Kookaburra - Kawau Island

Kookaburra - Kawau Island

SPRING 2019 KOOKABURRA Magazine of Kawau Island New Zealand

Kookaburra - Kawau Island

1 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Kawau Island Kookaburra Correspondence and contributions to: Michael Marris: editor@kirra.org.nz 021 739 973 Advertising managed by: Jude Wood: advertising@kirra.org.nz 021 529 633 KIRRA membership is invited: Contact Nikki Porteous: secretary@kirra.org.nz 021 0270 8953 Membership includes four issues of Kookaburra each year Check out our Kawau Island website: www.kawauisland.org “To publish the Kawau Island Kookaburra as a means of communication and as an outlet for news and articles written by interested persons” Kawau Island Residents & Ratepayers Association Rule 3(g) KIRRA EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 2019 - 2020 Chairman: Andrew Fyfe 021 622 231 Secretary: Nikki Porteous 021 027 08953 Treasurer: Sally Ostick 021 223 4268 Gael Archer 021 052 9002 Colin Bright 09 524 6189 Peter Buckton 422 3520 Pam Dallow 444 3378 Shelley Futcher 021 231 1372 Lin Pardey 09 422 8997 Sally Ostick 021 223 4268 Carl Weaver 0274 572 640 Mandy Weaver 021 273 9479 Jude Wood 021 529 633

Kookaburra - Kawau Island

2 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Contents Cover Photos: Patria Hume; The Two Jens Comment 3 Michael Marris Letter To The Editor 4 Peter Newson Vivian Bay News 6 Fay Richardson & Lyn Hume North Cove News 8 Ross West South Cove News 12 Andrew Stone Camp Bentzon Report 14 Peter & Erin Hyde Report:Takutai Moana Act 18 Colin Bright Afloat Around Kawau 24 Lin Pardey Escaping Winter 26 Kawau Girl The Beach House 28 Annika & Brett Pohutukawa Trust 30 Thomas Weaver Kawau Boating Club 35 Robyn and David Lee Fire Team 36 Sophie Wells KBC New Pontoon! 38 KBC Newsletter Sandspit Wharf 43 Auckland Transport briefing Teaching on Kawau 1952-53 44 Margaret Clement Kawau Research Programme 50 James Kim LegaSea 52 Scott Macindoe Poem: The Shout Out 54 Lois H.

Hunter Bookworms 56 Lyn Hume Park Notes 58 Sue Stoddard A Fairytale Wedding 60 Michael Marris Poem: Brexit 62 Peter Newson Sandspit Rubbish Facility 64 Beth Houlbrooke, Chair RLB Local Body Elections 64 KIRRA Message Solar Options 66 Tim Dudek Music in the Gardens 67 Fay Richatrdson Mt Taylor and Swansea Bay 68 the late Ray Weaver Road Toll & Drugs 70 Peter Newson KIRRA Exectutive Minutes 72 Nikki Porteous, Secretary 3 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Comment Michael Marris The somewhat gloomy countenance of this winter is yielding to the fresh face of spring. That is not to suggest we will be immune from the expectable equinox tempests.

It is equally expectable that Kookaburra in this annual “coming out of the dark days” issue can look a little like a tree with new growth appearing but not yet in full-blown. Such as a natural reflection of winter hibernation!

However, there is a silver lining for this gives opportunity for us, as a community deeply rooted in our Island world, to refresh ourselves about how Kawau has come to be the way it is, and the roles of so many people before us who have both worked on and trodden our landscape. A history defines our present – the history itself is a contentious matter most frequently viewed through sometimes narrow lenses of individual experiences. It is fitting that this government is now ensuring that a knowledge of our New Zealand history will be compulsory in all schools from 2022. What is less certain is what shape that history will take.

Whilst there are often clear factual outcomes of historical events that can be and are well documented, their underlying dynamics are often far less clear and open to a wide spectrum of interpretation. New Zealand’s next generation of children will be dependent upon a balanced and carefully explained account of our history, both precolonial and postcolonial. There will be inevitable tensions.

We, of Kawau Island lineage (societal if not genetic), are embedded in our own history. This is a history very much in focus at the moment because of the claims lodged under the Coastal and Marine Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 seeking recognition of protected customary rights, and customary marine title. There is more of that later in this issue. It is a matter of vital importance to us all with potentially profound implications. Importantly however, our Kawau history is expressed in many ways – the written first person experiences of early Kawau Island settlers, Māori oral history over several centuries and colonial oral history that has been passed down and recorded over the past 180 years, accounts of explorers and visitors, photographs, newspaper articles and the physical evidence of buildings and structures.

