Sackville High School Course Selection and Information Booklet 2020-2021 1 Kingfisher Way Lower Sackville, NS - B4C 2Y9

 
Sackville High School Course Selection and Information Booklet 2020-2021 1 Kingfisher Way Lower Sackville, NS - B4C 2Y9
Sackville High School
Course Selection and Information Booklet
               2020-2021

           1 Kingfisher Way
          Lower Sackville, NS
               B4C 2Y9

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Sackville High School is located on the shores of First Lake in Lower Sackville. Since 1972, the
school has developed traditions of excellence, academic achievement and lifelong learning.
Throughout our history Sackville High has enjoyed a close relationship with the Sackville
community and is well known for a spirit of generosity.

The diverse program offerings at Sackville High include Advanced, Academic, and Graduation
level courses, Co-operative Education, Options and Opportunities, Skilled Trades, Technical
Education, Art, Music, French Immersion, Resource, and Learning Centre options.
Extracurricular and athletic activities, supported by a strong students' council, are a vital
component of school life at Sackville High. Students are exposed to a multitude of social and
cultural experiences.

To that end we strive to work collaboratively with staff, students, parents and our community to
support our students’ success.

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❧ SACKVILLE HIGH SCHOOL ❧
                                            1 Kingfisher Way
                                        Lower Sackville, Nova Scotia
                                                B4C 2Y9

                                                 Telephone:
                                         902-864-6700 (Main Office)
                                    902-864-6700 (Student Services) Ext 7
                                             902-864-6710 (Fax)

                                SHS Home Page: www.sackville.ednet.ns.ca
                              SHS Virtual Guidance Office: shsvgo.ednet.ns.ca

❧ Administration ❧                                               ❧ Student Services ❧
Mr. J. Miller             Principal                 Ms. C.Cribb                    Counsellor A-L
Mrs. D. Rousell           Acting Principal          Ms. J. Welcher                 Counsellor M-Z
Ms. R. Shore              Vice Principal
Ms. M. Hopkins            Vice Principal

This booklet is designed to help you with the important process of selecting your high school program. When
making your selections, consider your abilities, interests and work ethic.

This course selection booklet contains registration procedures, course descriptions, and course prerequisites.
Selections should be made with a complete understanding of prerequisites and recommendations that may affect
your high school program.

 Please note that course changes will only occur if the change is required for graduation or post secondary
 prerequisites.

By approaching this process in a spirit of co-operation and commitment, you will ensure that your high school
experience will be successful and rewarding.

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Table of Contents

High School Diploma Graduation Requirements

French Immersion Certificate

Registration Guidelines

Course Load

Course Planning

Advice to Students

High School Credits

Grade Levels

Co-Operative Education

O2 – Options and Opportunities

Skilled Trades Program

Academic Learning Support (Learning Centre & Resource)

Course Offerings

Course Descriptions

Resources

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Requirements for Graduation

           Eighteen credits are required to obtain a Nova Scotia High School Diploma.
Of this number, a maximum of seven credits may be at the Grade 10 level and a minimum of five must
                                     be Grade 12 level credits.
     Included in the EIGHTEEN are the following THIRTEEN COMPULSORY CREDITS:

        ● 3 English Language Arts courses (one at each grade level – grade 10, 11, 12)
        ● 3 Mathematics (graduating class of 2020 requires a math from 10,11 and 12)
        ● 1 Canadian History course taken from either African Canadian Studies 11, Canadian
          History 11 or Mi’kmaq Studies 11
        ● 1 Global Studies course, either Global Geography 12 or Global History 12
        ● 2 Sciences (Science 10 and 1 taken from either Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Human
          Biology, Oceans or Physics)
        ● 1 Physical Education credit (taken from Physical Education 11, Physically Active Living
          11, Dance 11, Physical Education Leadership 12, Physical Education 12 or Yoga 11)
        ● 1 Fine Arts credit (taken from Art, Dance, Drama, or Music)
        ● 1 other credits from Technology, Math or Science (eligible Technology courses include
          Construction 10, Exploring Technology 10, Skilled Trades 10, Communication Technology
          11, Construction Trades 11, Design 11, Transportation Trades 11, Production Technology
          11, Communication Technology 12, Computer Programming 12, Multimedia 12 and
          Production Technology 12)

                             French Immersion Courses Offered

To obtain a French Immersion Completion Certificate, students must earn a minimum of nine credits during the
three years of high school. They must take two courses per year. Français 10, 11, and 12 must be included in
these nine credits.

Courses offered in French Immersion are as follows: The selections represent the menu of courses offered in
the high schools of HRSB.

                                   French Immersion Courses
            Grade 10                        Grade 11                         Grade12
 Français 10                      Français 11                    Français 12
 Sciences 10                      Biologie 11                    Géographie/Histoire Planétaire 12
 Arts Dramatiques 10              Histoire du Canada 11          Biologie 12
                                  Mode de Vie Actifs 11

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Registration Guidelines

         ●   All courses offered are conditional upon adequate enrollment. It may also be necessary to limit the number of
             students in a course because of space, safety, and other factors.

         ●   Course selection in the spring should be considered final. All students are expected to follow their second
             semester timetables for courses assigned in September. Repeating failed courses in second semester should
             not be expected.

         ●   It is the responsibility of the student to change his or her course level, if required, due to failure or pass of a
             subject in June. This should be done in June before leaving school.

         ●   Only one credit will be counted for a Public School Program course in the same subject at the same grade level.
             For example, if a student completes English Communications 12 and English 12, only one credit would be given
             to count toward graduation.

         ●   Before registering for Advanced courses, be sure you have the required approval and/or the necessary
             prerequisites.

         ●   Students and parents are encouraged to use the services of the Counsellors, Teacher Advisors, Subject Teachers, or
             Administration for information on course selections, career and educational opportunities, study skills, and other
             areas of concern.

         ●   RECOMMENDED CORE SUBJECTS: At each grade level students should select a core of courses that
             include English, a Math, a Science and a Social Studies course. Electives in Arts, Business, Family Studies,
             French, Personal Development & Career Education, Physical Education, Sciences, Social Studies, Technology -
             Related Education, and Co-op are available. A solid core program and well-chosen electives will provide for
             optimum opportunities in post-secondary studies and careers.

 Please note that course changes will only occur if the change is required for graduation or post secondary
 prerequisites.

