Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure

 
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
Highams Park
                                   Academy Trust

            Safeguarding including Child Protection
                    Policy and Procedure

                  Date of Review                    SLMT Lead         Trustees Approval

           24th September 2018             John Davisson         24th September 2018

           23rd September 2019             John Davisson         23rd September 2019

           22nd October 2021               John Davisson         22nd October 2020

            Date of next review: September 2021

Contents
                                                  Page 1 of 72
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
1.     Introduction / Safeguarding Staff .................................................................................................................................... 4
     1.1.     Named Personnel with Designated Responsibility for Safeguarding ................................................................. 4
     1.2.     Dates the Safeguarding Policy is reviewed and dates of any safeguarding audits ........................................... 4
     1.3.     Safeguarding Training Dates ................................................................................................................................... 4
     1.4.     Disclosure and Referral Process Flowchart (see also Appendix 3) .................................................................... 5
     1.5.     Photographs and Contact Details of DSL and Deputies ....................................................................................... 6
     1.6.     Safeguarding Statement ........................................................................................................................................... 7
2.     Providing a safe and supportive environment ................................................................................................................ 8
     2.1.     Safer Recruitment and Selection ............................................................................................................................. 8
     2.2.     Safe Practice .............................................................................................................................................................. 8
     2.3.     Information about safeguarding for students ........................................................................................................ 9
     2.4.     Partnership with Parents .......................................................................................................................................... 9
     2.5.     Partnerships with Others ......................................................................................................................................... 9
     2.6.     School Training and Staff Induction ..................................................................................................................... 10
     2.7.     Support, Advice and Guidance for Staff. .............................................................................................................. 10
     2.8.     Highams Park School Context Issues .................................................................................................................. 11
3.     Related School Policies and Procedures ..................................................................................................................... 12
     3.1.     Bullying ...................................................................................................................................................................... 12
     3.2.     Online Safety – (The policy can be located on Firefly under staff resources). ......................................................... 12
     3.3.     Photography and Images. ......................................................................................................................................... 12
     3.4.     Children Missing from School and Education. .......................................................................................................... 13
     3.5.     Extended School and Off-Site Arrangements. .......................................................................................................... 13
     3.6.     Student Information. .................................................................................................................................................. 13
     3.7.     Information Sharing – Passing on Child Protection Files .......................................................................................... 14
4.     Roles and Responsibilities of the School Community ................................................................................................ 16
     4.1.     Staff and Volunteer Responsibilities ......................................................................................................................... 16
     4.2.     Academy Trust Responsibilities ................................................................................................................................ 16
     4.3.     Principal’s Responsibilities ........................................................................................................................................ 16
     4.4.     Designated Safeguarding Lead Responsibilities ...................................................................................................... 17
5.     Identifying children who may be suffering significant harm ....................................................................................... 20
     5.1.     Significant Harm ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
     5.2.     Categories of abuse: ................................................................................................................................................. 20
     5.3.     Indicators of Abuse or Neglect .................................................................................................................................. 21
     5.4.     Children who may be particularly vulnerable ............................................................................................................ 22
     5.5.     Children in Need........................................................................................................................................................ 22
     5.6.     Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) .............................................................................................................................. 23
     5.7.     Preventing radicalisation ........................................................................................................................................... 24
     5.8.     Honour-based abuse (HBA) ...................................................................................................................................... 25
     5.9.     Forced Marriage ........................................................................................................................................................ 25
     5.10.       What is Child Abuse linked to faith and belief? ..................................................................................................... 26
     5.11.       Private fostering arrangements ............................................................................................................................. 27

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Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
5.12.        Domestic Abuse .................................................................................................................................................... 28
     5.13.        Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) and Child Criminal Exploitation (CCE) .............................................................. 28
     5.14.        Peer on Peer Abuse .............................................................................................................................................. 29
     5.15.        Sexual violence and sexual harassment between children in school: .................................................................. 30
     5.16.        Upskirting .............................................................................................................................................................. 31
     5.17.        Homelessness ....................................................................................................................................................... 31
     5.18.        Children and the court system .............................................................................................................................. 31
     5.19.        Children with family members in prison ................................................................................................................ 32
     5.20.        Children missing from education ........................................................................................................................... 32
     5.21.        Child criminal exploitation: county lines ................................................................................................................ 32
6.     Taking action to ensure that children are safe at school and at home ....................................................................... 33
     6.1.     Staff must immediately report: .................................................................................................................................. 33
     6.2.     What to do if you are concerned about a student’s welfare ...................................................................................... 33
     6.3.     Responding to Disclosure. ........................................................................................................................................ 34
     6.4.     What Staff should do ................................................................................................................................................. 34
     6.5.     Action by the Designated Safeguarding Lead ........................................................................................................... 35
     6.6.     Action following a child protection referral. ............................................................................................................... 36
     6.7.     Escalating concerns .................................................................................................................................................. 36
     6.8.     Supporting the child and working in partnership with parents .................................................................................. 36
     6.9.     Peer on peer abuse ................................................................................................................................................... 36
     6.10.        Harmful Sexual Behaviour in Education Settings ................................................................................................. 37
7.     Early Help ......................................................................................................................................................................... 38
     7.1.     Early Help at Highams Park School ......................................................................................................................... 38
8.     Allegations regarding person(s) working in or on behalf of the school. .................................................................... 40
     8.1.     Examples of Allegations ............................................................................................................................................ 40
     8.2.     Initial action by person receiving or identifying an allegation or concern .................................................................. 41
     8.3.     Action following allegation ......................................................................................................................................... 41
Appendix 1 - Key contacts in Waltham Forest ...................................................................................................................... 43
Appendix 2 – Raising a concern on “SafeGuard” ................................................................................................................ 45
Appendix 3 - Actions flow chart ............................................................................................................................................. 46
Appendix 4 – Safeguarding Children Whistle Blowing Policy ........................................................................................... 47
Appendix 5 - Allegations against staff .................................................................................................................................. 49
Appendix 6 - Escalation process............................................................................................................................................ 50
Appendix 7 – The Role of the Designated Safeguarding Lead ........................................................................................... 52
Appendix 8: Online safety ...................................................................................................................................................... 56
Appendix 9 – Sexting – How to respond to an incident ...................................................................................................... 59
Appendix 11 – Additional Advice and Support .................................................................................................................... 63
Appendix 12 – New arrangements for WF ............................................................................................................................ 67
Appendix 13 – Communication Policy – June 2020 ............................................................................................................ 71

