Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

The 4th Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop April 14 - 17, 2019 • Hangzhou, China 4th State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics (SOED) Second Institute of Oceanography (SIO) Ministry of Natural Resources, China Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) Organizers & Sponsors

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop
Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

Welcome Message from Co-Chairs We would like to welcome you to the 4th Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop in Hangzhou, China! We are excited that this workshop brings together scientists from around the world to discuss emerging research on ocean acidification.

This 4th workshop covers four themes: the coupled effects of ocean acidification with multi-stressor, global ocean and coastal acidification status and impacts on organisms and ecosystems, modeling and forecasting capabilities, and further opportunities to develop capacity and to serve information needs of global to local stakeholders and decision makers. We look forward to hearing your research results and gain your input through focused discussions. A unique aspect of this 4th GOA-ON workshop is considering ocean and coastal acidification in a multi-stressor environment. This is also the first GOA-ON workshop to feature regional and global modelling of physical-biogeochemical processes related to ocean acidification and associated ecosystem responses.

We look forward to engaging a wider breadth of scientists as GOA-ON members. We are glad to be bringing GOA-ON to Asia! At this workshop, a special focus will be placed on ocean acidification and multi-stressor in the context of aquaculture. China accounts for nearly 70% of the world aquaculture production. Application of observing and monitoring systems to address common coastal management issues, such as aquaculture, remains a gap between scientific research and industrial practice. A special event on Sunday, April 14th , will aim to engage aquaculture stakeholders directly in dialogue with scientists to bridge this knowledge gap.

Thank you for spending your time here to help chart the future course for GOA-ON. We hope you have an intellectually stimulating workshop and that you enjoy meeting new colleagues. Enjoy Hangzhou and stay engaged with us to build an even stronger GOA- ON to serve science and society. Fei Chai Jan Newton Minhan Dai Co-Chairs of GOA-ON 2019 Workshop 1

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

Preface: Welcome Message from Co-Chairs … … Work together for a green workshop . . Introduction … … Logistic information … … Venue … … Registration … … Organized Activities … … Special Events … … Keynote Speakers … … Floor Plan … … Wi-Fi Connection Instructions … … Contacts for Logistics … … Meals and Tea Breaks … … Program … … Presentation Guidelines … … Program Overview … … Daily Program … … Poster Presentations … … List of Participants … … Acknowledgement … … Notes … .

Survey questionnaire … … CONTENT 1 3 4 6 6 6 7 8 10 12 14 14 15 16 16 17 17 39 45 57 72 79 2

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

The Organizing Committee is dedicated to hosting an environmentally friendly international workshop through every little effort. We would like to invite you to join us to reduce our impact on the environment. 1. Instead of providing bottled waters, water stations will be available in the tea break areas to reduce the use of plastics. Please bring a reusable water bottle of your own. 2. While recycling is good, REDUCING and REUSING are better. Throughout the workshop planning, we have been working on choosing food with less packaging.

We will use dishes, cups and utensils that can be washed and reused, rather than single- use food service ware. In case there are disposable utensils and/or paper plates around, think before you use them.

3. Use cloth napkins instead of paper, if you can. 4. Please take note of the waste disposal classification when you are throwing away your trash. We ask you LOOK before you TOSS to make sure your trash goes in to the correct receptacle. 5. Digital copy of the program is available at the workshop website (www.goa-on2019.com). You are encouraged to view it on your mobile electronic devices. Together we can make a difference. Let’s go green! 6. If you have suggestions and recommendations on how we can further reduce the environmental footprint of this workshop, please let us know. Event little bit helps and together we CAN make a difference.

In addition, the Organizing Committee will be donating to a relevant carbon offset project to cover the carbon footprint of participants’ travels as well as of the conference’s organizing efforts. We invite attendees to voluntarily contribute a “green fee” of ¥200 or $25 in addition to the registration fee. The total amount of donations raised will go to a selected local carbon offset program in China. The selected offset program will be announced on the website after we have screened it carefully. We anticipate that the carbon footprint associated with the workshop will be fully offset through these donations.

