Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...

 
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition
      (EEN) and Surgery

Azar B-Nejad
Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal
Surgery and Intestinal Failure
Fiona Stanley Hospital
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...
Contents
• What is EEN?
• Who can benefit from EEN?
• When should EEN be used?
• Why should EEN be used?
• How does EEN work?
• What does this mean for my other treatments and
  medications?
• A note on “other” diets
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...
What is EEN?

The provision of 100% of a persons nutrition
requirements from a liquid nutrition formula

Can be drank orally or if taste not tolerated, given
via a feeding tube.

The idea is to use as a form of therapy to induce
remission
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...
What is EEN? C’td
 Drink only nutrition supplements and water for 6-8 weeks

 A Dietitian will calculate the type and number of nutrition
  supplements you need to have per day

 Can include up to 500ml of clear broth or jelly (not diet).
 Boiled lollies or chewing gum (not sugar free).
 No other food or fluids other than water

 Food reintroduction must be done slowly and under the
 supervision of a dietitian. Food reintroduction typically
 takes 5-10 days

 Most common reasons people refuse EEN are because they
  are unwilling to give up food for 6-8 weeks and taste
preference
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...
Who can benefit from EEN?
People with crohns disease

Children and adults

People that have been recommended to trial EEN
by their gastroenterologist and are under the
supervision of a dietitian

No evidence for its use in Ulcerative colitis (UC)
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...
When is EEN used?
•   Active disease
•   Not usually first line therapy in adults
•   Help to achieve appropriate weight and BMI
•   Pre-operative optimisation
•   Obstructive symptoms
•   Strictures
•   Fistulas
•   Malnutrition
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (EEN) and Surgery - Azar B-Nejad Senior Dietitian - Gastroenterology, Colorectal Surgery and Intestinal Failure Fiona ...
Why is EEN used?
• Waist circumference is better linked to
  outcomes in IBD than BMI
• Surgical risks associated with BMI too high or
  too low
• Optimises CRP levels and to some extent
  Albumin i.e. reduces inflammation
• Eliminates the need for steroids
• Promotes mucosal healing
Why is EEN used? C’td
• Cheap
• Tolerable in most people with dietitian support
• Reduces post-operative:
     - anastomotic leaks
     - intra abdominal abscess/collections
     - wound infection and dehiscence
     - high output stoma
     - recurrence of disease 6 months post op

                                 Heerasing et al., (2017). Aliment Pharmacol Ther45: 660-669
Preoperative optimisation.
35 optimised Vs 32 non-optimised patients
How does EEN work?
Promotes reduced inflammation and healing of the
muscosa by altering the microbiota
Mucosa = The innermost layer of the GI tract
It comes into contact with digested food
How does EEN work?
Microbiota or “GUT flora” = the microbe or bacterium
population living in our intestine.

•   There are 10 billion bacterium cells per tspn of stools.
•   We have 10 times more bacterium in our GUT than
    total human body cells

Changing the microbiota with EEN causes:
o Reduced intestinal permeability
o Enhances the GUTs barrier defence
o Promotes a reduction in pro-inflammatory proteins
What does this mean for other
    treatments and medications?
• Often if you are on any steroids, these will be reduced
  and stopped

• EEN does not replace other maintenance medications or
  medical follow up.

• Often used in conjunction with other medications
A note on “other” diets
Doing a “liquid diet” or “juice diet” does NOT
achieve the same results and often causes harm

Partial EN with a crohns disease exclusion diet
• 47 patients (34 children and 13 adults)
• Follow up of 12 weeks
• 70.6% of patients achieved remission at 6 weeks
  (69% of adults and 70.5% of children)
• CRP normalised for 70% of patients
Crohns disease exclusion diet
Thank you
Questions???
You can also read
NEXT SLIDES ... Cancel