CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education

CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education
                REPORT 2019

Moray House School
of Education
CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education
The Centre for Research in Digital
                                                         THE CENTRE					04

Education is based in the Moray
House School of Education at the                         PEOPLE                    05

University of Edinburgh. We are
interested in how research and                           IMPACT OVERVIEW           10

practice in education intersects with
technology, and the impact of this
on culture, policy and pedagogy.         RESEARCH
                                         AND IMPACT      DIGITAL CULTURES				 12

We work with many partner                                CHILDREN  &  TECHNOLOGY   18

universities as well as policymakers,
                                                         DATA SOCIETY              24
the cultural heritage sector, schools
and other public and private sector
                                         AND KNOWLEDGE
                                                         TEACHING OVERVIEW         30

We take a critical, cross-disciplinary
                                                         DOCTORAL RESEARCH         31
approach to learning, teaching and
technology in formal and informal                        SEMINAR PROGRAMME         33

education, and combine our research
with world-leading practice in digital
education and learning.                  FUNDING
                                                         FUNDING OVERVIEW          34

                                                         PUBLICATIONS              36

CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education
EDITORIAL                                                                                      PEOPLE                                ACADEMICS

         t has been a great year for us, with some fantastic new colleagues joining                The Centre for Research in
         the Centre. Ben Williamson was appointed as Chancellor’s Fellow, deve-                    Digital Education is made up of
         loping research programmes within the Data Society theme and linking                      a core team of academic staff
    to the Edinburgh Futures Institute, while Michael Gallagher was appointed as                   along with a group of interna-
    lecturer to build research and teaching around distance learning ‘at scale’ and                tional associates who support
    digital education for international development. With the Data Education in                    our work in a variety of ways.
    Schools work led by Judy Robertson securing funding from the City Region                                                              PROFESSOR SIÂN BAYNE                   DR RORY EWINS
                                                                                                                                           irector of the Centre for Research
                                                                                                                                          D                                      Lecturer
    Deal, we have also been joined by Kate Farrell and Tommy Lawson to take                        We made important new appoint-         in Digital Education                     Rory’s research interests include
    forward this important work. And Libby Odai and James Menzies joined                           ments, but also saw the retiral          Siân’s research is currently           how we teach and learn about
    us as Research Assistants along with Robyn Pritzker, PhD intern, to work                                                                focused on higher education            digital citizenship, the implications
                                                                                                   of Christine Sinclair in July 2018,
                                                                                                                                            futures, interdisciplinary             of intellectual property for digital
    on projects affiliated with Children & Technology.                                             though happily she continues to          approaches to researching              education, and digital education
        We have consolidated and built many new connections across the univer-                     work with us in her new role as an       digital education and digital          in developing countries.
    sity and beyond, with a few highlights being Lydia Plowman’s appointment                       Honorary Fellow. Niklas Berliner,        education in the data society.         rory.ewins@ed.ac.uk
    as Associate Director in the Scottish Graduate School of Social Science, Judy                  Research Associate, left to take         sian.bayne@ed.ac.uk                    speedysnail.com
    Robertson taking up a joint Chair between Education and Informatics and                                                                 sianbayne.net
                                                                                                   up a role in Informatics, and Anna
    Jeremy Knox receiving a Global Academy Fellowship connecting to the                            Wood completed the ‘Asking the
    Edinburgh Futures Institute.                                                                   Right Question’ project though
                                                                                                   she remains a Centre Associate.
        »The Centre for Research in Digital Education brings                                         We have been fortunate to have
          together work under three themes: Digital Cultures;                                      been joined by the following inter-
                                                                                                   national visiting scholars during
          Children & Technology; and Data Society. Our work
          investigates how education is shaping, and is shaped
                                                                                                                                                                                 DR MICHAEL GALLAGHER
          by, technological change.«                                                               Dr Yeqin Kang,                                                                Lecturer
                                                                                                   Guangdong University of Foreign        DR PETER EVANS                           Michael researches digital
    The remainder of this report sets out the extent of our activity this year. We                                                        Senior Teaching Fellow                   education in development con-
                                                                                                   Studies, China (Aug 2017–Aug 2018)
                                                                                                                                            Pete’s research interests are in       texts with a particular focus
    have received grants, published widely across many outlets, recruited out-
                                                                                                                                            social media and professional          on educational mobilities, how
    standing new doctoral students, run events engaging hundreds of academics,                     Professor Nicole Durisch Gauthier        and workplace learning.                technology structures and
    students and friends to the Centre and travelled the globe to deliver invited                  University of Teacher Education,         peter.evans@ed.ac.uk                   manages these mobilities, and
    talks, keynotes and workshops. We also continue to offer excellent teaching                    State of Vaud, Switzerland                 @eksploratore                        the impact of these movements
    via the MSc in Digital Education and our very popular course on Children                                                                                                       on local knowledge practices
                                                                                                   (Jan 2018–Jul 2018)
                                                                                                                                                                                   and communities.
    and Technology in the MSc Education.
                                                                                                   Mitchell Peters                                                                 Michaelseangallagher.org
    Thanks to all the many colleagues, students, schools, partners,                                University of Catalonia, Barcelona                                                @mseangallagher
    co-researchers and friends who make our work possible!                                         (Oct 2018–Dec 2018)

    Siân Bayne
    Director, Centre for Research in Digital Education
                                                                                                   Shana Ferguson
                                                                                                   US-UK Fulbright Commission scholar
                                                                                                   (Jan 2019–Mar 2019)

4                                                                                     BACKGROUND   BACKGROUND                                                                                                              5
CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education
ACADEMICS                                                                                                                 ACADEMICS

    DR ZAYBA GHAZALI-                        DR ANDREW MANCHES                        LIBBY ODAI                               PROFESSOR LYDIA PLOWMAN                      DR JEN ROSS                             DR CLAIRE SOWTON
    MOHAMMED                                 Centre Co-Director                       Research Assistant                       Chair in Education and Technology            Centre Co-Director (Digital Cultures)   Project and Communications
                                             (Children & Technology) and                Libby is a Research Assistant on         Lydia has more than twenty years’          and Senior Lecturer                     Manager
    Research Associate
                                             Co-depute Director of RKE (Impact)                                                                                               Jen is Centre co-director (Digital      Claire is the Project and Commu-
      Zayba is a Research Associate on                                                  the Magic Cloud ESRC-funded              experience of conducting research
                                               Andrew has led multiple Learning                                                                                               Cultures), and is involved with         nications Manager for the Centre
      the Move2Learn research project.                                                  Business Booster project. Libby is       with children and digital media.
                                               Sciences projects including                                                                                                    the Edinburgh Futures Institute,        for Research in Digital Education
      Her main research interests include                                               testing the robustness of the Magic      She is interested in young chil-
                                               the UK side of Move2Learn. He                                                                                                  the Centre for Data, Culture and        and Project Manager (UK) for the
      cognitive development of young                                                    Cloud using different toys and           dren’s learning in a range of formal
                                               researches the role of interaction                                                                                             Society, and the Digital Cultural       Move2Learn project. Her recent
      children’s scientific understanding,                                              media, capturing and summarising         and informal settings, particularly
                                               in how we think and learn, and                                                                                                 Heritage Research Network at the        research has focused on digital
      the role of executive functions                                                   user feedback and considering            in the ways in which technology
                                               the implications for early learning.                                                                                           University of Edinburgh.                and mobile approaches to enga-
      and other domain-general capa-                                                    the future development of                is integrated into family life, leisure,
                                               He marries his academic world                                                                                                  She researches and publishes            gement and evaluation of cultural
      bilities on conceptual progression.                                               Magic Cloud.                             work and for educational purposes
                                               with industry as CEO of an early                                                                                               on digital cultural heritage enga-      experience.
      z.ghazali@ed.ac.uk                                                                v1lodai@ed.ac.uk                         in the home.
                                               learning technology company,                                                                                                   gement and learning, online and         claire.sowton@ed.ac.uk
         @Zayba_G                                                                                                                lydia.plowman@ed.ac.uk
                                               Pling Ltd.                                                                                                                     open education, digital futures            @_ClaireSowton
                                               a.manches@ed.ac.uk                                                                                                             and speculative methods,
                                                                                                                                                                              and online reflective practices.

