Family Engagement Framework - A TOOL FOR CALIFORNIA SCHOOL DISTRICTS - California Department of Education

 
Family Engagement Framework - A TOOL FOR CALIFORNIA SCHOOL DISTRICTS - California Department of Education
Family Engagement Framework
A TO OL F OR C ALI F OR NI A S C HOOL DI S TR I C TS

       California Department of Education
       SACRAMENTO 2 0 1 4
Family Engagement Framework - A TOOL FOR CALIFORNIA SCHOOL DISTRICTS - California Department of Education
Family Engagement Framework - A TOOL FOR CALIFORNIA SCHOOL DISTRICTS - California Department of Education
Family Engagement Framework
A TO OL F OR C ALI F OR NI A S C HOOL DI S TR I C TS

                          California Department of Education
                                       SACRAM E NTO 2 0 1 4
This edition of the Family Engagement Framework was revised by the California Department of Education (CDE) in
collaboration with the WestEd Center for Prevention and Early Intervention (CPEI) under a contract with the
Californians Dedicated to Education Foundation (CDEF) with funding support from the Heising-Simons Foundation.
The Center for Prevention and Early Intervention provides training and technical assistance in policy development,
translation of research to practice, systems evaluation, and implementation of evidence-based practices to promote a
comprehensive approach to improving developmental, academic, and behavioral outcomes for all children and youth.
The publication was originally developed by the CDE in collaboration with the California Comprehensive Center
(CA CC) at WestEd. Foundational content and support were provided by the Family Area Network, an informal
advisory body to the former Title I Accountability and Partnerships Office at the CDE.
The original work was supported by CA CC at WestEd through funding from the U.S. Department of Education,
PR/Award Number S283B050032. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of
Education, and readers should not assume endorsement by the federal government.
The California Comprehensive Center—a partnership of lead agency WestEd and the American Institutes for
Research and School Services of California—is part of a federal network of 16 regional comprehensive centers.

Revision and Production Team:
CDE
 Nancy Bodenhausen, Education Programs Consultant, Title I Policy and Program Guidance Office
CPEI
 Angela McGuire, Primary Writer
 Carolyn Walker, Editor

Acknowledgements to the Original Production Team:
CDE
 Deb Sigman, Deputy Superintendent, Curriculum, Learning, and Accountability Branch
 Carol Dickson, Education Programs Consultant, Title I Accountability and Partnerships Office
CA CC
 Virginia Reynolds, Task Lead
 Angela McGuire, Primary Writer
 Janice Lowen Agee, Editor
 Carolyn Walker, Editor
 Kelley Versteegh, Graphic Designer

Copyright 2014 California Department of Education. Permission to reproduce with the California Department of
Education copyright notice is hereby granted.
Family Engagement Framework                                1

Table of Contents
Message from the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 3
Introduction.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 5
District Principles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Required District Activities and Implementation Rubrics
     Build Capacity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     Demonstrate Leadership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
     Resources: Fiscal and Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     Monitor Progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
     Access and Equity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Tools for Communicating with Families .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 23
Appendixes
Appendix A: Matrix of Federal and State Parent Involvement
     Code and Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Appendix B: Linking Parent Involvement to Student Achievement: A Review
     of Recent Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Appendix B.1. Annotated List of Selected Articles Linking Parent Involvement
     to Student Achievement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  49
Family Engagement Framework   3

Message from the State
Superintendent of
Public Instruction
Those of us in the education community know that family engagement is one of
the single most important factors in helping students succeed in school. Parents,
families, and other caring adults provide the primary educational environment for
children early in life and can reinforce classroom learning throughout the school
years. That is why the California Department of Education (CDE) supports and
encourages family engagement, and it is why I am pleased to release this updated
Family Engagement Framework (Framework).
The Framework is a joint project of the CDE and WestEd. It brings together re-
search, requirements, and promising practices. It is a tool for leaders in school
districts and county offices of education to use as they work with schools, families,
and communities to plan, implement, and evaluate family engagement practices
that directly impact improved student achievement.
The implementation of the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) has placed a
renewed emphasis on families and educators working together as partners. The
revisions to this Framework include updates to state and federal program require-
ments where family engagement is a vital component, including those under the
new LCFF. And for the first time, the entire Framework is available in Spanish to
reach even more families who want to fully participate in their child’s learning.
At the core of the Framework are district principles that were developed collabora-
tively with input from a wide variety of parent, education, and community organi-
zations. The principles describe expectations, or standards, for districts to engage
family members in supporting their children’s education. The principles address
capacity building, leadership, resource allocation, progress monitoring, access, and
equity. Implementation activities are provided for each district principle, with legal
references cited where appropriate.
Please share this resource with your schools and wider communities to strengthen
involvement and build relationships among critical partners in the education of
California’s students.

Tom Torlakson
4   Family Engagement Framework
Family Engagement Framework       5

Introduction
Purpose
In support of establishing strong, healthy, and systematic         National Network of Partnership Schools at Johns Hopkins
school, family, and community partnerships statewide,              University (Epstein, 2002): (1) parenting, (2) communi-
the California Department of Education (CDE) engaged               cating, (3) volunteering, (4) learning at home, (5) decision
the assistance of the California Comprehensive Center at           making, and (6) collaborating with the community.
WestEd (CA CC) to develop a tool describing expecta-               The draft Standards addressed all levels (state, regional,
tions and implementation strategies for integrated family          county, district, school, classroom, and family) of the
engagement within state educational programs. This Family          educational system and identified opportunities to
Engagement Framework is intended to provide guidance to            strengthen school, family, and community partnerships
educators, districts, schools, families, and communities           through leadership, capacity building, and
as they plan, implement, and evaluate strategies across            accountability. Although stakeholders, including parent
multiple programs for effective family engagement to               leaders, teachers, school and district administrators, and
support student achievement and close the academic                 professional associations, expressed a need and apprecia-
achievement gap.                                                   tion for the Standards, they suggested that the guidance
                                                                   should be provided in a more concise format.
Development                                                        In 2006, CDE, with the assistance of the CA CC, began to
In 2003, the Family Area Network (FAN) Board, an                   analyze and revise the draft Standards. After several months
informal advisory body to the CDE Title I Accountability           of discussion, editing, and reorganization, the Family
and Partnerships Office, engaged parent and educational            Engagement Framework (Framework) was conceptualized.
leaders in developing a set of draft Model Standards for           National educational policies continued to emphasize the
Family Involvement (Standards) grounded in legal statute and       importance of establishing programs to involve families
academic research. The draft Standards were aligned with           and practices to empower and engage families in the
six types of parent involvement described in the model             educational process (U.S. Department of Education [ED],
for school, family, and community partnerships from the            2010). Over the next several years, additional activities

                                                   Family Engagement Framework

                                                                        Principles
                         • Reference program requirements as well as six types of parent involvement.
                         • Differentiate for each level of education implementation, such as district and school.
                         • Address five domains: capacity building, leadership, resources, progress monitoring, and equity.

