#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University

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#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University

      Spring 2014
#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University
Mission Statement
#Sustain is a student-run magazine, advised by Dr. Jill Anne Morris, dedicated to educating
the student body on affairs concerning sustainbility. In this issue the staff writers cover
everything from recycling on and off campus to wind energy and sustainable
beer production.
                                                                                                            The Thrift Store Next Door..............................................4
                                                                                                            Recycle, Reuse, Rewear!.................................................5
                                                                                                            Women in Video Games.................................................5
Staff Credits                                                                                               Sustaining your GPA........................................................6
Page Layout, Editing: 		 Shannon Brown, Laura Cofrancesco, Rachel Farris, Howard Fooksman,
				                     Gabrielle Garlitz, Erin Gingerich, Tamara Harrell, Danielle Hill, Bradley          Sustaining Phone Conversations.....................................6
				                     Kroner, Erica McLewee, Natasha Okpala, Alissa Perske, Skye Pinney,
				                     Dylan Scherpf, Rachel Smith, Nisha Stephens, Cameron Stroup,                       What Do You Know About Public Transportation?.........7
				Chris Ullery, Christina Williams, Taylor Williams                                                       Wind Energy....................................................................8
Photography:			          Dawn Armfield
				Gabrielle Garlitz                                                                                       Graduate School.............................................................9
				Jill Morris                                                                                             Sustainability of Career Optimism................................10
				Howard Fooksman
				iStockPhoto, Shutterstock                                                                               A Game Changer............................................................11
Infographics:			         Jacqueline Ipina, Nicholas Lampron                                                 Flying Dog’s Focus on Stability to Brewing Beer...........12
Vector Images:			                Skye Pinney
Senior Editor:			        Jill Morris			                                                                     SodaStream...................................................................13
                                                                                                            Piracy vs. Sustainability..................................................14
                                                                                                            Myths About Recycling..................................................15
                                                                                                            And Not a Drop to Drink................................................16
                                                                                                            Preserving the Past for the Future................................17
                                                                                                            The Poisoning of West Virginia’s Elk River....................18
                                                                                                            Sustaining an Alcohol and Drug Free Campus..............20
                                                                                                            Keeping the FSU Community Healthy...........................21
                                                                                                            The Future of Farming...................................................22
                                                                                                            Sustainability of Coffee..................................................23

 Back row (left to right): Shannon Brown, Tamara Harrell, Howard Fooksman, Skye Pinney, Rachel Far-
 ris, Cameron Stroup, Erin Gingerich, Laura Cofrancesco, Dylan Scherpf, Danielle Hill
 Front row (left to right): Chris Ullery, Brad Kroner, Alissa Perske, Gabrielle Garlitz, Taylor Williams,
 Nisha Stephens, Christina Williams, Rachel Smith
 Not pictured: Erica McLewee, Natasha Okpala