                                                                                      CLARA O’SHEA
    DR JEREMY KNOX                                                                    Associate Lecturer                       PROF. JUDY ROBERTSON
    Centre Co-Director                                                                  Clara teaches on the MSc in            Chair in Digital Learning                                                            DR YI-SHAN TSAI
                                             JAMIE MENZIES                                                                                                                                                          Research Associate
    (Data Society)                                                                      Digital Education and is working         Judy has been developing edu-
                                             Research Assistant
      Jeremy is a Lecturer in Digital                                                   towards a PhD on ‘Kinds of lear-                                                                                              Yi-Shan currently works on
                                               Jamie is project managing                                                         cational technology in collabo-
      Education and also a Global                                                       ning and kinds of play: an explo-                                                                                             two large multinational research
                                               a Wellcome Trust Institutional                                                    ration with children and teachers
      Academies and Edinburgh                                                           ration of identity development                                                      DR PHILIPPA SHEAIL                        projects on learning analytics
                                               Translational Partnership Award                                                   since 1977. She is interested in
      Futures Institute Fellow. His cur-                                                in formal and informal digital                                                      Lecturer                                  (LALA and EMBED). Prior to this,
                                               project that seeks to extend the                                                  computer education and serious
      rent research is focused on AI,                                                   environments’.                                                                        Phil is Programme Director for          she took the lead on a large lear-
                                               societal and commercial impact                                                    games for children, particularly
      machine learning, algorithms and                                                  Clara.O’Shea@ed.ac.uk                                                                 the MSc in Digital Education.           ning analytics project investigating
                                               of the Move2Learn project                                                         game authoring. Her work focuses
      data in higher education. Jeremy                                                  claraoshea.wordpress.com                                                             Her research interests are inter-       the social and cultural factors that
                                               through the design and crea-                                                      on how technology can help
      also co-convenes the Society                                                          @claraoshea                                                                       disciplinary, based in the area of      influenced institutional adoption
                                               tion of an exhibit.                                                               to solve thorny real world
      for Research in Higher Education                                                                                                                                        digital and higher education, but       of learning analytics. Yi-Shan is
                                               jmenzie2@ed.ac.uk                                                                 problems.
      (SRHE) Digital University network.                                                                                                                                      drawing on organisational theory,       also an executive member of the
      jeremy.knox@ed.ac.uk                                                                                                                                                    cultural geography, and social          Society for Learning Analytics
      jeremyknox.net                                                                                                                                                          theories of time. Phil is currently     Research (SoLAR).
         @j_k_knox                                                                                                                                                            developing research in the library      yi-shan.tsai@ed.ac.uk
                                                                                                                                                                              sector.                                   @yi_shan_tsai

6                                                                                                           BACKGROUND        BACKGROUND                                                                                                                     7
CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education
ACADEMICS                               CONSULTANTS                                                                  HONORARY SCHOLARS

    DR YUCHEN WANG                          KATE FARRELL                            ROBYN PRITZKER                         PROFESSOR JEFF HAYWOOD                DR HAMISH MACLEOD                      DR CHRISTINE SINCLAIR
    Research Associate                      Director of Curriculum Development      PhD Intern                             Professor Emeritus                    Honorary Fellow                        Honorary Fellow
                                            and Professional Learning (Data           Robyn works on the Numbuko             Jeff conducts research in the         Hamish is an Honorary Fellow           Christine was programme
      Yuchen is currently involved in
                                            Education in Schools)
      projects that critically examine                                                project focusing on accelerating       area of digital education policy      with research interests in the use     director on the MSc in Digital
                                              Kate is developing a data science
      the relationships between tech-                                                 and capturing the impact of the        and strategy, and previously led      of computer-mediated commu-            Education from 2015 to 2018.
                                              curriculum for Primary and
      nology and educational inclusion.                                               project, promoting the Numbuko         the Policy research strand of         nications and game-informed            She is particularly interested in
                                              Secondary schools in Scotland,
      Her PhD explored disabled chil-                                                 app for teachers and tracking          work for the Centre for Research      approaches in teaching and             the changing uses of language
                                              designing units of work on data
      dren’s experiences and teachers’                                                engagement with key research           in Digital Education.                 learning. Hamish was a Senior          and the role of dialogue in digi-
                                              handling, trialling these in pilot
      practices in Chinese mainstream                                                 outputs.                               thinking.is.ed.ac.uk/jeffhaywood/     Lecturer with the Centre for           tal environments. In addition to
                                              schools and training teachers
      schools, following which she                                                    r.pritzker@ed.ac.uk                    research-activities                   Research in Digital Education          writing, she continues to super-
                                              to deliver information handling
      was awarded the ESRC Global                                                                                                                                  until his retirement and continues     vise and examine doctoral students
      Challenges Research Fund Post-                                                                                                                               to supervise doctoral students.        and is currently reworking her
      doctoral Fellowship to build                                                                                                                                                                        summer school in academic
      capacity of disability communi-                                                                                                                                                                     writing into an open educational
      ties, practitioners and policy-                                                                                                                                                                     resource.

                                                                                                                          PROFESSOR MARTIN LAWN
                                                                                                                          Honorary Professor
                                                                                                                             Martin has researched and pub-      PROFESSOR SIR TIM O’SHEA
                                                                                                                             lished on teacher professionalism   Professor Emeritus
                                            TOMMY LAWSON
                                                                                                                             and the labour process of tea-        Tim was Principal and Vice-
                                            Schools Technology Advisor
                                            (Data Education in Schools)                                                      ching. Currently, he researches       Chancellor of the University of
                                              Tommy works on the Data                                                        European education policy and         Edinburgh from October 2002
                                              Driven Innovation programme                                                    the 20th Century history of the       – February 2018. Tim’s academic
                                              with a focus on empowering            ANGELA HUNTER                            educational sciences and com-         output is in the area of com-
    Chancellor’s Fellow, Centre for
    Research in Digital Education and         learners through digital solutions.   Centre Administrator                     parative education.                   puter based learning, artificial
    the Edinburgh Futures Institute.                                                  Angie organises all aspects
                                              Working between the University                                                                                       intelligence, and mathematics
      Ben’s current research focuses                                                  of the day-to-day running of the
                                              and the Education Authority,                                                                                         education.
      on two key themes. One is the                                                   Centre for Research in Digital
                                              he is looking at how the Data
      expansion of educational data                                                   Education and provides focused
                                              Education in Schools pro-
      infrastructures to enable infor-                                                support on the City Deal and
                                              gramme can be delivered within
      mation to be collected from                                                     Move2Learn projects.
                                              the local and national Digital
      schools and universities, then                                                  angela.hunter@ed.ac.uk
                                              Learning Strategies.
      analysed and circulated to vari-
      ous audiences. The second is
      the emergence of ‘intimate data’
      relating to students’ psycholo-
      gical states, neural activity, and
      genetic profiles, and the impli-
      cations for increasingly scientific
      ways of approaching educational
      policy and practice.