These all provide a compendium of our world as it once was. The real task will be how they are distilled into some meaningful and coherent form. This is not only for children to absorb and appreciate within their educational system, but also that our society is confident of a narrative that provides a balanced and equitable account of our past.

This spring issue showcases the magnificent writings of Margaret Clement of her days as a teacher in the 1950s at Schoolhouse Bay. These are delightful and informative accounts of Kawau Island life of that era. Margaret was a beautiful young teacher who has over the decades has carried with her that grace and beauty. Her recent Kawau pilgrimage with her three (very adult) children was, from accounts, a wonderful trip into nostalgia. It has been my editorial policy for the past decade to regularly present to readers recorded items from our Kawau Island past, in my belief that we each have a responsibility to be mindContinued on page 4

Kookaburra - Kawau Island

4 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 ful of how we have all come to be here. Whilst we may claim rights of ownership, these come with the responsibility of good citizenship. Tensions at this interface can be easily mobilised, and at present some are. There are presently challenging issues, also focused on history, that confront our Island community. Colin Bright has spearheaded an intense investigative and protective process as the ever-increasing complexities of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 unfold within the legal and po-litical systems. His report on page 18 is critical: whilst this issue is extremely complicated at one level, its inevitable outcome at another level has profound implications for all of us who are residents and rate-payers of Kawau Island.

Colin believes it is now on a fast-moving pathway that will impact ultimately on all of us who value the use of jetties, seawalls, moorings and other Coastal Marine Area resource consent activities. There may be a wider implication than this. You are strongly encouraged to carefully read this report. The outcome of the process will affect all of us – perhaps in ways that we will have to absorb some indignation and reframe some of our ideas around the rights of land ownership.

I would suggest you read the “Critical Points” box first. That will provide a platform for considering the more complex issues. Comment Continued from page 3 Letter To The Editor Peter Newson The new “Venture Capital Fund”. The government has raided the Superannuation Fund to create a $300 million Venture Capital Fund. The funds in the super fund account should be sacrosanct and only be drawn down on for the purpose it was created for. The word “Venture” should be changed to “RISK” Capital Fund and if is anything like PM Muldoon’s Think Big projects which were funded by complete confiscation of all the funds in the then National Superannuation Scheme, this took 7.5 % of all the wages and salaries by NZ Inland Revenue when taxed and put into an individual’s named account with their tax number.

I started paying in 1955 and then it disappeared about 1983, 28 years later! We were all promised a Universal Superannuation Scheme and I presume that is where the $300 million came from. Not all of the Think Big projects were successful and it could be said that much of the super $300 million from OUR current super fund is likely to suffer the same fate. Our new Coalition Government, short of skills and experience, has appropriated $300 million from the nation’s super funds with no guarantee or schedule of repayment.

  • We have all heard rumours that it won’t be long before the golden eagle cannot find the necessary to meet the Government’s superannuitants’ sacred obligations. A small or large saving could be made if our current and previous Members of Parliament could also become Universal Superannuitants and accept the same superannuation and become real New Zealanders at last. I firmly believe they are contravening the terms and conditions put in place by the Muldoon Government by accepting an exclusive and undemocratic superannuation payment. 5 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019
  • Marine construction
  • Wharfs/Jettys/Pontoons/Gangways
  • New builds/Repairs/Refurbishment
  • Seawalls
  • Boat Ramps/Boatlifters/Boat Sheds
  • Consents/Engineering & Design available
Kookaburra - Kawau Island

6 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Vivian Bay News Fay Richardson & Lyn Hume Fay writes: It has been a very quiet winter in Vivian Bay this year, with The Beach House closed and very few visitors to the baches. Karina and Luke are returning to Ireland as their visa applications were denied, so once again we have new managers. Brett and Annika have just arrived to take over the role and we welcome them to our friendly shores. A farewell lunch was held at the Humes and we are all very sad to lose this lovely young couple that embraced our Island life. Luke has just gone for his last swim off the wharf while I write this - only for the very brave in this temperature today.

The weather has delayed my usual seed germination in my glasshouse but my top garden is still producing lots of potatoes, cabbage, broccoli spinach, parsley, and a new crop of snow peas. We spent two days bucketing out the remains of our top tank and after a clean, it is slowing filling up...that is when the sun shines enough to pump up from our home tank with the solar power, so that come summer we will have plenty of water for the garden as well as the house. 7 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 After the long weeks of inclement weather, Dave asked me if I would like to go to Fiji for some warmth and sunshine.

What was a girl to say!!