                                                  2                                                                                                  3
#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University
The Thrift Store Next Door                                                                                                        Recycle, Reuse, Rewear!
                                                                                                                                      Taylor Williams
  Laura Cofrancesco
                                                                                                                                       Models strut down the runway for
                                                                                                                                    New York’s infamous Fashion Week,
                                                                                                                                    wearing clothes crafted by only the
                                                                                                                                    most famous designers. But what goes
                                                                                                                                    into the process of mass producing
    Everyone can thank Macklemore.          dress you wore to that one date with                                                    clothing? From apparel to footwear to
Specifically, they can thank him for        that one guy… that you don’t really                                                     jewelry, companies are transforming
the song “Thrift Shop.” Recycling—or        want to talk about anymore because it                                                   into ethical fashion: sustaining energy,
“Rewearing”—old clothes is something        did not end well. Plus, how flattering                                                  re-using materials, and working to-
that has been around for ages, but has      would it be to see someone walking                                                      gether to make the world a
just recently become popular. Yes, now      around with your ex-favorite sweater                                                    better place.
we can all be “stuntin’ and flossin’ and    on? They literally bought your style.                                                      According to Bloomberg.com,
                                                                                        price! Bargain shopping never felt so       fashion company H&M produces af-
savin’ our money cuz we’re hella happy          Donating your clothes is great, but     good or guilt-free.                         fordable clothing while still obtaining
there’s a bargain.”                         the moral gains don’t always translate          While building up your collection       exceptional quality. In 2013, H&M
    When most people have completely        into a full wallet. Remember those          of vintage clothes (hello sleek leather     launched a global initiative: “Garment
worn out their clothes, or are just flat    Steve Madden pumps you absolute-            jacket from the 80’s), you can still help   Collecting.” Donating old clothes of
out tired of wearing them, what do          ly had to buy because they were just        save Mother Earth. Thrift shopping          any brand or condition reduces textile
they do? Sometimes they exchange            calling your name (or shouting it) from     is becoming more popular every day.         waste and lowers raw material use,
clothes with friends. It’s like shop-       the other side of the store? Then you       Some of us were already hip; we just        such as water and oil. Customers then
ping for free! Sometimes they become        found out the color you wanted was          had to sneak around to do it. We were       receive a discount towards their                                                        Women in Video Games
hand-me-downs to younger siblings           sold out, so you settled for the vom-                                                   next purchase.                                                                                                       Natasha Okpala
                                                                                        ahead of our time—power-walking into
or relatives. All too often, however,       it-green pair? You convinced yourself                                                      H&M delivers their donations to
                                                                                        Lulu’s Thrifts so as not to attract too     I:CO (I-Collect), and are put into three                                                 should too.
clothing that we paid good money for        they were just too cute to pass up          much attention to ourselves. When                                                                                                       When I first started playing video
goes straight to the trash. Landfills       and you will find an outfit to match                                                    categories: Recycle, Reuse, and Re-                                                     games, I would sometimes wonder why
                                                                                        someone asked where we got that cute        wear. The “Recycle” category uses the
are packed with our once-treasured,         them. Now a $150 pair of barf-green                                                                                                                                             my character was always male. I thought
                                                                                        shirt from, we all of a sudden could        textiles for new fibers or to manufac-                                                  it was weird—but as I grew up, I started
carefully chosen clothing which does        worn-once Maddens have been sitting         not remember! If someone found out it       ture products like insulating materials
no good for the Earth we’re trying so       in your closet for what seems like a                                                                                                                                            seeing this as a big problem. It may not
                                                                                        was from a thrift store, it was the end     for auto industry. The “Reuse” catego-                                                  seem like that big of a deal, but deep down
hard to preserve. Luckily for us, there     decade because you could not find           of our social lives as we knew it. Ew,      ry recycles the textiles into other prod-                                               I cared.
are fun and smart ways to effectively       the perfect outfit to match them. The       the thrift shop! But, now, thank God,       ucts like cleaning cloths. Garments                                                         Just about half of the video gamers in
save our earth—all while looking fash-      miracle solution? Plato’s Closet! Grab      there is no more sneaking around.           for the “Rewear” category allows                                                        this world are actually female, but it hasn’t
ionable!                                    those waste-of-space heels off your             If you shop second-hand clothes,        clothing to be worn again and sold as                                                   been easy for them. There have been issues
    If you’re really lazy and don’t want    shelf and journey to the land of                                                        second-hand worldwide. The gathered                                                     surrounding women playing video games,
                                                                                        you’re fashionable and trendy. It can
to deal with your old clothes anymore,      second chances.                                                                         clothes become their new clothing line                                                  like the majority of video game creators
                                                                                        be surprising what items of pure magic      each spring. All of the profits from the    design infused with positive energy.
there is a simple solution for you—             First, make sure anything you           can be found in racks of used clothes.                                                                                              being men, gender pay disparity, attitudes
                                                                                                                                    “Garment Collecting” are to advance         Their products are made with sus-           regarding sexism, and differences
Goodwill! It’s the one-stop shop where      want to donate is in a shopping or          A pair of brand-new Chuck Taylor high       technology for recycling processes in       tainable materials in highly selective      between genders.
it feels like you’re throwing out your      garbage bag. When you get to Plato’s        tops for $5? Yes, please, I’ll take two.                                                American factories that use eco-friend-
                                                                                                                                    textiles and social projects.                                                               If more women played video games, it
old clothing, but you’re really helping     they look through your donations to         Oh look, they have that pair of D&G            For the 50th consecutive year,           ly processes. Each bracelet design
someone in need. Better yet, it’s super     calculate how much they will pay for                                                                                                                                            would help sustain the video game indus-
                                                                                        sunglasses that escaped your grasp last     H&M was included in Sustainable In-         is meant to empower and reflect the         try. A way that the video game industry
easy! After cleaning out your ward-         your clothes. So, no, you did not waste     season but are now selling for $20!         vesting’s “Global 100 Most Sustainable      individuals’ qualities. One collection,     could get the attention of women is by cre-
robe of all those skirts and t-shirts you   that $150 on Steve Maddens you only         Automatic steal. By the end of your         Companies in the World.” In 2014,           “Paint The Town,” represents the            ating more games with women as the main
can’t stand to wear anymore (What           wore once. Granted, they won’t give                                                     their spot climbed to 64th on the list.     whimsical, vivacious, and free qualities    characters. I think that if a lot more games
                                                                                        therapeutic shopping extravaganza,
is the sweater from picture day in          you back the full price you paid. But                                                      Taking 8th on the list is athletic       in the wearer. This collection of brace-    were created with females being the main
                                                                                        you have purchased multiple priceless
eighth grade still doing in your clos-      some money is always better than no                                                     company Adidas. Adidas has creat-           lets is inspired by visionary artists and   character that the video game industry
                                                                                        pieces. Mother Earth is thanking you                                                    risk takers around the globe.
et?), bundle them up. Except, don’t         money, right? You have the option to                                                    ed projects of their own to promote                                                     would really catch women’s attention.
                                                                                        for your smart sense, and can she bor-      sustainability within their company            Even celebrities are joining the
take them to the trash—look up the          take straight cash (time to pay off that    row that cute black pencil skirt?                                                                                                       Women playing video games is not
                                                                                                                                    and around the world. They created          “ethical fashion” movement. Actress-        weird or anything. There is nothing wrong
nearest Goodwill. They give tax breaks      student loan) or store credit. Some-            Spending money—and saving               the first line of clothing dyed without     es Emily Rossum, Sophia Bush, Kate          with it, and a woman playing a video game
for items that are donated, so in the       times it’s nice to have cold hard cash in   it—has never been so fashionable or                                                     Mara and Camilla Belle have been
                                                                                                                                    using water. The new technology is                                                      could actually trigger positive things to
end, you will save a little bit of money!   your hand, but it’s also worth the time     rewarding to the environment. So, get       called “DryDye.” According to Adi-          spotted wearing H&M’s new Conscious
Now you can drive home knowing your         to browse Plato’s Closet and search                                                                                                                                             happen with the video game industries like
                                                                                        out there you shopaholics! Now it’s         das, it takes 25 liters of water to dye     Spring Collection for 2014. Singer          more purchases of games being by fe-
retired regalia will be put to good use,    their racks of gently worn name-brand       time to crack open that closet door,        one shirt. Their line of 50,000 Adidas      Beyonce was even spotted wearing an         males, more ideas about female characters,
rather than put on a truck destined for     clothing, shoes, and accessories. Plus,     and don’t even think about going            “DryDye” t-shirts saved over 1.2 mil-       Alex and Ani bracelet during her con-       or even more female creators of games
the Landfill Fund: Trashing the World       who knows, maybe you will find that                                                     lion liters of water.                       cert in 2013. Celebrities are supporting    that we all love to play. With all of that, the
                                                                                        to the mall.
One Pair of Jeans at a Time. Someone        pair of Maddens in the color you want-                                                     Alex and Ani began in 2013 as            the cause to make the world a more          video game industry would become better
else can benefit from that little black     ed in the first place and for a cheaper                                                 a company specializing in bracelet          sustainable place—consumers                 and bigger profits would happen.

                                                                4                                                                                                                                  5
#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University
Sustaining your GPA                                                       Sustaining Phone
 Rachel Farris                                                             Conversations
                                                                           Christina Williams
   Sometimes in the life training-camp of college, we have to
care about things that seem relatively unimportant in the real
world, such as maintaining our GPAs. Here are some pointers to                 Today, texting is the easiest, fastest way many young
keep your grade point average satisfactory:                                adults communiciate. This means that the number of
                                                                           phone calls has decreased. This decline leaves me worried
1. Know what makes you happy                                               that our phone skills are dwindling. Since people always
There is no point to sticking with a major that does not make              have their phone close to their fingertips, they are able
you happy. If you can recognize this early on, it is better to             to send short messages to people very easily; texting is
switch majors sooner instead of struggling through. Knowing                replacing phone conversations for some of them. However,
                                                                           I personally believe that phone conversations should not be

                                                                                                                                                                                         What Do You Know About
what major is right for you is not always obvious—as the people
who switch majors many times can attest to. You are going to               lost; they deserve to be sustained.
do better in a subject that interests you. The general education               People need to talk on the phone at various points in
classes that are required for every student are great for finding          their life like communicating with relatives and having job
what works best for you.                                                   interviews. If the only time you talk on the phone is when

                                                                                                                                                                                         Public Transportation?
                                                                           someone dies or you have a job interview, you are not go-
2. Know when to drop a class                                               ing to be comfortable using a phone. Even though phones
We all like to think that one or two bad grades at the beginning           are used less today than they used to be, this is still an im-
of a class will not define the semester and that we can bring              portant skill. According to CNN.com, talking on the phone
that grade up before finals, but this is not always the case. Pay          provides more thought and self reflection than texting.
                                                                               People text or type their words instead of voicing their                                                   Public transportation is popular in large, congested cities. Taking a taxi, bus, or train seems to be the logical choice as op-
attention to how much every project is worth, and determine if
bringing that D up to a B is really a feasible goal. As a freshman         opinions. Although texting might seem like it does not take                                                    posed to sitting in traffic for hours on end because of such a large population. According to Alexander E.M. Hess and Sam-
or sophomore, every grade is going to impact your GPA far more             up any time at all, a brief phone conversation might be                                                        uel Weigley in the USA Today article “Ten cities with the worst traffic,” the average American driver sat in congested traffic
than when you are a senior. You have fewer credits to average              even shorter. How many times have you had to wait for a                                                        for 38 hours in the year 2012. We know how taking public transportation can help us personally, but how much do we know