                                                                                     Page 3 of 72
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
1. Introduction / Safeguarding Staff

    Principal: Mr Phil Grundy

 1.1. Named Personnel with Designated Responsibility for Safeguarding
       Academic       Designated       Deputy Designated            Nominated    Chair of Trust
       Year           Safeguarding     Safeguarding Lead            Safeguarding
                      Lead                                          Trustee

       20/21          Mr John          Mr Lampshire                 Tracy          Tracy Penfold
                      Davisson         Ms Buckland                  Penfold
                                       Ms Halkes
                                       Mrs Hickman
                                       Mr Capewell
                                       Mr MacDonald
                                       Mrs Whitehead
                                       Ms Stephens
                                       Ms Alexander-Stafford
                                       Mrs Nascimento
                                       Mrs Callender
                                       Mr Jolly

 1.2. Dates the Safeguarding Policy is reviewed and dates of any safeguarding audits
     Review Next         By Whom
     Date   Review
            Date

     Sept      Sept      The Designated Safeguard Lead
     2020      2021

 1.3. Safeguarding Training Dates

     Whole school       Designated Safeguarding      Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead
                        Lead

     September 2020     July 2019                    July 2019

                                            Page 4 of 72
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
1.4. Disclosure and Referral Process Flowchart (see also Appendix 3)

                                       Raise the concern with a
                                     member of the safeguarding
                                              team ASAP
                                     (IMPORTANT – MUST SPEAK
                                         DIRECTLY TO DSL OR
                                              DEPUTIES)

                                       Create a “Safeguarding
                                       Concern” on SafeGuard
                                     (see how to raise a concern
                                           on safeguard)

                                    Safeguarding team will review
                                     concern and make decisions
                                          about next steps

      Decision made to                 Decision made to speak          Decision made to refer
      monitor concern                   with student/parents           onto relevant agencies

                                           Page 5 of 72
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
1.5. Photographs and Contact Details of DSL and Deputies
                      Overall                                     LAC coordinator                               Online Safety                              Key Stage 5                               Key Stage 5
                      Responsibility                              Attendance                                    Allegations                                Monitor Students                          Monitor Students
                      Available Agencies                          Missing children                              Advice                                     Refer                                     Refer
                      Allegations                                 Allegations                                   Refer                                      Available Agencies                        Available Agencies
                      Training                                    Pregnancy/ HSB                                Safeguard Record                           Early Help / TAF                          Early Help / TAF
                      Advice                                      Mental Health                                 Link: JD /JL / EB                          Emerging Needs                            Emerging Needs
                      Refer                                       Refer                                                                                    Safeguard Record                          Safeguard Record
                      Safeguard Record                            Safeguard Record                                                                         Monitor                                   Monitor
                      Safeguarding Team                           Link: JD / JL / EB                                                                       Link: JD / JL / EB                        Link: JD / JL / EB
                      Link: PGY
Mr John Davisson                           Ms Cally Halkes                             Mr Tom Capewell                              Mrs Joanne Whitehead                        Ms Charlotte Alexander-Stafford
Vice Principal                             Vice Principal                              Deputy Principal                             Deputy Head 6th Form - Head of Year 13      Deputy Head 6th Form - Head of Year 12
Designated Safeguarding Lead               Deputy Safeguarding Lead                    Deputy Safeguarding Lead                     Deputy Safeguarding Lead                    Deputy Safeguarding Lead
Location: P Block                          Location: Main School Building              Location: P Block                            Location: 6th Form Study Area               Location: 6th Form Study Area
Ext: 140                                   Ext: 457                                    Ext: 415                                     Ext: 193                                    Ext: 194
                     Key Stage 3                                Key Stage 3 & 4                             Key Stage 3 & 5                              Key Stage 5
                     Monitor Students                           Available Agencies                          Available Agencies                           Monitor Students       Met Police EMERGENCY : 999
                     Emerging Needs                             Advice                                      Advice                                       Refer
                     Early Help / TAF                           Early Help                                  Early help                                   Available Agencies     Met Police Non-emergency: 101
                     Safeguard Record                           Safeguard Record                            Refer                                        Early help / TAF
                     Record / Monitor                           Refer                                       Safeguard Record                             Emergency Needs
                     Transition link: EB                        Emerging Needs                              Emerging Needs                               Safeguard Record       PC Byrnes / Safer School Officer:
                     Link: JD / EB                              CSE / HSB                                   Link: SUH / OF / SN                          Monitor                0208 345 3160
                                                                Peer Mentor Training                                                                     Link: JD / JL / EB
                                                                 Link: GM / TJY
Mrs Susie Hickman                          Mr James Lampshire                          Ms Elisabeth Buckland                        Mrs Danielle Stephens
Deputy Safeguarding Lead                   Deputy Safeguarding Lead                    Deputy Safeguarding Lead                     Head of 6th Form                            MASH: 0208 496 2310 / 2311
Head of Year 7                             Pastoral Support co-ordinator               Deputy Pastoral Support co-ordinator         Deputy Safeguarding Lead                    Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub
Location: P block Student service area     Location: P block Student service area /    Location: P block Student service area /     Location: 6th Form Study Area Ext: 143
Ext: 144 / 448                             Inclusion Room Main School Building         Inclusion Room Main School Building          PE Block Ext: 180
                                           Ext: 184                                    Ext: 163                                     Ext: 143 / 180                              Early Help Duty Line : 0208 496 5114
                     Key Stage 3                                 Key Stage 3                                 Key Stage 4                                 Key Stage 4
                     Monitor Students                            Monitor Students                            Monitor Students                            Monitor Students
                     Emerging Needs                              Emerging Needs                              Emerging Needs                              Emerging Needs         Named School Trustee
                     Early help / TAF                            Early help / TAF                            Early help / TAF                            Early help / TAF
                                                                                                                                                                                Mrs T Penfold
                     Safeguard Record                            Safeguard Record                            Safeguard Record                            Safeguard Record
                     Monitor                                     Monitor                                     Monitor                                     Monitor                School phone number:
                     Link: JD / EB                               Link: JD / EB                               Link: JD / JL                               Link: JD / JL          0208 527 4051