                         Required District                 Implementation Rubrics                  Tools for Communicating
                         Activities                        • Reflect FAN draft Standards.          with Families
                         • Incorporate federal and         • Plan and evaluate.                    • Are reproducible or
                           state laws and regulations.     • Link to research and                    adaptable.
                                                             promising practices.                  • May be disseminated in
                                                                                                     print or via the Internet.
6       Family Engagement Framework

were conducted to ensure that the Framework addressed state             the local educational agency (LEA) provides, as
and federal requirements and integrated recent research                 required by law.
and useful resources. CA CC staff conducted an extensive
                                                                    VII.	Teaching and Learning. Participants receive
review of the California Education Code (EC) and pertinent
                                                                         core and categorical program services that meet
regulations for CDE programs to identify requirements
                                                                         their assessed needs.
related to parent involvement across programs; CDE staff
across programs provided verification of the identified         Since publication of the Framework in 2011, California
requirements. Within regulations for educational programs       enacted the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) to sim-
implemented by the CDE, the review found the following          plify the state’s school finance system. The LCFF eliminates
requirements:                                                   funding for most state categorical programs. LCFF statutes
                                                                identify parental involvement as a state priority. This edition
    •   Broad parent involvement requirements that apply
                                                                of the Framework reflects these changes and is accurate as of
        to all instructional programs
                                                                its publication date.
    •   Requirements that apply to all categorical
                                                                To further inform the development of the Framework’s
        programs
                                                                content, CA CC staff conducted a focused review of recent
    •   Requirements specific to 17 different programs and      literature to identify a current body of research linking
        initiatives                                             specific parent involvement activities to student achieve-
The Matrix of Federal and State Parent Involvement Code and     ment. The search phrases used to identify research articles
Regulations (Appendix A) lists the legal citations for parent   were “parent involvement” and “parent participation.” In
involvement requirements across education programs and          educational research at the time of this literature review,
initiatives. The citations are categorized by Program Dimen-    the term “engagement” was associated most often with early
sions to align with state accountability and monitoring         parent-child relationships and bonding. “Parent involve-
processes and to illustrate the breadth of parent involvement   ment” and “parent participation” more frequently linked to
requirements. With information and input from CDE staff         research examining the kind of engaged communication and
across programs, the principles of the Family Engagement        interaction described in the Family Engagement Framework. To
Framework are coordinated with seven Program Dimensions:        ensure that articles relevant to current practice and written
    I.	Involvement. Parents, staff, students, and               under a rigorous standard of research were identified, only
       community members participate in developing,             peer-reviewed articles published within the nine years prior
       implementing, and evaluating core and categorical        to publication of the Framework (2001–2010) were sought.
       programs.                                                The focused literature review (Appendix B, Linking Parent
                                                                Involvement to Student Achievement: a Review of Recent
    II.	 Governance and Administration. Policies,               Literature) may serve as a resource to administrators and
         plans, and administration of categorical programs      teachers seeking to identify, select, and support
         meet statutory requirements.                           effective and promising practices in parent involvement.
    III.	Funding. Allocation and use of funds meet              The Annotated List of Selected Articles Linking Parent
         statutory requirements for allowable expenditures.     Involvement to Student Achievement (Appendix B.1)
    IV.	 Standards, Assessment, and Accountability.             describes each of the articles referenced in the Framework.
         Categorical programs meet state standards,             Content describing required and recommended district-
         are based on the assessed needs of program             level parent and community involvement activities was
         participants, and achieve the intended outcomes        periodically sent to parent resource and involvement groups
         of the categorical program.                            for review and input. Members of the FAN, Parent Informa-
    V.	 Staffing and Professional Development.                  tion and Resource Centers, Parent Training and Information
        Staff members are recruited, trained, assigned,         Centers, Family Empowerment Centers, and the California
        and assisted to ensure the program’s effectiveness.     Parent Teacher Association provided input. In 2009, the
                                                                FAN Board endorsed the draft Framework as a tool and
    VI.	Opportunity and Equal Educational Access.               recommended that CDE and the CA CC move forward with
        Participants have equitable access to all programs      production and dissemination.
Family Engagement Framework       7