8                                                                                                           BACKGROUND   BACKGROUND                                                                                                            9
CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education

                                 RESEARCH PROJECTS

                              4       CULTURES

                                                                                     46                                                       11
                 13                   CHILDREN &                                                                                16
                              5       TECHNOLOGY
                                                                                                                            SEMINARS       KE EVENTS
                              4       SOCIETY                              NON-ACADEMIC                                                                  404                 292
                                                                             by sector below
                                                                                                                                                       ENROLMENTS        ONLINE VIEWS

                                                               22                        8
                                                       DEVELOPMENT                   INDUSTRY

                                                                7                       13                                                                             FUNDING
                      PUBLICATIONS                                                   CULTURAL
                                                          & LOCAL

                                                                                                                    10,800           103,292
                                                                                                                    PAGEVIEWS        IMPRESSIONS
                                                                                                                                                               £24k           £511k
                                                                                                                       73                                     Continuing      Continuing
                 54              published in
                                                                                                                    COUNTRIES                                project funds   project funds

              PAPERS AND
                                     27                     SEMINAR            PROJECT STARTS
                                                                                     DATA SOCIETY
                                                                                                                                                                 plus            plus

               ARTICLES        JOURNALS                     KNOWLEDGE
                                                                                                                                                               £39k            £2m
                                                                                     DIGITAL CULTURES
                                 UK AND                     EXCHANGE
                             INTERNATIONAL                                           CHILDREN & TECHNOLOGY
                                                                                                                                                              INTERNAL        EXTERNAL
                                                            TWITTER                             1K                                                            FUNDING         FUNDING
                                                            WEB PAGE VIEWS                      11K

        APR                MAY                  JUN    JUL                      AUG                     SEP   OCT            NOV            DEC        JAN                   FEB             MAR

10                                                                                      BACKGROUND              BACKGROUND                                                                         11
CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education
Education, knowledge, labour, crea-
                                                                                                 tive industry and heritage systems          »Work in the Digital
                                                                                                                                               Cultures strand
                                                                                                 globally are being re-shaped by
                                                                                                 digital and data technology. Tech-
                                                                                                 nologies, in turn, are shaped by the
                                                                                                 cultural contexts in which they are
                                                                                                 made and used. Digital Cultures               offers crucial insights
                                                                                                 is committed to developing critical
                                                                                                 perspectives on this from diverse             into how technology
                                                                                                                                               and data both
                                                                                                 disciplinary perspectives. We are
                                                                                                 actively researching high impact areas
                                                                                                 including digital pedagogies and
                                                                                                 futures, digital cultural heritage, work-
                                                                                                 place learning and international              influence and are
                                                                                                 development and education.
                                                                                                                                               influenced by
                                                                                                 PROJECTS 2018/2019                            education in a wide
                                                                                                 GCRF Urban Disaster Risk Hub
                                                                                                 1 Feb 2019–31 Jan 2024                        range of contexts

                                      © Flickr: Brixit lorenzo de la fuente (Creative Commons)
                                                                                                 UKRI Global Challenges Research Fund

                                                                                                 Methodological innovations for                — from museums
                                                                                                                                              to universities, from
                                                                                                 assessing learning in digital spaces
                                                                                                 Jul 2017–Apr 2018
                                                                                                 University of Edinburgh and University of

                                                                                                                                              workplaces to low-
                                                                                                 Sydney Partnership Collaboration Award

                                                                                                 Lecture Recording for Inclusive
                                                                                                 Jan 2018
                                                                                                 UoE Principal’s Teaching Award Scheme
                                                                                                                                              resource community
                                                                                                 Near Future Teaching
                                                                                                 CARA                                         DR JEN ROSS
                                                                                                 9–12 Sept 2018
                                                                                                 Institute for Academic Development,
                                                                                                 Council for At-Risk Academics


                                                                                                 Dr Jen Ross
                                                                                                 Co-Director for Digital Cultures

12              RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                              RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                     13
CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education
IMPACT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           IMPACT

     DIGITAL CULTURES IMPACT                                                                                                       Council for
     Through knowledge exchange activities we promote our research and share                                                       At-Risk Academics
     findings with students, peers, members of the public and practitioners.

     Seminars                                                      Knowledge Exchange Events                                       What was the project?
     Since our last report, we have organised six seminars         In addition to our seminar programme our academics              In early September 2018, members of the Digital
     bringing together international expertise across the work     have delivered knowledge exchange activities engaging           Education research centre travelled to Istanbul to lead
     of the Digital Cultures research strand.                      researchers, practitioners and members of the public.           a three-day workshop on online teaching for a group
                                                                   Building on our involvement in the 2017 ESRC Festival           of academics displaced to Turkey by the Syria crisis.
     DR MICHAEL GALLAGHER, Centre for Research in Digital          of Social Science, Yi-Shan Tsai produced the video, ‘Vox            The Digital Education team designed a workshop that
     Education (Edinburgh), presented his research on digital      pops on robots’, featuring young participants discussing        blended practical, hands-on activities with sessions on

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               © Dr Hamish Macleod
     education in development contexts outlining the unique        their thoughts on teacher automation. Dr Jen Ross,              online pedagogies, knowing your students, and consi-
     challenges associated with the technology, local practices    Dr Michael Gallagher and Dr Hamish Macleod travelled            dering the potential of digital spaces. The final afternoon
     and policy in these regions.                                  to Istanbul to lead a three-day workshop for the Council        of the workshop was given over to presentations and
                                                                   for At-Risk Academics (CARA) – see case study p15.              discussions of the materials everyone had created.
     PROFESSOR NICOLE DURISCH GAUTHIER, University                                                                                     Beyond the workshop, Michael Gallagher has con-
     of Teacher Education (Vaud, Switzerland) discussed                                                                            tinued to work closely with CARA, leading webinars and        CARA Workshop in Istanbul, September 2018

     approaches to active learning in the context of in-class      Presentations                                                   considering next steps for this digital education activity.
     digital education.                                            We have shared our research through 14 presentations                                                                          Support like this workshop, which helps academics to
                                                                   (keynotes, invited talks, papers and posters) in the UK and     Who did you work with?                                        continue to work with their colleagues and students, both
     PROFESSOR JOEL SMITH, Carnegie Mellon University              13 presentations internationally (Australia, Croatia, Canada,   Dr Jon Turner, Director of the Institute for Academic         those based in Syria and others who may have moved
     (USA), presented research exploring the affordances and       Germany, New Zealand, Turkey, USA).                             Development (University of Edinburgh) invited researchers     or been displaced, is a vital part of such networking and
     challenges of integrating new educational technologies                                                                        from the Centre to lead the development and delivery          helps develop new possibilities for education and colla-
     into postsecondary education.                                 AU: 	Jen Ross gave an invited talk at the Centre for           of the workshop.                                              boration at a distance.
                                                                          Research in Learning and Innovation,
     Drawing on fanfiction research DR JEN SCOTT CURWOOD                  University of Sydney                                     What was the impact?                                          »Acquired skills will enable me to do online education
     (University of Sydney, Australia), DR ALECIA MAGNIFICO        DE: 	Siân Bayne gave an invited talk at Jacobs Univer-         The three-day workshop reached 50 Syrian academics              in a professional way and teach refugee students from
     (University of New Hampshire, USA) and Associate PRO-                sity, Bremen, and Jen Ross gave an invited talk at       currently based in Turkey. Participant feedback recognised      different nationalities. It will be of more use compared
     FESSOR JAYNE LAMMERS (University of Rochester, USA)                  the University of Göttingen                              the intention to utilise new skills, share practice and         to face-to-face education.« Participant Feedback
     advocated for transliteracies approaches to addressing        NZ: 	Siân Bayne gave a keynote speech at the Flexible          consider the broader pedagogical advantages of digital
     the methodological challenges of tracing participation               Learning Association of New Zealand annual               education.
     patterns in online writing.                                          conference
                                                                   TR: 	Jen Ross, Michael Gallagher and Hamish Macleod            »I’m going to use skills I’ve learned in this course to                PROJECT DETAILS
                                                                                                                                                                                                           PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:   TEAM: 
     PROFESSOR PETER RULE, University of Stellenbosch                     were invited to Istanbul to deliver a workshop with        teach students within my teaching specialty. I will in-
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Dr Jon Turner             Dr Jen Ross
     (South Africa), applied concerns with the quality and                the Council for At-Risk Academics                         form my future colleagues about this method including                  (Institute for Academic   Dr Michael Gallagher
     authenticity, drawn from Bakhtin and Gadamer to the           US: 	Siân Bayne gave a talk as part of the Edinburgh            creating teaching videos.« Participant Feedback                        Development)              Dr Hamish Macleod
     implications for teaching and learning in the digital age.           University Global Change Forum at the Tata Inno-                                                                                                           DIY Film School,
                                                                          vation Centre, Roosevelt Island, New York City           Why is it important?                                                    FUNDER:                   University of Edinburgh
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Institute for Academic
     DR IBRAR BHATT and DR ALISON MACKENZIE, Queens                UK: 	Within the UK, we gave invited talks at the Universi-      ounded in the 1930s, CARA now works with over 100
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Development, Council      PROJECT DATES:
     University Belfast, considered digital literacy in the con-          ties of Bristol, Cambridge, Glasgow, and Edinburgh.      universities in the UK, supporting academics, postdoctoral              for At-Risk Academics     9–12 Sep 2018
     text of the philosophical study of ignorance.                 HR: 	We also presented at conferences online and in           researchers and doctoral students in immediate danger
                                                                          Croatia with Jen Ross, Michael Gallagher, Hamish         as a result of persecution, conflict or violence.                       WEBSITE:
                                                                          Macleod, Clara O’Shea and Christine Sinclair all            CARA support includes practical and financial help as                www.cara.ngo
                                                                          presenting at the Networked Learning Conference          well as networking and training opportunities for exiled
                                                                          in Zagreb.                                               academics aiming to return home to rebuild their societies.

