The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

The DaVinci Code • The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage
The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

Features 10 An Excursion To Remember AHEPA’s Hellenic American Forum 2006 14 Debunking The DaVinci Code: The X-Files Of Ancient Lies 16 War and Cultural Heritage: Cyprus after the 1974 Turkish Invasion The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage 18 The Search for Achilles is on: Land of the Myrmidons in Thessaly On the Cover Prime Minister of The Hellenic Republic Konstantinos Karamanlis addresses the AHEPA Hellenic American Forum. Photo credit: AHEPA Headquarters 5 Presidents’ Messages 8 AHEPA Family News 9 From the desk of ... 9 Our Mailbag 22 Hellenic Cultural Commission 24 Housing 28 Athletics 30 Education 31 AHEPA Family Chapter News 34 In Memoriam Departments 18 10

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

SUPREME PRESIDENT Gus J. James, II 1521 Chandon Crescent Virginia Beach, VA 23454 H: 757-496-3102 W: 757-624-3300 F: 757-624-3169 Jamesahepa@kaufcan.com SUPREME VICE-PRESIDENT Ike Gulas 2031 – 2nd Avenue N. Birmingham, AL 35203 H: 205-977-7101 W: 205-879-1234 F: 205-879-1247 Ike@gulaslawfirm.com CANADIAN PRESIDENT District Liaison: 23, 24 & 26 Nicholas G. Spillios 8308 – 134th Street Edmonton, AB T5R 0B4 Canada H: 780-483-5294 F: 780-483-5294 (call first) Nikos@telusplanet.net SUPREME SECRETARY District Liaison: 2 Gus Stefanadis 460 Palm Island, SE Clearwater, FL 33767 H/F: 727-447-2715 Sgstef@aol.com SUPREME TREASURER District Liaison: 7,8 & 9 Cosmos E. Marandos 102 Peele Rd. Nashua, NH 03062 H: 603-888-1010 W: 603-882-9761 Marandos@cs.com SUPREME COUNSELOR Arthur Dimopoulos 4130 Teton Place Alexandria, VA 22312 W: 571-723-3621 Supremecounselor@verizon.net SUPREME ATHLETIC DIRECTOR Dr. Monthe Kofos 180 Bolton St. Marlboro, MA 01752 H: 508-485-5626 SONS NATIONAL ADVISOR Dino Kostaridis 23-71 35th Street Astoria, NY 11105 H: 718-267-6841 F: 718-729-4298 dkostaridis@yahoo.com SUPREME GOVERNORS Paul J. Angelson District Liaison: 3 & 4 904 Duke of Suffolk Dr Virginia Beach, VA 23454 H: 757-481-0159 W: 757-449-8458 P.Angelson@cox.net Anthony Capranica District Liaison: 10 & 11 1147 Guarnieri Drive NE Warren, OH 44483 H: 330-372-1869 Cell: 330-883-3368 F: 866-583-1318 Capranica1@earthlink.net Gust N. Christofidis District Liaison: 12 & 13 6 Enclave Court Burr Ridge, IL 60527 H: 630-734-0534 Gnchrist@aol.com Dr. John Grossomanides, Jr. District Liaison: 1 153 High Street, #3 Westerly, RI 02891 H: 401-596-7744 W: 401-295-7660 Jgrossomanides@cox.net Gus Hazifotis District Liaison: 21 & 22 5875 Meander Drive San Jose, CA 95120 H: 408-268-0503 Cell: 408-806-6090 F: 408-997-9701 Ghazifotis@aol.com Anthony Kouzounis District Liaison: 15,16 & 17 3736 Lake St.

Houston, TX 77098 H: 713-522-2300 W: 713-522-2300 F: 713-522-2862 Akouzounis@yahoo.com James G. Selimos District Liaison: 18, 19 & 20 4920 Lankershim Blvd. N. Hollywood, CA 91601 H: 323-654-6167 W: 818-769-0662 F: 818-762-3718 Selimos@aol.com Spiros Vasilakis District Liaison: 5&6 401 Merrick Rd. Oceanside, NY 11572 H: 516-431-0042 W: 516-764-6166 F: 516-678-8792 Cell: 516-532-5059 DAUGHTERS OF PENELOPE GRAND PRESIDENT Mary Filou, Ph.D. 399 Cedar Avenue Islip, NY 11751 H: 631-277-4627 F: 631-277-4665 Mfilou@erols.com SONS OF PERICLES SUPREME PRESIDENT Mike Panayotou 12 Wayfield Lane Cohoes, NY 12047 (C) 518-365-1360 SonsPres@aol.com MAIDS OF ATHENA GRAND PRESIDENT Maria Mastrokyriakos 1570 Alemany Boulevard San Francisco, CA 94112 H: (415) 587-5309 C: (415) 859-1766 F: (415) 587-1404 MaidsGP@gmail.com 2005-2006 AHEPA Supreme Lodge CHAIRMAN Lee Millas 62 Hempstead Rd. Trenton, NJ 08610 H: 609-585-3137 F: 609-585-1150 LJMillas@msn.com VICE-CHAIRMAN E.P.Terry Mitchell 17 Mitchell Drive Niantic, CT 06357 H: 860-739-5184 W: 860-691-1976 F: 860-691-2476 Cell: 860-460-1286 Mitchellterm@aol.com SECRETARY Thomas C. Owens 417 Olde Keswick Lane Petersburg, VA 23805 H: 804-734-8727 W: 804-734-8780 F: 804-541-8129 Thomas.owens@deca.mil George S. Demopoulos 179 – N. Kentucky Avenue N. Massapequa, NY 11758 H: 516-249-9420 Cell: 516-984-9048 Gdemopoulos@msn.com Vacilios “Likie” Beleos 1017 Broad Street Camden, SC 29020 H: 803-736-2956 W: 803-432-3428 F: 803-432-4676 James S. Scofield, PSP 6100 – 6th Avenue, South St. Petersburg, FL 33707 H: 727-345-9452 F: 727-345-9452 (call first) Nicholas A. Karacostas, Esq 29-10 212th Street Bayside, NY 11360 H: 718-279-3275 F: 718-279-3276 Nakaraco@aol.com Alex Katsafanas 16018 Shadow Pass Trail Tomball, TX 77377 H: 832-717-4728 Alexkats5@sbcglobal.net Steven G. Tripodes 1351 San Marino Ave. San Marino, CA 91108 H: 626-449-0966 F: 626-792-9400 Stripodes@aol.com AHEPA BOARD OF AUDITORS 2005–2006 Craig G. Clawson, CPA Chairman Craig@clawsoncpas.com Louis P. Peronis 1louper@comcast.net Vasilios Albanos, Ph.D. Meatsheet@aol.com Editorial Policy for The AHEPAN 1. To assure that The AHEPAN will be published on schedule, deadlines for the submission of material must be rigorously observed. With no exceptions, all items postmarked after those dates will be held over to the next issue provided the contents are still timely.

2. All items are subject to editing or revision by the Editorial Board to assure that the contents are written in conformity with recognized standards of composition and grammar, verified for accuracy, and in compliance with the space available for each issue. 3. The Editorial Board welcomes manuscripts on historical topics related to Greece and Hellenism. They must be typewritten on regular size paper (8 1/2 x 11), double-spaced with no smaller than 12 pt type font and should not exceed 800 words in length or approximately three and a half (3 1/2) pages. All material submitted to The AHEPAN whether printed or not will be returned to the sender only if specifically requested and accompanied with self addressed return envelopes. 4. From time to time, Book Reviews will be published on works written by Hellenes (Members of the AHEPA family will be given preferential consideration.) whose content is in keeping with the purposes of The AHEPAN.

5. Paid advertisements proposed for The AHEPAN magazine shall be reviewed by the Editorial Board for suitability. SUMMER 2006 Volume 79, Number 2 The AHEPAN (ISSN 0746-133X) is published quarterly, by the Order of AHEPA, 1909 Q St., NW, Suite 500 Washington, DC 20009, Tel: (202)232-6300 Copyright © AHEPA, 2006. All rights reserved. In accordance with the AHEPA Constitution, $1.50 of per capita tax is allocated as a subscription for The AHEPAN. Postmaster Send address changes to: The AHEPAN 1909 Q Street, NW, Suite 500 Washington, DC 20009. Periodicals postage paid at Washington, DC and additional mailing offices. Editorial Board George Anagnostos, Chair Anthony Petros James Scofield, PSP, Dr. Spiro J. Macris, PSP Andrew Kaffes Design & Production Mercury Publishing Services 1909 Q St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 Tel: 202-232-6300, Fax: 202-232-2140 e-mail: ahepa@ahepa.org Web site: www.ahepa.org Executive Director Basil N. Mossaidis Controller Stanley M. Schwartz, CPA Communications & Membership Programs Director Michael A. Zachariades, J.D., LLM Director of Membership Rosalind Ofuokwu Programs Coordinator Rory Puckerin ORDER OF E H A PA AHEPA Headquarters 2005-2006 Board of Trustees

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

MESSAGE FROM GUS J. JAMES, II AHEPA SUPREME PRESIDENT Our Ceaseless Endeavor to Voice Hellenism Abroad and at Home As Supreme President, my goal has been to re-establish AHEPA as the lead- ing proponent and voice of Hellenism. Through the “Voice of Hellenism” Campaign, the mission of our organization, which promotes Hellenism, educa- tion, philanthropy, civic responsibility and family and individual excellence, has received recognition both domestically and abroad. Early in the year, we directed our effots on four regional conferences which were held throughout the country in order to address a variety of topics that affect our fraternity. These conferences were extremely successful and I want to express my appreciation to all sponsors, hosts and participants for their efforts. Furthermore, AHEPA was involved in various events and activities which highlighted our role as the leading organization of Hellenes and Philhellenes throughout the world. In late July 2005, the U.S. Congress honored Constantino Brumidi for his artistic contributions to the U.S. Capital. AHEPA was the only organization selected to represent the Greek-American community at the various events honoring Brumidi. On March 10, 2006, we hosted the largest Biennial Banquet of the last 20 years, in Washington, D.C., honoring two icons of the U.S. Congress: Sen. Paul S. Sarbanes and Rep. Michael Bilirakis, each receiv- ing the 2006 AHEPA Public Service Award. George Stephanopoulos was the Master of Ceremonies and Under Secretary of State R. Nicholas Burns was the keynote speaker. More recently, AHEPA’s commitment and support of Hellenism was evident and our voice was clearly heard during the recent Presidential Pilgrimage to Greece, Cyprus and the Ecumenical Patriarchate. The banquet hosted by AHEPA in Athens, in honor of the Hellenic Republic, loudly echoed the spirit of our campaign for the year. We proudly presented the Socrates Award to Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis; the Pericles Award to the President of the Hellenic Parliament Anna Psarouda-Benakis; and the AHEPA Hellenism Award to the Hellenic Republic of Greece and its citizens, which was accepted by the President of the Hellenic Republic Karolos Papoulias. Several days later, we hosted a similar event in Nicosia, Cyprus, to honor the Republic of Cyprus and its citizens and to present the 2006 AHEPA Philanthropy Award to George E. Paraskevaides, OBE. These historic events propelled AHEPA to a new level of inter- national recognition.