Components and Layout                                           Required District Activities and
of the Framework                                                Implementation Rubrics
Just as the content of the Family Engagement Framework has      The Required District Activities and Implementation
undergone significant transformation over the last five         Rubrics of the Family Engagement Framework describe
years, so too has the name. Originally referred to as the       specific district actions for each of the 18 District
“Parent Involvement Standards,” the final name reflects         Principles. The Required District Activities column in
commitment to comprehensive partnering among school,            the rubrics presents parent involvement activities that are
family, and community members in support of education.          required under educational program regulations; citations
The terms “parent involvement” and “family involvement”         for specific laws and regulations follow each requirement.
generally refer to a range of activities. They are often used   Actions for implementation of the required activities
interchangeably with other terms, like “parent engage-          are described qualitatively in the corresponding rubrics
ment,” “parent participation,” and “family engagement.”         columns progressing left to right from Basic to Progressive
The proposal to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary        and Innovative Implementation. The description of Basic
Education Act (ED, 2010) uses the term “family engage-          Implementation actions reflects Required Activities.
ment,” referring to an integrated strategy across multiple      The descriptions of Progressive and Innovative
programs. The Family Engagement Framework provides              Implementation reflect research and promising practice
guidance for pursuing an integrated strategy to support         models. The research informing the Framework is reviewed
the exchange of information, purposeful interaction, and        in Appendix B, Linking Parent Involvement to Student
meaningful participation among schools, families, and           Achievement: A Review of Recent Literature.
community partners to support student learning and
achievement. In this document, “parent involvement,”
                                                                Tools for Communicating with Families
“family involvement,” and “family engagement” are gener-
ally used interchangeably.                                      The Tools for Communicating with Families presents
                                                                the content from the Principles, Required District
                                                                Activities, and Implementation Rubrics in a simpler, more
District Principles                                             straightforward format. They may be used to present
The District Principles of the Family Engagement Framework      concepts in the Framework to family and community
provide a one-page overview of the essential actions for        members who do not need access to legal citations and
family and community involvement at the district level.         regulatory language. Each single page may be used as a
Citations in support of specific principles are provided.       stand-alone communication within a newsletter, parent
There are 18 principles arranged within five action areas;      orientation guide, bulk e-mail, or training packet.
the five action areas reference Program Dimensions:             Required District Activities are described along with
                                                                suggestions for parents to pursue involvement at the
    1.	 Build Capacity – addresses Program Dimension
                                                                level at which they are comfortable. The suggestions for
        I: Involvement; Program Dimension V: Staffing
                                                                parent involvement may lead to development of deeper
        and Professional Development; Program Dimen-
                                                                family involvement and engagement activities at more
        sion VII: Teaching and Learning
                                                                progressive and innovative levels.
    2.	 Demonstrate Leadership – addresses Program
        Dimension II: Governance and Administration
    3.	 Resources: Fiscal and Other – addresses
        Program Dimension III: Funding
    4.	 Monitor Progress – addresses Program Dimen-
        sion IV: Standards, Assessment, and Accountability
    5.	 Access and Equity – addresses Program
        Dimension VI: Opportunity and Equal Educational
        Access
8   Family Engagement Framework
Family Engagement Framework          9

District Principles
1.    BUILD C APACIT Y 1                                                  3.     RESOURCES: FISC AL AND OTHER 3
1.01 Ensure that all principals understand and implement                  3.01 Allocate resources and assign staff to implement the plan.
     required and effective parental involvement practices at
     their schools [Title I, Part A, 1118 (a)(1)].
                                                                          4.     MONITOR PROGRESS 4
                                                                          4.01 Ensure all schools integrate parental involvement
1.02 Establish family-friendly volunteer policies to recruit and               programs into the school’s Single Plan for Student
     organize help and support from parents.                                   Achievement [EC 11502(e), 11504].
1.03 Train parents to successfully participate in curricular and          4.02 Provide oversight, support, and coordination of par-
     budgetary decision making.                                                ent involvement activities among district schools and
1.04 Identify and integrate resources and services from the                    programs.
     community to strengthen school programs, family                      4.03 Document progress of each school’s implementation of
     practices, and student learning and development.                          its parent involvement program [EC 11503(c)(d), refers
1.05 Ensure staff and family access to training in effective                   specifically to Title I].
     school, family, and community partnerships.                          4.04 Assess every principal’s effectiveness in establishing and
1.06 Train staff, with the assistance of parents, in how to reach              maintaining school, family, and community partnerships
     out to and work with parents as equal partners in their                   at his or her school.
     children’s education [Title I, Part A, 1118 (e)(3)].                 5.     ACCESS AND EQUIT Y 5
1.07 Ensure that teachers and families have knowledge                     5.01 Ensure that critical parent information is readily available
     and tools to help students with homework and other                        in accessible formats and languages spoken by families in
     curriculum-related activities.                                            the district [EC 48985].
2.    DEMONSTRATE LEADERSHIP 2                                            5.02 Ensure that parent representation on committees reflects
2.01 Ensure that all schools have parent/family involvement                    the composition of the student body.
     programs (EC 11502 – 11504).                                         5.03 Ensure that schools have a system in place with multiple
2.02 Meet requirements of state and federal law regarding                      strategies to facilitate two-way communication with
     family involvement.                                                       parents and community members on a regular basis [EC
                                                                               11502(c), EC 11503(b)(4)].
      a. Ensure parent representation on district and school
         committees as required by law.
      b. Establish district family involvement policies and
         programs [Title I, Part A, 1118 (a)(2); EC 11503 –
         11504].
2.03 Involve families in advisory bodies and training strategies.

      1. Items 1.01 through 1.04 support Program Dimension I: Involvement – Parents, staff, students, and community members
           participate in developing, implementing, and evaluating core and categorical programs. Items 1.05 and 1.06 support Program
           Dimension V: Staffing and Professional Development – Staff members are recruited, trained, assigned, and assisted to ensure
           the program’s effectiveness. Item 1.07 supports Program Dimension VII: Teaching and Learning – Participants receive core and
           categorical program services that meet their assessed needs.
      2. Items in this domain support Program Dimension II: Governance and Administration – Policies, plans, and administration of
           categorical programs meet statutory requirements.
      3. Items in this domain support Program Dimension III: Funding – Allocation and use of funds meet statutory requirements for
           allowable expenditures.
      4. Items in this domain support Program Dimension IV: Standards, Assessment, and Accountability – Categorical programs
           meet state standards, are based on the assessed needs of program participants, and achieve the intended outcomes of the
           categorical program.
      5. Items in this domain support Program Dimension VI: Opportunity and Equal Educational Access – Participants have equitable
           access to all programs the local educational agency provides, as required by law.
Family Engagement Framework               11
Required District Activities
and Implementation Rubrics
1. Build Capacity
This set of rubrics describes program implementation addressing Program Dimension I: Involvement, Program Dimension V:
Staffing and Professional Development, and Program Dimension VII: Teaching and Learning.

