Tax Technician Course Information & Regulations 2017/2018 - Irish Tax Institute

 
Tax Technician Course Information & Regulations 2017/2018 - Irish Tax Institute
Tax Technician
Course Information & Regulations 2017/2018
Tax Technician Course Information & Regulations 2017/2018 - Irish Tax Institute
Choose a Tax Qualification
                                                   that Suits your Needs

Become an
Expert in Tax
                                                              Chartered Tax Adviser (CTA)

   The gold standard in tax education, the Chartered      Who is it for?
   Tax Adviser (CTA) qualification is Ireland’s           Tax professionals who work in full-time tax
   leading tax advisory qualification for tax             roles or aspire to develop a career in tax
   professionals. A hallmark of tax expertise             What is it?
   worldwide, graduates of the CTA qualification          The qualification of choice for Ireland’s leading
   have proven tax technical and legislative expertise,   tax experts and advisers
   critical to career advancement whether in tax
   practice, industry or the public sector.               Where is it? Dublin, Cork, Athlone and online
                                                          Duration: Up to 3 years (summer and winter
                                                          courses available)
                                                          Assessment: Examinations and assignments

Build & Refresh
Tax Knowledge
                                                                                     Diploma in Tax

  The new Diploma in Tax is the ideal qualification       Who is it for?
  for accounting professionals and financial              Professionals in accounting and finance roles
  planners who wish to refresh and build on               who want to develop their tax knowledge
  their tax knowledge. Upon completion of this            What is it?
  new programme, holders of the Diploma will              An ideal Diploma for those who wish to
  have a solid grounding in tax and be familiar           update their tax knowledge while fulfilling
  with the current compliance rules in an                 CPD requirements
  ever-changing tax landscape.
                                                          Where is it? Dublin & online
                                                          Duration: 10 months
                                                          Assessment: Multi-disciplinary assignments

Learn the
Fundamentals
of Tax                                                                                Tax Technician

  The Tax Technician qualification is an entry            Who is it for? Accounting Technicians,
  level programme where participants learn the            book-keepers, payroll and public sector
  fundamentals of tax. A practical, flexible course,      compliance personnel
  successful completion of this programme will            What is it? A modular programme for those
  enable participants to work across a range              who wish to learn the fundamentals of tax
  of tax compliance roles.                                across all tax heads
                                                          Where is it? Dublin & online
                                                          Duration: Up to 2 years with modular options available
                                                          Assessment: Examinations
Tax Technician Course Information & Regulations 2017/2018 - Irish Tax Institute
Welcome
                  Dear Student

                  I would like to welcome you to the Tax Technician programme.

                  This handbook offers comprehensive information on the Tax Technician
                  qualification and is designed to guide you through your course of study.

                  In a regulatory environment that is constantly evolving, with rapid tax
                  legislative and administrative changes, managing tax compliance has
                  become increasingly complex. Moreover, getting tax compliance wrong
                  can be very expensive for businesses and individuals alike. Therefore, the
                  need for expert tax compliance staff is greater than ever.

                  This practical course covers the fundamentals of income tax, business
                  taxes, capital taxes and VAT, building a solid foundation in the
                  fundamentals of the Irish tax system. It also covers the relevant accounting
                  and legal principles as well as an overview of company filing obligations.

                  Our flexible modular structure ensures that you can complete the
                  qualification at a pace that suits you, completing the course and
                  examinations over a period of one to two years.

                  Our Education team provide a range of support services to assist you
                  during your studies and are in regular communication about various
                  aspects of the course and examinations.

                  I would like to wish you every success in your studies in the year ahead.

                  Kind regards

                  Yours sincerely

                  Martina O’Brien
                  Director of Educational Strategy

© Copyright: Irish Tax Institute 2017

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                         3
Tax Technician Course Information & Regulations 2017/2018 - Irish Tax Institute
About Us

    The Irish Tax Institute is the leading representative and educational body
    for Ireland’s Chartered Tax Advisers (CTA) and is the only professional body
    exclusively dedicated to tax.

    The Chartered Tax Advisers (CTA) qualification is the gold standard in tax
    and the international mark of excellence in tax advice. With over 5,000
    members in Ireland, along with the Chartered Institute of Taxation UK and
    The Tax Institute of Australia, we are part of the 28,000-strong international
    CTA network and a member of the Confédération Fiscale Européene (CFE),
    the European umbrella body for tax professionals.

    Our members provide tax education and expertise to thousands of businesses,
    multinationals and individuals in Ireland and internationally. In addition,
    many hold senior roles within professional service firms, global companies,
    Government, Revenue, state bodies and the European Commission.

    After 50 years, the Institute remains deeply committed to the role it can play
    in education, tax administration and tax policy in Ireland and in building an
    efficient and innovative tax system that contributes to a successful economy
    and society. We are also committed to the future of the tax profession, our
    members and our role in serving Ireland’s taxpayers and best interests in a
    new international world order. Our Irish Tax Series publications and online
    database TaxFind are respected and recognised as Ireland’s most extensive
    tax information sources.

    Irish Tax Institute – Leading through tax education

4                                                                           Tax Technician 2017/2018
Tax Technician Course Information & Regulations 2017/2018 - Irish Tax Institute
Table of Contents

                           Section                                   Page
                                                                    Number

                           About the Tax Technician Qualification     6

                           Entry Requirements                         8

                           Key Dates                                  9

                           Timetable                                  10

                           Venues & Course Materials                  11

                           Student Services                           12

                           How to Register                            13

                           Fees                                       14

                           Examination Syllabus                       16

                           Student Regulations 2017/2018              27

                           Frequently Asked Questions                 34

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                     5
About the Tax Technician Qualification
The Tax Technician qualification is Ireland’s only professional tax compliance qualification and has been
designed as a practical course that will meet the increasing need for tax compliance services.

  Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals
  This module covers the key income tax issues impacting the individual taxpayer.