However, despite our enormous successes, AHEPA must overcome a variety of issues if it is to con- tinue to enjoy the favorable position that it has attained as the leading international organization of Hellenes and Philhellenes. Our greatest challenge is to revamp our entire approach in it’s membership. Greater effort must be exerted to motivate our members to become more involved with our national agenda, as well as, to support the various events, activities and programs. For instance, Cooley’s Anemia fund-raising initiatives; bone marrow registry drives; housing for the elderly; the charter school program; grants and scholarships through our National Educational Foundation; and a plethora of other philan- thropic and civic projects currently underway at the national and grassroots levels. I am privileged to serve as Supreme President of AHEPA. I look forward to working with all of you toward the fulfillment of our mission, the continued elevation of AHEPA and the preservation and pro- motion of Hellenism, which was passed down to us by our forefathers.

In closing, I thank everyone for their enthusiastic support and for their continuing involvement and look forward to seeing each of you at our upcoming National Convention in Hollywood, Florida. Gus J. James, II www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 5

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

MESSAGE FROM MARY B. FILOU, PH.D. DAUGHTERS OF PENELOPE GRAND PRESIDENT The State of the Sisterhood “I dreamed that life was joy… I awoke and found that it was duty. Duty done, I learned that duty became joy.” Courtesy Nike Pavlou, Australia We began the year with high hopes and vision for the Daughters of Penelope. The broad goals were motivated by a pledge to promote name recognition for our organization. This arose from the realization that, in many ways, we have been invisible. We needed and implemented an expanded volunteer public rela- tions committee and, more recently, hired a part time public relations consultant to work from headquar- ters. We understood that our projects, both educational and philanthropic, should be remarkable and touched by the theme “Together we rise by lifting others.” But, in all of this effort, came a stunning real- ization. We, as women and as Daughters of Penelope, could not reach our full potential without some form of conscious-raising or sense of empowerment. While many of our sisters recognize their potential, others do not. The idea of empowerment has been a cornerstone of many Grand President’s talks this past year. One article for the “Scroll” was entitled “We must write our own story….” There is tremendous power to be gained when accomplished women support one another, in sisterhood, in the pursuit of worthy projects. We have pursued our mandatory and voluntary national projects, and have reached beyond the cus- tomary, as well. There has been renewed effort to support the Penelopean Day Care Center in Greece. Especially notable is the enthusiastic and humane response from sisters to our own Katrina Relief Fund Drive. We chose to promote our own drive so that we could designate where funds would go in our name. A case in point is the partnership we forged with Louisiana State University School of Social Work in which we completely underwrote a pilot project group therapy program in the Baton Rouge Schools. This program targeted the most damaged children displaced from New Orleans Ninth Ward in the hope to empower them to deal with the crisis which befell them. Rosie O’Donnell’s Foundation is purportedly interested in funding this program on a wider basis, but we are the original benefactors to be cited in the evaluative literature.

In March, as a singular honor, we were awarded the Hellenic Heritage and Public Service Award by the American Hellenic Institute, Inc. at their annual Banquet. The biennial Salute to Women reception was held for the first time at the Greek Embassy and recognized the Honorable Dora Bakoyannis, first woman mayor of Athens and first woman foreign minister of Greece. Empowered women reach out to other women. This year, your Grand President made three trips to Greece, our fastest growing district. Several new chapters are formed or are in the process of formation. On the last brief visit in April, our Secretary and I visited Thessaloniki where we were met by a busload of sisters and taken to a televised reception, where I was asked to address the group in Greek and where we were called the “Daughters of Agape.” This was the lead story played on television for a complete day. A trip to the Australasian national convention in Hobart, Tasmania in October was a revelation about the need for sisters everywhere to support one another. At the request of the Australians, we arranged a May friendship conference in Hawaii for support and to exchange ideas. Thirty five sisters, nineteen from Australia, attended a most enlightening and enjoyable meeting in Honolulu, the first of meetings to come. The voyage has been stormy but the eyes are always on the prize. From early November, we lost our dear Helen Pappas at headquarters, the accountant resigned, and the lack of adequate support staff has been a problem. I like to think that a ship and the captain’s merits are tested best in a storm. Have we persevered and come through well? Only you and time can tell.

Mary B. Filou, Ph.D. 6 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

MESSAGE FROM MARIA MASTROKYRIAKOS MAIDS OF ATHENA GRAND PRESIDENT Our Potential for Personal, Community Growth Unlimited As another year ends, so does my journey as Maids of Athena Grand President. I have reflected on my years of service and leadership and have been so fulfilled with all the experiences and knowledge I have gained. I am also thankful for the won- derful people I have met along the years, especially the close relationships that have emerged with so many new brothers and sisters across the globe. We have had a very successful year in the Maids of Athena. Not only has our membership increased, but we have developed and implemented numerous programs to benefit our membership. Our programs have been extensive and sisters have wel- comed it. Interaction and unity are exemplary and sisters internationally have been able to network closely together. Sisters have mentors to work with to further their educational and career goals and our public relations campaign, especially with the development of our Web site, is giving us the exposure we need. The goals that the Grand Lodge set forth at the beginning of the year have been accomplished. I have great pride in our sister- hood and congratulate you all for your hard work and dedication. I look forward to seeing the good works our Order will continue to do.

Thank you for bestowing upon me the honor of serving as Grand President this year. This was an amazing experience for me. I want to thank the Grand Lodge and our National Advisor, Dianna Rakus, for a superb job this year. Thank you also to the whole AHEPA Family for your support. I look forward to working with you in the future. MESSAGE FROM MIKE PANAYOTOU SONS OF PERICLES SUPREME PRESIDENT Mentorship, Athletics Key to Our Future Development As this year, and my tenure as Supreme President of the Sons of Pericles, comes to a close, I want to take this opportunity to offer my observations from this past year. One of the most encouraging things that I have seen is an interest of Ahepans at the local level in reactivating Sons chapters. This sort of grassroots effort is laud- able – but I think it can (and should) be expanded. The more that the Sons and the AHEPA work together in everyday endeavors, the stronger our Orders will be – and I renew my call for every active AHEPA chapter to assist the Supreme Lodge of the Sons of Pericles initiate a chapter in their hometown.

One thing that has led to a successful year for the Sons is the emphasis on Athletics. The Sons held two very well-attended basketball tournaments and a suc- cessful dodgeball tournament. I would like to see basketball tournaments expanded and cross-promoted on the chapter and district level and to involve AHEPA chapters in the promotion and execution of these tournaments. By cross-promoting an athletic tournament, we can sign up new brothers in both the Sons and the AHEPA. Another area that is still being developed, but will be a very strong selling point of the Sons and the AHEPA, is the Mentorship Program. This, combined with the many scholarships offered by the AHEPA Educational Foundation, we certainly will meet our goals as an Order that focuses on Education. I call on all AHEPANS to continue their strong support of the Junior Orders. We are not only the future – we are the present. I am an active member of both the Sons of Pericles, and my local AHEPA Chapter, as are many other members of the Sons of Pericles. Supporting the Sons is a great way to cultivate active members for the AHEPA.

Mike Panayotou Maria Mastrokyriakos www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 7

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

Returning to one’s roots is always problem- atic. And as we grow older, the search for bringing closure in finding our identity becomes paramount. So it was for many of us as we accom- panied the Supreme President, Gus James, on the AHEPA Family Excursion to Greece, Cyprus and the Ecumenical Patriarchate, with details handled most capably by our Executive Director, Basil Mossaidis. I had been to Greece many times, but this jour- ney proved to be the most enriching, self- evaluating and invigorating of visits. Its aim was to strengthen ties between the U.S. and Canada with Greece and Cyprus and pursue economic and cultural initia- tives benefiting the two countries. But the personal spin-off for many of us proved to be even more rewarding.

In Athens, AHEPA honored the contri- butions of the Hellenic Republic at the Grand Banquet, repeating this focus in the Cyprus Republic. Our hosts, AHEPA HELLAS District #25, superbly looked after our needs for the duration of our trip. As events unspooled, the focus was prominent and visible - Hellenism was alive and well and we were its messengers. It would be difficult to give justice to every event and experience within this short space. Suffice to say that at every stop certain aspects emerged, all tied to the President’s mandate for the trip. Among the honorees at the banquet was Prime Minister Karamanlis. Archbishop Christodoulos graciously received us, as well as the mayor of Athens, and several government ministers. We were amazed at the extent of medical facilities in the Evangelismos Hospital Wing in Athens, as well as, the AHEPA Hospital in Thessaloniki. Our Supreme President presented a number of gifts to each dignitary, followed not far behind by the Canadian President with wild Arctic salmon. Some were gen- uinely amused.

The delegation moved on with visit upon visit uncovering more aspects of Hellenism, including visits to the monastery at Kykkos in Cyprus, dating back to the 11th Century where Archbishop Makarios is buried. We were all touched by north - a sad but necessary visit that underscored the essence of the problem. The cry for support for reunification was reiterated several times. The sad state of churches north of the “Green Line” struck us with such fervor that many of us were determined to lend our support at home to the cause. Of course, food was a great delight as we sampled haloumi and loukoomathes prepared in the unique Cypriot way.

The contribution, which AHEPA can make to the settlement of contemporary Greek issues, was underlined by visits with several government officials in Athens, Cyprus and Thessaloniki. Minister after minister appealed to us to assist in the renewal of economic, cultural and tourist support in our part of the world. In Thessaloniki, we were honored to make visits to many places, and the sites at Pellas and Vergina on the mainland where some of the most preserved artifacts from the Ancient World are housed. Our attendance at the moving Easter services by His Holiness in Constantinople ended our pilgrimage as we headed home. Of course, His Holiness sported a laugh as I pre- sented him with my last salmon. It was a sad parting for many of us who had become part of a closely knit and accepting family. If there was one message, which had become more than obvious it was this - AHEPA is one of the most respected organizations abroad. The challenge presented to us by both gov- ernment and public officials remains in our court. It is a message that we must articulate and spread in this hemisphere.

Scholarship Luncheon Athena Economy, DOP, presents scholarship recipient, Michael Hadjisimos, with his award. District 1 awarded $30,000 in scholarships this year. AHEPA FAMILY NEWS 8 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org On The Approach To Mount Olympus By Nicholas Spillios, Canadian President the stop at President James' village in the

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

AHEPA FAMILY NEWS www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 9 Greetings Brothers & Sisters. I hope you find this issue of The AHEPAN magazine as brilliant as the recent issues. This year has been a very challenging one by far. We had the departure of two critical employees, the loss of our dear friend Helen Pappas, and the eventual hiring and departure of the Daughters Executive Director. Certainly we have had some obstacles this year! I am proud to inform you that we have handled each challenge with determination and hard work, and hope- fully, it appeared seamless to the membership. I need to take this time to recognize and honor two individuals who devoted many hours to increase their work product and service to AHEPA.

In August of last year we learned of the departure of Patrice Farish, our comptroller. Patrice was a wonderful person; she worked far beyond anyone’s expectations, and was really a person who made coming to work pleasura- ble. I always appreciated her because no matter what, she was at work with a smile on her face. We say thank you for people who have worked hard for us, but we cannot say thank you enough to Patrice for her time, effort and vision. Patrice assisted in many ways and performed tasks she was not hired to perform. She really made a perma- nent mark on the AHEPA and we are all very thankful and proud to have worked with her. We wish her the best of luck in her new position. We really miss her! Once in a while, you find employees that work more for their happiness than just work for the sake of making a liv- ing. When you find people like that you are lucky because work seems to get done quicker and better. We had such a person in Andrew Kaffes. In 1995, Andrew joined the AHEPA straight from graduating from Syracuse University. His service and devotion to our Order was unmatched. He served our organization in many capacities, and each time he met the challenge with vigor. For a young man he has much wisdom. He is a member of AHEPA, and has been, for over 13 years now and was a Son of Pericles when he was 14. He truly epitomizes what AHEPA stands for. He was a joy to work with and a person who can never be replaced. Although others will fulfill his duties, his active participation on shaping the AHEPA, and its future mes- sage has certainly interwoven itself into the fabric of our existence. He took an association of Greek Americans to new heights. We thank him for his efforts and we look for- ward to his active participation in AHEPA in the future. In closing, I wish all of you the best and hope that we will see each other in Hollywood, Florida. It promises to be a great convention. Fraternally.