                                                      Course Load

Grade 10 students will be fully scheduled with eight courses, Grade 11 with seven (unless unsuccessful in a
Grade 10 course, then they will be required to take 8 courses) and Grade 12 with a minimum of six.

Students with a study period in their schedule are expected to use this time wisely. This period should be used by
students to do homework or assignments, to seek additional support from peers or available staff members, and to
undertake research for school projects. Students must remain in designated areas during this time. Only students
who wish to do individual work should be in the library. The library is a place for quiet study or research, as classes
are taught there on a regular basis.

         ●   Special Note: Students may take more than the required minimum number of courses.

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Course Planning

 Grade 10 - 8 Classes                   Grade 11 - 7 Classes                    Grade 12 - 6 Classes

     ●    English 10                         ●   AD ENG 11/ ENG                     ●    AD ENG 12/ENG
     ●    Math 10 (Academic, At                  11/ECM11                                12/ECM 12
          Work or Essentials)                ●   Math 11 (Academic,                 ●    Math 11 (Academic,
     ●    Science 10                             Extended, At Work,                      Extended, At Work,
     ●    Chem/Bio/HBio/Physics                  Essentials, PCM)                        Essentials, PCM, CAL)
     ●    PAL 11/PHY 11/Yoga                 ●   Chem/Bio/Hbio/Physics              ●    Chem/Bio/Physics
          11/Dance 11                        ●   Canadian Content (MKS              ●    Global Studies (HGS
     ●    Fine Arts                              11, CDH 11, ACS 11)                     12/GGS 12)
          (Drama/Music/Art/Dance)                                                   ●    5 Grade 12 credits to
                                                                                         graduate

                                             Math/English Profiles

Brian wants to go to university and take a Bachelor of Science in Nursing. He has a 75% in both Math and English.
Brian will take Academic Math and Academic English.

Tamara wants to go to university and take Engineering. She has a 90% in Math and a 95% in English. She may take
Advanced English or Academic. She will need to take Academic Math 10, Academic Math 11, Pre-calculus 11 and
12. She may take Calculus 12.

Mark wants to go to university and take Sociology. He has a 60% in math and an 80% in English. He may decide to
try Advanced English if he has a passion for English. He will most likely achieve success in Math At Work. Some
universities may require Academic Math but he would double check his pre-requisites with his School Counsellor
and/or potential University.

Jillian wants to join the military right after she leaves high school. She has a 55% in math and a 57% in English. She
will take Math At Work and English Communication.

Jack wants to go to NSCC and take HVAC. Jack did not pass Math 9 and had a 60% in English. Jack must take Math
Essentials to meet graduation requirements for math.. Jack should also take English Communications.

It is strongly recommended that students select the math recommended for them by their teacher. If they wish
to select some other choice there may be need for a parent/caregiver meeting with their School Counsellor,
and they may have difficulty succeeding in the next level course.

Students will have a comment on their Report Cards from First Semester with suggestions about their next
choices in English.

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Advice to Students

         ●   Carefully read all the graduation requirements listed in this booklet on page 4.
         ●   Carefully read all course descriptions found in this booklet on page 11.
         ●   Check with teachers to find out about specific course requirements - labs, lectures, projects, prerequisites, etc.
         ●   Discover how particular courses fit into any career plans, which you may have. Plan for the three years now so
             that you are sure you can get all courses necessary to attain your future goals. Some graduate programs may
             require a second language, so completing the high school French program may be to your advantage.
         ●   Check to make sure that you have all the prerequisites needed to reach your career goals, not just those required
             for high school graduation. Requirements for admission to post-secondary institutions (universities,
             community colleges, etc.) are constantly changing. Because of this, you should keep in close contact with your
             teachers and counsellors so that you will be aware of any new developments. You may also access this
             information through the Virtual Guidance Office (VGO) on the Sackville High School Website. Feel free to
             contact universities and community colleges directly for updated information and speak with the many
             representatives visiting SHS throughout the year.
         ●   Before making your final course selection decisions, seek advice and information from a number of sources:
             parents, subject teachers, advisors and Student Services counsellors. Each student will meet individually with their
             counsellor to confirm their selection.
         ●   Academic courses need a certain work ethic as well as content knowledge in order to prepare for success in
             university/college. Independent study, daily homework, and completion of assignments are required of all
             students to prepare them to succeed. Students must realize that they have responsibility in the learning process.
             Students should devote between one and a half and two hours per night to home study.
         ●   Graduation courses are oriented more toward skills and knowledge that are used in everyday life and in the
             business world. These courses allow students to complete a large percentage of the curriculum during class time.

 Please note that course changes will only occur if the change is required for graduation or post secondary
 prerequisites.

                                                       Evaluation

The HRSB Student Assessment and Evaluation Policy focuses on authentic and balanced assessment. Assessment
tools permit students to provide evidence of their knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviours associated with the
learning outcomes of specific courses in a variety of ways. The Student Assessment and Evaluation Policy
document is available on request from the school administration, and it can be found on our school’s Website.
Final assessment events will be conducted in all courses. This assessment event is usually in the form of a written
exam, but in some courses may be a performance exam (i.e. Drama, Dance, and Physical Education). It is important
for students to prepare for these, as they are valued at up to 20% of the final mark.

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Course Codes & Grades

        ●   Each course is identified by an alpha code to identify the subject area followed by a grade code (10, 11
            or 12). For example, ENG10 = English Grade 10.

DEFINITION of a CREDIT
A credit is awarded in recognition of the successful completion of an approved course that would normally be
completed in a minimum of 110 hours of scheduled time.

CREDIT TYPES
      ● ADVANCED courses are designed to meet the needs of students who have demonstrated an
         exceptional degree of academic ability or achievement.
      ● ACADEMIC courses are designed for students who expect to enter university and many other
         post-secondary institutions.
      ● GRADUATION courses are designed for students who wish to obtain a graduation diploma in order
         to enter the workforce immediately after graduation or to enter a non-academic area of post-secondary
         study. Normally, universities and similar post-secondary institutions do not accept these courses in
         their entrance requirements to academic programs.
      ● OPEN Although none of the open courses is designed to meet the specific entrance requirements of
         any post-secondary institution, individual courses may meet the entrance requirements of some
         institutions.

