other. First came the
            bushfire disaster, then the COVID-19 crisis. One
            consequence was that the value of the research which
            Australia’s scientists, academics and other specialists carry
out in our universities and research institutions became clearer than
ever. Much of the research community was mobilised to carry out
vital work, often under intense pressure in emergency conditions.
    People from across the spectrum of research fields –
immunologists, biochemists, epidemiologists, public health
specialists, legal experts, economists, psychologists, educators, social
workers and more – came together to deal with complex problems
in a pandemic situation, the scope and intensity of which no one
living alive today has ever dealt with.
    This year in The Australian’s Research 2020 magazine, we salute
our researchers, who have proved their value to Australia as never
before. Given the debt we owe to our research community, this year’s
edition of the Research magazine is more relevant than ever.
    Again we name Australia’s top researchers in 255 individual fields
of research. We make this choice objectively, using data analytics
based on where individual researchers publish and how many
citations they have. We also name the Australian university, or other
research institution, which leads in each of these fields, and this
choice is also determined by the data. The winning institution is the
one whose researchers’ papers – published in the top 20 journals in
the field in the past five years – has the most citations.
                                                                            I                       have worked together to publish the Research magazine in this
                                                                                                    format, and each year we look for new stories, relevant to the
    In a few cases, well-known names appear as the leading                  At the University of    Australian research community, which can be drawn from the data.
researchers. For example, psychiatrist Patrick McGorry, a tireless          Queensland a team led       This year we’ve chosen to examine the research collaboration
campaigner for improving youth mental, who was named as                     by (from left) Trent    which Australian universities undertake with industry, and with the
                                                                            Munro, Paul Young,
Australian of the Year in 2010, is the leader in the field of psychiatry.                           world’s top universities (see pages 48, 49). We also looked at academic
                                                                            and Keith Chappell,
    But the vast majority of the researchers whose names are revealed       are now testing a       books, and have built a top 10 list (see page 50).
in these pages are not widely known, except to their peers.                 COVID-19 vaccine            There’s one final important thing to say about this year’s Research
    This magazine is an opportunity for their excellence to be              based on their          magazine: We also honour Australia’s 40 top researchers, who have
recognised, and for us all to learn about fascinating avenues of            revolutionary           made an outstanding contribution to their discipline over the course
inquiries and important discoveries which would otherwise be little         “molecular clamp”       of their careers (in contrast to the research leader named in each
noticed by the wider public.                                                technology              field, who is there because of their recent performance).
    It is also an opportunity to shine a light on the research work of                                  And, also, we name 40 promising early career researchers who are
lesser-known universities and institutions. While the Group of Eight                                strong candidates to be Australia’s research leaders of the future.
universities carry most of Australia’s research load, many other                                        In the current environment, in which we may see major cuts to
institutions shine. For example, we find that the University of                                     research funding that could hamper the prospects of our future
Wollongong is Australia’s leading research institution in algebra,                                  research stars, it’s critical for universities and government to look to
while the University of Southern Queensland leads in the field of                                   the future and plan how Australia’s coming generation of research
composite materials.                                                                                talent can fulfil it’s potential.
    Just as we have found Australia’s top researcher in each field, we
have also looked globally to identify the world’s best in each of the                               Tim Dodd, Higher Education Editor, The Australian
255 fields of research we examine. In nine of these fields, the top                                 doddt@theaustralian.com.au
researcher in the world is in Australia (see page 10).                                              Paul McCarthy, CEO, League of Scholars
    This is the third year that The Australian and League of Scholars                               paul@leagueofscholars.com

8   R E S EA RC H      							                                                                                             THE AUSTRALIAN        H   SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
their work.                                           Institution abbreviations
                                                           We also name the top Australian institution in
                                                      each field of research, which is determined in a      Austin Health Austin
                                                      similar way. The top institution is the one           Australian Catholic University ACU
                                                      which has the most citations from research            Australian Defence Force Academy ADFA
                                                      published in the top 20 journals in that particular   Australian National University ANU
                                                      field in the last five years. Non-university          Australian Nuclear Science and Technology
                                                      organisations such as the CSIRO and medical           Organisation ANSTO
                                                      research institutes are also in the mix.              Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute Baker
                                                           We also saw a need to recognise research         Bond University Bond
                                                      excellence in other ways, honouring both              Bureau of Meteorology BoM
                                                      those who have made an outstanding                    Burnet Institute Burnet
                                                      contribution to their discipline through their        Charles Darwin University CDU
  From left: Paul McCarthy                            career, and the up-and-comers who will be the         Charles Sturt University CSU
  and Rasika Amarasiri                                top researchers of the future.
                                                                                                            Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
                                                           We do this by naming 40 lifetime achievers       Organisation CSIRO
                                                      and 40 distinguished early career researchers.        Curtin University Curtin

How we did it                                              These are selected using a methodology
                                                      based on the annualised h-index – that is, the
                                                                                                            Deakin University Deakin
                                                                                                            Edith Cowan University Edith Cowan
We use data science to                                researcher’s h-index divided by the number
                                                                                                            Flinders University Flinders
                                                      of years in their career. This approach rewards
analyse the world’s                                   both excellence and consistency, and research
                                                                                                            Griffith University Griffith
research output                                       by eminent bibliometrics scholar Anne-Wil
                                                                                                            James Cook University JCU
                                                                                                            La Trobe University La Trobe
                                                      Harzing shows that the annualised h-index is
                                                                                                            Macquarie University Macquarie
We’ve taken the data-driven route to analyse          the best way of comparing different researchers
                                                      at different career stages, and those who             Monash University Monash
and profile the best researchers and research
institutions in Australia.                            work in different fields.                             Murdoch University Murdoch

     It is an approach that is now possible                League of Scholars’ data pool on research is     Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre Peter Mac
because of the volume and quality of                  deep, and this year we’ve used it to present          QIMR Berghofer Medical Reasearch Institute
information available online about research.          information in three new areas.                       QIMR Berghofer

