2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University

 
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
2019-2020 Bulletin
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
2   School of Veterinary Medicine

    ABOUT THE COVER

The LSU School of Veterinary Medicine was founded in 1968. We accepted our first class
in 1973. That inaugural class graduated in 1977. The Veterinary Medicine Building was
completed in 1978. This drawing was done by Daniel Hillman, DVM, professor emeritus.
Dr. Hillmann was a profess of veterinary anatomy and cell biology in the Department of
Comparative Biomedical Sciences. He joined the faculty in August 1973 and retired in 2011.
Dr. Hillmann taught anatomy to all of the LSU SVM students from the Class of 1977 through
the Class of 2014.

We Teach                      We Heal                 We Discover              We Protect
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
2019–2020 Bulletin 1

                     SCHOOL OF VETERINARY
                       MEDICINE BULLETIN

                              2019-2020 Issue • August 2019

The LSU catalog and bulletin series (ISSN 0744-4613, 359-070) is published by Louisiana State
University and Agricultural & Mechanical College four times a year: once in April, once in June, once
in July, and once in August. Periodicals postage paid at Baton Rouge 70803. Copies of this bulletin
may be obtained from–and change of address, undeliverable copies, and other mail sent to–School of
Veterinary Medicine, LSU, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803.

Statement of Accreditation
Louisiana State University and A&M College is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and
Schools Commission on Colleges to award baccalaureate, masters, and doctorate degrees. Contact
the Commission on Colleges at 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 30033-4097 or call 404-679-
4500 for questions about the accreditation of Louisiana State University and A&M College.

The AVMA Council on Education (COE) is the national accrediting agency for veterinary medical
education in the United States. The AVMA COE assures that minimum standards in veterinary
medical education are met by all AVMA-accredited colleges or schools of veterinary medicine, and
that students enrolled in those colleges or schools receive an education that will prepare them for
entry-level positions in the profession. The LSU program has met all essential requirements for an
acceptable college or school as established by the AVMA COE. Full accreditation was granted in 1977
and reaffirmed in 1984, 1991, 1998, 2005, 2010 and 2013. The next site visit is scheduled for 2019.

Our Mission
The Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine is a diverse and inclusive community that
will become a top tier leader in Veterinary Medicine, Biomedicine, Agriculture, and animal health and
welfare through innovative teaching, cutting edge research, and exceptional service.

                                                               Effective date of this bulletin • Fall 2019

                          LSU IS AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY/ACCESS UNIVERSITY

                       PRODUCED BY THE LSU SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE

                                  PRINTED BY LSU PRINTING SERVICES
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
2   School of Veterinary Medicine

This School of Veterinary Medicine Bulletin         Graduate Student Responsibility
represents a flexible program of the current
educational plans, offerings, and requirements      As a graduate student, you must assume
that may be altered from time to time to carry      full responsibility for knowledge of rules
out the purposes and objectives of the School       and regulations of the Graduate School and
and the University. The provisions of this          departmental requirements concerning your
publication do not constitute an offer for a        individual degree program. Since requirements
contract that may be accepted by you through        and programs are subject to change, you should
registration and enrollment in the University.      at all times be aware of current regulations.
The University reserves the right to change
any provision, offering, or requirement at any      For More Information
time within the student’s period of study at the
                                                    If you would like more information about
University. LSU further reserves the right to
                                                    veterinary programs and activities, please
require you to withdraw from the University for
                                                    write or call the School of Veterinary Medicine,
cause at any time.
                                                    Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge,
                                                    Louisiana 70803; 225-578-9900, or contact
LSU assures equal opportunity for all qualified
                                                    specific offices directly. Several offices are listed
persons without regard to sex, gender, gender
                                                    below for your convenience:
identity, gender expression, sexual orientation,
race, ethnicity, national origin, belief system,
                                                    Veterinary Teaching Hospital
age, education, and (dis)ability, marital status,
or veteran’s status in the admission to,            Large Animals • 225-578-9500
participation in, and treatment or employment
in the programs and activities the University       Small Animals • 225-578-9600
operates. Anyone having questions or
complaints regarding equal opportunity at LSU       Office of Admissions, School of Veterinary
should contact the Office of Equal Opportunity      Medicine • 225-578-9537
Programs, 304 Thomas Boyd Hall, LSU, Baton
Rouge, Louisiana 70803; 225-578-8200.               Email: svmadmissions@lsu.edu
Persons believing they have been discriminated
against contrary to federal law are entitled to     Office of the Dean, School of Veterinary
make an inquiry or file a complaint with the U.S.   Medicine • 225-578-9900
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 701
Loyola Ave., Suite 600, New Orleans, Louisiana      http://www.lsu.edu/vetmed
70113; or the U.S. Department of Education,
Office of Civil Rights, 1200 Main Tower Building,
Dallas, Texas 75202.
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
2019–2020 Bulletin                  3

                                                                 CONTENTS

Veterinary School Calendar 2019-2020...........4                                       Admission............................................................. 29
  Graduate Calendar 2019-2020.........................5                                Financial Assistance.......................................... 29
  The University........................................................8              Graduate Professional Studies....................... 29
  University Mission.................................................9                 Dual Track Programs......................................... 30
The School of Veterinary Medicine................. 10                              Fees & Financial Aid.......................................... 31
  History.................................................................... 10     Application Fee.................................................... 31
  Degrees................................................................. 10        Professional Fees................................................ 31
  Departments......................................................... 10            Graduation Fees.................................................. 31
  Veterinary Medicine Library............................... 11                      Other Fees............................................................ 31
  Veterinary Teaching Hospital............................ 11                        Fees - Veterinary Medicine Students............ 32
  Professionalism.................................................... 12             Fees - Graduate Students................................ 33
  Student and Faculty Code of Ethics............... 12                               Required Fees..................................................... 34
  Resources for Student Clubs............................ 13                         Payment of Fees................................................. 35
  Commitment to Community.............................. 13                           Financial Obligation to University.................. 36
  Professional Attire............................................... 14              Refund of Fees.................................................... 36
  Policy and Procedures for Service Animals. 14                                      Veterans’ Benefits...............................................37
  Academic Dishonesty........................................ 15                     Financial Aid.........................................................37
  Licensure Requirements.....................................17                      Scholarships Offered by the SVM.................. 39
The Professional Program................................ 18                        Student Services............................................... 40
  Admission Requirements.................................. 18                        University Housing............................................. 40
  Residence Classification.................................... 18                    Student Health Center...................................... 40
  Minimum Prerequisites for Admission........... 19                                  Student Accident and Sickness
  Important Coursework Information................ 20                                Insurance Plan..................................................... 40
  GRE........................................................................ 20     Postal Service...................................................... 40
  Admission Procedures....................................... 21                     University Recreation......................................... 41
  Scholastic Regulations...................................... 22
                                                                                   Courses of Instruction...................................... 42
  Withdrawal........................................................... 23
                                                                                     Course Numbering System............................. 42
  Pre-Exposure Rabies Vaccination.................. 25
                                                                                     Professional Courses........................................ 43
  Professional Curriculum (List).......................... 26
                                                                                   Graduate Courses............................................. 50
The Advanced Studies Program..................... 28
  Graduate Academic Programs....................... 28                             Faculty................................................................ 56
  Areas of Specialization..................................... 28
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
4 School of Veterinary Medicine