  •   The framework of the income tax system           •   Tax relief available for pension contributions
  •   How various sources of income are taxed          •   How to calculate an individual’s annual
  •   How residence and domicile can impact an             income tax liability, including PRSI and USC
      individual’s income tax liability                •   The self-assessment system including
  •   How profits from a sole trade / profession           income tax filing obligations
      are taxed including deductible business          •   The interest/penalty regime
      expenses and relief for capital expenditure      •   How the PAYE collection system operates
  •   The treatment of losses for tax purposes             and the appropriate forms that need to be
  •   How investment income is taxed including             filed
      income from property and other asset types       •   Revenue powers and Revenue audits
  •   Employment taxes including the treatment
      of expenses, benefits-in-kind and
      termination payments

                                                                   Assessment: 3 hour written exam

  Capital Taxes Fundamentals
  This module covers the key capital gains tax, capital acquisitions tax and stamp duty issues arising
  on foot of various transactions.

  •   How residence and domicile impacts the           •   The calculation of an individual’s CGT and
      charge to CGT and CAT                                CAT liability with specific emphasis on
  •   The transactions and events that incur               claiming reliefs and exemptions
      a charge to CGT and CAT including                •   The charge to stamp duty on various
      transactions involving property, shares, land,       transactions, and any reliefs and exemptions
      and a business                                       that can be claimed
  •   How married couples, civil partners and          •   The self-assessment system for capital taxes
      cohabitants are treated for CGT and CAT              including filing returns and filing deadlines
      purposes including specific life events such
      as separation and divorce
                                                                    Assessment: 3 hour written exam

 6                                                                                    Tax Technician 2017/2018
Corporation Tax Fundamentals
  This module covers the key corporation tax issues impacting the corporate taxpayer.

  •   The fundamental company law issues              •   Tax relief that is available for losses and
      pertaining to companies, including the              trade charges
      formation of a company and the role of          •   Specific provisions applying to particular
      directors                                           types of corporates including groups and
  •   The impact of tax residency on a company’s          close companies
      tax liability                                   •   The self-assessment system including
  •   How different sources of company income             corporation tax filing obligations
      are taxed, including trading income,
      investment income, foreign income and
      chargeable gains

                                                                  Assessment: 3 hour written exam

  VAT Fundamentals
  This module provides an overview of the VAT system for domestic and cross-border transactions.

  •   The framework of the Irish VAT system and       •   The charge to VAT on various property
      the European dimension                              transactions
  •   The rates of VAT and deductible/non-            •   The VAT implications on the transfer of a
      deductible VAT                                      business
  •   How VAT applies on the supply of goods          •   The administration system including filing
      and services                                        obligations and record keeping
  •   How the reverse charge mechanism and self-
      accounting for VAT applies
  •   How VAT should be applied on the supply of
      goods and services outside of Ireland                       Assessment: 3 hour written exam

For a detailed syllabus, please see page 16.

How Will I Learn?
This practical, flexible course is designed around you – choose to attend weekend lectures in Dublin or
opt for online self-study option where lectures are recorded and can be taken at a time that suits you.
All modules are delivered in tutorial format by experts in their field, with an emphasis on using case
studies and examples to bring tax to life. Course materials are designed to develop a solid working
knowledge across all areas of tax, through the use of real life examples and self-assessment tasks so you
can review your progress and prepare for your assessment.

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                7
Entry Requirements
To register as a student it is necessary to have at minimum a Level 5 qualification on the National
Framework of Qualifications (Leaving Certificate or equivalent).
A copy of an official certified transcript of your qualification is required to process an application. Please
do not send in originals.

What if I do not hold a Level 5 qualification?
Applicants who do not hold a Level 5 qualification may be considered on a case-by-case basis, through
the recognition of prior learning.
Applications should include:
• A one-page summary outlining:
          •   Why you wish to study the Tax Technician qualification
          •   How completion of the Tax Technician qualification will benefit your career
          •   Why you think you will be able to successfully complete the course
•       A two-page resume detailing relevant professional experience and education to date
•       Any other supporting documentation that you feel is relevant to your application (e.g. supporting
        letter from your employer or suitable referee, evidence of training courses undertaken, relevant
        voluntary work, etc)

Applications should be submitted to Grace McRandal, Senior Manager of Professional Education, by
email at gmcrandal@taxinstitute.ie with supporting documentation as appropriate.
All decisions to accept an applicant based on the recognition of prior learning are at the discretion of the
Irish Tax Institute. An applicant may lodge an appeal in accordance with Regulation 11.1.

    8                                                                                       Tax Technician 2017/2018
Key Dates

COURSES                            WINTER COURSE              SUMMER COURSE
                                      2017/2018                   2018

 Registration Opens                   August 2017                 March 2018

 Register by                       15 September 2017             6 April 2018

 Course Commences                 30 September 2017              21 April 2018

 Course Complete                     24 March 2018               28 July 2018

Summer Exams 2018
                DATE       TIME                        EXAM

               Monday                                  Income Tax & Payroll
                           9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
               16 April                                Fundamentals

               Tuesday
                           9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.      Capital Taxes Fundamentals
               17 April

               Thursday
                           9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.      Corporation Tax Fundamentals
                19 April

                Friday
                           9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.      VAT Fundamentals
               20 April

Autumn Exams 2018
                DATE       TIME                        EXAM

               Monday                                  Income Tax & Payroll
                           9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.
              13 August                                Fundamentals

               Tuesday
                           9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.      Capital Taxes Fundamentals
              14 August

              Thursday
                           9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.      Corporation Tax Fundamentals
              16 August

                Friday
                           9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m.      VAT Fundamentals
              17 August