After 48 years and a bigger budget than my last trip, Fiji was everything the brochures claim. I was in heaven, swimming, snorkelling, walks along deserted beaches, eating fresh fish and salads grown locally, and we even swam with the manta rays. Our water taxi from Musket Cove marina to Beachcomber Island was a local long boat so luckily it was a calm 30-minute trip. Now I’m happily back in Vivian Bay with the fire keeping us warm and looking forward to another summer on our own Island. Lyn adds: One of the beautiful aspects of this time of the year is the return of the pair of dotterels ready to build a nest on same spot on the foreshore again.

It is fascinating to see that although they have managed to hatch chicks over the previous years, they have unfortunately not managed to rear them to adulthood. Hopefully this year will be different but for this we need to ensure that dogs are kept strictly under control on the beach. Every year we remind people that this is a mark of respect for our environment.

We are also enjoying the sight and sound of two pairs of kiwi in our vicinity and we can’t stress enough that their survival to a large degree depends on the sensibility of pet owners to keep both dog and cat pets under control and either inside or kenneled overnight. The lives of other birds are also at risk and it is very distressing to find the remains of other birds on our properties. Last summer we found kereru, tui, wekas and fantails which had very obviously been killed and partially eaten. It is really great watching the birds on the Island and listening to their calls, particularly the tuis with their amazing mimicking and melodious sounds.

Kookaburra - Kawau Island

8 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 North Cove News Ross West Two North Cove properties have changed hands since I last wrote this column. At the head of Moana Creek and next door to Jill Hetherington three lots, previously owned by Gordon Price and his late wife Laurel, have a new owner. Jill remembers Gordon and Laurel celebrating Christmas on the Island in 1989 but after that their visits were infrequent and Gordon hasn’t appeared for a good ten years. Gordon used to drive the ferry, and he dug a channel through the mangroves to enable his launch to access on the tide. Of course, the dwelling and property in general have suffered from years of neglect but Jill remembers it with a fine orchard and beautiful garden all nestled in a sheltered valley with lots of sun.

I haven’t met the new owner but I understand he has three teenage boys, so I’m sure they will have it sorted in no time.

Anyone who’s visited Starboard Arm will know the Pettit property with its substantial palm plantings established by John and Shirley over their many years of ownership. I talked about that legacy in a previous copy of the magazine so now it’s time to introduce the new owners Caroline Boot and Tim Duffett and their sons, Tom and Chester. Caroline has a long connection with the Island going back to childhood so the purchase is part of a long-term plan for her and husband, Tim. They were even married on Kawau at The Beach House some 17 years ago. They take over the property in November so will get to live out their dream this summer and gently melt into the community.

In the last issue I talked about Herb Fava’s property having some love put into it and can now put a name to the face of the man doing all the work. Graphics designer Neville Eade lives aboard his very large Warwick designed launch Media Luna now moored on Herb’s pontoon and from this base he’s done a massive exterior clean up. All weeds, and there were many, have been removed and some 19 cubic metres of contractors’ left overs have gone to the mainland on Mark Phillips’ barge. Next is an interior clean. Neville is no stranger to the Island having lived for five years in the old Lees property adjacent to Camp Bentzon, which he sold to its present owner, Lloyd Lamberg, 25 years ago.

Neville and his wife homeschooled their two girls, who were eleven and twelve when they first arrived here. Before Media Luna, Neville cruised the South Pacific for six winters in a Young 43, but changed to a launch after building a house in Greenhithe where he found the trip from the upper reaches of the harbour to sea frustrat- 9 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 ingly slow in a yacht. I incorrectly presumed Neville was a friend of Herbs, but it turns out Neville noticed the property while cruising in the area and approached Herb. I think everyone in North Cove hopes an arrangement between the two can be reached and Neville and his partner Wendy Steele become a regular part of the community.

Incidentally Media Luna is the name of a move in Argentinian Tango which Neville was learning when looking for a new name for his vessel! The neighbour to the east of me is the large Bilger property that runs from the head of Starboard over to the eastern coast of the Island and up to Bon Accord Harbour. In 1947 Jock’s parents purchased what was advertised as ‘a fifth of Kawau’, a thousand acres, for a guinea an acre. The family enjoyed many years in the existing dwelling on Emu Point but as a young man Jock discovered the eastern coast and with wife Jan and young son Jon began camping in Sandy Bay.

Being an Olympic sailor Jock favoured sail over engine, so it was a trusty Laser that ferried the family back and forth from Tawharanui Peninsula. After their ‘wooden tent’ was built the Laser was used as a floating ute, sometimes towing an aluminium dinghy to accommodate large items like a fullsized fridge. Jock says there were about three crossings that should NOT have been done but they survived and did well over a hundred trips from1987 to 2015. At the age of seventy nine Jan said ‘enough is enough - in future we go by ferry’!