We thank you for contributing to this effort. You can check back here for updates on the carbon offset program screening and donation. Waste reduction suggestions 3

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

The Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON; www.goa-on.org) takes a collaborative international approach to document the status and progress of ocean acidification (OA) in open- ocean, coastal, and estuarine environments, to understand the drivers and impacts of OA on marine ecosystems, and to provide spatially and temporally resolved biogeochemical data necessary to optimize modeling for OA.

GOA-ON grew out of international community workshops starting in 2012 that produced a document: “Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network: Requirements and Governance Plan” as the framework for GOA-ON. After three subsequent workshops, several capacity building efforts, and outreach, the network has grown substantially. As of December 2017, its membership consisted of 412 people representing 75 countries, and GOA-ON continues to expand its global footprint. The GOA- ON Requirements and Governance Plan (2nd Ed.) lays out the vision for GOA-ON.

GOA-ON serves three main goals: 1.Improve our understanding of global OA conditions: · Determine status and spatial / temporal patterns in carbon chemistry, assessing the generality of response to OA · Document and evaluate variation in carbon chemistry to infer mechanisms (including biological) driving OA · Quantify rates of change and trends, and identify areas of heightened vulnerability or resilience 2.Improve our understanding of ecosystem response to OA: · Track biological responses in concert with physical/chemical changes · Quantify rates of change and identify locations and species of heightened vulnerability or resilience Introduction 3.

Acquire and exchange data and knowledge necessary to optimize modeling for OA and its impacts: · Provide spatially and temporally resolved biogeochemical data for use in parameterizing and validating models The 4th GOA-ON International Workshop aims to continue the development of a global observing network integrated across biology, chemistry, and physics through a series of workshops since 2012. Previous workshops have been held in the USA (Seattle, 2012), United Kingdom (St. Andrews, 2013), and Australia (Hobart, 2016). This workshop is the fourth in series, which will bring together scientists from around the world to discuss emerging aspects from the coupled effects of OA with multi-stressor, review global OA status and forecast capabilities, and explore opportunities for capacity development.

We seek to better understand OA’s impacts on industry, increase coordination across nations and stakeholders, and highlight the widespread recognition of the threat of OA to the health and sustainability of marine ecosystems. Topics to be covered are: · Ocean and coastal acidification in a multi-stressor environment · Observing ocean and coastal acidification and their impacts on organisms and ecosystems · Regional and global modelling on physical- biogeochemical coupling processes related to ocean acidification and associated ecosystem responses · Shaping GOA-ON to better meet the information needs of global-to-local decision makers 4

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

Organizers · State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics (SOED) · Second Institute of Oceanography (SIO), Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), China · Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) Co-Sponsors · National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) · Pilot National Laboratory of Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao) · Ocean Acidification International Coordination Centre (OA-ICC), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) · Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) · International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP) · North Pacific Ocean Marine Science Organization (PICES) · State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science (Xiamen University) (MEL) · College of Oceanography, Hohai University · Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China · Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS) · State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTO), South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences · Key Laboratory of Global Change and marine-Atmospheric Chemistry (GCMAC), Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), China · Institute of Oceanography, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IOCAS) · The Ocean Foundation · Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemistry (LMEB), Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), China · School of Marine Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University International Scientific Committee Co-Chairs: Fei Chai, Jan Newton Members: Weijun Cai, Arthur Chen, Minhan Dai, Sam Dupont, Richard Feely, Helen Findlay, Lina Hansson, Naomi Harada, Kirsten Isensee, Libby Jewett, Smokiat Khokiattiwong, Kitack Lee, Nayerah Shaltout, Maciej Telszewski, Bronte Tilbrook, Cristian Vargas, Lixin Wu Organizing Committee Co-Chairs: Fei Chai, Minhan Dai Members: Richard Bellerby, Leo Chan, Ge Chen, Jianfang Chen, Liqi Chen, Kunshan Gao, Juan Diego Gaitan- Espitia, Caihuan Ke, Xiubao Li, Jun Liang, Walker Smith, Jinming Song, Jilan Su, Qisheng Tang, Vegatesen Thiyagarajan, Hao Wei, Jie Xu, Meixun Zhao 5

