RESEARCH - Recce Pharmaceuticals
Page content transcription
If your browser does not render page correctly, please read the page content below
Top 250 researchers V University-business collaborations V Best 10 books RESEARCH 2020 Historian Robot expert Agnieszka Sobocinska Inkyu Sa dissects our makes autonomous idealism P33 vehicles safer P24 vital to our future Geophysicist Vision scientist Dietmar Müller Fiona Stapleton uncovers earth’s prevents eye secrets P21 disease P30 SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
Foreword Contents 8 How we chose the best Using data analytics, we found Australia’s best researchers in more than 250 fields 10 Top of the world These nine researchers lead the world, among them Caroline Homer. 11 Lifetime achievers P Australia’s top 40 researchers who’ve made a difference through their career long contribution re-COVID-19, one of the great joys of being Education Minister was visiting 16 Australia’s universities to see firsthand the world-leading research taking place Business, Economics & Management in our backyard. Whether it is research to improve ethical machine decision Sharon Parker, improving the design of work making, the development of a new breed of pineapple that is resistant to 19 premature flowering or unlocking the secrets of the universe by studying Dark Chemical & Material Sciences Matter, the breadth, depth and quality of Australian research demonstrates the Maria Forsyth, creating the batteries of the future strength of the sector. 20 Research can save lives, make us healthier and protect our communities and Physics & Mathematics the environment. It also helps us understand more about ourselves, our history and our future. Dietmar Müller, uncovering earth’s past secrets Research will be essential to help power Australia’s coronavirus recovery. The productive capacity 24 of our nation will rely on educated workers, able to access innovation and research, to drive Engineering & Computer Science opportunity. Inkyu Sa, making autonomous vehicles safer This means strengthening the link between research and outcomes. As we have seen through 28 the global research effort to find a vaccine for COVID-19, Australians are best served by Health & Medical Sciences encouraging international research collaborations that are in our national interest. Patrick McGorry, improving youth mental health It is also important that international research collaborations are carefully balanced against Fiona Stapleton, preventing eye disease Australia’s national interests, including our national security, values and ethical standards. The 32 Morrison Government takes the threat of foreign interference seriously and we are taking action Humanities, Literature & Arts to protect Australian research. Our Government wants universities working with industry and Agnieszka Sobocinska, dissecting our idealism other organisations to commercialise research, turn ideas into jobs, and deliver economic growth. 34 The stories of the researchers in these pages are wonderful examples of the innovation and Social Sciences collaboration that takes place across the research sector. Charles Hunt, creating conditions for peace Everyone in higher education must get better at telling these stories and making them relevant Alina Morawska, helping parents do better for every Australian. 39 By demonstrating the value of our research, we continue to make the case for investment and Life Sciences & Earth Sciences we also inspire the next generation of scientists and researchers. Nigel Cook, building the minerals industry 43 Dan Tehan Rising stars Federal Minister for Education Australia’s top 40 early career researchers, the leaders of the future 48 Global research collaborations The universities which do best in working with global elite institutions RESEARCH 49 Editor Tim Dodd Business research collaborations Art Director Samantha Yates The universities which do best in working with business Sub-editors Justine Costello, Michael Ellis Writers Tim Dodd, Jill Rowbotham, Julie Hare, Sian Powell 50 Advertising Marion Leddy Top ten books +61 2 9288 2458 email@example.com The academic books with the most impact in the last decade Printed by PMP Print, 31 Heathcote Road, Moorebank 2170 for the proprietor and publisher. Nationwide News Pty Ltd (ACN 008 438 828) of 2 Holt Street, Surry Hills, NSW 2010, for insetion in The Australian on September 23, 2020 4 R E S EA RC H THE AUSTRALIAN H SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
Research at the University of Southern Queensland is innovative, responsive and intrinsically linked to the communities we serve. Our track record of targeted impact is made possible by our dedicated research institutes and centres. Institute for Life Institute for Advanced Sciences and the Engineering and Space Environment (ILSE) Sciences (IAESS) Improving food security and increasing the IAESS researchers are working with more resilience of Australia’s agricultural sector than 70 aerospace, defence, agricultural are key areas of focus for researchers machinery and civil engineering companies within ILSE. to deliver knowledge, cutting-edge technologies and industry solutions at the ILSE’s Centre for Applied Climate forefront of discovery. Sciences’ Drought and Climate Adaptation Program delivers state-of-the-art climate Researchers from the Centre for Future prediction tools to enable Australian Materials are revolutionising the Australian agricultural producers to strengthen farm rail industry through the production and management and resilience to drought. installation of ﬁbre reinforced polymer composite bridge sleepers across the The Centre for Crop Health is improving country, including the iconic Sydney the proﬁtability and productivity of globally Harbour Bridge’s rail deck. important crops such as wheat, barley, lentils, oats and sorghum through the USQ’s Mount Kent Astronomical development of disease resistant varieties, Observatory provides the only ground- advanced diagnostics and the biological based support in the southern hemisphere control of pests. to NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite with the expertise of researchers The Centre for Sustainable Agricultural in the Centre for Astrophysics. Systems conducts broad-ranging and multi-disciplinary research that Australian farmers are among the ﬁrst in enhances the management of agricultural the world to beneﬁt from the Centre for enterprises as complex systems embedded Agricultural Engineering’s research into within and dependent on their natural machine vision technologies and remote environments, maximising production and operation systems such as automated conservation outcomes. irrigation and driverless tractors.