VETERINARY SCHOOL CALENDAR 2019-2020
                                                                           All dates are subject to change.

 Fall Semester • 2019                               Spring Semester • 2020
 August
 5       Block 4, Phase II begins 9 a.m.            January
                                                    1       Christmas and New Year’s Holidays ends
 14-21   First Year Orientation
                                                    2       Phase 2 students return to clinics
 15      Family Orientation and Coating Ceremony
                                                    6       Semester begins, Years I, II and III
 19      Semester begins
                                                    6-20    Problem-based Learning, Year I
 19      Classes begin, Years II and III
                                                    13      Block 9, Phase II begins 9 a.m.
 22      Classes begin, Year I
                                                    20      Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday
 September                                          25      Open House
 2       Labor Day Holiday                          29      Dean’s Grand Rounds
 3       Classes resume, Years I, II and III
                                                    February
 3       Block 5, Phase II begins 9 a.m.            2-3     Phase 2 Orientation
 30      Block 6, Phase II begins 9 a.m.            3       Year III Coating Ceremony
 October                                            3       USDA Accreditation Seminar
 17-18   Fall Holiday, Years I-III                  4       Year III Phase 1 ends
 28      Block 7, Phase II begins 9 a.m.            10      Phase 2 begins, Year III; Block 10
 30      Dean’s Grand Rounds                        24-25 Mardi Gras Holidays, Years I and II
                                                    25      Mardi Gras Holiday for Faculty and Staff
 November
 18      Fall NAVLE Window begins                   26      Dean’s Grand Rounds or Phi Zeta Research
                                                            Emphasis Day (TBD)
 27      Dean’s Grand Rounds
 28-29 Thanksgiving Holiday                         March
                                                    14-16   SAVMA Symposium (Univ of Georgia)
 December
                                                    23-27   Spring Break
 2       Block 8, Phase II begins 9 a.m.
 2-13    Problem-Based Learning, Year II            April
 13      SVM semester ends                          1       Grand Rounds
 14      Fall NAVLE window ends                     6       Block 12 begins
 17      Final day for grades to Student Affairs    13-25   Spring NAVLE window
 20      Diploma Distribution Ceremony for MS/PhD   10      Good Friday Holiday
 21-26   Holiday Week for Phase 2 students
                                                    May
 24      Christmas and New Year’s Holidays begin    1       Awards Ceremony
                                                    7       Final day for grades for Year IV
                                                    8       Semester ends
                                                    11      Block 1, Phase II begins 9 a.m.
                                                    11      SVM Commencement for DVM
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
2019–2020 Bulletin        5

            GRADUATE CALENDAR 2019-2020
                                                                 All dates are subject to change.

12      Final day for grades                           8      Final date to request rescheduling a final
                                                              examination when three examinations are
15      Diploma Distribution Ceremony for MS/PhD
                                                              scheduled
                                                       27     Thanksgiving Holiday begins

Summer Term • 2020                                     December
June                                                   2      Classes resume

8       Block 2, Phase II begins 9 a.m.                4      Concentrated Study Period begins
                                                       7      Classes end
July
                                                       8      Concentrated Study Period ends
4       Independence Day Holiday
                                                       9-14   Final examinations
13      Block 3, Phase II begins 9 a.m.
                                                       17     Final grades due (degree candidate)
                                                       18     Final grades due (non-degree candidate)
Fall Semester • 2019
                                                       20     Commencement
August
15-16   International Student Orientation
19      New Graduate Student Orientation               Winter session • 2019
26      Classes begin, 7:30 a.m.                       December
                                                       17     Classes begin, 7:30 a.m.
September                                              17     Final date for dropping courses without
2       Labor Day holiday                                     receiving a grade of “W”
3       Classes resume, 7:30 a.m.                      18     Final date for adding courses for credit and
4       Final date for dropping courses without               making section changes
        receiving a grade of “W”                       18     Final date to petition deans’ offices to
5       Final date for adding courses for credit and          invoke the Grade Exclusion Policy
        making section changes                         24     Winter Holiday begins
5       Final date to petition deans’ office to
        invoice the Grade Exclusion Policy             January
                                                       2      Classes resume
October                                                3      Final date for dropping courses
17      Fall holiday begins, 7:30 a.m.
                                                       3      Final date for resigning from the University
20      Course scheduling for spring semester,
        spring intersession and summer term
        begins                                         Spring Semester • 2020
21      Classes resume, 7:30 a.m.                      January
22      Mid-semester grades due                        6      International Student Orientation
                                                       3      Final grades due, 9 a.m.
November
                                                       8-9    Freshman & Transfer Orientation
8       Final date for dropping courses
                                                       13     Classes begin, 7:30 a.m.
8       Final date for resigning from the University
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
6     School of Veterinary Medicine

20       Martin Luther King Day holiday                 26     Final date for resigning from the University
                                                               and/or dropping courses
21       Classes resume
                                                        29     Classes end
23       Final date for adding courses for credit and
         making section changes                         30     Final examinations
23       Final date to petition deans’ offices to
         invoke the Grade Exclusion Policy              June
                                                        2      Final grades due, 9:00 a.m.
February
24       Mardi Gras holiday begins
                                                        Summer Term • 2020
26       Classes resume, 12:30 p.m.
                                                        Session A
March                                                   June
10       Midsemester grades due, 9:00 a.m.              1      International Student Orientation

