Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...

 
Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
Thetha
       Alumni & Friends Magazine, February 2020

Choir 25 yrs

Amalaphu Obulumko
Celebrating a decade of isiXhosa doctorates

Footprints in the Sand
Tracking our clever ancestors

New Medical School Striding Ahead
Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
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                                                                                                                                                      Offering health, hands and hope
                                                                                                                                                      “It’s a privilege to give the people of South Africa hope.”
                                                                                                                                                           These words by Springbok rugby coach, Rassie
                                                                                                                                                      Erasmus, were in response to questions about the pressure
                                                                                                                                                      being placed on the 15 players and support team to bring
                                                                                                                                                      home the William Webb Ellis Rugby World Cup trophy.
                                                                                                                                                           This is as it is, and must be, for Nelson Mandela
                                                                                                                                                      University – a privilege to offer hope of a better life, not
                                                                                                                                                      only for our students and staff, but all those we seek
                                                                                                                                                      to serve in living the legacy of our namesake, Nelson
                                                                                                                                                      Mandela.
                                                                                                                                                           Our innovative new medical programme, which we
                                                                                                                                                      are confident will become a reality in 2021, is a tangible
                                                                                                                                                      example of our privileged role as an institution of higher
                                                                                                                                                      learning in seeking solutions to the challenges that
                                                                                                                                                      confront our society. We’re proud of our primary-based,

                                                                                                   62                                                 preventative education model, inspired by Cuba’s health
                                                                                                                                                      care success story, because of its relevance for our own
                                                                                                                                                      South African health care needs. This is also why we chose
                                                                                                                                                      Missionvale Campus in its under-resourced surrounds as
                                                                                                                                                      home to the country’s 10th – and long-awaited - medical
                                                                                                                                                      school.
                                                                                                                                                           As we pioneer this health model of the future, a team
                                                                                                                                                      of international researchers is uncovering the secrets of
                                                                                                                                                      the pioneers of the past at Pinnacle Point near Mossel Bay.

    CONTENTS
                                                                                                                                                      Their findings indicate that it was here that the cradle of
                                                                                                                                                      human culture as a species – our innovative ancestors –
                                                                                                                                                      began.

                                                                                                                                           20    10        The privilege of serving through our learning, teaching,
                                                                                                                                                      research and engagement is further captured through the
                                                                                                                                                      University’s hearts and hands with our “architects for public
                                                                                                                                                      good”, groundbreaking research into outer space and the
    New Medical School striding Ahead                              4          Art against plastic                                           44        creative zeal and drive of individual staff, students and
    For the common good                                           10          Policing our seas                                             46        alumni to make the world a better place in their various
                                                                                                                                                      spheres of life.
    2019 Alumni Awards                                            13          Sea warrior                                                   50             First-year fashion student Luke Rudman visually jolts us
    The important role of the Alumni Association 17                           Growing in popularity                                         54        to tread more softly with his recycled designs, Professor
                                                                                                                                                      Jean Greyling takes his TANKS into the townships,
    Footprints in the sand                                        20          Chasing the clock                                             58        introducing children to the world of coding, and alumnus
    The earliest sand art                                         22          Nature study                                                  60        Unathi Lutshaba enlightens us as to the value of the
                                                                                                                                                      creative economy.
    For the people, by the people                                 24          Our language of inclusivity                                   62             Each, and many others featured in this, our third edition
    Woman of steel shows her mettle                               28          Observing the stars in our cultural economy                   67        of Thetha, like Auditor-General Kimi Makwethu and Nelson
                                                                                                                                                      Mandela Foundation head and alumnus Judy Sikuza, offers
    Knowing yourself                                              30          The value of ‘waste’                                          71        us hope.
    Faculty’s PgA success                                         32          Fledgling student society set to fly high                     72             And so too for our institution. Nelson Mandela
                                                                                                                                                      University, like our Springbok rugby team, has a
    Labour law at coalface of change                              34          Trailblazing space research benefiting                                  responsibility far beyond its lecture halls and research
    Turning maths into a masterpiece                              36          emerging markets                                              73        laboratories, to try to overcome the many challenges of
                                                                                                                                                      this country. We remain confident that by working together
    Taking coding to kids                                         38          Simple device a game-changer for patients                     74
                                                                                                                                                      (#strongertogether) we can do so because we all know,
    A song for all seasons                                        40                                                                                  to quote Nelson Mandela “that education, more than
                                                                                                                                                      anything else, improves our chances of building better
                                                                                                                                                      lives”.
    Publisher: Paul Geswindt
    Editor: Debbie Derry
                                                                                 PO Box 77000, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, 6031        It must be our privilege to do so.
    Sub-editors: Beth Cooper Howell and Gill McAinsh
                                                                                                     T +27 41 504 3935
    Writers: Nicky Willemse, Cathy Dippnall, Heather Dugmore, Lize Hayward,
                                                                                                  E alumni@mandela.ac.za
    Full Stop Communications, Debbie Derry, Gill McAinsh, Sam Venter                                                                                  Debbie Derry
    Production: Lyndall Sa Joe-Derrocks
    Design: Juliana Jangara
    Photography: Leonette Bower. Many thanks to all who contributed images
                                                                                                                                                 40   Editor

    to this publication                                                                            alumni.mandela.ac.za
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Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
TOP STORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                               TOP STORY

NEW
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Professor Fikile Nomvete, the new Director
                                                                                                                                                                                                          of the Medical Programme, checks out the
                                                                                                                                                                                                          new anatomage table, the only one of its
                                                                                                                                                                                                          kind in South Africa, that will used as a
                                                                                                                                                                                                          virtual cadaver for medical students.

MEDICAL
SCHOOL
Striding Ahead
Port Elizabeth has been waiting for a
medical school since 1946. It’s a giant
boost for both public health and the
local economy, writes Heather Dugmore.

“When I am at the Missionvale            Cape, the National Department of          Under construction
Campus standing in one of our            Health and the Department of Higher       Multiple teams and stakeholders are      The Executive Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Professor Lungile Pepeta
medical school lecture halls, I almost   Education and Training (DHET).            working around the clock to fulfil the   (right), is a paediatric cardiologist and a fellow of the College of Paediatricians
don’t believe that we have come this         “The full funding required from       complex requirements of a medical        of South Africa (FC. Paed. (SA)), Colleges of Medicine of South Africa. He is
far,” says the Executive Dean of the     the DHET was not available and            institution.                             also a fellow of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions
Faculty of Health Sciences, Professor    we were advised to phase in the                These include lecture halls, a      from the United States of America (FSCAI (USA)).
Lungile Pepeta.                          facilities. We had to think about this    skills laboratory for second to final-       The Faculty of Health Sciences currently has about 4000 students
     “It’s been very intense, and we     carefully, as a whole lot of facilities   year students, and basic science         in ten departments, namely: Dietetics, Emergency Medical Care,
have worked incessantly to get the       are non-negotiable if you are to          laboratories for physics, chemistry,     Environmental Health, Human Movement Sciences, Medical Laboratory
accreditation for a medical school       launch a fully operational medical        physiology and anatomy. There            Sciences, Nursing Sciences, Pharmacy, Psychology, Social Development
at Nelson Mandela University             school.                                   will be over 60 offices for medical      Professions, and Radiography.
approved. We have also had to                “That’s when the idea of              staff members on the Missionvale             All Faculty of Health Sciences departments work together in
secure support from numerous             repurposing the Missionvale               Campus, as well as new spaces            a transdisciplinary manner through the Integrated Transformative
stakeholders, including the Eastern      buildings was born – these would          created for the medical school at        Professional Education (ITPE) platform with the theme: Transforming
Cape Department of Health, the           meet the needs of our medical             nearby Dora Nginza hospital and the      health sciences education to support equity in health.
Office of the Premier of the Eastern     school.”                                  associated clinics.

