HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO

 
HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO
HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT
     2021-2022

 LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS
  UNIONTOWN, OHIO
HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO
LAKE MIDDLE HIGH SCHOOL
        2021-2022
 High School Credit Curriculum Guide
                            Mr. Dan Harold, Principal
                Mr. Brian Reed, Associate Principal, grades 7, 8, 9
              Mr. Steve Lippe, Associate Principal, grades 10, 11, 12
       Mrs. Lee Muñoz, Associate Principal / Career Tech / Digital Learning
           Mrs. Debbie Marshall, Counselor – Career Tech Site Leader
        Mrs. Katie Marko, Counselor – Grade 8 (A – L) & all of Grade 9
        Mr. Bryan Rector, Counselor – All of Grade 7 & Grade 8 (M – Z)
            Ms. Erin Van Wey, Counselor – Grades 10, 11, 12 (A – L)
             Ms. Hollie Stuffel, Counselor – Grades 10, 11, 12 (M – Z)

                                                 Contents
  Educational Philosophy ............................................................................ 2
  General Information ................................................................................. 2
  Reporting of Grades ................................................................................. 3
  Basis for Cumulative Point Average ........................................................ 3
  GPA and Weighted Rank ........................................................................ 4
  Honor Roll and Merit Roll ....................................................................... 4
  Graduation Requirements ........................................................................ 5
  Testing Requirements .............................................................................. 5
  Class Requirements .................................................................................. 5
  Credit Requirements for Athletic Participation ........................................ 6
  NCAA Division I and II College Athletic Eligibility & Core Course Chart........ 7
  NAIA College Athletic Eligibility Requirements .................................... 11
  Procedure for Adding or Dropping Courses ............................................ 12
  Dropping Band ......................................................................................... 12
  Dropping College Credit Plus (CCP) Classes .......................................... 12
  Academic Booster Club ........................................................................... 12
  Honors Diploma ....................................................................................... 13
  Diploma of Distinction............................................................................. 15
  National Honor Society ............................................................................ 15
  Service Learning ...................................................................................... 16
  Student Opportunity to Earn College Credit ........................................... 17
  Sample College Credit Plus Pathways ..................................................... 18
  Honor Classes .......................................................................................... 19
  PE Waiver ................................................................................................ 19
  Summer School ........................................................................................ 19
  Art ............................................................................................................ 20
  Business ................................................................................................... 22
  English ..................................................................................................... 23
  Foreign Language .................................................................................... 26
  Mathematics ............................................................................................. 30
  Technology .............................................................................................. 35
  Music ....................................................................................................... 36
  Science ..................................................................................................... 38
  Health/Physical Education ....................................................................... 41
  Social Studies ........................................................................................... 42
  Digital Course Offerings .......................................................................... 45
  Flex Credit ............................................................................................... 57
  Stark Career Compact Courses ................................................................ 61
  Comprehensive Collaborative Program ................................................... 70

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HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO
LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS

EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
A MESSAGE FROM THE HIGH SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION
The staff and community of Lake High School believe that every child is a unique and special individual who can learn
and succeed. We believe it is our mission to serve as facilitators as we work to nurture and develop each student’s
potential. It is our hope that our goals can be achieved by providing our students with an enriched and engaging
curriculum and by providing our staff with the tools, time and training to make this possible. We are committed to
providing opportunities which will assist our students in making self-directed, realistic, and responsible decisions when
solving problems in our ever-changing world.

Ultimately, there will be a correlation between the benefits that each student gains from school and the effort that he/she
applies. To increase the degree of educational success, it is very important that teachers, parents, and administrators
communicate openly and frequently and work together to help our students to succeed.

The MISSION of the Lake Local School District: Educating generations, serving our community.

The VISION of the Lake Local School District: To be the leader in addressing the educational, social,
and physical needs of students and staff.

The VALUES of the Lake Local School District: Making our community RICHER through…

                                                  Respect
                                                  Integrity
                                                  Citizenship
                                                  Honesty
                                                  Engagement
                                                  Responsibility

GENERAL INFORMATION
Lake High School is accredited by the State Board of Education.

Lake High School does not discriminate on the basis of sex, religion, race, age, or for any other reason. The Lake Board
of Education is an open-minded, equal opportunity employer that seeks only to hire the best person available for each
position.

Lake High School is a comprehensive school with an instructional program for grades 9 through 12.

This high school credit curriculum guide contains the course descriptions for all the courses that are planned to be offered
to Lake High School students next school year. It is extremely important that you pre-register for the courses you would
like to take.

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HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO
Course offerings are contingent upon the number of
                  students enrolled and teacher availability.

Students, please use this information to help you plan your schedule. It is important that you and your parents consider
your educational goals in deciding which courses you want to take. If you need the assistance of your counselor to help
you plan, please schedule an appointment so that he or she may able to assist you in the planning. The high school
counseling office telephone number is 330-877-4285.

REPORTING OF GRADES
It is important in a home/school relationship to have some means of reporting to students and parents about the
educational progress and growth of students. Report cards are issued every nine weeks. Interim grades are assessed
midway through the nine weeks for the privilege system.

Parents and students are urged to stay in contact with teachers and counselors throughout the year.

BASIS FOR CUMULATIVE POINT AVERAGE
All credit courses will be included in the cumulative average. The only class that can be taken Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory
is Physical Education. All four nine-week grades and the semester exam grades will be averaged to calculate the final
grade for the course. The final grades of all subjects will be used to calculate the grade point average. The student’s class
rank is determined by his/her cumulative weighted grade calculation. Cumulative GPA’s and rank are updated at the end
of each semester.

While other educational options will be listed on a student’s transcript; these will not be included in the class rank
formula.

Students must secure permission from the high school principal to receive credit for summer classes, unless the class is
offered at Lake High School.

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HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO
GPA AND WEIGHTED RANK
All GPA’s at Lake High School are non-weighted. The weighted calculation will ONLY be utilized for class ranking
purposes and any other internal Lake High School recognition determined by the high school principal.

GRADE AND CLASS RANK SCALES

HONOR ROLL AND MERIT ROLL
The Honor Roll and Merit Roll are calculated for each nine week marking period. The Honor Roll is a non-weighted
nine-week GPA of 4.00 to 3.60 and the Merit Roll is a non-weighted nine-week calculation of 3.59 to 3.00.