23       Spring break begins, 7:30 a.m.                 3-4    Freshman and Transfer Orientation begins

29       Course scheduling for fall semester,           8      Classes begin, 7:30 a.m.
         Summer Intersession and Wintersession          10     Final date for dropping courses without
         begins                                                receiving a grade of “W”, 4:30 p.m.
30       Classes resume, 7:30 a.m.                             deadline
                                                        11     Final date for adding courses for credit
April                                                          and making section changes, 4:30 p.m.
6        Final date for dropping courses                       deadline

6        Final date for resigning from the University   11     Final date to petition deans’ offices to
                                                               invoke the Grade Exclusion Policy, 4:30
6        Final date to request rescheduling a final            p.m. deadline
         examination when three examinations are
         scheduled in 24 hours
                                                        July
10       Good Friday Holiday                            3      Independence Day holiday begins, 7:30
29       Concentrated Study Period begins                      a.m.
                                                        4      Independence Day
May                                                     6      Classes resume, 7:30 a.m.
2        Classes end
                                                        7      Mid-term grades due, 9 a.m.
3        Concentrated Study Period ends
                                                        14     Final date for dropping courses and
4-9      Final examinations                                    resigning from the University
12       Final grades due (degree candidate)            27     Classes end, 10 p.m.
13       Final grades due (non-degree candidate)        28     Concentrated Study Day
15-16    Commencement                                   29-30 Final examinations

Spring Intersession • 2020                              August
                                                        4      Final grades (degree candidates) due, 9:00
May
                                                               a.m.
18       Classes begin, 7:30 a.m.
                                                        5      Final grades due (non-degree candidate), 9
18       Final date for dropping courses without               a.m.
         receiving a grade of “W”
                                                        7      Commencement, 9:00 a.m.
19       Final date for adding courses for credit and
         making section changes
19       Final date to petition deans’ offices to
         invoke the Grade Exclusion Policy
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
2019–2020 Bulletin    7

Session B                                               August
June                                                    7       Commencement
1       International Student Orientation
3-4     Freshman and Transfer Orientation begins
                                                        Summer Intersession • 2020
8       Classes begin, 7:30 a.m.
                                                        August
10      Final date for dropping courses without
                                                        4       Classes begin, 7:30 a.m.
        receiving a grade of “W”, 4:30 p.m.
        deadline                                        4       Final date for dropping courses without
                                                                receiving a grade of “W”, 4:30 p.m.
11      Final date for adding courses for credit
                                                                deadline
        and making section changes, 4:30 p.m.
        deadline                                        5       Final date for adding courses for credit
                                                                and making section changes, 4:30 p.m.
11      Final date to petition deans’ offices to
                                                                deadline
        invoke the Grade Exclusion Policy, 4:30
        p.m. deadline                                   5       Final date to petition deans’ office to
                                                                invoke the Grade Exclusion Policy, 4:30
30      Final date for dropping courses and
                                                                p.m. deadline
        resigning from the University
                                                        12      Final date for resigning from the University
July                                                            or dropping courses, 4:30 p.m. deadline
3       Independence Day holiday begins, 7:30           15      Classes end, 10 p.m.
        a.m.
                                                        17      Final examinations
4       Independence Day
                                                        20      Final grades due, 9:00 a.m. deadline
6       Classes resume, 7:30 a.m.
10      Classes end, 10 p.m.
11      Final examinations
15      Final grades due, 9 a.m.

                                                                         All dates are subject to change.

Mike VII, LSU’s live tiger mascot, is the only live tiger living on a college campus in the U.S. The LSU
School of Veterinary Medicine provides the daily and veterinary care for Mike.
2019-2020 Bulletin - Louisiana State University
8   School of Veterinary Medicine

             LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY

LSU holds a prominent position in American           wish to prepare for the career challenges of the
higher education and is committed to                 21st century.
meeting the challenge of pursuing intellectual
development for its students, expanding the          LSU’s instructional programs include 225
bounds of knowledge through research, and            undergraduate degrees, graduate/professional
creating economic opportunities for Louisiana.       degrees, and graduate certificates.
LSU is in a state of dynamic transformation–
changing and evolving to meet the needs of its       The university attracts about 15 percent of the
students, faculty, and the people of Louisiana.      state’s total enrollment in higher education,
Enriched by Louisiana’s natural and cultural         and LSU students come from many ethnic
distinctiveness, the community of learning at        and religious backgrounds. The student body
Louisiana’s national flagship university prepares    consists of more than 30,000 students from
students to meet the environmental, social,          49 states and almost 100 foreign countries.
economic, scientific, creative, and educational      Although the average age of undergraduates
challenges that confront us locally and globally     is 21, many older students also pursue degrees
in the 21st century. LSU Flagship 2025: Leading      at LSU. The student body is 53 percent women
Louisiana, Impacting the World underscores           and 47 percent men.
the university’s commitment to excellence at
every level and focuses on the goals of learning,    Since its first commencement in 1869, LSU
discovery, diversity, and engagement.                has awarded more than 277,000 degrees.
                                                     The university produces about 25 percent
LSU is designated as a land-, sea-, and space-       of Louisiana’s baccalaureate graduates,
grant institution. In addition, the Carnegie         approximately 21 percent of the master’s
Foundation has designated LSU as a Very High         graduates, about 57 percent of the doctoral
Research Activity institution, reflective of the     graduates, and around 24 percent of the
university’s dedication to research.                 professional graduates. In 2017-18, LSU awarded
                                                     6,766 degrees.
The State of Louisiana Board of Regents, in its
Master Plan for Higher Education, designated         The university is a member of the American
LSU as Louisiana’s single “comprehensive             Council on Education, an organization of
university.”                                         accredited post-secondary educational
                                                     institutions founded in 1918; the Association of
LSU students have the opportunity to                 Public and Land-Grant Colleges, founded in
experience a rich diversity of courses, curricula,   1962 to represent the major public universities
students, faculty, and settings that stimulate       and land-grant institutions; and the American
and challenge individual growth. As the              Association of State Colleges and Universities,
state’s comprehensive university, LSU offers         a select group of leading public institutions of
numerous choices for intellectual development,       higher education.
career options, and cultural exposure. The
undergraduate classroom is enhanced through          The university is composed of eight
LSU’s research status, ensuring that students        institutions on seven campuses in five cities.
are aware of the most recent discoveries and         It was established by an act of the Louisiana
are taught innovative modes of inquiry.              Legislature on February 6, 1965 and includes
                                                     LSU A&M; LSU Agricultural Center; LSU Health
The university has no more important mission         Sciences Center New Orleans; LSU Health
than to provide its students with outstanding        Sciences Center Shreveport; LSU Alexandria;
learning opportunities. LSU offers programs of       LSU Eunice; LSU Shreveport; and Pennington
study that are both rigorous and exciting. These     Biomedical Research Center. Included in the
programs attract bright, energetic students who      collective system of campuses and facilities is
2019–2020 Bulletin 9