                                   SUMMER SITTING             AUTUMN SITTING

RESULTS                               13 June 2018              3 October 2018

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                              9
Tax Technician Indicative Timetable
                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Capital Taxes Fundamentals
 Saturday 30 September
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Corporation Tax Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals
 Sunday 8 October
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           VAT Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Capital Taxes Fundamentals
 Saturday 21 October
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Corporation Tax Fundamentals
 Saturday 4 November
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Capital Taxes Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals
 Sunday 19 November
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Corporation Tax Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 12.30 pm          Capital Taxes Fundamentals
 Saturday 25 November
                                     1.30 pm – 5.30 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           VAT Fundamentals
 Sunday 3 December
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Corporation Tax Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           VAT Fundamentals
 Saturday 9 December
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Capital Taxes Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.30 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals
 Saturday 13 January
                                     2.30 pm – 5.30 pm           Capital Taxes Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           VAT Fundamentals
 Saturday 27 January
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Corporation Tax Fundamentals
 Saturday 3 February
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 12.30pm           Capital Taxes Fundamentals
 Saturday 10 February
                                     1.30pm – 5.30 pm            VAT Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Corporation Tax Fundamentals
 Sunday 18 February
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           VAT Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Capital Taxes Fundamentals
 Saturday 3 March
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           VAT Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals
 Sunday 11 March
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Corporation Tax Fundamentals

                                     9.30 am – 1.00 pm           Capital Taxes Fundamentals
 Saturday 24 March
                                     2.00 pm – 5.30 pm           Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals

                                   16 – 20 April 2018 Examinations

This is an indicative timetable, which shows the dates of lectures and the number of hours per subject. Please
note that this timetable is subject to change and changes will be posted on Blackboard.

It is the responsibility of each student to regularly check Blackboard for any amendments to this timetable as
individual notification of any such changes will not be made.

10                                                                                        Tax Technician 2017/2018
Venues
Lecture venues
The Tax Technician programme is offered in Dublin and other regional venues, subject to demand.
The Tax Technician programme is also available online. Students can either attend live online or
alternatively view the recordings of lectures at any time. This online programme is fully supported with a
dedicated course coordinator.

Examination venues
All examination venues are subject to confirmation and demand. Examination notifications will be issued
approximately two weeks before the examinations.

Examinations will be held in Dublin, Cork and Athlone, subject to demand.

  Course Materials
Course materials are provided as follows:
   •   A dedicated manual prepared for each module
   •   Past papers for each module
   •   Taxation Summary

Students will also receive:
   •   TaxFax, the Irish Tax Institute’s weekly information service on the latest tax news, tax cases,
       tax publications, Irish Tax Institute representations, Revenue legislation and forthcoming tax
       deadlines
   •   Tax Technician Student TaxFind online tax research database. Tax Technician Student TaxFind
       includes
       •   Tax Technician manuals
       •   Irish Tax Review

Delivery of course materials
Every effort will be made to deliver course materials within two weeks of processing a complete
application. However, deliveries will not commence before 15 September 2017. All deliveries occur
during office hours and must be signed for. It is essential to provide us with a day‑time address and
contact number which will be passed to our delivery company. Our delivery company cannot predict
when deliveries will occur.
On receipt of course materials students are advised to check and ensure that they have received all
relevant materials. To facilitate this a full list of course materials is available on Blackboard, our
dedicated Learning Management System.

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                 11
Student Services
The Irish Tax Institute offers a wide range of services to assist you during your time as a student.
     •   A dedicated Education Coordinator who acts as a single point of contact for all student queries
     •   Our dedicated Learning Management System, Blackboard, with the following valuable
         information:
         •   Timetables
         •   Important announcements
         •   Online lectures
     •   Special online student orientation and examination sessions

“            Internet access is vital

Internet access is vital as students are expected to visit Blackboard and the Irish Tax
Institute website www.taxinstitute.ie regularly to:
     •   Obtain examination results online
     •   Update personal details online

On first registering students will be issued with a student number and password to log into the
Blackboard.
Students are asked to ensure that their personal details are correct, including their email address, as
they may periodically receive emails containing important information. If there is a change, students
should update their profile online via their secure login.
In case of emergencies, such as the last‑minute timetable changes, the Irish Tax Institute may, where
possible, send an SMS text message to students.

Feedback
To facilitate our ongoing commitment to quality and excellence, the Irish Tax Institute will periodically
canvas for feedback via online surveys and focus groups. We welcome feedback as it is vital to ensure
the ongoing development of our professional education programmes.
If students have a query or would like to discuss any aspect of the Tax Technician programme, please do
not hesitate to contact any member of the Education Team. We are here to help, and look forward to
meeting you over the coming academic year.

12                                                                                     Tax Technician 2017/2018
How to Register
To register please go to www.taxinstitute.ie where hard-copy registration forms are available to
download.
   •   Read this booklet in detail prior to registration and review the rules and regulations contained
       within
   •   Fill in your personal details
   •   Fill in your qualification history and provide an official Level 5 transcript as proof of eligibility to
       register for the Tax Technician qualification
   •   Apply for the Tax Technician course (or modules thereof), selecting a venue as appropriate
   •   Provide a day‑time address and contact number for delivery of course materials
   •   Indicate which exams and examination sitting you intend to present for (summer 2018 or autumn
       2018). If you decide to change your selected examination sitting after your examination number
       has been issued for the end-of-course examination a €50 charge is payable. This charge arises
       where you change the timing of the examinations, or where you change your examination venue
   •   Check all details are correct before submitting your registration
   •   Pay fees by credit card, cheque, or direct debit mandate. Laser cards are not accepted

In order to complete your registration you must return your signed registration document, proof of
payment and an official transcript of results. Your registration will be confirmed on receipt of this
material.

                                       Download Application Forms online

                                                      
                                            Confirm personal details

                                                      
                                               Supply transcript

                                                      
                                              Register for course

                                                      
                                            Register for assessment

                                                      
                                               Arrange payment

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                      13
Fees
All students are required to pay an annual student subscription of €140. The student subscription is due
on 1 October 2017.
The course fee covers attendance at the course, all course materials, the practical workshops prior to
examinations, as well as examination fees and access to all online resources.

                                                     Course Fees
                                                  (including exams)
                                   All 4 Subjects                    €1,905
                                   Cost Per Subject                  €650

                                   Subscription                       €140

                                   Delivery of                        €16
                                   course materials*

* Outside Republic of Ireland, costs may vary, contact us for cost details.