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Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
TOP STORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TOP STORY

                                                                                                                                                                         Cuba and the four
    “We deliberately chose the
Missionvale Campus for our medical
school, the 10th in South Africa,

                                                                                                                                                                         pillars of medicine
because it is in the township areas
of Missionvale and Zwide, populated
by working class, unemployed and
financially strapped communities,”
Prof Pepeta explains.                                                                                                                                                   “Our medical school model is unique in South Africa, and we
    “Missionvale Campus was                                                                                                                                             have incorporated some of the best elements from the Cuban
originally part of the old Vista                                                                                                                                        medical training model for our medical school programme,”
University, built for black people                                                                                                                                      says Prof Pepeta.
during the apartheid years. Situating                                                                                                                                        “It’s a comprehensive approach to medicine that focuses
the medical school here, as well as                                                                                                                                     equally on the four pillars of medicine − disease prevention,
our extended programme for nursing                                                                                                                                      health promotion, treatment and rehabilitative medicine.
science and emergency medical care                                                                                                                                      The system produces well-rounded (comprehensive) general
programme, is all about committing                                                                                                                                      physicians, appropriately trained for South Africans’ medical
to proper healthcare for all our                                                                                                                                        and health needs. They are trained to practise in diverse
communities, and contributing to                                                                                                                                        communities − from the cities to the deep rural areas.”
urban renewal and development.”                                                                                                                                              Prof Pepeta says that he was initially sceptical about this
    Before the University can                                                                                                                                           approach until he visited Cuba and experienced, first-hand, the
open applications for the six-year                                                                                                                                      “quality and appropriateness of their comprehensive medical
MBChB degree starting in 2021,                                                                                                                                          training for our country’s needs.”
the curriculum, along with the                                                                                                                                               While South Africa is recognised for training world-class
infrastructure and equipment to                                                                                                                                         healthcare practitioners – and it’s important to maintain our high
support the programme, must be                                                                                                                                          standards – it is also crucial to introduce new, population-wide
approved following a site visit by the                                                                                                                                  approaches to health, he explains.
Health Professions Council of South                                                                                                                                          The efficiency and professionalism of Cuba’s system speaks
Africa (HPCSA) and the Council on                                                                                                                                       for itself in that country’s health statistics: life expectancy in
Higher Education (CHE).                                                                                                                                                 Cuba for the population is ±80 years while ours stands at ±60
                                                                                                                                                                        years; infant mortality is two per 1000; ours is soaring at 30 – 40
New blood                                                                                                                                                               per 1000.
Medical students will be selected for                                                                                                                                        In Cuba, 80% of medical practitioners are comprehensive
the first MBChB cohort in 2021.                                                                                                                                         or specialist family physicians and only 20% are specialists in
    “Our first choice will be Eastern                                                                                                                                   other areas of medicine or are super specialists. In South Africa,
Cape matriculants with a pass rate of                                                                                                                                   it is the reverse, with many in private practice or emigrating
60% and over, and we require maths,                                                                                                                                     overseas.
physical science, life science and                                                                                                                                           The Cuban system laid the foundation for top specialists
English,” says Prof Pepeta.                                                                                                                                             such as Dr Khanyisa Makamba, who was among the first cohort
    “BSc students wanting to switch                                                                                                                                     of South Africans to be trained in Cuba from 2012, and who
over to medicine must have a pass        team are receiving many CVs from all     and coordinators for the Distributive      once the medical school is up and          subsequently went on to specialise in urology in South Africa.
rate of 60% and over.”                   over South Africa and internationally.   Training Platform. All the clinicians at   running.”
    He adds that 60% of matric               “People at all levels are wanting    the provincial hospitals in the Nelson                                                How did Cuba get it right?
admissions will be from non-fee          to be part of our new medical school,    Mandela Metro – Livingstone, Dora          Health for all                             Prof Pepeta explains: “Through their comprehensive healthcare
paying schools (Quintile 1-3), and       and many have said they are keen to      Nginza and Port Elizabeth Provincial       “We are training medical                   system, based on the four levels of care, everyone in the
there will be an 80% direct admission    move to Port Elizabeth. Our staffing     – and private hospitals, are extremely     practitioners to be fit for purpose –      health system focuses on advancing health rather than only
from schools with 20% from               needs are considerable. The basic        excited about the medical school,          to practise and treat people in all our    on treating disease. Home-based care and local clinics are
universities.                            sciences alone require more than 60      says Prof Pepeta.                          communities,” says Prof Pepeta.            efficiently aligned to polyclinics or what we call community
    The school will also accept as       staff.”                                      The government is also                      “From first year to the final year    health centres.
many as possible of the Cuban-               The Director: Medical                working on upgrading the wards,            of this six-year degree, our students          “One community health worker looks after about 50
trained South African medical            Programme has been appointed             pharmacies and outpatient facilities       will train in communities in the urban     households in their community, and they know every single
students returning each year. These      and started on 1 October 2019. He        at Livingstone and Dora Nginza, and        and peri-urban environment in              person’s health status, disease status, medication, the names
undergraduates study medicine in         is Professor Mfanufikile Nomvete, a      a new catheterisation laboratory           the metro, and in district hospitals       of the pills, and whether they are running out. They educate
Cuba and complete their sixth year in    gastroenterologist from Livingstone      for diagnostic imaging of heart            in the Eastern Cape, including             the patients about their health, their disease condition and
South Africa.                            Hospital and former head of its          conditions is being installed and due      Cradock, Graaff-Reinet, Makhanda           the medication they are taking. They work with a team of
    “We will train them here for their   Internal Medicine Department.            for completion at PE Provincial early      (Grahamstown) and Humansdorp.              health professionals, from doctors to physiotherapists to
final year and employ them in the            The faculty is currently looking     in 2020.                                        “In all these centres, we will have   psychologists to dieticians to focus on all four levels of care.”
province once they graduate.”            to appoint the Director for Research,        “The whole health services             district or rural extensions of our
    Staffing-wise, Prof Pepeta and his   Director for Teaching and Learning,      platform will improve in the province      campus, with accommodation and