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

Registration Time: 08:30 – 20:30, April 14, 2019 (Sunday) 07:00 – 20:30, April 15, 2019 (Monday) 07:30 – 18:30, April 16, 2019 (Tuesday) 08:00 – 16:00, April 17, 2019 (Wednesday) Venue: Lobby, Deefly Zhejiang Hotel (1/F, Main Building) Logistics Information Workshop Venue: Conference Center, Deefly Zhejiang Hotel No. 278, Santaishan Road, Hangzhou 310007 China 会议中心 Conference Center 莲花厅 Lotus Room 锦绣厅 Grand Ballroom 桂雨厅 Osmanthus Room 地下车库 Basement Parking 正大门 Main Entrance 注册台 Registration Desk 试片台 Presentation File Submission Desk 白杨厅 Poplar Room 6

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

Organized Activities 1.

Icebreaker We cordially invite all participants to attend the Icebreaker. An event like this at the onset of this workshop serves to break the ice with a new group of international participants, gather with old friends, boost engagement among delegates for networking and possible future collaboration. Finger foods and beverages will be served on-site. Time: 19:00 – 21:00, April 14, 2019 (Sunday) Venue: Osmanthus Room (Conference Center) 2. City Tour by Night Hangzhou Urban Balcony is located in the Qianjiang new CBD. As the sun goes down, the Qianjiang New Town becomes dazzling and brightly, which resembles the amazing night of Shanghai Bund along Huangpu River.

The whole Qianjiang New Town is like a young lady putting on her evening dress, showing her grace to the public. Qiantang New Town has 35 main buildings, including Hangzhou Grand Theater, Hangzhou International Convention Center, Hangzhou Fortune Finance Center, Hangzhou Civic Culture Tower, Wanxiangcheng, etc. This light show is themed with “City, Water, Light and Reflection” to display the essences of China’s “Jiangnan”, namely, Hangzhou and Qiantang New Town. The whole light show is divided into three parts – “Soul of City,” “Spirit of Water,” and “Reflection of Light” that every can enjoy the brilliant culture of China and Hangzhou.

To enjoy the “Spirit of Water” – Musical Fountain show, you should go to the Hangzhou Grand Theater. To enjoy the light show displaying on the tall buildings, you should walk up to the Hangzhou City Balcony. The musical fountain show and light show take place at the same time. The scheduled show times are 18:30 and 19:30 every Tuesday, Friday and Saturday.

Time: 18:30 – 22:00, April 16, 2019 (Tuesday) Venue: City Balcony, Qianjiang New CBD Assembly Points: Departure: Lobby, Deefly Zhejiang Hotel (1/F, Main Building). Bus leaves at 18:30. Return:Drop-off Area, City Balcony, Hangzhou. Bus leaves at 21:30. If you miss the shuttle bus, you can take a taxi back to the hotel. © Weide Yang 7

Network (GOA-ON) International Workshop

Special Event 1: A Mini-Workshop to Improve Industry-Science Responses to Multi-stressor Impacts on Aquaculture Special Events Changing environmental conditions, especially those caused by human activities, pose increasing threats to coastal marine ecosystems.

For instance, decreasing seawater pH and dissolved oxygen, as well as increasing ocean temperature and harmful algae blooms (HABs), have impacteds commercially exploited species. Failure to observe seawater conditions, monitor human impacts, and apply management or mitigation strategies could lead to catastrophic losses to the aquaculture industry in the near future. China produces nearly 70% of the world aquaculture production. Various scales of coastal observation and monitoring have been established for scientific research. However, application of such information to address common coastal management issues, such as aquaculture, remains a gap between scientific research and industrial practice.

This special event aims to engage aquaculture stakeholders directly in dialogue with scientists to bridge this knowledge gap. Thus, we welcome contributions identifying the data and information that aquaculture operators need in their daily practices, as well as submissions on how scientific observing and monitoring capabilities could address these needs. Through discussion, we aim to identify ways to bridge these sectors to deliver scientific solutions that can sustain thriving coastal aquaculture, communities, and economies. Conveners: Weiwei You, Samuel Wang Time: 14:00-18:00, April 14, 2019 (Sunday) Venue: Osmanthus Room (Conference Centre) Who should attend?

