Grades 9-12 2020-2021 - REGISTRATION GUIDE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS & - Digital asset management for teams

 
Grades 9-12 2020-2021 - REGISTRATION GUIDE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS & - Digital asset management for teams
REGISTRATION GUIDE
     2020-2021                                           &
                                                COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

     Grades 9-12

               Our Mission:
Expect excellence, grounded in compassion, to
        meet the needs of all learners.
Grades 9-12 2020-2021 - REGISTRATION GUIDE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS & - Digital asset management for teams
Winona Senior High School
                                      https://www.winonaschools.org/wshs
                                                                    TABLE OF CONTENTS

           Making the Transition to High School ................................................................................. 4
           Summary of Specialty Courses ............................................................................................. 5
           PSEO Information ................................................................................................................ 47
           Education Beyond High School & NCAA
           Clearinghouse Information .................................................................................................. 6
           Testing Schedule .................................................................................................................. 7
           Graduation Requirements .................................................................................................... 8
           Four-Year Course Plan ......................................................................................................... 9
           AVID & REACH Programs .................................................................................................. 10
           Course Descriptions:
           Agriculture ............................................................................................................................ 11
           Art ......................................................................................................................................... 14
           Business ................................................................................................................................ 17
           English .................................................................................................................................. 20
           English Learners ................................................................................................................... 24
           Family & Consumer Services (FACS).................................................................................. 25
           Health & Physical Education ................................................................................................ 27
           Industrial Technology ........................................................................................................... 29
           Mathematics .......................................................................................................................... 31
           Music ..................................................................................................................................... 33
           Science .................................................................................................................................. 36
           Health & Science Academy .................................................................................................. 40
           Social Studies ........................................................................................................................ 41
           Special Education .................................................................................................................. 44
           World Languages .................................................................................................................. 45

Winona Senior High School will provide equal opportunity to all persons served in its educational programs, materials
        and pupil personnel services, regardless of race, color, gender, national origin, religion, or disability.

                                                                                      2
Grades 9-12 2020-2021 - REGISTRATION GUIDE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS & - Digital asset management for teams
Dear Students and Parents/Guardians:                                                     Mark Anderson, Principal
The registration guide and course description book has been designed to                          507-494-1504
assist you in planning for next year. Review the course requirements for              mark.anderson@winona.k12.mn.us
graduation carefully and examine, as well, your interests and future
plans. Select courses that will contribute to the realization of those                Isaac Matzek, Assistant Principal
plans.                                                                                           507-494-1502
                                                                                       isaac.matzek@winona.k12.mn.us
Time devoted to careful planning and course selection will be time well
spent. We suggest that students and parents/guardians work together,
along with your counselor, to make these important choices. The final             Casey Indra, Athletics/Activities Director
responsibility for course selection rests entirely with the student                              507-494-1529
and his/her parent/guardian.                                                           casey.indra@winona.k12.mn.us
The courses requested by students determines the number of courses
offered. Once the master schedule has been built, students may only
                                                                                 Lori Ulrich, Special Education Coordinator
request a course change if space allows and for the following reasons                            507-494-1518
only: inappropriate placement as determined by the student and teacher;                 lori.ulrich@winona.k12.mn.us
class imbalance; schedule error; conflicts in schedule; and/or missing
prerequisite course(s).
If you have questions regarding classes and registration, please contact
the WSHS Counseling Office at 507-494-1521. Counselors are assigned
by last name:
       Courtney Dahlby               A-G, 11th & 12th grade AVID                             School Counselors
       Hayley Endersbe               H-O, 9th & 10th grade AVID
       Karen Whitney-Thrune          P-Z                                       Courtney Dahlby (A-G, 11th & 12th garde AVID)
       Lori Ulrich                   Special Education Coordinator                               507-494-1517
                                                                                    courtney.dahlby@winona.k12.mn.us
Best wishes as you plan your future. We are here to help you make
wise decisions.                                                                Hayley Endersbe (H-O, 9th & 10th grade AVID)
                                                                                                 507-494-1520
Sincerely,                                                                           hayley.endersbe@winona.k12.mn.us
Mark Anderson                                                                          Karen Whitney-Thrune (P-Z)
Principal                                                                                        507-494-1516
                                                                                   karen.whitney-thrune@winona.k12.mn.us

                                                                           3
Grades 9-12 2020-2021 - REGISTRATION GUIDE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS & - Digital asset management for teams
Making the Transition to High School

LINK CREW                                                                          MCIS—MINNESOTA CAREER INFORMATION SYSTEM
Link Crew is a transition program that welcomes                                    Career planning is the process of helping students acquire and use the
freshmen to the high school. Link Crew provides the                                aptitudes, skills, and knowledge needed to develop and manage a pur-
structure for freshmen to receive support and guidance                             poseful life plan. During the high school years, students will meet with
from juniors and seniors who have been through the                                 their counselor for post-high school planning. MCIS is a great tool for
challenges that high school poses.                                                 developing and maintaining a resume, researching college and career
                                                                                   opportunities, and applying for scholarships.

INFINITE CAMPUS                                                                    WSHS SCHOOLOGY
Winona Area Public Schools utilizes Infinite Campus to maintain                     Weekly assignments are posted on your Schoology Calendar
online student records. Parents and students are encouraged to access               The calendar is utilized to signify important course events (major
schedules, grades, attendance, and health records via the parent/student             projects, tests, etc.)
portal.                                                                             Utilize Good Drive connections (provide students with handouts,
 Go to the district website: www.winona.k12.mn.us                                   worksheets)
 Click on the green Infinite Campus icon at the top of the page.                   Ability to add materials from drop down content, i.e., Create poll,
                                                                                     provide/attach resources for students)
                                                                                    Ability to add interactive materials from drop down content, i.e.,
                                                                                     Discussions, assignments with submission folders
                                                                                    Parent access
   Type in your username and password:                                             Share resources with colleagues
       Username: Student ID Number (listed on your student ID card)
                                                                                   All students will be able to use Schoology to check the above items that
      Password: First initial of your first name, first initial of your last       teachers post for curriculum use within their classrooms. Students will
name, 6-digit birth date (i.e. John Doe with a birth date of 01/03/92              also review Schoology daily for updates from teachers, counseling of-
      would be jd010392)                                                           fice and administration for important information relevant to what is
                                                                                   happening at Winona Senior High School.
PARENTS!
Email portal.help@winona.k12.mn.us for Infinite Campus support.
                                                                                                      NEW STUDENTS!
                                                                                        Please see the Learning Commons staff for your
                                                                                     informational packet and to receive your Chromebook.
                                                                                                       NEW PARENTS!
                                                                                   Email portal.help@winona.k12.mn.us to get your user name
                                                                                                and password for Infinite Campus.
                                                                               4
Grades 9-12 2020-2021 - REGISTRATION GUIDE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS & - Digital asset management for teams
Specialty Course Offerings
ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP)                                                                          S.T.E.M. (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
The College Board’s Advanced Placement Program® enables students to pursue                       S.T.E.M. classes promote a strong foundation in the sciences, technologies, engineer-
college-level studies while still in high school. Based on their performance on                  ing and math. The classes emphasize critical thinking, creativity, innovation, and real-
rigorous, national AP Examinations, students can earn credit, advanced placement, or             world problem solving.
both, for college. The Advanced Placement Program is best known for giving high
school students the opportunity to earn college credit, to save on college tuition, and                         AP Biology                        Blueprint Development & Drafting
even to graduate early from college.                                                                          AP Chemistry                                      Design
                                                                                                                AP Physics                       Introduction to Precision Machining
AP American Government          AP Lang. & Composition        AP Sr. Studio & Portfolio            Human Anatomy & Physiology I & II                Precision Machining Processes
      AP Biology                 AP Lit. & Composition               AP Spanish                       Intro. to Engineering Design                 Computer Aided Drafting Design
      AP Calculus                     AP Physics                  AP U.S. History                   Super Mileage Vehicle Challenge                      (CADD)/3D Printing
     AP Chemistry                    AP Statistics               AP World History
AP Environmental Science