1.01 Ensure all principals understand and implement required and effective
     parental involvement practices at their schools.
 Federal and State Activities                Basic Implementation               Progressive Implementation             Innovative Implementation
Provide coordination, technical        Provide to principals                   In addition to basic training on the   In addition to basic and progressive
assistance, and other support to       • technical assistance materials for    role of families in governance and     training for principals, employ
school staff for including families      training advisory committees in       decision making, provide princi-       joint training and team-building
as participants in local educational     their roles and responsibilities;     pals with training and resources on    activities for principals and parent
agency (LEA) and school gover-                                                 • engaging with family members         leaders to
nance and decision making [20          • information, support, and
                                         professional development                individually or as members           • build relationships;
United States Code (USC) 6318(a)                                                 of advisory groups to solve
(2)(B)].                                 opportunities addressing the                                                 • engage in strategic planning;
                                         role of families as participants in     problems, draft policy, and
                                                                                 make decisions; and/or               • examine student achievement
                                         LEA and school governance and                                                  in relationship to parent
Establish parent/community               decision making;                      • linking school-level plans and         involvement;
advisory committees [5 California      • information and models for              school-parent compacts to
Code of Regulations (CCR) 18275].                                                student learning; and/or             and/or
                                         required school-level plans for
                                         parent involvement;                   • focusing advisory group and          Encourage principals to schedule
                                                                                 council activities to support        ongoing opportunities for
Ensure that plans for parent           • information and guidance                                                     parent-teacher communication and
involvement and education include        on involving families in the            student achievement;
                                                                                                                      interaction.
• Parent conferences                     development of required parent        and/or
                                         involvement and education             Encourage principals to increase
     o    At least two per year          plans;
          [5 CCR 18275].                                                       opportunities for parent-teacher
                                       • support to establish and hold         conferences, in addition to the
                                         regular, calendared meetings          required two.
                                         of required parent community
                                         advisory committees;
                                       and
                                       Support school sites to conduct
                                       at least two parent-teacher
                                       conferences per year.

1.02 Establish family-friendly volunteer policies to recruit and organize
     parent help and suppor t.
 Federal and State Activities                Basic Implementation               Progressive Implementation             Innovative Implementation
Facilitate supervision of family       Provide teachers with written           In addition to basic information and   In addition to teacher training and
members volunteering time and          information and guidance on             guidance, develop and disseminate      resources, provide training for
resources to improve school            supervising parent volunteers who       volunteer management resources         parents in specific skills for work-
facilities and programs [28 EC         are assisting in classrooms.            and provide teachers with training     ing with children in classrooms
51101(a)(3)].                                                                  on their use, including:
                                                                               • handbook;                            and/or
                                                                               • volunteer forms;
                                                                               • guidelines for recruiting,           Provide fiscal or other real support
                                                                                 screening, training, and retain-     for a recognition program for
                                                                                 ing volunteers;                      classroom volunteers and family/
                                                                               • certificates of recognition.         teacher leaders.
12        Required District Activities and Implementation Rubrics

1.03 Train parents to successfully par ticipate in curricular and budgetar y
     decision making.
 Federal and State Activities             Basic Implementation              Progressive Implementation            Innovative Implementation
Provide training and resources to   Provide training and resources         In addition to providing training     In addition to progressive training
parents on                          to parents, especially those serving   to parents serving on advisory        activities,
• content standards;                on advisory committees, to             committees,                           • utilize the Internet to survey
                                    include                                • provide training accessible to        parents and/or provide infor-
• academic achievement
  standards;                        • content standards;                     all families on parent/family         mation and training to facilitate
                                    • academic achievement                   involvement policies, plans,          their participation in decision
• academic assessment;                                                       roles, and responsibilities; and/     making; and/or
                                      standards;
• parent involvement                                                         or                                  • adopt a train-the-trainer model,
  requirements;                     • academic assessment;
                                                                           • actively recruit new parents to       using veteran parents for
• monitoring academic progress;     • parent involvement                     participate in training and on        ongoing training of new parents;
                                      requirements;                          advisory committees;
• working with teachers.                                                                                         • provide parents/family
                                    • monitoring academic progress;        • involve parents in the                members Internet access
[20 USC 6318(e)(1)]                                                          development of training.              through public computer labs.
                                    • working with teachers.

Provide targeted training and
resources to advisory committee
members [EC 62002.5, 5 CCR
11308(d), 20 USC 6312(g)(4)].

1.04 Identify and integrate resources and services from the community to strengthen
     school programs, family practices, and student learning and development.
 Federal and State Activities             Basic Implementation              Progressive Implementation             Innovative Implementation
Conduct outreach to community       Utilize one-way communication          In addition to basic activities,      Form a partnership* with
agencies to                         outlets (mailers, brochures, public    • provide teachers with lists of      community-based organizations
• inform of services;               service announcements) to                available community resources;      and other public agencies to
                                    community agencies to                    and/or                              • plan or coordinate parent/
• solicit support.
                                    • provide information about            • provide presentations for,            family involvement activities
                                      educational services;                  attend functions of, and              and programs;
Coordinate and integrate parent     • solicit support for educational        maintain communications with        • obtain or provide technical
involvement activities with           programs;                              community organizations to            assistance;
• public preschool;                 and                                      cultivate relationships in          • establish effective channels for
                                                                             support of education; and/or          communicating with families;
• other public educational          Ensure that parent involvement
  programs;                         activities address the needs of        • collaborate with other public       • obtain or provide training for
                                    and are available to families with       agencies providing services to        families;
• parent resource centers.                                                   families to support parent/
                                    children                                                                     • disseminate resources and
[20 USC 6318(e)(4)]                                                          family involvement in
                                    • across education programs;             education;                            information on an ongoing
                                    • in public preschool;                                                         basis;
                                                                           and/or
                                    and                                                                          and/or
                                                                           Encourage parent resource centers
                                    Work with parent resource centers      to collaborate to provide services    Support the establishment of a
                                    (established under Title I and         and support to all families.          comprehensive, collaborative
                                    the Individuals with Disabilities                                            parent resource center to meet
                                    Education Act) to implement                                                  the needs of all families.
                                    parent involvement activities.                                               * Example: Action Team for
                                                                                                                 Partnerships as described by
                                                                                                                 Epstein, 2002.
Family Engagement Framework            13