Mrs Sophia Nascimento                      Mrs Olivia Callender                        Mr Graham MacDonald                          Mr Tim Jolly                                LADO
Deputy Safeguarding Lead                   Deputy Safeguarding Lead                    Deputy Safeguarding Lead                     Deputy Safeguarding Lead                    Ms S McAllister
Head of Year 8                             Head of Year 9                              Head of Year 10                              Head of Year 11                             Telephone; 0208 496 3687
Location: P block Student service area     Location: P block Student service area      Location: P block Student service area       Location: P block Student service area
Ext: 146                                   Ext: 189                                    Ext: 132                                     Ext: 115 / 180

                                                                                             Page 6 of 72
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
1.6.        Safeguarding Statement

      ✓         Highams Park School is committed to Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of all
                its students.
      ✓         Each student’s welfare is of paramount importance.
      ✓         All adults, including volunteers, will fully comply with this policy, attend appropriate
                training and inform the DSL of any concerns.

This policy is in line with the latest DFE statutory guidance for schools and colleges (Keeping Children
Safe in Education 2020)
This policy will be reviewed annually and known to everyone working in the school and the academy trust. It will be
available to parents on request.
Everyone working in or for our school service shares an objective to help keep children and young people safe by
contributing to:
            •       Providing a safe environment for children and young people to learn and develop and
            •       Identifying children and young people who are suffering or likely to suffer significant harm and
                    taking appropriate action with the aim of making sure they are kept safe both at home and in
                    school.
          We recognise that:
            •       Some children may be especially vulnerable to abuse;
            •       Children who are abused or neglected may find it difficult to develop a sense of self-worth and
                    to view the world in a positive way. Whilst at school, their behaviour may be challenging;
            •       Children can be victims and perpetrators of abuse;
            •       Children who harm others may have been abused themselves;
            •       Allegations may be made against staff, however careful and safe our recruitment practices;

Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined for the purposes of this policy as:

                 • Protecting children from maltreatment;
                 • Preventing impairment of children’s mental and physical health or development;
                 • Ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and
                    effective care; and
                 • Taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes.
                 • Children includes everyone under the age of 18.

                                                Page 7 of 72
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
2. Providing a safe and supportive environment

    2.1.      Safer Recruitment and Selection

     The school pays full regard to the latest DFE guidance on 'Keeping Children Safe in Education'.
     We ensure that all appropriate measures are applied in relation to everyone who works in the school and
     who is therefore likely to be perceived by the children as a safe and trustworthy adult. This includes
     volunteers and staff employed by contractors. Safer recruitment practice includes scrutinising
     applicants, verifying identity and academic or vocational qualifications, obtaining professional
     references, checking previous employment history and ensuring that a candidate has the health and
     physical capacity for the job. It also includes undertaking interviews and checks with the Disclosure and
     Barring Service (DBS).
     In line with statutory changes, underpinned by regulations, the following will apply:
     2.1.1.    DBS and barred list checks will be undertaken for all posts that are deemed regulated activity, and
               for all other posts an enhanced DBS check will be undertaken unless they are supervised roles
               that are deemed not to meet the definition of regulated activity;

     2.1.2.    This school is committed to keeping an up to date single central record detailing a range of checks
               carried out on our staff;

     2.1.3.    All new appointments to our school workforce who have lived outside the UK will be subject to
               additional checks as appropriate;

     2.1.4.    Our school ensures that supply staff have undergone the necessary checks and will be made
               aware of this policy;

     2.1.5.    Staff responsible for recruiting and appointing must be suitably qualified and have successfully
               completed the on-line Safer Recruitment training or other appropriate Safe Recruitment training;

     2.1.6.    Identity checks must be carried out on all appointments to our school workforce before the
               appointment is confirmed.