USQ’s world-class research delivers world-changing results Learn more about USQ Research usq.edu.au/research Institute for Resilient Regions (IRR) IRR works with communities to build an innovative and thriving regional Australia that is a great place to live and work. The Institute’s Centre for Health Research is addressing the signiﬁcant disparities in 5-year cancer survival rates that exist between urban and rural cancer patients by examining the journey from diagnosis through to treatment. The Rural Economies Centre of Excellence is taking a multi-disciplinary approach to addressing regional and rural problems and opportunities, providing solutions that integrate the economics of innovation with world-leading technical expertise in regional economic development and agriculture. Researchers from IRR’s Centre for Heritage and Culture have uncovered the contentious history of Australia’s early Native Mounted Police through the discovery and careful investigation of their remote campsites. CRICOS QLD 00244B NSW 02225M | TEQSA PRV12081
A year like no other In the most challenging year Australia has faced in nearly a century, our researchers continue to demonstrate their excellence and their commitment to solving real problems T his year, 2020, has been like no other. First came the bushfire disaster, then the COVID-19 crisis. One consequence was that the value of the research which Australia’s scientists, academics and other specialists carry out in our universities and research institutions became clearer than ever. Much of the research community was mobilised to carry out vital work, often under intense pressure in emergency conditions. People from across the spectrum of research fields – immunologists, biochemists, epidemiologists, public health specialists, legal experts, economists, psychologists, educators, social workers and more – came together to deal with complex problems in a pandemic situation, the scope and intensity of which no one living alive today has ever dealt with. This year in The Australian’s Research 2020 magazine, we salute our researchers, who have proved their value to Australia as never before. Given the debt we owe to our research community, this year’s edition of the Research magazine is more relevant than ever. Again we name Australia’s top researchers in 255 individual fields of research. We make this choice objectively, using data analytics based on where individual researchers publish and how many citations they have. We also name the Australian university, or other research institution, which leads in each of these fields, and this choice is also determined by the data. The winning institution is the one whose researchers’ papers – published in the top 20 journals in the field in the past five years – has the most citations. I have worked together to publish the Research magazine in this format, and each year we look for new stories, relevant to the In a few cases, well-known names appear as the leading At the University of Australian research community, which can be drawn from the data. researchers. For example, psychiatrist Patrick McGorry, a tireless Queensland a team led This year we’ve chosen to examine the research collaboration campaigner for improving youth mental, who was named as by (from left) Trent which Australian universities undertake with industry, and with the Munro, Paul Young, Australian of the Year in 2010, is the leader in the field of psychiatry. world’s top universities (see pages 48, 49). We also looked at academic and Keith Chappell, But the vast majority of the researchers whose names are revealed are now testing a books, and have built a top 10 list (see page 50). in these pages are not widely known, except to their peers. COVID-19 vaccine There’s one final important thing to say about this year’s Research This magazine is an opportunity for their excellence to be based on their magazine: We also honour Australia’s 40 top researchers, who have recognised, and for us all to learn about fascinating avenues of revolutionary made an outstanding contribution to their discipline over the course inquiries and important discoveries which would otherwise be little “molecular clamp” of their careers (in contrast to the research leader named in each noticed by the wider public. technology field, who is there because of their recent performance). It is also an opportunity to shine a light on the research work of And, also, we name 40 promising early career researchers who are lesser-known universities and institutions. While the Group of Eight strong candidates to be Australia’s research leaders of the future. universities carry most of Australia’s research load, many other In the current environment, in which we may see major cuts to institutions shine. For example, we find that the University of research funding that could hamper the prospects of our future Wollongong is Australia’s leading research institution in algebra, research stars, it’s critical for universities and government to look to while the University of Southern Queensland leads in the field of the future and plan how Australia’s coming generation of research composite materials. talent can fulfil it’s potential. Just as we have found Australia’s top researcher in each field, we have also looked globally to identify the world’s best in each of the Tim Dodd, Higher Education Editor, The Australian 255 fields of research we examine. In nine of these fields, the top firstname.lastname@example.org researcher in the world is in Australia (see page 10). Paul McCarthy, CEO, League of Scholars This is the third year that The Australian and League of Scholars email@example.com 8 R E S EA RC H THE AUSTRALIAN H SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
their work. Institution abbreviations We also name the top Australian institution in each field of research, which is determined in a Austin Health Austin similar way. The top institution is the one Australian Catholic University ACU which has the most citations from research Australian Defence Force Academy ADFA published in the top 20 journals in that particular Australian National University ANU field in the last five years. Non-university Australian Nuclear Science and Technology organisations such as the CSIRO and medical Organisation ANSTO research institutes are also in the mix. Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute Baker We also saw a need to recognise research Bond University Bond excellence in other ways, honouring both Bureau of Meteorology BoM those who have made an outstanding Burnet Institute Burnet contribution to their discipline through their Charles Darwin University CDU From left: Paul McCarthy career, and the up-and-comers who will be the Charles Sturt University CSU and Rasika Amarasiri top researchers of the future. