Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...

 
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
Schools and
Club Athletics
Your guide to the support
and resources available for
delivering athletics to
children and young people
in schools and clubs

                              Edition 6, January 2015
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
Contents                                                The Importance of Schools and Clubs
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                               www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                   The Importance of Schools and Clubs                 3   Delivering a consistently high quality experience of athletics in both school and
                                   Keys to Successful Delivery in Schools and Clubs    4   club environments is fundamentally important to ensuring the lasting success
                                   Delivering Athletics to Young People                6   of the sport. There are many resources available to help you with this delivery.
                                   Measuring Progression                              11   This guide tells you more about these and how they can benefit you.
                                    Diagram: A Pathway Towards Senior Success         11   The transfer of an enjoyable experience across these two settings is crucial if
                                    Diagram: The Schools Athletics Wagon Wheel        13   we are both to increase participation levels and, in the longer term, retain
                                    Leaflet: Skills, Competition, Awards              14   young people in the sport and develop the next generation of senior athletics
                                   Teaching Schools Athletics                         18   champions. Possibly the best resource available to both clubs and schools is
                                    FAQs                                              19   each other. Working together means resources can go further and impacts can
                                                                                           be greater.
                                    Leaflet: Teaching Primary Schools Athletics       28
                                    Leaflet: Leading Athletics                        30   Secondary to a close working relationship is the realisation that the most
                                   Athletics 365                                      32   important focus for any partnership of this nature is the young person. The
                                                                                           provision of an all-round, multi-skill based curriculum of athletic activities,
                                   Disability Athletics                               36
                                                                                           that will develop fundamental competencies integral to ‘success’ in later
                                   Athletics Awards                                   37
                                                                                           sporting life, should be a key objective and there are many resources to help
                                   Competition Formats                                38
                                                                                           this be achieved.
                                    School Games                                      40
                                                                                           Athletics provides the basis of physical literacy and in many cases is the
                                    ESAA                                              42
                                                                                           foundation for other sports. Schools and clubs can work together to provide
                                    Sportshall                                        43
                                                                                           an introduction to, and progression in, running*, jumping and throwing in
                                    Super6 and Super8                                 44   their purest forms. The application of various resources to ensure stimulation
                                   Run England                                        45   and recognition of improvement is encouraged. This booklet provides you with
                                    Run England 3-2-1                                 47   some pointers to these resources and presents some brief ideas/links that might
                                   Satellite Clubs                                    49   support you in your quest.
                                   AthleACADEMY                                       50
                                    Leaflet: AthleACADEMY                             51
                                   Diagram: Disabled Athlete Pathway                  52   *Running can be adapted for

                                   Leaflet: Courses for teachers, coaches & leaders   53
                                                                                            wheelchair users so the term running
                                                                                            also includes pushing activity and
                                                                                                                                     “Athletics provides
                                   Further Information                                56    readers should bear this in mind
                                                                                            throughout this resource and
                                                                                                                                      the basis of physical
                                                                                            supporting material when referring
                                                                                            to ‘running’ activities.
                                                                                                                                      literacy and is the
                                   ABBREVIATIONS & DEFINITIONS                                                                        foundation for
                                   BA          British Athletics
                                   CCSOs       England Athletics Club &                                                               many other sports”
                                               Coach Support Officers
                                   ESAA        English Schools' Athletic
                                               Association                                                                              Why have we produced
                                   LOC         Local Organising Committee                                                               this booklet?
                                   Partnership A group or cluster of schools
                                               coming together to compete                                                               To help schools and clubs as they
                                               or develop the sport                                                                     work to encourage more children to
                                   RE          Run England                                                                              participate in regular athletic
                                   SGO         School Games Organisers                                                                  activity and guide them through the
                                   SH          Sportshall                                                                               resources available to them.
   2                               S8          Super8                                                                                                                               3
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
Delivering athletics effectively
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                                www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                                                                                                                  the appropriate equipment needed to run a short format competition,
                                                                                                                                  please visit www.englandathletics.org/schools
                                   We want you to be able to access the support you need to help you in your work.
                                   Knowing the resources available and how they can help you to deliver athletics                 Gifted & talented: through the school’s gifted and talented

                                                                                                                              5
                                   effectively and efficiently will make your work easier and more effective.                     programmes, students can be identified and encouraged to join their
                                   The eight steps listed below do not necessarily have to happen in this order – every           local community athletics club, the ideal place to hone raw ability across
                                   project is different – but if applied correctly, then the processes and activities below       all the athletics disciplines. For information on your local club please
                                   can help to provide a coordinated development plan linking schools to clubs.                   visit www.englandathletics.org/clubfinder

                                                Teaching: exposing children to high quality teaching of athletics in              Club exit routes: At their local club a school-aged young person will
                                                the curriculum is crucial. This can be achieved through the application           meet and work with a variety of induction level, multi-event coaches

                                                                                                                              6
                                                of the Teaching Primary and Secondary Schools Athletics resource                  before specialising, typically around the ages of 15 or 16 but this is very
                                                packs. Further fundamental movement skill-based training courses are              much dependant on the athlete's maturation and development. The

                                   1
                                                also available from England Athletics. England Athletics also offer an            club will provide them and their families with an enjoyable life-shaping
                                                Leading Athletics workshop aimed at parents, volunteers and athletes              experience. Socially, the club environment provides a young person with
                                                working with young children, mainly in the club environment.                      a high quality, safe experience. Travel distances to competition are kept
                                                These courses may be of interest to teachers as well. For further                 to a minimum and parents are encouraged to get involved as helpers.
                                                information please visit www.englandathletics.org/coursesforschools               School clubs or satellite clubs can form a useful transitional stage.
                                                For information on disability athletics teaching resources see TOP
                                                Sportsability – www.topsportsability.com – and Sainsbury’s Active Kids            Athlete-centred approach: the school-aged young person can
                                                for All – www.efds.co.uk/resources/sainsbury_s_active_kids_for_all                continue to enjoy a consistent experience of school and club athletics in
                                                                                                                                  synergy with each other. By making the most of the available resources

                                   2                                                                                          7
                                                Awards: recognising student improvement and achievement by                        there should be little difference in either the quality or delivery of
                                                applying the Athletics Awards Schemes as part of the curriculum.                  athletics between school and club. Regular contact between both school
                                                After-school multi-sport clubs will also help to link teaching to student         and club should ensure that a talented student is not over trained or
                                                achievement.                                                                      overworked. This partnership is crucial. The student is gradually
                                                                                                                                  introduced to event-specific competition once they have developed their
                                                Leaders: students (in particular those aged 14 to 18) can be engaged              all-round athletics foundation skills. These event specific competitions
                                                as young leaders, by attending the Leading Athletics workshop. The                can be provided through the formal English Schools’ Athletic Association
                                                Higher / Further Education sector can also support this work in some              competition pathway or through athletic club league and cup
                                                cases by providing students to support events. Not only do these                  competitions.