    2.2.      Safe Practice

     2.2.1.    Our school will comply with the latest ‘Guidance for Safer Working Practice for Adults who work
               with Children and Young People’ and ensure that information in this guidance regarding conduct, is
               known to all staff, visitors and volunteers who come into the school.
     Safe working practice ensures that students are safe and that all staff:

     2.2.2.    Are responsible for their own actions and behaviour and should avoid any conduct which would
               lead any reasonable person to question their motivation and intentions;
     2.2.3.    Work in an open and transparent way;
     2.2.4.    Work with other colleagues where possible in situations that could be open to question;
     2.2.5.    Discuss and/or take advice from school management over any incident which may give rise for
               concern;
     2.2.6.    Record any incidents or decisions made;
     2.2.7.    Apply the same professional standards regardless of diversity issues;
     2.2.8.    Be aware of information-sharing and confidentiality policies;
     2.2.9.    Are aware that breaches of the law and other professional guidelines could result in criminal or
               disciplinary action being taken against them.

                                              Page 8 of 72
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
2.2.10.    Where a school places a student with an alternative provision provider, the school continues to be
            responsible for the safeguarding of that student and should be satisfied that the provider meets the
            needs of the student. Schools should obtain written confirmation from the alternative provider that
            appropriate safeguarding checks have been carried out on individuals at the establishment, i.e.
            those checks that the school would otherwise perform in respect of its own staff.
            SEE APPENDIX 10.

2.3.       Information about safeguarding for students

 2.3.1.     Through lessons and other curriculum opportunities, students are taught to understand and
            manage risks they may encounter during school life and work out with staff how these risks may be
            overcome; taking into account their wishes and feelings. They are regularly reminded about online
            safety and bullying procedures and also taught how to conduct themselves and behave in a
            responsible manner.
 2.3.2.     All students know they can choose to speak to any adult they feel is appropriate. They are
            reminded that confidentiality cannot be guaranteed. However, they will be listened to, heard, and
            informed of what steps can be taken to protect them from harm. Feedback to the student will be
            given so they know what will happen next.
 2.3.3.     All students know there is designated safeguarding lead and who this is and that they have a right
            to speak to this member of staff in confidence. They are reminded that confidentiality cannot be
            guaranteed, but that they will be listened to and informed of what steps will be taken to protect
            them from harm.

2.4.       Partnership with Parents

 2.4.1.     The school shares a common purpose with parents to educate and keep children safe from harm
            and to have their welfare promoted. We are committed to working with parents positively, openly
            and honestly. We ensure that all parents are treated with respect, dignity and courtesy. We respect
            parents’ rights to privacy and confidentiality and will not share sensitive information unless we have
            permission or it is necessary to do so in order to protect a child.
 2.4.2.     The school will, in most circumstances, endeavour to discuss all concerns with parents about their
            children. However, there may be exceptional circumstances when the school will discuss concerns
            with Social Care and/or the Police without parental knowledge (in accordance with the London
            Child Protection procedures). The school will always aim to maintain a positive relationship with all
            parents. This Safeguarding policy is available on request.

2.5.       Partnerships with Others

 2.5.1.     Our school recognises that it is essential to establish positive and effective working relationships
            with other agencies that are partners of the Waltham Forest Safeguarding Children Board. There is
            a joint responsibility on all these agencies to share information to ensure the safeguarding of all
            children. Further information on multi-agency working can be found in the new KCSIE 2020, p.20
            paragraph 68-72.

                                            Page 9 of 72
Highams Park Academy Trust - Safeguarding including Child Protection Policy and Procedure
2.6.      School Training and Staff Induction

 2.6.1.    The school’s senior member of staff known as the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL), along
           with the Safeguarding Deputies, with responsibility for safeguarding will undertake appropriate
           training and refresh this training at two-yearly intervals.
 2.6.2.    All staff will receive appropriate safeguarding and child protection training which is regularly
           updated. In addition, all staff will receive safeguarding and child protection updates (for example,
           via email, e-bulletins and staff messages), as required, and at least annually, to provide them with
           relevant skills and knowledge to safeguard children effectively.
 2.6.3.    All staff should be aware of their local early help process and understand their role in it.
 2.6.4.    All staff will be aware of the process for making referrals to children’s social care and for statutory
           assessments under the Children’s Act 1989, especially section 17 (children in need) and section
           47 (a child suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm) that may follow a referral, along with the
           role they might be expected to play in such assessments.
 2.6.5.    All staff will know what to do if a child tells them he/she is being abused or neglected. Staff will
           know how to manage the requirements to maintain an appropriate level of confidentiality. This
           means only involving those who need to be involved, such as the designated safeguarding lead (or
           a deputy) and children’s social care. Staff must never promise a child that they will not tell anyone
           about a report of abuse, as this may ultimately not be in the best interests of the child.
 2.6.6.    All staff (including temporary staff, volunteers, and supply staff) are provided with information on
           the school’s safeguarding policy and the school’s safeguarding arrangements.

2.7.      Support, Advice and Guidance for Staff.
 2.7.1.    Staff will be supported by the DSL and his/her deputies. The DSL will know how to access the on-
           line London Child Protection Procedures. The DSL will be supported by the Principal and a
           nominated Trustee when required.
 2.7.2.    If staff members have concerns about a child’s welfare they should raise these with the school’s
           DSL or in their absence, their deputies.
 2.7.3.    It is important to note that any staff member can refer their concerns to children’s social care
           directly. The MASH referral form can be found on ‘OneDrive’ in ‘Staff Documents’.
 2.7.4.    The designated safeguarding lead (and deputies) are most likely to have a complete safeguarding
           picture and be the most appropriate person/s to advise on the response to safeguarding concerns.
 2.7.5.    The Teachers’ Standards 2012 state that teachers (which includes headteachers) should
           safeguard children’s wellbeing and maintain public trust in the teaching profession as part of their
           professional duties.
 2.7.6.    All staff are aware of the systems within Highams Park School which support safeguarding and are
           explained to them as part of staff induction. This should include:
            • The child protection policy;
            • The behaviour policy;
            • The staff behaviour policy (sometimes called a code of conduct);
            • The safeguarding response to children who go missing from education; and
            • The role of the designated safeguarding lead (including the identity of the designated
                safeguarding lead and any deputies).