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research We do this by naming 40 lifetime achievers Organisation CSIRO and 40 distinguished early career researchers. Curtin University Curtin How we did it These are selected using a methodology based on the annualised h-index – that is, the Deakin University Deakin Edith Cowan University Edith Cowan We use data science to researcher’s h-index divided by the number Flinders University Flinders of years in their career. This approach rewards analyse the world’s both excellence and consistency, and research Griffith University Griffith research output by eminent bibliometrics scholar Anne-Wil James Cook University JCU La Trobe University La Trobe Harzing shows that the annualised h-index is Macquarie University Macquarie We’ve taken the data-driven route to analyse the best way of comparing different researchers at different career stages, and those who Monash University Monash and profile the best researchers and research institutions in Australia. work in different fields. Murdoch University Murdoch It is an approach that is now possible League of Scholars’ data pool on research is Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre Peter Mac because of the volume and quality of deep, and this year we’ve used it to present QIMR Berghofer Medical Reasearch Institute information available online about research. information in three new areas. QIMR Berghofer We turned to talent discovery and research We show which universities and research Queensland University of Technology QUT analytics firm League of Scholars to help us institutions collaborate most with the world’s top RMIT University Melbourne RMIT gather publicly accessible data. League of 10 research universities (as listed by the Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria RBG Victoria Scholars co-founders Paul McCarthy and Academic Ranking of World Universities), and Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne RCH Melbourne Rasika Amarasiri are pioneers of this approach, we show which universities and research Swinburne University of Technology Swinburne compiling information on the world’s research institutions collaborate most with business. Both University of Adelaide Uni of Adelaide papers, including authorship, when papers of these measures are based on the number of University of Canberra Uni of Canberra were published, where they were published and co-authorships of research papers. Finally, we University of Melbourne Uni of Melb numbers of citations. reveal the top 10 scholarly books published by University of Newcastle Uni of Newcastle This rich trove of data can be mined in many Australian academics in the past 10 years, University of New England UNE ways and we’ve used it here to present as full a based on the number of citations they have University of New South Wales UNSW picture as possible of Australian research. received. University of Queensland Uni of Qld The core of the magazine is the lists of top Our results, of course, are dependent on the University of South Australia UniSA researchers and top research institutions in data sources used (in our case mainly Google University of Southern Queensland USQ each of eight major discipline areas. Each Scholar) and the algorithms used. One University of the Sunshine Coast USC discipline is divided into granular research fields acknowledged drawback of the use of global University of Sydney Uni of Sydney which largely follow the taxonomy used by information is that fields of research which are University of Tasmania Uni of Tasmania Google Scholar. (We have left out a handful of focused on Australia can be underemphasised. fields where Australian research is not strong.) But we also believe the approach we have University of Technology Sydney UTS In each of 255 fields we name the used yields advantages. For example, it gives University of Western Australia UWA Australian-based researcher whose papers more attention to humanities and social University of Wollongong Uni of Wollongong published in the 20 top journals in their field in sciences than many other measures of research Victoria University VU the past five years have had the most citations impact, it reveals which Australian scholars are Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research WEHI by other researchers. having global impact and it is up to date. Western Sydney University Western The number of citations is, of course, an We welcome your feedback. excellent indicator of the impact and quality of Tim Dodd SEPTEMBER 23, 2020 H T H E A U S T R A L I A N R E S EA RC H 9
Top of the world Nine researchers in Australian institutions are not only leaders in their field in this country, but they also hold the remarkable distinction of being the top researchers in their field globally. This means that no other researcher in the world has a higher number of citations from papers published in the last five years in the 20 top journals in that particular field. Homer began developing her scholarly skills while working as a clinical trials nurse with HIV Australian-based patients at St Vincent’s Hospital in Sydney. researchers who “Suddenly I worked out there were other things to lead the world think about ... not just medications and treatments and models of care,” she says. “I had some good Field Chemical Kinetics & research training at that time.” Catalysis Global field leader Homer returned to midwifery at St George Shaobin Wang, Hospital under the mentorship of one of the early Uni of Adelaide researchers in the field, Lesley Barclay. Field Mechanical Engineering “As a midwife, I wanted to make a difference to Global field leader all women, not just one woman at a time,” Homer Jie Yang, RMIT says. “So that’s the research endeavour. The Field Mining & Mineral opportunity to influence more broadly, both at an Resources educational level and other systems level, was Global field leader Ranjith Pathegama Gamage, incredibly inspiring, and what I wanted to do for the Monash rest of my career.” Field Developmental In a 15-year stint at the University of Disabilities Technology, Sydney, continuity of care was a major Global field leader research theme, after a major review established Cheryl Dissanayake, La Trobe that pregnant women preferred to deal with a small Field Plastic & number of practitioners, be cared for in the Reconstructive Surgery Global field leader Caroline Homer community and see midwives throughout. While Homer’s academic career grew, she Anand Deva, Macquarie Midwifery researcher, continued to practise – two years ago she delivered Field Pregnancy & Childbirth Burnet Institute the fourth child for one patient. Global field leader Caroline Homer, Burnet Leading researcher in the International work in developing countries has Field Asian Studies & History world in the field of been another strand of her scholarship. Her most Global field leader influential papers, she thinks, were part of a 2014 pregnancy and childbirth Lancet series on midwifery. “One of them showed Vedi Hadiz, Uni of Melbourne Field Educational that if you implement this whole package of Psychology & Counselling Her year in a Malawi mission hospital in 1992 interventions ... you’ll reduce your maternal death Global field leader showed Caroline Homer the difference between rate, your still-birth rate and your neonatal death Andrew Martin, UNSW midwifery in the advanced and developing worlds, rate considerably, somewhere between 50 and 80 Field Higher Education and gave her the sense of purpose that has per cent,” Homer says. “That work is used now in Global field leader propelled her ever since. the World Health Organisation and the United David Boud, UTS “That sorted me out, really, as a midwife, Nations Population Fund.” because the need for what midwives can do all over Now she is studying the indirect effects of the world became so clear: our capacity to make a COVID-19 in Australia and internationally, with difference to women’s lives, poor women but also many mothers and children expected to die, not rich women,” says Professor Homer, who is from the disease but because they are no longer Aaron Francis co-program director of maternal, child and accessing maternal health services. adolescent health at Melbourne’s Burnet Institute. Jill Rowbotham 10 R E S EA RC H THE AUSTRALIAN H SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