     We turned to talent discovery and research            We show which universities and research          Queensland University of Technology QUT

analytics firm League of Scholars to help us          institutions collaborate most with the world’s top    RMIT University Melbourne RMIT
gather publicly accessible data. League of            10 research universities (as listed by the            Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria RBG Victoria
Scholars co-founders Paul McCarthy and                Academic Ranking of World Universities), and          Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne RCH Melbourne
Rasika Amarasiri are pioneers of this approach,       we show which universities and research               Swinburne University of Technology Swinburne
compiling information on the world’s research         institutions collaborate most with business. Both     University of Adelaide Uni of Adelaide
papers, including authorship, when papers             of these measures are based on the number of          University of Canberra Uni of Canberra
were published, where they were published and         co-authorships of research papers. Finally, we        University of Melbourne Uni of Melb
numbers of citations.                                 reveal the top 10 scholarly books published by        University of Newcastle Uni of Newcastle
     This rich trove of data can be mined in many     Australian academics in the past 10 years,            University of New England UNE
ways and we’ve used it here to present as full a      based on the number of citations they have            University of New South Wales UNSW
picture as possible of Australian research.           received.
                                                                                                            University of Queensland Uni of Qld
     The core of the magazine is the lists of top          Our results, of course, are dependent on the
                                                                                                            University of South Australia UniSA
researchers and top research institutions in          data sources used (in our case mainly Google
                                                                                                            University of Southern Queensland USQ
each of eight major discipline areas. Each            Scholar) and the algorithms used. One
                                                                                                            University of the Sunshine Coast USC
discipline is divided into granular research fields   acknowledged drawback of the use of global
                                                                                                            University of Sydney Uni of Sydney
which largely follow the taxonomy used by             information is that fields of research which are
                                                                                                            University of Tasmania Uni of Tasmania
Google Scholar. (We have left out a handful of        focused on Australia can be underemphasised.
fields where Australian research is not strong.)           But we also believe the approach we have         University of Technology Sydney UTS

     In each of 255 fields we name the                used yields advantages. For example, it gives         University of Western Australia UWA

Australian-based researcher whose papers              more attention to humanities and social               University of Wollongong Uni of Wollongong
published in the 20 top journals in their field in    sciences than many other measures of research         Victoria University VU
the past five years have had the most citations       impact, it reveals which Australian scholars are      Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research WEHI
by other researchers.                                 having global impact and it is up to date.            Western Sydney University Western
     The number of citations is, of course, an             We welcome your feedback.
excellent indicator of the impact and quality of      Tim Dodd

SEPTEMBER 23, 2020       H   T H E A U S T R A L I A N 										                                                                                    R E S EA RC H   9
RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
Top of the world
                Nine researchers in Australian institutions are not only leaders in their field in this country, but they also
                hold the remarkable distinction of being the top researchers in their field globally. This means that
                no other researcher in the world has a higher number of citations from papers published in the
                last five years in the 20 top journals in that particular field.

                                                                         Homer began developing her scholarly skills
                                                                     while working as a clinical trials nurse with HIV             Australian-based
                                                                     patients at St Vincent’s Hospital in Sydney.                  researchers who
                                                                     “Suddenly I worked out there were other things to             lead the world
                                                                     think about ... not just medications and treatments
                                                                     and models of care,” she says. “I had some good               Field Chemical Kinetics &
                                                                     research training at that time.”                              Catalysis
                                                                                                                                   Global field leader
                                                                         Homer returned to midwifery at St George                  Shaobin Wang,
                                                                     Hospital under the mentorship of one of the early             Uni of Adelaide
                                                                     researchers in the field, Lesley Barclay.                     Field Mechanical Engineering
                                                                         “As a midwife, I wanted to make a difference to           Global field leader
                                                                     all women, not just one woman at a time,” Homer               Jie Yang, RMIT
                                                                     says. “So that’s the research endeavour. The                  Field Mining & Mineral
                                                                     opportunity to influence more broadly, both at an             Resources
                                                                     educational level and other systems level, was                Global field leader
                                                                                                                                   Ranjith Pathegama Gamage,
                                                                     incredibly inspiring, and what I wanted to do for the         Monash
                                                                     rest of my career.”
                                                                                                                                   Field Developmental
                                                                         In a 15-year stint at the University of
                                                                                                                                   Disabilities
                                                                     Technology, Sydney, continuity of care was a major            Global field leader
                                                                     research theme, after a major review established              Cheryl Dissanayake, La Trobe
                                                                     that pregnant women preferred to deal with a small            Field Plastic &
                                                                     number of practitioners, be cared for in the                  Reconstructive Surgery
                                                                                                                                   Global field leader
                Caroline Homer                                       community and see midwives throughout.
                                                                         While Homer’s academic career grew, she
                                                                                                                                   Anand Deva, Macquarie
                Midwifery researcher,                                continued to practise – two years ago she delivered           Field Pregnancy & Childbirth
                Burnet Institute                                     the fourth child for one patient.                             Global field leader
                                                                                                                                   Caroline Homer, Burnet
                Leading researcher in the                                International work in developing countries has
                                                                                                                                   Field Asian Studies & History
                world in the field of                                been another strand of her scholarship. Her most
                                                                                                                                   Global field leader
                                                                     influential papers, she thinks, were part of a 2014
                pregnancy and childbirth                             Lancet series on midwifery. “One of them showed
                                                                                                                                   Vedi Hadiz, Uni of Melbourne
                                                                                                                                   Field Educational
                                                                     that if you implement this whole package of                   Psychology & Counselling
                Her year in a Malawi mission hospital in 1992        interventions ... you’ll reduce your maternal death           Global field leader
                showed Caroline Homer the difference between         rate, your still-birth rate and your neonatal death           Andrew Martin, UNSW
                midwifery in the advanced and developing worlds,     rate considerably, somewhere between 50 and 80                Field Higher Education
                and gave her the sense of purpose that has           per cent,” Homer says. “That work is used now in              Global field leader
                propelled her ever since.                            the World Health Organisation and the United                  David Boud, UTS
                    “That sorted me out, really, as a midwife,       Nations Population Fund.”
                because the need for what midwives can do all over       Now she is studying the indirect effects of
                the world became so clear: our capacity to make a    COVID-19 in Australia and internationally, with
                difference to women’s lives, poor women but also     many mothers and children expected to die, not
                rich women,” says Professor Homer, who is            from the disease but because they are no longer
Aaron Francis

                co-program director of maternal, child and           accessing maternal health services.
                adolescent health at Melbourne’s Burnet Institute.   Jill Rowbotham

