2018 Census Of Aquaculture (2019 January Catfish & 2019 January Trout) - NASS Survey Training - Amazon S3
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NASS Survey Training 2018 Census Of Aquaculture (2019 January Catfish & 2019 January Trout) United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service NOD Training Group December 2018
Survey Overview • Project Code: 658 – Census of Aquaculture • Questionnaires/Materials: – Pre-survey postcard: December 3rd – Initial mailing: Dec. 17th – Follow-up mailing: January 22nd – EDR Available • Release: – Catfish Production, February 15th – Trout Production, February 25th – Aquaculture, October 10th
Aquaculture • Aquaculture is defined as the farming of aquatic organisms, including: – Catfish, trout, food and/or sport fish, baitfish, crustaceans and mollusks, ornamental fish, miscellaneous aquaculture such as algae, alligators, caviar, eels, frogs, sea urchins, snails, tadpoles, turtles, and live rock, etc., and other aquaculture products.
Census of Aquaculture • Follow-on survey for Census of Agriculture. • Provides detailed, comprehensive production and economic data on the aquaculture industry. • Survey reference period is calendar year 2018.
Census of Aquaculture • The 2018 Census of Aquaculture is the fourth national census conducted to measure the aquaculture industry in the United States. • Some parts of the aquaculture industry have seen tremendous growth over the last 40 years. • Value of aquaculture products sold in the U.S. has increased from $45 million in 1974 to more than $1.37 billion in 2013.
Catfish and Trout Surveys • The January Catfish Growers Survey and the January Trout Survey will be conducted in conjunction with the Census of Aquaculture. • The 2018 Census of Aquaculture, 2019 Catfish Growers Survey, and the 2019 Annual Trout Survey will all be conducted using one inclusive questionnaire.
Interviewer’s Manual • Chapter 1 – General Info • Chapter 2 – Terms and Definitions • Chapter 3 – Overview • Chapter 4 – Completing Report Form – References Paper Survey – Some good clarifying information for questions • Appendix A – Catfish Length/Weight Table • Appendix B – Trout Length/Weight Table
Survey Contents 1. Aquaculture production screening 2. Sources of water 3. Methods of production 4. Catfish production 5. Trout production 6. Food and/or Sport fish 7. Baitfish 8. Crustaceans and Mollusks 9. Ornamental fish 10. Miscellaneous aquaculture 11. Sales outlet by species (Excluding catfish and trout) 12. Aquaculture distributed (Not sold) 13. Operation
Screening • In 2018, did this operation or the individual(s) listed on the address label produce any fish, mollusks, crustaceans, or other aquaculture products? Produce means that inputs are supplied to add weight or change the form of aquatic animals. – Yes: Continue – No: Skip to end of questionnaire – Operation questions section.
Section 2: Sources of Water • In 2018, which of the following SOURCES of water did this operation use for its aquaculture production? (Check all that apply) – On-farm surface water - Surface supply not controlled by a water supply organization. Include streams, drainage ditches, farm lakes, runoff ponds, springs, or reservoirs on or adjacent to this farm. – Groundwater / Well water - Water from a well or wells located on this farm or another farm, or recycled from a well pond. – Off-farm water - Water from a federal supplier, irrigation district, cooperative or neighborhood ditches, commercial company, or municipal (town) or community water system. – Saltwater - Include brackish water, tidal, sub-tidal, open public waterways, owned or leased.
Section 3: METHODS OF PRODUCTION • In 2018, how many acres or surface area square feet were used to produce fish, mollusks, crustaceans, or other aquaculture products? – Asked for both freshwater and saltwater • Of the acres reported, how many were leased from others?