T his Lifetime Achievers Leaderboard Lifetime Achievers lists the five top researchers from Australian universities and research Leaderboard institutions in each of the eight major discipline areas. To identify the five top researchers in each area we Research calculate an annualised H-index for each of them. The H-index, named for physicist Jorge Hirsch who suggested superstars it in 2005, is defined at the highest number H such that a given researcher has published H papers which have been cited H times. It measures both productivity and impact. For example, if a researcher has published 50 papers each with at least 50 citations, but has not managed to go one better and publish 51 These are Australia’s top 40 papers each with at least 51 citations, then their H-index researchers, measured by their is 50. We then divide the H-index by the number of years that a researcher has been active (since their first performance over their career citation) to obtain an annualised figure. Business, Economics & Management Sara Dolnicar Neal Ashkanasy Rob Raven Sharon Parker Ian Phau Tourism & Hospitality Human Resources & Business, Economics & Human Resources & Marketing Organisations Management Organisations At the University of At Curtin University, his Queensland, her research At the University of At Monash University, he At Curtin University, she research interests interests include market Queensland, he researches researches dynamics and researches job and work include country image, segmentation methodology leadership, organisational governance of sustainability design, proactive behaviour, luxury branding, brand and survey measures. culture, ethics and emotions. transitions. wellbeing and job performance. counterfeiting and piracy. Chemical & Material Sciences Shizhang Qiao Yusuke Yamauchi Shaobin Wang Hongqi Sun Yoshio Bando Materials Engineering Materials Engineering Chemical Kinetics & Ca- Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis Materials Engineering talysis At the University of At the University of At Edith Cowan University, At the University of Adelaide, his research Queensland, he researches At the University of Adelaide, his his research includes novel Wollongong’s Australian interests are synthesis design of nanocrystals and research includes nanomaterial catalysis and advanced Institute for Innovative Materials and characterisation of nanoporous materials. synthesis and application for oxidation processes. he researches nanomaterials nanomaterials. adsorption and catalysis. and electron microscopy. SEPTEMBER 23, 2020 H T H E A U S T R A L I A N R E S EA RC H 11
Lifetime Achievers Leaderboard Research Superstars Engineering & Computer Sciences Dacheng Tao Peng Shi Dietmar Hutmacher Qing-Long Han Chunhua Shen Computer Vision & Pattern Automation & Control Theory Biomedical Technology Automation & Control Theory Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition Recognition At the University of Adelaide, At the Queensland University At the Swinburne University At the University of Sydney, he researches systems of Technology, he researches of Technology, he researches At the University of Adelaide, his research focus is artificial and control theory, and biomaterials, biomechanics, power system stability his research interests are intelligence. computational intelligence. medical devices and tissue and control, and wireless statistical machine learning engineering. communication. and computer vision. Health & Medical Sciences Sarah Medland Richard Ryan Louisa Degenhardt James Sallis Grant Montgomery Genetics & Genomics Social Psychology Addiction Public Health Genetics & Genomics At the QIMR Berghofer At the Australian Catholic At UNSW Sydney, her At the Australian Catholic At the University of Medical Research Institute, University, his research diverse epidemiological University, he researches Queensland, his research she researches genetic includes human motivation studies include analysis of promoting physical activity, includes genomic mapping and environmental factors and personality development large-scale community and and policy and environmental for risk of endometriosis and influencing mental health. and well-being. clinical population surveys. influences upon it. melanoma. Humanities, Arts & Literature Michael Haugh Larissa Hjorth Fengyi Jin Alastair Pennycook Adrian North Communication Communication Sex & Sexuality Foreign Language Learning Music & Musicology At the University of At RMIT University, her At UNSW Sydney, At the University of At Curtin University, his Queensland, his linguistics research fields include mobile his research includes Technology, Sydney, his research includes music and research in pragmatics media and mobile art. epidemiology of sexually research includes implications wellbeing in specific and includes analysing face, (im) transmitted infections and of the global spread of general populations. politeness and teasing. HPV-related anal cancer. English. 12 R E S EA RC H THE AUSTRALIAN H SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
Life Sciences & Earth Sciences Lidia Morawska Wenshan Guo William Laurance Ben Hayes Ian Paulsen Environmental Sciences Environmental Sciences Biodiversity & Conservation Animal Husbandry Life Sciences & Biology Earth Sciences At the Queensland At the University of Technology, At the University of University of Technology, Sydney, she researches At James Cook University, his Queensland, he researches At Macquarie University, his she researches air quality’s innovative water and research includes impacts of genetic improvement of research interests impact on health and the wastewater treatment, and intensive land uses on tropical livestock, crop and pasture include microbiology and environment. reuse technologies. forests. and aquaculture species. microbial genomics. Physics & Mathematics Ray Frost Benjamin Eggleton Shi Xue Dou Andrey Miroshnichenko Ping Koy Lam Spectroscopy & Optics & Photonics Condensed Matter Physics & Optics and Photonics Physics & Mathematics Molecular Physics Semiconductors At the University of At UNSW Sydney, his At the Australian National At the Queensland University Sydney, his research At the University of research interests include University, his research of Technology, his research interests include optical Wollongong, his research nonlinear optics and includes quantum optics, interests include vibrational communications technology. interests include energy nanophotonics. optical metrology and spectroscopy. materials research. nonlinear optics. Social Sciences Herbert Marsh Julie Henry Tan Yigitcanlar Andrew Martin David Treagust Educational Psychology & Cognitive Science Urban Studies and Planning Educational Psychology & Science & Engineering Counselling Counselling Education At the University of At the Queensland At the Australian Catholic Queensland, she University of Technology, he At the UNSW Sydney, he At Curtin University, University, his research researches how social researches contemporary researches educational his research interests includes self-concept cognition and prospection urban planning and motivation, engagement and include how interventions and motivation. are disrupted by normal adult development challenges. achievement. can enhance students’ ageing and clinical illness. understanding of science. SEPTEMBER 23, 2020 H T H E A U S T R A L I A N R E S EA RC H 13