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Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
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                         New technology                                                                                                                                                                                 The Cuban
                         a game-changer                                                                                                                                                                                 connection
   The University’s medical school is set to house the most advanced                                                                                                                                            From 2012, South Africa sent
   anatomy and skills laboratories in the country.                                                                                                                                                              large numbers of students
       The anatomy lab will feature the latest global technology                                                                                                                                                to Cuba, which offers an
   available, including Anatomage virtual anatomy dissection tables,                                                                                                                                            excellent fit-for-purpose
   used for interactive anatomical education, radiology, surgery and                                                                                                                                            medical training programme.
   research.                                                                                                                                                                                                        With our country’s rapid
       Nelson Mandela University will be the first medical school in                                                                                                                                            population growth, explains
   South Africa to use the Anatomage tables, which are used in medical                                                                                                                                          Prof Pepeta, the Department
   schools in Europe and the US.                                                                                                                                                                                of Health wished to
       The skills labs will feature the Body Interact Table, with a                                                                                                                                             address the problem of
   simulated patient. No other university in South Africa is currently                                                                                                                                          our universities producing
   using this technology.                                                                                                                                                                                       fewer than 2000 doctors per
       The Anatomage tables are the stuff of science fiction – and a                                                                                                                                            year – a figure which could
   superb 21st-century learning tool for today’s technologically-aware                                                                                                                                          not match the ratio of two
   generation.                                                                                                                                                                                                  doctors per 1000 people.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Students were sent to
   The table’s features include:                                                                                                                                                                                Cuba through the Nelson
      • full external and internal anatomy of male and female – with all                                                                                                                                        Mandela-Fidel Castro
         the realism of living humans;                                                                                                                                                                          Medical Collaboration.
      • a 3D body platform enabling students to rotate the bio-digital
         human using their fingers trackpad-style;
      • the body can be ‘cut’ and operated on with the system’s                                                  The new medical school has been purposely positioned at the University's Missionvale Campus,
                                                                                                                 amidst those who need proper healthcare most.
         touch-interactive cutting tools;                                                                                                                                                                       support.”
      • cuts reveal internal structural detail, with users scrolling;                       “We deliberately                                                                                                        The school’s interprofessional
         through the plane of the last cut – or cutting again to explore                                                                                                                                        education concept is also a win-win
         more anatomical features.
                                                                                            chose the            lecture rooms where our students                 from any of our campuses or from              for both patients and students.
                                                                                            Missionvale          will link up to the main campus                  anywhere in the world, and vice                   Alternatively known as Integrated
       These exciting tools will enable students to repeatedly practise                     Campus for our       via audio-visual technology to                   versa. This system ensures the same           Transformative Professional
   working with the human body, while also studying embalmed                                                     participate in lectures, conferences             quality of education throughout,              Education (ITPE), it involves health
   cadavers for a unique view of virtual and real bodies at the same
                                                                                            medical school,      and procedures. The students will be             and at the same time it serves                professionals training together in
   time, says Prof Pepeta.                                                                  the 10th in South    doing clinical work at that stage and            to upskill the doctors in all our             communities and sharing expertise in
       The Body Interact Table (virtual human patients) will take medical                   Africa, because it   attending patients based on issues               hospitals and ensure that they                respective skills areas.
   students through common emergencies such as heart attacks. If,                                                being dealt with in lectures.                    earn their continuing professional                “All the disciplines in the Faculty
   for example, the patient has a heart attack, the student responds,                       is located in the         “We also intend to work with the            development points.                           of Health will retain their autonomy
   and the system scores them at the end and debriefs them on what                          township areas of    private sector to train our students.                 “Port Elizabeth-based trainers           and identity, and, at the same
   they did correctly and what they did wrong. This kind of technology                      Missionvale and      We must use all the resources we                 will visit our partner district               time, their scope of practice will be
   significantly advances medical school teaching.                                                               have to train the best medical                   hospitals, and multi-skilled staff            enhanced by the medical school, as
                                                                                            Zwide”               practitioners for our country.                   members will accompany the                    every discipline will have presence in
                                                                                                                      “Lectures can be delivered                  students to give them back-up and             the clinical space, which is currently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                underutilised.’’
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Prof Pepeta is confident that the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                University’s proactive, committed
 Refurbishing of the campus in preparation for the country’s 10th Medical School is well underway.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and pioneering approach to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                addressing health education will reap
                                                                                                                                                                                                                benefits for the local community and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                beyond.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    “There is so much more we can
                                                                                                                                                                                                                do to improve population health,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                quality of life and the life-span in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                South Africa, and I am confident that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                our new medical school will help us
                                                                                                                                                                                                                achieve this.”

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Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
PROFILE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PROFILE

                                         For the common
                                                                                                                                                      Kimi Makwetu was a popular guest
                                                                                                                                                      speaker at Nelson Mandela University
                                                                                                                                                      in August last year.

Cape Town-born Auditor-General                                                                                            growing rot in state institutions.        A clean sweep                            SARS, the Public Service Commission
(AG) Kimi Makwetu has been head of                                                                                            “During this time, there was an       Thanks to a crucial amendment to         - any one of those.
the highest audit institution in South                                                                                    absence of accountability at the top      the Public Audit Act, which was               “We have the power to say: ‘Here
Africa for the past six years.                                                                                            to give support to the development        signed into law in April 2019, the       is the risk that we have identified
    The office of the Auditor-General                                                                                     of strong institutions. Those that        AG has more strength and authority       in the audit, which has got all the
of South Africa (AGSA) is the only                                                                                        shared the vision of accountability       for his office to go after habitual      elements of material irregularity. Will
Chapter 9 institution that, by law,                                                                                       were more than likely overwhelmed         wrongdoers.                              you get to the bottom of that?’“
must audit and report on how the                                                                                          by those who did not think the same           Where a case of irregular                 This means that if irregular
South African government has spent                                                                                        way,” he explains.                        expenditure cannot be backed up          expenditure that has been
taxpayers’ money.                        ranks at various corporates, he was      challenging times could be said to          “I think this has been the            by documentation or a credible           identified during the audit has not
    Makwetu, a chartered                 a director in Deloitte’s forensic unit   be arduous in the face of a public      biggest contributor to the muddied        explanation, the AG can refer it to      been addressed after numerous
accountant, holds a Social Sciences      before his appointment as deputy         service administration where lack of    environment in which we have found        law enforcement agencies for further     engagements with the administration
degree from the University of Cape       AG in 2007 and then AG in 2013.          accountability is rife.                 ourselves; where accounting officers      investigation.                           concerned, the AG can issue a
Town and a BCompt Honours degree             As a purveyor of honesty,                This, Makwetu says, is because      have failed their fiduciary duties and        “You then hand it over to the        certificate of debt, holding the
from the University of Natal.            transparency and accountability,         of years of poor political leadership   got away with it, as there have been      entity that will investigate; it could   accounting officer personally liable
    After working his way through the    the AG’s position in these ethically     that looked away in the face of the     few consequences.”                        be the Hawks, the public protector,      for this irregular expenditure.

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PROFILE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ALUMNI

                                                                                                                                                                               ALUMNI

                                                                                                                                                             2019
    “The amendments to the Public
Audit Act are trying to say we will
develop a mechanism through the
audit process which puts you in a
position where you must do what

                                                                                                                                                                               AWARDS
the law requires you to do as the
accounting officer. If you fail to
implement our recommendations,

                                                              Family man
then it becomes a binding remedial
action. You shall do it.”