1.05 Ensure staff and family access to training in effective school, family,
     and community par tnerships.
 Federal and State Activities                Basic Implementation            Progressive Implementation            Innovative Implementation
Provide parent orientation [5 CCR      Provide printed information          In addition to providing basic        In addition to providing training for
18275].                                and resources to support parent      information and linkage to            staff and families,
                                       orientation activities at schools    resources,
                                                                                                                  • involve parents in training
Inform parents and parent              and                                  • survey parents to determine           design and delivery; and/or
organizations of information           Disseminate to parents and             information, skill, and support
                                                                              needs for participation;            • support participation of district
available from parent                  parent organizations, via mail and                                           and school teams in train-the-
information and resource centers       Internet, information about the      and/or                                  trainer opportunities, such
[20 USC 6318(g)].                      appropriate parent information       • provide training for staff and        as the National Network of
                                       and resource centers.                  families on                           Partnership Schools Leadership
                                                                                                                    Institute; and/or
                                                                                o respectful partnerships;
                                                                                o organizing programs;            • encourage the formation of
                                                                                                                    parent groups, even when not
                                                                                o conducting meetings;              state-mandated, and provide
                                                                                o linking program activi-           space for formal and informal
                                                                                      ties to academic goals;       meetings.
                                                                                o skills for collaboration;
                                                                            and/or
                                                                            • access parent information and
                                                                              resource centers as a training
                                                                              resource for staff and families.

1.06 Train staff, with the assistance of parents, in how to reach out to and
     work with parents as equal par tners in their children’s education.
 Federal and State Activities                Basic Implementation            Progressive Implementation            Innovative Implementation

Educate staff in the value of parent   Provide information, support, and    Augment basic information             In addition to providing
involvement, outreach to parents,      professional development for staff   and support with professional         information and training for all
communication with parents,            on parent/family involvement,        development in specific strategies    staff, establish and provide training
partnering, implementing parent        including                            for parent/family involvement         to a designated district parent
programs, and building ties            • the value of parent/family         provided annually via                 involvement leadership team,
between parents and the school           involvement;                       • regular in-service days;
[20 USC 6318(e)(3), EC 8238(d)
(3)].                                  • outreach, communication,           • principals’ meetings;               and/or
                                         and partnering with parents/       • leadership days;
                                         families;
                                                                            and/or                                In addition to consulting parents for
                                       • implementing parent/family                                               input on training, utilize parent
                                         programs;                          Provide professional development,
                                                                            including strategies and resources    leaders as partners in the delivery
                                       • building ties between the home     for communicating with parents        of training.
                                         and the school;                    about
                                       and                                  • content standards;
                                       Utilize parent input to design and   • expectations for student
                                       deliver staff training on parent       achievement;
                                       involvement.
                                                                            • strategies for parents to support
                                                                              student achievement and
                                                                              learning at home.
14         Required District Activities and Implementation Rubrics

1.07 Ensure that teachers and families have the knowledge and tools to help
     students with homework and other curriculum-related activities.
 Federal and State Activities              Basic Implementation            Progressive Implementation            Innovative Implementation
Establish guidelines and             Establish guidelines and             Develop parent guides and tools       Develop parent-teacher
procedures for classroom             procedures for parents visiting      to link classroom observation to      observation follow-up activities
observations [27 EC 49091.10(b)].    classrooms to observe.               supporting learning at home.          to encourage partnering;
                                     and                                  and/or                                and/or
Survey parents to plan and           Survey parents, or support           Include items in the survey to        Support parent resource centers to
conduct activities to help parents   schools to survey parents, to plan   parents/families to assess what       • collect and disseminate
support child learning and           and conduct activities to help       families are already doing and          resources on environments
development [5 CCR 18280].           parents support child learning and   what they need to learn to support      and approaches that support
                                     development.                         learning at home.                       learning at home;
Provide information to               and                                  and/or                                • publish and/or post
families [20 USC 6318(e)(1), 28 EC   Disseminate information to           Translate basic written                 information;
51101(a)(11-12)] regarding           families on                          information and resources into        • establish an accessible
• academic performance               • academic performance               languages used by families in the       information library and/or
  standards;                           standards;                         district.                               center;
• proficiencies;                     • proficiencies;                     and/or                                • establish a mobile library
• expected skills;                   • expected skills;                   In addition to written information      and/or center;
                                                                          for families, provide training for    and/or
• school rules;                      • school rules;                      parents.
• results of standardized and        • results of standardized and                                              Train family members and
                                                                          and/or                                teachers together and/or in teams
  statewide tests [28 EC 51101(a)      statewide tests;
  (5)];                                                                   Include in parent training specific   to support strategies for learning
                                     • materials and training to          skill areas identified through the    at home.
• materials and training to help       help parents work with their       district survey.
  parents work with their children     children;
  [20 USC 6318(e)(2); 20 USC                                              and/or
                                     • training to participate in team
  6381d(2),(4),(7); EC 8238(b)];       meetings and decisions             Train teachers in
• training to participate in team      involving their own children.      • the use of interactive
  meetings and decisions                                                    homework;
  involving their own children [EC                                        • other effective strategies for
  56363(b)(11); 5 CCR 3051.11].                                             supporting homework.
                                                                          and/or
Conduct other activities to                                               Provide family literacy services to
encourage and support parents,                                            develop skills of family members
including parent resource centers                                         to support learning at home.
[20 USC 6381(d)(4)].
Family Engagement Framework           15
2. Demonstrate Leadership
This set of rubrics describes program implementation addressing Program Dimension II: Governance and Administration.

2.01 Ensure that all schools have family/parent involvement programs.
 Federal and State Activities               Basic Implementation               Progressive Implementation           Innovative Implementation
Establish a districtwide, board-      Document that the district              Establish a parent involvement      Include in the district parent
adopted parent involvement policy     governing board has adopted             leadership team to guide and        involvement leadership team
applicable to all schools [7 EC       • a parent involvement policy           coordinate parent involvement       • membership representative of
11504].                                 applicable to all schools that        programs throughout the district,     all district schools;
                                        addresses the program require-        including
                                                                                                                  • a plan for continuity during
Integrate parent involvement            ment for Title I schools in its       • membership of teachers,             changes in district leadership;
programs into school plans for          district (see 2.02)                     parents, administrators, and
                                                                                other partners;                   and/or
academic accountability               and
[7 EC 11502(e)].                                                              • regularly scheduled meetings;     Include in the district parent
                                      • an LCAP for the district that de-                                         involvement policy
                                        scribes annual goals for parental     and/or
                                        involvement and specific actions                                          • personnel policies that incorpo-
Ensure that policies and programs                                             In developing the district parent     rate parent involvement in
for Title I programs meet               to achieve those goals.               involvement policy and plan,             o staff selection,
requirements for parent                                                       utilize a planning model to                   evaluation, promotion,
involvement under Title I                                                     • analyze surveys;                            and development;
[EC 11503].                                                                                                            o preparation of new staff;
                                                                              • set goals and expectations;
                                                                                                                       o contract time for
                                                                              • identify and design supports to             meeting with families;
Include and review annual goals                                                 achieve expectations;
for parental involvement in the                                                                                        o rewards and incentives;
Local Control and Accountability                                              • identify staff and resources to   • school-home communication;
Plan (LCAP) [EC 52060].                                                         support the plan.
                                                                                                                  • guidelines for
                                                                                                                      o agreements with
                                                                                                                            community agencies;
                                                                                                                      o partnering with
                                                                                                                            businesses;
                                                                                                                      o district- and school-level
                                                                                                                            decision making;
                                                                                                                      o parent choice among
                                                                                                                            schools and programs.