Business, Economics & Management Australia’s research field leaders These 16 scholars are Australia’s leading researchers in business, economics and management – one selected from each of the 16 fields in this discipline. They are the researchers with the highest number of citations from papers published in the last five years in the 20 top journals in their field. In each field we also name Australia’s top research institution, the one with most citations in the top 20 journals in the field in the last five years. Field Accounting & Taxation Field Entrepreneurship & Innovation Field leader John Dumay, Macquarie Field leader Allan O’Connor, UniSA Lead institution Macquarie Lead institution Macquarie Field Business, Economics & Field Finance Management (general) Field leader Dirk Baur, UWA Field leader Rob Raven, Monash Lead institution Macquarie Lead institution Monash Field Game Theory and Decision Science Field Development Economics Field leader Haris Aziz, UNSW Field leader Emilia Tjernstrom, Uni of Sydney Lead institution Monash Lead institution Monash Field Human Resources & Organisations Field Economic History Field leader Sharon Parker, Curtin Sharon Parker Field leader Laura Maran, RMIT Lead institution Uni of Melbourne Lead institution Monash Organisational Field Economic Policy Field International Business behaviour expert Field leader Debdulal Mallick, Deakin Field leader Bo Bernhard Nielsen, Uni of Sydney Curtin University Lead institution QUT Lead institution Monash Research leader in Field Economics Field Marketing the field of human Field leader Paul Raschky, Monash Lead institution Monash Field leader Tom Chen, Uni of Canberra Lead institution Griffith resources and Field Educational Administration Field Strategic Management organisation Field leader Bob Lingard, Uni of Queensland Field leader Morgan Miles, CSU Lead institution Deakin Lead institution Uni of Newcastle Back in 1930, John Maynard Keynes, Field Emergency Management Field Tourism & Hospitality one of the most influential thinkers of Field leader Douglas Paton, CDU Field leader Noel Scott, USC the 20th century, wrote in an essay Colin Murty Lead institution CDU Lead institution Griffith predicting the future of work: “For the 16 R E S EA RC H THE AUSTRALIAN H SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
If you give people autonomy and agency and you trust them, they usually do a good job five key principles – stimulating, mastery, agency, relational and tolerable – that if adopted can guarantee fulfilling and rewarding work. Parker’s research interests are now branching out into neuroscience: how different work design combinations impact cognitive functioning and whether SMART jobs can protect against Alzheimer’s. Next year, she will launch what she hopes will be a 20-year study to track 10,000 individuals’ work experiences, with a particular focus on the impact of automation on jobs. It’s called WALC (Work Across Life and Careers). Of course, the work revolution thrust upon almost the entire economy by the pandemic is rich pickings for Parker and her team. Their recent article in the Harvard Business Review explored how managers are coping with first time since his creation, man will be Institute. Her central focus is on the Amazon warehouse. having staff working remotely during faced with his real, his permanent design of work: what makes jobs “Our research suggests, if you give COVID. For many, not so well. problem; how to occupy the leisure rewarding, meaningful, healthy, people autonomy and agency and you Parker and her co-authors found (time).” Keynes’ utopian 15-hour week productive and stimulating. trust them, they usually do a good job. that 40 per cent of the 215 managers hasn’t eventuated. The opposite is true. “From a psychological perspective, They will be trustworthy and they will surveyed had low self-confidence in “Greedy jobs” eat up 15-hour days when work is well-designed, workers deliver on expectations.” their ability to manage staff who were for some; the gig economy depletes have interesting tasks, autonomy over She says most jobs are a hangover working remotely, and a similar number financial security for others. those tasks, a meaningful degree of from history – including the nine-to- thought staff were slacking off, What is common in a surprising social contact with others and a five work day. Rarely, however, do incompetent or lacked essential skills number of jobs – not matter how elite or tolerable level of task demands,” managers ask the question: Could this compared to in-office colleagues. pedestrian – is how badly designed they Parker says. job be done in a different, more “The picture is a not a rosy one,” are, says Sharon Parker, an Australian For many, jobs are tedious, efficient, more creative and better way? they write, with staff feeling distrusted Research Council Laureate Fellow and uninspiring, repetitive, dull and To address the lack of design, Parker and micromanaged by bosses who professor of organisational behaviour at exhausting – whether we work in a and her team have designed a don’t feel in control. Curtin University’s Future of Work high-end consultancy firm or an framework called SMART. It embodies JULIE HARE SEPTEMBER 23, 2020 H T H E A U S T R A L I A N R E S EA RC H 17
PARTNER CONTENT U niversities play pivotal roles for Advanced Engineering and Space Sciences in the economic, social and houses a long duration hypersonic wind tunnel cultural development of that delivers hypersonic flows of up to Mach 7. Australia. We do this not just Researchers from the institute are working by educating the next with more than 70 aerospace, defence, agriculture generation of leaders, but by machinery and civil engineering companies to problem-solving and helping realise opportunities deliver knowledge, cutting-edge technologies and for stronger, more resilient economies and industry solutions at the forefront of discovery. communities. USQ’s Institute for Resilient Regions works As we begin to take stock of the impact of with regional communities to build an innovative COVID-19, it is clear the research expertise and and thriving regional Australia that is a great place innovation enterprise offered by universities will to live and work. A long-term collaboration be essential parts of the post-pandemic recovery. between the institute’s Centre for Health Research The University of Southern Queensland (USQ) and Cancer Council Queensland is addressing the has a long history of providing reliable and significant disparities in five-year cancer survival independent advice to governments, industry and rates between urban and rural patients by the general community on a range of global issues conducting a comprehensive examination of the and we are well equipped to