ARTICULATION CERTIFICATE
This offers students opportunities to earn high school and college credit. The content           CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT
and the rigor of the classes that align with the offerings at the post-secondary institute       Concurrent Enrollment offers students the option of staying on the WSHS campus to
will allow a junior or senior who earns at least a “B” in an eligible WSHS class to              receive college credit. Students who enroll in concurrent enrollment must complete
obtain a certificate that will entitle them to the credits at MN State College Southeast.        college enrollment requirements and perform at a designated level in the class. Upon
There is no cost to the student.                                                                 completion, the student is awarded high school AND college credit. The U of M’s
                                                                                                 nationally accredited College in the Schools™ (CIS) program brings U of M faculty
           Health & Wellness                        Sports & Entertain. Marketing                together with WSHS teachers to offer U courses.
        Introduction to Business                         REACH work skills
       Healthcare Core Curriculum                 Blueprint Development & Drafting
            Medical Careers                                    Design                                College in the Schools™ German              Human Anatomy & Physiology II
           Advanced Algebra                        Computer Aided Drafting Design                    General Organic & Biochemistry             Introduction to Precision Machining
                                                        (CADD)/3D Printing                                       Nutrition                        Precision Machining Processes
                                                                                                     Human Anatomy & Physiology I
                                                                                                          Medical Terminology
BLENDED COURSES
Blended courses combine face-to-face interaction with web-based instruction.
The degree to which blended courses utilize traditional classroom instruction and
online learning varies.                                                                          HONORS
                                                                                                 Honors courses alter the curriculum in terms of depth, quality of product and pace of
 Computer Applications:          Healthcare Systems &          Introduction to Business          content. They promote higher level thinking skills and provide opportunities for a
Documents, Spreadsheets,         Medical Terminology                  Nutrition                  variety of extended projects. Solid background in the content area and a mature work
    and Presentations             Independent Living           Sports & Entertainment            ethic are highly recommended. Successful completion of the honors course is clearly
 Early Childhood Dev’t.           Human Anatomy &                     Marketing                  defined on the student’s transcript.
Preschool to Kindergarten          Physiology I & II
                                                                                                           Honors Geometry                               Honors English 9
                                                                                                        Honors Advanced Algebra                         Honors English 10
OFF CAMPUS OPPORTUNITIES                                                                                  Honors Pre-Calculus                         Honors American Greats
WSHS offers classes that allow students time away from the WSHS campus. In a                               Honors Economics
work environment or community service project, students spend time during the
      Ag School to Work/Internship                       Business Internship
            Building Trades                             Service Learning I & II

                                                                                             5
Education Beyond High School
What is your goal?   Career & Technical:              Community College:                 Traditional (4-year) College/          “Selective” (4-year) College/University:
                     Certificate, Diploma,            Associate Degree                   University:                            Bachelor’s Degree
                     Associate Degree                                                    Bachelor’s Degree
Example:             MN State SE, RCTC                MN State SE, RCTC                  WSU, Iowa State, MN State Univ.        Carleton, U of MN, Northwestern, U of WI
English              4 years                          4 years                            4 years                                4 years (advanced levels)
Social Studies       3 years                          3 years                            3 or more years                        4 years (advanced levels)
Mathematics          3 or more years                  3 or more years                    3 or more years                        4 years
Science              2 or more years                  2 or more years                    3 or more years                        4 years (advanced levels)
Physical Education   2 years                          2 years                            2 years                                2 years
Health               1 year                           1 year                             1 year                                 1 year
Fine Arts            1 year                           1 year                             1 year                                 1 year
World Languages      No recommendation specified No recommendation specified             2 or more years of a single language   3-4 years of a single language
Electives            Choose electives that will       Choose electives that will pre-   Choose electives that will prepare for a Choose as many AP and honors classes as
                     prepare for a career or broad-   pare for a career or broaden your career or broaden your interest.         possible.
                     en your interest.                interest.

                                                                College Bound Athletes/NCAA
To be certified by the Clearinghouse,     NCAA Eligibility Standar ds for All Division I and II Scholar ship Pr ospects: All students/athletes must
you must earn a grade-point average       register with the NCAA Initial Eligibility Clearinghouse. Start planning in your sophomore year to ensure compliance.
of at least 2.00 (on a 4.00 scale) in a
core curriculum of at least 14 aca-                                          UNITS REQUIRED FOR NCAA CERTIFICATION
demic courses which were success-
fully completed during Grades 9                                                                                                             DIVISION I           DIVISION II
through 12.                               ENGLISH                                                                                             4 YEARS             3 YEARS
Only courses that satisfy the NCAA        MATH                                                                                                3 YEARS             2 YEARS
definition of a core course can be
used to calculate your NCAA GPA.          SCIENCE                                                                                             2 YEARS             2 YEARS
See the counseling office for a de-       SOCIAL SCIENCE                                                                                      2 YEARS             2 YEARS
tailed list of classes that DO NOT
meet NCAA requirements. The chart         FROM ENGLISH, MATH, OR SCIENCE                                                                       1 YEAR             2 YEARS
shows what your courses must in-
clude at minimum.                         ADDITIONAL (ENGLISH, MATH, SCIENCE, SOCIAL SCIENCE, FOREIGN LAN-                                    4 YEARS             3 YEARS
                                          GUAGE, PHILOSOPHY, NONDOCTRINAL RELIGION)
                                          TOTAL UNITS REQUIRED                                                                                    16                 14
                                                                                     6
Testing Schedule               Grade              Test                                  Purpose                         Fee   Offered