also the Health Care Services Division.              to be understood as meaning the institution
                                                     in Baton Rouge (whose full name is Louisiana
Per the Louisiana State Constitution, Article        State University and Agricultural & Mechanical
VIII, §7, the governing body of the university,      College). Any reference to the LSU System or to
the Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State          any other institution(s) within the System will be
University and Agricultural & Mechanical             clearly indicated.
College, is composed of 15 members appointed
by the governor to staggered, six-year terms         Mission
and one student member elected to a one-year
term by fellow university student government         As the flagship institution of the state, the vision
leaders. Principle administrative officers of        of Louisiana State University is to be a leading
the University are the President, Executive          research-extensive university, challenging
Vice President and Provost, Executive Vice           undergraduate and graduate students to
President for Finance & Administration/CFO,          achieve the highest levels of intellectual and
Vice President for Research & Economic               personal development. Designated as a land-,
Development, Vice President for Strategic            sea-, and space-grant institution, the mission
Initiatives, Vice President for Student Affairs,     of Louisiana State University is the generation,
Vice President for Enrollment Management, Vice       preservation, dissemination, and application of
President for Agriculture, the Vice President        knowledge and cultivation of the arts.
for Strategic Communications, Vice President
of Legal Affairs and General Counsel, and the        In implementing its mission, LSU is committed
Director of Athletics.                               to:

The LSU Agricultural Center, including the             offer a broad array of undergraduate degree
Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station and          programs and extensive graduate research
the Louisiana Cooperative Extension Service            opportunities designed to attract and educate
and International Programs, has more than 200          highly qualified undergraduate and graduate
faculty members who hold joint appointments            students;
with LSU. The Experiment Station has research
programs in Baton Rouge and at branch stations         employ faculty who are excellent teacher-
throughout Louisiana. The Extension Service            scholars, nationally competitive in research
disseminates results of research throughout the        and creative activities, and who contribute
state through specialists, county agents, and          to a world-class knowledge base that is
home economists in every parish.                       transferable to educational, professional,
                                                       cultural, and economic enterprises; and
The Paul M. Hebert Law Center, originally
established in 1906, became an autonomous              use its extensive resources to solve
unit of the university in 1977. In 1979, it was        economic, environmental, and social
renamed in honor of Paul M. Hebert, who served         challenges.
as dean from 1937 to 1977. In 2015, the Law
Center realigned with LSU A&M.                       (Mission Statement approved December 2006;
                                                     reaffirmed October 2012)
All references in this catalog to “Louisiana
State University,” “LSU,” or “the University,” are
10   School of Veterinary Medicine

         SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE

History                                             the AVMA COE. Full accreditation was granted
                                                    in 1977 and reaffirmed in 1984, 1991, 1998, 2005
The school admitted its first students to the       and 2010 and 2013.
professional curriculum during the 1973-74
academic year. The original entering class
consisted of 36 students, all residents of
                                                    Advanced Degrees
Louisiana. The school participates in the           The School of Veterinary Medicine offers the
Southern Regional Education Board’s (SREB)          professional Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
program for education in veterinary medicine.       (DVM) degree. Advanced degrees–the Master
Training contracts provide a limited number of      of Science, Doctor of Philosophy, and dual DVM/
entering spaces for qualified candidates from       PhD–in veterinary medical sciences are offered
Arkansas. In addition, a limited number of highly   through the Graduate School.
qualified, nonresident applicants are admitted.
                                                    Departments
The school has an excellent faculty supported
by modern equipment. The Veterinary Medicine        Comparative Biomedical Sciences
Building, located on the west side of the campus
                                                    The Department of Comparative Biomedical
near the Mississippi River, was dedicated
                                                    Sciences is responsible for instruction in a major
in October 1978. It houses three academic
                                                    portion of the professional curriculum in Year I:
departments (Comparative Biomedical Sciences,
                                                    namely, anatomy (cell/molecular, developmental,
Pathobiological Sciences, and Veterinary Clinical
                                                    microscopic, and gross) and physiology.
Sciences), the Veterinary Medicine Library, the
                                                    Gross anatomy and histology each have
Veterinary Teaching Hospital, and the Louisiana
                                                    laboratory sessions that correlate with lecture
Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory. The
                                                    presentations. Other first year courses include
facilities at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital
                                                    biochemistry and neuroscience. Pharmacology
are used as laboratories providing students
                                                    and toxicology are presented as separate
with introductions to clinical cases and animal
                                                    courses in Years II and III.
disease problems, as well as to methods and
techniques used in their solution. The clinical
                                                    Opportunities also exist for students in the
case load at the hospital, in-field services, and
                                                    professional curriculum to conduct research
herd health programs offer ample opportunities
                                                    in the laboratories of various faculty under the
for education of the complete veterinarian.
                                                    auspices of an NIH T32 training grant, Merck-
                                                    Merial or individual research grants of the
The school library, located in the Veterinary
                                                    faculty.
Medicine Building, provides a resource sufficient
to support programs in instruction, research, and
                                                    The department is actively engaged in
service.
                                                    biomedical research with an underlying theme
                                                    of molecular medicine. Numerous extramurally
The AVMA Council on Education (COE) is the
                                                    funded faculty participate in an active graduate
national accrediting agency for veterinary
                                                    training program. Advanced study leads to
medical education in the United States. The
                                                    the MS or PhD degree in veterinary medical
AVMA COE assures that minimum standards
                                                    sciences. Central research facilities include
in veterinary medical education are met by
                                                    a microscopy center, an inhalation research
all AVMA-accredited colleges or schools of
                                                    facility, and an aquatic research facility. Research
veterinary medicine, and that students enrolled
                                                    is ultimately oriented toward improving animal
in those colleges or schools receive an
                                                    and human health and in expanding basic
education that will prepare them for entry-level
                                                    biomedical knowledge.
positions in the profession. The LSU program
has met all essential requirements for an
acceptable college or school as established by
2019–2020 Bulletin 11