2.02 Meet requirements of state and federal law regarding family involvement.
          a.        Ensure parent representation on district and school committees as required by law.
          b.        Establish district family involvement policies and programs.

 Federal and State Activities               Basic Implementation               Progressive Implementation           Innovative Implementation

Establish a District English          Ensure that at least 51 percent of      Actively inform and recruit         Train parents to serve on advisory
Learner Advisory Committee            DELAC members are parents of            parents representative of the       bodies, including school site and
(DELAC), at least 51 percent of       English learners.                       student population about            district councils.
whose members are parents of          and                                     opportunities to participate in
English learners [5 CCR 11308, EC                                             advisory groups.
52176(a)].                            Ensure that the district has a Parent
                                      Advisory Committee for early
Establish a Parent Advisory           childhood programs.
Committee (Child Care and             and
Development) [5 CCR 18275].
                                      Ensure that the district Community
Establish a Community Advisory        Advisory Committee includes parents
Committee, including parents of       of students with exceptional needs
individuals with exceptional needs    and other pupils enrolled in school.
and other pupils enrolled in school   and
[EC 56192].
                                      Ensure that the district has a parent
Establish a parent advisory com-      advisory committee to advise the dis-
mittee for LCAP [EC 52063(a)(1)].     trict on the development of the LCAP.
                                                                                                                                  continued next page
16         Required District Activities and Implementation Rubrics

2.02 (continued) Meet requirements of state and federal law regarding
     family involvement.
          a.        Ensure parent representation on district and school committees as required by law.
          b.        Establish district family involvement policies and programs.

 Federal and State Activities              Basic Implementation                Progressive Implementation          Innovative Implementation
Develop and review with and           Develop with and distribute             In developing the district parent   To facilitate linking the parent
distribute to parents a written       to parents an annually updated          involvement policy and plan,        involvement policy and plan to
parent involvement policy [20         written parent involvement policy,      establish school improvement        school improvement and student
USC 6318(a)(2), 28 EC 51101(b)]       outlining the district’s Title I plan   efforts and student performance     achievement, establish an annual
describing how the LEA will           for                                     goals as the foundation.            work plan identifying
• involve parents in program          • involving parents in program                                              • strategies;
  planning, review, and improve-        planning, review, and                                                     • timelines;
  ment [20 USC 6318(a)];                improvement;
                                                                                                                  • persons responsible for
• assist schools to implement         • assisting schools to implement                                              implementation;
  effective parent involvement          effective parent involvement
  activities;                           activities;                                                               • measurable goals;
• build capacity for parent           • building capacity for parent                                              • a plan for dissemination.
  involvement;                          involvement;
• coordinate and integrate parent     • coordinating and integrating
  involvement strategies across         parent involvement strategies
  programs;                             across programs;
• conduct an annual evaluation        • conducting an annual evaluation
  of the impact of the parent           of the impact of the parent
  involvement policy, including         involvement policy, including
     o improvement in                      o    improvement in
          academic achievement;                 academic achievement;
     o barriers to parent                  o    barriers to parent
          participation;                        participation;
     o strategies for effective            o    strategies for effective
          parent involvement.                   parent involvement;
Include in the parent involvement     • regular and periodic parent
program regular and periodic            training on
training [7 EC 11503(b)] on
                                           o    how to support learning
• how parents can support                       at home and at school;
  learning at home and at school;
                                           o    activities, strategies, and
• activities, strategies, and                   materials to support
  materials to support learning at              learning at home and at
  home and at school;                           school;
• child development;                       o    child development;
• positive discipline;                     o    positive discipline;
• healthy parent-child                     o    healthy parent-child
  relationships;                                relationships;
• effective two-way, home-school           o    effective two-way,
  communication.                                home-school
Involve parents in draft and review             communication.
of the policy.                        Present the LCAP or annual
Update the policy periodically.       update to required parent advisory
Present the LCAP or annual            committees for review and com-
update to required parent advisory    ment and respond to committee
committees for review and com-        comments in writing.
ment; respond in writing to
comments [EC 52062(a)(1-2)].
Family Engagement Framework             17

2.03 Involve families in advisor y bodies and training strategies.
 Federal and State Activities                Basic Implementation                Progressive Implementation           Innovative Implementation
Include parents in the decisions       Include parents in decisions             Actively promote and dedicate        Encourage parents to chair or
regarding how funds are allotted       regarding the allotment of funds         time at advisory meetings for        co-chair advisory bodies
for parent involvement activities      and development of programs              public input to obtain additional
[20 USC 6318(3)(8)].                   for parent/family involvement            parental perspectives
                                       activities, specifically                                                      and/or

Involve DELAC [5 CCR 11308(c)].        • involve DELAC;                         and/or
                                       • involve all parents in developing                                           Support parent advisory
                                         an LCAP; and                                                                committee members to serve as
Consult parents as programs are                                                 Invite and encourage parents to be   liaisons to families in their schools
being developed [20 USC 7424(c)].      • send notice of and hold regular        active members of district person-   or communities.
                                         meetings to obtain input of            nel development work groups or
                                         parents of English learners.           committees.
Send notice of and hold regular
meetings to obtain recommenda-
tions of parents of English learners
[20 USC 7012(e)(2)].
Consult with parents in developing
an LCAP [EC 52060(g)].