                                    10     Required   MCA Reading,       The Minnesota Comprehensive                        No    Spring
The following tests provide high                      Science            Assessments (MCAs) are the state tests that
school course and career plan-                                           help districts measure student progress toward
ning information. Test results                                           Minnesota's academic standards.
are used by counselors and staff
to assist students in making de-
cisions about skill development     11     Required   MCA Math           The Minnesota Comprehensive                        No    Spring
and post-high school plans.                                              Assessments (MCAs) are the state tests that
Four-year college bound stu-                                             help districts measure student progress toward
dents should consider taking the                                         Minnesota's academic standards.
PSAT/NMSQT (Preliminary
Scholastic Aptitude Test/
National Merit Scholarship          11     Optional   PSAT/NMSQT         To give information about ability to do college    Yes   October
Qualifying Test) in the fall of                       (Preliminary       work. There are three scores:
their junior year.                                    Scholastic         verbal, math, and writing.
                                                      Aptitude Test/
The ACT, ACCUPLACER and                               National Merit     Additional purposes are practice for SAT and
ASVAB are available at no                             Scholarship        screening for a variety of scholarships, includ-
charge to juniors as a result of                      Qualifying Test)   ing the National Merit Scholarship.
state legislation. In accordance
with this state law, all current    11     Required   ACT (American      To estimate ability to perform college-level       No    Spring
high school juniors will take                         College Test) ,    tasks. There are five divisions: English, math,
the ACT Plus Writing, the                             ASVAB &            reading, science reasoning, and an optional
ACCUPLACER or the                                     ACCUPLACER         writing component.
ASVAB in the spring.                                                     Required for admission to most colleges.

                                                                   7
Winona Area Public Schools (District 861) School Board Graduation Requirements

9th Grade                                     11th Grade                                                  In order to graduate from
English                       2 credits       English                        3 credits                   Winona Senior High School,
American Studies I & II
Mathematics
                              2 credits
                              2 credits
                                              Early World Cultures
                                              Modern World History
                                                                             1 credit
                                                                             1 credit
                                                                                                                      54
Physical Education            1 credit        Mathematics                    2 credit                        credits must be earned.
Science 9/Pre-AP Science 9    2 credits       Electives                      7 credits
Electives                     5 credits       Total                          14 credits       Of the credits required for graduation,
Total                         14 credits                                                       English - 9 credits
                                              12th Grade
10th Grade                                    English                        2 credits           Social Studies - 8 credits including
English                       2 credits       American Government            1 credit             1 credit in World Geography (If a student’s
American Studies III          1 credit        Economics                      1 credit             schedule allows, it is recommended World
Mathematics                   2 credits       Additional Credits             10 credits           Geography be taken in 10th grade.)
Biology                       2 credits       Total                          14 credits
Health                        1 credit                                                           P.E. - 2 credits
Electives                     6 credits                                                          Health - 1 credit
Total                         14 credits
                                                                                                 Science - 6 credits
                                                                                                  2 in 9th grade Science 9 / Pre-AP Science 9
Grade Reporting                                                                                   2 in Biology/ AP Biology
 It is the responsibility of the student to make arrangements for incomplete work. If            2 credits in Chemistry or 2 Credits in Physics
  there are extenuating circumstances, see your counselor or an administrator. Failure to         to be taken in 11th -12th grade
  complete the work within the given time frame will result in the grade being changed           Fine Arts - 2 credits (Music, Visual Arts, Me-
  to an “F”. All incompletes must be made up within 2 weeks of the completion of the              dia Arts)
  course.
 Report cards will be posted to infinite campus at the end of each grading period.              Career and Technical Education (CTE) -
 Honor Roll: The honor roll is compiled at the end of each semester. Honor Rolls are             1 credit (Agriculture, Business, Family &
  determined based on classes taken at Winona Senior High School. A student must be               Consumer Science, and Industrial Tech.)
  enrolled at WSHS for more than 50% of their course load (8 of 14 credits) to be eligi-         Mathematics - 6 credits including 2 in
  ble for the WSHS Honor Roll. Students who receive an “I” (incomplete) or an                     Advanced Algebra and 1 in Probability &
  “F” (failure) on their report card are automatically disqualified from eligibility for an       Statistics.
  honor roll. WSHS recognizes the following honor rolls: AA(4.00/4.00); A (3.66/3.99);
  B (2.66/3.65).

Daily Schedule                                                                                                Award of Credit
WSHS has a 5 period hybrid schedule. Students will take 14 credits per year.                         A grade and a credit are awarded for
Classes run in a 46 minute semester or a 77 minute quarter.                                           successful completion of a course.

                                                                         8
Four-Year Plan
Credits begin to accumulate at the beginning of Grade 9. These are the course requirements for graduation from WSHS. The number of required credits from each department is
      noted in parentheses next to the subject. It is the responsibility of the student and parent to work with their school counselor in meeting all graduation requirements.

CTE (1 cr edit)                            Grade    Credit        P.E./Health (3 cr edits)           Grade    Credit        Electives                  Grade   Credit
      th                                                          9th                                                          th
                                                                  10th                                                         th
English (9 cr edits)                       Grade    Credit
                                                                  10-12th                                                      th
9th                                                                                                                            th
9th                                                                                                                            th
10th                                                              Science (6 cr edits)               Grade    Credit
                                                                                                                               th
10th                                                              9th                                                          th
11th                                                              9th                                                          th
11th                                                              10 th                                                        th
11th                                                              10th                                                         th
12th                                                                    th                                                     th
12th                                                                    th

Fine Arts (2 cr edits)                     Grade    Credit       Social Studies (8 cr edits)         Grade      Credit

   th                                                            9th
   th                                                            9th
                                                                 10th
Mathematics (at least 6 cr edits)          Grade    Credit
                                                                 10th
9th                                                              11th
9th                                                              11th
10th                                                             12th
10th                                                             12th
11th
11th
   th
   th

                                                                                         9
AVID Program
What is AVID?
AVID stands for Advancement Via Individual Determination. It is a college preparation system that provides academic support for college eligibil-
ity and success. The program targets academically average students and teaches skills necessary for high school and college success. Students who
have been accepted to the AVID program are registered for the AVID Elective, which is an all-year course. Students who have completed the entry
requirements may register for WSHS AVID in 9th, 10th, 11th or 12th grade.

Who is an AVID student?
In order to be eligible for AVID, students must be performing in the academic “middle” but have strong potential. Students must apply and inter-
view for the program. The typical AVID student will have average to high test scores, a 2.0-3.5 GPA, college potential with support, and desire and
determination to succeed academically.