Holding to account
Makwetu is adamant that in terms of
the Public Finance Management Act,               Hidden behind his public persona, Auditor-General
the accounting officer takes the rap.            Kimi Makwetu is cheerful about his formative years in                 Nelson Mandela University celebrated the 10th anniversary                been conferred. These individuals can be proudly
     He admits that political pressure           Gugulethu.                                                            of the Alumni Awards and the Alumni Relations Office in                  acknowledged as notable Alumni of our University.
may occasionally play a role in                      “My mother sold meat products to migrant labourers,               2019. The Alumni Association introduced the awards to                    Former recipients include leaders of global, national and
influencing senior officials to break            while my dad worked in construction. I often tell people              acknowledge the achievements of graduates nationally                     local organisations, as well as individuals who excelled in
the law, but urges the officials to              that I was financially trained at home before going                   and internationally. These achievements have not only                    their various academic disciplines to bring the arts and
stand firm. He suggests government               to institutions of public learning, where I got formal                been in their various disciplines but often also in other                sciences to life.
and officials revisit the National               certificates and recognition, but If you look at me, I look           disciplines and areas of life which have a positive impact on                In 2019, the University celebrated the achievements
Development Plan, specifically                   just like one of the guys I grew up with in the township!”            society. So you can have a Health Sciences graduate doing                of two Achievers and four Rising Stars. The 25th
Chapter 13, which proposed                           Makwetu is passionate about his family. He is married             some exciting things in the tourism industry or a graphic                anniversary of the University Choir was also recognised
ending political meddling in the                 and has three children, two boys and a girl. Naturally, after         designer who develops award-winning apps.                                with a special award. The Choir is a great cultural and
appointment of accounting officers               the glare of public life, he revels in family time together               Director of Alumni Relations Paul Geswindt shared                    ambassadorial force of our university and all the individuals
in order to professionalise the public           and loves to spend hours with his cricket-playing sons.               that since the inception of the Alumni Awards in 2009,                   who contributed to its success, past and present, were
service.                                             Wandile, the eldest, flew the South African flag high             32 Rising Star, 38 Achiever and 15 Special awards have                   recognised with the Special Award. (Also see page 40)
     “The current government                     when his U19 team represented the World Cup in New
relapses can only be turned around               Zealand – and when he captained the U19 squad touring
if the political leadership was to               England.
take the lead in a wholesale clean                   “My wife and I try not to miss a game when our sons
administration in the public sector.”            are in action.”
     Makwetu stresses the
continued lack of accountability in
municipalities seen in the 2017/2018
local government audit outcomes,
where only 18 municipalities were         “If the leaders are unethical,
able to obtain clean audits, down
from 33 the previous financial year.      have a disregard for governance,
      “Leadership sets the tone at the
top of any organisation. If the leaders
                                          compliance and control ... it will
are unethical, have a disregard
for governance, compliance and
                                          filter through to the lower levels
control, and are not committed to
transparency and accountability, it
                                          of the organisation ... ”
will filter through to the lower levels
of the organisation where there will      philosophy is to empower the people     beginning for us.”
be a poor ethical climate.                he works with and allow them to             Makwetu feels his biggest
     “Basically, the money South          conquer themselves.                     accomplishment since joining the
Africa loses annually due to financial        “It is also about permitting them   AG is helping people grow their
mismanagement and unethical               to master significant systems of        potential and talent.
behaviour could be used to address        government, as well as to appreciate        “As an individual and what
pressing needs, such as providing         the fact that in government,            we’ve done collectively as a
free higher education to deserving        you have a great opportunity to         team, we have played our part
poor students, and quality accessible     contribute to a greater good. If        in multiplying the ranks of
healthcare to the entire population.      everyone had the ability to exercise    professional accountants in South
Wasted public spending can and            their independent thinking toward       Africa, and many of them have been
                                                                                                                       Among those at the 2019 Alumni Awards were (back, from left) Alumni Relations director Paul Geswindt, award recipients Litha Soyizwapi, Robin
must be put to better use!”               achieving that goal, the end            absorbed into various levels of
                                                                                                                       West, Quinton Uren, Mzukisi Kota, Alumni Association president Khwezi Blose, (front, from left) recipient Dr Thakane Ntholi, Vice-Chancellor
     As a leader, Makwetu’s               result may well be better than the      responsibility in the AG.”           Professor Sibongile Muthwa and Alumni Association vice-president Michelle Mbaco. Absent: Judy Sikuza (Inset).

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Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
ALUMNI                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ALUMNI

                2019 Alumni Achiever Award Recipients                                                                             2019 Alumni Rising Star Recipients

   Quinton Uren                                                                                                          Mzukisi Kota
                                                                                                                                                   Mzukisi Kota is a partner and director at Johannesburg-based Webber Wentzel,
                                                                                                                                                   one of the top law firms in the country, and the most recent recipient of the
                                                                                                                                                   coveted African Law Firm of the Year at the 2019 African Legal Awards. Involved
                                                                                                                                                   in legislating towards a more sustainable environment, Kota specialises in energy
                                                                                                                                 and infrastructure projects, matters of public law, and the regulation of industries or sectors. In
                 Delivering world-class assembly facilities to the automotive sector has led to global success                   the energy sector, he advised the South African Department of Energy in the development and
                 for Bay company Jendamark Automation, which has founder and Managing Director Quinton                           implementation of its highly-acclaimed Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers project.
                 Uren at its helm. The company exports manufacturing assembly solutions incorporating Fourth                     He has also advised a broad range of clients on projects across the energy, petroleum pipelines,
                 Industrial Revolution technologies, to countries across Europe, Africa, Asia, North America                     gas, rail, ports and mining industries and sectors. Kota graduated with an LLB degree from Nelson
                 and South America. Uren studied mechanical engineering at what is now Nelson Mandela                            Mandela University in 2007 and was awarded a Skye Foundation scholarship to study for his LLM
                 University in the late 1980s and got his first taste of automotive engineering as part of the General           in the Netherlands in 2009. In 2018, he was recognised by Chambers Global as an Up and Coming
                 Motors cooperative training scheme. He soon realised he wanted to be his own boss and, after                    Outstanding Lawyer in the field of public law. He is a member of the Law Society of the Northern
                 acquiring two Computer-Assisted Design (CAD) workstations, started his side business, Nasquin                   Province, and is published in numerous print media on a wide range of issues, including land
                 Designs. This became a full-time operation and, in 1992, Nasquin joined forces with Jendamark                   expropriation without compensation and the proposed Eskom restructuring.
                 Electronic Component Industries – combining their synergies in software, electrical, electronic
                 and mechanical design to form Jendamark Automation. Following the global economic recession
                 of 2008, Jendamark expanded its focus to the export market – and the business has gone from
                 strength to strength, with sales offices established in Germany and the United States and a full                                              Dr Thakane Ntholi is passionate about demystifying science, especially
                 manufacturing facility in India. The company has twice received the Eastern Cape Exporter of the
                 Year Award and in 2018, Uren was named Industrialist of the Year at the CNBC Africa All Africa
                                                                                                                         Dr Thakane Ntholi                     geology, and making it more accessible to students and communities.
                                                                                                                                                               She obtained her PhD in Geology and Earth Stewardship Science in
                 Business Leaders Awards.                                                                                                                      2017, with research focusing on using leading-edge technology to
                                                                                                                                 treat acid mine water in the deep gold mines of South Africa, managing and reversing its damaging
                                                                                                                                 environmental impact. The model she developed, called the Passive Underground Mine-Water
                                                                                                                                 Purification System (PUMPS), is used in the Witwatersrand gold mines today. Her unique scientific
                                                                                                                                 expertise has seen her rise quickly through the professional ranks of the Council for Geoscience in
                                                                                                                                 South Africa, where she is Acting Mapping Programme Coordinator. She is also the Council’s project
                                                                                                                                 manager for the Mine Environment and Water Management Programme. She has been involved in
                                                                                                                                 research and training visits nationally and internationally, including visits to the Geomicrobiology
                                                                                                                                 Group at the Department of Geoscience at Princeton University, United States, and the GFZ
                                                                                                                                 German Research Centre for Geosciences in Potsdam, Germany. Dr Ntholi has also guest lectured at

   Robin West                                                                                                                    institutions, including Nelson Mandela University, the University of Cape Town and the University of
                                                                                                                                 Free State. Awards received include the Golden Key (UCT Chapter) in 2013 and first prize in a Science
                                                                                                                                 Slam competition, hosted through the South African-German 2012/2013 Year of Science in Berlin,
                                                                                                                                 Germany.
                 Netherlands-based Robin West is Vice-President of Expedition Operations for Seabourn, an ultra-
                 luxury cruise line, which travels to more than 170 iconic World Heritage Sites as the official cruise
                 partner of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation’s (UNESCO’s) World
                 Heritage programme. Headquartered in Seattle, Washington, the six-star cruise line operates all                               Psychology honours graduate Judy Sikuza is the Chief Executive Officer of the
                 around the world, with trips ranging from short seven-day Caribbean cruises to exotic 100-plus-
                 day around-the-world adventures. In his role as vice-president, West, who studied Human
                                                                                                                         Judy Sikuza           Mandela Rhodes Foundation (MRF), which provides postgraduate scholarships and
                                                                                                                                               leadership training opportunities to Africans who show leadership potential, in line
                 Movement Sciences at what is now Nelson Mandela University in the 1990s, is responsible for the                               with its overarching mission to build exceptional leadership in Africa. Sikuza, a Mandela
                 overall planning and management of all aspects of Seabourn’s expedition operations to Antarctica,               Rhodes Scholar in 2007, joined MRF in 2014 and has held several managerial and director positions
                 the Arctic and other destinations around the globe. West is also a Member of the Executive                      as head of the Foundation’s flagship Scholarships and Leadership Development Programme. She
                 Committee of the International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO), which promotes                 was instrumental in the successful execution of the 2013 to 2018 strategy to double the number
                 safe and environmentally-responsible private sector travel to the Antarctica and comprises more                 of Mandela Rhodes Scholars in Residence, and has led strategic projects for the Foundation, such
                 than 100 respected companies and organisations worldwide. In 2015, West received a Seabourn                     as its 15-year impact study and the 100 Scholars for Madiba’s 100th celebrations. Since 2014,
                 award for Leadership Excellence for helping Seabourn achieve its highest ratings yet. Seabourn                  she has represented the Foundation as a non-executive board director of Oxford University Press
                 is one of 10 cruise line brands within the Carnival Corporation Group, the world’s largest travel               (Southern Africa), chairing the board’s social and ethics committee. Sikuza has been invited as a
                 leisure company, with a combined fleet of over 100 vessels. West, who started his career as the                 keynote speaker, panellist, moderator and programme director on several public platforms locally
                 owner and operator of two adventure companies, has worked in the expedition industry for 15                     and internationally for institutions such as the Graça Machel Trust, Obama Foundation, Oprah
                 years, acquiring a deep knowledge of some of the most remote and exciting places in the world.                  Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls, Oxford University and various school principals’ association
                 Based on his knowledge and experience he now heads up Seabourn’s latest development, two                        conferences. Other achievements include being selected as an Archbishop Desmond Tutu
                 new ultra-luxury purpose build expedition vessels.                                                              Leadership Fellow and one of Michelle Obama’s Young African Women Leaders.

