CONSULTATION FORUMS ON THE PROCESS OF IDENTIFYING TERRITORIES INCOMPATIBLE WITH MINING ACTIVITIES (TIAM) PARTICIPANT’S GUIDE
2 What is the purpose of the consultation forums? The MRC d’Argenteuil is taking a comprehensive look at the question of land-use planning in relation to mining activities. In a proactive approach, the MRC has asked representatives from the Institut du Nouveau Monde (INM) to conduct two consultation forums on its territory as part of the process of identifying territories incompatible with mining activities (TIAMs). This document is intended to provide basic and objective information to help those interested to prepare for participation in one of these forums.
The objective of the forums is not to answer questions related to particular cases, but to collectively examine and discuss the criteria for identifying TIAMs as they relate to the specific characteristics of the Argenteuil region. About the Institut du Nouveau Monde The Institut du Nouveau Monde (INM) is a non-partisan non-profit organization whose mission is to promote citizen participation and to renew ideas in Québec. The INM’s work encourages citizen participation and helps develop civic skills, strengthen social cohesion, and enhance democratic institutions. The INM team is driven by the belief that citizen participation revitalizes democracy.
The INM works for justice and social inclusion, respecting democratic values, open-mindedness and innovation. It is recognized for its impartiality and neutrality in debates. The INM is not affiliated with any political party or interest group, but speaks for the citizens who express themselves at the activities it organizes. About the MRC d’Argenteuil Located in the Laurentides administrative region, the MRC d’Argenteuil is close to the large urban areas of Montreal and the GatineauOttawa region. The MRC is made up of nine municipalities that cover an area of 1,339 km2 and features widely contrasting landscapes, largely due to the presence of the St.
Lawrence Lowlands to the south and the edge of the Canadian Shield to the north. Location map, MRC d’Argenteuil Source : MRC d’Argenteuil Land use map, MRC d’Argenteuil Source : MRC d’Argenteuil
3 The territory of the MRC d’Argenteuil has hundreds of lakes and thousands of kilometres of waterways, the three main ones being the Ottawa River, which marks its southern boundary from west to east, and its tributaries, the Rivière du Nord and the Rouge River. Forest dominates the landscape and constitutes an important economic activity (55 businesses and 430 jobs). In addition, 35% of the territory lies within a designated agricultural zone. Agricultural activities and agritourism provide employment for more than 500 people in the MRC. The Argenteuil territory also has an abundance of underground water of exceptional purity.
The MRC has a total population of 33,181 people.
The more urban sectors are in the southeastern part of the MRC d’Argenteuil, including the core city (City of Lachute), the Town of Brownsburg-Chatham and the Municipality of Saint-André-d’Argenteuil. Most of the MRC’s permanent population, or about 71%, is concentrated there. Given the large number of lakes and rivers, the MRC is a popular seasonal vacation destination, causing the Argenteuil population to swell to more than 45,000 inhabitants during the summer season. In terms of history and culture, the area was first occupied by Indigenous peoples before being colonized by the French and British, followed by successive waves of immigration.
In 2016, English speakers accounted for about 16% of the total population of the MRC. These factors explain the origins of both the population and the built heritage of the local municipalities of Argenteuil.
In 2013, in the wake of its 2013-2017 strategic plan entitled “Ensemble, façonnons l’avenir”, which is still relevant, the MRC positioned itself as a leader in sustainable land use planning and environmental protection. Historically, the MRC has always made many efforts to better understand its natural resources in order to protect them more effectively and ensure the sustainable development of the region. While opportunities for development abound and the attractiveness of the region is growing, the MRC d’Argenteuil has always brought a distinctive character to the various projects implemented on its territory, while respecting its core values.VALEURS DE LA MRC D’ARGENTEUIL FIERTÉ RESPECT ÉQUITÉ INTÉGRITÉ ENGAGEMENT SOLIDARITÉ RIGUEUR PROXIMITÉ TRANSPARENCE VALEURS DE LA MRC D’ARGENTEUIL Over the years, the MRC has adopted numerous policies and taken several actions to support sustainable land use planning, including:
- The adoption of a revised land use and development plan (Plan), based on the main principles of sustainable development (2009);
- The adoption of an Agricultural Zone Development Plan (PDZA) that has served as a reference in the rest of Québec (2011);
- The acquisition of farmland in 2013, for the establishment of a community agriculture project that has won three awards and distinctions at the national level;
- The adoption of a Waste Management Plan (PGMR) 2013-2020 that promotes, among other things, the circular economy (2015);
- The adoption of a Strategy for the Conservation of Argenteuil’s Natural Environments whose purpose it to select a realistic and efficient network of natural environments of interest (2016);
- The development of an ecological network stemming from this Strategy, and its integration in the Plan as an urban planning management tool (2017);
- The implementation of a program to protect lakes and rivers against aquatic exotic invasive plants (2017-2018);
- The production of a guide to Argenteuil bird-watching sites, one of the first ornithological publications by an MRC in Québec (2018), and the establishment of observation sites and an extensive network of almost 350 nesting boxes. 3 Commitment Transparency Values of the MRC d’Agenteuil Closeness Rigour Solidarity Pride Respect Equity Integrity
4 When delimiting incompatible territories, MRCs must comply with the land use planning guidelines, in particular those pertaining to “ensuring harmonious coexistence of mining activities with other land uses”, drawn up by the Québec Government. These guidelines provide a framework for the application of the power granted by the Act to MRCs, and to towns and agglomerations that exercise certain powers of MRCs, to delimit mining-incompatible territories in their land use and development plans.