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HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO
GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
4       credits         English (must be 4 years of core English)
1       credit          Foreign Language – Literature Workshop (Permission only)
3       credits         Science
4       credits         Mathematics (Algebra 1, Geometry, Algebra 2)
½       credit          Physical Education (2 semesters = ½ credit) or PE Waiver (must replace PE with an
                        additional ½ credit)
½       credit          Health
1       credit          Fine Arts (Visual Art, Music or Drama)
3       credits         Social Studies
                        Grade 9         World Studies                   1        credit
                        Grade 10        U.S. History                    1        credit
                        Grade 11        American Government             ½        credit
                                        Economics                       ½        credit

4       credits         Additional Credit Courses

TESTING REQUIREMENTS
Different graduating classes have different testing requirements. Please visit the Ohio Department of Education (ODE)
website at http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Ohio-s-Graduation-Requirements for information about your specific
graduation requirements.

CLASS REQUIREMENTS
Students in grades 9 – 11 will be required to take a minimum of six classes per semester. Students in grade 12 must
enroll in a minimum of five classes. All digital courses (APEX) are in addition to the minimum requirements unless
administrative approval has been granted. Students who do not select the appropriate number of classes per semester will
be assigned classes by their counselor to meet this requirement.

Students taking CCP courses full time on the college campus are required to take the college or university definition of
full-time. Students taking a combination of classes at Lake High School and CCP on the college campus are required to
take five (5) classes.

A student must have five & one-half (5.50) credits for sophomore standing, eleven (11.00) credits for junior standing and
sixteen (16.00) credits for senior standing. This will be considered a minimum and is designed to encourage all students
to keep themselves in a position to graduate at the end of four (4) years.

Any student failing an English course or math course must make-up that English credit or math credit in summer
school. If you have failed, you will not be able to take two math courses or two English courses during the same
school year.

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HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO
CREDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR ATHLETIC
PARTICIPATION
A student must have received passing grades during the previous grading period in a minimum of FIVE one credit
courses, or the equivalent, which count toward graduation. Courses excluded are Physical Education, Personal Fitness,
Lifetime/Leisure Activities, Competitive Team Sports, Strength and Conditioning, Sports Performance Training,
Yearbook and Mentoring.

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HIGH SCHOOL CREDIT 2021-2022 - LAKE LOCAL SCHOOLS UNIONTOWN, OHIO
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NAIA Requirements

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PROCEDURE FOR ADDING OR DROPPING COURSES
During the spring registration, a student should register for all the classes he or she wishes to take for the next school year.

A student may drop a course PRIOR to the end of the FOURTH WEEK of the FIRST grading period of the course. A
student must, however, be enrolled in six or more academic classes per semester if he or she wishes to drop a class. The
student is still responsible for fees in this class.

Any course dropped after the end of the FOURTH WEEK will result in an “F” on the student’s permanent record for the
course. The grade will also be included in the cumulative point average and class rank calculation.

A student may add a course up to the 10th day of the 1st grading period of the course.

DROPPING BAND
Due to the fact that the band’s required rehearsals and activities start approximately 4-5 weeks prior to the start of the
school year, a student may drop band PRIOR to the end of the FIRST WEEK of the FIRST grading period with the
consent of the student’s parents and counselor. Dropping Band after the first week of the school year will result with an
“F” on the student’s permanent record for this course.

DROPPING COLLEGE CREDIT PLUS (CCP) CLASSES
The school district may seek financial reimbursement if the student fails the CCP course or drops or withdraws after the
14th day the college course began.

ACADEMIC BOOSTER CLUB
In order for a student to be eligible to receive an academic letter they must complete six (6) classes per semester and earn
a 3.75 weighted GPA for each of the first three (3) grading periods of the current year. The previous GPA requirement of
3.6 was raised to 3.75 to align with the Academic Booster Club’s goal to encourage excellence in all students and to
assure that the receipt of an Academic Letter is a distinct honor given to students who demonstrate high academic
achievement.

One other change that will also be implemented is directed to those SENIORS who have already earned three (3)
Academic Letters. Any Senior who is hoping to earn a fourth (4th) Academic Letter will be required to earn a 3.75 GPA
for each of the first three grading periods, but will NOT be required to take six (6) classes each semester. Seniors who
have earned less than three (3) Academic Letters prior to this year are still required to take six (6) classes each semester to
be eligible.

Letters are awarded in the spring of each year.

Mentoring cannot be used as a class towards eligibility for an academic letter.

Questions regarding this policy should be addressed to the Board of Directors of Lake Academic Booster Club. The
implementation of this policy is coordinated with the Lake High School Counseling Office where student eligibility is
determined based on the student’s academic records.

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DIPLOMA OF DISTINCTION
A student will earn a Diploma of Distinction if he or she meets the following requirements over and above the Lake
Middle High School graduation requirements:

    •     at least twenty-eight (28) credits
    •     at least 3.800 cumulative grade point average through the senior year based on a 4.0 scale
    •     either three units of one foreign language or two units each of two foreign languages
    •     four units of college preparatory science
    •     have taken at least a minimum of eight (8) Honors and/or AP classes
    •     either three units of arts or two units of business/technology
    •     at least one-half credit of community service

NATIONAL HONOR SOCIETY
The basis for induction into National Honor Society is founded upon the four cornerstones of scholarship, leadership,
character and service. The minimum requirements in these four areas are as follows:

Scholarship               A minimum 3.495 WEIGHTED GPA after the first semester of the junior or senior year.

Service                   A minimum of 75 hours of documented school and community service in a variety of school and
                          community activities.

                              •   Students cannot include any hours for which they earned monetary compensation.
                              •   Hours must be completed after September of the freshman year.
                              •   Hours used for community service credit will not count toward hours needed for National
                                  Honor Society.
                              •   Service hours must be verifiable by an adult.
                              •   All service hours for National Honor Society should be submitted to the NHS coordinator
                                  after the student has received notification of eligibility.
                              •   Seniors are required to complete 25 additional service hours once inducted into NHS.

Leadership                Active involvement in two different leadership positions.

                              •   Activities may include school and/or community organizations.
                              •   Activities must be verifiable by an adult.

Character                 Approval by Faculty Council based upon faculty evaluation form.