14                                                                                                 RESEARCH AND IMPACT             RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                                                                                               15
CENTRE REPORT 2019 - Centre for Research in Digital Education
PROJECTS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              FEATURED

     GCRF — Urban Disaster                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           PUBLICATIONS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 HIGHLIGHT
     Relief Hub                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     13.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SPINE WIDTH: 4.0 mm                                                                                                  TRIM SIZE: 174 X 248 mm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Near Future Teaching

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HERITAGE STUDIES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOLUME 25 NUMBERS 1–3 JANUARY–MARCH 2019                                     Volume 44 Issue 1 March 2019                                                          ISSN 1743-9884                                         Volume 44 Issue 1 March 2019                                   ISSN 1743-9884

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Learning,                                                                                                                                    Learning,

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Learning, Media and Technology
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               International Journal of Heritage

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Near Future Teaching

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Media and                                                                                                                                    Media and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Volume 25           Numbers 1–3              January–March 2019

     Rapid urbanisation presents a time-limited global opportunity to                                                                                                                                                                          Aims and scope
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               The International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS) is the interdisciplinary
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       JOURNAL OF                                                          Technology                                                                                                                                   Technology
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  project advocated for uni-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               academic, refereed journal for scholars and practitioners with a common
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               interest in heritage. The Journal encourages debate over the nature and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               meaning of heritage as well as its links to memory, identities and place.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Articles may include issues emerging from Heritage Studies, Museum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Studies, History, Tourism Studies, Sociology, Anthropology, Memory
     embed disaster risk management in urban development. The GCRF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Studies, Cultural Geography, Law, Cultural Studies, and Interpretation and

                                                                                PROJECT DETAILS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Design.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Special Issue: The Datafication of Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Guest Editors: Juliane Jarke and Andreas Breiter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               “The International Journal of Heritage Studies is the leading and

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Volume 25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Editorial: the datafication of education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               cutting-edge international source for current research into the politics,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Juliane Jarke and Andreas Breiter                                                                      1

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  versity staff and students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               cultures, management, and economics of heritage. It is compulsory read-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ing for academics, practitioners and students across a range of disciplines                                                                                                                                                 Articles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Datafied at four: the role of data in the ‘schoolification’ of early childhood education in England
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               including: heritage and museum studies; cultural geography; archaeology;                                                                                                                                                    Alice Bradbury                                                                                         7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               history; and tourism.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Configuring the teacher as data user: public-private sector mediations of national test data

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Numbers 1–3
                                                                                                                   PROJECT DATES:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Professor Brian Graham, University of Ulster, UK                                                                                                                                                                            Helene Ratner, Bjarke Lindsø Andersen and Simon Ryberg Madsen                                         22

     Urban Disaster Risk Hub will work across 12 partner countries and          PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The datafication of discipline: ClassDojo, surveillance and a performative classroom culture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Jamie Manolev, Anna Sullivan and Roger Slee                                                           36
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Reconsidering data in learning analytics: opportunities for critical research using
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           a documentation studies framework

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Volume 44 Issue 1 March 2019
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Kyle M. L. Jones and Chase McCoy                                                                      52

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  building a preferred future

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               January–March 2019
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Objectivity as standardization in data-scientific education policy, technology and governance

                                                                                                                   1 Feb 2019–
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ben Williamson and Nelli Piattoeva                                                                    64

                                                                                Professor John McCloskey,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Cruel optimism in edtech: when the digital data practices of educational technology                                                          Special Issue: The Datafication of Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           providers inadvertently hinder educational equity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Felicitas Macgilchrist                                                                                77

     54 partner organisations to bring disaster risk management to the                                             31 Jan 2024                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    for teaching based on

                                                                                School of Geosciences
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              lS ®
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ia x
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Soc In
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      in tion

     centre of global urban policy and practice, strengthening the voice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ed ita
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ud  C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ISSN 1352-7258                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      cl

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  shared values, rather than
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  RJHS_COVER_25_01-03.indd 1                                                                                                                                                                         2/4/2019 12:25:58 PM   CJEM 44_1 Cover.indd 1-3                                                                                                                                                                                                           07/02/19 9:09 PM

     and capacity of the urban poor.                                            TEAM:                             AWARD:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ross J, Knox J, Sowton C, Speed C. 2019                                                                                                                                                                                                     Bayne, S, Connelly, L, Osborne, N, Tobin,                                                  on anticipated technolo-
         Digital Education will contribute to the project by advising on        Co-I Professor Siân Bayne
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mobilising connections with                                                                                                                                                                                                                 R, Grover, C, Beswick, E & Rouhani, L 2019,
                                                                                                                   (total grant value:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            gical change. The final
     educational approaches to disaster risk reduction. Our involvement                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    art: Artcasting and the digital The social value of anonymity
                                                                                FUNDER:                            £19.6M)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        report and all materials
     in this project builds on our previous work in emergency contexts                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     articulation of visitor enga-   on campus: A study of the
                                                                                UKRI Global Challenges                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            are now available for
     including REAR: Research for Emergency Aftershock Response.                Research Fund                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              gement with cultural heritage decline of Yik Yak                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       re-use on our website:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           International Journal of Heritage Studies                                                                                                                                                                                                   Learning, Media and Technology.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           25(4), pp. 395-414.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Online first.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            This article looks at how digital                                                                                                                                                                                                         This paper tries to understand what
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            methods in cultural heritage settings                                                                                                                                                                                                     students and academic communities
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            can help evoke and illuminate the                                                                                                                                                                                                         stand to lose when data surveillance is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            richness of visitor engagement and                                                                                                                                                                                                        normalised online: it uses findings from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            interpretation and ultimately con-                                                                                                                                                                                                        an empirical research project to argue
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tribute to our understanding of how                                                                                                                                                                                                       that we need pro-grammes of work

     Unlike a Version:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      heritage is performed at an indivi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            dual and a collective level.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      in universities which are sensitive to the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      social value of anonymity on campus.

     the lives of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            DOI: 10.1080/13527258.2018.1493698.                                                                                                                                                                                                       DOI: 10.1080/17439884.2019.1583672

     digitised artworks                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AND STAFF

                                                                                                                                         © The Madonna of the Annunciation, Francesco Allegrini, National Galleries of Scotland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Sheail, P 2018,                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Gallagher, M 2018,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Temporal flexibility in the                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Amira’s complexity and
     Digitised artworks are more than merely versions of the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               digital university: Full-time,                                                                                                                                                                                                              cosmopolitanism: the role of
     ‘real thing’: they have meaning and value in their own                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                part-time, flexitime                                                                                                                                                                                                                        disposition in mobilities and
     right, and significance for sharing, interpretation, connec-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Distance Education                                                                                                                                                                                                                          mobile learning.
     tion and inspiration. This doctoral project will develop a                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            39(4), pp. 462-479.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         In M Bajic, T Ryberg, P Jandrić, M de Laat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            This research highlights the impor-                                                                                                                                                                                        & NB Dohn (eds), Proceedings
     richer picture of digital objects and how they contribute
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            tance of paying attention to temporal                                                                                                                                                                                      of the 11th International Conference on
     to the shifting boundaries of the institution, to curatorial                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           aspects of organisational change,                                                                                                                                                                                          Networked Learning 2018, 14th–16th May
     practice, and to the National Galleries of Scotland ambi-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              with particular reference to the deve-                                                                                                                                                                                     2018. Zagreb, Croatia. 11th International                                                             50
     tion to open more of its collections to digital re-use.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                lopment of part-time online distance                                                                                                                                                                                       Conference on Networked Learning 2018,                                                           INTERVIEWS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            education in a higher education                                                                                                                                                                                            pp. 189-196.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            context.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  This paper positions learning in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            DOI: 10.1080/01587919.2018.1520039                                                                                                                                                                                                        diaspora of international education:
     PROJECT DETAILS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  across multiple interactional contexts,
     PROJECT LEAD:                      FUNDER:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       amongst people and interactive tech-
     Dr Jen Ross                        AHRC                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          nologies, encapsulating public and
                                        Collaborative                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 private processes.
     TEAM:                             Doctoral                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Available at: http://networkedlearningconfer-