- As set out in the Act respecting land use planning and development, the government must give its opinion as to the compliance of the amendments to the Plan with government guidelines, in particular those concerning mining activities which read as follows: Guideline: Ensuring the harmonious coexistence of mining activities with other land uses
- Objective 1: Protect activities whose viability would be compromised by the impacts of mining activity, based on community land uses and concerns Expectation 1.1: Identify and delimit mining-incompatible territories Expectation 1.2: Understand and consider the community’s concerns Expectation 1.3: Understand and consider mining rights
- Objective 2: Foster the development of mineral resources by harmonizing different land uses Expectation 2.1 : Structure the introduction of sensitive uses close to mining sites2 The Mining Act and government guidelines Québec is known for the quantity and quality of its underground mineral resources. Québec’s mining sector experienced something of a boom in the early 2010s, due in part to the development of the Plan Nord by the Liberal government of the day. At the same time, voices were raised questioning the contribution of the mining industry to the Québec economy. In December 2013, the Government of Québec adopted the Act to amend the Mining Act, in order to “better reflect the concerns of citizens, the municipal sector, environmental groups and industry”1 . This Act also amended Section 6 of the Act respecting land use planning and development, allowing an MRC to delimit, in its Plan, mining-incompatible territories (TIAM) under the meaning of Section 304.1.1 of the Mining Act. This legislative amendment was followed by government land-use planning guidelines (GLPG) in 2016.
What is a TIAM? Under the meaning of the Mining Act, a mining-incompatible territory (territoire incompatible avec l’activité minière or TIAM) is a territory in which the viability of activities (urban, residential, agricultural, etc.) would be compromised by the impacts of mining, whether such territories are located on private or public land. 1 Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l’Habitation, (2016), Document d’orientation: Pour assurer une cohabitation harmonieuse de l’activité minière avec les autres utilisations du territoire, En ligne : https://www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca/fileadmin/publications/amenagement_territoire/o rientations_gouvernementales/document_ orientation_activite_miniere.pdf 2 Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l’Habitation, Les orientations gouvernementales en aménagement du territoire: Critères de conformité pour l’analyse de documents de planification.
En ligne: https://www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca/fileadmin/publications/amenagement_territoire/o rientations_gouvernementales/mines_criteres_ conformite.pdf
- Presence of at least one activity among the following seven categories: urban and residential; historical, cultural or heritage; agricultural; agritourism; intensive recreational tourism; conservation; or withdrawal of underground or surface water for the purpose of human consumption;
- This activity must be difficult to relocate. An activity is difficult to relocate when its location cannot be changed without compromising its maintenance, continuation and purpose for technical, economic, environmental, social, heritage or historical reasons;
- Maintaining the activity is of interest to the community;
- The viability of the activity would be compromised by the impacts of mining activities. The MRC may also provide for a protective strip within which mining activity will also be prohibited. This will be added around the identified perimeter. The protective strip around an urbanized area may be up to 1 kilometre wide, while that around a residential sector in a non-urbanized area may be up to 600 metres wide. This strip will be automatically included within the TIAM. The government will also apply the principle of reciprocity in analyzing the proposals for TIAMs, that is, once the amendment to the MRC Plan has been presented to the Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l’Habitation (MAMH), the Ministry will ensure that it complies with the expectations and objectives of the government guidelines. It is therefore the Québec Government’s decision whether to approve any TIAMs identified by the MRC that lie outside urbanization perimeters.