                              •   Areas evaluated include, but are not limited to, the following:
                                       o Respect
                                       o Responsibility
                                       o Honesty
                                       o Cooperation
                                       o Compliance with school policies
                              •   No serious civil or school disciplinary violations.

Students will be informed of the application process when notified of eligibility.

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SERVICE LEARNING PROGRAM
Service learning is a process whereby students learn and develop through active participation in organized service
experiences that actually meet community and school needs.

Service Learning for Credit
Course Description:
        1. Students volunteer their time to school, community and local organizations.
        2. Students will receive a notification letter if they are eligible to complete their service program.
        3. Students may earn .25 credits per academic year. Students will receive a maximum of one credit
           accumulated over four years.
        4. Students may turn in hours they have accumulated beginning the second week of June before their
           freshman year.

Student Expectations:
        1. Students will keep a record of their volunteer hours and turn those into Mrs. Caponi. Hours should be
           turned in on a monthly basis.
        2. Students must complete 85 hours of service per year. Those hours must be a combination of
           community hours and school hours.
               ❖ School hours: Hours that are completed for Lake Local Schools or the Athletic Complex.
               ❖ Community hours: Hours that are completed in the community or for an organization.
        3. Students will be required to write a 200 word essay on their volunteer experiences. Students may e-
           mail their essay in a word document to Mrs. Caponi at caponikim@lakelocal.org.
        4. Students will follow the rules and regulations of the job site and their supervising personnel.
        5. Deadlines for service hours for the 2021-2022 school year are:
               ❖ Graduating seniors: May 2, 2022
               ❖ All other students: May 9, 2022
        6. Students will only be given credit for days that they are present and are actively working. All forms
           must have a signature for every service you have completed.
        7. Students will receive credit if all necessary forms are turned in by the completion deadline.

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STUDENT OPPORTUNITY TO EARN COLLEGE CREDIT
ADVANCED PLACEMENT OPTION:

For the student who desires to take a college-level class at Lake High School, advanced placement classes in English,
calculus, physics, chemistry, American history, European history, economics, art history and computer science are
offered. Students enrolled in advanced placement classes are expected to take the national advanced placement
examination in May. Examination fees are paid by the student. A college may use the results of this exam to award
college credit. Sufficient enrollment is required for these courses to be offered.

COLLEGE CREDIT PLUS (ON THE COLLEGE CAMPUS):

The College Credit Plus Program has been established for high school students in grades nine through twelve. This
program permits students to earn college and high school graduation credit by the successful completion of college
courses. All students meeting eligibility requirements may enroll at a public or private college or degree-granting
technical school, on a part or full-time basis. Even though we encourage our students to challenge themselves
academically, all students need to keep in mind that this option may preclude them from taking some classes that
are available at Lake High School due to scheduling conflicts.

Students taking CCP courses full time on the college campus are required to take the college or university definition of
full-time. Students taking a combination of classes at Lake High School and CCP on the college campus are required to
take five (5) classes.

COLLEGE CREDIT PLUS (ON THE LAKE HIGH SCHOOL CAMPUS):

The College Credit Plus Options Program provides qualified students an opportunity to take college courses at Lake High
School. This program is in conjunction with Kent State University Stark Campus and Stark State College. Currently,
there is no course fee. Courses are taught by Lake High School faculty approved by the college/university. The student
must complete the college/university application and meet the admission requirements for the college that is issuing the
credit. Students who earn an “F” or drop the course past the colleges’ drop date will be required to pay for the class.
Students participating in College Credit Plus courses will be required to take the college/university semester and/or final
exam.

                                 Participation in College Credit Plus classes
                                    begins a student’s college transcript.

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Lake High School
                           Sample College Credit Plus Pathways

15+ Hour Sample
                                        College
 Suggested       Lake High School                       College Course       College     College
                                       Awarding
Grade Level(s)     Course Title                              Title         Course Code Credit Hours
                                        Credit
                 Computer Science                    Programming Logic CSE 122A &
9th - 10th                           Stark State                                            3
                 1 & 2 Honors                        & Problem Solving CSE 122B
                 Computer Science                                          CSE 231A &
10th - 11th                          Stark State     Java Programming                       3
                 3 & 4 Honors                                              CSE 231B
                                     Kent State      Intermediate
10th-11th        Spanish 3 Honors                                          SPAN 28201       3
                                     Stark           Spanish I
                 Graphic Design 1                    Graphic Arts       IMT 122A &
11th - 12th                          Stark State                                            3
                 &2                                  Design A&B         IMT 122B
                 Pre-calculus                                           MTH 135A &
11th - 12th                          Stark State     Pre-calculus A & B                     5
                 Honors                                                 MTH 135B
                                                          Total College Credit Hours        17

30+ Hour Sample      (Courses in addition to the above 15+ Hour Sample)
                                        College
 Suggested       Lake High School                       College Course       College     College
                                       Awarding
Grade Level(s)     Course Title                              Title         Course Code Credit Hours
                                        Credit
                                                     Art History:
                                                                        ARTH 22006
                 Art History         Kent State      Ancient & Medieval
11th - 12th                                                             & ARTH              6
                 Honors              Stark           Art & Renaissance
                                                                        22007
                                                     to Modern Art
                                                     General Chemistry I
                                     Kent State                            CHEM 10060
12th             AP Chemistry                        Lecture &                              5
                                     Stark                                 & 10062
                                                     Laboratory
                                                     College
                 English 4 Honors                    Composition &         ENG 124 &
12th                                 Stark State                                            6
                 Comp & Lit                          College Literature    ENG TBA
                                                     TBA
                                                          Total College Credit Hours        34

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HONORS CLASSES
An honors program at the high school is offered in all Lake High School academic areas. The instruction within this
accelerated program provides experiences beyond those normally provided by the regular program. Students are selected
for this program by teacher recommendations, prerequisites, testing and performance.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION WAIVER
Students who wish to have the physical education graduation requirement met through the P.E. Waiver must complete
two (2) full seasons of a Lake High School sponsored interscholastic sport(s), LHS Marching Band, LHS
Cheerleading and/or Reflections Show Choir. Students are not permitted to earn their credit by a mixture of a waiver
season and physical education (e.g., one semester of P.E. and one full season of LHS Track). Students are not granted
credit for this waiver; therefore, they must earn the half credit which would have been earned via P.E., in another
curricular area (i.e., not a physical education course). Upon completion of your second season of an approved activity, the
LHS athletic office will notify your school counselor that you have met the waiver requirement. For more information,
visit: education.ohio.gov, search physical education frequently asked questions.