From the desk of ... Basil N. Mossaidis, Executive Director, AHEPA OUR MAILBAG Assisting Katrina Victims Dear Supreme President James and Chairman Millas, My mother and I deply appreciate the donation from the Hurricane Katrina Fund. This assistance along with your prayers has helped us rebuild our lives. With thanks and kindest regards, Nicholas Lambron Friendswood, Texas Dear Editor, Thank you for keeping me updated. It is a crucial aspect of com- munity work to have immediate and direct access to this kind of information.

It sounds like you have made a great deal of progress developing and implementing services. Your recent grassroots philanthropic and educational endeavors are very impressive. Sincerely, Rep. C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger Member of Congress

The DaVinci Code The Search for Achilles The Impact of War Upon Cultural Heritage

10 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org I have been in the AHEPA for many years. Serving as Supreme President (1988-89) was a personal accom- plishment, which I will never forget. There have been a number of trips, tours and excursions in my lifetime, but none like the one which the AHEPA undertook April 7-24, 2006. The birth of the AHEPA excursions began back in the 1920’s with the origination of AHEPA. Originally, they were pilgrimages to assist the motherland of Greece economically, and to show support to her people. Our most recent trip brings the AHEPA full circle.

I was asked by our Supreme President to coordinate events on the ground in Greece for the trip that was originally sched- uled for May of this year. Events prohibited the AHEPA from traveling in May, which ultimately reduced the amount of lead-time to prepare. As chairman of the AHEPA excursion to Greece, I want to begin my report with a heartfelt thanks to our President, Gus James and his Supreme Lodge for charg- ing me with this responsibility. In preparation of this event, I worked closely with many people, but I would be remiss not to begin by recognizing our Headquarters staff, namely our Executive Director, for his assistance and perseverance in making this trip a success.

In October, we began to lay the foundation for the trip, which was to have members of Congress join us. After our initial consultation with the American Ambassador in Greece, Ambassador Charles Ries, we began to create a program, which would honor the Hellenic Republic and AHEPA. The Hellas District 25 committee consisted of the following Ahepans who outdid themselves. The committee included: An Excursion to Remember AHEPA’S HELLENIC AMERICAN FORUM 2006 By A. Steve Betzelos, Past Supreme President & Chairman

www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 11 District Governor Dr. Alfred Barich, George Dussias, George Billios, Panos Liatsos, Tony Gremmos, Athanasios D. Sarantopoulos, Ph.D, George J. Costas, Costas Economou, Tassos Mastroyiannis, and many more persons who gave of their time and effort. Two most notable people who sacrificed for the events success were Elizabeth Papageorgiou, who rep- resented me while I was in the States and produced a wonder- ful concert in Thessaloniki and Harry Doumas who is always in the forefront. Thank you for your hard work and dedication. Our trip began and ended in New York. From the moment we arrived in Greece, our time was committed to events, press conferences, tours, meetings and social gatherings. I can speak from experience when I tell you, the participants never had a dull moment. The most memorable part during the Athens por- tion of our trip was the Grand Banquet on April 10, 2006. On that date, the AHEPA had the President of Greece, the Prime Minister of Greece, and the President of the Parliament all in one room. This was a historic event, one that was unparalled in AHEPA history. I speak to you through this article that the AHEPA has not seen days like this for over 35 years. When the President, Prime Minister and Parliament President accepted their respective awards, I felt the hair on the back of my neck stand up. The banquet hall was filled to capacity (over 600 people) with many Ahepans. Our delega- tion and guests, which represented AHEPA, numbered over 100 persons. It was a statement to the government of Greece that we are committed to our Hellenic heritage. After our time in Athens we moved to Cyprus for another banquet on April 14. This event was very classy and extremely well attended. Members of Parliament and prior Prime Minister Karamanlis and President Papoulias look on as PSP Betzelos addresses audience. Greanias, present award and statue to President Papoulias. Prime Minister receives award and statue from Lee Millas, Chairman, Board of Trustees, Supreme President James and AHEPA member Greanias.

PSP Betzelos, with wife Irene and Cynthia Johnson. Supreme President Gus J. James, II, and AHEPA member Nickolas

12 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org Presidents of the Republic were in attendance to praise the AHEPA and honor our award recipient George Paraskevaides, a great philanthropist and a good friend. Our travels took us to Thessaloniki next, where we met with many government officials and clergy. The highlight of Thessaloniki was a masterful production the AHEPA undertook at the Megaron Music facility of Thessaloniki. The Bulgarian Symphony Orchestra accompanied with over 100 children; Soloists; Opera singer, Dimitris Mpasis; Violoncello, Christos Gribas and Concert pianist Tatiana Pappageorgiou, entertained us during the 3-hour concert. This cultural event was unmatched in AHEPA history. Thousands of audience members were pleased to hear concerto masterpieces, “Byzantine Traces in the 20th Century Music” and AHEPA once again reined Supreme.

In Constantinople, the group was pleased to participate during Holy Week with His All Holiness the Ecumenical Patriarch at the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Our trip took us to the theological school of Halki and around Istanbul. Agia Sofia was an emotional trip down history. Our trip was very eventful and so detailed to give you a brief syn- opsis does not do it justice, but for times sake, I have kept my remarks short. I wanted to write a report which highlighted how well AHEPA was received and also thank the members of the entourage. I listed the members who were in the immediate area when I wrote my notes and am certain I have left many names out, but I wanted to thank them for attending. Our Group: Eleni Acheios, Kirk & Ann Andreopoulos, Past Supreme Governor Peter & Kathy Baltis, Past Supreme Supreme President James and District Governor 25 Alfred Barich, greet Prime Minister Karamanlis.

Supreme President James and District Governor Barich, welcome President Papoulias. Supreme President James, Supreme Vice President Ike Gulas and AHEPA member Greanias, present awards to Anne Psarouda- Benakis, President of Parliament. PSP Betzelos pictured with Dr. Scott Betzelos and Peter Betzelos.

www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 13 President A. Steve & Irene Betzelos, Jim Betzelos, Priscilla Betzelos, Peter J. Betzelos, Dr. Scott J. Betzelos, Bessie Betzelos, Renee Betzelos, Dr. Ron & Sharon Demas, Ted Fanikos, Grand President DOP Mary Filou, Richard Frankowski, Supreme Vice President Ike Gulas, William Harvey, Supreme President Gus & Helen James, Cynthia Johnson, Nick Kallan, Peter & Olga Kaloudis, Board of Trustees member Alex & Mary Katsafanas, Nick Larigakis, Daughters Executive Secretary Donna LaRue, Lona Liasatos, Supreme Treasurer Cosmos Marandos, Past Canadian President Tony Mavromaras, Chairman AHEPA Board of Trustees Lee Millas, Executive Director Basil Mossaidis, Cary V. Mossaidis, Carolyn Papafil, Dr. Peter Patukas, Past Supreme Governor Alex & Jeanette Rigopoulos, Virginia Russell, Past Canadian President Xenophon & Evangelina Scoufaras, Canadian President Nicholas “ Paul” Spillios, Philip & Jacqueline Trahadias, Supreme Governor Sprio & Aphroditi Vassailakis, Joe Whatley, & Mrs. Afroditi Zaferes. In closing, I would like to repeat that I was pleased to serve AHEPA and thank our Supreme President for the opportunity. I thank all the persons who participated and worked so hard, especially, District Governor Dr. Barich, Harry Doumas, Elisavet Pappageorgiou and our Executive Director Basil Mossaidis, with whom I was in constant con- sultation by phone and e-mail, promoting the Forum and AHEPA. We all have wonderful memories of the wonderful reception and warmth we received from so many as we traveled through Greece, Cyprus and the Ecumenical Patriarchate. We appreciate the true Brotherhood of Hellenism and AHEPA.

AHEPA Delegation visits the “green line” in Nicosia, Cyprus, the only divided European capital city. AHEPA Delegation surround George Paraskevaides, OBE, philan- thropist and AHEPA award recipient, at Banquet in Cyprus. AHEPA Delegation visits with Bartholomew Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch. AHEPA delagation spend the afternoon at Athens City Hall.

14 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org T he early Church spent much of its time debunking heresies. Wrestling with the chaos of contending beliefs the Church was com- pelled to differentiate itself between Marcionism, Arianism, Nestorianism and other ancient lies by legitimately formulating its theological views through the gathering of both clergy and laity in Ecumenical Councils. While most scholars agree that these doctrinal battles culminated in the development of the non-negotiable tenets of the Nicene Creed (4th Century), the recent emergence of heretically based novels, films and magazine articles attest that the X-Files of ancient defeated voices are as much a temptation today as they were in the second, third and fourth centuries. In the age of the early Christian world, X-Files might be described as exotic religious texts that claimed to express truths about Jesus, his mother, the content and interpretation of the scriptures, and the nature of the church. An amalgama- tion of Greek Philosophy, magic and eastern ideas, these man- uscripts coalesced into a sectarian heresy that came to be known as Gnosticism. Based on the Greek word for knowl- edge (gnosis), Gnostics held the central belief that salvation was not accomplished through the Church that was founded on the mystery of the cross and resurrection of Jesus Christ but rather on an individual’s ability to discover true knowl- edge and wisdom on his or her own. Whereas Orthodox Christianity preaches salvation to all that will accept it, Gnosticism espouses the belief that only an elite will be able to comprehend the breadth of hidden truth.

Fortunately, the false teachings of Gnosticism and those that pertained to the other heresies of early Christianity were debunked by theologians such as Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Basil the Great, and Athanasius, who emphasized the apostolic exposition of revealed truth. For these great defenders of the Faith, the truth of the gospel was not a mat- ter of a secret but of a sacred tradition that centered on the Incarnation, Passion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Transmitted by a legitimate apostolic succession of bishops that verified the authentic and continuous voice of the apos- tles, this sacred truth X-posed the illogical doctrines of the Gnostics as ridiculous . as worthless X-Files. For nearly two millennia the X-ed Files of Gnosticism remained buried in the arid sands of ancient history. In 1945, however, a number of early Christian Gnostic papyri manu- scripts, translated from Greek into Coptic, were discovered by local peasants near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi. Since the discovery of these documents, there has been a resurgence of interest in Gnostic doctrines throughout the world. In fact, numerous social scholars (Armstrong, H; Bloom, H; Pagels, E.; Hitchcock, J) have all noted a strong Gnostic trend in contem- porary media. The vogue of mystical and exotically charged books such as the Da Vinci Code and the Jesus Papers are the direct result of the re-emergence of these ancient worn-out debates. The appearance of Gnostic creedal tenants such as: (a) the suspicion of authority, (b) private spirituality, (c) the rejection of external forms of worship, (d) the distortion of sexuality, (e) the rejection of bodily Incarnation of God, and (f) the refutation of absolute truths, attest to the Old Testament exhortation quoted above . indeed, “what has been will be again, what has been done will be done again; there is nothing new under the sun.” (Ecclesiastes 1:9) According to Dan Brown, the Jesus Seminar and Good The DaVinci Code: The X-Files of Ancient Lies By Rev. Dr. Frank Marangos

www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 15 Morning America, the traditional gospels written by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John can no longer be trusted. Instead, we are asked to discard 2,000 years of reliable wit- ness and scholarship and replace it with the message con- veyed in “new gospels.” We are encouraged to look to archi- tectural symbols, secret rituals and previously discarded apocryphal texts such as the Gospels of Thomas and Judas for the reliable and authentic understanding of the nature of the Church and the Person of Jesus Christ. Confronted with such an irrational invitation from a frenzied media to discard what is valid for what is spurious one cannot but recall Saint Paul’s admonition to the Galatians concerning the Gnostic pretense of new knowledge: “I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a dif- ferent gospel which is really no gospel at all. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to per- vert the gospel of Christ. But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned! As we have already said, so now I say again: If anybody is preaching to you a gospel other than what you accepted, let him be eter- nally condemned!” (Galatians 1:6-9) What can be done to guard the authentic Christian mes- sage from those that would once again attempt to de-con- struct it? What can we do to help our children differentiate fact from the fantasy articulated in a novel like The Da Vinci Code that has sold over 46 million copies in 35 languages? I would suggest that we turn our collective attention to the prayerful study of the theological writings of the early Church Fathers . the ramparts that sustained the orthodoxy of the Gospel in the past. In so doing, we will begin to devel- op our understanding of an Orthodox Christian World-View that will provide the intellectual scaffolding and filter for successfully distinguishing truth from perversion of sugar- coded falsehood.