Pathobiological Sciences                             equipment, accepts animal patients from
                                                     Louisiana and surrounding states for diagnosis
The Department of Pathobiological Sciences
                                                     and treatment. This facility enables the faculty
provides teaching and training in the
                                                     to offer advanced training to interns and
emphasis areas of bacteriology, epidemiology,
                                                     residents and continuing education to veterinary
immunology, parasitology, pathology, and
                                                     professionals.
virology. Departmental faculty are involved
in all levels of the professional curriculum,        Advanced studies in the department lead to the
providing lecture and laboratory experiences         MS and PhD degrees. Research is conducted
in bacteriology, mycology, immunology,               by departmental faculty on projects related to
epidemiology, pathology, parasitology,               the clinical sciences in collaboration with other
community health, and virology, as well as           departments of the school and University.
instruction in the practical application of
necropsy techniques, all using cases received
                                                     School of Veterinary Medicine Library
from the Veterinary Teaching Hospital and the
Louisiana Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory.      The LSU School of Veterinary Medicine Library
                                                     was newly renovated in 2018 with an open
Graduate programs in the department lead to          floor plan of modern collaborative learning
the MS and PhD degrees in Biomedical and             spaces, modular and ergonomic furniture, new
Veterinary Medical Sciences for both DVM             conference rooms with 24/7 access for students
and non-DVM graduate students. Graduate              and faculty. The Library is the major health
courses are offered in all disciplines associated    science library in the greater Baton Rouge area.
with the department. Basic and applied               The library is a member of the Louisiana Library
research is conducted in the areas of molecular      Network and the South Central Region of the
pathogenesis, disease processes, infectious          National Network of Libraries of Medicine. The
and parasitic diseases, and host response to         Library is a significant partner in the educational
disease.                                             and research programs of the School of
                                                     Veterinary Medicine. Centrally located on the
The departmental faculty provides a variety          first floor of the School of Veterinary Medicine,
of services in support of the clinical and           the Library offers both print and electronic
instructional programs of the school, including      resources dealing with all aspects of veterinary
clinical pathology, cytology, postmortem             medicine. Patrons have access to not only those
examination, diagnostic parasitology, and            resources unique to the SVM Library, but also
aquatic animal disease diagnosis. Central            the resources provided by the main campus
research services include a molecular biology        libraries.
center, Gene Lab, a flow cytometry lab, and a
histology lab.                                       The Library’s collection includes topics of human
                                                     medicine, comparative medicine, public health,
Veterinary Clinical Sciences                         the animal sciences, and other related areas.
                                                     Provided each fall is an orientation to incoming
The Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences
                                                     students. This orientation is available to anyone
has responsibility for the instructional program
                                                     upon request throughout the year. Reference
in the diagnosis, treatment, and control
                                                     and interlibrary loan services are also available.
of animal diseases. Departmental faculty
                                                     The library is consistently moving forward in
contributes a major share of the instruction in
                                                     its partnership with the veterinary medicine
Years II, III, and IV and participates in problem-
                                                     community and looks forward to working with
based learning in Years I and II. Classroom
                                                     you.
lectures and discussions of the diagnosis and
medical or surgical treatment of diseases are
augmented by laboratory training in diagnostic
                                                     Veterinary Teaching Hospital
and therapeutic techniques. Those members of         LSU’s Veterinary Teaching Hospital offers
the faculty with concurrent appointments to the      outstanding clinical service with over 40 board-
Veterinary Teaching Hospital provide in-depth        certified specialists on staff. Our veterinary
clinical training to students registered in Phase    hospital also provides a clinical education for
II courses.                                          veterinary students, interns and residents; over
                                                     80% of the veterinarians in Louisiana were
The modern veterinary teaching hospital,             trained in our hospital. The VTH has a large
complete with sophisticated diagnostic               case load (approximately 23,000 per year) and
12   School of Veterinary Medicine

is open 24 hours/day, 365 days/year. A new              its members. Your admission to membership in
community practice expansion was opened in              the veterinary medical discipline is a privilege
2016 with a modern open floor plan and fully            extended by the profession rather than an
equipped, modern dental suite, including dental         obligation to you following completion of a
radiography.                                            prescribed curriculum. Membership carries
                                                        with it privileges and responsibilities to the
Diversity                                               profession and to the various publics that it
                                                        serves.
Commitment to Diversity
                                                        Veterinarians serve the needs of society
The LSU SVM is committed to diversity and
                                                        and contribute to the health and welfare of
inclusion for all members of the SVM community.
                                                        people through participation in the clinical
The SVM recognizes that teams function better
                                                        practice of companion animal medicine, herd
when there is diversity in ideas and experiences.
                                                        health and production management, public
Inclusion refers to the policies, practices, and
                                                        and environmental health, basic and applied
culture that are in place to ensure that all
                                                        research, nuclear and space sciences, aquatic
individuals feel welcome.
                                                        and marine biology, teaching and research, and
                                                        clinical biomedical sciences. The profession
Diversity Statement
                                                        will continue to make rapid progress, rising in
The Louisiana State University School of                prestige and stature, only through constant
Veterinary Medicine celebrates and embraces             dedication to high ideals and through the
differences in each individual and strives to           individual achievement of its members. Each
create an environment that promotes cultural            veterinary graduate and each veterinary student
inclusion, mutual respect, and trust among              should constantly be aware of the moral, social,
members of the community of students, faculty,          civic, and professional responsibilities of the
and staff. The LSU SVM rejects any form of              veterinary medical profession and should strive
discrimination, prejudice, or bias, including,          continuously to develop and strengthen the
but not limited to, discrimination based on sex,        principles upon which it is built.
gender, gender identity, gender expression,
sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, national origin,   Student and Faculty Code of
belief system, age, education, and (dis)ability.
                                                        Ethics
Diversity Committee                                     I. Preamble
The SVM Diversity Committee was formed in               The cultivation of ethical standards is of primary
2014. The committee’s mission is to help foster a       importance in upholding the honor and integrity
culturally inclusive and responsive environment         of the veterinary profession. We are expected
through building allies and increasing                  by society to regulate ourselves as veterinary
awareness of cross-culturalism throughout the           professionals and scientists, to hold ourselves
school. The committee is comprised of faculty,          and our peers to the highest ethical standards,
staff, and students from the VOICE student              and to protect the health of animals and people.
group.                                                  I will maintain a high degree of honesty, integrity,
                                                        and discretion. I will strive to maintain standards
Contact                                                 of personal discipline that are in harmony with
Contact the SVM Diversity Office at                     my educational goals; to observe national, state,
svmdiversity@lsu.edu or 225-578-9867.                   and local laws as well as school and University
                                                        regulations; and respect the rights, privileges,
                                                        and property of others. I will abide by the
Professionalism                                         code of Ethics and Honor and avail myself of
Participation in the profession of veterinary           the inspiration offered by this code. I will help
medicine demands competence, initiative,                create an atmosphere conducive to education
and motivation. Veterinarians are expected to           by promoting mutual respect and trust among
maintain a high degree of professional pride,           members of the community of students and
personal dignity, and integrity. They accept and        faculty of the Louisiana State University School
abide by an ethical code and recognize that the         of Veterinary Medicine.
public image of a profession is a reflection of
the general demeanor and collective attitude of         II. Guidelines
2019–2020 Bulletin        13