     Professor Melissa Terras           Partnership                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ence.org.uk/abstracts/papers/gallagher_18.pdf
     Christopher Ganley and
     Mairi Lafferty                     PROJECT DATES:
     (National Galleries of Scotland)   Oct 2019–                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          EVENTS
                                        Sep 2022                    Unlike a Version will explore the sharing and interpretation of
                                                                    digitised artworks, like ‘The Madonna of the Annunciation’ by
                                                                    Francesco Allegrini

16                                                                                                        RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  17
Digital technology increasingly
                                                                                  shapes the way young people live         »We believe that a
                                                                                                                            better understanding
                                                                                  and learn. The outcomes of our
                                                                                  research will:
                                                                                  + contribute to discussions about
                                                                                     technology in young children’s
                                                                                     lives                                  of how children
                                                                                  + create richer learning experiences
                                                                                     by informing the design process        interact with tech-
                                                                                                                            nology not only helps
                                                                                  + provide valuable insights and
                                                                                     support for parents and teachers
                                                                                  + engage decision-makers in the role
                                                                                     of technology in children’s lives
                                                                                                                            us understand its
                                                                                  PROJECTS 2018/2019                        influence, but also
                                                                                  Move2Learn: Embodied learning
                                                                                  for pre-school scientists
                                                                                                                            helps inform our role,
                                                                                  Wellcome Trust                            in both supporting
                                                                                  Magic Cloud
                                                                                                                            children’s interactions

                                   © Flickr: DejanKrsmanovic (Creative Commons)
                                                                                  Jan–Jul 2019
                                                                                  ESRC Business Booster

                                                                                  Co-Creation of an embodied                and informing
                                                                                                                            the design of new
                                                                                  learning technology for early science
                                                                                  Jan–Dec 2019
                                                                                  Wellcome Trust

                                                                                  Nov 2018–Feb 2019
                                                                                  University of Edinburgh College of
                                                                                  Arts Humanities and Social Sciences
                                                                                  Knowledge Exchange & Impact grant
                                                                                                                            DR ANDREW MANCHES

                                                                                  Internet of Things platform for
                                                                                  early learning soft toys
                                                                                  Mar–Jul 2018
                                                                                  University of Edinburgh Launch.ed
                                                                                  Enterprise Initiative Grant

                                                                                  Data Education in Schools
                                                                                  Apr 2019–Mar 2027

                                                                                  Integrated Regional Employability and
                                                                                  Skills programme (Edinburgh) and South
                                                                                  East Scotland City Region Deal)

                                                                                  Dr Andrew Manches
                                                                                  Co-Director for
                                                                                  Children & Technology

18           RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                  RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                 19
IMPACT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               IMPACT

     CHILDREN & TECHNOLOGY IMPACT                                                                                                                      Australia Statement on young children and digital
                                                                                                                                                       technologies (2018) and an adviser to NHS Scotland           Data Education
     Our work seeks to maximise the positive impact of our research into
                                                                                                                                                       Redesigning Health Information for Parents (ReHIP)
                                                                                                                                                       team on content relating to screen time in the Ready
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    in Schools
     children’s interaction with technology, both directly with children or indirectly                                                                 Steady Baby materials distributed to all new parents
     through a range of key stakeholders (edtech industry, teachers and parents).                                                                      in Scotland (2018).                                          What was the project?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    We will develop an interdisciplinary data education
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    curriculum, mapped closely to existing maths and com-
     Seminars                                                      in receipt of National Science Foundation funding. Their                            Awards                                                       puting curriculum topics, as well as a set of engaging,
     Since our 2018 report, we have organised four seminars        video was one of 12 (out of 214) to win a Presenter Choice                          Andrew Manches was nominated for the Tam Dalyell             real world data science teaching materials for teachers.
     bringing together expertise across the work of the Children   Award. Andrew Manches and Zayba Ghazali-Mohammed                                    prize for Excellence in Engaging the Public with Science     We will start and support professional learning for local
     and Technology research strand.                               participated in Science Lates, an after hours event run                             2018 – 19.                                                   teachers to support them to teach the new material and
                                                                   by Glasgow Science Centre. Their version of ‘Science
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    educate young people and their parents about career
     DR ZAYBA GHAZALI-MOHAMMED, Centre for Research                Charades’ invited teams of adults to communicate science
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    opportunities relating to data.
     in Digital Education, discussed new approaches to asses-      concepts using gesture. The Move2Learn team (supported                              Presentations
     sing conceptual progression in science in the early years.    by students from our doctoral and MSc programmes)                                   Our academics have shared their research through             Who did you work with?
                                                                   also took the Science Charades concept to Teeny Tiny                                13 presentations (keynotes, invited talks, workshops,        We are working with Edinburgh, Midlothian, East Lothian,
     Our Digital Learning in Schools event brought together        Toddler Fest at Camera Obscura & World of Illusions                                 roundtables, papers and posters) in the UK and 11            West Lothian, Fife and Borders local authorities, as well
     three speakers to share their research and experience         in Edinburgh.                                                                       presentations internationally (Austria, Australia, Cyprus,   as the local further education colleges, Edinburgh Napier
     teaching data literacy to young people. KATE FARRELL                                                                                              Germany, Hong Kong, South Africa, USA).                      and Heriot Watt universities and local employers to offer
     and TOMMY LAWSON, Centre for Research in Digital              As part of Computer Science Education Week, Judy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    opportunities to learners at all stages over the next 8 years.
     Education, focused on data handling and presented             Robertson organised a series of workshops to support                                AU: 	Lydia Plowman gave an invited talk at the National
     an update on Newbattle Digital Centre of Excellence.          teachers designing projects using technology to solve                                     forum on multimodal learning for young children,       What was the impact?
     DR HAMISH TODD, University of Edinburgh, examined             societal problems, try Scratch programming and create                                     held at La Trobe University in Melbourne.              Every learner will have the opportunity to learn about how
     user interaction with scientific simulations in online        animations.                                                                         CY: 	Judy Robertson gave a keynote lecture at               their personal data is used, their legal rights and privacy
     interactions.                                                                                                                                           ACM Innovation and Technology in Computer              implications. They should be able to identify what data is
                                                                                                                                                             Science Education in Larnaca.                          collected about them and where it is stored, be aware of
     PROFESSOR SHAARON AINSWORTH, University of                                                                                                        DE: 	Andrew Manches gave a keynote at the EARLI             and able to make use of open data, and be able to con-
     Nottingham, presented research on the use of drawing in                                                                                                 SIG 5 ‘Future Challenges for Early Childhood           tribute to the ongoing discussion and evolving definition
     assessment, learning and teaching in primary, secondary                                                                                                 Education & Care’ conference in Berlin and was         of data citizenship. The project has the potential to improve
     and tertiary medical education.                                                                                                                         an invited member of the ‘Critical discussion of       so many children’s learning and future opportunities.
                                                                                                                                                             the role of technology in early childhood’ panel.
     DR SUMIN ZHAO explored the role mobile technologies                                                                                                     Judy Robertson gave a keynote for the 13th             Why is it important?
     play in the literacy practices of young children from