SUMMER SCHOOL
Unless prior approval is obtained by a Lake High School Administrator, credits earned through summer school classes
will not count towards the graduation requirement for Lake High School.

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Art

Art 1A                                            Art 3                                             AP Art History
.5 Credit – Grades 9-12                           1 Credit – Grades 11-12                           1 Credit – Grades 11-12
Offered first semester only                       (Prerequisite: Passing grade in Art 1A, 1B, 2A,
                                                  and a grade of B- or better in 2B)
                                                                                                    In AP Art History, students examine
This first year course introduces the                                                               major artistic works from the past to
student to various 2D art media and               This art class will further develop the           present world civilizations. Emphasis
reinforces the effective use of the               student’s skills and interests in the             is placed on a student’s analysis of
elements of art and principles of                 many areas of the visual arts. Art 3              how man-made objects reflect and
design in a student’s personal artwork.           will also introduce students to new               respond to historical events and
                                                  types of media, technology, aesthetics,           cultural phenomena. The student may
Art 1B                                            and philosophies. Professional results            also take the AP Art History Exam
.5 Credit – Grades 9-12                           are expected and self-motivation is a
Offered second semester only                                                                        and receive up to nine college credits
                                                  must.                                             with applicable passing test scores.
(Prerequisite: Passing grade in Art 1A)

This first year course is a continuation          Art 4/AP Studio Art                               **See your counselor for details.
of Art 1A, extending the effective use            1 Credit – Grade 12
                                                  (Prerequisite: Passing grade in Art 1A, 1B, 2A,
of the elements of art and principles of          2B, and a grade of B- or better in Art 3)         Graphic Design 1
design to 3D art media and                                                                          .5 Credit – Grades 11-12
techniques. Both courses are designed                                                               Offered first semester only
                                                  This course is designed for serious art
to generate interest in the visual arts.
                                                  students with post-high school plans              This course is an alternative to
                                                  focusing on the visual arts.                      traditional studio art classes. It will
Art 2A
.5 Credit – Grades 10-12                                                                            stress the basic history of design,
Offered first semester only                       The AP Program offers three studio                principles of design, elements of art,
(Prerequisite: Passing grade in both Art 1A       art courses and portfolios: Two                   and typography in their relation to
and Art 1B)                                       Dimensional Design, Three-                        communication ideas, thoughts, and
                                                  Dimensional Design, and Drawing.                  feelings through a visual means.
This second year course further                   The AP Studio Art portfolios are                  Graphic Design 1 will also introduce
investigates various stylistic                    designed for students who are                     students to Photoshop and they will be
techniques, concepts, and individual              seriously interested in the practical             able to produce computer-generated
expression in 2D media. The                       experience of art. Students submit                artwork. Time management,
curriculum includes an overview of                portfolios for evaluation at the end of           responsibility, and a basic
“art styles” throughout western                   the school year. The AP Studio Art                understanding of computers are
civilization.                                     Program consists of three portfolios –            expected.
                                                  2D Design, 3D Design, and Drawing
Art 2B                                            – corresponding to the most common                Graphic Design 2
.5 Credit – Grades 10-12                          college foundation courses. Students
Offered second semester only                                                                        .5 Credit – Grades 11-12
                                                  may choose to submit any or all of the            Offered second semester only
(Prerequisite: Passing grade in the first three
semester classes.)                                Drawing, 2D Design, or 3D Design                  (Prerequisite: Must pass Graphic Design 1
                                                  portfolios. AP Studio Art students                with a C or better.)

This second year course combines                  create a portfolio of work to
                                                  demonstrate the artistic skills and               Graphic Design 2 is a continuation of
studio art with arts appreciation in
                                                  ideas they have developed, refined,               Graphic Design 1, building upon the
relevant interaction. Students will
                                                  and applied over the course of the                technological and artistic skills
create artwork reflecting global art
                                                  year to produce visual compositions.              learned to further explore the visual
movements, and will be able to
                                                  (Advanced Placement Course                        arts as a form of communication.
recognize major cultural art styles,
                                                  Summary, College Board)                           Students will be challenged on all
works, and artists.
                                                                                                    levels to problem-solve, apply, and
                                                  These portfolios may also be used for             create their own original artwork, as
                                                  scholarship competitions and college              well as being able to critically analyze
                                                  entrance requirements. Art 4/AP                   the work of others.
                                                  Studio Art students become informed,
                                                  articulate, and lifelong supporters of
                                                  the arts community.

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Graphic Design 1 & 2 College                     and other communication outlets for
Credit Plus                                      school use.
2 Credits – Grades 11-12 (1.0 Credit for the
Fall semester and 1.0 Credit for the Spring      Digital Photography
semester)
                                                 .5 Credit – Grades 10-12
(Prerequisite: For CCP classes, completion of
                                                 1 semester (offered both semesters)
college admission requirements.)
                                                 Personal equipment needed for course: Any
                                                 hand-held device with digital photograph
Students successfully completing the             capabilities (from a phone to a manual digital
Graphic Design College Credit Plus               camera.)
class will acquire a working
knowledge of the concepts,                       Students will be immersed in the
components, and composition                      Visual Arts discipline of Photography.
necessary in the design of both print            They will study the history of
and web media. They will learn                   photography – from the camera
effective communication through                  obscure to present day technology.
design beginning with the concept and            Such topics will include early
concluding with the finished product.            photography, pin-hole cameras, film
A student can earn college credit                and darkroom techniques, and digital
through Stark State College when the             photo manipulation. Along with the
student completes the Stark State                historical background, students will
College application process and                  discuss the ethics and aesthetics of
successfully completes the course.               photography. Topics include learning
See your counselor for details.                  the principles of design, discussing
                                                 proper use and responsibility of
Multimedia Productions                           photography as a storyteller, and
1 Credit – Grades 11-12                          training the artist’s eye to create the
(Prerequisite: Class number is limited to 16,    “perfect picture”. Students will create
so there is an application process and teacher   their own digital photography
recommendation for acceptance to the             portfolio, both online and as a
course. Course is held during 4AB daily with     traditionally matted presentation.
expectations to do outreach projects outside
that time. See the instructor, Mr. Rich
Casenhiser, for an application and sign up for
the course during your scheduling
appointment. You will be notified before the
year’s end if you are accepted into the next
year's course.)