Although there are many variants, at its core Gnosticism asserts the belief that the world in which we now live is our prison. Having rejected the notion that God is the Creator of the cosmos with all its potential sacramental elements, the life-goal of the Gnostic is to escape the created order through the knowledge (gnosis) of deep self-illumination. By aban- doning the search for God, however, humanity is destined to rummage blindly through life, running from one “clue” to another, like Langdon, the pathetic character in Dan Brown’s novel, trying in vain to discover the cipher to the code . the grail of our existence once.

G. K. Chesterton once said that when people cease believ- ing in Christianity, it is not that they will believe in nothing, but rather, they will believe in anything. The apocryphal myths contained in the X-Files of early heretical texts have once again emerged as the protagonists against the Sacred Tradition of Orthodox Christianity seeking to lead the cate- chetically uninformed and spiritually fickle into a hollow pur- suit whose ultimate destination is death and destruction. Let future generations find us, as we found our forebears, worthy of defending the apostolic creedal truths of Orthodox Christianity against historical revisionists who base their con- spiratorial accounts on the X-Files of ancient lies. Copyright: Rev. Dr. Frank Marangos, Executive Director of Communications, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America “What has been will be again, what has been done will be done again; there is nothing new under the sun.” Ecclesiastes 1:9

16 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org A uthor Michael Jansen spoke about her book, “War and Cultural Heritage: Cyprus after the 1974 Turkish Invasion,” on May 16th at Rayburn House Office Building in Washington, DC. The event, sponsored by AHEPA, highlighted the loss of cultural treasures in “occupied” Cyprus following the 1974 Turkish invasion. AHEPA Executive Director Basil Mossaidis, and moderator for the event, stated “as a the largest association of American citizens of Greek heritage and Philhellenes, we must do every- thing possible to put an end to cultural looting or risk losing major documentation of Greek heritage.” Jansen displayed pictures of sixth-century temples and churches that were ravaged and destroyed due to cultural looting. The pictures showed in graphic detail the destruction of historical landmarks representing Greek heritage. According to Jansen, who covers Middle East issues for various news services including the Irish Times, various irreplaceable artifacts and mosaics have found there way to being sold on the international black market, in spite of efforts by the authorities of the Republic of Cyprus to stop such activities.

She further stated “…thieves have access to certain people who will buy (the antiquities) - there are always collectors who want objects at any cost.” This, she states, has been well AHEPA Guest Lecture and Luncheon Series War and Cultural Heritage: Cyprus after the 1974 Turkish Invasion By LaCreda Drummond, C-SPAN Book TV Contributor Ms. Michael Jansen addresses the audience at AHEPA’s Guest lecture and luncheon series at the U.S. Capitol, Rayburn building. The event topic was “War and Cultural Heritage”. Also pictured, Basil Mossaidis, Executive Director, AHEPA, and moderator of the event.

www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 17 documented and that private collectors and major museums are willing “to pay handsomely for objects they covet.” Jansen expressed concern over the intrinsic need to return and protect historical artifacts. She encouraged the audience to support legislation that would assist international authori- ties to recover and return missing antiquities back to their rightful countries. Jansen wrote in the preface of her book that one day we will be able to assemble proper authorities to conduct “a com- prehensive study of the fate of the relics of (the) many civi- lizations which flourished in the northern part of Cyprus…”. Jansen has written several articles on politics and the Middle East. Her writings have appeared in the Irish Times [Dublin], Middle East International [London], the Deccan Herald [Banglagore, India] and the Jordan Times [Amman]. She is the author of The United States and the Palestinian People [1970], The Battle of Beirut [1982 and 1983], The Aphrodite Plot [1983], which deals with the 1974 invasion of Cyprus by Turkey, and Dissonance in Zion [1986]. She graduated from Mount Holyoke College and the American University of Beirut with specialization in the Middle East politics.

Following the outbreak of the Lebanon civil war in 1976, Jansen took refuge in Cyprus, where she now lives.

18 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org HOMER’S ACHILLES: Land of the Myrmidons in Thessaly By Dr. James Brianas, Professor and Historical Researcher With Achilles Goundopoulos, Mayor of Pharsala, Greece EVIDENCE FOR THE SITE OF THE PALACE OF ACHILLES The scene: The Thessalian plains in Achilles’ district of Phthia, near the city of ancient Pharsalus, Greece. Andromache (wid- owed wife of the Trojan Hector) is at the shrine of the god- dess Thetis, placed not far from the dwelling of Neoptolemus, Achilles’s son, (by whom she was taken as a trophy of war). Andromache speaks: “Phthia is my home now, these fields surrounding the city of Pharsalia. Seaborn Thetis lived here with Peleus. The peo- ple of Thessaly call it the altar of Thetis for that reason. That roof you see belongs to Achilles son by whose permission Peleus (father of Achilles) rules Pharsalia. Within that house I’ve given birth to a boy (Molossos) bred to that same Achilles’ son, my master.” And so an ancient Greek playwright, Euripedis, clarifies in 430BC the current mystery of Phthia, home of Homer’s Achilles, hero of the Trojan War of 1200BC. Today, in modern Greece, several towns lay claim to Achilles and Phthia. Through several years of in-depth research – onsite, textual, factual, epoch and oral tradition – Dr. Brianas has identified modern Pharsala, in southeastern Thessaly, in central Greece and its magnificent acropolis, as ancient Phthia, the home of Achilles and the location of his palace. Mayor Goundopoulos’ knowledge of his hometown as Homer’s Phthia, carried down through centuries of tradition from grandfather, to father and son, has now been vindicated. Artifactual, archeological evi- dence now remains through excavations to be directed by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture. Discussions by the authors of this article, with support from other local and regional offi- cials, with the Governor of the Larisa region, Lukas Katsaros, has led to his approval of the Achilles Project. Planning with the Ministry of Culture has begun with scheduled excavations to commence at Pharsala during the summer of 2007. (See Exhibits 1a and 1b) Additional ancient sources cite Pharsala as Homer’s Phthia. Lucanius, a Roman historian (39-65AD) writes of the civil war within the Roman Empire between Generals Caesar and Pompey which occurred in 48BC, the decisive battle which took place at ancient Pharsalus: “—then on the shore–Seaborn Achilles’ home of Pharsalus rose.” At about the same period (2000 years ago) an unknown author of that great battle wrote in his book Cath Cartharda: “A land – fit to have The Great Battle fought in it. There are many cities in that same land, namely the city of Pharsalus, where was Achilles son of Peleus.” Modern historians, Henry Westlake (Britain 1935) and Friedrich Stahlin (Germany 1924) provide further evidence citing Pharsala as Homer’s Phthia. Note: For background information on the search for Achilles, see article by Dr. Brianas, “In Search of Homer’s Achilles: His Kingdom, His People, His Palace,” January 19 and 26, 2005, Hellenic Voice, Boston.

www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 19 PHARSALA – YESTERDAY AND TODAY The acropolis of Pharsala is magnificent (Exhibit 2). With its saddle-shaped rims it dominates the southeastern valley of Thessaly, which historically, has been divided into four tetra- chs (regions): Hestiaeotis to the northwest, centered around the city of Trikala, Thessaliotis to the southwest, centered around the city of Karditsa, Pelasgiotis to the northeast, at the city of Larisa, and Phthiotis to the southeast, at the city of Pharsala, extending in ancient times south to Lamia and the Sperchios River. Beyond the valley to the east bordering the Aegean Sea is the famous region of Mt. Pelion home of the legendary centaurs – half man half horse. Here is the city of Volos (ancient Iolkos) from where Jason and his Argonauts sailed to find the golden fleece. All these regions comprise Thessaly including the Meteora to the far west at the city of Kalambaka where for centuries Greek monasteries have stood built on magnificent cliffs overlooking the westernmost part of the Thessalian plain. This entire area is cradled by huge mountain ranges from the Pindus to the far west extending to the Othrys beyond Pharsala and to the north Mount Olympus, itself home of the ancient Greek gods.

Before the rise of Athens and Sparta (prior to 500BC), the four regions of Thessaly were often united, militarily the strongest in all of Greece, as well as, the wealthiest. It was the bread basket of Greece, and through its isolation by mountain ranges, it was known to be thriving during Greece’s dark age (1100BC to 800BC). Thessalians would journey on an annual pilgrimage to Troy to honor their hero Achilles. And Pharsala’s, Olympic games were held annually in honor of Achilles and Patroklas (games like Achilles held for his fallen Exhibit 1a Exhibit 2 Exhibit 1b

20 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org comrade Patroklas at Troy). Today, most of the streets of Pharsala (current population of 15,000) are named after their historical ancestors: Achilles Street, Patroklas Street, Thetis Street, etc. with their football team called “The Myrmidons.” As Homer stated in the Iliad, the palace of Achilles, locat- ed on the acropolis, was “strong and sturdy” and had “a high, vaulting roof.” Today, an impressive site, the highest on the acropolis, could be the location of that palace. Foundation ruins remain with a 360 degree view of the val- ley and plains of Thessaly below. Magnificent, cyclopean walls also abound around the acropolis eventually encir- cling the city below (Exhibit 3).

ACHILLES: HIS PERSONA AND INFLUENCE With Phthia as the center of Achilles’ kingdom and Pharsala as the location of his palace, the rule of this king, hero of the Trojan War, plus his father Peleus and son Neoptolemos, was far-reaching. It extended throughout the vast region of Phthiotis and bordered the Aegean Sea. Homer, several times in the Iliad, called Achilles “brilliant,” “prince,” “god-like,” and “swift run- ner.” He had “fiery hair and burly hands.” (See Exhibit 4.) His weapons included a “silver handled” sword with a “huge blade’ and a “scepter studded bright with golden nails.” He was the greatest warrior, the “rugged bulwark” as King Nester called him, of the Achaeans (“long haired Achaeans”), as the Greeks were then called. And only Achilles, his Myrmidon troops, and Thessalian allies were called “Hellenes,” from “Hellas.” Homer speaking of the great gathering of the Greek armies said: There were “men of Phthia and Hellas, where women are a wonder and the fighters called Achaeans, Hellenes, and Myrmidons ranked in fifty ships, and Achilles was their leader.” There at the shore of Troy the mighty hero with “a fiery spirit, awesome and quick to anger,” would “delight his heart” by “plucking strong and clear on (his) fine lyre.” He was a god-like figure with immense feelings of honor and trust, yet a man who was also extremely aggressive when provoked.