                                                                                                                                            Answer key for Public Transportation quiz:
together, so every grade is a bigger part of that average. A GPA           friend to text back, only to have them not answer the ques-                                                    about how it helps our economy? Test your knowledge of these facts with this fun quiz.
is far easier to lower in the beginning and incredibly difficult to        tion you asked them to begin with? Young adults can hear
raise as time goes on.                                                     each other in an instant instead of waiting for people to
                                                                           text back. Some people can get inpatient waiting for a per-                                                       1.   How many varieties of public transportation are              5. Which percent of public funding for public transit
                                                                           son to respond back quickly to his or her text. Other people                                                           there?                                                          is used to create private sector jobs for hundreds of
3. Get to know your professor
Reaching out to your teachers is important. Go to their office             feel like they are being ignored if texts are not immediately                                                                                                                          thousands of people?
                                                                           answered and might have their feelings needlessly hurt.                                                                    a.   4
hours, send emails, and make sure they know who you are and                                                                                                                                                                                                              a.   74
that you are making an effort. Go to the tutoring center; it is pos-           One current problem with texting that might be fixed                                                                   b. 6
sible a tutor has had them and knows what to look for, especially          with better technology in the future is autocorrect. Phone                                                                                                                                    b. 85
                                                                           conversations eliminate the worry of autocorrecting a word                                                                 c.   7
in papers. Every tutoring session has a summary that is sent to
                                                                           and making the conversation awkward by changing the                                                                                                                                           c.   48
that teacher, so your teacher knows that you are seeking help.                                                                                                                                        d. 10
Show them consistently that you are trying to learn and do well            word sillystring to semen. No one likes talking to a person
                                                                           and having the conversation become awkward because                                                                                                                                            d. 25
in their class.                                                                                                                                                                              2. In 2012, Americans reached the second highest
                                                                           autocorrect decided to work its magic.
                                                                               Despite the negative aspects of texting, there are still                                                         annual number of public transportation riders since            6. The nation’s carbon emissions are reduced annually
4. Learn what study habits work for you                                                                                                                                                                                                                           by how many metric tons?
Everyone suggests developing good study habits, but what                   advantages. For example, both teachers and students re-                                                              1957. How many trips were taken?
                                                                           ceive emergency texts via their phones, so we expect some

                                                                                                                                            1. D
is your definition of good? It goes beyond simply studying in                                                                                                                                         a.   10.5 billion                                                  a.   37 million
your room or at a desk. Does it help to be at a computer? In the           students to have access to their phones during class in case
                                                                           there is an emergency on campus.                                                                                           b. 10.5 million                                                    b. 48 million
library? Should you listen to music, have the TV on, or have total
silence? Try different studying methods in different places until              Overall, both texting and phone conversations have a

                                                                                                                                            2. A
                                                                           place in society and we should not lose one for the other.                                                                 c.   12.7 billion                                                  c.   27 million
you find the perfect mix for studying success.
                                                                           In addition, with voice-related apps people can talk into
                                                                           their phone and have the phone type the message for them.                                                                  d. 12.7 million                                                    d. 40 million
5. Pick your classes strategically
                                                                                                                                            3. A
Everyone has certain classes they must take, and sometimes they            Even in the medical field there are machines that use voice
                                                                           recognition and texting capability that people use to order                                                       3. Public transportation is provided by more than                 7.   Public transportation saves which of the following?
are only offered by one teacher at one time. Perhaps there are                                                                                                                                  7,300 organizations in the United States.
three different professors teaching one class. Ask your friends,           or refill their prescriptions.                                                                                                                                                                a.   Travel time
                                                                               Just because people will text does not mean that it
                                                                                                                                            4. C

go to the “Rate My Professor” website, and use your own ex-                                                                                                                                           a.   True
                                                                           should replace our traditional phone conversations. It is                                                                                                                                     b. Money
periences. Not every student learns well from every teacher.
                                                                           evident that the digital world has taken over the traditional                                                              b. False
Whenever your registration date comes up, make sure you have                                                                                                                                                                                                             c.   Fuel
                                                                           means of communicating. Sustaining phone conversa-

classes already picked and ready to register. If you are not in
                                                                           tions can help prevent human-to-human interaction from                                                            4. Public transportation employs nearly how many                            d. All of the above
class at the time of registration, pull up the page and be ready to

hit the register button immediately to avoid classes filling up. If        becoming human-to-computer interaction, thus preventing                                                              people?
you are in class at the time, ask your teacher if you can have your        the elimination of physical and emotional attention
                                                                                                                                            6. A

                                                                           that humans crave.                                                                                                         a.   1 million
phone or laptop out for that time just to register; many teachers
understand the necessity.                                                                                                                                                                             b. 70,000
                                                                                                                                            7. D

                                                                                                                                                                                                      c.   400,000                                                                                          Quiz by Alissa Perske

                                                                                                                                                                                                      d. 250,000                         *Information gathered from the American Public Transportation Association (www.apta.com)

