THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021

 
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
THE OXFORD
GUIDE TO
CAREERS
             pp 16–35
             Developing your career ideas

             pp 36–46
             Gaining experience and developing skills

             pp 66–143
             Sector advice and alumni profiles
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
CREATE
TODAY.
PREDICT
TOMORROW.                                                                                                               WELCOME TO THE
                                                                                                                        OXFORD GUIDE
O P PORT U N I T E S FO R G R A D UATES I N TH ESE A R EAS:

Quantitative Research
Machine Learning
                                 Infrastructure
                                 Data Analytics
                                                                 G R A DUATE S A ND INTE R NS
                                                                                                                        TO CAREERS 2021
Software Engineering             Human Resources                 We hire a significant number
                                                                 of graduates and interns every                                                               I can confidently predict that this year is going to be
                                                                 year from all levels ranging from                                                            quite different for getting a job. Don’t believe everything
                                                                 undergraduate through to PhD.                                                                you read or hear from friends and family; as in every
                                                                                                                                                              time of major change or recession, there will be roles and
                                                                                                                                                              expanding industries that are keen to recruit you. There
Join Europe’s leading quantitative finance research              A PPLY TODAY                                                                                 will be organisations that are winners as well as some
firm and work alongside the brightest minds in                                                                                                                that are losers.
                                                                 gresearch.co.uk/graduates                                                                        To succeed in this time of change, I’d recommend you
the world to tackle some of the biggest questions
                                                                                                                                                              stay adaptable and open to new opportunities. Focus on
in finance.                                                                                                                                                   developing your set of transferable skills – like problem
                                                                                                                                                              solving, teamwork, business awareness and leadership
We use machine learning, big data, and some of the most                                                                                                       – that every employer is seeking when they recruit. You
advanced technology in the world to predict movements                                                                                                         can develop your employability skills in our programmes
in financial markets. Develop your skills in a cutting-edge                                                                                                   and also in activities across the University and beyond,
environment, surrounded by colleagues who are leaders in their   OFFICE                                                     Jonathan Black,                   including college, departments, student societies, sports,
fields. We’re proud to offer a highly competitive compensation   Whittington House                                          Director of the Careers Service   volunteering, and the creative arts.
and benefits package, plus a dedicated intern social program.    London WC1E 7EA

                                                                                                     www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                               1
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
WELCOME

                                                                                                                       SOLVE PROBLEMS.
                                                                                                                       SAVE LIVES.

                                                                                                                       £45k
                                                                                                                       STARTING SALARY
                                                                                                                                                      NO
                                                                                                                                                     EXPERIENCE
                                                                                                                                                      REQUIRED

                                                                                                                       Graduate Software
                                                                                                                       Developer

                                                                                                                       Graduate Analyst
   We have written this Guide for any and every Oxford         • learn about information interviewing with alumni
student: undergraduate or postgraduate, artist or              • attend one of the many ‘Introduction to …’ talks
scientist, who each usually have one of three questions:
•  Where do I start?
                                                                   we run
                                                           • To gain more skills:                                      Marketing &
•  How do I gain more skills to improve my chances           • take part in the Oxford Strategy Challenge or The       Communications
   (especially in this time of change)?                            Student Consultancy
•  Where do I find jobs and internships?                       • work, as the students above have, in an Oxford-
   You’ll find answers to these questions, and many              exclusive Micro- or Summer Internship Programme
                                                               •
more in this Guide: from ‘How do I write a winning
CV?’ to ‘What does it take to be a solicitor?’ and from
                                                                 attend Insight into Teaching/Medicine/
                                                                 Business/Publishing/Academia/Pharma                   Account Manager
‘How do I get experience in the museum and heritage              programmes.
sector?’ to ‘How do I meet a careers adviser for a 1:1     •  To find jobs and internships:
appointment?’.                                                 • log onto CareerConnect
   This Guide is just one of the many free services you        • sign up for automatic alerts about new jobs in        Commercial Manager
can access from the University Careers Service. Other            your industries of choice
services you can use include:                                  • meet the Internship Office to explore our
•  To get started:                                               Internship and Micro-Internship programmes
    •  book a confidential 1:1 (there are over 5,000 a        We look forward to meeting you at our fairs and

                                                                                                                       www.tpp-careers.com
       year to choose from)                                events; in your college, department or faculty; or at the
    •  visit some careers fairs                            Careers Service at 56 Banbury Road – both while you
    •  use our Career Weaver tool                          are here and for the rest of your career (we offer the
    •  meet some employers                                 Oxford Careers Service for life).
                                                                                                                        TPP Careers    @TPPCareers
                                                                                                                        @tpp_careers   TPP
2                                                                                              www.careers.ox.ac.uk
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
CONTENTS

                                                       p  8                                                                              p  36
                                                       THE CAREERS SERVICE                                                               GAINING EXPERIENCE
                                                       AND YOUR YEAR AHEAD                                                               AND DEVELOPING SKILLS

                                                       An overview of the recruitment                                                    Core employability skills: what
                                                       year at Oxford University and                                                     they are and ideas on how to
                                                       the range of support available                                                    develop them.                                                                          p  66
THE OXFORD
                                                       at the Careers Service.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                INDUSTRY SECTOR
                                                                                                                                         Gaining experience and developing skills . .....                                  36
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BRIEFINGS AND
GUIDE TO
                                                       Your Careers Service .............................................. 8             Developing core skills . ........................................                 37
                                                       What’s next? What’s first? ................................ 10
                                                       Careers term by term ......................................... 12
                                                                                                                                         Joining employability programmes ..................
                                                                                                                                         Seven ways to gain experience ........................
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           39
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           42   ALUMNI PROFILES
CAREERS 2021
                                                       Careers year by year ........................................... 14               Making the most of the internship office . ....                                   45

