Botanical insecticides used to manage insect pests in Africa

 
 
Botanical insecticides used to manage insect pests in Africa
Botanical insecticides used to
                     manage insect pests in Africa

As part of the 'Developing eco-friendly insecticides' pump-prime funded research project, a survey of
CONNECTED network members was organised to get information about known examples of botanical
insecticides that are used to manage insect pests in Africa
Which plant species is used to extract the       Which pest is it used to treat?             Which crop/s is it used on?   In which geographic area
botanical insecticide?                                                                                                     is it used?

Chenopodium ambrosioides                         Bean bruchid                                Dry beans                     Southern highland Tanzania

A) Garlic (Allium sativum) & Neem B) Lemon       A) Army worm, Maize leaf hoppers, Corn         A) Maize B) Cocoyam        South East of Nigeria
grass (Cymbogon citrates), Black pepper          aphids, Helioverpa. B) Pythium spp.,              C) Cowpea D) Yam
(Pipper       guineensis). C) Ginger (Zingiber   Rhizoctonia spp., Fusarium spp.,                  E) Cassava
officinale), Bitter kola (Garcinia cola) &       Phytophthora colocasiae, Cladosporium
Neem (Azadirachta indica) D) Ocimum              colocasiae. C) Macrophomina phaseolina
gratissimum, Aframomum melegueta) E)             & Xanthomonas campestris.
Obiara ohuru/Awolowo or independent.             D)Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus,
                                                 Fusarium oxysporium, Rhizopus stolonifer,
                                                 Botryodiplodia theobromae & Penicillium
                                                 chrysogenum. E) White flies, mealy bugs,
                                                 cassava mites, cassava green mite,
                                                 Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus spp., Mucor
                                                 spp., Botryodiplodiae theobromae,
                                                 Penicillium sp., & Fusarium solani.

Azadirachta indica , Dodonaea viscosa ,          3rd instar larvae of Trogoderma granarium   cereal grains                 Khartoum state - sudan
Lantana camara ,Artemisia herba-alba ,
Ocimum basilicum , Nicotiana rustica.

Tithonia diversifolia                            plant-parasitic nematode – Pratylenchus     Maize                         Nigeria

Tephrosia vogelii                                maize stalk borer                           maize                         Midwestern zone of Uganda

                                                                                             Yam (Dioscorea sp.) and
Neem (Azadirachta indica)                        Nematodes                                   other vegetable crops         West Africa

                                                 blattodean pests,lepidopteran
                                                 pests,thysanopteran                                                       Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
Azadirachta indica,Allium sativum                pests ,coleopteran,hemipteran pests         Tomato, watermelon            most prominantely

Azadirachta indica                               Aphids                                      Trees                         Lowland area in Burundi

Neem                                             Aphids                                      Bush beans                    Eastern Rusizi Valley in
                                                                                                                           northern Bujumbura, Burundi
Which plant species is used to extract the       Which pest is it used to treat?                Which crop/s is it used on?    In which geographic area
botanical insecticide?                                                                                                         is it used?

Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium)       whiteflies, Aphids, Cutworms and African       Maize                          Riftvalley region
                                                 bollworm
Neem                                             Termite                                        Cassava                        Malawi

Tanacetum cinerariifolium), neem (Azadirachta    foliar beetles, cowpea lower thrips, pod       tomatoes, legumes, potatoes,   warm areas where the pest
indica), sabadilla (Schoenocaulon officinale),   borer, aphids, tomato fruit worm, white fly,   vegetables, yams               is able to thrive depends on
tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and ryania           aphids, nematodes                                                             the crop
(Ryania speciose)

Azardiractha indica                              Mites, Aphids and others (Broad                Vegetables                     Ibadan, Nigeria
                                                 spectrum)

                                                 whiteflies, leafhopper, aphids, tomato fruit   Vegetables (tomato,            West Africa
Azadirachta indica                               borer                                          eggplant, pepper, cabbage,
                                                                                                etc)

                                                 Aphids, leaf beettles, leaf hoppers, leaf      Leafy vegetables crops,        Tropical region- West Africa
Neem plant                                       rollers, thrips                                cowpea and okra pests          Nigeria)

                                                                                                Tomato, Banana and in other    Assam(North eastern states
Neem (Azadiracta indica)                         Whiteflies, Aphids                             horticultural crops            of India)

                                                                                                Cotton,vegetables,legumes      Eastern Africa,majorly
Neem tree,kaya, lantana camara                   Mainly lepidoperan and sucking pests           and cereals                    Uganda

Azadiracta indica (Neem) Xylopia aethiopica      Stem borers Weevils etc                        Cowpea Maize                   Tropical rain forest generally

Lantana camara                                   It used to eradicate viruses vectors           Irish potato                   Cameroon

Tobacco Eucalyptus Chili peppers                 Tobacco treats banana weevils.                 Tobacco is used on banana.     Uganda.
                                                 Eucalyptus treats against scale insects like   Eucalyptus is used on maize
                                                 aphids, mites. Chili peppers treat against     and beans. Chili peppers are
                                                 leaf hoppers.                                  used on maize

In my country, people use the mixed solution     Brevicoryne brassicae, Plutella                Potato, apple, cabbage and     Central Asia
pepper and leaf of peach, soup                   maculipennis                                   usually vegetables
Which plant species is used to extract the          Which pest is it used to treat?                Which crop/s is it used on?   In which geographic area
botanical insecticide?                                                                                                           is it used?