                                                                       6                                                                                                                                                                                  7
#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University
Wind Energy
                                                                                         the Windbelt.                                      Small, cheap, efficient—the             long enough to reach full development.
                                                                                             The beauty of the Windbelt is its          Humdinger Windbelt would be                 Meanwhile, big oil companies hold
                                                                                         simplicity.There is a long, thin metal         a great new piece of technology             significant political influence, which
                                                                                         frame, open on two sides, that holds           to test out here on campus, but             allows them to dissuade different par-
Dylan Scherpf                                                                            a taut belt at its center. Two small           there’s just one small problem:             ties from endorsing new
                                                                                         magnets are connected to the belt, or          research and development of the             energy projects.
                                                                                         membrane, at one end. When wind                Windbelt ceased in 2010. Every-                 Although these companies have all
                                                                                         blows through, the belt vibrates the           thing was going well for the Hum-           the money they need to impede green
   Frostburg is a cold and unforgiving       ergy is also very efficient. Aside from     magnets between two metal coils to             dinger team, and then updates on            energy development, fossil fuels are
place, especially when the wind kicks        their height, large-scale turbines take     produce electricity. Made with just a          their website suddenly stopped.             running out. Oil dependence is not
in. The already freezing temperatures        up relatively little space and still have                                                      The issue was not with the              sustainable.
                                                                                         few dollars of materials, the Windbelt
drop into the single digits and make         the potential to produce high volumes                                                      Windbelt. It was a promising                     It may be a century before the
                                                                                         is far more efficient than comparable
a short stroll to the Lane Center for        of electricity. A single turbine can                                                       invention. Rather, funding and              situation becomes an emergency, but
                                                                                         turbines. After years in development,          interest became an issue. Hum-              it is in our near-future nonetheless.
lunch a perilous journey. Exaggera-          power hundreds of households. Even          the Windbelt has become even more
tions aside, a lot could be gained from      though these turbines cost upwards of                                                      dinger burnt through money in               Changing focus to renewable forms of
                                                                                         efficient, drawing excitingly close to         all the testing they had to do.             energy is the best strategy to adopt as
the abundant wind. New and develop-          one million dollars, the cost to operate    rivaling the cost-efficiency of fossil fuel        With green energy still playing         we approach this deadline.
ing technology could allow Frostburg         them is low.                                and coal.                                      catch up in terms of cost-efficien-
State University to harness the wind’s          Unfortunately, many people who               As was previously mentioned,               cy, new and innovative products
energy and put it to use on campus.          are interested in wind energy may not       Frostburg, Maryland is a windy place.          struggle to retain investor interest
   While the Earth formed 4.54 billion       have millions of dollars sitting around,    In fact, the average wind speed here
years ago, humans have only been
able to make use of wind energy for
about 7,000 years. Fret not, however,
                                             or the space for a 212 foot tower with
                                             116 foot blades in their backyard. Not
                                             to worry, though, because there are
                                                                                         is 19.63 miles per hour. That’s three
                                                                                         miles per hour higher than the na-            Graduate School                                                                               Here are the facts from 2007-2008:
                                                                                         tional average. The speed at which
for this should not be seen as a great
failure for the human race. We have
been working on a wide variety of
                                             smaller wind turbines available for the
                                             general public. With reduced size and
                                             cost, these models offer a number of
                                                                                         the Windbelt was tested and proven
                                                                                         efficient is 13.42 miles per hour. The        Yes or No?                                         Are you still worried? Debt is a
                                                                                                                                                                                      tricky subject, but you don’t have to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     26% of students had absolutely no
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     debt, undergraduate or graduate.
                                                                                         six miles per hour difference between         Alissa Perske                                  be in that 12 percent of students who          14% left with undergraduate debt but
other technologies since we reached          very appealing advantages to home-          Frostburg’s average and the test speed                                                       borrow over $60,000 to pay for every-          escaped graduate school debt-free.
“behavioral modernity” 50,000 years          owners. Not only are they pollution                                                            Should you go to graduate school          thing involving graduate school.
                                                                                         may seem small, but it means that                                                                                                           5% had graduate debt between
ago, and wind energy has rarely been         free and easy to maintain, but they can                                                    or should you kick into gear and start            Remember the dreaded FAFSA?
                                                                                         Windbelts would be put to use much             your career right after receiving a                                                          $60,000 and $79,999
a focus.                                     offer significant energy-bill savings.      more often than not. To compare,                                                             This may come as a surprise, but it            7% accumulated $80,000 or more in
   According to the U.S. Department             It sounds good, but wind energy                                                         bachelor’s degree? What is the best           does not disappear once you finish
                                                                                         there are (on average) only 164 sunny          option when it comes to sustainability                                                       graduate debt.
of Energy, the first known use of wind       is not the solution to all problems; it                                                                                                  your undergraduate degree. It is not a
                                                                                         days in Frostburg, which means that            and the workforce? The answer is this:        magical item only available for bac-
energy was on the Nile River around          actually has a few of its own. While        solar panels would only be useful for                                                                                                       spent on graduate school.
                                                                                                                                        there is no guaranteed “best option.”         calaureate degrees in the same way
5,000 BCE in the form of sailboats. A        those homeowners will end up saving         two fifths of a year.                          However, there are some tips, tricks,                                                           Moving on to unemployment rates,
few thousand years later, man in-            money in the long run, initial invest-                                                                                                   Trix® cereal is just for kids. In fact,        the differences seem small and insig-
                                                                                             Another good feature of the Wind-          and trivia to help make an edu-               this time around, the FAFSA can most
vented the windmill and put it to use        ments can be steep, even more so for                                                       cated decision.                                                                              nificant, but a little goes a long way.
                                                                                         belt for Frostburg State University                                                          likely be filed as independent rather          The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
pumping water and grinding grains.           industrial-sized turbines. This, espe-      is cost. Windbelts cost less than ten              Several factors should be consid-         than dependent, which means you
Development of the windmill contin-          cially, is an issue since turbines cannot                                                  ered when deciding a path to take                                                            says that the unemployment rate in
                                                                                         dollars per unit. Additionally, the cost                                                     have a greater chance of receiving aid.        2012 was 4.5 percent for those with a
ued for some time, and remained a            be solely relied upon. Wind is anything                                                    after getting an undergraduate degree.            Another thing to keep in mind is
                                                                                         of installation would be drastically                                                                                                        bachelor’s degree and 3.5 percent for
reliable energy source up through the        but consistent.                                                                            One of these is debt. According to The        that loans are not the only option
                                                                                         cheaper than installation of a wind            Project on Student Debt, undergrad-                                                          those with a master’s degree.
19th century. Since the Industrial Rev-         According to Energy Informative,         turbine. With even a small budget,                                                           available. Federal aid also offers grants         Taking these statistics further, the
olution, other energy sources and tech-      wind energy is only a supplement to                                                        uate debt alone reaches an average of         and work-study for graduate students.
                                                                                         the university could attach dozens of          $29,400 per year. In Maryland specifi-                                                       rate was 2.1 percent for people with
nologies, such as the steam engine,          other forms. In addition, homeowners                                                                                                     Aside from that, aid is offered through        a professional degree and 2.5 percent
                                                                                         Windbelts to various buildings around          cally, the average student loan debt
brought about a decline in the use of        with a turbine may receive complaints                                                                                                    private organizations or the schools           for people with a doctoral degree. The
                                                                                         campus and use them to stimulate               is $25,951.
wind energy. More recently, interest in      from neighbors. Noise is often an                                                                                                        themselves. Many, if not all, graduate         fraction of a drop between degrees