                                    REACH Manufacturing/Engineering & REACH Healthcare

What is REACH?
As part of REACH, students may apply to be part of the REACH program. REACH, with its elective classes and exposure to area businesses, is
designed to prepare students for career and college readiness after graduation from high school. This program focuses on juniors and then
seniors as they make their way through the REACH courses at WSHS.

Mission of REACH
Through the REACH program, the high school will implement coursework that will both meet the career goals and needs of our students and help
develop a strong workforce for our local businesses. In addition to coursework that will allow for college credits, students will gain valuable oppor-
tunities to visit local businesses, along with having face-to-face meetings with a wide variety of employees in our local workforce, helping the stu-
dents develop a strong understanding of what careers are available locally. We want to give students in REACH all the tools needed to succeed aca-
demically and prepare them for their future careers.
Manufacturing/Engineering and Trades              Healthcare Courses:                                  Human Services:
Courses:                                       11th Grade                                              11th Grade
11th Grade                                     Healthcare Systems & Core Curriculum (HCCC)             Healthcare Systems & Core Curriculum (HCCC)
Workforce Skills                               Medical Terminology                                     Sociology
Blueprint Design                               Nutrition                                               Can take CNA Course
CAAD/3D Printing                               CNA
12th grade                                     12th grade                                              12th grade
Introduction to Precision Machine              Human Anatomy & Physiology I&II                         Psychology
Precision Machining (CNC)                      General Organic & Biochemistry                          Service Learning II

                                                                          10
Agriculture Sequence

   Please refer to course
descriptions for each class to
     find prerequisites.

  7311 Intro to Fish and Wildlife
  Management                        7322 Fish and Wildlife Management
  Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12              Grade: 10, 11, 12                   7563 Agriculture Internship
                                                                        Grade: 11, 12

  7351 Ani mal Science
  Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12

   7371 Small Animal Care and
   Management                       Managing Minnesota Wildlife
   Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12             Grade: 10, 11, 12

  7391 Dairy Management                                                 7503, 7513, 7523, 7533
  Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                  Agriculture School-to-Work Pro
                                                                        Grade: 11, 12

  7411 Leadership, Personal
  Development and Career
  Management                        7442 Floriculture
  Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12              Grade: 10, 11, 12

  7441 Plant Science
  Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12

                                                             11
Agriculture
7311      Introduction to Fish & Wildlife Management (1 credit)                                  7391     Dairy Management (1 credit)
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                            Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
This course is designed to introduce students to Minnesota mammals, birds, and fish.             The course will cover all aspects of the dairy industry. Selection of animals, breeding,
Course units will include big game mammals, trapping, habitat, reptiles, forestry, bats,         balancing feed rations, dairy housing designing, marketing, and current trends in the
and hunting seasons and rules. The class will include guest speakers, hands-on activi-           industry. A unit on managing your operation will also be included. This will consist of
ties, and field trips which will include a trip to Whitewater State Park.                        record keeping and budgeting.

                                                                                                 7411      Leadership, Personal Development, and Career Management (1 credit)
7322     Fish & Wildlife Management (1 credit)                                                   Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Grades: 10, 11, 12                                                                               This course is designed to create a positive self-concept in students. The class will
This course is a study of Minnesota wildlife, fish, and birds. Minnesota and Winona              include participation in decision-making, goal-setting, teamwork, communication
waters, wild turkeys, outdoor survival, habitat restoration, and current issues will be          skills, and self-motivation. The students will be put into leadership situations and will
covered. The class will include guest speakers, field trips, and hands-on activities. The        be helped to perform individually and in groups. Students should leave the class with
class may sponsor an injured bird of prey as a group project.                                    the tools to cope with life’s problems and the ability to better understand themselves.

7332      Managing Minnesota Wildlife (1 credit)                                                 7441     Plant Science (1 credit)
Grades: 10, 11, 12                                                                               Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
This course is designed for those interested in wildlife and the outdoors. Students will         This course is an introduction to the science and practice of raising plants. Units of
learn to identify mammals, waterfowl, and upland game birds, as well as getting infor-           study include the scope of the plant science industry, plant propagation, plant anato-
mation on habitat, hunting practices, ethics, and laws. The class will be enhanced by            my, Minnesota trees, vegetables and vegetable gardens and fall flower seed harvest-
guest speakers, hands-on activities, and field trips, which includes trips to the Muddy          ing. This class will be enhanced by hands on experience working in the WSHS green-
River Rendezvous, and inside the Winona deer park.                                               house and the WSHS vegetable garden.

7351      Animal Science (1 credit)                                                              7442       Floriculture (1 credit)
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                            Grades: 10, 11, 12
This course is a study of income producing types of animals. Units will include selec-           This class is an introduction to the flower industry. Major emphasis will be on the
tion, nutrition, housing, breeding, and other management practices. This class will              raising of flowers in the WSHS Greenhouse. Students will gain extensive hands-on
make you a more informed consumer as you become aware of where the food that you                 experience working in the WSHS Greenhouse and planning and planting flower beds.
buy at the grocery store comes from. The class will include field trips, guest speakers,         Professional floral designers will train students to create floral arrangements and field
and hands-on activities.                                                                         trips to floral shops will emphasize the business aspect of the industry.

7371      Small Animal Care and Management (1 credit)                                            7563     Agriculture Internship (1 credit)
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                            Grades: 11, 12
This class is an introduction to the pet and companion animal industry. This class will          This course provides an elective opportunity for students wishing to pursue an inde-
study the history, anatomy, selection, nutrition, reproduction, and health care of dogs,         pendent project related to agriculture. Upon instructor approval, students will research,
cats, tropical fish, birds, small animals, reptiles, and horses. This class is enhanced          design, and implement individual projects. Students will be mentored by an agricul-
through interaction with live animals and will include guest speakers and field trips.           ture teacher and may be assigned a class time in conjunction with other agriculture
                                                                                                 courses.

                                                                                            12
Agriculture School-to-Work Program/Industrial Tech Internship
7503    (1st Semester for 11th graders)
7513    (2nd Semester for 11th graders)
7523    (1st Semester for 12th graders)
7533    (2nd Semester for 12th graders)
This course is designed to offer students actual on-the-job training during the school day. Students will be provided with the opportunity to apply related in-school instruction to
actual on-the-job training related to their career goals. Students are responsible for locating work station and providing transportation to and from their work
station. Work stations are not limited to agriculture/industrial tech related careers and special arrangements can be made with the instructor. The class is designed to be offered
during the last period of each day. Students may earn up to 4 credits in this class.