Neem plant or scientifically known as               pests infesting maize such as large grain      Maize                         East Africa
Azadirachta Indica whose seeds produces an          borer
insecticide called Azadirachtin

Azadirachta indica                                  Sahlbergerlla singularis                       Theobroma cacao               Nigeria ( Tropical area)

Neem Plant, Azadirachta indica                      Drosophila melogaster Epilachna                Akro, Vegetables, Orange,     Southwest Nigeria
                                                    varivestis Podagrica uniforma

Azadirachta indica (neem tree)                      Leaves                                         Cucubits and herbaceous       Mostly popular in the
                                                                                                   crops                         savanna agroecolofical zone
                                                                                                                                 of Ghana where the neem
                                                                                                                                 tree thrives

Neem plant                                          Armyworm, stem borer                           Maize                         North Central, Nigeria

Azadiractha indica (Neem), hyptis                   Broad range of field insect pests              Cereals, legumes and          Southwest Nigeria
suaveolensis                                                                                       vegetables

Datura stramonium                                   White flies and caterpillars                   Tomato (Solanum
                                                                                                   lycopersicum) and maize       Highland areas of western
                                                                                                   (Zea mays)                    Kenya in Bungoma County,
                                                                                                                                 Mount Elgon sub-county.
Azadirachta indica (Dongoyaro)                      bean weevil, thrips, aphids etc                cowpea, tomato, pepper etc    Nigeria

Neem tree, Azadirachta indica                       Several pests of various insect orders         All crops                     Asia and Africa

Ginger, scent leaf, neem, negro pepper              Hoppers                                        Cowpea                        Nigeria- Port Harcourt

I use dried leaves of Nicotiana tabaccum, if not    Aphids, mites, other sucking insects, it can   ornamental plants, tomato,    Oklahoma, from spring to
available you can buy cheap cigarette boxes         be combined with mineral oil to improve its    pepper                        fall.
and preparing an infusion (te like) allowing the    strength
tocacco without the filter to boil or release its
component to water (it will turn brownish).
depending on the strength desired 2-5 boxes
per gallon.
Which plant species is used to extract the   Which pest is it used to treat?              Which crop/s is it used on?     In which geographic area
botanical insecticide?                                                                                                    is it used?

Neem                                         Field pest                                   Any crops grown in the fields   West Africa

Neem, pepper, and pawpaw leaves              Vegetables pests eg beetles, larva           Vegetables                      Almost all the geographical
                                             whiteflies among others                                                      areas

Seeds                                        Aphis cacrcivora, thrips , Maruca etc.       Cowpea                          West Africa

Pendilin                                     Weed                                         Rice                            Nigeria

Neem Tree                                    Storage and field Pest. Example,             Cowpea                          Savannah
                                             Callosobruchus maculatus

Moringa oleifera                             Army worm                                    Maize                           Southwestern part of Nigeria

Leonotis nepetifolia                         Spider mites                                 French beans and tomatoes       Tropics

Hyptis suaveolens                            Stem borer, aphids                           Rice, sesame                    Northern Guinea Savanna-
                                                                                                                          Kadawa
Azadirachta Indica                           Aphids                                       tomato and pepper               Southern Benin Republic

Neem Tree extract                            Cowpea weevil                                Maize, Cowpea                   Northern Nigeria

Tobacco and Chilies                          FAW                                          Maize                           in some parts of Uganda and
                                                                                                                          Ethiopia

Tephrosia Vogelii                            Thick and worms                              Cocoa, rubber, coffee and       Sub Sahara Africa e.g
                                                                                          cinchona plantation             Uganda, Kenya

Azadirachta indica                           To control various butterflies, aphids and   Vegetables                      Nigeria and West Africa
                                             leaf-eating pupa

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium                Broad spectrum biopesticide                  Most commercial crops           Worldwide

Neem, Lantana Camara , Tephrosia vogelli,
Bidens Pilosa                                Fall armyworm, Tuta absoluta and many        Maize, beans, pigeon peas,      Malawi in southern Africa
                                             more                                         vegetables
Which plant species is used to extract the         Which pest is it used to treat?          Which crop/s is it used on?   In which geographic area
botanical insecticide?                                                                                                    is it used?

Tagetes minuta Chenopodium ambroides and           antestiopsis and spodoptera              coffee and corn               Eastern of DRC, South Kivu
allium sativum                                                                                                            Province

Azadirachta indica, cymbopogon citratus,           Capsid, Mirid, weevil                    Cocoa, maize, bean            Cameroon, Nigeria
anona muricata, tithonnia diversifolia, fir tree

Neem, lantana camara, citrus peels, Vernonia       Storage pests                            Grains, kola nuts             Nigeria
armygdalina, Nicotiana tabacum, Eucalyptus,
tetrapleura, jatropha fruit, cedrela odorara,
pepper

Neem Oil Extract                                   cabbage worm                             Cabbage                       Ghana

Garlic                                             Diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella)   Cabbage                       Ghana

                                                                                                                CONNECTED Virus Network
                                                                                                                          February 2020
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