                                                                                         smaller electronic demands, such                   In consideration of moving forward
wind energy is directly related to the       issue with wind energy on the resi-                                                                                                      schools offer specialized scholarships         means jobs for hundreds of people.
                                                                                         as lighting.                                   to graduate school, the debt that piled       and/or fellowships.                            These jobs bring in money that helps
cost of fossil fuels. When fuel costs are    dential level, as is the perceived threat       The physical aspects of the Wind-          up over those four to six years will find         While you may not be able to               with student debt and also plays a role
high, everyone wants to go green, and        to birds. Although the cons to wind         belt are also suited to the university.        the company of more debt. Around 60           avoid debt altogether, it is important         in helping our national economy.
when they are low, more sustainable          energy may seem somewhat insignif-          The thin, meter-long belts are not as          percent of students who attend grad-          to know that there are ways to save               A table from BLS titled “Employ-
endeavors are largely forgotten.             icant, they are enough to keep it from      obtrusive as wind turbines, and would          uate school have to take out additional       money. The other major consideration           ment by summary education and
   But wind energy should not be for-        overtaking the well-established coal        consume less space. Windbelts could            student loans.                                is unemployment rates. You might be            training assignment, 2012 and project-
                                                                                         be set high on the sides or roofs of               But do not let this sway your deci-
gotten. Above all, it is a clean source of   and fossil fuel industries.                                                                                                              wondering if getting a job right away is       ed 2022 [Employment and job open-
                                                                                         buildings, so that they are far from           sion! There is good news, I promise.
renewable energy. Nothing needs to be           The majority of the issues with wind                                                                                                  easier or better than going to graduate        ings in thousands]” states that within
                                                                                         interfering with any foot traffic, or they         American Student Assistance (ASA)
burned, blasted, or destroyed to obtain      energy are related to the current de-                                                                                                    school first. To make that decision,           these ten years, the number of people
                                                                                         could be displayed at ground level for         has gathered statistics based on the
this energy. Wind pushes a turbine,          sign of wind turbines. Today’s turbines                                                                                                  be aware of unemployment rates and             employed in a job with master’s degree
                                                                                         students to inspect.                           2007-2008 school year, thanks to the
and energy is produced. Fossil fuels,        are large and expensive, even at the                                                                                                     average salaries.                              entry level is estimated to go from
                                                                                                                                        help of The College Board, and hope is            People with higher degrees are
on the other hand, create pollution          residential scale. Luckily, people are                       continued on page 9           with us still. We can make it through                                                        2,432.2 in 2012 to 2,880.7 in 2022, an
                                                                                                                                                                                      eligible to start into a field with at least   18.4 percent increase.
and will be expended at some point in        developing new ways to capture the                                                         our undergraduate and graduate                a slightly higher salary than those               Likewise, the number for bachelor’s
the not-so-distant future.                   wind’s energy. One company, called                                                         degrees without total despair of our          who only have baccalaureate degrees,
   Wind is likely to last billions of        Humdinger Wind Energy, LLC, has                                                            effect on the national economy.                                                              degreed entry level employment is
                                                                                                                                                                                      but the question is whether or not the         estimated to go from 26,033 in 2012 to
years. Beyond its potential, wind en-        invented a device that they call                                                                                                         higher salary will be worth the money                           continued on page 10
                                                                  8                                                                                                                                        9
#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University
29,176.7 in 2022, a 12.1 percent increase.
    The projected growth of employment from 2010 to
                                                            you succeeding at your dream occupation. With as much as
                                                            you’ve learned in college, you’re completely stuck. And really,
                                                                                                                                                   A Game Ch nger
2020, according to the Council of Graduate Schools
website (www.cgsnet.org), is estimated to be 17 percent
for a bachelor’s degree level, 22 percent for master’s de-
                                                            honestly, that’s not entirely your fault. If you do not take ad-
                                                            vantage of experiential learning, internships, and other oppor-                              for the Environment                                                                 Erin Gingerich
                                                            tunities on and off campus to gain experience during college, it
gree, and 20 percent for doctoral or professional degree.   is possible to graduate without the experience necessary to get a
Therefore, on average, it is a better choice to go beyond   job. However, that does not need to be the case.
the bachelor’s degree. The job stability is slightly better
for people with master’s degrees. Also, BLS shows that
                                                                For example, in some majors a required course will help stu-
                                                            dents earn experience. Childhood education is a prime example.
                                                                                                                                   A    ssassin’s Creed. World of War-
                                                                                                                                   craft. Grand Theft Auto. While playing
                                                                                                                                                                               also internet access and movie view-
                                                                                                                                                                               ing. About 42 percent of game console
                                                                                                                                                                               owners use their consoles to view
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         also unplug their consoles and turn off
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         power strips when not in use.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Some game consoles now have built-
the median weekly earnings in 2012 were $435 higher for     At Frostburg State University, childhood education majors have
people with a master’s degree than with a                                                                                          these games, gamers are not only            movies, 22 percent to listen to mu-       in features that lower energy consump-
                                                            a specific program that involves them shadowing actual teach-
bachelor’s degree.                                                                                                                 becoming a virtual character, but also      sic, and 19 percent to view television    tion during inactivity. The PlayStation4
                                                            ers in their field. Also, at one point they are required to teach a
    The trick here is to set yourself high on the list of el-                                                                      a decision-maker for the environment.       shows, according to ESA. If a con-        will go into Navigation mode after 10
                                                            class themselves. This is great for them, but what about those
igible employees when you take the step from the class-                                                                                Since the 1970’s, video games have      sumer wants to check their Facebook       minutes of inactivity. Similarly, the
                                                            with different majors? What about those with more complex
room to the work field. Experience and knowledge are                                                                               become more and more popular,               between bouts of game-time, they no       Xbox One dims the television light after
                                                            studies and fields in general? Nobody wants to end up working
key factors, whether they come from graduate school or                                                                             growing into a leading entertainment        longer have to open their laptop or       10 minutes of inactivity and will com-
                                                            at McDonald’s for the rest of their lives right? That being said,
the bottom of the totem pole in your specific field as you                                                                         industry. According to                                                                pletely shut off after 60 minutes
                                                            in order to sustain career optimism and success in young adults,
work your way up.                                                                                                                  Entertainment Software                                                                of inactivity.
                                                            the curriculum must change for college education. It even could
    Graduate school is not for everyone. There are areas of                                                                        Association (ESA), cur-                                                                   However, consoles were not always
                                                            start before college; high school curricula should involve just as
study that do not require a degree higher than a bache-                                                                            rently about 58 percent                                                               this automatic. When the PlayStation3
                                                            much, if not more hands on experience to students who want to
lor’s, just as there are careers that require no more than                                                                         of Americans play video                                                               and Xbox 360 were marketed, it was up
                                                            do specific occupations.
a high school diploma. Some fields have graduate pro-                                                                              games. The average                                                                    to the consumer to lower energy con-
                                                                Of course, it’s easier said than done. Anybody could bring
grams, and it seems ridiculous to learn the trade in the                                                                           American household                                                                    sumption. Consumers had to enable the
                                                            up the idea that high schools and universities should include
classroom when it can be taught in the workforce. For the                                                                          owns at least one game                                                                auto-shutdown modes by going into the
                                                            programs to get their students more motivated, and prepared for