                                                                                         13
Art Sequence

   Please refer to course
descriptions for each class to
     find prerequisites.
                                 8142 3-D Design & Sculpture
                                 Grade: 10, 11, 12                                                8203 Junior Studio
                                                                                                  Grade: 11
                                                                                                  Highly recommended:
                                 8182 Photography as Art                                          As many art electives as possible.
                                 Grade: 10, 11, 12
8001 Introduction to Art
Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12
                                 8112 Painting                           8113 Advanced Painting   8214-8224-8234
                                 Grade: 10, 11, 12                       Grade: 11, 12            Senior Studio & Portfolio (AP)
                                                                                                  Grade: 12
                                                                                                  Highly recommended:
                                 8163 Ceramics                           8173 Advanced Ceramics   As many art electives as possible.
                                 Grade: 11, 12                           Grade: 11, 12

8031 Multicultural Art           8163 Ceramics                           8173 Advanced Ceramics
Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12             Grade: 11, 12                           Grade: 11, 12

                                 8182 Photography as Art
                                 Grade: 10, 11, 12

8011 Drawing                     8112 Painting                           8113 Advanced Painting    8243 Yearbook Staff
Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12             Grade: 10, 11, 12                       Grade: 11, 12             Grade: 11, 12

                                 8153 Advanced Drawing and Illus-
                                 tration
                                 Grade: 11, 12
                                                                                                  8244-8254-8264
                                                                                                  Yearbook Editors
Please note, students need 2                                                                      Grade: 12
fine arts credits to graduate.                                                                    Pre-requisite: Yearbook Staff

                                                                    14
Art
8001      Introduction to Art (1 credit)                                                           8142      3-D Design & Sculpture (1 credit)
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                              Grades 10, 11, 12          Prerequisite: Introduction to Art
This course introduces the student to the basic fundamentals of art. It allows for explo-          The student will design and construct three dimensional art forms and sculptures
ration in various media. It is a prerequisite for many advanced art classes. The Ele-              working with various materials and techniques. Application of the Elements of Art,
ments of Art and the Principles of Design, color theory, drawing, sculpture, painting,             Principles of Design, and the history of sculpture from a cultural perspective impacts
printmaking, and art history are some of the major areas of study within the class. A              student work. The course is intended to allow for creative expression. A materials fee
materials fee is required.                                                                         is required.

                                                                                                   8153      Advanced Drawing & Illustration (1 credit)
8011      Drawing (1 credit)                                                                       Grades: 11, 12             Prerequisite: Drawing
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
                                                                                                   This course explores drawing as an art form and illustration for technical, commercial,
This is a foundation course in drawing skills and observation. Additionally, it is a pre-          and/or literary purposes. Both traditional and contemporary art subjects are studied.
requisite for many advanced art classes. Students work with the following art media:               Students develop a portfolio of work for college entrance and/or possible Advanced
pencil shading, color pencil and marker drawing, ink hatching, charcoal drawing, and               Placement opportunities. A materials fee is required.
watercolor illustration. Students explore the following subject matter and art concepts:
drawing from life, contour drawing, human portraiture, commercial art applications,
and color theory. A materials fee is required.                                                     8163     Ceramics (1 credit)
                                                                                                   Grades: 11, 12              Prerequisite: Introduction to Art or Multicultural Art
8031      Multicultural Art (1 credit)                                                             The student's portfolio will reflect knowledge of ceramic terminology and a variety of
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                              hand built and wheel-thrown methods. Both functional and nonfunctional forms will
                                                                                                   be explored. Journal documentation of building and glaze methods will be a major
Students explore the cultural and historical foundation of art and techniques reflected            emphasis of the class. A materials fee is required.
in the world around us. Considering the original intent of regional or tribal art, students
will go on to create their own interpretation of those themes. Students will use a broad
range of materials and be encouraged to incorporate their own life experiences, person-            8173      Advanced Ceramics (1 credit)
al backgrounds and preferences. Through this course of study students will gain a                  Grades: 11, 12              Prerequisite: Ceramics
greater understanding of others from a cultural and historical perspective. A materials            This course is designed to provide students with advanced opportunities in the ceram-
fee is required.                                                                                   ics area. Structured assignments will build upon skills introduced in Ceramics. Ex-
                                                                                                   plorations in the media will include: the mastery of hand building and wheel throwing
8112      Painting (1 credit)                                                                      techniques, expanded knowledge of sculptural clay possibilities, and the opportunity
Grades 10, 11, 12           Prerequisite: Introduction to Art or Drawing                           to further build the foundation of glazing and other finish methods. A materials fee is
                                                                                                   required.
Students create a diverse portfolio of work while developing creative and technical
skills. The areas of watercolor and acrylic canvas painting are explored. Color theory
and/or the study of cultural/historical periods will supplement studio activities. Stu-            8182      Photography as Art (1 credit)
dents gain exposure to traditional subject matter as well as expressive and abstracted             Grades: 10, 11, 12          Prerequisite: Introduction to Art or Drawing
approaches to painting. A materials fee is required.
                                                                                                   This class involves the study of photography in terms of composition, technique, and
                                                                                                   camera work. Students will create a portfolio of work, critique artwork, work on inde-
8113      Advanced Painting (1 credit)                                                             pendent study projects, and will be introduced to Adobe Photoshop software. Students
Grades: 11, 12             Prerequisite: Painting                                                  will be required to work on many photography assignments outside of class. *This
Students will pursue advanced opportunities in the painting area. Exploration in the               class requires students to use their own Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) camer-
media will include: the mastery of watercolor and acrylic media, increased knowledge               as, or devices with digital camera capabilities Students will able be required to
of color theory, and the opportunity to explore painting in a cultural/historical and con-         print a number of photographs at local photo printing kiosks. A materials fee is
temporary sense. A materials fee is required.                                                      required. Scholarship forms will be available for students in need of financial
                                                                                                   assistance.

                                                                                              15
8203      Junior Studio (1 credit)                                                             8244-8254 Yearbook Editors (2 credits)
Grade: 11          Highly Recommended: As many art electives as possible.                      Grade: 12           Prerequisite: Yearbook Staff and Instructor approval
This course will help prepare students for the Senior Studio (AP) course. Students             Yearbook editors are experienced yearbook staff members who have chosen
will learn about the structure of the Advanced Placement Program, National Portfolio           leadership roles in the successful production of the yearbook. Responsibilities will
Day requirements, post secondary education, and career options in the visual arts area.        require summer meetings prior to the school year to determine the theme, section
Students will assess their current portfolios and learn what to add to compliment and          layouts, book plan, and cover design. As editors, students are expected to take on
strengthen them. Time will be devoted to the creation of individual artwork, which             leadership positions, direct and assist the efforts of the staff, and are responsible for all
would meet the expectations of the Advanced Placement Program and college                      final editing prior to production. Responsibilities extend throughout the school year.
entrance requirements. Experimentation with new media and methods will enhance                 *To participate in this course instructor approval is required.
the overall experiences of the students in this class. The class will meet once in the
spring and twice in the summer to establish work to be done before school starts.
A materials fee is required.