NOTE: Individual Program Plans approved by the school for students with special needs and Locally Developed
Courses approved by the Department of Education are recognized as credit courses and count towards a High
School Graduation Diploma.

Grade 10: After grade 9 students take grade 10 level courses. These courses are often required for the
grade 11 courses in their field. (Before English 11 is English 10…) Students start collecting credits
toward graduation in grade 10.

Grade 11: This is the middle year of high school. Courses are more advanced and expect a stronger
commitment to study.

Grade 12: This is the final year of high school. Courses are designed for university preparation, fulfilling
prerequisites and completing high school. Students taking these courses need to be ready for more
academic challenge and skill building.

 Please note that course changes will only occur if the change is required for graduation or post secondary
 prerequisites.

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CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION ➢ COMMUNITY BASED EDUCATION

CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION 11/12

Consider academic Co-operative Education 11 or 12 as a course option in Grade 11 or 12, if the following skill set looks important to you:

-Self Assessment (Personality and Interests); Career Research; Resume Writing; Cover Letter Writing; & Interview Skills
-Certificates in WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System); Passport to Safety; and First Aid (6 hours) &
- A 100 hour placement in a career field such as pharmacy, nursing, skilled trades, the Navy, teaching, policing, or many, many more!

WHO CAN TAKE CO-OP?

The Co-op option is open to all students who are 16 years of age or over, in time to fulfill their placement hours. Students selecting Co-op will
be contacted by Mr. Doyle for an interview and asked to complete an application and provide two references.

HOW TO APPLY?

Select Co-op 11or 12 during your course selection. You will be contacted for an interview by the Co-op teacher to further discuss the option.

                           O2 - OPTIONS and OPPORTUNITIES (application required)

Options and Opportunities (02) is a comprehensive three year educational program meeting all high school graduation requirements coupled with
opportunities to explore self and skill development through extended community based learning experiences. This program provides 02 students
with opportunities to connect their learning to real-world situations through youth apprenticeship during high school, post-secondary training
through apprenticeship, community college or university and options in the workforce upon graduation.

02 students benefit from a comprehensive team approach where core teachers, administration and parents regularly confer to provide guidance
and assistance to students as they explore potential careers and options. Students, along with this team, work to develop an individual career plan
that serves to identify and develop strengths and skills to maximize options for education and employment now and in the future.

02 is of benefit to students who possess a solid core of skills and are seeking a venue that enables them to explore a variety of career options
before graduation. 02 is also beneficial for students with a clear career path in mind looking for a head start in the career of their choice through
community based learning.

02 students take three required courses: Career Development 10, Career Development 11 and Workplace Health and Safety 11. In addition, 02
students can complete up to a maximum of 4 cooperative education credits through work experiences in the community.
Students graduating from 02 at Sackville High School receive the same high school diploma as non-02 students, as well as an 02 certificate which
offers 02 graduates preferred seating at NSCC.

Students interested in 02 must participate in an admissions process that involves an application and at least one interview.

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SKILLED TRADES PROGRAM (application required grade 9’s apply)

As the economy of the province grows, so, too, will additional demand for skilled workers. Nova Scotia's skilled
trades sector is one of the highest job opportunity sectors that this province has to offer. Recognizing the importance
of this option for our students, the Department of Education developed a suite of courses focused on the skilled
trades. These courses promote career exploration and skill development in the trades, and cater to a wide variety of
learning styles. Skilled Trades courses are the starting point for Nova Scotia high school students who want to
explore the skilled trades as a possible career option. These courses are based on curricula that immerse students in
the realities of skilled trades work. They were designed by high school teachers and experienced trades educators
from the Nova Scotia Community College in consultation with industry representatives. Skilled Trades courses
provide a mixture of theoretical and practical workplace activities.

Students spend approximately 80% of their time completing actual trade’s tasks and projects using the basic tools of
industry professionals. Skilled Trades courses at Sackville High currently comprise Skilled Trades 10, Construction
Trades 11, Transportation Trades 11, and Skilled Trades 12 Co-op. Skilled Trades courses are designed to be taught
by certified journeypersons. As the result of an agreement between the Nova Scotia Departments of Education and
Labour and Advanced Education, students receive apprenticeship hours, upon registration, based on the actual time
in class while under the supervision of a certified journeyperson teacher. Whether students move into a skilled
trade’s occupation or not, they will have acquired transferable skills that will serve them throughout their lives.
Skilled Trades courses begin with the prerequisite Skilled Trades 10. In the Skilled Trades Centre, a safe,
appropriate learning environment, this course gives the students a general over-view of the 65 designated trades,
what is required to work as a tradesperson, what the working conditions are, and the use of basic hand tools. It is
through the use of hand tools that students build motive and hand-eye co-ordination, and balance. Construction
Trades 11 and Transportation Trades 11 are sector-specific. This means that the students narrow their focus on six
to eight trades in a sector. Students further prepare themselves for either direct entry into the workforce or additional
post secondary studies by performing the work of one trade in Skilled Trades 12 Co-op. Working directly with a
certified journeyperson in the trade helps the student to distill his or her learning and apply those skills on the job!

The fact that there are potentially such strong ties between Skilled Trades Education and the skilled trade’s
workplace makes these very demanding courses. Students must be capable of obeying safety regulations, following
instructions, and confronting the challenges of working with real tools and real materials to complete real tasks on
schedule. To a much greater degree than in traditional courses, students in Skilled Trades courses need to roll up
their sleeves and take responsibility for their own learning.

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ACADEMIC LEARNING SUPPORT

                                        Learning Centre

These student-centered programs are designed to meet the individual challenges of students with
special needs. Students are educated in the least restrictive environment to the maximum extent
possible. Opportunities are provided in the following areas: social skills, life skills, career
development, community living skills, communication, cognitive skills, motor skills,
self-help/domestic, pre-vocational and leisure/recreational skills. Students participate in some
academic courses with support. Transition from the school to the community is an important
part of these programs. Students will be placed according to their educational needs.

                                       Resource Support

Resource is not a class. It is support that students can access only after consultation with
teachers, counsellors and/or administrators. Junior High counsellors can recommend that a
student receive resource support, particularly if they are receiving such support in Junior High.
The main focus of Resource support is to develop study skills, assist with assignment
completion, test-taking strategies, and organization.