The flora and fauna have always been important to the family and as a young man Jock put a lot of time and money into possum eradication on their property. Without his work I doubt there’d be a pohutukawa left on the eastern coastline. Jon, his wife Tracy and their two daughters, Lucy and Stella, have picked up the Continued on next page

Kookaburra - Kawau Island

10 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 batten with enthusiasm. I understand guests realise early on that they’re there to participate in weed and pest control. No ‘free lunch’ there! With the aid of a FWD Mule to move water, Jon has sprayed a vast amount of pampas at the head of Starboard Arm and is paying someone to carry on with this work over a lot of their property.

Seeing a stoat run over their lawn prompted Jon to invest in 25 Goodnature traps which dispatch both rats and stoats. He has counters on the devices and when last checked had clocked up close to eighty hits. Wekas remove the evidence. The three Bilger generations are true kaitiaki of the land and a great example to us all.

Walking home one evening recently I came across a kiwi wandering along my foreshore path. It scuttled a short distance where it stopped with its head and upper body stuck between two saplings, playing dead, hoping I would leave it alone which of course I did. A young couple who have been coming to the Island on weed control and planting projects for me have encountered kiwi every evening they’ve gone looking. I hear them every night and not far from my house. They’re slow breeders so the more we can do to eradicate predators the better chance we have of increasing their numbers. The old days of dogs running free is thankfully no longer tolerated.

  • I hope spring isn’t the bumpy ride a few forecasters are talking about and that summer is full of sunny days with ten knots of wind and 25 millimetres of rain every Sunday night! . . Environmentally friendly sewage treatment . . Aerated sewage treatment . . Installed in New Zealand for over 25 years . . Low power whisper blower
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12 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 South Cove News Andrew Stone Do you ever feel you want to skip August and jump from July to September and spring? If there ever was a month to forget then August would be my contender.

Maybe it reflects the lousy forecast - there was not a single day when a front didn’t pass by, throwing some bitter wind and chilly sharp showers around. Every year it seems the same. Winter bites hard, the ground gets soft, colours leach from the garden as temperatures slip down into single figures. South Cove often seems deserted in August because its residents have pretty much agreed to skip the month and go somewhere warm. Those who stay crank up their wood fires and hibernate.

One couple who own a quad added a cabin to the machine. They saw the lightweight frame at Fieldays and knew straightaway it would tick the boxes for the drive down the road to the jetty on a miserable winter’s day. With a little adjustment it’s possible to get two squeezed under cover and out of the elements. Did I say August was a beast? It was so bad one day that even Reuben’s water taxi couldn’t berth. A nasty sou’west swell heaved by the wharf and the skipper felt it was too dangerous to tie up. The passengers had to return to Bon Accord where they disembarked in relative tranquillity and got a lift overland.

But even in this wretched month work has gone on. A new build along Woods Ridge. The biggest change in the bay has occurred at the corner of Knight Ridge. A collection of pines had stood on two corners of a T-intersection for decades. As the trees aged, some started to lean and their condition deteriorated. It’s unlikely they were in imminent danger of toppling but the odd big branch could have easily snapped off in a big blow, given the trees copped winds from most quarters.

Jenny, one of our new residents, decided that it was best to be safe rather than sore. For most of August machines worked on her property, removing the old trees and slicing the logs so they could go through a mulcher. Piles of fresh pine chips have been dumped outside places all over the Cove - a bit like gold dust really because it’s so difficult to get that amount of mulch across from the mainland. From some viewpoints, the ridge where the trees grew is a wide-open space. There are still old stands of pines around the place, but the undergrowth around Knight Ridge should respond to all the light that has suddenly appeared.

Especially now that August is behind us.

13 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019

Kookaburra - Kawau Island

14 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Camp Bentzon Report Peter & Erin Hyde Winter Maintenance Camp Bentzon is transformed into a working site for three-four weeks each year and jobs are undertaken that cannot be done with children around. This is always quite intense as there are time constraints. We again this year had the support of the local Warkworth Lions Club and got some of those jobs done that needed an empty Camp. Everyone pulls together including contractors to meet our deadlines and ensure that the Camp reopens in the last week of August.

This year we achieved new stairs, a new confidence course platform, reshaped road (thanks Russell for all your time to achieve this), firewood, nicely pruned trees, retaining wall, and painted top bunkroom doors. John Hyde Sadly, we have lost Peter’s Dad, he passed away on 21st August. We are very grateful that he passed quickly and that he had still been able to contribute to the community, which he so enjoyed doing, planting trees at Shakespear Park only ten weeks previously, and still working at the Hospice.

Camp Bentzon has also lost a volunteer. John has done on average four weeks voluntary work at the Camp each year, fixing trolleys, installing groynes, repairing arrows and attending to a range of small timber jobs.