majority of careers that offer graduate programs, how-                                                                             console, PC, or                                                                       console’s settings. Now, these consoles
                                                            what’s ahead of them. The question is should it really be a priori-
ever, they help more than they hinder in regards to your                                                                           smartphone for                                                                        perform shut down modes automatical-
                                                            ty, and is it a problem in general? There’s an easy answer to those
journey to the top of the totem pole. There are other, less                                                                        gaming purposes.                                                                      ly unless the consumer changes
                                                            questions of course. That answer being yes. It definitely should.
noticeable perks to the extra few years of schooling, as                                                                               Between these three                                                               the settings.
                                                            The unemployment rate for college graduates is excessively high.
pointed out in the article “Making Grad School Pay Off”                                                                            options of playing video                                                                  Gamers can chose between shut
                                                            According to the Huffington Post, the unemployment rate for
in the section of The Washington Post titled “Guide to                                                                             games, game consoles                                                                  down after one hour of inactivity, after
                                                            college graduates between the ages of 22 and 26 is 12.8 percent.
Business and Graduate Education.” One benefit men-                                                                                 are the most popular.                                                                 six hours of inactivity, and never power-
                                                            Certain majors fair better in the percent range, however, it’s still
tioned is an academic boost. College is assumed to be                                                                                  ESA reported that 68 percent of         turn on their smartphone. However,        ing down automatically. However, con-
                                                            not good overall. Not doing something now, could prove drastic
the time to party for many students, so graduate school                                                                            video game players prefer playing on        these multi-capabilities come at a cost   sumers must keep in mind that consoles
                                                            in the long run for young adults just like you.
can be the place to go in order to transform from a so-so                                                                          game consoles over PCs or smart-            for the environment.                      left on full power during inactivity can
                                                                                    Experiential Programs
student to a top student. It is the place to focus more on                                                                         phones. However, consoles use more             Polygon reported the PlayStation 3     cost them over $100 a year according
                                                                The first and easiest step in sustaining career optimism is
your studies and less on your social standing. This leads                                                                          energy than laptops or smartphones.         or Xbox 360 game consoles consume         to the article, “Gaming in the Green:
                                                            creating programs that involve real life situations relevant to
to better developed skills to put you a step ahead of other                                                                        The average laptop computer uses            25 times more energy than a laptop        Reducing the Environmental Impact of
                                                            career fields. More professors should challenge students by
job applicants.                                                                                                                    about 72 kWh annually and smart-            when streaming movies. These con-         Video Games.”
                                                            inserting them with professionals from their majors and grading
    Another point the article makes, and an excellent tip                                                                          phone about 5 kWh annually, accord-         soles also use 60 times more energy           Although gaming consumes a signif-
                                                            them based off of how they interact with them and does their
to get your foot in the door of your desired career, is net-                                                                       ing to Forbes. However, an Xbox and         than an Apple TV. As a result, the        icant amount of energy, it is ultimately
                                                            job. Of course, this shouldn’t be something a freshman has to
working. Graduate school offers multiple opportunities to                                                                          PlayStation console amount to about         multi-capability might appear conve-      up to the consumer to lower their ener-
                                                            endure. This should be something they are built up to doing,
make connections with professionals in your field as well                                                                          360 kWh annually.                           nient, but could up energy usage. By      gy usage. By simply switching off their
                                                            mainly catering to juniors and seniors. In high schools though,
as potential colleagues, one backroad to job opportunities                                                                             In 2008, the National Resources         choosing to view movies on a DVD          devices or using power-saving settings,
                                                            there should be programs that are added that aren’t necessarily
those with only a bachelor’s agree do not                                                                                          Defense Council found that American         player or steaming on a laptop or         gamers can keep more money in their
                                                            in the core curriculum, but are still relevant to what students are
necessarily share.                                                                                                                 game consoles used up about 16 billion      personal computer, gamers choose to       pockets while saving the environment.
                                                            thinking about doing after college. Most high school students are
    Is graduate school for you? Do the benefits outweigh                                                                           kilowatt-hours of electricity a year, ac-   lessen their environmental impact.        It is up to the gamer to not only decide
                                                            completely overwhelmed with the thought of college and the real
the drawbacks or vice versa? Whether or not graduate                                                                               cording to environmental blogger Me-            Gamers can take other small           to enjoy the benefits of gaming enter-
                                                            world. Their mind is in a haywire; a frenzy that can’t be tamed.
school plays a part in your future, the future of the econo-                                                                       aghan Prenda. This amount of energy         choices to consume less energy. One of    tainment, but also be responsible for
                                                            A solution to this so that they won’t waltz into college undecided
my is certainly affected one way or the other.                                                                                     is the same burned annually in the city     these choices is to unplug the console    their environmental impact.
                                                            and lost, is to educate them on different careers. This way, stu-
                                                                                                                                   of San Diego! Just think of powering        after use. Unfortunately, the “vampire
                                                            dents are open to occupations and could easily get interested in
Sustainability of Career                                    something that they could see themselves doing in the long run.
                                                                                                                                   a city for a year with the energy used
                                                                                                                                   to play Modern Warfare, Assassin’s
                                                                                                                                                                               effect” is a problem with these sys-
                                                                                                                                                                               tems, meaning
                                                                                                                                   Creed, and even Mario.                      electronic
Optimism                                                        Another way of sustaining career optimism is offering more
                                                            internships to students in both the university and high school
                                                                                                                                       According to Polygon, a Micro-
                                                                                                                                   soft senior compliance manager Tim
                                                                                                                                                                               devices use
                                                                                                                                                                               power while on
Rachel Smith                                                level. According to Naceweb.org, an internship is “a form of ex-
                                                                                                                                   Calland said the Xbox One consumes          stand-by mode
                                                            periential learning that integrates knowledge and theory learned
                                                                                                                                   “eight times the computational power        or switched
   Picture it. You’ve just graduated college. All your hard in the classroom with practical application and skills develop-        for the same amount of energy as Xbox       off. When
work has finally paid off, and you can rest easy knowing    ment in a professional setting.” In being an intern, students are
                                                                                                                                   360 at launch.” As newer consoles           controllers are
you won’t have to stuff your belongings in a dorm that      exposed to actually working in the career field of their choice, not
                                                                                                                                   become more powerful, the more watt-        fully charged,
you share with your roommate. No more waking up early just learning about it. Also, having an internship on a resume               age they will consume. Newer consoles       consumers
for pointless boring 8 a.m.s, no more having to deal with can improve a student’s chance of getting a job. While being an          have also grown in capabilities, which      should turn off
lazy professors. Life is ahead of you—a life not boxed in   intern, students can receive offers made by employers that can
                                                                                                                                   increase consumer usage time and            the charger to
from the rules and regulations of a university.             benefit them after their college career. In a study done by Nace-
                                                                                                                                   thus increase energy consumption.           prevent further
   There’s one problem, though. You don’t know what to web.org, it was found that 80 percent of employers offer some               Video game consoles not only pride          energy use.
do with yourself! You’re searching for the motivation to type of benefits to interns and 75 percent offer benefits to co-ops.      themselves on endless gaming, but           Gamers should
fulfill your personal goals, those that involve             This is a wonderful way to get started!
                                                                10                                                                                                                             11
#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University
to plant 5 Million new baby oysters,    production process in order to create a         A Different Kind of Brewer