Another great hero, Alexander the Great, idolized Achilles. Through his mother Olympia, a princess of Epirus in north- western Greece, where Achilles’ grandson Molossos ruled, Alexander was related to Achilles. His battlefield horse, Exhibit 3 Exhibit 4

www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 21 Bucephalus, was from the famous stables of ancient Pharsalos. Throughout his 10 year campaign against the Persian Empire, Alexander kept under his pillow a version of the Iliad annotated by his tutor Aristotle. At Achilles’ tomb at Troy, 870 years after the Trojan War, Alexander paid hom- age and made sacrifices in honor of his great ancestor and emulated his heroic qualities never losing a battle during his long campaign. Homer states that Achilles’ “breast plate (was) brighter than gleaming fire,” and had “a sturdy helmet, beautiful, bur- nished work, (with) a raised golden crest.” Although it was prophesized he would die at Troy and become a legendary hero, he desired to leave the battlefield and return to his home at Phthia. He had no desire to fight King Agamemnon’s war, a man Achilles found deceitful. He wanted to return to Phthia “where the women are a wonder, where the dark soil breeds strong men – where stallions roam.” (Achilles had a magnificent chariot lead by his great purebred stallions, Xanthus and Balius.) He stated, “There lies my wealth, hoards of it, all I left behind when I sailed to Troy – and still more hoards from here, gold, ruddy bronze, women sashed and lovely, and I will haul it home, all I won as plunder.” He fur- ther states in the Iliad, “Plenty of Argive women wait in Hellas. Time and again my fiery spirit drove me to win a wife, a fine partner to please my heart, to enjoy with her the treasures my old father Peleus piled high.” No doubt treasures whether of jewelry, pottery, swords, or other artifacts abound at this ancient site of Pharsala and its environs under layers of earth as they do throughout most of Greece. Burial grounds, particularly of royalty, often yield astounding treasures.

ARCHEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE AT PHARSALA Up to this time the only major find in Pharsala occurred in 1954 at an ancient tholos tomb (Exhibit 5). Here a black amphoric vase, dated to 450BC, was discovered. It depicted Patroklas, slain by Hector, lying face up on the ground with Greek and Trojan warriors fighting to claim his body (Exhibit 6). This major find of Patroklas, childhood companion and closest confidant of Achilles, is critical evidence for the city of Pharsala as Homer’s Phthia. Mycenaean artifacts, of significanceo clearly linking Pharsala to Achilles’ Bronze Age of 3200 years ago, have yet to be discovered at Pharsala. A key exception occurred in May 2006. While exploring the site of a fallen tree on the acropolis, bone and skull fragments were found by Gregory, son of the city’s mayor. The following day, with shovel in hand, attempts were made by this author to examine the reason for the tree’s demise. There, about two feet down a spherical object about 1 1/4 inches in diameter and 1 1/2 inches in thickness was noticed (Exhibit 7). Closer observa- tion showed it was ceramic. Research revealed that it was used either as part of a necklace or more likely for weaving carpets or tapestry like Penelope did until her husband, Odysseus, returned to Ithaca. Critical, though, is the fact that the same designs have been found at Mycenean sites in Greece as well as treasures from Troy now in the National Archeological Museum of Athens.

EPILOGUE The ancient Greeks were indeed highly intelligent and resourceful people with technological expertise unimagin- able to us today. All of Greece is itself an archaeological goldmine. Unfortunately, its treasures have been ravaged by time, countless foreign invaders, and often ruthless smug- glers, who under the cover of darkness, excavate for ancient treasures. The Hellenic Ministry of Culture has an awesome job to preserve, protect, and enhance the wonder of its ancient civilization. Upon completion of the Ministry of Culture’s current effort of restoring the beautiful marble the- atre discovered in the city of Larisa, focus in that region will be on the city Pharsala, 30 miles to the south, with excava- tions on the acropolis of Homer’s Phthia targeted to begin the summer of 2007.

With a research effort driven by an American’s desire to understand the roots of his heritage, the birthplace of his par- ents (Dr. Brianas’), and a local mayor’s desire (Mayor Goundopoulos) to uncover the foundational remains and treasures of his city’s and the western world’s greatest war hero, the ACHILLES PROJECT has taken root. Praise must be bestowed on all Pharsalians, Thessalians and all modern day “Myrmidons,” who for over 3200 years have kept the memo- ry of their hero Achilles alive.

Jim Brianas joined AHEPA in 1962 as a member of AHEPA’s first university chapter, UJ1, in Florida. Exhibit 5 Exhibit 6 Exhibit 7

““The Macedonian Question” is an interna- tional problem that presents many puzzling historical and political problems. Originally, the problem dates back to the era immediate- ly following the Greek War of Independence and the ill-fated attempt of Bulgaria to annex the former Ottoman region. The modern fabrication of the so-called “Macedonian Question,” however, is one of the greatest cases of historical revisionism and fraud that was fabricated by Josip Broz Tito, Communist leader of Yugoslavia in 1944. The Communist government of Yugoslavia, invented the pseudo-state by changing the name of “South Serbia,” (or “Vardar Macedonia”) to “Macedonia.” To go along with the new name, came an attempt to create a new cultural-historical heritage: A new language from the South Slavic dialect of the region was officially “declared,” A new, self-proclaimed “Macedonian Orthodox Church,” not recog- nized by any other Orthodox churches; and a fabricated history that denies the Hellenic character of the land of Alexander the Great. Seeing the creation of the Skopje pseu- do-state, the administrations of Presidents Roosevelt and Truman categorically denounced the apparent land grab and his- torical fraud at the expense of Greece and Hellenism.

The current political problem has come about with the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, when the United Nations, NATO, the European Union and most nations recog- nized the new state as the “Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,” or “FYROM.” Successive governments of Greece have clearly stated that they have no territorial designs on this area, but do not want to relinquish the Hellenic charac- ter, history and heritage of Greek Macedonia. With strong historical evidence of this Hellenic character, references to Macedonia are found in both Herodotus and Thucydides. Further, Mt. Olympus was the home of gods in Greek mythology. The struggle for Macedonia is one that has perplexed and agonized Hellenes. This is a problem of more than just geo-politics, it is the wholesale distortion of history to pro- mote the creation of a state at the expense of Hellenic heritage. The poet, Odysseus Elytis reminds us that “Our name is our soul,” and therefore, who can give up their soul? What becomes necessary, is a clear, candid, historical analysis of the “Macedonian Question,” through its unique Hellenic char- acter. This detailed argument from a Greek perspective is given by author George C. Papavisas in his “Capturing Macedonia.” Papavisas has written a thoughtful account of the Macedonian issue, unlike any other publication to date. He examines the nature of Hellenic Macedonia and traces Macedonia’s Hellenic past. He focuses on the deliberate creation of a fraudulent history to promote wholesale misconceptions about Macedonia’s past and present. The author gives us a clear insight to the evolution of the problem from its beginnings as a Bulgarian land grab, through a Communist historical hoax to the present dispute with the Skopje, FYROM, government. He gives us a very comprehensive study of the issue from an accurate historical, cultural and political perspective. To those wishing to understand the Hellenic viewpoint, the author’s compre- hensive study covers the conflict from initial stages to the present challenges. George Papavisas states his intentions clearly in his Preface: “It is not my intent to add another histor- ical book on Macedonia. It is to add a dif- ferent book, one with uniquely interpret- “This Government considers talk of Macedonian ‘nation’, Macedonian ‘Fatherland’, or Macedonian ‘national consciousness’ to be unjustified demagoguery representing no eth- nic nor political reality, and sees in its present revival a possible cloak for aggressive inten- tions against Greece. The approved policy of this Government is to oppose any revival of the Macedonian issue as related to Greece.” Secretary of Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., U.S. Secretary of State, December 26, 1944 22 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org HELLENIC CULTURAL COMMISSION Book Review: Claiming Macedonia: The Struggle for the Heritage, Territory and Name of the Historic Hellenic Land, 1862–2004 Reviewed by: Dr. James F. Dimitriou, Past Supreme President

ed approach, easily read and understood by the common English-speaking people interested in the Macedonian issue and in the long political, diplomatic and military struggle for the heritage, the territory and the name of the Hellenic land.” To his credit, the author certainly has achieved this lofty goal and his book is a must read to Hellenes and Philhellenes that want both historical accuracy and the preservation of heritage. In the words of former Congressman John Brademas, “The proper teaching of history can be crucial in promoting tolerance and peace.” To this noble end, George Papavisas has given new meaning and appreciation to the “Macedonian Question” and Hellenic heritage. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publisher, c. 2006 DVD Review: Days Made of Fear By Michael A Zachariades, Communications & Membership Programs Director Today is a critical time for the Orthodox Christian population in Kosovo. Over 250,000 Serbs and non-Albanians have fled and only small frac- tions have returned. Why? Is it due to a lack of security and assistance from the international community? Producer and director Ninoslav Randjelovic answers said questions and many more.

This documentary shows how Orthodox churches have been reduced to a pile of stones and pebbles, yet no one has taken the initiative to stop this continuing crisis or help rebuild the past and create a prosperous, safe and just future. If you are a scholar who has studied the Balkans or a novice who wants to learn more about the region, this doc- umentary is for you. Randjelovic’s eight short films cover events from the onset of violence in Kosovo, preceding NATO intervention in 1999, until the most recent terrorist attacks committed by Albanian extremists in 2005. With today’s global war on terror, it is important to note the seeds of terrorism were planted many years before September 11 and Days Made of Fear documents this problem. Hence, with the upcoming rounds of Vienna talks in regard to a resolution of the Kosovo crisis, quickly approaching, this DVD is an easy way to reac- quaint yourself with the facts or learn anew. When watching a documen- tary it is important to understand the underlying message con- veyed from the director or pro- ducer. In regard to Days Made of Fear, Ninoslav Randjelovic has no hidden motive or pre-determination, other than portraying the truth. Randjelovic allows his camera to capture images and testimony from various individuals explaining their personal strife and sacrifices. At no point can anyone viewing the gripping evi- dence proclaim bias or manipulation of actual facts. The history that Randjelovic recorded on film, is in fact, one of the only documented accounts of that time period. Randjelovic captures the crucial aspects of the current Kosovo crisis. It is a unique exclusive and has not been portrayed in any other medium in such a manner.

If you are interested in learning the truth about the events concerning the Kosovo tragedy and the destruction of Orthodox Christian Heritage, this DVD and its eight documen- taries is a solid start. For further information about obtaining your copy, visit www.daysmadeoffear.com. www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 23 HELLENIC CULTURAL COMMISSION

SYRACUSE, NY–Residents of AHEPA 37 Apartments have an author and award winning poet in their midst. Jean Price Grandinetti, an active, young 77-year-old, has lived there since April 2003. Ms. Grandinetti has been a resident in the Syracuse area most of her life. She has worked for a newspaper, an advertising firm, and an institute editing reports. She has authored her first novel, The Possession of Aunt Lara, a 347-page work that revolves around her own aunt. The novel describes the last five years of her aunt’s life and Ms Grandinetti’s experi- ences with the details of her aunt’s funer- al and the cleaning out of her apartment. She recounts the demonizing of her aunt and, working together with a psychic friend, how she communicated with Aunt Lara through the “automatic writing” process. The book includes vivid descrip- tions of both heaven and hell. Ms. Grandinetti writes poetry as well and she was awarded a “poet of merit” award from the National Society of Poets and an “outstanding achievement” award from the International Society of Poets. Her poem is entitled How Warm Your Kiss Was Yesterday, which was written the night her second husband died. It reads as follows: How warm your kiss was yesterday, How soft your lips were then. How strong, yet tender were the arms I’ll never feel again. Your happy face of yesterday, Your eyes so starry bright. Your heart that was so full of love Are gone from me tonight. I’ll sit here through the long, dark hours, And shed my silent tears.