This in turn has meant we have had the opportunity to share many aspects of Camp Bentzon with him, which we have appreciated. John was very passionate and supportive about what we did at Camp Bentzon, which was a great thing to share with your Dad, and we will both really miss him. The photo shows John ready to work!

Our Japan Holiday Peter and I have also headed to Japan for a three-week break. We very much enjoyed this, finding Japanese people to be helpful, polite and the country so litter and graffiti free. A rail pass proved a great way to travel with us seeing parts of Tokyo, Kamakura, Nikko, Lake Chuzenji, Takayama, Toyama, Shirakawago, Hiroshima, Kure, Miyajima, Osaka, Nara, Kyoto and then flying to Okinawa and then by ferry to Aka Island. Highlights were having our first meal “local style”, Osaka Aquarium, scenery to Takayama, 15 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 snorkeling in Aka and staying with a family there.

Kokapu School This is quite a fun camp who have been here before. This year the school has grown so they only brought the five to eight-year-olds. It always amazes me how this age bracket does so well. The children did the confidence course, bivouac making, orienteering, kayaking, wharf jumping, Mansion House hike, sailing and so many other things. The photo shows them with Peter, learning how to sail prior to venturing out on the water. Orcas in the Cove This weekend was a lot of fun with 60 children from Takuranga Playcentre. They got to enjoy an amazing experience of having orcas in North Cove, which Peter shared with them.

Erin enjoyed the experience too in her kayak - on one occasion they swam under her boat. There were aproximately six orcas with two calves.


Kookaburra - Kawau Island
  • 16 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Boutique Lodge | Licenced Restaurant and Bar | Wedding and Function Venue | Conference Centre A private island escape, The Beach House, Kawau Island, is a boutique lodge nestled on the edge of the crystal clear waters of Vivian Bay with a backdrop RI
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18 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Report:Takutai Moana Act Colin Bright TAKUTAI MOANA APPLICATIONS FOR RECOGNITION ORDERS THE IMPACT FOR KAWAU RESIDENTS AND RATEPAYERS COULD BE MAJOR Almost beneath the radar, a number of applications are presently being considered by the New Zealand High Court and/or by the Crown. The applications have been made under the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (The Act). The applicants seek recognition of coastal and foreshore rights. Applications have been made seeking the recognition of rights over various parts of the coastal and marine areas around the whole of New Zealand.

Some have been made to the High Court. Those claims were lodged in accordance with a date limitation requirement of the Act. Some applications have been made under the same Act, and within the same timeframe, to enter into direct negotiations with the Crown.

Of all of the applications that have been made, a small number affect Kawau. Because some have been made for direct negotiations with the Crown and are not High Court proceedings, it is difficult to determine the total number of applications that relate to the coastal and marine areas around Kawau. To date about 17 or 18 applicant groups have been identified. Although it is known that some groups have undertaken direct negotiations with the Crown over the establishment of rights to the coastal and marine areas around Kawau, almost nothing is known, at present, of the stages that have been reached in those direct negotiations.

Of those who have commenced proceedings in the High Court, within the time limitation stipulated by the Act, the applications are being case managed, by what appear to be tight timeframes towards hearings.

Some applicants have sought and have been granted temporary time stays, so that they can undertake direct negotiations with the Crown. Others are continuing through the Court. Without first being in a position where the Committee has been able to see, and to consider, and to evaluate, the nature and extent of the evidence presented by the applicants, in support of their applications, KIRRA is not in a position to reach any conclusions on the merits or otherwise of individual applications. To try to be in a position to both keep the residents and ratepayers informed about the various applications, and what they seek as they affect Kawau, and also, where practicable, to have input and to be in a position to provide comment on evidence presented in support of applications.

KIRRA has committed funds for legal research and representation. That commitment is major for KIRRA but it is tiny for what is required to provide a proper overview for our community. The funds allocated, however, are at the limit that the organisation is in a position to commit.

  • Regardless of whether an evaluation, by your Committee, were to determine that particular applications deserved support, neutrality, or opposition, KIRRA will need a lot more direct 19 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 financial support from its members to be able to reasonably evaluate the various applications that affect our Island and to be able to provide some input into the decisions that are made. Why is that important? There are a number of reasons why, whatever rights may be established by the applicant groups will be important for, and have an impact on, Kawau Islanders, but of the rights and entitlements sought one is particularly important for Kawau Islanders who have moorings, or who depend on jetties for access to their properties, and/or who have interests in properties that may be protected by sea walls. It is important because each applicant who establishes a right to a customary marine title will need to be consulted, and their consent will need to be obtained, before an application can be lodged to extend, or renew, any resource consent, or permit, for existing jetties, or sea walls, or moorings (i.e. you will need the consent of the holder of a customary marine title before you will be able to seek a resource consent to extend, or renew, any existing resource This report by Colin Bright on behalf of the KIRRA subcommittee is detailed. We urge all Kawau Islanders to read it carefully. The outcome FRQVHTXHQFHV
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20 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 21 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 consent, or permit, for anything in the affected coastal and marine areas). To be able to monitor the applications that have been made and to try and ensure that the applications for such rights around Kawau are founded on a justified evidential basis, seemed to the Committee to be something we should be doing and that it was important. Costs There is an aspect of the present applications before the High Court, where there appears to be a significant difference between the positions of interested parties, such as KIRRA, and the applicants.