                                   3
                                                leaders’ workshops provide students with new found skills to document
                                                in their record of achievement, they also help Schools, School Games

                                                                                                                              8
                                                Organisers and local community athletic clubs / Athletics Networks                Long-term athlete development: sustained involvement in the sport,
                                                (www.englandathletics.org/athleticsnetworks), to source young                     representation at higher levels, lifelong involvement as an athlete,
                                                officials and helpers for cluster competitions and festivals.                     supporter and volunteer – but steps 1-7 are crucial in helping to get to
                                                For further information on how you can access specific training for your          this stage.
                                                students regarding short form competition, or to organise a specific
                                                young officials’ course for your school please visit
                                                                                                                                  Cornerstones of a successful partnership
                                                www.englandathletics.org/schools
                                                                                                                                  u Shared resources – people, facilities, transport, equipment.
                                                Competition: providing opportunities for students to take part in                 u Appointed leaders from both parties – who ‘owns’ or leads on

                                    4
                                                inclusive competition, to use new skills and to excel in exciting, short            each aspect?
                                                format indoor (Sportshall) and outdoor competition. This is often                 u Clearly communicated objectives – what do we want to do?
                                                delivered most effectively through a formal link with a community
                                                                                                                                  u Clearly defined roles and responsibilities – who will do what?
                                                athletics club. Local schools, Primary Link Teachers and School Games
   4                                            Organisers can help. For further information on how you can access                u Is it measurable? – what does success look like?                                 5
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
Delivering Athletics to                                                            Courses for teachers
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                         www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                                                                                                      u Both Primary and Secondary courses are available for schools and teachers.
                                   School Aged Young People                                                             These courses are supported by detailed teaching resources designed to help
                                                                                                                        apply the practice learnt on course. The England Athletics Education &
                                   Principles of delivery                                                               Member Services Team are available to arrange these for you.

                                   u The experience for school aged young people should be high quality.              u England Athletics organises a central schedule of courses but can also arrange
                                                                                                                        bespoke courses for your cluster of schools or partnership should there be a
                                   u Athletics competition at this age should take a maximum of two hours to
                                                                                                                        demand. Contact info@englandathletics.org or your local coordinator direct:
                                     complete and be team-based and multi-event in nature.
                                                                                                                          South             teachered-south@englandathletics.org
                                   u Athletics skills should be taught to ensure the student grasps the basic             Midlands & SW teachered-msw@englandathletics.org
                                     competencies of running, jumping and throwing.                                       North             teachered-north@englandathletics.org
                                   u Whole class or mixed delivery is appropriate but it means that differentiation       London            teachered-london@englandathletics.org
                                     in application is crucial.                                                       u Further information on where you can purchase equipment to deliver short
                                   u Delivery to mixed year groups in small school is acceptable. ‘Development          form athletics competition visit www.sportshall.org
                                     age’ vs ‘Chronological age’ is key here.                                         u This is a great way of helping teachers deliver more athletics in schools and
                                   u Children develop at different stages – consider the principles of Long-Term        help raise the profile and link to your local community club too.
                                     Athlete Development (LTAD) in providing your opportunities.                         See below pages 28-31 for more information
                                   u Athletics is a late specialisation sport, so don’t put all your eggs into one
                                     basket!                                                                          Athletics Awards Programmes
                                                                                                                      u Athletics offers Awards programmes which recognise and rewards every
                                   How might we structure our local athletics competitions?                             child's (School Years 3-9) personal improvement against a set of performance
                                   u Each club should support or deliver a competition for a cluster of schools at      standards. For further information please visit
                                     their venue in early June (School Games Level 2).                                  www.englandathletics.org/schools.

                                   u Each club cluster would produce a winning school that would compete in a         After-school clubs opportunity
                                     wider partnership final in late June (School Games Level 2).                     u All across England many community athletics clubs are engaged in delivering
                                   u The winner of this would also compete in a county final in July (School            after-school activities. Often these can be set up by community coaches
                                     Games Level 3).                                                                    going into school and working with them to establish interest. Satellite clubs
                                                                                                                        are also an opportunity to work with a local club to offer additional after
                                   Supporting delivery – leaders/activators course (for 14–18 year olds)                school activity open to all sectors of the community. Activities can run
                                   u Visit www.englandathletics.org/coursesforschools for details of all our            throughout the school year – athletics (indoor or outdoor) is a foundation
                                     course programmes but also to www.sportshall.org for details of the young          sport that can be enjoyed 365 days a year!
                                     leaders/activators specific competition courses                                  u These can provide an additional way to keep children engaged once they
                                   u Day-long Assistant Officials’ courses can also be provided for young leaders –     have enjoyed the experience of inter-school short form competition and
                                     for further information on these short courses please contact:                     curriculum-based athletics teaching.
                                       South            teachered-south@englandathletics.org
                                       Midlands & SW teachered-msw@englandathletics.org
                                       North            teachered-north@englandathletics.org
                                       London           teachered-london@englandathletics.org
                                                                                                                                    “Athletics is a late specialisation
                                                                                                                                     sport, so don’t put all your eggs
                                                                                                                                     in one basket!”
   6                                                                                                                                                                                                          7
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
u This approach can encourage more children to join your local community           Pathways and clubs involvement – some tips
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                         www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                     club coaching programme.                                                         u Contact your local England Athletics Club & Coach Support Officer (CCSO)
                                   u Athletics 365 is the recommended coaching resource for delivering after            for advice and guidance on getting started – visit
                                     school athletics – see pages 32-35 for details.                                    www.englandathletics.org/your-area for their contact details.
                                   u For those schools that have problems with transport in competing against         u Do local clubs offer discounted membership rates for athletes joining from
                                     other schools in their partnership you can use a virtual league format.            the schools competition?
                                     The Athletics Awards Schemes provide an ideal model for such work. See           u What sessions are available for new members at these clubs?
                                     www.englandathletics.org/schools for more information.
                                                                                                                      u Do clubs have a range of athletics induction sessions to provide options for
                                   Managing teams in local short form competition                                       busy parents of potential new members?
                                   u A sports teacher attached to each school-club link (sometimes formerly termed    u Do clubs have regular competition within the club coaching programme
                                     a Primary Link Teacher) can be responsible for supporting the co-ordination        which potential new members can participate in? This is crucial as it provides
                                     of the school athletics team you select and organising transportation to           the best opportunity to get children into a club’s coaching programme.
                                     venues, with support from the local School Games Organiser. The exact
                                     nature of arrangements may vary from partnership to partnership however.         Community athletics clubs
                                     Sometimes the strength of a club-school partnership may mean that club           u Can a club volunteer be available at the local Sportshall or outdoor short
                                     coaches are involved in helping to select and manage school teams.                 format track & field event to promote club opportunities and provide a
                                   u The local School Games Organiser will often help you to deliver competition        friendly face to young athletes, to help with transition to the club?
                                     on the day, but again this will vary from area to area.                          u Can clubs or networks of clubs provide marketing material (e.g. posters or
                                                                                                                        leaflets) to help signpost young athletics to induction nights at local
                                   How do you know if it has been a success?                                            athletics clubs?
                                   u The number of school teams that participate in the local cluster competitions.   u Athletics networks are clusters of community athletics and running clubs that
                                   u Growing numbers of juniors regularly competing and participating in local          work together (and in many cases with schools and colleges) to develop the
                                     community athletics clubs.                                                         sport at a local level. One specific priority for networks is to develop
                                                                                                                        excellent opportunities for young people to start out and stay in athletics
                                   u The number of children retained in club coaching programmes longer term
                                                                                                                        through the provision of coordinated and appropriate coaching and
                                     (over various timescales).
                                                                                                                        competition.
                                   u The quality of performance at events and – more importantly – the measure
                                     of improvement by individuals and teams over a period of time!
                                   u The involvement of parents and helpers in delivering school–club link
                                                                                                                                                 “Contact your local
                                     activities and supporting community athletics clubs.                                                         England Athletics Club &
                                                                                                                                                  Coach Support Officer
                                                                                                                                                  (CCSO) for advice and
                                                              “Athletics – indoor or                                                              guidance”
                                                               outdoor – can be
                                                               enjoyed 365 days
                                                               a year!”