Flying Dog Brings a Focus on Stability to Brewing Beer                                                                           with 2 million of them coming this
                                                                                                                                 year alone according to the Baltimore
                                                                                                                                                                         limited release beer.                       Flying Dog is, as we’ve seen, far from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 your average craft brewer. With an
                                                                                                                                 Sun. The company has also hosted a                   Support Local              ethos inspired by Hunter S. Thompson
        Howard Fooksman                                                                                                          number of dinners and events focused       A final focus of Flying Dog’s sus-   and award winning packaging by artist
   “There is an ancient Celtic axiom      proach to work can be summed up by                      Pearl Necklace                 on Pearl Necklace to raise money for   tainability efforts has been their sup- Ralph Steadman, the company has been
that says ‘Good People Drink Good         the painting on the wall of CEO Jim            One of the most recent examples         the Oyster Recovery Project, naming    port of local culture, businesses, and   making waves since they launched.
Beer.’ Which is true, then as now. Just   Caruso’s office. “Quality isn’t job one.   of Flying Dog’s efforts to give back to     February “Pearl Necklace               farms. The company sources much          With beer names that range from the
look around you in any public barroom     Being totally fucking amazing is.”         the environment is their 2011 in-           Awareness Month.”                      of their raw materials from Maryland subversive like The Truth, to the ob-
and you will quickly see: Bad People                                                 troduction of Pearl Necklace Oyster                                                and Virginia, including a partnership scene, like Pearl Necklace and Raging
Drink Bad Beer. Think about it.”               A Sustainable Production Model        Stout. The brew, which has a 97%                     Home Brew Support             with Breaux Vineyards in Virginia to     Bitch, Flying Dog has long shown that
   Famed gonzo journalist Hunter S.          In addition to keeping employees        rating on ratebeer.com, is actually            While most breweries look at home purchase wine for the company’s Vine- they don’t much care for convention.
Thompson wrote that line in a toast      happy, Flying Dog has engaged a num-        brewed using local oysters from the         brewers (beer fans who make small      yard Blonde special release.             What that has resulted in is a brewer
he gave eighteen years ago to celebrate  ber of corporate initiatives to keep the    Rappahannock River, and has contrib-        batches using their own equipment) as      Those efforts pair with Flying Dog’s that focuses on creating good beer, for
the launch of Flying Dog Brewery’s       company successful. Their sales and         uted to rebuilding the oyster popu-         the enemy, Flying Dog has embraced ongoing “Support Local” campaign, an good people. In short, they’ve produced
Road Dog Ale. A long time supporter      marketing teams are constantly fo-          lation in local waters. First, all shells   them as a potential revenue source.    effort launched in 2011 to encourage     a great company.
of the company, Hunter had the per-      cused on expansion, hiring new people       left over from production are donated       This started with the company’s intro- customers to support local companies,
fect sentiment for Flying Dog, where     to keep up with the growth of the line.     to the Shell Recycling Alliance, an         duction of their Stove Topper home     arts and music. Interviewed about
good people and good beer go hand        Product placement in popular me-            organization that used crushed oyster           brew clone kits. These kits, which the concept at launch, Flying Dog VP
in hand.                                 dia, including HBO’s True Blood, has        shells to create beds for planting                  cost $45 and produce 5.5       of Marketing Ben Savage explained:              SodaStream is a non-electric
                                                                                                                                                                        “Sustainable, locavore, eco-conscious       carbonation      system that allows the
   At Flying Dog Brewery in Freder-      helped to increase national awareness       baby oysters in the Chesapeake                      gallons of beer, allow craft
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    consumer      to carbonate and flavor
ick, Maryland, the company’s goals are   of the brand. On the production side,       Bay region.                                         brewers to imitate and adjust are often intimidating concepts for          their own soda using water straight
pretty simple. Make beer that people     Matovich explains, “Production pro-             Without outside interference,                   the recipes for their favorite your average consumer. We want to           from the tap. According to their
like, and make it in a way they can be   cess and equipment are continually          oyster beds would be made up                        Flying Dog beer in the comfort make each of those concepts ap-             United Kingdom website, the So-
proud of. Thanks to their efforts, Fly-  upgraded to increase quality as well        primarily of old shells, so the                     of their own home.             proachable and actionable for our fans      daStream machine originates from
ing Dog is not only one of the fast-     as volume.” This dual-focused model         Shell Alliance is attempting to                       Another way that Flying Dog while showcasing local artists and           a larger, more complicated piece of
est growing craft breweries in Amer-     has resulted in the beer keeping up its     recreate the optimal breeding and                   is embracing home brewers is highlighting the artisanal nature of          carbonating machinery reserved for
ica, but they’ve perfected a model       stellar reputation even as production       feeding grounds for young oysters.                  through their Open Source      craft beer.” This has led to an ongoing     wealthy families in the early 1900s.
that focuses on both environmen-         numbers have skyrocketed. Finally,          The other way that Pearl Necklace                   Beer Project. The project,     series where the company hosts farm-        Now people in over 41 different
tal and corporate sustainability.        the company is in the process of reduc-     is giving back is through a donation                which was overseen by          to-table events to promote local farms,     countries can enjoy affordable car-
                                         ing their debt load, which will allow       program based on each beer sold.                    former master brewer Matt gallery nights to promote local artists          bonation in their own home.
         Keeping Good People             Flying Dog to be in a better position to    Since 2011, Flying Dog has donated                  Brophy, allows customers to and live music events with local musi-             SodaStream could revolutionize
   Started in Colorado in 1990, Flying handle any new problems that arise.           enough money to the Oyster                          actually help the company      cians. The live events are paired with      conservation      efforts by keeping
Dog now bottles over 100,000 barrels                                                 Recovery Project                                    create specialty beer lines.   a series of videos showing how some         plastic  soda   bottles  out of our
of beer out of their plant in Frederick,            Making Green Beer                                                                    Customers were able to vote locals create art in their jobs. The vid-      growing    landfills.   The consumer is
Maryland each year. That rapid growth        It’s not just on their own sus-                                                             on every step of the           eo series has shown off such notables       supplied    with   a carbonator  that will
(the company is a regular on top craft tainability that Flying Dog has been                                                                                             as sculptor Tim Scofield, restaurateur      make    60  liters  of soda, potentially
breweries lists), along with an indus- concerned with, but the environment                                                                                              and Top Chef winner Bryan Voltaggio,        replacing 60 liters of soda that peo-
try-leading reputation, has come in as well. Almost all brewery waste is                                                                                                and the Charm City Roller Girls roller      ple would purchase from a store.
part thanks to a focus on hiring and recycled at Flying Dog, with different                                                                                             derby team.                                 That’s enough soda to fill 30 two-li-
keeping good people. Mark Matovich, byproducts being tasked in                                                                                                                                                      ter bottles of soda. The Jet starter
Director of Plant Operations, says that different ways. The grains                                                                                                                                                  kit will cost a consumer $79; it in-
the concentration is on retaining their used in the production of                                                                                                                                                   cludes six flavor samples, the hard
employees through a number of incen- the beer are repurposed into                                                                                                                                                   plastic bottle, and a 60-liter car-
tives. He starts by claiming, “we offer livestock feed for local farms,                                                                                                                                             bonator. The more involved models
competitive wages and benefits,” but providing both a financial                                                                                                                                                     range from $100 to $130. After the
that’s not all that they use to keep em- benefit to the company                                                                                                                                                     initial purchase, the consumer only
ployees happy.                           and a cheap feed option for                                                                                                                                                has to buy flavor syrup, carbonator
   Among the other reasons, Matovich local farmers. The water                                                                                                                                                       refills, and plastic bottles. However,
claims, “we also include functions such waste from production, often                                                                                                                                                all of those purchases cost less
as ski trips, crab feasts, dinner cruis- similar to the nutrient-rich                                                                                                                                               than $15.
es and more for employees and their material that is causing                                                                                                                                                            For more information on SodaS-
families to mingle and relax outside problems in the Chesapeake                                                                                                                                                     tream and its products, visit
of work. Not to mention a great beer Bay, is recaptured and used                                                                                                                                                    www.SodaStreamUSA.com.
or two from time to time.” Incentives for soil treatments. All unusable
like these have helped to create a turn- glass from production is recycled,                                                                                                                                                              Erica McLewee
over rate that is far below industry and recycled glass is purchased
standards, and earning Flying Dog a for the bottle plant.
position as one of Frederick county’s
best places to work. The company’s ap-