Flexible payment options
There are a number of flexible payment options. Students can pay their fees by credit card, cheque,
bank draft, cash or in instalments by direct debit mandate over the duration of the course. The direct
debit mandate is available to download from our website at www.taxinstitute.ie.Terms and conditions
apply. Students who wish to avail of an instalment payment plan must make an initial payment of 50% of
the total fees. The balance is then spread in monthly payments over the duration of the course. There is
a €50 fee for each monthly direct debit that fails. Failed payments may result in online access to courses
being suspended. Students with any outstanding fees will not be permitted to present for end of course
examinations.

Repeat students
All student members are required to pay their student subscription of €140 annually. The student
subscription year runs from 1 October to 30 September. Student subscriptions are due on 1 October
2017. Failure to pay the student subscription, or any other outstanding course or exam fee, within two
months of the due date, may result in student membership being cancelled.
The cost to repeat an examination is €80 per subject. Students who wish to repeat a course are entitled
to a discount on course fees. Students who do not wish to repeat the course are advised to purchase
up-to-date manuals. Please see Blackboard for more details.
A late examination registration fee of €50 will arise for students who register after 30 November 2017 in
respect of the summer examinations and after 4 May 2018 in respect of the autumn examinations.

Refund of fees
Should a student request a refund of course fees prior to having received any of the materials and
before the course commences, the Irish Tax Institute will refund the fee, less a 20% administration
charge. All requests for refunds must be made in writing.
Please note that, apart from the previous limited exception, no refund or transfer of fees will be
permitted. If you are paying by direct debit any outstanding instalments will continue to be payable.

14                                                                                   Tax Technician 2017/2018
Change of examination sitting
If you decide to change your selected examination sitting after your examination number has been
issued for the end-of-course examination a €50 charge is payable. This charge arises where you change
the timing of the examinations, or where you change your examination venue, for example, changing
from Athlone to Dublin. An application form must be completed and a fee paid before any change is
made.

Individual certification
Where a student does not wish to complete all four modules of the Tax Technician qualification, they
can apply to receive a certificate of completion for the modules that they have successfully completed.
There is a fee of €50 per certificate. This applies to examinations from 2016 onwards only.

Tax Technician Members
A registration fee of €35 is payable by each person upon first becoming a Tax Technician Member of
the Irish Tax Institute. The Irish Tax Institute must receive applications to register as a Tax Technician
Member within 12 months of a student having passed the Tax Technician exams. Any applications after
that time will be considered by the Council.

An annual subscription, currently €180, is payable by Tax Technician Members. This subscription is
payable upon first admission and subsequently on 1 April in respect of each year in accordance with the
subscription rate for the year.

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                 15
Examination Syllabus
The Tax Technician qualification equips you with the knowledge and skills to handle tax compliance
together with related legal and accounting issues. You will:

•   Develop a solid understanding of the practical operation of the Irish tax system and tax rules.
•   Be able to evaluate and interpret information to identify the tax charges that arise for individuals and
     companies on foot of key financial and commercial events.
•   Calculate income tax, corporation tax, capital gains tax and capital acquisitions tax, VAT and payroll
     tax liabilities with particular emphasis on claiming any relevant reliefs and exemptions.
•   Understand the tax administration requirements for individuals and companies including completion
     of tax returns.

Using this syllabus
This syllabus has been designed to be comprehensive and transparent. Each learning outcome maps to
the student manuals.
      • Each module is divided into over-arching learning objectives.
      • Each learning objective is sub-divided into detailed learning outcomes.
      • For ease of reference, these learning outcomes have been grouped together as chapters.
      • E
         ach learning outcome appears as a section heading in the chapter so that students can track
        their studies more easily.

Assessment
Each module is assessed by way of a 3 hour written exam. Students are required to do four out of five
questions.
Candidates can assess the standard of examinations from previous year’s examination papers.
Candidates will not be permitted to bring any publications into the exam hall (see the Student
Regulations for more details).
Candidates are provided with Rates and Tables in the examination which contain tables of tax rates,
allowances and other related information in the exam hall.

16                                                                                      Tax Technician 2017/2018
Income Tax & Payroll Fundamentals
Learning outcomes:
  •   Examine the influences and confines which frame the Irish income tax system
  •   Identify the taxation issues affecting an income taxpayer
  •   Calculate the income tax due by an income taxpayer
  •   Complete the forms relevant to that income tax liability
  •   Assess when the forms must be filed and the income tax paid
  •   Describe the legal issues related to having employees
  •   Explain income tax obligations to the taxpayer

Assessment: 3 hour examination (5 questions, answer 4)

  1. Context and confines of income tax
         •   Explain the principles of a fair and efficient tax system
         •   Appreciate the influences and confines which frame the Irish taxation system
         •   Outline the main sources of tax law
         •   Outline the structure of the Revenue Commissioners and identify the appropriate contact
             for given issues

  2. Overview of the charge to income tax
        •    Identify profits or gains which are taxable under income tax
        •    Identify whether or not an individual is tax resident, ordinary resident or domiciled in Ireland
        •    Outline the territorial scope of income tax
        •    Outline the Schedular system for categorising sources of income
        •    Outline the main sources of law for income tax
        •    Outline the tax rates, credits and standard rate cut off points

  3. Business profits
        •    Identify if a sole trader is carrying on business as a trade (Case I) or a profession (Case II)
        •    Outline the basis of assessment for trading and professional income
        •    Identify whether or not business expenses are deductible for income tax purposes
        •    Describe relief available for business losses incurred by a sole trader
        •    Calculate the taxable business profits of a sole trader

  4. Business profits – tax depreciation
        •    Explain what relief, if any, is available for capital expenditure by a business
        •    Outline the basis period for any relief available on capital expenditure
        •    List the conditions necessary to claim relief for capital expenditure
        •    Identify if any relief is available for capital expenditure
        •    Calculate any relief available for capital expenditure

  5. Rental income
        •    Identify how rental income is taxed
        •    Identify whether or not expenses are deductible against rental income

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                       17
•    Describe any relief available for rental losses incurred
     •    Calculate an individual’s taxable rental income

 6. Other investment income
      •   Identify how other investment income is taxed
      •   Identify the basis of assessment for each type of investment income
      •   Describe how any withholding taxes are dealt with
      •   Calculate the taxable investment income of an individual including any associated reliefs