This course teaches students the tools
and skills necessary to produce and
manage content of contemporary mass
media within the school
communication environment. In
particular, this course focuses on
building video and audio production
skills, photography skills, visual
communication skills using computer
graphic programs, and creating media
for on-line distribution. The
Multimedia Productions course
provides students the opportunity to
produce projects that extend beyond
the classroom, and into all of our
schools sources of communication.
Students will be responsible for
managing websites, athletic score
board graphics, video productions,

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Business

General Business                        Accounting 1                             Web Page Design
.5 Credit – Grades 9-12                 1 Credit – Grades 11-12                  .5 Credit – Grades 10-12

Explore the exciting world of           The objective of this course is to       Learn to build a website from the
business! This class will provide       teach the student the basic              ground up! In the first half of the
you with necessary life skills in the   principles of modern accounting.         course, students will develop their
areas of consumerism, credit,           The first part of the course presents    Photoshop skills. This will be
insurance, budgeting, banking and       the entire accounting cycle in its       followed by an introduction to
entrepreneurship                        simplest form of journalizing,           HTML Coding (the backbone of
                                        posting, trial balance, eight-           our web pages).
As an added bonus, a Junior             column worksheet and the closing
Achievement Representative will         of the ledger. The second part of        In the second half of the course,
lead participants through the steps     the course deals with the use of         participants will use Dreamweaver
of designing their own business         combination journals and                 to design interactive web pages
plan.                                   subsidiary ledgers, accounts             containing tables, images, and
                                        receivable and accounts payable.         links. The four design concepts of
Computer Applications                   Banking procedures and payroll           appropriateness, placement,
.5 Credit – Grades 9-12                 are also covered.                        consistency, and usability will be
                                                                                 emphasized throughout the
Improve your efficiency on the          Accounting 2                             construction of each website.
computer. Learn how to                  1 Credit – Grades 12                     Express your creativity while
effectively use the Microsoft           Prerequisite: Accounting I and teacher   developing a marketable skill!
Applications and the Google Suite       approval
for personal, educational, and
                                        This full year course is an              Marketing Principles
professional pursuits. Format
                                        independent study beginning with         .5 Credit – Grade 9-12
letters, tables, graphs, databases,
PowerPoint presentations, and           reviewing the concepts of
                                        Accounting I using an online             This is a great introduction course
much more. Simple strategies and
                                        system and then moving into more         for any student interested in
techniques will lead to higher
                                        in depth accounting concepts of a        learning about marketing or
productivity and quality output!
                                        merchandising business organized         business. Students will obtain
                                        as a corporation. You will analyze       fundamental knowledge and skills
Personal Finance                                                                 in marketing communications,
.5 Credit – Grades 11-12                delinquent accounts receivable,
                                        depreciation of assets, inventory        marketing management, marketing
Participants in this business           control, accrued revenue and             research, merchandising and
additional credit course will gain      expenses, and cash-flow                  professional selling. They will
valuable decision-making skills for     statements. You will have the            acquire knowledge of marketing
today’s market economy. Students        opportunity to attend the Ohio           strategies, market identification
will discuss Behavioral Finance,        Society of CPA’s Account Career          techniques, employability skills,
joining the workforce, tax              Day, visit the offices of public         business ethics and law, economic
preparation, paying for college,        accountants and governmental             principles and international
credit, and resource management         accountants, and get a behind-the-       business. Technology, leadership
techniques. Speakers will visit our     scene tour of the inventory              and communications will be
classroom either in-person or           methods of the HRM Enterprise            incorporated in classroom
virtually to share their expertise in   businesses (Hartville Hardware,          activities. This is a hands-on,
the areas of business and finance.      Hartville Kitchen, Hartville             project-based course. This is also a
                                        Collectibles).                           great intro course for any student
                                                                                 interested in the Marketing &
                                                                                 Business Management Career
                                                                                 Tech program offered here at Lake
                                                                                 in 11th and 12th grades.