                                                                12                                                                                                                          13
#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University
Myths About Recycling
                                                                                                                                                                              Shannon Brown
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         campus offers a number of sustain-
                                                                                                                                    (continued from page 14)
                                                                                                                                                                                  As a student majoring in mass com- ability programs as well as a recycling
                                                                                                                                    Steam                                     munications with a minor in leadership, program. All around campus are blue
                                                                                                                                       Valve Corporation’s software           Katherine Scott has learned the impor- bins marked with the respective recy-
                                                                                                                                    allows users to buy, download, and        tance of human collaboration when it       cling item: “Plastic Bottles,” “Glass,”
                                                                                                                                    play games on a PC.                       comes to environmental issues. She be- “Paper,” and “Aluminum Cans.” FSU’s
                                                                                                                                                                              lieves people must work together in or- Physical Plant Department started
                                                                                                                                    The Humble Bundle                         der to improve the quality of life for ev- this initiative. They wish to accom-
                                                                                                                                       Gaming Charity: The Humble             eryone. "In higher income areas, there's plish three goals: improve the campus
                                                                                                                                    Bundle is a pay-what-you-want
Piracy vs. Sustainability                                                                                                           service that renews titles weekly.
                                                                                                                                                                              a recycling day and everyone gets a bin. recycling program, replace paper with
                                                                                                                                                                              If Frostburg's all about environment       digital alternatives, and promote a
                                                                    Dylan Scherpf                                                   Green Man Gaming                          and economics, they should have recy- strong system of waste reduction.
                                            Lady Gaga made $80 million last year,                                                     Online videogame retailer: Green        cling bins next to all the dumpsters. In
    Piracy is easily the most popular                                                  full-circle and end up hurting the ones
                                            while EA pulled in more than a billion.                                                 Man Gaming features regular deals         my neighborhood, everyone has a blue 3) Myth: the city of Frostburg does
crime of our generation. Even those                                                    who commit it.
                                               To be honest, that’s true. One act of                                                on major titles, as well as indie         bin that they gave to us for free. People not have a recycling program.
who would never consider doing drugs
                                            piracy is nothing to a big developer or       Here’s a list of services that can help   games. The games are available for        (in Frostburg) either don't know enough         Reality? This is actually almost
or drinking under age are prone to
                                            music label. But the issue is not one      sustain your bank account and your           PC download only.                         or they don't care," she says. Her idea is true. There is no municipal recycling
piracy. Why? It is tempting and easy.
Theft and vandalism take a higher           person—it’s millions of people. While      favorite media without breaking                                                        to implement a program run by volun- program; however, instead of manag-
                                            students are sustaining their bank ac-     the law:                                     Free-to-Play Games                        teers, helping off-campus residents find ing waste treatment through the city,
degree of courage—or stupidity. Trying
                                            counts through piracy, businesses start                                                    Free-to-play games have risen          an easier solution to recycling rather
a new drug for the first time takes peer                                                                                                                                                                                 residents can use Burgmeier’s Hauling
                                            to worry about sustaining their model.                                                  in popularity recently. In fact, the
pressure. Small-scale piracy just takes                                                Spotify                                                                                than a self-implemented regimen.           Inc., a privately owned business.
                                               The problem here isn’t Madonna,            Free music streaming software:            most popular video game title in the
a little laziness.                                                                                                                                                                Though Katie cannot change the
                                            James Cameron, or Ubisoft. The peo-        Spotify allows users to play music           world, League of Legends, is
    It’s not hard to understand why.                                                                                                                                          world and the way its inhabitants
                                            ple affected are those employed by fa-     from most major music labels with            free-to-play.                                                                        4) Myth: there is no place to bring
Piracy: sustainability for a poor college                                                                                                                                     communicate, she can at least tackle
student’s quality of life. Paying for mu-   mous artists, studios, and developers.     occasional ads.
                                            When piracy starts to cut into profits,                                                 Xbox Live: Games with Gold                these issues in Frostburg. After realizing items for recycling.
sic and video games can easily leave a                                                                                                                                        that programs would need more than a            Reality? Mountain View landfill is
                                            and money gets tight, it’s not often the                                                   Free monthly games: Xbox own-
student scraping at the bottom of their                                                Pandora                                                                                                                           only    10 minutes from the Frostburg
                                            executives who bite the bullet. Rather,       Internet Radio: Pandora is available      ers with an Xbox Live Gold subscrip-      few environmentally-active volunteers,
bank account by the end of the semes-                                                                                                                                                                                    State    University campus. Unlike most
                                            they look to cut what they can from the    online and on mobile devices. Users          tion ($5 a month) have the option to      Katie changed her minor to leadership
ter. Saving money on media means
                                            lower levels. The result may be unno-      can select preferred music and Pando-        download two featured games each          studies. She only wants to reject the      landfills,    Mountain View has a facility
more for food and weekend recreation.
                                            ticeable—an artist, casting associate,     ra will create a playlist of                 month for no additional charge.           myths about recycling, especially in this  for  recycling    drop-off. Allegany County
    Plus, big businesses and famous
artists don’t need any more money.          or animator let go. Or the result could    related music.                                                                         college town.                              residents     are able to bring up to three
                                            be a studio shut down, and a                                                            Playstation Plus                                                                     40-gallon bags of recycling for a low
                                            sequel canceled.                           Hulu                                            Free games: Playstation owners                                                    price of $.75 each. Stop by to drop off
                                               Engaging in piracy is a near-sight-                                                  with a Playstation Plus subscription      1) Myth: It’s too expensive
                                                                                          Video streaming website: Hulu                                                                                                  recycling on your way to visit
                                            ed act. Money is saved up front, but       offers TV shows, movies, webisodes,          ($49.99 a year) are granted access        out-of-pocket.                             Dan’s Rock!
                                            there can be repercussions later on.       movie trailers, and other videos from        to a collection of popular titles, with       Reality? Off-campus residents are
                                            Obviously, fines and jail time are pos-    most major networks and studios for          new games added every month.              able to pay a fee of only $5.00 a month
                                            sible, though unlikely, except in more     free, with occasional ads.                                                             for recycling pickup through Burgmei- 5) Myth: Throwing things away
                                            extreme cases. The truly unfortunate                                                    Free Software for Students
                                                                                                                                                                              er’s Hauling Inc. Instead of going to      is simply “cheaper” than
                                            result is that piracy can end up hurting   Redbox                                          Many software developers offer
                                                                                                                                                                              Subway for that Chicken Teriyaki foot
                                            one’s favorite media producers, which         DVD rental: Redbox kiosks are             free versions to students for down-
                                                                                                                                                                              long, make a bowl of soup and send
                                            could lead to a canceled show, series,     DVD, Blu-ray, and video game vending         load. Autodesk, for example, allows                                                       Reality: Landfills require mainte-
                                            or title. Potentially, piracy can come                                                  verified students access to the new-      that fiver somewhere it can really help.
                                                                                       machines often located near grocery                                                                                               nance, and maintenance costs taxpay-
                                                                                                                                    est versions of most of                   Everyone pays for electric—with the
                                                                                       stores, convenience stores, and fast-                                                                                             ers a pretty penny: compacting trash
                                                                                                                                    their software.                           energy saved from recycling one alu-
                                                                                       food restaurants. The kiosks offer                                                                                                into the earth, engineering the layers
                                                                                       newly released media for short rentals                                                 minum can, students could listen to an
                                                                                                                                        With these services so readily                                                   of soil to both inhibit the stench and
                                                                                       at low prices.                                                                         entire album on their iPods. Recycling
                                                                                                                                    available, piracy has started to lose                                                to not crumble down. There are also
                                                                                                                                                                              newspapers would not only save trees,
                                                                                                                                    its appeal. One hundred dollars used                                                 the worries of treatment, as well as
                                                                                       Local Tuesday Movie Deals                                                              but cut costs on printing and thus, con-
                                                                                                                                    to amount to a handful of games,                                                     groundwater monitoring and gas col-
                                                                                         $5 dollar movies: Frostburg Cine-                                                    sumer prices.
                                                                                                                                    movies, and music, but now you                                                       lection (if you’ve ever been to a land-
                                                                                       mas 123 charges just five dollars for
                                                                                       movies on Tuesdays with free popcorn.        have access to practially unlimited                                                  fill, it’s like you can suck the methane
                                                                                                                                    media for half of that. So instead of     2) Myth: Frostburg State University straight from the air). Oh, and falcons.
                                                                                                                                    stealing software and media, and          is not invested in Recycling.              Landfills have falcons to chase away
                                                                                                                                    risking fines, take advantage of these        Reality? Frostburg State University    the flocks of resourceful seagulls that
                                                                                                                                    services that benefit both users          was named in The Princeton Review’s        are attracted to the buffet of waste-
                                                                                                 continued in list on page 15       and producers.                            “Guide to 322 Green Colleges.” The         that’s cool and all, but… falcons?

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#SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University #SUSTAIN Spring 2014 - Frostburg State University
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