Resource class sizes range from ten to fifteen students at a time. Some students may need to
supplement their resource support by attending extra help sessions with your classroom teachers,
or even employing a tutor for help at home. The subject teacher, along with the Resource
teacher, will work together to develop and implement necessary adaptations to the program.

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Sackville High School Course Descriptions
                             Course Offerings 2020-2021

Please note that course changes will only occur if the change is required for graduation or post secondary
prerequisites.

         GRADE 10                          GRADE 11                         GRADE 12
        ADVANCED                           ADVANCED                         ADVANCED
                                 ADVANCED ENGLISH                ADVANCED ENGLISH
                                 PRE-CALCULUS                    CALCULUS
                                                                 PRE-CALCULUS

        ACADEMIC                           ACADEMIC                         ACADEMIC
ARTS DRAMATIQUES IMMERSION       AFRICAN CANADIAN STUDIES        ASTRONOMY
CORE FRENCH                      BIOLOGIE IMMERSION              BIOLOGIE IMMERSION
DRAMA                            BIOLOGY                         BIOLOGY
ENGLISH                          CANADIAN HISTORY                CHEMISTRY
FRANCAIS IMMERSION               CONSTRUCTION TRADES             COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
MATH ACADEMIC (2 credits)        CHEMISTRY                       COMPUTER PROGRAMMING
MUSIC (Instrumental and vocal)   COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY        CO-OP
SCIENCE                          CO-OP                           DRAMA
SCIENCES IMMERSION               DANCE                           ENGLISH
SKILLED TRADES                   DESIGN                          ENGLISH:AFRICAN HERITAGE Lit. 12
VISUAL ARTS                      DRAMA                           ENTREPRENEURSHIP
                                 ENGLISH                         FRANCAIS IMMERSION
                                                                 GEOLOGY 12
HISTORY 10 ANCIENT               FRANCAIS IMMERSION              GEOGRAPHIE PLANETAIRE IMMERSION
                                 HISTOIRE DU CANADA IMMERSION    GLOBAL GEOGRAPHY
                                 EXTENDED MATH 11 (2 credits)    GLOBAL HISTORY
                                 MATH ACADEMIC                   HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
                                 MI’KMAW STUDIES                 LAW
                                 MUSIC                           LEADERSHIP
                                 OCEANS                          MATH
                                 PHYSICS                         MULTIMEDIA
                                 TRANSPORTATION TRADES           MUSIC
                                 VISUAL ARTS                     PHYSICS
                                 YOGA                            PHYS ED LEADERSHIP
                                                                 SKILLED TRADES COOP
                                                                 SOCIOLOGY
                                                                 TOURISM
                                                                 VISUAL ARTS
OPEN                             OPEN                            OPEN
CAREER DEVELOPMENT               CAREER DEVELOPMENT              CANADIAN FAMILIES
COMMUNITY BASED LEARNING         CHILD STUDIES                   PHYSICAL EDUCATION
CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY          PHYSICALLY ACTIVE LIVING        PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
EXPLORING TECHNOLOGY             MODE DE VIE ACTIF IMMERSION     TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY
                                 PHYSICAL EDUCATION
                                 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

GRADUATION                       GRADUATION                      GRADUATION
MATH ESSENTIALS                  ENGLISH COMMUNICATIONS          ENGLISH COMMUNICATIONS
MATH AT WORK                     HUMAN BIOLOGY                   MATH AT WORK
                                 MATH ESSENTIALS                 MATH ESSENTIALS
                                 MATH AT WORK

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Course Descriptions

 Please note that course changes will only occur if the change is required for graduation or post secondary prerequisites.

ADVANCED ENGLISH 11 (ENG11AD)
Advanced            Fulfills one required English credit
Prerequisite:       85% in English 10 (ENG10) and/or recommendation of previous English teacher
Advanced English 11 (ENG11A) is intended for students who have excelled in the English 10 program and whose goals include
post-secondary study. In addition to material covered in English 11 (ENG11), this course will focus on extending understanding
through a multi-faceted approach with emphasis in four areas: the study of language, cultural literacy, critical literacy, and
personal/creative communication. This emphasis will enable students to achieve the additional requirements stipulated for
advanced courses: in-depth treatment of selected topics, independent learning and reflection, extended research projects, and other
related activities.

ADVANCED ENGLISH 12 (ENG12AD)
Advanced            Fulfills one required English credit
Prerequisite:       85% in English 11 or 80% in Advanced English 11 and/or recommendation of previous English teacher
Advanced English 12 is intended for students who are interested in an in-depth study of English Language Arts and whose goals
include studying English or a related discipline in a post-secondary institution. The course is designed to explore English through a
multi-faceted approach with particular emphasis on four facets: cultural literacy, critical literacy, the study of language, and
personal/creative communication. The attention of these four facets will enable students to achieve the additional requirements
stipulated for advanced study: profound treatment of selected topics, independent learning and reflection, and necessary skills for
extended research projects/case studies, and related activities.

AFRICAN CANADIAN STUDIES 11 (ACS11)
Academic              Fulfills the required Canadian History credit
Prerequisite:         none
Note: This course satisfies the new diploma requirement for a Canadian History course. The African Canadian Studies course will
introduce students to the vast historical experience of African peoples, the African Diaspora, the African-Nova Scotian experience,
and the contribution of Africa to the world story. The course will draw upon various fields: geography, anthropology, economics,
history, literature, and so on. Students will be exposed to the various analytical, critical, conceptual, and research skills that are
necessary for historical study. The course will equip students with a sound understanding of the African experience and local,
African-Canadian achievements and contributions.

ASTRONOMY 12 (ASTRON12)
Academic             Fulfills one required optional Science credit or fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:        Recommended – Mathematics 11 (MTH11)
Space…the final frontier! These are the studies in Astronomy 12:
•        To explore strange new worlds of our solar system
•        To understand how the universe was created
•        To describe the birth and death of stars
•        To measure stellar distances and examine constellations
•        To observe the night sky
•        To appreciate the Canadian contributions to space exploration
Students will boldly go where no Kingfisher has gone before!