                                                                                                                                    © Shana Ferguson
                                                                                                                                                             Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing            The Data Education in Schools project is part of a wider
     immigrant and expatriate families.                                                                                                                      Education in October 2018 in Potsdam.                  programme to develop data driven innovation within the
                                                                                                                                                       HK: 	Judy Robertson gave an invited talk at a con-          region, with the ambition of making Edinburgh the data
                                                                                                                                                             ference on computational thinking for children         capital of Europe. This can only happen with a highly
     Knowledge Exchange Events                                     Workshop with Braidburn School Pupils                                                     in Hong Kong.                                          skilled workforce, which this project contributes to.
     In addition to our seminars we have organised and parti-                                                                                          US: 	Lydia Plowman gave a keynote lecture at the
     cipated in a range of knowledge exchange opportunities                                                                                                  Erikson Institute in Chicago and was a discussant
     reaching a broad audience.                                    Kate Farrell worked with Braidburn school pupils to design                                for the symposium on Young children learning                     PROJECT DETAILS
         A resource for teaching computing education aspects       and test floating nets powered by Sphero robots to help                                   with mobile devices: Research on design and                      PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Professor Judy Robertson         £2.4M
     of the Technologies curriculum of Curriculum for Ex-          reduce plastic pollution in our oceans. She is also working                               implementation at the American Educational
     cellence was delivered to all primary schools in Scotland     with Newbattle Digital Centre of Excellence on a digital lite-                            Research Association conference in New York.                     TEAM:                           PROJECT DATES:
     (funded by Education Scotland, Skills Development             racy curriculum, and a project about health and fitness data                        UK: 	Within the UK, we gave invited talks at the                      Kate Farrell and                 1 Apr 2019–
     Scotland, SICSA Education and the Royal Society               (in conjunction with Sam Fawkner and Stephanie Adams).                                                                                                     Tommy Lawson                     31 Mar 2027
                                                                                                                                                             University of Edinburgh, University College
     of Edinburgh). Teach Computing Science can also be                In September 2018, Professor Lydia Plowman became                                     London, with the UK Association of Science
     accessed online at www.teachcs.scot.                          an Associate Director (Interdisciplinarity and Advanced                                   and Discovery Centres and the Royal Society                      Integrated Regional Employ-
         The Move2Learn project team participated in the STEM      Training) for the Scottish Graduate School of Social                                      of Edinburgh.                                                    ability and Skills programme
     for All Video Showcase, a competition open to projects        Science, an international adviser for the Early Childhood                                                                                                  (Edinburgh) and South East
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Scotland City Region Deal

20                                                                                                  RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                                                                           21
PROJECTS                                                                                                                                 FEATURED

                                                                                                                                              PUBLICATIONS                                                                               HIGHLIGHT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Data Education in Schools
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The ambitious Data Edu-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         cation in Schools project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         will support all school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         learners in the region to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         become data citizens and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         understand the role of data
                                                                                                                                              Manches, A, McKenna, P, Rajendran,           Robertson J, Macvean A, Fawkner S, Baker G,   across society. It will seek

                                                                                                                           © Alfonso Juárez
                                                                                                                                              G & Robertson, J 2019,                       Jepson R 2018.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         to improve children’s lear-
                                                                                                                                              Identifying embodied                         Savouring our mistakes:                       ning, teachers’ knowledge
                                                                                                                                              metaphors for computing                      Learning from the FitQuest                    and skills, contributing
                                                                                                                                              education                                    project                                       to data driven innovation
                                                                                                                                              Computers in Human Behavior                  International Journal of Child-Computer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and Edinburgh’s aspira-
     Magic Cloud                                                  Co-Creation of an                                                              This paper brings together computing      Interaction. 16, pp. 55-67.
                                                                                                                                                 education and embodiment theory              This paper is a synthesis of 5 years of    tion to become the data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         capital of Europe.
                                                                  embodied learning
                                                                                                                                                 for the first time opening up a new          empirical research and a reflection on
                                                                                                                                                 line of research enquiry as well as          methodologies for designing for and
     Informed by research in the Children and Technology
                                                                                                                                                 significant pedagogy and design              with children using interdisciplinary
     group, the Magic Cloud is an Internet of Things plat-
     form that wirelessly links soft toys to digital content in   technology for                                                                 implications.
                                                                                                                                                 DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2018.12.037
                                                                                                                                                                                              DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcci.2017.12.003
     order to support early learning. The Magic Cloud sup-
     ports children’s learning through play, song and guided
                                                                  early science
     interaction from parents. This project works with edu-
                                                                  This project will extend the societal and potential
     cational organisations to explore ways that the Magic
                                                                  commercial impact of the Move2Learn project through
     Cloud can extend the learning experiences they offer
     through soft toys they already sell.
                                                                  proof of concept development of a digital ‘embodied                                                                                                                           113,000
                                                                  learning’ exhibit with our partners at Glasgow Science                                                                                                                           PUPILS
                                                                  Centre (GSC). We will design an external prototype
                                                                  exhibit that can be used and evaluated with children
                                                                  and parents in science centres.                                             Marsh, J, Plowman, L, Yamada-Rice, D,
                                                                                                                                              Bishop, J, Lahmar, J & Scott, F 2018,
                                                                                                                                              Play and creativity in young
                                                                                                                                              children’s use of apps
                                                                                                                                              British Journal of Educational Technology,
                                                                  PROJECT DETAILS
                                                                                                                                              49(5), pp. 870-882.
                                                                  PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:         PROJECT DATES:
                                                                  Dr Andrew Manches               1 Jan 2019–
                                                                                                                                                 Funded by an ESRC Knowledge
                                                                                                                                                 Exchange grant, this study, based on
                                                                                                  31 Dec 2019
                                                                                                                                                 a survey of 2000 parents and six case                                                             YEARS
                                                                                                                                                 studies, is the first to systematically
                                                                  Dr Zayba                        AWARD:
                                                                                                                                                 investigate the extent to which apps
                                                                  Ghazali-Mohammed                £19,519
                                                                                                                                                 for children aged 0–5 foster play and
     PROJECT DETAILS                                              Jamie Menzies
                                                                                                                                                 DOI: 10.1111/bjet.12622
     PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:        PROJECT DATES:                (Research Assistant)

     Dr Andrew Manches              13 Jan 2019–
                                    14 Jul 2019                   FUNDER:

     TEAM:                                                       Wellcome Trust Translational
     Libby Odai                     AWARD:                        Partnership Award
                                    £10,000                                                                                                                                                                                                        550
     FUNDER:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SCHOOLS
     ESRC Business Booster


22                                                                                               RESEARCH AND IMPACT                          RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                                                                       23
This theme is concerned with
                                     innovative interdisciplinary studies     »Data society responds
                                                                                to the increasingly
                                     of data-processing technologies
                                     and data-intensive socio-technical
                                     systems, with a particular focus on
                                     developing educational perspec-
                                     tives that can enhance the technical,     important issues raised
                                     sociological, political, and ethical
                                     understanding of the contemporary         by the collection and
                                                                               processing of digital
                                     ‘data society’. Key directions for
                                     research involve examining the rela-
                                     tionships between technical areas
                                     such as artificial intelligence (AI),
                                     machine learning, algorithms, and ‘big    data in education, and
                                     data’, and educational issues such
                                     as curricular and policy development,     will develop a critical
                                                                               research agenda
                                     classroom practices, educational
                                     theory, the learning sciences, and
                                     education technology development.

                                                                               around analytics,
                                     PROJECTS 2018/2019

                                     Supporting Higher Education
                                                                               ‘big data’, algorithms,
                                     to Integrate Learning Analytics
                                     Jan 2015–Jun 2018                         machine learning,
                                                                               and other data-
                                     SHEILA, European Commission

                                     Data Bodies in the library

                                                                               intensive practices.«
                                     Aug 2017–Jul 2018
                                     University of Edinburgh, College of
                                     Arts Humanities and Social Sciences
                                     Challenge Investment Fund

                                     Ethics and Justice for Data and
                                                                               DR JEREMY KNOX
                                     Artificial Intelligence
                                     Jan 2019–Dec 2019
                                     Global Academy & Edinburgh Futures

                                     Hacking Distance Learning
                                     Jan 2019
                                     University of Edinburgh Student
                                     Experience Grant

     DATA                            CONTACT
                                     Dr Jeremy Knox

                                     Co-Director for Data Society

24             RESEARCH AND IMPACT   RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                 25
IMPACT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          IMPACT