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                An introduction to a wide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                variety of different industries,
The team                                               p  16                                                                             p  47                                                                                  including real-world insights
Content: The Careers Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and advice from Oxford alumni.
Editor: Julia Sadler                                   DEVELOPING YOUR                                                                   APPLICATION                                                                            Academia and higher education ....................... 68
Publishing assistant: Pauline Gümpel
Design and layout: Simon Minter, Nineteenpoint Ltd     CAREER IDEAS                                                                      ESSENTIALS                                                                             Accountancy and financial services ................. 70
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Advertising, marketing and PR ......................... 73
Sales: Aisling Ridge and Eleanor Russell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Arts and heritage ................................................. 76
Marketing: Corina Lacurezeanu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Banking and investment ..................................... 78
Accounts: Soon-Mi Newman
With thanks to:                                        Careers information and advice                                                    Advice, guidance and tactics                                                           Business and management ................................ 83
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Business with purpose ........................................ 86
All Careers Service staff and alumni contributors      for everyone – including how                                                      for being your best at all stages                                                      Charity and social enterprise ............................ 88
Images: Alumni photographs are the subjects’ own
                                                       to develop and explore ideas                                                      of the application process.                                                            Consultancy ........................................................... 91
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Education ............................................................... 99
                                                       for what to do next, from
Where to find us                                       further study to how to find
                                                                                                                                         Successful applications .......................................
                                                                                                                                         Equality and diversity in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           48   Energy, sustainability and environment ...... 101
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Engineering ......................................................... 105
The Careers Service is offering a full programme of    graduate jobs.                                                                    application process ..............................................                50   Health and social care ...................................... 109
                                                                                                                                         CVs . .........................................................................   51   International policy and development ......... 111
support and activities online throughout the current
                                                                                                                                         Cover letters .........................................................           54   Law ....................................................................... 113
pandemic. See www.careers.ox.ac.uk for details.
                                                       Five steps for better career planning ..............                     17       Application forms for employment                                                       Media and journalism ....................................... 120
                                                       Ethical networking ...............................................       22       and further study .................................................               56   National policy and government ................... 123
56 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 6PA
                                                       Building your occupational awareness . ..........                        25       How to reflect the same experience                                                     Publishing ............................................................ 125
Telephone: + 44 (0) 1865 27 46 46
                                                       Routes into graduate employment . ................                       28       in a CV, cover letter and application form .....                                  57   Science ................................................................. 127
Email: reception@careers.ox.ac.uk
                                                       Further study ........................................................   30       Recruitment tests ................................................                58   Start-ups and entrepreneurship ................... 131
   www.twitter.com/oxfordcareers
                                                       Working in different countries . ........................                32       Assessment centres ............................................                   60   Tech: IT, data, AI and machine learning ....... 134
  www.instagram.com/oxfordcareers
                                                       Visa options for working in the UK ..................                    34       Confident interviews ...........................................                  62   Other careers ..................................................... 140
  www.youtube.com/user/OxfordCareersService
  www.facebook.com/internshipoffice

4                                                                                                         www.careers.ox.ac.uk       www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                                                                         5
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
ADVERTISERS’ INDEX / CONTRIBUTORS’ INDEX                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         CONTRIBUTORS’ INDEX

    ADVERTISERS’ INDEX                                                              CONTRIBUTORS’ INDEX
    Oxford Careers Service would                                                    Oxford Careers Service would                                                           Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer                                                 Patchwork Hub
                                                                                                                                                                           Martin Dickson .................................................. 115          Beth Kume-Holland ............................................. 89
    like to thank all supporters of                                                 like to thank all contributors for
    this publication.                                                               submitting profiles and quotes.                                                        Genomics plc                                                                   REED Specialist Recruitment Limited
                                                                                                                                                                           Dr Maria C Suciu ............................................... 131           Ann-Marie Jay ...................................................... 84

    Ab Initio Software Ltd . .................................... 136               Accenture                                                                              Government Legal Department                                                    Reuters
                                                                                    Dr Lakshmi Manjoosha Adapa ................ 36, 106                                    Shanice Mahil ..................................................... 116        Yörük Bahçeli ...................................................... 121
    Cisco Systems, Inc. ........................................... 136
    Compass Lexecon ................................................ 93             Admiral Financial Services Limited                                                     GroupM                                                                         Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust
    Cornerstone Research ........................................ 93                Sophia . .................................................................... 71       Issah Abdul-Moomin ........................................... 19              Sachin de Stone ................................................. 110

    Da Vinci Derivatives .................................... 80, 82                APR LLP                                                                                Landmark Chambers                                                              Schools
    Eden McCallum LLP ............................................. 93              Ian McFarlane ........................................................ 71              Joel Semukala ..................................................... 116        Alice Bloom (secondary school) .................... 100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Simon Davies (secondary school) ................ 100
    EY-Parthenon Strategy .............................. 93, 96
                                                                                    Arup                                                                                   Law Trainee
    Flow Traders .......................................................... 80      Tabitha Kennedy ......................................... 62, 104                      Amy Rickwood ............................................ 47, 115              Shell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Heather Winsor ................................................. 129
    FTI Consulting, Inc. .............................................. 94
                                                                                    B Lab UK                                                                               Marshall Wace LLP
    G-Research .............................. premium slot, 143                     James Ghaffari ...................................................... 87               Dr Eddie Rolls ........................................................ 97     Swire
    GSA Capital Partners LLP . ................................. 80                                                                                                                                                                                       Tom Spearman ...................................................... 84
                                                                                    Bain & Company                                                                         Monitor Deloitte
    Hogan Lovells International LLP .................... 117                        Rachael Martin . .................................................... 92               Hal Bigland ............................................................. 92   Teamspirit
    INSEAD . ............................................................... 101                                                                                                                                                                          Sandy Downs ........................................................ 74
                                                                                    Beamery                                                                                Museum of the History of Science
    Newton Europe Ltd ..................................... 94, 96                  Sultan Murad Saidov ........................................ 132                       Robyn Haggard ..................................................... 77         Tessella
    Nomura Holdings, Inc. ......................................... 80                                                                                                                                                                                    Dr Francis Newson ..................................... 44, 135
                                                                                    Boult Wade Tennant LLP                                                                 New Ground Coffee
    Optiver . ............................................. 81, 136, 138
                                                                                    Charlotte Martin ............................................... 128                   Jonny Walker ......................................................... 87      The Value Engineers
    OxWEST .............................................................. 130                                                                                                                                                                             Rachel Ballard ................................................ 19, 74
    Oxford Alpha Fund ............................................... 81            Brunel University London                                                               Osprey Publishing
                                                                                    Dr Joanna Bagniewska....................................... 132                        Kyriaki Kyriacou ................................................. 126         University of Oxford
    Oxford Guild Business Society                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Dr Joanna Bagniewska ..................................... 128
    ....................................................... 81, 96, 117, 137        Corporate Finance Analyst                                                              Overseas Development Institute (ODI)                                           Dr Simukai Chigudu ............................................. 69
                                                                                    Tom Johnson . ........................................................ 79              Dr Joseph Feyertag .......................................... 124              Dr Jessica Hedge .................................................. 69
    Oxford Hub ............................................................ 90
    Oxford Mental Health Network ....................... 90                         Cycle.land                                                                             Oxford Hub                                                                     Water UK
                                                                                    Agne Milukaite ................................................... 132                 Lizzie Shelmerdine ............................................... 89          Dr Alice Carrington-Windo . ........................... 104
    Oxford University PGCE .................................. 102
    RBB Economics ..................................................... 97          DeepMind                                                                               Oxford University Press (OUP)                                                  Wiener Staatsoper (The Vienna State Opera)
    SES S.A. . .............................................................. 141   Dr Markus Wulfmeier ...................................... 106                         Naomi Crookston .............................................. 126             Indyana Schneider . .............................................. 77

    TPP Ltd ..................................... premium slot, 142                 Emilyeverdee.com                                                                       Pamela Steele Associates LTD                                                   UNICEF
    TTP plc. ........................................... 107, 108, 130              Emily Everdee . ......................................... 119, 121                     Priyanka Raj ........................................................ 112      Janita Bartell ....................................................... 112

    Two Sigma Investments, LP ........................... 107                       Financial Conduct Authority                                                            Primary Care Network                                                           Zoopla Property Group
    Vantage ................................................................ 117    Sam Banks . ......................................................... 124              Freya Turner . ...................................................... 110      Will Moyle ........................................................... 135

6                                                                                                                                         www.careers.ox.ac.uk         www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                                                            7
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
THE CAREERS SERVICE AND YOUR YEAR AHEAD

                                                                                   Daily                                                        Plus…
                                                                                   Advice appointments: Confidential and impartial one-         Insight into: Short programmes to help you develop
                                                                                   to-one meetings with a careers adviser held in person at     your knowledge and understanding of a specific field,
                                                                                   the Careers Service, on the phone or online, with extra      including Insights into Teaching, Medicine, Business,
                                                                                   sessions hosted in departments and colleges. Book in         Publishing and Academia.
                                                                                   advance on CareerConnect.