                10   R E S EA RC H    							                                                                                THE AUSTRALIAN   H   SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
T
                                                                                                                      his Lifetime Achievers Leaderboard

   Lifetime Achievers
                                                                                                                      lists the five top researchers from
                                                                                                                      Australian universities and research

   Leaderboard                                                                                                        institutions in each of the eight major
                                                                                                                      discipline areas. To identify the five
                                                                                                                      top researchers in each area we

  Research
                                                                                                                      calculate an annualised H-index for
                                                                                                                      each of them. The H-index, named for
                                                                                                                      physicist Jorge Hirsch who suggested

  superstars
                                                                                                                      it in 2005, is defined at the highest
                                                                                                   number H such that a given researcher has published H
                                                                                                   papers which have been cited H times. It measures both
                                                                                                   productivity and impact. For example, if a researcher
                                                                                                   has published 50 papers each with at least 50 citations,
                                                                                                   but has not managed to go one better and publish 51
  These are Australia’s top 40                                                                     papers each with at least 51 citations, then their H-index
  researchers, measured by their                                                                   is 50. We then divide the H-index by the number of
                                                                                                   years that a researcher has been active (since their first
  performance over their career                                                                    citation) to obtain an annualised figure.

Business, Economics & Management

  Sara Dolnicar               Neal Ashkanasy                  Rob Raven                            Sharon Parker                    Ian Phau
  Tourism & Hospitality       Human Resources &               Business, Economics &                Human Resources &                Marketing
                              Organisations                   Management                           Organisations
  At the University of                                                                                                              At Curtin University, his
  Queensland, her research    At the University of            At Monash University, he             At Curtin University, she        research interests
  interests include market    Queensland, he researches       researches dynamics and              researches job and work          include country image,
  segmentation methodology    leadership, organisational      governance of sustainability         design, proactive behaviour,     luxury branding, brand
  and survey measures.        culture, ethics and emotions.   transitions.                         wellbeing and job performance.   counterfeiting and piracy.

Chemical & Material Sciences

  Shizhang Qiao               Yusuke Yamauchi                 Shaobin Wang                         Hongqi Sun                       Yoshio Bando
  Materials Engineering       Materials Engineering           Chemical Kinetics & Ca-              Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis    Materials Engineering
                                                              talysis
  At the University of        At the University of                                                 At Edith Cowan University,       At the University of
  Adelaide, his research      Queensland, he researches       At the University of Adelaide, his   his research includes novel      Wollongong’s Australian
  interests are synthesis     design of nanocrystals and      research includes nanomaterial       catalysis and advanced           Institute for Innovative Materials
  and characterisation of     nanoporous materials.           synthesis and application for        oxidation processes.             he researches nanomaterials
  nanomaterials.                                              adsorption and catalysis.                                             and electron microscopy.

SEPTEMBER 23, 2020     H    T H E A U S T R A L I A N 										                                                                                     R E S EA RC H   11
Lifetime Achievers Leaderboard Research Superstars

Engineering & Computer Sciences

 Dacheng Tao                        Peng Shi                         Dietmar Hutmacher              Qing-Long Han                    Chunhua Shen
 Computer Vision & Pattern          Automation & Control Theory      Biomedical Technology          Automation & Control Theory      Computer Vision & Pattern
 Recognition                                                                                                                         Recognition
                                    At the University of Adelaide,   At the Queensland University   At the Swinburne University
 At the University of Sydney,       he researches systems            of Technology, he researches   of Technology, he researches     At the University of Adelaide,
 his research focus is artificial   and control theory, and          biomaterials, biomechanics,    power system stability           his research interests are
 intelligence.                      computational intelligence.      medical devices and tissue     and control, and wireless        statistical machine learning
                                                                     engineering.                   communication.                   and computer vision.

Health & Medical Sciences

 Sarah Medland                      Richard Ryan                     Louisa Degenhardt              James Sallis                     Grant Montgomery
 Genetics & Genomics                Social Psychology                Addiction                      Public Health                    Genetics & Genomics
 At the QIMR Berghofer              At the Australian Catholic       At UNSW Sydney, her            At the Australian Catholic       At the University of
 Medical Research Institute,        University, his research         diverse epidemiological        University, he researches        Queensland, his research
 she researches genetic             includes human motivation        studies include analysis of    promoting physical activity,     includes genomic mapping
 and environmental factors          and personality development      large-scale community and      and policy and environmental     for risk of endometriosis and
 influencing mental health.         and well-being.                  clinical population surveys.   influences upon it.              melanoma.

Humanities, Arts & Literature

 Michael Haugh                      Larissa Hjorth                   Fengyi Jin                     Alastair Pennycook               Adrian North
 Communication                      Communication                    Sex & Sexuality                Foreign Language Learning        Music & Musicology
 At the University of               At RMIT University, her          At UNSW Sydney,                At the University of             At Curtin University, his
 Queensland, his linguistics        research fields include mobile   his research includes          Technology, Sydney, his          research includes music and
 research in pragmatics             media and mobile art.            epidemiology of sexually       research includes implications   wellbeing in specific and
 includes analysing face, (im)                                       transmitted infections and     of the global spread of          general populations.
 politeness and teasing.                                             HPV-related anal cancer.       English.

12   R E S EA RC H      							                                                                                        THE AUSTRALIAN      H   SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
Life Sciences & Earth Sciences

  Lidia Morawska                  Wenshan Guo                        William Laurance                  Ben Hayes                     Ian Paulsen
  Environmental Sciences          Environmental Sciences             Biodiversity & Conservation       Animal Husbandry              Life Sciences &
                                                                     Biology                                                         Earth Sciences
  At the Queensland               At the University of Technology,                                     At the University of
  University of Technology,       Sydney, she researches             At James Cook University, his     Queensland, he researches     At Macquarie University, his
  she researches air quality’s    innovative water and               research includes impacts of      genetic improvement of        research interests
  impact on health and the        wastewater treatment, and          intensive land uses on tropical   livestock, crop and pasture   include microbiology and
  environment.                    reuse technologies.                forests.                          and aquaculture species.      microbial genomics.