- We invite you to visit the “TIAM” section at argenteuil.qc.ca where you will find:
- an interactive map showing the application of all government criteria for delimiting TIAMs;
- an atlas of theme maps showing the different elements that can be classified as TIAMs. Source : MRC d’Argenteuil
6 The government approval process for TIAMs Here are the steps the MRC d’Argenteuil must complete in order to exclude portions of its territory from mining. STEP NOTES Temporary suspension An MRC may identify in advance the territories it deems incompatible with mining activities, in accordance with government guidelines, in order to request a temporary suspension of staking and map designation on the land in question for a period of six months, renewable every six months3 .
In 2017, the MRC d’Argenteuil obtained a temporary suspension from the Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles (MERN) for an initial 6-month period, which was later renewed. The suspension is currently still in effect and covers almost 80% of the territory of the MRC d’Argenteuil.
This step allows the MRC to begin the regulatory process in the knowledge that the territories in question will not be open to claims or exploration. The TIAM section at argenteuil.qc.ca provides a link showing the boundaries of the areas covered by the temporary suspension. Already completed Consultation forums (participatory democracy) This step is an opportunity for the public to discuss the criteria for determining TIAMs, and to approve them or propose other criteria and issues to be taken into consideration in the MRC d’Argenteuil’s ongoing exercise to identify TIAMs on its territory.
Underway Amendment to the revised land use and development plan to make the delimitation of TIAMs official 1.
Adoption of a draft by-law amending the Plan to include territories deemed incompatible with mining activities. Steps to follow (in 2020-2021) 2. Request for a prior opinion from the Government of Québec on the compliance of the draft by-law with government guidelines. 3. At least one public consultation on the draft by-law amending the Plan (as set out in the Act respecting land use planning and development).
4. Final adoption of the by-law amending the Plan. 5. Transmission of the by-law to the Government of Québec, which will issue a notice of coming into force if the by-law complies with government guidelines. 6. If the Government finds that the by-law does not comply with the guidelines, the MRC may make any required corrections and adopt a replacement by-law. 7. Following the coming into force of the by-law amending the Plan, the nine local municipalities must amend their own planning bylaws in order to integrate the changes made to the Plan. 3 Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Gros plan sur les mines: Suspension temporaire du droit de jalonner et de désigner sur carte.
En ligne: https:// mern.gouv.qc.ca/mines/titres/titres-activite-suspension.jsp
7 Current status of mineral resources in the MRC d’Argenteuil Various sources of information indicate that the MRC d’Argenteuil region contains mainly metamorphic graphite deposits, several of which are found in the Grenville Province geological region. The Grenville orogeny favoured the formation of graphite deposits associated with gneiss, quartzites and schists on the North Shore (Lac Knife, Lac Guérêt) or associated with graphitic marbles in the Mont-Laurier (Lac-des-Îles) and Gatineau regions. This type of deposit is a source of flake graphite, one of three forms of natural graphite along with amorphous graphite and vein graphite.
Graphite mining took place in the Outaouais and Laurentides regions around 1845. Property in the Municipality of Grenvillesur-la-Rouge recently attracted the interest of mining company Canada Carbon because of the possible presence of graphite and architectural-quality marble. The company, which holds claims in non-urbanized sectors of the municipality, is seeking to establish an open pit mine there. The project, known as the Miller Project, was officially recognized as a developmental mining project by the MERN in 2017. The Miller Project is currently under litigation.
According to the MERN directory, there are 94 active mining titles (claims) on MRC d’Argenteuil territory, none of which is currently being exploited.
Several steps must be completed before a mine can operate, generally beginning with the acquisition of a claim, followed by exploration. Positive and negative effects of mining The issues surrounding mining activity are numerous and complex; they are also specific to the environment in which the mining project is being developed and the way in which the site is operated. Their impacts can be analyzed in terms of the three major components of sustainable development: social, environmental and economic. This section is intended to fuel your reflection on some facts about the mining industry.
- Social aspects: did you know...