                                           Page 10 of 72
2.7.7.   Safeguarding incidents and/or behaviours can be associated with factors outside the school and/or
          can occur between children outside the school. All staff, but especially the designated
          safeguarding lead (and deputies) will consider the context within which such incidents and/or
          behaviours occur. This is known as contextual safeguarding, which simply means assessments
          of children will consider whether wider environmental factors are present in a child’s life that are a
          threat to their safety and/or welfare. Children’s social care assessments will consider such factors
          so it is important that the school provides as much information as possible as part of the referral
          process. This will allow any assessments to consider all the available evidence and the full context
          of any abuse.

2.8.      Highams Park School Context Issues
 2.8.1.   Highams Park School is located within Waltham Forest. Students may be vulnerable to particular
          safeguarding issues. These are priorities in staff training. They include the following:
            •    Dangers associated with a congested exit from the school
            •    Dangers related to the proximity of a main railway line level crossing
            •    Local drug related issues
            •    Local knife crime incidents and “stranger danger”.
            •    Local gang activity
 2.8.2.   Students are given clear instructions regarding leaving the school premises. Members of the senior
          leadership team and the safer schools officer patrol the local area immediately after school and
          where appropriate liaise with local shop keepers. Students who congregate in large numbers are
          asked to move on.
 2.8.3.   In assembles and form time students are given advice/instructions about respecting the level
          crossing. SLMT and safer schools officer patrol the local area after school. Students are provided
          with information regarding the possible dangers of the level crossing.
 2.8.4.   Students receive drug awareness information during citizenship lessons and assemblies. Students
          are aware of the consequences of possession of drugs.
 2.8.5.   At Highams Park School we are aware of the local surrounding knife crime issues and work with
          our safer schools police officer with regard to educating out students on the criminal implication of
          carrying a ”weapon” and the dangers to themselves and others. Highams Park School employ the
          use of ‘knife arches’. Students are advised to not walk to school or home on their own. Students
          are advised what to do if they feel that they are in danger.

                                         Page 11 of 72
3. Related School Policies and Procedures

      Safeguarding covers more than child protection in relation to individual children. It also encompasses issues such
      as student health and safety, bullying and a range of other issues, for example, arrangements for meeting the
      medical needs of children, providing first aid, school security, drugs and substance misuse, positive behaviour etc.
      There may also be other safeguarding issues that are specific to the local area or population.

  3.1. Bullying
             3.1.1.   While bullying between children is not a separate category of abuse and neglect, a very serious
                      issue can cause considerable anxiety and distress. All incidences of bullying should be reported
                      and will be managed through our anti-bullying procedures. Advice on how to deal with bullying is
                      contained within the students’ school planner. The subject of bullying is addressed at regular
                      intervals in the curriculum. If the bullying is particularly serious, the DSL or deputies will implement
                      safeguarding procedures.

  3.2. Online Safety – (The policy can be located on Firefly under staff resources).
             3.2.1.   The school recognises that its students will use mobile phones and computers at some time. They
                      are a source of fun, entertainment, communication and education. However, we know that some
                      people will use these technologies to harm children. The harm might range from sending hurtful or
                      abusive texts and emails, to enticing children to engage in sexually harmful conversations, web
                      cam photography or face-to-face meetings. Online-bullying by students via emails and texts will be
                      treated as seriously as any other type of bullying and managed through our anti-bullying
                      procedures.
             3.2.2.   Chatrooms and social networking sites are the most obvious sources of inappropriate and harmful
                      behaviour, which students are not allowed to access in school. Some students will undoubtedly
                      ‘chat’ on mobiles or social networking sites at home and parents are encouraged to consider
                      measures to keep their children safe when using social media.
             3.2.3.   The school has a comprehensive online safety policy that addresses these issues and it is made
                      known to all staff and students. It is also reproduced in the school planner. Staff, students and their
                      parents have to sign an acceptable user declaration before they are granted access to the school’s
                      network. Misuse can result in the withdrawal of network access alongside other sanctions.
             3.2.4.   For further information on Online Safety, please refer to appendix 8
  3.3. Photography and Images.
             3.3.1.   At Highams Park School we may wish to take photographs/ images of school activities that involve
                      students. The photographs/images may be used for traditional school photographs both individuals
                      and groups, school displays, school publications and our web-site.
             3.3.2.   Photography or filming will only take place under appropriate supervision. Images that might cause
                      embarrassment or distress will not be used nor will images be associated with material on issues
                      that are sensitive. Parent’s consent is sought when children join the school.
             3.3.3.   To protect students, we will ensure they are appropriately dressed and encourage them to tell us if
                      they are worried about any photographs/video that are taken of them.