   8                                                                                                                                                                                                          9
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
What support is available?
                                                                                                                      Measuring Progression
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                             www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                   u England Athletics works with partners to support schools athletics. Go to
                                     www.englandathletics.org/schools to find out more.                               To ensure young people are gaining the most from Physical Education lessons
                                   u England Athletics also employs a central Education and Membership Services       and are effectively developing their physical literacy, we need to measure their
                                     Team to organise teacher education courses, as well as local Club & Coach        progression.
                                     Support Officers (CCSOs) who typically cover two or three counties each.         The sport of Athletics (which covers Running*, Jumping and Throwing) is unique
                                     CCSOs are available to support clubs in forming sustainable links with local     compared to most other sports in that, as well as measuring a child’s progression
                                     schools.                                                                         through physical literacy and providing competition, we can also measure their
                                                                                                                      personal improvement against previously set standards (better known as per-
                                                                                                                      sonal bests). If a child runs, jumps or throws a certain time, height or distance we
                                                                                                                      can measure how much they improve when they repeat this task.
                                                                      “CCSOs are available to                         The sport of athletics realises in order for a child to improve their personal bests
                                                                       support clubs in forming                       and perform better in competition they need to further develop their physical
                                                                                                                      literacy.
                                                                       sustainable links with                         Set out below is the Skills > Awards > Competition Pathway which highlights the
                                                                       local schools.”                                opportunities offered through athletics to help children develop their all-round
                                                                                                                      running, jumping and throwing abilities and overall physical literacy.
                                                                                                                      Each pathway is designed to be easily adapted for disabled young people and
                                                                                                                      should be regarded as inclusive activity for all abilities to participate in. Pupils
                                                                                                                      with physical, sensory and intellectual impairments take part in athletics at all
                                                                                                                      levels. They can, and should, be integrated into activity alongside non-disabled
                                                                                                                      pupils.

                                                                                                                                                   TOWARDS SENIOR SUCCESS

                                                                                                                    > COMPETITION
                                                                                                                                    Schools Championships       Sportshall
                                                                                                                                                                                          Sportshall
                                                                                                                                          Sportshall           Short Form
                                                                                                                                    Short Form Competition     Competition               Short Form
                                                                                                                                                                                         Competition
                                     Bridging the Gap                                                                                   Cross Country         Cross Country
                                     Bridging the Gap summarises the results of a study
                                     commissioned by England Athletics and undertaken by
                                                                                                                        AWARDS
                                     the Sheffield Hallam International Research Centre,
                                                                                                                                       Athletics Awards      Athletics Awards         Athletics Awards
                                     with providers, organisers and enablers of youth                                                      Schemes               Schemes                  Schemes
                                     athletics in mind.
                                     The report aims to provide insight and understanding,
                                                                                                                    >

                                     backed by statistical evidence into one of the key
                                     challenges faced by our sport, namely: how do we                                                 Teaching Schools
                                                                                                                        SKILLS

                                                                                                                                          Athletics            Athletics 365             Athletics 365
                                     retain as many young athletes in the sport, while also
                                     giving them to best opportunities to succeed as seniors?
                                     Bridging the Gap can be downloaded from the England
                                     Athletics website www.englandathletics.org/schools                                                SCHOOL                    CLUB                COMMUNITY
10                                                                                                                                                                                                           11
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
Measuring Skill Progression                                                                                                      Diagram: The Schools Athletics Wagon Wheel
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                   (Physical Literacy)
                                   In order to help schools and teachers effectively support and measure the pro-                                                                                                N                   R AIS
                                   gression of their pupils’ physical literacy, athletics has provided a Curriculum of                                                                                     TIO                                IN G
                                   Delivery for running, jumping and throwing. This curriculum sets out the pro-                                                                                    U    CA                                          AC
                                   gressive teaching points for developing the fundamentals of running, jumping                                                                                   EDSchools Athletics                                     HI
                                                                                                                                                                                              L                                                                EV
                                   and throwing for primary aged children. These teaching progressions double up                                                                          A             Advisory Group

                                                                                                                                                                                    IC
                                   as physical literacy milestones in a young person’s physical development. For                                                                                    Teacher Education

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                EM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Curriculum

                                                                                                                                                                                 YS
                                   more information on the Curriculum of Delivery please visit:                                                                                                        Workshops
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     resources for primary

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     EN
                                                                                                                                                                               PH
                                   www.ucoach.com/teacher                                                                                                                                                                               and secondary

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        T
                                                                                                                                                                                         Physical literacy resources                      Whole School
                                                                                                                                                                                            Awards scheme to                              Competition
                                   Measuring Personal Improvement                                                                                                                           measure outcomes
                                   (Awards and Fitness)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        V O L U N TE E RIN G
                                   As well as measuring a young person’s physical literacy, schools and teachers can
                                                                                                                                                                              Modified School Games                                              Young leaders

                                                                                                                                                                   & TALENT
                                   also measure a pupil’s personal progressions against previously achieved per-                                                               Competition Formats –
                                                                                                                                                                              Athletics 365 days a year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                modules aligned to
                                   formances (better known as Personal Bests). If a pupil runs, jumps or throws bet-                                                                                                                              short format
                                   ter than they have ever achieved before this is a personal best. To recognise the                                                      Power of 10 talent rankings                                             competition
                                   importance of personal progression athletics has developed a series of Awards                                                                       Schools Cup &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Athletics &
                                                                                                                                                                                   Championship pathway
                                   Programmes. These programmes offer a series of attainment tables on which                                                                                                                                      Running/Fitness
                                                                                                                                                                                  Representative athletics
                                   pupils can both measure their progression and also receive awards (badges and                                                                                                                                  Leader Courses

                                                                                                                                                                            N
                                                                                                                                                                                     for the talented
                                   certificates) for their personal improvement. For more information on Awards

                                                                                                                                                                      IT IO
                                                                                                                                                                                   Playground to Podium                                        Athletics 365 Coaching
                                   see the ‘Athletics Awards Programmes’ later in this section.                                                                                                                                                Resource - school-club

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             &C
                                                                                                                                                                                    inclusive programme            Community Athletics
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Activators Programme             link resource

                                                                                                                                                                              T
                                                                                                                                                                                   British Athletics Futures

                                                                                                                                                                               PE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        OA
                                                                                                                                                                                      talent programme           Satellite Run Jump Throw          NGB Coaching
                                   Measuring Progression Against Others

                                                                                                                                                                                  OM
                                                                                                                                                                                            UKSG                    Clubs & Short Form               Awards

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    CH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Competition
                                   (Competitions)

                                                                                                                                                                                     C

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    N  I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Run England recreational                     G
                                   Competition provides the opportunity for young people to compare their sport-                                                                                                    running programme
                                   ing and physical abilities against each other. In the formative years the focus                                                                                  T             Marked running routes on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 RT
                                   should be on fun, team based activities and games. Children should be taught                                                                                         EN       school and community sites
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 M                                  IC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     IPAT
                                   the importance of fair play and sportsmanship alongside being encouraged to                                                                                               AGE     IO N & E N G
                                   strive for personal improvement and achievement. Mass participation should be
                                   encouraged so that no person feels left out and everyone is catered for. Athletics
                                   promotes a multi-event, team based approach to running, jumping and throwing
                                   for primary school aged children. This approach allows every child to experience
                                   running, jumping and throwing and develops a team ethos between young peo-
                                   ple. For more information on fun short form athletics competitions see the ‘Run,
                                   Jump, Throw Competitions for Primary School Children’ later in this section.