                                                                                                                                                Recruiter in residence and mock
                                                                                   Weekly                                                       interviews
                                                                                   Newsletter: The easiest way to keep up to date
                                                                                   during term, our newsletter hits your inbox each             Meet employers one-on-one to learn about their sector
                                                                                   week with details of upcoming events and                     or organisation, get advice on your CV and applications
                                                                                   opportunities.                                               or have a practice interview. Times and topics advertised

THE CAREERS
                                                                                                                                                on CareerConnect.
                                                                                   Talks and workshops: We host talks on specific career
                                                                                   options and run skills workshops frequently, many with
                                                                                   invited external speakers. Most are open to all students,    The Careers Service and

SERVICE AND
                                                                                   with several tailored to master’s students, DPhil students
                                                                                   or research staff.
                                                                                                                                                COVID-19
                                                                                                                                                In 2020, we are delivering all our usual workshops,

YOUR YEAR AHEAD
                                                                                   Termly                                                       programmes and appointments from a safe distance.
                                                                                                                                                We are offering careers advice sessions on the phone
                                                                                   TOSCA: Work in a team to help local organisations solve      and online; we are negotiating remote-working
                                                                                   real business problems and develop your employability        internships with employers; and we are delivering our
                                                                                   skills: includes consultancy training.                       talks, workshops and insight programmes virtually. We
                                                                                                                                                are staying up to date with the latest employer news
                                                                                   Skills sessions: Workshops and presentations on a            so that we can pass useful information on to students
            The Careers Service provides support and impartial                     specific topic, such as psychometric tests or interviews,    and alumni via our website and weekly newsletter. All
                                                                                   led by an employer or a careers adviser. All advertised on   bookable on CareerConnect in the usual way.
            advice on any careers-related topic. Use this Guide to                 CareerConnect.
            get started, and see our website for in-depth guidance:
                                                                                   Micro-internships: Two- to five-day voluntary, full-
            www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                   time work placements with a host organisation, run in           CareerConnect
                                                                                   9th week every term.
                                                                                                                                                   www.careers.ox.ac.uk/careerconnect
56 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 6PA
                                                      Kellogg College

                                                                                   Annually                                                        Accessed with your Oxford Single Sign-on,
                                                                                                                                                   CareerConnect is the password-protected area
The Careers Service is offering a                                                  Career fairs: Meet employers and alumni to learn                of the Careers Service website that provides
                                                                                   about and explore some of the options available.                dedicated services enabling you to:
full programme of support and                                                      Starting early in Michaelmas term, we run at least              •  Book appointments.
activities online throughout the                                                   eight sector fairs.                                             •  Browse our calendar of events.
                                                      Wycliffe Hall                                                                                •  Book your place on workshops and employer-
current pandemic.                                                                  Opportunities: Nearly 10,000 vacancy and                           led events.
                                                                                   internship positions are advertised every year on               •  Search our extensive database of job vacancies
                                      Jericho                                      CareerConnect.                                                     and internships.
See www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                                           •  Access additional resources to which we
                                                                                   The Summer Internship Programme: Hundreds of                       subscribe on your behalf, including practice tests.
for details.                                                          University
                                                                        Parks
                                                                                   work experience opportunities in many sectors and               … and much more!
                                                                                   countries exclusively for Oxford students.

8                                                         www.careers.ox.ac.uk     www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                     9
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
THE CAREERS SERVICE AND YOUR YEAR AHEAD                                                                                                                                                                    THE CAREERS SERVICE AND YOUR YEAR AHEAD

What’s                                                      Career readiness grid

next?                                                       1       Make a start                                          Plot your
                                                                                                                          progress!
                                                                                                                                                                               Focused exclusively

What’s
                                                            Whether your next move is to explore a little and try                                                                 on my degree
                                                            something new, or to reflect on your personal preferences
                                                            and start planning, the important thing is to make a start.
                                                            •                                                                                 Where                                                        I have a clear focus

                                                                                                                                                                                  1 2
                                                               Attend a career fair or company events.

first?                                                      •  Use career planning tools to generate ideas and a                              and how                                                        that I am working
                                                               focus.                                                        Unsure           do I start                                                               towards             I have
                                                            •  Get involved with a student society.                          what I                                                                                                       a clear
                                                            •
                                                                                                                                                                                  3 4
                                                               Sign up for some workshops.                                   want                                                                                                          focus
                                                               The pointers opposite (for students in Quadrants 2            to do                                                                                                        or goal
Take a breath, find your bearings                           and 3) indicate more specifically what’s needed to move                           I have ideas but                                       I am well organised and
                                                            ‘down’ and ‘right’ on the Career Readiness Grid.                                  I’m not sure what’s                                                clear about
and think about what would                                     Remember, it’s never too late to start, and the                                right for me                                                    my next steps
most help you move forward.                                 Careers Service is here to support you all the way.