contribute to the journey from diagnosis through to treatment. Research recovery effort. Our targeted, applied research is The partnership is driven by a shared complemented by purposeful engagement with commitment to promoting the health and expertise is key to local communities through to global communities wellbeing of Queenslanders, specifically through of practice, government and business. research that addresses fundamental issues in post-pandemic Improving food security and increasing the policy development and the delivery of social and resilience of our agricultural sector are two areas economic infrastructure accessible to all recovery of focus for researchers from USQ’s Institute for Australians. Life Sciences and the Environment through While USQ’s research and its translation into engagement with agricultural end-users to deliver real-world applications is crucial to the future of innovative solutions in crop health, natural Australia’s communities, and the creation of new resource management and climate science. industries to support our post-COVID economy, The institute’s Centre for Crop Health is the challenges and opportunities do not stop there. partnering with the Grains Research and This unique facility is enabling USQ to work with USQ understands innovation and change can Development Corporation (GRDC) to improve the global partners to bring light to new worlds and be achieved only by standing beside our partners, profitability and productivity of globally important advance our understanding of the solar system. local industries and communities and exciting the crops such as wheat, barley, lentils, oats and The Mount Kent observatory is the only next generation to tackle these opportunities. sorghum. USQ is giving Australian farmers access facility in the southern hemisphere providing USQ researchers are working collaboratively to pathogen-resistant varieties of key crops dedicated ground-based support for NASA’s (including internationally), finding solutions where combined with proven expertise in controlling Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). Our others see problems, and building partnerships pests and disease, increasing yield performance observatory is contributing to the discovery and along the value chain. The University of Southern and minimising production costs. Through characterisation of nearby exoplanetary systems Queensland’s track record shows universities can meaningful on-farm engagement, USQ’s Centre using a state-of-the-art array of 0.7m aperture build value, create opportunities and to inspire for Applied Climate Science is delivering improved telescopes and a specialised spectrograph. young Australians wanting to shape their own climate prediction tools to strengthen farm In partnership with the German Aerospace futures. management and resilience to drought. Our Centre (DLR), Mount Kent is the base for a To find out more visit usq.edu.au/research. research is ensuring the profitability of Australian SMARTnet geostationary space debris monitoring grain growers and livestock industries and shaping telescope that helps to track and record space junk. the future of global food production. With a focus on hypersonic propulsion USQ’s Centre for Astrophysics has established systems, machine learning and machine vision a reputation as a world leader in space sciences. technologies and a rocket fuel development Professor John Bell We are renowned for our Mount Kent facility, USQ is making significant developments Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Astronomical Observatory, the only professional in automated agricultural infrastructure and University of Southern Queensland astronomical research facility in Queensland. advanced materials engineering. USQ’s Institute 18 R E S EA RC H THE AUSTRALIAN H SEPTEMBER 23 2020
Chemical & Material Sciences Australia’s research field leaders These 17 scholars are Australia’s leading researchers in Field Analytical Chemistry Field leader Nam-Trung Nguyen, Griffith chemical and material sciences – one selected from each Lead institution UNSW of the 17 fields in this discipline. They are the researchers Field Biochemistry with the highest number of citations from papers published Field leader David Komander, WEHI Lead institution Monash in the last five years in the 20 top journals in their field. In each Field Ceramic Engineering field we also name Australia’s top research institution, the Field leader Inna Karatchevtseva, ANSTO one with most citations in the top 20 journals in the field Lead institution UNSW in the last five years. Field Chemical & Material Sciences (general) Field leader Philip Gale, Uni of Sydney Lead institution Uni of Adelaide Field Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis Field leader Shaobin Wang, Uni of Adelaide Lead institution Uni of Adelaide Field Combustion & Propulsion Field leader Evatt Hawkes, UNSW Lead institution UNSW Field Composite Materials Field leader Yiu-Wing Mai, Uni of Sydney Lead institution USQ Field Crystallography & Structural Chemistry Field leader Stuart Batten, Monash Lead institution UNSW Field Dispersion Chemistry Field leader Rico Tabor, Monash Lead institution Uni of Queensland Field Electrochemistry Field leader Maria Forsyth, Deakin Lead institution Uni of Wollongong Field Inorganic Chemistry Field leader Peter Junk, JCU Lead institution Curtin Field Materials Engineering Field leader Shizhang Qiao, Uni of Adelaide Maria Forsyth Lead institution Uni of Wollongong Chemist, Deakin University Field Medicinal Chemistry Field leader Vicky Avery, Griffith Research leader in the field of electrochemistry Lead institution Griffith Field Nanotechnology It took Maria Forsyth a while to settle on her real research interests. Beginning with a broad Field leader Hoe Tan, ANU foundation of study in materials engineering and chemistry, she sailed through her doctorate at Lead institution Uni of Wollongong Monash University. With a questing mind, she worked on materials for new optic fibres and Field Oil, Petroleum & Natural Gas chemistries for improved in-vitro fertilisation methods, before her focus moved to polymer Field leader Zhejun Pan, CSIRO electrolytes in safer solid-state capacitors for implantable defibrillators. Lead institution Curtin Finally, she settled in her long-term field of expertise: energy storage and corrosion. Forsyth Field Organic Chemistry is now an acclaimed expert in the field. Deakin University built a lab in Melbourne according Field leader Thanh Vinh Nguyen, UNSW Lead institution Uni of Queensland to her specifications. She leads collaborative global research into novel types of batteries and corrosion inhibitors, and is working with industry to bring environmentally sound and ethical Field Polymers & Plastics battery manufacturing to Australia. Field leader Cyrille Boyer, UNSW Alan Barber Lead institution UNSW Continued next page SEPTEMBER 23, 2020 H T H E A U S T R A L I A N R E S EA RC H 19