Section 3: METHODS OF PRODUCTION • Which production methods did this operation use in 2018? Report number and size (in acres or square feet). – Ponds – Cropland used for crawfish – Flow through raceways – Recirculating systems – Non-recirculating systems – Aquaponics – Cages or pens – Mollusks on bottom – Mollusks off bottom – Other (specify)
Section 4: Catfish Production • What are the total WATER ACRES used and to be used on this operation to produce catfish during the period of January 1 – June 30, 2019? • What is the water area of NEW FACILITIES under construction or to be constructed for use during the period of January 1 – June 30, 2019? • Of the facilities previously used to produce catfish, how much water area was TAKEN OUT OF PRODUCTION during the period of July 1 – December 31, 2018? • How many of the total acres are USED OR TO BE USED FOR HYBRID CATFISH during the period of January 1 – June 30, 2019?
Section 4: Catfish Production • On January 1, 2019, what was this operation’s estimated inventory of catfish in the following size categories? – Broodfish – Large Foodsize – Medium Foodsize – Small Foodsize – Large Stockers – Small Stockers – Fingerlings
Section 4: Catfish Production • During 2018, what were this operation’s Total Catfish Sales? Report total number sold, total pounds sold, and total dollars for each category: – Broodfish (being or to be used for breeding) – Broodfish (previously used for breeding) – All Foodsize – Stockers – Fingerlings – Fry – Catfish eggs
Section 4: Catfish Production • In 2018, what percent of the total value of catfish sales reported in the previous questions above was sold directly to each of the following point of first sale outlets? – Processors – Live haulers/brokers – Direct to consumers – Recreational stocking – Wholesale to other producers – Government agencies – Exports – Other (specify) • Sum of categories must = 100%
Section 5: Trout Production • Did this operation sell any trout or trout eggs in 2018? • What were the total trout sales of fish and eggs produced on this operation during 2018? – Broodfish – 12 inches or longer – 6”-12” – 1”-6” – Trout Eggs • Report total number sold, total pounds live weight, and total dollars received.
Section 5: Trout Production • In 2018, what percent of the total value of trout sales reported in the previous questions above was sold directly to each of the following point of first sale outlets? – Processors – Live haulers/brokers – Direct to consumers – Recreational stocking – Wholesale to other producers – Government agencies – Exports – Other (specify) • Sum of categories must = 100%
Section 5: Trout Production • What were the total number and live weight pounds of trout lost during 2018 for each of the following reasons? – Disease – Theft or vandalism – Chemical contamination – Drought – Flood – Predators – Other (specify)
Section 6: Food and/or Sport Fish • Other than catfish or trout, did this operation sell any food fish or sport fish, including carp used as biological control agents, in 2018? • Use a separate line for each species and size category sold. For each, report: – Total number of fish or eggs sold – Total pounds live weight sold – Total sales
Section 7: Baitfish • Did this operation sell any baitfish, including crawfish sold for bait, in 2018? • How many surface acres of water were used to produce baitfish in 2018? • Two ways to report baitfish sales: – By the pound – By the gallon – Report baitfish sold and total dollars received
Section 8: Crustaceans and Mollusks • Did this operation sell any crustaceans or mollusks in 2018? • Use a separate line for each species and size category sold. For each, report: – Total number of units sold – Total number of pounds per unit OR Total pounds sold – Average number of crustaceans or mollusks per unit – Total sales
Section 9: Ornamental Fish • Did this operation sell any ornamental fish in 2018? • Report for each species separately: – Number of units produced and sold – Type of unit • Number of fish, pounds, boxes, etc. – Average number of fish per unit – Total sales
Section 10: Miscellaneous Aquaculture Products • Did this operation sell any other aquaculture products in 2018? – Include: • Only other aquaculture products • All size categories within each species • Report number sold, pounds sold, and total dollars
Section 11: Sales Outlet by Species (Exclude catfish and trout) • Did this operation sell any of their aquaculture products in 2018? – Food fish, Sport fish, Baitfish, Ornamentals, Crustaceans, Mollusks, Others • In 2018, what percent of this operations total value of aquaculture sales was sold to: – Processors – Live haulers/brokers – Retail outlets – Direct to consumers – Recreational stocking – Wholesale to other producers – Government agencies – Exports – Other (specify)
Section 12: Aquaculture Distributed (Not sold) • Did this operation distribute aquaculture products for restoration, conservation, enhancement, or recreational purposes during 2018? • Report, by species category: – Number distributed – Pounds distributed – Number of eggs or seed stock distributed – Estimated total value of product distributed
Section 13: Operation Questions • Did this operation grow and sell aquatic plants in 2018? • In the future, does this operation intend to produce aquaculture products? • Is it possible the information on this form would be reported by another operation or under another name? • Do you make any day-to-day decisions for another aquaculture operation? • Has this operation been sold or turned over to someone else?