                                   *Running can be adapted for wheelchair users so the term running also includes pushing activity and teachers should bear this
12                                  in mind throughout the resource and supporting material when referring to ‘running’ activities.                                                                                                                                                               13
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
Leaflet: Skills, Awards, Competition
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                        www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                      SKILLS>>>>                                SKILLS>>>>
                                      AWARDS>>>                                 Develop the basic skill
                                                                                                       s required for athletics
                                                                                other sport – with Athle
                                                                                                         tics 365...
                                                                                                                                – and for every

                                      COMPETITION
                                                                               Clubs: Athletics 365
                                                                                 Athletics 365 is an exc
                                                                                                          iting club syllabus des
                                                                                coaches and young ath                                 igned to help
                                                                                                          letes in clubs develop
                                                                                and enjoyable future                                  a successful
                                                                                                        in athletics.
                                                                                Athletics 365 is a multi-e
                                                                                                             vent development progra
                                                                                young people, shaped                                       mme for
                                                                                                         by the UK Athlete Dev
                                                                               It introduces the fundam                           elopment Model.
                                                                                                           ental skills of athletics,
                                                                               vital in every sport. Aim                                which are
                                                                                                          ed primarily at 8-15 yea
                                                                               easily be adapted for you                               r olds, it can
                                                                                                            nger athletes.
                                                                               Athletics 365 focuses
                                                                                                       not only on how fast or
                                                                              runs, jumps or throws                                far someone
                                                                                                         but, more importantly
                                                                              the technical skills invo                           , on developing
                                                                                                         lved and realising their
                                                                              It also looks at an athlete                             full potential.
                                                                                                           ’s physical, mental and
                                                                              development, as well                                      emotional
                                                                                                      as lifestyle and social
                                                                                                                                considerations.
                                                                             There are nine progre
                                                                                                      ssive stages - denoted
                                                                             colours - each of which                             by different
                                                                                                         provides athletes with
                                                                             challenges appropriat                                  new
                                                                                                      e to their level of develo
                                                                             encourages athletes to                               pment. This
                                                                                                        learn all the skills and
                                                                            athletics, while reinforc                               events of
                                                                                                       ing the importance of
                                                                            round skill base. Athleti                            a good all-
                                                                                                        cs 365 will help young
                                                                            develop the skills and                                 people
                                                                                                      confidence to excel – not
                                                                            athletics, but in other                                  only in
                                                                                                     sports and life pursuit
                                                                                                                               s.
                                                                            For more information
                                                                                                      visit www.athletics365
                                                                                                                                .org
                                                                           Schools: Teaching Scho
                                                                           The Teaching Schools  ols Athletics
                                                                                                     Athletics resources (Pr
                                                                           and Secondary) suppor                              imary
                                                                                                      t teachers in delivering
                                                                           athletics activities in
                                                                                                    a fun, inclusive engagi
                                                                           manner.                                          ng
                                                                           Written by sports and
                                                                                                    physical education exp
                                                                          extensive knowledge and                           erts with
                                                                                                        experience of athletics
                                                                          schools, clubs and at                                 within
                                                                                                   international level. The
                                                                          Schools Athletics resour                          Teaching
                                                                                                      ces conform to curricu
                                                                          requirements in Englan                              lum

                                                               ration
                                         Growing the next gene ns
                                                                                                     d.
                                                                          For more information
                                                                                                   please visit
                                                                          www.englandathletic.or
                                                                                                      g/schools

                                            of athletics champio
14                                                                                                                                                      15
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                      AWARDS >>>
                                      Reward their achieveme

                                                                                                                                     COMPETITION
                                                               nts with badges, score
                                      and certificates from                           cards
                                                            Athletics Awards...
                                     Athletics Awards
                                      Athletics Awards provide
                                                                   a key element within the
                                      continuum. Outcome-b                                    Skills, Awards, Compet                                                                       etition
                                      opportunity to assess
                                                               ased development awa
                                                                                        rds for young athletes
                                                                                                                      ition
                                                                                                                                              ir skills wi th  a choic e of short-form comp
                                                              an individual’s progre                            provide               Test the                                               in mind...
                                     selection tool for athleti
                                                                cs competition.
                                                                                     ss and   provide ideal preparatio
                                                                                                                       n and a                 – all sp ecial ly de signed with young people
                                     Once a young person has                                                                          formats
                                     effectively, a teacher,
                                     how well they can put
                                                                  harnessed the basic skil
                                                             coach, leader, club hel
                                                                                           ls to perform athlete discipli
                                                                                    per or the athletes the              nes
                                                                                                             mselves can test out     Outdoor Trld ac k & Field schools choose, there
                                                                                                                                                                           ary
                                                             these new found skills
                                                                                     into practice, using eith                                     competition format prim
                                     Sportshall schemes.                                                      er the ESAA or          Whatever Track & Fie                            be followed:
                                                                                                                                                               principles that should
                                    The awards (complete                                                                              are a number of basic
                                                             with wall charts, score                                                                           uld be team based
                                    levels of achievement)
                                                             can be used to measu
                                                                                      cards, certificates and
                                                                                                              badges for different     • The competition sho                             throwing events, compet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  itors
                                    specific strands:                              re performance develop                                It should offer a mix of running, jumping and
                                                                                                              ment in three            •                                                iplie
                                                                                                                                                                 one event in each disc
                                    • Sportshall                                                                                         taking part in at least                                        ropriate format
                                                                                                                                                             n  followed by a team relay may be an app
                                    • Track & Field                                                                                    • A team quadrathlo                                  more than three.
                                                                                                                                                                  about two hours, and no
                                    • Endurance                                                                                         • The event should last
                                   For more information
                                                            visit
                                   www.esaa.net
                                   www.sportshall.org                                                                                  Super8                 r team competition form
                                                                                                                                                                                           at for young people age
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d 12+.
                                                                                                                                       An eight-event outdoo                                hours, ma    kin g it ideal for
                                                                                                                                                                   petition takes just two
                                                                                                                                       This fast and furious com             s four track events (sp
                                                                                                                                                                                                      rints, hurdles and
                                                                                                                                                             bs. It include
                                                                                                                                       both schools  and  clu
                                                                                                                                                                                        two  thro ws  (shot and javelin),
                                                                                                                                                                  (high and long) and                    ation. It builds team
                                                                                                                                       longer runs), two jumps                            ima  l prepar
                                                                                                                                                               easy to deliver with min
                                                                                                                                       plus relays. Super8 is                               ing  the per  fect bridge
                                                                                                                                                               athletes to develop, form
                                                                                                                                        spirit and encourages                form al com pet ition of ‘traditional’ athleti
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            cs.
                                                                                                                                                                 the mo   re
                                                                                                                                        between QuadKids and

                                                                                                                                         Sportsintrha  ll                   c skills via an exciting
                                                                                                                                                                                                     and
                                                                                                                                                    oduction to core athleti
                                                                                                                                         A structured                                                  to 15.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 ng people aged 4
                                                                                                                                                                    oor competitions for you
                                                                                                                                         innovative series of ind                             r round introduction to
                                                                                                                                                                  rtshall has offered a yea                               ages
                                                                                                                                         For over 30 years, Spo                environ me nts . From Infant Agility for
                                                                                                                                                                   variety of
                                                                                                                                          athletics suitable for a               Cha  mp ion ship  s, Spo rtshall is fun and
                                                                                                                                                                     Under 15s
                                                                                                                                          4-7, right through to UK                           come the range of ada
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        pted
                                                                                                                                                                    ches and teachers wel
                                                                                                                                          inclusive. Leaders, coa                               ls ma  y be taught  . The
                                                                                                                                                                    with which essential skil
                                                                                                                                          activities and the ease                             dren and helps build the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           fun
                                                                                                                                                                    strong pathway for chil
                                                                                                                                           programme ensures a                 you ng spo rtsp ers on’s development.
                                                                                                                                                                   vital for a
                                                                                                                                           and competitive spirit
                                                                                                                                                                                             letics.org/schools
                                                                                                                                                          rma  tion visit www.englandath
                                                                                                                                           For more info