That aspect relates to costs. As an interested party KIRRA has been required, by the Court, to file a notice of its appearance as an interested party for each application where it claims such an interest. Such a notice has to set out the basis upon which it is claimed that KIRRA should be recognized as an interested party. On each application that has so far been identified separate notices have been prepared and filed and served on the other parties, and KIRRA has been asked to meet, and it has met, the High Court filing fees required. However, it does not seem, from material filed in the Court, that the positions of the applicants has been similar.

For the applicants it seems that their filing fees have either been waived, or met by the Crown. Such waiver and/or the costs being met by the Crown, may also extend to other Court fees. Most of the legal costs of the applicants appear to also be being met by the Crown. An application is presently being prepared by an applicant to determine whether the applicants should face any costs risks in relation to their proceedings, because, amongst other things, it is contended that the applicants have been forced to participate in the proceedings in order to protect their indigenous, hereditary and legal rights to their Takutai Moana.

Contrasted to what seems to be the positions of the applicants, an interested party like KIRRA has no such costs relief. It must meet all of its Court costs payments and all of its legal fees. In addition it faces costs risks if it takes a position on an application, or a step in any of the proceedings, that results in a costs order against it.

The Position in these Proceedings of the Attorney-General The position that may be taken by the Attorney-General, on behalf of the Crown, to the various applications is uncertain. Initially it seemed that the Attorney-General would largely stand in the position of contradictor on behalf of all unrepresented New Zealanders to test the evidence presented in support of the applications. Such a possible stance was challenged by some of the applicants. The Attorney-General then seemed to indicate that its position would be as an interested party to each application and that it would consider its position in relation to each application on a case by case basis.

Some parties are seeking more clarification on the role of the Attorney General.

That background is outlined because whatever final ruling is made on that issue (which could include that that is not a matter on which the Court should rule), unless KIRRA takes an active role in endeavouring to understand and monitor the individual applications made, that affect the coastal and marine areas around Kawau, there can be no guarantee that anyone else will. Continued from page 19

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  • .DZDX Lin Pardey The wind came blasting in, far stronger than forecast. But before it did, we’d had a fine run down through the Apostle Islands. Now streaks of white filled the horizon, wave crests breaking against the hull began covering us in spray. So, we turned to head back into the marina early in the afternoon and helped tidy up the 30-foot sloop that served as our hosts’ summer cottage and lake explorer. “Tell you what,” said Karen. “Let’s head over to Bayfield and have us an ice cream, a look around.” The turn our day took brought to mind one of the many lessons cruising taught me.

For the previous two weeks we’d been meandering ever westward, on land, not by sea. David, who is from Australia, had never explored the American west. Fortunately, I have a pickup truck and slide-in camper which I use for occasional US seminar tours. Between tours I store it with friends, one in Connecticut, the other in California. This year, the truck was waiting in Connecticut. We settled Sahula in Tasmania for the southern winter and took off on an extended land tour. Mostly we kept our schedule loose, choosing our route and destinations as we moved along. We both had a few special friends we wanted to visit.

Thus our path took us through Vermont, on to Niagara Falls, then into Canada. Three sets of friends, three days with each of them. We continued along the south shore of Lake Superior. At Sault Ste. Marie we dropped down into Michigan and drove almost to the western end of the Great Lakes to meet up with Karen Larsen and Jerry Powlas. We’d been friends since they asked Larry and I for advice and ideas to start what became a successful magazine called Good Old Boat.

Bayfield turned out to be a delightful little town. A small volunteer-run maritime museum showed us the rich and often strange history of area which until recently was dependent fully on the fishing fleet. It had once numbered more than 150 working boats but those had now dwindled to about a dozen. The most interesting exhibit to us with our more tropical-based upbringings, was the ice road. Each winter, as the lake freezes over, a road is cleared across the ice to connect the nearest island to the mainland. Over a hundred people live there. The children cross to the mainland by boat in summer, by ice tractor in the winter.