 7. Employment income
      •   Identify what employment income is taxable under Schedule E
      •   Summarise the legal issues around employments
      •   Compare what is taxable as employment income to the taxation of self employed
          individuals
      •   Outline the basis of assessment for Schedule E
      •   Identify whether or not expenses are deductible against Schedule E income
      •   Identify whether or not reimbursed expenses are taxable under Schedule E
      •   Identify whether or not benefits are taxable under Schedule E
      •   Calculate an individual’s taxable employment income

 8. SRCOP, tax rates, personal tax credits and reliefs
      •   Identify the rates of tax that will apply to an individual’s income
      •   Identify the tax relief available to an individual for various payments made
      •   Identify the personal tax credits and reliefs available to an individual by virtue of their
          personal circumstances
      •   Describe the key features of the Employment and Investment Incentive scheme
      •   Calculate the income tax payable by an individual taxpayer

 9. Pensions
      •   Outline the different types of pension
      •   Describe the tax relief available for pension contributions
      •   Calculate an individual’s taxable income after deducting pension contributions

 10. PRSI & USC
      •   Describe the operation of the Universal Social Charge
      •   Describe the operation of PRSI for self-employed taxpayers
      •   Describe the operation of PRSI for employed taxpayers
      •   Calculate a taxpayer’s liability to the Universal Social Charge and PRSI

 11. Administration – payroll
      •   Explain the operation of the PAYE collection system
      •   Describe how a taxpayer with small amounts of other income can remain solely within the
          PAYE system
      •   Describe the obligations of an employer in operating the PAYE system
      •   Explain the operation of the PAYE collection system
      •   Complete the employer forms relating to the PAYE system

18                                                                                    Tax Technician 2017/2018
12. Married couples, civil partners and cohabitants
         •   Outline the basis of assessment options
         •   Describe the taxation of a married couple in the year of marriage/registration of civil
             partnership
         •   Describe the taxation of a married couple/civil partnership in the year of death
         •   Outline the consequences of divorce/civil partnership being legally dissolved
         •   Describe the taxation of maintenance payments
         •   Calculate the taxable income of a married couple/civil partners

 13. Restriction of income tax reliefs
         •   Describe the restriction of specified reliefs for high earners
         •   Identify what reliefs are effected and how the restriction applies

 14. Termination payments
         •   Outline the items which are commonly seen in a termination payment
         •   Identify any legal issues surrounding redundancies
         •   Identify any reliefs from income tax available for termination payments
         •   Calculate the taxable portion of a termination payment

 15. Administration – self-assessment
         •   Describe the pay-and-file system for Income Tax
         •   Identify the key pay-and-file dates for Income Tax
         •   Complete the relevant returns (Form 11: Paper and ROS)
         •   Outline what interest and penalties can apply where pay-and-file dates are missed

 16. Local Property Tax (LPT)
         •   Outline the charge to LPT
         •   Describe the operation of LPT

 17. Revenue powers and Revenue audits
         •   Outline Revenue’s Powers
         •   Understand the provision of the Code of Practice for Revenue Audits and Other Compliance
             Interventions

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                               19
Corporation Tax Fundamentals
Learning outcomes
       •   Assess the filing requirements for forming a company under Irish law
       •   Outline the duties of directors
       •   Identify the taxation issues affecting a corporation taxpayer
       •   Calculate the corporation tax due by a corporation taxpayer
       •   Complete the forms relevant to that corporation tax liability
       •   Assess when the forms must be filed and the corporation tax paid
       •   Explain corporation tax obligations to the taxpayer

Assessment: 3 hour examination (5 questions, answer 4)

  1. Overview of company law
       •   Identify what a company is generally understood to mean
       •   List the key characteristics of a limited company

  2. Formation and operation of a company
       •   Identify the filing requirements for forming a company under Irish company law
       •   Describe the type of capital structures that companies can have
       •   Describe the purpose of the Constitution/Memorandum and Articles of Association
       •   Identify when company meetings must be held
       •   Outline a company’s obligations to make filings with the Companies Registration Office
       •   Explain when a company must have its annual accounts audited
       •   Identify the elements of a company’s financial statements

  3. Directors
       •   Describe the role of directors of a company
       •   Outline how the directors of a company are appointed
       •   List the powers of directors
       •   Explain the duties of directors
       •   List the role and duties of the company secretary

  4. Overview of the charge to corporation tax
       •   Compare the taxation of company’s income to the taxation of income in the hands of an
           individual
       •   Outline the rules with regard to the tax residency of a company
       •   Describe the basis of assessment for corporation tax
       •   Outline the main sources of law for corporation tax

  5. Business profits
       •   Identify whether a company is in receipt of trading income or other receipts
       •   Identify whether or not expenses are deductible for corporation tax purposes
       •   Identify if any relief is available for capital expenditure
       •   Calculate any relief available for capital expenditure
       •   Calculate the taxable business profits of a company

20                                                                                 Tax Technician 2017/2018
6. Investment income
         •   Identify how investment income received by a company is taxed and calculate the taxable
             investment profits of a company

 7. Using financial statements
         •   Identify whether the company is carrying on a trade
         •   Identify items in the financial statements which might lead to adjustment of a company’s
             taxable profits

 8. Capital gains
         •   Describe how a company is charged to tax on its capital gains

 9. Losses & trade charges
         •   Identify what relief is available to a company for losses incurred
         •   Identify what relief is available to a company for trade charges
         •   Calculate the taxable income of a company after relief for losses and trade charges

 10. Groups
         •   Identify if a group exists for corporation tax purposes
         •   Calculate any group relief available
         •   Describe what relief is available for the transfer of assets between group companies

 11. Close company provisions
         •   Explain why close company legislation was introduced
         •   Identify if a company is a close company
         •   Describe the implications of being a close company
         •   Calculate any tax or surcharges due by a close company