                                                                                                       Growing the n

                                                                                                                                       ext generation of athletics champions
                                                                                                                                     en
16                                                                                                                                                                                                                                17
Schools and Club Athletics - Your guide to the support and resources available for delivering athletics to children and young people in schools ...
Teaching Schools Athletics                                                            FAQs
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                              www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                   (Primary and Secondary)                                                               The following Frequently Asked Questions are intended to show how your
                                                                                                                         school can benefit from accessing the Teaching Resources available.
                                   Why do we need a different approach to teaching athletics
                                   in schools?                                                                           What teaching resources does athletics provide?
                                   London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games were followed by the Glasgow                 u Athletics has developed a series of resources designed to place running, jumping
                                   2014 Commonwealth Games which between them ignited many children’s                      and throwing at the heart of school physical education and to support teachers
                                   interest in sport – athletics in particular. There are, however, challenges to          in delivering athletic activity in an inclusive, exciting and engaging manner.
                                   making the most of these opportunities as we move towards 2017 when the
                                   World Athletics Championships will be held in London. Given these challenges          u The Teaching Schools Athletics resources have been written by sport and
                                   accessing the available resources is more important than ever!                          physical education experts with extensive experience of teaching and
                                                                                                                           coaching athletics at school, club and international level.
                                   u Pupils’ lives are now more complex - In a modern world where they often
                                     demand activities to be instantly satisfying, stimulating and challenging, it is    u The Teaching Schools Athletics resources have been written to conform to
                                     crucial that we capture the imagination of young people through relevant              curriculum requirements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
                                     athletics activities;
                                                                                                                         What is the overall focus of these resources?
                                   u Teacher training - Primary school is a key environment in which to develop
                                     the fundamental principles associated with running, jumping and throwing.           u To give teachers the skills they need to be confident they are delivering
                                     Yet on teacher training courses primary teachers often only receive between           athletics effectively.
                                     5 to 9 hours instruction on how to teach all sports. In addition, far fewer         u To bring the sport of athletics to life and make it accessible.
                                     secondary school teachers complete a four-year B.Ed training course and so          u To provide teachers with a creative and practical resource that will help them
                                     are not familiar with the technical aspects of all the various events;
                                                                                                                           encourage and motivate youngsters to participate and achieve in athletics.
                                   u Delivery of athletics at school - Often teachers deliver athletics in the way
                                                                                                                         u To ensure that athletics is taught in an inclusive and engaging manner, with
                                     that they were taught, with little year-on-year progression, and do not feel
                                                                                                                           modern approaches that are less reliant on formal didactic delivery and focus
                                     comfortable with teaching the basics;
                                                                                                                           more on learning.
                                   u Health and Safety regulations - Make it increasingly difficult, particularly in
                                     the secondary environment, for schools to teach the technical events                u To ensure all children receive a positive experience of athletics, where the
                                     adequately even if they possess the specialist equipment, which many do not;          emphasis is on participation, enjoyment and the acquisition of skills, so that
                                                                                                                           they maintain interest in the sport.
                                   u Shifting the focus from games - Many secondary school teachers come from
                                     a games background and feel challenged when teaching gymnastics, dance              u To create a greater understanding that running, jumping and throwing
                                     and athletics.                                                                        underpin the vast majority of sports, and ensure children acquire and
                                   u Making school athletics inclusive - Creating a fully inclusive resource will          develop these skills throughout their education.
                                     support teachers to engage all their pupils in athletics activity. It will invite   u To reach out and appeal to a much wider audience of young people to
                                     more disabled young people into the sport allowing all pupils to participate          ensure we have a sustainable number of 16-17 year olds in the sport, who
                                     and create a habit for life through and build teacher confidence in his               are committed to competing at senior level.
                                     inclusive approach.
                                   u Traditional provision - Much provision is of a very traditional nature, where       Why do schools benefit from delivering athletics?
                                     the perceived need is a focus on measuring performance in order to get              u Supporting athletics boosts pupils’ athleticism and so helps them across a
                                     teams out for area, district, and county trials or for school sports days.            range of activities.
                                   u Competition - The very narrow athletics focus of only preparing children for        u Resources are readily available to help you deliver athletics well.
                                     competitions (where selection is often based on physical maturity) excludes         u Good teaching at the very early stages is crucial, along with appropriate
                                     many children from the opportunity of experiencing a wide range of events,
                                                                                                                           year-on-year progression. It takes time to develop the fundamental skills and
                                     at which they might excel when they grow and develop.
                                                                                                                           understanding associated with the movements underpinning the ability to
                                   Support is available to help teachers in delivering athletics in a way that is          run, jump and throw.
18                                 enjoyable and effective for the pupils, and therefore rewarding for teachers.                                                                                              19
What can I do to improve athletics in my school?                                  What sort of competitions should we run now?
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                         www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                   u Support and encourage others to attend Continuing Professional                  u England Athletics has developed a national competition framework, which
                                     Development (CDP) through the courses available. The aims are: inclusive          advocates specific types of short form athletics competition such as Sportshall
                                     learning methodology; less reliance on developing the performance of an           and Super8 (as described below). The framework is in place to ensure that
                                     elite few; and more focus on acquiring skills and understanding.                  we have a format that better suits the needs of children and young athletes
                                   u This is often achieved by planning lessons based upon delivering activities       and integrates well with other competition structures in both the school and
                                     that support the development of how to run, jump of throw, as opposed to          club setting.
                                     just doing the events.                                                          u Short form competition is also more manageable for the teachers involved in
                                   u Achieving the notion of lesson organisation based upon 15 lines of 2 pupils,      delivering it. A shorter time commitment helps make it is easier to find
                                     not 2 lines of 15, ensuring the young person gets as much involvement in          people willing to become involved.
                                     activities as they possibly can in the time available.                          u Children need to learn to compete; it is an essential life skill. However,
                                   u Primary schools teachers are under huge pressure; particularly those charged      competition should be team based, inclusive, and framed in terms of
                                     with the role of coordinating school links. We recognise that primary schools     personal improvement. Many of the ideas are discussed and explored during
                                     are awash with initiatives, projects and schemes, all of which have to be         the CPD courses.
                                     fitted in with the day job. Some partnerships have appointed Primary PE         u Many young athletes experience success in our sport because of early
                                     specialists and this may become more common.                                      maturity, but fail to maintain a comparative level of success when they get
                                   u However, Teaching Schools Athletics Resources contain many short, simple          older and their peers catch up with them. Helping them identify long-term
                                     activities that can be delivered on a little and often basis throughout the       goals, without taking away the enjoyment associated with their current
                                     day. Hold a ‘balance on one-foot’ competition while waiting in a queue for        successes, is important. Promising young athletes should be given the choice
                                     example, or use any of the simple warm-up games as the topic for brain            of visiting local athletics clubs and the school-club links process is an ideal
                                     breaks. All of the activities develop some aspect of fundamental movement         mechanism to facilitate this.
                                     skills and could be delivered throughout the year.                              u For further information on short form competition, see below pages 43-44.