Physics & Mathematics

  Ray Frost                       Benjamin Eggleton                  Shi Xue Dou                       Andrey Miroshnichenko         Ping Koy Lam
  Spectroscopy &                  Optics & Photonics                 Condensed Matter Physics &        Optics and Photonics          Physics & Mathematics
  Molecular Physics                                                  Semiconductors
                                  At the University of                                                 At UNSW Sydney, his           At the Australian National
  At the Queensland University    Sydney, his research               At the University of              research interests include    University, his research
  of Technology, his research     interests include optical          Wollongong, his research          nonlinear optics and          includes quantum optics,
  interests include vibrational   communications technology.         interests include energy          nanophotonics.                optical metrology and
  spectroscopy.                                                      materials research.                                             nonlinear optics.

Social Sciences

  Herbert Marsh                   Julie Henry                        Tan Yigitcanlar                   Andrew Martin                 David Treagust
  Educational Psychology &        Cognitive Science                  Urban Studies and Planning        Educational Psychology &      Science & Engineering
  Counselling                                                                                          Counselling                   Education
                                  At the University of               At the Queensland
  At the Australian Catholic      Queensland, she                    University of Technology, he      At the UNSW Sydney, he        At Curtin University,
  University, his research        researches how social              researches contemporary           researches educational        his research interests
  includes self-concept           cognition and prospection          urban planning and                motivation, engagement and    include how interventions
  and motivation.                 are disrupted by normal adult      development challenges.           achievement.                  can enhance students’
                                  ageing and clinical illness.                                                                       understanding of science.

SEPTEMBER 23, 2020      H   T H E A U S T R A L I A N 										                                                                                    R E S EA RC H   13
Business, Economics &
Management
Australia’s research field leaders
These 16 scholars are Australia’s leading researchers in business,
economics and management – one selected from each of the
16 fields in this discipline. They are the researchers with the highest
number of citations from papers published in the last five years in
the 20 top journals in their field. In each field we also name
Australia’s top research institution, the one with most citations in
the top 20 journals in the field in the last five years.

Field Accounting & Taxation                     Field Entrepreneurship & Innovation
Field leader John Dumay, Macquarie              Field leader Allan O’Connor, UniSA
Lead institution Macquarie                      Lead institution Macquarie
Field Business, Economics &                     Field Finance
Management (general)                            Field leader Dirk Baur, UWA
Field leader Rob Raven, Monash                  Lead institution Macquarie
Lead institution Monash
                                                Field Game Theory and Decision Science
Field Development Economics                     Field leader Haris Aziz, UNSW
Field leader Emilia Tjernstrom, Uni of Sydney   Lead institution Monash
Lead institution Monash
                                                Field Human Resources & Organisations
Field Economic History                          Field leader Sharon Parker, Curtin                       Sharon Parker
Field leader Laura Maran, RMIT
Lead institution Uni of Melbourne
                                                Lead institution Monash                                  Organisational
Field Economic Policy
                                                Field International Business                             behaviour expert
Field leader Debdulal Mallick, Deakin
                                                Field leader Bo Bernhard Nielsen,
                                                Uni of Sydney                                            Curtin University
Lead institution QUT                            Lead institution Monash                                  Research leader in
Field Economics                                 Field Marketing                                          the field of human
Field leader Paul Raschky, Monash
Lead institution Monash
                                                Field leader Tom Chen, Uni of Canberra
                                                Lead institution Griffith
                                                                                                         resources and
Field Educational Administration                Field Strategic Management
                                                                                                         organisation
Field leader Bob Lingard, Uni of Queensland     Field leader Morgan Miles, CSU
Lead institution Deakin                         Lead institution Uni of Newcastle
                                                                                                         Back in 1930, John Maynard Keynes,
Field Emergency Management                      Field Tourism & Hospitality                              one of the most influential thinkers of
Field leader Douglas Paton, CDU                 Field leader Noel Scott, USC                             the 20th century, wrote in an essay
                                                                                           Colin Murty

Lead institution CDU                            Lead institution Griffith
                                                                                                         predicting the future of work: “For the

16   R E S EA RC H   							                                                             THE AUSTRALIAN                 H   SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
If you give people
                                                                                                                                  autonomy and
                                                                                                                                  agency and you
                                                                                                                                  trust them, they
                                                                                                                                  usually do a
                                                                                                                                  good job

                                                                                                                                  five key principles – stimulating,
                                                                                                                                  mastery, agency, relational and tolerable
                                                                                                                                  – that if adopted can guarantee
                                                                                                                                  fulfilling and rewarding work.
                                                                                                                                      Parker’s research interests are now
                                                                                                                                  branching out into neuroscience: how
                                                                                                                                  different work design combinations
                                                                                                                                  impact cognitive functioning and
                                                                                                                                  whether SMART jobs can protect
                                                                                                                                  against Alzheimer’s.
                                                                                                                                      Next year, she will launch what she
                                                                                                                                  hopes will be a 20-year study to track
                                                                                                                                  10,000 individuals’ work experiences,
                                                                                                                                  with a particular focus on the impact of
                                                                                                                                  automation on jobs. It’s called WALC
                                                                                                                                  (Work Across Life and Careers).
                                                                                                                                      Of course, the work revolution
                                                                                                                                  thrust upon almost the entire economy
                                                                                                                                  by the pandemic is rich pickings for
                                                                                                                                  Parker and her team. Their recent
                                                                                                                                  article in the Harvard Business Review
                                                                                                                                  explored how managers are coping with
first time since his creation, man will be   Institute. Her central focus is on the   Amazon warehouse.                           having staff working remotely during
faced with his real, his permanent           design of work: what makes jobs              “Our research suggests, if you give     COVID. For many, not so well.
problem; how to occupy the leisure           rewarding, meaningful, healthy,          people autonomy and agency and you              Parker and her co-authors found
(time).” Keynes’ utopian 15-hour week        productive and stimulating.              trust them, they usually do a good job.     that 40 per cent of the 215 managers
hasn’t eventuated. The opposite is true.         “From a psychological perspective,   They will be trustworthy and they will      surveyed had low self-confidence in
    “Greedy jobs” eat up 15-hour days        when work is well-designed, workers      deliver on expectations.”                   their ability to manage staff who were
for some; the gig economy depletes           have interesting tasks, autonomy over        She says most jobs are a hangover       working remotely, and a similar number
financial security for others.               those tasks, a meaningful degree of      from history – including the nine-to-       thought staff were slacking off,
    What is common in a surprising           social contact with others and a         five work day. Rarely, however, do          incompetent or lacked essential skills
number of jobs – not matter how elite or     tolerable level of task demands,”        managers ask the question: Could this       compared to in-office colleagues.
pedestrian – is how badly designed they      Parker says.                             job be done in a different, more                “The picture is a not a rosy one,”
are, says Sharon Parker, an Australian           For many, jobs are tedious,          efficient, more creative and better way?    they write, with staff feeling distrusted
Research Council Laureate Fellow and         uninspiring, repetitive, dull and            To address the lack of design, Parker   and micromanaged by bosses who
professor of organisational behaviour at     exhausting – whether we work in a        and her team have designed a                don’t feel in control.
Curtin University’s Future of Work           high-end consultancy firm or an          framework called SMART. It embodies         JULIE HARE