· Aquaculture managers, operators, and stakeholders · Scientists/Experts in aquaculture and coastal ocean monitoring · Relevant sectors in the government All interested parties are encouraged to attend. Notes: · The attendance of this special event is free of charge. · Simultaneous interpretation in Chinese and English will be offered to facilitate the discussion and communication. · The GOA-ON Workshop will neither charge registration fee nor cover the travel and accommodations of participants who are ONLY attending this special event. If special event participants are interested in attending the GOA- ON Workshop, they can register on-site.

· The GOA-ON Workshop will provide the conference room, simultaneous interpretation, and coffee breaks to support this special event. Speakers Jun Liang Zhangzidao Group Co., Ltd. (ZONECO), China Bin Chen Shanghai Zhenhua Port Machinery Co., Ltd., China Masahiko Fujii Hokkaido University, Japan Daniel S. Swezey University of California, Davis, United States Leiming Cai Fuzhou Marine and Fishery Technology Center, China 8

Special Event 2: Ocean Carbon from Space (SatCO2): Joint Science Training Workshop Ocean acidification and its effects on the ocean carbon cycle have resulted in increasing concern from the scientific community and the public. To quantify, understand, and predict changes in the ocean carbon system, especially in the highly dynamic marginal seas, observations with various spatial-temporal scales are required. With unique advantages in large area and long time series observation, satellite remote sensing is an important data source for ocean carbon cycle monitoring and analysis, and its application potential has yet to be further explored.

To promote multi-discipline application of marine satellite data, the State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics (SIO/MNR) and the Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information System (ZJU) have jointly developed the SatCO2, a marine satellite data online analysis platform. This Training Workshop serves as an inter- disciplinary platform to facilitate and promote interaction and cooperation among scientists who aim to integrate satellite remote sensing data and biogeochemical studies for a better understanding of the ocean carbon system.

Conveners: Dr. Yan Bai, State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics (SOED/SIO), China Dr. Feng Zhang, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information System (ZJU), China Prof. Chen-Tung Arthur Chen, National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan, China Time: 14:30-17:30, April 14, 2019 (Sunday) Venue: Lotus Room (Conference Center) What features SatCO2? · 3D Earth visualization of multi-source remote sensing data · Online analysis of long time series satellite data · User-defined algorithms and interactive analysis among multiple data sources (satellite, in-situ and model simulation) · Capacity of integrating specific application modules (e.g., marine carbon flux estimation, HAB detection, water quality monitoring, etc.) Who should attend?

· Scientists and researchers who are experts in marine biogeochemistry. · Satellite remote sensing users. · Stakeholders of ocean observation and management. All interested parties are encouraged to attend. Notes: · Participants should bring along their own computer/working station for the training practice. You are encouraged to visit www.SatCO2.com to download the SatCO2 software and user manual for reference. · The attendance of this special event is free of charge. However, online registration is required. · The working language for this training workshop is English.

· The GOA-ON Workshop will neither charge registration fee nor cover the travel and accommodations of participants who are ONLY attending this special event.

If special event participants are interested in attending the GOA- ON Workshop, they can register on-site. · The GOA-ON Workshop will provide the conference room and coffee breaks to support this special event. 9

Keynote speakers The 4th GOA-ON International Workshop is thrilled to bring together scientists from around the world to discuss emerging aspects from the coupled effects of ocean acidification with multi-stressor, review global ocean acidification status and forecast capabilities, and explore opportunities for capacity development. Five world’s top scientists are invited to deliver keynote speeches at the workshop. Richard Feely is a NOAA Senior Fellow at the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory in Seattle, Washington. He also holds an affiliate full professor faculty position at the University of Washington School of Oceanography.