14 | Thetha | February 2020                                                                                                                                                                               February 2020 | mandela.ac.za | 15
Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
ALUMNI                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ALUMNI

                                                                 Graphic design graduate and self-taught software app                     THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF THE

                                                                                                                                          ALUMNI
                                                                 developer, Litha Soyizwapi, is the founder and creative
Xolisa *Litha* Soyizwapi                                         director of Glyfik4 Branding and Design and LightOS
                                                                 Digital, serving a range of top clients including Gallo,
                                                                 Nedbank, Miriam Makeba and South African Tourism. He
                     is also the designer and developer of the GauRider, a mobile app that helps people track bus and

                                                                                                                                          ASSOCIATION
                     train times for the rail network service Gautrain. The app reached number one in the travel category
                     of the iPhone, in the South African AppStore. He recently released GauRider 2.0, which helps
                     commuters track spending on their Gautrain gold cards, and is now looking forward to developing
                     a South African taxi app. Highly regarded in international technology circles, Soyizwapi is a sought-
                     after public speaker, having been invited to speak at respected national and global conferences
                     including TEDx Soweto, TEDx Johannesburg, the Creativate Digital Festival in Makhanda, Release
                     Notes in Indianapolis, Indiana (a conference for independent developers who have their own
                     successful businesses, as a result of developing programmes using Apple’s IOS and Mac systems),
                     Layers in San Jose, California, and Accenture Digital Talks, which are livestreamed across the world.

                                                                                                                                          Nelson Mandela University’s Alumni           expanding positive relationships with   representatives also form part of the

                              2019 Special Award Recipient –                                                                              Association is unique because its goals
                                                                                                                                          and functions include areas that are
                                                                                                                                                                                       all graduates through utilising and
                                                                                                                                                                                       maximising their expertise, goodwill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Association’s Executive Committee.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Alumni are represented on a number

                                  Nelson Mandela Choir                                                                                    traditionally part of convocation as
                                                                                                                                          well as alumni relations responsibilities.
                                                                                                                                                                                       and influence in support of the
                                                                                                                                                                                       university.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of institutional committees, including
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the Graduation Planning Committee,

                                   25 years of excellence                                                                                 As a result, the Association is a more
                                                                                                                                          effective and efficient governance and
                                                                                                                                                                                            Alumni Association members
                                                                                                                                                                                       elect new executive committee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Arts, Culture and Heritage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Committee.
                                                                                                                                          alumni relationship building structure.      representatives every three years,          The following Association
                                                                                                                                          Its main role is to support and enhance      as well as alumni representatives to    members were nominated and
                                                                                                                                          the realisation of the University’s vision   serve on the University’s Council and   elected in various portfolios for a
                                                                                                                                          and mission through maintaining and          Institutional Forum (IF). The latter    three-year term.

                                                                                                                                            PRESIDENT                                   VICE PRESIDENT                          TREASURER
                                                                                                                                            Khwezi Blose is the MD and                  Michelle Mbaco is a Training and        Welcome Kupangwa holds a
                                                                                                                                            owner of Tina Consulting: Quantity          Development Consultant and holds        BCom (Business Management) ‘14;
                                                                                                                                            Surveying Services and Siyaya               a BCom ‘05 and MA: (Development         BCom Hons (Business Management)
                                                                                                                                            Hygiene Services. He holds the              Studies) ’12. Ms Mbaco is also an       ’15 and MCom ’14 and is a Lecturer
                                                                                                                                            following Mandela University                Alumni representative on Council.       at Nelson Mandela University in
                                                                                                                                            qualifications: BSc (Construction                                                   the Department of Management
                                                                                                                                            Economics) ‘05; BSc Hons: (Quantity                                                 Practice.
      The Nelson Mandela University Choir was presented with a Special Award in recognition of 25 years of excellent music and
                                                                                                                                            Surveying) ‘05. Mr Blose is also an
      ambassadorship by all those who served the choir. The choir proudly represented the University nationally and internationally and
      had the opportunity to perform for Queen Elizabeth II, as well as our University namesake, Nelson Mandela. See story on page 40.      Alumni representative on Council.

16 | Thetha | February 2020                                                                                                                                                                                                         February 2020 | mandela.ac.za | 17
Thetha - Footprints in the Sand New Medical School Striding Ahead - Nelson Mandela ...
ALUMNI

                              Elected Executive Committee Members                                                        Alumni
                                                                                                                         Association
                                                                                                                                  on
                                                                                                                         Mission
                                                                                                                         The association supports and
                                                                                                                         enhances the realisation of the
                                                                                                                         University’s vision and mission
                                                                                                                         through maintaining and expanding
 Adv Thanduxolo Nkala            Ayanda Mlatsha holds a      Lithemba Xotyeni              Athenkosi Sityata has         positive relationships with its
 is a LLB ’16 graduate           BCur (Extended Program)     holds a BAdmin:               a BCom: (General) ’17         members and through utilising
 and is the Managing             ’12 and Diploma: (Nursing   (Political & Government       and PG Dip: (Financial
 Director at 4IR as well as      Education) ’17 and is       Studies) ’13 and is an        Planning) ’17 qualification   and maximising their expertise,
 an Advocate of the High         the Coordinator and         Administrative Assistant      and is the Finance            goodwill and influence in support
 Court of South Africa.          Student Liaison Officer     at Nelson Mandela             Assistant for the Mandela
                                 in the Nursing Science      Metropolitan Municipality.    Bay Development               of the university.
                                 Department at Nelson                                      Agency.
                                 Mandela University.