                                                           22
English

English 1                                        written communication;         of immersing students in the study
1 Credit – Grade 9                               curiosity and imagination      of important human ideas across
(Texts: Selected novels, plays, short            and independently              culture and time, while improving
stories, and poems.)
                                                 access/analyze                 critical thinking and academic and
The emphasis of this course is on                information.                   creative writing. In addition to the
the improvement of reading and                5. Demonstrate a high level       requirements for English II,
writing skills. Instruction will                 of interest in reading and     students enrolled in English II
focus on both fiction and non-                   writing.                       Honors will meet the following
fiction reading selections, language          6. Complete several research      requirements:
usage, sentence structure, and                   projects.
paragraph development. Students                                                    1. Read four major works
will be asked to meet the following      English 2                                    during the school year.
                                         1 Credit – Grade 10                       2. Write a literary analysis
requirements:                            (Prerequisite: English I)
     1. Read and respond to short                                                     and/or poetry explication.
         stories, poetry, drama, and                                               3. Write an argumentative
                                         Through the study of fiction, non-
         novels.                                                                      research essay.
                                         fiction, drama, and poetry, students
     2. Analyze and think                                                          4. Demonstrate effective skills
                                         will work on improving language
         critically about works                                                       of oral communication
                                         skills in speaking, listening,
         studied.                                                                     through literary based
                                         writing, reading, and critical
     3. Communicate effectively                                                       discussion.
                                         thinking. They will learn to use the
         both verbally and in                                                      5. Demonstrate a high level of
                                         writing process more effectively
         writing.                                                                     interest in reading and
                                         through various writing
     4. Complete research and                                                         writing.
                                         assignments and reading projects.
         media center assignments.                                                 6. Utilize and reinforce
                                         The focus during this year is on
     5. Complete all required                                                         content and skills to prepare
                                         sentence improvements, paragraph
         papers or projects.                                                          for standardized tests
                                         development, revision, and editing
                                                                                      including the EOC
                                         skills. Student will be asked to
English 1 Honors                                                                      assessment and ACT.
                                         meet the following requirements:
1 Credit – Grade 9                            1. Read at least two novels
(Texts: Selected novels, plays, short
                                                   and a play.                  English 3
stories, and poems.)                                                            1 Credit – Grade 11
(Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation)        2. Write expository,              (Prerequisite: English I and II)
                                                   argumentative, and
In addition to the requirements for                narrative compositions.      The main focus of the course is a
English I, students enrolled in               3. Express the ability to         detailed study of American
Honors English I will be asked to                  analyze a key element in     literature. In addition, students will
meet the following requirements:                   literature.                  be asked to meet the following
    1. Read a minimum of two                  4. Complete an acceptable         requirements:
         books from a selected                     research paper.                   1. Read a minimum of two
         summer reading list and              5. Complete formal and                     novels and/or plays.
         complete a project for                    informal presentations.           2. Write expository,
         each.                                6. Utilize and reinforce                   persuasive, and narrative
    2. Read four additional books                  content and skills                    compositions.
         during the school year and                preparing for the spring          3. Give oral presentations,
         complete a project for                    state assessment that                 with visuals, based upon
         each.                                     counts towards graduation.            literary works and/or
    3. Write technical,                                                                  writing assignments.
         argumentative, analytical       English 2 Honors                            4. Demonstrate effective,
         and narrative assignments.      1 Credit – Grade 10                             correct use of the skills of
    4. Demonstrate the following         (Prerequisite: English I; teacher               written and oral
         skills: critical thinking and   recommendation)
                                                                                         communication.
         problem solving;                                                            5. Complete other projects,
                                         English II Honors uses a thematic
         collaboration and                                                               such as book reviews,
                                         approach to study American and
         leadership; oral and
                                         World Literature with the goal
                                                             23
literary analysis, and                      1. Read a minimum of three                3. Read selected stories and
        portfolios.                                    novels and/or plays                       poems for the literature
     6. Complete an acceptable                         throughout the school                     texts.
        research paper.                                year.                                  4. Write a literature-based
                                                    2. Write expository,                         research paper and present
AP English Language and                                persuasive, and narrative                 a literature based
Composition                                            essays.                                   multimedia research
1 Credit – Grade 11                                 3. Make oral presentations                   project.
(Prerequisite: English I Honors and                    based upon literary works              5. Make oral presentations
English II Honors or recommendation                    and writing projects.                     based upon literary
from English II teacher and completion of
the summer reading assignment.)
                                                    4. Demonstrate effective                     selections and literary
                                                       discussion skills.                        criticism.
AP Language and Composition is                      5. Increase vocabulary.                   6. Complete practice AP
a College Board-certified course                    6. Demonstrate effective                     tests.
modeled on first-year college                          critical thinking skills               7. Demonstrate critical
composition courses with an                            through group and/or                      thinking skills in all oral
emphasis on rhetorical analysis                        individual projects.                      and written assignments.
and argument. The overall                           7. Complete an acceptable
objectives of the course are for                       research paper.                   English 4 Honors College
students to become skilled readers                                                       Credit Plus
in selected works of American                   AP English Literature and                1 Credit – Grade 12
literature and in a variety of                  Composition                              (Prerequisite: Completion of college
                                                                                         admission requirements.)
nonfiction texts and to become                  1 Credit – Grade 12
skilled writers of various types of             (Prerequisite: Two or three years of
                                                Honors English or recommendation of AP   The first semester course focuses
compositions. In both reading and               English Language and Composition         on learning what it takes to write at
writing, students must demonstrate              teacher or special admission by AP       the college level and emphasis on
awareness of the interaction among              instructor.)                             the drafting and development of
a writer’s purpose, audience, and                                                        strong ideas, thinking analytically,
rhetorical techniques. The detailed             The Advanced Placement Program
                                                                                         and making arguments with an
analysis of diction, tone, and                  is administered by the College
                                                                                         authoritative voice. Students will
syntax will enhance students’                   Entrance Examination Board.
                                                                                         write and revise approximately 8-
ability to develop stylistic maturity           Students choosing Advanced
                                                                                         10 essays, from reflective
in their own essays.                            Placement English Literature and
                                                                                         narratives to individual and
Students will be expected to fulfill            Composition should be interested
                                                                                         collaborative research papers using
the following requirements:                     in studying and analyzing literature
                                                                                         MLA or APA format. Formal
                                                of various periods and genres. The
                                                                                         presentations are also a feature of
     1. Complete the summer                     ultimate goal of this course is to
                                                                                         the course.
        reading assignments.                    enable participating students who
     2. Complete an acceptable                  score well enough on the
                                                                                         The second semester course covers
        research paper.                         Advanced Placement examination
                                                                                         British literature from the
     3. Complete all assignments,               to be granted credit and/or
                                                                                         Romantics to contemporary
        including presentations.                appropriate placement by
                                                                                         periods. Students will read,
                                                participating colleges. Therefore,
                                                                                         discuss, and write about works in
English 4                                       the course will involve the student
                                                                                         their historical and cultural
1 Credit – Grade 12                             in college level reading, writing,
                                                                                         contexts. Emphasis will be placed
(Prerequisite: English I, English II, English   and research. An extensive writing
III. All seniors must have four years of                                                 on the critical reading of the works
                                                portfolio, a formal research paper,
English for graduation, including English                                                and techniques used to analyze
                                                and a formal research project are
IV. No additional credit course may be                                                   them.
substituted for English IV.                     required for successful completion
                                                of this course. Students will be
The main focus of this course is a              asked to meet the following              Creative Writing
                                                                                         .5 Credit – Grade 10-12
detailed study of British literature.           requirements:                            (Prerequisite: English I)
In addition, students will be asked                  1. Read two novels over the
to meet the following                                    summer.                         This course is for students who
requirements:                                        2. Read at least eight              like to write and who want to
                                                         novels/plays during the         improve their writing skills.
                                                         school year.
                                                                  24
Assignments will include studying     enrolled for the Public Speaking I      advertisements and subscriptions.
and experimenting with poetic         Honors credit will be asked to          Students gain valuable experience
forms and short story techniques.     meet the following requirements:        in leadership, develop cooperative
Attention will be given to                1. Watch, evaluate, and             work skills, and learn essentials of
improving sentence structure,                 reflect upon two choice         editing and desktop publishing. An
language usage, and mechanics;                speeches outside of the         application is required for
however, content and creativity               course, one per nine weeks      acceptance on the yearbook staff.
will be the main focus of the                 (for a total of two).
course. Reading/performing one’s              Directions will be              Women’s Studies, Media and
work to an audience will also be a            provided.                       Literature
key focus.                                2. Prepare, rehearse, and           .5 Credit – Grades 10-12
                                              deliver an additional           This course will be devoted to
Public Speaking 1                             speech per nine weeks (for      gender issues raised by people and
.5 Credit – Grades 9-12                       a total of two speeches)        events from various time periods
                                              from a list of choice           and cultures. Through creative
This introductory course is                   speeches. Directions will       projects and writing, we will
designed to increase skill and                be provided.                    examine literature and other media
confidence in public speaking and                                             focusing on how each addresses
communication. Each student will                                              issues of importance to and for
present a variety of formal and       Yearbook Journalism                     women that impact society as a
informal speeches of varying          1 Credit – Grades 10-12                 whole. These issues include:
lengths. Listening, the               (Prerequisite: Application, including   equality, identity, journey of self,
communication process, non-           teacher recommendation and writing
                                      samples.)                               stereotypes, class, age, work and
verbal communication, and the                                                 economics, education, politics, art,
preparation, outlining and delivery                                           marriage, appearance of the body,
                                      This course provides students with
of speeches are the main units of                                             violence, race, ethnicity, and etc.
                                      essential background and practical
the course. The major portion of                                              Participants will read, watch,
                                      experience in high school
the grade will be based on the                                                listen, discuss, and analyze
                                      yearbook production. The course
student’s oral presentations.                                                 different texts (novels, movies,
                                      covers principles of page layout
                                      and design, copy writing,               television shows, articles, songs
Public Speaking 2 Honors              interviewing, and photography.          etc.).
.5 Credit – Grades 9-12
                                      Students work cooperatively as
The same standards will be            staff members to organize, design,
covered as in Public Speaking I.      and prepare pages for production.
In addition to the requirements for   They learn about business
Public Speaking I, students           management through the selling of