Most students will explore career options, including
                                                                                                                                                                                Exploring interests
                                                                    I have a focus but I’m                                                                                     and developing skills
                                                            2
further study, alongside their studies. This Guide is for
everyone considering what to do at the end of their
current course, and will help students who have a clear
                                                                    not sure…
focus to sharpen their career objectives and add polish
                                                                                                                                      I enjoy lots of different                                       Organised and clear about
                                                                                                                              3                                                               4
to their applications. It summarises our guidance and       …how to show companies I am a strong candidate,
signposts further resources to explore options, make        …if it is truly right for me.
decisions and work purposefully towards a successful
                                                                                                                                      things: how can I choose                                        next steps
future.                                                     Whether your focus is a logical next step from your                       between them?
   Consider the following questions about your possible     degree, or comes from career planning (or even a                                                                                  If you have placed yourself in this bottom right quadrant
next steps and mark where you currently stand on the        hunch), getting some experience will help you both to be                                                                          (you may already be applying and interviewing),
grid on the opposite page.                                  a stronger candidate and understand better why a role,           Oxford students often have potential to succeed in               reflecting on how you developed your focus, examining
•  How clear are your ideas?                                organisation or further study option is right for you.           many different roles and fields and, yes, it can be difficult    any assumptions and aligning your choices to your core
•  How well do you understand your core interests and          The most powerful way to find out if you enjoy                to choose!                                                       motivations can:
   motivations?                                             something is to try it. See the guidance on Gaining                  If you are already exploring options and taking on           •   reinforce decisions made;
•  And, do you have sufficient understanding and            Experience and Developing Skills for advice and ideas            different roles to build skills and experiences, see the         •   strengthen applications, by improving the evidence
   experience to make a sound decision?                     about opportunities to ‘learn by doing’. Consider:               section on Developing Your Career Ideas for guidance                 you present of your skills and interests;
                                                            •  Taking on a similar role in your extracurricular              and tools such as Career Weaver to help you identify             •   help identify viable alternatives.
                                                               activities (e.g., for a student society).                     your pattern of interests and motivations. Reflect on                Additional support can still be helpful, especially
                                                            •  Doing an internship or volunteering.                          your experiences and try to identify any themes that are         if your early applications aren’t working as you’d like.
                                                            •  Participating in the Careers Service’s employability          important to you:                                                Attend workshops, company events and chat with a
                                                               programmes.                                                   •   Why do you choose to do these activities?                    careers adviser to hone your approach and consider
                                                            •  Work-shadowing or short-term work experience                  •   Which skills do you use?                                     what plan B and plan C might look like.
                                                               (e.g., a micro-internship).                                   •   What do you enjoy doing most and why?
                                                               Use career fairs and company-led events to talk with          •   How important to you are the people, relationships
                                                            alumni and others working in specific fields to test any             and outcomes?
                                                            assumptions, deepen your understanding and extend                    Once you understand what kind of work and                        More information
                                                            your thinking. When combined with experience you may             outcomes offer you intrinsic satisfaction, further                   www.careerweaver.ox.ac.uk
                                                            identify additional ideas to develop into your plan B and        research through the web and ‘in person’ into industries,            www.careers.ox.ac.uk/i-am-exploring-ideas
                                                            plan C as a back-up to your primary focus.                       roles and organisations will help you to create focus and            www.careers.ox.ac.uk/i-have-some-ideas
                                                               If you have doubts or questions, book an                      make decisions.                                                      www.careers.ox.ac.uk/i-am-deciding-on-a-plan
                                                            appointment with a careers adviser on CareerConnect                  If you are struggling to narrow your focus, a confidential       www.careers.ox.ac.uk/i-have-a-clear-plan
                                                            for an unbiased conversation.                                    chat with a careers adviser can help you gain clarity.

10                                                                                               www.careers.ox.ac.uk        www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                     11
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
THE CAREERS SERVICE AND YOUR YEAR AHEAD                                                                                                                                                                      THE CAREERS SERVICE AND YOUR YEAR AHEAD

Careers
                                                                                                                             • Understand the application processes for different
                                                                   Michaelmas term                                               firms and be sure to note and hit any deadlines.                  Hilary term
                                                                                                                             • Beware! Some sectors close as early as the end of

term
                                                                                                                                October (notably banking and investment, the Civil
                                                               Michaelmas term is the time to talk to firms that interest       Service Fast Stream and management consultancy)                 Finalists and graduating master’s students who have
                                                               you. In fact, we run eight of our annual career fairs in         and some have ‘rolling recruitment’, filling vacancies          made good applications should expect January and
                                                               weeks 1 to 3, and this term will account for almost 75%          as and when students apply.                                     February to be busy with interviews. Continue to target

by term
                                                               of all the company presentations and company visits           Other firms will open applications during this term and            new graduate programmes and seek advertised positions
                                                               coordinated by the Careers Service in the whole year.         into Hilary term. Monitor careers sites, set email alerts          – you may also find attractive internships to apply for.
                                                                  At our career fairs and company presentations you          and follow target companies on social media to make                Similarly, those targeting further study should continue
                                                               can meet:                                                     sure you hear first about new opportunities.                       to make applications to courses and funding bodies.
                                                               •  Recent alumni working in areas you might be                   Plan enough time to make high quality applications: CVs,            Hilary Term is also a key time to start seeking
                                                                  interested in – people who were in your shoes not so       cover letters and application forms take time to complete          internship and summer opportunities. The advice above
Graduate recruitment runs                                         long ago.                                                  well and should be tailored for each and every application.        about applying for full-time positions all holds true

year-round and there are                                       •  Recruiters who can tell you more about the firm,              Read our advice on crafting good applications in this           here. Some firms that recruit graduates only open their
                                                                  graduate roles and training, and the recruitment           later section of the Guide.                                        summer internship places to penultimate-year students,
always new positions being                                        process.                                                      Be ready for the recruitment process to move quickly            and these can lead to full-time offers for interns that do
                                                               •  Senior managers and business leaders (many will            once you have applied. Online testing, interviews and              well. But also look out for other opportunities including
advertised. However, many                                         also be Oxford alumni) who can provide a wider             assessment centres can all follow within a few weeks,              our own Summer Internship Programme, which offers
of the biggest recruiters                                         perspective on the organisation and graduate career
                                                                  trajectories.
                                                                                                                             and offers may be made before Christmas.
                                                                                                                                Consider booking a one-to-one discussion with a careers
                                                                                                                                                                                                all Oxford students exclusive internship opportunities,
                                                                                                                                                                                                many of them in sectors where internships can be hard
link their cycles to the                                                   Use the Events Calendar on CareerConnect to       adviser and find relevant workshops and skills sessions            to find, or overseas.
                                                                                find company presentations and to book       advertised on our Events Calendar on CareerConnect.                    Keep abreast of the skills sessions, workshops and
academic year, with                                                                 places on relevant workshops and                                                                            seminars offered at the Careers Service via the Events
full-time positions                                                      HT20          skills sessions offered through the   Considering further study?                                         Calendar on CareerConnect.
                                                                          18             Careers Service.                    Research possibilities now to understand application
for finalists                                                                                                                processes and funding options.
advertised from                                                                            Finalists and one-year            •  Popular courses can fill quickly, so consider applying early.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Trinity term
                                                                                            master’s students                •  Research deadlines to apply for grants and bursaries too.
late summer,                                             Number of                                                           Read more about bursaries and grants in our further
                                                     Employer Events at          TT20       Full-time jobs and               study article here.                                                Be sure to keep on track academically and invest enough
for entry the                                         Oxford 2019–20              42        graduate schemes                                                                                    time to do yourself justice in finals or any exams that
following year.        MT19
                                                                                            Applications will already        More than one year to completion                                   you have.
                                                                                           have opened during the                                                                                   The big graduate schemes form only a small
Every year, hundreds of            148                                                    summer at most large               Internships, spring weeks and insight days                         proportion of the graduate employment market and
organisations visit Oxford                                                               graduate recruiters. If you         Organisations with substantial graduate recruitment                the number of vacancies offered every month through
specifically to meet you – to                                                          have not already started, finalists   programmes are increasingly interested in meeting                  CareerConnect remains
start a conversation. However, our                                                   and one-year master’s students          penultimate-year students, freshers and second                     fairly constant through the
academic terms are NOT created equally.                                           should move quickly to:                    years on a four-year course. Use careers fairs to ask              year, so there are always
                                                                                                                             about internships and ‘taster programmes’, and when                new opportunities. However,
                                                                                                                             applications will be opening.                                      keep an eye open as some
     Virtual careers fairs                                                                                                      Some companies now start to accept applications                 graduate schemes re-open
     The following fairs will be run on our virtual platform   • Law Fair: Wednesday 21 October                              for internships and insight days towards the end of                this term to fill any remaining
     and will be open from midday to 6.00 pm. See our          • Careers in Computing Fair: Monday 26 October                Michaelmas, with many more opening in the new year.                places. You can also apply to
     website and CareerConnect for details.                    • Jobs for Mathematicians Fair: Wednesday 28                  The recruitment processes often mirror those for full-             firms that have year-round
                                                                   October                                                   time positions because success in the internship can lead          rolling recruitment.
     •   Oxford University Careers Fair (for all                                                                             to an offer for a full-time position the following year.               The Careers Service
         sectors): Tuesday 13 October                          In 2019, we ran the Ox and Start-ups Fair in                     First years and second years on a four-year                     continues to offer workshops
     •   Finance Fair: Wednesday 14 October                    Hilary term and the Graduate Jobs and Internship              programme should note that places for taster days                  and careers advisers continue
     •   Management Consultancy Fair: Thursday 15              Opportunities in Trinity term. Dates for 2021 yet to          and spring weeks are limited and can fill in less than             with confidential one-to-one
         October                                               be confirmed.                                                 a week. Be sure to sign up for alerts if you intend to             discussions during Trinity and
     •   Science, Engineering and Technology Fair:                                                                           apply: the prize not only includes first-hand experience           the long vacation, on Skype,
         Monday 19 October                                                                                                   of the organisation but quite often a fast-track to paid           telephone or virtual platforms
                                                                                                                             internships the following year.                                    such as Microsoft Teams.