                                                                                                                                                                     Contact: Nelson Mandela University
                Other Members                                                                                                The Association goals include           Alumni Relations
                                                                                                                             • Enhancing the image of the
                                                                     Ex-Officio members of                                     association       both inside and     Further your studies • Update your information
                                                                                                                                                                     • Contribute financially • Join our networking
                                                                     the Alumni Association                                    outside the Nelson Mandela            events • Share your expertise and stories.
                                                                                                                               University community as an
                                                                       Executive include:                                      important stakeholder body
                                                                                                                               and an asset to the university        T +27 41 504 3935 F +27 41 504 1417
                                                                                                                               to support the realisation of the
                                                                                                                               university’s mission and goals.
                                                               • Dean of Students – Luthando Jack                            • Fostering loyalty to and pride in
                                                               • Deans Forum Representative – Dr Muki Moeng                                                               alumni.mandela.ac.za
                                                                                                                               Nelson Mandela University among
                                                               • Senior Director: Strategic Resource Mobilisation              members,       through    effective
                                                                 and Advancement – Dr Denver Webb
                                                                                                                               communication so that they may             alumni@mandela.ac.za
 Elected (2018)                  Secretary of the              • Senior Director: Communication and Marketing
                                                                                                                               positively influence others.
 Institutional Forum             Alumni Association              – Chantal Janneker
 Member representing             and Director: Alumni          • SAS President – Keanan Bouwer
                                                                                                                             • Fostering the provision of                 Nelson Mandela University Alumni
 alumni                          Relations                     • SRC President – Thembalethu Nyikilana                         opportunities for Alumni to
 Khaya Matiso (IF                Paul Geswindt is              • Alumni Relations Coordinator – Santhoshini                    contribute in financial and
 Representative) holds           Director of the Alumni          Petersen (Alumni staff)                                       other meaningful ways to the               @MandelaUniAlumni
 a BTech: (Business              Relations Office, which                                                                       advancement of Nelson Mandela
                                                               • University Shop Manager – Shene Du Toit
 Administration) ’02 and         is responsible for
 an MTech (Business
                                                                 (Alumni staff)                                                University.                                Nelson Mandela University Alumni
                                 the day to day running
 Administration) ’03 and         of the Association,
                                                                                                                             • Providing Alumni opportunities
                                                               For more information regarding the Alumni
 is the Principal at Port        as well as Secretary          Association please visit alumni.mandela.ac.za
                                                                                                                               to benefit from their relationship
 Elizabeth TVET College.         of the Association.           or email alumni@mandela.ac.za to get a copy of                  with the university.
                                 He holds a BComEd ’90,                                                                      • Promoting the ideals and purpose      Director: Paul Geswindt
                                                               the Alumni Association Constitution, or to find out
                                 PG Dip in Educational                                                                         of the university to constituencies
                                 Management ’
                                                               about the various activities of the Association.                                                      Alumni Relations Centre
                                                                                                                               and stakeholders of the university.
                                 06 and an MA in
                                                                                                                             • Promoting,       protecting    and    North Campus
                                 Development Studies ’13.
                                                                                                                               maintaining the rights of the         Summerstrand
                                                                                                                               Alumni Association.                   Port Elizabeth

18 | Thetha | February 2020                                                                                                                                                                February 2020 | mandela.ac.za | 19
TOP STORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             TOP STORY

Around 160 000 years ago, a massive ice age wiped out most living creatures                                            Left: Circles in the sand – African Centre for Coastal Palaeoscience (ACCP) research associate Dr Charles Helm demonstrates how early humans
                                                                                                                       may have made patterns on the sand. Right: Playing a key role in the South African Coast Palaeoclimate, Palaeoenvironment, Palaeoecology,
on Earth – but evidence suggests that a small pocket of Middle Stone Age                                               and Palaeoanthropology (SACP4) project are (from left) principal investigator Professor Curtis Marean, co-principal investigator, Nelson Mandela
                                                                                                                       University botany professor and African Centre for Coastal Palaeoscience (ACCP) director Professor Richard Cowling and ACCP national deputy
people survived right here on South Africa’s temperate, food-rich southern                                             director and botany lecturer Dr Alastair Potts.

Footprints
Cape coast. Nicky Willemse reports.
                                                                                                                       savannah grasslands during the ice                The world’s oldest shellfish                      ancestors once did.
                                                                                                                       age, supporting large, now extinct                restaurant                                             They use screwdrivers and other
                                                                                                                       herbivores like the giant Cape zebra                  The oldest shellfish use on the               metal tools to pry the high-protein
                                                                                                                       and buffalo.                                      planet – dating back some 168 000                 offerings from the rocks.
                                                                                                                           The signs of early cognitive                  years – has been discovered at                         But scientists have gone as far as
                                                                                                                       development among these early                     Pinnacle Point, so scientists assume              to have them make and use the bone
                                                                                                                       people is that they created art,                  the foragers’ survival depended                   and wood sea-foraging implements

     in the sand
                                                                                                                       including using red ochre for                     largely on the marine and other food              their earliest ancestors may have
                                                                                                                       decoration, and made sophisticated                resources they were able to find.                 used.
                                                                                                                       stone tools using fire. And, just as we               To build an accurate picture                       “These local communities
                                                                                                                       busy ourselves with sand art on the               of how these early marine                         still have an inherent indigenous
                                                                                                                       beach – drawing patterns or building              dwellers survived, researchers                    knowledge about intertidal foraging
                                                                                                                       sandcastles – so did they.                        have enlisted the help of Khoi and                that we hope would be a good
                                                                                                                           Their omega-rich diet from the                San descendants living in coastal                 modern analogue to understanding
                                                                                                                       sea shallows would have spurred this              communities around Stilbaai, Gourits              prehistoric aspects of the sea
                                                                                                                       intellectual growth – and it’s likely             and Arniston, who continue to gather              economy,” says Dr De Vynck.
                                                                                                                       they understood lunar and tidal                   mussels, alikreukel, octopus, red bait                 “We have found that the
                                                                                                                       cycles in order to make the most                  and other shell fish from the rocks               foraging (particularly with wooden
For more than a decade, researchers                                                                                    of their foraging expeditions to the              in the sea shallows – just as their               implements) is very productive.”
from all over the world have made                                                                                      shoreline, which at that time was
important discoveries suggesting                                                                                       several kilometres away from the
that the humans who lived here                                                                                         caves in which they lived.
were much cleverer than their                                                                                              Through optically stimulated                                         Ancient art acknowledged
ancestors and could very well be the                                                                                   luminescence (OSL), which measures
forefathers of everyone alive today.                                                                                   the last time a grain of sand was                         To describe the sand patterns made by humans, African Centre
     The southern Cape coast, with                                                                                     exposed to light, researchers have                    for Coastal Palaeoscience research associate Dr Charles Helm and
its prolific shellfish, edible plants                                                                                  dated at around 70 000 to 164 000                     his team proposed a new term, “ammoglyph”, which has since been
and warm Agulhas current causing                                                                                       years ago the time when our                           accepted by the palaeo-art community.
predictable rainfall, would have been                                                                                  ancestors lived in the area.                              ”Ammos” and “glyph” are the Greek words for “sand” and “a
one of few spots on the planet where                                                                                       All these findings have shifted                   carving, image or symbol”, respectively.
humans could survive an ice age.                                                                                       the start of human cognitive                              These extensive aeolianites (cemented dune deposits) and
     More than a decade of                                                                                             development from some 40 000                          cemented foreshore deposits are a critical discovery, says Dr Helm.
groundbreaking research in               cognition emerged on the Cape          Tracking the past                      years ago in Europe, a view long-held                      “Evidence of a human presence on these ancient dunes and
this area, through the South             south coast ... You can observe more   The area studied stretches from        in scientific literature, to 100 000                  beaches is more substantial than has been thought (and) this
African Coast Palaeoclimate,             about modern human development         SACP4 research sites at Pinnacle       years earlier, in South Africa.                       evidence would buttress that of other avenues of research that attest
Palaeoenvironment, Palaeoecology,        here than anywhere else,” says         Point caves in Mossel Bay to Wits          “The southern Cape coastline                      to the cognitive abilities of early humans in this region.”
and Palaeoanthropology (SACP4)           Mandela University botany professor    University sites at Blombos Cave,      is now most probably the cradle of                        The search for ammoglyphs on the Cape south coast has the
project, has unearthed the earliest      Richard Cowling, a co-principal        Klipdrift and Klasies River Mouth      human culture for us as a species,”                   potential to become a new field of study – a “meeting point of
evidence for modern humans’              investigator in the SACP4 project,     further along the coast. But it also   says ACCP research associate Dr Jan                   archaeology, art, ichnology, palaeoanthropology, pattern recognition
intellectual development.                and head of the African Centre for     stretches seawards towards the         De Vynck, an expert on early human                    and sedimentology,” he explains.
     “With the evidence available        Coastal Palaeoscience (ACCP) at        palaeo-Agulhas plain, an area now      activity along the southern Cape coast.
today, it is very possible that modern   Mandela University.                    under water, which would have been