Continued from previous page Physics & Mathematics With her research teams around the world, Forsyth is calibrating, testing and refining prototype batteries, Australia’s research field leaders looking for ideal combination of strengths. “The holy grail for batteries is a high-energy These 21 scholars are Australia’s leading researchers in density battery, which means it has a lot of juice in it, chemical and material sciences – one selected from you can drive a car a long way – the battery will last for each of the 21 fields in this discipline. They are the a week or more between charges,” she says. “And you want a battery that will run for thousands of cycles researchers with the highest number of citations from before you have to throw it out.” papers published in the last five years in the 20 top journals Such a battery would not only be a boon for in their field. In each field we also name Australia’s top renewable energy storage and the electric machines of the future, but also for remote and impoverished research institution, the one with most citations in the top 20 communities in the developing world, where charging journals in the field in the last five years. a smartphone to stay abreast of market prices and find buyers can make all the difference to people’s lives. Forsyth’s fascination with the field matured during her Fulbright scholarship postdoctoral research at Northwestern University in the US. She was interested in new energy technologies, and whether electrolyte materials could be used in devices. “Back then, you didn’t have to make a device,” Forsyth says. “You just had to make a material, measure its properties and say, Field Acoustics & Sound Field High Energy & Nuclear Physics ‘this could be useful for a device’.” Field leader Nicole Kessissoglou, UNSW Field leader Bruce Yabsley, Uni of Sydney In the years since her early research, she and her Lead institution UNSW Lead institution Uni of Sydney collaborators have found a novel salt-based electrolyte Field Algebra Field Mathematical Analysis increases the efficiency of lithium-ion batteries and Field leader Aidan Sims, Uni of Field leader Yihong Du, UNE prevents them burning or exploding. They are now Wollongong Lead institution UNSW working on new sodium-ion batteries and new battery Lead institution Uni of Wollongong Field Mathematical Optimisation electrode materials using nickel and manganese, as Field Astronomy & Astrophysics Field leader Guoyin Li, UNSW well as biomass carbon from organic waste, while Field leader Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Lead institution UNSW Uni of Sydney trying to steer away from cobalt, mostly mined in Field Mathematical Physics Lead institution ANU Africa – often in a particularly unethical way. Field leader Ian Marquette, Uni of Queen- Field Computational Mathematics land Growing up in a traditional Greek family wasn’t an Field leader Fawang Liu, QUT Lead institution Uni of Queensland easy ride for a gifted daughter. Neither of Forsyth’s Lead institution Monash parents had much education and she was expected to Field Nonlinear Science Field Condensed Matter Physics & Field leader Tonghua Zhang, Swinburne get married and perhaps find a secretarial job. Semiconductors Lead institution UWA Forsyth did get married, and she did have two Field leader Cornelius Hempel, Uni of children, but she insisted on following an academic Sydney Field Optics & Photonics path. “I was a geek,” she recalls. Lead institution Monash Field leader David Moss, Swinburne Field Discrete Mathematics Lead institution ANU “I always wanted to know how things work. How the electricity gets to the pole.” Field leader David Wood, Monash Field Physics & Mathematics (general) Her field continues to expand in new and Lead institution Monash Field leader Kavan Modi, Monash Field Electromagnetism Lead institution UNSW unexpected ways. A year ago the federal government funded the Future Batteries Industries Co-operative Field leader Yingjie Jay Guo, UTS Field Probability & Statistics with Lead institution Macquarie Applications Research Centre, led from Western Australia, and Field leader Robert Kohn, UNSW industries are collaborating with Forsyth and her Field Fluid Mechanics Lead institution Monash colleagues to develop future electrolyte systems for Field leader Ivan Marusic, Uni of Melbourne Field Pure & Applied Mathematics next-generation batteries. Lead institution Uni of Melbourne Field leader Lishan Liu, Curtin “The idea is to establish an ecosystem of industries Lead institution Monash Field Geometry here in Australia, to not just dig resources up and sell Field leader Brett Parker, Monash Uni Field Spectroscopy & Molecular Physics them, but actually add value to the product and add Lead institution Monash Field leader Daniel Kosov, JCU value to the resource,” Forsyth says. Lead institution Uni of Melbourne Field Geophysics “And to actually make batteries here.” Field leader Dietmar Müller, Uni of Sydney Field Thermal Sciences Sian Powell Lead institution Uni of Melbourne Field leader Jiyuan Tu, RMIT Lead institution Uni of Adelaide 20 R E S EA RC H THE AUSTRALIAN H SEPTEMBER 23, 2020
millennia passing in seconds. “I’ve spent much of my career looking at the evolution of the Earth in the last 200-250 million years, from the time when the Pangea supercontinent existed to today,” Müller says. “But we are now pushing the tectonic reconstructions and the dynamic models of the Earth’s interior much further back in time. There was a previous supercontinent, Rodinia, that existed about 1.1 billion years ago.” He and his colleagues are now working on models that reach back that far. In one of his most-cited projects, Müller and his team used big data analysis to build the first digital map of the age of the world’s ocean floor. They have also predicted – correctly – where opal deposits might be found in northern NSW, and uncovered a link between certain very large earthquakes and the structure of the Pacific Ocean’s crust. They are now working with a large mining company to develop and apply new “deep time” data-analysis techniques that could help find copper deposits. Müller first studied science at Christian-Albrecht University of Kiel in northern Germany, and with an undergraduate degree under his belt, he moved to the US, winding up at the renowned Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California in San Diego. But we are now In 1993, with a doctorate from one of the world’s pushing the foremost oceanographic institutes, Müller began tectonic looking for a job. Sydney University responded to reconstructions one of his applications and, after a phone interview, offered him work as a lecturer. and the He had never been to Australia, but Müller bought dynamic a one-way ticket. He has worked the same university models of the ever since and married an Australian fellow geologist. Earth’s interior Müller was in the US, though, at just the right time. much further In the mid-80s, the first computers were becoming useful scientific tools, and many of the huge computing back in time. advances were happening in Texas and California – to the delight of US-based scientists. “There was a generation of 3D graphics computers that came out which didn’t exist in Germany at all,” Dietmar Müller Müller says, adding that with negligible power (about Geophysicist, University of Sydney the same as a tablet today), one of these early Research leader in the field of geophysics computers had a graphics interface linked to a computer the size of a fridge. “It was really attractive, because at that time the first software was being Dietmar Müller’s primary research focus is the physical fabric of the world and how it has evolved