                                                                                                                     Why have these competition formats been developed?
                                                                         “Our Teaching Schools                       u In recognition that the curriculum is currently stretched and the available
                                                                                                                       resources/teacher time is limited. Therefore we need to provide an
                                                                          Athletics Resources
                                                                                                                       alternative to the longer formats of competition that are enjoyed by those
                                                                          contain many short,                          schools with access to good quality traditional athletics facilities, coaching
                                                                          simple activities that                       and enhanced networks of community clubs who can help delivery. These
                                                                                                                       short format competitions introduce the basic running, jumping and
                                                                          can be delivered on a
                                                                                                                       throwing activities in a condensed and easy to facilitate version, ensuring the
                                                                          little and often basis                       participants can enjoy exposure to all of the athletics activities.
                                                                          throughout the day.”
                                                                                                                     What other benefits do the introduction of these formats bring?
                                                                                                                     u Delivered in 2 hours
                                                                                                                     u Team sizes can fit into a school mini bus
                                                                                                                     u Ability to diversify for different abilities and to provide mixed teams
                                                                                                                     u Can be delivered with minimal athletics experience and can be supported by
                                                                                                                       young leaders
                                                                                                                     u Minimal facilities are needed and modified equipment is applied thus reducing
                                                                                                                       the health and safety issues of the more traditional forms of the sport
                                                                                                                     u It is possible to involve greater numbers of young people in the sport
20                                                                                                                     through applying these formats                                                    21
u These formats make the provision of local cluster festivals and events easier      about improving performances in every event, every age group (from Under 13)
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                     to organise.                                                                       and every region throughout the UK. Power of Ten is based around a rankings
                                                                                                                        system and website (www.powerof10.info) and is certainly making a huge
                                   Do these competition formats apply to both schools and clubs?                        difference in highlighting current young performers. One of the best uses of the
                                   u Transfer of a high quality experience is fundamental. Many schools and clubs       site for young athletes is to help them identify their improvement over time, as
                                     are working together to deliver consistent programmes of activities to school      opposed to comparing performances.
                                     aged young people. This should be encouraged. The indoor and outdoor
                                     track & field short formats can be used in both the school and club settings       Why do some of my good young athletes fail to progress to
                                     at induction/junior level (Key Stages 2, 3 ,4 in particular).                      adult level?
                                                                                                                        There is considerable research to show that performing well as a young
                                   How can we make these a success?                                                     athlete is not necessarily a good indicator of them being able to perform as an
                                   u Local School Games Organisers are integral to local level cluster competition      adult. There are many reasons for this.
                                     provision. Other resources such as handbooks, websites and scoring tools
                                                                                                                        Being gifted and talented as an athlete adds different pressure from those who
                                     make the organisation process easier. The involvement of local clubs in
                                                                                                                        take part in team sports: you have to cope with the pressure of competing as an
                                     selecting teams and organising or hosting events helps the process – and also
                                                                                                                        individual. Some good athletes find this hard. In addition, some fail to cope with
                                     opens the door to an ‘exit route’ for young people wishing to pursue
                                                                                                                        failure after significant success as a junior (often a consequence of early maturity).
                                     athletics on a more regular basis.
                                                                                                                        There is anecdotal evidence of instances of young athletes being pushed too far
                                   Why are schools and clubs focusing on delivering short form                          too soon. Transitions always make continuity hard: between schools, going to
                                                                                                                        university etc. There are so many factors involved, and talent only takes you so
                                   competition to priority age groups?
                                                                                                                        far in athletics. Motivation, perseverance and commitment to training are all
                                   u Capacity of the volunteers, teachers and leaders combined with a tight             very important if an athlete is going to make it to the top. Finally, the lives of
                                     curriculum timetable is a key influence here. Athletics is just one of the         young athletes are busy and complex, it is sometimes hard to fit it all in.
                                     priority sports involved in the National School Games, so it is difficult to
                                     provide competition for all. Although some partnerships and clubs are              How can I inspire young sports people to channel themselves
                                     focusing on specific age groups rather than others in introducing these            into athletics rather than other higher-profile sports?
                                     competition formats, it may be possible for some partnerships to move more
                                                                                                                        Not an easy question to answer, especially with the amount of media coverage
                                     swiftly than others due to their facilities, coaching and teaching capacity etc.
                                                                                                                        that some sports attract. However, athletics regularly attracts a number of good
                                   Where do young athletes go beyond short form competition?                            athletes who have left other sports: footballers for instance who often have a
                                                                                                                        range of natural springing and jumping talent, or gymnasts who are potential
                                   u In schools the English Schools’ Athletic Association provides a competitive
                                                                                                                        pole-vaulters. The benefit is that they enter the sport older, which is not an issue
                                     and traditional athletics competition pathway (from Key Stage 3 upwards).
                                                                                                                        to us since some of our most successful current and past athletes came into our
                                     This ‘exit route’ from modified short forms of the sport provides the first
                                                                                                                        sport in their late teens.
                                     steps towards future glory for many aspiring champions.
                                                                                                                        Reminding young people that the fundamentals of athletics - running faster,
                                   u In nearly all clubs there will be a programme of more traditional league and
                                                                                                                        jumping higher or further, and throwing further - will help them in other sports
                                     championship activity provided for those who wish to take part and develop
                                                                                                                        is also useful. Other sports often bring in athletics coaches to help their talented
                                     their skills. This is normally provided at various levels, from local level
                                                                                                                        individuals improve these aspects of their performance.
                                     network activity, to county, regional, area and then, for those who really
                                     excel, national level activity.                                                    What other advice could I give to a young aspiring athlete?
                                   u For further information on short form competition, see pages 43-44.                u Encourage them to join their local athletics club.
                                   How do I know if one of my pupils is really talented?                                u This very much depends on the age of the athlete: for anyone less than 16
                                   Teachers can use the Athletics Awards Schemes to initially identify where a young      we encourage a multi-skills, multi-event approach where they learn and
                                   person sits within the established awards tables. Beyond this a young person’s         compete in many different events. Joining a local athletics club is always a
                                   performance can be measured through formal and permitted competition (often            positive step, which will allow them to take part in local competitions.
22                                 in a club) through Power of Ten. Power of Ten, which was launched in 2006, is all                                                                                             23
What is the advice you would give to sports coaches who                             Throwing an improvised javelin (which could be a size 4 ball) 15m twenty times
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                                www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                   come in to deliver out-of-hours school clubs?                                       in a lesson using a sound pull throw technique is a better outcome than
                                                                                                                       throwing a 400g full size javelin 4m twice. There is little point in young athletes
                                   Our advice would be to take a broad, balanced, fun and varied approach to
                                                                                                                       jumping over a solid bar 1.2m high onto a high jump bed if they have no
                                   training – focusing on good fundamental movements and skill acquisition
                                                                                                                       fundamental understanding of how to run up and take off effectively. These
                                   (Athletics 365 would be ideal). Pressures on curriculum delivery mean that
                                                                                                                       skills can be acquired during enjoyable lessons jumping over low obstacles that
                                   schools do not always have the time to develop fitness adequately, so time
                                                                                                                       maximise participation levels and help pupils learn skills that are can be
                                   should be spent on enjoyable activities that develop physical conditioning. It is
                                                                                                                       transferred to many other sports.
                                   very easy to focus purely on the event itself. However, with a little thought and
                                   preparation, sessions can be planned which are engaging and enjoyable,              So changing the delivery practice to one with an emphasis on learning
                                   involving pupils in activities that support the development of event skills         fundamentals may negate some of the issues associated with Health and Safety.
                                   without the tedium of waiting in long queues.                                       It also has an impact on the facilities required for teaching younger athletes.
                                                                                                                       However, for those staff working with more accomplished students or those
                                   Do we need to buy specialist athletics equipment to deliver                         studying GCSE or A level, Health and Safety restrictions present a challenge.
                                   athletics?                                                                          These are best addressed by presenting a viable risk assessment that
                                                                                                                       demonstrates how the lesson activity will be delivered in way that ensures all
                                   Money does not have to be an issue. Many of the activities contained in the
                                                                                                                       needs are met.
                                   Teaching Schools Athletics resources can be delivered with the minimum use of
                                   equipment, or utilises what schools usually have: cones, quoits, chalk for          Above all teachers must consider whether or not they feel confident in using
                                   instance. However, having access to low level hurdles, agility ladders, turbo       full weight shots, javelins or proper high jump facilities. Bespoke courses are
                                   javelins etc. gives teachers much more scope for multi-activity lessons. Primary    now available from England Athletics, which can be event specific, and will
                                   Schools can now utilise the funding provided by the PE and Sport Premium offer      allow teachers to gain the precise knowledge they require to deliver the
                                   to promote great use of athletics in schools. School staff should work with local   technical modules. The qualifications available, including those specific to
                                   club volunteers and Athletics Networks to form partnerships (particularly with      teachers, will advise on the right equipment to use for activities.
                                   clubs) so as to maximise the use of this funding.
                                                                                                                       How can I ensure that my delivery is more inclusive?
                                   I come from a small school site and we do not have room for                         Inclusion is a significant aspect of our teaching resources and there are specific
                                   athletics?                                                                          resources available on the web that will be updated on a regular basis.