And probably say a hundred prayers, Before the dawn appears. When once again another day, Another life will start. And losing someone very dear Will break another’s heart. But as the days go by, my love, And I go on my way, I never will forget how warm Your kiss was yesterday. Jean is planning on other novels but she keeps busy by writing a monthly newsletter containing witticisms, humorous articles and even cartoons, which she distributes to friends, relatives and residents. Her other activities include writing musical and comedy skits and emceeing affairs held by her various organizations. She also plays piano and sings and fre- quently entertains her fellow residents. Her aim, she states: “I figure we can use all the laughs we can get. That’s my lot in life–to make people laugh and feel good.” On May 20, the Hopps Memorial Walkathon will be held and at a booth there, Jean will be signing her book. Members of the Board of AHEPA 37 Apartments and AHEPA Chapter 37 will also be at the booth with brochures and promotional material for the apartments. More elderly properties in various stages of development The Greek Village at Merrillville, Ind. con- tinues to grow. The fifth property of AHEPA 78 Apartments has been constructed and residents are moving in and all apartments will be filled. The Board, headed by President Dino Manolopoulos, has applied for its sixth project and will try again this fiscal year. The formal dedication will take place later this year.

In Des Moines, Iowa, AHEPA 192 Apartments is busy constructing its third property after closing on its application. Working in between the snowflakes, the 24 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org HOUSING Syracuse AHEPA Apartments has author, award winning poet as resident All Housing Articles by George Anagnostos, Past Supreme Secretary Jean Price Grandinetti poses with her book and poetry award.

Board will add 37 apartments to its 106 units in its other two properties. The grad- ing has been done, the sewer lines run and the storm drain has been installed thus far. The ceremonial groundbreaking will be held in the spring. Board President John Patramanis heads up the team. A Planning Conference will be held at the ANHC Headquarters in Indianapolis for the four new projects awarded in the FY2005 HUD program. Key individuals at each project have been invited to go over the steps required and the time frames specified for developing each of the prop- erties. This get-together has proven invalu- able in educating all the persons involved and in preventing mistakes and problems in the future. Heading up the conference team will be Demetri Damaskos, ANHC Director of Development and Paul Hulse, ANHC and AMC controller. Other AMC and ANHC personnel will also participate. Louisiana native finds happy home in AHEPA 343 Apartments LA VERGNE, Tenn.–After 3 years of retire- ment, Joan Neel found maintaining a home was too expensive.

Her search led to the discovery of the AHEPA 343 Apartments on Mason Circle. The apartments were opened in 2004 by AHEPA Chapter 343 under the sponsorship of AHEPA National Housing Corp. The rent is income based and includes all utilities and, best of all, it is near her children. A native of Louisiana, she moved to Nashville after her marriage. Property Manager Irma Jones describes Neel as “delightful, I always hear her talk about New Orleans, which is where I want- ed to go before Katrina hit,” she said. “Everything I need is in a 5 or 6 block radius,” Neel said. “All that’s missing is a sidewalk or trail system, and the city is planning a greenway system this spring,” she added.

Of greatest importance, Neel feels safe at the apartments, requiring a pass card for admittance. “It’s like Fort Knox getting in here,” she described. The article in the Daily News Journal gave full details of the apartments and their location. AHEPA National Housing Corp. holds annual meeting in Indianapolis INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.–As a testament of its ever increasing size and complexity, the agenda for the AHEPA National Housing Corp. (ANHC) annual meeting on April 28 and 29 spanned a full two days in Indianapolis. Committees met a day ahead to prepare the agenda items. Some 31 directors represented the 67 properties currently in operation. Also in attendance were staff personnel of the ANHC and the AHEPA Management Co. Inc. (AMC), both headquartered in Indianapolis. ANHC President Nick Stratas opened the annual meeting by reporting on events of the past year and citing agenda items to be discussed. He enumerated the impres- sive gains in the past three years wherein the corporation gained $66 million in con- struction and difficulties of only six tenths of one percent of the total. These dollars produced 17 properties and 872 apart- ments turned over to AMC to manage. With the rapid growth, there were some growing pains which have been examined and steps taken to overcome in the future. The prospects for this year are very good and may be the best ever by the fiscal year’s end. One problem that continues is that of insurance costs which continually require increased HUD budget approvals. The newly constituted development team of Paul Hulse and Demetri Damaskos has been working very well and should prove invaluable in overcoming past problems. He had high praise for both for their efforts. The president spent time to cover the problems at the Peabody, Mass. property. Directors Anagnostos and Kiriazides were sent there and their report is provided. As a result of the “Lessons Learned”, the AMC and the corporation will make changes in their operation and will improve the flow of communications at and between all levels.

A very important topic to be discussed is the updating and amending of the cor- poration Bylaws and Certificate of Incorporation. These changes will allow the corporation to conduct its business as cur- rently constituted and to avoid problems, especially in the early stages of project development. These changes are necessi- tated in that the corporation has a forty- year exposure and that could impose severe problems, if not managed properly. He stated that the future of the HUD 202 program is uncertain and other venues must be explored and considered, such as tax credits, managing other properties, etc. We are also looking anew at pros and cons of refinancing some of our older properties with mortgages. Regardless, there is a need to find additional outside funding for the newer projects as the total HUD dollars www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 25 HOUSING

continue to shrink and not cover all the costs involved. Director Kiriazides is spear- heading this effort. A change in the responsible parties in the initial stages to certification has been implemented by having experienced Directors or staff persons oversee and sign off on all documents involved. The com- pleted project would then be turned over to the Board formed by the chapter, at this point, and would become responsible for future operation with the help of AMC per- sonnel. ANHC Vice President Dennis Kiriazides reported on the HUD Buffalo workshop and the information provided on the 202 pro- gram and other topics. He covered the sta- tus and events at AHEPA 67-II property at Cheektowaga, N.Y. He went over the key points of the Peabody report and what must be done to prevent similar occur- rences in other properties. He discussed the improvements needed at our web site and the Pioneer Scholarship program, now ready to go with the help of the AHEPA Educational Foundation. Considerable time was spent on his primary effort, that of finding external funding for new projects. A problem is that the various Federal Home Loan Banks have different criteria and pro- cedures. It has been a learning experience. Treasurer Dino Benos presented the financial report and showed a healthy pos- itive balance.

ANHC Director of Development Damaskos provided the status of projects yet to be completed. Under construction are the Houston AHEPA’s fourth; Ankeny, Iowa, the Des Moines chapter’s third; Albuquerque’s third and Hartford’s second, all well on their way. In the Firm Commitment stage are FY2004 projects at Greenville, S.C. and our first West Coast project at San Bernardino, Cal., and the Pensacola, Fla. project beset by three hur- ricanes and escalating construction costs. Projects that are completed and in the Final Closing stage are Canonsburg, Penn., New Port Richey, Fla., and Daytona Beach, Fla. Projects awarded in FY2005, just beginning their process, are the Houston Daughters’ first; the Nashua, N.H. chapter’s first; the New London, Conn. Chapter’s fourth and the second project at Hoover, Ala. ANHC has a cap of 413 apartments possible in FY2006. There is feverish work ongoing to submit applications from Merrillville, Ind., their sixth; Syracuse, N.Y., their second; Houston Daughters, second; Tallmadge, Ohio (Akron chapter); Theodore, Ala., (Mobile’s eleventh); Minneapolis Daughters’ second; Columbia, S.C. chap- ter’s third and Allentown, Penn. chapter’s second. Eighteen other chapters have called Demetri Damaskos with an interest in applying for a project.

ANHC and AMC Controller Paul Hulse presented the financial report to date and expected through the end of the fiscal year. AMC President and CEO Nick Smyrnis and Hulse also provided the financial report for AMC. Their forecast is that earnings would continue to increase this year and next fis- cal year as well. After questions and answers, they were thanked for the clarity of the reports and congratulated for the excellent results. Director Art Poly reported the results of his committee’s audit of the corporation. The committee was satisfied that recom- mendations were being implemented and recommended renewal of the outside auditors.

AMC Vice President John Melonopoulos described changes being instituted to bet- ter manage the properties. Six Regions with managers are in place: in Conn., Iowa, Ind., Ga., Ala., and N.Y. Asst. Vice President Don Schlegel is at Headquarters and fulfills many assignments. Thirty-four Supportive Services posi- tions are now filled to provide residents with an enhanced quality of life. An SS Program leader, Michelle Perry, has left the program and is deeply missed. HUD contin- ues to outsource Contract Administrator entities for the 15 properties with mort- gages. This creates extra efforts as all have different programs. Also, this year’s HUD 202 funding has been decreased by 205. We continue to seek tax abatement for our properties but some states have high taxes and it takes three or four years to recoup the costs in the budgets.

26 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org HOUSING ANHC Directors and ANHC and AMC staff personnel assemble for the Annual Meeting in Indianapolis

Our insurance program costs have risen 8% this year and are expected to rise 30% next year. Minimum deductibles in the at- risk areas have been raised to $50,000, the other areas being $10,000. Hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Wilma caused an esti- mated $80,000 in damages. We are attempting to get funds for generators at all our Southern properties. Projections for 2006 are for another bad hurricane season in the Gulf and along the East Coast. Early and better market studies must be made prior to application submissions. A Survey program for residents and Board presidents is being developed.

Controller Hulse covered the possibilities for refinancing those projects with mortgages. He laid out the pros and cons, showing where gains are possible. It appears where small Replacement Reserve Accounts are in place may be the best chance for gains. In all cases, there are also drawbacks to be considered. Damaskos and Hulse reported on five problem properties and the steps taken to resolve the problems and the current status of each. Monthly reports are made on these and all the new projects being developed and guided to completion. As a separate matter, the Peabody, Mass. report was reviewed and the recommended corrective actions were discussed. Related topics include the current programs being developed for new projects involve producing a “Do’s and Don’ts” brochure and an orientation program for all new project Boards of Directors. Oversight Committee Chair Leon Spanos reported that many prior recom- mendations have been adopted and a few remain to be worked on. A new recom- mendation was made to review the salary structure to better relate to the area medi- an. Additional seminars and guest speak- ers are advised at meetings to increase the attendees’ knowledge and insight. The committee reinforced the need for the indoctrination program for new Boards and the increased communication at and between all levels of management. The 2007 budgets for ANHC and AMC were reviewed, discussed and approved. The Grants Committee was given an amount to distribute among the chapter charitable foundations and external charity applicants. 2840 units were eligible to receive the $113,600 designated and the remaining amount was distributed as follows: AHEPAN Magazine $50,000; Bone Marrow $10,000; Polycystic Kidney Disease $10,000; LAM $10,000; Maids of Athena Foundation $10,000; Penelope House $20,000 and Greek Studies in the Schools $20,000. As the culmination of the long agenda, the Directors elected the ANHC officers and two Executive Committee members for the coming year. ANHC officers elected were: Nick Stratas, president; George Anagnostos, vice president; Christy Karthan, secretary and Dino Benos, treasurer. Dennis Kiriazides was appointed Special Assistant to the President and Director of Outside Resources. Filling the two vacancies on the Executive Committee were George T. Alexander and Art Poly.