3. Resources: Fiscal and Other
This set of rubrics describes program implementation addressing Program Dimension III: Funding.

3.01 Allocate resources and assign staff to implement plan.
 Federal and State Activities                Basic Implementation                Progressive Implementation            Innovative Implementation
Reserve not less than 1 percent        Dedicate not less than 1 percent         Set and expend an adequate           Hire a full-time parent involve-
of Title I funds to carry out          of Title I funds to carry out            budget for parent involvement        ment staff person, ideally a parent
requirements for parent                requirements for parent                  programs and activities, with        leader, responsible for
involvement, unless 1 percent          involvement, unless 1 percent of         input from parents/families and      • coordinating the training,
of district allocation is $5,000       district allocation is $5,000 or less,   appropriate advisory groups.           strategies, communication
or less [20 USC 6318(a)(3)(A)].                                                                                        processes, and resources;
                                       and                                                                           • reporting on parent
Provide other reasonable support                                                                                       involvement.
for parent involvement activities
as parents may request [20 USC         Provide other reasonable support
6318(e)(14)].                          for parent involvement activities as
                                       parents may request.
18          Required District Activities and Implementation Rubrics

4.           Monitor Progress
This set of rubrics describes program implementation addressing Program Dimension IV: Standards, Assessment, and Accountability.

4.01 Ensure that all schools integrate parent involvement programs into their
     Single Plan for Student Achievement.
 Federal and State Activities             Basic Implementation            Progressive Implementation            Innovative Implementation
Ensure that the Single Plan for      Develop and implement processes     In addition to verifying content of   In addition to verifying content
Student Achievement (SPSA) has       to verify that each school’s SPSA   SPSAs, provide information and        of SPSAs, provide training to
been prepared with review and        has been prepared with review and   resources to school administrators    school administrators and advisory
advice from appropriate parent/      advice from appropriate parent/     and advisory group members on         group members on linking parent
community advisory committees,       community advisory committees,      linking parent involvement plans      involvement plans to SPSA and
including DELAC and parents of       including DELAC and parents of      to SPSA and special education         special education district
English learners [EC 64001(a), 5     English learners.                   district performance goals.           performance goals.
CCR 11308(c)(3), 20 USC 6312(g)
(1)(B)(2), 20 USC 7012].

4.02 Provide oversight, suppor t, and coordination of parent involvement activities
     among district schools and programs.
 Federal and State Activities             Basic Implementation            Progressive Implementation            Innovative Implementation
Coordinate and integrate parent      Coordinate and integrate parent     Collect documents from all parent     Hold regular meetings of advisory
involvement strategies under         involvement strategies across       involvement groups and programs       committee chairs, across
• Title I;                           programs, including                 and make them available at one        programs, to facilitate
                                     • Title I;                          central access point, online, and/    collaboration;
• Head Start/Early Head Start;                                           or at a district office, including
                                     • Head Start/Early Head Start;                                            and/or
• Even Start;                                                            • agendas;
                                     • Even Start;                                                             Support parent resource and
• Parents as Teachers;                                                   • meeting notes;                      advisory bodies across programs to
• Home Interaction Program for       • Parents as Teachers;                                                    jointly conduct parent events and
                                                                         • outreach materials;
  Preschool Youngsters;              • Home Instruction Program for                                            trainings;
                                       Preschool Youngsters;             • reports;
• state preschools.                                                                                            and/or
                                     • state preschools.                 and/or
[20 USC 6318(a)(2)(D)]                                                                                         Include family members on district
                                                                         Include parent/ family input in       monitoring teams (Program Moni-
                                                                         the collection of data for district   toring, Consolidated Application,
                                                                         monitoring processes (Program         and others as appropriate).
                                                                         Monitoring, Consolidated Applica-
                                                                         tion, and others as appropriate).
Family Engagement Framework                19

4.03 Document progress of each school’s implementation of its parent
     involvement program.
 Federal and State Activities                Basic Implementation               Progressive Implementation              Innovative Implementation
Evaluate the content and               Survey families or collect other        Expand collection of evaluation         In addition to evaluative feedback,
effectiveness of the parent            evaluation data annually to             feedback to include students,           include program evaluation within
involvement policy:                    evaluate the content and effective-     teachers, administrators, and           the parent involvement plan:
• Identify barriers to par-            ness of the parent involvement          community members, in writing           • Identify measures of
  ticipation, especially for diverse   policy and to identify barriers to      or via the Internet;                      effectiveness linked to
  parents.                             participation, especially for diverse   and/or
                                       parents;                                                                             o    student achievement;
• Use findings to design more                                                  Create an evaluation panel,                  o    specific parent
  effective strategies.                and                                     including parents, to coordinate                  involvement activities.
• Revise parent involvement            Use the survey results to design        the review of parental
                                       more effective parent involvement       involvement with representation         • Identify tools and processes for
  policies, as needed.                                                                                                   collecting data.
                                       strategies;                             from all schools;
[Refers specifically to Title I, 20                                                                                    • Implement a schedule for data
USC 6318(a)(2)(E), EC 11503(c)-        and                                     and/or
                                                                                                                         collection.
(d)]                                   Use the evaluation data to inform       In addition to addressing challenges,
                                       district administration and             acknowledge successes in parent/        • Analyze data to identify
                                       advisory groups in the revision         family involvement.                       practices that produce specific
                                       of parent involvement policies                                                    results for students and schools.
                                       annually.

4.04 Assess ever y principal’s effectiveness in establishing and maintaining
     school, family, and community par tnerships at his or her school.
 Federal and State Activities                Basic Implementation               Progressive Implementation              Innovative Implementation

                                       Address parent involvement in           In addition to the job description,     In addition to performance
                                       school principal’s job description,     address parent involvement in the       planning, include parent
                                       including                               school principal’s performance          involvement in principal
                                       • roles and responsibilities;           planning, including                     performance evaluation:

                                       • expectations and goals.               • professional development goals;       • Recommend professional
                                                                               • achievements;                           development to address issues.

                                                                               and/or                                  • Recognize achievements.