developed to manipulate images of tectonic plates on a over more than a billion years, reaching back to a time when life as we know it didn’t exist. spherical surface: the globe,” he says. Using the latest advances in machine learning and computing technology, the Sydney Müller was on hand when this revolutionary University geophysicist and his colleagues use the geophysical and geochemical signatures of technology was first offered to geophysicists and he preserved rock to reconstruct the way continents have formed, collided and disintegrated, and the has used it ever since. “I was one of the few people who implications for today’s world. had this technology at my fingertips,” he says. Professor Müller and collaborating scientists around the world have built powerful interactive “This is how I became truly fascinated by plate Britta Campion online tools to better visualise the Earth’s plate tectonic evolution. Using 4D computer models, the tectonics and deep geological time.” movements of continents and the evolution of ocean basins can be seen in a time-lapse movie, with Sian Powell SEPTEMBER 23, 2020 H T H E A U S T R A L I A N R E S EA RC H 21
Research at ACU 18th INFORTHENURSING¹ WORLD 26th IN THE WORLD FOR SPORT SCIENCE2 Top 75 FOR EDUCATION¹ Top 200 FOR PSYCHOLOGY¹ Top 250 FOR ARTS AND HUMANITIES 3 ¹ Academic Ranking World Universities Subject Rankings 2020 ² Academic Ranking of World Universities, Special Focus Institution Ranking of Sport Science Schools and Departments 2018 3 Times Higher Education Subject Rankings 2020 Dianoia Institute of Mary MacKillop Institute for Institute for Humanities and Philosophy Health Research Social Sciences Dianoia is dedicated to ground-breaking The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health The newly opened Institute for Humanities research in the central areas of analytic Research (MMIHR) works towards better and Social Sciences continues our growth in philosophy, including metaphysics, health outcomes in Australia and around the liberal arts. epistemology, logic, ethics and metaethics, the world. Current research explores histories of aesthetics, social and political philosophy, Director Professor John Hawley, who leads the displacement from early modern times to the and the philosophy of mind, language, Exercise and Nutrition research program, is present day. religion, and science. co-investigator on a Medical Research Future Fund study of how time-restricted eating can Institute Director Professor Joy Damousi Our ARC-funded research includes case improve glycaemic control. leads an ARC project on the aftermaths of war studies on the Banking Royal Commission and between 1815-1950 across Europe, Asia, and Paris Climate Agreement addressing ethics Leading the Behaviour, Environment and America, with an emphasis on displacement, of corporations and group responsibility, and Cognition research program, Professor Ester refugees and long-term trauma. work on the physics of time in collaboration Cerin has received NHMRC funding to with researchers from the University of Professor Sheila Fitzpatrick is undertaking explore the impact of the built and natural Sydney’s Centre for Time. research on an ARC project on Russian environment, air pollution, and noise on cognitive decline in older adults in Australia displaced persons after the Second World War Other international collaborations include and the UK. and their resettlement in Australia. work on mental content with New York University, and a new project led by Dianoia’s Professor Susan Broomhall is collaborating A new Bone Health and Fractures research Professor John Hawthorne with Professor on a major EU study of the forced movement program led by Professor Mattias Lorentzon Timothy Williamson at Oxford University and of peoples across the Mediterranean from is investigating the efficacy of two food researchers from the University of Southern 1492-1923, through analysis of religious supplements in affecting gut bacteria and California that seeks to create formal models of persecution, slavery and indentured labor, and improving bone health in postmenopausal knowledge. environmental and social catastrophe. women.
World-leading research in a changing world. At Australian Catholic University (ACU), our research seeks to achieve excellence in our priority areas of education, health, theology and philosophy and other liberal arts, which are underpinned by our commitment to the common good. Learn more about research at ACU acu.edu.au/research Institute for Learning Institute for Positive Institute for Religion and Sciences and Teacher Psychology and Education Critical Inquiry Education The Institute for Positive Psychology and The Institute for Religion and Critical The Institute for Learning Sciences and Education (IPPE) undertakes research in Inquiry (IRCI) straddles three research Teacher Education (ILSTE) undertakes education, Indigenous education, human programs: Biblical and Early Christian studies in partnership to improve motivation and behaviour. Studies, Medieval and Early Modern educational outcomes and life chances for Studies, and Religion and Theology. The Positive Psychology research program, all children and young people. led by Professor Philip Parker, includes IRCI also leads a node of the ARC Centre of Current ARC projects examine young randomised control trials as well as the use Excellence for the History of Emotions. children’s learning in the digital society; of cutting-edge statistical methods applied ARC-funded research includes Institute equipping learners with coding skills; the role to large-scale longitudinal or cross-country Director Professor Peter Howard’s project on of standards in assessment; multi-literacies in survey data. the Sistine Chapel in the 15th century, and Dr learning science; and workforce issues in the Professor Herb Marsh is collaborating with the Matthew Champion’s DECRA on medieval and early childhood sector. University of Luxembourg on an international early modern perceptions of time. A team led by Institute Director Professor study of students’ academic self-concepts. With Associate Professor Matthew Crawford is Claire Wyatt-Smith is investigating the quality Professor Richard Ryan, he also leads an ARC collaborating with Ca’ Foscari University and impact of teacher education programs Linkage project mapping policy interventions of Venice on his DECRA on the 5th century in preparing the nation’s next generation to changes in principals’ motivation and bishop and theologian, Cyril of Alexandria. of teachers. Generating new knowledge wellbeing. about the Australian Tertiary Admission Other international collaborations include Leading the Motivation and Behaviour Rank (ATAR) as a predictor of becoming a Professor Christopher Ocker’s project with research program, Professor Chris Lonsdale’s successful teacher, the project is also revealing New York University/Abu Dhabi researchers teacher training interventions have been patterns in preservice teacher progression into exploring Christian-Muslim entanglements in delivered in hundreds of schools across employment. the medieval and early modern worlds. Australia and internationally. His ARC project, with a consortium of international universities, examines the effects of children’s exposure to electronic screens on their development.
You can also read