                                                          25
FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Reasons to take a Foreign Language:

   •   to fulfill a graduation requirement (unless recommended for Literature Workshop)
   •   to know and understand other cultures
   •   to improve English skills
   •   to improve employment potential-many companies require knowledge of a second language
   •   to improve chances of entry into college; most colleges require two to three years of high school foreign language
       for unrestricted entry
   •   to increase travel/study abroad options and make travel more enjoyable
   •   to sharpen cognitive skills – studies show that foreign language students score higher on achievement tests
   •   to make new friends – here and abroad
   •   TO HAVE FUN

Requirements for Level 1 of any language:

   1. Students must have a “C” or better in eighth grade English/Language Arts to take a foreign language.
   2. Students with a “D” or “F” in English will be recommended for Literature Workshop or asked to wait a year to
      take a language.
   3. Priority will be given to students who need the class to fulfill a graduation requirement, or requirement for an
      Honors Diploma or Diploma of Distinction.

Requirements for Advanced Levels:

   1. Students must be recommended by the teacher to move on to the next level. Based on grades, effort, attitude and
      behavior.
   2. Students with Foreign Language credits from another school, LVA or, APEX will be required to take a
      “placement test” to see if they have met our requirements to move on to the next level.
   3. CCP and AP courses have additional requirements. Please see the individual course information.

                                                           26
Foreign Language
French 1                                  Students will be evaluated on all           (Prerequisite: Spanish I with a “73%” or
1 Credit – Grades 9-12                                                                better. APEX or LVA students must pass
                                          skills.                                     an entrance exam with 73% or better to
(Text: Bien Dit, Holt, 2011)
                                                                                      advance to next level.)
                                          French 4
The students will learn the basics        1 Credit – Grade 12                         Some basic cultural knowledge is
of the French language through            (Text: Bien Dit, Holt, 2011)
                                          (Prerequisite: French III with a grade of   required. A more extensive study
practice of listening, speaking,          “C” or better and teacher                   of grammar is made than in
reading, and writing. Study of the        recommendation.)
                                                                                      Spanish I, along with a continuous
French culture throughout the
                                          The students will continue to study         effort to improve the student’s
world may include a report
                                          more advanced grammar,                      ability to speak, read, and write in
presented in English. Emphasis
                                          composition, and conversation.              the Spanish language. Class
will be on speaking, listening,           History, culture, and literature will       participation and the speaking of
vocabulary acquisition, and an            be discussed in French.                     Spanish in class are important and
understanding of grammar.                 Participation is mandatory.                 are evaluated. To receive credit for
Memorization will be required.            Various texts are used in addition
                                                                                      the course, the student must have a
Participation will be mandatory.          to the basic grammar text. Course
                                          offering is dependent upon                  passing average and fulfill two
French 2                                  enrollment.                                 other course requirements:
1 Credit – Grades 9-12
(Text: Bien Dit, Holt, 2011)              Spanish 1                                        1.) Take all tests and exams
(Prerequisite: French I with a “C” or     1 Credit – Grades 9-12                           2.) Participate orally on a
better. APEX or LVA students must take    (Text: Avancemos, Level One, Holt,
entrance exam.)                                                                                daily basis.
                                          McDougal, 2010)