BIOLOGY 11 (BIOL11) / BIOLOGIE 11 (BIO11)
           Academic:            Fulfills one required core Science credit or fulfills one required optional Science credit or
Fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
           Prerequisite:        none
           This course will help develop skills related to biology, such as making observations, recording data, interpreting results,
diagramming, use of the microscope, slide preparation, drawing and dissection of lower life forms. Students will become acquainted
with the concept of independent library research. This course will provide students with the background necessary to take Biology
12. Biology 11 consists of 4 units of study: Biodiversity, Energy Flow and Cellular Matter, and Energy and Matter Exchanges in
Organisms, Humans and Ecosystems. Some of the main topics relate to the cell, diversity of organisms, cycling of matter, human
systems, and characteristics of representative ecosystems. In addition to these topics, students are made aware of the impact of
biology and its effects on society.

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BIOLOGY 12 (BIOL12) / BIOLOGIE 12 (BIO12)
Academic            Fulfills one required core Science credit or fulfills one required optional Science credit or Fulfills one
Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:       Recommended – Biology 11(BIOL11) (BIO11) and enrolled in or already have a credit in Chemistry 11
(CHE11)
This course is a continuation of BIOL11 or BIO11. It operates on the systems approach, and the concept of energy flow is stressed
throughout the program. There is some review of Grade 11 topics, but these topics are discussed in greater detail. The
evolutionary development of various systems becomes the basis for a major part of class discussion. Independent library research
plays a major part in course evaluation. Biology 12 consists of four units of study: 1) Systems Regulating Change in Humans and
Other Organisms - Nervous and Endocrine Systems; 2) Reproduction and Development; 3) Chromosomes, Genes and DNA; and 4)
Change in Populations, Communities and Species including the theory of evolution.

CALCULUS 12
(advanced, 1 credit)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Pre-calculus 12.
         • trigonometry
         • exponential and logarithmic functions
         • rational functions
         • function operations
         • permutations, combinations and the binomial theorem

This course includes the following topics: the concept of a limit, simple derivatives, properties of derivatives, derivatives of
trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions, applications of derivatives - tangents, rates of change, motion, curve sketching,
anti-derivatives, differential equations and applications of anti-derivatives.

CANADIAN FAMILIES 12 (CANFAM12)
Open
Prerequisite:        none
           Canadian Families 12 is designed to develop an understanding of the nature of families in a historical, social and cultural
context; to promote awareness of the role played by economics, work, and shelter in maintaining successful families and to examine
the physical, social and emotional dimensions of family health in adopting a preventative approach to family well being. This course
is developed around three modules: Images of Families (historical perspective, family law, families of the future), Family
Development (relationships, family arrangements, parenting, families in later life, death as a process), and Family Well Being (family
health, family economics, family and work, family shelter).

CANADIAN HISTORY 11 (CHS11)/ HISTOIRE DU CANADA (HCS11)
Academic            Fulfills the required Canadian History credit
Prerequisite:       none
This course examines major themes in the history of Canada. Students will examine these themes in five compulsory units:
Globalization: What has been Canada’s place in the community of nations and what should Canada’s role be? Development: Has
the Canadian economy evolved to meet the needs and wants of all Canada’s peoples? Governance: Have governments, past and
present, in Canada been reflective of Canadian societies? Sovereignty: How have and are struggles for sovereignty defined and
continue to define Canada? Justice: How has Canada struggled for a just and fair society? Students will be expected to identify
and describe persistent/continuing questions that have deep roots in Canada’s history. Students will also identify those Canadians
and events that they believe have contributed to the development of Canada and explain their historical significance.

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CHEMISTRY 11 (CHE11)
Academic       Fulfills one required core Science credit or fulfills one required optional Science credit or Fulfills one
Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite: Science 10 (SCI10/SCINAT10) and Math10 Academic (MTH10)
The high school chemistry program is divided into two courses, Chemistry 11 and Chemistry 12. Chemistry 11(CHE11) introduces
students to science through chemistry in a way that will provide both a worthwhile and interesting terminal course and a foundation
for future study. Topics include theories of the atom, the elements of the periodic law, chemical bonding, nomenclature and formula
writing, chemical reactions, the mole and its use, molecular structures and properties and chemistry of carbon compounds and an
introduction to organic chemistry. Approximately 50% of the course involves mathematical applications

CHEMISTRY 12 (CHE12)
Academic             Fulfills one required core Science credit or fulfills one required optional Science credit or Fulfills one
Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:        Chemistry 11 (CHE11) Math 11 (Academic Mathematics)
 It is designed to provide students with the necessary background to study further chemistry successfully. Topics include review of
Chemistry 11, energy and disorder, reaction rates and chemical equilibrium, acids, bases, salts, solutions of electrolytes,
oxidation-reduction, and electrochemistry. Mathematical applications are a large portion of this course.

CHILD STUDIES 11 (CHLDST11)
Open
Prerequisite:        none
Child Studies is designed to help students explore the meaning and implications of responsible parenthood and to help them acquire
current information regarding reproduction, birth control, pregnancy and childbirth. Students will also explore significant issues of
early childhood and apply the understanding of child development to the care and guidance of children. Children will take part in the
“Baby Project” during this course. The course is designed around 5 modules: Decisions about Parenthood, The Beginning of
Parenthood, Early Childhood Development, Special Concerns in Child Development, and Practical Experiences with Children.

COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY 11 (CMT11)
Academic            Fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:       none
Communication Technology 11 is a course which explores the world of Modern Visual communications. It is a hands-on course
designed to introduce students into Applied Communication arts. The course includes eight modules, although not all will be offered
each semester.
Modules for Communications Technology 11 are
1. Fundamentals of Communications Technology
2. Photography
3. Technical Design
4. Graphic Design
5. Web Publishing
6. Animation
7. Broadcasting
8. Video Production
Module 1 and 2 are mandatory for each section of Communication Technology 11.

COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY 12 (CMT12)
Academic                        Fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:         Recommended - Communication Technology 11 (CMT11)
Communication Technology 12 is a course which explores the world of Modern Visual communications. It is a hands-on course
designed to prepare students for a possible career in the Applied Communication arts industry. The course includes eight modules,
although not all will be offered each semester. Communication Technology 11 is not mandatory to take Communication Technology
12, however it would be recommended that students have an interest and aptitude for the applied communication arts to take this
course.
          Modules for Communications Technology 12 are
          1. Fundamentals of Communications Technology
          2. Photography
          3. Technical Design
          4. Graphic Design
          5. Web Publishing
          6. Animation
          7. Broadcasting
          8. Video Production
          Module 1 and 2 are mandatory for each section of Communication Technology 11.