His major research areas are carbon cycling in the oceans and ocean acidification processes. He received a B.A. in chemistry from the University of St. Thomas, in St. Paul, Minnesota in 1969. He then went onto Texas A&M University where he received a M.S. degree in 1971 and a Ph.D. degree in 1974. Both of his post-graduate degrees were in chemical oceanography. He is a member of the U.S. CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography Program Oversight Committee. He was a past member of the Steering Committee for the U.S. Carbon and Biochemistry Program, and he is presently a member of the U.S. Interagency Working Group on Ocean Acidification.

He was a former member of the Steering Committee for the International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project. He is a member of the American Geophysical Union, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Chemical Society. Dr. Feely has authored more than 300 referred scientific research publications. He received the Department of Commerce Gold Award in 2006 for research on ocean acidification. In 2007, Dr. Feely was elected to be a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union. In 2010, he was awarded the Heinz Environmental Award for his pioneering research on ocean acidification.

In 2013, he was selected to be a finalist for the Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Service. In 2014, he received the NOAA Administrator’s Award for his work on the 2013 IPCC AR5 Climate Change Report. In 2017, Dr. Feely was elected to be a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dalin Shi is a professor of Marine Biogeochemistry at the State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, China. He received a B.S. in Biology from Xiamen University, and a Ph.D. in Geoscience from Princeton University, USA. By integrating experiments on laboratory isolates with field studies on natural communities, Dr.

Shi and his team investigate the interactions between phytoplankton ecophysiology and nutrient biogeochemistry and how they are influenced by changes in the ocean environment. Current studies of his group include the role of trace metals in marine biogeochemical cycles of carbon and nitrogen, the response of phytoplankton to global change, and nitrogen fixation in oligotrophic marine ecosystems. Dr. Shi has been elected to the Recruitment Program for Young Professionals of The Thousand Talents Plan of China, and to the Innovation Leadership Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China.

He has been awarded the Walbridge Fund Graduate Award for Energy and Environmental Research from Princeton University, the Excellent Young Scientist Fund from the National Science Foundation of China, and the Youth Science and Technology Award of the Ecological Society of China, among other honors.

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Libby Jewett is the Director of NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program, which she founded along with many NOAA colleagues in 2011. She is also chair of the US Interagency Working Group on Ocean Acidification and co-chair of the Executive Council of the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network, which she also helped found. Most recently, she was a lead author of the Oceans chapters of both the US Climate Science Special Report and the 2018 US National Climate Assessment. She has a PhD in Marine Ecology from the University of Maryland, a Master of Public Policy from the Kennedy School of Government (Harvard University) and a Bachelor of Arts from Yale University.

Andrew Lenton is an ocean carbon cycle modeler at the CSIRO's Climate Science Centre, with extensive experience in modelling the carbon cycle at different temporal and spatial scales, from individual organism responses through to Eearth System Models. He also works closely with observations using them to assess models as well as to use novel observational approaches to advance our understanding of carbon processes.

(i) Quantifying the past, present, and future roles of the ocean in the global carbon cycle (ii) Exploring and understanding the impact of the carbon cycle changes on both climate and marine diversity and productivity (iii) The potential role of technologies in mitigating climate change and ocean acidification He co-chaired the 4th Oceans in a High CO2 World symposium and also is a member of many national and international working groups. Richard Bellerby is coordinator of biogeochemistry research at the Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Bergen, Norway and Director of the SKLEC-NIVA Centre for Marine and Coastal Climate Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

He is a biogeochemist studying ocean chemistry, marine ecosystems and climate change and socioecological systems through observations and modelling. He has over 100 peer- reviewed publications with an h-index of 38.56. He is co-leader of IMBER/Future Earth Coasts Continental Margins Working Group, Scientific Steering Committee on the SCOR/ IGBP Integrating Climate and Ecosystem Dynamics working group and Executive Steering Committee of GOA-ON. He chairs both the AMAP and SCAR Research Groups on Arctic and Antarctic Ocean Acidification.

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Floor Plan F Main Building A B C D A: 酒店总台 Hotel Reception B: 注册台 Registration Desk C: 试片台 Presentation File Submission Desk D: 白杨厅 Poplar Room 12

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