12                                                                                                  www.careers.ox.ac.uk     www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                       13
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
THE CAREERS SERVICE AND YOUR YEAR AHEAD                                                                                                                                                                THE CAREERS SERVICE AND YOUR YEAR AHEAD

                                                                                                                               advertised from January onwards as part of the                the Developing Your Career Ideas section.

Careers
                                                                                                                               Careers Service Summer Internship Programme.              • Visit the Careers Service website to start
                                                                                                                                                                                             researching what you could do and check out your
                                                                                                                           Talk to people and network                                        options.
                                                                                                                           • Find out about their jobs, their companies and              •   Talk to a careers adviser if you need help with your

year
                                                                                                                               the sector at the many careers fairs and company              plans or ideas for how to get started.
                                                                                                                               presentations held in Oxford or virtually. Most people
                                                                                                                               remember what it is like being in your position and       Start to develop your skills
                                                                                                                                                                                         • Review the skills you can evidence already. Consider

by year
                                                                                                                               want to help.
                                                                                                                           •   Use LinkedIn to contact alumni whose work interests           where and how you can develop these further, and
                                                                                                                               you.                                                          which new skills you might develop.
                                                                                                                           •   Get advice and tips from final-year students. Ask         •   Review your ideas by following the guidance in the
                                                                                                                               about their summer internships and for introductions          Gaining Experience and Developing Skills section.
                                                                                                                               to their colleagues to learn more.                        •   Support your college or department with their
                                                                                                                           •   Plan how to make the most of your summer vacation,            outreach programmes.
                                                             • Consider participating in our skills programmes and             and make speculative applications to find work            •   Get involved with an Oxford SU campaign or a charity
     Finalists and one-year                                      Insight programmes if you haven’t already done so.            experience with organisations of interest that don’t          fundraising event.

     masters’                                                •   Apply to our own Summer Internship Programme                  offer formal internships.                                 •   Volunteer with Oxford Hub and local charities in
                                                                 from January onwards.                                                                                                       term-time and during the vacation – a great way
                                                                                                                           Considering further study?                                        of gaining skills, meeting people and making a
Develop your plan and extend your research                   Network and build your visibility                             • Talk with tutors, supervisors and research students in          difference.
•    It is never too late to start thinking about your       •   Meet contacts and alumni at events and reach out to           your field.                                               •   Participate in staff/student liaison committees within
     career. Make a commitment to make a start and               them.                                                     •   Ask about working as a research assistant during              your college or department.
     give yourself the best chance of success. Turn to the   •   Use LinkedIn and social media as research tools, to           vacations.                                                •   Refresh your old CV; attend a CV workshop.
     Developing Your Career Ideas section and make               follow targeted companies and make yourself easier
     plans to talk to a careers adviser.                         to find.                                                  Build your skills and experience                              Gain some experience
•    If you already have clear goals, or even fuzzy ideas,   •   Attend the cringe-free networking workshop run            • Get elected to a position in a society, common room         • Look for, and apply to, insight days, spring weeks and
     research online and meet employers at fairs and at          by the Careers Service each term, bookable on                 or club and make a difference by organising an event,         work-shadowing opportunities in different sectors
     company presentations. See the Events Calendar on           CareerConnect.                                                running the show or starting something new – all will         for inspiration. Places are limited and application
     CareerConnect for dates and to book your place.         •   For some sectors – such as creative careers,                  develop your skills and add value to your applications.       windows can close within days, so register for
•    Research options of further study and apply early to        journalism, publishing, charities – networking and        •   Sign up for workshops and skills sessions at the              notifications and be ready to apply as early as
     popular programmes.                                         speculative approaches can be important to uncover            Careers Service or join one of our employability              October.
                                                                 opportunities: thinking six months ahead is key.              programmes.                                               •   Apply for vacation work to earn money and gain
Make applications and prepare for                                                                                          •   Try out different ideas, perhaps via our micro-               experience and skills. Every opportunity can provide
interviews                                                                                                                     internships, work-shadowing or work experience.               meaningful experience: bar and retail work can
• Understand your motivations, your strengths and be                                                                           Volunteer with local charities or through the Oxford          develop your customer focus, teamwork skills and
     ready to support your applications with evidence as                                                                       Hub.                                                          insights into what makes a successful business.
     discussed in the Application Essentials guidance.           Penultimate year                                                                                                        •   Visit the vacancy database
•    Find the workshops you need on our Events                                                                                                                                               on CareerConnect to look
     Calendar on CareerConnect.                                                                                                                                                              for part-time and vacation
•    Polish your application skills and seek advice from a   Start to focus on what you might do after                         More than two years from                                      opportunities.
     careers adviser if you want a second opinion on your    graduating
                                                                                                                               completion                                                •   Apply for a summer
     CV, cover letters or application form.                  • Review your career preferences and interests, or start                                                                        placement on the Summer
•    Submit applications for both your plans A and B (and        your self-assessment. The Developing Your Career                                                                            Internship Programme
     plan C …) in parallel.                                      Ideas section will help. Follow the advice to finalists   Get involved and enjoy Oxford                                     from January for
•    Be ready for online tests and interviews, some of           above – the same rules apply!                             • Join and get involved in societies, clubs and a social          overseas internships, and
     these happen straight after you have submitted your     •   Plan, research and develop your CV – attend relevant          life alongside your studies.                                  from mid-February for
     application.                                                workshops organised by the Careers Service.                                                                                 internships in the UK.
                                                             •   Attend the relevant careers fairs. Get into your          Start thinking                                                •   Start to build your
It’s not too late to develop your skills and                     job-market research and look for application              • It’s never too soon to start thinking about your post-          network, and to learn
experience                                                       deadlines – be aware of deadlines as early as October         university plans.                                             about sectors and
• Continue to be fully involved in student life through          for consulting, banking and the Civil Service among       • Develop some awareness of your career-related                   organisations.
     societies, volunteering and extra-curricular                others.                                                       preferences and interests with some self-assessment
     activities.                                             •   Apply for summer internships, including those                 exercises, such as Career Weaver and other tools in

14                                                                                                 www.careers.ox.ac.uk    www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                     15
THE OXFORD GUIDE TO CAREERS 2021
DEVELOPING YOUR CAREER IDEAS

                                                                             Five steps for better
                                                                             career planning
                                                                             Take time to understand what you enjoy most and what helps you
                                                                             succeed. Combine these insights with research into your preferred
                                                                             options to make decisions and take action.