SEPTEMBER 23, 2020       H   T H E A U S T R A L I A N 										                                                                                          R E S EA RC H   17
PARTNER CONTENT

           U
                             niversities play pivotal roles                                                          for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences
                             in the economic, social and                                                             houses a long duration hypersonic wind tunnel
                             cultural development of                                                                 that delivers hypersonic flows of up to Mach 7.
                             Australia. We do this not just                                                              Researchers from the institute are working
                             by educating the next                                                                   with more than 70 aerospace, defence, agriculture
                             generation of leaders, but by                                                           machinery and civil engineering companies to
      problem-solving and helping realise opportunities                                                              deliver knowledge, cutting-edge technologies and
      for stronger, more resilient economies and                                                                     industry solutions at the forefront of discovery.
      communities.                                                                                                       USQ’s Institute for Resilient Regions works
          As we begin to take stock of the impact of                                                                 with regional communities to build an innovative
      COVID-19, it is clear the research expertise and                                                               and thriving regional Australia that is a great place
      innovation enterprise offered by universities will                                                             to live and work. A long-term collaboration
      be essential parts of the post-pandemic recovery.                                                              between the institute’s Centre for Health Research
          The University of Southern Queensland (USQ)                                                                and Cancer Council Queensland is addressing the
      has a long history of providing reliable and                                                                   significant disparities in five-year cancer survival
      independent advice to governments, industry and                                                                rates between urban and rural patients by
      the general community on a range of global issues                                                              conducting a comprehensive examination of the
      and we are well equipped to contribute to the                                                                  journey from diagnosis through to treatment.

                                                                       Research
      recovery effort. Our targeted, applied research is                                                                 The partnership is driven by a shared
      complemented by purposeful engagement with                                                                     commitment to promoting the health and

                                                              expertise is key to
      local communities through to global communities                                                                wellbeing of Queenslanders, specifically through
      of practice, government and business.                                                                          research that addresses fundamental issues in

                                                                 post-pandemic
          Improving food security and increasing the                                                                 policy development and the delivery of social and
      resilience of our agricultural sector are two areas                                                            economic infrastructure accessible to all

                                                                        recovery
      of focus for researchers from USQ’s Institute for                                                              Australians.
      Life Sciences and the Environment through                                                                          While USQ’s research and its translation into
      engagement with agricultural end-users to deliver                                                              real-world applications is crucial to the future of
      innovative solutions in crop health, natural                                                                   Australia’s communities, and the creation of new
      resource management and climate science.                                                                       industries to support our post-COVID economy,
          The institute’s Centre for Crop Health is                                                                  the challenges and opportunities do not stop there.
      partnering with the Grains Research and                 This unique facility is enabling USQ to work with          USQ understands innovation and change can
      Development Corporation (GRDC) to improve the           global partners to bring light to new worlds and       be achieved only by standing beside our partners,
      profitability and productivity of globally important    advance our understanding of the solar system.         local industries and communities and exciting the
      crops such as wheat, barley, lentils, oats and              The Mount Kent observatory is the only             next generation to tackle these opportunities.
      sorghum. USQ is giving Australian farmers access        facility in the southern hemisphere providing              USQ researchers are working collaboratively
      to pathogen-resistant varieties of key crops            dedicated ground-based support for NASA’s              (including internationally), finding solutions where
      combined with proven expertise in controlling           Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Our      others see problems, and building partnerships
      pests and disease, increasing yield performance         observatory is contributing to the discovery and       along the value chain. The University of Southern
      and minimising production costs. Through                characterisation of nearby exoplanetary systems        Queensland’s track record shows universities can
      meaningful on-farm engagement, USQ’s Centre             using a state-of-the-art array of 0.7m aperture        build value, create opportunities and to inspire
      for Applied Climate Science is delivering improved      telescopes and a specialised spectrograph.             young Australians wanting to shape their own
      climate prediction tools to strengthen farm                 In partnership with the German Aerospace           futures.
      management and resilience to drought. Our               Centre (DLR), Mount Kent is the base for a             To find out more visit usq.edu.au/research.
      research is ensuring the profitability of Australian    SMARTnet geostationary space debris monitoring
      grain growers and livestock industries and shaping      telescope that helps to track and record space junk.
      the future of global food production.                       With a focus on hypersonic propulsion
          USQ’s Centre for Astrophysics has established       systems, machine learning and machine vision
      a reputation as a world leader in space sciences.       technologies and a rocket fuel development             Professor John Bell
      We are renowned for our Mount Kent                      facility, USQ is making significant developments       Deputy Vice-Chancellor
                                                                                                                     (Research & Innovation)
      Astronomical Observatory, the only professional         in automated agricultural infrastructure and
                                                                                                                     University of Southern Queensland
      astronomical research facility in Queensland.           advanced materials engineering. USQ’s Institute