 12. Dividends, distributions and dividend withholding tax
         •   Identify whether or not a payment by a company constitutes a dividend or distribution
         •   Identify if dividend withholding tax should be applied to a dividend or distribution
         •   Calculate any dividend withholding tax arising on a dividend or distribution
         •   Identify when any dividend withholding tax withheld must be paid to Revenue and any
             forms which must be filed

 13. Other withholding taxes
         •   List the three main withholding taxes (other than dividend withholding tax) in Ireland
         •   Identify when each withholding tax should apply, how relief is claimed for tax withheld, when
             any withholding tax withheld must be paid to Revenue and any forms which must be filed

 14. Trading overseas
         •   Explain how Irish companies are taxed on income from overseas
         •   Describe how relief may be granted to Irish companies for foreign tax suffered

 15. Administration
         •   Describe the pay-and-file system for corporation tax
         •   Identify the key pay-and-file dates for corporation tax
         •   Complete the relevant returns
         •   Understand the mandatory requirement to file accounts and computations in iXBRL format
         •   Outline what interest and penalties can apply where pay-and-file dates are missed

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                 21
Capital Taxes Fundamentals
Learning outcomes
       •   Examine the influences and confines which frame the Irish capital tax system
       •   Identify the Capital Acquisitions Tax (CAT) and Capital Gains Tax (CGT) issues affecting a
           taxpayer
       •   Calculate the CAT or CGT due by a taxpayer
       •   Complete the forms relevant to that CAT or CGT liability
       •   Assess when the forms must be filed and the CAT or CGT paid
       •   Describe the requirements of the Succession Act
       •   Describe the legal issues relating to transactions in shares
       •   Explain CAT and CGT obligations to the taxpayer

Assessment: 3 hour examination (5 questions, answer 4)

Capital Gains Tax

  1. Context and confines of capital taxes
       •   Appreciate the influences and confines which frame the Irish capital taxes system
       •   Outline the main sources of law for capital taxes

  2. Overview of the charge to capital gains tax
       •   Identify profits or gains which are taxable under Capital Gains Tax (CGT)
       •   Outline the territorial scope of CGT
       •   Identify the tax rate and basic reliefs available

  3. Calculation of capital gains
       •   Identify the three factors which must be present before a charge to CGT can arise
       •   Identify if a disposal is subject to CGT
       •   Identify other occasions where CGT can arise
       •   Identify when a disposal for CGT purposes has taken or has deemed to have taken place
       •   Identify the amounts which will be taken into account in calculating the CGT
       •   Describe the special treatment given to development land
       •   Calculate the gain made on the disposal of a capital asset

  4. Shares
       •   Applying first principles, determine the CGT implications of share transactions
       •   Describe the legal issues a company must consider before altering its share capital

  5. Exemptions and reliefs
       •   Identify whether a disposal qualifies for ‘retirement relief’
       •   Identify whether a disposal qualifies for ‘principal private residence’ relief
       •   Identify whether other miscellaneous exemptions and reliefs apply
       •   Calculate the taxable value of a gain after exemptions and reliefs are claimed

22                                                                                     Tax Technician 2017/2018
6. Married couples, civil partners and cohabitants
         •   Describe the basis of assessment for CGT for married couples and civil partners
         •   Describe how CGT applies to transactions between married couples and civil partners
         •   Describe how CGT applies to transactions between separated or divorced couples and
             transfers following the dissolution of a civil partnership and the ending of a cohabiting
             arrangement
         •   Calculate any CGT arising on transactions between married/separated/divorced couples/
             transfers following the dissolution of a civil partnership

 7. Losses
         •   Describe what relief is available to an individual who makes a capital loss
         •   Calculate the capital loss relief available

 8. Administration of CGT
         •   Describe the pay-and-file system for CGT
         •   Identify the key pay-and-file dates for CGT
         •   Complete a CGT return
         •   Outline what interest and penalties can apply where pay-and-file dates are missed

Capital Acquisitions Tax

 9. Overview of the charge to Capital Acquisitions Tax
        •    Identify gifts or inheritances which are taxable under Capital Acquisitions Tax (CAT)
        •    Outline the territorial scope of CAT
        •    Identify the tax rate and basic reliefs

 10. Valuation of capital acquisitions
         •   Identify the amounts which will be taken into account in calculating the taxable value
         •   Compare the value of a gift for CAT purposes to its value for CGT purposes
         •   Calculate the taxable value of a gift or inheritance

 11. Exemptions and reliefs
         •   Identify whether a beneficiary qualifies for ‘favourite nephew relief’
         •   Identify whether a beneficiary qualifies for ‘dwelling house’ exemption
         •   Identify whether a beneficiary qualifies for agricultural relief
         •   Identify whether a beneficiary qualifies for business relief
         •   Identify whether other miscellaneous exemptions and reliefs apply
         •   Calculate the taxable value of a gain after exemptions and reliefs are claimed

 12. CAT: Married couples, civil partners and cohabitants
         •   Describe how CAT applies to transactions between married persons and civil partners
         •   Describe how CAT applies to transactions between separated or divorced persons and
             transfers following the dissolution of a civil partnership and the ending of a cohabiting
             relationship
         •   Calculate any CAT arising on transactions between married/separated/divorced persons
             and transfers following the dissolution of a civil partnership
         •   Compare the CAT and CGT treatments of transactions between spouses and civil partners

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                 23
13. Administration of CAT
      •   Calculate the CAT due on a gift or inheritance
      •   Describe the pay-and-file system for CAT
      •   Identify the key pay-and-file dates for CAT
      •   Complete a CAT return
      •   Outline what interest and penalties can apply where pay-and-file dates are missed

 14. Succession law and administration of estates
      •   Describe the requirement to provide for certain family members, as set out in succession
          law
      •   Outline the rules of intestacy
      •   Identify how the administration of an estate can impact on the valuation of inheritances

Stamp Duty

 15. Overview of Stamp Duty
      •   Identify what gives rise to a charge to stamp duty
      •   Outline the territorial scope of stamp duty

 16. Calculation of Stamp Duty
      •   Identify the rates of stamp duty that apply to various transactions
      •   Identify whether other miscellaneous exemptions and reliefs apply