8214-8224 AP Senior Studio & Portfolio (2 credits)                                             8243      Yearbook Staff (1 credit)
Grade: 12          Highly recommended: As many art electives as possible.                      Grades: 11, 12
This course is designed for the advanced senior art student who wishes to develop a            Our Winona Senior High School yearbook is created by students participating in this
portfolio which represents his or her abilities and knowledge in the visual arts area.         class. Students entering into this class should have a strong interest in writing,
This portfolio could be used for Advanced Placement credit, for college entrance,              computers and photography. The yearbook is produced on a computer, using digital
scholarship competition, and for employment opportunities. Under the guidance of the           images and online software. Students will learn about basic graphic design layouts and
art department faculty, the student will follow a program of study that compliments his        they will collaborate with their peers to create yearbook pages. *This course will
or her individual interests. There will be critiques and displays of the student's             require participation in activities outside of the regular school day and possibly
artwork. College credit and/or Advanced Placement will be awarded by colleges and              on weekends.
universities according to individual institutional policies. See a counselor for
clarification. The class will meet once in the spring and twice in the summer to
establish work to be done before school starts. A materials fee is required.

                                                                                          16
Business & Technology Sequence

                        Recommended Path                  Prerequisite

   Touch Typing
        &                   Computer Applications                  Web Page Design
Document Production

  Personal Finance

Personal Business Law                                               Intro. to Game
                             Business Internship
                                                                     Programming

                                                                  Career Exploration   Workplace Skills
  Intro. To Business

                            Sports & Entertainment                                       Pathway to
    Accounting I                  Marketing                              Medical
                                                                         Careers       Health & Science
                                                                                          Academy

                                                                  Video Production &     Healthcare
                                                                     Technology             Core
                                                                                         Curriculum

                                                     17
6421     Web Page Design (1 credit)                                                             654H Video Production & Technology (1 credit)
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                           Grades: 11, 12
This course will show you how to use the Internet more effectively and to create your           The course is designed to give students a basic understanding of video technologies
own web pages with pizzazz and animation. Students will learn to analyze websites               and their applications. Areas of instruction will include camera operation, audio re-
and their uses and limitations. You will use HTML, cascading style sheets (CSS) and             cording, composing, writing for video, writing for HAWKNOW.org (the online
JavaScript to develop a variety of web pages and acquire skills to allow you to design          school blog) and video editing. Students will use class time to learn and polish video
and create websites for fun and for profit.                                                     production techniques by creating different projects with some being posted to the
                                                                                                blog. Students will also learn communication skills by producing television segments,
                                                                                                PSAs, videos, and posting content onto HAWKNOW, etc. Both individual and group
646H Sports & Entertainment Marketing (1 credit)                                                work is involved in putting together specially assigned projects.
Grades: 11, 12
This course will help you find out if you are interested in a career in marketing, espe-
cially in the exciting fields of sports and entertainment! Students will explore the            6592     Introduction to Game Programming (1 credit)
basic marketing functions and marketing mix: product, price, place, and promotion.              Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Most of the real-world examples will focus on the sports and entertainment world.
You will explore concepts like target markets, advertising, publicity, placement,               Students will learn basic fundamentals of computer programming using examples that
branding, licensing, sponsorship, and endorsement. This is a blended course that will           are games and gaming-oriented. Students do not need any prior experience with pro-
combine in-class teaching and formal assessments with online materials that will be             gramming or any special math skills.
available for those students who are able to learn independently. Typically, about 60%
of the material will be delivered face-to-face with the other 40% available online.
                                                                                                9413     Medical Careers (1 credit)
                                                                                                Grade: 11, 12
                                                                                                This course offers students the opportunity to learn about a variety of medial careers
651H Computer Applications: Documents, Spreadsheets, & Presentations                            that may interest them in a future medical career. While enrolled in the class you will
(1 credit)                                                                                      learn about legal & ethical responsibilities, health careers, and job seeking skills.
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                           *Course is articulated with MN State Southeast for college credit.
Students will learn how to make schoolwork easier and results more professional.
You will gain skills you’ll be able to use not only in school but in whatever career you
choose to pursue! Students will learn to create professional-looking reports, spread-
sheets, and presentations. This is a blended course for 11th and 12th grade students
who are able to do the work outside of the classroom; 9th and 10th grade students will
NOT be allowed to work outside the classroom during class hours. Face-to-face
time will vary by topic but commonly will be approximately 20-40% of the total time,
with online/outside class work the other 60-80%. Any student who does not have the
computer applications readily available at home may do the work in the classroom. In
addition, any student needing assistance with any of the technology may come in to
class whenever extra guidance is needed.

                                                                                           18
Business
6011      Touch Typing & Document Production (Keyboarding) (1 credit)                           6132      Personal Finance/Financial Literacy (1 credit)
Grade: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                            Grades: 10, 11, 12
This course (formerly Keyboarding 1)will focus on computer skills needed for rigor-             Whether pursuing further education or entering the work force, after completing high
ous academic work. The following areas will be covered in the course: efficient use of          school, most students begin independent living and become responsible for managing
the keyboard with effective keyboarding techniques (touch typing); knowledge of how             their finances. In this course, students will master skills they will need for the rest of
to use Microsoft Word to develop formal letters, create tables, format outlines and             their lives to handle their personal finances responsibly and with financial literacy.
produce research reports. Students will learn document processing skills relative to            Students will learn about personal budgets, checks, debit cards, credit, savings, invest-
post-secondary education and employability skills. Students will also learn the valua-          ments, taxes, buying decisions, mortgages, loans, consumer rights, financial risk, and
ble skill of proofreading.                                                                      identity theft.

603H Introduction to Business (1 credit)                                                        6152     Personal Business Law (1 credit)
Grades: 11, 12                                                                                  Grades: 10, 11, 12         Offered alternate years. Offered in 2020-2021
Students learn about the major activities associated with operating a business, includ-         This course will show you how your inquiring mind and ability to express opinions
ing marketing, finance, management, operations, and human resources. Students will              and make logical arguments could help you in a career based on the law. Not only will
learn basic concepts and terminology associated with business, compete with class-              you learn about personal decisions with legal implications but you will also get a solid
mates through a business simulation, and develop a business plan. This is a blended             introduction to the concepts of business law, including the kinds of law, civil and
class that will combine in-class teaching and formal assessments with online materials          criminal cases, consumer protection, contract law, employee-employer relationships,
that will be available for those students who are able to learn independently. Typical-         checks, promissory notes, bankruptcy, and repossessions. You’ll even take part in a
ly, about 20% of the material will be delivered face-to-face with the other 80% availa-         mock trial!
ble online.