                                                                             1   What you do and what you like best…                          Your strengths and skills are also important, and you
                                                                             Use Oxford’s new Career Weaver tool to explore what          can enhance existing skills and learn new ones. Use the
                                                                             interests and motivates you most.                            list of eight core employability skills on this page to
                                                                                Reflect on past experiences that have given you a         consider what you are good at and what you really enjoy
                                                                             sense of enjoyment, achievement or real satisfaction.        doing. Think about your range of skills:
                                                                                Re-examine what determined your choice of subject and     •   Where have you developed and used them?
                                                                             which elements of your current studies most engage you.      •   How do you like to use and apply them both in your
                                                                                Examine your extra-curricular activities for insight by       studies and extra-curricular activities?
                                                                             asking yourself:                                                 See Generating Career Ideas at www.careers.ox.ac.
                                                                             •

DEVELOPING
                                                                                What appealed to you when you chose a specific            uk/generating-career-ideas to learn more about using
                                                                                activity?                                                 Career Weaver and a variety of additional tools and ideas
                                                                             •  What has given you most satisfaction?                     you can use, including:
                                                                             •  What have you learned or gained from your extra-          •   Psychometric tools based on short questionnaires,

YOUR CAREER
                                                                                curricular activities?                                        including Prospects Career Planner
                                                                             •  What are your reasons for continuing with it? Or,         •   Reference books at the Careers Service, including
                                                                                perhaps, for stopping?                                        Build Your Own Rainbow, Where Am I Going And Can
                                                                                Link these questions to the prompts in the table              I Have A Map?, and What Color Is Your Parachute?

IDEAS
                                                                             on the next page to begin to better understand your          •   Book an appointment with a careers adviser to
                                                                             personal pattern of career interests and motivations.            discuss any questions you have and for advice on
                                                                                                                                              how to interpret and apply the insights gained.

                                                                                 What is your personal                                    Core employability skills
                                                                                 pattern?                                                 The next chapter defines the ‘transferable’ employability
                                                                                 Our new Career Weaver tool                               skills listed below and reviews many options to practise
With hundreds of possible directions, many students                              will help you go much further in                         and develop them.

find it hard to decide what they want to do after                                thinking about the kind of role,                         •   Business awareness
                                                                                 culture and rewards you would value most in your         •   Communication
graduating, and may even find the process quite                                  future work. It provides a rich variety of short         •   Creativity
                                                                                 exercises to stimulate and structure your thinking       •   Initiative
daunting.                                                                        and helps you to identify and describe:                  •   Leadership
                                                                                 •   What you love.                                       •   Planning
                                                                                 •   What you are good at.                                •   Self-management
                                                                                 •   Why you do what you choose to do.                    •   Teamwork
This chapter can help you make a start and get you                                   Use your SSO to open your personal account               In addition to these core employability skills, some
                                                                                 at www.careerweaver.ox.ac.uk and begin to                jobs require specific skills such as languages, computing
thinking about how to identify careers that might                                explore, define and explain your most important          and IT, or even specific laboratory skills.
appeal to you, and how to choose between them.                                   drivers and best examples.

16                                                    www.careers.ox.ac.uk   www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                 17
DEVELOPING YOUR CAREER IDEAS                                                                                                                                                                           DEVELOPING YOUR CAREER IDEAS

 Style of work                                                Nice to have   Important    Essential
                                                                                                                2 Exploring possible occupations and                             • Who are you working with, and how?
                                                                                                                creating your ‘long list’                                        • What does an ideal working day/week look like?
                                                                                                                As an Oxford graduate from any discipline it is possible        Each time you find an idea of interest to you, consider
 Analytical (researching and investigating, numerical work)
                                                                                                                to work in many industries. In the UK, the majority of       the specific skills and attributes typically required
 Collaborative style of working                                                                                 graduate roles do not require a specific degree and          for that role and how strongly these match your
                                                                                                                many organisations seek to attract a diverse pool of         preferences. Also, look for related or adjacent fields to
 Creativity and generating ideas                                                                                candidates. This opens a world of possibilities and          increase the options you are considering.
                                                                                                                creates choices for you.
 Enterprise and business                                                                                           Start to build your ‘long list’ of possibilities,         3   Researching your options
                                                                                                                considering both the industry sector(s) and the kinds of     Researching industries, individual organisations, and
 Managing and leading people                                                                                    roles you might be interested in: remember, similar roles    roles helps you make better choices. It also lays the
                                                                                                                can often be found across different sectors; whether it’s    foundation for successful applications because it
 Social and caring roles                                                                                        design work, financial management, planning, managing        helps you:
                                                                                                                or communicating.                                            •  To be clear that you’d be happy doing the job!
 Solving problems                                                                                                  It might be important for you to use the knowledge        •  To signal why you are motivated to do the job with
                                                                                                                gained from your degree, or find a related role where you       that specific organisation.
 Supporting and advising people
                                                                                                                can still draw on that knowledge. Alternatively, you may     •  To impress recruiters with insightful questions and an
 Theoretical and conceptual (working with ideas)                                                                choose to apply the transferable skills that you have in a      awareness of issues or trends that may affect their
                                                                                                                totally new area.                                               market.
 Working with defined processes                                                                                    Ideas and tactics to build your long list include:
                                                                                                                •  reviewing roles suggested by an online career-            Research: get first-hand experience
 Working with technology                                                                                           planning tool.                                            First-hand experience allows you to explore whether you
                                                                                                                •  exploring what others with your degree have chosen        have the ability and interest to perform well in a role. You
                                                                                                                   to do:                                                    also learn more about the organisation, its people and
 Motivations                                                  Nice to have   Important    Essential                 •  Review the Graduate Outcome Survey on the             working culture, which helps you evaluate whether you
                                                                                                                       careers website.                                      are likely to enjoy working there.
 Altruism or benefiting society                                                                                     •  www.prospects.ac.uk has pages on ‘What can I              The next chapter provides a fuller overview of the
                                                                                                                       do with my degree?’.                                  options available, which include not only internships
 Challenge                                                                                                          •  Examine the careers of 200,000+ Oxford                and work experience but also a variety of shorter
                                                                                                                       alumni via the University of Oxford page on           opportunities to visit organisations. These programmes
 Connection (belonging and friendship)                                                                                 LinkedIn.                                             can help you to:
                                                                                                                •  browsing jobs boards, including CareerConnect –           •   Learn about an industry and a role, and the
 Empowerment (autonomy)                                                                                            what catches your eye?                                        organisation and its culture.