Watch For: • Wild-caught products – exclude these! • Exclude products immediately resold or distributed. – Value must have been added for the product to be included • If items were not sold, but were distributed, report in Section 12. • Exclude any catfish or trout sales from Section 11 (Sales) – Catfish and Trout sales should be reported in the catfish and trout sections only • Percentage questions must add up to 100% in each column • Out of business operations. – Will still conduct survey if the operation had aquaculture at any point in 2018!
Regional Notes • Notes were provided by regional field offices, but items may also apply to other regions: • Delta Region: – Arkansas: • First state to produce catfish on a commerical level. • Catfish acres have dropped from over 30,000 acres just 10 years ago to the current 5,000 acres. • The industry has been hit hard by a combination of high feed and fuel prices (at one point) and Asian competition. Farmers converted their ponds to the more profitable (in theory!) row crop production. – Louisiana: • Catfish acres have dropped from 6,300 10 years ago to close to 625 at last estimate. – Mississippi: • Top catfish-producing state in the nation. • In the last 10 years, catfish water acres have been cut by nearly 2/3 in Mississippi, from 94,000 acres to 34,000 acres. Sales have shown a similar, but not as sharp, decrease in the state (-20%). • Catfish farms are getting smaller, but many are converting to smaller ponds with higher stocking rates.
Regional Notes • Delta, cont’d: • Baitfish (Arkansas) – Arkansas is the largest baitfish-producing state in the nation; most are shipped to other states for retail sale – Arkansas has the world’s largest baitfish, goldfish, and large-mouth bass farms – Major baitfish species include golden shiners, goldfish, and fathead minnows – Major counties involved are Lonoke, Monroe, Prairie, and Greene • Sportfish (AR, LA, MS): – Major sportfish species include large-mouth bass, bluegill, black crappie, and hybrid bream
Regional Notes • Eastern Mountain Region: – Section 3, Saltwater acres: For VA and NC, if someone is raising fish or mollusks in the ocean or bays of the states of VA or NC they are supposed to be renting acres from the states or possibly sub-renting from another producer who is renting from the state. Bottom line = states own the bottom and the water of the ocean and bays. If someone is not renting, then they may have some type of tanks or they may be collecting wild mollusks.
Regional Notes • New England: – ME: Most of the other operations are shellfish operations growing mussels from long lines or bags suspended vertically. Sites are leased from the State of Maine. There are a few State run trout hatcheries. – MA: Most of the operations are shellfish operations growing mussels in Cape Code on sites leased from the town. Most common method appears to be cages. – CT and RI: mostly shellfish operations with sites in Long Island Sound. – NH: mostly shellfish operations that use either long lines or cages – VT: mostly State run hatcheries
Regional Notes • NJ: – Recent increase in the number of oyster growers. Hard clams are currently only grown in the Atlantic Coast inland bays. Oysters are grown on the Atlantic and Delaware Bay coasts. All aquaculture is within embayments, and is not within the open ocean. – Oyster growers along the Delaware Bayshore (of Cape May County) had to alter farming practices because of a protected bird species. – New growers, which there are more and more of in NJ, especially growing oysters, do not seem as ready to engage…in surveys, meetings, etc.
Conclusion • If Out of Business: – Verify that they are OOB • No aquaculture in 2018? Will any be produced in the future? – Collect new operator’s information • Practice on your iPad – This is a fairly extensive survey, make sure you are familiar with all sections, items asked, and relevant terms & definitions. • Please contact your supervisor or RFO with any questions • Thanks and have a great survey!
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