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COMPUTER PROGRAMMING 12
Academic              Fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:         Recommended – Math 11 Academic
Are you curious about what happens inside the computer after you click the mouse button? Hundreds or thousands of lines of
instructions are executed to make the computer do something. This course is designed to teach students how to write these lines of
instruction. Students will use Java to write computer applications that can solve real-life problems. Topics include: design
specifications, algorithms, flowcharts, coding, testing and debugging. These are the major steps of software design known as the
software design life cycle. With it students will plan, create and test applications from an idea to a final product. Students should
have very strong math skills to undertake this adventure. Are you up for the challenge?

CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY 10 (CNT10)
Open                 Fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:        none
The course helps students develop an understanding of construction technology and its applications related to the basic human for
shelter, how construction projects are organized, and their impact on society. The course offers technology-learning activities
involving small construction projects and design problem-solving activities. Materials are also provided about leading architects and
designers in Canadian construction, as well as ideas for correlating this course with other subject areas. Students wishing to enroll
in this course should be willing to participate in a variety of hands-on activities and be willing to work both individually and in groups
to solve a variety of problems. Students who are interested in architecture, manufacturing or building trades may wish to continue
with Production Technology 11.

CONSTRUCTION TRADES 11 (CTR 11)
Academic             Fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:        Skilled Trades 10 (STR 10)
Having completed Skilled Trades 10, students continue to build on the valuable skills they learned by enrolling in Construction
Trades 11 (for which Skilled Trades 10 is a pre-requisite). Along with enriching the depth of knowledge students have regarding
building practices, Construction Trades 11 provides a wealth of opportunities for students to learn essential workplace skills.
Reading text, document use, writing, numeracy, oral communication, and problem solving, which Human Resources and Skills
Development Canada (HRSDC) defines as essential for work in the construction trades, are constantly emphasized. Eventually, a
student might follow the path all the way to a paid apprenticeship.

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CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION 11 and 12 (COOP 11 and COOP 12)
Advanced, Academic or Graduation
Prerequisite:   application and interview

CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION 11 / 12
Cooperative Education is a credit course designed to meet the needs of the students in this ever-changing world. The two central
purposes of Cooperative Education are to assist students bound for post-secondary education and/or the workplace to make
informed decisions and to acquire relevant knowledge and skills. In this way, transitions from school to work and/or further education
are made more successfully.
Cooperative Education is a method of learning which involves the school, the student and a community placement supervisor in a
relationship where each shares responsibility for the student’s learning experience.
Students earn a high school credit by combining an in-school academic component and a 100-hour community placement.
Cooperative Education consists of three
components:
● Pre-placement and orientation
● Community placement
● Reflective learning experience
The student indicates an occupational interest and the community placement is then carefully designed for that student through
cooperation between the student, school, parent / guardian and placement supervisor. The placements include, but are not limited
to, banks, tourism industry, physiotherapy clinics, trades, Armed Forces, theatre, hospitals and veterinarian clinics. Placements
occur at various times throughout the year. The community placement is monitored on a regular basis and carefully evaluated
making use of the student’s education training plan. Reflective sessions are held on a regular basis providing the students an
opportunity to make specific connections between their community placement and their school courses. Students are required to
complete a journal/log book, a career project, a reflective assignment and a portfolio. Each student and his or her parent/guardian
must sign a training agreement before the placement begins.
Units of work include community connections / learning through work experience; planning your future career; your career skills;
quality of work life and the community placement. Students will be given a detailed course of outline, which outlines the specific
learning outcomes, units of study, assessment and evaluation, the school expectations and the structure of the program. Parents
are to sign this.
Students register for the course on the course selection form. The students are then contacted and given an application form to
complete and return to the school. Upon receipt of the application, an interview is conducted with the student, and the student and
parent/guardian are expected to attend an information meeting. This process must be followed for a student to be accepted into the
program.

Those students not accepted into the
course will be notified. Students may obtain more than one credit in Co-operative Education. Co-operative Education is open to all
students whether they are proceeding to University, Community College or work.
Students who have a specific occupational interest and who are considering Community College for post-secondary education will
benefit greatly from the experience. By combining Co-operative Education with occupational related courses, the student can better
prepare for work and/or enrollment in Community College or Apprenticeship Training.

CORE FRENCH 10 (FR10 Core)
Academic
Prerequisite:        Grade 9 Core French
Core French 10 is primarily geared toward improvement of speaking and understanding, as well as developing reading and writing
skills. Topics may include: health and fitness, relationships among adolescents, school and school systems. Daily class activities will
focus on typical everyday French conversations and situations through which students will practice newly-acquired grammar
structures. Beside their textbook, students will use other materials and resources such as magazine articles, songs, games, types,
modules and films.

DANCE 11 (DAN11)
Academic           Fulfills the required Fine Arts credit or the required Physical Education credit
Prerequisite:      none
Dance 11 is a dance course designed for all students, with or without previous formal dance training. It emphasizes creative
movement as a form of communication, and self-expression as a unique way of learning about oneself and others. The course
consists of four components: Elements of Movement, Creation and Composition, Presentation and Performance, and Dance and
Society.

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DESIGN 11 (DES11)
Academic             Fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:        none
Students should enter this class with the technology skills learned in Exploring Technology 10 and the drawing and design skills of
Art 10. In Design 11 students will use the elements and principles of design to solve problems in the following areas: architecture
and the built environment, graphic and communications design, and product design. Students will work independently and in groups
on a series of projects including floor plans and models for buildings, chairs with personality, and creating their own typeface. About
half of these projects will be drawn or built by hand while other half will be made on the computer using software such as Photoshop
elements and Macromedia suite. Design 11 is a good choice in combination with Art 10, 11 and 12 for students who are considering
careers in architecture, graphic and communications design. Students who wish to continue studies in design technologies should
continue with Multimedia 12.