                                                     Page 12 of 72
3.4. Children Missing from School and Education.
          3.4.1.   Attendance, absence and exclusions are closely monitored. A child going missing from education
                   is a potential indicator of abuse and neglect, including sexual abuse and sexual exploitation. The
                   school will monitor unauthorised absence and take appropriate action including notifying the local
                   authority, particularly where children go missing on repeated occasions and/or are missing for
                   periods during the school day. Staff must be alert to signs of children at risk of radicalisation,
                   travelling to conflict zones, female genital mutilation and forced marriage.
          3.4.2.   The school follows the “Safeguarding Children Missing from School” section of the London Child
                   Protection Procedures and will refer all cases of concern to the ‘BACME’ officer and Children’s
                   Social Care.
          3.4.3.   Where parents inform us that they wish to 'home educate' their child, we will ask the parent to put
                   this in writing. The school will then complete an ‘EHE’ referral and email this to the BACME officer.
          3.4.4.   In Waltham Forest, the ‘BACME’ within Education is responsible for the delivery of CME (Children
                   Missing Education) duties defined by the Education Act Amendments.
          3.4.5.   In Waltham Forest, the ‘BACME’ team within Early Help is responsible for agreeing and monitoring
                   CMfE (Children Missing from Education) with the procedures for once a school place has been
                   offered.

3.5. Extended School and Off-Site Arrangements.
          3.5.1.   Where extended school activities are provided by and managed by the school, our own
                   safeguarding policy and procedures apply. If other organisations provide services or activities on
                   our site the DSL will check that they have appropriate procedures in place, including safer
                   recruitment procedures.
          3.5.2.   When our students attend off-site activities, including day and residential visits and work-related
                   activities, the DSL will check that effective safeguarding arrangements are in place. (APPENDIX
                   10)

       “Where there is a concern that the child may be suffering or is at risk of
        suffering significant harm, the child’s safety and welfare must be the
                              overriding consideration.“

3.6. Student Information.
          3.6.1.   The School’s record-keeping policy for child welfare and child protection is consistent with DFE
                   guidance.
          3.6.2.   In order to keep children safe and provide appropriate care for them, we make every effort to
                   accurately record up to date information regarding:
               •   names and contact details of persons with whom the child normally lives;
               •   names and contact details of all persons with parental responsibility (if different from above);
               •   at least two emergency contact details (if different from above);
               •   any relevant court orders in place including those, which affect any person’s access to the child

                                                  Page 13 of 72
(e.g. Residence Order, Contact Order, Care Order, Injunctions etc.);
               •   if the child is or has been subject to a child protection or care plan;
               •   name and contact details of G.P / Practice where available;
               •   any other factors which may impact on the safety and welfare of the child.

          3.6.3.   All recorded information is kept on the schools ‘SafeGuard’ software (appendix 2)

          3.6.4.   The school will collate, store and agree any access requests to this information from other
                   organisations in line with data protection requirements on ‘SafeGuard’ software.
          3.6.5.   All child protection documents will be retained in a ‘Child Protection’ file, separate from the child’s
                   main file. The main file will clearly show an alert that a ‘Child Protection’ file exists and
                   the location of this. This ‘Child Protection’ file will be locked away and only accessible to the
                   Principal, DSL and appropriate staff. These records will be copied and transferred to any school or
                   setting the child moves to, clearly marked ‘Child Protection’, CONFIDENTIAL. Original copies will
                   be retained according to school policy on retention of records.

3.7. Information Sharing – Passing on Child Protection Files

          3.7.1.   Information sharing is vital in identifying and tackling all forms of abuse and neglect.

          3.7.2.   The school is proactive in sharing information as early as possible to help identify, assess and
                   respond to risks or concerns about the safety and welfare of children, whether this is when
                   problems are first emerging, or where a child is already known to local authority children’s social
                   care.
          3.7.3.   The Data Protection Act 2018 and the GDPR place duties on organisations and individuals to
                   process personal information fairly and lawfully and to keep the information they hold safe and
                   secure.
          3.7.4.   The Data Protection Act 2018 and GDPR do not prevent, or limit, the sharing of information for the
                   purposes of keeping children safe. Fears about sharing information must not be allowed to stand in
                   the way of the need to promote the welfare and protect the safety of children.
          3.7.5.   Relevant staff have due regard to the data protection principles, which allow them to share
                   personal information, as provided for in the Data Protection Act 2018, and the GDPR. Relevant
                   staff should be confident of the processing conditions under the Data Protection Act 2018 and the
                   GDPR which allow them to store and share information for safeguarding purposes, including
                   information which is sensitive and personal, and should be treated as ‘special category personal
                   data’.
          3.7.6.   Staff who need to share ‘special category personal data’ are aware that the Data Protection Act
                   2018 contains ‘safeguarding of children and individuals at risk’ as a processing condition that
                   allows practitioners to share information. This includes allowing practitioners to share information
                   without consent, if it is not possible to gain consent, it cannot be reasonably expected that a
                   practitioner gains consent, or if to gain consent would place a child at risk.

                                                   Page 14 of 72
3.7.7.    Further details on information sharing can be found:
                   • in Chapter one of Working Together to Safeguard Children, which includes a myth-busting
                      guide to information sharing;
                   • at Information Sharing: Advice for Practitioners Providing Safeguarding Services to Children,
                      Young People, Parents and Carers. The seven golden rules for sharing information will be
                      especially useful; and
                   • at The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), which includes ICO GDPR FAQs and
                      guidance from the department.

         3.7.8.    Where children leave the school or college, the designated safeguarding lead should ensure their
                   child protection file is transferred to the new school or college as soon as possible, ensuring
                   secure transit, and confirmation of receipt should be obtained. For schools, this should be
                   transferred separately from the main student file. Receiving schools and colleges should ensure
                   key staff such as designated safeguarding leads and SENCOs or the named person with oversight
                   for SEN in a college, are aware as required.