6061       Career Exploration (1 credit)                                                        6213      Accounting I (1 credit)
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12                                                                           Grades: 11, 12
Students will explore various career options using the Career Choices curriculum.               This course will show you how your skills at solving puzzles and balancing your
Students will focus on creating future goals and exploring coursework and career                checkbook might lead you to a career in financial accounting! This course will also
paths that will best enable them to achieve these goals. Within this framework of ex-           introduce you to the principles of double-entry accounting by showing you how to
ploring career options, students will learn a process of decision-making that can be            handle the accounting needs of a single proprietorship service business. You will gain
applied to other aspects of their lives. The students will budget a lifestyle they would        the skills needed for a post-secondary study of accounting and an overview of how
like to live in the future and see how much this lifestyle will cost and then create a          accounting is important to businesses.
more realistic budget for living on their own after graduation.

6065      Workplace Skills (REACH) (1 credit)                                                   6304    Business Internship (1 credit)
Grade: 11                                                                                       Grade: 12         Prerequisite: Pre-approval of department.
This course is for students in the REACH program. This Course is for students who               This course will give you an opportunity to gain practical, on-the-job experience by
expect to join the workforce upon graduation AND for students who want to acquire               spending part of your day in a real-world business.. This is an ideal course to
the soft skills that will be needed for successful future employability. The course is          “explore” the world of work and learn what it really takes to run a business. This
ARTICULATED with Minnesota State College Southeast, so students can potentially                 course WILL require participation in activities outside of the regular school day.
acquire 1 credit from WSHS plus up to 2 credits from Minnesota State College South-             For more information see a department representative.
east.

                                                                                           19
English Sequence

          Freshmen English Requirements                           Sophomore Requirements
                 Must choose one                                      Must choose one
           1001-1011 Essential English 9                            1602-1612 Essential English 10
           1051-1061 English 9                                      1622-1632 English 10
           1081-1091 Honors English 9                               1642-1652 Honors English 10

                                   Junior Requirements & Electives

High School Diploma or Two-Year College Bound       Four-Year College Bound
Must Choose One                                     Must Choose One
1193 Mass Communications                            1193 Mass Communications
1243 Cultural Voices                                1243 Cultural Voices
1303 American Greats                                1303 American Greats
1363 Contemporary Teen Literature                   1313 Honors American Greats
Must Choose One                                     1383 World Literature (Renaissance to Modern Era)
1403-1413 Practical English 11                      Must Choose One
                                                    1423-1433 Language & Composition
Elective Credit Only                                1463-1473 AP Language & Composition
1393 Creative Writing
                                                    Elective Credit Only
                                                    1393 Creative Writing

                                   Senior Requirements & Electives
HS Diploma or Two-Year College Bound                Four-Year College Bound
Must Choose One                                     Must Choose One
1193 Mass Communications                            1193 Mass Communications
1243 Cultural Voices                                1243 Cultural Voices
1303 American Greats                                1303 American Greats
1363 Contemporary Teen Literature                   1313 Honors American Greats
Must Choose One                                     1383 World Literature (Renaissance to Modern Era)
1615 Practical English 12                           Must Choose One
                                                    1604 Research Writing
Elective Credit Only                                1624 Intro. to College Writing
1393 Creative Writing                               1634 - 1644 AP Literature & Composition

                                                    Elective Credit Only
                                                    1393 Creative Writing

                                                  20
English

                          9th Grade - Required                                                                           10th Grade - Required
1001-1011           Essential English 9 (2 credits)                                              1602-1612          Essential English 10 (2 credits)
This course is intended to help increase reading and writing skills. Basic units in writ-        This course is required for those students who took Expanded English 9 or for those
ing, literature and spelling are also taught. Students will be registered for this course        students for whom reading comprehension is difficult. Composed of units in writing,
based on test scores and teacher recommendation.                                                 literature, and speaking, the course introduces students to significant modern and con-
                                                                                                 temporary American authors through fiction and nonfiction writings, as well as selec-
                                                                                                 tions from the literary canon. The course will develop writing and thinking skills
                                                                                                 through assignments in paragraphs and essays, grammar and usage, vocabulary build-
                                                                                                 ing, and speech construction. Students will also increase knowledge and performance
                                                                                                 of basic communication skills by creating and performing speeches of both expository
                                                                                                 and persuasive types.

1051-1061           English 9 (2 credits)                                                        1622-1632           English 10 (2 credits)
This course is required of all ninth grade students and is composed of units in writing          This course is required of all tenth grade students and is composed of basic units in
and literature, including short stories, Romeo and Juliet, and excerpts from The Odys-           writing, literature, and speaking. The course introduces students to significant modern
sey. Emphasis is given to methods of paragraph organization, descriptive writing, and            and contemporary American authors through fiction and nonfiction writings, as well
the full process essay. Spelling and vocabulary are also taught and parts of speech              as selections from the literary canon. The course will develop writing and thinking
reviewed.                                                                                        skills through assignments in paragraphs and essays, grammar and usage, vocabulary
                                                                                                 building, and speech construction. Students will also increase knowledge and perfor-
                                                                                                 mance of basic communication skills by creating and performing speeches of both
                                                                                                 expository and persuasive types. Performing speeches is a required component of this
                                                                                                 course.

1081-1091          Honors English 9 (2 credits)                                                  1642-1652          Honors English 10 (2 credits)
This pre-AP course is designed for students who plan to attend a four-year college/              Recommended for students who have self-selected honors level English in the past, or
university and may decide at some point to participate in honors-level courses in high           for those who have received teacher recommendation to move up to the honors level.
school. Middle school teachers’ recommendations and appropriate standardized test                This course is composed of basic units in writing, literature, and speaking. The course
scores are predictors of success. Emphasis is given to reading, writing, and critical            introduces students to significant modern and contemporary American authors
thinking skills through the studies of Romeo and Juliet, selected short stories, poetry,         through fiction and nonfiction writings, as well as selections from the literary canon.
and novels including Lord of the Flies and Feed, excerpts from The Iliad and The Od-             The course will develop writing and thinking skills through assignments in paragraphs
yssey, extensive essay writing, and a unit in descriptive writing, including parts of            and essays, grammar and usage, vocabulary building, and speech construction. Stu-
speech.                                                                                          dents will increase knowledge and performance of basic communication skills by cre-
                                                                                                 ating and performing speeches of both expository and persuasive types. Performing
                                                                                                 speeches is a required component of this course.