But occasional mishaps such as when the ice could not bear the load of a full house being 25 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 transported to a new location, made for the most amazing photographs.

Museum enjoyed, ice cream in hand, we wandered the small downtown area, walked along the docks of the town landing. I tend to read everything and anything and I began noticing simple 8 by 11 posters advertising a chamber music concert at the local church in just over an hour. The first half dozen I sort of ignored. Then I pointed out yet another one to David. “Be interested?” I asked. “For $12 why not be supportive. Only happens once a year according to this poster,” he replied. “Okay, we’ve got time to ask Jerry and Karen to drive us back so we can get our truck.” I answered.

But Jerry and Karen were interested too, as they had friends in Bayfield.

Might run across someone we know.” An hour slipped gently by as we browsed the well-stocked bookstore (yes, I did buy yet another book because of the owners’ high recommendation and am enjoying it now.). Then we found seats at the local church and settled in for what turned out to be and hour-and-a-half of tear-inducing beautiful music played by a mix of professional and semi-professional locals. During intermission, the husband of the pianist commented to us, “My wife has been practicing for this concert all year. Now I hear it played with the other four musicians, and an audience, I see why she does it.” At the end of the second concerto, we, like all the generous crowd of local people who were in attendance, eagerly gave the musicians a standing ovation.

But what made the event one I’ll always remember is the warmth which many people extended to us when they learned we came from far away. When they learned we had come from Australia and New Zealand they gave us a standing ovation. They seemed exceptionally pleased we had dropped in just on a whim and responded to the beautifully chosen and beautifully played music just as they did. Later, over a late dinner with Karen and Jerry, I commented, “Almost sorry we are planning to continue westward in the morning, I know if we stayed, we’d have made friends with some of the people we met this evening and had a fine time as we got to truly know the place.” The lesson I relearned from my voyaging days? Keep your eyes open, your schedule flexible and be willing to try almost anything that was a bit different.

I can’t count the number of times doing just this provided the highlights of our voyaging life and introduced us to local people who became life-long friends. Even at home on Kawau this would hold true. As I read of plans someone has made to get a group together to try weaving and flax work, I know my first reaction might have been – why? But remembering this evening would make me change my mind.

My answer would be - why not, if instead of being here in the wilds of the USA, I was afloat around Kawau.

26 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Escaping Winter Kawau Girl M.O.T.H. and I leaving for winter holiday and there pops up message from editor: “DEADLINE FOR SPRING ISSUE is 30th August” Well...we are away till then. Cruising Italy, the Amalfi and Dalmation Coasts from Rome to Venice. Halfway through. In Venice, with some family joining us for the cruise from Venice via Croatia and the Greek Islands to finish at Athens. After hours of flying, finally in Rome to start our holiday.

It’s HOT and KAWAU ISLAND is but a dream, sombre, wet, and cold, majestic and compared with Europe so isolated and vacant: aren’t we lucky to have this paradise. Here it’s dry, barren hills and HOT HOT 40 degrees, perspiration runs down my face and I am generally dripping.

Rome is overcrowded with tourists. We join the ship - it’s full and the swimming pool with standing room only. I can’t get in it, the thought of all those sweaty bodies, a cold shower will have to do, I am so used to swimming off the jetty at Kawau with M.O.T.H. and only the stingrays for company. M.O.T.H. and I took an excursion from Hvar which is quite a big island belonging to Croatia. We went to a little island with a resort very popular with the locals. By clambering over the rocks you could swim in the sea - it was just a bit tricky getting out again. It was cold at first but delightful.

The resort was huge, catering for several hundred daily visitors, a restaurant and lovely couches to recline under the shade of huge umbrellas.

This island like most of the Greek Islands is similar to Kawau Island: rocky, barren, only scrubby trees and stony dirt tracks to walk, the beach was gravel and sandals were necessary to get near the water. I don’t think any wildlife could possibly exist not even fish. Every port we stop in is crowded with tourists. Some ports have six cruise ships in at the same time. Venice, Santorini and Athens were choked with tourists - and don’t forget the HEAT. I know we came to escape winter and it’s been a wonderful trip but our next holiday will be Kawau Island: the peacefulness and isolation away from crowds of people.

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28 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 The Beach House Annika & Brett Hello everyone! It’s Annika and Brett from The Beach House. First of all we want to thank you for the very warm welcome we’ve received. We consider ourselves very lucky to have the chance to live in such a magical place. We’ve already seen dolphins and the dotterel couple (thanks to Fay and Dave) and even heard a kiwi’s call close to the lodge. You probably would like to know who these people are that took over your beloved Beach House. Well, there is not much to say – we are just normal, down to earth people.