President Stratas proceeded to assign each Director to a committee and the chair of each. Committees and their chairs include: Audit, G. Gabriel; Grievance, E. P. Mitchell; Oversight, L. Spanos; Nominations, G. Karampas; Orientation and Ceremonies, A. Petros; Budget and Finance, D. Benos; Grants, G. T. Alexander; Applications Review, J. Mitchell; Public Relations, G. Anagnostos; Pioneer Scholarships, A. Speliopoulos and Bylaws, H. Lake. Art Poly was assigned Assistant Vice President for Future Growth and Expansion and will be assisted by J. Patramanis.

The date of the 2007 meeting was set for May 4-3, 2007, in Indianapolis, Ind., and the annual meeting was adjourned. www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 27 HOUSING

2006 Ahepa Dr. Monthe N. Kofos National Invitational Golf Tournament All Athletics Articles by Dr. Monthe N. Kofos, National Athletic Director 140 Golfers from 15 states and Canada converged on the plush Sea Trail Golf Resort at Sunset Beach, NC, on April 1-8, 2006, seeking AHEPA Golf honors. We were fortunate to strike a week of beautiful weather, the facilities were exceptional, and the three courses were plush, in excel- lent condition and very challenging, making this a most interesting Tournament for all. CHAMPIONSHIP FLITE (0-12) – George Les, putting 3 good rounds together of 82,81,78 for a 241 on three very difficult courses to tie George Tasioudis, past National Champion from Atlanta, GA. A 3-card total runoff gave Les the Championship making Tasioudis the runner-up LOW NET Ted Frigelos of Hanover Park, IL, won the Low Net honors with 207. Congratulations to George Les as National Champion and for going into the record books by coming up from 4th place finish last year.

CLASS A FLITE (13-17) – Nick Alex, put three nice rounds together of 82,82,88 for a 252 total to edge runner-up, Peter Bizios of Elmhurst, IL who shot a 256. Low Net in this flite went to Tony Bizios with 216 edging out George Halkias by one shot. CLASS B (18-22) - Gus Ramios shot a 262 to edge out runner-up, Likie Beleos with a 267. Low Net went to Dino Anagnos with a 211 to edge out 213 shot by Nick Voutiritsas. CLASS B (23-UP) – Nick Tharenos of St. Louis, MO, won the C Flite Championship by one shot (274) over Ilass Livaditis, the runner-up from Denver, CO with his 275. Low Net went to Vasilos Les shooting a great 197 to edge out Frank Patrian with 201. SENIOR FLITE – (age 65 & over) – Perennial winner, Art Hatigis of Lynn, MA, 87-82-87 for a nice 256 to edge out Bert Moosios by one shot with his 257.

Low Net went to George Paterakis edging out William Theodore. GUEST FLITE – John Tsatsos, a newcomer from Plymouth, MN, beat out Tom Pollock of Seattle, WA. Low Net went to Larry Hensley, another newcomer from Waxhaw, NC who came in with a net 216. LADIES FLITE – In a small group of only 8 Lady Golfers, Donna Polechronis of Marlborough, MA, shot a 2 round score of 198 to edge out Kathryn Karras of Schererville, IN, with her 202. Low Net went to Becky Tharenos, Anne Karris came 2nd. The Mythical 4 Ball Championship went to the team of Art Hatgis (MA), Likie Beleos (SC), Dino Anagnos (IL) and Peter Veglas (MA), with a 25 under par in the Maples Course.

Congratulations to all the winners and par- ticipants. DR. MICHAEL SPIRTOS AWARD The Dr. Michael Spiritos Annual Outstanding Golf Award winner is George Les of Chicago. Past Supreme President, Frank Manios of Warren, Ohio, presented the Award to George Les. AWARDS BANQUET Introductions of the Head Table were: Ed Warneck, Tournament Coordinator; Nick Tharenos, Banquet Chairman; Past Supreme President, Frank Manios; Dr. Charles Mardis, Midcentral Regional Director; Sam Koutsulis, Raffle Chairman; Becky Tharenos, Ladies Golf Chairperson; Father Nicholas Triantafiliou, President of Hellenic College and Supreme Governor, Frank Capranica of Warren, OH. Dr. Monthe Kofos, Master of Ceremonies, paid special tribute to the hard working and efficient Scoring Committee who year after year out-do themselves. And they are Bob Allen, Chairman, Ollie Bisson, Richard Morrissey and Richard Petty of the Marlborough, Massachusetts, and AHEPA Chapter. Thank you very much Brothers. Also, thanks to Nick Tharenos of Chesterfield, MO, for a magnificent job. Terry Karis again did a great job with the Program Book. A very special thank you to Tournament Coordinator, Ed Warneck and his hard working assistant, Bob, for keep- ing this large group together and organ- ized. A big thank you to the Raffle Committee Chairman Sam Koutsulis for the great job that he did and the $2,760 for the Booster Fund.

A very special thanks to Sam Arfaras for his great ideas for the Texas Poker Game. Along with the help of Ed Warneck and Dave Horne, they came up with $1, 400 for the Booster Fund. There was no “hole-in-one” this year. There are only 4 holes-in-one in this Tournament’s history with over 40,000 rounds played: Steve Kiritsy (South Carolina), ATHLETICS 28 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org

ATHLETICS George Dimit (Ohio), Gerry Gabris (Illinois) and Chuck Schaeffer (Georgia), were the sharp shooters to hit a hole-in-one. Again, my deepest appreciation to Father Nick Triantafiliou, President of Hellenic College Holy Cross in Brookline, Massachusetts, for coming down to join us. He is starting to hit the ball well but was handicapped with a bad shoulder. I also want to thank this group who so generously donated to our Booster Fund to keep our Athletic Program alive. This is so deeply appreciated. Donations were as follows: Raffle . $ 2,760 Greek Dance . 600 Texas Poker (Thanks Fellows . $ 1,400 James Daopoulos . 130 Frank Manios, Supreme President . 200 And to all the golfers who con- tributed!!!

A thanks to Likie Beleos, Mid-Southern Regional Golf Director and member of the Board of Directors, for holding a Greek Dance which was well attended with every- one having a great time. Hope Likie does it again next year. Last, but not least, a spe- cial thanks to my sister, Cleo Agahigian, who handled the reservations and entries and to my office Secretary Gloria Miller for their time consuming efforts. Thank you. Dr. Kofos thanked everyone from the 15 states present and from Canada and Ireland for their support in making this such an excellent and memorable Tournament and certainly the most out- standing five day Hellenic Tournament in the Country. The friendships and great memories created from this Tournament will be everlasting.

Thank you everyone. It was great. www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 29 Snapshots from the Awards Banquet Frank Manios, PSP, of Warren, OH, presents the Dr. Michael Spirtos Outstanding Golf Award to George Les of Chicago. Also right, George Karras of Hammond, IN presents the National Golf Champion Award for 2006 to George Les. George Karras of the National Regional Champion Award to George Tasioudis of Atlanta, GA. George Karras, Chairman, pres- ents the National Ahepa 4 Ball Champion— Scoring 25 Under Par awards to (left to right): Likie Beleos (SC), Peter Veglas (MA), Dino Anagnos (IL), and Art Hatgis (MA). Hammond, IN, presents

“As you set out for Ithaka Hope the voyage is long one, Full of adventure, full of discovery. Laistrygonians and Cyclops, Angry Poseidon—don’t be afraid of them: You’ll never find things like that on your way As long as you keep your thoughts raised high, As long as a rare excitement Stirs your spirit and your body. Laistrygonians and Cyclops, Wild Poseidon—you won’t encounter them Unless you bring them along inside your soul, Unless your soul sets them up in front of you . ” ITHAKA By C.P. Cavafy, 1911. The AHEPA Journey to Greece Program will officially start on July 20th, 2006. On this date, a new Odyssey will begin. An Odyssey of discovery and adventure. A summer cel- ebrating the Greek experience through an educational program especially designed to immerse our young students in Greek cul- ture and society. This summer, 30 students will share in a unique opportunity to dis- cover Greece in a wonderful new learning experience.

Our students will have the opportunity to study in Greece through this special pro- gram launched by the AHEPA Educational Foundation and the University of Indianapolis, Athens Campus (UIA). Located at the foot of the Acropolis, the University of Indianapolis was chartered in 1989 and remains the only wholly owned branch of a US university operating in Athens. As such, UIA is fully accredited and all course credits are fully transferable. In addition, students will be housed in stu- dent apartments adjacent to the University. The AHEPA Hellas Family will serve as the welcoming hosts for our students. The AHEPA members will shuttle the students from the airport and host special events and receptions to highlight the student experience.

Following a full orientation, students will take classes for one month, Monday through Friday, from 8 A.M. to noon. Students will choose two courses for six units of university credit from the follow- ing course listings: Greek Language, Society and Culture; Greek Art Architecture and Archaeology; and History of the Olympic Games. Following daily class work, students will have the opportunity to visit the unique cultural treasures of Athens. On the weekends, students will have several excursions to highlight their stay in Greece. These excursions are designed as an integral part of the educational experi- ence. Students will have a cruise to the Saronic Gulf Island and will take an excur- sion in the mainland to Delphi, ancient Olympia, Mycenae, ancient Epidavros, the Corinthian Canal and the beautiful town of Nafplion.

In addition to the course work and the special excursions, students will attend special events, receptions and activities through various Greek Government offices and the US Embassy in Athens. The Foundation for the Hellenic World and the Museums of Athens will be visited after class in the afternoons. The 30 students lucky enough to partic- ipate in the Journey to Greece Program have been given a golden opportunity to study in Greece while experiencing its cul- ture in the company of fellow students. In the immortal words of Socrates, our stu- dents will have an opportunity to truly search and gain insight in order to “Know Thyself.” In the words of Dr. James F. Dimitriou, PSP and AHEPA Chaperone of the Journey to Greece: “The best education comes from inspiration and the spirit of self-discovery.” Where else can students have the experi- ence to study at the foot of one of the “Seven Wonders of the Ancient World?” Where else can one best come in contact with our Hellenic culture and history? Where else can one study about Greece while experiencing its many cultural and social wonders? All of this is being offered to our students in an Odyssey to remember, an Odyssey to discover and an Odyssey to begin a life-long exploration of our rich Hellenic heritage. When we go to Greece, we are experiencing a homecoming, a return to our source. Just as Odysseus experienced his quest to return to his beloved Ithaca, we are taking our students back to our cultural source. We are offer- ing them a wonderful opportunity for self- discovery and self-knowledge. We hope to offer our students the opportunity far beyond what they anticipated in their departure. This is an educational Odyssey to rediscover the essence of our culture, or in the words of T.S. Elliot: “to arrive where we started and know the place for the first time . ” EDUCATION 30 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org A Summer Odyssey and a Memory to Last a Lifetime

District 2 Chapter 410, Daytona Beach, FL–Daytona Beach Ahepans and Daughters are busy with many community activities. Ahepans of Chapter 410 have built a 77-apartment housing project for low income elderly under the sponsorship of AHEPA National Housing Corp. The Board of Directors, led by President Steve Photiades, hosts many activities for their residents. At the recent Christmas party, Brother Photiades put on a dance show, this year featuring German music with Steve fully and appropriately costumed. Residents enjoyed good food and relaxing entertainment.

The chapter has also constructed an outdoor memorial on City of New Smyrna Beach property to honor the early settlers of the New Smyrna Colony, which brought the earliest known Greeks to the Western Hemisphere. The corporation, formed for this purpose, has a Board of Directors made up of Chapter 410 members who oversee the memorial’s management. At the annual celebration, Ahepan’s and Daughters of Chapter 343, in traditional Greek costumes, danced around the monu- ment. President Steve Photiades again led the group’s dancers. These activities are but a few examples of the active AHEPA Family of Daytona Beach.