The members of the community of students             Within the School of Veterinary Medicine, the
and faculty endorse the following guidelines for     pursuit of allegations through the following
their mutual interactions. It must be emphasized     outlined channels is strictly voluntary. The
that these guidelines are of a general nature,       proper channels, open to any member of the
provided as a basis for the intended mood of         community who is aware of activity that might
the document, and are not to be interpreted as a     damage this trust, are the following:
tool for airing petty grievances.
                                                     1.   privately consult the individual in question;
A.   The members are expected not to engage
     in any conduct that tends to provide unfair     2.   consult the mentor of the class, if this be
     advantage for students in any academic               appropriate; and/or
     matter. Examples of this provision include
     giving or receiving unauthorized aid            3.   consult the respective year coordinator,
     during an examination and harboring study            who may bring the matter to the faculty
     materials needed by an individual, class, or         standing committee.
     the student body as a whole.
                                                     As a point of information to all members of the
B.   The members are expected not to                 community, the above procedural channels
     extend to individual students privileged        are summarized from the current editions of
     information concerning examinations that        the following documents, as they apply to
     gives unfair advantages to those students.      the School of Veterinary Medicine: Faculty
                                                     Handbook; Administrative Organization and
C.   The members are expected not to                 Faculty Committees, School of Veterinary
     seek privileged information concerning          Medicine; Code of Student Conduct; and Bill of
     examinations in addition to that information    Student Rights.
     that is disseminated to the entire class.
                                                     (Approved by the student body and faculty, April
D.   The members are expected not to                 1976.)
     participate in any conduct that intentionally
     obstructs or disrupts a member’s                Resources for Student Conduct,
     education, teaching, or research, and they
     are expected not to cause intentional           Organizations, and Clubs
     destruction or deprivation of the property      LSU Cares, Office of Student Advocacy and
     of a member or the school.                      Accountability is online at www.lsu.edu/saa/
                                                     lsu-cares.
E.   The members are expected not to slander
     or anonymously accuse each other.
                                                     Student Organization Guidelines are online at
F.   The members are expected not to accuse,         www.lsu.edu/saa/students/organizations.php.
     publicly or privately, any member through
     any channel other than one in which such        Student Organization Handbook is online at
     person may have the opportunity to defend       /www.lsu.edu/campuslife/files/2018_2019_
     himself or herself.                             student_org_handbook.pdf.
The LSU Student Code of Conduct is online at
www.lsu.edu/saa/students/codeofconduct.php.
                                                     Commitment to Community
                                                     The LSU Commitment to Community provides
III. Responsibility                                  a guiding ethos to the University community.
The establishment of a relationship based on         Students are encouraged to exemplify the
trust is the responsibility of every member of       Commitment to Community in their daily lives.
the community. The members should, therefore,
take positive steps to maintain this atmosphere      Louisiana State University is an interactive
and to correct any situation that might damage       community in which Students, faculty, and
it.                                                  staff together strive to pursue truth, advance
                                                     learning, and uphold the highest standards
IV. Accountability                                   of performance in an academic and social
14    School of Veterinary Medicine

environment.                                               II, and III
                                                       •    You are a professional student and should,
It is a community that fosters individual              therefore, present yourself well. For all non-
development and the creation of bonds that             course field trips (clinical courses) or events,
transcend the time spent within its gates.             either at the school or where you are traveling
                                                       to represent the LSU School of Veterinary
To demonstrate my pride in LSU, as a                   Medicine, students are required to wear
member of its community, I will:                       business casual clothing. Remember: these are
                                                       events where you will be meeting the public.
     • accept responsibility for my actions;           •     During the clinic year, Phase 2 students are
     • hold myself and others to the highest           expected to wear professional business casual
                                                       attire or scrubs. Certain rotations will have
     standards of academic, personal, and
                                                       specific requirements and will provide you with
     social integrity;                                 that information in their orientation materials
     • practice justice, equality, and                 •    Students not dressed according to this
     compassion in human relations;                    policy will be sent home to change their clothes.
     • respect the dignity of all persons and
     accept individual differences;                    Policy and Procedures for Service
     • respect the environment and the rights          Animals
     and property of others and the University;        A. Audience
     • contribute positively to the life of the        This policy applies to all School of Veterinary
     campus and surrounding community; and             Medicine (SVM) personnel (including faculty,
     • use my LSU experience to be an                  house officers, staff, students, clients and
                                                       visitors) while in the SVM and the Veterinary
     active citizen in an international and
                                                       Teaching Hospital (VTH).
     interdependent world.
The continued success of LSU depends on                B. Purpose
the faithful commitment by each community
                                                       This document outlines the policy and
member to these, our basic principles.                 procedures for the presence of service animals
(Adopted May 1995)                                     within the SVM and VTH.