     DATA SOCIETY IMPACT                                                                                                         Supporting Higher Education to
     Our research examines the relationships between technical areas such as                                                     Integrate Learning Analytics (SHEILA)
     artificial intelligence and ‘big data’, and educational issues including curricular
     development, educational theory and classroom practice.
                                                                                                                                 What was the project?                                          Why is it important?
     Seminars                                                       DR REBECCA EYNON, University of Oxford, presented            The SHEILA project assists European higher education           The use of learning analytics has gained increasing atten-
     Since our last report, we have organised six seminars          research on artificial intelligence and lifelong learning    institutions to become more mature users and custodians        tion in recent years. At the same time, few higher educa-
     bringing together expertise across the work of the Data        and exploring the social and educational implications of     of digital data collected from students during their online    tion institutions in Europe and the world are ‘student data
     Society research strand.                                       a fragmented landscape.                                      learning activities.                                           informed’. The SHEILA programme addresses this gap
                                                                                                                                     A series of research activities took place between         through the development of a long term learning analytics
     DR LINA DENCIK, University of Cardiff, with DR CALLUM                                                                       January 2016 and September 2018 to investigate the state       policy agenda and a community among higher education
     MCGREGOR and DR GARY FRASER, University of Edin-               Presentations                                                of the art in terms of learning analytics (LA) adoption in     institutions across Europe.
     burgh, presented as part of the third event in our Data        Beyond our own seminar programme our academics               Europe, drivers for adoption, challenges, and successes
     Citizenship series. Lina focused on the use of ‘data scores’   have shared their research through 17 presentations (key-    to date. The project then built a policy development frame-
     in public services within the UK and Callum questioned         notes, invited talks, workshops, roundtables, papers and     work (SHEILA framework) to support systematic, sustain-
     the dominant narrative of data citizenship and its conse-      posters) in the UK and 11 presentations internationally      able and responsible adoption of LA at an institutional
     quences for communities. Gary presented his research           (Australia, China, Croatia, Finland, Germany, Netherlands,   level. The study concluded with a recommendation of
     exploring how the transformative effects of digital tech-      Sweden, USA).                                                a dialogical approach to dealing with the social and cul-
     nologies are manifested in community education.                                                                             tural challenges associated with LA, so as to move towards
                                                                    AU: 	Yi-Shan Tsai gave a series of invited talks on         systematic adoption under a shared vision across the
     DR GREG MICHAELSON, Heriot-Watt University, exami-                    learning analytics at the University of Sydney        institution.
     ned the roots of Data Science and simple machine lear-         CN: 	Jeremy Knox gave an invited talk on open learning          The SHEILA project team has organised and partici-
     ning techniques, the problems of Big Data and the gap                 at Beijing Normal University                          pated in a range of conferences, consortiums, and
     between computational and human intelligent problem            FI: 		Yi-Shan Tsai gave an invited talk and delivered       workshops during the last year: sheilaproject.eu/events
     solving.                                                              a workshop in Helsinki
                                                                    DE:		Ben Williamson gave a keynote lecture at               Who did you work with?
     DR BEN WILLIAMSON, University of Edinburgh, re-                       OEB Global in Berlin                                  SHEILA was funded by the European Commission via the
     viewed the expansion of a data infrastructure for the          SE: 		Ben Williamson gave a keynote talk on ‘intimate       Erasmus+ program. The SHEILA team includes institu-
     collection, analysis and diffusion of student data in                 data’ at Malmo University                             tional leaders, LA experts and teaching staff from Brussels
     UK higher education institutions.                              UK:		Within the UK, we gave invited talks at the Univer-    Educational Services, Open University of the Netherlands,
                                                                           sities of Cambridge, Birmingham, Belfast, Leeds,      Tallinn University, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid,
     DR PETAR JANDRIĆ, University of Applied Sciences,                     De Montfort and Edinburgh as well as at the           European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               © Peak15 (Sigrid Schmeisser)
     Croatia, discussed the development of the postdigital                 British Sociological Association and the Scottish     Education and the Erasmus Student Network, and in-
     concept and associated challenges in science and                      Graduate School of Social Science.                    cludes associate partners from 58 organisations across
     education. MITCHELL PETERS (visiting scholar), Univer-                                                                      23 countries.
     sity of Catalonia, Spain, described a digital learning         We also presented at conferences online and in
     ecologies framework to examine the ways students               Maastricht, Sydney, Arizona, Zagreb.                         What was the impact?
     orchestrate their learning ecology in order to generate                                                                     The SHEILA framework offers good reference points for
     opportunities for learning across formal and informal                                                                       institutions to develop or review their strategy and policy    Top: Sheila Framework, Bottom: Sheila Framework Webtool
     contexts.                                                      Awards                                                       for LA and assess their institutional readiness. The impacts
                                                                    Yi-Shan Tsai was nominated for a Best Paper Award            and sustainability of the project are evident in another
     DR KOBI GAL, University of Edinburgh, discussed com-           and received a Best Poster Award at the 8th International    Erasmus+ project – LALA(https://www.lalaproject.org/),                   PROJECT DETAILS
                                                                                                                                                                                                          PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:         PROJECT DATES:
     putational methods to support students in their learning       Learning Analytics and Knowledge conference in Sydney        which adapts the SHEILA framework to the Latin American
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Professor Dragan Gašević        1 Jan 2015–
     and identified research problems within this context as        in 2018 and has been elected as one of the member-           higher educational context. The web tool of the frame-                                                   30 Jun 2018
     well as some initial solutions from artificial intelligence,   at-large of the Society for Learning Analytics Research      work together with other materials produced by the SHEILA                RESEARCH ASSOCIATE:
     HCI and data mining.                                           (SoLAR) Executive: solaresearch.org.                         project have been made openly accessible at:                             Dr Yi-Shan Tsai                 AWARD:
                                                                                                                                 https://sheilaproject.eu/                                                                                £136,857
                                                                                                                                                                                                          FUNDER:                         Total grant value:
                                                                                                                                                                                                          European Commission             £460,612

26                                                                                                 RESEARCH AND IMPACT           RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                                                                                                          27
PROJECTS                                                                                                                   FEATURED

     Ethics and Justice                                                                                                         PUBLICATIONS                                                                                   HIGHLIGHT
     for Data and Artificial
     Intelligence                                                                                                                                                                                                              DATA & TECHNOLOGY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ETHICS INQUIRY
     The University of Edinburgh is currently involved in a number                                                                                                                                                             Dr Ben Williamson was
     of large-scale projects that are grounded in the idea of using data-      PROJECT DETAILS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               an invited participant of
     driven technologies to solve local and global challenges. There is        PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:         PROJECT DATES:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the ‘Data and Technology
                                                                               Dr Jeremy Knox                  1 Jan 2019–
     a pressing need to enhance the critical capacity of these initiatives                                                                                                                                                     Ethics Inquiry (Education)
                                                                                                               31 Dec 2019
     by giving due attention to the technologies themselves, and asking                                                         Knox, J 2018,                                 Tsai, Y-S, Moreno-Marcos, PM, Jivet,
                                                                               FUNDER:                                                                                                                                         roundtable’, an All Party
     challenging questions about how data are used, and what kind of           Global Academy &
                                                                                                                                Beyond the ‘c’ and the ‘x’:                   I, Scheffel, M, Tammets, K, Kollom,
                                                                                                                                                                              K & Gasevic, D 2018,                             Parliamentary Group
     agency stakeholders have in the process.                                  Edinburgh Futures Institute     £5000            learning with algorithms
                                                                                                                                                                              The SHEILA framework:                            event leading to a Parlia-
         As a Global Academy and Edinburgh Futures Institute Fellow,                                                            in the MOOC
                                                                                                                                International Review of Education,            informing institutional strate-                  mentary report.
     Dr Jeremy Knox will be working across the College of Arts, Huma-
                                                                                                                                64(2), pp. 161-178                            gies and policy processes
     nities and Social Sciences to build awareness and understanding                                                                                                                                                           The ‘Data and Technology
                                                                                                                                    ducation is becoming embroiled in
                                                                                                                                   E                                          of learning analytics
     of the social and ethical implications of our increasingly ‘datafied’                                                         an “algorithmic culture” that defines      Journal of Learning Analytics, 5(3), pp. 5-20.   Ethics’ report, which
     institution.                                                                                                                  educational roles, forecasts attainment,       his paper presents the scientific
                                                                                                                                                                                 T                                             has been sponsored by
                                                                                                                                    and influences pedagogy. This article        inquiries undertaken to develop the
                                                                                                                                   identifies and examines four key areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Deloitte and Jisc, brings
                                                                                                                                                                                 SHEILA framework and four case
                                                                                                                                   where algorithms influence the activi-        studies demonstrating how the frame-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               together policy recom-
                                                                                                                                   ties of the MOOC: (1) data capture and        work can be used to assist with lear-         mendations on the use
                                                                                                                                   discrimination; (2) calculated learners;      ning analytics policy and strategy            of big and open data
                                                                                                                                   (3) feedback and entanglement; and            formation in addition to institutional        in education, healthcare,
                                                                                                                                   (4) learning with algorithms.                 readiness assessment.
                                                                                                                                   DOI: 10.1007/s11159-018-9707-0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               autonomous vehicles,
                                                                                                                                                                                 DOI: 10.18608/jla.2018.53.2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               and policing.