District 7 Chapter 245, Newport, RI–Captain Peter G. Souritzidis, chaplain of the 512th Air Wing, Dover, Del. Air Force Base, was awarded the Air Force Commendation Medal for distinguished meritorious service by Colonel Bruce Davis, Wing Commander. A 10-year veteran, he is the Reserves only deployable Greek Orthodox Priest and was instrumental in building the wing’s chapel team into a Reserve-wide recog- nized team of excellence. He helped to fully integrate the reserve forces with the active duty counterparts and procured a great amount of Orthodox Liturgical material and equipment. His excellent pastoral abilities provide vital ministering to personnel processing remains at the Dover mortuary. Reverend Souritzidis is a 15-year mem- ber of the Maud Howe Elliott Chapter 245, Newport, R.I. Father Peter is the pastor of SS Constantine and Helen Church, Orange, N.J. He and his wife Gigi reside in West Caldwell, N.J. with their three sons, Timothy, Arthur and Daniel. He is the son of the late George and Georgia Souritzidis and the son-in-law of Ahepan Arthur Constantine and the late Zoe Constantine. www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 31 AHEPA FAMILY CHAPTER NEWS DISTRICT 7 CHAPTER 245 Visit The AHEPA Marketplace www.ahepa.com DISTRICT 2 CHAPTER 410

District 10 Lansing, Mich.–Wolverine Chapter 142 continued its tradition of emphasizing the “E” in AHEPA by once again honoring graduating high school seniors and Holy Trinity’s Greek School students at the chapter’s annual Palm Sunday Fish Plaki Dinner on April 16. The chapter recog- nized 11 students and presented $3,200.00 in scholarships and awards. There were over 200 attendees at the dinner. The Hon. R. George Economy, Presiding Judge of the Ingham County Probate Court and a member of the Wolverine Chapter, was the inspiring main speaker. Father Mark Sietsema of Holy Trinity offered moving remarks. Past Supreme Counselor Phillip Frangos was the master of ceremonies.

Scholarships were presented to Elizabeth Brown, Kellie Kafantaris, Elitsa Nicolaou, Elise Peaney, Amy Putnam, and Laura Skorich. Award recipients included Chuck Baryames, Jacob Dixon, Richard Farran, Alexandra Grimm, and Joshua Smalley. Chapter president Vackis Nicolaou pre- sented George Lafkas, Chairman of the Holy Trinity Greek School Board, and Zana Litos, Greek School Director, with a check for $1500.00. President Nicolaou also presented Father Sietsema with a check for $3,000.00, representing the chapter’s third and final payment fulfilling its $9,000.00 pledge to Holy Trinity’s iconog- raphy project.

Special thanks are due to Dinner Chairman Louis Vlahakis and his hard- working crew who over the years have made this annual event one that the Holy Trinity community anticipates and sup- ports with vigor. Chapter 369, Madison, WI–Wisconsin Department of Veterans Affairs Secretary John A. Scocos (left) presented a Certificate of Merit to U.S. Marine Colonel Matthew Bogdanos, a New York City homicide prosecutor and veteran of Operation Iraqi Freedom, who lectured in Madison, Wisconsin on May 3, 2006. Col. Bogdanos spoke about his book Thieves of Baghdad: One Marine’s Passion for Ancient Civilizations and the Journey to Recover the World’s Greatest Stolen Treasures. Col. Bogdanos led a team to recover more than 5,000 artifacts stolen from the Iraq National Museum. Sec. Scocos presented the plaque on behalf of the AHEPA. District 11 Buckeye District 11–On May 7th, Grand Vice President Georgia Psichogios and Grand Governor Elaine Sampanis attend- ed a Scholarship luncheon given by the Daughters of Penelope in Dayton for AHEPA family and friends. The money raised through this luncheon was donat- ed to the Buckeye Scholarship founda- tion. This year Helen Anton and Susan Andrews spear-headed the effort to raise $1500.00 for this worthy cause. Money collected at this annual event continually increases.

District 17 Cheyenne, Wyo.–Cowboy Chapter 211, recognized seven members with 50 years or more with the AHEPA. Chapter President James W. Haefele presented the honorees with a certificate recognizing their achievement. Those brothers shown left to right are 50-year member Nick J. Anest, 51-year member Peter T. Alexander, 50-year member Elias S. Galeotos and 58- year member Philip G. Andrews. Those also recognized, but unable to attend, were 58- year member George J. Argeris, 61-year member Zach G. Costopoulos and 50-year member John Hatanalas.

32 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org AHEPA FAMILY CHAPTER NEWS DISTRICT 10 CHAPTER 142

District 23 Windsor, Ontario, Canada–May 21, 2006 – Crossing the border is only a bridge away and the AHEPA Family welcomed guests from as far as Calgary, Ottawa, Montreal, New York, and Detroit, to cele- brate with them during their recent 71st Annual District Convention festivities. AHEPA and Daughters of Penelope Presidents E. Larry Vrinos and Olga Carathanasis welcomed over 200 guests to the Hellenic Banquet Hall. Among those in attendance, were newly elected AHEPA and Daughters of Penelope District Lodges. Grand Canadian President, Deb Chrisohou from Calgary, installed the Daughters Lodge earlier that day. They included: Governor, Penny Damianakos; Lt. Governor, Mary Nikolakakos; Secretary, Voula Haitas; Treausrer, Vicky Theodos; Marshal, Amalia Markakis; MOA Advisor, Angela Mouriopoulos and DOP Advisor, Betty Drakontaidis. AHEPA District Lodge included: Governor, Emmanuel Revelakis; Lt. Governor, Andy Tzemis; Secretary, Andreas Michalopoulos and Treasurer, George Papadopoulos.

Several Past Supreme Canadian Presidents were also there to support the Windsor Chapter and Beaver District 23 Lodges, Tony Marrormaras, Toronto, Lazarus Kalipolidis, Montreal, Xenophon Scoufaras, Quebec, and Past Supreme Governor, Peter Baltis, Voorheesville, NY. Festivities were opened with a prayer of Thanksgiving delivered by Reverend Father, Dimitrios Kavadas. The priest at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox Church in Windsor, Canada, was also celebrating his 50th anniversary graduation from seminary. He was presented with a certificate of recog- nition by the Canadian Parliament, pre- sented by Jim Karygiannis, member of Canadian Parliament for the Liberal Party. President of the Church Parish, Tom Athanasopoulos, was also in attendance. Also on hand to congratulate AHEPA on their efforts to promote Hellenism was the Council General of Greece, Efthymios Efthymides, representing Ontario and Winnipeg.

District 10 Lodge from Detroit, Daughters of Penelope, included, Governor, Elena Kerasiotis, and Lt. Governor, Penny Khorraminia, Grosse Pointe, MI. Enigma’s soulful Greek entertainment, featured for the evening, inspired dancing and much merriment. Malista.com congratulates newly elect- ed officers and commends their commit- ment to retaining our Hellenic Culture and Heritage and invites Windsor Canadians to join us at events across the border. www.ahepa.org Summer 2006 THE AHEPAN 33 AHEPA FAMILY CHAPTER NEWS DISTRICT 17 CHAPTER 211 DISTRICT 23

34 THE AHEPAN Summer 2006 www.ahepa.org AHEPA FAMILY CHAPTER NEWS Past Supreme President Sam Nakis of St. Louis, MO, passed away May 4, 2006. He was best known for his vibrant ora- tions at our National Conventions. He was instrumental in the establishment of the AHEPA Journey to Greece program with Past Presidents Gus Cherevas and Louis Manesiotis, and Ahepan Leon Spanos. President Nakis, played a key role in obtaining funding for the first AHEPA senior housing project in St. Louis. President Nakis played a critical role in the 1970 Athens Supreme Convention and was received by the Greek Government on several occasions while in the AHEPA. President Nakis was buried with military honors. Sam Nakis worked on many civic projects and played a cru- cial role in bringing the Los Angeles Rams football team to St. Louis. He was a businessman and was very successful in the tire industry. Sam was a nice person and a man who tried hard to make friends wherever he went. He was full of energy and life. He will be missed. He was an Archon of the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Greek Orthodox Church in Constantinople. In Memoriam Past Supreme President Sam Nakis • $10,000 was raised for Operation USO Care Package program in 2003 • AHEPA raised over $150,000 for 9/11 Relief: • $50,000 to the September 11th Anniversary Fund • $25,000 to the New York State World Trade Center Relief Fund • $25,000 to help rebuild St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, NYC • $10,000 to the Pentagon Memorial Relief Fund • $40,000 donated by chapters to various local, regional and national relief agencies • $110,000 was raised for the George C. Marshall Statue, erected on the grounds of the U.S. Embassy in Athens in 2000 • $229,000 for victims of the September 7, 1999 earthquake that struck Athens benefited: • The Hellenic Red Cross (Sonar Equipment and Transport Mini- Van purchased) • Evangelismos Hospital, Athens (purchased an ambulance) • Child Day-Care Center for the citizens of the municipality of Menidi • Over 60 senior citizen housing projects (HUD 202) receiving over $400 million in federal grants • $775,000 “Tribute” sculpture in Atlanta Olympic Centennial Park erected in 1996 • Contributions of over $400,000 toward the restoration of the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island (1986-1991) • The AHEPA National Housing Corporation, to date, has constructed 74 projects in 20 states totaling 4,059 apartment units, of which 62 projects are in operation, totaling 3,409 units. • The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has now invested a total of $422 million as subsidies for the residents, construction, and properties for AHEPA apartments. Sam Nakis Did You Know?

www.ahepa.org Summer 2005 THE AHEPAN 35 Like the famous song, we are approaching yet another con- vention in south Florida. This convention will be great. The dates for the convention are July 25-30, 2006. The hotel and facilities are rated #1 in south Florida. The Westin Diplomat Hotel and Resort is just that…a resort. A haven away from the rigors of daily life. White sandy beaches, pools, umbrel- la drinks, not to mention the wave runners and events, which will make this a conven- tion to remember.

Over 2500 Greek-Americans from across the country will bring family members and attend the convention. Some of the highlighted events include: a fes- tive Hellenic Beach Barbeque Tuesday night; the internationally acclaimed Greek Night on Wednesday; the Grand Ball on Thursday and the Grand Banquet on Friday. Critically acclaimed stand-up comedian, Basile, will per- form on Thursday and emcee the Grand Banquet on Friday. This year at the Grand Banquet, we will honor Vice- Admiral James G. Stavridis with the AHEPA Medal of Freedom.

In addition to these events, AHEPA has the AHEPA Athletic luncheon on Wednesday afternoon and the AHEPA Convention Golf Tournament on Thursday. Lastly, we will be hosting the first ever AHEPA EXPO Thursday and Friday at the Westin hotel. This will provide a chance for busi- nesses to exchange information and make new business contacts. The AHEPA and Daughters Delegates will begin reg- istering for the convention on Tuesday 9AM, and registration ends W e d n e s d a y e v e n i n g , July 26, at 6PM. The business ses- sions begin at 10:30 AM on Wednesday after our opening cere- mony at 9AM. Meetings and com- mittees will meet until Saturday when the elections take place.

We want you there. We need you there. Do not miss out on the events which will make this a con- vention to remember. Ebb Tide By Basil N. Mossaidis Executive Director

The Westin Diplomat Resort & Spa • Hollywood, Florida Welcomes The Order of AHEPA 84th Supreme Convention July 24-30, 2006 Visit www.ahepa.org for more information

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