                                   Within our grass roots development packages, there are events and activities        Each of the athletics activity cards offers ideas on variations and differentiation,
                                   that every school can offer. There is always room for running, jumping and          which highlight how activities can be adapted to meet a wide range of needs. In
                                   throwing activities: they are the basis of so many other sports!                    addition the Youth Sport Trust have developed resources that demonstrate best
                                                                                                                       practice in the delivery of all sports. Please see the disability athletics section of
                                   How can we deliver athletics when events have been ‘banned’                         the England Athletics website at www.englandathletics.org/disabilityathletics
                                                                                                                       for information on inclusive competition formats.
                                   due to Health and Safety restrictions?
                                   A focus on progression and core skill development will help negate many issues      I agree with the ideas behind the athletics teaching resources
                                   relating to health and safety. There are two main aspects to this issue, practice   but know that other staff want to deliver in a traditional
                                   and facilities. Traditionally pupils were probably exposed to athletics events      way, how do I overcome this challenge?
                                   before they were really ready for them.
                                                                                                                       Very often traditional delivery is driven by the desire to select a few key
                                   The Teaching Schools Athletics resources takes pupils progressively through a       individuals to perform in school competitions. Athletics recognises the value of
                                   range of activities that help them learn and acquire the necessary underpinning     competition and the pressures that teachers, parents and the athletes bring to
                                   fundamental movement skills required for a competent performance. Above all         performing and winning.
                                   it helps create a sense of achievement and confidence to move on to the next
                                                                                                                       However, setting up lessons based on constant measurement is not the best
                                   stage. For instance, running fast over low obstacles that, over a period of time
                                                                                                                       solution to identifying talent. Teachers will be able to use the activities in the
                                   increase in height, provides a good foundation to run over hurdles 68.5cm high.
                                                                                                                       Teaching Schools Athletics resources to help develop the skills of a whole class
24                                                                                                                                                                                                              25
and identify very competent levels of performance at the same time. Time and           As a PE/Sport teacher I find that pupils from some primary
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                                www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                   distance trials can then take place between the 3-5 most likely and willing            schools start secondary school with a high level of skill, but
                                   students. Ask any pupil in a playground who is the best runner, jumper or              others come with virtually no knowledge of athletics at all.
                                   thrower in their year group and they will tell you!                                    Will this improve?
                                   We already deliver our athletics in this way, but I want to know                       There is never going to be 100% coverage across all types of provision. The
                                   how to help them improve their technique, how can I do this?                           facilities at primary sites vary enormously and external pressure such as the
                                                                                                                          perceived need to achieve in League tables will inevitably distort delivery of a
                                   All the activities in the Teaching Schools Athletics resources include key learning
                                                                                                                          proper balanced curriculum. However the resource is making a difference.
                                   points that underpin aspects of running, jumping or throwing technique. In
                                                                                                                          Feedback data has already identified that the Primary teachers recognise the
                                   addition, the Secondary resource includes a set of ‘how to’ cards that highlight
                                                                                                                          value of athletics teaching resources and can see it is making an impact. This will
                                   essential aspects of technique that pupils should try to develop. It takes a
                                                                                                                          only improve as time goes on with an increasing number of pupils entering
                                   considerable amount of time to master some of the technical events and time
                                                                                                                          secondary schools with high expectations of athletics lessons that are enjoyable,
                                   spent practising will be time well spent, particularly if the pupils have developed
                                                                                                                          inclusive and focus on maximum participation.
                                   the skills of peer review and can coach each other.
                                   Athletics also offers online includes footage of all the events (with the exception    What equipment do I need to host a Teaching Primary Schools
                                   of the hammer that requires specialist facilities), where competent young              Athletics course?
                                   athletes are demonstrating drills and activities that can be used during training      This will vary but the standard equipment includes:
                                   sessions. These activities are suitable for athletes who have acquired a certain
                                                                                                                          u 50 Bean Bags (10 x 5 colours)
                                   level of ability, and the level of fitness required to perform the exercises.
                                   However, they do provide teachers and coaches with an insight into the more            u Cones x 4 full stacks
                                   technical aspects of the various events.                                               u Coloured bands x 40
                                                                                                                          u Mini SAQ Hurdles x 20
                                   The pupils that I work with are simply not fit enough to do
                                   athletics. What would you advise?                                                      u Hoops (variety of sizes) x 20 – 30

                                   Successful athletes are not only technical competent, but they possess the fitness     u Mats x 12 - 15
                                   required for their specific event. It takes time to acquire a high level of fitness,   u Chalk
                                   which is why conditioning for athletics should start in September, not April and       u Speed Ladders x 4
                                   must be part of an annual fitness development programme. This would not only           u Large rubber coloured spots x 20
                                   lead to better performances in Hockey, Rugby, Football etc, it would help reduce
                                                                                                                          u Small sponge balls x 40
                                   the considerable number of injuries that occur after the long summer break.
                                                                                                                          u Tennis balls x 40
                                                                                                                          u Stop Watches x 10
                                                                                                                          u Speed Bounce Mats x 6
                                                                                           “It takes time                 u Quoits x 20
                                                                                            to acquire a                  u Foam Javelins x 20
                                                                                            high level                    u Basketballs / Footballs / Netballs x 10 of each
                                                                                            of fitness,                   u Large Sponge Balls x 10

                                                                                            which is why                  u Shuttlecocks x 20
                                                                                                                          u Soft Hammers x 10
                                                                                            conditioning
                                                                                                                          u Light indoor shot puts (e.g. 400g) x 10
                                                                                            for athletics                                                                   “Athletics is an
                                                                                                                          u Vortex Howlers
                                                                                            should start in                                                                  exciting, diverse
26                                                                                          September.”                                                                      and vibrant sport.”                27
Leaflet: Teaching Primary Schools Athletics
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                                                                                                                 Certificate in Teaching Prima
                                                                                                                                                                                  ry Schoo      ls Athletics
                                                                                                                                  Aimed at qualified and trainee
                                                                                                                                                                  teachers and those supportin

                                                                                         Teaching

                                    RJT
                                                                                                                                  quality sport and physical educ                                 g the management and deliv
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ery of high

                                                                        THROW
                                      RUN                                                                                                                          ation in primary schools.
                                                                                                                                  This course aims to give teachers

                                                             JUMP
                                                                                                                                                                    and others working in schools
                                                                                                                                  necessary to deliver enjoyabl                                      the knowledge, skills and confi