- A region in decline can be revitalized by the arrival of a mining operation. Not only does the influx of workers help stimulate the local economy, the arrival of high-quality, well-paid jobs (an average annual salary of $119,334 in 2017)4 also makes it possible for residents to continue to live there, when they might otherwise have been forced to leave their home region (source INM);
- In some regions of Québec, the presence of a mine encourages the retention of young workers in the region and provides job training and employment for Indigenous populations. In this regard, having high-quality employment promotes psychological and physical health; the relation to territory differs from person to person5 ;
- The extraction and transportation of ore, when carried out near urban areas, can cause significant nuisance to neighbouring residents. Blasting and trucking can result in high noise levels and a significant volume of dust that can affect the well-being, and even the health, of residents (source INM);
- According to the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment, the health effects of noise associated with open pit mining can lead to cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stress, anxiety, fatigue, loss of sleep, and more. These effects on health are felt when noise levels reach 35 to 40 decibels. Up to 25-30% of the population may be affected by noise levels of 40 to 55 decibels6 ;
- According to the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment, the current Québec standard for fine dust particles is 30 micrograms (millionths of a gram) per cubic metre of air (μg/m3). Every 10 μg/m3 increase is associated with 1% more hospital admissions among people with acute exposure to fine dust (hours or days), and to a 4% increase in mortality among people with chronic exposure to fine dust. This rises to 22% to 32% for those already suffering from other diseases (diabetes, pulmonary obstruction, heart failure, etc.)7 ; 4 Ressources naturelles Canada, Les minéraux et l’économie, tableau: Moyenne de la rémunération globale annuelle par emploi dans le secteur des minéraux, par industrie, de 2008 à 2017. En ligne : https://www.rncan.gc.ca/mines-materiaux/faits/20604 5 Idem, p. 20 6 l’Association canadienne des médecins pour l’environnement (ACME), Santé et mines à ciel ouvert : quels enjeux, quelles solutions, (Colloque à Rouyn-Noranda, 18 octobre 2014). En ligne : http://www.18octobre2014.org/sites/default/files/2014-10-18-PresentationACM E.pdf 7 Ibid
- The arrival of a mining operation can also reduce the property value of the houses close to the mine , in part due to nuisance (noise, dust, etc.)8 ;
- Regarding transportation, the presence of a mine site is likely to mean increased heavy trucking, road congestion and accelerated wear of road infrastructure. While mining companies sometimes pay for new infrastructures leading to their exploitation site, a mine may be established near an urbanized area already equipped with an adequate road network (source INM).
- Environmental aspects: did you know...
- The impact of mining activity on the immediate environment is undeniable. This is even more true of open pit mines. Indeed, mine pits often disrupt local wildlife routes. They also disfigure the landscape and can affect soil and water quality across the territory (source INM);
- While non-metal mines do not create as much toxic waste as metal mines, they still require space for storing the tailings. Historically, mining companies have often been reluctant when it comes time to backfill the open mine pit, due in part to the high cost9 . Since the coming into force of the Act amending the Mining Act (2013), the granting of a mining lease by the government is contingent on the submission of a rehabilitation and restoration plan by the mining company. This reduces the risk that the State will end up with several abandoned mine sites that it must restore at its own expense.10 However, there are several risks associated with the rehabilitation of a mine site, especially considering the possible points of contact with groundwater. Pits also take several years to fill naturally (source INM);
- No other human activity produces as much waste as the mining industry, proportionally speaking. It generally takes several tons of raw ore to produce a few kilograms of pure metal. All the rest is rejected. In Québec, mining operations generate about 100 million tons of solid waste per year11 ;
- Acid mine drainage is the main environmental problem associated with mining operations. Obtaining valuable ore requires the extraction of a large quantity of rock with no economic value. This waste rock is stored on the mine site in open-air rock piles. Waste rock often contains sulphur-bearing minerals that oxidize on contact with water and air to form sulphuric acid, which acidifies the runoff water;
- Not only can waste rock piles produce an outflow of water that is too acidic for the environment and local ecosystems (severely affecting surrounding plant and animal life), this water also contains toxic substances leached from the rock12 ;
- Mining activity is a significant source of greenhouses gases. Mineral extraction requires the use of many heavy vehicles. The use of cement for backfilling underground mines requires a significant amount of energy. Finally, mine sites in remote areas must generate their own power using fossil fuels. For example, in 2008, mining was responsible for 4.5% of Canada’s industrial greenhouse gas emissions13 .
8 Institut du Nouveau Monde, L’avenir minier du Québec: Les sujets sociaux et de gouvernance, 2012, p. 18 9 Institut du Nouveau Monde, L’avenir minier du Québec: Les sujet environnementaux et de territoire, 2012, p. 9 10 Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Mines: Restauration des sites miniers sous la responsabilité réelle de l’État. En ligne: https://mern.gouv.qc.ca/mines/ restauration-miniere/restauration-des-sites-miniers-abandonnes/ 11 Institut du Nouveau Monde, L’avenir minier du Québec: Les sujets environnementaux et de territoire, 2012, p. 5 12 Ibid, p. 6 13 Ibid, p.