20 | Thetha | February 2020                                                                                                                                                                                                      February 2020 | mandela.ac.za | 21
TOP STORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       TOP STORY

             s t sand ar t
   The earlie
Among the most recent evidence                Other patterns found include        tracks of hatchling sea turtles, from
for humankind’s cognitive and             a “hashtag” pattern, which              some 100 000 years ago, as well
creative development along                resembles known palaeo-art in           as the 2016 discovery of around 40
the Cape south coast was the              the region, as well as two possible     footprints made by early humans
discovery of images drawn on              animal images, one potentially          travelling down a dune surface
the sand some 70 000 to 158 000           taking the form of a sting ray.         some 90 000 years ago.
years ago.                                    These discoveries were made             The art and track sites have

                                                                                                                                                                                         Did you know?
    One of the sand artworks              by African Centre for Coastal           been preserved through a
discovered appears to be a near-          Palaeoscience research associate        natural cementation process.
perfect circle, with a depression         Dr Charles Helm and his team,           For example, tracks made in wet
in the centre. Two nearby oval            who over the past decade have           sand at the bottom of a dune
shapes suggest that the person            discovered some 140 fossil track        are preserved when wind blows
who drew it was kneeling and              sites – made by reptiles, birds and     fine dry sand (from the top of the      It is similar and can exceed                 • Dr Peter Nilssen, an archaeologist, and Jonathan Kaplan, the
would have used a forked stick (in        mammals – along the southern            dune) over the beach surface.           production rates inferred from other           director for Cultural Resource Management in Mossel Bay,
the same way a maths compass is           Cape coastline.                         With layer after layer after layer of   ethnographic studies globally. For             discovered Pinnacle Point caves in 1999 during an archaeological
used) to draw the circle.                     These include the first fossil      sand, the tracks are preserved.         instance, protein gathered from the            survey that was part of an environmental impact assessment
                                                                                                                          shoreline is comparable to or can              survey for the then proposed Pinnacle Point Beach and Golf
                                                                                                                          exceed protein gathered by bow                 Resort. Nilssen alerted his friend and PhD supervisor Curtis
                                                                                                                          hunters in Kenya, targeting game.              Marean – and, a few years later, the SACP4 project was born.

                      Testing predictions through                                                                         Sea foragers on the southern Cape
                                                                                                                          coast can gather about 1492 calories
                                                                                                                                                                       • A piece of rock art with an ochre crayon drawing on it, discovered
                                                                                                                                                                         at Blombos cave and estimated to be 73 000 years old, is globally
                                                                                                                          per hour.                                      accepted as the oldest art of our species. The Smithsonian
                     ‘video game-type’ modelling                                                                               “We found the height of the
                                                                                                                          water was the biggest influence
                                                                                                                                                                         Institute in Washington DC, United States has requested to have
                                                                                                                                                                         the artwork on loan, to display alongside the work of world-
                                                                                                                          on how productive a coast can be.              famous artists.
          Instead of just hypothesising about how               Palaeoscience at Nelson Mandela University.               The lowest tides were the most
          Middle Stone Age human beings might                        “Models such as this allow us to ask ‘what           productive.”
          have behaved, researchers are putting their           if’ questions of the past that cannot be asked                 Dr De Vynck says there is
          speculations to the test through “agent-based         of the archaeological record. For example,                evidence to suggest that the
          modelling”.                                           we can ask ‘what if’ people understood the                way early man foraged was an
              Basically, they recreate the ancient world in     connection between the moon and the tides                 evolutionary process.
          a video game-type environment, where they             and ‘what if’ they did not?                                    “Modern human beings were
          test how the humans or “agents” would have                 “Would this have an impact on the bounty             completely adapted to optimally
          acted or moved.                                       from the sea? And, guess what? The model                  exploiting intertidal resources some
              To do this, they use a map of a relevant          shows us that people who understand this                  90 000 years ago.”
          area, including the various vegetation and            connection are able to significantly increase                  He says the fynbos in the area,
          marine habitat types. They carry out foraging         the amount of food obtained from the sea.”                with its underground storage units,
          experiments to determine how many calories                 This is significant, because one of the              would have also been a rich source of
          people could gain from each food type for             signs of cognitive development discovered                 food for early humans.
          each month, including plant food, intertidal          at the caves is that early humans appeared to                  “In Stilbaai today, Khoi and San
          resources, game, water, and so on.                    maximise their sea foraging expeditions by                people are still eating 58 species of
              All of this data is logged in the model.          following the cycles of the moon.                         fynbos, including the berries, leaves
              “This is quantitative social science,                  By making the journey during spring                  and bulbs.”
          instead of us just trying to guess,”                  tides, when the moon is full or new, and when                  This rich field of study has cast
          says SACP4’s principal investigator,                  the tides are at their highest and lowest,                a spotlight on the immense value
          palaeoanthropologist Professor Curtis                 they were able to reach the more calorie-                 of knowing and understanding our
          Marean, from the Institute of Human Origins           rich shellfish on rocks that were normally                coastal ancestors – and given them
          at Arizona State University, and an honorary          submerged, and were better able to sustain                their rightful place within humanity’s
          professor at the African Centre for Coastal           themselves.                                               evolutionary journey.
                                                                                                                                                                   Pointers to the past - the Pinnacle Point caves at Mossel Bay were once home to a small group
                                                                                                                                                                   of Middle Stone Age people.

22 | Thetha | February 2020                                                                                                                                                                                               February 2020 | mandela.ac.za | 23
ARCHITECTURE                                                                                                                                                                                                                ARCHITECTURE

Second year architecture students at
work on Crèche13 (from left) Helane
Richter, Mokgeti Machete, Cameron
Watkins (in the window), Rachel Molisy
and Katelin Hagemann.

                  FOR THE

                   PEOPLE,                               people
                                                  by the
                                                                                                                                 Model of Crèche13

     A portable, beautifully designed       curriculum, in collaboration with the       These children and the current
     crèche in the informal settlement      Airport Valley community.               caretakers, Tembeka Mbada and                dignified, habitable building that also        “Crèche13
     of Airport Valley, Walmer Township,        They identified an existing         Nombulelo Zweni, will move into              contributes delight for the children      is a quality
     Nelson Mandela Bay, is a fine          crèche, which caters for about 40       Crèche13, situated at a site nearby.         in this area, which is typified by dire   construction
     example of sustainable, social         children, in a shack construction in        The innovative project draws on          living conditions,” says architect and    that
     enterprise architecture. It also has   dire need of attention in Airport       a pre-manufactured “kit-of-parts”            lecturer in architecture at Mandela       contributes to
     deep pedagogic and academic            Valley.                                 strategy which allows for portable           University, John Andrews, who is          a conducive
     implications about architecture – by                                           architecture, using low-cost materials       leading the project.                      environment
     whom, for whom, with whom?                                                     (corrugated iron and standard                     He and his second-year students      for our
         The Crèche13 project was                                                     timber), low-tech construction             costed the construction at an             pre-school
     conceived and designed                                                               techniques, recycled shipping          economical R280 000, with the             children to
     by second year students                                                                containers and roof sheeting.        added commitment of raising the           flourish. What
     at Nelson Mandela                                                                          “The architecture of             funds to build it, sourced from the       the University
     University’s School                                                                      Crèche13 reinterprets              University, private sector, individuals   has done is
     of Architecture                                                                              the use of industrial          and demolition site materials             great and
     as part of their                                                                              materials to create a         donated by construction companies.        we are very
     academic                                                                                                                         An essential aspect of the project   grateful for the
                                                                                                                                 was engaging with Airport Valley and      partnership.”
                                                                                                                                 Walmer Township representatives                The building was manufactured            Crèche13 was assembled on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         campus and will be driven to
                                                                                                                                 on the entire process, from design        on campus before it was driven to             Airport Valley in January 2020
                                                                                                                                 development to completion.                site in January 2020.
                                                                                                                                      “This is an important project             The rationale behind its
                                                                                                                                 within Walmer Township’s and              portability is that the crèche can be
                                                                                                                                 Airport Valley’s overarching goal to      moved anywhere.
                                                                                                                                 alleviate crime in our community by            This makes it compatible with
                                                                                                                                 improving the living conditions and       the dynamic environment of the
                                                                                                                                 dignity of the area,” says Walmer         South African informal settlement
                                                                                                                                 Township ward councillor, Ayanda          landscape while complying with
                                                                                                                                 Tyokwana.                                 stringent municipal regulations.