 Financial reward
                                                                                                                •  thinking about careers related to your interests and      •   Develop transferable skills and a track record that
                                                                                                                   extra-curricular activities.                                  provides evidence of your ability and motivation.
                                                                                                                •  dreaming a little and envisioning your future in an       •   Secure an offer to the next stage:
 Fun
                                                                                                                   ideal world…                                                  •  Insight programmes may provide a fast track on
 Influence                                                                                                          •  What are you doing? What skills are you using?               to an organisation’s internship programme.
                                                                                                                    •  What happens? What results do you deliver?                •  Leading employers report that nearly a third
 Job security                                                                                                       •  Where are you working – an office/outside/at                 of their graduate intake will have undertaken
                                                                                                                       home?                                                        work experience with them before they are

                                                                                                                    “
 Learning and personal growth                                                                                                                                                       hired, and this rises to more than two-thirds in
                                                                                                                                                                                    some sectors.
 Personal recognition                                                                                                        It’s OK not to know what to do and it’s
                                                                                                                             OK to take your time to find it. If you         Research: other methods
 Positioning (for the next career move)                                                                             find something you really want and truly believe         Read widely to research the industries and organisations
                                                                                                                    you’re suited to then you have a much better             you are targeting. Start with the following ideas:
 Prestige or status
                                                                                                                    chance of getting the job and of enjoying it.            •  Read our industry sector introductions in this
                                                                                                                                                                                Guide.
 Progression (scope for rapid advancement)
                                                                                                                                                                             •  Over 40 in-depth sector briefings on our website:
                                                                                                                                  Rachel Ballard, Music,                        www.careers.ox.ac.uk/sectors-occupations –
 Responsibility (for delivery or people or things)
                                                                                                                                  New College, 2016                             dig deeper using the resources listed in these.
 Variety                                                                                                                                                                     •  Company websites, particularly their career pages,
                                                                                                                Read Rachel’s full profile                                      often provide lots of information, including:

18                                                                                       www.careers.ox.ac.uk   www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                                   19
DEVELOPING YOUR CAREER IDEAS                                                                                                                                                                                   DEVELOPING YOUR CAREER IDEAS

                                                                                                                          additional factors to the grid, or use an alternative
                                                                                                                          approach. The Careers Service advice on How to Make           Researching employers’ diversity and
                                                                                                                          a Career Decision provides further details on the             inclusion policies
                                                                                                                          ‘decision-making grid’ and three other decision-making        It is often difficult to know
                                                                                                                          strategies: the D.E.C.I.D.E.S. model, Force-field Analysis,   whether an employer is
                                                                                                                          and Visualisation.                                            genuine about recruiting
                                                                                                                             At this stage, you do not need to narrow your choice       applicants from diverse
                                                                                                                          to a single option. In fact, we recommend you work in         backgrounds and not just
                                                                                                                          parallel on your ‘plan B’ (and perhaps ‘plan C’) in case      ‘ticking a box’. There are
                                                                                                                          your first choice does not work out. For every option         several indicators that will help you to decide
                                                                                                                          you follow, though, allow yourself enough time to             whether a recruiter is truly proactive. If you are
                                                                                                                          undertake sufficient research and to make high quality        interested in specific recruiters, research their
                                                                                                                          applications.                                                 diversity and inclusion policy and practice, talk with
                                                                                                                                                                                        their representatives at careers fairs and question
                                                                                                                          Example of a decision-making grid                             them as to what their organisation does to recruit
                                                                                                                                                                                        and retain staff from diverse backgrounds.
                                                                                                                           Decision                                                          Indicators of the strength of their commitment
                                                                                                                                         Weighting   Option X   Option Y    Option Z
                                                                                                                           factor                                                       to recruiting from diverse backgrounds can include:
                                                                                                                           Staying in
                                                                                                                                                                                        •    They are a ‘Disability Confident’ employer. Look
     • Profiles from recent graduates.                       • Attend company presentations and events to meet             Oxford
                                                                                                                                             2       2×2 = 4 2×2 = 4 2×1 = 2                 out for the government-endorsed logo below
     • Information about their graduate programmes.              senior managers, alumni and recruiters.                                                                                     on their promotional material and vacancy
     • Tips and practice materials for the recruitment       •   Talk informally with family, alumni, and others to        Creative
                                                                                                                                             3       3×1 = 3 3×0 = 0 3×1 = 3                 adverts. This means the employer has made a
        processes.                                               understand their careers and what their organisations     job                                                               commitment to employing disabled people.
•    Professional bodies’ websites.                              are really like:                                          Learning:                                                    •    They are accredited as a ‘Mindful Employer’,
•    Free resources at the Careers Service:                      •  Talk to friends and finalists returning from           quality of        3       3×1 = 3 3×1 = 3 3×2 = 6                 indicating that they are extremely supportive
     •  Podcasts of relevant panel discussions.                     internships or work placements.                        training                                                          of employees with mental health issues.
     •  ‘Our Resources’ sections of our online guidance          •  Use LinkedIn to find alumni you might approach
                                                                                                                           Total                     10         7           11
                                                                                                                                                                                        •    They have diversity networks and buddy
        outlining books and periodicals in the Careers              directly.                                                                                                                schemes, such as Gender Balance Network and
        Service Resource Centre.                             •   Join relevant societies to find like-minded students                                                                        Carers Schemes.
     •  Search for GoinGlobal (country guides) and               and more events – many with employers.                   Weighting of criterion:                                       •    They partner with and provide internships for
        practise psychometric tests on our website.          •   Speak to a careers adviser who has a particular          3 = important, 2 = quite important, 1 = less important.            people from under-represented backgrounds
•    Join relevant LinkedIn groups to keep up to date with       interest in that sector.                                                                                                    through organisations such as SEO (Sponsors
     current topics in the sector.                                                                                        Criterion satisfied in this occupation/role:                       for Educational Opportunity), EmployAbility,
•    Use your Single Sign-On and Bodleian Library            4   Narrowing down your options                              2 = almost ideal, 1 = quite good, 0 = not met at all.              The Windsor Fellowship, and Rare Recruitment.
     membership for free subscriptions to The Financial      For many people, career planning is an ongoing process,                                                                    •    They score highly on indicators such as the
     Times, The Economist and plenty of leading              revisited and revised as they gain experience, learn and     5   Moving forward from your decisions                             Stonewall Workplace Equality Index due to
     newspapers and industry journals.                       grow. The choices you make now are just the first steps;     Allow plenty of time for this and in particular:                   their work ethos and practices.
                                                             changing career direction in the years after graduation is   •   Plan ahead and attend events listed on our Events              There is more advice on equality and diversity
Research: talk to people                                     quite common.                                                    Calendar on CareerConnect. These include:                 in the application process on p.50.
To go beyond the information on an organisation’s                However, it is important to engage. Make a decision          •   Career fairs.