18   R E S EA RC H      							                                                                                                THE AUSTRALIAN        H   SEPTEMBER 23 2020
Chemical & Material Sciences
              Australia’s research field leaders
              These 17 scholars are Australia’s leading researchers in                                              Field Analytical Chemistry
                                                                                                                    Field leader Nam-Trung Nguyen, Griffith
              chemical and material sciences – one selected from each                                               Lead institution UNSW
              of the 17 fields in this discipline. They are the researchers                                         Field Biochemistry
              with the highest number of citations from papers published                                            Field leader David Komander, WEHI
                                                                                                                    Lead institution Monash
              in the last five years in the 20 top journals in their field. In each
                                                                                                                    Field Ceramic Engineering
              field we also name Australia’s top research institution, the                                          Field leader Inna Karatchevtseva, ANSTO
              one with most citations in the top 20 journals in the field                                           Lead institution UNSW
              in the last five years.                                                                               Field Chemical & Material Sciences (general)
                                                                                                                    Field leader Philip Gale, Uni of Sydney
                                                                                                                    Lead institution Uni of Adelaide
                                                                                                                    Field Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis
                                                                                                                    Field leader Shaobin Wang, Uni of Adelaide
                                                                                                                    Lead institution Uni of Adelaide
                                                                                                                    Field Combustion & Propulsion
                                                                                                                    Field leader Evatt Hawkes, UNSW
                                                                                                                    Lead institution UNSW
                                                                                                                    Field Composite Materials
                                                                                                                    Field leader Yiu-Wing Mai, Uni of Sydney
                                                                                                                    Lead institution USQ
                                                                                                                    Field Crystallography & Structural Chemistry
                                                                                                                    Field leader Stuart Batten, Monash
                                                                                                                    Lead institution UNSW
                                                                                                                    Field Dispersion Chemistry
                                                                                                                    Field leader Rico Tabor, Monash
                                                                                                                    Lead institution Uni of Queensland
                                                                                                                    Field Electrochemistry
                                                                                                                    Field leader Maria Forsyth, Deakin
                                                                                                                    Lead institution Uni of Wollongong
                                                                                                                    Field Inorganic Chemistry
                                                                                                                    Field leader Peter Junk, JCU
                                                                                                                    Lead institution Curtin
                                                                                                                    Field Materials Engineering
                                                                                                                    Field leader Shizhang Qiao, Uni of Adelaide
              Maria Forsyth                                                                                         Lead institution Uni of Wollongong
              Chemist, Deakin University                                                                            Field Medicinal Chemistry
                                                                                                                    Field leader Vicky Avery, Griffith
              Research leader in the field of electrochemistry                                                      Lead institution Griffith
                                                                                                                    Field Nanotechnology
              It took Maria Forsyth a while to settle on her real research interests. Beginning with a broad        Field leader Hoe Tan, ANU
              foundation of study in materials engineering and chemistry, she sailed through her doctorate at       Lead institution Uni of Wollongong
              Monash University. With a questing mind, she worked on materials for new optic fibres and             Field Oil, Petroleum & Natural Gas
              chemistries for improved in-vitro fertilisation methods, before her focus moved to polymer            Field leader Zhejun Pan, CSIRO
              electrolytes in safer solid-state capacitors for implantable defibrillators.
                                                                                                                    Lead institution Curtin
                  Finally, she settled in her long-term field of expertise: energy storage and corrosion. Forsyth   Field Organic Chemistry
              is now an acclaimed expert in the field. Deakin University built a lab in Melbourne according         Field leader Thanh Vinh Nguyen, UNSW
                                                                                                                    Lead institution Uni of Queensland
              to her specifications. She leads collaborative global research into novel types of batteries and
              corrosion inhibitors, and is working with industry to bring environmentally sound and ethical         Field Polymers & Plastics
              battery manufacturing to Australia.                                                                   Field leader Cyrille Boyer, UNSW
Alan Barber

                                                                                                                    Lead institution UNSW
                                                                                         Continued next page

              SEPTEMBER 23, 2020      H   T H E A U S T R A L I A N 										                                                                           R E S EA RC H   19
Continued from previous page
                                                             Physics & Mathematics
    With her research teams around the world, Forsyth
is calibrating, testing and refining prototype batteries,    Australia’s research field leaders
looking for ideal combination of strengths.
    “The holy grail for batteries is a high-energy           These 21 scholars are Australia’s leading researchers in
density battery, which means it has a lot of juice in it,    chemical and material sciences – one selected from
you can drive a car a long way – the battery will last for
                                                             each of the 21 fields in this discipline. They are the
a week or more between charges,” she says. “And you
want a battery that will run for thousands of cycles         researchers with the highest number of citations from
before you have to throw it out.”                            papers published in the last five years in the 20 top journals
    Such a battery would not only be a boon for              in their field. In each field we also name Australia’s top
renewable energy storage and the electric machines of
the future, but also for remote and impoverished             research institution, the one with most citations in the top 20
communities in the developing world, where charging          journals in the field in the last five years.
a smartphone to stay abreast of market prices and find
buyers can make all the difference to people’s lives.
    Forsyth’s fascination with the field matured during
her Fulbright scholarship postdoctoral research at
Northwestern University in the US. She was interested
in new energy technologies, and whether electrolyte
materials could be used in devices. “Back then, you
didn’t have to make a device,” Forsyth says. “You just
had to make a material, measure its properties and say,
                                                             Field Acoustics & Sound                      Field High Energy & Nuclear Physics
‘this could be useful for a device’.”                        Field leader Nicole Kessissoglou, UNSW       Field leader Bruce Yabsley, Uni of Sydney
    In the years since her early research, she and her       Lead institution UNSW                        Lead institution Uni of Sydney
collaborators have found a novel salt-based electrolyte      Field Algebra                                Field Mathematical Analysis
increases the efficiency of lithium-ion batteries and        Field leader Aidan Sims, Uni of              Field leader Yihong Du, UNE
prevents them burning or exploding. They are now             Wollongong                                   Lead institution UNSW
working on new sodium-ion batteries and new battery          Lead institution Uni of Wollongong
                                                                                                          Field Mathematical Optimisation
electrode materials using nickel and manganese, as           Field Astronomy & Astrophysics               Field leader Guoyin Li, UNSW
well as biomass carbon from organic waste, while             Field leader Joss Bland-Hawthorn,            Lead institution UNSW
                                                             Uni of Sydney
trying to steer away from cobalt, mostly mined in                                                         Field Mathematical Physics
                                                             Lead institution ANU
Africa – often in a particularly unethical way.                                                           Field leader Ian Marquette, Uni of Queen-
                                                             Field Computational Mathematics              land
    Growing up in a traditional Greek family wasn’t an
                                                             Field leader Fawang Liu, QUT                 Lead institution Uni of Queensland
easy ride for a gifted daughter. Neither of Forsyth’s
                                                             Lead institution Monash
parents had much education and she was expected to                                                        Field Nonlinear Science
                                                             Field Condensed Matter Physics &             Field leader Tonghua Zhang, Swinburne
get married and perhaps find a secretarial job.              Semiconductors                               Lead institution UWA
    Forsyth did get married, and she did have two            Field leader Cornelius Hempel, Uni of
children, but she insisted on following an academic          Sydney                                       Field Optics & Photonics
path. “I was a geek,” she recalls.                           Lead institution Monash                      Field leader David Moss, Swinburne
                                                             Field Discrete Mathematics                   Lead institution ANU
    “I always wanted to know how things work. How
the electricity gets to the pole.”                           Field leader David Wood, Monash              Field Physics & Mathematics (general)
    Her field continues to expand in new and                 Lead institution Monash                      Field leader Kavan Modi, Monash
                                                             Field Electromagnetism                       Lead institution UNSW
unexpected ways. A year ago the federal government
funded the Future Batteries Industries Co-operative          Field leader Yingjie Jay Guo, UTS            Field Probability & Statistics with
                                                             Lead institution Macquarie                   Applications
Research Centre, led from Western Australia, and                                                          Field leader Robert Kohn, UNSW
industries are collaborating with Forsyth and her            Field Fluid Mechanics                        Lead institution Monash
colleagues to develop future electrolyte systems for         Field leader Ivan Marusic,
                                                             Uni of Melbourne                             Field Pure & Applied Mathematics
next-generation batteries.                                   Lead institution Uni of Melbourne            Field leader Lishan Liu, Curtin
    “The idea is to establish an ecosystem of industries                                                  Lead institution Monash
                                                             Field Geometry
here in Australia, to not just dig resources up and sell     Field leader Brett Parker, Monash Uni        Field Spectroscopy & Molecular Physics
them, but actually add value to the product and add          Lead institution Monash                      Field leader Daniel Kosov, JCU
value to the resource,” Forsyth says.                                                                     Lead institution Uni of Melbourne
                                                             Field Geophysics
    “And to actually make batteries here.”                   Field leader Dietmar Müller, Uni of Sydney   Field Thermal Sciences
Sian Powell                                                  Lead institution Uni of Melbourne            Field leader Jiyuan Tu, RMIT
                                                                                                          Lead institution Uni of Adelaide