The students will continue the                                                        Spanish 3 Honors or Spanish
                                          This course provides an
study of speaking, listening,                                                         3 Honors College Credit Plus
                                          introduction to the language and            1 Credit – Grades 10-12
reading, writing, and culture begun       culture of the Spanish-speaking             (Prerequisite: Spanish II with a grade of
in French I. There will be more                                                       “73%” or better. For CCP classes,
                                          world. The student will listen to,          completion of college admission
emphasis on spoken                        read, speak, and write in Spanish.          requirements. APEX or LVA students
communication. Participation will         Students will be evaluated in each          must pass an entrance exam with 73% or
be required.                                                                          better to advance to next level.)
                                          of these areas. This course requires
                                          extensive memorization. The                 Some of the grammar topics not
French 3
1 Credit – Grades 10-12                   purchase of a workbook is                   covered in the second year is
(Text: Bien Dit, Holt, 2011)              required.                                   studied in Spanish III. Culture,
(Prerequisite: French II with a “C” or
better and teacher recommendation. APEX
                                                                                      supplemental readings, and
                                          Students’ class participation and
or LVA students must take entrance                                                    speaking the language are essential
exam.)                                    speaking are required and
                                                                                      activities of the third level.
                                          evaluated. In order to receive
                                                                                      Discussion in Spanish and class
The students will continue with           credit for the class students must:
                                                                                      participation are included in the
grammar study but with more
                                               1.) Take all tests and exams           evaluation of student progress. To
emphasis on conversation.
                                               2.) Participate orally on a            receive credit for the course, the
Students will write compositions,
                                                   daily basis.                       student must have a passing
discuss various readings, current
                                                                                      average and fulfill two other
events, and cultural topics.
                                          Spanish 2                                   course requirements: 1.) take all
Students may be required to               1 Credit – Grades 9-12                      tests and exams, and 2.) contribute
purchase a paperback book.                (Text: Avancemos, Level One, Holt,
                                          McDougal, 2010)                             to the class. As this is a college
Participation is mandatory in class.
                                                                                      level class, students will have to

                                                              27
meet all Kent State Stark                          •    Reading Interpretive               vocabulary and grammar
University requirements as                              Communication                      knowledge. Emphasis is placed on
outlined in their syllabus in Canvas               •    Spoken and Written                 the ability of the student to use the
                                                        Presentational                     vocabulary and grammar they have
to pass the class.
                                                        Communication                      learned to communicate in a
Spanish 4 Honors or Spanish                        •    Written presentational             meaningful way through speaking
                                                        communication                      and writing assessments. Students
4 Honors College Credit Plus                                                               will learn more about the culture of
1 Credit – Grades 11-12
 (Prerequisite: Spanish III with a grade of   Students will be required to “raise          German speaking countries and the
“73%” or better. For CCP classes,             the bar” to challenge themselves to          language.
completion of college admission               use a higher register of Spanish.
requirements. APEX and LVA students
must pass an entrance exam with 73% or        They will be expected to study the           German 3
                                              language regularly and keep up               1 Credit – Grades 10-12
better to advance to next level.)
                                                                                           (Text: Deutsch Aktuell, along with online
                                              with the grammar and structure               course Nicos Weg by Beutsche Welle.)
The main objective of the course is           homework. Students will also                 (Prerequisite: “75%” or better in previous
to help students to continue                  write essays, compositions, or               level, entrance test for those who took
                                              informal texts. Each student’s               previous level through LVA or online,
developing skills in the areas of                                                          PLUS permission of instructor.)
                                              daily speaking in class will be very
listening, speaking, reading and              important since students are
writing in Spanish at an                      expected to communicate in                   This additional credit course is a
intermediate college level, and to            Spanish only. The work is                    continuation of the German 2
                                              challenging, but manageable and              course. Interpretive and
help them increase their cultural
                                              rewarding.                                   communicative skills will be
awareness. The students’ ability to                                                        emphasized through the reading of
understand and communicate in                                                              adopted literature/readings and the
Spanish will be enhanced as a                 German 1                                     use of more complex sentences.
                                              1 Credit – Grades 9-12
result of the constant practice of            (Text: Deutsch Aktuell along with online     Students will expand their
the target language, home practice,           course Nicos Weg by Deutsche Welle)          vocabulary and grammar
increased reading and writing                                                              knowledge. Emphasis is placed on
                                              Students will receive an                     the ability of the student to use the
practice, and exposure to authentic
                                              introduction to the                          vocabulary and grammar they have
materials. This will require a high           German language and culture.                 learned to communicate in a
degree of participation so students           Each unit practices basic                    meaningful way through speaking
must come to class well prepared.             communicative functions such as              and writing assessments.
As this is a CCP course, students             speaking, writing, listening and
will have to meet Kent State Stark            reading comprehension. Students              German 4
University standards as outlined in           will be required to memorize                 1 Credit – Grade 11-12
                                              vocabulary and verb charts and               (Text: Deutsch Aktuell along with online
their syllabus in Canvas to pass the                                                       course Nicos Weg by Deutsche Welle.)
                                              will be expected to interpret,
class.                                                                                     (Prerequisite: “75%” or better in previous
                                              converse, and present in basic               level, entrance test for those who took
                                              German. The culture of German                previous level through LVA or online,
AP Spanish                                    life as well as the culture of               PLUS permission of instructor.)
1 Credit – Grade 12
                                              communication (ways they speak)
(Prerequisite: Spanish IV with a grade of
“73%” or better.)                             in comparison to English will be             This additional credit course is a
                                              discussed and assessed.                      continuation of the German 3
Students will build on their                                                               class. Interpretive and
previous knowledge of Spanish to              German 2                                     communicative skills will continue
improve their skills in the six               1 Credit – Grades 9-12                       to be emphasized through the
major modes of communication:                 (Text: Deutsch Aktuell, along with online    reading of adapted
                                              course Nicos Weg by Deutsche Welle.)
    • Spoken Interpersonal                    (Prerequisite: “75%” or better in previous
                                                                                           literature/readings and the use of
        Communication                         level, entrance test for those who took      more complex sentences. Students
    • Written Interpersonal                   previous level through LVA or online,        will expand their vocabulary and
        Communication                         PLUS permission of instructor.)              grammar knowledge. Emphasis is
    • Audio, Visual, and                                                                   placed on the ability of the student
                                              This additional credit course is a           to use the vocabulary and grammar
        Audiovisual Interpretive              continuation of the German I
        Communication                                                                      they have learned to communicate
                                              course. Students will expand their           in a meaningful way through
                                                                  28
speaking and writing assessments.
Course offering dependent upon
enrollment.

Literature Workshop
1 Credit – Grades 9-12
Meets Foreign Language requirement
(Prerequisite: Assigned by
recommendation of classroom teacher and
counselor. Principal has final approval)

This reading workshop is designed
for students who need to improve
reading proficiency. In this course,
students will work at reading
projects that are designed to meet
individual needs allowing for
student choice, varied instruction,
and flexible requirements. This
reading workshop does not satisfy
the graduation requirement of four
years of English; however, it does
fulfill the foreign language
graduation requirement.

                                           29
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