- 9 Economic aspects: did you know...
- In 2017, the minerals sector directly and indirectly contributed $97 billion, or 5%, to Canada’s total nominal gross domestic product (GDP)14 ;
- Internationally, Canada is one of the leading mining countries and one of the largest producers of minerals and metals. The industry accounted for 19% of the value of Canadian goods exports in 2017, selling a diversified array of minerals and metals abroad15 ;
- In Québec, about 600 companies are active at various stages of mining development (exploration, extraction, primary transformation). These companies contributed $4.8 billion to Québec’s economy in 2008, or 1.6 % of the province’s GDP16 ;
- The manufacturing sector, including equipment manufacturers, is an area where Québec exports have grown strongly in recent years: exports of mining machinery rose from $65 million to $196 million between 2000 and 2008, an increase of more than 200%. This remains a very modest contribution on the scale of Québec exports, which amounted to more than $59 billion in 2010, but it is an area of activity with interesting potential for Québec, and can help mining regions make up for the low periods sometimes experienced by extractive businesses17 ;
- In 2009, the Auditor General of Québec mentioned the existence of many abandoned mines whose restoration costs, estimated at $264 million at the time, would be borne by the State. This was only a partial assessment: today the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune estimates the restoration costs at $891.6 million, with an additional $338 million set aside for sites that could potentially become the responsibility of the State. The government could therefore be forced to spend more than a billion dollars to restore so-called “orphaned” mine sites18 ;
- Over the decade 2000-2010, mining royalties earned the Government of Québec only $289 million, an average of $28.9 million per year. There was even a negative year in 2008-2009 (due to industry tax credits). Over the decade, mining royalties accounted for 0.7 % of gross production value19 ;
- In its 2010-2011 budget, the Government of Québec increased mining royalties from 12% to 16% of profits. The provincial budget also announced changes to many measures that allow mining companies to reduce or defer their tax burden, a significant source of tax losses for the State20 .
14 L’association minière du Canada (2018) Faits et chiffres de l’Industrie minière canadienne, faits et chiffres 2018. En ligne : https://mining.ca/wp-content/ uploads/2019/03/Facts-and-Figures-French-Web.pdf 15 L’association minière du Canada (2018) Faits et chiffres de l’Industrie minière canadienne, faits et chiffres 2018. En ligne : https://mining.ca/wp-content/ uploads/2019/03/Facts-and-Figures-French-Web.pdf 16 Institut du Nouveau Monde, L’avenir minier du Québec: Les sujets économiques et de développement régional, 2012, p. 5 17 Institut du Nouveau Monde, L’avenir minier du Québec: Les sujets économiques et de développement régional, 2012, p.
6-7 18 Institut du Nouveau Monde, L’avenir minier du Québec: Les sujets économiques et de développement régional, 2012, p. 17 19 Ibid 20 Institut du Nouveau Monde, L’avenir minier du Québec: Les sujets économiques et de développement régional, 2012, p. 18
10 Forum procedure and rules This consultation will take the form of a citizen’s cafe, or a friendly place for discussing societal issues in small groups (about 15 round tables of 6 to 10 participants) and will be moderated in French and English by the INM. We hope that organizations and citizens will express their views on applying the criteria for determining TIAMs as outlined in the government guidelines, and engage in collective reflection on mining development on the territory of the MRC d’Argenteuil. You are invited to participate fully in the forums by expressing your convictions, speaking your mind and sharing your ideas.
However, in doing so, you are asked to show respect for others: Encouraged behaviours We encourage you to: Be brief and direct Express your opinion as clearly and succinctly as possible to give others the time to express themselves. Attack ideas and not people!
Listen to the opinions of others with respect. If you do not agree, you have the right to say so in a polite manner. Dare to speak up and to be open to diversity You share responsibility for the event’s success. React when asked to do so, and have the open-mindedness necessary to hear ideas that that are not the same as your own. Pay attention to the person who is speaking Avoid discussions or comments with the people around you, as this will distract others from listening and understanding the points being made.
Be punctual Please be on time. If you arrive late, make a discreet entrance.
Unacceptable behaviours and how to respond to them It is just as important to refrain from: Divulging personal information about another person, whether they are present or not. Making hateful, vulgar or insulting remarks or using violent, obscene or sexually explicit gestures. Threatening or harassing another person. Threatening to commit a criminal offence or inciting someone to do so. Engaging in the unsolicited or unauthorized promotion of a product or service.