         3.7.9.    In addition to the child protection file, the designated safeguarding lead should also consider if it
                   would be appropriate to share any information with the new school or college in advance of a child
                   leaving. For example, information that would allow the new school or college to continue
                   supporting victims of abuse and have that support in place for when the child arrives.

         3.7.10.   THE SCHOOLS DATA PROTECTION POLICY AND PRIVACY NOTICES CAN BE LOCATED
                   ON ‘FIREFLY’ UNDER ‘STAFF POLICIES’.

3.8. Multi-agency Working

              3.8.1. The safeguarding lead and his/her deputies will ensure that the school contributes to the multi-
                   agency safeguarding arrangements in line with statutory guidance found in Working Together to
                   Safeguard Children.

                                                  Page 15 of 72
4. Roles and Responsibilities of the School Community

  4.1. Staff and Volunteer Responsibilities

            All staff and volunteers should:

            4.1.1.   Fully comply with the school’s policies and procedures, attend appropriate training and inform the
                     DSL of any concerns.

            4.1.2.   Be aware of the process for making referrals to children’s social care and for statutory
                     assessments under the Children Act 1989, especially section 17 (children in need) and section 47
                     (a child suffering, or likely to suffer significant harm) that may follow a referral, along with the role
                     they might be expected to play in such assessments. (APPENDIX 3 – Actions Flowchart)
            4.1.3.   Be aware of their local early help process and understand their role in it.

  4.2. Academy Trust Responsibilities

            The Academy Trust will ensure that:

            4.2.1.   The school has a safeguarding policy and procedures in place that are in accordance with local
                     authority guidance and locally agreed inter-agency procedures, and that the policy is made
                     available to parents on request;
            4.2.2.   The school operates safer recruitment procedures and makes sure that all appropriate checks are
                     carried out on staff and volunteers who work with children;
            4.2.3.   The school follows the London Child Protection procedures for dealing with allegations of abuse
                     against staff and volunteers;
            4.2.4.   A senior member of the school’s leadership team is designated to take lead responsibility for
                     safeguarding;
            4.2.5.   They have a named trustee lead for safeguarding;
            4.2.6.   Staff undertake appropriate safeguarding/child protection training, at regular intervals;
            4.2.7.   They remedy, without delay, any deficiencies or weaknesses regarding safeguarding
                     arrangements;
            4.2.8.   The chair, or vice-chair in the chair’s absence, is responsible for liaising with Local Authority
                     Designated Officer (LADO) in the event of allegations of abuse being made against the Principal;
            4.2.9.   They review this policy and its procedures at least annually.

  4.3. Principal’s Responsibilities

            The Principal will:

            4.3.1.   Ensure the policies and procedures adopted by the Academy Trust are fully implemented and staff
                     pay due regard to them;
            4.3.2.   Provide sufficient resources and time to enable the DSL and other staff to discharge their
                     responsibilities;
            4.3.3.   Encourage all staff and volunteers to feel able to raise concerns about poor or unsafe practice in

                                                     Page 16 of 72
regard to children, and such concerns are addressed sensitively and effectively in a timely manner
                    in accordance with the agreed Safeguarding Children Whistle Blowing Policy (APPENDIX 4)
          4.3.4.    The appropriate staff have completed the on-line Safer Recruitment training;
          4.3.5.    Operate the procedure for managing allegations effectively and refer relevant concerns to the
                    LADO (Designated Officer);
          4.3.6.    Assign a deputy senior leader to deal with allegations against staff in the absence of the Principal.

4.4. Designated Safeguarding Lead Responsibilities

          The Designated Safeguard Lead (DSL) or deputies will:

          4.4.1.    Refer cases of suspected abuse or allegations to children’s social care and maintain a record of all
                    referrals;
          4.4.2.    Act as a source of support, advice and expertise within the educational establishment and have
                    access to the on-line London Child Protection Procedures;
          4.4.3.    Liaise with the Principal to inform her/him of any issues and ongoing investigations;
          4.4.4.    Ensure s/he is adequately trained to carry out the role and keeps the training up to date;
          4.4.5.    Recognise how to identify signs of abuse and know when it is appropriate to make a referral;
          4.4.6.    Have knowledge of the Escalation Process (APPENDIX 6), the LADO role, conduct of a child
                    protection case conference and be able to attend and contribute to these;
          4.4.7.    Ensure that all staff have access to and understand the school’s safeguarding policy;
          4.4.8.    Ensure that all staff have induction training;
          4.4.9.    Keep detailed, accurate and secure written records;
          4.4.10.   Obtain access to resources and attend any relevant or refresher training courses at least every two
                    years;
          4.4.11.   Ensure this safeguarding policy is updated and reviewed at least annually and work with the
                    Academy trust regarding this.
          4.4.12.   Ensure parents are made aware of the safeguarding policy which alerts them to the fact that
                    referrals may be made and the role of the establishment in this to avoid conflict later;
          4.4.13.   Where a child leaves the establishment, ensure the ’Child Protection’ file is copied for the new
                    establishment as soon as possible and transferred to the new school separately from the main
                    student file. Where necessary inform the relevant social worker;
          4.4.14.   Where services or activities are provided on the school premises by another body, to ensure that
                    the body concerned has appropriate policies and procedures in place in regard to safeguarding
                    children and liaises with the school on these matters where appropriate.