20   R E S EA RC H      							                                                                           THE AUSTRALIAN       H   SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
millennia passing in seconds. “I’ve spent much of my
                                                                                                                        career looking at the evolution of the Earth in the last
                                                                                                                        200-250 million years, from the time when the Pangea
                                                                                                                        supercontinent existed to today,” Müller says.
                                                                                                                            “But we are now pushing the tectonic
                                                                                                                        reconstructions and the dynamic models of the
                                                                                                                        Earth’s interior much further back in time. There
                                                                                                                        was a previous supercontinent, Rodinia, that existed
                                                                                                                        about 1.1 billion years ago.”
                                                                                                                            He and his colleagues are now working on models
                                                                                                                        that reach back that far. In one of his most-cited
                                                                                                                        projects, Müller and his team used big data
                                                                                                                        analysis to build the first digital map of the age of the
                                                                                                                        world’s ocean floor. They have also predicted –
                                                                                                                        correctly – where opal deposits might be found in
                                                                                                                        northern NSW, and uncovered a link between
                                                                                                                        certain very large earthquakes and the structure of
                                                                                                                        the Pacific Ocean’s crust. They are now working
                                                                                                                        with a large mining company to develop and apply
                                                                                                                        new “deep time” data-analysis techniques that could
                                                                                                                        help find copper deposits.
                                                                                                                            Müller first studied science at Christian-Albrecht
                                                                                                                        University of Kiel in northern Germany, and with
                                                                                                                        an undergraduate degree under his belt, he moved
                                                                                                                        to the US, winding up at the renowned Scripps
                                                                                                                        Institution of Oceanography at the University of
                                                                                                                        California in San Diego.
                     But we are now                                                                                         In 1993, with a doctorate from one of the world’s
                     pushing the                                                                                        foremost oceanographic institutes, Müller began
                     tectonic                                                                                           looking for a job. Sydney University responded to
                     reconstructions                                                                                    one of his applications and, after a phone interview,
                                                                                                                        offered him work as a lecturer.
                     and the
                                                                                                                            He had never been to Australia, but Müller bought
                     dynamic                                                                                            a one-way ticket. He has worked the same university
                     models of the                                                                                      ever since and married an Australian fellow geologist.
                     Earth’s interior                                                                                       Müller was in the US, though, at just the right time.
                     much further                                                                                       In the mid-80s, the first computers were becoming
                                                                                                                        useful scientific tools, and many of the huge computing
                     back in time.                                                                                      advances were happening in Texas and California – to
                                                                                                                        the delight of US-based scientists.
                                                                                                                            “There was a generation of 3D graphics computers
                                                                                                                        that came out which didn’t exist in Germany at all,”
                 Dietmar Müller                                                                                         Müller says, adding that with negligible power (about
                 Geophysicist, University of Sydney                                                                     the same as a tablet today), one of these early
                 Research leader in the field of geophysics                                                             computers had a graphics interface linked to a
                                                                                                                        computer the size of a fridge. “It was really attractive,
                                                                                                                        because at that time the first software was being
                 Dietmar Müller’s primary research focus is the physical fabric of the world and how it has evolved     developed to manipulate images of tectonic plates on a
                 over more than a billion years, reaching back to a time when life as we know it didn’t exist.          spherical surface: the globe,” he says.
                    Using the latest advances in machine learning and computing technology, the Sydney                      Müller was on hand when this revolutionary
                 University geophysicist and his colleagues use the geophysical and geochemical signatures of           technology was first offered to geophysicists and he
                 preserved rock to reconstruct the way continents have formed, collided and disintegrated, and the      has used it ever since. “I was one of the few people who
                 implications for today’s world.                                                                        had this technology at my fingertips,” he says.
                    Professor Müller and collaborating scientists around the world have built powerful interactive          “This is how I became truly fascinated by plate
Britta Campion

                 online tools to better visualise the Earth’s plate tectonic evolution. Using 4D computer models, the   tectonics and deep geological time.”
                 movements of continents and the evolution of ocean basins can be seen in a time-lapse movie, with      Sian Powell