Professional Attire at the LSU                         C. Definitions
School of Veterinary Medicine                               1. Service animal – any dog (or miniature
•    Students are expected to maintain a clean              horse) that is individually trained to do
and professional appearance at all times                    work or perform tasks for the benefit of an
                                                            individual with a disability, and the work
•    Use your better judgment when selecting
                                                            or task that the animal has been trained
clothing
                                                            to provide must be directly related to the
•     Wear comfortable clothing for sitting                 persons disability. Animals in the process
in classrooms. When in doubt: scrubs are                    of being trained as a service animal while
appropriate attire for the classroom setting.               not legally considered service animals will
                                                            also fall under this policy with appropriate
•    Do not wear shirts with inappropriate
                                                            documentation and permission.
pictures or language on them.
•     Do not wear tank tops, shorts, workout                2. Work or tasks - The work or tasks
attire (yoga pants, basket ball shorts, etc,), or           performed by a service animal must be
pajama pants.                                               directly related to the individual’s disability.
                                                            Examples of work or tasks include, but are
•      Shoes: no flip flops
                                                            not limited to: assisting individuals who are
       o    Course instructors will determine               blind or have a low vision with navigation
       appropriate footwear for labs during Years I,        and other tasks; alerting individuals
2019–2020 Bulletin     15

     who are deaf or hard-of-hearing to the            affiliates may not require the individual to
     presence of people or sounds; providing           provide documentation that the animal is
     non-violent protection or rescue work;            a “certified,” “trained,” or an “approved”
     pulling a wheelchair; assisting an individual     service animal, nor must they accept as
     during a seizure; alerting individuals to         such proffered documentation as proof
     the presence of allergens; retrieving             that the animal is a service animal. For
     items such as medicine or the telephone;          employees, including student employees,
     providing physical support and assistance         the University may require documentation
     with balance and stability to individuals         explaining why the employee requires an
     with mobility disabilities; and helping           assistive animal in the workplace. All such
     persons with psychiatric and neurological         inquiries must be handled through LSU
     disabilities by interrupting impulsive or         Disability Services and Human Resource
     destructive behaviors.                            Management, as they may involve personal
                                                       and protected health information.
     3. Companion animal – Any animal
     providing emotional support, well-being,          3. A service animal must be vaccinated and
     comfort, or companionship which does not          current on core and respiratory vaccines
     constitute work or a task is not classified       unless exempted by the veterinarian. A
     as a service animal unless it is individually     service animal must be under the control
     trained to do something that qualifies it as      of the individual at all times and may be
     a service animal.                                 excluded altogether from the SVM and
                                                       VTH if it is the handler does not take
D. Policy                                              effective action to control it, or it is not
                                                       housebroken. A service animal must have
     1. It is the policy of the SVM that no            a harness, leash, or other tether, unless
     individual shall be discriminated against         the handler is unable to use because of
     on the basis of disability in the full and        a disability; or if such use would interfere
     equal enjoyment of SVM services, facilities       with the service animal’s safe, effective
     and accommodations. Accordingly, any              performance of work or tasks. In such
     individual with a disability (including,          cases, the service animal still must be
     but not limited to, employees, students,          under the handler’s control (e.g., voice
     clients and visitors) shall have the right to     control, signals, or other effective means).
     be accompanied by a service animal in             SVM personnel and students are strongly
     the SVM and VTH (except as otherwise              encouraged to identify their service animal
     provided in this policy). For students and        using a vest or other effective means. This
     visitors, the following are not considered        serves to help differentiate a service dog
     service animals and are therefore not             from a client owned dog.
     permitted: 1) non-dog animals (exception:
     miniature horses); 2) animals that solely         4. The SVM is not required to permit
     serve to deter crime; 3) emotional support,       use of a service animal that presents a
     comfort, and companion animals.                   “direct threat to the health or safety of
                                                       other people and animals (USD HHS,
     2. Permitted inquiries: For students and          Understanding How to Accommodate
     visitors, if it is not readily apparent that      Service Animals in Health Care Facilities).”
     an animal is a service animal (i.e. dog is        In determining whether there is a direct
     observed guiding an individual who is blind       threat to the health or safety of other
     or has low vision, wears a vest designating       people and animals, faculty members must
     it as a service dog), SVM affiliates, including   make an individualized assessment, based
     faculty, house officers, staff or students        on reasonable judgment that relies on
     may make the following two inquiries: (1)         current medical knowledge or on the best
     if the animal is a service animal (2) what        available objective evidence, to ascertain
     work or task the animal has been trained          the nature, duration, and severity of the
     to perform for the individual’s benefit.          risk, and the probability that the potential
     However, SVM employees may not ask                injury will actually occur. The faculty
     about the nature or extent of an individual’s     must consider the particular animal’s
     disability and may not request medical            actual behavior or history, not fears or
     documentation of the disability. SVM              generalizations about how an animal
16   School of Veterinary Medicine

     or breed might behave. Any restriction                excluded from a limited-access area, it
     of the use of a service animal must be                is the responsibility of the service dog
     documented and approved by the Dean                   partner to find a safe location or temporary
     or Hospital Director. Allergies and fear of           caregiver for the animal. Exceptions to
     dogs are not valid reasons for denying                these exclusions may be approved by the
     access or refusing service to people using            Dean or Hospital Director on a case-by-
     service animals. https://www.ada.gov/                 case basis. Clients that require a service
     service_animals_2010.htm.                             animal, that is not a patient of the VTH, are
                                                           permitted to bring their service animal into
     5. Under the ADA, generally service                   examination rooms.
     animals to accompany people with
     disabilities are permitted in all area of the    E. Further Information
     facility where the public is normally allowed
     to go. However, it may be appropriate to              1. For more information about service
     exclude a service animal from operating               animals on campus, please see
     rooms or other locations where the
     animal’s presence may compromise a                    http://lsu.edu/vetmed
     sterile environment.
                                                           2. All permissions, inquiries, questions or
     A service animal may be excluded if its               complaints regarding service animals may
     presence would fundamentally alter the                be directed to the Dean, Hospital Director,
     nature of academic requirements, SVM                  or the LSU ADA Director.
     goods, services, facilities, privileges,
     advantages and accommodations. In this           Academic Dishonesty
     case, the Dean or Hospital Director will
     consult with LSU’s legal counsel in making       Integrity and honesty are fundamental qualities
     such a determination.                            of the learned profession of veterinary medicine.
                                                      As a student member of the profession, you
     6. Service animals are permitted in all SVM      must be the embodiment of these qualities,
     areas (e.g. academic buildings, classrooms,      and your conduct must be above reproach.
     laboratories, libraries) unless there is a       Academic dishonesty undermines the
     direct threat to the health and safety of        profession and the entire academic enterprise.
     other people or animals. If an individual        As a result, it cannot and will not be tolerated.
     requests that a service animal be removed
     due to a medical condition that is affected      If you have been suspended from the University
     by a service animal (i.e. respiratory disease,   as a result of academic dishonesty, you will
     asthma, or severe allergies), the SVM will       forfeit, for an indefinite period of time, the
     perform an individualized assessment             right to be enrolled in the School of Veterinary
     of the situation and consider the needs          Medicine. Readmission must be approved by
     of all parties in meeting its obligation to      the dean of the School of Veterinary Medicine.
     provide reasonable accommodations.               Readmission is not guaranteed.
     The individual asking for the service
     animal to be removed due to a medical            LSU SVM Class and Exam
     condition may be asked to provide medical        Absence Guidelines
     documentation.
                                                      LSU Policy PS-22 provides rules and regulations
     7. A service animal may go anywhere              for class absences, including exams: https://
     within the VTH that the general public           www.lsu.edu/policies/ps/ps_22.pdf
     are permitted to go, but it is generally
     appropriate to exclude a service animal          Course instructors will determine which courses
     from limited-access areas that employ            (electives and 5010) or labs require mandatory
     general infection-control measures or            attendance. Reasons for absences for these or
     require a protected environment, such            an examination are permitted and depending
     as examination rooms, wards, animal              on the reason, and the time frame required
     barns, imaging areas, the ICU, operating         for notification. Illness (themselves and family
     rooms and other locations where patient          members), death in the family, conferences
     care occurs. If the service animal is            (if they are participating not just attending)
                                                      are examples of typical reasons to request
2019–2020 Bulletin    17