Using illicit material (for example, information that violates a court order). Exercising any form of political or civic pressure with regard to a specific mining project. If you are the victim or witness of unacceptable behaviour, speak to someone in a position of authority to obtain the necessary guidance and support. Refer to the INM Intervention Protocol for information on how to react. Available on the INM website: https://inm.qc.ca/charte-de-participation Source : INM
11 Useful links Documentation produced by INM : PELLETIER François-Nicolas, L’avenir minier du Québec Des documents et des sites Web / Conversation publique sur l’avenir minier du Québec, accessible en ligne sur le site de la bibliothèque de l’Assemblée nationale du Québec [en ligne] http://www.bibliotheque.
assnat.qc.ca/DepotNumerique_v2/AffichageNotice.aspx?idn=41965 PELLETIER François-Nicolas, Les sujets sociaux et de gouvernance / Conversation publique sur l’avenir minier du Québec, accessible en ligne sur le site de la bibliothèque de l’Assemblée nationale du Québec [en ligne] https://www.bibliotheque.assnat.qc.ca/ DepotNumerique_v2/AffichageNotice.aspx?idn=41960 PELLETIER François-Nicolas, Les sujets économiques et de développement régional / Conversation publique sur l’avenir minier du Québec, accessible en ligne sur le site de la bibliothèque de l’Assemblée nationale du Québec [en ligne] https://www.bibliotheque.
assnat.qc.ca/DepotNumerique_v2/AffichageNotice.aspx?idn=41963 PELLETIER François-Nicolas, Les sujets environnementaux et de territoire / Conversation publique sur l’avenir minier du Québec, accessible en ligne sur le site de la bibliothèque de l’Assemblée nationale du Québec [en ligne] http://www.bibliotheque.assnat. qc.ca/DepotNumerique_v2/AffichageNotice.aspx?idn=41958 Government documentations on mining activity: GOUVERNEMENT DU QUÉBEC, Loi sur les mines (LRQ, c M-13), [en ligne] http://legisquebec.gouv.qc.ca/fr/ShowDoc/cs/M-13.1 MINISTÈRE DES AFFAIRES MUNICIPALES ET DE L’HABITATION, Orientations gouvernementales, Activité minière, [en ligne]: https://www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca/amenagement-du-territoire/orientations-gouverne mentales/activite-miniere/ Digital documentations for the Argenteuil region: MRC D’ARGENTEUIL, Documents du schéma d’aménagement et de développement révisé, entré en vigueur le 1er juin 2009, codification administrative, [en ligne] https://www.argenteuil.qc.ca/accueil/affichage.asp?langue=1&B=140 MRC D’ARGENTEUIL (2016) Stratégie de conservation des milieux naturels, [en ligne], Lachute, 30 pages, https://www.argenteuil.
qc.ca/database/Image_usager/2/Amenagement/Environnement/2D1-rapport%20final %20Strat%C3%A9gie%20conservation%20 mai%202016.pdf MRC D’ARGENTEUIL (2011) Plan de développement de la zone agricole (PDZA), [en ligne], Lachute, 70 pages, https://www. argenteuil.qc.ca/Accueil/affichage.asp?langue=1&B=149 MRC D’ARGENTEUIL (2016) Plan de gestion des matières résiduelles (PGMR), [en ligne], Lachute, 191 pages, https:// www.argenteuil.qc.ca/database/Image_usager/2/Amenagement/Environnement/PGMR /MRCdArgenteuil_PGMR-Finale_ adopt%C3%A9e_20160713.pdf MRC D’ARGENTEUIL (2017) Inventaire des cimetières, [en ligne], Lachute, 196 pages, https://argenteuil.qc.ca/database/Image_ usager/2/06-MRCARG-Cimetieres_Version_2_octobre_Finale.pdf MRC D’ARGENTEUIL (2018) Guide des sites d’observation d’oiseaux d’Argenteuil, [en ligne], Lachute, 226 pages, https://www.
argenteuil.qc.ca/docs/Guide-SitesOiseaux-mrc-argenteuil-vFinale.pdf MRC D’ARGENTEUIL, la MRC d’Argenteuil, chef de file en aménagement durable du territoire et en protection de l’environnement, [en ligne] https://www.argenteuil.qc.ca/accueil/affichage.asp?langue=1&B=186
12 Notes :
For further détails : MRC d’Argenteuil (450) 562-2474 extension 2315 Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Website: argenteuil.qc.ca - TIAM Source : MRC d’Argenteuil