                                                                                                                                Williamson, B 2018,                                                                            The report will be laun-
                                                                                                                                The hidden architecture of                                                                     ched in the UK Parliament
                                                                                                                                higher education: building                                                                     in May 2019 by Minister
                                                                                                                                a big data infrastructure for                                                                  of State for Digital, Margot
                                                                                                                                the ‘smarter university’                                                                       James MP.
                                                                                                                                International Journal of Educational
                                                                                                                                Technology in Higher Education, 15(12)
                                                                                                                                   ‘The hidden architecture of higher
                                                                                                                                    education’ presents a detailed study
                                                                                                                                    of the new data infrastructure to
     Hacking Distance                                                                                                               capture and process student infor-
                                                                                                                                    mation in UK HE, demonstrating

     Learning                                                                                                                       how governmental processes of HE
                                                                                                                                    marketization are the product of
                                                                                                                                    cross-sector policy networks and
     The central aim of the hackathons project is to co-produce, with                                                               platform software.
     student participants leading the session, technologies that bring         PROJECT DETAILS                                     DOI: 10.1186/s41239-018-0094-1

     distant students and those on the campus together as one commu-           PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR:         PROJECT DATES:
                                                                               Dr Jeremy Knox                  1 Jan 2019
     nity. This project will directly benefit ‘hackathons’ attendees through
     a multi-disciplinary and collaborative event that brings together         TEAM:                          AWARD:
     undergraduate, postgraduate, and research students to co-design           Dr Michael Gallagher            £1,908
     the future university. Participants will be invited with a range of       James Lamb
     skills, including technical coding and ‘making’ expertise, as well
     as social, cultural and ethical perspectives, promoting the sharing
                                                                               Student Experience Grant
     of values and abilities.

28                                                                                                       RESEARCH AND IMPACT    RESEARCH AND IMPACT                                                                                                           29
TEACHING OVERVIEW                                                                       DOCTORAL STUDENTS
                                                                                             Nine doctoral students have graduated since the Centre for
                                                                                             Research in Digital Education was formed in November 2015.
                                                                                             21 doctoral students are currently associated with the Centre:

                                                  24                        48               STUART ALLAN                               MURRAY CRAIG                            NICOLA KIERNAN
                                                                                             The roles and purposes of organi-          Technology-related attitudes,           Use of technology in STEM Edu-
                                                                                             sational narratives in mediating,          beliefs and practices of secondary      cation and learning progressions
                                                                                             activating and resisting educational       school physical education teachers      (Chemistry).
                                                                                             change.                                    in Scotland.                              Supervisors: Dr Andrew Manches
                                                                                               Supervisors: Dr Jen Ross and               Supervisors: Dr Christine Nash          and Dr Michael Seery
                                                                                               Professor Siân Bayne                       and Dr Jen Ross                         (School of Chemistry)

                                                                                             NADA ALSAYEGH                              NOREEN DUNNETT                          XIN LUO
                                                                                             The Cultural Implications of Ara-          Re-imagining disengagement from         Using WeChat to explore parents’
                                                                                             bic Massive Open Online Courses            learning: the sociomaterial practices   perspectives on early years
                                                                                             in the Middle East.                        of classrooms and digital game          education in China.
                                                                                               Supervisors: Dr Jen Ross and                                                       Prof Lydia Plowman and
                                                                                               Dr Jeremy Knox                                                                     Dr Shari Sabeti
                                                                                                                                          Supervisors: Prof Siân Bayne
                                                                                                                                          and Dr Hamish Macleod

                                                                                             ATHARY ALMUHANNA                                                                   JOHN MORRISON
                                                                                             The effects of the flipped classroom       MAUREEN FINN                            Understanding the real and
                                                                                             model on the learning environment.         Experience edited: mobile               perceived barriers for participa-
                                                                                               Supervisors: Dr Christine Sinclair and   pupils and the material                 tion in higher education among
                                                                                               Prof Jeff Haywood                                                                care experienced individuals.
                                                                                                                                        environment of the school.
                                                           MSC STUDENTS
                                                                                                                                          Supervisors: Prof Lydia Plowman       Exploring what value digital tools
                                                                                             VALENTIA ANDRIES                             and Dr Jen Ross                       can bring to Jean Rouch’s ‘Shared
                                              Bottom (left to right) 1    POLAND
                                                                                             Promoting play in a children’s                                                     Anthropology’ approach.
                                              2 MEXICO               1    RWANDA             hospital: a person-centred                 CHRIS HAMBLEY                             Supervisors: Professor Chris Speed
                                              8 U.S.A                5    SOUTH AFRICA       approach to technology design                                                        (Design Informatics) and Dr Jen Ross
               MSC MODULE:
                                              9 CANADA
                                                                                                                                        Sociomaterial reading of lear-
                                                                     1    SUDAN
               CHILDREN AND TECHNOLOGY                                                       with families.                             ning spaces, specifically how peo-
                                              1   URUGUAY            1    ISRAEL
                                                                                               Supervisors: Prof Judy Robertson
                                              9 IRISH REPUBLIC       1    QATAR                                                         ple negotiate power in the context      CLARA O’SHEA
                                                                                               and Prof Lydia Plowman
       Top Left: 2017-2018
                                              2 NORTHERN IRELAND     2    BAHRAIN
                                                                                                                                        of transforming an ICT learning         Kinds of learning and kinds of
                                              36 UK SCOTLAND         1    PAKISTAN
       1   CZECH REPUBLIC                                                                                                               centre, and how users experience        play: an exploration of identity
                                              2 UK WALES             3    INDIA
       1   UNITED ARAB                                                                       SHARON BOYD                                this space because of its design        development in formal and infor-
                                              68 UK ENGLAND          2    SINGAPORE
       1   MALAYSIA                                                                          Student-community engagement
                                              1   PORTUGAL		         12   AUSTRALIA                                                     patterns.                               mal digital environments.
       21 CHINA
                                              2 MALTA                1    HONG KONG          activities at distance – digital narra-      Supervisors: Professor Siân Bayne       Supervisors: Professor Siân Bayne
       Top Right: 2018-2019                   3   FRANCE             1    TAIWAN             tive methods to capture a sense              and Dr Christine Sinclair               and Dr Hamish Macleod
       48 CHINA                               1   NIGERIA            2    NEW ZEALAND
                                                                                             of ‘place’ in research.
                                              2 BELGIUM
                                                                                               Supervisors: Dr Jen Ross and
                                              4 NETHERLANDS                                                                             ANA HIBERT
                                                                                               Dr Beth Christie                                                                 DIEGO RATES
                                              4 SWITZERLAND
                                                                                                                                        The use of Automated Writing            Student Experience Analytics
                                              1   AUSTRIA
                                              6 GERMANY                                                                                 Evaluation (AWE) technologies             Supervisors: Professor Dragan
                                              2 DENMARK                                                                                 as a support tool for students of         Gašević (Monash University),
                                                                                                                                                                                  Professor Siân Bayne and
                                                                                                                                        English as a second language.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Dr Jeremy Knox
                                                                                                                                          Supervisors: Professor Dragan
                                                                                                                                          Gašević (Monash University) and
                                                                                                                                          Seongsook Choi                                                   CONTINUES

30                                                           TEACHING & KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE   TEACHING & KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE                                                                                               31
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