Brett was born in South Africa and moved with his parents and his sister to New Zealand when he was 16 years old. He’s a New Zealand trained chef and has been a head chef for over 10 years now. During his career among other things he had the opportunity to be the chef to some celebrities and was pastry chef for former PM Helen Clark. After working all over Australia for ten years, he moved back to New Zealand in 2018. But enough talk about Brett now. The other half of the duo is me, Annika. I was born in Germany where I also studied logistics and business administration. For two years now I have worked in hospitality as front of house and barista.

  • We both love the outdoors, hiking, gardening and experimenting in the kitchen. We are looking forward to a busy season and especially seeing all of you coming in for a drink and trying out our new menus. Tackle and Outdoor 12/14 Elizabeth St, Warkworth Ph: 09 425 7994 Boating Fishing Outdoor Anchors Fishing Lines Beach trolleys Chandlery Lures & jigs Boots /LIH
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30 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 Pohutukawa Trust Thomas Weaver Question: Who was prosecuted for illegally selling liquor at Mansion House in the early 1900s? Please read on and you will find the answer at the bottom of this article. Greetings Everyone! Well, I suppose you could call this some sort of “passing of the torch”. After learning the ropes from his brother Ray, Carl (my father) has taken over the reins of the Pohutukawa Trust and now it is my turn to start paying my dividend to Kawau Island for all it has given to the family. Don’t worry; he is still in charge - I am just helping with writing these articles!

Like Dad and Uncle Ray, I am also an engineer so don’t be expecting any extraordinary grammar from this article. My name is Thomas; I am a 23-year-old aerospace engineer who has been going to Kawau since I was in nappies. We don’t realise how lucky we are. For the last five years I have been attending university in California, and the place I missed the most in the world was Kawau Island. The deep vibrant blue of the sea in and around Kawau would take my breath away every time I visited home. Stepping off the boat up into the forest under the pohutukawa, surrounded by enormous kauri and silver ferns, compared to the dry often barren Californian landscape, it was like turning up the contrast in my retinas.

Growing up my whole life I guess I used to take it for granted how amazing our little Island is. It also humbles me to sit and think of the progress that has been made environmentally for Kawau Island since I have known it. I can distinctly remember as a child deploying numerous amounts of Timms Traps up on the Island, and night after night becoming quite successful in reducing the possum and rat numbers on the Island.

Times have changed quite drastically from when I used to walk up the old tracks holding Uncle Ray’s hand, counting the number of wallaby until he had to take over because I couldn’t yet count that high! Now, I can go for a walk in the early evenings and see kiwi in our very own backyard; quite remarkable. Recently the Trust has been increasing its activity with the help of Auckland Council and the Department of Conservation. With one 31 KOOKABURRA Spring 2019 cull taking place in June and one scheduled to start shortly in September we intend on continuing to reduce the number of pests on the Island to further advance the rehabilitation of native species and plant life.

I encourage the Kawau Island community to take a step back and try to rally a sense of pride for the Island as many residents and visitors already do. It is quite easy to become complacent in day-to-day life but we should never forget how lucky we are. New Zealand is a place of pure beauty and tranquillity, Kawau Island is its own little gem inside of this paradise. With the focus on Predator-Free NZ there is a lot of research underway. The Pohutukawa Trust is currently assisting a number of agencies including Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research, Te Papa and the Auckland Museum.

During our September culling program we are assisting Dr Andrew Veale who is a genetic researcher based at Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research, specialising in the genetics of invasive species.

He completed his PhD on the genetics and ecology of stoats, and since then he became interested and involved with sequencing and analysing the genomes of invasive species. A genome is the complete genetic makeup of an organism - effectively the code to make that individual. He is currently involved in the stoat genome sequencing project, where he is helping to create a complete and error-free genome assembly, along with a plan named the Vertebrate Genome Project (VGP) based in the USA. If you’re interested in their project, the website is here: https://vertebrategenomesproject.org/.

This group and a few others around the world are trying to sequence the genomes of species for evolutionary studies, and to provide resources for conservation. Having a sequenced genome, while not conservation in itself, allows a multitude of studies to be done that are relevant to conservation subsequently, such as looking at population connectivity, population sizes, disease resistance etc. With the wallabies on Kawau being controlled with the hope of eventual eradication the Trust supports this programme. Shortly after death, the DNA and RNA start to degrade, which makes sequencing the genome difficult or impossible.

That means samples need to be as fresh as possible. During a cull we are endeavouring to gather an individual sample of each species for genomic sequencing. For various reasons samples are not easily able to be retrieved in Australia for any of these wallaby species, so they will not have access to pristine DNA, but we have the opportunity to obtain these samples during the cull. One individual sample of each spe-

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