DRAMA 10 (DRA10) / ARTS DRAMATIQUES 10 (ARTDRA10)
Academic                Fulfills the required Fine Arts credit
Prerequisite:           none
Drama 10/Arts Dramatique10 is the foundation course for Theatre Arts at SHS. It is intended for beginners. Drama 10/Arts
Dramatique10F is an introduction to the basics of performance: drama games, improv, character development and simple theatrical
production. But it is so much more! In this course you will learn how to be out-going, how to be comfortable with yourself and
others, how to make friends. You will learn to push yourself to try new things, how to think on your feet and how to have fun
learning. You will learn self-confidence, self-control and that you can do the unthinkable, the impossible, you can do what you never
expected from yourself. No desks required (though you will need a binder & a good pen)! Students interested in live performing
arts, film-, radio- or television-related careers are recommended to continue with Drama 11.

DRAMA 11 (DRA11)
Academic                      Fulfills the required Fine Arts credit
Prerequisite:       Drama 10 (DRA10) or the permission of the instructor
This is the second level drama course, and successful completion of Drama 10 is a recommended prerequisite for enrollment.
Students will be presented with opportunities to discover principles of theatre through practical experience in acting and play
production. Class study will include character exploration, the analysis, interpretation and appreciation of a range of plays; the
writing of scenes; and the evaluation of productions. Practical activities will include further work in developmental drama and
improvisations, as well as movement, voice production, the development of roles from scripts, playwriting and the staging of short
scripted scenes and collective creations. Please note that this is not a course for spectators; participation is an expectation and a
requirement.

DRAMA 12 THEATRE ARTS (DRA12)
Academic            Fulfills the required Fine Arts credit
Prerequisite:       Drama 11 (DRA11) or the permission of the instructor
The primary focus of this course is playwriting and theatre production. Students will learn about different styles of plays and
playwriting. They will develop their own scenes and plays in various styles and follow the process of production through to
performance. This course will allow students with a drama background, an opportunity to develop skills in acting, directing and
stagecraft. The second semester of the course is organized on a theatre company model, and students will be expected to develop
and execute a plan to provide some community groups (e.g. elementary schools, senior citizens groups, etc.) with workshops and/or
performances. In short, students will be required to mirror the work done by a theatre company. This is an important course for
those who may be interested in theatre-related or public/ performance careers.

ENGLISH 10 (ENG10)
Academic             Fulfills one required English credit
Prerequisite:        none
This program is designed to be an introductory level to high school English for all students. It consists of speaking, viewing,
presenting, listening, writing and dramatizing. Some of the aspects of this course include oral communication; emphasis on
small-group learning and social/collaboration skills; consideration of individual interests and abilities through independent study and
reading; writing as a learning process and a writing workshop approach; use of media, information and communication technologies;
and evaluation as a process.

ENGLISH COMMUNICATIONS 11 (ECM11)
Graduation          Fulfills one required English credit
Prerequisite:       English 10 (ENG10)
English/Communications courses are intended for students who may need additional support in their development as readers,
writers and language users. This course will continue the emphasis on clear and effective oral and written communication on a
practical level. The study of short stories, plays, novels, and poetry will be covered. Media and study skills will be emphasized.
Students should expect to work co-operatively in small groups on written and oral assignments, as well as working individually.

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ENGLISH 11 (ENG11)
Academic             Fulfills one required English credit
Prerequisite:        English 10 (ENG10)
English 11 is intended for students whose goals include post-secondary study. This course will focus on the reading and
interpretation of a range of literary genres: novels, short stories, drama, and poetry. Emphasis will be put on autobiographical
writing, independent novel study and an in-depth study of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet or The Merchant of Venice. Students
should expect to work co-operatively in small groups as well as individually. The research process will also be emphasized at this
level.

ENGLISH COMMUNICATIONS 12 (ECM12)
Graduation           Fulfills one required English credit
Prerequisite:        English 11 (ENG11) or English Communications 11 (ECM11)
English/Communications courses are intended for students who may need additional support in their development as readers,
writers, and language users. Emphasis will be on essential communication skills and written language for everyday use. Study of
short stories, novels, plays, and non-fiction may also be covered during the year. Students should expect to work co-operatively in
small groups on written assignments, as well as individually.

ENGLISH 12 (ENG12) OR AHL 12
Academic            Fulfills one required English credit
Prerequisite:       English 11 (ENG11)
English 12 is intended for students whose goals include post-secondary study. This course has an emphasis on literary texts and is
intended to encourage students to explore those texts as opportunities for analytical and critical reading and writing. Literary works
will include Shakespeare, the novel, poetry, drama, essays, and short fiction. Students are required to apply a wide variety of forms
(media, genres) to various communicative situations and to demonstrate knowledge of influences on languages in literary forms.
Oral work will be both formal presentations and informal discussions. Classroom activities will include lectures, independent study,
and group work

ENGLISH 12: AFRICAN HERITAGE
Academic
Prerequisite:        English 11 (ENG11)
This course is designed to prepare students to meet key stage outcomes for Grade 12: Speaking and Listening: This course will
engage students in a critical and analytical response to numerous literary genres and texts, using an Afrocentric focus. Students are
given increased opportunities to demonstrate their ability as thoughtful, critical readers/viewers of literary and other texts. Students
will continue to develop written and oral fluency through a wide variety of assignments, which will enable then to communicate
confidently and effectively. English 12: African Heritage fulfills the English language arts requirements for graduation.

ENTREPRENEURSHIP 12 (ENT12)
Academic
Prerequisite:        none
Entrepreneurship 12 is a course that is practical, hands-on in nature, and built on the new economic realities. Entrepreneurship 12
is designed to prepare students to compete and win in the workplace as well as enhance their quality of life. By promoting the
attitudes and values of successful entrepreneurs, Entrepreneurship 12 can help students discover ways of setting individual goals to
have more control over events in their lives and their future. By having the students build on previous experience and operate their
own ventures, Entrepreneurship 12 invites students to engage in informed risk-taking. By instilling the spirit of entrepreneurship,
Entrepreneurship 12 helps students find the means to achieve their individual goals. Through Entrepreneurship 12, students will be
helped, in innovative ways, to acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values that they will require to face the challenges of
citizenship today as employees or independent business persons.