          4.4.15.   REFER TO APPENDIX 7 Role of the Designated Safeguarding Lead

4.5. Looked after children and previously looked after children

          4.5.1.    The most common reason for children becoming looked after is as a result of
                    abuse and/or neglect. The school ensures that staff should have the skills, knowledge and
                    understanding to keep looked after children safe.
          4.5.2.    In particular, staff will have the information they need in relation to a child’s looked after legal
                    status (whether they are looked after under voluntary arrangements with consent of parents or on

                                                    Page 17 of 72
an interim or full care order) and the child’s contact arrangements with birth parents or those with
                    parental responsibility. They should also have information about the child’s care arrangements and
                    the levels of authority delegated to the carer by the authority looking after him/her. The designated
                    safeguarding lead should have details of the child’s social worker and the name of the virtual
                    school head in the authority that looks after the child.

          4.5.3.    A previously looked after child potentially remains vulnerable and all staff should have the skills,
                    knowledge and understanding to keep previously looked after children safe. When dealing with
                    looked after children and previously looked after children, it is important that all agencies work
                    together and prompt action is taken when necessary to safeguard these children, who are a
                    particularly vulnerable group.
4.6. Care leavers
          4.6.1.    Local authorities have on-going responsibilities to the young people who cease to be looked after
                    and become care leavers. That includes keeping in touch with them, preparing an assessment of
                    their needs and appointing a personal adviser who develops a pathway plan with the young
                    person. This plan describes how the local authority will support the care leaver to participate in
                    education or training. Designated safeguarding leads should therefore have details of the local
                    authority Personal Advisor appointed to guide and support the care leaver, and should liaise with
                    them as necessary regarding any issues of concern affecting the care leaver.

4.7. Children with special educational needs and disabilities
          4.7.1.    Children with special educational needs (SEN) and disabilities can face additional safeguarding
                    challenges. Additional barriers can exist when recognising abuse and neglect in this group of
                    children. These can include:
                     •        assumptions that indicators of possible abuse such as behaviour, mood and injury relate
                              to the child’s disability without further exploration;
                     •        being more prone to peer group isolation than other children;
                     •        the potential for children with SEN and disabilities being disproportionally impacted
                     •        by behaviours such as bullying, without outwardly showing any signs; and
                     •        communication barriers and difficulties in overcoming these barriers.
                     •        To address these additional challenges, schools and colleges should consider extra
                     •        pastoral support for children with SEN and disabilities.

4.8. The use of ‘reasonable force’ in schools and colleges
          4.8.1.    There are circumstances when it is appropriate for staff to use reasonable force to safeguard
                    children and young people. The term ‘reasonable force’ covers the broad range of actions used by
                    staff that involve a degree of physical contact to control or restrain children. This can range from
                    guiding a child to safety by the arm, to more extreme circumstances such as breaking up a fight or
                    where a young person needs to be restrained to prevent violence or injury. ‘Reasonable’ in these
                    circumstances means ‘using no more force than is needed’. The use of force may involve either
                    passive physical contact, such as standing between pupils or blocking a pupil’s path, or active
                    physical contact such as leading a pupil by the arm out of the classroom.
          4.8.2.    Advice from the DfE for schools is available at Use of Reasonable Force in Schools.

                                                     Page 18 of 72
4.8.3.   We believe that the adoption of a ‘no contact’ policy at school can leave staff unable to fully
         support and protect their pupils and students. The decision on whether or not to use reasonable
         force to control or restrain a child is down to the professional judgement of the staff concerned and
         should always depend on individual circumstances.
4.8.4.   When using reasonable force in response to risks presented by incidents involving children with
         SEN or disabilities or with medical conditions, the school will consider the risks carefully
         recognising the additional vulnerability of these groups. We will also consider our duties under the
         Equality Act 2010 in relation to making reasonable adjustments, non-discrimination and our Public
         Sector Equality Duty. By planning positive and proactive behaviour support, for instance through
         drawing up individual behaviour plans for more vulnerable children, and agreeing them with
         parents and carers we can reduce the occurrence of challenging behaviour and the need to use
         reasonable force.

                                        Page 19 of 72
5. Identifying children who may be suffering significant harm

                A Child is anyone who has not yet reached his/her 18th birthday,
                          as defined in the Children Acts 1989 and 2004.

      Teachers and other adults in school are well placed to observe any physical, emotional or behavioural signs,
      which indicate that a child may be suffering significant harm. The relationships between staff, students, parents
      and the public which foster respect, confidence and trust can lead to disclosures of abuse, and/or school staff
      being alerted to concerns.

  5.1. Significant Harm

             Harm means:
            5.1.1.    Ill-treatment or impairment of health and development, including, for example, impairment suffered
                      from seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another;
            5.1.2.    Development means physical, intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development;
            5.1.3.    Health includes physical and mental health;
            5.1.4.    Ill-treatment includes sexual abuse and other forms of ill-treatment which are not physical.

             Abuse and Neglect are forms of maltreatment.

            5.1.5.    Somebody may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm or failing to act to prevent harm.
            5.1.6.    Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting, by those known to
                      them, or, more rarely, by a stranger. They may be abused by an adult or adults or another child or
                      children.

  5.2. Categories of abuse:
            5.2.1.    Physical Abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning,
                      suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when
                      a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child;
            5.2.2.    Sexual Abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities,
                      not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is
                      happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for
                      example, rape or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing, rubbing and
                      touching outside of clothing. They may also include non-contact activities, such as involving
                      children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities,
                      encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation
                      for abuse (including via the internet). Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by adult males.
                      Women can also commit acts of sexual abuse, as can other children.
            5.2.3.    Emotional Abuse is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and
                      persistent adverse effects on the child’s emotional development. It may involve conveying to
                      children that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the
                      needs of another person. It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being
                                                     Page 20 of 72
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