                 SEPTEMBER 23, 2020      H   T H E A U S T R A L I A N 										                                                                               R E S EA RC H   21
Research at ACU
18th INFORTHENURSING¹
              WORLD

26th                 IN THE WORLD FOR
                     SPORT SCIENCE2

Top 75 FOR EDUCATION¹

Top 200 FOR PSYCHOLOGY¹

Top 250 FOR ARTS AND
        HUMANITIES                                        3

¹ Academic Ranking World Universities Subject Rankings 2020
² Academic Ranking of World Universities, Special Focus Institution
   Ranking of Sport Science Schools and Departments 2018
3
  Times Higher Education Subject Rankings 2020

Dianoia Institute of                                                   Mary MacKillop Institute for                     Institute for Humanities and
Philosophy                                                             Health Research                                  Social Sciences
Dianoia is dedicated to ground-breaking                                The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health          The newly opened Institute for Humanities
research in the central areas of analytic                              Research (MMIHR) works towards better            and Social Sciences continues our growth in
philosophy, including metaphysics,                                     health outcomes in Australia and around          the liberal arts.
epistemology, logic, ethics and metaethics,                            the world.
                                                                                                                        Current research explores histories of
aesthetics, social and political philosophy,
                                                                       Director Professor John Hawley, who leads the    displacement from early modern times to the
and the philosophy of mind, language,
                                                                       Exercise and Nutrition research program, is      present day.
religion, and science.
                                                                       co-investigator on a Medical Research Future
                                                                       Fund study of how time-restricted eating can     Institute Director Professor Joy Damousi
Our ARC-funded research includes case
                                                                       improve glycaemic control.                       leads an ARC project on the aftermaths of war
studies on the Banking Royal Commission and
                                                                                                                        between 1815-1950 across Europe, Asia, and
Paris Climate Agreement addressing ethics
                                                                       Leading the Behaviour, Environment and           America, with an emphasis on displacement,
of corporations and group responsibility, and
                                                                       Cognition research program, Professor Ester      refugees and long-term trauma.
work on the physics of time in collaboration
                                                                       Cerin has received NHMRC funding to
with researchers from the University of                                                                                 Professor Sheila Fitzpatrick is undertaking
                                                                       explore the impact of the built and natural
Sydney’s Centre for Time.                                                                                               research on an ARC project on Russian
                                                                       environment, air pollution, and noise on
                                                                       cognitive decline in older adults in Australia   displaced persons after the Second World War
Other international collaborations include
                                                                       and the UK.                                      and their resettlement in Australia.
work on mental content with New York
University, and a new project led by Dianoia’s                                                                          Professor Susan Broomhall is collaborating
                                                                       A new Bone Health and Fractures research
Professor John Hawthorne with Professor                                                                                 on a major EU study of the forced movement
                                                                       program led by Professor Mattias Lorentzon
Timothy Williamson at Oxford University and                                                                             of peoples across the Mediterranean from
                                                                       is investigating the efficacy of two food
researchers from the University of Southern                                                                             1492-1923, through analysis of religious
                                                                       supplements in affecting gut bacteria and
California that seeks to create formal models of                                                                        persecution, slavery and indentured labor, and
                                                                       improving bone health in postmenopausal
knowledge.                                                                                                              environmental and social catastrophe.
                                                                       women.
World-leading
research in a
changing world.
At Australian Catholic University (ACU), our research seeks to achieve excellence
in our priority areas of education, health, theology and philosophy and other liberal
arts, which are underpinned by our commitment to the common good.

Learn more about research at ACU
acu.edu.au/research

Institute for Learning                              Institute for Positive                             Institute for Religion and
Sciences and Teacher                                Psychology and Education                           Critical Inquiry
Education                                           The Institute for Positive Psychology and          The Institute for Religion and Critical
The Institute for Learning Sciences and             Education (IPPE) undertakes research in            Inquiry (IRCI) straddles three research
Teacher Education (ILSTE) undertakes                education, Indigenous education, human             programs: Biblical and Early Christian
studies in partnership to improve                   motivation and behaviour.                          Studies, Medieval and Early Modern
educational outcomes and life chances for                                                              Studies, and Religion and Theology.
                                                    The Positive Psychology research program,
all children and young people.
                                                    led by Professor Philip Parker, includes           IRCI also leads a node of the ARC Centre of
Current ARC projects examine young                  randomised control trials as well as the use       Excellence for the History of Emotions.
children’s learning in the digital society;         of cutting-edge statistical methods applied
                                                                                                       ARC-funded research includes Institute
equipping learners with coding skills; the role     to large-scale longitudinal or cross-country
                                                                                                       Director Professor Peter Howard’s project on
of standards in assessment; multi-literacies in     survey data.
                                                                                                       the Sistine Chapel in the 15th century, and Dr
learning science; and workforce issues in the
                                                    Professor Herb Marsh is collaborating with the     Matthew Champion’s DECRA on medieval and
early childhood sector.
                                                    University of Luxembourg on an international       early modern perceptions of time.
A team led by Institute Director Professor          study of students’ academic self-concepts. With
                                                                                                       Associate Professor Matthew Crawford is
Claire Wyatt-Smith is investigating the quality     Professor Richard Ryan, he also leads an ARC
                                                                                                       collaborating with Ca’ Foscari University
and impact of teacher education programs            Linkage project mapping policy interventions
                                                                                                       of Venice on his DECRA on the 5th century
in preparing the nation’s next generation           to changes in principals’ motivation and
                                                                                                       bishop and theologian, Cyril of Alexandria.
of teachers. Generating new knowledge               wellbeing.
about the Australian Tertiary Admission                                                                Other international collaborations include
                                                    Leading the Motivation and Behaviour
Rank (ATAR) as a predictor of becoming a                                                               Professor Christopher Ocker’s project with
                                                    research program, Professor Chris Lonsdale’s
successful teacher, the project is also revealing                                                      New York University/Abu Dhabi researchers
                                                    teacher training interventions have been
patterns in preservice teacher progression into                                                        exploring Christian-Muslim entanglements in
                                                    delivered in hundreds of schools across
employment.                                                                                            the medieval and early modern worlds.
                                                    Australia and internationally. His ARC project,
                                                    with a consortium of international universities,
                                                    examines the effects of children’s exposure to
                                                    electronic screens on their development.
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