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EXPLORING TECHNOLOGY 10 (EXT10)
Open                 Fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:        none
The Exploring Technology 10 curriculum is designed for all students at the grade 10 level. There are six modules, one of which is
mandatory. The school will choose three other modules to deliver to complete the full credit course. Students enrolled in this course
will learn to use computers for design purposes, will build and operate robots, will learn about photography and how to use digital
cameras, will design and build working models of different mechanisms and will explore possible career explorations related to
technology.
Modules for Exploring Technology 10:
Introduction to Technology (mandatory outcomes)
Green Technology
Media Design Technology
Control Technology
Engineering Systems Technology
Exploring Trades Technology

It is a launching pad for subsequent years in high school as well as for career pathways exploration. Exploring Technology 10 is
recommended for all students of all learning levels and is not a prerequisite for other technology education courses.

FRANCAIS 10 (FR10IM)
Academic
Prerequisite:        Grade 9 French Immersion
Expressive and informative writing will be covered through newspaper and magazine articles. Two novels will be studied in depth.
The students will be expected to write expressive texts as well as an adventure story. Evaluation will include presentations, small
group discussions, free conversations, and interviews. Students will be expected to communicate in French only.

FRANCAIS 11 (FR11IM)
Academic            French Immersion
Prerequisite:       Français 10 (FR10IM)
Students will become familiar with various short stories including fables, poems, legends and tales. One novel will be studied in
depth. Students will produce oral reports of an expressive nature. Writing activities will include the creation of a short tale. Various
interviews and documentaries will be covered. Grammar will be emphasized, including how to analyze sentences grammatically.
The students will produce expressive and informative oral reports. Reading will include short stories, advertisements, magazines,
newspaper articles, poems and novels. Students will be expected to communicate in French only.

FRANCAIS 12 (FR12IM)
Academic           French Immersion
Prerequisite:      Francais 11 (FR11IM)
The following genres will be studied in depth: the short story, the novel, the play, poetry, letters of opinion, and formal debating. The
development of reading, speaking, and writing skills will be emphasized. Students will be expected to communicate in French only.

GEOLOGY 12 (GEO12)
Academic
Prerequisite: Science 10
Geology 12 is designed to introduce students to the dynamic processes that have shaped and continue to shape our earth. From
the origin of the Universe to the asphalt under your feet, this course makes students aware of the connections and importance of
Geology in their everyday lives. This course is recommended for students who intend to pursue a career in Geology, and is a course
that emphasizes field and lab activities, relying on cooperation and observations. It is therefore also a good general interest course
that does not require an extensive science or math background. Some of the topics include Plate Tectonics, Earth’s Interior,
Mineralogy, The Rock Cycle, Forces and Structures, Geological Time, and Mapping. Recommended Prerequisite: Science 10

GLOBAL GEOGRAPHY 12 (GGS12) / GEOGRAPHIE PLANETAIRE 12F (GEOPLA12)
Academic             Fulfills the required Grade 12 Global Studies credit
Prerequisite:        None
Global Geography features eight compulsory units that are based on the standard themes and skills of the discipline of geography:
our fragile planet, environmental hazards, the peopled planet, feeding the planet, global resources, global economics, and
urbanization, and the future planet. The course examines the processes at work that shape the global community. The focus
question of the course is “How has the world arrived at its current state at the close of the 20th century?” Activities and learning
opportunities will be primarily student-based and self- directed in nature. There is a large independent study done by every student
in which the geographic method of inquiry will be used.

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GLOBAL HISTORY 12 (HGS12)
Academic             Fulfills the required Grade 12 Global Studies credit
Prerequisite:        None
Global History examines major themes in the history of the post-World War II era. Students will examine these themes in five
compulsory units: East/West - The Role of Super Power in the Post-World War II Era; North/South - The Origins and Consequences
of Economic Disparity; the Pursuit of Justice; Societal and Technological Change; Acknowledging Global Interdependence; The
Legacy of the Twentieth Century. In their study of these units, students will examine history from three perspectives: social,
economic and political, and, in doing so, they will use the research and inquiry skills of the historian. Throughout their studies,
students will address the focus question of the course, “Has humanity emerged into a world whose actions are governed more by
interdependence or independence at the national or international level?” Likewise, students will be able to propose reasonable
answers to the question upon which Nova Scotia’s global studies course are built, “How did the world arrive at its current state at the
close of the twentieth century?”

HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 12
Academic
Prerequisite:         None
This is an introductory course of interest to those who are considering post-secondary education or employment in health services
or human services such as continuing care, nursing (LPN), addictions counselling, youth worker, corrections, law enforcement,
educational support, and gerontology, recreation, and leisure studies. This course provides students with skills and knowledge in
human development, ethics, the helping process, interpersonal and personal development, wellness, written and verbal
communications, and computer applications. Students will explore skills and knowledge specific to defined occupations. Group
work, case studies, community projects and agency interaction are some of the learning strategies used to ensure practical
application of the theory studied.

HISTORY 10 (HIS 10) Does not fulfill the Canadian Content Credit.
Academic
Prerequisite:          None
This course traces the development of people from our prehistoric beginnings to the time of the Roman Empire. The development of
early civilizations is stressed with in-depth studies of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Interesting figures, both male and
female, will be addressed throughout the course. The skills of the historian and the development of critical thinking processes are
constant concerns in this program. It is hoped that through this course students will gain an appreciation of other cultures and
civilizations.

HUMAN BIOLOGY 11 (BIOHUM11)
Graduation            Fulfills one required optional Science credit or fulfills one Tech/Science/Math credit
Prerequisite:         none
Human Biology 11 will enable students to understand the biology of the human body and its interaction with its environment. The
student will be asked to think critically about issues that range in perspective from a personal focus to a global awareness. The
following topics will be covered: 1) You are what you eat: Diet and Nutrition 2) Living with Your Digestive System 3) Cardiovascular
Health 4) Healthy lungs - healthy breathing 5) The Skin 6) The Nervous System: In control and out of control 7) Taking
Responsibility of Your Own Sexuality 8) Reproductive Technologies and Genetics 9) Human Behavior 10) Immune System 11)
Skeletal System 11) Muscular System. Note: credit will not be given, toward the total of 18, for HBI 11, if a credit has already been
received in BIO 11 or BIO 11F.

LAW 12 (LAW12)
Academic
Prerequisite:        none
This course is open to second- and third-year students. The Canadian Law course is designed to help students understand how our
legal system works and how law affects our lives and our society. Guest speakers, court visits, video, television, and the daily
newspaper are all used to expand the course beyond the textbook. This section emphasizes the origins of law, human rights and
freedoms, criminal law, civil law, including family law, consumer law, contracts, and employment law.

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