                                                                                             Roofing structure of Silindokuhle
     24 | Thetha | February 2020                                                             Pre-school in Joe Slovo West                                                                                          February 2020 | mandela.ac.za | 25
ARCHITECTURE                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ARCHITECTURE

                                                                 wooden pallets and bottles, is used as a pre-school,
                                                                 and as a community centre for church, funerals and                                                                                            Community vision
                                                                 educational initiatives,” Kimwelle explains. “It has also
                                                                 been extended to include a spaza shop, carpenter’s                                                                                            Simon Galland, of Collectif Saga
                                                                 workshop, and a bottle recycling and SME space.”                                                                                              Architects in Port Elizabeth’s Baakens
                                                                     It has received several accolades, including the 2018                                                                                     Valley, completed his fourth year
                                                                 South African Property Owners Association’s (SAPOA)                                                                                           of architecture at Nelson Mandela
                                                                 Most Transformative Project in South Africa.                                                                                                  University as an exchange student
                                                                     In Walmer Township, the Masifunde Changemaker                                                                                             from the National School of
                                                                 Academy he designed in association with Port Elizabeth                                                                                        Architecture in Nantes, France, where
                                                                 firm Ateljee Architects, was recently awarded the 2019                                                                                        he completed his master’s. Collectif
                                                                 Regional Award for Architecture by the South African                                                                                          Saga works on projects in Port
                                                                 Institute of Architects – Eastern Cape (SAIA-EC).                                                                                             Elizabeth and Nantes.
                                                                     It’s a low-carbon, low-energy structure built from                                                                                             “Before we start a building
                                                                                                                                Lighting effect of the Joe Slovo
                                                                 combined conventional and unconventional materials,            Community Centre at night                                                      project in any community, we spend
   Community architect Kevin Kimwelle (Professional Associate                                                                                                                                                  time in the community and have
   Nelson Mandela University)
                                                                                                                                                                                                               workshops with the local people

                                       i p
                                                                                                                                bicycle constructed from

                                     h
                                                                                                                                                                                                               to understand their vision and how

               i n g p a r t n e r s                                                                                            recycled waste from Isuzu,                                                     we can turn this into architecture,”

     A prosper
                                                                                                                                which enables Moko to                                                          says Galland. “We use our skills as
                                                                                                                                collect waste efficiently,                                                     architects to serve the needs of the
                                                                                                                                while giving him visibility,                                                   local population and contribute to
                                                                                                                                pride and dignity.                                                             the aesthetic and revival of areas that
                                                                                                                                    Kimwelle has secured                                                       are not generally associated with
                                                                                                                                a partnership with Isuzu           Waste picker Kusta Moko on his innovative   architecture.”
Master’s in architecture alumnus, Kevin Kimwelle,                                                                               trucks, Port Elizabeth,            recycling bike                                   “We found that a lot of people
was awarded the honorary position of Professional                                                                               which has provided a truck                                                     living in townships have good
Associate by Nelson Mandela University in June                                                                                  for the project builds.                                                        construction skills, often using
last year for his engaged research and community                                                                                    He explains that community members participate in the                      recycled materials to build their own
architecture, featuring innovative green designs in                                                                             builds, and as part of the process, spin-off businesses are                    homes”.
township and working class areas. He is the first ever                                                                          created by members of the community, such as making furniture                       For all their projects, Collectif
Professional Associate of the University.                                                                                       from the pallets or learning how to build their own spaza shops.               Saga scours the city in search of
    He devotes his skills to co-creating buildings with                                                                             “It’s about architecture and development coming together                   waste materials, which they transform
communities in Joe Slovo, Walmer and Kwazakhele                  Spaza shop from recycled pallets for owner Thembakazi Thelma   and it takes bold people to commit to a social innovation                      into building components.
                                                                 (pictured here), Joe Slovo community
Townships in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metro, using                                                                                approach.”                                                                          After collaborating on the Joe
recycled materials such as wooden crates, glass and                                                                                 Kimwelle’s work is one of the many leading-edge social                     Slovo Community project, Collectif
plastic bottles.                                                 utilising passive design principles (natural lighting and      innovation and community projects in South Africa showcased                    Saga went on their own to design and
    He recently secured a three-year German Academic             ventilation with no mechanical or electrical systems). It      on a new online global network and digital creativity space called             build the Silindokuhle Pre-school in
Exchange Service/DAAD-funded programme with                      was named the 2018 South African Property Owners               Common Good First, launched on 22 October 2018 at Nelson                       Joe Slovo West, which won the 2018
Professor Silke Flaßnöcker of the Wismar University of           Association’s (SAPOA) ‘Most Transformative Project in          Mandela University’s Bird Street Campus in Port Elizabeth.                     AfriSam-SAIA Award for Sustainable
Applied Sciences, Germany. He is also collaborating              South Africa’.                                                                                                                                Architecture and Innovation.
with Lawrence Technological University, USA, led by                   The Masifunde Changemaker Academy is home to              Visit www.commongoodfirst.com                                                       “We worked with a group of
Professor Scott Shall of the International Design Clinic.        Walmer Township´s first Montessori pre-school. Since                                                                                          ladies who ran pre-schools from their
    “The multi-purpose Joe Slovo Community                       July 2018, 27 learners (3 to 6 years) attend pre-school                                                                                       homes, and we designed a ±300m2
Project we designed and was built from recycled                  and after-care here, facilitated by three qualified                                                                                           building that is now used for children
                                                                 practitioners.                                                                                                                                aged one to six years in the morning,
                                                                      One of Kimwelle’s latest projects is the Penguins                                                                                        and for extra lessons for high school
                                                                 Learn and Play Centre – an early childhood                                                                                                    learners in the afternoon.”
                                                                 development centre in Nelson Mandela Bay Metro’s                                                                                                   Collectif Saga’s latest project
                                                                 Gqebera township, built from eco-bricks (two-litre                                                                                            is an agricultural training centre in
                                                                 plastic bottles stuffed solid with non-biodegradable                                                                                          Walmer Township where six older
                                                                 plastic and waste to create a reusable building block                                                                                         people who have been successfully
                                                                 for internal walls).                                                                                                                          growing organic vegetables, will
                                                                      This project connects well with another of his                                                                                           teach younger people how to
                                                                 projects – a waste bicycle for Wilson ‘Kusta’ Moko – a                                                                                        grow their own food and be self-
                                                                 recycler who collects waste within Walmer Township,                                                                                           sustainable.
'Wine Bottle Wall', Joe Slovo Community Centre, with community
                                                                 and who will assist in the construction of the eco-bricks.
member Patricia Piyani                                           In this case, the social innovation is the prototype           Interior of Masifunde made from recycled pallets

26 | Thetha | February 2020                                                                                                                                                                                         February 2020 | mandela.ac.za | 27
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