 17. Administration of Stamp Duty
      •   Describe how and when stamp duty must be paid
      •   Identify any stamp duty forms that must be completed and filed
      •   Outline what interest and penalties can apply where payment or filing dates are missed
      •   Outline Revenue’s power to seek information

24                                                                                Tax Technician 2017/2018
VAT Fundamentals
Learning outcomes
         •   Examine the influences and confines which frame the Irish indirect tax system
         •   Identify the indirect taxation issues affecting a taxpayer
         •   Calculate the indirect tax due by a taxpayer
         •   Complete the forms relevant to that indirect tax liability or refund
         •   Assess when the forms must be filed and the indirect tax paid
         •   Explain indirect tax obligations to the taxpayer
         •   Understand the Code of Practice for Revenue Audits & Other Compliance Interventions

Assessment: 3 hour examination (5 questions, answer 4)

  1. Context and confines of Indirect Taxes
         •   Appreciate the influences and confines which frame the Irish indirect tax system
         •   Explain the European dimension to VAT

  2. The charge to VAT
         •   Describe the scope of VAT
         •   Outline the charge to VAT
         •   Identify when a supply is made in the course of a business
         •   Define key terms in VAT
         •   Identify when a business must register for VAT and complete the relevant forms
         •   Describe when VAT group registration is available and why it can be beneficial
         •   Complete tax registration forms (TR1 and TR2)

  3. Supplies of goods and services
         •   Identify a supply of goods for VAT purposes
         •   Identify a supply of services for VAT purposes
         •   Explain the place of supply rules of goods and services
         •   Explain the reverse charge mechanism and self accounting for VAT
         •   Be aware of the reverse charge mechanism for principle contractors and sub-contractors

  4. International transactions
         •   Outline the rules which apply to the sale of goods outside of the State and establish what
             evidence must be retained by the trader to satisfy the authorities
         •   Set out the VAT treatment of digitised goods (electronically supplied services)
         •   Calculate the VAT chargeable or deductible on international supplies
         •   Set out the VAT treatment of international transport services

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                              25
5. VAT on property
         •    Outline the different rights a person can hold over or in property
         •    Judge whether a contract is a license or a lease and explain the VAT and legal implications
              of the judgement
         •    Describe how property transactions were treated under the old system (pre 1 July 2008)
         •    Describe how property transactions are treated post 1 July 2008
         •    Outline how deductible VAT is calculated for property transactions – the Capital Goods Scheme
              (“CGS”)
         •    Outline how the transfer of business relief can apply to the transfer of property

 6. The rates of VAT and deductible/non-deductible VAT
         •    Identify the rate of VAT that should apply to a single supply
         •    Identify the rate of VAT that should apply to a composite or multiple supply
         •    Calculate the VAT chargeable on a supply
         •    Describe and calculate a VAT input credit

 7. VAT and specific business transactions
         •    Outline whether or not VAT arises on a transfer of a business
         •    Describe the special VAT rules that apply to certain industry sectors

 8. Administration
         •    Describe the record keeping requirements of VAT
         •    Complete a valid VAT invoice or credit note
         •    Describe the pay-and-file system for VAT and identify the key pay-and-file dates
         •    Account for VAT using the invoice basis and the cash basis of accounting for VAT
         •    Complete Form RTD, VIES and Intrastat returns
         •    Outline what interest and penalties can apply where pay-and-file dates are missed

 9. Revenue Powers and Revenue Audits
         •    Outline Revenue Powers and understand VAT compliance interventions
         •    Understand the provision of the Code of Practice for Revenue Audits and Other
              Compliance Interventions

 10. Other Indirect taxes
     •       Describe how vehicle registration tax (“VRT”) applies
     •       Outline the other national excises
     •       Outline the harmonised excises
     •       Explain how carbon tax applies
     •       Outline the provisions of the Home Renovation Incentive Scheme

26                                                                                        Tax Technician 2017/2018
STUDENT
REGULATIONS
2017/2018

1       Definitions����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28

2       Information subject to change�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28

3       General terms relating to membership of the Irish Tax Institute���������������������������������������������������������������� 28

4       Data Protection������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 29

5       Special consideration�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 29

6       Assessment – general������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30

7       Invigilated Assessments��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30

8       Material permitted in the exam hall����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31

9       Assessment – contravention of regulations������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31

10      Assessment – notification of examination results and rechecks���������������������������������������������������������������� 32

11      Appeals����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 33

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                                                                                                 27
Student Regulations
The headings to these regulations are for guidance only and shall not be used to assist in the
interpretation of their meaning.
All text set out in bold italics is for illustrative purposes only and does not form part of the regulations.

1    Definitions
“academic year” shall run from 1 October one year to 30 September the following year.
“autumn sitting” shall mean the end of course examinations which take place in August.
“end of course examination” shall mean the examinations which take place in April and August.
“examinations” shall refer to assessments which take place in examination hall conditions under the
supervision of an invigilator. These may also be referred to as “Invigilated Assessments”.
“examination sitting” shall mean the summer and/or autumn sittings as appropriate.
“Investigations Committee” shall refer to a Committee of the Irish Tax Institute as set out in the Code of
Professional Conduct to which students are bound.
“in writing” or “written notification”, in the context of written notice issuing from the Irish Tax Institute
shall mean a notice emailed to the email address which a student has registered with us or posted to an
address the student has registered with us. In the context of written notice issuing to the Irish Tax
Institute it shall mean a notice emailed to students@taxinstitute.ie or post sent to the Irish Tax Institute’s
registered office being: South Block, Longboat Quay, Grand Canal Harbour, Dublin 2, Ireland.
“Module” shall mean the study course and end of course examination.
“payor” shall mean a student’s employer who pays the students course fees and/or examination fees
and who is the employer at the time of payment.
“summer sitting” shall mean the end of course examinations which take place in April.