                                                                                         Primary
                                                                                                                                                                e and engaging lessons that                                          dence
                                                                                                                                  participation and increasing                                focus on encouraging maximum
                                                                                                                                                               understanding, skill acquisitio
                                                                                                                                                                                               n, fitness and enjoyment of child
                                                                                                                                 The courses are based on the                                                                      ren.
                                                                                                                                                                NEW Teaching Primary Scho
                                                                                                                                                                                                ols Athletics resource and dem

                                                                                         Schools
                                                                                                                                 teaching progression across Prim                                                                  onstrate
                                                                                                                                                                    ary School age groups in both
                                                                                                                                 running, jumping and throwing                                       generic and athletics specific
                                                                                                                                                                   activities.
                                                                                                                                The course is mainly practical
                                                                                                                                                               in nature and can be delivered

                                                                                         Athletics                              24 participants. The course can                                over either 4 or 6 hours, to a max
                                                                                                                                                                 also be delivered in whole, over                                 imum of
                                                                                                                                Course Cost: £650 for 4 hour                                        one day or over two twilight sess
                                                                                                                                                               workshop or £750 for 6 hour                                            ions.
                                                                                                                                candidates). Workshop cost inclu                             workshop (up to a maximum
                                                                                                                                                                   des a 290 page resource boo                                24
                                                                                                                                                                                                 k per candidate, tutor fees and
                                                                              ool                                               administration fees.
                                      An exciting NEW course for Primary Sch                                                    The Resource
                                                                                letics
                                      Teachers and those wishing to deliver ath                                               The Run, Jump, Throw resource
                                      in curricular and extra-curricular time
                                                                                                                                                                   has been designed to place
                                                                                                                             running, jumping and throwing
                                                                                                                                                                 at the heart of school physical
                                                                                                                             education and to support teac
                                                                                                                                                               hers in delivering athletics activ
                                                                                     tips and ideas:                                                                                              ities
                                      The Course is packed full of useful teaching
                                                                                                                             in an inclusive, exciting and enga
                                                                                                                                                                  ging manner.
                                                                                                                             Run, Jump, Throw embraces
                                      •Interactive and practical course                                                     resource focuses upon running,
                                                                                                                                                              a child’s natural desire to mov
                                                                                                                                                                jumping and throwing, the
                                                                                                                                                                                              e. The

                                         Available in 4 and 6 hours formats
                                                                                                                            building blocks of athletics, whic
                                          •                                                                                 sports and physical activities
                                                                                                                                                                 h in turn underpin nearly all othe
                                                                                                                                                           . Within this resource teaches
                                                                                                                                                                                                      r
                                          • Up to 24 candidates per workshop             Resource      which includes:
                                                                                                                            three Teaching Sections cove
                                                                                                                            •
                                                                                                                                                            ring the main stages of developm
                                                                                                                                                                                            will find
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ent:
                                      • Each candidate receives an extensive Teacandhing
                                                                                      Lesson Plans                          •
                                                                                                                                Ages 5 - 7 Years
                                                                                                                               Ages 7 - 9 Years
                                        • Several examples of Schemes of Working, jump    ing and throwing for
                                                                                                                            •  Ages 9 - 12 Years.
                                               70 Activity cards covering runn
                                        • Over ren                                                                         Within each of the three Teac
                                                                                                                                                              hing Sections teachers will
                                            child  aged 5-12 years                                                         •   Two examples of Schemes of
                                                                                                                                                               Work
                                                                                                                                                                                             find:

                                                                                                                           •  Two blocks of six-week Lesson
                                                                                                                                                                Plans
                                                                                                                           •  Over 20 Activity Cards covering
                                                                                                                                                                   progressions of running,
                                                                                                                              jumping and throwing activities
                                                                                                                                                                 .
                                                                                                                          In addition teachers will find
                                                                                                                                                          information on How to Measure
                                                                                                                          pupils progression and improvem                                      a
                                                                                                                                                                ent and a series of Support
                                                                                                                          Cards (including Pupil Cards,
                                                                                                                                                          Top Tip Inclusion Cards, Team
                                                                                                                         and Timed Runs information                                        Relays
                                                                                                                                                         cards).
                                                                                                                         Run, Jump, Throw is written
                                                                                                                                                          to conform to the curriculum
                                                                                                                         requirements in England, Nort
                                                                                                                                                           hern Ireland, Scotland and Wale
                                                                                                                                                                                              s.
                                                                                                                         For further information plea
                                                                                                                                                      se visit:
                                                                                                                         www.englandathletics.org
                                                                                                                                                    /teachingathletics
                                                                                                                         Developed in partnership by:

                                                                                                                         For details see: www.englan
                                                                                                                                                                              dathletics.org/teachingath
                                                                                                                                                                                                         let                        ics
                                                                                  g/teachingathletics
                                          For details see: www.englandathletics.or

28                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             29
Leaflet: Leading Athletics
www.englandathletics.org/schools

                                                                                                                                                                                www.englandathletics.org/clubs
                                                                                                          Leading Athletics
                                     Leading Athletics
                                     An exciting new leadership programme
                                                                               for those                   Who is it for?
                                                                                                              Leading Athletics is an exciting
                                                                                                                                                new leadership workshop
                                                                              letes
                                     looking to lead activities for young ath
                                                                                                              for those looking to lead athle
                                                                                                                                              tics activities for young
                                                                                                             athletes. Packed full of useful
                                                                                                                                             tips and ideas, this three
                                                                                                             hour workshop is supported
                                                                                                                                            by a Workbook, Support
                                                                                                             Resource and a series of Gam
                                                                                   rd features
                                     Packed full of useful tips and ideas, the awa
                                                                                                                                              e Cards which aid delivery.
                                                                                                             All content comes in an interact
                                                                                                                                                 ive App (the resource is
                                                                                                             also available in book format
                                                                                 kshop
                                      Interactive and practical three hour wor
                                                                                                                                            if required).
                                                                                                          The Resources
                                      Workbook and Support Resource                                           Supported by a series of inter
                                                                                                             Athletics is perfect for anyone
                                                                                                                                             active resources, Leading
                                                                                                                                              wishing to lead an athletics
                                       Set of Game Cards                                                     session. A must for those new
                                                                                                             include information on the role
                                                                                                                                              to the sport, the resources
                                                                                                                                               s and responsibilities of a
                                                                                                            leader, how to lead a fun and
                                       Interactive App                                                      and further information on how
                                                                                                                                             inclusive athletics session,
                                                                                                                                                to develop your
                                                                                                            leadership skills. Crammed
                                                                                                                                           with ‘Top Tips’ for effective
                                                                                                           delivery, the Support Resource
                                                                                                                                                also explores the key
                                                                                                           principles of running, jumping
                                                                                                                                               and throwing events
                                                                                                           whilst providing technical infor
                                                                                                                                              mation which support
                                                                                                           these principles.

                                                                                                        The Game Cards
                                                                                                           The progressive Game Cards
                                                                                                                                          included in the full support
                                                                                                           resource demonstrate how to
                                                                                                                                           set up fun and engaging
                                                                                                           activates all designed to help
                                                                                                                                          introduce young athletes to
                                                                                                           the fundamentals of running,
                                                                                                                                          jumping and throwing.
                                                                                                        The App
                                                                                                          The Leading Athletics App com
                                                                                                                                            plements the Leading
                                                                                                          Athletics Workshop and allow
                                                                                                                                          s users to interactively deliver
                                                                                                          activities and seamlessly link
                                                                                                                                         to other support resources.

                                                                                                       For more information visit
                                                                                                       www.englandathletics.org/cou
                                                                                                                                    rses     -and-bookings

                                                                                                                                                 Developed in partnership by:

                                                                                  urses-and-bookings
                                       For details see www.englandathletics.org/co

30                                                                                                                                                                              31
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