to re-schedule an examination. Appropriate             Licensure Requirements
written documentation is required for excused
absences. If there are other reasons the student       To obtain a license to practice veterinary
would like to request an absence for, it is up to      medicine in a state in the United States one
the course coordinator whether or not to grant         must first take the North American Veterinary
the request. Students requiring an absence from        Licensing Examination (NAVLE). The NAVLE is
an examination and subsequent rescheduling             offered twice a year and can be taken at earliest
need to alert the course coordinator or                in November prior to graduation. To apply for
instructor in charge of the examination per            the NAVLE one must apply to take the test
email as well as the Executive Associate Dean          online before August 1 of the year of testing and
for Diversity, Student and Faculty Affairs, the        also apply through a State Board of Veterinary
Student Affairs Counselor, or another Student          Medicine. In Louisiana the application must be
Affairs coordinator if they are not available, to      done through the Louisiana Board of Veterinary
inform that an absence will occur. The email           Medicine (http://www.lsbvm.org). Additional
should include a request to schedule a make-up         requirements for licensure in Louisiana include
examination. The course coordinator will have          graduation from an accredited School of
the final decision on the make-up scheduling.          Veterinary Medicine, completing an 8 week
The make-up examination format will be that            preceptorship, passing both the NAVLE and the
chosen by the course instructor. Some course           Louisiana State Board Examination, having at
will have special absence and make-up policies         least 3 letters of recommendation, and paying all
in their syllabi and students are referred to those    associated fees. One cannot practice veterinary
as well.                                               medicine until licensure is granted. One should
                                                       inquire into the policies of other states in which
                                                       one may intend to practice through the board of
                                                       veterinary medicine in that state.

Year I Students receive lab coats as part of orientation.
18   School of Veterinary Medicine

                     PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM

Admission Requirements                                applicant’s record in the pre-professional
                                                      program is made in accordance with LSU
If you are contemplating a career in veterinary       procedures. Granting of credit for CLEP subject
medicine, you should acquire a sound                  examinations may be considered for subjects
foundation in the biological and physical             recommended by various departments of the
sciences and a general knowledge of the               University upon receipt of test scores indicating
arts and humanities in both high school and           the student meets the minimum acceptable
college. In addition, you should be motivated         scores required by those departments.
by a respect for animals, a sincere desire to
serve the public, a propensity for the biological
and medical sciences, and a deep interest in
                                                      Residence Classification
promotion of the health of animal and human           The LSU School of Veterinary Medicine
populations. You must have a high aptitude for        determines eligibility for classification as a
scientific study and must possess an excellent        Louisiana resident based on LSU System
moral and ethical character.                          regulations and evidence provided on
                                                      the application for admission and related
Candidates for the DVM degree must                    documents. Regulations relate primarily to
complete a minimum of six years of college            location of the home and place of employment.
education. This includes two or more years            Louisiana applicants must meet all residence
of pre-veterinary education and four years of         requirements, as stated in University regulations.
professional education. The pre-veterinary
requirements may be completed at LSU or               A resident student is defined as one who has
at any other accredited college or university         abandoned all prior domiciles and lived in the
offering courses of the quality and content of        state of Louisiana continuously for at least one
those prescribed in the LSU General Catalog.          full year (365 days) immediately preceding
                                                      the first day of classes of the term for which
The minimum requirement of 66 semester                classification as a resident is sought.
hours, including 20 hours of elective courses,
may be completed in two years. Successful             Individuals living within this state for one year
completion of a pre-veterinary program does not       must be able to prove there was intent to
ensure admission to the school for professional       maintain a residence in Louisiana. Residing
training. Typically, there are more qualified         in Louisiana solely for educational purposes
applicants each year than there are spaces            without evidence of the intent to remain in
available to the entering class. Instruction in the   Louisiana will not be sufficient for classification
four-year program is available only through the       as a resident, regardless of the length of time
School of Veterinary Medicine at LSU. Scholastic      within the state.
achievement is measured by performance in
the prescribed pre-professional courses. A            Factors considered in establishing residency,
minimum grade-point average of 3.0 (“A” = 4.00)       although not necessarily conclusive, include:
in these courses is required for consideration for
admission. A grade of less than “C” in a required     • Financial independence from parents residing
course is unacceptable. Physical education              in another state or country;
activity courses may not be used as electives
for meeting pre-professional requirements.            • Reliance on Louisiana resources for financial
Requirements are not waived in lieu of work             support;
experience.
                                                      • Continuous presence in Louisiana during
Credit earned through advanced placement is             periods when not enrolled as a student;
acceptable, but is not used in the computation
of the grade-point average. Evaluation of the         • Commitments indicating the intent to stay in
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