2    Information subject to change
     2.1.   The information in this handbook is accurate at the time of going to print. However, the Irish
            Tax Institute reserves the right to change the information contained in this handbook,
            including the structure of the course and/or examinations, the timetables or the regulations.
            All changes will be posted on the Irish Tax Institute website www.taxinstitute.ie.
     2.2.   The structure of the course and/or examinations, the timetables or the regulations may
            change from year to year. As a student member of the Irish Tax Institute it is your responsibility
            to ensure that you are familiar at all relevant times with the structure of the course and/or
            examinations, the timetables or the regulations then in force.

3    General terms relating to membership of the Irish Tax Institute
     3.1     he Council, the governing body of the Irish Tax Institute, is entitled, from time to time, to
             T
            make regulations in regard to the registration of persons as students for the Tax Technician
            programme, the contents of syllabi, the holding of Tax Technician examinations and all other
            related matters. Such regulations are contained in this booklet and may be amended, altered,
            revoked or replaced from time to time by Council. The regulations in force for the time being
            are deemed to be incorporated into and form part of the bye-laws of the Irish Tax Institute.

28                                                                                         Tax Technician 2017/2018
3.2   A sub-committee of Council, the Education Committee, has responsibility for the Irish Tax
          Institute’s educational function. The Education team undertakes the day-to-day management
          of the Tax Technician programme.
    3.3   Students are required to register as student members of the Irish Tax Institute in order to be
          eligible to present for the Tax Technician programme, including the course and all
          examinations.
    3.4   The Director of Educational Strategy reserves the right to refuse an application for admission
          as a student member.
    3.5   The Irish Tax Institute’s Code of Professional Conduct (the “Code”) applies to all student
          members and members of the Irish Tax Institute and is available to download at
          www.taxinstitute.ie.
          Failure to comply with the Code shall render a student liable to disciplinary action. The Irish Tax
          Institute’s Recommended Best Practice Guidelines provide guidance on how to abide by the
          Code.
    3.6   All student members are bound by the regulations set out in this handbook and by all decisions
          taken by the Irish Tax Institute’s Education Committee.

4   Data protection
    4.1   Where a student’s course fees and/or examination fees are being paid by a student’s employer
          who is the employer at the time of payment (“payor”), the payor may request confirmation
          from the Irish Tax Institute that the student is engaging with the programme (e.g. attending
          lectures, tutorials and assessments, viewing online lectures and participating in discussion fora
          in the LMS). They may also request a student’s Assessment results. Students are advised that,
          where this information is requested by the payor, the Irish Tax Institute, in accordance with our
          data protection notice, will advise the payor of their attendance record at lectures and
          assessments, LMS activity and examination results once these are available.
    4.2   Lectures and tutorials may be recorded on video and on audio. Students enrolled on the Tax
          Technician programme consent to the broadcast of their interaction within lectures. It is not
          permitted to record lectures or workshops.

5   Special consideration
    5.1   The Institute will endeavour to accommodate students with disabilities or special learning
          needs where possible. Where a student has a specific medical condition that may require
          emergency medical attention, they are also asked to notify their Education Coordinator in
          advance of commencing the course and the Assessment Coordinator in advance of their
          assessments.
    5.2    pplications may be considered for extra examination time or the provision of special
           A
          examination arrangements such as the use of a scribe or reader, use of a laptop, enlarged text
          on questions etc. Forms must be submitted with supporting documentation, to an
          Examinations Coordinator and must be received at least one month prior to the relevant course
          or examination. In extenuating circumstances, an application may be considered where the
          incident affecting the student’s performance has happened after the closing date.
    5.3   Requests to sit examinations in a separate location may only be available in some examination
          venues or in some examination sittings.
    5.4    tudents that have been granted extra time due to an ongoing issue, should contact the
           S
          Examinations Coordinator at least one month before every examination sitting. Students will
          then be notified whether updated documentation will be required. Applications are considered

Tax Technician 2017/2018                                                                                    29
on a case by case basis and based on the documentation received. The provisions for
           additional time are continuously being reviewed and may differ for future examinations.
     5.5    tudents may also make applications regarding extenuating circumstances where the student
            S
           feels their performance in one or more assessments has been affected. This must be received
           within seven days of the assessment taking place. All applications made on time and with
           supporting documentation, will be considered when the results are being adjudicated.
           Applications without supporting documentation will not be considered.

6    Assessment – general
     6.1   Students may not attempt the examination(s) unless they have been registered for the relevant
           course for that Module.
     6.2   All fees, including the student subscription, must be paid in full prior to a student registering
           for an end of course examination.
     6.3   I n order to successfully complete the Tax Technician programme, a student must achieve a
           pass mark (50%) in each of the end of course examinations.
     6.4   Exam sittings take place in April and August each year. Students may elect to sit one or more
           examination(s) in an exam sitting.
     6.5    o achieve the designation Tax Technician, students must successfully complete all four Tax
            T
           Technician examinations within a two-year period from the date of registration as a student.
           Students have four consecutive examination sittings, inclusive of the first sitting.
     6.6    here a student does not pass all examinations within the timeframe set out in Regulation 6.5
            W
           they shall forfeit all previous pass marks achieved and must take the Tax Technician course
           again. They shall not be eligible to remain student members of the Institute outside of this
           timeframe.
     6.7   I f a student does not wish to complete all four modules of the Tax Technician qualification, they
           can apply to receive a certificate of completion of the modules that they have successfully
           completed.
     6.8   Council reserves the right to publish details of students who have been successful in one or
           more end of course examination in each sitting.
     6.9   The student gives Council the right to publish the examination scripts submitted which,
           without the consent of the student, will not identify the student.

7    Invigilated Assessments
     7.1   Students are required to bring a valid form of photo identification and their examination
           number to each of their examinations which they must display on their desk for the duration of
           the examination.
           Valid forms of photo identification are:
           •     A valid Irish driving licence
           •     A valid passport
           •     A valid Garda identification (National Age Card)
     7.2   Students who do not bring this identification to each examination may not be permitted to sit
           the examination.
     7.3    tudents must not be in possession of briefcases, bags, unauthorised books or notes during
            S
           the examination. Regulation 8 sets out what is permitted in the examination hall.
     7.4   Mobile phones are not allowed in the examination hall.

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