                                                                                                                                                                                        “
website, talk to people – lots of people – about what        rather than ‘drift’ into a career or further study simply        •   Company presentations.
they do, what they like and don’t like, and ask for their    because it seems within reach. To weigh up the ‘pros and         •   Skills workshops and training sessions.
advice.                                                      cons’ of different choices, analyse your options             •   Ensure you receive the Careers Service’s weekly                     You might be tired of hearing it, but
    Read the guidance on how to find and network with        and listen to your intuitions, with the aim of                   newsletter.                                                         you’ve probably got more free time
people who are able to share their experiences and offer     identifying which roles best match up with your key          •   Save searches on CareerConnect to receive job alerts.     on your hands now than you ever will. Use it
relevant advice and insights into the roles that interest    criteria.                                                    •   Check application deadlines for your top choices and      wisely! Start figuring out what you like and
you most.                                                        One option is to build a ‘decision-making grid’, where       begin to plan your applications.                          dislike (just as helpful), and to start building the
    During term time, particularly in Michaelmas             you weight the relative importance of your key criteria      •   Bookmark target firms’ careers pages, set up email        foundations that will give you the best shot of
term, take advantage of the many chances to meet             and score each career option independently. In the               alerts for vacancy notices, and follow them on
                                                                                                                                                                                        landing that dream role.
and talk with company representatives – check the            worked example (below), it seems that option Y is least          LinkedIn and social media.
Careers Service Events Calendar on CareerConnect.            attractive – and could be discarded – but it might be        •   Continue to research your target organisations and
•   Attend the careers fairs and our industry panel          worth pursuing both options X and Z as attractive choices.       roles.                                                                   Issah Abdul-Moomin, PPE,
    events to hear from and meet recent graduates and            To distinguish between options X and Z more fully,       •   Check your own online presence, particularly your                        Lady Margaret Hall, 2014
    recruiters.                                              it may be necessary to do further research or add                visibility on social media.

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DEVELOPING YOUR CAREER IDEAS                                                                                                                                                                                  DEVELOPING YOUR CAREER IDEAS

Ethical Networking                                                                                                          1                                                                   2
The phrase ‘It’s who you know, not what you know’ makes us                                                                                                                                                                          3
a little uncomfortable as we put more emphasis on widening
participation, diversity and inclusion.

                                                                                                                                              4
Surely we want to live in a world where people are               how they may be helped’ Maurice McCartney,
hired based on a diligent and transparent process which          entrepreneur in residence, Oxford Careers Service.
considers:                                                   •   ‘Networking is about conversation and generosity,’ add
•   Formal qualifications.                                       Dr Rachel Bray and Dr Steve Joy, researcher careers                                                                 Who could I network with?
•   Size and scope of relevant achievements that prove           advisers of Oxford and Cambridge respectively.                                                                      • Oxford alumni:
    skills and strengths.                                    •   ‘You can make more friends in two months by                                                                           • Your tutors and your college alumni office
•   Sector and organisation knowledge that proves                becoming interested in other people than you can in                                                                         may be able to give tips on who to contact.
    enthusiasm and fit with the role.                            two years by trying to get other people interested                                                                      •   Use LinkedIn and My Oxford Network:
So what are the ethical reasons for networking?                  in you,’ says Dale Carnegie, author of How to Win                                                                           myoxfordnetwork.com.
•                                                                                                                                                                                    •
                                                                                                                                                                      5
    To become aware of opportunities: it is said that 60%        Friends and Influence People.                                                                                           Contacts of people you know (ask friends,
    of jobs are never advertised (‘the hidden job market’)       Viewed through this lens, networking is a way of life,                                                                  relatives, tutors for introductions).
    e.g., a start-up with no time nor HR department.         the goal is to build and maintain a ‘network of reciprocal                                                              •   People you have worked with, or contacted on
•   To understand what really goes on inside                 assistance’. So it is best to think of networking as going                                                                  behalf of a society or committee.
    organisations so that you choose the right               out and making new friends. The only thing to get used                                                                  •   People you research online and then approach
    opportunities to apply for.                              to is that this very normal human process is preceded by                                                                    speculatively.
•                                                                                                                                                                                    •
                                                                                                                               6
    To uncover the language and terminology of the           some planning and preparation so that you can find out                                                                      Fellow students, in college and in your
    organisation so that you can make your achievements      more about new organisations.                                                                                               department, will know people and have
    sound as relevant as possible and talk like an insider                                                                                                                               experience that might tie in to your goals.
    to establish fit and enthusiasm.                         How do I approach people?
    Beyond the objectives of ethical networking, we          The key to effective networking is research. Always
need to approach the subject with emotional                  prepare in advance; when you are going to meet someone,
intelligence, people do not like being sold-to or taken-     look them up on LinkedIn, so you can talk their language.     Discovering your network                                  Platforms for networking
advantage-of:                                                Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook,                                                               • My Oxford Network: A networking platform
•   ‘As you walk into a room to network: don’t prepare       gets very embarrassed when women ask her to mentor            1   Read (auto)biographies of sector leaders.                 just for Oxonians.
    to sell yourself, prepare to understand people and       them: ‘While asking a stranger to be a mentor rarely, if                                                                • LinkedIn: The biggest professional social

     “
                                                             ever, works, approaching a stranger with a pointed, well      2   Engage with the latest stories from the sector in         network, with powerful search tools.
                                                             thought-out inquiry can yield results. Focus on how to            mainstream media.                                     • Twitter: Use the search facility to find people
               Students ask me what it takes to be           manage a business not on how to manage a career’. When                                                                      who mention their employment or university in
               successful and there are many factors.        Bill Gates was a teenager he read ‘tons of biographies and    3   Research the sector on Google, so you never ask           their profile.
     But most important is to go out into the world          autobiographies’ of technologists and business people             a question that is answered on the website; look      •   Facebook: Post a message to your personal
     and make lots of friends and no enemies. It is          to create a foundation on which to build his commercial           at competitors.                                           contacts letting them know what you are most
     never worth winning an argument and losing              awareness (so he could start Microsoft at 19 years old).                                                                    interested in and asking for recommendations
     a friend. Bake cakes, buy beers, socialise at                Also, tailor your elevator pitch. An elevator pitch is   4   Research people who work in the sector on LinkedIn.       for people to contact.
     lunchtime. The more you can turn your tutor or
                                                             three sentences:                                                                                                        •   Industry websites: Many employer websites
                                                             1. Who am I? – tailor it to resonate with who they are        5   Talk to junior sector workers and note the                include ‘about us’ or ‘staff team’ pages where
     supervisor or other senior people into sponsors
                                                                  looking for.                                                 language and technical terms they use as they             you can learn more about who works there
     who support you and push you forward for
                                                             2. What do I want? – tailor it to resonate with what              talk about their job.                                     (sometimes there is also an email address).
     things, the more successful you will be.
                                                                  they are offering.                                                                                                 •   ResearchGate: A social networking site for
                                                             3. A question – to start a conversation, research it,         6   Network with sector leaders or interview them             scientists and researchers to share papers, ask
                   Dr Mike Moss, Careers Adviser                  make it engaging and demonstrate the depth of                when you understand the job inside out and how            and answer questions, and find collaborators.
                                                                  knowledge you already have.                                  to talk about it like an insider.

22                                                                                                www.careers.ox.ac.uk     www.careers.ox.ac.uk                                                                                            23
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