                                                                                            21
11th Grade - Required Writing (Choose One)
1403 - 1413        Practical English 11 (2 credits)                                               1463 - 1473        AP Language and Composition (2 credits)
Grade: 11                                                                                         Grade: 11
This team-taught course is designed for students planning to enter the workforce upon             This course, designed as a precursor and companion to the AP Literature and Compo-
graduation, enter the military, or attend a two-year college. This course fulfills the            sition course offered during the senior year, provides rigorous training in two primary
two-term writing requirement in the junior year. Practical writing experiences are                areas-the rhetorical analysis of nonfiction prose texts and the writing of academic es-
stressed throughout both terms, focusing on grammar, sentence structure, and shorter              says. College-bound students will practice crafting original arguments in response to
writings. One essay is required both semesters.                                                   prompts, using source material to support arguments, and wielding rhetorical terms in
                                                                                                  making skilled analyses. In addition, students will prepare for and take the national
                                                                                                  Advanced Placement English Language and Composition Examination, which deter-
1423 - 1433        Language and Composition (2 credits)                                           mines college credit and/or advanced placement eligibility. Successful completion of
Grade: 11                                                                                         class requirement requires participation in both/all terms.
This course is designed for students planning to attend a four-year college/university.
It integrates grammar with expository, persuasive, and impromptu writing. Focus is
on developing a more mature writing style for target audiences. Completion of all
essays on time is required to pass this course.

                                                    12th Grade - Required Writing (Choose One)
1634 - 1644        AP Literature and Composition (2 credits)                                      1615      Practical English 12 (1 credit)
Grade: 12                                                                                         Grade: 12
This College Board approved collaboratively designed literature and composition                   This course is designed for students who are planning to attend technical college or go
course engages students in careful reading and critical analysis of literature, both clas-        straight into the work force or the military. The focus of this class is to develop skills
sic and modern. Through the close reading of selected texts, students should deepen               in various types of writing including a researched and documented paper and business
their understanding of diction and syntax and how writers use both to establish mean-             communications such as resumes, applications, and letters of application.
ing for their readers. The dialoguing of rhetoric is crucial to the understanding of the
curriculum, and therefore, is expected and assessed. In addition, students prepare for
and take the National Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition Ex-                   1604      Research Writing (1 credit)
amination, which determines college credit and/or advanced placement eligibility.                 Grade: 12
Successful completion of class requirement requires participation in both/all terms.              It is recommended that students have earned a C average in the two terms of
                                                                                                  Language and Composition to take this course.
                                                                                                  This course is designed for college-bound seniors who may or may not be focusing on
                                                                                                  a career that requires research. Building on skills acquired in Language and Composi-
                                                                                                  tion, students will develop the skills necessary for completing a research paper. Expe-
1624      Introduction to College Writing (1 credit)                                              riencing the full process required to complete a research paper will give students the
Grade: 12                                                                                         necessary background to understand how a research paper differs from a report by
It is recommended that students have earned a C average in the two terms of                       identifying, evaluating, and integrating sources, by integrating research into a compre-
Language and Composition to take this course. Lear n what it takes to pr epar e                   hensive paper, and by formatting a paper using standard MLA and APA style guide-
for a variety of college writing assignments, including a full-length novel analysis              lines. These guidelines cover pagination, documentation styles, and bibliographic
essay. Analyze, critically think, and organize your written ideas as you manipulate               standards.
language options and develop a more sophisticated writing style. All Processed essays
must be completed and on time, to pass the course.

                                                                                             22
Grade 11 & 12 Electives
1303     American Greats (1 credit)                                                                 1313     Honors American Greats (1 credit)
Grades: 11, 12                                                                                      Grades: 11, 12
Students will gain an awareness and knowledge of some of America's greatest authors                 This course for 4-year-college-bound students introduces major early American au-
from the Puritans to Mark Twain, including Hawthorne, Poe, and Dickinson. The                       thors from the Puritans to Mark Twain, including Hawthorne, Poe, and Dickinson.
course will center on the philosophies, culture, and writing styles of our early Ameri-             Students will analyze the cultural periods, writing styles, and philosophies of these
can writers. Students will develop their thinking and writing skills through required               authors. This course is designed for upper-ability students who want to improve both
reading, discussion of the authors' works, and analytical essay writing. This course                thinking and writing skills through discussions and through expressive, interpretive,
requires reading outside of class time.                                                             and analytical writing assignments.

1363      Contemporary Teen Literature (1 credit)
Grades: 11, 12
This course promotes lifelong reading by matching students with novels or nonfiction
works that appeal specifically to their interests. Students will read four full-length              1193     Mass Communications (1 credit)
works, primarily found within (but not limited to) the Teen Literature Library of con-              Grades: 11, 12
temporary literature written for and about teenagers. For each of these works, students
will complete a dialectical journal; this assignment, along with a final project, ac-               This course is designed to examine the role of mass media in society. Students will
counts for most of the course grade. Students will also complete book summaries,                    study the areas of newspaper, radio, television, magazines, social media, and advertis-
book reviews, and free writes. Students will practice speaking, listening, and dialecti-            ing. Ultimately, discussion centers around how each area influences and affects all of
cal skills by participating in frequent discussions and by viewing the four films that              us and the world in which we live. Reading, writing, discussion, and performing are
match the four course concepts.                                                                     all necessary to succeed in this class. Projects and assignments are completed through-
                                                                                                    out the course.

1393       Creative Writing (1 credit)
Grades: 11, 12                                                                                      1383      World Literature (Renaissance to Modern) (1 credit)
                                                                                                    Grades: 11, 12
Creative writers will study and practice the techniques of successful writers while
keeping a freewriting journal and writing poetry, short stories, and essays. Focus is on            This class for 4-year college-bound students will examine the development of liter -
experimenting with numerous techniques and forms, along with sharing and critiquing                 ature beginning with Renaissance Literature and continuing through Modern Litera-
of writing in small groups and individually. A final portfolio of best writing pieces               ture. Definition and comparison of concepts among cultures and time periods will be
culminates the course. Please note: This course is an English elective; it does NOT                 central to charting the development of literary types and ideas. It will be offered alter-
fulfill the junior or senior writing requirement. This course may require participation             nating years with World Literature 1373. Grading is done primarily through discus-
in activities outside of the regular school day. For more information see a department              sions, writing assignments, and tests. This course is designed for upper ability students
representative. (This course meets the Fine Arts requirement.)                                      who want to improve both thinking and writing skills through discussion and through
                                                                                                    writing assignments. This course required reading outside of class time.

1243       Cultural Voices (1 credit)
Grades: 11, 12
Students will experience a variety of multicultural literature from and about major
ethnic groups within the United States that will foster acceptance and understanding of
differences free of stereotype and bias. Reading (a minimum of four novels), presen-
tations, listening, films, and small/large group activities will develop the critical think-
ing skills of interpretation, analysis, and synthesis.

                                                                                               23
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