                                                                               Provide information, resources,
                                                                               and/or training to principals on
                                                                               the use of reflective practice and
                                                                               self-assessment to examine their
                                                                               own skills and actions in parent
                                                                               involvement.
20        Required District Activities and Implementation Rubrics

5. Access and Equity
This set of rubrics describes program implementation addressing Program Dimension VI: Opportunity and Equal Educational Access.

5.01 Ensure that critical parent information is readily available in accessible
     formats and languages spoken by families in the district.
 Federal and State Activities              Basic Implementation            Progressive Implementation            Innovative Implementation
Provide parents with timely          Develop and disseminate critical      In addition to the development and   In addition to dissemination of
information about schools and        school and student information to     dissemination of information         critical information via school
students in a language and format    families                                                                   outlets, make important
                                                                           • establish systems to support
that they can understand [20 USC                                                                                information, including the parent
                                     • in their home language, when          schools to address a broad range
6318(f), 28 EC 51101.1,                                                                                         involvement policy, available to
                                       required;                             of home languages with
EC 56506(a), EC 56341.5(i)].                                                                                    community groups for broader
                                     • in a time frame that reasonably       translation and interpretation;
                                                                                                                dissemination;
                                       allows for family follow-up or        and/or
                                                                                                                and/or
Provide parent involvement policy      response, if needed, including      • provide training and
to parents in an understandable                                              information to principals and      In addition to providing
                                           o   district parent
and uniform format [20 USC                                                   staff on                           information and training to staff,
                                               involvement policy;
6318(a)(2) and (f)].                                                                                            actively recruit and hire staff
                                           o   notice to parents of             o    communicating with
                                                                                                                fluent in the dominant languages
                                               English learners about                families of English
                                                                                                                used by parents;
Solicit review and comment from                how they can be                       learners;
                                                                                                                and/or
DELAC on written notifications                 involved in the education        o    required parent
[5 CCR 11308(c)(7)].                           of their children;                    notifications;             In addition to soliciting input
                                                                                                                from advisory groups, establish
                                           o   all required parent         and/or
                                                                                                                a work group, including staff,
Inform parents of English learners             notifications (under        In addition to DELAC, solicit        parents/families, and community
how they can be involved in the                Titles I, III, IX, and X;   input from a variety of parent       members, dedicated to ongoing
education of their children                    Federal Education Rights    advisory group members on the        examination of challenges and
[20 USC 7012(e)(1)].                           and Privacy Act; and        development and dissemination        development of solutions for
                                               IDEA);                      of parent information.               providing critical information to a
                                     and                                                                        diverse population of families.
Meet parent notification
requirements (under Titles I, III,   Solicit review and comment from
IX, and X; Federal Education         DELAC on all required written
Rights and Privacy Act; and IDEA)    notifications.
[EC 51101(a)(4) and (16); 20 USC
7012(b) and (e)(2); EC 48985;
EC 56301(d)(1); EC 56329; EC
56346].
Family Engagement Framework               21

5.02 Ensure that parent representation on committees reflects the composition
     of the student body.
    Federal and State Activities              Basic Implementation               Progressive Implementation             Innovative Implementation
Provide opportunities for the            Involve parents representative of      Regularly survey members and           Establish policies that support and
participation of parents who are         the student population, including      monitor membership to ensure           respect
economically disadvantaged, have         those who are economically             that parent representation on          • family responsibilities;
limited English proficiency, have        disadvantaged, have limited            committees is representative of the
disabilities, are migratory, or have     English proficiency, have              student population and includes        • the variety of parenting
children with disabilities [20 USC       disabilities, are migratory, or have   parents who are economically             traditions and practices within
6318(a)(2)(E) and (f), EC 56193].        children with disabilities to serve    disadvantaged, have limited              the community’s cultural and
                                         on committees, by                      English proficiency, have                religious diversity;
                                         •    conducting outreach targeted      disabilities, are migratory, or have   • disability as another form of
Involve family and community mem-                                               children with disabilities.              diversity.
bers representative of the student            to these groups;
population [20 USC 1400 § 650].          •    providing reasonable
                                              support for involvement and
                                              participation.
Include parents representative of
students eligible for free or reduced-
price meals, foster youth, and pupils
of limited English proficiency on the
LCAP parent advisory committee
[EC 52063(a)(2)].
•     If district enrollment includes
      at least 15 percent English
      learners and enrolls at least 50
      pupils who are English learners,
      establish an English learner
      parent advisory committee for
      LCAP [EC 52063(b)].

Provide reasonable support for
parent involvement and participa-
tion [20 USC 6318(e)(14)].
22        Family Engagement Framework

5.03 Ensure that schools have a system in place with multiple strategies to facilitate
     two-way communication with parents and community members on a regular basis.

 Federal and State Activities             Basic Implementation             Progressive Implementation           Innovative Implementation

Coordinate scheduling of parent-    Coordinate scheduling of parent-      In addition to regular print         In addition to print and Web-based
teacher conferences across the      teacher conferences across the        outreach and communication,          outreach and communication,
district [5 CCR 18275].             district                              employ Web-based applications to     collaborate with parent and
                                    and                                   support ongoing communication        community groups to conduct
                                                                          and interaction between schools      regularly scheduled community/
Conduct parent input meetings       Conduct input meetings and/           and parents/families                 town hall meetings, information
and/or surveys with the required    or surveys to collect input from                                           fairs, and public forums
response rate (for Special Educa-   parents of children receiving         and/or
tion Self-Review) [20 USC 1416(a)   special education services with the                                        and/or
                                                                          Provide training and resources to
(3)(A) as cited in the California   required response rate (for Special   personnel on                         In addition to personnel develop-
Part B State Performance Plan       Education Self-Review)                                                     ment, conduct joint training
                                                                          • effective two-way communica-
2005-2010, Indicator #8].           and                                                                        for school personnel, parents/
                                                                            tion;
                                                                                                               families, and community members
                                    Conduct parent surveys or use         • interactive meetings and events;   on effective two-way communica-
Conduct parent surveys or use       other local methods to measure                                             tion and building relationships to
                                                                          • interactive Web sites;
other local methods to measure      school climate for LCAP.                                                   support education.
school climate (for LCAP) [EC                                             • community outreach;
52060(d)(6)(C)].                                                          • translation for parent/teacher
                                                                            conferences.
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